460 relations: A World Transformed, ABC News, Abid Hamid Mahmud, Abu Nidal, Aerial bombing of cities, Air traffic control, Airborne early warning and control, Aircraft carrier, AirLand Battle, Airlift (film), Al Hussein (missile), Al Jahra, Algol-class vehicle cargo ship, Ali Hassan al-Majid, American Broadcasting Company, American University School of International Service, Amiriyah shelter bombing, Ammunition, Amnesty International, Andy McNab, Anfal genocide, Annex Foxtrot, Anthony Swofford, April Glaspie, ARA Almirante Brown (D-10), ARA Bahía San Blas, ARA Rosales (P-42), ARA Spiro (P-43), Arab League, Arab Socialist Ba'ath Party – Iraq Region, Arab states of the Persian Gulf, Arabs, Armour-piercing fin-stabilized discarding sabot, Artillery, Ba'athist Iraq, Balance of payments, Ballistic missile, Barrage (artillery), Basic Law for the Federal Republic of Germany, Basra Vilayet, Battle of Bubiyan, Battle of Dasman Palace, Battle of Norfolk, Battle of the Bridges, Battle of Wadi Al-Batin, BBC, BBC Radio 4, BBC Radio 5 Live, Beirut, Bernard Shaw (journalist), ..., BGM-71 TOW, Biological warfare, Bitburg, Blockade, BLU-82, Bob Simpson (journalist), Boeing AH-64 Apache, Boeing B-52 Stratofortress, Boeing E-3 Sentry, Bollywood, Bomber, Bravo Two Zero, Bravo Two Zero (film), Brent Scowcroft, Brian Mulroney, Brigade, British Army, BTR (vehicle), Bulldozer, Bulletin of the Atomic Scientists, Bunker, Canadian Armed Forces, Carnegie Endowment for International Peace, Carrier battle group, Carter Doctrine, CBS, Central Intelligence Agency, Central Marshes, Challenger 1, Checkbook diplomacy, Chemical warfare, Chris Ryan, Chuck Horner, Citizens for a Free Kuwait, Citizenship, Civilian casualties, Clearance Diving Branch (RAN), Cluster munition, CNN, CNN International, Coalition of the Gulf War, Cold War, Colin Powell, Command and control, Commando, Conflict: Desert Storm, Conflict: Desert Storm II, Counter-offensive, Coup d'état, Courage Under Fire, Cruise missile, Czech and Slovak Federative Republic, Dan Rather, Dawn of the World, Demobilization, Demographics of Jordan, Desertification, Dhahran, Dick Cheney, Dime novel, Directional drilling, Division Daguet, Donald Rumsfeld, East Germany, Economic sanctions, Electronic-warfare aircraft, Fahad Al-Ahmed Al-Jaber Al-Sabah, Fahd of Saudi Arabia, Failaka Island, Fairchild Republic A-10 Thunderbolt II, Fairness and Accuracy in Reporting, Falkland Islands, Farzad Bazoft, Fatwa, Field hospital, Flag of Iraq, François Mitterrand, Frederick Forsyth, French Foreign Legion, Friendly fire, Gas mask, General Dynamics F-16 Fighting Falcon, Genotoxicity, Geopolitics, George H. W. Bush, Gilles Kepel, Global Positioning System, Government of Kuwait, Group of Soviet Forces in Germany, Gulf of Oman, Gulf War (disambiguation), Gulf War: Operation Desert Hammer, Hafez al-Assad, Hammar Marshes, Harold Livingston, Hawizeh Marshes, Heavy metals, Helmut Kohl, Highway of Death, Hill+Knowlton Strategies, HMS Ark Royal (R07), Hosni Mubarak, Hospital ship, House of Al Sabah, Human rights in Saddam Hussein's Iraq, Human shield, Hussain Muhammad Ershad, Hussein Kamel al-Majid, Hyperinflation, Infantry fighting vehicle, International aid to combatants in the Iran–Iraq War, International Energy Agency, International Monetary Fund, Invasion of Kuwait, Iran–Iraq War, Iranian Revolution, Iraq, Iraq disarmament timeline 1990–2003, Iraq War, Iraq–Russia relations, Iraq–Saudi Arabia relations, Iraqi Armed Forces, Iraqi Army, Iraqi Kurdistan, Iraqi no-fly zones, Islamic Supreme Council of Iraq, Islamism, Israel, Israeli Air Force, Israeli-occupied territories, Izzat Ibrahim al-Douri, J. William Kime, Jaber Al-Ahmad Al-Sabah, James Baker, James Follett, Jarhead (book), Jarhead (film), Jeddah, Jewish Virtual Library, John Holliman, John J. Yeosock, John Major, John Nichol (RAF officer), John Peters (RAF officer), John R. MacArthur, John Simpson (journalist), Jordan, Joshua Project, Kenneth J. Summers, Kenneth Jarecke, Khafji, Khalid bin Sultan Al Saud, Khobar Towers bombing, Korean War, Kurds, Kuwait, Kuwait Air Force, Kuwait City, Kuwait Governorate, Kuwait International Airport, Kuwait Military Forces, Kuwaiti oil fires, Land mine, Langley Air Force Base, Lessons of Darkness, Liberation of Kuwait campaign, Lieutenant general, List of ambassadors of the United States to Iraq, List of emirs of Kuwait, List of United Nations Security Council resolutions concerning Iraq, Live from Baghdad (film), Lockheed AC-130, Locust, Loss of Strength Gradient, M-84, M270 Multiple Launch Rocket System, M728 Combat Engineer Vehicle, Mahmoud Abbas, Major non-NATO ally, Man-portable air-defense system, Margaret Thatcher, Marsh, Marsh Arabs, McDonnell Douglas CF-18 Hornet, McDonnell Douglas F-15 Eagle, McDonnell Douglas F-15E Strike Eagle, Mecca, Medina, Mediterranean Sea, Michel Roquejeoffre, Micromanagement, Middle East Forum, Middle East Review of International Affairs, Mike Boettcher, Military air base, Military aircraft, Military history of the United States, MIM-104 Patriot, Ministry of Defence (Netherlands), Missile, Missing in action, Missing person, Mortar (weapon), Muhammad, Muthanna Governorate, National Security Advisor (United States), Nature (journal), Nature Publishing Group, Nayirah testimony, NBC, NBC News, Nerve agent, New York Air National Guard, News broadcasting, Newsday, No-fly zone, Norman Schwarzkopf Jr., Northrop Grumman E-2 Hawkeye, Northrop Grumman E-8 Joint STARS, Nuclear weapon, Oil field, Oil spill, Op-ed, Opération Daguet, OPEC, Operation Desert Farewell, Operation Fath ol-Mobin, Operation Friction, Operation Granby, Operation Habitat, Operation Provide Comfort, Operazione Locusta, Organization of United States Air Force Units in the Gulf War, Osama bin Laden, Ottoman Empire, Oval Office, Overseas Development Institute, Palestine Liberation Organization, Palestinian exodus from Kuwait (1990–91), Palestinian fedayeen, Palestinians, Panavia Tornado, Pennsylvania, Persian Gulf, Persian Gulf naming dispute, Peter Arnett, Peter de la Billière, Peter Jennings, Petroleum, Plough, Post–World War II air-to-air combat losses, Precision-guided munition, Presidency of Ronald Reagan, Prince Sultan Air Base, Prisoner of war, Protectorate, Public relations, Pyrophoricity, Radio 4 News FM, Rahimullah Yusufzai, Ramat Gan, RAND Corporation, Red Sea, Republic of Kuwait, Republican Guard (Iraq), Retroactive continuity, Rhonda Cornum, Rick Atkinson, Robert Fisk, Rocket-propelled grenade, Ronald Reagan, Royal Air Force, Royal Fleet Auxiliary, Royal Navy, Royal Netherlands Air Force, Royal Tulip Al Rasheed Hotel, Rumaila oil field, Saad Al-Salim Al-Sabah, Saber noise, Saddam Hussein, Salah Aboud Mahmoud, Saleh Al-Muhaya, Salvador Dalí, Sanctions against Iraq, Sandia National Laboratories, Sarin, Saudi Arabia, Saudi Arabian National Guard, Scorched earth, Scott Speicher, Scrambling (military), Scud, September 11 attacks, Shahabuddin Ahmed, Shia Islam, Significance (magazine), Sikorsky CH-124 Sea King, Sikorsky UH-60 Black Hawk, SIPRI Arms Transfers Database, Iraq 1973–1990, Small Arms and Light Weapons, Sortie, South Carolina Air National Guard, Soviet Army, Soviet Union, Special Air Service, Special forces, Staffordshire Regiment, Stan Arthur, State Sponsors of Terrorism (U.S. list), State terrorism, Summary execution, Surrealism, Syracuse, New York, T-54/T-55, Tampa Bay Times, Tank, Tariq Aziz, Task Force 1-41 Infantry, Television, Teratology, The Big Lebowski, The Finest Hour (1991 film), The Fist of God, The Heroes of Desert Storm, The Manchurian Candidate (2004 film), The New York Times, The Observer, The Punisher (2004 film), The Tech (newspaper), The Washington Post, Thomas R. Pickering, Three Kings (1999 film), Tigris–Euphrates river system, Time (magazine), Tom Aspell, Tom Brokaw, Towelhead (film), Transporter erector launcher, Type 22 frigate, Type 42 destroyer, Umm Qasr, United Arab Emirates, United Nations, United Nations Commission on Human Rights, United Nations Environment Programme, United Nations Iraq–Kuwait Observation Mission, United Nations Security Council, United Nations Security Council Resolution 660, United Nations Security Council Resolution 661, United Nations Security Council Resolution 665, United Nations Security Council Resolution 678, United Nations Security Council Resolution 687, United States Air Force, United States Armed Forces, United States Army Center of Military History, United States Army Reserve, United States Central Command, United States Congress, United States Department of Defense, United States Fifth Fleet, United States Marine Corps, United States National Security Council, United States Naval Institute, United States Navy, United States support for Iraq during the Iran–Iraq War, University of Michigan Press, USS Dwight D. Eisenhower, USS Independence (CV-62), USS Missouri (BB-63), USS Wisconsin (BB-64), Veto, Vietnam War, VII Corps (United States), Wadi Al-Batin, Walter E. Boomer, Warrior tracked armoured vehicle, Water purification, Weapon of mass destruction, Western world, Wetland, Wetlands International, White House, Wiley-Blackwell, William Flynn Martin, World Bank, World War II, XVIII Airborne Corps, Yasser Arafat, Yemen, Yitzhak Shamir, 101st Airborne Division, 10th G7 summit, 122 mm howitzer 2A18 (D-30), 1973 Samita border skirmish, 1983 Beirut barracks bombings, 1990 airlift of Indians from Kuwait, 1991 uprisings in Iraq, 1998 United States embassy bombings, 1st (United Kingdom) Division, 1st Cavalry Division (United States), 1st Fighter Wing, 1st Infantry Division (United States), 2003 invasion of Iraq, 24th Infantry Division (United States), 36th Wing, 3rd Cavalry Regiment (United States), 3rd Field Artillery Regiment (United States), 41st Infantry Regiment (United States), 5th Cavalry Regiment, 66th Armor Regiment. Expand index (410 more) » « Shrink index
A World Transformed is a 1998 book by former U.S. President George H. W. Bush and Brent Scowcroft, Bush's National Security Advisor, documenting foreign relations during the Bush administration.
