150 relations: Accelerated life testing, Ad hoc, Alan E. Bell, AnyDVD, Apple Inc., Atlanta, Backward compatibility, Betamax, Blade Runner, Blu-ray, Book type, Camcorder, CD Video, Compact disc, Compact Disc Digital Audio, Compaq, Computer Shopper (US magazine), Content Protection for Recordable Media, Content Scramble System, Copyright Act of 1976, Data storage, Data-rate units, David Paul Gregg, Dell, Digital media, Digital rights management, Digital video recorder, Doctor Who, DVD authoring, DVD Decrypter, DVD formats, DVD Forum, DVD player, DVD recordable, DVD recorder, DVD region code, DVD Shrink, DVD+R DL, DVD+RW Alliance, DVD-Audio, DVD-R DL, DVD-RAM, DVD-Video, DVD-VR, DVD43, Ecma International, Eight-to-fourteen modulation, Encryption, Far-red, File sharing, ..., Film, First-sale doctrine, Format war, Future US, Gibibyte, Gigabyte, Glossary of computer hardware terms, Hard disk drive performance characteristics, Harry Potter, HD DVD, Hewlett-Packard, High-definition optical disc format war, High-definition video, Hitachi, Home video, Hong Kong, IBM, IBM Research - Almaden, Infrared, Injection molding machine, Interactive movie, International Organization for Standardization, James Russell (inventor), JVC, Kees Schouhamer Immink, Kibibyte, Kilobyte, Laser diode, LaserDisc, Library of Congress, Louis V. Gerstner Jr., Malaysia, McGraw-Hill Education, Mebibyte, Media Identification Code, Microsoft, Mini CD, MiniDVD, Mitsubishi Electric, Mitsubishi Kagaku Media, Monaural, Moving Picture Experts Group, Music video, National Institute of Standards and Technology, Netflix, Next Generation (magazine), Non-disclosure agreement, Opposite Track Path, Optical disc, Optical disc drive, Optical disc packaging, Optical Storage Technology Association, Oxford English Dictionary, Panasonic, Philips, Phonograph, Phonograph record, Pioneer Corporation, PlayStation 2, Professional Disc, Read-only memory, Ripping, Sampling (signal processing), Samsung, Sega, Singapore, Sony, Sony Digital Audio Disc Corporation, Southeast Asia, Star Trek: The Next Generation, Star Trek: The Original Series, Stream cipher, Sun Microsystems, Super Audio CD, Taiwan, Technicolor SA, The 3DO Company, The New York Times, The Prisoner, The Washington Times, TiVo Corporation, Toshiba, United States, Universal Disk Format, User operation prohibition, VHS, Video CD, Video game console, Video on demand, Videotape format war, WarnerMedia, Wii, Wii U, Xbox, Xbox (console), Xbox 360, 2 Entertain, 3D audio effect, 40-bit encryption, 5.1 surround sound. Expand index (100 more) » « Shrink index
Accelerated life testing is the process of testing a product by subjecting it to conditions (stress, strain, temperatures, voltage, vibration rate, pressure etc.) in excess of its normal service parameters in an effort to uncover faults and potential modes of failure in a short amount of time.
Ad hoc is a Latin phrase meaning literally "for this".
Alan E. Bell has worked for many years for notable companies such as Paramount Pictures, Warner Bros. Studios and IBM.
AnyDVD is a device driver for Microsoft Windows which allows decryption of DVDs on the fly, as well as targeted removal of copy preventions and user operation prohibitions (UOPs).
Apple Inc. is an American multinational technology company headquartered in Cupertino, California, that designs, develops, and sells consumer electronics, computer software, and online services.
Atlanta is the capital city and most populous municipality of the state of Georgia in the United States.
Backward compatibility is a property of a system, product, or technology that allows for interoperability with an older legacy system, or with input designed for such a system, especially in telecommunications and computing.
Betamax (also called Beta, as in its logo) is a consumer-level analog-recording and cassette format of magnetic tape for video.
Blade Runner is a 1982 American-Hong Kong neo-noir science fiction film directed by Ridley Scott, written by Hampton Fancher and David Peoples, and starring Harrison Ford, Rutger Hauer, Sean Young, and Edward James Olmos.
Blu-ray or Blu-ray Disc (BD) is a digital optical disc data storage format.
The book type is a field of four bits at the start of every DVD (in the physical format information section of the control data block) that indicates what the physical format of the disc is.
A camcorder is an electronic device originally combining a video camera and a videocassette recorder.
