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The M16 rifle, officially designated Rifle, Caliber 5.56 mm, M16, is a United States military adaptation of the ArmaLite AR-15 rifle.Danford Allan Kern. m-14parts.com. A thesis presented to the Faculty of the US Army Command and General Staff College in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree MASTER OF MILITARY ART AND SCIENCE, Military History. Fort Leavenworth, Kansas 2006Peter G. Kokalis. nodakspud.com The original M16 was a select-fire, 5.56×45mm rifle with a 20-round magazine. In 1963, the M16 entered United States Military service and was deployed for jungle warfare operations during the Vietnam War. In 1969, the M16A1 replaced the M14 rifle to become the U.S. military's standard service rifle.Ezell, Edward Clinton (1983). Small Arms of the World. New York: Stackpole Books. pp. 46–47. ISBN 978-0-88029-601-4.Urdang, p. 801. The M16A1 improvements include a bolt-assist, chromed plated bore and a new 30-round magazine. In 1983, the USMC adopted the M16A2 rifle and the U.S. Army adopted it in 1986. The M16A2 fires the improved 5.56×45mm NATO (M855/SS109) cartridge and has a new adjustable rear sight, case deflector, heavy barrel, improved handguard, pistol grip and buttstock, as well as a semi-auto and three-round burst only fire selector. Adopted in 1998, the M16A4 is the fourth generation of the M16 series. It is equipped with a removable carrying handle and Picatinny rail for mounting optics and other ancillary devices. The M16 has also been widely adopted by other militaries around the world. Total worldwide production of M16s has been approximately 8 million, making it the most-produced firearm of its 5.56 mm caliber.. The U.S. Army has largely replaced the M16 in combat units with the shorter and lighter M4 carbine. [1]

241 relations: Adaptive Combat Rifle, Advanced Combat Optical Gunsight, Afghan National Army, Aimpoint CompM2, AKM, Ambidexterity, Ammunition, AR-10, AR-15, ArmaLite, Armed forces of the Netherlands, Assault rifle, Automatic firearm, Ball propellant, Ballistic gelatin, Battalion, Beretta M9, Bougainville Civil War, Bulletproof vest, Bullpup, Burst mode (weapon), Cambodian Civil War, Cambodian–Vietnamese War, Canadian Armed Forces, CAR-15, Carbine, Center for Naval Analyses, Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff, China, Chrome plating, Colt 9mm SMG, Colt Canada, Colt Canada C7 rifle, Colt's Manufacturing Company, Combat helmet, Comic book, Compagnie des Carabiniers du Prince, Comparison of the AK-47 and M16, CRC Press, Curtis LeMay, Cyrus Vance, Daewoo Precision Industries K2, Danish Defence, DARPA, Defence minister, Defense Industries Organization, Designated marksman, Diemaco, Direct impingement, DuPont, ..., EOTech, Eugene Stoner, Falklands War, FB MSBS, Ferfrans, Flash suppressor, FN FAL, FN Herstal, FN MAG, Forsvarets Spesialkommando, Forward assist, Free recoil, Free-floating barrel, Freedom Group, Gas-operated reloading, Gaza–Israel conflict, General Motors, General-purpose machine gun, Gulf War, H&R Firearms, Harrisburg, Pennsylvania, Hærens Jegerkommando, Heckler & Koch, Heckler & Koch G3, Heckler & Koch G36, Hellenic Army, Hellenic Navy, Helmand Province, Helmet, Holographic weapon sight, Hydramatic, IMI Tavor TAR-21, Implementation Force, Invasion of Grenada, Iran, Iraq War, Iraqi Army, Iraqi Civil War (2014–present), Iron sights, John F. Kennedy, Jungle warfare, Ka-Bar, KAC Masterkey, KH-2002, Knight's Armament Company, Korean War, L. James Sullivan, Laotian Civil War, List of assault rifles, List of Colt AR-15 variants, List of individual weapons of the U.S. Armed Forces, Lithuanian Armed Forces, M1 carbine, M1 Garand, M14 rifle, M1918 Browning Automatic Rifle, M2 Bradley, M203 grenade launcher, M231 Firing Port Weapon, M234 launcher, M26 Modular Accessory Shotgun System, M27 Infantry Automatic Rifle, M3 fighting knife, M3 submachine gun, M320 Grenade Launcher Module, M4 carbine, M5 bayonet, M6 bayonet, M60 machine gun, M7 bayonet, M79 grenade launcher, M9 bayonet, Magazine (firearms), Malaysian Armed Forces, Malaysian Maritime Enforcement Agency, Marine Corps Recruit Depot Parris Island, Marine Scout Sniper Rifle, Marinejegerkommandoen, Marjah, Maxwell D. Taylor, Metro Cebu, Military Industry Corporation, Muzzle brake, Muzzle velocity, National Defense Industrial Association, NATO, NATO Accessory Rail, NATO Stock Number, Netherlands Marine Corps, Non-lethal weapon, Norinco CQ, Oceanside, California, Oka Crisis, OKC-3S bayonet, Olin Corporation, Operation Deny Flight, Osama bin Laden, Osprey Publishing, Parachute Regiment (United Kingdom), Parkerizing, Pen and Sword Books, Personal armor, Philippine Marine Corps, Philippine National Police, Philippines, Picatinny rail, Portable Document Format, Reflector sight, RELA Corps, Republic of China Army, Republic of Korea Armed Forces, Revolver, Rheinmetall MG 3, Rifle grenade, Rifling, Ring airfoil projectile, Robert McNamara, Robinson Armament XCR, Rotating bolt, Royal Malaysia Police, Royal Military Police, Royal Netherlands Army, Rubber duck (military), S&T Motiv, Sandbag, Seabee, Selective fire, Service rifle, Singapore, Skyhorse Publishing, Sniper, Somali Civil War, South Lebanon conflict (1985–2000), Special Action Force, Special Air Service, Special Forces (United States Army), Special Operations Assault Rifle, ST Kinetics, Stackpole Books, STANAG magazine, Standardization Agreement, Steyr AUG, Stoner 63, Submachine gun, Sudan, Suppressor, SureFire, Swedish Armed Forces, Syrian Civil War, T65 assault rifle, T86 assault rifle, T91 assault rifle, Table of handgun and rifle cartridges, Tear gas, The Age, The New York Times, The Troubles, Thompson submachine gun, U.S. Ordnance, United Kingdom Special Forces, United States, United States Armed Forces, United States Army, United States Army Squad Designated Marksman Rifle, United States Department of the Air Force, United States Department of the Army, United States invasion of Panama, United States Marine Corps, United States Marine Corps Squad Advanced Marksman Rifle, United States Navy SEALs, Vietnam, Vietnam War, Voice of America, Vortex Flash Hider, War in Afghanistan (2001–present), Weaver rail mount, Will Eisner, Winchester LMR, Wound ballistics, XM148 grenade launcher, Yugoslav Wars, .30 Carbine, 16 Air Assault Brigade, 1982 Lebanon War, 1996 Gangneung submarine infiltration incident, 2003 invasion of Iraq, 2014 pro-Russian unrest in Ukraine, 22 mm grenade, 5.56×45mm NATO, 7.62×51mm NATO, 7075 aluminium alloy. Expand index (191 more) »

Adaptive Combat Rifle

The Adaptive Combat Rifle (ACR) is the production name for an updated version of the Masada Adaptive Combat Weapon System.