ABC News is the news division of the American Broadcasting Company (ABC), owned by the Disney Media Networks division of The Walt Disney Company.
Lieutenant General Abid Al-Hamid Mahmud al-Tikriti (عبد الحميد محمود التكريتي) (c. 1957 – June 7, 2012) was an Iraqi military officer under Saddam Hussein's deposed government.
Sabri Khalil al-Banna (May 1937 – 16 August 2002), known as Abu Nidal, was the founder of Fatah: The Revolutionary Council, a militant Palestinian splinter group more commonly known as the Abu Nidal Organization (ANO).
The aerial bombing of cities in warfare is an optional element of strategic bombing which became widespread during World War I. The bombing of cities grew to a vast scale in World War II, and is still practiced today.
Air traffic control (ATC) is a service provided by ground-based air traffic controllers who direct aircraft on the ground and through controlled airspace, and can provide advisory services to aircraft in non-controlled airspace.
An airborne early warning and control (AEW&C) system is an airborne radar picket system designed to detect aircraft, ships and vehicles at long ranges and perform command and control of the battlespace in an air engagement by directing fighter and attack aircraft strikes.
An aircraft carrier is a warship that serves as a seagoing airbase, equipped with a full-length flight deck and facilities for carrying, arming, deploying, and recovering aircraft.
AirLand Battle was the overall conceptual framework that formed the basis of the US Army's European warfighting doctrine from 1982 into the late 1990s.
Airlift is a 2016 Indian historical drama film directed by Raja Krishna Menon, starring Akshay Kumar and Nimrat Kaur.
Al Hussein or al-Husayn (Arabic: الحسين) is the designation of an Iraqi short-range ballistic missile.
Al Jahra (جهراء) is a town located west of Kuwait City in Kuwait.
The Algol-class vehicle cargo ships, also known as Fast Sealift Ships (FSS) or SL-7s, are currently the fastest cargo ships in the world, capable of speeds in excess of.
Ali Hassan Abd al-Majid al-Tikriti (علي حسن عبد المجيد التكريتي; 1941? – 25 January 2010) was a Ba'athist Iraqi Defense Minister, Interior Minister, military commander and chief of the Iraqi Intelligence Service.
The American Broadcasting Company (ABC) is an American commercial broadcast television network that is a flagship property of Disney–ABC Television Group, a subsidiary of the Disney Media Networks division of The Walt Disney Company.
The School of International Service (SIS) is American University's school of advanced international study in the areas of international politics, international communication, international development, international economic relations, peace and conflict resolution, global environmental politics, and U.S. foreign policy.
The Amiriyah shelter bombing was an aerial attack that killed at least 408 civilians on 13 February 1991 during the Persian Gulf War, when an air-raid shelter ("Public Shelter No. 25"), in the Amiriyah neighborhood of Baghdad, Iraq, was destroyed by the U.S. Air Force with two laser-guided "smart bombs".
Ammunition (informally ammo) is the material fired, scattered, dropped or detonated from any weapon.
Amnesty International (commonly known as Amnesty or AI) is a London-based non-governmental organization focused on human rights.
Steven Billy Mitchell, (born 28 December 1959), usually known by the pseudonym and pen-name of Andy McNab, is an English novelist and former British Army infantry soldier.
The Anfal genocide was a genocide that killed between 50,000 and 182,000 Kurds.
In the context of media coverage of the Gulf War, Annex Foxtrot was the name given to a 10-page policy memo dated January 14, 1991.
Anthony Swofford (born August 12, 1970) is an American writer and U.S. Marine, best known for his 2003 book Jarhead, based heavily on his accounts of various situations encountered in the Persian Gulf War.
April Catherine Glaspie (born April 26, 1942) is an American former diplomat and senior member of the Foreign Service, best known for her role in the events leading up to the Gulf War.
ARA Almirante Brown (pennant number D-10) is the lead ship of the MEKO 360H2 series of four destroyers built for the Argentine Navy.
ARA Bahía San Blas is an Amphibious cargo ship of the Argentine Navy, capable of unloading landing craft, troops, vehicles and cargo.
ARA Rosales (P-42) is the second ship of the MEKO 140A16 of six corvettes built for the Argentine Navy.
ARA Spiro (P-43) is the third ship of the MEKO 140A16 of six corvettes built for the Argentine Navy.
The Arab League (الجامعة العربية), formally the League of Arab States (جامعة الدول العربية), is a regional organization of Arab states in and around North Africa, the Horn of Africa and Arabia.
The Arab Socialist Ba'ath Party – Iraq Region (حزب البعث العربي الاشتراكي في العراق Hizb Al-Baath Al-'Arabi Al-Ishtiraki fi Al-'Iraq), officially the Iraqi Regional Branch, is a regional branch of the Arab Ba'athist political party founded in 1951 by Fuad al-Rikabi.
The Arab states of the Persian Gulf are the seven Arab states which border the Persian Gulf, namely Bahrain, Iraq, Kuwait, Oman, Qatar, Saudi Arabia and the United Arab Emirates (UAE).
Arabs (عَرَب ISO 233, Arabic pronunciation) are a population inhabiting the Arab world.
Armour-piercing fin-stabilized discarding sabot (APFSDS) is a type of kinetic energy penetrator ammunition used to attack modern vehicle armour.
Artillery is a class of large military weapons built to fire munitions far beyond the range and power of infantry's small arms.
Ba'athist Iraq, formally the Iraqi Republic, covers the history of Iraq between 1968 and 2003, during the period of the Arab Socialist Ba'ath Party's rule.
The balance of payments, also known as balance of international payments and abbreviated B.O.P. or BoP, of a country is the record of all economic transactions between the residents of the country and of the world in a particular period (over a quarter of a year or more commonly over a year).
A ballistic missile follows a ballistic trajectory to deliver one or more warheads on a predetermined target.
A barrage is massed artillery fire aimed at points, typically apart, along one or more lines that can be from a few hundred to several thousand yards long.
The Basic Law for the Federal Republic of Germany (Grundgesetz für die Bundesrepublik Deutschland) is the constitution of the Federal Republic of Germany.
The Basra Vilayet (Ottoman language:, Vilâyet-i Basra) was a first-level administrative division (vilayet) of the Ottoman Empire.
The Battle of Bubiyan was a naval engagement of the Gulf War, that occurred in the waters between Bubiyan Island and the Shatt al-Arab marshlands, where the bulk of the Iraqi Navy, while attempting to flee to Iran, much like the Iraqi Air Force, was engaged and destroyed by Coalition warships and helicopters.
The Battle of Dasman Palace, also called the Battle of Dasman, was a battle between the Kuwaiti and Iraqi forces during the Iraqi Invasion of Kuwait on August 2, 1990.
The Battle of Norfolk was a tank battle fought on February 27, 1991, during the Persian Gulf War, between armored forces of the United States and United Kingdom, and those of the Ba'athist Iraqi Republican Guard.
The Battle of the Bridges or Kuwaiti Bridges (معركة الجسور), also known as the Battle of Jal al Atraf, was a battle that took place on 2 August 1990, in Kuwait following the Iraqi invasion of Kuwait.
The Battle of Wadi Al-Batin or Battle of Ruqi Pocket took place before the beginning of the Desert Storm operations on 16 February 1991.
The British Broadcasting Corporation (BBC) is a British public service broadcaster.
BBC Radio 4 is a radio station owned and operated by the British Broadcasting Corporation (BBC) that broadcasts a wide variety of spoken-word programmes including news, drama, comedy, science and history.
BBC Radio 5 Live (also known as just 5 Live) is the BBC's national radio service that specialises in live BBC News, phone-ins, interviews and sports commentaries.
Beirut (بيروت, Beyrouth) is the capital and largest city of Lebanon.
Bernard Shaw (born May 22, 1940) is a retired American journalist and former lead news anchor for CNN from 1980 until his retirement in March 2001.
The BGM-71 TOW ("Tube-launched, Optically tracked, Wire-guided") is an American anti-tank missile.
Biological warfare (BW)—also known as germ warfare—is the use of biological toxins or infectious agents such as bacteria, viruses, and fungi with the intent to kill or incapacitate humans, animals or plants as an act of war.
Bitburg (Bitbourg; Béibreg) is a city in Germany, in the state of Rhineland-Palatinate approximately 25 km (16 mi.) northwest of Trier and 50 km (31 mi.) northeast of Luxembourg city.
A blockade is an effort to cut off supplies, war material or communications from a particular area by force, either in part or totally.
The BLU-82B/C-130 weapon system, known under program "Commando Vault" and nicknamed "Daisy Cutter" in Vietnam for its ability to flatten a section of forest into a helicopter landing zone, is an American conventional bomb, delivered from either a C-130 or an MC-130 transport aircraft.
Robert Anthony Simpson (29 November 1944 – 25 July 2006) was a foreign correspondent for the BBC.
The Boeing AH-64 Apache is an American twin-turboshaft attack helicopter with a tailwheel-type landing gear arrangement and a tandem cockpit for a two-man crew.
The Boeing B-52 Stratofortress is an American long-range, subsonic, jet-powered strategic bomber.
The Boeing E-3 Sentry, commonly known as AWACS, is an American airborne early warning and control (AEW&C) aircraft developed by Boeing.
Hindi cinema, often metonymously referred to as Bollywood, is the Indian Hindi-language film industry, based in the city of Mumbai (formerly Bombay), Maharashtra, India.
A bomber is a combat aircraft designed to attack ground and naval targets by dropping air-to-ground weaponry (such as bombs), firing torpedoes and bullets or deploying air-launched cruise missiles.
Bravo Two Zero was the call sign of an eight-man British Army SAS patrol, deployed into Iraq during the First Gulf War in January 1991.
Bravo Two Zero is a 1999 two-hour television miniseries (broadcast in two parts between 3 and 4 January in the UK), based on the book of the same name by Andy McNab.
Brent Scowcroft (born March 19, 1925) is a retired United States Air Force lieutenant general who was the United States National Security Advisor under U.S. Presidents Gerald Ford and George H. W. Bush.
Martin Brian Mulroney (born March 20, 1939) is a Canadian politician who served as the 18th Prime Minister of Canada from September 17, 1984, to June 25, 1993.
A brigade is a major tactical military formation that is typically composed of three to six battalions plus supporting elements.
The British Army is the principal land warfare force of the United Kingdom, a part of British Armed Forces.
BTR (БТР), from Bronetransportyor/Bronetransporter (бронетранспортёр/бронетранспортер; literally "armoured transporter"), is any of a series of Soviet or post-Soviet military armoured personnel carriers.
A bulldozer is a crawler (continuous tracked tractor) equipped with a substantial metal plate (known as a blade) used to push large quantities of soil, sand, rubble, or other such material during construction or conversion work and typically equipped at the rear with a claw-like device (known as a ripper) to loosen densely compacted materials.
The Bulletin of the Atomic Scientists is a nontechnical academic journal, published by Taylor and Francis that covers global security and public policy issues related to the dangers posed by nuclear threats, weapons of mass destruction, climate change, and emerging technologies and biological hazards.
