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Singapore, officially the Republic of Singapore, and often referred to as the ''Lion City'', the ''Garden City'', and the ''Red Dot'', is a leading global city-state and island country in Southeast Asia. [1]

538 relations: Abbreviation, Aceh, Afghanistan, Albert Winsemius, Amnesty International, Amphibious warfare, Ancestor, Anno Domini, Armenians, ASEAN Basketball League, ASEAN Free Trade Area, Asia, Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation, Asia–Europe Meeting (ASEM), Asian Network of Major Cities 21, Association of Southeast Asian Nations, Atheism, Australia, Baby bonus, Basketball court, Battle of Singapore, BBC News, Big Three (credit rating agencies), Bombing of Singapore (1944–45), British Council, British Empire, British English, British Malaya, Brunei, Brunei dollar, Buddhism, Buddhism in Singapore, Buddhism in Thailand, Building and Construction Authority, Bukit Timah, Bus transport in Singapore, Cabinet of Singapore, California, Cambridge University Press, Caning in Singapore, Cantonese, Capital punishment in Singapore, Cazaux, Central Area, Central Intelligence Agency, Certificate of Entitlement, Channel NewsAsia, Chief Justice of Singapore, China, Chinese culture, ..., Chinese folk 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countries by foreign-exchange reserves, List of countries by GDP (nominal) per capita, List of countries by GDP (PPP) per capita, List of countries by home ownership rate, List of countries by income equality, List of countries by infant mortality rate, List of countries by intentional homicide rate, List of countries by life expectancy, List of countries by net international investment position per capita, List of countries by received FDI, List of countries by unemployment rate, List of Governors of Singapore, List of islands of Singapore, List of radio stations in Singapore, List of world's busiest container ports, Literacy, Little red dot, Logistics, London, Luke Air Force Base, Mahayana, Majulah Singapura, Malacca Sultanate, Malay language, Malay Singaporeans, Malaya Command, Malayan Emergency, Malayan tiger, Malaysia, Malaysia Agreement, Malaysia–Singapore Second Link, Mandatory sentencing, Marana, Arizona, Marina Bay Street Circuit, Market economy, Marshall Cavendish, Mass Rapid 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Singapore Press Holdings, Singapore Slingers, Singapore Standard Time, Singapore Strait, Singapore Symphony Orchestra, Singapore Turf Club, Singapore-Cambridge GCE Advanced Level, Singapore-Cambridge GCE Ordinary Level, Singaporean general election, 1959, Singaporean general election, 2011, Singaporean integration referendum, 1962, Singaporean Mandarin, Singaporean nationality law, Singaporean orders and decorations, Singaporeans, Single market, Singlish, Singtel, Singtel TV, Skytrax, SMRT Corporation, Soka Gakkai International, Sook Ching, South Korea, Southeast Asia, Speakers' Corner, Singapore, Srivijaya, ST Engineering, Stamford Raffles, Standard & Poor's, Standard Chinese, StarHub, Statutory corporation, Stockholm Industry Water Award, Strait of Malacca, Straits of Johor, Straits Settlements, Suez Canal, Sumatra, Sundaresh Menon, Surrender of Japan, Sydney, Taiwan, Tamil language, Tamil script, Tanjong Pagar, Taoism, Taoism in Singapore, Tax haven, Tax Justice Network, Taxicabs of Singapore, Taxis, Telephone numbers in Singapore, Television in Singapore, Temasek, Temenggung, Teochew dialect, Terrorism, Tertiary sector of the economy, The Economist, The Huffington Post, The New York Times, The World Factbook, Theravada, Tibetan Buddhism, Tony Tan, Total fertility rate, Tourism in Singapore, Towers Watson, Trading post, Train, Translation, Transparency International, Transport hub, Transshipment, Travel + Leisure, Trends in International Mathematics and Science Study, Tropical rainforest climate, Twenty-foot equivalent unit, Typhoon Haiyan, Unicameralism, Union of International Associations, Unitary state, United Kingdom, United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland, United Overseas Bank, United States, United States Department of State, United States dollar, United States Government Publishing Office, Urbanization, Vajrayana, Vanda 'Miss Joaquim', Varieties of Chinese, Veto, Wafer (electronics), Washington, D.C., Waterskiing, Western Australia, Western culture, 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An abbreviation (from Latin brevis, meaning short) is a shortened form of a word or phrase.

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Aceh; (Jawi: اچيه); Atjeh (Dutch); or Acheh is a special region of Indonesia.

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Afghanistan (Pashto/Dari:, Afġānistān), officially the Islamic Republic of Afghanistan, is a landlocked country located within South Asia and Central Asia.

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Albert Winsemius

Albert Winsemius (1910–1996), a Dutch economist, was Singapore's long-time economic advisor from 1961 to 1984.

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Amnesty International

Amnesty International (commonly known as Amnesty and AI) is a non-governmental organisation focused on human rights with over 7 million members and supporters around the world.

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Amphibious warfare

Amphibious warfare is a type of offensive military operation that uses naval ships to project ground and air power onto a hostile or potentially hostile shore at a designated landing beach.

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An ancestor or forebear is a parent or (recursively) the parent of an ancestor (i.e., a grandparent, great-grandparent, great-great-grandparent, and so forth).

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Anno Domini

The terms anno Domini (AD or A.D.) and before Christ (BC or B.C.) are used to label or number years in the Julian and Gregorian calendars.

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Armenians (հայեր, hayer) are an ethnic group native to the Armenian Highlands.

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ASEAN Basketball League

The ASEAN Basketball League, often abbreviated to the ABL, is a men's professional basketball league in Southeast Asia.

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ASEAN Free Trade Area

The ASEAN Free Trade Area (AFTA) is a trade bloc agreement by the Association of Southeast Asian Nations supporting local manufacturing in all ASEAN countries.

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Asia is the Earth's largest and most populous continent, located primarily in the eastern and northern hemispheres.

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Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation

Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation (APEC) is a forum for 21 Pacific Rim member economies.

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Asia–Europe Meeting (ASEM)

The Asia–Europe Meeting (ASEM) was officially established in 1996 at the first summit in Bangkok, Thailand, as an exclusively Asian-European forum to enhance relations and various forms of co-operation between the then 12 members of the European Union (EU) and its Commission, the 10 members of the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN), and the individual countries of China, Japan, and South Korea.

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Asian Network of Major Cities 21

Asian Network of Major Cities 21 is a body representing the interests of several of Asia's largest capital cities around common themes of importance, including urban planning, sustainability and crisis management.

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Association of Southeast Asian Nations

The Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) is a political and economic organisation of ten Southeast Asian countries.

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Atheism is, in a broad sense, the rejection of belief in the existence of deities.

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Australia (colloquially), officially the Commonwealth of Australia, is an Oceanian country comprising the mainland of the Australian continent, the island of Tasmania, and numerous smaller islands.

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Baby bonus

A baby bonus is a government payment to parents of a newborn baby or adopted child to assist with the costs of childrearing.

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Basketball court

In basketball, the basketball court is the playing surface, consisting of a rectangular floor with tiles at either end.

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Battle of Singapore

The Battle of Singapore, also known as the Fall of Singapore, was fought in the South-East Asian theatre of the Second World War when the Empire of Japan invaded the British stronghold of Singapore.

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BBC News

BBC News is an operational business division of the British Broadcasting Corporation (BBC) responsible for the gathering and broadcasting of news and current affairs.

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Big Three (credit rating agencies)

The Big Three credit rating agencies are Standard & Poor's (S&P), Moody's, and Fitch Group.

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Bombing of Singapore (1944–45)

The Bombing of Singapore (1944–45) was a military campaign conducted by the Allied air forces during World War II.

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British Council

The British Council is a British organisation specialising in international educational and cultural opportunities.

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British Empire

The British Empire comprised the dominions, colonies, protectorates, mandates and other territories ruled or administered by the United Kingdom.

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British English

British English is the English language as spoken and written in Great Britain or, more broadly, throughout the British Isles.

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British Malaya

The term British Malaya loosely describes a set of states on the Malay Peninsula and the island of Singapore that were brought under British control between the 18th and the 20th centuries.

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Brunei, officially the Nation of Brunei, the Abode of Peace (Negara Brunei Darussalam, Jawi), is a sovereign state located on the north coast of the island of Borneo in Southeast Asia.

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Brunei dollar

The Brunei dollar (Malay: ringgit Brunei, currency code: BND), has been the currency of the Sultanate of Brunei since 1967.

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Buddhism is a nontheistic religion or philosophy (Sanskrit: dharma; Pali: धम्म dhamma) that encompasses a variety of traditions, beliefs and spiritual practices largely based on teachings attributed to Gautama Buddha, commonly known as the Buddha ("the awakened one").

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Buddhism in Singapore

Buddhism owes its origins primarily from Shakyamuni Buddha who appeared in India around 2500 years ago or more.

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Buddhism in Thailand

Buddhism in Thailand is largely of the Theravada school, which is followed by 90% of the population.

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Building and Construction Authority

The Building and Construction Authority (Abbreviation: BCA) is a statutory board under the Ministry of National Development of the Singapore Government.

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Bukit Timah

Bukit Timah is an area in Singapore and a hill in that area.

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Bus transport in Singapore

Buses form a significant part of public transportation in Singapore, with over three million rides taken per day on average.

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Cabinet of Singapore

The Cabinet of Singapore forms the Government (executive branch) of Singapore together with the President of Singapore.

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California is a state located on the West Coast of the United States.

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Cambridge University Press

Cambridge University Press (CUP) is the publishing business of the University of Cambridge.

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Caning in Singapore

Caning is a widely used form of legal corporal punishment in Singapore.

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Cantonese, or Standard Cantonese (廣東話, 广东话; originally known as 廣州話, 广州话), is the dialect of Yue Chinese spoken in the vicinity of Canton (Guangzhou) in southern China.

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Capital punishment in Singapore

Capital punishment is legal in Singapore.

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Cazaux is a commune of the Ariège department in southwestern France.

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Central Area

The Central Area or Central Business District (CBD) contains the core financial and commercial districts of Singapore, including eleven urban planning areas, namely Downtown Core, Marina East, Marina South, Museum, Newton, Orchard, Outram, River Valley, Rochor, Singapore River and Straits View as defined by the Urban Redevelopment Authority (URA).

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Central Intelligence Agency

The Central Intelligence Agency (CIA) is a civilian foreign intelligence service of the U.S. Government, tasked with gathering, processing and analyzing national security information from around the world, primarily through the use of human intelligence (HUMINT).

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Certificate of Entitlement

The Certificate of Entitlement or COE is the quota license received from a successful winning bid in an open bid uniform price auction which grants the legal right of the holder to register, own and use a vehicle in Singapore for a period of 10 years.

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Channel NewsAsia

Channel NewsAsia Singapore (abbreviated CNA) Singapore was established in March 1999 by MediaCorp, and is a Singaporean English language Asian cable television news agency and news channel.

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Chief Justice of Singapore

The Chief Justice of Singapore is the highest post in the judicial system of Singapore.

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China, officially the People's Republic of China (PRC), is a sovereign state in East Asia.

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Chinese culture

Chinese culture is one of the world's oldest cultures.

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Chinese folk religion

Chinese folk religion or Chinese popular religion is the religious tradition of the Han Chinese, in which government officials and common people of China share religious practices and beliefs, including veneration of forces of nature and ancestors, exorcism of harmful forces, and a belief in the rational order of nature which can be influenced by human beings and their rulers.

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Chinese middle schools riots

The Chinese middle schools riots were a series of riots that broke out in the Chinese Singaporean community in 1956, resulting in 13 people killed and more than 100 injured.

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Chinese people

Chinese people are the various individuals or groups of people associated with China, either by reason of ancestry or heredity, nationality, citizenship, place of residence, or other affiliations.

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Chinese Singaporeans

Singaporean Chinese (Chinese: simp. 华人, trad. 華人, pin. Xīnjiāpō Huárén) are people of full or partial Chineseparticularly Han Chineseancestry who hold Singaporean nationality.

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Chola dynasty

The Chola dynasty (also called Choda and Cholan) was an ancient dynasty of southern India.

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A Christian is a person who adheres to Christianity, an Abrahamic, monotheistic religion based on the life and teachings of Jesus of Nazareth.

