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R (programming language)

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R is a programming language and software environment for statistical computing and graphics. [1]

142 relations: Affymetrix, American Political Science Association, Apache Hadoop, Apache Subversion, APL (programming language), Architect (software), Array programming, Assignment (computer science), Atom (text editor), Bell Labs, Big data, Bioconductor, C (programming language), C++, Command-line interface, Comparison of numerical analysis software, Comparison of statistical packages, Complementary DNA, Complex number, Computational statistics, Concurrent Versions System, ConTEXT, CPAN, Cross-platform, Data mining, Data structure, DNA sequencing, Dundas Data Visualization, Dynamic dispatch, Eclipse (software), Emacs, Emacs Speaks Statistics, F Sharp (programming language), Food and Drug Administration, Fortran, Functional programming, Generic function, Ggplot2, GitHub, GNU General Public License, GNU Octave, GNU Project, Graphical user interface, Graphics, IBM, Imperative programming, Integrated development environment, Internationalization and localization, Interpreted language, Java (programming language), ..., Java GUI for R, JEdit, JMP (statistical software), John Chambers (statistician), Journal of Statistical Software, Julia (programming language), Kate (text editor), Knitr, LaTeX, Lazy loading, Linearity, List (abstract data type), List of numerical analysis software, List of statistical packages, LyX, Mac OS, Mandelbrot set, Mathematica, MATLAB, Matrix (mathematics), Method (computer programming), Microarray, Minitab, Nature (journal), News aggregator, Nonlinear system, NoSQL, Notepad++, Numerical linear algebra, Object (computer science), Object-oriented programming, Operating system, Oracle Corporation, Oracle Data Mining, Oracle Exadata, Oracle Linux, OS X, Perl, Procedural programming, Programming language, Programming paradigm, Programming with Big Data in R, Python (programming language), R Commander, Rattle GUI, Reflection (computer programming), Regression analysis, Relational database, Revolution Analytics, Rexer's Annual Data Miner Survey, RKWard, Rmetrics, Robert Gentleman (statistician), Ross Ihaka, Row and column vectors, Row-major order, RStudio, Ruby (programming language), S (programming language), SAS (software), Scheme (programming language), Scope (computer science), Software release life cycle, Software verification and validation, Source code, Spatial analysis, Spotfire, SPSS, Stata, STATISTICA, Statistician, Sublime Text, Subroutine, Sweave, Symphony (software), Syntax (programming languages), Table (database), Tableau Software, Tcl, Text editor, TextMate, The New York Times, Time series, Type system, University of Auckland, University of North Texas, UTF-8, Vienna, Vim (text editor), WinEdt, XLispStat, .NET Framework. Expand index (92 more) »


Affymetrix, Inc. is an American company that manufactures DNA microarrays; it is based in Santa Clara, California, United States.

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American Political Science Association

The American Political Science Association (APSA) is a professional association of political science students and scholars in the United States.

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Apache Hadoop

Apache Hadoop is an open-source software framework written in Java for distributed storage and distributed processing of very large data sets on computer clusters built from commodity hardware.

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Apache Subversion

Apache Subversion (often abbreviated SVN, after the command name svn) is a software versioning and revision control system distributed as free software under the Apache License.

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APL (programming language)

APL (named after the book A Programming Language) is a programming language developed in the 1960s by Kenneth E. Iverson.

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Architect (software)

Architect is an open-source integrated development environment (IDE), based on Eclipse.

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Array programming

In computer science, array programming languages (also known as vector or multidimensional languages) generalize operations on scalars to apply transparently to vectors, matrices, and higher-dimensional arrays.

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Assignment (computer science)

In computer programming, an assignment statement sets and/or re-sets the value stored in the storage location(s) denoted by a variable name; in other words, it copies a value into the variable.

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Atom (text editor)

Atom is a free and open-source text and source code editor for OS X, Linux, and Windows with support for plug-ins written in Node.js, and embedded Git Control, developed by GitHub.

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Bell Labs

Bell Laboratories (also known as Bell Labs and formerly known as AT&T Bell Laboratories and Bell Telephone Laboratories) is a research and scientific development company that belongs to Alcatel-Lucent.

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Big data

Big data is a broad term for data sets so large or complex that traditional data processing applications are inadequate.

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Bioconductor is a free, open source and open development software project for the analysis and comprehension of genomic data generated by wet lab experiments in molecular biology.

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C (programming language)

C (as in the letter ''c'') is a general-purpose, imperative computer programming language, supporting structured programming, lexical variable scope and recursion, while a static type system prevents many unintended operations.

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C++ (pronounced as cee plus plus) is a general-purpose programming language.

