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R (programming language)

Index R (programming language)

R is a programming language and free software environment for statistical computing and graphics that is supported by the R Foundation for Statistical Computing. [1]

146 relations: Academic journal, Affymetrix, American Political Science Association, Apache Hadoop, APL (programming language), ArcGIS, Array programming, Assignment (computer science), Bell Labs, Big data, Bioconductor, C (programming language), C Sharp (programming language), C++, Class (computer programming), Classic Mac OS, Command-line interface, Common Lisp, Comparison of numerical analysis software, Comparison of statistical packages, Complementary DNA, Complex number, Computational statistics, Concurrent Versions System, Data analysis, Data mining, Data structure, DNA sequencing, Dundas Data Visualization, Dynamic dispatch, Eclipse (software), Emacs, Emacs Speaks Statistics, F Sharp (programming language), Fortran, Free software, Free software license, Functional programming, Generic function, GitHub, GNU General Public License, GNU Octave, GNU Project, Graphical user interface, Graphics, IBM, Imperative programming, Integrated development environment, Internationalization and localization, Interpreted language, ..., Java (programming language), JMP (statistical software), John Chambers (statistician), Journal of Statistical Software, Julia (programming language), Kate (text editor), Knitr, LaTeX, Lazy loading, Linearity, List (abstract data type), List of GNU packages, List of numerical analysis software, List of statistical packages, LyX, MacOS, Mandelbrot set, MATLAB, Matrix (mathematics), Method (computer programming), Microarray, Nature (journal), Nature Publishing Group, Nonlinear system, NoSQL, Notepad++, Numerical linear algebra, Object (computer science), Object-oriented programming, Open access, Operating system, Oracle Corporation, Oracle Data Mining, Oracle Database, Oracle Exadata, Oracle Linux, Pentaho, Perl, Power BI, Procedural programming, Programming language, Programming paradigm, Python (programming language), R Commander, R Tools for Visual Studio, Radford M. Neal, Rattle GUI, Reflection (computer programming), Regression analysis, Relational database, Renjin, Revolution Analytics, Rexer's Annual Data Miner Survey, RKWard, Rmetrics, Robert Gentleman (statistician), Ross Ihaka, Row and column vectors, Row- and column-major order, RStudio, Ruby (programming language), Runtime system, S (programming language), SAS (software), Scheme (programming language), Scope (computer science), Software release life cycle, Source code, Spatial analysis, Spotfire, SPSS, Stata, Statgraphics, Statistica, Statistician, Subroutine, Sweave, Symphony (software), Syntax (programming languages), Table (database), Tableau Software, The New York Times, The R Journal, Time series, TIOBE index, Type system, University of Auckland, University of North Texas, UTF-8, Verification and validation, Vienna, Visual Studio Code, WinEdt, Wolfram Mathematica, XLispStat, .NET Framework. Expand index (96 more) »

Academic journal

An academic or scholarly journal is a periodical publication in which scholarship relating to a particular academic discipline is published.

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Affymetrix, Inc. was an American company that manufactured DNA microarrays; it was based in Santa Clara, California, United States.

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American Political Science Association

The American Political Science Association (APSA) is a professional association of political science students and scholars in the United States.

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Apache Hadoop

Apache Hadoop is a collection of open-source software utilities that facilitate using a network of many computers to solve problems involving massive amounts of data and computation.

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APL (programming language)

APL (named after the book A Programming Language) is a programming language developed in the 1960s by Kenneth E. Iverson.

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ArcGIS is a geographic information system (GIS) for working with maps and geographic information.

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Array programming

In computer science, array programming languages (also known as vector or multidimensional languages) generalize operations on scalars to apply transparently to vectors, matrices, and higher-dimensional arrays.

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Assignment (computer science)

In computer programming, an assignment statement sets and/or re-sets the value stored in the storage location(s) denoted by a variable name; in other words, it copies a value into the variable.