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Advanced Combat Optical Gunsight

Advanced Combat Optical Gunsights (abbreviated ACOG) are a series of telescopic sights manufactured by Trijicon.

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Afghan National Army

The Afghan National Army (ANA) is the main branch of the Afghan Armed Forces, which is being trained and advised by NATO's Resolute Support Mission.

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Aimpoint CompM2

The CompM2 is a battery powered non-magnifying red dot type of reflex sight for firearms manufactured by Aimpoint AB.

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The AKM (Автомат Калашникова Модернизированный; Avtomat Kalashnikova Modernizirovanniy or "Kalashnikov modernized automatic rifle") is a 7.62mm assault rifle designed by Mikhail Kalashnikov.

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Ambidexterity is the state of being equally adept in the use of both left and right appendages (such as the hands).

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Ammunition (commonly shortened to ammo) is propellant and projectile, or broadly anything that can be used in combat including bombs, missiles, warheads, landmines, naval mines, and anti-personnel mines.

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The AR-10 is a 7.62×51mm NATO battle rifle developed by Eugene Stoner in the late 1950s at ArmaLite, then a division of the Fairchild Aircraft Corporation.

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The AR-15 is a lightweight, intermediate cartridge magazine-fed, air-cooled Armalite Rifle with a rotating lock bolt, actuated by a piston within the bolt carrier or by conventional long/short stroke piston operation.

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Armalite, Inc.

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Armed forces of the Netherlands

The Armed forces of the Netherlands consist of the Army, Navy, and Air Force.

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Assault rifle

An assault rifle is a selective fire rifle that uses an intermediate cartridge and a detachable magazine.

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Automatic firearm

An automatic firearm continuously fires rounds as long as the trigger is pressed and held and there is ammunition in the magazine/chamber.

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Ball propellant

Ball propellant is a form of nitrocellulose used in small arms cartridges.

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Ballistic gelatin

Ballistic gelatin is a testing medium scientifically correlated to swine muscle tissue (which in turn is comparable to human muscle tissue), in which the effects of bullet wounds can be simulated.

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A battalion is a military unit.

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Beretta M9

The Beretta M9, officially the Pistol, Semiautomatic, 9mm, M9, is a 9×19mm Parabellum pistol adopted by the United States Armed Forces in 1985.

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Bougainville Civil War

The Bougainville Civil War, also known as the Bougainville Conflict, was an armed conflict fought from 1988 to 1998 between Papua New Guinea and the Bougainville Revolutionary Army (BRA), who were fighting for independence.

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Bulletproof vest

A bulletproof vest, ballistic vest or bullet-resistant vest is an item of personal armor that helps absorb the impact and reduce or prohibit penetration to the body from firearm-fired projectiles and shrapnel from explosions, and is worn on the torso.

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A "bullpup" is a firearm with its action behind its trigger group.

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Burst mode (weapon)

In automatic firearms, burst mode or burst fire is a firing mode enabling the shooter to fire a predetermined number of rounds, usually two or three rounds on hand held weapons and over 100 on anti-aircraft weapons, with a single pull of the trigger.

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Cambodian Civil War

The Cambodian Civil War was a conflict that pitted the forces of the Communist Party of Kampuchea (known as the Khmer Rouge) and their allies the Democratic Republic of Vietnam (North Vietnam) and the Viet Cong against the government forces of the Kingdom of Cambodia and, after October 1970, the Khmer Republic, which were supported by the United States (U.S.) and the Republic of Vietnam (South Vietnam).

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Cambodian–Vietnamese War

The Cambodian–Vietnamese War was an armed conflict between the Socialist Republic of Vietnam and Democratic Kampuchea.

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Canadian Armed Forces

The Canadian Armed Forces (CAF; Forces armées canadiennes, FAC), or Canadian Forces (CF) (les Forces canadiennes, FC), is the unified armed force of Canada, as constituted by the National Defence Act, which states: "The Canadian Forces are the armed forces of Her Majesty raised by Canada and consist of one Service called the Canadian Armed Forces." This unified institution consists of sea, land, and air elements referred to as the Royal Canadian Navy (RCN), Canadian Army, and Royal Canadian Air Force (RCAF).

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The Colt Automatic Rifle-15 Military Weapons System or CAR-15 was a family of AR-15 and M16 rifle–based firearms marketed by Colt in the late 1960s and early 1970s.

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A carbine, from French carabine, is a long arm firearm but with a shorter barrel than a rifle or musket.

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Center for Naval Analyses

The Center for Naval Analyses is the federally funded research and development center (FFRDC) for the United States Navy and Marine Corps.

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Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff

The Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff (CJCS) is the highest-ranking military officer in the United States Armed Forces 10 USC 152.

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China, officially the People's Republic of China (PRC), is a sovereign state in East Asia.

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Chrome plating

Chrome plating (less commonly chromium plating), often referred to simply as chrome, is a technique of electroplating a thin layer of chromium onto a metal or plastic object.

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Colt 9mm SMG

The Colt 9mm SMG is a 9×19mm Parabellum submachine gun manufactured by Colt, based on the M16 rifle platform.http://www.colt.com/mil/SMG.asp.

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Colt Canada

Colt Canada (formerly called Diemaco) is a firearms manufacturer owned by United States based Colt and located in Kitchener, Ontario, Canada.

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Colt Canada C7 rifle

The Colt Canada C7 rifle is a Canadian assault rifle, manufactured by Colt Canada (formerly Diemaco prior to 2005), a variant of the Armalite AR-15, and having similar design and function to the Colt M16A3.

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Colt's Manufacturing Company

Colt's Manufacturing Company (CMC, formerly Colt's Patent Firearms Manufacturing Company) is an American firearms manufacturer, founded in 1855 by Samuel Colt.

