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Adam Vaughan (born July 3, 1961) is a politician in Ontario, Canada.
AFL Ontario is the largest Australian Football league in North America.
African Americans (also referred to as Black Americans or Afro-Americans) are an ethnic group of Americans with total or partial ancestry from any of the black racial groups of Africa.
The Aga Khan Museum (Musée Aga Khan) is a museum of Islamic art, Iranian (Persian) art and Muslim culture in the North York district of Toronto, Ontario, Canada.
Agincourt is a neighbourhood and former village in Scarborough, Toronto, Ontario, Canada.
Ahmed Hussen (Axmed Xuseen; أحمد حسين; born 1976) is Minister of Immigration, Refugees and Citizenship for the Government of Canada.
Ali Ehsassi (علی احساسی‎; born April 24, 1970) is a Canadian politician, who was elected to represent the riding of Willowdale in the House of Commons of Canada in the 2015 federal election.
Allan Gardens (founded in 1858) is one of the oldest parks in Toronto, Ontario, Canada.
William R. Allen Road, also known as Allen Road and The Allen is a short expressway, super-4 expressway, and arterial road in Toronto, Ontario, Canada.
The ALS Society of Canada is a registered, not-for-profit Canadian organization.
An alternative newspaper is a type of newspaper that eschews comprehensive coverage of general news in favor of stylized reporting, opinionated reviews and columns, investigations into edgy topics and magazine-style feature stories highlighting local people and culture.
The Alzheimer Society of Canada (ASC) is the leading nationwide health charity for people living with Alzheimer's disease and other dementias.
The Alzheimer Society of Ontario (ASO) is a care and research charity committed to helping people living with Alzheimer’s disease and other dementias by.
The amalgamation of Toronto was the creation of the current political borders of Toronto, Ontario, Canada after amalgamating, annexing, and merging with surrounding municipalities since the 18th century.
The American Hockey League (AHL) is a 31-team professional ice hockey league based in the United States and Canada that serves as the primary developmental league for the National Hockey League (NHL).
The American Revolutionary War (17751783), also known as the American War of Independence, was a global war that began as a conflict between Great Britain and its Thirteen Colonies which declared independence as the United States of America. After 1765, growing philosophical and political differences strained the relationship between Great Britain and its colonies. Patriot protests against taxation without representation followed the Stamp Act and escalated into boycotts, which culminated in 1773 with the Sons of Liberty destroying a shipment of tea in Boston Harbor. Britain responded by closing Boston Harbor and passing a series of punitive measures against Massachusetts Bay Colony. Massachusetts colonists responded with the Suffolk Resolves, and they established a shadow government which wrested control of the countryside from the Crown. Twelve colonies formed a Continental Congress to coordinate their resistance, establishing committees and conventions that effectively seized power. British attempts to disarm the Massachusetts militia at Concord, Massachusetts in April 1775 led to open combat. Militia forces then besieged Boston, forcing a British evacuation in March 1776, and Congress appointed George Washington to command the Continental Army. Concurrently, an American attempt to invade Quebec and raise rebellion against the British failed decisively. On July 2, 1776, the Continental Congress voted for independence, issuing its declaration on July 4. Sir William Howe launched a British counter-offensive, capturing New York City and leaving American morale at a low ebb. However, victories at Trenton and Princeton restored American confidence. In 1777, the British launched an invasion from Quebec under John Burgoyne, intending to isolate the New England Colonies. Instead of assisting this effort, Howe took his army on a separate campaign against Philadelphia, and Burgoyne was decisively defeated at Saratoga in October 1777. Burgoyne's defeat had drastic consequences. France formally allied with the Americans and entered the war in 1778, and Spain joined the war the following year as an ally of France but not as an ally of the United States. In 1780, the Kingdom of Mysore attacked the British in India, and tensions between Great Britain and the Netherlands erupted into open war. In North America, the British mounted a "Southern strategy" led by Charles Cornwallis which hinged upon a Loyalist uprising, but too few came forward. Cornwallis suffered reversals at King's Mountain and Cowpens. He retreated to Yorktown, Virginia, intending an evacuation, but a decisive French naval victory deprived him of an escape. A Franco-American army led by the Comte de Rochambeau and Washington then besieged Cornwallis' army and, with no sign of relief, he surrendered in October 1781. Whigs in Britain had long opposed the pro-war Tories in Parliament, and the surrender gave them the upper hand. In early 1782, Parliament voted to end all offensive operations in North America, but the war continued in Europe and India. Britain remained under siege in Gibraltar but scored a major victory over the French navy. On September 3, 1783, the belligerent parties signed the Treaty of Paris in which Great Britain agreed to recognize the sovereignty of the United States and formally end the war. French involvement had proven decisive,Brooks, Richard (editor). Atlas of World Military History. HarperCollins, 2000, p. 101 "Washington's success in keeping the army together deprived the British of victory, but French intervention won the war." but France made few gains and incurred crippling debts. Spain made some minor territorial gains but failed in its primary aim of recovering Gibraltar. The Dutch were defeated on all counts and were compelled to cede territory to Great Britain. In India, the war against Mysore and its allies concluded in 1784 without any territorial changes.
The American Ultimate Disc League (AUDL) is a semi-professional ultimate frisbee league in North America.
Numerous festivals, shows and exhibitions are held annually in Toronto.
Area codes 416, 647, and 437 are telephone area codes serving the single rate centre of Toronto, Ontario, Canada.
Arif Virani (born November 23, 1971) is a Canadian lawyer and politician.
Aris Babikian (Armenian: Արիս Պապիկեան) is a Canadian politician, who was elected to the Legislative Assembly of Ontario in the 2018 provincial election.
The Art Gallery of Ontario (AGO) (Musée des beaux-arts de l'Ontario) is an art museum in Toronto, Ontario, Canada.
An arterial road or arterial thoroughfare is a high-capacity urban road.
Artillery is a class of large military weapons built to fire munitions far beyond the range and power of infantry's small arms.
Association football, more commonly known as football or soccer, is a team sport played between two teams of eleven players with a spherical ball.
Atlanta is the capital city and most populous municipality of the state of Georgia in the United States.
The Atlantic Division is one of the three divisions in the Eastern Conference of the National Basketball Association (NBA).
Toronto, Ontario, Canada is known for its many attractions.
Australian rules football, officially known as Australian football, or simply called Aussie rules, football or footy, is a contact sport played between two teams of eighteen players on an oval-shaped field, often a modified cricket ground.
Baseball is a bat-and-ball game played between two opposing teams who take turns batting and fielding.
Basketball is a team sport played on a rectangular court.
The Bata Shoe Museum is a footwear museum in Toronto, Ontario, Canada, located at Bloor Street and St.
Bathurst Street is a main north-south thoroughfare in Toronto, Ontario, Canada.
The Battle of York was fought on April 27, 1813, in York (present-day Toronto), the capital of the colonial province of Upper Canada (present-day Ontario), during the Anglo-American War of 1812.
Bay Street is a major thoroughfare in Downtown Toronto, Ontario, Canada.
A bay-and-gable is a distinct architectural style of house that is ubiquitous in the older parts of Toronto, Ontario, Canada.
Baycrest is a research and teaching hospital for the elderly in the North York district of Toronto, Ontario, Canada that is affiliated with the University of Toronto.
Bead Hill is an archaeological site comprising the only known remaining and intact 17th-century Seneca site in Canada.
The Beaver Wars, also known as the Iroquois Wars or the French and Iroquois Wars, encompass a series of conflicts fought intermittently during the 17th and 18th centuries in eastern North America.
Beijing, formerly romanized as Peking, is the capital of the People's Republic of China, the world's second most populous city proper, and most populous capital city.
Bell Media Inc. (French: Bell Média) is the mass media subsidiary of BCE Inc. (also known as Bell Canada Enterprises, the parent company of the former telephone monopoly Bell Canada).
Bhutila Karpoche (born ca. 1984) is a Canadian politician, who was elected to the Legislative Assembly of Ontario in the 2018 provincial election.
The Big East Conference was a collegiate athletics conference that consisted of as many as 16 universities in the eastern half of the United States from 1979 to 2013.
Big Five is the name colloquially given to the five largest banks that dominate the banking industry of Canada: Bank of Montreal (BMO), Bank of Nova Scotia (Scotiabank), Canadian Imperial Bank of Commerce (CIBC), Royal Bank of Canada (RBC), and Toronto–Dominion Bank (TD).
William Sterling "Bill" Blair, (born 1954) is a Canadian politician, currently serving as the Member of Parliament representing the federal electoral district of Scarborough Southwest.
William Francis "Bill" Morneau (born October 7, 1962) is a Canadian politician and businessman who was elected in the 2015 Canadian federal election as the Member of Parliament for Toronto Centre.
Billy Bishop Toronto City Airport is a small international airport located on the Toronto Islands in Toronto, Ontario, Canada.
Biomedicine (i.e. medical biology) is a branch of medical science that applies biological and physiological principles to clinical practice.
Black Canadians is a designation used for people of Black African descent, who are citizens or permanent residents of Canada.
BMO Field is an outdoor stadium located at Exhibition Place in Toronto, Ontario, Canada which is home to Toronto FC of Major League Soccer, the Toronto Argonauts of the Canadian Football League, and Toronto FC II of the United Soccer League.
Bogotá, officially Bogotá, Distrito Capital, abbreviated Bogotá, D.C., and formerly known as Santafé de Bogotá between 1991 and 2000, is the capital and largest city of Colombia, administered as the Capital District, although often thought of as part of Cundinamarca.
Bombardier Aerospace (Bombardier Aéronautique) is a division of Bombardier Inc. It is headquartered in Dorval, Quebec, Canada.
Borys Wrzesnewskyj (born November 10, 1960) is a Canadian politician who represented riding of Etobicoke Centre in the House of Commons of Canada from 2004 to 2011.
Box lacrosse, also known as boxla, box, or indoor lacrosse, is an indoor version of lacrosse played mostly in North America.
Brampton is a city in the Canadian province of Ontario.
Brazil (Brasil), officially the Federative Republic of Brazil (República Federativa do Brasil), is the largest country in both South America and Latin America.
The Bridle Path is an upscale residential neighbourhood in North York, Toronto, Ontario, Canada, that is characterized by large multimillion-dollar mansions and two to four acre (8,000 to 16,000 m²) lot sizes.
The British Empire comprised the dominions, colonies, protectorates, mandates and other territories ruled or administered by the United Kingdom and its predecessor states.
A broadcast network is a group of radio stations, television stations, or other electronic media outlets, that form an agreement to air, or broadcast, content from a centralized source.
Brockton Village is a former town, and now the name of a neighbourhood, in Toronto, Ontario, Canada.
Brookfield Place (formerly BCE Place) is an office complex in downtown Toronto, Ontario, Canada, comprising the block bounded by Yonge Street, Wellington Street West, Bay Street, and Front Street.
Brownfield land is a term used in urban planning to describe any previously developed land that is not currently in use, whether contaminated or not or, in North America, more specifically to describe land previously used for industrial or commercial purposes with known or suspected pollution including soil contamination due to hazardous waste.
Buddhism is the world's fourth-largest religion with over 520 million followers, or over 7% of the global population, known as Buddhists.
The Budweiser Stage, previously known as the Molson Canadian Amphitheatre, is a concert venue in Toronto, Ontario, Canada.
The Buffalo Bills are a professional American football team based in the Buffalo–Niagara Falls metropolitan area.
Buffalo Niagara International Airport is in Cheektowaga, New York, United States, named after the Buffalo–Niagara Falls metropolitan area.
Buffalo is the second largest city in the state of New York and the 81st most populous city in the United States.
The Burj Khalifa (برج خليفة, Arabic for "Khalifa Tower"; pronounced), known as the Burj Dubai before its inauguration in 2010, is a skyscraper in Dubai, United Arab Emirates.
The Burning of Washington was a British invasion of Washington, D.C., the capital of the United States, during the War of 1812.
Buttonville Municipal Airport or Toronto/Buttonville Municipal Airport is a medium-sized airport in Buttonville, Ontario, Canada, within Markham, bordering Richmond Hill and north of downtown Toronto.
Cabbagetown is a neighbourhood in central Toronto, Ontario, Canada.
Canada is a country located in the northern part of North America.
The Canada 2011 Census is a detailed enumeration of the Canadian population on May 10, 2011.
Canada's Walk of Fame (Allée des célébrités canadiennes) in Toronto, Ontario, Canada, is a walk of fame that acknowledges the achievements and accomplishments of Canadians who have excelled in their respective fields.
The Canadian Breast Cancer Foundation is a charitable organization which raises money to advance research, education, diagnosis and treatment of breast cancer.
Canadian Business is the longest-publishing business magazine based in Toronto, Ontario, Canada, and founded in 1927.
The Canadian Cancer Society (French: Société canadienne du cancer) is a national, community-based charitable organization of volunteers whose mission is to eradicate cancer and enhance the quality of life of those living with the disease.