CD Video (also known as CDV, CD-V, or CD+V) is a format of optical media disc that was introduced in 1987 that combines the technologies of standard compact disc and LaserDisc.
Compact disc (CD) is a digital optical disc data storage format that was co-developed by Philips and Sony and released in 1982.
Compact Disc Digital Audio (CDDA or CD-DA) is the standard format for audio compact discs.
Compaq (a portmanteau of Compatibility And Quality; occasionally referred to as CQ prior to its final logo) was a company founded in 1982 that developed, sold, and supported computers and related products and services.
Computer Shopper was a monthly consumer computer magazine published by SX2 Media Labs.
Content Protection for Recordable Media and Pre-Recorded Media (CPRM/CPPM) is a mechanism for controlling the copying, moving and deletion of digital media on a host device, such as a personal computer, or other player.
The Content Scramble System (CSS) is a digital rights management (DRM) and encryption system employed on many commercially produced DVD-Video discs.
The Copyright Act of 1976 is a United States copyright law and remains the primary basis of copyright law in the United States, as amended by several later enacted copyright provisions.
Data storage is the recording (storing) of information (data) in a storage medium.
In telecommunications, data-transfer rate is the average number of bits (bitrate), characters or symbols (baudrate), or data blocks per unit time passing through a communication link in a data-transmission system.
Dell (stylized as DELL) is an American multinational computer technology company based in Round Rock, Texas, United States, that develops, sells, repairs, and supports computers and related products and services.
Digital media are any media that are encoded in machine-readable formats.
Digital rights management (DRM) is a set of access control technologies for restricting the use of proprietary hardware and copyrighted works.
A digital video recorder (DVR) is an electronic device that records video in a digital format to a disk drive, USB flash drive, SD memory card, SSD or other local or networked mass storage device.
Doctor Who is a British science-fiction television programme produced by the BBC since 1963.
DVD authoring is the process of creating a DVD video capable of playing on a DVD player.
DVD Decrypter is a deprecated software application for Microsoft Windows that can create backup disk images of the DVD-Video structure of DVDs.
DVD formats describe the physical properties of the optical disc and how data is stored and manipulated on the disc.
The DVD Forum is an international organization composed of hardware, software, media and production companies that use and develop the DVD and formerly HD DVD formats.
A DVD player is a device that plays DVD discs produced under both the DVD-Video and DVD-Audio technical standards, two different and incompatible standards.
DVD recordable and DVD rewritable refer to part of optical disc recording technologies.
A DVD recorder is an optical disc recorder that uses optical disc recording technologies to digitally record analog or digital signals onto blank writable DVD media.
DVD (digital versatile disc) region codes are a digital rights management technique designed to allow rights holders to control the international distribution of a DVD release, including its content, release date, and price, all according to the appropriate region.
DVD Shrink is a freeware DVD transcoder program for Microsoft Windows that uses a DVD ripper to back up DVD video.
DVD+R DL (DL stands for Double Layer) also called DVD+R9, is a derivative of the DVD+R format created by the DVD+RW Alliance.
The DVD+RW Alliance is a group of electronic hardware, optical storage and software manufacturers who in 1997 created and promoted a format standard of recordable and rewritable DVDs, known as the "plus" format.
DVD-Audio (commonly abbreviated as DVD-A) is a digital format for delivering high-fidelity audio content on a DVD.
DVD-R DL (DL stands for Dual Layer), also called DVD-R9, is a derivative of the DVD-R format standard. DVD-R DL discs hold 8.5 GB by utilizing two recordable dye layers, each capable of storing a little less than the 4.7 gigabyte (GB) of a single layer disc, almost doubling the total disc capacity. Discs can be read in many DVD devices (older units are less compatible) and can only be written using DVD-R DL compatible recorders. It is part of optical disc recording technologies for digital recording to optical disc. DVD-R DL has compatibility issues with legacy DVD-ROM drives known as pickup head overrun. To avoid this issue, the two layers of the disc need to be equally recorded. But this is a contradiction with the sequential nature of the DVD recording. Thus DVD Forum under Pioneer's lead developed a technology known as Layer Jump Recording (LJR), which incrementally record smaller sections of each layer to maintain compatibility with DVD-ROM drives. DVD-R DL media has been discontinued by most manufacturers. DVD+R DL is dominating the market for dual layered media.
DVD-RAM (DVD Random Access Memory) is a disc specification presented in 1996 by the DVD Forum, which specifies rewritable DVD-RAM media and the appropriate DVD writers.