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Combat helmet

A combat helmet or battle helmet is a type of helmet, a piece of personal armor designed specifically to protect the head during combat.

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Comic book

A comic book or comicbook, also called comic magazine or simply comic, is a publication that consists of comics art in the form of sequential juxtaposed panels that represent individual scenes.

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Compagnie des Carabiniers du Prince

The Compagnie des Carabiniers du Prince (Prince's Company of Carabiniers) is the Infantry division of the Force Publique, and one of the limited number of militaries that recruits foreigners.

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Comparison of the AK-47 and M16

The two most common assault rifles in the world are the Russian AK-47 and the American M16.

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CRC Press

The CRC Press, LLC is a publishing group that specializes in producing technical books.

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Curtis LeMay

Curtis Emerson LeMay (November 15, 1906 – October 1, 1990) was a general in the United States Air Force and the vice presidential running mate of American Independent Party candidate George Wallace in the 1968 presidential election.

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Cyrus Vance

Cyrus Roberts Vance (March 27, 1917January 12, 2002) was an American lawyer and United States Secretary of State under President Jimmy Carter from 1977 to 1980.

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Daewoo Precision Industries K2

Daewoo Precision Industries K2 assault rifle was developed by the South Korean Agency for Defense Development and manufactured by S&T Motiv (formerly Daewoo Precision Industries).

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Danish Defence

The armed forces of the Kingdom of Denmark, known as The Defence (Force) (Forsvaret) is charged with the defence of Denmark and its overseas territories, Greenland and the Faroe Islands.

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The Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency (DARPA) is an agency of the U.S. Department of Defense responsible for the development of emerging technologies for use by the military.

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Defence minister

The title Defense minister, Minister for Defense, Secretary of Defense, Secretary of State for Defence, Secretary of National Defense or some similar variation, is assigned to the person in a cabinet position in charge of a Ministry of Defence, which regulates the armed forces in sovereign states.

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Defense Industries Organization

The Defense Industries Organization (Persian: سازمان صنایع دفاع) is a conglomerate of companies run by the Islamic Republic of Iran whose function is to provide the military of Iran with the necessary manufacturing capacity and technical abilities.

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Designated marksman

The designated marksman (DM) or squad designated marksman (SDM) is a military marksman role in an infantry squad.

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Diemaco was a Canadian defence company based in Kitchener, Ontario, Canada, that manufactured the C7 family of rifles under a licence from Colt.

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Direct impingement

Direct impingement is a type of gas operation for a firearm that directs gas from a fired cartridge directly into the bolt carrier or slide assembly to cycle the action.

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EOTech designs, manufactures, and markets electro-optic products and systems.

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Eugene Stoner

Eugene Morrison Stoner (November 22, 1922 — April 24, 1997) was an American firearms designer who is most associated with the development of the AR-15 rifle that was adopted by the US military as the M16.

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Falklands War

The Falklands War (Guerra de las Malvinas), also known as the Falklands Conflict, Falklands Crisis, and the Guerra del Atlántico Sur (Spanish for "South Atlantic War"), was a ten-week war between Argentina and the United Kingdom over two British overseas territories in the South Atlantic: the Falkland Islands and South Georgia and the South Sandwich Islands. It began on Friday, 2 April 1982, when Argentina invaded and occupied the Falkland Islands (and, the following day, South Georgia and the South Sandwich Islands) in an attempt to establish the sovereignty it had claimed over them. On 5 April, the British government dispatched a naval task force to engage the Argentine Navy and Air Force before making an amphibious assault on the islands. The conflict lasted 74 days and ended with the Argentine surrender on 14 June 1982, returning the islands to British control. In total, 649 Argentine military personnel, 255 British military personnel, and three Falkland Islanders died during the hostilities. The conflict was a major episode in the protracted confrontation over the territories' sovereignty. Argentina asserted (and maintains) that the islands are Argentinian territory, and the Argentine government thus characterised its military action as the reclamation of its own territory. The British government regarded the action as an invasion of a territory that had been a Crown colony since 1841. Falkland Islanders, who have inhabited the islands since the early 19th century, are predominantly descendants of British settlers, and favour British sovereignty. Neither state, however, officially declared war (both sides did declare the Islands areas a war zone and officially recognised that a state of war existed between them) and hostilities were almost exclusively limited to the territories under dispute and the area of the South Atlantic where they lie. The conflict has had a strong impact in both countries and has been the subject of various books, articles, films, and songs. Patriotic sentiment ran high in Argentina, but the outcome prompted large protests against the ruling military government, hastening its downfall. In the United Kingdom, the Conservative Party government, bolstered by the successful outcome, was re-elected the following year. The cultural and political weight of the conflict has had less effect in Britain than in Argentina, where it remains a continued topic for discussion. Relations between the United Kingdom and Argentina were restored in 1989 following a meeting in Madrid, Spain, at which the two countries' governments issued a joint statement. No change in either country's position regarding the sovereignty of the Falkland Islands was made explicit. In 1994, Argentina's claim to the territories was added to its constitution.

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MSBS-5,56 Radon (short for Modułowy System Broni Strzeleckiej kalibru 5,56 mm - Radon or Modular Firearm System 5.56mm Calibre - Radon) is an assault rifle currently under development as a future service rifle of the Polish Army.

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Ferfrans Specialties is a firearms and ammunition manufacturer based in Cebu, the Philippines.

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Flash suppressor

A flash suppressor, also known as a flash guard, flash eliminator, flash hider, or flash cone, is a device attached to the muzzle of a rifle that reduces its visible signature while firing by cooling or dispersing the burning gases that exit the muzzle, a phenomenon typical of carbine-length weapons.

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The Fusil Automatique Léger ("Light Automatic Rifle") or FAL is a semi-automatic/selective fire battle rifle produced by the Belgian armaments manufacturer Fabrique Nationale de Herstal (FN).

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FN Herstal

Fabrique Nationale d'Herstal (French for: National Factory of Herstal) — self identified as FN Herstal and often referred to as Fabrique Nationale or simply FN — is a leading firearms manufacturer located in Herstal, Belgium, owned by the regional government of Wallonia.

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The FN MAG is a Belgian 7.62 mm general-purpose machine gun, designed in the early 1950s at Fabrique Nationale (FN) by Ernest Vervier.

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Forsvarets Spesialkommando

Forsvarets Spesialkommando (FSK, en. Armed Forces' Special Command) is a special operations forces unit of the Norwegian Ministry of Defence.

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Forward assist

Forward assisting is the practice of moving the bolt or bolt carrier of a weapon fully forward when the return spring has not done so (or there is a chance that it will not have done so).