The Canadian Centennial was a yearlong celebration held in 1967 when Canada celebrated the 100th anniversary of the Canadian Confederation.
The Canadian Championship (Championnat canadien) is an annual soccer tournament contested by premier Canadian professional teams.
Canadian Confederation (Confédération canadienne) was the process by which the British colonies of Canada, Nova Scotia, and New Brunswick were united into one Dominion of Canada on July 1, 1867.
The Canadian Electronic Ensemble (CEE) is a Canadian electronic music ensemble based in Toronto, Ontario.
The Canadian Film Centre (CFC) is a charitable organization in Toronto, Ontario, Canada, which operates an advanced film school training program for professionals in the Canadian film, television and digital media industries, including directors, producers, screenwriters, actors and musicians.
Canadian football is a sport played in Canada in which two teams of 12 players each compete for territorial control of a field of play long and wide attempting to advance a pointed prolate spheroid ball into the opposing team's scoring area (end zone).
The Canadian Football League (CFL; Ligue canadienne de football, LCF) is a professional sports league in Canada.
The Canadian Foundation for AIDS Research (CANFAR) is the only national charitable foundation that raises awareness to generate funds for research into all aspects of HIV infection and AIDS.
The Canadian Mental Health Association (CMHA) is the Canadian association founded on April 26, 1918 by Dr.
The Canadian National Exhibition (CNE), also known as The Ex, is an annual event that takes place at Exhibition Place in Toronto, Ontario, Canada, during the 18 days leading up to and including Canadian Labour Day, the first Monday in September.
The Canadian Open (L'Omnium Canadien) is a professional golf tournament in Canada, first played in 1904.
The Canadian Open (Canada Masters, known for sponsorship reasons as the Rogers Cup) is an annual tennis tournament held in Canada.
The Canadian Opera Company (COC) is an opera company in Toronto, Ontario, Canada.
Canadian Stage is a not-for-profit contemporary performing arts company based in Toronto, Ontario, Canada.
The Canadian Women's Hockey League (CWHL) is a professional women's ice hockey league.
A capital city (or simply capital) is the municipality exercising primary status in a country, state, province, or other administrative region, usually as its seat of government.
The Peeks Toronto Caribbean Carnival, formerly and still commonly called Caribana, is a festival of Caribbean culture and traditions held each summer in the city of Toronto, Ontario, Canada.
Carolyn Ann Bennett (born December 20, 1950) is a Canadian physician and politician.
Casa Loma (Spanish for "Hill House") is a Gothic Revival style mansion and garden in midtown Toronto, Ontario, Canada, that is now a historic house museum and landmark.
Casa Loma is a neighbourhood in the city of Toronto in Ontario, Canada, and is named after the famous castle.
The Catholic Church, also known as the Roman Catholic Church, is the largest Christian church, with more than 1.299 billion members worldwide.
The Catholic Church in Canada is part of the worldwide Catholic Church, under the spiritual leadership of the Pope.
Cavalry (from the French cavalerie, cf. cheval 'horse') or horsemen were soldiers or warriors who fought mounted on horseback.
The CBC Museum was dedicated to the preserving the physical heritage and archival materials relating to the history of the Canadian Broadcasting Corporation (CBC).
CBC Television (also known as simply "CBC") is a Canadian English-language broadcast television network that is owned by the Canadian Broadcasting Corporation, the national public broadcaster. The network began operations on September 6, 1952. Its French-language counterpart is Ici Radio-Canada Télé. Headquartered at the Canadian Broadcasting Centre in Toronto, CBC Television is available throughout Canada on over-the-air television stations in urban centres and as a must-carry station on cable and satellite television. Almost all of the CBC's programming is produced in Canada. Although CBC Television is supported by public funding, commercial advertising revenue supplements the network, in contrast to CBC Radio and public broadcasters from several other countries, which are commercial-free.
Celestica Inc. is a Canadian multinational electronics manufacturing services (EMS) company headquartered in Toronto, Ontario.
The census geographic units of Canada are the administrative divisions defined and used by Canada's federal government statistics bureau Statistics Canada to conduct the country's five-yearly census.
Centennial College of Applied Arts and Technology is a diploma and degree granting college located in Toronto, Ontario, Canada.
Centennial Park is a large regional park with many sports facilities, maintained by the Parks, Forestry and Recreation Division of the city of Toronto, Ontario, Canada.
The Centennial Park Stadium is a 2,200 seat capacity stadium in Toronto, Ontario, Canada.
The Centre for Addiction and Mental Health (CAMH; Centre de toxicomanie et de santé mentale) is a mental health teaching hospital in with central facilities located in Toronto and 10 community locations throughout the province of Ontario, Canada.
An elevated passenger ropeway, or chairlift, is a type of aerial lift, which consists of a continuously circulating steel cable loop strung between two end terminals and usually over intermediate towers, carrying a series of chairs.
Champ Car is the general name for a class and specification of American professional top-level open wheel cars used in American open-wheel car racing for many decades, associated primarily with the Indianapolis 500.
The Championship is a professional rugby league competition.
Channel drift or network decay is the gradual shift of a television network away from its original programming, to either target a newer and more profitable audience, or to broaden their viewership by including less niche programming.
Chatelaine is an English-language Canadian women's magazine which covers topics from food, style and home décor to politics, health and relationships.
Chicago, officially the City of Chicago, is the third most populous city in the United States, after New York City and Los Angeles.
China, officially the People's Republic of China (PRC), is a unitary one-party sovereign state in East Asia and the world's most populous country, with a population of around /1e9 round 3 billion.
Chinatown is an ethnic enclave in Downtown Toronto, Ontario, Canada, with a high concentration of ethnic Chinese residents and businesses extending along Dundas Street West and Spadina Avenue west of the centre of the city.
Chinese Canadians are Canadians of full or partial Chinese ancestry, sometimes referenced as a CBC or Chinese-born Canadian (with light homage to the CBC, Canadian Broadcasting Corporation, or to its American equivalent ABC).
Chongqing, formerly romanized as Chungking, is a major city in southwest China.
Chris Glover (born) is a Canadian politician, who was elected to the Legislative Assembly of Ontario in the 2018 provincial election.
ChristianityFrom Ancient Greek Χριστός Khristós (Latinized as Christus), translating Hebrew מָשִׁיחַ, Māšîăḥ, meaning "the anointed one", with the Latin suffixes -ian and -itas.
Christie Pits, originally Willowvale Park, is a Toronto public recreational area located at 750 Bloor Street West at Christie Street, just west of the Toronto Transit Commission Christie subway station.
Christina Mitas is a Canadian politician, who was elected to the Legislative Assembly of Ontario in the 2018 provincial election.
Christine Hogarth is a Canadian politician, who was elected to the Legislative Assembly of Ontario in the 2018 provincial election.
Christina Alexandra "Chrystia" Freeland (born August 2, 1968) is a Canadian writer, journalist, and politician.
Church and Wellesley is an LGBT-oriented enclave in Toronto, Ontario, Canada.
Cinesphere is the world’s first permanent IMAX movie theatre, located on the grounds of Ontario Place in Toronto, Ontario, Canada.
City (formerly known as Citytv) is a Canadian television network owned by the Rogers Media subsidiary of Rogers Communications.
City of Toronto Act is the name of a series of different acts of parliament that have governed the organization and political powers of the city since Toronto's original incorporation as a city in 1834.
A city proper is the area contained within city limits.
Cloud Gardens or "Bay Adelaide Park" and "Cloud Gardens Conservatory" is a small park in downtown Toronto, Ontario, Canada.
The CN Tower (Tour CN) is a concrete communications and observation tower located in the downtown core of the city of Toronto, Ontario, Canada.
Collège Boréal is a francophone College of Applied Arts and Technology serving Northern and Central Southwestern Ontario.
Commerce Court is a complex of four office buildings on King and Bay Streets in the financial district of Toronto, Ontario, Canada, The primary tenant is the Canadian Imperial Bank of Commerce (CIBC) which has its headquarters in the building.
A community college is a type of educational institution.
Commuter rail, also called suburban rail, is a passenger rail transport service that primarily operates between a city centre and middle to outer suburbs beyond 15 km (10 miles) and commuter towns or other locations that draw large numbers of commuters—people who travel on a daily basis.
In Upper and Lower Canada, concession roads were laid out by the colonial government through undeveloped Crown land to provide access to rows of newly surveyed lots intended for farming by new settlers.
Conseil scolaire catholique MonAvenir (My Future Catholic School Board); previously the Conseil scolaire de district catholique Centre-Sud ("CSDCCS") is the Roman Catholic separate, French language school board for the South-Central region of Ontario.
The Conseil scolaire Viamonde (CSV, known as French-language Public District School Board No. 58 prior to 1999 and as Conseil Scolaire de District du Centre-Sud-Ouest between 1999 and 2010)http://www.csviamonde.ca/csviamonde/index.php?q.
Contemporary art is the art of today, produced in the late 20th century or in the 21st century.
Corktown is a residential neighbourhood in downtown Toronto, Ontario, Canada.
Corso Italia is a neighbourhood in Toronto, Ontario, Canada, situated on St. Clair Avenue West, between Westmount Avenue (just east of Dufferin Street) and Lansdowne Avenue.
Cosmopolitanism is the ideology that all human beings belong to a single community, based on a shared morality.
Crescent Town is a neighbourhood in Toronto, Ontario, Canada, in the former borough of East York.
There are several methods for measuring the prevalence of crime.
Crohn's and Colitis Canada is a Canadian national volunteer-based charity dedicated to finding cures for Crohn's disease and ulcerative colitis and to improving the lives of children and adults affected by these chronic conditions.
The CTV Television Network (commonly referred to as CTV) is an English-language broadcast television network in Canada launched in 1961.
Cuba, officially the Republic of Cuba, is a country comprising the island of Cuba as well as Isla de la Juventud and several minor archipelagos.
Toronto is the largest city of Canada and one of its most ethnically diverse; many immigrant cultures have brought their traditions, languages and music.
Cycling in Toronto, like many North American cities, has slowly been improving its cycling infrastructure.
Cystic Fibrosis Canada, formerly the Canadian Cystic Fibrosis Foundation, is a Canada-wide health charity established in 1960, with volunteers in more than 50 chapters across Canada.
Daniel Libeskind (born May 12, 1946) is a Polish-American architect, artist, professor and set designer.
Davenport Road is an east–west arterial road in Toronto, Ontario, Canada.
de Havilland Aircraft of Canada Ltd. was an aircraft manufacturer with facilities based in what is now the Downsview area of Toronto, Ontario, Canada.
The December 2013 North American storm complex was a significant storm complex that had all sorts of severe weather, including a winter storm, a crippling ice storm and a tornado outbreak that impacted the central and eastern portions of Canada, parts of the Central Great Plains, the Southern United States, and the northeastern United States from December 20 to 23, 2013.
Deer Park is a neighbourhood in Toronto, Ontario, Canada, centred on the intersection of Yonge Street and St. Clair Avenue; its boundaries are the Vale of Avoca section of Rosedale ravine in the east, Farnham Avenue and Jackes Avenue in the south, Avenue Road and Oriole Parkway in the west, the Belt Line trail in the north on the west side of Yonge Street, and Glen Elm Avenue in the north on the east side of Yonge Street.
Denzil Minnan-Wong (born) is a Toronto city councillor representing one of the two Don Valley East wards, Toronto City Council Ward 34.
Design Exchange (DX) is a not-for-profit museum funded by its members and donors.
The Discovery District is one of the commercial districts in Downtown Toronto, Ontario, Canada.
The Distillery District is a commercial and residential district in Toronto, Ontario, Canada.
In meteorology, diurnal temperature variation is the variation between a high temperature and a low temperature that occurs during the same day.
Doly Begum is a Canadian politician, who was elected to the Legislative Assembly of Ontario in the 2018 provincial election.
Don Mills is a mixed-use neighbourhood in the North York district of Toronto, Ontario, Canada.
The Don River is a watercourse in southern Ontario, that empties into Lake Ontario, at Toronto Harbour.
The Don Valley Brick Works (often referred to as the Evergreen Brick Works) is a former quarry and industrial site located in the Don River valley in Toronto, Ontario, Canada.
The Don Valley Parkway (DVP) is a municipal expressway in the Canadian city of Toronto, Ontario, which connects the Gardiner Expressway in downtown Toronto with Highway 401.
Douglas Robert Ford (born November 20, 1964) is a Canadian businessman and politician who is the 26th and current Premier of Ontario since June 29, 2018 following the 2018 Ontario general election and Leader of the Progressive Conservative Party of Ontario since March 10, 2018.
Downsview is an area in the north end of Toronto, Ontario, Canada, located in the district of North York.
Downsview Airport or Toronto/Downsview Airport is located in the North York district of Toronto, Ontario, Canada and has been exclusively owned and used as a testing facility by Bombardier Aerospace since 1994.