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Christianity in Singapore

Christians in Singapore constitute approximately 18.3% of the population.

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A city-state is a sovereign state consisting of a city and its dependent territories.

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Civil service

The term civil service can refer to either a branch of governmental service in which individuals are employed (hired) on the basis of professional merit as proven by competitive examinations; or the body of employees in any government agency apart from the military, which is a separate extension of any national government.

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Classical ballet

Classical ballet is a traditional, formal style of ballet that adheres to classical ballet technique.

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Coat of arms of Singapore

The National Coat of Arms of Singapore is the heraldic symbol representing the Southeast Asian island nation of Singapore.

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Combined Task Force 151

The Combined Task Force 151 or CTF-151 or Combined Task Force One Five One is a multinational naval task force, set up in 2009 as a response to piracy attacks in the Gulf of Aden and off the eastern coast of Somalia.

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Commonwealth of Nations

The Commonwealth of Nations, commonly known as the Commonwealth (formerly the British Commonwealth), is an intergovernmental organization of 53 member states that were mostly territories of the former British Empire.

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Communist Insurgency War

The Communist Insurgency War, also known as the Second Malayan Emergency, (Malay: Perang Insurgensi Melawan Pengganas Komunis or Perang Insurgensi Komunis and Darurat Kedua) occurred in Malaysia from 1968 to 1989, involving the Malayan Communist Party (MCP) and Malaysian Government security forces.

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Confucianism, also known as Ruism, is a system of philosophical and "ethical-sociopolitical teachings" sometimes described as a religion.

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Congestion pricing

Congestion pricing or congestion charges is a system of surcharging users of public goods that are subject to congestion through excess demand such as higher peak charges for use of bus services, electricity, metros, railways, telephones, and road pricing to reduce traffic congestion; airlines and shipping companies may be charged higher fees for slots at airports and through canals at busy times.

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Congressional Research Service

The Congressional Research Service (CRS), known as Congress's think tank, is a public policy research arm of the United States Congress.

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Conscription in Israel

Conscription exists in Israel for all Israeli citizens over the age of 18, although non-Druze Arab citizens of Israel are exempt; other exceptions are made on religious, physical or psychological grounds (see Profile 21).

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Constituencies of Singapore

Constituencies in Singapore are electoral divisions which may be represented by single or multiple seats in the Parliament of Singapore.

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Constitution of Singapore

The Constitution of the Republic of Singapore is the supreme law of Singapore.

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Containerization is a system of intermodal freight transport using intermodal containers (also called shipping containers and ISO containers) made of weathering steel.

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Coral reef

Coral reefs are diverse underwater ecosystems held together by calcium carbonate structures secreted by corals.

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Corruption Perceptions Index

Transparency International (TI) has published the Corruption Perceptions Index (CPI) since 1995, annually ranking countries "by their perceived levels of corruption, as determined by expert assessments and opinion surveys." The CPI generally defines corruption as "the misuse of public power for private benefit."CPI 2010: Long methodological brief, p. 2 The CPI currently ranks 177 countries "on a scale from 100 (very clean) to 0 (highly corrupt).".

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Cosmopolitanism is the ideology that all human beings belong to a single community, based on a shared morality.

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Cratoxylum formosum

Cratoxylum formosum or pink mempat is a species of flowering plant in the Hypericaceae family.

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Credit rating

A credit rating is an evaluation of the credit worthiness of a debtor, especially a business (company) or a government, but not individual consumers.

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Credit rating agency

A credit rating agency (CRA, also called a ratings service) is a company that assigns credit ratings, which rate a debtor's ability to pay back debt by making timely interest payments and the likelihood of default.

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Crown colony

A Crown colony, also known in the 17th century as royal colony, was a type of colonial administration of the English and later British Empire.

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Crown Colony of North Borneo

The Crown Colony of North Borneo was a British Crown colony established in 1946 shortly after the dissolution of British Military Administration.

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Crown Colony of Sarawak

The Crown Colony of Sarawak was a British Crown colony established in 1946 shortly after the dissolution of British Military Administration.

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Cultural diversity

Cultural diversity is the quality of diverse or different cultures, as opposed to monoculture, as in the global monoculture, or a homogenization of cultures, akin to cultural decay.

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Data rate units

In telecommunications, data transfer rate is the average number of bits (bitrate), characters or symbols (baudrate), or blocks per unit time passing between equipment in a data transmission system.

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David Marshall (Singaporean politician)

David Saul Marshall (12 March 1908 – 12 December 1995) was a Singaporean politician and lawyer who served as Singapore's first Chief Minister from 1955 to 1956.

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Daylight saving time

Daylight saving time (DST) or summer time is the practice of advancing clocks during summer months by one hour so that in the evening hours day light is experienced later, while sacrificing normal sunrise times.

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DBS Bank

DBS Bank Ltd is a Singaporean bank, previously known as The Development Bank of Singapore Limited, before the present name was adopted in July 2003 to reflect its changing role as a regional bank.

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Defence Science and Technology Agency

The Defence Science and Technology Agency (Abbreviation: DSTA; Chinese: 国防科技局) is a statutory board under the Ministry of Defence (Singapore) of the Singapore Government.

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Democracy Index

The Democracy Index is an index compiled by the Economist Intelligence Unit, that measures the state of democracy in 167 countries, of which 166 are sovereign states and 165 are United Nations member states.

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A dependant (British English) or dependent (American English) is a person who relies on another as a primary source of income.

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Desalination, desalinization, or desalinisation is a process that removes minerals from saline water.

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Developed country

A developed country, industrialized country, or "more economically developed country" (MEDC), is a sovereign state that has a highly developed economy and advanced technological infrastructure relative to other less industrialized nations.

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Dharma (धर्म dharma,; धम्म dhamma) is a key concept with multiple meanings in the Indian religions Hinduism, Buddhism, Sikhism and Jainism.

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Domestic worker

A domestic worker is a person who works within the employer's household.

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Downtown Core

The Downtown Core is a 266-hectare urban planning area in the south of the city-state of Singapore.

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Driving in Singapore

In Singapore, cars and other vehicles drive on the left side of the road, as in neighbouring Malaysia, due to its British colonial history (which led to British driving rules being adopted in India, Australia, New Zealand, and Hong Kong as well).

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The durian is the fruit of several tree species belonging to the genus Durio.

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Early 2000s recession

The early 2000s recession was a decline in economic activity which mainly occurred in developed countries.

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Early history of Singapore

The early history of Singapore refers to the history of Singapore before 1819, when the British established a trading settlement on the island and set in motion the history of 'modern Singapore'.

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East Asia Summit

The East Asia Summit (EAS) is a forum held annually by leaders of, initially, 16 countries in the East Asian region.

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East Coast Park

The East Coast Park (Chinese: 东海岸公园; Taman Pantai Timur; Tamil: கிழக்கு கடற்கரை பூங்கா) is a beach park located on the southeastern coast of Singapore.

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East India Company

The East India Company (EIC), also known as the Honourable East India Company and informally as John Company was an English and later British joint-stock company, formed to pursue trade with the East Indies, but which ended up trading mainly with the Indian subcontinent and Qing China.

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East Timor

East Timor or Timor-Leste, officially the Democratic Republic of Timor-Leste (Tetum: Repúblika Demokrátika Timór-Leste), is a country in Maritime Southeast Asia.

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Economist Intelligence Unit

The Economist Intelligence Unit (EIU) is an independent business within The Economist Group providing forecasting and advisory services through research and analysis, such as monthly country reports, five-year country economic forecasts, country risk service reports, and industry reports.

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Eduardo Saverin

Eduardo Luiz Saverin is a Brazilian internet entrepreneur, economist and angel investor.

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Education in Singapore

Education in Singapore is managed by the Ministry of Education (MOE), which controls the development and administration of state schools receiving government funding, but also has an advisory and supervisory role in respect of private schools.

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Electronic Road Pricing

The Electronic Road Pricing (ERP) (Sistem Elektronik Kadar Jalan) system is an electronic toll collection scheme adopted in Singapore to manage traffic by way of road pricing, and as a usage-based taxation mechanism to complement the purchase-based Certificate of Entitlement system.

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Electronic toll collection

Electronic toll collection (ETC) aims to eliminate the delay on toll roads by collecting tolls electronically.

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Encyclopædia Britannica

The Encyclopædia Britannica (Latin for "British Encyclopaedia"), published by Encyclopædia Britannica, Inc., is a general knowledge English-language encyclopaedia.

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English language

English is a West Germanic language that was first spoken in early medieval England and is now a global lingua franca.

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English law

English law means the legal system of England and Wales.

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An entrepôt or entrepot is a port, city, or trading post where merchandise may be imported, stored and/or traded, typically to be exported again.

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Environmental Performance Index

The Environmental Performance Index (EPI) is a method of quantifying and numerically marking the environmental performance of a state's policies.

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An equator is the intersection of a sphere's surface with the plane perpendicular to the sphere's axis of rotation and midway between the poles.

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Esplanade – Theatres on the Bay

Esplanade – Theatres on the Bay (also known as The Esplanade Theatres, or simply The Esplanade) is a performing arts center located in Marina Bay near the mouth of the Singapore River.

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Ethnic Malays

Malays (Melayu, Jawi: ملايو) are an ethnic group of Austronesian peoples predominantly inhabiting the Malay Peninsula; East Sumatra; Southern Thailand; the Tanintharyi Region of Myanmar; Pulau Ujong; coastal Borneo, including Brunei, West Kalimantan; and coastal Sarawak and Sabah and the smaller islands which lie between these locations — areas that are collectively known as the Malay world.

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Eurasians in Singapore

Individuals of mixed European and Asian descent in Singapore are known as Eurasians.

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Expressways of Singapore

The expressways of Singapore are special roads that allow motorists to travel quickly from one urban area to another.

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Federation of Malaya

The Federation of Malaya (Persekutuan Tanah Melayu; Jawi: ڤرسكوتوان تانه ملايو) was a federation of 11 states (nine Malay states and two of the British Straits Settlements, Penang and Malacca)See: Cabinet Memorandum by the Secretary of State for the Colonies.

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Financial centre

A financial centre is a location that is home to a cluster of nationally or internationally significant financial services providers such as banks, investment managers or stock exchanges.

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Financial crisis of 2007–08

The financial crisis of 2007–08, also known as the Global Financial Crisis and 2008 financial crisis, is considered by many economists to have been the worst financial crisis since the Great Depression of the 1930s.

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Financial Secrecy Index

The Tax Justice Network’s Financial Secrecy Index highlights places around the world that provide (relatively) safe havens for tax evaders.

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First language

A first language (also native language, mother tongue, arterial language, or L1) is the language or are the languages a person has learned from birth or within the critical period, or that a person speaks the best and so is often the basis for sociolinguistic identity.

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First-past-the-post voting

A first-past-the-post (abbreviated FPTP, 1stP, or FPP), or winner-takes-all, election is one that is won by the candidate receiving more votes than any others.

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Fitch Ratings

Fitch Ratings Inc.

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Five Power Defence Arrangements

The Five Power Defence Arrangements (FPDA) are a series of defence relationships established by a series of bilateral agreements between the United Kingdom, Australia, New Zealand, Malaysia and Singapore (all Commonwealth members) signed in 1971, whereby the five countries will consult each other in the event of external aggression or threat of attack against Peninsular Malaysia or Singapore.

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Flag carrier

A flag carrier is a transportation company, such as an airline or shipping company, that, being locally registered in a given state, enjoys preferential rights or privileges accorded by the government for international operations.

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Forbes is an American business magazine owned by Forbes, Inc.

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Foreign born

Foreign born (also non-native) people are those born outside of their country of residence.

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Foreign exchange market

The foreign exchange market (forex, FX, or currency market) is a global decentralized market for the trading of currencies.

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Foreign worker

A foreign worker is a person who works in a country other than the one of which he or she is a citizen.

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Formula One

Formula One (also Formula 1 or F1) is the highest class of single-seat auto racing that is sanctioned by the Fédération Internationale de l'Automobile (FIA).

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Formula One Group

The Formula One Group is a group of companies responsible for the promotion of the FIA Formula One World Championship and exploitation of the sport's commercial rights.