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Free recoil

Free recoil is a vernacular term or jargon for recoil energy of a firearm not supported from behind.

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Free-floating barrel

A free-floating barrel is a specific design technology used in highly accurate rifles, particularly match grade rifles, to increase the accuracy of the weapon.

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Freedom Group

Freedom Group is an American firearms manufacturer holding company which has acquired notable brands such as Bushmaster, DPMS, and Remington Arms.

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Gas-operated reloading

Gas-operation is a system of operation used to provide energy to operate autoloading firearms.

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Gaza–Israel conflict

The Gaza–Israel conflict is a part of the wider Israeli–Palestinian conflict.

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General Motors

General Motors Company, commonly known as GM, is an American multinational corporation headquartered in Detroit, Michigan, that designs, manufactures, markets and distributes vehicles and vehicle parts and sells financial services.

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General-purpose machine gun

A general-purpose machine gun (GPMG) is an air-cooled, belt-fed weapon with a quick change barrel that can be used in a variety of roles, from bipod- or tripod-mounted infantry support, to deployment as a helicopter door gun, or a vehicle-mounted support weapon.

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Gulf War

The Gulf War (2 August 1990 – 28 February 1991), codenamed Operation Desert Shield (2 August 1990 – 17 January 1991) for operations leading to the buildup of troops and defense of Saudi Arabia and Operation Desert Storm (17 January 1991 – 28 February 1991) in its combat phase, was a war waged by coalition forces from 34 nations led by the United States against Iraq in response to Iraq's invasion and annexation of Kuwait.

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H&R Firearms

H&R 1871, LLC (Harrington & Richardson) is a manufacturer of firearms under the Harrington & Richardson and New England Firearms trademarks.

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Harrisburg, Pennsylvania

Harrisburg (Pennsylvania German: Harrisbarig) is the capital city of the U.S. state of Pennsylvania and the county seat of Dauphin County.

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Hærens Jegerkommando

Forsvarets Spesialkommando is a special forces unit of the Norwegian military.

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Heckler & Koch

Heckler & Koch GmbH (HK) is a German defense manufacturing company that manufactures handguns, military rifles, submachine guns, and grenade launchers.

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Heckler & Koch G3

The G3 is a 7.62×51mm NATO battle rifle developed in the 1950s by the German armament manufacturer Heckler & Koch GmbH (H&K) in collaboration with the Spanish state-owned design and development agency CETME (Centro de Estudios Técnicos de Materiales Especiales).

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Heckler & Koch G36

The G36 is a 5.56×45mm assault rifle, designed in the early 1990s by Heckler & Koch (H&K) in Germany as a replacement for the heavier 7.62mm G3 battle rifle.

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Hellenic Army

The Hellenic Army (Ελληνικός Στρατός, Ellinikós Stratós), formed in 1828, is the land force of Greece.

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Hellenic Navy

The Hellenic Navy (HN) (Πολεμικό Ναυτικό, Polemikó Naftikó, abbreviated ΠΝ) is the naval force of Greece, part of the Greek Armed Forces.

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Helmand Province

Helmand (Balochi/Pashto/Dari: هلمند) or Hillmand is one of the 34 provinces of Afghanistan, located in the south of the country.

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A helmet is a form of protective gear worn to protect the head from injuries.

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Holographic weapon sight

A holographic weapon sight or holographic diffraction sight is a non-magnifying gun sight that allows the user to look through a glass optical window and see a reticle image superimposed at a distance on the field of view.

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Hydramatic (also known as Hydra-Matic) was an automatic transmission developed by both General Motors' Cadillac and Oldsmobile divisions.

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IMI Tavor TAR-21

The TAR-21 (or simply Tavor) is an Israeli bullpup assault rifle chambered for 5.56×45mm NATO ammunition with a selective fire system, selecting between semi-automatic mode and full automatic fire mode.

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Implementation Force

The Implementation Force (IFOR) was a NATO-led multinational peace enforcement force in Bosnia and Herzegovina under a one-year mandate from 20 December 1995 to 20 December 1996 under the codename Operation Joint Endeavour.

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Invasion of Grenada

Operation Urgent Fury was a 1983 United States–led invasion of Grenada, a Caribbean island nation with a population of about 91,000 located north of Venezuela, that resulted in a U.S. victory within a matter of weeks.

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Iran (or; ایران), historically known as Persia, officially the Islamic Republic of Iran, is a country in Western Asia.

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Iraq War

The Iraq WarThe conflict is also known as the War in Iraq, the Occupation of Iraq, the Second Gulf War, Gulf War II, and Gulf War 2.

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Iraqi Army

The Iraqi Army is the ground force component of the armed forces of the Republic of Iraq, having been active in various incarnations throughout the 20th century and 21st century.

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Iraqi Civil War (2014–present)

The Iraqi Civil War is an ongoing armed conflict in the Middle East.

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Iron sights

Iron sights are a system of shaped alignment markers (usually metal) used as a sighting device to assist in the aiming of a device such as a firearm, crossbow, or telescope, and exclude the use of optics as in telescopic sights or reflector (reflex) sights.

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John F. Kennedy

John Fitzgerald "Jack" Kennedy (JFK), (May 29, 1917 – November 22, 1963), was an American politician who served as the 35th President of the United States from January 1961 until his assassination in November 1963.

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Jungle warfare

Jungle warfare is a term used to cover the special techniques needed for military units to survive and fight in jungle terrain.

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Ka-Bar (trademarked as KA-BAR, capitalized) is the contemporary popular name for the combat knife first adopted by the United States Marine Corps in November 1942 as the 1219C2 combat knife (later designated the USMC Mark 2 combat knife or Knife, Fighting Utility), and subsequently adopted by the United States Navy as the U.S. Navy utility knife, Mark 2.

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KAC Masterkey

The Masterkey is a door breaching shotgun system manufactured by Knight's Armament Company.

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The KH2002 "Khaybar" is an Iranian designed assault rifle, derived from the DIO S 5.56 assault rifle and further developed by Iran's Defense Industries Organization (DIO).

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Knight's Armament Company

Knight's Armament Company (KAC) is an American firearms and firearms parts manufacturer, best known for producing the Rail Interface System (RIS) and the Rail Adapter System (RAS) grips for firearms use.

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Korean War

The Korean War (in South Korean Hangul: 한국전쟁, Hanja: 韓國戰爭, Hanguk Jeonjaeng, "Korean War"; in North Korean Chosungul: 조국해방전쟁, Joguk Haebang Jeonjaeng, "Fatherland Liberation War"; 25 June 1950 – 27 July 1953) was a war between North and South Korea, in which a United Nations force led by the United States of America fought for the South, and China fought for the North, which was also assisted by the Soviet Union.

