121 relations: Act for the Relief of the Poor 1601, Act of Parliament, Age of Enlightenment, Alien (law), American Cancer Society, Andrew Carnegie, Australian Charities and Not-for-profits Commission, Australian Taxation Office, Æthelstan, Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation, Bloomsbury, British Empire, British Heart Foundation, Canada Revenue Agency, Charitable incorporated organisation, Charitable trust, Charitable Uses Act 1601, Charities Act 2011, Charity (practice), Charity assessment, Charity Commission for England and Wales, Charity Commission for Northern Ireland, Charity Organization Society, Charles Booth (social reformer), Common good, Cy-près doctrine, Earl of Shaftesbury, Early Middle Ages, Education, Election commission, Elizabeth Glaser Pediatric AIDS Foundation, England, Europe, Exempt charity, Financial endowment, Form 990, Foundation (nonprofit), Foundling Hospital, Gentlemen's club, Grant (money), History of slavery, HM Revenue and Customs, House of Commons, Housing association, Human rights, Inland Revenue Department (Hong Kong), Internal Revenue Code, Internal Revenue Service, John Ruskin, Jonas Hanway, ..., Labourer's Friend Society, List of charities accused of ties to terrorism, List of voluntary welfare organisations in Singapore, Local government, London, Love for the Elderly, Magdalene asylum, Make-A-Wish Foundation, Middle class, Ministry of Community Development, Youth and Sports, Ministry of Justice (Ukraine), Ministry of Social and Family Development, Model dwellings company, Moral hazard, Municipal Corporations Act 1835, National Council of Social Service, Nicholas A. M. Rodger, Non-governmental organization, Nonprofit organization, NPR, Octavia Hill, Office of Fair Trading, Office of the Scottish Charity Regulator, Old-Age Pensions Act 1908, Oxfam, Peabody Trust, Philanthropy, Poor relief, Poverty, Private foundation, Privy council, Prostitution, Public interest, Public library, Religion, Republic of Ireland, Rockefeller Foundation, Royal charter, Royal Navy, Royal Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals, Royal Society for the Protection of Birds, Scotland, Sea captain, Singapore, Slum, Small Charity Governance, Social enterprise, Social exclusion, Social liberalism, Tax avoidance, Tax exemption, The Gospel of Wealth, The Guardian, The Guinness Partnership, The Hands for Music Foundation, The King's School, Canterbury, The Marine Society, Thomas Coram, Thomas Robert Malthus, Transparency of Lobbying, Non-party Campaigning and Trade Union Administration Act 2014, Trust law, Ukraine, United States, Victorian era, Voluntary association, Welfare state, Working class, World Giving Index, World Wide Fund for Nature, York, 501(c)(3) organization. Expand index (71 more) » « Shrink index
The Poor Relief Act 1601 (43 Eliz 1 c 2) was an Act of the Parliament of England.
Acts of Parliament, also called primary legislation, are statutes passed by a parliament (legislature).
The Enlightenment (also known as the Age of Enlightenment or the Age of Reason; in lit in Aufklärung, "Enlightenment", in L’Illuminismo, “Enlightenment” and in Spanish: La Ilustración, "Enlightenment") was an intellectual and philosophical movement that dominated the world of ideas in Europe during the 18th century, "The Century of Philosophy".
In law, an alien is a person who is not a national of a given country, though definitions and terminology differ to some degree.
The American Cancer Society (ACS) is a nationwide voluntary health organization dedicated to eliminating cancer.
Andrew Carnegie (but commonly or;MacKay, p. 29. November 25, 1835August 11, 1919) was a Scottish-American industrialist, business magnate, and philanthropist.
The Australian Charities and Not-for-profits Commission (ACNC) is an Australian statutory body and the national regulator of the voluntary sector, including charities and other not for profits.
The Australian Taxation Office (ATO) is an Australian government statutory agency and the principal revenue collection body for the Australian government.
Æthelstan or Athelstan (Old English: Æþelstan, or Æðelstān, meaning "noble stone"; 89427 October 939) was King of the Anglo-Saxons from 924 to 927 and King of the English from 927 to 939.
Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation (BMGF), also known as the Gates Foundation, is a private foundation founded by Bill and Melinda Gates.
Bloomsbury is an area of the London Borough of Camden, between Euston Road and Holborn.
The British Empire comprised the dominions, colonies, protectorates, mandates and other territories ruled or administered by the United Kingdom and its predecessor states.
The British Heart Foundation (BHF) is a charity organisation in the United Kingdom.
The Canada Revenue Agency (or CRA); formerly Revenue Canada and the Canada Customs and Revenue Agency (or ARC), is a Canadian federal agency that administers tax laws for the Government of Canada and for most provinces and territories, international trade legislation, and various social and economic benefit and incentive programs delivered through the tax system.
A charitable incorporated organisation (CIO) is a new form of legal entity designed for non-profit organisations in the United Kingdom.
A charitable trust is an irrevocable trust established for charitable purposes and, in some jurisdictions, a more specific term than "charitable organization".
The Charitable Uses Act of 1601 (known as the Statute of Elizabeth) is an Act (43 Eliz I, c.4) of the Parliament of England.
The Charities Act 2011 is a UK Act of Parliament.
The practice of charity means the voluntary giving of help to those in need, as a humanitarian act.
Charity assessment is the process of analysis of the goodness of a non-profit organization in financial terms.
The Charity Commission for England and Wales is the non-ministerial government department that regulates registered charities in England and Wales and maintains the Central Register of Charities.
The Charity Commission for Northern Ireland is the independent regulator of Northern Ireland charities.
The Charity Organization Societies were founded in England in 1869 following the 'Goschen Minute' (Poor Law Board; 22nd Annual Report (1869–70), Appendix A No.4. Relief to the Poor in the Metropolis. PP XXXI, 1871) that sought to severely restrict outdoor relief distributed by the Poor Law Guardians.
Charles James Booth (30 March 1840 – 24 November 1916) was an English social researcher and reformer known for his innovative work in documenting working class life in London at the end of the 19th century.
In philosophy, economics, and political science, the common good (also commonwealth, common weal or general welfare) refers to either what is shared and beneficial for all or most members of a given community, or alternatively, what is achieved by citizenship, collective action, and active participation in the realm of politics and public service.
The cy-près doctrine is a legal doctrine that first arose in courts of equity.
Earl of Shaftesbury is a title in the Peerage of England.
The Early Middle Ages or Early Medieval Period, typically regarded as lasting from the 5th or 6th century to the 10th century CE, marked the start of the Middle Ages of European history.
Education is the process of facilitating learning, or the acquisition of knowledge, skills, values, beliefs, and habits.
An election commission is a body charged with overseeing the implementation of election procedures.
The Elizabeth Glaser Pediatric AIDS Foundation ("EGPAF") is a nonprofit organization dedicated to preventing pediatric HIV infection and eliminating pediatric AIDS through research, advocacy, and prevention and treatment programs.
England is a country that is part of the United Kingdom.
Europe is a continent located entirely in the Northern Hemisphere and mostly in the Eastern Hemisphere.
An exempt charity is an institution established in England and Wales for charitable purposes which is exempt from registration with, and oversight by, the Charity Commission for England and Wales.
A financial endowment is a donation of money or property to a nonprofit organization for the ongoing support of that organization.
Form 990 (officially, the "Return of Organization Exempt From Income Tax") is a United States Internal Revenue Service form that provides the public with financial information about a nonprofit organization.
A foundation (also a charitable foundation) is a legal category of nonprofit organization that will typically either donate funds and support to other organizations, or provide the source of funding for its own charitable purposes.
The Foundling Hospital in London, England was founded in 1739 by the philanthropic sea captain Thomas Coram.
A gentlemen's club, or formerly traditional gentlemen's club, is a members-only private club originally set up by and for British upper-class men in the 18th century, and popularised by English upper middle-class men and women in the late 19th century and early 20th century.