Downsview Park (Parc Downsview) is a large urban park located in the Downsview area of North York, Toronto.
Downtown Toronto is the city centre and main central business district of Toronto, Ontario, Canada.
A drought is a period of below-average precipitation in a given region, resulting in prolonged shortages in the water supply, whether atmospheric, surface water or ground water.
Dundurn Press is the largest Canadian-owned book publishing company of adult and children’s fiction and non-fiction in Canada.
Durham Region Transit (DRT) is the regional public transit operator in Durham Region, Ontario, Canada, east of Toronto.
Earl Bales Park is large park in Toronto and the former city of North York, Ontario, with the East Don River running through it.
East York is a former municipality within Toronto, Ontario, Canada.
The Eastern Time Zone (ET) is a time zone encompassing 17 U.S. states in the eastern part of the contiguous United States, parts of eastern Canada, the state of Quintana Roo in Mexico, Panama in Central America, and the Caribbean Islands.
The economy of Toronto is the largest contributor to the Canadian economy, at 20% of national GDP, and an important economic hub of the world.
Edward Samuel "Ted" Rogers Jr., OC (May 27, 1933 – December 2, 2008) was a Canadian businessman and philanthropist.
The Edwardian era or Edwardian period of British history covers the brief reign of King Edward VII, 1901 to 1910, and is sometimes extended in both directions to capture long-term trends from the 1890s to the First World War.
Eglinton Avenue is a major east-west arterial thoroughfare in Toronto and Mississauga, in the Canadian province of Ontario.The street begins at Highway 407 (but does not interchange with the tollway) at the western limits of Mississauga, as a continuation of Lower Baseline in Milton.
Eglinton West, also known as Little Jamaica, is an ethnic enclave in the York district of Toronto, Ontario, Canada.
The Elgin and Winter Garden Theatres are a pair of stacked theatres in Toronto, Ontario, Canada.
English is a West Germanic language that was first spoken in early medieval England and is now a global lingua franca.
An escarpment is a steep slope or long cliff that forms as an effect of faulting or erosion and separates two relatively leveled areas having differing elevations.
The concept of ethnic origin is an attempt to classify people, not according to their current nationality, but according to commonalities in their social background.
Etobicoke (with a silent 'ke') is an administrative district and former city that makes up the western part of Toronto, Ontario, Canada.
Etobicoke Creek is a river in the Greater Toronto Area of Ontario, Canada.
Exhibition Place is a publicly owned mixed-use district in Toronto, Ontario, Canada, located by the shoreline of Lake Ontario, just west of downtown.
Fairmont Hotels & Resorts is a chain of luxury hotels owned by AccorHotels since 2016.
Faisal Hassan is a Canadian politician, who was elected to the Legislative Assembly of Ontario in the 2018 provincial election.
The Fashion District (also known as the Garment District) is a commercial and residential district in Downtown Toronto, Ontario, Canada.
The Financial District is a business district in Downtown Toronto, Ontario, Canada.
Finch Avenue is an arterial thoroughfare that travels east–west in Toronto, Ontario, Canada.
First Canadian Place (originally First Bank Building) is a skyscraper in the Financial District of Toronto, Ontario, at the northwest corner of King and Bay streets, and serves as the global operational headquarters of the Bank of Montreal.
Flare is a Canadian online fashion magazine.
Forest Hill is a neighbourhood and former village in Toronto, Ontario, Canada, located north of Downtown Toronto.
Fort Rouillé and Fort Toronto were French trading posts located in Toronto, Ontario, Canada.
Fort York is a historic site of military fortifications and related buildings on the west side of downtown Toronto, Ontario, Canada.
The Four Seasons Centre for the Performing Arts is a 2,071-seat theatre in Toronto, Ontario, Canada, located at the southeast corner of University Avenue and Queen Street West, across from Osgoode Hall.
Four Seasons Hotels Limited, trading as Four Seasons Hotels and Resorts, is an international luxury hospitality company headquartered in Toronto, Ontario.
Franco-Ontarians (Franco-Ontariens or Franco-Ontariennes if female) are French Canadian or francophone residents of the Canadian province of Ontario.
Frank Owen Gehry,, FAIA (born Frank Owen Goldberg)Reinhart, Anthony (July 28, 2010), Globe and Mail is a Canadian-born American architect, residing in Los Angeles.
Frankfurt, officially the City of Frankfurt am Main ("Frankfurt on the Main"), is a metropolis and the largest city in the German state of Hesse and the fifth-largest city in Germany.
French (le français or la langue française) is a Romance language of the Indo-European family.
Front Street is an east-west road in downtown Toronto, Ontario, Canada.
The Garden District is a neighbourhood in downtown Toronto, Ontario, Canada.
The Frederick G. Gardiner Expressway, commonly known as the Gardiner Expressway or simply the Gardiner, is a municipal expressway in Toronto, Ontario, Canada.
The Gardiner Museum is Canada's national ceramics museum.
Sathiyasangaree "Gary" Anandasangaree (சத்தியசங்கரி ஆனந்தசங்கரி) is a Tamil Canadian lawyer, human rights activist and politician.
Gas lighting is production of artificial light from combustion of a gaseous fuel, such as hydrogen, methane, carbon monoxide, propane, butane, acetylene, ethylene, or natural gas.
General aviation (GA) is all civil aviation operations other than scheduled air services and non-scheduled air transport operations for remuneration or hire.
Geng Tan (born 1963) is a Canadian politician, who was elected to represent the riding of Don Valley North in the House of Commons of Canada in the Canadian federal election, 2015.
Gentrification is a process of renovation of deteriorated urban neighborhoods by means of the influx of more affluent residents.
The Geographical Names Board of Canada (GNBC) is a national committee with a secretariat in Natural Resources Canada, part of the Government of Canada, which authorizes the names used on official federal government maps of Canada created since 1897.
George Brown College of Applied Arts and Technology is a public, fully accredited college of applied arts and technology with three full campuses in downtown Toronto, Ontario.
Germany (Deutschland), officially the Federal Republic of Germany (Bundesrepublik Deutschland), is a sovereign state in central-western Europe.
Gerrard Street is a street in Toronto, Ontario, Canada.
Glacial Lake Iroquois was a prehistoric proglacial lake that existed at the end of the last ice age approximately 13,000 years ago.
A global city, also called world city or sometimes alpha city or world center, is a city which is a primary node in the global economic network.
Global Television Network (more commonly called Global, or occasionally Global TV) is a privately owned Canadian English-language broadcast television network.
GO Transit is a regional public transit system serving the Golden Horseshoe region of Ontario, Canada.
The Golden Horseshoe is a secondary region of Southern Ontario, Canada which lies at the western end of Lake Ontario, with outer boundaries stretching south from Lake Erie and north to Lake Scugog.
Gooderham and Worts, also known as Gooderham & Worts Limited, was a Canadian distiller of alcoholic beverages.
Government House was the official residence of the Lieutenant Governor of Upper Canada and Ontario, Canada.
The Government of Canada (Gouvernement du Canada), formally Her Majesty's Government (Gouvernement de Sa Majesté), is the federal administration of Canada.
The Government of Ontario (Gouvernement de l'Ontario), formally Her Majesty's Government of Ontario (Gouvernement de l’Ontario de Sa Majesté), is the provincial government of the province of Ontario, Canada.
The Grand Trunk Railway was a railway system that operated in the Canadian provinces of Quebec and Ontario, and in the American states of Connecticut, Maine, Michigan, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, and Vermont.
Grange Park is a prominent and well-used public park in downtown Toronto, Ontario, Canada, located south of the Art Gallery of Ontario, beside the Ontario College of Art and Design University (OCADU), and north of University Settlement House, at the north end of John Street.
The Great Famine (an Gorta Mór) or the Great Hunger was a period of mass starvation, disease, and emigration in Ireland between 1845 and 1849.
The Great Fire of Toronto of 1904 was a great fire that destroyed a large section of Downtown Toronto, Ontario, Canada on April 19, 1904.
The Great Lakes (les Grands-Lacs), also called the Laurentian Great Lakes and the Great Lakes of North America, are a series of interconnected freshwater lakes located primarily in the upper mid-east region of North America, on the Canada–United States border, which connect to the Atlantic Ocean through the Saint Lawrence River.
The Great Lakes Megalopolis consists of the group of metropolitan areas in North America largely in the Great Lakes region and along the Saint Lawrence Seaway.
Greektown – also known as Greektown on the Danforth, or more simply, The Danforth – is a neighbourhood and (BIA) of the city of Toronto, Ontario, Canada.
The Grey Cup (Coupe Grey) is the name of both the championship game of the Canadian Football League (CFL) and the trophy awarded to the victorious team playing Canadian football.
The grid plan, grid street plan, or gridiron plan is a type of city plan in which streets run at right angles to each other, forming a grid.
Guild Park and Gardens is a public park in the Scarborough district of Toronto, Ontario, Canada.
Guildwood, also known as Guildwood Village, is a residential neighbourhood in Scarborough, Toronto, Ontario, Canada.
Guy Carleton, 1st Baron Dorchester, KB (3 September 1724 – 10 November 1808), known between 1776 and 1786 as Sir Guy Carleton, was an Anglo-Irish soldier and administrator.
Harbourfront is a neighbourhood on the northern shore of Lake Ontario within the downtown core of the city of Toronto, Ontario, Canada.
Harbourfront Centre is a key cultural organization on the waterfront of Toronto, Ontario, Canada, situated at 235 Queens Quay West.
Hart House is a student activity centre at the University of Toronto.
Havergal College is an independent boarding and day school for girls from Junior Kindergarten to Grade 12 in Toronto, Ontario, Canada.
A head of government (or chief of government) is a generic term used for either the highest or second highest official in the executive branch of a sovereign state, a federated state, or a self-governing colony, (commonly referred to as countries, nations or nation-states) who often presides over a cabinet, a group of ministers or secretaries who lead executive departments.
The Heart and Stroke Foundation of Canada, branded since November 2016 as Heart & Stroke, is a Canadian charity dedicated to advocacy, education, and the funding of research surrounding heart disease and stroke.
Major-General Sir Henry Mill Pellatt, CVO (January 6, 1859 – March 8, 1939) was a Canadian financier and soldier.
High Park is a municipal park in Toronto, Ontario, Canada.
Highland Creek is a river in the Scarborough district of Toronto, Ontario, emptying into Lake Ontario at the eastern end of the Scarborough Bluffs.
The Ontario provincial highway network consists of all public highways maintained by the Canadian province of Ontario.
Hinduism is an Indian religion and dharma, or a way of life, widely practised in the Indian subcontinent.
The history of Toronto, Ontario, Canada, begins several millennia ago.
Ho Chi Minh City (Thành phố Hồ Chí Minh; or; formerly Hô-Chi-Minh-Ville), also widely known by its former name of Saigon (Sài Gòn; or), is the largest city in Vietnam by population.
The Hockey Hall of Fame (Temple de la renommée du hockey) is an ice hockey museum located in Toronto, Ontario, Canada.
Holland Bloorview Kids Rehabilitation Hospital is Canada's largest children's rehabilitation hospital.
Hollywood North is a colloquialism used to describe film production industries and/or film locations north of its namesake, Hollywood, California.
Homicide is the act of one human killing another.
The Honda Indy Toronto is an annual IndyCar Series race, held in Toronto, Ontario, Canada.
Horse racing is an equestrian performance sport, typically involving two or more horses ridden by jockeys (or sometimes driven without riders) over a set distance for competition.
The Hudson's Bay Company (HBC; Compagnie de la Baie d'Hudson) is a Canadian retail business group.
Humber Bay Park is a waterfront park located in Etobicoke, part of Toronto, Ontario, Canada.
The Humber Institute of Technology and Advanced Learning, commonly known as Humber College, was founded in 1967.
The Humber River (French: Rivière Humber) is a river in Southern Ontario, Canada.
Humber Valley Village is a neighbourhood located in Toronto, Ontario, Canada.
A humid continental climate (Köppen prefix D and a third letter of a or b) is a climatic region defined by Russo-German climatologist Wladimir Köppen in 1900, which is typified by large seasonal temperature differences, with warm to hot (and often humid) summers and cold (sometimes severely cold in the northern areas) winters.
Hurricane Hazel was the deadliest and costliest hurricane of the 1954 Atlantic hurricane season.
An IATA airport code, also known as an IATA location identifier, IATA station code or simply a location identifier, is a three-letter code designating many airports around the world, defined by the International Air Transport Association (IATA).
Ice hockey is a contact team sport played on ice, usually in a rink, in which two teams of skaters use their sticks to shoot a vulcanized rubber puck into their opponent's net to score points.
Illinois is a state in the Midwestern region of the United States.
IMAX is a system of high-resolution cameras, film formats and film projectors.
Immigration to Canada is the process by which people migrate to Canada to reside in that country.
