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Public library

Index Public library

A public library is a library that is accessible by the general public and is generally funded from public sources, such as taxes. [1]

204 relations: Academy, African-American history, Albuquerque Bernalillo County Library, All Saints' Church, Bristol, Allan Ramsay (poet), American Libraries, American Library Association, American Revolutionary War, Ancient Rome, Andrew Carnegie, Andrzej Stanisław Załuski, Anime, Archive, Audiobook, Australia, Belmont Public Library, Biblioburro, Bibliothèque nationale de France, Birkenhead, Board of directors, Bodleian Library, Bolton, Bookmobile, Bookselling, Boston Public Library, Braille, Brisbane, Bristol, British Museum, Cambridge, Carnegie library, Castlefield, Cesena, Chartered Institute of Library and Information Professionals, Chartism, Chetham's Library, Circulating library, Civil service, Clara Driscoll (Tiffany glass designer), Claude Sallier, Coffeehouse, Collection development, Community centre, Compact Cassette, Compact disc, Computer lab, Copyright, Crime statistics, Database, Digital divide, ..., Do it yourself, Dungeons & Dragons, DVD, E-book, E-commerce, E-government, E-Rate, Edinburgh, Education for librarianship, Emilia-Romagna, Encyclopædia Britannica, English-speaking world, Eugène Morel, Europe, Exhibition, Fano, Federal Emergency Management Agency, Financial endowment, Finding aid, First Amendment to the United States Constitution, First Monday (journal), Folio, Francis Place, Friends of Libraries, George Rogers Harding, Guinea (coin), Hackerspace, Henry Tate, Hotspot (Wi-Fi), Information and communications technology, Information literacy, Information professional, Information school, Instructables, Interlibrary loan, Italy, Jackson County, Oregon, James Silk Buckingham, Józef Andrzej Załuski, John Cotton Dana, John Passmore Edwards, Joseph Brotherton, Kidderminster, Large-print, Lending library, Leon Battista Alberti, Librarian, Library, Library and information science, Library Bill of Rights, Library card, Library catalog, Library fine, Library makerspace, Library of Birmingham, Library of Congress, Library Services and Technology Act, Liverpool, Malatesta Novello, Malatestiana Library, Manchester, Mechanics' Institutes, Medieval commune, Meditation, Movable type, Municipal borough, Municipality, Museums Act 1845, My Little Pony, New South Wales, New York Public Library, Newark, New Jersey, Non-governmental organization, Norman, Oklahoma, Norwich, Novel, NYPL Digital Gallery, Octavo, Ontario, Orange County Library System, Ottawa Public Library, Paper size, Paraprofessional, Parliament, Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act, Peterborough, New Hampshire, Pew Research Center, Philanthropy, Pikes Peak Library District, Pinterest, Pioneer Library System, Printing press, Privacy, Provenance, Public Agenda, Public computer, Public domain, Public Libraries Act 1850, Public libraries in North America, Public Library Association, Public space, Public–private partnership, Publishing, Queens Library, Queensland, Readers' advisory, Reference, Reference desk, Reference interview, Reference work, Research library, Salford Museum and Art Gallery, Salford, Greater Manchester, Saratoga Springs Public Library, Saulieu, School library, Scroll, Select committee (United Kingdom), Sharing, Sheffield, Shilling, Special collections, Special district (United States), Special library, Spirituality, Springfield Greene County Library, State aid for libraries, State Library of New South Wales, State Library of Victoria, Subscription business model, Subscription library, Super Smash Bros., Tampa–Hillsborough County Public Library System, Tax, Technical support, Telecommuting, Telemedicine, Temperance movement, The Straight Dope, Thomas Bodley, Thomas Hookham, Tiffany lamp, United States, Vending machine, Videotape, Warrington, Warsaw, Web search engine, Website, Wikipedia, William Ewart (British politician), Winchester, Young adult fiction, Załuski Library. Expand index (154 more) »

Academy

An academy (Attic Greek: Ἀκαδήμεια; Koine Greek Ἀκαδημία) is an institution of secondary education, higher learning, research, or honorary membership.

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African-American history

African-American history is the part of American history that looks at the African-Americans or Black Americans in the United States.

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Albuquerque Bernalillo County Library

The Albuquerque Bernalillo County Library is the public library system serving greater Albuquerque, New Mexico.

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All Saints' Church, Bristol

All Saints is a closed Anglican church in Corn Street, Bristol.

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Allan Ramsay (poet)

Allan Ramsay (15 October 16867 January 1758) was a Scottish poet (or makar), playwright, publisher, librarian, and impresario of early Enlightenment Edinburgh.

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American Libraries

American Libraries is the official news and features magazine of the American Library Association.