Grants are non-repayable funds or products disbursed or gifted by one party (grant makers), often a government department, corporation, foundation or trust, to a recipient, often (but not always) a nonprofit entity, educational institution, business or an individual.
The history of slavery spans many cultures, nationalities, and religions from ancient times to the present day.
Her Majesty's Revenue and Customs (HM Revenue and Customs or HMRC) is a non-ministerial department of the UK Government responsible for the collection of taxes, the payment of some forms of state support and the administration of other regulatory regimes including the national minimum wage.
The House of Commons is the elected lower house of the bicameral parliaments of the United Kingdom and Canada and historically was the name of the lower houses of the Kingdom of England, Kingdom of Great Britain, Kingdom of Ireland, Northern Ireland, Southern Ireland, North Carolina and South Korea.
In Ireland and the United Kingdom, housing associations are private, non-profit making organisations that provide low-cost "social housing" for people in need of a home.
Human rights are moral principles or normsJames Nickel, with assistance from Thomas Pogge, M.B.E. Smith, and Leif Wenar, December 13, 2013, Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy,, Retrieved August 14, 2014 that describe certain standards of human behaviour and are regularly protected as natural and legal rights in municipal and international law.
The Inland Revenue Department (abbreviated IRD) of Hong Kong Government is one of Hong Kong government departments which is responsible for the administration of the following Hong Kong ordinances on taxes and duties and the related rules and regulations: Betting Duty Ordinance Cap.108 Business Registration Ordinance Cap.310 Estate Duty Ordinance Cap.111 Hotel Accommodation Tax Ordinance Cap.348 Inland Revenue Ordinance Cap.112 Stamp Duty Ordinance Cap.117 Tax Reserve Certificates Ordinance Cap.289.
The Internal Revenue Code (IRC), formally the Internal Revenue Code of 1986, is the domestic portion of federal statutory tax law in the United States, published in various volumes of the United States Statutes at Large, and separately as Title 26 of the United States Code (USC).
The Internal Revenue Service (IRS) is the revenue service of the United States federal government.
John Ruskin (8 February 1819 – 20 January 1900) was the leading English art critic of the Victorian era, as well as an art patron, draughtsman, watercolourist, a prominent social thinker and philanthropist.
Jonas Hanway (12 August 1712 – 5 September 1786), was an English traveller and philanthropist.
The Labourer's Friend Society was a society founded by Lord Shaftesbury in the United Kingdom in 1830 for the improvement of working class conditions.
This is a list of charities accused of ties to terrorism.
This is a list of voluntary welfare organisations (VWO) in Singapore.
A local government is a form of public administration which, in a majority of contexts, exists as the lowest tier of administration within a given state.
London is the capital and most populous city of England and the United Kingdom.
Love for the Elderly is a 501(c)(3) nonprofit organization with volunteers from 56 countries that "strives to bring love and kindness to our elders.".
Magdalene laundries, also known as Magdalene's asylums, were institutions from the 18th to the late 20th centuries ostensibly to house "fallen women", a term used to imply female sexual promiscuity or work in prostitution.
The Make-A-Wish Foundation is a 501(c)(3) non-profit organization founded in the United States that arranges experiences described as "wishes" to children with life-threatening medical conditions.
The middle class is a class of people in the middle of a social hierarchy.
The Ministry of Community Development, Youth and Sports (Abbreviation: MCYS; Chinese: 社会发展、青年及体育部; Kementerian Pembangunan Komuniti, Belia dan Sukan) was a ministry of the Government of Singapore tasked with, from the government's point of view, building a "cohesive and resilient" society in Singapore.
The Ministry of Justice of Ukraine (Міністерство юстиції України) is the main body in the system of central government that regulates state legal policy.
The Ministry of Social and Family Development (Abbreviation: MSF; Kementerian Pembangunan Sosial dan Keluarga; Chinese: 社会及家庭发展部) is a ministry of the Government of Singapore focusing on nurturing resilient individuals, strong families and a caring society in Singapore.
Model dwellings companies (MDCs) were a group of private companies in Victorian Britain that sought to improve the housing conditions of the working classes by building new homes for them, at the same time receiving a competitive rate of return on any investment.