In the Skin of a Lion is a novel by Canadian–Sri Lankan writer Michael Ondaatje.
Indigenous peoples in Canada, also known as Native Canadians or Aboriginal Canadians, are the indigenous peoples within the boundaries of present-day Canada.
The IndyCar Series, currently known as the Verizon IndyCar Series for title sponsorship reasons, is the premier level of open-wheel racing in North America.
The Institute for Contemporary Culture (ICC) is located in the Royal Ontario Museum (ROM) in Toronto, Ontario, Canada, and serves as the ROM’s window on contemporary society.
The Intercounty Baseball League (IBL) is a Canadian independent baseball league, comprising teams of college players and former professionals from North America and beyond.
The International Bowl was a National Collegiate Athletic Association (NCAA) collegiate American football bowl game played in Toronto from 2007 through 2010.
The Iroquois or Haudenosaunee (People of the Longhouse) are a historically powerful northeast Native American confederacy.
Between 1665 and 1670, seven Iroquois settlements on the north shore of Lake Ontario in present-day Ontario, collectively known as the “Iroquois du Nord” villages, were established by Senecas, Cayugas,and Oneidas.
Irreligion (adjective form: non-religious or irreligious) is the absence, indifference, rejection of, or hostility towards religion.
IslamThere are ten pronunciations of Islam in English, differing in whether the first or second syllable has the stress, whether the s is or, and whether the a is pronounced, or (when the stress is on the first syllable) (Merriam Webster).
Islington–City Centre West (also known as Islington Village, Six Points or Etobicoke City Centre) is a commercial and residential neighbourhood in Etobicoke, Toronto, Ontario, Canada.
Italy (Italia), officially the Italian Republic (Repubblica Italiana), is a sovereign state in Europe.
James Maloney is a Canadian lawyer and politician, who was elected to the House of Commons of Canada in the 2015 election.
The North American Ice Storm of 1998 (also known as Great Ice Storm of 1998) was a massive combination of five smaller successive ice storms in January 1998 that struck a relatively narrow swath of land from eastern Ontario to southern Quebec, New Brunswick and Nova Scotia in Canada, and bordering areas from northern New York to central Maine in the United States.
Jean Yip, (born) is a Canadian politician from Ontario, who was elected to the House of Commons of Canada in a by-election on December 11, 2017.
Jessica Bell is a Canadian politician, who was elected to the Legislative Assembly of Ontario in the 2018 provincial election.
Jill Andrew is a Canadian politician, who was elected to the Legislative Assembly of Ontario in the 2018 provincial election.
John C. Munro Hamilton International Airport is an international airport located in Mount Hope, Hamilton, Ontario, Canada.
John Graves Simcoe (25 February 1752 – 26 October 1806) was a British Army general and the first Lieutenant Governor of Upper Canada from 1791 until 1796 in southern Ontario and the watersheds of Georgian Bay and Lake Superior.
John Norman McKay, (born March 21, 1948) is a Canadian lawyer and politician.
John Strachan (1778–1867) was a figure in Upper Canada and the first Anglican Bishop of Toronto.
John Howard Tory, (born May 28, 1954) is a Canadian politician who is the 65th and current Mayor of Toronto, in office since 2014.
Thayendanegea or Joseph Brant (March 1743 – November 24, 1807) was a Mohawk military and political leader, based in present-day New York, who was closely associated with Great Britain during and after the American Revolution.
Judaism (originally from Hebrew, Yehudah, "Judah"; via Latin and Greek) is the religion of the Jewish people.
Judy Sgro, (born December 16, 1944) is a Canadian politician.
Julie Dabrusin (born April 16, 1971) is a Canadian Liberal politician, who was elected to represent the riding of Toronto—Danforth in the House of Commons of Canada in the 2015 federal election.
Juliana Roma "Julie" Dzerowicz is a Canadian Liberal politician, who was elected to represent the riding of Davenport in the House of Commons of Canada in the 2015 federal election.
Kathleen O'Day Wynne (born May 21, 1953) is a Canadian politician who served as the 25th Premier of Ontario and Leader of the Ontario Liberal Party from 2013 to 2018.
The Köppen climate classification is one of the most widely used climate classification systems.
The Keating Channel is a long waterway in Toronto, Ontario, Canada.
Keele Street is a north-south road in Toronto, Vaughan and King in Ontario, Canada.
Kensington Market is a distinctive multicultural neighbourhood in Downtown Toronto, Ontario, Canada.
Kiev or Kyiv (Kyiv; Kiyev; Kyjev) is the capital and largest city of Ukraine, located in the north central part of the country on the Dnieper.
Kinga Surma is a Canadian politician, who was elected to the Legislative Assembly of Ontario in the 2018 provincial election.
Kirsty Ellen Duncan (born October 31, 1966) is a Canadian politician and medical geographer from Ontario, Canada.
Koreatown is an ethnic enclave in Toronto, Ontario, Canada known for its Korean businesses.
Lake Huron is one of the five Great Lakes of North America.
Lake Ontario is one of the five Great Lakes of North America.
Lake Shore Boulevard (often incorrectly compounded as Lakeshore Boulevard) is a major arterial road running along most of the Lake Ontario waterfront in the city of Toronto, Ontario, Canada.
Lake Simcoe is a lake in southern Ontario, Canada, the fourth-largest lake wholly in the province, after Lake Nipigon, Lac Seul, and Lake Nipissing.
Lake-effect snow is produced during cooler atmospheric conditions when a cold air mass moves across long expanses of warmer lake water, warming the lower layer of air which picks up water vapor from the lake, rises up through the colder air above, freezes and is deposited on the leeward (downwind) shores.
Allan A. Lamport Stadium, also known as the Den, is a multi-purpose stadium on King Street West in the Liberty Village neighbourhood of Toronto, Ontario, Canada, currently serving as the home field of the Toronto Wolfpack, Toronto FC II and the Canada national rugby league team.
This is a list of the 50 largest cities in the Americas by population residing within city limits as of 2015, the most recent year for which official population census results, estimates or short-term projections are available for most of these cities.
The last glacial period occurred from the end of the Eemian interglacial to the end of the Younger Dryas, encompassing the period years ago.
Lawrence Avenue is a major east-west thoroughfare in Toronto, Ontario, Canada.
Lawrence Park is a neighbourhood in Toronto, Ontario, Canada.
League 1 (for sponsorship reasons currently known as the Betfred League 1), is a professional rugby league competition based in England.
Leaside (/'liːˌsaɪd/)is a neighbourhood in Toronto, Ontario, Canada.
The Leslie Street Spit, or officially the Outer Harbour East Headland, is a man-made headland in Toronto, Ontario, Canada, extending from the city's east end in a roughly southwesterly direction into Lake Ontario.
Leslieville is a neighbourhood in Toronto, Ontario, Canada, situated east of the Don River.
The Leukemia & Lymphoma Society is the world's largest voluntary health organization dedicated to funding blood cancer research and patient services.
LGBT, or GLBT, is an initialism that stands for lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender.
The Liberal Party of Canada (Parti libéral du Canada), colloquially known as the Grits, is the oldest federal political party in Canada.
Liberty Village is a neighbourhood in Toronto, Ontario, Canada.
Lima (Quechua:, Aymara) is the capital and the largest city of Peru.
A limited-access road, known by various terms worldwide, including limited-access highway, dual-carriageway, expressway, and partial controlled access highway, is a highway or arterial road for high-speed traffic which has many or most characteristics of a controlled-access highway (freeway or motorway), including limited or no access to adjacent property, some degree of separation of opposing traffic flow, use of grade separated interchanges to some extent, prohibition of some modes of transport such as bicycles or horses, and very few or no intersecting cross-streets.
Line 1 Yonge–University is the oldest and busiest line of the Toronto subway in Toronto, Ontario, Canada.
Line 2 Bloor–Danforth is a subway line in the Toronto subway system, operated by the Toronto Transit Commission (TTC).
Line 5 Eglinton, also known as the Eglinton Crosstown Line or the Crosstown, is a light rail line that is under construction in Toronto, Ontario, Canada.
Line 6 Finch West, also known as the Finch West LRT,http://www.metrolinx.com/en/projectsandprograms/transitexpansionprojects/toronto_lrt.aspx is a planned light rail line in Toronto, Ontario, Canada, to be operated by the Toronto Transit Commission.
Liquor (also hard liquor, hard alcohol, or spirits) is an alcoholic drink produced by distillation of grains, fruit, or vegetables that have already gone through alcoholic fermentation.
Lisbon (Lisboa) is the capital and the largest city of Portugal, with an estimated population of 552,700, Census 2011 results according to the 2013 administrative division of Portugal within its administrative limits in an area of 100.05 km2.
There are 49 census divisions of Ontario used by Statistics Canada to aggregate census data.
The table below lists the census metropolitan areas and agglomerations in Canada by population, using data from the Canada 2016 Census.
This is a list of incorporated cities in Canada, in alphabetical order categorized by province or territory.
A city is a subtype of municipalities in the Canadian province of Ontario.
This is a list of the fifty most populous metropolitan areas in the Americas as of 2015, the most recent year for which official census results, estimates or projections are available for every major metropolitan area in the Americas.
This is a list of museums in the city of Toronto, in the province of Ontario, Canada.
This is a list of National Historic Sites (Lieux historiques nationaux) in the country's most populous city, Toronto, Ontario.
The following is a list of the north–south arterial thoroughfares in the city of Toronto, Ontario, Canada.
This is a list of postal codes in Canada where the first letter is M. Postal codes beginning with M are located within the city of Toronto in the province of Ontario.
This is a list of major stock exchanges.
This list of tallest buildings in Toronto ranks skyscrapers in the Canadian city of Toronto, Ontario by height.
The table below lists the 100 largest census subdivisions (municipalities or municipal equivalents) in Canada by population, using data from the Canada 2016 census for census subdivisions.
A population centre, in the context of a Canadian census, is a populated place, or a cluster of interrelated populated places, which meets the demographic characteristics of an urban area, having a population of at least 1,000 people and a population density of no fewer than 400 people per square km2.
Little Italy, sometimes referred to as College Street West, is a district in Toronto, Ontario, Canada.
Little Norway Park is a small park in the Harbourfront area of Toronto, Ontario, Canada at the southwest corner of Bathurst Street and Queens Quay West.
Little Portugal (also known as Portugal Village (Portuguese: Pequeno Portugal / aldeia Portugal) is a neighbourhood and ethnic enclave in Toronto, Ontario, Canada. It is located west of downtown in the "Old" City of Toronto. It is bound on the west by Lansdowne Avenue, on the north by College Street, on the east by Bathurst Street and on the south by the Go Transit and Union Pearson Express railway tracks. The area is mainly residential, with Portuguese businesses along Dundas Street West and College Street. The area west of Dufferin Street was a part of the former Town of Brockton. The area to the east of Dufferin and south of Dundas Street is also known as "Beaconsfield Village" dating back to the days of the sub-division of lots in the area around Beaconsfield Avenue.
Longshore drift is a geological process that consists of the transportation of sediments (clay, silt, sand and shingle) along a coast parallel to the shoreline, which is dependent on oblique incoming wind direction.
Los Angeles (Spanish for "The Angels";; officially: the City of Los Angeles; colloquially: by its initials L.A.) is the second-most populous city in the United States, after New York City.
Lytton Park is a neighbourhood in Toronto, Ontario, Canada.
M3 (formerly MuchMoreMusic and MuchMore) is a defunct Canadian English language Category A cable and satellite specialty channel owned by Bell Media.
Maclean's is a Canadian news magazine that was founded in 1905, reporting on Canadian issues such as politics, pop culture, and current events.
Magna International Inc. is a Canadian global automotive supplier headquartered in Aurora, Ontario, Canada.
Major League Baseball (MLB) is a professional baseball organization, the oldest of the four major professional sports leagues in the United States and Canada.
Major League Soccer (MLS) is a men's professional soccer league sanctioned by U.S. Soccer that represents the sport's highest level in both the United States and Canada.
The major professional sports leagues in the United States and Canada are the highest professional competitions of team sports in those countries.
A manor house was historically the main residence of the lord of the manor.
The "Jean-Baptiste Lainé" or Mantle site in the town of Whitchurch–Stouffville, north-east of Toronto, is the largest and most complex ancestral Wendat-Huron village to be excavated in the Lower Great Lakes region to date.
Manulife Financial Corporation is a Canadian multinational insurance company and financial services provider headquartered in Toronto, Ontario, Canada.
Marco Mendicino, (born July 28, 1973) is a Canadian Liberal politician, who was elected to represent the riding of Eglinton—Lawrence in the House of Commons of Canada in the 2015 federal election.
Marit Stiles is a Canadian politician, who was elected to the Legislative Assembly of Ontario in the 2018 Ontario general election.
Markham (2016 population 328,966) is a city in the Regional Municipality of York within the Greater Toronto Area of Southern Ontario, Canada.