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Fortune (magazine)

Fortune is an American business magazine, published globally by Time Inc. and founded by Henry Luce in 1929.

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Founding of modern Singapore

Modern Singapore was founded in 1819 by Sir Stamford Raffles as a British colony.

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Four Asian Tigers

The Four Asian Tigers or Four Asian Dragons is a term used in reference to the highly free-market and developed economies of Hong Kong, Singapore, South Korea, and Taiwan.

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France, officially the French Republic (République française), is a sovereign state comprising territory in western Europe and several overseas regions and territories.

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Free trade area

A free-trade area is the region encompassing a trade bloc whose member countries have signed a free trade agreement (FTA).

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Freedom House

Freedom House is a U.S. based government fundedGiannonea, Diego (2010)."Political and ideological aspects in the measurement of democracy: the Freedom House case".

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Freedom in the World

Freedom in the World is a yearly survey and report by the U.S.-based non-governmental organization Freedom House that measures the degree of civil liberties and political rights in every nation and significant disputed territories around the world.

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Freedom of assembly

Freedom of assembly, sometimes used interchangeably with the freedom of association, is the individual right or ability to come together and collectively express, promote, pursue, and defend their ideas.

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Freedom of speech

Freedom of speech is the right to communicate one's opinions and ideas without fear of government retaliation or censorship.

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Freight transport

Freight transport is the physical process of transporting commodities and merchandise goods and cargo.

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Fresh water

Fresh water is naturally occurring water on the Earth's surface in ice sheets, ice caps, glaciers, icebergs, bogs, ponds, lakes, rivers and streams, and underground as groundwater in aquifers and underground streams.

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Gallup (company)

Gallup, Inc., is an American research-based, global performance-management consulting company.

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Geary–Khamis dollar

The Geary–Khamis dollar, more commonly known as the international dollar, is a hypothetical unit of currency that has the same purchasing power parity that the U.S. dollar had in the United States at a given point in time.

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Genée International Ballet Competition

The Genée International Ballet Competition is one of the world's most prestigious classical ballet competitions.

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General officer commanding

General officer commanding (GOC) is the usual title given in the armies of Commonwealth (and some other, such as in Ireland) nations to a general officer who holds a command appointment.

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Geneva (Genève, Genèva, Genf, Ginevra, Genevra) is the second most populous city in Switzerland (after Zürich) and is the most populous city of Romandy, the French-speaking part of Switzerland.

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Geographic coordinate system

A geographic coordinate system is a coordinate system that enables every location on the Earth to be specified by a set of numbers or letters.

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Gibraltar is a British Overseas Territory located on the southern end of the Iberian Peninsula at the entrance of the Mediterranean.

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Global city

A global city, also called world city or sometimes alpha city or world center, is a city generally considered to be an important node in the global economic system.

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Global Competitiveness Report

The Global Competitiveness Report (GCR) is a yearly report published by the World Economic Forum.

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Goh Chok Tong

Goh Chok Tong (born 20 May 1941;, Wade–Giles: Wu2-tso4-tung4) is a Singaporean politician.

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Goh Keng Swee

Goh Keng Swee, (6 October 1918 – 14 May 2010) was the second Deputy Prime Minister of Singapore between 1973 and 1984, and a Member of Parliament (MP) for the Kreta Ayer constituency for a quarter of a century.

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Golden jubilee

A golden jubilee is a celebration held to mark a 50th anniversary.

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Grand Prairie, Texas

Grand Prairie is a city located in Dallas and Tarrant counties in the U.S. state of Texas.

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Gross national income

The gross national income (GNI) is the total domestic and foreign output claimed by residents of a country, consisting of gross domestic product (GDP) plus factor incomes earned by foreign residents, minus income earned in the domestic economy by nonresidents (Todaro & Smith, 2011: 44).

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Gross tonnage

Gross tonnage (often abbreviated as GT, G.T. or gt) is a unitless index related to a ship's overall internal volume.

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Group Representation Constituency

A Group Representation Constituency (GRC) is a type of electoral division or constituency in Singapore where the Members of Parliament (MPs) are voted into Parliament as a group.

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Gulf of Aden

The Gulf of Aden (خليج عدن, Gacanka Cadmeed) is a gulf located in the Arabian Sea between Yemen, on the south coast of the Arabian Peninsula, and Somalia in the Horn of Africa.

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Haaretz (הארץ) (lit. "The Land ", originally Ḥadashot Ha'aretz – חדשות הארץ, – "News the Land ") is Israel's oldest daily newspaper.

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Halimah Yacob

Halimah binte Yacob (born 23 August 1954) is a politician from Singapore.

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Haze is traditionally an atmospheric phenomenon where dust, smoke and other dry particles obscure the clarity of the sky.

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Healthcare in Singapore

Healthcare in Singapore is mainly under the responsibility of the Singapore Government's Ministry of Health.

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Hinduism in Singapore

Hindu religion and culture in Singapore can be traced back to the 7th century AD, when Temasek was a trading post of Hindu-Buddhist Srivijaya empire.

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Hinterland is a German word meaning "the land behind" (a city, a port, or similar).

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History of Singapore

The written history of Singapore dates back to the third century.

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The human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) is a lentivirus (a subgroup of retrovirus) that causes HIV infection and acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS).

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Hock Lee bus riots

The Hock Lee bus riots occurred on May 12, 1955, in Singapore.

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Hokkien or or Quanzhang (Quanzhou–Zhangzhou / Chinchew–Changchew; BP) is a group of mutually intelligible Min Nan Chinese dialects spoken throughout Southeast Asia and by many overseas Chinese.

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Housing and Development Board

The Housing & Development Board (Abbreviation: HDB; Simplified Chinese: 建屋发展局; Lembaga Pembangunan dan Perumahan; வீடமைப்பு வளர்ச்சிக் கழகம்) is the statutory board of the Ministry of National Development responsible for public housing in Singapore.

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Human capital

For the 2013 film, see Human Capital (film). Human capital is the stock of knowledge, habits, social and personality attributes, including creativity, embodied in the ability to perform labor so as to produce economic value.

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Human skin color

Human skin color ranges in variety from the darkest brown to the lightest pinkish-white hues.

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Hurricane Katrina

Hurricane Katrina was the eleventh named storm and fifth hurricane of the 2005 Atlantic hurricane season.

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Hussein Shah of Johor

Sultan Hussein Mua'zzam Shah ibni Mahmud Shah Alam (1776 – 5 September 1835) was the 18th ruler of Johor-Riau.

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Illegal drug trade

Drug dealing is the exchange of illegal drugs for payment.

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Immunization, or immunisation, is the process by which an individual's immune system becomes fortified against an agent (known as the immunogen).

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Imperial Japanese Army

The, literally "Army of the Greater Japanese Empire", was the official ground-based armed force of the Empire of Japan, from 1871 to 1945.

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Independence is a condition of a nation, country, or state in which its residents and population, or some portion thereof, exercise self-government, and usually sovereignty, over the territory.

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Index of Singapore-related articles

Articles related to Singapore include.

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India, officially the Republic of India, is a country in South Asia.

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Indian Singaporeans

Indian Singaporeans or Singaporean Indians—defined as persons of South Asian ancestry—form 9% of the country's citizens and permanent residents, making them Singapore's third largest ethnic group after Chinese and Malays.

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Indonesia (or; Indonesian), officially the Republic of Indonesia (Republik Indonesia), is a sovereign state in Southeast Asia.

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The infantry is the branch of a military force that fights on foot.

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Infrastructure refers to the fundamental facilities and systems serving a country, city, or area, including the services and facilities necessary for its economy to function.

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Institute for Palestine Studies

The Institute for Palestine Studies (IPS) is the oldest independent nonprofit public service research institute in the Arab world.

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Integrated resort

The term integrated resort (IR) is used to describe Singapore's major integrated properties, which feature gaming, hotels, convention facilities, entertainment shows, theme parks, luxury retail, and fine dining.

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International Association for the Evaluation of Educational Achievement

The International Association for the Evaluation of Educational Achievement (IEA) is an independent, international cooperative of national research institutions and governmental research agencies.

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International Congress and Convention Association

The International Congress and Convention Association (ICCA) was founded in 1963 by a group of travel agents to exchange information on international congresses and conventions.

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International Court of Justice

The International Court of Justice (Cour internationale de justice; commonly referred to as the World Court or ICJ) is the primary judicial branch of the United Nations.

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International Futures

International Futures (IFs) is a global integrated assessment model designed to help in thinking strategically and systematically about key global systems (economic, demographic, education, health, environment, technology, domestic governance, infrastructure, agriculture, energy and environment) housed at the Frederick S. Pardee Center for International Futures.

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International Institute for Strategic Studies

The International Institute for Strategic Studies (IISS) is a British research institute (or think tank) in the area of international affairs.

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International Monetary Fund

The International Monetary Fund (IMF) is an international organization headquartered in Washington, DC, of "188 countries working to foster global monetary cooperation, secure financial stability, facilitate international trade, promote high employment and sustainable economic growth, and reduce poverty around the world".

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International Olympic Committee

The International Olympic Committee (IOC; Comité international olympique, CIO) is an international, non-profit, non-governmental organization based in Lausanne, Switzerland, created by Pierre, Baron de Coubertin, on 23 June 1894 with Demetrios Vikelas as its first president.

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International rankings of Singapore

The following are some international rankings of Singapore.

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International student

According to the Organization of Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD), international students are those who travel to a country different from their own for the purpose of tertiary study.

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International trade

International trade is the exchange of capital, goods, and services across international borders or territories, which could involve the activities of the government and individual.

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Internet in Singapore

In Singapore, there are 11,512,900 broadband Internet subscribers (as of February 2015).

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Internet service provider

An Internet service provider (ISP) is an organization that provides services for accessing, using, or participating in the Internet.

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IPTV, Internet Protocol television is a system through which television services are delivered using the Internet protocol suite over a packet-switched network such as a LAN or the Internet, instead of being delivered through traditional terrestrial, satellite signal, and cable television formats.

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Iraq (or; العراق, Kurdish: Êraq), officially the Republic of Iraq (Arabic: جمهورية العراق; كۆماری عێراق), is a country in Western Asia.

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Irreligion in Singapore

As of 2010, 17% of Singaporeans have no religious affiliation.

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Islam (There are ten pronunciations of Islam in English, differing in whether the first or second syllable has the stress, whether the s is or, and whether the a is pronounced, or (when the stress is on the first syllable) (Merriam Webster). The most common are (Oxford English Dictionary, Random House) and (American Heritage Dictionary). الإسلام,: Arabic pronunciation varies regionally. The first vowel ranges from ~~. The second vowel ranges from ~~~. In Northwestern Africa, they do not have stress or lengthened vowels.) is a monotheistic, Abrahamic religion articulated by the Qur'an, a religious text considered by its adherents to be the verbatim word of God, and, for the vast majority of adherents, by the teachings and normative example (called the sunnah, composed of accounts called hadith) of Muhammad (circa 570–8 June 632 CE), considered by most of them to be the last prophet of God.

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Islam in Singapore

According to statistics from, about 15% of Singapore's resident population aged 15 years and over are Muslims.

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Islamic culture

Islamic culture is a term primarily used in secular academia to describe the cultural practices common to historically Islamic people.

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Island country

An island country is a country whose primary territory consists of one or more islands or parts of islands.

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An islet is a very small island.

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Israel, officially the State of Israel (מְדִינַת יִשְׂרָאֵל; دولة إِسْرَائِيل), is a country in West Asia, situated at the southeastern shore of the Mediterranean Sea and the northern shore of the Gulf of Aqaba in the Red Sea.