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American Library Association

The American Library Association (ALA) is a nonprofit organization based in the United States that promotes libraries and library education internationally.

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American Revolutionary War

The American Revolutionary War (17751783), also known as the American War of Independence, was a global war that began as a conflict between Great Britain and its Thirteen Colonies which declared independence as the United States of America. After 1765, growing philosophical and political differences strained the relationship between Great Britain and its colonies. Patriot protests against taxation without representation followed the Stamp Act and escalated into boycotts, which culminated in 1773 with the Sons of Liberty destroying a shipment of tea in Boston Harbor. Britain responded by closing Boston Harbor and passing a series of punitive measures against Massachusetts Bay Colony. Massachusetts colonists responded with the Suffolk Resolves, and they established a shadow government which wrested control of the countryside from the Crown. Twelve colonies formed a Continental Congress to coordinate their resistance, establishing committees and conventions that effectively seized power. British attempts to disarm the Massachusetts militia at Concord, Massachusetts in April 1775 led to open combat. Militia forces then besieged Boston, forcing a British evacuation in March 1776, and Congress appointed George Washington to command the Continental Army. Concurrently, an American attempt to invade Quebec and raise rebellion against the British failed decisively. On July 2, 1776, the Continental Congress voted for independence, issuing its declaration on July 4. Sir William Howe launched a British counter-offensive, capturing New York City and leaving American morale at a low ebb. However, victories at Trenton and Princeton restored American confidence. In 1777, the British launched an invasion from Quebec under John Burgoyne, intending to isolate the New England Colonies. Instead of assisting this effort, Howe took his army on a separate campaign against Philadelphia, and Burgoyne was decisively defeated at Saratoga in October 1777. Burgoyne's defeat had drastic consequences. France formally allied with the Americans and entered the war in 1778, and Spain joined the war the following year as an ally of France but not as an ally of the United States. In 1780, the Kingdom of Mysore attacked the British in India, and tensions between Great Britain and the Netherlands erupted into open war. In North America, the British mounted a "Southern strategy" led by Charles Cornwallis which hinged upon a Loyalist uprising, but too few came forward. Cornwallis suffered reversals at King's Mountain and Cowpens. He retreated to Yorktown, Virginia, intending an evacuation, but a decisive French naval victory deprived him of an escape. A Franco-American army led by the Comte de Rochambeau and Washington then besieged Cornwallis' army and, with no sign of relief, he surrendered in October 1781. Whigs in Britain had long opposed the pro-war Tories in Parliament, and the surrender gave them the upper hand. In early 1782, Parliament voted to end all offensive operations in North America, but the war continued in Europe and India. Britain remained under siege in Gibraltar but scored a major victory over the French navy. On September 3, 1783, the belligerent parties signed the Treaty of Paris in which Great Britain agreed to recognize the sovereignty of the United States and formally end the war. French involvement had proven decisive,Brooks, Richard (editor). Atlas of World Military History. HarperCollins, 2000, p. 101 "Washington's success in keeping the army together deprived the British of victory, but French intervention won the war." but France made few gains and incurred crippling debts. Spain made some minor territorial gains but failed in its primary aim of recovering Gibraltar. The Dutch were defeated on all counts and were compelled to cede territory to Great Britain. In India, the war against Mysore and its allies concluded in 1784 without any territorial changes.

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Ancient Rome

In historiography, ancient Rome is Roman civilization from the founding of the city of Rome in the 8th century BC to the collapse of the Western Roman Empire in the 5th century AD, encompassing the Roman Kingdom, Roman Republic and Roman Empire until the fall of the western empire.

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Andrew Carnegie

Andrew Carnegie (but commonly or;MacKay, p. 29. November 25, 1835August 11, 1919) was a Scottish-American industrialist, business magnate, and philanthropist.

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Andrzej Stanisław Załuski

Andrzej Stanisław Kostka Załuski (December 2, 1695 – December 16, 1758) was a priest (bishop) in the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth.

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Anime

Anime is a style of hand-drawn and computer animation originating in, and commonly associated with, Japan.

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Archive

An archive is an accumulation of historical records or the physical place they are located.

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Audiobook

An audiobook (or talking book) is a recording of a text being read.

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Australia

Australia, officially the Commonwealth of Australia, is a sovereign country comprising the mainland of the Australian continent, the island of Tasmania and numerous smaller islands.

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Belmont Public Library

The Belmont Public Library is a public library in Belmont, Massachusetts.

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Biblioburro

The Biblioburro is a traveling library that distributes books to patrons from the backs of two donkeys, Alfa and Beto.

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Bibliothèque nationale de France

The (BnF, English: National Library of France) is the national library of France, located in Paris.

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Birkenhead

Birkenhead is a town within the Metropolitan Borough of Wirral in Merseyside, England.