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L. James Sullivan

Leroy James Sullivan is an American firearms inventor.

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Laotian Civil War

The Laotian Civil War (1953–75) was fought between the Communist Pathet Lao (including many North Vietnamese of Lao ancestry) and the Royal Lao Government, with both sides receiving heavy external support in a proxy war between the global Cold War superpowers.

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List of assault rifles

An assault rifle is a selective fire rifle that uses an intermediate cartridge and a detachable magazine.

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List of Colt AR-15 variants

This article is a review of many variations of the AR-15 family of weapons produced by Colt's Manufacturing Company.

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List of individual weapons of the U.S. Armed Forces

This is a list of weapons served individually by the United States armed forces, sorted by type and current level of service.

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Lithuanian Armed Forces

The Lithuanian Armed Forces consist of 15570 active personnel.

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M1 carbine

The M1 carbine (formally the United States Carbine, Caliber.30, M1) is a lightweight.30 caliber semi-automatic carbine that became a standard firearm for the U.S. military during World War II, the Korean War and the Vietnam War, and was produced in several variants.

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M1 Garand

The M1 Garand (officially designated as U. S. rifle, caliber.30, M1, later simply called Rifle, Caliber.30, M1, also abbreviated as US Rifle, Cal..30, M1) is a semi-automatic rifle chambered for the.30-06 Springfield rifle cartridge, used by the United States Army from 1936 to 1957.

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M14 rifle

M14 rifle, officially the United States Rifle, 7.62 mm, M14, is an American selective fire automatic rifle that fires 7.62×51mm NATO (.308 Winchester) ammunition.

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M1918 Browning Automatic Rifle

The Browning Automatic Rifle (BAR) is a family of United States automatic rifles (or machine rifles) and light machine guns used by the United States and numerous other countries during the 20th century.

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M2 Bradley

The M2 Bradley, or Bradley IFV, is an American infantry fighting vehicle, manufactured by BAE Systems Land & Armaments, formerly United Defense as part of the Bradley Fighting Vehicle family.

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M203 grenade launcher

The M203 is a single-shot 40 mm under-barrel grenade launcher designed to attach to a rifle.

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M231 Firing Port Weapon

The M231 Firing Port Weapon (FPW) is an adapted version of the M16 assault rifle for firing from ports on the M2 Bradley.

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M234 launcher

The M234 Riot Control Launcher is an M16 series rifle attachment firing a M755 blank round.

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M26 Modular Accessory Shotgun System

The M26 Modular Accessory Shotgun System (MASS) is a developmental under-barrel shotgun attachment for the M16/M4 family of United States military firearms.

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M27 Infantry Automatic Rifle

The M27 Infantry Automatic Rifle (IAR) is a lightweight, magazine-fed 5.56mm weapon used by the United States Marine Corps.

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M3 fighting knife

The M3 fighting knife or M3 trench knife was an American military combat knife first issued in March 1943.

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M3 submachine gun

The M3 was an American.45-caliber submachine gun adopted for U.S. Army service on 12 December 1942, as the United States Submachine Gun, Cal.

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M320 Grenade Launcher Module

M320 Grenade Launcher Module (GLM) is the U.S. military's designation for a new single-shot 40 mm grenade launcher system to replace the M203 for the U.S. Army, while other services will keep using the older M203.

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M4 carbine

The M4 carbine is a shorter and lighter variant of the M16A2 assault rifle.

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M5 bayonet

The M5 Bayonet was adopted by the U.S. Military in 1953 to replace other bayonets for the U.S. rifle, caliber.30, M1 (Garand).

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M6 bayonet

The M6 Bayonet is a bayonet used by the U.S. military for the M14 rifle.

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M60 machine gun

The M60, officially the United States Machine Gun, Caliber 7.62 mm, M60, is a family of American general-purpose machine guns firing 7.62×51mm NATO cartridges from a disintegrating belt of M13 links.

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M7 bayonet

The M7 Bayonet is a bayonet that was used by the U.S. military for the M16 rifle, it can also be used with the M4A1 carbine, Steyr AUG and the IMI Galil assault rifles and carbines.

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M79 grenade launcher

The M79 grenade launcher is a single-shot, shoulder-fired, break-action grenade launcher that fires a 40x46mm grenade, which uses what the US Army calls the High-Low Propulsion System to keep recoil forces low, and first appeared during the Vietnam War.

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M9 bayonet

The M9 Bayonet is a multi-purpose knife and bayonet officially adopted in 1986 by the United States.

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Magazine (firearms)

A magazine is an ammunition storage and feeding device within or attached to a repeating firearm.

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Malaysian Armed Forces

The Malaysian Armed Forces (MAF, Angkatan Tentera Malaysia-ATM), the military of Malaysia, consists of three branches.

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Malaysian Maritime Enforcement Agency

The Malaysian Maritime Enforcement Agency (Abbreviation: MMEA; Malay: Agensi Penguatkuasaan Maritim Malaysia; APMM) or also known as Malaysian Coast Guard, is the principal government agency tasked with maintaining law and order and coordinating search and rescue operations in the Malaysian Maritime Zone and on the high seas.

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Marine Corps Recruit Depot Parris Island

Marine Corps Recruit Depot Parris Island (often abbreviated as MCRD PI) is an military installation located within Port Royal, South Carolina, approximately south of Beaufort, the community that is typically associated with the installation.

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Marine Scout Sniper Rifle

The Marine Scout Sniper Rifle or MSSR is a select fire sniper rifle developed from the Colt M16A1 rifle by the Philippine Marine Corps Scout Snipers due to the lack of a dedicated sniper rifle which is used in the Armed Forces of the Philippines.

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Marinejegerkommandoen (MJK) is the Norwegian maritime special operations forces unit, established in 1953.

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Marjah (also spelled Marjeh; Pashto/Persian: مارجه) is an agricultural town in southern Afghanistan.

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Maxwell D. Taylor

General Maxwell Davenport "Max" Taylor (August 26, 1901 – April 19, 1987) was a United States Army four star general and diplomat of the mid-20th century, who served as the fifth Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff after having been appointed by President John F. Kennedy.

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Metro Cebu

Metropolitan Cebu, or simply Metro Cebu, (Kaulohang Sugbo, Kalakhang Cebu), is the main urban center of the province of Cebu in the Philippines.

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Military Industry Corporation

The Military Industry Corporation is the state-run defense corporation of Sudan.