A bunker is a defensive military fortification designed to protect people or valued materials from falling bombs or other attacks.
The Canadian Armed Forces (CAF; Forces armées canadiennes, FAC), or Canadian Forces (CF) (Forces canadiennes, FC), are the unified armed forces of Canada, as constituted by the National Defence Act, which states: "The Canadian Forces are the armed forces of Her Majesty raised by Canada and consist of one Service called the Canadian Armed Forces." This unified institution consists of sea, land, and air elements referred to as the Royal Canadian Navy (RCN), Canadian Army, and Royal Canadian Air Force (RCAF).
The Carnegie Endowment for International Peace (CEIP) is a foreign-policy think tank with centers in Washington D.C., Moscow, Beirut, Beijing, Brussels, and New Delhi.
A carrier battle group (CVBG) consists of an aircraft carrier (designated CV) and its large number of escorts, together defining the group.
The Carter Doctrine was a policy proclaimed by President of the United States Jimmy Carter in his State of the Union Address on January 23, 1980, which stated that the United States would use military force, if necessary, to defend its national interests in the Persian Gulf.
CBS (an initialism of the network's former name, the Columbia Broadcasting System) is an American English language commercial broadcast television network that is a flagship property of CBS Corporation.
The Central Intelligence Agency (CIA) is a civilian foreign intelligence service of the United States federal government, tasked with gathering, processing, and analyzing national security information from around the world, primarily through the use of human intelligence (HUMINT).
The Central or Qurna Marshes were a large complex of wetlands in Iraq that were part of the Tigris-Euphrates river system, along with the Hawizeh and Hammar Marshes.
The FV4030/4 Challenger 1 is a British main battle tank (MBT) used by the British Army from 1983 to the mid-1990s, when it was superseded by the Challenger 2.
Checkbook diplomacy, or chequebook diplomacy, is used to describe a foreign policy which openly uses economic aid and investment between countries to curry diplomatic favor.
Chemical warfare (CW) involves using the toxic properties of chemical substances as weapons.
Colin Armstrong, MM (born 1961), usually known by the pseudonym and pen-name of Chris Ryan, is an author, television presenter, security consultant and former Special Air Service sergeant.
Charles Albert "Chuck" Horner (born October 19, 1936) is a retired USAF Four-Star General.
Citizens for a Free Kuwait (CFK) was an astroturf operation established by the Kuwaiti government to persuade the American public to look favourably on US military action in the Persian Gulf (the subsequent Operation Desert Storm).
Citizenship is the status of a person recognized under the custom or law as being a legal member of a sovereign state or belonging to a nation.
Civilian casualties occurs in a general sense, when civilians are killed or injured by non-civilians, mostly law enforcement officers, military personnel, or criminals such as terrorists and bank robbers.
The Clearance Diving Branch is the diving unit of the Royal Australian Navy (RAN) whose versatile role covers all spheres of military diving, and includes explosive ordnance disposal and maritime counter-terrorism.
A cluster munition is a form of air-dropped or ground-launched explosive weapon that releases or ejects smaller submunitions.
Cable News Network (CNN) is an American basic cable and satellite television news channel and an independent subsidiary of AT&T's WarnerMedia.
CNN International (CNNI), simply referred to on the channel as CNN, is an international 24-hour English language cable, satellite, IPTV and digital terrestrial television channel that is operated by CNN.
Below is the American-led coalition against the Iraqi government in the 1990s.
The Cold War was a state of geopolitical tension after World War II between powers in the Eastern Bloc (the Soviet Union and its satellite states) and powers in the Western Bloc (the United States, its NATO allies and others).
Colin Luther Powell (born April 5, 1937) is an American statesman and a retired four-star general in the United States Army.
Command and control or C2 is a "set of organizational and technical attributes and processes...
A commando is a soldier or operative of an elite light infantry or special operations force often specializing in amphibious landings, parachuting or abseiling.
Conflict: Desert Storm is a tactical shooter video game developed by Pivotal Games and published by SCi Games and Gotham Games for Microsoft Windows, PlayStation 2, Xbox, and GameCube; it is the first installment in the ''Conflict'' series.
Conflict: Desert Storm II (Conflict: Desert Storm II: Back to Baghdad in North America) is a tactical shooter video game developed by Pivotal Games.
A counter-offensive is the term used by the military to describe large-scale, usually strategic offensive operations by forces that had successfully halted the enemy's offensive, while occupying defensive positions.
A coup d'état, also known simply as a coup, a putsch, golpe de estado, or an overthrow, is a type of revolution, where the illegal and overt seizure of a state by the military or other elites within the state apparatus occurs.
Courage Under Fire is a 1996 American war film directed by Edward Zwick, and starring Denzel Washington and Meg Ryan.
A cruise missile is a guided missile used against terrestrial targets that remains in the atmosphere and flies the major portion of its flight path at approximately constant speed.
After the fall of communism in 1989, Czechoslovakia adopted the official name Czech and Slovak Federative Republic (Czech/Slovak: Česká a Slovenská Federativní/Federatívna Republika, ČSFR) during the period from 23 April 1990 until 31 December 1992, when the country was dissolved into the Czech Republic and Slovakia.
Daniel Irvin Rather Jr. (born October 31, 1931) is an American journalist and the former news anchor for the CBS Evening News. He currently anchors a newscast called The News with Dan Rather at The Young Turks and was previously managing editor and anchor of the television news magazine Dan Rather Reports on the cable channel AXS TV.
Dawn of the World is a feature film written and directed by the Iraqi-French film director Abbas Fahdel.
Demobilization or demobilisation (see spelling differences) is the process of standing down a nation's armed forces from combat-ready status.
Jordanians (Arabic: أردنيون), also known as the Jordanian people (Arabic: الشعب الأردني ALA-LC: al-sha‘ab al-ūrdunī) are the citizens of Jordan, who share a common Levantine Semitic ancestry.
Desertification is a type of land degradation in which a relatively dry area of land becomes increasingly arid, typically losing its bodies of water as well as vegetation and wildlife.
Dhahran (Arabic الظهران aẓ-Ẓahrān) is a city located in Eastern Province, Saudi Arabia.
Richard Bruce Cheney (born January 30, 1941) is an American politician and businessman who served as the 46th Vice President of the United States from 2001 to 2009.
The dime novel is a form of late 19th-century and early 20th-century U.S. popular fiction issued in series of inexpensive paperbound editions.
Directional drilling (or slant drilling) is the practice of drilling non-vertical wells.
The Division Daguet was a French Army division formed in September 1990 in Saudi Arabia as part of France's contribution to Operation Desert Shield.
Donald Henry Rumsfeld (born July 9, 1932) is a retired American political figure and businessman.
East Germany, officially the German Democratic Republic (GDR; Deutsche Demokratische Republik, DDR), existed from 1949 to 1990 and covers the period when the eastern portion of Germany existed as a state that was part of the Eastern Bloc during the Cold War period.
Economic sanctions are commercial and financial penalties applied by one or more countries against a targeted country, group, or individual.
An electronic-warfare aircraft is a military aircraft equipped for electronic warfare (EW), that is, degrading the effectiveness of enemy radar and radio systems by using radar jamming and deception methods.
Sheikh Fahad Al-Ahmed Al-Jaber Al-Sabah (10 August 1945 – 2 August 1990) (الشيخ الشهيد فهد الأحمد الجابر الصباح.) was a member of the House of Sabah and a Kuwaiti military officer who was also the founder of the Asian Handball Federation and Kuwait Olympic Committee.
Fahd bin Abdulaziz Al Saud, Custodian of the Two Holy Mosques (فهد بن عبد العزيز آل سعود; 16 March 1921 – 1 August 2005) was King of Saudi Arabia from 1982 to 2005.
Failaka Island (فيلكا /; Kuwaiti Arabic: فيلچا) is a Kuwaiti Island in the Persian Gulf.
The Fairchild Republic A-10 Thunderbolt II is a single-seat, twin turbofan engine, straight wing jet aircraft developed by Fairchild-Republic for the United States Air Force (USAF).
Fairness and Accuracy In Reporting (FAIR) is a media criticism organization based in New York City.
The Falkland Islands (Islas Malvinas) is an archipelago in the South Atlantic Ocean on the Patagonian Shelf.
Farzad Bazoft (فرزاد بازفت; 22 May 1958 – 15 March 1990) was an Iranian journalist who settled in the United Kingdom in the mid-1970s.
A fatwā (فتوى; plural fatāwā فتاوى.) in the Islamic faith is a nonbinding but authoritative legal opinion or learned interpretation that the Sheikhul Islam, a qualified jurist or mufti, can give on issues pertaining to the Islamic law.
A field hospital is a small mobile medical unit, or mini hospital, that temporarily takes care of casualties on-site before they can be safely transported to more permanent facilities.
The flag of Iraq (علم العراق) includes the three equal horizontal red, white, and black stripes of the Arab Liberation flag.
François Maurice Adrien Marie Mitterrand (26 October 1916 – 8 January 1996) was a French statesman who was President of France from 1981 to 1995, the longest time in office of any French president.
Frederick McCarthy Forsyth (born 25 August 1938) is an English author, former journalist and spy, and occasional political commentator.
The French Foreign Legion (Légion étrangère) (FFL; Légion étrangère, L.É.) is a military service branch of the French Army established in 1831.
Friendly fire is an attack by a military force on non-enemy, own, allied or neutral, forces while attempting to attack the enemy, either by misidentifying the target as hostile, or due to errors or inaccuracy.
The gas mask is a mask used to protect the user from inhaling airborne pollutants and toxic gases.
The General Dynamics F-16 Fighting Falcon is a single-engine supersonic multirole fighter aircraft originally developed by General Dynamics (now Lockheed Martin) for the United States Air Force (USAF).
In genetics, genotoxicity describes the property of chemical agents that damages the genetic information within a cell causing mutations, which may lead to cancer.
Geopolitics (from Greek γῆ gê "earth, land" and πολιτική politikḗ "politics") is the study of the effects of geography (human and physical) on politics and international relations.
George Herbert Walker Bush (born June 12, 1924) is an American politician who served as the 41st President of the United States from 1989 to 1993.
Gilles Kepel, (born June 30, 1955) is a French political scientist and Arabist, specialized in the contemporary Middle East and Muslims in the West.
The Global Positioning System (GPS), originally Navstar GPS, is a satellite-based radionavigation system owned by the United States government and operated by the United States Air Force.
Kuwait is a constitutional emirate with a semi-democratic political system.
The Group of Soviet Forces in Germany (1954–1988) (Группа советских войск в Германии, ГСВГ), also known as the Group of Soviet Occupation Forces in Germany (1945–1954) and the Western Group of Forces (1988–1994) were the troops of the Soviet Army in East Germany.
The Gulf of Oman or Sea of Oman (خليج عُمان khalīj ʿUmān; دریای عمان daryāye ʿUmān) is a strait (and not an actual gulf) that connects the Arabian Sea with the Strait of Hormuz, which then runs to the Persian Gulf.
The Gulf War (August 1990 to February 1991) was a war against Iraq by a U.S.-led coalition, following Iraq's invasion of Kuwait.