MaRS Discovery District is a not-for-profit corporation founded in Toronto, Ontario, Canada in 2000.
Massey Ferguson Limited is an American-owned major manufacturer of agricultural equipment, based in Brantford, Ontario, Canada until March 4, 1988.
Massey Hall is a performing arts theatre in the Garden District of downtown Toronto, Ontario, Canada.
The Mastercard Centre for Hockey Excellence or commonly the Mastercard Centre is a hockey facility located in the Etobicoke district of Toronto, Ontario, Canada.
The Mayor of Toronto is the leader of the municipal government of Toronto, Ontario, Canada.
The mayor–council government system is a system of organization of local government.
This is a list of television and radio stations along with a list of media outlets in and around Toronto, Ontario including the Greater Toronto Area.
The median is the value separating the higher half of a data sample, a population, or a probability distribution, from the lower half.
Melvin Douglas "Mel" Lastman (born March 9, 1933), nicknamed "Mayor Mel" or "Mega City Mel", is a Canadian businessman and politician.
Mel Lastman Square is a public square at North York Civic Centre in Toronto, Ontario, Canada.
A member of parliament (MP) is the representative of the voters to a parliament.
A Member of Provincial Parliament (MPP) is an elected member of the Legislative Assembly of the Province of Ontario, Canada.
The Memorial Cup (Coupe Memorial in French) is a junior ice hockey club championship trophy awarded annually to the Canadian Hockey League (CHL) champion.
A merger, consolidation or amalgamation, in a political or administrative sense, is the combination of two or more political or administrative entities, such as municipalities (in other words cities, towns, etc.), counties, districts, etc., into a single entity.
Methodism or the Methodist movement is a group of historically related denominations of Protestant Christianity which derive their inspiration from the life and teachings of John Wesley, an Anglican minister in England.
Methodist Rome was a nickname sometimes given to the city of Toronto, Ontario, Canada in the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries.
Metres above mean sea level (MAMSL) or simply metres above sea level (MASL or m a.s.l.) is a standard metric measurement in metres of the elevation or altitude of a location in reference to a historic mean sea level.
Metro International is a Swedish global media company based in Luxembourg that publishes the Metro newspapers. Metro International's advertising sales have grown at a compound annual growth rate of 41 percent since launch of the first newspaper edition in 1995.http://hugin.info/132142/R/1125327/208539.pdf It is a freesheet, meaning that distribution is free, with revenues thus generated entirely through advertising. This newspaper is primarily intended for commuters who move daily in and out of big cities' business areas, mainly during rush hours. The company was founded by Per Andersson and started as a subsidiary of the Modern Times Group along with Viasat Broadcasting. It is now controlled through the Mats Qviberg owned investment company Custos. The first edition of the newspaper was published as Metro Stockholm and distributed in the Stockholm metro., all European editions (except for the Hungarian one) have been sold, reportedly so that Metro International can focus on Latin America, considered the last growth market for free newspapers.
Metroland Media Group is a large media, publishing and distribution company operating in the southern part of the Canadian province of Ontario.
The Municipality of Metropolitan Toronto was an upper tier level of municipal government in Ontario, Canada from 1954 to 1998.
Miami is a major port city on the Atlantic coast of south Florida in the southeastern United States.
Michael Coteau (born June 21, 1972) is a former politician in Ontario, Canada.
Michael Levitt, (מיכאל לויט; born 9 May 1947) is an American-British-Israeli biophysicist and a professor of structural biology at Stanford University, a position he has held since 1987.
Philip Michael Ondaatje, (born 12 September 1943), is a Sri Lankan-born Canadian poet, fiction writer, essayist, novelist, editor and filmmaker.
The Mid-American Conference (MAC) is a National Collegiate Athletic Association (NCAA) Division I collegiate athletic conference with a membership base in the Great Lakes region that stretches from Western New York to Illinois.
Midtown Toronto is one of four central business districts outside Downtown Toronto in Toronto, Ontario, Canada.
Milan (Milano; Milan) is a city in northern Italy, capital of Lombardy, and the second-most populous city in Italy after Rome, with the city proper having a population of 1,380,873 while its province-level municipality has a population of 3,235,000.
Mimico is a neighbourhood and a former municipality in Toronto, Ontario, Canada, being located in the south-west area of Toronto on Lake Ontario.
The Ministry of Francophone Affairs (Ministère des Affaires francophones) in the Canadian province of Ontario is responsible for the provision of government services to Franco-Ontarian citizens and communities.
The Ministry of Transportation of Ontario (MTO) is the provincial ministry of the government of Ontario which is responsible for transport infrastructure and related law in Ontario.
Mississauga Also pronounced: Dictionary Reference:, The Free Dictionary: is a city in the Canadian province of Ontario.
The Mississauga are a subtribe of the Anishinaabe-speaking First Nations people located in southern Ontario, Canada.
Mitzie Hunter (born) is a politician in Ontario, Canada.
MiWay (pronounced "my way"; stylized miWAY) is a public transport agency serving Mississauga, Ontario, Canada.
The MLS Cup is the post-season championship match of Major League Soccer (MLS), the top tier of professional men's soccer in the United States and Canada.
MLS Cup 2017 was the 22nd edition of MLS Cup, the championship of Major League Soccer (MLS), contested between Toronto FC and Seattle Sounders FC on December 9, 2017.
The Mohawk people (who identify as Kanien'kehá:ka) are the most easterly tribe of the Haudenosaunee, or Iroquois Confederacy.
By the arrangements of the Canadian federation, Canada's monarchy operates in Ontario as the core of the province's Westminster-style parliamentary democracy.
The monarchy of Canada is at the core of both Canada's federal structure and Westminster-style of parliamentary and constitutional democracy.
Montreal (officially Montréal) is the most populous municipality in the Canadian province of Quebec and the second-most populous municipality in Canada.
Moore Park is a neighbourhood in Toronto, Ontario, Canada.
Morningside Park is a park located in Scarborough, Toronto, Ontario, Canada.
Moss Park is a residential neighbourhood located in downtown Toronto, Ontario, Canada.
Motor vehicle theft or grand theft auto is the criminal act of stealing or attempting to steal a motor vehicle.
Mount Dennis is a neighbourhood in York, Toronto, Ontario, Canada.
Mount Sinai Hospital (MSH) is a hospital in Toronto, Ontario, Canada.
MTV is a Canadian English language Category A cable and satellite specialty channel that is owned by Bell Media with the name and branding used under a licensing agreement with the Viacom Media Networks division of Viacom.
Much (formerly and commonly known as MuchMusic) is a Canadian English language Category A specialty channel currently owned by Bell Media.
A multi-sport event is an organized sporting event, often held over multiple days, featuring competition in many different sports among organized teams of athletes from (mostly) nation-states.
Multiculturalism is a term with a range of meanings in the contexts of sociology, political philosophy, and in colloquial use.
A municipal corporation is the legal term for a local governing body, including (but not necessarily limited to) cities, counties, towns, townships, charter townships, villages, and boroughs.
The municipal government of Toronto, corporately known as the City of Toronto, is a public corporation providing services to Toronto, Ontario, Canada.
The Museum of Contemporary Art Toronto Canada, formerly known as the Museum of Contemporary Canadian Art (MOCCA) is a Toronto, Ontario museum and art gallery.
The Museum of Inuit Art, also known as MIA, was a museum in Toronto, Ontario, Canada located within the Queen's Quay Terminal at the Harbourfront Centre.
The name of Toronto has a history distinct from that of the city itself.
Nathan Phillips Square is an urban plaza in Toronto, Ontario, Canada.
Nathaniel Erskine-Smith (born June 15, 1984) is a politician in Ontario, Canada.
The National Ballet of Canada is Canada's largest ballet company.
The National Basketball Association (NBA) is a men's professional basketball league in North America; composed of 30 teams (29 in the United States and 1 in Canada).
The National Collegiate Athletic Association (NCAA) is a non-profit organization which regulates athletes of 1,281 institutions and conferences.
The National Football League (NFL) is a professional American football league consisting of 32 teams, divided equally between the National Football Conference (NFC) and the American Football Conference (AFC).
The National Hockey League (NHL; Ligue nationale de hockey—LNH) is a professional ice hockey league in North America, currently comprising 31 teams: 24 in the United States and 7 in Canada.
The National Lacrosse League (NLL) is a men's professional box lacrosse league in North America.
The National Lacrosse League Cup is the trophy awarded each year to the champions of the National Lacrosse League.
National Parks of Canada are protected natural spaces throughout the country that represent distinct geographical regions of the nation.
The National Post is a conservative Canadian English-language newspaper.
The National Topographic System or NTS (Système national de référence cartographique) is the system used by Natural Resources Canada for providing general purpose topographic maps of the country.
Natural history is a domain of inquiry involving organisms including animals, fungi and plants in their environment; leaning more towards observational than experimental methods of study.
The Department of Natural Resources (Ministère des Ressources naturelles), operating under the FIP applied title Natural Resources Canada (NRCan), is the ministry of the government of Canada responsible for natural resources, energy, minerals and metals, forests, earth sciences, mapping and remote sensing.
NBA TV Canada is a Canadian English language Category B cable and satellite specialty channel that is owned by Maple Leaf Sports & Entertainment (MLSE).
New Toronto is a neighbourhood and former municipality in Toronto, Ontario, Canada. It is located in the south-west area of Toronto, along Lake Ontario. The Town of New Toronto was established in 1890, which was designed and planned as an industrial centre by a group of industrialists from Toronto who had visited Rochester, New York. New Toronto was originally a part of the Township of Etobicoke. It was an independent municipality from 1913 to 1967, being one of the former 'Lakeshore Municipalities' amalgamated into the Borough of Etobicoke, and eventually amalgamated into Toronto. The neighbourhood has retained the name.
The City of New York, often called New York City (NYC) or simply New York, is the most populous city in the United States.
Newtonbrook is a neighbourhood in Toronto, Ontario, Canada.
Niagara Falls is the collective name for three waterfalls that straddle the international border between the Canadian province of Ontario and the American state of New York.
Niagara-on-the-Lake is a town in Ontario, Canada.
Norman Frederick Jewison, CC, O.Ont (born July 21, 1926) is a Canadian film director, producer, actor, and founder of the Canadian Film Centre.
North Toronto is a former town and informal district located in the northern part of the Old Toronto district in Toronto, Ontario, Canada.
North York is an administrative area and former city in Toronto, Ontario, Canada.
North York City Centre is a central business district in Toronto, Ontario, Canada in the district of North York.
North York General Hospital (NYGH) in Toronto, Ontario, Canada, offers acute care, ambulatory and long-term services at multiple sites.
The Northern Railway of Canada was a historical railway located in the province of Ontario, Canada.
Now (styled as NOW), also known as NOW Magazine, is a free alternative weekly newspaper and online publication in Toronto, Ontario, Canada.
Oakwood–Vaughan is a multicultural neighbourhood in the York district of Toronto, Ontario, Canada.
OCAD University, formerly the Ontario College of Art and Design, is a public university located in Toronto, Ontario, Canada.
OCLC, currently incorporated as OCLC Online Computer Library Center, Incorporated, is an American nonprofit cooperative organization "dedicated to the public purposes of furthering access to the world's information and reducing information costs".
The official languages of Canada are English and French, which "have equality of status and equal rights and privileges as to their use in all institutions of the Parliament and Government of Canada," according to Canada's constitution.
Old Toronto is the retronym of the area contained within the original boundaries of Toronto, Ontario, Canada, from 1834 to 1998.
Old Town is a neighbourhood and retail district in downtown Toronto, Ontario, Canada.
Ontario is one of the 13 provinces and territories of Canada and is located in east-central Canada.
King's Highway 400, commonly referred to as Highway 400, historically as the Toronto–Barrie Highway, and colloquially as the 400, is a 400-series highway in the Canadian province of Ontario linking the city of Toronto in the urban and agricultural south of the province with the scenic and sparsely populated central and northern regions.
King's Highway 401, commonly referred to as Highway 401 and also known by its official name as the Macdonald–Cartier Freeway or colloquially as the four-oh-one, is a controlled-access 400-series highway in the Canadian province of Ontario.
King's Highway 404 (pronounced "four-oh-four"), also known as Highway 404 and colloquially as the 404, is a 400-series highway in the Canadian province of Ontario connecting Highway 401 and the Don Valley Parkway (DVP) in Toronto with East Gwillimbury.
King's Highway 427 (pronounced "four twenty-seven"), also known as Highway 427 and colloquially as the 427, is a 400-series highway in the Canadian province of Ontario that connects the Queen Elizabeth Way (QEW) and Gardiner Expressway with York Regional Road 7 (formerly Highway 7) via Highway 401.
The Ontario Hockey League (OHL) is one of the three major junior ice hockey leagues which constitute the Canadian Hockey League.