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Israel Defense Forces

The Israel Defense Forces (IDF; צְבָא הַהֲגָנָה לְיִשְׂרָאֵל, lit. "The Army of Defense for Israel", commonly known in Israel by the Hebrew acronym Tzahal, are the military forces of the State of Israel. They consist of the ground forces, air force, and navy. The IDF is headed by its Chief of General Staff, the Ramatkal, subordinate to the Defense Minister of Israel; Lieutenant general (Rav Aluf) Gadi Eizenkot has served as Chief of Staff since 2015. An order from Defense Minister David Ben-Gurion on 26 May 1948 officially set up the Israel Defense Forces as a conscript army formed out of the paramilitary group Haganah, incorporating the militant groups Irgun and Lehi. The IDF served as Israel's armed forces in all the country's major military operations—including the 1948 War of Independence, 1951–1956 Retribution operations, 1956 Sinai War, 1964–1967 War over Water, 1967 Six-Day War, 1967–1970 War of Attrition, 1968 Battle of Karameh, 1973 Operation Spring of Youth, 1973 Yom Kippur War, 1976 Operation Entebbe, 1978 Operation Litani, 1982 Lebanon War, 1982–2000 South Lebanon conflict, 1987–1993 First Intifada, 2000–2005 Second Intifada, 2002 Operation Defensive Shield, 2006 Lebanon War, 2008–2009 Operation Cast Lead, 2012 Operation Pillar of Defense, and 2014 Operation Protective Edge. The number of wars and border conflicts in which the IDF has been involved in its short history makes it one of the most battle-trained armed forces in the world. While originally the IDF operated on three fronts—against Lebanon and Syria in the north, Jordan and Iraq in the east, and Egypt in the south—after the 1979 Egyptian–Israeli Peace Treaty, it has concentrated its activities in southern Lebanon and the Palestinian Territories, including the First and the Second Intifada. The Israel Defense Forces differs from most armed forces in the world in many ways. Differences include the mandatory conscription of women and its structure, which emphasizes close relations between the army, navy, and air force. Since its founding, the IDF has been specifically designed to match Israel's unique security situation. The IDF is one of Israeli society's most prominent institutions, influencing the country's economy, culture and political scene. In 1965, the Israel Defense Forces was awarded the Israel Prize for its contribution to education. The IDF uses several technologies developed in Israel, many of them made specifically to match the IDF's needs, such as the Merkava main battle tank, Achzarit armoured personnel carrier, high tech weapons systems, the Iron Dome missile defense system, Trophy active protection system for vehicles, and the Galil and Tavor assault rifles. The Uzi submachine gun was invented in Israel and used by the IDF until December 2003, ending a service that began in 1954. Following 1967, the IDF has close military relations with the United States, including development cooperation, such as on the F-15I jet, THEL laser defense system, and the Arrow missile defense system.

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Japanese occupation of Singapore

The Japanese occupation of Singapore in World War II took place from 1942 to 1945, following the fall of the British colony on 15 February 1942.

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Jemaah Islamiyah

Jemaah Islamiah (الجماعة الإسلامية, al-Jamāʿat ul-Islāmíyatu, meaning "Islamic Congregation", frequently abbreviated JI), is a Southeast Asian militant Islamist terrorist group dedicated to the establishment of a Daulah Islamiyah (regional Islamic caliphate) in Southeast Asia.

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Johor or Johore is a Malaysian state, located in the southern portion of Peninsular Malaysia.

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Johor Sultanate

The Sultanate of Johor (or sometimes Johor-Riau or Johor-Riau-Lingga or more correctly Johor Empire) was founded by Malaccan Sultan Mahmud Shah's son, Sultan Alauddin Riayat Shah II in 1528.

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Johor–Singapore Causeway

The Johor–Singapore Causeway (Tambak Johor) is a 1056-metre causeway that links the city of Johor Bahru in Malaysia across the Straits of Johor to the town of Woodlands in Singapore.

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Judicial corporal punishment

Judicial corporal punishment (JCP) refers to the infliction of corporal punishment as a result of a sentence by a court of law.

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Judicial system of Singapore

The full Judicial power in Singapore is vested in the Supreme Court as well as subordinate courts by the Constitution of Singapore.

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Junior college (Singapore)

Junior colleges in Singapore were designed to offer an accelerated alternative to the traditional three-year programme, but the two-year programme they offer has become the norm for students pursuing university education.

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Jurong Island

Jurong Island is an artificial island located to the southwest of the main island of Singapore, off Jurong Industrial Estate.

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Jurong Port

Jurong Port Pte Ltd (Chinese: 裕廊海港私人有限公司) is a port operator headquartered in Singapore.

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Jury trial

A jury trial or trial by jury is a legal proceeding in which a jury either makes a decision or makes findings of fact, which then direct the actions of a judge.

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Kangaroo Route

The Kangaroo Route traditionally refers to air routes flown by Qantas between Australia and the United Kingdom via the Eastern Hemisphere.

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Kayaking is the use of a kayak for moving across water.

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Köppen climate classification

Köppen climate classification is one of the most widely used climate classification systems.

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Keppel Corporation

Keppel Corporation (also known as Keppel Corp) is a Singaporean company that specialises in marine, property and infrastructure businesses.

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Kingdom of Singapura

The Kingdom of Singapura (Malay: Kerajaan Singapura) was a historical Malay kingdom that existed on the island of Singapore from 1299 until its fall in 1398.

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Kranji Racecourse

The Singapore Racecourse is a venue for Thoroughbred horse racing in the Kranji area of Singapore.

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Labour Front

The Labour Front was a political party in Singapore.

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Land reclamation

Land reclamation, usually known as reclamation, and also known as land fill (not to be confused with a landfill), is the process of creating new land from ocean, riverbeds, or lake beds.

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Language is the ability to acquire and use complex systems of communication, particularly the human ability to do so, and a language is any specific example of such a system.

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Language interpretation

Interpretation or interpreting is the facilitating of oral or sign-language communication, either simultaneously or consecutively, between users of different languages.

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Languages of India

There are several languages in India belonging to different language families, the major ones being the Indo-Aryan languages spoken by 75% of Indians and the Dravidian languages spoken by most of the rest of Indians.

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Latin script

Latin script, or Roman script, is a set of graphic signs (script) based on the letters of the classical Latin alphabet, a form of the Cumaean Greek version of the Greek alphabet.

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Law of Singapore

The legal system of Singapore is based on the English common law system.

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Lee Hsien Loong

Lee Hsien Loong (李显龙, pinyin: Lǐ Xiǎnlóng; born 10 February 1952) is a Singaporean politician.

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Lee Kuan Yew

Lee Kuan Yew, GCMG, CH, SPMJ (born Harry Lee Kuan Yew, 16 September 1923 – 23 March 2015), informally known by his initials LKY, was the first Prime Minister of Singapore, governing for more than three decades from 1959 to 1990, including through Singapore's independence from Malaysia in 1965. After Lee chose to step down as Prime Minister in 1990, Lee's successor, Goh Chok Tong, appointed him as Senior Minister, a post he held until 2004, when his elder son, Lee Hsien Loong, became the nation's third prime minister. The elder Lee then assumed the advisory post of Minister Mentor until he left the Cabinet in 2011. In total, Lee held successive ministerial positions for 56 years. He continued to serve his Tanjong Pagar constituency of nearly 60 years as an elected Member of Parliament until his death in 2015.Buckley, Chris (23 March 2015).. The New York Times (blog). Lee is recognised as the founding father of independent Singapore, with the country being described as transitioning from the "third world to the first world in a single generation" under his leadership. Lee graduated from Fitzwilliam College, Cambridge University, with a double starred-first-class honours in law. In 1950, he became a barrister of the Middle Temple and practised law until 1959. Lee co-founded the People's Action Party (PAP) in 1954 and was its first secretary-general, a position he held until 1992, leading the party to eight consecutive victories. He campaigned for Britain to relinquish its colonial rule, which Britain did in 1963, when Singapore merged with Malaya, Sabah and Sarawak to form the new federation of Malaysia. Racial strife and political tensions led to Singapore's separation from the Malaysian Federation two years later. With overwhelming parliamentary control, Lee and his cabinet oversaw Singapore's transformation from a relatively underdeveloped colonial outpost with no natural resources to an Asian Tiger economy. In the process, he forged a widely admired system of meritocratic, corruption-free and highly efficient government and civil service. Many of his policies are now taught at the Lee Kuan Yew School of Public Policy. Lee eschewed populist policies in favor of pragmatic long-term social and economic measures. With meritocracy and multiracialism as the governing principles, Lee made English the common language to integrate its immigrant society and to facilitate trade with the West. However, Lee also mandated bilingualism in schools for students to preserve their mother-tongue cultural identity. Lee's rule was criticised, particularly in the West, for curtailing civil liberties (public protests, media control) and bringing libel suits against political opponents. He argued that such disciplinary measures were necessary for political stability, which together with rule of law, were essential for economic progress.

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A legislature is the law-making body of a political unit, usually a national government, that has power to enact, amend, and repeal public policy.

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Library of Congress

The Library of Congress is the research library that officially serves the United States Congress, but which is the de facto national library of the United States.

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Library of Congress Country Studies

The Country Studies are works published by the Federal Research Division of the United States Library of Congress, freely available for use by researchers.

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Light Rail Transit (Singapore)

The Light Rail Transit (LRT), also known as the Light Rapid Transit, is the light rail component of Singapore's rail network, consisting of localised rail systems acting as feeder services to the Mass Rapid Transit network.

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Lim Yew Hock

Haji Omar Lim Yew Hock (15 October 1914 – 30 November 1984), born Lim Yew Hock, was a Singaporean and Malaysian politician of Chinese descent, who served as a Member of the Legislative Council and Assembly from 1948 to 1963, and the second Chief Minister of Singapore from 1956 to 1959.

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The lion (Panthera leo) is one of the five big cats in the genus Panthera and a member of the family Felidae.

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Lion head symbol of Singapore

The lion head symbol was introduced in 1986 as an alternative national symbol of Singapore.

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List of countries by alcohol consumption per capita

This is a list of countries by alcohol consumption measured in equivalent litres of pure ethanol consumed per capita per year.

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List of countries by credit rating

This is a list of countries by credit rating, showing long-term foreign currency credit ratings for sovereign bonds as reported by the three major credit rating agencies: Standard & Poor's, Fitch, and Moody's.

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List of countries by foreign-exchange reserves

Foreign-exchange reserves (also called Forex reserves) are, in a strict sense, only the foreign-currency deposits held by national central banks and monetary authorities (See List of countries by foreign-exchange reserves (excluding gold)).

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List of countries by GDP (nominal) per capita

This article includes four lists of countries of the world sorted by their gross domestic product per capita at nominal values.

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List of countries by GDP (PPP) per capita

This article includes three lists of countries by gross domestic product (at purchasing power parity) per capita, i.e. the purchasing power parity (PPP) value of all final goods and services produced within a country in a given year, divided by the average (or mid-year) population for the same year.

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List of countries by home ownership rate

This is a list of countries by home ownership rate, the ratio of owner-occupied units to total residential units in a specified area.

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List of countries by income equality

This is a list of countries or dependencies by income inequality metrics, including Gini coefficients.

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List of countries by infant mortality rate

Figures are from the 2011 revision of the United Nations World Population Prospects report, by five years averages, and the CIA World Factbook.

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List of countries by intentional homicide rate

List of countries by intentional homicide rate per year per 100,000 inhabitants.

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List of countries by life expectancy

This is a collection of lists of countries by life expectancy at birth.

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List of countries by net international investment position per capita

This may refer to either.

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List of countries by received FDI

This article includes a list of countries of the world sorted by received Foreign direct investment (FDI) stock, the level of accumulated FDI in a country.

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List of countries by unemployment rate

Methods of calculation and presentation of unemployment rate vary from country to country.

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List of Governors of Singapore

The Governors of Singapore were the political leaders of Singapore during its pre-independence phase in the history of:Singapore.

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List of islands of Singapore

This is a list of islands of Singapore in 19 42.

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List of radio stations in Singapore

The following radio stations are located in and transmitted from Singapore.

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List of world's busiest container ports

This is a list of the world's busiest container ports by total number of actual twenty-foot equivalent units (TEUs) transported through the port.

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Literacy is traditionally understood as the ability to read and write.

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Little red dot

"Little red dot" (or "The Red Dot", or "Little Red Dot") is a nickname often used in the media, and in casual conversation, as a reference to Singapore.

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Logistics is the management of the flow of things between the point of origin and the point of consumption in order to meet requirements of customers or corporations.

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London is the capital and most populous city of England and the United Kingdom.

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Luke Air Force Base

Luke Air Force Base is a United States Air Force base located seven miles (11 km) west of the central business district of Glendale, in Maricopa County, Arizona, United States.