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Board of directors

A board of directors is a recognized group of people who jointly oversee the activities of an organization, which can be either a for-profit business, nonprofit organization, or a government agency.

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Bodleian Library

The Bodleian Library is the main research library of the University of Oxford, and is one of the oldest libraries in Europe.

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Bolton

Bolton (locally) is a town in Greater Manchester in North West England. A former mill town, Bolton has been a production centre for textiles since Flemish weavers settled in the area in the 14th century, introducing a wool and cotton-weaving tradition. The urbanisation and development of the town largely coincided with the introduction of textile manufacture during the Industrial Revolution. Bolton was a 19th-century boomtown, and at its zenith in 1929 its 216 cotton mills and 26 bleaching and dyeing works made it one of the largest and most productive centres of cotton spinning in the world. The British cotton industry declined sharply after the First World War, and by the 1980s cotton manufacture had virtually ceased in Bolton. Close to the West Pennine Moors, Bolton is northwest of Manchester. It is surrounded by several smaller towns and villages that together form the Metropolitan Borough of Bolton, of which Bolton is the administrative centre. The town of Bolton has a population of 139,403, whilst the wider metropolitan borough has a population of 262,400. Historically part of Lancashire, Bolton originated as a small settlement in the moorland known as Bolton le Moors. In the English Civil War, the town was a Parliamentarian outpost in a staunchly Royalist region, and as a result was stormed by 3,000 Royalist troops led by Prince Rupert of the Rhine in 1644. In what became known as the Bolton Massacre, 1,600 residents were killed and 700 were taken prisoner. Bolton Wanderers football club play home games at the Macron Stadium and the WBA World light-welterweight champion Amir Khan was born in the town. Cultural interests include the Octagon Theatre and the Bolton Museum and Art Gallery, as well as one of the earliest public libraries established after the Public Libraries Act 1850.

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Bookmobile

A bookmobile or mobile library is a vehicle designed for use as a library.

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Bookselling

Bookselling is the commercial trading of books which is the retail and distribution end of the publishing process.

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Boston Public Library

The Boston Public Library is a municipal public library system in Boston, Massachusetts, United States, founded in 1848.

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Braille

Braille is a tactile writing system used by people who are visually impaired.

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Brisbane

Brisbane is the capital of and most populous city in the Australian state of Queensland, and the third most populous city in Australia.

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Bristol

Bristol is a city and county in South West England with a population of 456,000.

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British Museum

The British Museum, located in the Bloomsbury area of London, United Kingdom, is a public institution dedicated to human history, art and culture.

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Cambridge

Cambridge is a university city and the county town of Cambridgeshire, England, on the River Cam approximately north of London.

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Carnegie library

A Carnegie library is a library built with money donated by Scottish businessman and philanthropist Andrew Carnegie.

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Castlefield

Castlefield is an inner city conservation area of Manchester in North West England.

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Cesena

Cesena (Cisêna) is a city and comune in the Emilia-Romagna region of northern Italy, south of Ravenna and west of Rimini, on the Savio River, co-chief of the Province of Forlì-Cesena.

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Chartered Institute of Library and Information Professionals

The Chartered Institute of Library and Information Professionals is a professional body for librarians, information specialists and knowledge managers in the United Kingdom.

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Chartism

Chartism was a working-class movement for political reform in Britain that existed from 1838 to 1857.

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Chetham's Library

Chetham's Library in Manchester, England, is the oldest free public reference library in the United Kingdom.

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Circulating library

A circulating library (also known as lending libraries and rental libraries) was first and foremost a business venture.

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Civil service

The civil service is independent of government and composed mainly of career bureaucrats hired on professional merit rather than appointed or elected, whose institutional tenure typically survives transitions of political leadership.

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Clara Driscoll (Tiffany glass designer)

Clara Driscoll (December 15, 1861 – November 6, 1944) of Tallmadge, Ohio, was head of the Tiffany Studios Women's Glass Cutting Department (the "Tiffany Girls"), in New York City.

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Claude Sallier

Claude Sallier (4 April 1685, Saulieu - 6 September 1761, Paris) was a French ecclesiastic and philologist, as well as professor of Hebrew at the Collège royal and garde des manuscrits of the Bibliothèque du Roi.

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Coffeehouse

A coffeehouse, coffee shop or café (sometimes spelt cafe) is an establishment which primarily serves hot coffee, related coffee beverages (café latte, cappuccino, espresso), tea, and other hot beverages.

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Collection development

Library collection development is the process of meeting the information needs of the people (a service population) in a timely and economical manner using information resources locally held, as well as from other organizations.

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Community centre

Community centres or community centers are public locations where members of a community tend to gather for group activities, social support, public information, and other purposes.

