78 relations: Amantadine, American Journal of Roentgenology, Andrew Miller (physician), Antigenic drift, Avian influenza, Barack Obama, Center for Infectious Disease Research and Policy, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Centre for Addiction and Mental Health, Cytokine, Cytokine release syndrome, Davis Wright Tremaine, Disease, Epidemic, Europe, Fairleigh Dickinson University, Fever, Flu season, Gujranwala, Headache, Hemagglutinin, Hemagglutinin (influenza), History, Hybrid (biology), Immune system, Infection, Influenza, Influenza A virus, Influenza A virus subtype H1N2, Influenza A virus subtype H2N2, Influenza A virus subtype H2N3, Influenza A virus subtype H3N1, Influenza A virus subtype H3N2, Influenza A virus subtype H3N8, Influenza A virus subtype H5N1, Influenza vaccine, Influenza-like illness, Lahore, Lung, Ministry of Health and Sports (Myanmar), Multan, Myanmar, National Academy of Medicine, Neuraminidase, Neuraminidase inhibitor, Orthomyxoviridae, Oseltamivir, Pakistan, Pandemic, Pandemic H1N1/09 virus, ..., Peptide, Pulmonary embolism, Reassortment, Replikins, Rimantadine, Sore throat, Spain, Spanish flu, State of emergency, Strain (biology), Swine influenza, Systemic inflammatory response syndrome, T helper cell, Teratology, The National Law Review, Toronto, Venezuela, Viral matrix protein, Viral neuraminidase, Virus, White blood cell, World Health Organization, World War I, Zanamivir, Zoonosis, 1889–90 flu pandemic, 1968 flu pandemic, 2009 flu pandemic. Expand index (28 more) » « Shrink index
Amantadine (trade name Symmetrel, by Endo Pharmaceuticals) is a medication that has U.S. Food and Drug Administration approval for use both as an antiviral and an antiparkinsonian medication.
The American Journal of Roentgenology (AJR) is a monthly peer-reviewed journal that covers topics in radiology.
Andrew Miller is a physician and scientist noted for his work in H1N1 as one of the first to note the increased risk to pregnant patients, as well as a recipient of the AMA Foundation Leadership Award.
Antigenic drift is a mechanism for variation in viruses that involves the accumulation of mutations within the genes that code for antibody-binding sites.
Avian influenza—known informally as avian flu or bird flu is a variety of influenza caused by viruses adapted to birds.
Barack Hussein Obama II (born August 4, 1961) is an American politician who served as the 44th President of the United States from January 20, 2009, to January 20, 2017.
The Center for Infectious Disease Research and Policy (CIDRAP) is a center within the University of Minnesota that focuses on addressing public health preparedness and emerging infectious disease response.
The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) is the leading national public health institute of the United States.
The Centre for Addiction and Mental Health (CAMH; Centre de toxicomanie et de santé mentale) is a mental health teaching hospital in with central facilities located in Toronto and 10 community locations throughout the province of Ontario, Canada.
Cytokines are a broad and loose category of small proteins (~5–20 kDa) that are important in cell signaling.
Cytokine release syndrome is a form of systemic inflammatory response syndrome that arises as a complication of some diseases or infections, and is also an adverse effect of some monoclonal antibody drugs, as well as adoptive T-cell therapies.
Davis Wright Tremaine LLP is a national business and litigation law firm with offices across the United States and in Shanghai, China.
A disease is any condition which results in the disorder of a structure or function in an organism that is not due to any external injury.
An epidemic (from Greek ἐπί epi "upon or above" and δῆμος demos "people") is the rapid spread of infectious disease to a large number of people in a given population within a short period of time, usually two weeks or less.
Europe is a continent located entirely in the Northern Hemisphere and mostly in the Eastern Hemisphere.
Fairleigh Dickinson University is a private, coeducational and nonsectarian university founded in 1942.
Fever, also known as pyrexia and febrile response, is defined as having a temperature above the normal range due to an increase in the body's temperature set-point.
Flu season is an annually recurring time period characterized by the prevalence of outbreaks of Influenza (flu).
Gujranwala (Punjabi, گوجرانوالا) is a city in Punjab, Pakistan, that is located north of the nearby provincial capital of Lahore.
Headache is the symptom of pain anywhere in the region of the head or neck.
Hemagglutinin or haemagglutinin (British English)p refers to a substance that causes red blood cells (RBCs) to agglutinate.
Influenza hemagglutinin (HA) or haemagglutininp (British English) is a glycoprotein found on the surface of influenza viruses.
History (from Greek ἱστορία, historia, meaning "inquiry, knowledge acquired by investigation") is the study of the past as it is described in written documents.
In biology, a hybrid, or crossbreed, is the result of combining the qualities of two organisms of different breeds, varieties, species or genera through sexual reproduction.
The immune system is a host defense system comprising many biological structures and processes within an organism that protects against disease.
Infection is the invasion of an organism's body tissues by disease-causing agents, their multiplication, and the reaction of host tissues to the infectious agents and the toxins they produce.
Influenza, commonly known as "the flu", is an infectious disease caused by an influenza virus.
Influenza A virus causes influenza in birds and some mammals, and is the only species of influenza virus A genus of the Orthomyxoviridae family of viruses.
H1N2 is a subtype of the species Influenza A virus (sometimes called bird flu virus).
H2N2 is a subtype of the influenza A virus.
H2N3 is a subtype of the influenza A virus.
H3N1 is a subtype of the species Influenza A virus, mostly affecting pigs.
Influenza A virus subtype H3N2 (A/H3N2) is a subtype of viruses that causes influenza (flu).
H3N8 is a subtype of the species Influenza A virus that is endemic in birds, horses and dogs.