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Mahāyāna (महायान mahāyāna, literally the "Great Vehicle") is one of two (or three, under some classifications) main existing branches of Buddhism and a term for classification of Buddhist philosophies and practice.

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Majulah Singapura

Majulah Singapura (Onward Singapore;; முன்னேறட்டும் சிங்கப்பூர்) is the national anthem of Singapore.

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Malacca Sultanate

The Malacca Sultanate (Kesultanan Melayu Melaka; Jawi script: كسلطانن ملايو ملاك) was a Malay sultanate centred in the modern-day state of Malacca, Malaysia.

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Malay language

Malay (Bahasa Melayu; Jawi script: بهاس ملايو) is a major language of the Austronesian family.

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Malay Singaporeans

Singaporean Malay or Malay Singaporean (Melayu Singapura; Jawi:ملايو سيڠاڤورا) are defined by the Singaporean government and by intellectuals in the country using the broader concept of the Malay race, akin to the Malaysian definition.

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Malaya Command

The Malaya Command was a formation of the British Army formed in the 1920s for the coordination of the defences of British Malaya, which comprised the Straits Settlements, the Federated Malay States and the Unfederated Malay States.

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Malayan Emergency

The Malayan Emergency (Darurat) was a Malayan guerrilla war fought between Commonwealth armed forces and the Malayan National Liberation Army (MNLA), the military arm of the Malayan Communist Party (MCP), from 1948–60.

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Malayan tiger

The Malayan tiger (Panthera tigris jacksoni) is a tiger subspecies that inhabits the southern and central parts of the Malay Peninsula and has been classified as Critically Endangered by IUCN in 2015 as the population was roughly estimated at 250 to 340 adult individuals in 2013; this population likely comprises less than 250 mature breeding individuals, with a declining trend.

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Malaysia is a federal constitutional monarchy located in Southeast Asia.

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Malaysia Agreement

The Malaysia Agreement or the Agreement relating to Malaysia between United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, Federation of Malaya, North Borneo, Sarawak and Singapore was the agreement which combined North Borneo, Sarawak, and Singapore with the existing Federation of Malaya, the resulting union being named Malaysia.

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Malaysia–Singapore Second Link

The Malaysia–Singapore Second Link (Laluan Kedua Malaysia–Singapura) is a bridge connecting Singapore and Johor, Malaysia.

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Mandatory sentencing

A mandatory sentence is a court decision setting where judicial discretion is limited by law.

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Marana, Arizona

Marana is a town in Pima County, Arizona, located northwest of Tucson, with a small portion in Pinal County.

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Marina Bay Street Circuit

The Marina Bay Street Circuit (otherwise known as the Singapore GP Street Circuit) is a street circuit around Singapore's Marina Bay and is the venue for the Singapore Grand Prix.

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Market economy

A market economy is an economy in which decisions regarding investment, production, and distribution are based on supply and demand, and prices of goods and services are determined in a free price system.

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Marshall Cavendish

Marshall Cavendish is a subsidiary company of Times Publishing Group, the printing and publishing subsidiary of Singapore-based conglomerate Fraser and Neave and at present is a publisher of books, directories and magazines.

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Mass Rapid Transit (Singapore)

The Mass Rapid Transit, or MRT, is a rapid transit system forming the major component of the railway system in Singapore, spanning the entire city-state.

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MATADOR (Man-portable Anti-Tank, Anti-DOoR) is a man-portable, disposable anti-armor weapon system developed in collaboration between Singapore and Israel.

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Mathematics (from Greek μάθημα máthēma, “knowledge, study, learning”) is the study of topics such as quantity (numbers), structure, space, and change.

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Mechanical engineering

Mechanical engineering is the discipline that applies the principles of engineering, physics, and materials science for the design, analysis, manufacturing, and maintenance of mechanical systems.

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Media Development Authority

The Media Development Authority (Abbreviation: MDA) is a statutory board of the Singapore Government, under the Ministry of Communications and Information (MCI).

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MediaCorp Pte Ltd, better known as MediaCorp, is a group of commercial media companies in Singapore, with business interests in television and radio broadcasting, interactive media, and, to a lesser extent, print publishing and filmmaking.

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MediaCorp Channel 5

MediaCorp Channel 5 (Chinese: 5頻道, Before 31 December 2004: 新加坡電視 (English: "Televisyen Singapura") and 第5波道 (English: "Saluran 5" and "5th Frequency") is a 24-hour English general news and entertainment free-to-air terrestrial television channel in Singapore. From its major revamp in 2015 and as part of SG50, its main mission is to promote a happier and more enlightened Singapore. Believing strongly in the provision of wholesome entertainment, good family and community values, good racial harmony, good corporate citizenship, and the promotion of national integration, the station works on an appointment-based programming concept reflecting its philosophy of being "It's Good to be Home on 5". Programmes on Channel 5 normally include English drama (both foreign imports and locally-made), movies, sports, reality show, variety show, news, current affairs and game show programmes. Local editions of overseas programmes like Singapore Idol, Who Wants to Be a Millionaire? and Deal or No Deal have also been produced.

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MediaCorp Channel 8

MediaCorp Channel 8 or Channel 8 (Chinese: 8频道, Before 31 December 2004: 第八波道) is Singapore's first free-to-air Mandarin television channel in Singapore.

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MediaCorp Channel U

MediaCorp Channel U or Channel U (U頻道; pinyin: U Píndào) is Singapore's second free-to-air Chinese television channel in Singapore.

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MediaCorp Suria

MediaCorp Suria (Chinese: 朝阳频道) is a Malay language channel from MediaCorp and broadcasting via digital cable, terrestrial, IPTV and satellite platforms.

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MediaCorp Vasantham

MediaCorp Vasantham or Vasantham (வசந்தம்) is a (predominantly Tamil) Indian language channel dedicated to the Singaporean Indians in Singapore.

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Medical tourism

Medical tourism is a form of health tourism commonly referring to the travel of people to another country for the purpose of obtaining medical treatment in that country.

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Medisave (Chinese: 保健储蓄) was introduced in April 1984 as a national medical savings account system for Singaporeans.

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Member of parliament

A member of parliament (MP) is the representative of the voters to a parliament.

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Mercer Quality of Living Survey

The Mercer Quality of Living Survey ranks 221 cities from Vienna to Baghdad on quality of life.

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Meritocracy (merit, from Latin mereō "I earn" and -cracy, from Ancient Greek κράτος "strength, power") is a political philosophy which holds that power should be vested in individuals almost exclusively according to merit.

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Middle power

In international relations, a middle power is a sovereign state that is not a superpower or a great power, but still has large or moderate influence and international recognition.

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Minimum wage

A minimum wage is the lowest daily or monthly remuneration that employers may legally pay to workers.

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Minister Mentor

Minister Mentor (abbreviation: MM) was a position in the Cabinet of Singapore.

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Ministry of Communications and Information

The Ministry of Communications and Information (Abbreviation: MCI; Kementerian Perhubungan dan Penerangan; Chinese: 通讯及新闻部) is a ministry of the Government of Singapore.

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Ministry of Education (Singapore)

The Ministry of Education (Abbreviation: MOE; Kementerian Pelajaran; Chinese: 新加坡教育部; கல்வி அமைச்சகம்) is a ministry of the Government of Singapore that directs the formulation and implementation of policies related to education in Singapore.

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Ministry of Home Affairs (Singapore)

The Ministry of Home Affairs (Abbreviation: MHA; Kementerian Dalam Negeri; Chinese: 内政部; உள்துறை அமைச்சு) is a ministry of the Government of Singapore responsible for public safety, civil defence and immigration.

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Ministry of Social and Family Development

The Ministry of Social and Family Development (Abbreviation: MSF; Kementerian Pembangunan Sosial dan Keluarga; Chinese: 社会及家庭发展部) is a ministry of the Government of Singapore focusing on nurturing resilient individuals, strong families and a caring society in Singapore.

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Ministry of Trade and Industry (Singapore)

The Ministry Of Trade and Industry (Abbreviation: MTI; Kementerian Perdagangan dan Industri) is a ministry of the Government of Singapore that directs the formulation of policies related to the development of trade and industry in Singapore.

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Mobile phone

A mobile phone (also known as a cellular phone, cell phone, hand phone, or simply a phone) is a phone that can make and receive telephone calls over a radio link while moving around a wide geographic area.

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Monetary Authority of Singapore

The Monetary Authority of Singapore (Abbreviation: MAS;; Malay: Penguasa Kewangan Singapura) is Singapore's central bank and financial regulatory authority.

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Monsoon (UK:; US) is traditionally defined as a seasonal reversing wind accompanied by corresponding changes in precipitation, but is now used to describe seasonal changes in atmospheric circulation and precipitation associated with the asymmetric heating of land and sea.

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Moody's Investors Service

Moody's Investors Service, often referred to as Moody's, is the bond credit rating business of Moody's Corporation, representing the company's traditional line of business and its historical name.

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Multi-party system

A multi-party system is a system in which multiple political parties across the political spectrum run for national election, and all have a similar or equal chance of gaining control of government offices, separately or in coalition government.

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Multiculturalism describes the existence, acceptance, or promotion of multiple cultural traditions within a single jurisdiction, usually considered in terms of the culture associated with an ethnic group.

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Multilingualism is the use of more than two languages, either by an individual speaker or by a community of speakers.

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Nanny state

Nanny state is a term of British origin that conveys a view that a government or its policies are overprotective or interfering unduly with personal choice.

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Nanyang Technological University

Nanyang Technological University (Abbreviation: NTU; Malay: Universiti Teknologi Nanyang; Chinese: 南洋理工大学; pinyin: Nányáng Lǐgōng Dàxué; Tamil: நன்யாங் தொழில்நுட்ப பல்கலைக்கழகம், Naṉyāṅ Toḻilnuṭpa Palkalaikkaḻakam) is one of the two largest public and autonomous universities in Singapore.

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Nation (from Latin: natio, "people, tribe, kin, genus, class, flock") is a social concept with no uncontroversial definition, but which is most commonly used to designate larger groups or collectives of people with common characteristics attributed to them - including language, traditions, customs (mores), habits (habitus), and ethnicity.

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National Basketball League (Australia)

The National Basketball League (NBL) is the pre-eminent men's professional basketball league in Oceania, and is widely considered to be the premier men's professional basketball league in the world.

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National Environment Agency

National Environment Agency (Abbreviation: NEA; Chinese: 国家环境局; Malay: Agensi Sekitaran Kebangsaan) formed on 1 July 2002, is a statutory board under the Ministry of the Environment and Water Resources in Singapore.

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National Parks Board

The National Parks Board (Abbreviation: NParks) is a statutory board of the Singapore Government.

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National service in Singapore

National Service in Singapore, (commonly known as NS), requires all male Singaporean citizens and second-generation permanent residents who have reached the age of 18 to register for National Service compulsorily.

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National University of Singapore

The National University of Singapore (Abbreviation: NUS) is one of the two largest public and autonomous universities in Singapore.

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Natural resource

Natural Resources are all that exists without the actions of humankind.

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Natural rubber

Natural rubber, also called India rubber or caoutchouc, as initially produced, consists of polymers of the organic compound isoprene, with minor impurities of other organic compounds plus water.

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Natural science

Natural science is a branch of science concerned with the description, prediction, and understanding of natural phenomena, based on observational and empirical evidence.

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Naturalization (or naturalisation) is the legal act or process by which a non-citizen in a country may acquire citizenship or nationality of that country.

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Nature reserve

A nature reserve (natural reserve, bioreserve, (natural/nature) preserve or (national/nature) conserve) is a protected area of importance for wildlife, flora, fauna or features of geological or other special interest, which is reserved and managed for conservation and to provide special opportunities for study or research.

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NBC News

NBC News is a division of the American broadcast network NBC.

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The Netherlands (Nederland) is the main "constituent country" (land) of the Kingdom of the Netherlands.

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New Zealand

New Zealand (Aotearoa) is an island country in the southwestern Pacific Ocean.

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Non-Aligned Movement

The Non-Aligned Movement (NAM) is a group of states which are not formally aligned with or against any major power bloc.