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Compact Cassette

The Compact Audio Cassette (CAC) or Musicassette (MC), also commonly called the cassette tape or simply tape or cassette, is an analog magnetic tape recording format for audio recording and playback.

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Compact disc

Compact disc (CD) is a digital optical disc data storage format that was co-developed by Philips and Sony and released in 1982.

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Computer lab

A computer lab is a space which provides computer services to a defined community.

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Copyright

Copyright is a legal right, existing globally in many countries, that basically grants the creator of an original work exclusive rights to determine and decide whether, and under what conditions, this original work may be used by others.

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Crime statistics

There are several methods for measuring the prevalence of crime.

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Database

A database is an organized collection of data, stored and accessed electronically.

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Digital divide

A digital divide is an economic and social inequality with regard to access to, use of, or impact of information and communication technologies (ICT).

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Do it yourself

"Do it yourself" ("DIY") is the method of building, modifying, or repairing things without the direct aid of experts or professionals.

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Dungeons & Dragons

Dungeons & Dragons (abbreviated as D&DMead, Malcomson; ''Dungeons & Dragons'' FAQ or DnD) is a fantasy tabletop role-playing game (RPG) originally designed by Gary Gygax and Dave Arneson.

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DVD

DVD (an abbreviation of "digital video disc" or "digital versatile disc") is a digital optical disc storage format invented and developed by Philips and Sony in 1995.

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E-book

An electronic book (or e-book or eBook) is a book publication made available in digital form, consisting of text, images, or both, readable on the flat-panel display of computers or other electronic devices.

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E-commerce

E-commerce is the activity of buying or selling of products on online services or over the Internet.

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E-government

E-government (short for electronic government) is the use of electronic communications devices, computers and the Internet to provide public services to citizens and other persons in a country or region.

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E-Rate

E-Rate is the commonly used name for the Schools and Libraries Program of the Universal Service Fund, which is administered by the Universal Service Administrative Company (USAC) under the direction of the Federal Communications Commission (FCC).

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Edinburgh

Edinburgh (Dùn Èideann; Edinburgh) is the capital city of Scotland and one of its 32 council areas.

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Education for librarianship

Education for librarianship is the term for the educational preparation for professional librarians.

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Emilia-Romagna

Emilia-Romagna (Emilian and Emélia-Rumâgna) is an administrative Region of Northeast Italy comprising the historical regions of Emilia and Romagna.

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Encyclopædia Britannica

The Encyclopædia Britannica (Latin for "British Encyclopaedia"), published by Encyclopædia Britannica, Inc., is a general knowledge English-language encyclopaedia.

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English-speaking world

Approximately 330 to 360 million people speak English as their first language.

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Eugène Morel

Eugène Morel (21 June 1869 – 23 March 1934) was a French librarian, writer and literary critic.

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Europe

Europe is a continent located entirely in the Northern Hemisphere and mostly in the Eastern Hemisphere.

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Exhibition

An exhibition, in the most general sense, is an organised presentation and display of a selection of items.

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Fano

Fano is a town and comune of the province of Pesaro and Urbino in the Marche region of Italy.

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Federal Emergency Management Agency

The Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA) is an agency of the United States Department of Homeland Security, initially created by Presidential Reorganization Plan No.

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Financial endowment

A financial endowment is a donation of money or property to a nonprofit organization for the ongoing support of that organization.

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Finding aid

A finding aid, in the context of archival science, is a document containing detailed information about a specific collection of papers or records within an archive.

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First Amendment to the United States Constitution

The First Amendment (Amendment I) to the United States Constitution prevents Congress from making any law respecting an establishment of religion, prohibiting the free exercise of religion, or abridging the freedom of speech, the freedom of the press, the right to peaceably assemble, or to petition for a governmental redress of grievances.

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First Monday (journal)

First Monday is a monthly peer-reviewed open access academic journal covering research on the Internet.

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Folio

The term "folio", from the Latin folium (leaf), has three interconnected but distinct meanings in the world of books and printing.

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Francis Place

Francis Place (3 November 1771 in London – 1 January 1854 in London) was an English social reformer.

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Friends of Libraries

Friends of Libraries are non-profit, charitable groups formed to support libraries in their communities.

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George Rogers Harding

Judge George Rogers Harding (3 December 1838 – 31 August 1895) was a Queensland judge and the founder of the Ashgrove locality St Johns Wood, in Brisbane, Australia.

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Guinea (coin)

The guinea was a coin of approximately one quarter ounce of gold that was minted in Great Britain between 1663 and 1814.

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Hackerspace

A hackerspace (also referred to as a hacklab, hackspace or makerspace) is a community-operated, often not for profit (501(c)(3) in the United States), work space where people with common interests, often in computers, machining, technology, science, digital art or electronic art, can meet, socialize and collaborate.