DVD-Video is a consumer video format used to store digital video on DVD discs, and is the dominant consumer video format in Asia, North America, Europe, and Australia.
The DVD-VR standard defines a logical format for video recording on DVD-R, DVD-RW, and DVD-RAM style media, including the dual layer versions of these media.
DVD43 is a free DVD driver for 32 bit versions of Microsoft Windows.
Ecma is a standards organization for information and communication systems.
Eight-to-fourteen modulation (EFM) is a data encoding technique – formally, a line code – used by compact discs (CD), laserdiscs (LD) and pre-Hi-MD MiniDiscs.
In cryptography, encryption is the process of encoding a message or information in such a way that only authorized parties can access it and those who are not authorized cannot.
Far-red light is light at the extreme red end of the visible spectrum, just before infra-red light.
File sharing is the practice of distributing or providing access to digital media, such as computer programs, multimedia (audio, images and video), documents or electronic books.
A film, also called a movie, motion picture, moving pícture, theatrical film, or photoplay, is a series of still images that, when shown on a screen, create the illusion of moving images.
The first-sale doctrine is a legal concept playing an important role in U.S. copyright and trademark law by limiting certain rights of a copyright or trademark owner.
A format war describes competition between mutually incompatible proprietary formats that compete for the same market, typically for data storage devices and recording formats for electronic media.
Future US, Inc. (formerly known as Imagine Media and The Future Network USA) is an American media corporation specializing in targeted magazines and websites in the video games, music, and technology markets.
The gibibyte is a multiple of the unit byte for digital information.
The gigabyte is a multiple of the unit byte for digital information.
This is a glossary of terms relating to computer hardware – physical computer hardware, architectural issues, and peripherals.
Higher performance in hard disk drives comes from devices which have better performance characteristics.
Harry Potter is a series of fantasy novels written by British author J. K. Rowling.
HD DVD (short for High Definition Digital Versatile Disc) is a discontinued high-density optical disc format for storing data and playback of high-definition video.
The Hewlett-Packard Company (commonly referred to as HP) or shortened to Hewlett-Packard was an American multinational information technology company headquartered in Palo Alto, California.
The high-definition optical disc format war was between the Blu-ray and HD DVD optical disc standards for storing high-definition video and audio; it took place between 2006 and 2008 and was won by Blu-ray Disc.
High-definition video is video of higher resolution and quality than standard-definition.
() is a Japanese multinational conglomerate company headquartered in Chiyoda, Tokyo, Japan.
Home video is pre-recorded video media that is either sold, rented or streamed for home entertainment.
Hong Kong (Chinese: 香港), officially the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region of the People's Republic of China, is an autonomous territory of China on the eastern side of the Pearl River estuary in East Asia.
The International Business Machines Corporation (IBM) is an American multinational technology company headquartered in Armonk, New York, United States, with operations in over 170 countries.
IBM Research - Almaden is in Almaden Valley, San Jose, California, and is one of IBM's twelve worldwide research labs that form IBM Research.
Infrared radiation (IR) is electromagnetic radiation (EMR) with longer wavelengths than those of visible light, and is therefore generally invisible to the human eye (although IR at wavelengths up to 1050 nm from specially pulsed lasers can be seen by humans under certain conditions). It is sometimes called infrared light.
An Injection molding machine, or (Injection moulding machine BrE), also known as an injection press, is a machine for manufacturing plastic products by the injection molding process.
An interactive movie, also known as a movie game, is a video game that presents the gameplay in a cinematic, scripted manner, often through the use of full-motion video of either animated or live-action footage.
The International Organization for Standardization (ISO) is an international standard-setting body composed of representatives from various national standards organizations.
James T. Russell (born 1931 in Bremerton, Washington) is an American inventor.
,, usually referred to as JVC or The Japan Victor Company, is a Japanese international professional and consumer electronics corporation based in Yokohama.
Kornelis Antonie "Kees" Schouhamer Immink (born 18 December 1946) is a Dutch scientist, inventor, and entrepreneur, who pioneered and advanced the era of digital audio, video, and data recording, including popular digital media such as Compact Disc, DVD and Blu-ray Disc.
The kibibyte is a multiple of the unit byte for quantities of digital information.
The kilobyte is a multiple of the unit byte for digital information.
A laser diode, (LD), injection laser diode (ILD), or diode laser is a semiconductor device similar to a light-emitting diode in which the laser beam is created at the diode's junction.
LaserDisc (abbreviated as LD) is a home video format and the first commercial optical disc storage medium, initially licensed, sold and marketed as MCA DiscoVision in the United States in 1978.