Gulf War: Operation Desert Hammer was a video game about M1 Tanks during the Gulf War, it was one of the first games about Desert Storm.
Hafez al-Assad (حافظ الأسد,; 6 October 1930 – 10 June 2000) was a Syrian politician and field marshal of the Syrian Armed Forces who served as President of Syria from 1971 to 2000.
The Hammar Marshes (Iraq) are a large complex of wetlands in Iraq that are part of the Tigris-Euphrates river system, along with the Mesopotamian Marshes which also encompass the Hawizeh and Central Marshes.
Harold Livingston is an American novelist and screenwriter who claimed credit for the screenplay for Star Trek: The Motion Picture (1979).
The Hawizeh Marshes are a complex of marshes that straddle the Iraq and Iran border.
Heavy metals are generally defined as metals with relatively high densities, atomic weights, or atomic numbers.
Helmut Josef Michael Kohl (3 April 1930 – 16 June 2017) was a German statesman who served as Chancellor of Germany from 1982 to 1998 (of West Germany 1982–1990 and of the reunited Germany 1990–1998) and as the chairman of the Christian Democratic Union (CDU) from 1973 to 1998.
The Highway of Death (ṭarīq al-mawt) refers to a six-lane highway between Kuwait and Iraq, officially known as Highway 80.
Hill+Knowlton Strategies is a global public relations consulting company, headquartered in New York City, United States, with 90 offices in 52 countries.
HMS Ark Royal was a light aircraft carrier and former flagship of the Royal Navy.
Muhammad Hosni El Sayed Mubarak (محمد حسني السيد مبارك,,; born 4 May 1928) is a former Egyptian military and political leader who served as the fourth President of Egypt from 1981 to 2011.
A hospital ship is a ship designated for primary function as a floating medical treatment facility or hospital.
The House of Al Sabah (آل صباح Āl Ṣubāḥ) is the ruling family of Kuwait.
Iraq's era under President Saddam Hussein was notorious for its severe violations of human rights.
Human shield is a military and political term describing the deliberate placement of non-combatants in or around combat targets to deter the enemy from attacking these combat targets.
Hussain Muhammad Ershad (হুসেইন মুহাম্মদ এরশাদ; born 1 February 1930) is a Bangladeshi politician who served as the 10th President of Bangladesh from 1983 to 1990.
Hussein Kamel Hassan al-Majid (حسين كامل حسن المجيد) (18 June 1954 – 23 February 1996) was the son-in-law and second cousin of Iraqi leader Saddam Hussein.
In economics, hyperinflation is very high and typically accelerating inflation.
An infantry fighting vehicle (IFV), also known as a mechanized infantry combat vehicle (MICV), is a type of armoured fighting vehicle used to carry infantry into battle and provide direct-fire support.
During the Iran–Iraq War, Iraq received large quantities of weapons and other material useful to the development of armaments and weapons of mass destruction.
The International Energy Agency (IEA) (Agence internationale de l'énergie) is a Paris-based autonomous intergovernmental organization established in the framework of the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) in 1974 in the wake of the 1973 oil crisis.
The International Monetary Fund (IMF) is an international organization headquartered in Washington, D.C., consisting of "189 countries working to foster global monetary cooperation, secure financial stability, facilitate international trade, promote high employment and sustainable economic growth, and reduce poverty around the world." Formed in 1945 at the Bretton Woods Conference primarily by the ideas of Harry Dexter White and John Maynard Keynes, it came into formal existence in 1945 with 29 member countries and the goal of reconstructing the international payment system.
The Invasion of Kuwait on 2 August 1990 was a 2-day operation conducted by Iraq against the neighboring state of Kuwait, which resulted in the seven-month-long Iraqi occupation of the country.
The Iran–Iraq War was an armed conflict between Iran and Iraq, beginning on 22 September 1980, when Iraq invaded Iran, and ending on 20 August 1988, when Iran accepted the UN-brokered ceasefire.
The Iranian Revolution (Enqelāb-e Iran; also known as the Islamic Revolution or the 1979 Revolution), Iran Chamber.
Iraq (or; العراق; عێراق), officially known as the Republic of Iraq (جُمُهورية العِراق; کۆماری عێراق), is a country in Western Asia, bordered by Turkey to the north, Iran to the east, Kuwait to the southeast, Saudi Arabia to the south, Jordan to the southwest and Syria to the west.
24 July 1990.
The Iraq WarThe conflict is also known as the War in Iraq, the Occupation of Iraq, the Second Gulf War, and Gulf War II.
Iraq–Russia relations (Российско–иракские отношения, العلاقات الروسية العراقية) is the bilateral relationship between Iraq and Russia and, prior to Russia's independence, between Iraq and the Soviet Union.
Iraq–Saudi relations are the relations between the Republic of Iraq and the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia.
The Iraqi Armed Forces are the military forces of the Government of Iraq.
The Iraqi Army, officially the Iraqi Ground Forces, is the ground force component of the Iraqi Armed Forces, having been active in various incarnations throughout the 20th and 21st centuries.
Iraqi Kurdistan, officially called the Kurdistan Region of Iraq (Herêmî Kurdistan) by the Iraqi constitution, is an autonomous region located in northern Iraq.
The Iraqi no-fly zones were a set of two separate no-fly zones (NFZs), and were proclaimed by the United States, United Kingdom, and France after the Gulf War of 1991 to protect the Kurds in northern Iraq and Shiite Muslims in the south.
The Islamic Supreme Council of Iraq (ISCI or SIIC) (المجلس الأعلى الإسلامي العراقي Al-Majlis Al-A'ala Al-Islami Al-'Iraqi), (previously the party was known as the Supreme Council for the Islamic Revolution in Iraq (SCIRI)) is an Iraqi Shia Islamist Iraqi political party.
Islamism is a concept whose meaning has been debated in both public and academic contexts.
Israel, officially the State of Israel, is a country in the Middle East, on the southeastern shore of the Mediterranean Sea and the northern shore of the Red Sea.
The Israeli Air Force (IAF; זְרוֹעַ הָאֲוִיר וְהֶחָלָל, Zroa HaAvir VeHahalal, "Air and Space Arm", commonly known as, Kheil HaAvir, "Air Corps") operates as the aerial warfare branch of the Israel Defense Forces.
The Israeli-occupied territories are the territories occupied by Israel during the Six-Day War of 1967.
Izzat Ibrahim al-Douri (عزة إبراهيم الدوري ‘Izzat Ibrāhīm ad-Dūrī; born 1 July 1942) is a former Iraqi statesman and military commander.
John William Kime (15 July 1934 – 14 September 2006) was a United States Coast Guard admiral who served as the 19th Commandant of the Coast Guard from 31 May 1990 to 1 June 1994.
Sheikh Jaber al-Ahmad al-Sabah, GCB (Hon), GCMG (Hon) (29 June 1926 – 15 January 2006) (الشيخ جابر الأحمد الجابر الصباح) of the al-Sabah dynasty, was the 3rd Emir of post-independence Kuwait and Commander of the Military of Kuwait; serving from 31 December 1977 until his death on 15 January 2006 due to cerebral hemorrhage.
James Addison Baker III (born April 28, 1930) is an American attorney and political figure.
James Follett (born 1939 in Tolworth, England) is an author and screenwriter.
Jarhead is a 2003 Gulf War memoir by author and former U.S. Marine Anthony Swofford.
Jarhead is a 2005 American biographical war drama film based on U.S. Marine Anthony Swofford's 2003 memoir of the same name, directed by Sam Mendes, starring Jake Gyllenhaal as Swofford with Jamie Foxx, Peter Sarsgaard and Chris Cooper.
Jeddah (sometimes spelled Jiddah or Jedda;; جدة, Hejazi pronunciation) is a city in the Hijaz Tihamah region on the coast of the Red Sea and is the major urban center of western Saudi Arabia. It is the largest city in Makkah Province, the largest seaport on the Red Sea, and with a population of about four million people, the second-largest city in Saudi Arabia after the capital city, Riyadh. Jeddah is Saudi Arabia's commercial capital. Jeddah is the principal gateway to Mecca and Medina, two of the holiest cities in Islam and popular tourist attractions. Economically, Jeddah is focusing on further developing capital investment in scientific and engineering leadership within Saudi Arabia, and the Middle East. Jeddah was independently ranked fourth in the Africa – Mid-East region in terms of innovation in 2009 in the Innovation Cities Index. Jeddah is one of Saudi Arabia's primary resort cities and was named a Beta world city by the Globalization and World Cities Study Group and Network (GaWC). Given the city's close proximity to the Red Sea, fishing and seafood dominates the food culture unlike other parts of the country. In Arabic, the city's motto is "Jeddah Ghair," which translates to "Jeddah is different." The motto has been widely used among both locals as well as foreign visitors. The city had been previously perceived as the "most open" city in Saudi Arabia.
The Jewish Virtual Library ("JVL", formerly known as JSOURCE) is an online encyclopedia published by the American–Israeli Cooperative Enterprise (AICE).
John Holliman (October 23, 1948 – September 12, 1998) was an American broadcast journalist.
John John Yeosock (March 18, 1937 – February 15, 2012) was a United States Army general who commanded the 3rd U.S. Army during Operation Desert Shield and Operation Desert Storm.
Sir John Major (born 29 March 1943) is a British politician who served as Prime Minister of the United Kingdom and Leader of the Conservative Party from 1990 to 1997.
Flight Lieutenant Adrian John Nichol (born December 1963) is a retired Royal Air Force navigator who was shot down and captured during the first Gulf War.
Squadron Leader John Peters (born 1961) is a former pilot of the Royal Air Force.
John R. "Rick" MacArthur (born June 4, 1956) is an American journalist and author of books about US politics.
John Cody Fidler-Simpson (born 9 August 1944) is an English foreign correspondent and world affairs editor of BBC News.
Jordan (الْأُرْدُنّ), officially the Hashemite Kingdom of Jordan (المملكة الأردنية الهاشمية), is a sovereign Arab state in Western Asia, on the East Bank of the Jordan River.
The Joshua Project (formerly part of AD2000) is an organization seeking to highlight the ethnic groups of the world with the least followers of evangelical Christianity.
Kenneth J. Summers (born July 20, 1944) is a retired Canadian naval officer, best known for being the commander of the Canadian contingent of the Persian Gulf War coalition.
Kenneth Jarecke (born 1963) is an American photojournalist.
Ras Al Khafji (رأس الخفجي) or Khafji (الخفجي) is a town on the border between Saudi Arabia and Kuwait.
Khaled bin Sultan (خالد بن سلطان بن عبد العزيز آل سعود) (born 24 September 1949) is the former deputy minister of defense and a member of House of Saud.
The Khobar Towers bombing was a terrorist attack on part of a housing complex in the city of Khobar, Saudi Arabia, located near the national oil company (Saudi Aramco) headquarters of Dhahran and nearby King Abdulaziz Air Base on June 25, 1996.
The Korean War (in South Korean, "Korean War"; in North Korean, "Fatherland: Liberation War"; 25 June 1950 – 27 July 1953) was a war between North Korea (with the support of China and the Soviet Union) and South Korea (with the principal support of the United States).