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Henry Tate

Sir Henry Tate, 1st Baronet (11 March 18195 December 1899) was an English sugar merchant and philanthropist, noted for establishing the Tate Gallery in London.

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Hotspot (Wi-Fi)

A hotspot is a physical location where people may obtain Internet access, typically using Wi-Fi technology, via a wireless local area network (WLAN) using a router connected to an internet service provider.

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Information and communications technology

Information and communication technology (ICT) is another/extensional term for information technology (IT) which stresses the role of unified communications and the integration of telecommunications (telephone lines and wireless signals), computers as well as necessary enterprise software, middleware, storage, and audio-visual systems, which enable users to access, store, transmit, and manipulate information.

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Information literacy

The United States National Forum on Information Literacy defines information literacy as "...

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Information professional

An information professional or information specialist is someone who collects, records, organises, stores, preserves, retrieves, and disseminates printed or digital information.

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Information school

An Information School (sometimes abbreviated I-school or iSchool) is a university-level institution committed to understanding the role of information in nature and human endeavors.

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Instructables

Instructables is a website specializing in user-created and uploaded do-it-yourself projects, which other users can comment on and rate for quality.

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Interlibrary loan

Interlibrary loan (abbreviated ILL, and sometimes called interloan, interlending, document delivery, or document supply) is a service whereby a patron of one library can borrow books, DVDs, music, etc.

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Italy

Italy (Italia), officially the Italian Republic (Repubblica Italiana), is a sovereign state in Europe.

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Jackson County, Oregon

Jackson County is a county in the U.S. state of Oregon.

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James Silk Buckingham

James Silk Buckingham (25 August 1786 – 30 June 1855) was a Cornish-born author, journalist and traveller, known for his contributions to Indian journalism.

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Józef Andrzej Załuski

Józef Andrzej Załuski (12 January 17029 January 1774) was a Polish Catholic priest, Bishop of Kiev, a sponsor of learning and culture, and a renowned bibliophile.

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John Cotton Dana

John Cotton Dana (born August 19, 1856 in Woodstock, Vermont – d. July 21, 1929 in Newark, New Jersey) was an American library and museum director who sought to make these cultural institutions relevant to the daily lives of citizens.

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John Passmore Edwards

John Passmore Edwards (24 March 1823 – 22 April 1911)ODNB article by A. J. A. Morris, ‘Edwards, John Passmore (1823–1911)’, Oxford Dictionary of National Biography, Oxford University Press, Sept 2004; online edn, May 2006, accessed 15 Nov 2007.

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Joseph Brotherton

Joseph Brotherton (22 May 1783 – 7 January 1857) was a reforming British politician, Nonconformist minister and pioneering vegetarian.

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Kidderminster

Kidderminster is a large town and civil parish in the Wyre Forest district of Worcestershire, England.

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Large-print

Large-print (also large-type or large-font) refers to the formatting of a book or other text document in which the typeface (or font), and sometimes the medium, are considerably larger than usual, to accommodate people who have poor vision.

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Lending library

A lending library is a library from which books and other media are lent out.

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Leon Battista Alberti

Leon Battista Alberti (February 14, 1404 – April 25, 1472) was an Italian humanist author, artist, architect, poet, priest, linguist, philosopher and cryptographer; he epitomised the Renaissance Man.

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Librarian

A librarian is a person who works professionally in a library, providing access to information and sometimes social or technical programming.

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Library

A library is a collection of sources of information and similar resources, made accessible to a defined community for reference or borrowing.

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Library and information science

Library and information science (LIS) (sometimes given as the plural library and information sciences) or as "library and information studies" is a merging of library science and information science.

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Library Bill of Rights

The Library Bill of Rights is the American Library Association's statement expressing the rights of library users to intellectual freedom and the expectations the association places on libraries to support those rights.

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Library card

A library card can refer to several cards traditionally used for the management of books and patrons in a library.

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Library catalog

A library catalog or library catalogue is a register of all bibliographic items found in a library or group of libraries, such as a network of libraries at several locations.

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Library fine

Library fines, also known as late fees or overdue fees, are small daily or weekly fees that libraries in many countries charge borrowers after a book or other borrowed item is kept past its due date.

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Library makerspace

A library makerspace is an area and/or service that offers library patrons an opportunity to create intellectual and physical materials using resources such as computers, 3-D printers, audio and video capture and editing tools, and traditional arts and crafts supplies.

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Library of Birmingham

The Library of Birmingham is a public library in Birmingham, England.

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Library of Congress

The Library of Congress (LOC) is the research library that officially serves the United States Congress and is the de facto national library of the United States.