The Ontario Legislative Building (L'édifice de l'Assemblée législative de l'Ontario) is a structure in central Toronto, Ontario, Canada.
The Ontario Liberal Party (Parti libéral de l'Ontario) is a provincial political party in the province of Ontario, Canada.
The Ontario New Democratic Party (ONDP or NDP; Nouveau Parti démocratique de l'Ontario) is a social democratic political party in Ontario, Canada.
Ontario Place is a park and former theme park in Toronto, Ontario.
The Ontario Science Centre (Centre des sciences de l'Ontario) is a science museum in Toronto, Ontario, Canada, near the Don Valley Parkway about northeast of downtown on Don Mills Road just south of Eglinton Avenue East in the former city of North York.
OPENCities is a project initiated by British Council Spain, to help cities to become more open and competitive.
The Loyal Orange Institution, more commonly known as the Orange Order, is a Protestant fraternal order based primarily in Northern Ireland.
The Original Six is the group of six teams that made up the National Hockey League (NHL) for the 25 seasons between the 1942–43 season and the 1967 NHL expansion.
Orthodoxy (from Greek ὀρθοδοξία orthodoxía "right opinion") is adherence to correct or accepted creeds, especially in religion.
Ottawa is the capital city of Canada.
The following outline is provided as an overview of and topical guide to Toronto: Toronto – largest city in Canada and the provincial capital of Ontario.
The Pan American Games (also known colloquially as the Pan Am Games) is a major sporting event in the Americas featuring summer sports, in which thousands of athletes participate in a variety of competitions.
Parks Canada (Parcs Canada), also known as the Parks Canada Agency (Agence Parcs Canada), is an agency of the Government of Canada run by a chief executive who answers to the Minister of the Environment.
Parliament Street is a north-south street in the eastern part of downtown Toronto, Ontario, Canada.
The Portable Document Format (PDF) is a file format developed in the 1990s to present documents, including text formatting and images, in a manner independent of application software, hardware, and operating systems.
Performing arts are a form of art in which artists use their voices or bodies, often in relation to other objects, to convey artistic expression.
Peter Charles Tabuns (born October 3, 1951) is a politician in Ontario, Canada.
Pickering (2016 population 91,771) is a city located in Southern Ontario, Canada, immediately east of Toronto in Durham Region.
In geology and physical geography a plateau (or; plural plateaus or plateaux),is also called a high plain or a tableland, it is an area of a highland, usually consisting of relatively flat terrain that is raised significantly above the surrounding area, often with one or more sides with steep slopes.
The Port Lands (also known as Portlands) of Toronto, Ontario, Canada are an industrial and recreational neighbourhood located about 5 kilometres south-east of downtown, located on the former Don River delta and most of Ashbridge's Bay.
Portage or portaging is the practice of carrying water craft or cargo over land, either around an obstacle in a river, or between two bodies of water.
The Portlands Energy Centre is a 550-megawatt natural gas electrical generating station on the Toronto waterfront at 470 Unwin Avenue, next to the site of the decommissioned Hearn Generating Station.
Portugal, officially the Portuguese Republic (República Portuguesa),In recognized minority languages of Portugal: Portugal is the oldest state in the Iberian Peninsula and one of the oldest in Europe, its territory having been continuously settled, invaded and fought over since prehistoric times.
Pride Toronto is an annual event held in Toronto, Ontario, Canada, in June each year.
The Prince Edward Viaduct System, commonly referred to as the Bloor Viaduct, is the name of a truss arch bridge system in Toronto, Ontario, Canada, that connects Bloor Street East, on the west side of the system, with Danforth Avenue on the east.
Prince Frederick, Duke of York and Albany (Frederick Augustus; 16 August 1763 – 5 January 1827) was the second son of George III, King of the United Kingdom and Hanover, and his consort Charlotte of Mecklenburg-Strelitz.
The Princess Margaret Cancer Centre, previously called Princess Margaret Hospital, is a scientific research centre and a teaching hospital in Toronto, Ontario, Canada, affiliated with the University of Toronto Faculty of Medicine as part of the University Health Network.
The Princess of Wales Theatre is a 2,000-seat live theatre in Toronto, Ontario, Canada.
The Progressive Conservative Party of Ontario (Parti progressiste-conservateur de l'Ontario), often shortened to Ontario PC Party or PC, is a centre-right conservative political party in Ontario, Canada.
Protestantism is the second largest form of Christianity with collectively more than 900 million adherents worldwide or nearly 40% of all Christians.
The Province of Canada (or the United Province of Canada or the United Canadas) was a British colony in North America from 1841 to 1867.
The provinces and territories of Canada are the sub-national governments within the geographical areas of Canada under the authority of the Canadian Constitution.
Public transport (also known as public transportation, public transit, or mass transit) is transport of passengers by group travel systems available for use by the general public, typically managed on a schedule, operated on established routes, and that charge a posted fee for each trip.
Public transportation in Toronto dates back to 1849 with the creation of a horse-drawn stagecoach company.
The Quebec City–Windsor Corridor (French: Corridor Québec-Windsor) is the most densely populated and heavily industrialized region of Canada.
The Quebec sovereignty movement (Mouvement souverainiste du Québec) is a political movement as well as an ideology of values, concepts and ideas that advocates independence for the Canadian province of Quebec.
The Queen Elizabeth Way (QEW) is a 400-series highway in the Canadian province of Ontario linking Toronto with the Niagara Peninsula and Buffalo, New York.
Queen Street West describes both the western branch of Queen Street, a major east-west thoroughfare, and a series of neighbourhoods or commercial districts, situated west of Yonge Street in downtown Toronto, Ontario, Canada.
Queen's Park is an urban park in Downtown Toronto, Ontario, Canada.
Quito (Kitu; Kitu), formally San Francisco de Quito, is the capital city of Ecuador, and at an elevation of above sea level, it is the second-highest official capital city in the world, after La Paz, and the one which is closest to the equator.
The R. C. Harris Water Treatment Plant in Toronto, Ontario, Canada, is both a crucial piece of infrastructure and an architecturally acclaimed historic building named after the longtime commissioner of Toronto's public works R.C. Harris.
Ralph Cookerly Wilson Jr. (October 17, 1918 – March 25, 2014) was as an American businessman and sports executive.
Raymond Sung Joon Cho (Korean: 조성준) (born November 18, 1936) is a Canadian politician based in Toronto, Ontario who is currently serving as Minister of Seniors and Accessibility of Ontario since June 29, 2018.
The Redpath Sugar Building is a sugar storage, refining and museum building in Toronto, Ontario, Canada.
A regional municipality (or region) is a type of Canadian municipal government similar to and at the same municipal government level as a county, although the specific structure and servicing responsibilities may vary from place to place.
The Regional Municipality of Peel (also known as the Region of Peel or Peel Region) is a regional municipality in Southern Ontario, Canada.
The Regional Municipality of York, also called York Region, is a regional municipality in Southern Ontario, Canada, between Lake Simcoe and Toronto.
Rexdale is a district of Toronto, Ontario, Canada, located north-west of the central core, in the former suburb of Etobicoke.
Ricoh Coliseum is an arena at Exhibition Place in Toronto, Ontario, Canada, used for agricultural displays, ice hockey and trade shows.
Rima Berns-McGown is a Canadian politician, who was elected to the Legislative Assembly of Ontario in the 2018 provincial election.
Riverdale Park is a large park spanning the Lower Don River in Toronto, Ontario, Canada, between Cabbagetown to the west and Broadview Avenue in Riverdale to the east.
Riverdale is a large neighbourhood in Toronto, Ontario, Canada.
Robert "Rob" Oliphant (born June 7, 1956) is a Canadian politician and a United Church minister.
Robin Martin is a Canadian politician, who was elected to the Legislative Assembly of Ontario in the 2018 provincial election.
Rogers Centre, originally named SkyDome, is a multi-purpose stadium in Downtown Toronto, Ontario, Canada, situated just southwest of the CN Tower near the northern shore of Lake Ontario.
Rogers Communications Inc. is a Canadian communications and media company.
Roman Baber is a Canadian politician, who was elected to the Legislative Assembly of Ontario in the 2018 provincial election.
Roncesvalles (or Roncesvalles Village) is a neighborhood in the city of Toronto, Ontario, Canada centred on Roncesvalles Avenue, a north-south street leading from the intersection of King and Queen Streets to the south, north to Dundas Street West, a distance of roughly 1.5 kilometres.
Rosedale is a neighbourhood in Toronto, Ontario, Canada, which was formerly the estate of William Botsford Jarvis, and so named by his wife, granddaughter of William Dummer Powell, for the wild roses that grew there in abundance.
Rouge National Urban Park is a national urban park in Ontario, Canada.
The Rouge River is a river in Markham, Pickering, Richmond Hill and Toronto in the Greater Toronto Area of Ontario, Canada.
Rouge is a neighbourhood in the northeastern area of Toronto, Ontario, within the former city of Scarborough.
Roy Thomson Hall is a concert hall in Toronto, Ontario, Canada.
The Royal Alexandra Theatre, commonly known as the Royal Alex, is a theatre in Toronto, Ontario, located near King and Simcoe Streets.
Royal Bank Plaza is a skyscraper in Toronto, Ontario, Canada that serves as the de facto operational headquarters of the Royal Bank of Canada.
The Royal Canadian Yacht Club (RCYC), founded in 1852, is one of the world’s older and larger yacht clubs.
The Royal Military College of Canada (Collège militaire royal du Canada), commonly abbreviated as RMCC or RMC, is the military college of the Canadian Armed Forces, and is a degree-granting university training military officers.
The Royal Ontario Museum (ROM, Musée royal de l'Ontario) is a museum of art, world culture and natural history in Toronto, Ontario, Canada.
The Rugby Football League is the governing body for professional rugby league in England.
Rugby league football is a full-contact sport played by two teams of thirteen players on a rectangular field.
Ryerson University (commonly referred to as Ryerson) is a public research university in Toronto, Ontario, Canada.
is a city in Kanagawa Prefecture, Japan.
The Saint Lawrence Seaway (la Voie Maritime du Saint-Laurent) is a system of locks, canals, and channels in Canada and the United States that permits oceangoing vessels to travel from the Atlantic Ocean to the Great Lakes of North America, as far inland as the western end of Lake Superior.
Salma Zahid is an English-born Pakistani-Canadian politician, who was elected as a Member of Parliament in the House of Commons of Canada to represent the federal riding of Scarborough Centre during the 2015 Canadian federal election.
São Paulo is a municipality in the southeast region of Brazil.
Scarborough and Rouge Valley Hospital is a hospital network serving Scarborough, Toronto, Ontario, Canada, that was created as a result of merging The Scarborough Hospital with Rouge Valley Health System.
The Scarborough Bluffs, also known as The Bluffs, is an escarpment in the Scarborough district of Toronto, Ontario, Canada.
Scarborough City Centre is a commercial district in Toronto, Ontario, Canada.
Scarborough (2011 Census 625,698) is an administrative district and former city in Toronto, Ontario, Canada.
Scotia Plaza is a commercial office complex in the city of Toronto, Ontario, Canada. It is in the financial district of the downtown core bordered by Yonge Street on the east, King Street West on the south, Bay Street on the west, and Adelaide Street West on the north. At, Scotia Plaza is Canada's third tallest building and the 22nd tallest building in North America. It is connected to the PATH network, and contains of office space on 68 floors and 40 retail stores. Olympia and York developed the complex as an expansion of the adjacent headquarters of Scotiabank and the bank continues to occupy approximately 24 floors of the structure. Olympia and York owned the complex from its completion until the company was liquidated due to overwhelming debt in 1993. Scotiabank led a consortium of banks to purchase the mortgage for Scotia Plaza and over the next five years, it purchased additional shares from its partners until it was the property's majority owner. On January 19, 2012, Scotiabank announced it would sell the iconic building and on May 22, announced a final agreement with Dundee Real Estate Investment Trust (now Dream Office REIT) and H&R Real Estate Investment Trust for $1.27 billion, making it the last of Canada's major banks to divest ownership of its Toronto headquarters property.. In 2016, H&R and Dream sold 50% of the building to KingSett Capital and AIMCo; in 2017, Dream sold its remaining 50% stake in 2017 to the same two companies.
Scotiabank Arena, formerly named Air Canada Centre, is a multi-purpose indoor sporting arena located on Bay Street in the South Core district of Downtown Toronto, Ontario, Canada.
Seasonal lag is the phenomenon whereby the date of maximum average air temperature at a geographical location on a planet is delayed until some time after the date of maximum insolation.
Seneca College of Applied Arts and Technology is a multiple-campus public college located in the Greater Toronto Area of Ontario, Canada.
The Seven Years' War was a global conflict fought between 1756 and 1763.
Severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS) is a viral respiratory disease of zoonotic origin caused by the SARS coronavirus (SARS-CoV).
Shaun Chen (born Tey Kim Soon, 3 November 1978) is a Mediacorp actor, who is based in Singapore.