The Kurds (rtl, Kurd) or the Kurdish people (rtl, Gelî kurd), are an ethnic group in the Middle East, mostly inhabiting a contiguous area spanning adjacent parts of southeastern Turkey (Northern Kurdistan), northwestern Iran (Eastern Kurdistan), northern Iraq (Southern Kurdistan), and northern Syria (Western Kurdistan).
Kuwait (الكويت, or), officially the State of Kuwait (دولة الكويت), is a country in Western Asia.
The Kuwait Air Force (Arabic: القوات الجوية الكويتية Trans: al-Quwwat al-Jawwiya al-Kuwaitiya) is the air arm of the Armed Forces of Kuwait.
Kuwait City (مدينة الكويت) is the capital and largest city of Kuwait.
The Kuwait Governorate (محافظة الكويت) was the 19th governorate of Iraq established in the aftermath of the invasion of Kuwait by Iraq in 1990.
Kuwait International Airport (مطار الكويت الدولي) is located in Farwaniya, Kuwait, south of Kuwait City, spread over an area of.
The Kuwait Military Forces consists of several joint forming defense forces.
The Kuwaiti oil fires were caused by Iraqi military forces setting fire to a reported 605 to 732 oil wells along with an unspecified number of oil filled low-lying areas, such as oil lakes and fire trenches, as part of a scorched earth policy while retreating from Kuwait in 1991 due to the advances of Coalition military forces in the Persian Gulf War.
A land mine is an explosive device concealed under or on the ground and designed to destroy or disable enemy targets, ranging from combatants to vehicles and tanks, as they pass over or near it.
Langley Air Force Base is a United States Air Force base located adjacent to Hampton and Newport News, Virginia.
Lessons of Darkness (Lektionen in Finsternis) is a 1992 film by director Werner Herzog.
The Liberation of Kuwait was a U.S.-led military operation to retake Kuwait from Iraq after the massive air campaign, between 24–28 February 1991.
Lieutenant general, lieutenant-general and similar (abbrev Lt Gen, LTG and similar) is a three-star military rank (NATO code OF-8) used in many countries.
This is a list of United States ambassadors, or lower-ranking heads of a diplomatic mission to Iraq.
The Emir of the State of Kuwait is the monarch and head of state of Kuwait.
The United Nations Security Council (UNSC) is the organ of the United Nations charged with maintaining peace and security among nations.
Live from Baghdad is a television movie produced in 2002 by HBO.
The Lockheed AC-130 gunship is a heavily armed, long-endurance ground-attack variant of the C-130 Hercules transport fixed-wing aircraft.
Locusts are certain species of short-horned grasshoppers in the family Acrididae that have a swarming phase.
The Loss of Strength Gradient (LSG) is a military concept devised by Kenneth E. Boulding in his 1962 book Conflict and Defense: A General Theory.
The M-84 is a Yugoslav third generation main battle tank, a variant of the Soviet T-72.
The M270 Multiple Launch Rocket System (M270 MLRS) is an armored, self-propelled, multiple rocket launcher; a type of rocket artillery.
The M728 Combat Engineer Vehicle (CEV) is a military engineering vehicle based on an M60A1 Patton main battle tank with a turret-mounted 165mm demolition gun, chassis with a hydraulically operated dozer blade mounted on the front, thus effectively functioning as an armored bulldozer, plus an A-frame crane boom hinged on either side of the turret and a winch.
Mahmoud Abbas (مَحْمُود عَبَّاس,; born 15 November 1935), also known by the kunya Abu Mazen (أَبُو مَازِن), is the President of the State of Palestine and Palestinian National Authority. He has been the Chairman of the Palestine Liberation Organization (PLO) since 11 November 2004, and Palestinian president since 15 January 2005 (Palestinian National Authority since 15 January 2005, and State of Palestine since 8 May 2005). Abbas is a member of the Fatah party and was elected Chairman of Fatah in 2009. Abbas was elected on 9 January 2005 to serve as President of the Palestinian National Authority until 15 January 2009, but extended his term until the next election in 2010, citing the PLO constitution, and on December 16, 2009 was voted into office indefinitely by the PLO Central Council. As a result, Fatah's main rival, Hamas, initially announced that it would not recognize the extension or view Abbas as the rightful president. The Jerusalem Post (9 January 2009) Yet, Abbas is internationally recognized and Hamas and Fatah conducted numerous negotiations in the following years, leading to an agreement in April 2014 over a Unity Government, which lasted until October 2016, and therefore to the recognition of his office by Hamas. Abbas was also chosen as the President of the State of Palestine by the Palestine Liberation Organization's Central Council on 23 November 2008, a position he had held unofficially since 8 May 2005. Abbas served as the first Prime Minister of the Palestinian Authority from March to September 2003. Before being named prime minister, Abbas led the PLO Negotiations Affairs Department.
Major non-NATO ally (MNNA) is a designation given by the United States government to close allies that have strategic working relationships with the US Armed Forces but are not members of the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO).
Man-portable air-defense systems (MANPADS or MPADS) are shoulder-launched surface-to-air missiles (SLSAMs).
Margaret Hilda Thatcher, Baroness Thatcher, (13 October 19258 April 2013) was a British stateswoman who served as Prime Minister of the United Kingdom from 1979 to 1990 and Leader of the Conservative Party from 1975 to 1990.
A marsh is a wetland that is dominated by herbaceous rather than woody plant species.
The Marsh Arabs (عرب الأهوار ʻArab al-Ahwār "Arabs of the Marshlands"), also referred to as the Maʻdān (معدان "dweller in the plains") or shroog (شروگ, "those from the east")—the latter two often considered derogatory in the present day—are inhabitants of the Tigris-Euphrates marshlands in the south and east of Iraq and along the Iranian border.
The McDonnell Douglas CF-18 Hornet (official military designation CF-188) is a Royal Canadian Air Force (RCAF) (formerly Canadian Forces Air Command) fighter aircraft, based on the American McDonnell Douglas F/A-18 Hornet fighter.
The McDonnell Douglas F-15 Eagle is an American twin-engine, all-weather tactical fighter aircraft designed by McDonnell Douglas (now Boeing) to gain and maintain air supremacy in all aspects of aerial combat.
The McDonnell Douglas (now Boeing) F-15E Strike Eagle is an American all-weather multirole strike fighter derived from the McDonnell Douglas F-15 Eagle.
Mecca or Makkah (مكة is a city in the Hejazi region of the Arabian Peninsula, and the plain of Tihamah in Saudi Arabia, and is also the capital and administrative headquarters of the Makkah Region. The city is located inland from Jeddah in a narrow valley at a height of above sea level, and south of Medina. Its resident population in 2012 was roughly 2 million, although visitors more than triple this number every year during the Ḥajj (حَـجّ, "Pilgrimage") period held in the twelfth Muslim lunar month of Dhūl-Ḥijjah (ذُو الْـحِـجَّـة). As the birthplace of Muhammad, and the site of Muhammad's first revelation of the Quran (specifically, a cave from Mecca), Mecca is regarded as the holiest city in the religion of Islam and a pilgrimage to it known as the Hajj is obligatory for all able Muslims. Mecca is home to the Kaaba, by majority description Islam's holiest site, as well as being the direction of Muslim prayer. Mecca was long ruled by Muhammad's descendants, the sharifs, acting either as independent rulers or as vassals to larger polities. It was conquered by Ibn Saud in 1925. In its modern period, Mecca has seen tremendous expansion in size and infrastructure, home to structures such as the Abraj Al Bait, also known as the Makkah Royal Clock Tower Hotel, the world's fourth tallest building and the building with the third largest amount of floor area. During this expansion, Mecca has lost some historical structures and archaeological sites, such as the Ajyad Fortress. Today, more than 15 million Muslims visit Mecca annually, including several million during the few days of the Hajj. As a result, Mecca has become one of the most cosmopolitan cities in the Muslim world,Fattah, Hassan M., The New York Times (20 January 2005). even though non-Muslims are prohibited from entering the city.
Medina (المدينة المنورة,, "the radiant city"; or المدينة,, "the city"), also transliterated as Madīnah, is a city in the Hejaz region of the Arabian Peninsula and administrative headquarters of the Al-Madinah Region of Saudi Arabia.
The Mediterranean Sea is a sea connected to the Atlantic Ocean, surrounded by the Mediterranean Basin and almost completely enclosed by land: on the north by Southern Europe and Anatolia, on the south by North Africa and on the east by the Levant.
Michel Roquejeoffre (born November 28, 1933 in Paris) is a retired French Army General (rapid forces), who commanded Operation Daguet (French operations during the 1991 Gulf War).
In business management, micromanagement is a management style whereby a manager closely observes and/or controls the work of his/her subordinates or employees.
The Middle East Forum (MEF) is an American conservative think tank founded in 1990 by Daniel Pipes, who serves as its president.
Middle East Review of International Affairs (MERIA) is a quarterly, peer-reviewed, journal on Middle East issues founded by the late Barry Rubin and edited by Dr.
Mike Boettcher (born 1954) is an American journalist and war correspondent.
A military air base (sometimes referred to as a military airfield, military airport, air force station, air force base or short air base) is an aerodrome (military base) used by a military force for the operation of military aircraft.
A military aircraft is any fixed-wing or rotary-wing aircraft that is operated by a legal or insurrectionary armed service of any type.
The military history of the United States spans a period of over two centuries.
The MIM-104 Patriot is a surface-to-air missile (SAM) system, the primary of its kind used by the United States Army and several allied nations.
The Ministry of Defence (Ministerie van Defensie; MinDef) is the Dutch Ministry responsible for the armed forces of the Netherlands and Veterans Affairs.
In modern language, a missile is a guided self-propelled system, as opposed to an unguided self-propelled munition, referred to as a rocket (although these too can also be guided).
Missing in action (MIA) is a casualty classification assigned to combatants, military chaplains, combat medics, and prisoners of war who are reported missing during wartime or ceasefire.
A missing person is a person who has disappeared and whose status as alive or dead cannot be confirmed as his or her location and fate are not known.
A mortar is usually a simple, lightweight, man portable, muzzle-loaded weapon, consisting of a smooth-bore metal tube fixed to a base plate (to absorb recoil) with a lightweight bipod mount.
MuhammadFull name: Abū al-Qāsim Muḥammad ibn ʿAbd Allāh ibn ʿAbd al-Muṭṭalib ibn Hāšim (ابو القاسم محمد ابن عبد الله ابن عبد المطلب ابن هاشم, lit: Father of Qasim Muhammad son of Abd Allah son of Abdul-Muttalib son of Hashim) (مُحمّد;;Classical Arabic pronunciation Latinized as Mahometus c. 570 CE – 8 June 632 CE)Elizabeth Goldman (1995), p. 63, gives 8 June 632 CE, the dominant Islamic tradition.
Muthanna Governorate (المثنى Al Muthannā) or Al Muthanna Province, is a province in Iraq, named after the 7th-century Arab general al-Muthanna ibn Haritha.
The Assistant to the President for National Security Affairs (APNSA), commonly referred to as the National Security Advisor (NSA) or at times informally termed the NSC Advisor,The National Security Advisor and Staff: p. 1.
Nature is a British multidisciplinary scientific journal, first published on 4 November 1869.