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Library Services and Technology Act

The Library Services and Technology Act (LSTA) was signed on October 1, 1996, by United States President Bill Clinton.

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Liverpool

Liverpool is a city in North West England, with an estimated population of 491,500 in 2017.

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Malatesta Novello

Domenico Malatesta, best known as Malatesta Novello (5 August 1418 – 20 November 1465) was an Italian condottiero, a member of the Malatesta family.

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Malatestiana Library

The Malatestiana Library, also known as the Malatesta Novello Library, is a public library in the city of Cesena in northern Italy.

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Manchester

Manchester is a city and metropolitan borough in Greater Manchester, England, with a population of 530,300.

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Mechanics' Institutes

Mechanics' Institutes are educational establishments, originally formed to provide adult education, particularly in technical subjects, to working men.

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Medieval commune

Medieval communes in the European Middle Ages had sworn allegiances of mutual defense (both physical defense and of traditional freedoms) among the citizens of a town or city.

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Meditation

Meditation can be defined as a practice where an individual uses a technique, such as focusing their mind on a particular object, thought or activity, to achieve a mentally clear and emotionally calm state.

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Movable type

Movable type (US English; moveable type in British English) is the system and technology of printing and typography that uses movable components to reproduce the elements of a document (usually individual letters or punctuation) usually on the medium of paper.

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Municipal borough

Municipal boroughs were a type of local government district which existed in England and Wales between 1835 and 1974, in Northern Ireland from 1840 to 1973 and in the Republic of Ireland from 1840 to 2002.

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Municipality

A municipality is usually a single urban or administrative division having corporate status and powers of self-government or jurisdiction as granted by national and state laws to which it is subordinate.

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Museums Act 1845

The Museums Act 1845 (8 & 9 Vict c. 43) was an act of the United Kingdom Parliament which gave the town councils of larger municipal boroughs the power to establish museums.

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My Little Pony

My Little Pony is an entertainment franchise developed by Hasbro, originally as a toy line for girls.

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New South Wales

New South Wales (abbreviated as NSW) is a state on the east coast of:Australia.

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New York Public Library

The New York Public Library (NYPL) is a public library system in New York City.

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Newark, New Jersey

Newark is the most populous city in the U.S. state of New Jersey and the seat of Essex County.

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Non-governmental organization

Non-governmental organizations, nongovernmental organizations, or nongovernment organizations, commonly referred to as NGOs, are usually non-profit and sometimes international organizations independent of governments and international governmental organizations (though often funded by governments) that are active in humanitarian, educational, health care, public policy, social, human rights, environmental, and other areas to effect changes according to their objectives.

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Norman, Oklahoma

Norman is a city in the U.S. state of Oklahoma south of downtown Oklahoma City in its metropolitan area.

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Norwich

Norwich (also) is a city on the River Wensum in East Anglia and lies approximately north-east of London.

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Novel

A novel is a relatively long work of narrative fiction, normally in prose, which is typically published as a book.

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NYPL Digital Gallery

The NYPL Digital Gallery is a digital archive created by the New York Public Library that provides free access to a large collection of over 500,000 digitized images, the majority of which are in the public domain.

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Octavo

Octavo, a Latin word meaning "in eighth" or "for the eighth time", (abbreviated 8vo, 8°, or In-8) is a technical term describing the format of a book, which refers to the size of leaves produced from folding a full sheet of paper on which multiple pages of text were printed to form the individual sections (or gatherings) of a book.

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Ontario

Ontario is one of the 13 provinces and territories of Canada and is located in east-central Canada.

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Orange County Library System

The Orange County Library System (OCLS) is a public library system located in the Orlando area of Central Florida.

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Ottawa Public Library

The Ottawa Public Library (OPL) is the library system of Ottawa, Ontario, Canada.

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Paper size

Many paper size standards conventions have existed at different times and in different countries.

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Paraprofessional

Paraprofessional is a job title given to persons in various occupational fields, such as education, healthcare, engineering, and law, who are trained to assist professionals but do not themselves have professional licensure.

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Parliament

In modern politics and history, a parliament is a legislative body of government.

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Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act

The Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act, often shortened to the Affordable Care Act (ACA) or nicknamed Obamacare, is a United States federal statute enacted by the 111th United States Congress and signed into law by President Barack Obama on March 23, 2010.

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Peterborough, New Hampshire

Peterborough is a town in Hillsborough County, New Hampshire, United States.

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Pew Research Center

The Pew Research Center is a nonpartisan American fact tank based in Washington, D.C. It provides information on social issues, public opinion, and demographic trends shaping the United States and the world.

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Philanthropy

Philanthropy means the love of humanity.

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Pikes Peak Library District

The Pikes Peak Library District (PPLD) is a public library system serving El Paso County, Colorado.