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Bell Labs

Nokia Bell Labs (formerly named AT&T Bell Laboratories, Bell Telephone Laboratories and Bell Labs) is an American research and scientific development company, owned by Finnish company Nokia.

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Big data

Big data is data sets that are so big and complex that traditional data-processing application software are inadequate to deal with them.

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Bioconductor is a free, open source and open development software project for the analysis and comprehension of genomic data generated by wet lab experiments in molecular biology.

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C (programming language)

C (as in the letter ''c'') is a general-purpose, imperative computer programming language, supporting structured programming, lexical variable scope and recursion, while a static type system prevents many unintended operations.

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C Sharp (programming language)

C# (/si: ʃɑːrp/) is a multi-paradigm programming language encompassing strong typing, imperative, declarative, functional, generic, object-oriented (class-based), and component-oriented programming disciplines.

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C++ ("see plus plus") is a general-purpose programming language.

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Class (computer programming)

In object-oriented programming, a class is an extensible program-code-template for creating objects, providing initial values for state (member variables) and implementations of behavior (member functions or methods).

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Classic Mac OS

Classic Mac OS is a colloquial term used to describe a series of operating systems developed for the Macintosh family of personal computers by Apple Inc. from 1984 until 2001.

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Command-line interface

A command-line interface or command language interpreter (CLI), also known as command-line user interface, console user interface and character user interface (CUI), is a means of interacting with a computer program where the user (or client) issues commands to the program in the form of successive lines of text (command lines).

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Common Lisp

Common Lisp (CL) is a dialect of the Lisp programming language, published in ANSI standard document ANSI INCITS 226-1994 (R2004) (formerly X3.226-1994 (R1999)).

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Comparison of numerical analysis software

The following tables provide a comparison of numerical analysis software.

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Comparison of statistical packages

The following tables compare general and technical information for a number of statistical analysis packages.

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Complementary DNA

In genetics, complementary DNA (cDNA) is DNA synthesized from a single stranded RNA (e.g., messenger RNA (mRNA) or microRNA) template in a reaction catalyzed by the enzyme reverse transcriptase.

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Complex number

A complex number is a number that can be expressed in the form, where and are real numbers, and is a solution of the equation.

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Computational statistics

Computational statistics, or statistical computing, is the interface between statistics and computer science.

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Concurrent Versions System

The Concurrent Versions System (CVS), also known as the Concurrent Versioning System, is a free client-server revision control system in the field of software development.

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Data analysis

Data analysis is a process of inspecting, cleansing, transforming, and modeling data with the goal of discovering useful information, informing conclusions, and supporting decision-making.

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Data mining

Data mining is the process of discovering patterns in large data sets involving methods at the intersection of machine learning, statistics, and database systems.

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Data structure

In computer science, a data structure is a data organization and storage format that enables efficient access and modification.

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DNA sequencing

DNA sequencing is the process of determining the precise order of nucleotides within a DNA molecule.

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Dundas Data Visualization

Dundas Data Visualization, Inc. is a company specializing in data visualization and dashboard solutions.

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Dynamic dispatch

In computer science, dynamic dispatch is the process of selecting which implementation of a polymorphic operation (method or function) to call at run time.

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Eclipse (software)

Eclipse is an integrated development environment (IDE) used in computer programming, and is the most widely used Java IDE.

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Emacs is a family of text editors that are characterized by their extensibility.

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Emacs Speaks Statistics

Emacs Speaks Statistics (ESS) is an Emacs package of modes for statistical languages.

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F Sharp (programming language)

F# (pronounced F sharp) is a strongly typed, multi-paradigm programming language that encompasses functional, imperative, and object-oriented programming methods.

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Fortran (formerly FORTRAN, derived from Formula Translation) is a general-purpose, compiled imperative programming language that is especially suited to numeric computation and scientific computing.