The Library of Congress (LOC) is the research library that officially serves the United States Congress and is the de facto national library of the United States.
Louis Vincent Gerstner Jr. (born March 1, 1942 in Mineola, New York) is an American businessman, best known for his tenure as chairman of the board and chief executive officer of IBM from April 1993 until 2002, when he retired as CEO in March and chairman in December.
Malaysia is a federal constitutional monarchy in Southeast Asia.
McGraw-Hill Education (MHE) is a learning science company and one of the "big three" educational publishers that provides customized educational content, software, and services for pre-K through postgraduate education.
The mebibyte is a multiple of the unit byte for digital information.
The Media Identification Code (MID) is used on DVD-R, DVD+R and DVD-RAM discs to identify the manufacturer and to assist the DVD burner to select the best write strategy for the inserted media.
Microsoft Corporation (abbreviated as MS) is an American multinational technology company with headquarters in Redmond, Washington.
Mini CDs, or pocket CDs, are CDs with a smaller diameter and one third the storage capacity of a standard 120 mm disc.
MiniDVD (also Mini DVD or miniDVD) is a DVD disc which is in diameter.
is a Japanese multinational electronics and electrical equipment manufacturing company headquartered in Tokyo, Japan.
is a Japanese company that markets storage media and flash memory products mostly under the brand name.
Monaural or monophonic sound reproduction (often shortened to mono) is sound intended to be heard as if it were emanating from one position.
The Moving Picture Experts Group (MPEG) is a working group of authorities that was formed by ISO and IEC to set standards for audio and video compression and transmission.
A music video is a short film that integrates a song with imagery, and is produced for promotional or artistic purposes.
The National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) is one of the oldest physical science laboratories in the United States.
Netflix, Inc. is an American over-the-top media services provider, headquartered in Los Gatos, California.
Next Generation (also known as NextGen) was a video game magazine that was published by Imagine Media (now Future Network USA).
A non-disclosure agreement (NDA), also known as a confidentiality agreement (CA), confidential disclosure agreement (CDA), proprietary information agreement (PIA) or secrecy agreement (SA), is a legal contract between at least two parties that outlines confidential material, knowledge, or information that the parties wish to share with one another for certain purposes, but wish to restrict access to or by third parties.
Opposite Track Path (OTP) is a technique used in optical technology, which when correctly implemented allows faster (though not un-noticeable) switching from layer 0 to layer 1.
In computing and optical disc recording technologies, an optical disc (OD) is a flat, usually circular disc which encodes binary data (bits) in the form of pits (binary value of 0 or off, due to lack of reflection when read) and lands (binary value of 1 or on, due to a reflection when read) on a special material (often aluminium) on one of its flat surfaces.
In computing, an optical disc drive (ODD) is a disc drive that uses laser light or electromagnetic waves within or near the visible light spectrum as part of the process of reading or writing data to or from optical discs.
Optical disc packaging is the packaging that accompanies CDs, DVDs, and other formats of optical discs.
The Optical Storage Technology Association (OSTA) is an international trade association which promotes the use of recordable optical technologies and products, and most notably it is responsible for the creation and maintenance of the UDF specification.
The Oxford English Dictionary (OED) is the main historical dictionary of the English language, published by the Oxford University Press.
, formerly known as, is a Japanese multinational electronics corporation headquartered in Kadoma, Osaka, Japan.
Koninklijke Philips N.V. (Philips, stylized as PHILIPS) is a Dutch multinational technology company headquartered in Amsterdam currently focused in the area of healthcare.
The phonograph is a device for the mechanical recording and reproduction of sound.
A phonograph record (also known as a gramophone record, especially in British English, or record) is an analog sound storage medium in the form of a flat disc with an inscribed, modulated spiral groove.
commonly referred to as Pioneer, is a Japanese multinational corporation based in Tokyo, Japan that specializes in digital entertainment products.
The PlayStation 2 (PS2) is a home video game console that was developed by Sony Computer Entertainment.
Professional Disc (PFD) is a digital recording optical disc format introduced by Sony in 2003 primarily for XDCAM, its new tapeless camcorder system.
Read-only memory (ROM) is a type of non-volatile memory used in computers and other electronic devices.
Ripping is extracting all or parts of digital contents from a container.
In signal processing, sampling is the reduction of a continuous-time signal to a discrete-time signal.
Samsung is a South Korean multinational conglomerate headquartered in Samsung Town, Seoul.