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Command-line interface

A command-line interface or command language interpreter (CLI), also known as command-line user interface, console user interface, and character user interface (CUI), is a means of interacting with a computer program where the user (or client) issues commands to the program in the form of successive lines of text (command lines).

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Comparison of numerical analysis software

The following tables provide a comparison of numerical analysis software.

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Comparison of statistical packages

The following tables compare general and technical information for a number of statistical analysis packages.

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Complementary DNA

In genetics, complementary DNA (cDNA) is double-stranded DNA synthesized from a messenger RNA (mRNA) template in a reaction catalysed by the enzyme reverse transcriptase.

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Complex number

A complex number is a number that can be expressed in the form, where and are real numbers and is the imaginary unit, that satisfies the equation.

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Computational statistics

Computational statistics, or statistical computing, is the interface between statistics and computer science.

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Concurrent Versions System

The Concurrent Versions System (CVS), also known as the Concurrent Versioning System, is a client-server free software revision control system in the field of software development.

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ConTEXT is a text editor for Microsoft Windows.

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CPAN, the Comprehensive Perl Archive Network, is an archive of over 150,929 modules of software in 31,954 distributions, written by 12,241 authors, written in the Perl programming language, as well as documentation for them.

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In computing, cross-platform, multi-platform, or platform independent, is an attribute conferred to computer software or computing methods and concepts that are implemented and inter-operate on multiple computer platforms.

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Data mining

Data mining (the analysis step of the "Knowledge Discovery in Databases" process, or KDD), an interdisciplinary subfield of computer science, is the computational process of discovering patterns in large data sets ("big data") involving methods at the intersection of artificial intelligence, machine learning, statistics, and database systems.

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Data structure

In computer science, a data structure is a particular way of organizing data in a computer so that it can be used efficiently.

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DNA sequencing

DNA sequencing is the process of determining the precise order of nucleotides within a DNA molecule.

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Dundas Data Visualization

Dundas Data Visualization, Inc. is a company specializing in data visualization and dashboard solutions.

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Dynamic dispatch

In computer science, dynamic dispatch is the process of selecting which implementation of a polymorphic operation (method or function) to call at run time.

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Eclipse (software)

In computer programming, Eclipse is an integrated development environment (IDE).

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Emacs and its derivatives are a family of text editors that are characterized by their extensibility.

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Emacs Speaks Statistics

Emacs Speaks Statistics (ESS) is an Emacs package of modes for statistical languages.

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F Sharp (programming language)

F# (pronounced eff sharp) is a strongly typed, multi-paradigm programming language that encompasses functional, imperative, and object-oriented programming techniques.

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Food and Drug Administration

The Food and Drug Administration (FDA or USFDA) is a federal agency of the United States Department of Health and Human Services, one of the United States federal executive departments.

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Fortran (previously FORTRAN, derived from Formula Translating System) is a general-purpose, imperative programming language that is especially suited to numeric computation and scientific computing.

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Functional programming

In computer science, functional programming is a programming paradigm—a style of building the structure and elements of computer programs—that treats computation as the evaluation of mathematical functions and avoids changing-state and mutable data.

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Generic function

In certain systems for object-oriented programming such as the Common Lisp Object System and Dylan, a generic function is an entity made up of all methods having the same name.

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ggplot2 is a data visualization package for the statistical programming language R. Created by Hadley Wickham in 2005, ggplot2 is an implementation of Leland Wilkinson's Grammar of Graphics—a general scheme for data visualization which breaks up graphs into semantic components such as scales and layers.

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GitHub is a Web-based Git repository hosting service.

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GNU General Public License

The GNU General Public License (GNU GPL or GPL) is the most widely used free software license, which guarantees end users (individuals, organizations, companies) the freedoms to run, study, share (copy), and modify the software.

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GNU Octave

GNU Octave is software featuring a high-level programming language, primarily intended for numerical computations.

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GNU Project

The GNU Project is a free software, mass collaboration project, announced on 27 September 1983, by Richard Stallman at MIT.

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Graphical user interface

In computer science, a graphical user interface or GUI, pronounced ("gooey") is a type of interface that allows users to interact with electronic devices through graphical icons and visual indicators such as secondary notation, as opposed to text-based interfaces, typed command labels or text navigation.

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Graphics (from Greek γραφικός graphikos, 'something written' e.g. autograph) are visual images or designs on some surface, such as a wall, canvas, screen, paper, or stone to inform, illustrate, or entertain.

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International Business Machines Corporation (commonly referred to as IBM) is an American multinational technology and consulting corporation, with headquarters in Armonk, New York.