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Free software

Free software or libre software is computer software distributed under terms that allow users to run the software for any purpose as well as to study, change, and distribute it and any adapted versions.

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Free software license

A free software license is a notice that grants the recipient of a piece of software extensive rights to modify and redistribute that software.

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Functional programming

In computer science, functional programming is a programming paradigm—a style of building the structure and elements of computer programs—that treats computation as the evaluation of mathematical functions and avoids changing-state and mutable data.

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Generic function

In computer programming, a generic function is a function defined for polymorphism.

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GitHub Inc. is a web-based hosting service for version control using Git.

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GNU General Public License

The GNU General Public License (GNU GPL or GPL) is a widely used free software license, which guarantees end users the freedom to run, study, share and modify the software.

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GNU Octave

GNU Octave is software featuring a high-level programming language, primarily intended for numerical computations.

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GNU Project

The GNU Project is a free-software, mass-collaboration project, first announced on September 27, 1983 by Richard Stallman at MIT.

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Graphical user interface

The graphical user interface (GUI), is a type of user interface that allows users to interact with electronic devices through graphical icons and visual indicators such as secondary notation, instead of text-based user interfaces, typed command labels or text navigation.

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Graphics (from Greek γραφικός graphikos, "belonging to drawing") are visual images or designs on some surface, such as a wall, canvas, screen, paper, or stone to inform, illustrate, or entertain.

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The International Business Machines Corporation (IBM) is an American multinational technology company headquartered in Armonk, New York, United States, with operations in over 170 countries.

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Imperative programming

In computer science, imperative programming is a programming paradigm that uses statements that change a program's state.

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Integrated development environment

An integrated development environment (IDE) is a software application that provides comprehensive facilities to computer programmers for software development.

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Internationalization and localization

In computing, internationalization and localization are means of adapting computer software to different languages, regional differences and technical requirements of a target locale.

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Interpreted language

An interpreted language is a type of programming language for which most of its implementations execute instructions directly and freely, without previously compiling a program into machine-language instructions.

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Java (programming language)

Java is a general-purpose computer-programming language that is concurrent, class-based, object-oriented, and specifically designed to have as few implementation dependencies as possible.

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JMP (statistical software)

JMP (pronounced "jump") is a suite of computer programs for statistical analysis developed by the JMP business unit of SAS Institute.

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John Chambers (statistician)

John McKinley Chambers is the creator of the S programming language, and core member of the R programming language project.

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Journal of Statistical Software

The Journal of Statistical Software is a peer-reviewed open access scientific journal that publishes papers related to statistical software.

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Julia (programming language)

Julia is a high-level dynamic programming language designed to address the needs of high-performance numerical analysis and computational science, without the typical need of separate compilation to be fast, while also being effective for general-purpose programming, web use or as a specification language.

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Kate (text editor)

The KDE Advanced Text Editor (Kate) is a text editor developed by the KDE free software community.

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knitr is an engine for dynamic report generation with R. It is a package in the statistical programming language R that enables integration of R code into LaTeX, LyX, HTML, Markdown, AsciiDoc, and reStructuredText documents.

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LaTeX (or; a shortening of Lamport TeX) is a document preparation system.

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Lazy loading

Lazy loading is a design pattern commonly used in computer programming to defer initialization of an object until the point at which it is needed.

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Linearity is the property of a mathematical relationship or function which means that it can be graphically represented as a straight line.

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List (abstract data type)

In computer science, a list or sequence is an abstract data type that represents a countable number of ordered values, where the same value may occur more than once.

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List of GNU packages

This list of GNU packages lists notable software packages developed for or maintained by the Free Software Foundation as part of the GNU Project.

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List of numerical analysis software

Listed here are end-user computer applications intended for use with numerical or data analysis.

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List of statistical packages

Statistical software are specialized computer programs for analysis in statistics and econometrics.

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LyX (styled as \mathbf\!_\mathbf\!\mathbf; pronounced) is an open source document processor based on top of the LaTeX typesetting system.