Sega Games Co., Ltd., originally short for Service Games and officially styled as SEGA, is a Japanese multinational video game developer and publisher headquartered in Tokyo, Japan, with offices around the world.
Singapore, officially the Republic of Singapore, is a sovereign city-state and island country in Southeast Asia.
is a Japanese multinational conglomerate corporation headquartered in Kōnan, Minato, Tokyo.
Sony Digital Audio Disc Corporation (Sony DADC) is a manufacturer of CDs, DVDs, UMDs, and Blu-ray Discs.
Southeast Asia or Southeastern Asia is a subregion of Asia, consisting of the countries that are geographically south of China, east of India, west of New Guinea and north of Australia.
Star Trek: The Next Generation (abbreviated as TNG and ST:TNG) is an American science-fiction television series in the Star Trek franchise created by Gene Roddenberry that ran from 1987 to 1994.
Star Trek is an American science fiction television series created by Gene Roddenberry that follows the adventures of the starship and its crew.
A stream cipher is a symmetric key cipher where plaintext digits are combined with a pseudorandom cipher digit stream (keystream).
Sun Microsystems, Inc. was an American company that sold computers, computer components, software, and information technology services and created the Java programming language, the Solaris operating system, ZFS, the Network File System (NFS), and SPARC.
Super Audio CD (SACD) is a read-only optical disc for audio storage, introduced in 1999.
Taiwan, officially the Republic of China (ROC), is a state in East Asia.
Technicolor SA, formerly Thomson SARL and Thomson Multimedia, is a French multinational corporation that provides services and products for the communication, media and entertainment industries.
The 3DO Company (formerly THDO on the NASDAQ stock exchange), also known as 3DO, was an American video game company.
The New York Times (sometimes abbreviated as The NYT or The Times) is an American newspaper based in New York City with worldwide influence and readership.
The Prisoner is a 17-episode British television series first broadcast in Canada beginning on 6 September 1967, then in the United Kingdom on 29 September 1967, and in the United States on 1 June 1968.
The Washington Times is an American daily newspaper that covers general interest topics with a particular emphasis on American politics.
TiVo Corporation (formerly Rovi Corporation and Macrovision Solutions Corporation) is an American technology company.
, commonly known as Toshiba, is a Japanese multinational conglomerate headquartered in Tokyo, Japan.
The United States of America (USA), commonly known as the United States (U.S.) or America, is a federal republic composed of 50 states, a federal district, five major self-governing territories, and various possessions.
Universal Disk Format (UDF) is a profile of the specification known as ISO/IEC 13346 and ECMA-167 and is an open vendor-neutral file system for computer data storage for a broad range of media.
The user operation prohibition (abbreviated UOP) is a form of use restriction used on video DVD discs and Blu-ray discs.
The Video Home System (VHS) is a standard for consumer-level analog video recording on tape cassettes.
Video CD (abbreviated as VCD, and also known as Compact Disc digital video) is a home video format and the first format for distributing films on standard optical discs.
A video game console is an electronic, digital or computer device that outputs a video signal or visual image to display a video game that one or more people can play.
Video on demand is a programming system which allows users to select and watch/listen to video or audio content such as movies and TV shows whenever they choose, rather than at a scheduled broadcast time, the method that prevailed with over-the-air programming during the 20th century.
The videotape format war was a period of intense competition or "format war" of incompatible models of consumer-level analog video videocassette and video cassette recorders (VCR) in the late 1970s and the 1980s, mainly involving the Betamax and Video Home System (VHS) formats.
Warner Media, LLC (formerly Time Warner Inc.), doing business as WarnerMedia, is an American multinational mass media and entertainment conglomerate headquartered in New York City and owned by AT&T.
The Wii is a home video game console released by Nintendo on November 19, 2006.
The Wii U is a home video game console developed by Nintendo, and the successor to the Wii.
Xbox is a video gaming brand created and owned by Microsoft.
The Xbox is a home video game console and the first installment in the Xbox series of consoles manufactured by Microsoft.
The Xbox 360 is a home video game console developed by Microsoft.
2 Entertain (stylised as 2 | entertain) is a British video and music publisher formed by the merger of BBC Video and Video Collection International in 2005.
3D audio effects are a group of sound effects that manipulate the sound produced by stereo speakers, surround-sound speakers, speaker-arrays, or headphones.
40-bit encryption refers to a key size of forty bits, or five bytes, for symmetric encryption; this represents a relatively low level of security.
5.1 surround sound ("five-point one") is the common name for six channel surround sound audio systems.
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