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Imperative programming

In computer science, imperative programming is a programming paradigm that uses statements that change a program's state.

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Integrated development environment

An integrated development environment (IDE) is a software application that provides comprehensive facilities to computer programmers for software development.

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Internationalization and localization

In computing, internationalization and localization (other correct spellings are internationalisation and localisation) are means of adapting computer software to different languages, regional differences and technical requirements of a target market.

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Interpreted language

An interpreted language is a programming language for which most of its implementations execute instructions directly, without previously compiling a program into machine-language instructions.

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Java (programming language)

Java is a general-purpose computer programming language that is concurrent, class-based, object-oriented, and specifically designed to have as few implementation dependencies as possible.

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Java GUI for R

JGR (pronounced 'Jaguar') is a universal and unified Graphical User Interface for the R programming language, licensed under the GNU General Public License.

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jEdit is a free software text editor available under the GNU General Public License version 2.0.

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JMP (statistical software)

JMP (pronounced "jump") is a computer program for statistics developed by the JMP business unit of SAS Institute.

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John Chambers (statistician)

John M. Chambers is the creator of the S programming language, and core member of the R programming language project.

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Journal of Statistical Software

The Journal of Statistical Software is a peer-reviewed open access scientific journal that publishes papers related to statistical software.

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Julia (programming language)

Julia is a high-level dynamic programming language designed to address the requirements of high-performance numerical and scientific computing while also being effective for general-purpose programming, even web use or as a specification language.

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Kate (text editor)

Kate (short for KDE Advanced Text Editor) is a text editor developed by KDE.

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knitr is an engine for dynamic report generation with R. It is a package in the statistical programming language R that enables integration of R code into LaTeX, LyX, HTML, Markdown, AsciiDoc, and reStructuredText documents.

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LaTeX (or styled as LaTeX, and a shortening of Lamport TeX) is a word processor and a document markup language.

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Lazy loading

Lazy loading is a design pattern commonly used in computer programming to defer initialization of an object until the point at which it is needed.

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In common usage, linearity refers to a mathematical relationship or function that can be graphically represented as a straight line, as in two quantities that are directly proportional to each other, such as voltage and current in an RLC circuit, or the mass and weight of an object.

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List (abstract data type)

In computer science, a list or sequence is an abstract data type that represents an ordered sequence of values, where the same value may occur more than once.

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List of numerical analysis software

Listed here are end-user computer applications intended for use with numerical or data analysis.

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List of statistical packages

Statistical software are specialized computer programs for statistical analysis and econometric analysis.

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LyX (styled as \mathbf\!_\mathbf\!\mathbf) is an open source document processor based on top of the LaTeX typesetting system.

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Mac OS

Mac OS is a series of graphical user interface–based operating systems developed by Apple Inc. for their Macintosh line of computer systems.

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Mandelbrot set

The Mandelbrot set is the set of complex numbers 'c' for which the sequence (c, c² + c, (c²+c)² + c, ((c²+c)²+c)² + c, (((c²+c)²+c)²+c)² + c, …) does not approach infinity.

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Mathematica is a computational software program used in many scientific, engineering, mathematical and computing fields, based on symbolic mathematics.

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MATLAB (matrix laboratory) is a multi-paradigm numerical computing environment and fourth-generation programming language.

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Matrix (mathematics)

In mathematics, a matrix (plural matrices) is a rectangular array—of numbers, symbols, or expressions, arranged in rows and columns—that is interpreted and manipulated in certain prescribed ways.

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Method (computer programming)

A method (or message) in object-oriented programming (OOP) is a procedure associated with an object class.

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A microarray is a multiplex lab-on-a-chip.

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Minitab is a statistics package developed at the Pennsylvania State University by researchers Barbara F. Ryan, Thomas A. Ryan, Jr., and Brian L. Joiner in 1972.

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Nature (journal)

Nature is a British interdisciplinary scientific journal, first published on 4 November 1869.

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News aggregator

In computing, a news aggregator, also termed a feed aggregator, feed reader, news reader, RSS reader or simply aggregator, is client software or a web application which aggregates syndicated web content such as online newspapers, blogs, podcasts, and video blogs (vlogs) in one location for easy viewing.

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Nonlinear system

In physics and other sciences, a nonlinear system, in contrast to a linear system, is a system which does not satisfy the superposition principle – meaning that the output of a nonlinear system is not directly proportional to the input.

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A NoSQL (originally referring to "non SQL" or "non relational") database provides a mechanism for storage and retrieval of data that is modeled in means other than the tabular relations used in relational databases.

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Notepad++ is a text editor and source code editor for use with Microsoft Windows.