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Muzzle brake

A muzzle brake or recoil compensator is a device connected to the muzzle of a firearm or cannon that redirects propellant gases to counter recoil and unwanted rising of the barrel during rapid fire.

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Muzzle velocity

Muzzle velocity is the speed a projectile has at the moment it leaves the muzzle of the gun.

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National Defense Industrial Association

The National Defense Industrial Association (NDIA) is an association for the United States government and the defense industry.

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The North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO; Organisation du traité de l'Atlantique Nord; OTAN), also called the North Atlantic Alliance, is an intergovernmental military alliance based on the North Atlantic Treaty which was signed on 4 April 1949.

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NATO Accessory Rail

The NATO Accessory Rail (or NAR), defined by the new modernization agreement Standardization Agreement 4694, is a new standard for mounting auxiliary equipment such as telescopic sights, tactical lights, laser aiming modules, night vision devices, reflex sights, foregrips, bipods, and bayonets to small arms such as rifles and pistols.

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NATO Stock Number

A NATO Stock Number, or National Stock Number (NSN) as it is known in the US, is a 13-digit numeric code, identifying all the 'standardized material items of supply' as they have been recognized by all NATO countries including United States Department of Defense.

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Netherlands Marine Corps

The Korps Mariniers is the marine corps and amphibious infantry component of the Royal Netherlands Navy.

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Non-lethal weapon

Non-lethal weapons, also called less-lethal weapons, less-than-lethal weapons, non-deadly weapons, compliance weapons, or pain-inducing weapons are weapons intended to be less likely to kill a living target than conventional weapons.

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Norinco CQ

The CQ is a variant of the AR-15 rifle manufactured by the Chinese arms company, Norinco.

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Oceanside, California

Oceanside is a coastal city located on California's South Coast.

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Oka Crisis

The Oka Crisis was a land dispute between a group of Mohawk people and the town of Oka, Quebec, Canada which began on July 11, 1990 and lasted until September 26, 1990.

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OKC-3S bayonet

The OKC-3S is a bayonet developed by the United States Marine Corps to replace the M7 bayonet as its service bayonet for the M16 family of rifles.

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Olin Corporation

The Olin Corporation is a manufacturer of ammunition, chlorine, and sodium hydroxide.

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Operation Deny Flight

Operation Deny Flight was a North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) operation that began on 12 April 1993 as the enforcement of a United Nations (UN) no-fly zone over Bosnia and Herzegovina.

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Osama bin Laden

Osama bin Mohammed bin Awad bin Laden (أسامة بن محمد بن عوض بن لادن,; March 10, 1957 May 2, 2011) was the founder of al-Qaeda, the organization that claimed responsibility for the September 11 attacks on the United States, along with numerous other mass-casualty attacks against civilian and military targets.

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Osprey Publishing

Osprey Publishing is an Oxford-based publishing company specializing in military history.

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Parachute Regiment (United Kingdom)

The Parachute Regiment, colloquially known as the Paras, is an airborne infantry regiment of the British Army.

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Parkerizing, bonderizing, phosphating, or phosphatizing is a method of protecting a steel surface from corrosion and increasing its resistance to wear through the application of a chemical phosphate conversion coating.

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Pen and Sword Books

Pen and Sword Books is a British publisher which specializes in printing and distributing books on military history and other niche subjects.

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Personal armor

Personal armor (also known as body armor) is the whole of protective clothing, designed to absorb and/or deflect slashing, bludgeoning, and penetrating attacks.

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Philippine Marine Corps

The Philippine Marine Corps (PMC) (Filipino: Hukbong Kawal Pandagat ng Pilipinas; is the marine corps of the Philippines, and it is a Naval infantry branch of the Philippine Navy. It is in charge of manning naval garrisons in shoals like Ayungin Shoal where a marine detachment is stationed on the grounded BRP Sierra Madre. It conducts amphibious operation to support its mother branch, the Philippine Navy.

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Philippine National Police

The Philippine National Police (Filipino: Pambansang Pulisya ng Pilipinas and abbreviated as PNP) is the armed civilian national police force of the Philippines.

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The Philippines (Pilipinas), officially known as the Republic of the Philippines (Republika ng Pilipinas), is a sovereign island country in Southeast Asia situated in the western Pacific Ocean.

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Picatinny rail

The Picatinny rail, also known as a MIL-STD-1913 rail, Standardization Agreement 2324 rail, or tactical rail, is a bracket on some firearms that provides a standard mounting platform for accessories and attachments, similar to the Weaver rail mount.

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Portable Document Format

Portable Document Format (PDF) is a file format used to present documents in a manner independent of application software, hardware and operating systems.

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Reflector sight

A reflector sight or reflex sight is an optical device that allows the user to look through a partially reflecting glass element and see an illuminated projection of an aiming point or some other image superimposed on the field of view.

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RELA Corps

"RELA Corps" (or Ikatan Relawan Rakyat Malaysia; English: Volunteers of Malaysian People) is a paramilitary civil volunteer corps formed by the Malaysian government.

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Republic of China Army

The Republic of China Army (ROCA) is the largest branch of the Republic of China Armed Forces.

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Republic of Korea Armed Forces

The Republic of Korea Armed Forces (대한민국 국군; Hanja: 大韓民國國軍; Revised Romanization: Daehanminguk Gukgun) are also known as the ROK Armed Forces, are the armed forces of South Korea.

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A revolver is a repeating firearm that has a revolving cylinder containing multiple chambers and at least one barrel for firing.

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Rheinmetall MG 3

The MG 3 is a German general-purpose machine gun chambered for the 7.62×51mm NATO cartridge.

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Rifle grenade

A rifle grenade is a grenade that uses a rifle-based launcher to permit a longer effective range than would be possible if the grenade was thrown by hand.

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Rifling consists of helical grooves in the barrel of a gun or firearm, which imparts a spin to a projectile around its long axis.

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Ring airfoil projectile

Ring airfoil projectile (RAP) is designed as an incapacitant.

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Robert McNamara

Robert Strange McNamara (June 9, 1916 – July 6, 2009) was an American business executive and the eighth Secretary of Defense, serving from 1961 to 1968 under Presidents John F. Kennedy and Lyndon B. Johnson, during which time he played a large role in escalating the United States involvement in the Vietnam War.

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Robinson Armament XCR

The Robinson Armament Co. XCR is a multi-caliber, gas piston weapon system developed by Robinson Armament Co. for U.S. Special Operations Command (SOCOM) to satisfy the requirements of the SOF Combat Assault Rifle, or SCAR competition, but was disqualified on a technicality due to late delivery of blank firing adapters.