In economics, moral hazard occurs when someone increases their exposure to risk when insured.
The Municipal Corporations Act 1835 (5 & 6 Wm. IV., c.76), sometimes known as the Municipal Reform Act, was an Act of the Parliament of the United Kingdom that reformed local government in the incorporated boroughs of England and Wales.
The National Council of Social Service is a statutory board governed by the Ministry of Social and Family Development of the Singapore government.
Nicholas Andrew Martin Rodger FBA (born 12 November 1949) is a historian of the Royal Navy and senior research fellow of All Souls College, Oxford.
Non-governmental organizations, nongovernmental organizations, or nongovernment organizations, commonly referred to as NGOs, are usually non-profit and sometimes international organizations independent of governments and international governmental organizations (though often funded by governments) that are active in humanitarian, educational, health care, public policy, social, human rights, environmental, and other areas to effect changes according to their objectives.
A non-profit organization (NPO), also known as a non-business entity or non-profit institution, is dedicated to furthering a particular social cause or advocating for a shared point of view.
National Public Radio (usually shortened to NPR, stylized as npr) is an American privately and publicly funded non-profit membership media organization based in Washington, D.C. It serves as a national syndicator to a network of over 1,000 public radio stations in the United States.
Octavia Hill (3 December 1838 – 13 August 1912) was an English social reformer, whose main concern was the welfare of the inhabitants of cities, especially London, in the second half of the nineteenth century.
The Office of Fair Trading (OFT) was a non-ministerial government department of the United Kingdom, established by the Fair Trading Act 1973, which enforced both consumer protection and competition law, acting as the United Kingdom's economic regulator.
The Office of the Scottish Charity Regulator (OSCR) is a non-ministerial department of the Scottish Government with responsibility for the regulation of charities in Scotland.
The Old-Age Pensions Act 1908 is an Act of Parliament of the United Kingdom, passed in 1908.
Oxfam is a confederation of 20 independent charitable organizations focusing on the alleviation of global poverty, founded in 1942 and led by Oxfam International.
The Peabody Trust was founded in 1862 as the 'Peabody Donation Fund' and now brands itself simply as Peabody.
Philanthropy means the love of humanity.
In English and British history, poor relief refers to government and ecclesiastical action to relieve poverty.
Poverty is the scarcity or the lack of a certain (variant) amount of material possessions or money.
A private foundation is a legal entity set up by an individual, a family or a group of individuals, for a purpose such as philanthropy or other legal economic object.
A privy council is a body that advises the head of state of a nation, typically, but not always, in the context of a monarchic government.
Prostitution is the business or practice of engaging in sexual activity in exchange for payment.
Public interest is "the welfare or well-being of the general public".
A public library is a library that is accessible by the general public and is generally funded from public sources, such as taxes.
Religion may be defined as a cultural system of designated behaviors and practices, world views, texts, sanctified places, prophecies, ethics, or organizations, that relates humanity to supernatural, transcendental, or spiritual elements.
Ireland (Éire), also known as the Republic of Ireland (Poblacht na hÉireann), is a sovereign state in north-western Europe occupying 26 of 32 counties of the island of Ireland.
The Rockefeller Foundation is a private foundation based at 420 Fifth Avenue, New York City.
A royal charter is a formal document issued by a monarch as letters patent, granting a right or power to an individual or a body corporate.
The Royal Navy (RN) is the United Kingdom's naval warfare force.
The Royal Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals (RSPCA) is a charity operating in England and Wales that promotes animal welfare.
The Royal Society for the Protection of Birds (RSPB) is a charitable organisation registered in England and Wales and in Scotland.
Scotland (Alba) is a country that is part of the United Kingdom and covers the northern third of the island of Great Britain.
A sea captain, ship's captain, captain, master, or shipmaster, is a high-grade licensed mariner in ultimate command of the merchant vessel.
Singapore, officially the Republic of Singapore, is a sovereign city-state and island country in Southeast Asia.