Sheppard West (formerly Downsview) is a subway station on Line 1 Yonge–University in Toronto, Ontario, Canada.
Sikhism (ਸਿੱਖੀ), or Sikhi,, from Sikh, meaning a "disciple", or a "learner"), is a monotheistic religion that originated in the Punjab region of the Indian subcontinent about the end of the 15th century. It is one of the youngest of the major world religions, and the fifth-largest. The fundamental beliefs of Sikhism, articulated in the sacred scripture Guru Granth Sahib, include faith and meditation on the name of the one creator, divine unity and equality of all humankind, engaging in selfless service, striving for social justice for the benefit and prosperity of all, and honest conduct and livelihood while living a householder's life. In the early 21st century there were nearly 25 million Sikhs worldwide, the great majority of them (20 million) living in Punjab, the Sikh homeland in northwest India, and about 2 million living in neighboring Indian states, formerly part of the Punjab. Sikhism is based on the spiritual teachings of Guru Nanak, the first Guru (1469–1539), and the nine Sikh gurus that succeeded him. The Tenth Guru, Guru Gobind Singh, named the Sikh scripture Guru Granth Sahib as his successor, terminating the line of human Gurus and making the scripture the eternal, religious spiritual guide for Sikhs.Louis Fenech and WH McLeod (2014),, 3rd Edition, Rowman & Littlefield,, pages 17, 84-85William James (2011), God's Plenty: Religious Diversity in Kingston, McGill Queens University Press,, pages 241–242 Sikhism rejects claims that any particular religious tradition has a monopoly on Absolute Truth. The Sikh scripture opens with Ik Onkar (ੴ), its Mul Mantar and fundamental prayer about One Supreme Being (God). Sikhism emphasizes simran (meditation on the words of the Guru Granth Sahib), that can be expressed musically through kirtan or internally through Nam Japo (repeat God's name) as a means to feel God's presence. It teaches followers to transform the "Five Thieves" (lust, rage, greed, attachment, and ego). Hand in hand, secular life is considered to be intertwined with the spiritual life., page.
Twin towns or sister cities are a form of legal or social agreement between towns, cities, counties, oblasts, prefectures, provinces, regions, states, and even countries in geographically and politically distinct areas to promote cultural and commercial ties.
Slavery in Canada includes both that practised by First Nations from earliest times and that under European colonization.
The Sony Centre for the Performing Arts is a major performing arts venue in Toronto, Ontario, Canada, and it is the country's largest soft-seat theatre.
South Asian Canadians are Canadians who were either born in or can trace their ancestry to South Asia, which includes nations such as India, Pakistan, Bangladesh, Sri Lanka, Bhutan and Nepal.
Southern Ontario is a primary region of the province of Ontario, Canada, the other primary region being Northern Ontario.
Spadina Avenue is one of the most prominent streets in Toronto, Ontario, Canada.
Spadina Museum: Historic House & Gardens, sometimes called Spadina House, is a historic mansion on Spadina Road in Toronto, Ontario, Canada, that is now a museum operated by the City of Toronto's Economic Development & Culture division.
The City of Toronto has a long history of sport.
Sportsnet is a Canadian English-language sports specialty service.
Stan Cho is a Canadian politician, who was elected to the Legislative Assembly of Ontario in the 2018 provincial election.
The Standardbred is an American horse breed best known for its ability in harness racing, where members of the breed compete at either a trot or pace.
The Stanley Cup (La Coupe Stanley) is the championship trophy awarded annually to the National Hockey League (NHL) playoff winner.
Statistics Canada (Statistique Canada), formed in 1971, is the Government of Canada government agency commissioned with producing statistics to help better understand Canada, its population, resources, economy, society, and culture.
Steeles Avenue is an east-west street that forms the northern city limit of Toronto and the southern limit of York Region, Ontario, Canada.
Sun Life Financial, Inc. is a Canada-based financial services company known primarily as a life insurance company.
Sunnybrook Health Sciences Centre (SHSC), known simply as Sunnybrook or Sunnybrook Hospital, is an academic health sciences centre located in Toronto, Ontario.
Suze Morrison is a Canadian politician, who was elected to the Legislative Assembly of Ontario in the 2018 provincial election.
Take 21, previously Toronto Student Film Festival or TSFF, is an annual event for youth to showcase their talent in a variety of short film genres.
The Task Force to Bring Back the Don was a citizen advisory committee that advised the city council of Toronto, Ontario, Canada, on issues concerning the Don River and its watershed.
Taste of the Danforth is a yearly festival held in Toronto, Ontario, Canada, in the Greektown area along Danforth Avenue for a period of three days in August, spawned from the Taste of Chicago in Chicago, Illinois, United States.
Teiaiagon was an Iroquoian village on the east bank of the Humber River in Toronto, Ontario, Canada.
Tennis is a racket sport that can be played individually against a single opponent (singles) or between two teams of two players each (doubles).
A term limit is a legal restriction that limits the number of terms an officeholder may serve in a particular elected office.
The Textile Museum of Canada, located Toronto, Ontario, Canada, is a Canadian museum dedicated to the collection, exhibition, and documentation of textiles.
The Annex is a neighbourhood in Downtown Toronto, Ontario, Canada.
The Beaches (also known as "The Beach") is a neighbourhood in Toronto, Ontario, Canada.
The Canadian Encyclopedia (abbreviated as TCE) is a source of information on Canada published by Historica Canada of Toronto.
The Crown is the state in all its aspects within the jurisprudence of the Commonwealth realms and their sub-divisions (such as Crown dependencies, provinces, or states).
The Glenn Gould School is a centre for the training of professional musicians in performance at post-secondary and post-bachelor levels.
The Globe and Mail is a Canadian newspaper printed in five cities in western and central Canada.
The Granite Club (founded as the Toronto Granite Curling Club) is an invitation-only athletic country club in Toronto, Ontario, Canada.
The Hospital for Sick Children, corporately branded as SickKids, is a children's hospital and teaching hospital located on University Avenue in Toronto, Ontario, Canada.
The Junction is a neighbourhood in Toronto, Ontario, Canada, that is near the West Toronto Diamond, a junction of four railway lines in the area.
The Kingsway is an affluent residential neighbourhood in Toronto, Ontario, Canada.
The Royal Conservatory of Music, branded as The Royal Conservatory, is a non-profit music education institution and performance venue headquartered in Toronto, Ontario, Canada.
The Sports Network (TSN) is a Canadian English language sports specialty service.
The Ward (formally St. John's Ward) was a neighbourhood in central Toronto, Ontario, Canada in the nineteenth and early twentieth centuries.
Thorncliffe Park is a densely populated, multicultural neighbourhood in central east Toronto, Ontario, Canada, in the former Borough of East York.
The Thoroughbred is a horse breed best known for its use in horse racing.
TIFF Bell Lightbox is a cultural centre in Toronto, Ontario, Canada, located in the first five floors of the Bell Lightbox and Festival Tower on the north west corner of King Street and John Street.
Tom Rakocevic is a Canadian politician, who was elected to the Legislative Assembly of Ontario in the 2018 provincial election.
The Toronto Argonauts (officially the Toronto Argonaut Football Club, commonly referred to as the "Argos") are a professional Canadian football team competing in the East Division of the Canadian Football League (CFL).
The Toronto Blue Jays are a Canadian professional baseball team based in Toronto, Ontario.
The Toronto Carrying-Place Trail, also known as the Humber Portage and the Toronto Passage, was a major portage route in Ontario, Canada, linking Lake Ontario with Lake Simcoe and the northern Great Lakes.
The Toronto Catholic District School Board (TCDSB, known as English-language Separate District School Board No. 40 prior to 1999) is an English-language public-separate school board for Toronto, Ontario, Canada, headquartered in North York.
The Toronto Centre for the Arts, previously known as the Ford Centre for the Performing Arts, is a performing arts centre in the former city of North York in Toronto, Ontario, Canada.
The Toronto City Council is the governing body of the City of Toronto in Ontario, Canada.
The Toronto City Hall, or New City Hall, is the seat of the municipal government of Toronto, Ontario, Canada, and one of the city's most distinctive landmarks.
The Toronto Coach Terminal is the central bus station for inter-city services in Toronto, Ontario, Canada.
The Toronto District School Board (TDSB; known as English-language Public District School Board No. 12 prior to 1999) is the English-language public-secular school board for Toronto, Ontario, Canada.
The Toronto Eagles Australian Football Club (commonly known as the Toronto Eagles) is an amateur Australian rules football club competing in the AFL Ontario Australian football league.
The Toronto Eaton Centre (corporately styled as the CF Toronto Eaton Centre since September 2015) is a shopping mall and office complex in the downtown core of Toronto, Ontario, Canada.
The Toronto Entertainment District is an area in Downtown Toronto, Ontario, Canada.
Toronto Football Club, commonly referred to as Toronto FC, is a Canadian professional soccer club based in Toronto, Ontario.
The Toronto Furies are a professional women's ice hockey team that plays in Toronto, Ontario.
The Toronto General Hospital (TGH), is a major teaching hospital in downtown Toronto, Ontario, Canada, and a part of the University Health Network.
Toronto Harbour or Toronto Bay is a bay on the north shore of Lake Ontario, in Toronto, Ontario, Canada.
The Toronto International Film Festival (TIFF, often stylized as tiff) is one of the largest publicly attended film festivals in the world, attracting over 480,000 people annually.
The Toronto Islands (formerly known as Island of Hiawatha and also known as Menecing, meaning "On the Island" in the Ojibwa language) are a chain of small islands in Lake Ontario, south of mainland Toronto, Ontario, Canada.
Toronto Lady Lynx is a Canadian women's soccer team, founded in 2005.
Toronto Life is a monthly magazine about entertainment, politics and life in Toronto, Ontario, Canada.
The Toronto Maple Leafs (officially the Toronto Maple Leaf Hockey Club) are a professional ice hockey team based in Toronto, Ontario.
The Toronto Maple Leafs were a high-level minor league baseball club located in Toronto, Ontario, Canada, that played from 1896 to 1967.
The Toronto Maple Leafs are an independent, minor league baseball team of the semi-pro Intercounty Baseball League, based in Toronto, Ontario.
The Toronto Marlborough Athletic Club, commonly known as the Toronto Marlboros, was founded in 1903.
The Toronto Marlies are a Canadian professional ice hockey team playing in the American Hockey League (AHL).
The 2006 Toronto municipal election took place on 13 November 2006 to elect a mayor and 44 city councillors in Toronto, Ontario, Canada.
Toronto Pearson International Airport (often referred to as Toronto Pearson, Pearson Airport, or simply Pearson) is the primary international airport serving Toronto, its metropolitan area, and surrounding region known as the Golden Horseshoe in the province of Ontario, Canada.
The Toronto Police Service is the police force servicing Toronto, Ontario, Canada.
The Toronto Police Services Board (TPSB) is the civilian oversight of the Toronto Police Service.
Toronto Public Library (TPL) (Bibliothèque publique de Toronto) is a public library system in Toronto, Ontario.
The Toronto Public Space Committee (TPSC) is a volunteer-run, non-profit organization located in Toronto, Ontario, Canada that defends the city’s public space from corporate and private forces, including cars and outdoor advertising.
The Toronto Purchase was the surrender of lands in the Toronto area from the Mississaugas of New Credit to the British crown.
The Toronto Railway Company (TRC) was the operator of the streetcar system in Toronto between 1891 and 1921.
The Toronto Raptors are a Canadian professional basketball team based in Toronto, Ontario.
The Toronto ravine system is one of the most distinctive features of the geography of Toronto, Ontario, Canada.
The Toronto Rock is a professional box lacrosse franchise based in Toronto, Ontario, Canada.
The Toronto Rush is a semi-professional ultimate franchise based in Toronto, Ontario, Canada.
The Toronto Sculpture Garden is located at 115 King Street East in a small 80 by 100 foot (25 by 30 m) park directly across the street from Cathedral Church of St. James (Toronto), in Toronto, Ontario, Canada.
The Toronto Star is a Canadian broadsheet daily newspaper.
The Toronto streetcar system is a network of eleven streetcar routes in Toronto, Ontario, Canada, operated by the Toronto Transit Commission (TTC).
The Toronto subway is a rapid transit system serving Toronto, Ontario, Canada, operated by the Toronto Transit Commission (TTC).
The Toronto Sun is an English-language daily newspaper published in Toronto, Ontario, Canada.
The Toronto Symphony Orchestra (TSO) is a Canadian orchestra based in Toronto, Ontario.
The Toronto Transit Commission (TTC) is a public transport agency that operates bus, subway, streetcar, and paratransit services in Toronto, Ontario, Canada.
The Toronto Transit Commission (TTC) uses buses and other vehicles for public transportation.
Toronto Transportation Commission (TTC) was the public transit operator in Toronto, Ontario, Canada, which operated buses, streetcars and the island ferries.