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macOS (previously and later) is a series of graphical operating systems developed and marketed by Apple Inc. since 2001.

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Mandelbrot set

The Mandelbrot set is the set of complex numbers c for which the function f_c(z).

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MATLAB (matrix laboratory) is a multi-paradigm numerical computing environment and proprietary programming language developed by MathWorks.

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Matrix (mathematics)

In mathematics, a matrix (plural: matrices) is a rectangular array of numbers, symbols, or expressions, arranged in rows and columns.

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Method (computer programming)

A method in object-oriented programming (OOP) is a procedure associated with a message and an object.

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A microarray is a multiplex lab-on-a-chip.

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Nature (journal)

Nature is a British multidisciplinary scientific journal, first published on 4 November 1869.

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Nature Publishing Group

Nature Publishing Group is a division of the international scientific publishing company Springer Nature that publishes academic journals, magazines, online databases, and services in science and medicine.

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Nonlinear system

In mathematics and science, a nonlinear system is a system in which the change of the output is not proportional to the change of the input.

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A NoSQL (originally referring to "non SQL" or "non relational") database provides a mechanism for storage and retrieval of data that is modeled in means other than the tabular relations used in relational databases.

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Notepad++ is a text editor and source code editor for use with Microsoft Windows.

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Numerical linear algebra

Numerical linear algebra is the study of algorithms for performing linear algebra computations, most notably matrix operations, on computers.

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Object (computer science)

In computer science, an object can be a variable, a data structure, a function, or a method, and as such, is a value in memory referenced by an identifier.

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Object-oriented programming

Object-oriented programming (OOP) is a programming paradigm based on the concept of "objects", which may contain data, in the form of fields, often known as attributes; and code, in the form of procedures, often known as methods. A feature of objects is that an object's procedures can access and often modify the data fields of the object with which they are associated (objects have a notion of "this" or "self").

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Open access

Open access (OA) refers to research outputs which are distributed online and free of cost or other barriers, and possibly with the addition of a Creative Commons license to promote reuse.

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Operating system

An operating system (OS) is system software that manages computer hardware and software resources and provides common services for computer programs.

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Oracle Corporation

Oracle Corporation is an American multinational computer technology corporation, headquartered in Redwood Shores, California.

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Oracle Data Mining

Oracle Data Mining (ODM) is an option of Oracle Corporation's Relational Database Management System (RDBMS) Enterprise Edition (EE).

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Oracle Database

Oracle Database (commonly referred to as Oracle RDBMS or simply as Oracle) is a multi-model database management system produced and marketed by Oracle Corporation.

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Oracle Exadata

The Oracle Exadata Database Machine is a combined compute and storage system marketed for running Oracle Database software.

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Oracle Linux

Oracle Linux (OL, formerly known as Oracle Enterprise Linux) is a Linux distribution packaged and freely distributed by Oracle, available partially under the GNU General Public License since late 2006.

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Pentaho is a business intelligence (BI) software that provides data integration, OLAP services, reporting, information dashboards, data mining and extract, transform, load (ETL) capabilities.

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Perl is a family of two high-level, general-purpose, interpreted, dynamic programming languages, Perl 5 and Perl 6.

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Power BI

Power BI is a business analytics service provided by Microsoft.

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Procedural programming

Procedural programming is a programming paradigm, derived from structured programming, based upon the concept of the procedure call.

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Programming language

A programming language is a formal language that specifies a set of instructions that can be used to produce various kinds of output.

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Programming paradigm

Programming paradigms are a way to classify programming languages based on their features.

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Python (programming language)

Python is an interpreted high-level programming language for general-purpose programming.

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R Commander

R Commander is a GUI for the R programming language, licensed under the GNU General Public License, and developed and maintained by John Fox in the sociology department at McMaster University.