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Numerical linear algebra

Numerical linear algebra is the study of algorithms for performing linear algebra computations, most notably matrix operations, on computers.

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Object (computer science)

In computer science, an object is a location in memory having a value and possibly referenced by an identifier.

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Object-oriented programming

Object-oriented programming (OOP) is a programming paradigm based on the concept of "objects", which are data structures that contain data, in the form of fields, often known as attributes; and code, in the form of procedures, often known as methods. A distinguishing feature of objects is that an object's procedures can access and often modify the data fields of the object with which they are associated (objects have a notion of "this" or "self").

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Operating system

An operating system (OS) is system software that manages computer hardware and software resources and provides common services for computer programs.

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Oracle Corporation

The Oracle Corporation is an American global computer technology corporation, headquartered in Redwood City, California.

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Oracle Data Mining

Oracle Data Mining (ODM) is an option of Oracle Corporation's Relational Database Management System (RDBMS) Enterprise Edition (EE).

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Oracle Exadata

Oracle Exadata Database Machine.

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Oracle Linux

Oracle Linux, formerly known as Oracle Enterprise Linux, is a Linux distribution based on Red Hat Enterprise Linux (RHEL), repackaged and freely distributed by Oracle, available under the GNU General Public License (GPL) since late 2006.

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OS X (pronounced; originally Mac OS X) is a series of Unix-based graphical interface operating systems (OS) developed and marketed by Apple Inc. It is designed to run on Macintosh computers, having been pre-installed on all Macs since 2002.

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Perl is a family of high-level, general-purpose, interpreted, dynamic programming languages.

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Procedural programming

Procedural programming is a programming paradigm, derived from structured programming, based upon the concept of the procedure call.

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Programming language

A programming language is a formal constructed language designed to communicate instructions to a machine, particularly a computer.

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Programming paradigm

A programming paradigm is a fundamental style of computer programming, serving as a way of building the structure and elements of computer programs.

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Programming with Big Data in R

Programming with Big Data in R (pbdR) is a series of R packages and an environment for statistical computing with Big Data by using high-performance statistical computation.

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Python (programming language)

Python is a widely used general-purpose, high-level programming language.

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R Commander

R Commander is a GUI for the R programming language, licensed under the GNU General Public License, and developed and maintained by John Fox in the sociology department at McMaster University.

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Rattle GUI

Rattle GUI is a free and open source software (GNU GPL v2) package providing a graphical user interface (GUI) for data mining using the R statistical programming language.

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Reflection (computer programming)

In computer science, reflection is the ability of a computer program to examine (see type introspection) and modify its own structure and behavior (specifically the values, meta-data, properties and functions) at runtime.

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Regression analysis

In statistics, regression analysis is a statistical process for estimating the relationships among variables.

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Relational database

A relational database is a digital database whose organization is based on the relational model of data, as proposed by E.F. Codd in 1970.

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Revolution Analytics

Revolution Analytics (formerly REvolution Computing) is a statistical software company focused on developing open source and "open-core" versions of the free and open source software R for enterprise, academic and analytics customers.

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Rexer's Annual Data Miner Survey

Rexer Analytics’s Annual Data Miner Survey is the largest survey of data mining, data science, and analytics professionals in the industry.

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RKWard is a transparent front-end to the R programming language, a scripting-language with a strong focus on statistics functions.

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Rmetrics is a free, open source and open development software project for teaching Computational Finance.

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Robert Gentleman (statistician)

Robert Clifford Gentleman (born 1959) is a Canadian statistician and bioinformatician currently vice president of computational biology at 23andMe.

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Ross Ihaka

George Ross Ihaka (born 1954) is an Associate Professor of Statistics at the University of Auckland who is recognized, along with Robert Gentleman, as one of the originators of the R programming language.

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Row and column vectors

In linear algebra, a column vector or column matrix is an m × 1 matrix, that is, a matrix consisting of a single column of m elements, Similarly, a row vector or row matrix is a 1 × m matrix, that is, a matrix consisting of a single row of m elements Throughout, boldface is used for the row and column vectors.

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Row-major order

In computing, row-major order and column-major order describe methods for arranging multidimensional arrays in linear storage such as memory.

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RStudio is a free and open source integrated development environment (IDE) for R, a programming language for statistical computing and graphics.

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Ruby (programming language)

Ruby is a dynamic, reflective, object-oriented, general-purpose programming language.

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S (programming language)

S is a statistical programming language developed primarily by John Chambers and (in earlier versions) Rick Becker and Allan Wilks of Bell Laboratories.