Nature Publishing Group is a division of the international scientific publishing company Springer Nature that publishes academic journals, magazines, online databases, and services in science and medicine.
The Nayirah testimony was a false testimony given before the Congressional Human Rights Caucus on October 10, 1990 by a 15-year-old girl who provided only her first name, Nayirah.
The National Broadcasting Company (NBC) is an American English language commercial broadcast television network that is a flagship property of NBCUniversal, a subsidiary of Comcast.
NBC News is the news division of the American broadcast television network NBC, formerly known as the National Broadcasting Company when it was founded on radio.
Nerve agents, sometimes also called nerve gases, are a class of organic chemicals that disrupt the mechanisms by which nerves transfer messages to organs.
The New York Air National Guard (NY ANG) is the air force militia of the State of New York, United States of America.
News broadcasting is the medium of broadcasting of various news events and other information via television, radio, or internet in the field of broadcast journalism.
Newsday is an American daily newspaper that primarily serves Nassau and Suffolk counties and the New York City borough of Queens on Long Island, although it is sold throughout the New York metropolitan area.
A no-fly zone or no-flight zone (NFZ), or air exclusion zone, is a territory or an area over which aircraft are not permitted to fly.
Herbert Norman Schwarzkopf Jr. (August 22, 1934 – December 27, 2012) was a United States Army general.
The Northrop Grumman E-2 Hawkeye is an American all-weather, carrier-capable tactical airborne early warning (AEW) aircraft. This twin-turboprop aircraft was designed and developed during the late 1950s and early 1960s by the Grumman Aircraft Company for the United States Navy as a replacement for the earlier, piston-engined E-1 Tracer, which was rapidly becoming obsolete. The aircraft's performance has been upgraded with the E-2B, and E-2C versions, where most of the changes were made to the radar and radio communications due to advances in electronic integrated circuits and other electronics. The fourth major version of the Hawkeye is the E-2D, which first flew in 2007. The E-2 was the first aircraft designed specifically for its role, as opposed to a modification of an existing airframe, such as the Boeing E-3 Sentry. Variants of the Hawkeye have been in continuous production since 1960, giving it the longest production run of any carrier-based aircraft. The E-2 also received the nickname "Super Fudd" because it replaced the E-1 Tracer "Willy Fudd". In recent decades, the E-2 has been commonly referred to as the "Hummer" because of the distinctive sounds of its turboprop engines, quite unlike that of turbojet and turbofan jet engines. In addition to U.S. Navy service, smaller numbers of E-2s have been sold to the armed forces of Egypt, France, Israel, Japan, Mexico, Singapore and Taiwan.
The Northrop Grumman E-8 Joint Surveillance Target Attack Radar System (Joint STARS) is a United States Air Force Airborne ground surveillance, battle management and command and control aircraft.
A nuclear weapon is an explosive device that derives its destructive force from nuclear reactions, either fission (fission bomb) or from a combination of fission and fusion reactions (thermonuclear bomb).
An "oil field" or "oilfield" is a region with an abundance of oil wells extracting petroleum (crude oil) from below ground.
An oil spill is the release of a liquid petroleum hydrocarbon into the environment, especially the marine ecosystem, due to human activity, and is a form of pollution.
An op-ed (originally short for "opposite the editorial page" although often taken to stand for "opinion editorial") is a written prose piece typically published by a newspaper or magazine which expresses the opinion of a named author usually not affiliated with the publication's editorial board.
Opération Daguet (Operation Brocket) was the codename for French operations during the 1991 Gulf War.
The Organization of the Petroleum Exporting Countries (OPEC,, or OPEP in several other languages) is an intergovernmental organization of nations, founded in 1960 in Baghdad by the first five members (Iran, Iraq, Kuwait, Saudi Arabia, and Venezuela), and headquartered since 1965 in Vienna, Austria.
In the first Gulf War, Operation Desert Farewell was the name given to the return of American units and equipment to the United States in 1991 after the liberation of Kuwait.
Operation Fath-ol-Mobin (عملیات فتحالمبین, a Quranic phrase meaning "Undeniable Victory" or "Manifest Victory") was a major Iranian military operation conducted during the Iran–Iraq War, in March 1982.
Operation Friction was a Canadian military operation that saw the contribution of 4,500 Canadian Forces personnel to the 1991 Gulf War.
Operation GRANBY, commonly abbreviated Op GRANBY, was the code name given to the British military operations during the 1991 Gulf War.
The 1991 uprisings in Iraq were a series of anti-governmental intifada (rebellions) in Southern and Northern Iraq during the aftermath of the Gulf War in March–April 1991.
Operation Provide Comfort and Provide Comfort II were military operations initiated by the United States and other Coalition nations of the Gulf War, starting in April 1991, to defend Kurds fleeing their homes in northern Iraq in the aftermath of the Gulf War and deliver humanitarian aid to them.
Operazione Locusta is the code name given to the contribution of the Italian Air Force in the Gulf War.
The 1990–1991 Gulf War was the last major United States Air Force combat operation of the 20th Century.
Usama ibn Mohammed ibn Awad ibn Ladin (أسامة بن محمد بن عوض بن لادن), often anglicized as Osama bin Laden (March 10, 1957 – May 2, 2011), was a founder of, the organization responsible for the September 11 attacks in the United States and many other mass-casualty attacks worldwide.
The Ottoman Empire (دولت عليه عثمانیه,, literally The Exalted Ottoman State; Modern Turkish: Osmanlı İmparatorluğu or Osmanlı Devleti), also historically known in Western Europe as the Turkish Empire"The Ottoman Empire-also known in Europe as the Turkish Empire" or simply Turkey, was a state that controlled much of Southeast Europe, Western Asia and North Africa between the 14th and early 20th centuries.
The Oval Office is the working office space of the President of the United States located in the West Wing of the White House, Washington, DC.
The Overseas Development Institute (ODI) is an independent think tank on international development and humanitarian issues, founded in 1960.
The Palestine Liberation Organization (PLO; منظمة التحرير الفلسطينية) is an organization founded in 1964 with the purpose of the "liberation of Palestine" through armed struggle, with much of its violence aimed at Israeli civilians.
The Palestinian exodus from Kuwait took place during and after the Gulf War.
Palestinian fedayeen (from the Arabic fidā'ī, plural fidā'iyūn, فدائيون) are militants or guerrillas of a nationalist orientation from among the Palestinian people.
The Palestinian people (الشعب الفلسطيني, ash-sha‘b al-Filasṭīnī), also referred to as Palestinians (الفلسطينيون, al-Filasṭīniyyūn, פָלַסְטִינִים) or Palestinian Arabs (العربي الفلسطيني, al-'arabi il-filastini), are an ethnonational group comprising the modern descendants of the peoples who have lived in Palestine over the centuries, including Jews and Samaritans, and who today are largely culturally and linguistically Arab.
The Panavia Tornado is a family of twin-engine, variable-sweep wing multirole combat aircraft, which was jointly developed and manufactured by Italy, the United Kingdom, and West Germany.
Pennsylvania (Pennsylvania German: Pennsylvaani or Pennsilfaani), officially the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania, is a state located in the northeastern and Mid-Atlantic regions of the United States.
The Persian Gulf (lit), (الخليج الفارسي) is a mediterranean sea in Western Asia.
The Persian Gulf naming dispute is concerned with the name of the body of water known historically and internationally as the Persian Gulf (خلیج فارس), after the land of Persia (the traditional name of Iran).
Peter Gregg Arnett, ONZM (born 13 November 1934) is a New Zealand-born journalist holding both New Zealand and US citizenship.
General Sir Peter Edgar de la Cour de la Billière, (born 29 April 1934) is a former British Army officer who was Director SAS during the Iranian Embassy siege and Commander-in-Chief of the British forces in the Gulf War.
Peter Charles Archibald Ewart Jennings (July 29, 1938August 7, 2005) was a Canadian-American journalist who served as the sole anchor of ABC World News Tonight for 22 years from 1983 until his death from lung cancer in 2005.
Petroleum is a naturally occurring, yellow-to-black liquid found in geological formations beneath the Earth's surface.
A plough (UK) or plow (US; both) is a tool or farm implement used in farming for initial cultivation of soil in preparation for sowing seed or planting to loosen or turn the soil.
Air-to-air combat is the engagement of flying machines in warfare in which one or more aircraft tries to destroy one or more other aircraft.
A precision-guided munition (PGM, smart weapon, smart munition, smart bomb) is a guided munition intended to precisely hit a specific target, to minimize collateral damage and increase lethality against intended targets.
The presidency of Ronald Reagan began at noon EST on January 20, 1981, when Ronald Reagan was inaugurated as 40th President of the United States, and ended on January 20, 1989.
Prince Sultan Air Base (قاعدة الأمير سلطان الجوية) (PSAB) is a military air base located in the closed-city Al Kharj, Saudi Arabia.
A prisoner of war (POW) is a person, whether combatant or non-combatant, who is held in custody by a belligerent power during or immediately after an armed conflict.
A protectorate, in its inception adopted by modern international law, is a dependent territory that has been granted local autonomy and some independence while still retaining the suzerainty of a greater sovereign state.
Public relations (PR) is the practice of managing the spread of information between an individual or an organization (such as a business, government agency, or a nonprofit organization) and the public.
A pyrophoric substance (from Greek πυροφόρος, pyrophoros, "fire-bearing") ignites spontaneously in air at or below 55 °C (130 °F).
Radio 4 News FM was the BBC radio rolling news service that was on air during the first Gulf War from 16 January until 2 March 1991.
Rahimullah Yusufzai (رحیم اللہ یوسفزئی) (born September 10, 1954) is a Pakistani journalist, best known for having interviewed Osama bin Laden, and Afghan Taliban leader Mullah Omar.
Ramat Gan (help; رَمَات چَان) is a city in the Tel Aviv District of Israel, located east of Tel Aviv.
RAND Corporation ("Research ANd Development") is an American nonprofit global policy think tank created in 1948 by Douglas Aircraft Company to offer research and analysis to the United States Armed Forces.
The Red Sea (also the Erythraean Sea) is a seawater inlet of the Indian Ocean, lying between Africa and Asia.
The Republic of Kuwait was a short-lived and self-styled republic formed in the aftermath of the invasion of Kuwait by Ba'athist Iraq during the early stages of the Persian Gulf War.
The Iraqi Republican Guard (حرس العراق الجمهوري Ḥaras al-‘Irāq al-Jamhūriyy) was a branch of the Iraqi military from 1964 to 2003, primarily during the presidency of Saddam Hussein.
Retroactive continuity, or retcon for short, is a literary device in which established facts in a fictional work are adjusted, ignored, or contradicted by a subsequently published work which breaks continuity with the former.
Rhonda Cornum (born October 31, 1954) is a former United States Army officer and the Director of Health Strategy for TechWerks.
Lawrence Rush "Rick" Atkinson IV (born November 16, 1952) is an American author.
Robert Fisk (born 12 July 1946) is an English writer and journalist.
A rocket-propelled grenade (often abbreviated RPG) is a shoulder-fired anti-tank weapon system that fires rockets equipped with an explosive warhead.
Ronald Wilson Reagan (February 6, 1911 – June 5, 2004) was an American politician and actor who served as the 40th President of the United States from 1981 to 1989.