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R Tools for Visual Studio

R Tools for Visual Studio (RTVS) is a plug-in for the Microsoft Visual Studio integrated development environment (IDE), used to provide support for programming in the language R. It supports IntelliSense, debugging, plotting, remote execution, SQL integration, and more.

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Radford M. Neal

Radford M. Neal is a professor at the Department of Statistics and Department of Computer Science at the University of Toronto, where he holds a Research Chair in statistics and machine learning.

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Rattle GUI

Rattle GUI is a free and open source software (GNU GPL v2) package providing a graphical user interface (GUI) for data mining using the R statistical programming language.

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Reflection (computer programming)

In computer science, reflection is the ability of a computer program to examine, introspect, and modify its own structure and behavior at runtime.

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Regression analysis

In statistical modeling, regression analysis is a set of statistical processes for estimating the relationships among variables.

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Relational database

A relational database is a digital database based on the relational model of data, as proposed by E. F. Codd in 1970.

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Renjin is an implementation of the R programming language atop the Java Virtual Machine.

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Revolution Analytics

Revolution Analytics (formerly REvolution Computing) is a statistical software company focused on developing open source and "open-core" versions of the free and open source software R for enterprise, academic and analytics customers.

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Rexer's Annual Data Miner Survey

Rexer Analytics’s Annual Data Miner Survey is the largest survey of data mining, data science, and analytics professionals in the industry.

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RKWard is a transparent front-end to the R programming language, a scripting-language with a strong focus on statistics functions.

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Rmetrics is a free, open source and open development software project for teaching computational finance.

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Robert Gentleman (statistician)

Robert Clifford Gentleman (born 1959) is a Canadian statistician and bioinformatician currently vice president of computational biology at 23andMe.

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Ross Ihaka

George Ross Ihaka is an associate professor of statistics at the University of Auckland who is recognized, along with Robert Gentleman, as one of the originators of the R programming language.

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Row and column vectors

In linear algebra, a column vector or column matrix is an m × 1 matrix, that is, a matrix consisting of a single column of m elements, Similarly, a row vector or row matrix is a 1 × m matrix, that is, a matrix consisting of a single row of m elements Throughout, boldface is used for the row and column vectors.

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Row- and column-major order

In computing, row-major order and column-major order are methods for storing multidimensional arrays in linear storage such as random access memory.

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RStudio is a free and open-source integrated development environment (IDE) for R, a programming language for statistical computing and graphics.

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Ruby (programming language)

Ruby is a dynamic, interpreted, reflective, object-oriented, general-purpose programming language.

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Runtime system

A runtime system, also called run-time system, primarily implements portions of an execution model.

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S (programming language)

S is a statistical programming language developed primarily by John Chambers and (in earlier versions) Rick Becker and Allan Wilks of Bell Laboratories.

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SAS (software)

SAS (previously "Statistical Analysis System") is a software suite developed by SAS Institute for advanced analytics, multivariate analyses, business intelligence, data management, and predictive analytics.

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Scheme (programming language)

Scheme is a programming language that supports multiple paradigms, including functional programming and imperative programming, and is one of the two main dialects of Lisp.

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Scope (computer science)

In computer programming, the scope of a name binding – an association of a name to an entity, such as a variable – is the region of a computer program where the binding is valid: where the name can be used to refer to the entity.

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Software release life cycle

A software release life cycle is the sum of the stages of development and maturity for a piece of computer software: ranging from its initial development to its eventual release, and including updated versions of the released version to help improve software or fix software bugs still present in the software.

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Source code

In computing, source code is any collection of code, possibly with comments, written using a human-readable programming language, usually as plain text.

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Spatial analysis

Spatial analysis or spatial statistics includes any of the formal techniques which study entities using their topological, geometric, or geographic properties.

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TIBCO Spotfire is a smart, secure, governed, enterprise-class analytics platform with built-in data wrangling that delivers AI-driven, visual, geo, and streaming analytics.