Toronto’s first Union Station was a passenger rail station located west of York Street at Station Street, south of Front Street in downtown Toronto.
The Toronto van attack was a vehicle-ramming attack that occurred on April 23, 2018, in Toronto, Ontario, Canada.
The Toronto waterfront is the lakeshore of Lake Ontario in the City of Toronto, Ontario in Canada.
The Toronto Western Hospital (TWH) is a major research and teaching hospital in Toronto, Ontario, Canada.
Toronto Wolfpack RLFC is a Canadian professional rugby league club, based in Toronto, which competes in the British Rugby Football League system.
The Toronto Zoo is a zoo located in Toronto, Ontario, Canada.
The Toronto-Dominion Centre, or TD Centre, is a cluster of buildings in downtown Toronto, Ontario owned by Cadillac Fairview.
Torstar Corporation is a Canadian media and publishing company.
Toronto is one of Canada's leading tourism destinations.
A tram (also tramcar; and in North America streetcar, trolley or trolley car) is a rail vehicle which runs on tramway tracks along public urban streets, and also sometimes on a segregated right of way.
The Trinidad and Tobago Carnival is an annual event held on the Monday and Tuesday before Ash Wednesday in Trinidad and Tobago.
Trinity Bellwoods Park is a public park located in the west end of Toronto, Ontario, Canada, bordered by Queen Street West on the south and Dundas Street on the north.
Trinity–Bellwoods is an inner city neighbourhood in Toronto, Ontario, Canada.
Tyndale University College and Seminary is a Canadian accredited Christian institution of higher education in the Protestant Evangelical tradition located in Toronto, Ontario.
Ultimate, originally known as Ultimate frisbee, is a non-contact team sport played with a flying disc (frisbee).
In government, unicameralism (Latin uni, one + camera, chamber) is the practice of having one legislative or parliamentary chamber.
The Union Pearson Express (UP Express) is an airport rail link running between Union Station in Downtown Toronto and Toronto Pearson International Airport.
Union Station is a major railway station and intermodal transportation hub in Toronto, Ontario, Canada.
The Union Station Bus Terminal is part of GO Transit's facilities at Union Station in downtown Toronto, which is the hub for GO Transit's commuter rail service.
A unitary authority is a type of local authority that has a single tier and is responsible for all local government functions within its area or performs additional functions which elsewhere in the relevant country are usually performed by national government or a higher level of sub-national government.
United Empire Loyalists (or Loyalists) is an honorific given in 1799 by Lord Dorchester, the governor of Quebec and Governor-general of British North America, to American Loyalists who resettled in British North America during or after the American Revolution.
The United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) is the United Nations' global development network.
The United States of America (USA), commonly known as the United States (U.S.) or America, is a federal republic composed of 50 states, a federal district, five major self-governing territories, and various possessions.
The United States Armed Forces are the military forces of the United States of America.
The United States dollar (sign: $; code: USD; also abbreviated US$ and referred to as the dollar, U.S. dollar, or American dollar) is the official currency of the United States and its insular territories per the United States Constitution since 1792.
University College is a constituent college of the University of Toronto, created in 1853 specifically as an institution of higher learning free of religious affiliation.
The University of Guelph-Humber (also known as UofGH) is a satellite campus of University of Guelph created by a partnership in 2002 between the University of Guelph and Humber College.
The University of Toronto (U of T, UToronto, or Toronto) is a public research university in Toronto, Ontario, Canada on the grounds that surround Queen's Park.
The University of Toronto Faculty of Medicine is the medical school of the University of Toronto.
The University of Toronto Mississauga, commonly known by its initials UTM, is a satellite campus of the University of Toronto located in the neighbouring city of Mississauga, Ontario, Canada.
The University of Toronto Scarborough (UTSC), also known as U of T Scarborough, is a satellite campus of the University of Toronto.
University of Toronto Schools (UTS) is an independent secondary day school affiliated with the University of Toronto in Toronto, Ontario, Canada.
The Province of Upper Canada (province du Haut-Canada) was a part of British Canada established in 1791 by the Kingdom of Great Britain, to govern the central third of the lands in British North America and to accommodate Loyalist refugees of the United States after the American Revolution.
Upper Canada College (UCC), located in Toronto, Ontario, is a private school for boys between Senior Kindergarten and Grade Twelve, operating under the International Baccalaureate program.
The Upper Canada Rebellion was an insurrection against the oligarchic government of the British colony of Upper Canada (present-day Ontario) in December 1837.
An urban park or metropolitan park, also known as a municipal park (North America) or a public park, public open space, or municipal gardens (UK), is a park in cities and other incorporated places to offer recreation and green space to residents of, and visitors to, the municipality.
The USL W-League was a North American women's soccer developmental organization.
Vancouver is a coastal seaport city in western Canada, located in the Lower Mainland region of British Columbia.
Varsity Stadium is a collegiate football stadium located in Toronto, Ontario, Canada.
Vaughan (2016 population 306,233) is a city in Ontario, Canada.
Via Rail Canada (generally shortened to Via Rail or Via; styled corporately as VIA Rail Canada) is an independent Crown corporation, subsidized by Transport Canada, mandated to offer intercity passenger rail services in Canada.
A viceroy is a regal official who runs a country, colony, city, province, or sub-national state, in the name of and as the representative of the monarch of the territory.
Victoria Park Avenue is a major north-south route in eastern Toronto, Ontario, Canada.
Victorian architecture is a series of architectural revival styles in the mid-to-late 19th century.
In the history of the United Kingdom, the Victorian era was the period of Queen Victoria's reign, from 20 June 1837 until her death on 22 January 1901.
Vincent Ke is a Canadian politician, who was elected to the Legislative Assembly of Ontario in the 2018 provincial election.
A visible minority is defined by the Canadian government as "persons, other than aboriginal peoples, who are non-Caucasian in race or non-white in colour".
Viva is a bus rapid transit service operating in York Region, Ontario, Canada.
The War of 1812 was a conflict fought between the United States, the United Kingdom, and their respective allies from June 1812 to February 1815.
A ward is a local authority area, typically used for electoral purposes.
Warsaw (Warszawa; see also other names) is the capital and largest city of Poland.
Waterfront Toronto (sometimes styled as WATERFRONToronto), is an organization administering revitalization projects along the Toronto waterfront in Canada.
The West Don Lands are the site of a neighbourhood under construction in Toronto, Ontario, Canada.
West Hill is a neighbourhood in Toronto, Ontario, Canada.
Western Canada, also referred to as the Western provinces and more commonly known as the West, is a region of Canada that includes the four provinces of Alberta, British Columbia, Manitoba and Saskatchewan.
The Western Hemisphere is a geographical term for the half of Earth which lies west of the prime meridian (which crosses Greenwich, London, United Kingdom) and east of the antimeridian.
Weston is a neighbourhood and former village in Toronto, Ontario, Canada.
A wetland is a land area that is saturated with water, either permanently or seasonally, such that it takes on the characteristics of a distinct ecosystem.
Wexford is a neighbourhood in Toronto, Ontario, Canada.
Whisky or whiskey is a type of distilled alcoholic beverage made from fermented grain mash.
William Allen Alsop, OBE RA (12 December 1947 – 12 May 2018) was a British architect and Professor of Architecture at University for the Creative Arts's Canterbury School of Architecture.
William Davies Company was a pork processing and packing company in Toronto, Ontario, Canada.
William Lyon Mackenzie (March 12, 1795 – August 28, 1861) was a Scottish-Canadian-American journalist and politician.
William Shakespeare (26 April 1564 (baptised)—23 April 1616) was an English poet, playwright and actor, widely regarded as both the greatest writer in the English language, and the world's pre-eminent dramatist.
Willowdale is a neighbourhood in the city of Toronto, Ontario, Canada, located in the district of North York.
Wind-chill or windchill, (popularly wind chill factor) is the lowering of body temperature due to the passing-flow of lower-temperature air.
Women's association football, also commonly known as women’s football, or women's soccer, is the most prominent team sport played by women around the globe.
Woodbine Racetrack is a Canadian race track for thoroughbred and standardbred racing at 555 Rexdale Boulevard in the city of Toronto, Ontario, formerly in the city of Etobicoke.
The World Series is the annual championship series of Major League Baseball (MLB) in North America, contested since 1903 between the American League (AL) champion team and the National League (NL) champion team.
WorldPride, licensed by InterPride and organized by one of its members, is an event that promotes lesbian, gay, bisexual and transgender (LGBT pride) issues on an international level through parades, festivals and other cultural activities.
The Wyandot people or Wendat, also called the Huron Nation and Huron people, in most historic references are believed to have been the most populous confederacy of Iroquoian cultured indigenous peoples of North America.
Wychwood Park is a neighbourhood enclave and former gated community in Bracondale Hill, Toronto, Ontario, Canada.
Yasmin Ratansi (born January 4, 1951) is a Canadian politician, who represented the riding of Don Valley East in the House of Commons of Canada from 2004 to 2011, and again from 2015.
Yonge–Dundas Square, or Dundas Square, is a public square at the southeast corner of the intersection of Yonge Street and Dundas Street East in Downtown Toronto, Ontario, Canada.
Yonge−Eglinton is a neighbourhood in Toronto, Ontario, Canada, at the intersection of Yonge Street and Eglinton Avenue.
York Region Transit (YRT) is the public transit operator in York Region, Ontario, Canada.
York University (Université York) is a public research university in Toronto, Ontario, Canada.
York is a former city within the current city of Toronto, Ontario, Canada.
York was a town and second capital of the district of Upper Canada.
Yorkville is a neighbourhood and former village in Toronto, Ontario, Canada.
The 105th Grey Cup was played on November 26, 2017 between the Calgary Stampeders and the Toronto Argonauts at TD Place Stadium in Ottawa, Ontario.
The 1967 Stanley Cup Finals was a best-of-seven series played between the Montreal Canadiens and the Toronto Maple Leafs.
The 1992 World Series was the 89th edition of Major League Baseball's championship series and the conclusion of the 1992 Major League Baseball season.
The 1993 World Series was the 90th edition of Major League Baseball's championship series and the conclusion of the 1993 Major League Baseball season.
The 1996 Summer Olympics, officially known as the Games of the XXVI Olympiad and unofficially referred to as the Centennial Olympic Games, was an international multi-sport event that was celebrated from July 19 to August 4, 1996, in Atlanta, Georgia, United States.
The 2008 Summer Olympic Games, officially known as the Games of the XXIX Olympiad and commonly known as Beijing 2008, was an international multi-sport event that was held from 8 to 24 August 2008 in Beijing, China.
The 2010 G20 Toronto summit was the fourth meeting of the G20 heads of state/government, to discuss the global financial system and the world economy, which took place at the Metro Toronto Convention Centre in Toronto, Ontario, Canada, during June 26–27, 2010.
Public protesting and demonstrations began one week ahead of the 2010 G20 Toronto summit, which took place in Toronto, Ontario, Canada on 26−27 June.
The 2010 Winter Olympics, officially known as the XXI Olympic Winter Games (Les XXIes Jeux olympiques d'hiver) and commonly known as Vancouver 2010, informally the 21st Winter Olympics, was an international winter multi-sport event that was held from 12 to 28 February 2010 in Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada, with some events held in the surrounding suburbs of Richmond, West Vancouver and the University Endowment Lands, and in the nearby resort town of Whistler.
The 2011 National Lacrosse League season, the 25th in the history of the NLL, began January 8, 2011, and ended with the Championship game, won by the Toronto Rock 8-7.
The 2015 Pan American Games, officially the XVII Pan American Games and commonly known as the Toronto 2015 Pan-Am Games (Jeux panaméricains de 2015 à Toronto), were a major international multi-sport event celebrated in the tradition of the Pan American Games, as governed by Pan American Sports Organization (PASO).
The 2015 Parapan American Games, officially the V Pan American Games and commonly known as the Toronto 2015 ParaPan-Am Games, were a major international multi-sport event for athletes with disabilities, celebrated in the tradition of the Parapan American Games as governed by the Americas Paralympic Committee, held from August 7 to 15, 2015 in Toronto, Ontario, Canada.
The 2017 League 1, known as the Kingstone Press League 1 for sponsorship reasons, was a semi-professional rugby league football competition played in England, Wales and Canada, the third tier of the sport for RFL affiliated clubs.
The 2018 Calder Cup playoffs of the American Hockey League began on April 19, 2018, with the playoff format that was introduced in 2016.
24 Hours (24 Heures; sometimes stylized 24heures or 24H) is a French-language free daily newspaper published in Montreal, Quebec, Canada by Quebecor Media.
The 400-series highways are a network of controlled-access highways throughout the southern portion of the Canadian province of Ontario, forming a special subset of the provincial highway system.
9-1-1, also written 911, is an emergency telephone number for the North American Numbering Plan (NANP), one of eight N11 codes.
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