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Rotating bolt

Rotating bolt is a method of locking used in firearms.

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Royal Malaysia Police

The Royal Malaysia Police (Abbreviation: RMP; Polis Diraja Malaysia, PDRM) is a (primarily) uniformed federal police force in Malaysia.

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Royal Military Police

The Royal Military Police (RMP) is the corps of the British Army responsible for the policing of service personnel, and for providing a military police presence both in the UK and while service personnel are deployed overseas on operations and exercises.

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Royal Netherlands Army

The Royal Netherlands Army (Koninklijke Landmacht (KL), "Royal Army") is the land forces element of the military of the Netherlands.

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Rubber duck (military)

In the United States military, a rubber duck or "rubber ducky" refers to a fake training weapon, usually an M16 rifle, used in basic training.

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S&T Motiv

S&T Motiv Co., Ltd (formerly S&T Daewoo and previously Daewoo Precision Industries) is a South Korean firearms and auto parts manufacturer founded in 1981.

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A sandbag is a bag or sack made of hessian (burlap), polypropylene or other sturdy materials that is filled with sand or soil and used for such purposes as flood control, military fortification, shielding glass windows in war zones, ballast, and in other applications requiring mobile fortification.

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A Seabee is a member of the United States Naval Construction Forces (NCF).

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Selective fire

A selective-fire firearm has at least two firearm modes, which are activated by means of a selector which varies depending on the weapon's design.

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Service rifle

The service rifle (also known as standard-issue rifle) of a given army or armed force is that which it issues as standard to its soldiers.

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Singapore, officially the Republic of Singapore, and often referred to as the ''Lion City'', the ''Garden City'', and the ''Red Dot'', is a leading global city-state and island country in Southeast Asia.

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Skyhorse Publishing

Skyhorse Publishing, Inc. is an American independent book publishing company founded in 2006.

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A sniper is a marksman or qualified specialist who operates alone, in a pair, or with a sniper team to maintain close visual contact with the enemy and engage targets from concealed positions or distances exceeding the detection capabilities of enemy personnel.

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Somali Civil War

The Somali Civil War is an ongoing civil war taking place in Somalia.

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South Lebanon conflict (1985–2000)

The South Lebanon conflict (1985–2000) or the Security Zone conflict in Lebanon refers to 15 years of warfare between the Israel Defense Forces and its Lebanese Christian proxy militias against Lebanese Muslim guerrillas led by the Iranian-backed Hezbollah, within what was defined by Israelis as the "Security Zone" in South Lebanon.

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Special Action Force

The Special Action Force is the National Mobile Unit of the Philippine National Police founded by Fidel V. Ramos.

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Special Air Service

The Special Air Service (SAS) is a unit of the British Army founded in 1941 as a regiment, and later reconstituted as a corps in 1950.

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Special Forces (United States Army)

The United States Army Special Forces, known as the Green Berets because of their distinctive service headgear, are a special operations force tasked with five primary missions: unconventional warfare (the original and most important mission of Special Forces), foreign internal defense, special reconnaissance, direct action, and counter-terrorism.

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Special Operations Assault Rifle

Special Operations Assault Rifle (SOAR) is an assault rifle manufactured by the Philippine-based company Ferfrans and designed as an improvement of the M16A1 and AR-15 assault rifles and M4 carbine.

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ST Kinetics

Singapore Technologies Kinetics Ltd (ST Kinetics), in Singapore, is a strategic business area of ST Engineering and handles land systems and specialty vehicles.

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Stackpole Books

Stackpole Books is an independent trade publishing company in Mechanicsburg, Pennsylvania.

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STANAG magazine

A STANAG magazine or NATO magazine is a type of detachable firearm magazine proposed by NATO in October 1980.

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Standardization Agreement

In NATO a Standardization Agreement (STANAG) defines processes, procedures, terms, and conditions for common military or technical procedures or equipment between the member countries of the alliance.

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Steyr AUG

The Steyr AUG is an Austrian bullpup 5.56×45mm NATO assault rifle, designed in the 1960s by Steyr Mannlicher GmbH & Co KG (formerly Steyr-Daimler-Puch).

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Stoner 63

The Stoner 63, also known as the M63, XM22, XM23, XM207 or the Mk 23 Mod 0 machine gun, is an American modular weapons system designed by Eugene Stoner in the early 1960s.

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Submachine gun

A submachine gun (SMG) is an air-cooled, magazine-fed, automatic carbine designed to fire pistol cartridges.

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Sudan (السودان as-Sūdān), officially the Republic of the Sudan (جمهورية السودان Jumhūrīyat as-Sūdān), is a country in the Nile Valley of North Africa, bordered by Egypt to the north, the Red Sea, Eritrea, and Ethiopia, to the east, South Sudan to the south, the Central African Republic to the southwest, Chad to the west and Libya to the northwest.

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A suppressor, sound suppressor, sound moderator, or silencer is a device attached to or part of the barrel of a firearm or air gun which reduces the amount of noise and visible muzzle flash generated by firing.

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SureFire, LLC. is an American company based in Fountain Valley, California.

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Swedish Armed Forces

The Swedish Armed Forces (Försvarsmakten) form the military forces of Sweden, tasked with defence of the country, as well as promoting Sweden's wider interests, supporting international peacekeeping efforts, and providing humanitarian aid.

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Syrian Civil War

The Syrian Civil War (الحرب الأهلية السورية) is an ongoing armed conflict taking place in Syria.

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T65 assault rifle

The T65 (聯勤 Type 65) is a rifle developed and manufactured by the Combined Logistics Command of the Republic of China Armed Forces in Taiwan.

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T86 assault rifle

The T86 (聯勤 Type 86) assault rifle is a gas-operated, magazine-fed, air-cooled assault rifle.

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T91 assault rifle

The T91 assault rifle is produced by the 205th Armory, Ministry of Defense, Republic of China (Taiwan).

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Table of handgun and rifle cartridges

Table of selected handgun, submachine gun, rifle and machine gun cartridges by common name.

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Tear gas

Tear gas, formally known as a lachrymatory agent or lachrymator (from the Latin lacrima, meaning "tear"), is a chemical weapon that causes severe eye, respiratory, and skin irritation, pain, vomiting, and even blindness.

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The Age

The Age is a daily newspaper which has been published in Melbourne, Australia, since 1854.

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The New York Times

The New York Times (NYT) is an American daily newspaper, founded and continuously published in New York City since September 18, 1851, by the New York Times Company.