Influenza A virus subtype H5N1, also known as A(H5N1) or simply H5N1, is a subtype of the influenza A virus which can cause illness in humans and many other animal species.
Influenza vaccines, also known as flu shots or flu jabs, are vaccines that protect against infection by Influenza viruses.
Influenza-like illness (ILI), also known as acute respiratory infection (ARI) and flu-like syndrome/symptoms, is a medical diagnosis of possible influenza or other illness causing a set of common symptoms.
Lahore (لاہور, لہور) is the capital city of the Pakistani province of Punjab, and is the country’s second-most populous city after Karachi.
The lungs are the primary organs of the respiratory system in humans and many other animals including a few fish and some snails.
Ministry of Health and Sports regroups the two following ministries: Ministry of Health and Ministry of Sports.
Multan (Punjabi, Saraiki, مُلتان), is a Pakistani city and the headquarters of Multan District in the province of Punjab.
Myanmar, officially the Republic of the Union of Myanmar and also known as Burma, is a sovereign state in Southeast Asia.
The National Academy of Medicine (NAM), formerly called the Institute of Medicine (IoM), is an American nonprofit, non-governmental organization.
Neuraminidase enzymes are glycoside hydrolase enzymes that cleave the glycosidic linkages of neuraminic acids.
Neuraminidase inhibitors (NAIs) are a class of drugs which block the neuraminidase enzyme.
The Orthomyxoviruses (ὀρθός, orthós, Greek for "straight"; μύξα, mýxa, Greek for "mucus") are a family of RNA viruses that includes seven genera: Influenza virus A, Influenza virus B, Influenza virus C, Influenza virus D, Isavirus, Thogotovirus and Quaranjavirus.
Oseltamivir, sold under the brand name Tamiflu, is an antiviral medication used to treat and prevent influenza A and influenza B (flu).
Pakistan (پاکِستان), officially the Islamic Republic of Pakistan (اِسلامی جمہوریہ پاکِستان), is a country in South Asia.
A pandemic (from Greek πᾶν pan "all" and δῆμος demos "people") is an epidemic of infectious disease that has spread across a large region; for instance multiple continents, or even worldwide.
The Pandemic H1N1/09 virus is a swine origin Influenza A virus subtype H1N1 virus strain responsible for the 2009 flu pandemic.
Peptides (from Gr.: πεπτός, peptós "digested"; derived from πέσσειν, péssein "to digest") are short chains of amino acid monomers linked by peptide (amide) bonds.
Pulmonary embolism (PE) is a blockage of an artery in the lungs by a substance that has moved from elsewhere in the body through the bloodstream (embolism).
Reassortment is the mixing of the genetic material of a species into new combinations in different individuals.
Replikins are a group of peptides, whose increase in concentration in virus or other organism proteins is associated with rapid replication.
Rimantadine (INN, sold under the trade name Flumadine) is an orally administered antiviral drug used to treat, and in rare cases prevent, influenzavirus A infection.
Sore throat, also known as throat pain, is pain or irritation of the throat.
Spain (España), officially the Kingdom of Spain (Reino de España), is a sovereign state mostly located on the Iberian Peninsula in Europe.
The Spanish flu (January 1918 – December 1920), also known as the 1918 flu pandemic, was an unusually deadly influenza pandemic, the first of the two pandemics involving H1N1 influenza virus.
A state of emergency is a situation in which a government is empowered to perform actions that it would normally not be permitted.
In biology, a strain is a low-level taxonomic rank used at the intraspecific level (within a species).
Swine influenza is an infection caused by any one of several types of swine influenza viruses.
Systemic inflammatory response syndrome (SIRS) is an inflammatory state affecting the whole body.
The T helper cells (Th cells) are a type of T cell that play an important role in the immune system, particularly in the adaptive immune system.
Teratology is the study of abnormalities of physiological development.
The National Law Review is an American law journal, legal news website and legal analysis content-aggregating database.
Toronto is the capital city of the province of Ontario and the largest city in Canada by population, with 2,731,571 residents in 2016.
Venezuela, officially denominated Bolivarian Republic of Venezuela (República Bolivariana de Venezuela),Previously, the official name was Estado de Venezuela (1830–1856), República de Venezuela (1856–1864), Estados Unidos de Venezuela (1864–1953), and again República de Venezuela (1953–1999).
Structural proteins linking the viral envelope with the virus core.
Viral neuraminidase is a type of neuraminidase found on the surface of influenza viruses that enables the virus to be released from the host cell.
A virus is a small infectious agent that replicates only inside the living cells of other organisms.
White blood cells (WBCs), also called leukocytes or leucocytes, are the cells of the immune system that are involved in protecting the body against both infectious disease and foreign invaders.
The World Health Organization (WHO; French: Organisation mondiale de la santé) is a specialized agency of the United Nations that is concerned with international public health.
World War I (often abbreviated as WWI or WW1), also known as the First World War, the Great War, or the War to End All Wars, was a global war originating in Europe that lasted from 28 July 1914 to 11 November 1918.
Zanamivir is a medication used to treat and prevent influenza caused by influenza A and B viruses.
Zoonoses are infectious diseases that can be transmitted between animals and humans.
The 1889–1890 flu pandemic (October 1889 – December 1890, with recurrences March – June 1891, November 1891 – June 1892, winter 1893–1894 and early 1895) was a deadly influenza pandemic that killed about 1 million people worldwide.
The 1968 flu pandemic was a category 2 flu pandemic whose outbreak in 1968 and 1969 killed an estimated one million people worldwide.
The 2009 flu pandemic or swine flu was an influenza pandemic, and the second of the two pandemics involving H1N1 influenza virus (the first of them being the 1918 flu pandemic), albeit in a new version.
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