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SAS (software)

SAS (Statistical Analysis System) is a software suite developed by SAS Institute for advanced analytics, multivariate analyses, business intelligence, data management, and predictive analytics.

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Scheme (programming language)

Scheme and Common Lisp are the two principal dialects of the computer programming language Lisp.

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Scope (computer science)

In computer programming, the scope of a name binding – an association of a name to an entity, such as a variable – is the part of a computer program where the binding is valid: where the name can be used to refer to the entity.

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Software release life cycle

A software release life cycle is the sum of the stages of development and maturity for a piece of computer software: ranging from its initial development to its eventual release, and including updated versions of the released version to help improve software or fix bugs still present in the software.

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Software verification and validation

In software project management, software testing, and software engineering, verification and validation (V&V) is the process of checking that a software system meets specifications and that it fulfills its intended purpose.

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Source code

In computing, source code is any collection of computer instructions (possibly with comments) written using some human-readable computer language, usually as text.

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Spatial analysis

Spatial analysis or spatial statistics includes any of the formal techniques which study entities using their topological, geometric, or geographic properties.

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Spotfire was a business intelligence company based in Somerville, Massachusetts.

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SPSS Statistics is a software package used for statistical analysis.

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Stata is a general-purpose statistical software package created in 1985 by StataCorp.

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Statistica is an advanced analytics software package originally developed by StatSoft which was acquired by Dell in March, 2014.

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A statistician is someone who works with theoretical or applied statistics.

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Sublime Text

Sublime Text is a cross-platform text and source code editor with a Python application programming interface (API).

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In computer programming, a subroutine is a sequence of program instructions that perform a specific task, packaged as a unit.

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Sweave is a function in the statistical programming language R that enables integration of R code into LaTeX or LyX documents.

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Symphony (software)

Platform Symphony is a High-performance computing (HPC) software system developed by Platform Computing, the company that developed Load Sharing Facility (LSF).

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Syntax (programming languages)

In computer science, the syntax of a computer language is the set of rules that defines the combinations of symbols that are considered to be a correctly structured document or fragment in that language.

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Table (database)

A table is a collection of related data held in a structured format within a database.

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Tableau Software

Tableau Software is an American computer software company headquartered in Seattle, Washington.

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Tcl (originally from Tool Command Language, but conventionally spelled "Tcl" rather than "TCL"; pronounced as "tickle" or "tee-see-ell") is a scripting language created by John Ousterhout.

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Text editor

A text editor is a type of program used for editing plain text files.

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TextMate is a general-purpose GUI text editor for Mac OS X created by Allan Odgaard.

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The New York Times

The New York Times (NYT) is an American daily newspaper, founded and continuously published in New York City since September 18, 1851, by the New York Times Company.

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Time series

A time series is a sequence of data points, typically consisting of successive measurements made over a time interval.

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Type system

In programming languages, a type system is a collection of rules that assign a property called type to various constructs a computer program consists of, such as variables, expressions, functions or modules.

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University of Auckland

The University of Auckland (Te Whare Wānanga o Tāmaki Makaurau) is a university located in Auckland, New Zealand.

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University of North Texas

The University of North Texas (UNT), based in Denton, is a public institution of higher education and research committed to a wide array of sciences, engineering fields, liberal arts, fine arts, performing arts, humanities, public policy, and graduate professional education.

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UTF-8 is a character encoding capable of encoding all possible characters, or code points, in Unicode.

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Vienna (Wien) is the capital and largest city of Austria, and one of the nine states of Austria.

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Vim (text editor)

Vim ("Vim is pronounced as one word, like Jim, not vi-ai-em. It's written with a capital, since it's a name, again like Jim." a contraction of Vi IMproved) is a clone of Bill Joy's vi editor for Unix.

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WinEdt is a shareware Unicode (UTF-8) editor and shell for Microsoft Windows.

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XLispStat is a statistical scientific package based on the XLISP language.

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.NET Framework

.NET Framework (pronounced dot net) is a software framework developed by Microsoft that runs primarily on Microsoft Windows.

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Redirects here:

CRAN (R programming language), Comprehensive R Archive Network, GNU R, GNU S, GNU-S, ParallelR, R (computer language), R (language), R (program), R (programming), R (software), R Development Core Team, R Foundation for Statistical Computing, R Journal, R News (journal), R PLUS, R Project, R Project for Statistical Computing, R Statistics, R code, R core team, R language, R plus, R programming, R programming language, R project, R+, R-PLUS, R-Project, R-Project for Statistical Computing, R-Stat, R-plus, R-project, R-stat, RGL, RPLUS, RPlus, RPro, RStat, Rplus, Rstat.


[1] https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/R_(programming_language)

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