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The Troubles

The Troubles (Na Trioblóidí) is the common name for the ethno-nationalist conflict in Northern Ireland that spilled over at various times into parts of the Republic of Ireland, England and mainland Europe.

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Thompson submachine gun

The Thompson submachine gun (nicknamed the Thompson) is an American submachine gun, invented by John T. Thompson in 1918, that became infamous during the Prohibition era.

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U.S. Ordnance

U.S. Ordnance–Defense Systems and Manufacturing–often referred to as USORD is a firearms manufacturer located in McCarran, Nevada, 20 minutes outside Reno, Nevada.

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United Kingdom Special Forces

The United Kingdom Special Forces (UKSF) is a Ministry of Defence directorate that provides a joint special operations task force headquarters.

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United States

The United States of America (USA), commonly referred to as the United States (U.S.) or America, is a federal republic composed of 50 states, a federal district, five major territories and various possessions.

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United States Armed Forces

The United States Armed Forces are the federal military forces of the United States.

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United States Army

The United States Army (USA) is the largest branch of the United States Armed Forces and performs land-based military operations.

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United States Army Squad Designated Marksman Rifle

The United States Army Squad Designated Marksman Rifle (SDM-R) is a heavily modified M16-series semi-automatic rifle intended to provide increased accuracy at longer ranges, giving infantry squads greater firepower.

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United States Department of the Air Force

The Department of the Air Force (DAF) is one of the three Military Departments within the Department of Defense of the United States of America.

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United States Department of the Army

The Department of the Army (DA) is one of the three military departments within the Department of Defense of the United States of America.

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United States invasion of Panama

The United States Invasion of Panama, code-named Operation Just Cause, was the invasion of Panama by the United States between mid-December 1989 and late-January 1990.

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United States Marine Corps

The United States Marine Corps (USMC) is a branch of the United States Armed Forces responsible for providing power projection from the sea, using the mobility of the U.S. Navy to rapidly deliver combined-arms task forces.

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United States Marine Corps Squad Advanced Marksman Rifle

The Squad Advanced Marksman Rifle (SAM-R) was a semi-automatic rifle developed by and in service with the United States Marine Corps.

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United States Navy SEALs

The United States Navy's Sea, Air and Land Teams, commonly known as the Navy SEALs, are the U.S. Navy's principal special operations force and a part of the Naval Special Warfare Command and United States Special Operations Command.

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Vietnam, officially the Socialist Republic of Vietnam (SRV), is the easternmost country on the Indochina Peninsula in Southeast Asia.

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Vietnam War

The Vietnam War (Chiến tranh Việt Nam), also known as the Second Indochina War, and also known in Vietnam as Resistance War Against America (Kháng chiến chống Mỹ) or simply the American War, was a Cold War-era proxy war that occurred in Vietnam, Laos, and Cambodia from 1 November 1955 to the fall of Saigon on 30 April 1975.

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Voice of America

The Voice of America (VOA) is the official external broadcast institution of the United States federal government.

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Vortex Flash Hider

The Vortex Flash Hider or Vortex Flash Eliminator is a flash suppressor made by Smith Enterprise Inc. for a variety of different rifles, carbines, machine guns and handguns.

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War in Afghanistan (2001–present)

The War in Afghanistan is the period in which the United States invaded Afghanistan after the September 11 attacks.

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Weaver rail mount

A Weaver rail mount is a system to connect telescopic sights and other accessories to rifles, shotguns, pistols, and crossbows.

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Will Eisner

William Erwin "Will" Eisner (March 6, 1917 – January 3, 2005) was an American cartoonist, writer, and entrepreneur.

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Winchester LMR

The Winchester LMR is a prototype rifle that was developed for military use but was sidelined in 1964 by the AR-15.

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Wound ballistics

The field of wound ballistics largely comprises the study of the physiology and medical effects of projectile weapons (chiefly, but not exclusively, bullets) on humans or animals.

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XM148 grenade launcher

The XM148 was an experimental 40 mm grenade launcher developed by Colt Firearms as the CGL-4 (Colt Grenade Launcher).

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Yugoslav Wars

The Yugoslav Wars were ethnic conflicts fought from 1991 to 2001 inside the territory of the former Yugoslavia.

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.30 Carbine

The.30 Carbine (7.62×33mm) is the cartridge used in the M1 Carbine introduced in the 1940s.

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16 Air Assault Brigade

16 Air Assault Brigade (16 Air Asslt Bde) is a formation of the British Army based in Colchester in the county of Essex.

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1982 Lebanon War

The 1982 Lebanon War (الاجتياح, Al-ijtiyāḥ, "the invasion"), (מלחמת לבנון הראשונה, Milhemet Levanon Harishona, "the first Lebanon war"), called Operation Peace for Galilee (מבצע שלום הגליל, or מבצע של"ג Mivtsa Shlom HaGalil or Mivtsa Sheleg) by Israel, and later known in Israel as the Lebanon War and First Lebanon War, began on 6 June 1982, when the Israel Defense Forces (IDF) invaded southern Lebanon, after repeated attacks and counter-attacks between the Palestine Liberation Organization (PLO) operating in southern Lebanon and the IDF which caused civilian casualties on both sides of the border.

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1996 Gangneung submarine infiltration incident

The 1996 Gangneung submarine infiltration incident occurred on September 18, 1996, near the South Korean town of Gangneung.

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2003 invasion of Iraq

The 2003 Invasion of Iraq lasted from 19 March to 1 May 2003 and signaled the start of the Iraq War, which was dubbed Operation Iraqi Freedom by the United States (prior to 19 March, the mission in Iraq was called Operation Enduring Freedom, a carryover from the War in Afghanistan).

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2014 pro-Russian unrest in Ukraine

From the end of February 2014, demonstrations by pro-Russian and anti-government groups took place in major cities across the eastern and southern regions of Ukraine, in the aftermath of the Euromaidan movement and the 2014 Ukrainian revolution.

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22 mm grenade

The 22mm rifle grenade is inserted over the firing mechanism on the front of rifles that are equipped with the appropriate launcher, either in the form of an integral flash suppressor or a detachable adapter.

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5.56×45mm NATO

The 5.56×45mm NATO (official NATO nomenclature 5.56 NATO) is an intermediate cartridge developed in the United States and originally chambered in the M16 rifle.

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7.62×51mm NATO

The 7.62×51mm NATO (official NATO nomenclature 7.62 NATO) is a rimless bottlenecked rifle cartridge developed in the 1950s as a standard for small arms among NATO countries.

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7075 aluminium alloy

Aluminium alloy 7075 is an aluminium alloy, with zinc as the primary alloying element.

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[1] https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/M16_rifle

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