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Oakey Army Aviation Centre

Oakey Army Aviation Centre is situated approximately from the town centre of Oakey in Queensland, Australia.

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Official script

An official script is a writing system that is specifically designated to be official in the constitutions or other applicable laws of countries, states, and other jurisdictions.

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Okto, stylised as okto, is a television channel in Singapore, managed by MediaCorp and caters to the youths and young adults of Singapore, similar to Channel U. It was formerly known as MediaCorp TV12 Central and airs on the frequency 495.000 MHz.

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Open mic

An open mic or open mike (derived from open microphone) is a live show where audience members may perform at the microphone.

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Operation Tiderace

Operation Tiderace was the codename of the British plan to retake Singapore in 1945.

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Orang Asal

The Orang Asal are the indigenous people of Malaysia.

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Orchidaceae is a diverse and widespread family of flowering plants, with blooms that are often colourful and often fragrant, commonly known as the orchid family.

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Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development

The Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) (Organisation de coopération et de développement économiques, OCDE) is an international economic organisation of 34 countries, founded in 1961 to stimulate economic progress and world trade.

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Outline of Singapore

The following outline is provided as an overview and topical guide to Singapore: Singapore – sovereign republic comprising the main island of Singapore and smaller outlying islands which are located at the southern tip of the Malay Peninsula in Southeast Asia.

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Oversea-Chinese Banking Corporation

The Oversea-Chinese Banking Corporation Limited (Simplified Chinese: 华侨银行有限公司), abbreviated as OCBC Bank (华侨银行), is a publicly listed financial services organisation with its head office in Singapore.

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Park Connector Network

The Park Connector Network (PCN) of Singapore is under the management of National Parks Board (NParks).

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Parliament of Singapore

The Parliament of the Republic of Singapore and the President jointly make up the legislature of Singapore.

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Parliamentary republic

A parliamentary republic or parliamentary constitutional republic is a type of republic that operates under a parliamentary system of government where the executive branch (the government) derives its legitimacy from and is accountable to the legislature (the parliament).

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Peninsular Malaysia

Peninsular Malaysia (Semenanjung Malaysia), also known as West Malaysia (formerly Malaya), is the part of Malaysia which lies on the Malay Peninsula and surrounding islands.

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People's Action Party

The People's Action Party (abbrev: PAP) is a centre-right political party in Singapore.

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People's Action Party–United Malays National Organisation relations

The sometimes turbulent relationship between the People's Action Party (PAP) and United Malays National Organisation (UMNO), which were, and still are, the ruling parties respectively of Singapore and Malaysia, has affected the recent history of both states.

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Peranakan Chinese and Baba-Nyonya are the descendants of Chinese immigrants who came to the Malay archipelago and British Malaya (now Peninsular Malaysia and Singapore) between the 15th and 17th centuries.

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Peranakan cuisine

Peranakan or Nonya cuisine comes from the Peranakans, descendants of early Chinese migrants who settled in Penang, Malacca, Indonesia and Singapore, inter-marrying with local Malays and combines Chinese, Malay and other influences.

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Permanent residency

Permanent residency refers to a person's visa status: the person is allowed to reside indefinitely within a country of which he or she is not a citizen.

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Pew Research Center

The Pew Research Center is a nonpartisan American think tank based in Washington, D.C., that provides information on social issues, public opinion, and demographic trends shaping the United States and the world.

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A pidgin, or pidgin language, is a grammatically simplified means of communication that develops between two or more groups that do not have a language in common: typically, a mixture of simplified languages or a simplified primary language with other languages' elements included.

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Piracy is typically an act of robbery or criminal violence at sea.

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Porsche Boxster

The Porsche Boxster is a mid-engined two-seater roadster built by Porsche.

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Port of Singapore

The Port of Singapore refers to the collective facilities and terminals that conduct maritime trade handling functions in harbours and which handle Singapore's shipping.

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Portuguese people

Portuguese people (os portugueses) are an ethnic group native to the country of Portugal, in the west of the Iberian Peninsula of Southwestern Europe.

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President of Singapore

The President of the Republic of Singapore is Singapore's head of state.

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Press Freedom Index

The Press Freedom Index is an annual ranking of countries compiled and published by Reporters Without Borders based upon the organization's assessment of the countries' press freedom records in the previous year.

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Primary School Leaving Examination

The Primary School Leaving Examination (PSLE) is a national examination in Singapore administered by the Ministry of Education and taken by all students near the end of their sixth year in primary school before they move on to secondary school.

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Prime Minister of Singapore

The Prime Minister of the Republic of Singapore (Perdana Menteri Republik Singapura; 新加坡共和国总理, pinyin: Xīnjiāpō gònghéguó zǒnglǐ; சிங்கப்பூர் குடியரசின் பிரதமர், Ciṅkappūr kuṭiyaraciṉ piratamar) is the head of the government of the Republic of Singapore.

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Programme for International Student Assessment

The Programme for International Student Assessment (PISA) is a worldwide study by the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) in member and non-member nations of 15-year-old school pupils' scholastic performance on mathematics, science, and reading.

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PSA International

PSA International Pte Ltd, formerly Port of Singapore Authority is one of the world's largest port operators.

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Public holidays in Singapore

There are eleven public holidays in Singapore: Chinese New Year (two days), the Buddhist holiday of Vesak Day (one day), the two Islamic holidays of Hari Raya Aidil Fitri (1 Syawal) and Hari Raya Aidil Adha (10 Zulhijah), the Hindu holiday of Deepavali (one day), the two Christian holidays of Good Friday and Christmas Day (25 December), and the secular holidays of New Year's Day, Labour Day and National Day.

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Public housing in Singapore

Public housing in Singapore is managed by the Housing and Development Board (HDB).

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Public Service Commission (Singapore)

The Public Service Commission (PSC), Singapore (Malay: Suruhanjaya Perkhidmatan Awam Singapura), is constituted under Part IX of the Constitution of Singapore and its constitutional role is to appoint, confirm, promote, transfer, dismiss and exercise disciplinary control over public officers in Singapore.

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Public Utilities Board

The Public Utilities Board (PUB) is the statutory board of the Ministry of the Environment and Water Resources responsible for ensuring a sustainable and efficient water supply.

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Pulau Hantu

Pulau Hantu is located to the south of the main island of Singapore, off the Straits of Singapore.

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Pulau Tekong

Pulau Tekong is the largest of Singapore's outlying islands with an area of 24.43 km², and the island is still expanding due to land reclamation works on its southern and northwestern coasts which will eventually subsume many of its surrounding small islets, including Pulau Tekong Kechil.

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Pulau Ubin

Pulau Ubin, also called Ubin Island, is a small island (10.19 km2) situated in the north east of Singapore, to the west of Pulau Tekong.

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Pulau Ujong

Pulau Ujong (Malay: literally 'island at the end') or Singapore Island is the main island of Singapore.

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Queensland (abbreviated as Qld) is the second-largest and third-most-populous state in Australia.

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Queer as Folk (UK TV series)

Queer as Folk is a 1999 British television series that chronicles the lives of three gay men living in Manchester's gay village around Canal Street.

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RAAF Base Pearce

RAAF Base Pearce is the main Royal Australian Air Force (RAAF) base in Western Australia.

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Rajendra Chola I

Rajendra Chola I was the son of Rajaraja Chola I and is considered one of the greatest rulers and military leaders of the Indian Tamil Chola Empire.

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Real gross domestic product

Real Gross Domestic Product (real GDP) is a macroeconomic measure of the value of economic output adjusted for price changes (i.e., inflation or deflation).

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Realpolitik (from real "realistic", "practical", or "actual"; and Politik "politics") is politics or diplomacy based primarily on considerations of power and on practical and material factors, rather than explicit ideological notions or moral or ethical premises.

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Reclaimed water

Reclaimed water or recycled water, is former wastewater (sewage) that is treated to remove solids and impurities, and used in sustainable landscaping irrigation, to recharge groundwater aquifers, to meet commercial and industrial water needs, and for drinking.

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Relative humidity

Relative humidity (abbreviated RH) is the ratio of the partial pressure of water vapor to the equilibrium vapor pressure of water at the same temperature.

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A religion is an organized collection of beliefs, cultural systems, and world views that relate humanity to an order of existence.

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Reporters Without Borders

Reporters Without Borders (RWB), or Reporters Sans Frontières (RSF), is a France-based international non-profit, non-governmental organization that promotes and defends freedom of information and freedom of the press.

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Representative democracy in Singapore

Singapore has a multi-party parliamentary system of representative democracy in which the President of Singapore is the head of state and the Prime Minister of Singapore is the head of government.

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Republic of Singapore Air Force

The Republic of Singapore Air Force (RSAF,; Angkatan Udara Republik Singapura; சிங்கப்பூர் ஆகாயப்படை) is the air arm of the Singapore Armed Forces.

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Republic of Singapore Navy

The Republic of Singapore Navy (Abbreviation: RSN; Angkatan Laut Republik Singapura;; சிங்கப்பூர் கடல் படை) is the naval component of the Singapore Armed Forces (SAF), responsible for the defence of Singapore against sea-borne threats and protection of its sea lines of communications.

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Riau Islands

Riau Islands Province (Indonesian: Provinsi Kepulauan Riau, acronym: Kepri) is a province of Indonesia.

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Right- and left-hand traffic

The terms right-hand traffic and left-hand traffic refer to regulations requiring all bidirectional traffic, unless otherwise directed, to keep either to the right or the left side of the road, respectively.

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Routledge is a British multinational publisher.

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Royal Academy of Dance

The Royal Academy of Dance (RAD) is a UK-based examination board specialising in dance education and training, with an emphasis on classical ballet.

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Royal Australian Air Force

The Royal Australian Air Force (RAAF), formed March 1921, is the aerial warfare branch of the Australian Defence Force.

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The S.League is a Singaporean professional league for men's association football clubs.

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San Diego

San Diego is a major city in California, on the coast of the Pacific Ocean in Southern California, approximately south of Los Angeles and immediately adjacent to the border with Mexico.

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Sang Nila Utama

Sang Nila Utama (literally the "main indigo"; or if pronounced differently, Nila.

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Sanitation is the hygienic means of promoting health through prevention of human contact with the hazards of wastes as well as the treatment and proper disposal of sewage or wastewater.

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Sanskrit (Sanskrit: or, originally, "refined speech") is the primary sacred language of Hinduism, a philosophical language in Buddhism, Hinduism and Jainism, and a literary language that was in use as a lingua franca in Greater India.

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SBS Transit

SBS Transit Limited is a public transport operator in Singapore.

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Scandinavia is a historical and cultural-linguistic region in Northern Europe characterized by a common ethno-cultural North Germanic heritage and related languages.

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Scuba diving

Scuba diving is a mode of underwater diving in which a diver uses a self-contained underwater breathing apparatus (scuba) to breathe underwater.

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Secondary education in Singapore

Secondary education in Singapore is based on four different tracks or streams: "Special", "Express", "Normal (Academic)", or "Normal (Technical)".

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Secularism is the principle of the separation of government institutions and persons mandated to represent the state from religious institutions and religious dignitaries.

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Self-governance of Singapore

The self-governance of Singapore was carried out in several stages.

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Senior Minister

Senior Minister (abbreviation: SM) is a political office in the Cabinet of Singapore.

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Sentosa (Sanskrit: संतोष; Chinese: 圣淘沙) is a popular island resort in Singapore, visited by some twenty million people a year.

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Severe acute respiratory syndrome

Severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS) is a viral respiratory disease of zoonotic origin caused by the SARS coronavirus (SARS-CoV).

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Sex and the City

Sex and the City is an American television romantic sitcom created by Darren Star and produced by HBO.

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Shangri-La Dialogue

The IISS Asia Security Summit: The Shangri-La Dialogue (SLD) is a "Track One" inter-governmental security forum held annually by an independent think tank, the International Institute for Strategic Studies (IISS) which is attended by defense ministers, permanent heads of ministries and military chiefs of 28 Asia-Pacific states.

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Simplified Chinese characters

Simplified Chinese characters are standardized Chinese characters prescribed in the Xiandai Hanyu Tongyong Zibiao (List of Commonly Used Characters in Modern Chinese) for use in mainland China.