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Pinterest

Pinterest is a web and mobile application company that operates a software system designed to discover information on the World Wide Web, mainly using images and on a shorter scale, GIFs and videos.

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Pioneer Library System

The Pioneer Library System (PLS) is a public library system that serves residents in the central Oklahoma counties of Cleveland, Pottawatomie and McClain with administrative offices in Norman.

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Printing press

A printing press is a device for applying pressure to an inked surface resting upon a print medium (such as paper or cloth), thereby transferring the ink.

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Privacy

Privacy is the ability of an individual or group to seclude themselves, or information about themselves, and thereby express themselves selectively.

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Provenance

Provenance (from the French provenir, 'to come from/forth') is the chronology of the ownership, custody or location of a historical object.

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Public Agenda

Public Agenda is a nonprofit organization that helps diverse leaders and citizens navigate divisive and complex issues.

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Public computer

A public computer (or public access computer) is any of various computers available in public areas.

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Public domain

The public domain consists of all the creative works to which no exclusive intellectual property rights apply.

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Public Libraries Act 1850

The Public Libraries Act 1850 (13 & 14 Vict c.65) was an Act of the United Kingdom Parliament which first gave local boroughs the power to establish free public libraries.

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Public libraries in North America

A public library is a library that is accessible by the general public and is generally funded from public sources, such as taxes.

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Public Library Association

The Public Library Association (PLA), a division of the American Library Association, is a professional association of public librarians and supporters dedicated to the "development and effectiveness of public library staff and public library services." In keeping with this mission, the PLA provides continuing education to members, hosts a biennial professional conference, publishes a trade journal, and advocates for public libraries and literacy.

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Public space

A public space is a place that is generally open and accessible to people.

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Public–private partnership

A public–private partnership (PPP, 3P or P3) is a cooperative arrangement between two or more public and private sectors, typically of a long-term nature.

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Publishing

Publishing is the dissemination of literature, music, or information—the activity of making information available to the general public.

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Queens Library

The Queens Library (QL), formerly known as the Queens Borough Public Library, is the public library for the Borough of Queens, and one of three public library systems serving New York City.

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Queensland

Queensland (abbreviated as Qld) is the second-largest and third-most populous state in the Commonwealth of Australia.

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Readers' advisory

Readers' advisory (sometimes spelled readers advisory or reader's advisory) is a service which involves suggesting fiction and nonfiction titles to a reader through direct or indirect means.

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Reference

Reference is a relation between objects in which one object designates, or acts as a means by which to connect to or link to, another object.

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Reference desk

The reference desk or information desk of a library is a public service counter where professional librarians provide library users with direction to library materials, advice on library collections and services, and expertise on multiple kinds of information from multiple sources.

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Reference interview

A reference interview is a conversation between a librarian and a library user, usually at a reference desk, in which the librarian responds to the user's initial explanation of his or her information need by first attempting to clarify that need and then by directing the user to appropriate information resources.

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Reference work

A reference work is a book or periodical (or its electronic equivalent) to which one can refer for information.

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Research library

A research library is a library which contains an in-depth collection of material on one or several subjects (Young, 1983; p.188).

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Salford Museum and Art Gallery

Salford Museum and Art Gallery, in Peel Park, Salford, Greater Manchester, opened to the public in November 1850 as the Royal Museum and Public Library.

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Salford, Greater Manchester

Salford is a town in the City of Salford, North West England.

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Saratoga Springs Public Library

Saratoga Springs Public Library (SSPL), established in 1950, is a public library located in Saratoga Springs in the Capital District area of New York.

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Saulieu

Saulieu is a commune in the Côte-d'Or department in the Bourgogne-Franche-Comté region in eastern France.

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School library

A school library (or a school library media center) is a library within a school where students, staff, and often, parents of a public or private school have access to a variety of resources.

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Scroll

A scroll (from the Old French escroe or escroue), also known as a roll, is a roll of papyrus, parchment, or paper containing writing.

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Select committee (United Kingdom)

In British politics, parliamentary select committees can be appointed from the House of Commons, like the Foreign Affairs Select Committee, from the House of Lords, like the Delegated Powers and Regulatory Reform Committee, or as a "Joint Committee" drawn from both, such as the Joint Committee on Human Rights.

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Sharing

Sharing is the joint use of a resource or space.

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Sheffield

Sheffield is a city and metropolitan borough in South Yorkshire, England.

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Shilling

The shilling is a unit of currency formerly used in Austria, the United Kingdom, Australia, New Zealand, United States, and other British Commonwealth countries.

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Special collections

In library science, special collections (Spec. Coll. or S.C.) are libraries or library units that house materials requiring specialized security and user services.