A slum is a highly populated urban residential area consisting mostly of closely packed, decrepit housing units in a situation of deteriorated or incomplete infrastructure, inhabited primarily by impoverished persons.
Small Charity Governance is concerned with the control and direction of charitable organisations established for the public benefit in the United Kingdom.
A social enterprise is an organization that applies commercial strategies to maximize improvements in financial, social and environmental well-being—this may include maximizing social impact alongside profits for external shareholders.
Social exclusion, or social marginalization, is the social disadvantage and relegation to the fringe of society.
Social liberalism (also known as modern liberalism or egalitarian liberalism) is a political ideology and a variety of liberalism that endorses a market economy and the expansion of civil and political rights while also believing that the legitimate role of the government includes addressing economic and social issues such as poverty, health care and education.
Tax avoidance is the legal usage of the tax regime in a single territory to one's own advantage to reduce the amount of tax that is payable by means that are within the law.
Tax exemption is a monetary exemption which reduces taxable income.
"Wealth", more commonly known as "The Gospel of Wealth", is an article written by Andrew Carnegie in June of 1889 that describes the responsibility of philanthropy by the new upper class of self-made rich.
The Guardian is a British daily newspaper.
The Guinness Partnership is one of the largest providers of affordable housing and care in England.
The Hands for Music Foundation, otherwise known as Hands for Music, is a registered 501(c)(3) nonprofit organization whose primary purpose is to bring musical instruction to children and teenagers suffering from mental disabilities and mental illnesses.
The King's School is a selective British co-educational independent school for both day and boarding pupils in the English city of Canterbury in Kent.
For the Marine Societeit (Marine Society) of Surabaya, Indonesia see: Military Canteen of Royal Netherlands Navy The Marine Society was a British charity, the world's first established for seafarers.
Captain Thomas Coram (c. 1668 – 29 March 1751) was a philanthropist who created the London Foundling Hospital in Lamb's Conduit Fields, Bloomsbury, to look after abandoned children.
Thomas Robert Malthus (13 February 1766 – 23 December 1834) was an English cleric and scholar, influential in the fields of political economy and demography.
The Transparency of Lobbying, Non-party Campaigning and Trade Union Administration Act 2014 is an Act of Parliament in the United Kingdom introduced in July 2013.
A trust is a three-party fiduciary relationship in which the first party, the trustor or settlor, transfers ("settles") a property (often but not necessarily a sum of money) upon the second party (the trustee) for the benefit of the third party, the beneficiary.
Ukraine (Ukrayina), sometimes called the Ukraine, is a sovereign state in Eastern Europe, bordered by Russia to the east and northeast; Belarus to the northwest; Poland, Hungary, and Slovakia to the west; Romania and Moldova to the southwest; and the Black Sea and Sea of Azov to the south and southeast, respectively.
The United States of America (USA), commonly known as the United States (U.S.) or America, is a federal republic composed of 50 states, a federal district, five major self-governing territories, and various possessions.
In the history of the United Kingdom, the Victorian era was the period of Queen Victoria's reign, from 20 June 1837 until her death on 22 January 1901.
A voluntary group or union (also sometimes called a voluntary organization, common-interest association,Prins HEL et al. (2010).. Cengage Learning. association, or society) is a group of individuals who enter into an agreement, usually as volunteers, to form a body (or organization) to accomplish a purpose.
The welfare state is a concept of government in which the state plays a key role in the protection and promotion of the social and economic well-being of its citizens.
The working class (also labouring class) are the people employed for wages, especially in manual-labour occupations and industrial work.
The World Giving Index (WGI) is an annual report published by the Charities Aid Foundation, using data gathered by Gallup, and ranks over 140 countries in the world according to how charitable they are.
The World Wide Fund for Nature (WWF) is an international non-governmental organization founded in 1961, working in the field of the wilderness preservation, and the reduction of human impact on the environment.
York is a historic walled city at the confluence of the rivers Ouse and Foss in North Yorkshire, England.
A 501(c)(3) organization is a corporation, trust, unincorporated association, or other type of organization exempt from federal income tax under section 501(c)(3) of Title 26 of the United States Code.
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