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Singapore Airlines

Singapore Airlines Limited (SIA) is the flag carrier of Singapore which operates from its hub at Changi Airport and has a strong presence in Southeast Asia, East Asia, South Asia, and Oceania.

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Singapore Airlines International Cup

The Singapore Airlines International Cup is a Group 1 flat horse race in Singapore which is open to thoroughbreds aged three years or older.

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Singapore Area Licensing Scheme

The Singapore Area Licensing Scheme (ALS), (Malay: Skim Perlesenan Kawasan Singapura) introduced in 1975, charged drivers entering downtown Singapore, and thereby aimed to manage traffic demand.

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Singapore Army

The Singapore Army (Tentera Singapura; சிங்கப்பூர் தரைப்படை) is the branch of the Singapore Armed Forces (SAF) tasked with land operations.

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Singapore Arts Festival

The Singapore Arts Festival (Chinese: 新加坡艺术节) is an annual arts festival held in Singapore.

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Singapore Changi Airport

Singapore Changi Airport, or simply Changi Airport, is the primary civilian airport for Singapore, and one of the largest transportation hubs in Southeast Asia.

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Singapore City (historical entity)

The City of Singapore existed from 1951 onwards in the then British Crown colony of Singapore, with the City Council as the governing authority.

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Singapore Civil Service

The Singapore Civil Service is the set of civil servants working for the Government of Singapore.

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Singapore dollar

The Singapore dollar or dollar (Malay: ringgit singapura, sign: $; code: SGD) is the official currency of Singapore.

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Singapore English

Singapore English refers to varieties of the English language spoken in Singapore, of which there are two main forms – Standard Singapore English (SSE) and Singapore Colloquial English (better known as Singlish).

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Singapore Exchange

Singapore Exchange Limited (SGX) is an investment holding company located in Singapore and provides different services related to securities and derivatives trading and others.

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Singapore Grand Prix

The Singapore Grand Prix is a motor race on the calendar of the FIA Formula One World Championship.

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Singapore in Malaysia

Singapore was one of the 14 states of Malaysia from 1963 to 1965.

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Singapore Naval Base

Her Majesty's Naval Base, Singapore (also His Majesty's Naval Base, Singapore; HMNB Singapore), alternatively known as HMS Sembawang and Singapore Naval Base, was situated in Sembawang at the northern tip of Singapore and was both a Royal Navy shore establishment and a cornerstone of British defence policy (the Singapore strategy) in the Far East between the World Wars.

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Singapore Press Holdings

Singapore Press Holdings Limited (SPH; Chinese: 新加坡报业控股) is a media organisation in Singapore with businesses in print, Internet and new media, television and radio, outdoor media, and property.

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Singapore Slingers

The Singapore Slingers are a professional basketball team that currently compete in the ASEAN Basketball League.

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Singapore Standard Time

Singapore Standard Time (SST) or Waktu Piawai Singapura (WPS) is used in Singapore and is 8 hours ahead of GMT (UTC+08:00).

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Singapore Strait

The Singapore Strait (or Straits of Singapore; Malay: Selat Singapura) is a 105-kilometer long, 16-kilometer wide strait between the Strait of Malacca in the west and the South China Sea in the east.

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Singapore Symphony Orchestra

The Singapore Symphony Orchestra is a 96-member professional symphony orchestra.

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Singapore Turf Club

Singapore Turf Club The Singapore Turf Club was founded in 1842 as the Singapore Sporting Club to operate the Serangoon Road Race Course at Farrer Park.

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Singapore-Cambridge GCE Advanced Level

The Singapore-Cambridge General Certificate of Education Advanced Level (A-level) examination is held annually in Singapore.

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Singapore-Cambridge GCE Ordinary Level

The Singapore-Cambridge General Certificate of Education Ordinary Level (O-level) examination is held annually in Singapore.

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Singaporean general election, 1959

General elections were held in Singapore on 30 May 1959.

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Singaporean general election, 2011

Singapore's general election to form its 12th Parliament was held on 7 May 2011.

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Singaporean integration referendum, 1962

A referendum on the terms of integration into formation of Malaysia was held in Singapore on 1 September 1962 to adopt United Nations General Assembly Resolution 1514 (XV) under titled Declaration on the Granting of Independence to Colonial Countries and Peoples provided for the granting of independence to colonial countries and peoples in providing an inevitable legal linkage between self-determination and its goal of decolonisation, and a postulated new international law-based right of freedom also in economic self-determination.

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Singaporean Mandarin

Singaporean Mandarin is a variety of Mandarin Chinese widely spoken in Singapore.

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Singaporean nationality law

Singaporean nationality law is derived from the Constitution of Singapore and is based on jus sanguinis and a modified form of jus soli.

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Singaporean orders and decorations

Orders and decorations conferred to civilians and military personnel in Singapore, listed by order of precedence.

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Singaporeans or Singaporean people are people who identify with the city-state of Singapore, regardless of ethnicity.

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Single market

A common market is usually referred to as the first stage towards the creation of a single market.

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Colloquial Singaporean English, better known as Singlish, is an English-based creole language spoken in Singapore.

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Singapore Telecommunications Limited, commonly abbreviated as Singtel, is a Singaporean telecommunications company, with a combined mobile subscriber base of 500 million customers from its own operations and regional associates in 25 countries at end of March 2014, making it one of the largest mobile network operators in Singapore and the 20–30 largest in the world.

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Singtel TV

Singtel TV (formerly known as mio TV) is a 24-hour pay television service introduced by Singapore Telecom.

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Skytrax is a United Kingdom-based consultancy (originally known as Inflight Research Services), which runs an airline and airport review and ranking site.

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SMRT Corporation

SMRT Corporation is a public transport operator incorporated on March 6, 2000, as a result of an industry overhaul to form multi-modal public-transport operators in Singapore.

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Soka Gakkai International

The Soka Gakkai International (SGI) is an international Nichiren Buddhist lay organization founded in 1975 by Daisaku Ikeda, Soka Gakkai's third president.

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Sook Ching

The Sook Ching (meaning "purge through cleansing") was a systematic extermination of perceived hostile elements among the Chinese in Singapore by the Japanese military during the Japanese occupation of Singapore and Malaya, after the British colony surrendered on 15 February 1942 following the Battle of Singapore.

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South Korea

South Korea, officially the Republic of Korea (lit. The Republic of Great Han; ROK), and commonly referred to as Korea, is a sovereign state in East Asia, constituting the southern part of the Korean Peninsula.

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Southeast Asia

Southeast Asia or Southeastern Asia is a subregion of Asia, consisting of the countries that are geographically south of China, east of India, west of New Guinea and north of Australia.

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Speakers' Corner, Singapore

In Singapore, Speakers' Corner is an area located within Hong Lim Park where citizens and permanent residents of Singapore may demonstrate, hold exhibitions and performances, and speak freely on most topics after prior registration on a government website.

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Srivijaya (also written Sri Vijaya, Indonesian/Malay: Sriwijaya, ศรีวิชัย, known by the Chinese as Shih-li-fo-shih and San-fo-ch'i) was a dominant thalassocratic city-state based on the island of Sumatra, Indonesia, which influenced much of Southeast Asia.

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ST Engineering

ST Engineering Ltd (Singapore Technologies Engineering) is an integrated engineering group in the aerospace, electronics, military contracting and marine sectors.

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Stamford Raffles

Sir Thomas Stamford Raffles, FRS (6 July 1781 – 5 July 1826) was a British statesman, Lieutenant-Governor of British Java (1811–1815) and Governor-General of Bencoolen (1817–1822), best known for his founding of Singapore.

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Standard & Poor's

Standard & Poor's Financial Services LLC (S&P) is an American financial services company.

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Standard Chinese

Standard Chinese, also known as Modern Standard Mandarin and Putonghua, sometimes simply referred to as "Mandarin", is a standard language that is the sole official language of both China and Taiwan, and also one of the four official languages of Singapore.

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StarHub Limited is a full-fledged telecommunications company providing a full range of services over mobile, internet and fixed platforms in Singapore.

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Statutory corporation

A statutory corporation is a corporation created by statute.

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Stockholm Industry Water Award

The Stockholm Industry Water Award recognises impressive contributions made by businesses and industries to improve the world water situation.

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Strait of Malacca

The Strait of Malacca (Selat Melaka, Selat Malaka; Jawi: سلت ملاک) or Straits of Malacca is a narrow, stretch of water between the Malay Peninsula (Peninsular Malaysia) and the Indonesian island of Sumatra.

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Straits of Johor

The Strait of Johore (also known as the Tebrau Strait, Johore Strait, Selat Johor, Selat Tebrau, and Tebrau Reach) is a strait that separates the Malaysian state of Johor on mainland Eurasia to the north from Singapore to the south.

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Straits Settlements

The Straits Settlements (Negeri-negeri Selat, نݢري٢ سلت) were a group of British territories located in Southeast Asia.

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Suez Canal

The Suez Canal (قناة السويس) is an artificial sea-level waterway in Egypt, connecting the Mediterranean Sea to the Red Sea.

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Sumatra (Sumatera) is an island in western Indonesia and part of the Sunda Islands.

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Sundaresh Menon

Sundaresh Menon (born 1962) is the Chief Justice of Singapore and a former Attorney-General of Singapore.

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Surrender of Japan

The surrender of the Empire of Japan was announced by Imperial Japan on August 15 and formally signed on September 2, 1945, bringing the hostilities of World War II to a close.

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Sydney is the state capital of New South Wales and the most populous city in Australia and Oceania.

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Taiwan (see below), officially the Republic of China (ROC) is a sovereign state in East Asia.

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Tamil language

Tamil also spelt Thamizh is a Dravidian language spoken predominantly by Tamil people of Tamil Nadu and Sri Lanka.

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Tamil script

The Tamil script (தமிழ் அரிச்சுவடி) is an abugida script that is used by Tamils and Tamil speakers in India, Sri Lanka, Malaysia, and elsewhere to write the Tamil language, as well as to write the liturgical language Sanskrit, using consonants and diacritics not represented in the Tamil alphabet.

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Tanjong Pagar

Tanjong Pagar (alternatively spelled Tanjung Pagar) is a historic district located within the Central Business District in Singapore, straddling the Outram Planning Area and the Downtown Core under the Urban Redevelopment Authority's urban planning zones.

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Taoism (sometimes Daoism) is a philosophical, ethical or religious tradition of Chinese origin, or faith of Chinese exemplification, that emphasizes living in harmony with the Tao (also romanized as ''Dao'').

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Taoism in Singapore

Taoism in Singapore is the religion of 10.9% of the entire population, growing from 8% ten years earlier.

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Tax haven

A tax haven is a state, country, or territory where, on a national level, certain taxes are levied at a very low rate or not at all.

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Tax Justice Network

The Tax Justice Network (TJN) is an advocacy group consisting of a coalition of researchers and activists with a shared concern about tax avoidance, tax competition and tax havens.

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Taxicabs of Singapore

Taxicabs are a popular form of public transport in the compact sovereign city-state of Singapore, with fares considered relatively low compared to those in most cities in developed countries.

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A taxis (plural taxes, from the Ancient Greek τάξις, meaning "arrangement") is the movement of an organism in response to a stimulus such as light or the presence of food.

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Telephone numbers in Singapore

The Singapore telephone numbering plan, also known as the National Numbering Plan, is regulated by the Numbering Management Department of the Infocomm Development Authority of Singapore (IDA), taking over the role from the Telecommunications Authority of Singapore upon its formation in December 1999.

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Television in Singapore

Television in Singapore began on 15 February 1963.

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Temasek ('Sea Town' in Old Javanese, pronounced Tumasik) was the name of an early city on the site of modern Singapore.

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Temenggung (Jawi: تمڠݢوڠ; also Temenggong and Tumongong) is an ancient Malay title of nobility, usually given to the chief of public security.

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Teochew dialect

The Teochew variety (Chaozhou dialect:; Shantou dialect) of Southern Min is a variety of Chinese spoken in the Chaoshan region of eastern Guangdong and by the Teochew diaspora around the world.

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Terrorism is any act designed to cause terror.

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Tertiary sector of the economy

The tertiary sector of the economy (also known as the service sector or the service industry) is one of the three economic sectors, the others being the secondary sector (approximately the same as manufacturing) and the primary sector (agriculture, fishing, and extraction such as mining).