The Royal Air Force (RAF) is the United Kingdom's aerial warfare force.
The Royal Fleet Auxiliary (RFA) is a civilian-manned fleet owned by the United Kingdom's Ministry of Defence, whose purpose is to support the Royal Navy to maintain operations around the world.
The Royal Navy (RN) is the United Kingdom's naval warfare force.
The Royal Netherlands Air Force (RNLAF; Koninklijke Luchtmacht (KLu), "Royal Air Force"), is the military aviation branch of the Netherlands Armed Forces.
Royal Tulip Al Rasheed Hotel (sometimes spelled Al-Rashid) (Arabic,فندق الرشيد) is an 18-story hotel in Baghdad, Iraq, often visited by journalists and media personnel due to its location within Baghdad's Green Zone.
The Rumaila oil field is a super-giant oil field located in southern Iraq, approximately from the Kuwaiti border.
Sheikh Saad Al-Abdullah Al-Salim Al-Sabah, KCMG (Hon) (سعد العبد الله السالم الصباح Saʿd al-ʿAbd Allāh as-Sālim as-Sabāh) (1930 – 13 May 2008) was the fourth Emir of Kuwait and Commander of the Military of Kuwait during a short reign of nine days (15 to 24 January 2006), succeeding Sheikh Jaber.
In Chilean history, saber noise or saber rattling (ruido de sables) was an incident that took place on September 3, 1924, when a group of young military officers protested against the political class and the postponement of social measures by rattling the scabbards (chapes) of their sabers against the floor.
Saddam Hussein Abd al-Majid al-Tikriti (Arabic: صدام حسين عبد المجيد التكريتي; 28 April 1937 – 30 December 2006) was President of Iraq from 16 July 1979 until 9 April 2003.
Salah Aboud Mahmoud (born 1950; Arabic: صلاح عبود محمود) is a former Iraqi Army general, best known for his role in Battle of Khafji and 73 Easting, during the Persian Gulf War.
Field Marshal Saleh Al-Muhaya (صالح المحيا), is the former Chief of the General Staff of the Saudi Arabian Army and the Vice-Commander of the Saudi Armed Forces.
Salvador Domingo Felipe Jacinto Dalí i Domènech, 1st Marquess of Dalí de Púbol (11 May 190423 January 1989), known professionally as Salvador Dalí, was a prominent Spanish surrealist born in Figueres, Catalonia, Spain.
The sanctions against Iraq were a near-total financial and trade embargo imposed by the United Nations Security Council on Ba'athist Iraq.
The Sandia National Laboratories (SNL), managed and operated by the National Technology and Engineering Solutions of Sandia (a wholly owned subsidiary of Honeywell International), is one of three National Nuclear Security Administration research and development laboratories.
Sarin, or NATO designation GB (G-series, 'B'), is a highly toxic synthetic organophosphorus compound.
Saudi Arabia, officially the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia (KSA), is a sovereign Arab state in Western Asia constituting the bulk of the Arabian Peninsula.
The Saudi Arabian National Guard Forces (الحَرَس الوَطنيّ, al-Ḥaras al-Waṭanī) or SANG also known as the White Army is one of the three major branches of the Armed Forces of the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia.
A scorched-earth policy is a military strategy that aims to destroy anything that might be useful to the enemy while it is advancing through or withdrawing from a location.
Michael Scott Speicher (12 July 1957 – January 17, 1991) was a United States Navy pilot who was shot down over Iraq during the Persian Gulf War becoming the first American combat casualty of the war.
In military aviation, scrambling is the act of quickly getting military aircraft airborne to react to an immediate threat, usually to intercept hostile aircraft.
Scud is the name of a series of tactical ballistic missiles developed by the Soviet Union during the Cold War.
The September 11, 2001 attacks (also referred to as 9/11) were a series of four coordinated terrorist attacks by the Islamic terrorist group al-Qaeda against the United States on the morning of Tuesday, September 11, 2001.
Shahabuddin Ahmed (born 1 February 1930) served as the 12th President of Bangladesh from 1996 to 2001 and the 6th Chief Justice of Bangladesh from 1990 to 1995.
Shia (شيعة Shīʿah, from Shīʻatu ʻAlī, "followers of Ali") is a branch of Islam which holds that the Islamic prophet Muhammad designated Ali ibn Abi Talib as his successor (Imam), most notably at the event of Ghadir Khumm.
Significance, established in 2004, is a bimonthly magazine published by Wiley-Blackwell on behalf of the Royal Statistical Society (RSS) and the American Statistical Association (ASA).
The Sikorsky CH-124 Sea King is a twin-engined anti-submarine warfare (ASW) helicopter designed for shipboard use by Canadian Naval forces, based on the US Navy's SH-3 (or S-61) and has been continuously in service with the Royal Canadian Navy (RCN) and Canadian Forces since 1963.
The Sikorsky UH-60 Black Hawk is a four-bladed, twin-engine, medium-lift utility helicopter manufactured by Sikorsky Aircraft.
The Stockholm International Peace Research Institute, SIPRI, Arms Transfers Database contains information on all international transfers of major weapons (including sales, gifts and production under licence) to states, international organizations and armed non-state groups since 1950.
Small Arms and Light Weapons (SALW) is a term used in arms control protocols to refer to two main classes of man portable weapons.
A sortie (from the French word meaning ''exit'') is a deployment or dispatch of one military unit, be it an aircraft, ship, or troops, from a strongpoint.
The South Carolina Air National Guard (SC ANG) is the air force component of the State of South Carolina, United States of America.
The Soviet Army (SA; Советская Армия, Sovetskaya Armiya) is the name given to the main land-based branch of the Soviet Armed Forces between February 1946 and December 1991, when it was replaced with the Russian Ground Forces, although it was not taken fully out of service until 25 December 1993.
The Soviet Union, officially the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (USSR) was a socialist state in Eurasia that existed from 1922 to 1991.
The Special Air Service (SAS) is a special forces unit of the British Army.
Special forces and special operations forces are military units trained to conduct special operations.
The Staffordshire Regiment (Prince of Wales') (or simply "Staffords" for short) was an infantry regiment of the British Army, part of the Prince of Wales' Division.
Admiral Stanley R. Arthur, USN (born September 27, 1935) was the Vice Chief of Naval Operations from 1992 to 1995, culminating more than 37 years as an officer in the United States Navy.
"State Sponsors of Terrorism" is a designation applied by the United States Department of State to countries which the Department alleges to have "repeatedly provided support for acts of international terrorism".
State terrorism refers to acts of terrorism conducted by a state against foreign targets or against its own people.
A summary execution is an execution in which a person is accused of a crime and immediately killed without benefit of a full and fair trial.
Surrealism is a cultural movement that began in the early 1920s, and is best known for its visual artworks and writings.
Syracuse is a city in and the county seat of Onondaga County, New York, in the United States.
The T-54 and T-55 tanks are a series of Soviet main battle tanks introduced in the years following the Second World War.
The Tampa Bay Times, previously named the St.
A tank is an armoured fighting vehicle designed for front-line combat, with heavy firepower, strong armour, tracks and a powerful engine providing good battlefield maneuverability.
Tariq Aziz (طارق عزيز, born Mikhail Yuhanna, ܡܝܟܐܝܠ ܝܘܚܢܢ, ميخائيل يوحنا, baptized Manuel Christo; 28 April 1936 – 5 June 2015) was Iraqi Deputy Prime Minister (1979–2003) and Foreign Minister (1983–1991) and a close advisor of President Saddam Hussein.
Task Force 1-41 Infantry was a U.S. Army heavy battalion task force which took part in the Gulf War of January – March 1991.
Television (TV) is a telecommunication medium used for transmitting moving images in monochrome (black and white), or in colour, and in two or three dimensions and sound.
Teratology is the study of abnormalities of physiological development.
The Big Lebowski is a 1998 American crime comedy film written, produced, and directed by Joel and Ethan Coen.
The Finest Hour is a 1991 American war drama film starring Rob Lowe and Gale Hansen as Navy SEALs-in-training who become best friends.
The Fist of God is a 1994 suspense novel by British writer Frederick Forsyth, based loosely around the Iraqi Project Babylon and the resulting "supergun".
The Heroes of Desert Storm is a 1991 film that told the story of the Persian Gulf War's Operation Desert Shield and Operation Desert Storm from the point of view of several participants.
The Manchurian Candidate is a 2004 American political thriller film directed by Jonathan Demme.
The New York Times (sometimes abbreviated as The NYT or The Times) is an American newspaper based in New York City with worldwide influence and readership.
The Observer is a British newspaper published on Sundays.
The Punisher is a 2004 American action film based on the Marvel Comics character of the same name, starring Thomas Jane as the antihero Frank Castle/The Punisher and John Travolta as Howard Saint, a money launderer who orders the death of Castle's entire family.
The Tech, first published on November 16, 1881, is the campus newspaper at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology in Cambridge, Massachusetts.
The Washington Post is a major American daily newspaper founded on December 6, 1877.
Thomas Reeve "Tom" Pickering (born November 5, 1931) is a retired United States ambassador.
Three Kings is a 1999 American black comedy war film written and directed by David O. Russell from a story by John Ridley.
The Tigris and Euphrates, with their tributaries, form a major river system in Western Asia.
Time is an American weekly news magazine and news website published in New York City.
Tom Aspell (1950 – February 11, 2013) was a New Zealand-born U.S. television news producer, foreign correspondent, and cameraman.
Thomas John Brokaw (born February 6, 1940) is an American television journalist and author, best known for being the anchor and managing editor of NBC Nightly News for 22 years (1982–2004).
Towelhead (alternatively titled Nothing Is Private) is a 2007 drama film written and directed by Alan Ball and based on Alicia Erian's novel of the same name.
A transporter erector launcher (TEL) is a missile vehicle with an integrated prime mover that can carry, elevate to firing position and launch one or more missiles.
The Type 22 Broadsword class was a class of frigate built for the British Royal Navy.
The Type 42 or Sheffield class, was a class of fourteen light guided missile destroyers that served in the Royal Navy.
Umm Qasr (أم قصر, also transliterated as Um-qasir, Um-qasser), is a port city in southern Iraq.
The United Arab Emirates (UAE; دولة الإمارات العربية المتحدة), sometimes simply called the Emirates (الإمارات), is a federal absolute monarchy sovereign state in Western Asia at the southeast end of the Arabian Peninsula on the Persian Gulf, bordering Oman to the east and Saudi Arabia to the south, as well as sharing maritime borders with Qatar to the west and Iran to the north.
The United Nations (UN) is an intergovernmental organization tasked to promote international cooperation and to create and maintain international order.
The United Nations Commission on Human Rights (UNCHR) was a functional commission within the overall framework of the United Nations from 1946 until it was replaced by the United Nations Human Rights Council in 2006.
The United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP) is an agency of United Nations and coordinates its environmental activities, assisting developing countries in implementing environmentally sound policies and practices.
The United Nations Iraq–Kuwait Observation Mission (UNIKOM) was established on April 9, 1991 following the Gulf War by Security Council Resolution 689 (1991) and fully deployed by early May 1991.