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SPSS Statistics is a software package used for interactive, or batched, statistical analysis.

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Stata is a general-purpose statistical software package created in 1985 by StataCorp.

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Statgraphics is a statistics package that performs and explains basic and advanced statistical functions.

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Statistica is an advanced analytics software package originally developed by StatSoft which was acquired by Dell in March 2014.

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A statistician is a person who works with theoretical or applied statistics.

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In computer programming, a subroutine is a sequence of program instructions that performs a specific task, packaged as a unit.

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Sweave is a function in the statistical programming language R that enables integration of R code into LaTeX or LyX documents.

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Symphony (software)

IBM Spectrum Symphony, previously known as IBM Platform Symphony and Platform Symphony, is a High-performance computing (HPC) software system developed by Platform Computing, the company that developed Load Sharing Facility (LSF).

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Syntax (programming languages)

In computer science, the syntax of a computer language is the set of rules that defines the combinations of symbols that are considered to be a correctly structured document or fragment in that language.

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Table (database)

A table is a collection of related data held in a structured format within a database.

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Tableau Software

Tableau Software is a software company headquartered in Seattle, Washington, United States that produces interactive data visualization products focused on business intelligence.

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The New York Times

The New York Times (sometimes abbreviated as The NYT or The Times) is an American newspaper based in New York City with worldwide influence and readership.

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The R Journal

The R Journal is an online, open-access, refereed journal published by The R Foundation since 2009.

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Time series

A time series is a series of data points indexed (or listed or graphed) in time order.

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TIOBE index

TIOBE programming community index is a measure of popularity of programming languages, created and maintained by the TIOBE Company based in Eindhoven, the Netherlands.

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Type system

In programming languages, a type system is a set of rules that assigns a property called type to the various constructs of a computer program, such as variables, expressions, functions or modules.

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University of Auckland

The University of Auckland (Te Whare Wānanga o Tāmaki Makaurau) is the largest university in New Zealand, located in the country's largest city, Auckland.

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University of North Texas

The University of North Texas (UNT) is a public research institution in Denton with programs in natural, formal, and social sciences, engineering, liberal arts, fine arts, performing arts, humanities, public policy, graduate professional education, and post-doc research.

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UTF-8 is a variable width character encoding capable of encoding all 1,112,064 valid code points in Unicode using one to four 8-bit bytes.

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Verification and validation

Verification and validation are independent procedures that are used together for checking that a product, service, or system meets requirements and specifications and that it fulfills its intended purpose.

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Vienna (Wien) is the federal capital and largest city of Austria and one of the nine states of Austria.

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Visual Studio Code

Visual Studio Code is a source code editor developed by Microsoft for Windows, Linux and macOS.

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WinEdt is a shareware Unicode (UTF-8) editor and shell for Microsoft Windows.

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Wolfram Mathematica

Wolfram Mathematica (usually termed Mathematica) is a modern technical computing system spanning most areas of technical computing — including neural networks, machine learning, image processing, geometry, data science, visualizations, and others.

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XLispStat is a statistical scientific package based on the XLISP language.

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.NET Framework

.NET Framework (pronounced dot net) is a software framework developed by Microsoft that runs primarily on Microsoft Windows.

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Redirects here:

CRAN (R programming language), Comprehensive R Archive Network, GNU R, GNU S, GNU-S, ParallelR, R (computer language), R (language), R (program), R (programming), R (software), R Development Core Team, R Foundation for Statistical Computing, R News (journal), R PLUS, R Project, R Project for Statistical Computing, R Statistics, R code, R core team, R lang, R language, R plus, R programming, R programming language, R project, R-PLUS, R-Project, R-Project for Statistical Computing, R-Stat, R-plus, R-project, R-stat, RGL, RPLUS, RPlus, RPro, RStat, Rlang, Rplus, Rstat.


[1] https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/R_(programming_language)

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