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The Economist

The Economist is an English-language weekly newspaper owned by the Economist Group and edited in offices in London.

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The Huffington Post

The Huffington Post (sometimes abbreviated Huff Post or HuffPo) is a liberal-oriented American online news aggregator and blog, that has both localised and international editions founded by Arianna Huffington, Kenneth Lerer, Andrew Breitbart, and Jonah Peretti, featuring columnists.

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The New York Times

The New York Times (NYT) is an American daily newspaper, founded and continuously published in New York City since September 18, 1851, by the New York Times Company.

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The World Factbook

The World Factbook (ISSN; also known as the CIA World Factbook) is a reference resource produced by the Central Intelligence Agency with almanac-style information about the countries of the world.

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Theravāda (Pali, literally "school of the elder monks") is a branch of Buddhism that uses the teaching of the Pāli Canon, a collection of the oldest recorded Buddhist texts, as its doctrinal core, but also includes a rich diversity of traditions and practices that have developed over its long history of interactions with various cultures and communities.

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Tibetan Buddhism

Tibetan Buddhism is the body of religious doctrine and institutions characteristic of Buddhism in Tibet, Mongolia, Tuva, Bhutan, Kalmykia, Buryatia and certain regions of the Himalayas, including northern Nepal, and India (particularly in Arunachal Pradesh, Ladakh, Dharamsala, Lahaul and Spiti district in Himachal Pradesh and Sikkim).

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Tony Tan

Tony Tan Keng Yam (born 7 February 1940) is the seventh President of Singapore, in office since 2011.

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Total fertility rate

The total fertility rate (TFR), sometimes also called the fertility rate, period total fertility rate (PTFR) or total period fertility rate (TPFR) of a population is the average number of children that would be born to a woman over her lifetime if.

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Tourism in Singapore

Tourism in Singapore is a major industry and contributor to the Singaporean economy, attracting 13,171,303 tourists in 2011, over twice Singapore's total population.

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Towers Watson

Towers Watson & Co. is an American global professional services firm.

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Trading post

A trading post was a place or establishment where the trading of goods took place; the term is generally used, in modern parlance, in reference to such establishments in historic Northern America, although the practice long predates that continent's colonization by Europeans.

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A train is a form of rail transport consisting of a series of vehicles that usually runs along a rail track to transport cargo or passengers.

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Translation is the communication of the meaning of a source-language text by means of an equivalent target-language text.

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Transparency International

Transparency International (TI) is a non-governmental organization that monitors and publicizes corporate and political corruption in international development.

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Transport hub

A transport hub (also transport interchange) is a place where passengers and cargo are exchanged between vehicles or between transport modes.

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Transshipment or transhipment is the shipment of goods or containers to an intermediate destination, then to yet another destination.

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Travel + Leisure

Travel + Leisure is a travel magazine based in New York City, New York.

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Trends in International Mathematics and Science Study

The Trends in International Mathematics and Science Study (TIMSS) is a series of international assessments of the mathematics and science knowledge of students around the world.

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Tropical rainforest climate

A tropical rainforest climate, also known as an equatorial climate, is a tropical climate usually (but not always) found along the equator.

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Twenty-foot equivalent unit

The twenty-foot equivalent unit (often TEU or teu) is an inexact unit of cargo capacity often used to describe the capacity of container ships and container terminals.

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Typhoon Haiyan

Typhoon Haiyan, known in the Philippines as Typhoon Yolanda, was one of the strongest tropical cyclones ever recorded, devastating portions of Southeast Asia, particularly the Philippines, in early-November 2013.

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In government, unicameralism (Latin uni, one + camera, chamber) is the practice of having one legislative or parliamentary chamber.

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Union of International Associations

The Union of International Associations (UIA) is a non-profit non-governmental organization researching on international organizations, under United Nations mandate, the global civil society and publishing information on international organizations, international meetings, world problems, etc.

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Unitary state

A unitary state is a state governed as one single power in which the central government is ultimately supreme and any administrative divisions (subnational units) exercise only powers that their central government chooses to delegate.

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United Kingdom

The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, commonly known as the United Kingdom (UK) or Britain, is a sovereign state in Europe.

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United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland

The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland was established on 1 January 1801 under the terms of the Acts of Union 1800, by which the nominally separate kingdoms of Great Britain and Ireland were united.

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United Overseas Bank

United Overseas Bank Limited (commonly known as UOB; previously known as United Chinese Bank or UCB;; is a major banking organisation headquartered in Singapore, with branches mostly found in most South-east Asian countries. Founded in 1935 by Sarawak businessman Wee Kheng Chiang, the bank has 68 branches in Singapore and a network of more than 500 offices in 19 countries and territories in Asia Pacific, Western Europe and North America.

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United States

The United States of America (USA), commonly referred to as the United States (U.S.) or America, is a federal republic composed of 50 states, a federal district, five major territories and various possessions.

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United States Department of State

The United States Department of State (DoS), often referred to as the State Department, is the United States federal executive department responsible for international relations of the United States, equivalent to the foreign ministry of other countries.

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United States dollar

The United States dollar (sign: $; code: USD; also abbreviated US$ and referred to as the dollar, U.S. dollar, US dollar or American dollar) is the official currency of the United States and its overseas territories.

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United States Government Publishing Office

The United States Government Publishing Office (GPO) is an agency of the legislative branch of the United States federal government.

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Urbanization is a population shift from rural to urban areas, "the gradual increase in the proportion of people living in urban areas", and the ways in which each society adapts to the change.

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Vajrayāna is also known as Tantric Buddhism, Tantrayāna, Mantrayāna, Secret Mantra, Esoteric Buddhism, Diamond Way, Thunderbolt Way, or the Indestructible Way is a complex and multifaceted system of Buddhist thought and practice which has evolved over several centuries.

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Vanda 'Miss Joaquim'

Vanda 'Miss Joaquim' (/卓錦萬代蘭), also known as the Singapore Orchid and the Princess Aloha Orchid and incorrectly as Vanda 'Miss Agnes Joaquim', is a hybrid orchid cultivar that is Singapore's national flower.

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Varieties of Chinese

Chinese (/ Hànyǔ) or Sinitic is a branch of the Sino-Tibetan language family, consisting of hundreds of local language varieties, many of which are not mutually intelligible.

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A veto – Latin for "I forbid" – is the power (used by an officer of the state, for example) to unilaterally stop an official action, especially the enactment of legislation.

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Wafer (electronics)

A wafer, also called a slice or substrate, is a thin slice of semiconductor material, such as a crystalline silicon, used in electronics for the fabrication of integrated circuits and in photovoltaics for conventional, wafer-based solar cells.

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Washington, D.C.

Washington, D.C., formally the District of Columbia and commonly referred to as "Washington", "the District", or simply "D.C.", is the capital of the United States.

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Water skiing is a surface water sport in which an individual is pulled behind a boat or a cable ski installation over a body of water, skimming the surface on two skis or one (slalom) ski.

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Western Australia

Western Australia (abbreviated as WA) is a state occupying the entire western third of Australia.

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Western culture

Western culture, sometimes equated with Western civilization, Western lifestyle, or European civilization, is a term used very broadly to refer to a heritage of social norms, ethical values, traditional customs, belief systems, political systems, and specific artifacts and technologies that have some origin or association with Europe, having both indigenous and foreign origin.

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Westminster system

The Westminster system is a democratic parliamentary system of government modelled after that which developed in the United Kingdom.

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A wildfire or wildland fire is an uncontrolled fire in an area of combustible vegetation that occurs in the countryside area.

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William Allmond Codrington Goode

Sir William Allmond Codrington Goode (8 June 1907 – 15 September 1986) was a British colonial officer who served as governor and Colonial Secretary to various Far Eastern colonies in the 20th century.

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William Dobbie

Lieutenant General Sir William George Shedden Dobbie, (12 July 1879 – 3 October 1964) was a British Army veteran of the Second Boer War, and First and Second World Wars.

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Winston Churchill

Sir Winston Leonard Spencer-Churchill, (30 November 1874 – 24 January 1965) was a British statesman who was the Prime Minister of the United Kingdom from 1940 to 1945 and again from 1951 to 1955.

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Workers' Party of Singapore

The Workers' Party of Singapore, officially known as The Workers' Party in Singapore (abbreviation: WP;; Parti Pekerja; பாட்டாளிக்கட்சி), is a major centre-left opposition political party in Singapore.

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World Bank

The World Bank is an international financial institution that provides loans to developing countries for capital programs.

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World Health Organization

The World Health Organization (WHO) is a specialized agency of the United Nations (UN) that is concerned with international public health.

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World Health Report

The World Health Report (WHR) is a series of reports produced regularly by the World Health Organization (WHO).

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World Justice Project

The World Justice Project (WJP) is an independent, multidisciplinary organization working to advance the rule of law around the world.

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World War I

World War I (WWI or WW1), also known as the First World War or the Great War, was a global war centered in Europe that began on 28 July 1914 and lasted until 11 November 1918.

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World War II

World War II (WWII or WW2), also known as the Second World War, was a global war that lasted from 1939 to 1945, though related conflicts began earlier.

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Xilinx, Inc.

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Yang di-Pertuan Negara

Yang di-Pertuan Negara, translated from Malay as "(he) who is Lord", is a title for the Head of State, and has been used as an official title at various times in Singapore and Brunei.

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Yusof Ishak

Tun Yusof bin Ishak (Jawi: يوسف بن اسحاق;;, SMN 12 August 191023 November 1970) was a Singaporean politician and was the first President of Singapore, serving from 1965 to 1970.

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.sg is the Internet country code top-level domain (ccTLD) for Singapore.

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126 Squadron, Republic of Singapore Air Force

The 126 Squadron "Cougar" is a helicopter squadron of the Republic of Singapore Air Force.

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1954 National Service riots

1954 National Service riots or May 13 Incident started out as a peaceful protest in May 1954 involving a number of students from the Singapore Chinese Middle School Student Union (SCMSSU).

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1964 race riots in Singapore

The 1964 race riots were a series of riots that took place in Singapore during two separate periods in July and September between Chinese and Malay groups.

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1969 race riots of Singapore

The 1969 race riots of Singapore were one of the two riots encountered in post-independence Singapore.

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1997 Asian financial crisis

The Asian financial crisis was a period of financial crisis that gripped much of East Asia beginning in July 1997 and raised fears of a worldwide economic meltdown due to financial contagion.

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2004 Indian Ocean earthquake and tsunami

The 2004 Indian Ocean earthquake occurred at 00:58:53 UTC on 26 December with an epicentre off the west coast of Sumatra, Indonesia.

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2010 Summer Youth Olympics

The 2010 Summer Youth Olympics (2010 கோடைக்கால இளையோர் ஒலிம்பிக் விளையாட்டுக்கள் Sukan Olimpik Belia Musim Panas 2010) were the first edition of the Youth Olympic Games (YOG), an international multi-sport and cultural event for youths based on the tradition of the Olympic Games.

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Redirects here:

Asia/Singapore, Capital of Singapore, Cingkappur, Cingkappur Kudiyaracu, City of Singapore, Etymology of Singapore, HUB in a Singapore context, Hsin-chia-p'o, Hsin-chia-p'o Kung-ho-kuo, ISO 3166-1:SG, Light of the South, Lion City, Manchester of the East, Republic Of Singapore, Republic of Singapore, Republik Singapura, S'pore, S'porean, SG100, SINGAPORE, Signapore, Sing a pore, Singa Pura, Singapor, Singapore (Country), Singapore City, Singapore City (disambiguation), Singapore Kudiyarasu, Singapore as a regional and global hub, Singapore basic facts, Singapore, Singapore, Singapour, Singpore, Singy, Sinjiapo, Statistics of Singapore, The Manchester of the East, UN/LOCODE:SGSIN, Xin Jia Po, Xinjiapo, Xinjiapo Gongheguo, Xinjiapo Gònghégúo, Xīnjiāpō, Xīnjiāpō Gònghéguó, சிங்கப்பூர், சிங்கப்பூர் குடியரசு, 新加坡, 新加坡共和国, 新加坡共和國.


[1] https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Singapore

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