The United Nations Security Council (UNSC) is one of the six principal organs of the United Nations, charged with the maintenance of international peace and security as well as accepting new members to the United Nations and approving any changes to its United Nations Charter.
United Nations Security Council resolution 660, adopted on 2 August 1990, after noting its alarm of the invasion of Kuwait by Iraq, the Council condemned the invasion and demanded Iraq withdraw immediately and unconditionally to positions as they were on 1 August 1990.
In United Nations Security Council resolution 661, adopted on 6 August 1990, reaffirming Resolution 660 (1990) and noting Iraq's refusal to comply with it and Kuwait's right of self-defence, the Council took steps to implement international sanctions on Iraq under Chapter VII of the United Nations Charter.
United Nations Security Council resolution 665, adopted on 25 August 1990, after demanding the full and immediate implementation of resolutions 660, 661, 662 and 664, the Council authorised a naval blockade to enforce the embargo against Iraq, in the aftermath of its invasion of Kuwait on 2 August 1990.
United Nations Security Council Resolution 678, adopted on 29 November 1990, after reaffirming resolutions 660, 661, 662, 664, 665, 666, 667, 669, 670, 674 and 677 (all 1990), the Council noted that despite all the United Nations efforts, Iraq continued to defy the Security Council.
United Nations Security Council Resolution 687, adopted on 3 April 1991, after reaffirming resolutions 660, 661, 662, 664, 665, 666, 667, 669, 670, 674, 677, 678 (all 1990) and 686 (1991), the Council set the terms, in a comprehensive resolution, with which Iraq was to comply after losing the Gulf War.
The United States Air Force (USAF) is the aerial and space warfare service branch of the United States Armed Forces.
The United States Armed Forces are the military forces of the United States of America.
The United States Army Center of Military History (CMH) is a directorate within the Office of the Administrative Assistant to the Secretary of the Army.
The United States Army Reserve (USAR) is the federal reserve force of the United States Army.
The United States Central Command (USCENTCOM or CENTCOM) is a theater-level Unified Combatant Command of the U.S. Department of Defense.
The United States Congress is the bicameral legislature of the Federal government of the United States.
The Department of Defense (DoD, USDOD, or DOD) is an executive branch department of the federal government of the United States charged with coordinating and supervising all agencies and functions of the government concerned directly with national security and the United States Armed Forces.
The Fifth Fleet is a numbered fleet of the United States Navy.
The United States Marine Corps (USMC), also referred to as the United States Marines, is a branch of the United States Armed Forces responsible for conducting amphibious operations with the United States Navy.
The White House National Security Council (NSC) is the principal forum used by the President of the United States for consideration of national security, military matters, and foreign policy matters with senior national security advisors and Cabinet officials and is part of the executive office of the president of the United States.
The United States Naval Institute (USNI), based in Annapolis, Maryland, is a private, non-profit, professional military association that seeks to offer independent, nonpartisan forums for debate of national defense and security issues.
The United States Navy (USN) is the naval warfare service branch of the United States Armed Forces and one of the seven uniformed services of the United States.
American support for Ba'athist Iraq during the Iran–Iraq War, in which it fought against post-revolutionary Iran, included several billion dollars' worth of economic aid, the sale of dual-use technology, non-U.S. origin weaponry, military intelligence, and special operations training.
The University of Michigan Press is part of Michigan Publishing at the University of Michigan Library.
USS Dwight D. Eisenhower (CVN-69) (known informally as "Ike") is a nuclear-powered aircraft carrier currently in service with the United States Navy.
The fifth USS Independence (CV/CVA-62) was an aircraft carrier of the United States Navy.
USS Missouri (BB-63) ("Mighty Mo" or "Big Mo") is a United States Navy and was the third ship of the U.S. Navy to be named after the U.S. state of Missouri.
USS Wisconsin (BB-64) is an, the second ship of the United States Navy to be named in honor of the U.S. state of Wisconsin.
A veto – Latin for "I forbid" – is the power (used by an officer of the state, for example) to unilaterally stop an official action, especially the enactment of legislation.
The Vietnam War (Chiến tranh Việt Nam), also known as the Second Indochina War, and in Vietnam as the Resistance War Against America (Kháng chiến chống Mỹ) or simply the American War, was a conflict that occurred in Vietnam, Laos, and Cambodia from 1 November 1955 to the fall of Saigon on 30 April 1975.
The VII Corps of the United States Army was one of the two principal corps of the United States Army Europe during the Cold War.
Wadi Al-Batin (وادي الباطن) is an intermittent river in Saudi Arabia and Kuwait.
General Walter Eugene Boomer (born 22 September 1938) is a retired four-star General and Assistant Commandant of the United States Marine Corps and business executive.
The Warrior tracked vehicle family is a series of British armoured vehicles, originally developed to replace the older FV430 series of armoured vehicles.
Water purification is the process of removing undesirable chemicals, biological contaminants, suspended solids and gases from water.
A weapon of mass destruction (WMD) is a nuclear, radiological, chemical, biological or other weapon that can kill and bring significant harm to a large number of humans or cause great damage to human-made structures (e.g., buildings), natural structures (e.g., mountains), or the biosphere.
The Western world refers to various nations depending on the context, most often including at least part of Europe and the Americas.
A wetland is a land area that is saturated with water, either permanently or seasonally, such that it takes on the characteristics of a distinct ecosystem.
Wetlands International is a global organisation that works to sustain and restore wetlands and their resources for people and biodiversity.
The White House is the official residence and workplace of the President of the United States.
Wiley-Blackwell is the international scientific, technical, medical, and scholarly publishing business of John Wiley & Sons.
William Flynn Martin (born October 4, 1950) is an American energy economist, educator and international diplomat.
The World Bank (Banque mondiale) is an international financial institution that provides loans to countries of the world for capital projects.
World War II (often abbreviated to WWII or WW2), also known as the Second World War, was a global war that lasted from 1939 to 1945, although conflicts reflecting the ideological clash between what would become the Allied and Axis blocs began earlier.
The XVIII Airborne Corps is a corps of the United States Army that has been in existence since 1942 and saw extensive service during World War II.
Mohammed Yasser Abdel Rahman Abdel Raouf Arafat al-Qudwa (محمد ياسر عبد الرحمن عبد الرؤوف عرفات; 24 August 1929 – 11 November 2004), popularly known as Yasser Arafat (ياسر عرفات) or by his kunya Abu Ammar (أبو عمار), was a Palestinian political leader.
Yemen (al-Yaman), officially known as the Republic of Yemen (al-Jumhūriyyah al-Yamaniyyah), is an Arab sovereign state in Western Asia at the southern end of the Arabian Peninsula.
Yitzhak Shamir (יצחק שמיר,; born Yitzhak Yezernitsky; October 22, 1915 – June 30, 2012) was an Israeli politician and the seventh Prime Minister of Israel, serving two terms, 1983–84 and 1986–1992.
The 101st Airborne Division ("Screaming Eagles") is an elite modular specialized light infantry division of the US Army.
The 10th G7 Summit was held in London, England, United Kingdom from June 7 to June 9, 1984.
The 122-mm howitzer D-30 (GRAU index 2A18) is a Soviet howitzer that first entered service in the 1960s.
Following the deterring effect of Operation Vantage (1961), Kuwait gained its recognition by Iraq in 1963.
The 1983 Beirut barracks bombing was a suicide attack that occurred on October 23, 1983, in Beirut, Lebanon, during the Lebanese Civil War.
The 1990 airlift of Indians from Kuwait was carried out from August 13, 1990 to October 20, 1990 after the Invasion of Kuwait.
The 1991 uprisings in Iraq were a series of popular rebellions in northern and southern Iraq in March and April 1991 in a cease fire of the Persian Gulf War.
The 1998 United States embassy bombings were attacks that occurred on August 7, 1998, in which over 200 people were killed in nearly simultaneous truck bomb explosions in two East African cities, one at the United States Embassy in Dar es Salaam, Tanzania, the other at the United States Embassy in Nairobi, Kenya.
The 1st (United Kingdom) Division, formerly known as the 1st Armoured Division, is a division of the British Army, currently the only British division to be stationed in Germany.
The 1st Cavalry Division ("First Team") is a combined arms division and is one of the most decorated combat divisions of the United States Army.
The 1st Fighter Wing (1 FW) is a United States Air Force unit assigned to the Air Combat Command Ninth Air Force.
The 1st Infantry Division is a combined arms division of the United States Army, and is the oldest continuously serving in the Regular Army.
The 2003 invasion of Iraq was the first stage of the Iraq War (also called Operation Iraqi Freedom).
The 24th Infantry Division was an infantry division of the United States Army.
The United States Air Force's 36th Wing is the host wing for Andersen Air Force Base, Guam.
The 3rd Cavalry Regiment, formerly 3rd Armored Cavalry Regiment ("Brave Rifles") is a regiment of the United States Army currently stationed at Fort Hood, Texas.
The 3rd Field Artillery Regiment is a field artillery regiment of the United States Army, first formed in 1812, although regimental units trace their lineages as far back as 1794.
The U.S. 41st Infantry Regiment is a regiment of the United States Army.
The 5th Cavalry Regiment ("Black Knights") is a historical unit of the United States Army that began its service in the decade prior to the American Civil War and continues in modified organizational format in the U.S. Army.
The 66th Armor Regiment is the oldest armored unit in the United States Army (see Iron Knights: the United States 66th Armored Regiment, by Maj. Gordon A. Blaker), tracing its lineage to the 301st Tank Battalion which served with distinction soon after it was formed in the First World War; the 301st trained at Camp Meade, MD, where then Cpt.
1990 Gulf Crisis, 1990 Gulf War, 1990 invasion of Iraq, 1990-1991 Gulf War, 1990-1991 Iraq War, 1990/1 Gulf War, 1990/1991 Gulf Crisis, 1990–1991 Iraq War, 1991 Arabian Gulf War, 1991 Gulf Crisis, 1991 Gulf War, 1991 Iraq War, 1991 Iraq war, 1991 Middle East War, 1991 Persian Gulf War, 1991 Persian Gulf conflict, 1st Gulf War, American Casualties in Operation Desert Storm, Arabian Gulf War, DESERT SHIELD, DESERT STORM, Desert Shield, Desert Shield and Storm, Desert Storm, Desert storm, First Gulf War, First Iraq War, First US-Iraq War, Golf War, Gulf 1, Gulf Crisis, Gulf War 1, Gulf War I, Gulf War One, Gulf war, Gulf war 1, Iraq War (1991), Iraqi wars, Kuwait War, Kuwait war, Naming the Gulf War, Naming the gulf war, Operation Desert Sabre, Operation Desert Shield, Operation Desert Shield (Gulf War), Operation Desert Shield/Desert Storm, Operation Desert Shield/Operation Desert Storm, Operation Desert Shield/Storm, Operation Desert Storm, Operation Desert Storm, 1990, Operation Desert Sword, Operation Desert storm, Operation desert shield, Operation: Desert Storm, Operations Desert Shield, Operations Desert Shield and Desert Storm, Persain Gulf War, Persian Gulf War, Persian Gulf War of 1991, Persian Gulf war, Stuart Lockwood, The Gulf War, The Persian Gulf War, UN-Iraq war.