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Special district (United States)

Special districts (also known as special service districts, special district governments, limited purpose entities, or special-purpose districts in the United States) are independent, special-purpose governmental units that exist separately from local governments such as county, municipal, and township governments, with substantial administrative and fiscal independence.

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Special library

A special library is a library that provides specialized information resources on a particular subject, serves a specialized and limited clientele, and delivers specialized services to that clientele.

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Spirituality

Traditionally, spirituality refers to a religious process of re-formation which "aims to recover the original shape of man," oriented at "the image of God" as exemplified by the founders and sacred texts of the religions of the world.

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Springfield Greene County Library

Springfield-Greene County Library District (SGCL) is a library system serving residents of Springfield, Missouri and Greene County, Missouri.

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State aid for libraries

State aid for libraries (also known as state aid for public libraries, state aid, direct aid or state funding) is funding provided to public libraries by state governments in the United States.

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State Library of New South Wales

The State Library of New South Wales, part of which is known as the Mitchell Library, is a large reference and research library open to the public.

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State Library of Victoria

State Library Victoria is the central library of the state of Victoria, Australia, located in Melbourne.

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Subscription business model

The subscription business model is a business model where a customer must pay a subscription price to have access to a product or service.

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Subscription library

A subscription library (also membership library or independent library) is a library that is financed by private funds either from membership fees or endowments.

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Super Smash Bros.

is a series of crossover fighting video games published by Nintendo.

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Tampa–Hillsborough County Public Library System

The Tampa–Hillsborough County Public Library System (THPL) is a public library system based in Hillsborough County, Florida.

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Tax

A tax (from the Latin taxo) is a mandatory financial charge or some other type of levy imposed upon a taxpayer (an individual or other legal entity) by a governmental organization in order to fund various public expenditures.

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Technical support

Technical support (often shortened to tech support) refers to a plethora of services by which enterprises provide assistance to users of technology products such as mobile phones, televisions, computers, software products or other informatic, electronic or mechanical goods.

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Telecommuting

Telecommuting, also called telework, teleworking, working from home, mobile work, remote work, and flexible workplace, is a work arrangement in which employees do not commute or travel (e.g. by bus or car) to a central place of work, such as an office building, warehouse, or store.

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Telemedicine

Telemedicine is the use of telecommunication and information technology to provide clinical health care from a distance.

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Temperance movement

The temperance movement is a social movement against the consumption of alcoholic beverages.

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The Straight Dope

"The Straight Dope" was an online question-and-answer newspaper column published from 1973 to 2018 in the Chicago Reader and syndicated in eight newspapers in the United States.

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Thomas Bodley

Sir Thomas Bodley (2 March 1545 – 28 January 1613) was an English diplomat and scholar who founded the Bodleian Library in Oxford.

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Thomas Hookham

Thomas Hookham (ca.1739-1819) was a bookseller and publisher in London in the 18th-19th centuries.

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Tiffany lamp

A Tiffany lamp is a type of lamp with a glass shade made with glass designed by Louis Comfort Tiffany and his design studio.

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United States

The United States of America (USA), commonly known as the United States (U.S.) or America, is a federal republic composed of 50 states, a federal district, five major self-governing territories, and various possessions.

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Vending machine

A vending machine is an automated machine that provides items such as snacks, beverages, cigarettes and lottery tickets to consumers after money, a credit card, or specially designed card is inserted into the machine.

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Videotape

Videotape is magnetic tape used for storing video and usually sound in addition.

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Warrington

Warrington is a large town and unitary authority area in Cheshire, England, on the banks of the River Mersey, east of Liverpool, and west of Manchester.

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Warsaw

Warsaw (Warszawa; see also other names) is the capital and largest city of Poland.

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Web search engine

A web search engine is a software system that is designed to search for information on the World Wide Web.

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Website

A website is a collection of related web pages, including multimedia content, typically identified with a common domain name, and published on at least one web server.

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Wikipedia

Wikipedia is a multilingual, web-based, free encyclopedia that is based on a model of openly editable content.

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William Ewart (British politician)

William Ewart (1 May 1798 – 23 January 1869) was a British politician.

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Winchester

Winchester is a city and the county town of Hampshire, England.

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Young adult fiction

Young adult fiction (YA) is a category of fiction published for readers in their youth.

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Załuski Library

The Załuski Library (Biblioteka Załuskich, Bibliotheca Zalusciana) was built in Warsaw in 1747–1795 by Józef Andrzej Załuski and his brother, Andrzej Stanisław Załuski, both Roman Catholic bishops.

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A public library, City library, Decreased Funding for Established Libraries, First public library, Municipal Public Library, Pubic library, Public Library, Public libraries, Public library funding, Public library movement, Stadsbiblioteket.

References

[1] https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Public_library

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