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Index Blu-ray

Blu-ray or Blu-ray Disc (BD) is a digital optical disc data storage format. [1]

265 relations: Abrasion (mechanical), Advanced Access Content System, Africa, Americas, Angular resolution, AnyDVD, Associated Press, Audioholics, Australia, AVCHD, AVCREC, Backward compatibility, BBC, BD+, BD-J, Belarus, Best Buy, Bit field, Bitstream format, Blockbuster LLC, Blu-ray, Blu-ray Disc Association, Blu-ray Disc recordable, Blue laser, Broadband, Byte, Caddy (hardware), Camcorder, CEATEC, Central Asia, Chroma subsampling, Circuit City, CNET, Color depth, Color space, Compact disc, Comparison of high definition optical disc formats, Computer file, Consortium, Consumer Electronics Show, Content Scramble System, Cryptography Research, D-VHS, Data compression, Data storage, Data-rate units, Dell, Dependent territory, Diffraction, Digital 3D, ..., Digital broadcasting, Digital container format, Digital copy, Digital distribution, Digital Entertainment Content Ecosystem, Digital media, Digital recording, Digital rights management, Digital television, Digital video recorder, Disk density, Dolby Digital, Dolby Digital Plus, Dolby TrueHD, DTS (sound system), DTS-HD Master Audio, Durabis, DVD, DVD Forum, DVD region code, DVD-Audio, DVD-Video, Dynamic Resolution Adaptation, Ecma International, Engadget, Europe, Field (video), Film, Film studio, Format war, Frame rate, Free Software Foundation, Future Shop, Gallium nitride, Ghosts I–IV, Gigabyte, Gizmodo, Globally Executable MHP, H.262/MPEG-2 Part 2, H.264/MPEG-4 AVC, Hard disk drive, Hard disk drive performance characteristics, HBO, HD DVD, Hertz, High dynamic range, High Efficiency Video Coding, High Fidelity Pure Audio, High-bandwidth Digital Content Protection, High-definition optical disc format war, High-definition television, High-definition video, High-resolution audio, Hitachi, Hitch (film), Holographic Versatile Disc, Hong Kong, House of Flying Daggers, IBM, Image Constraint Token, Intel, Interlaced video, IPTV, ISDB, James Gosling, Japan, Java (software platform), Java virtual machine, JavaOne, JVC, Kazakhstan, Korea, Laser diode, Lens (optics), Lionsgate, List of Blu-ray 3D releases, List of Blu-ray disc manufacturers, List of Blu-ray player manufacturers, List of PlayStation 4 games, List of Xbox One games, Lists of PlayStation 3 games, Macau, Mainland China, Maxell, Maximum likelihood estimation, Memory Stick, Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer, Microsoft, Middle East, Mini CD, MiniDVD, Mitsubishi, Mitsubishi Kagaku Media, Moldova, Mongolia, Movies Anywhere, MPEG program stream, MPEG transport stream, MPEG-2, Multimedia, Multimedia Home Platform, Multiplexing, Multiview Video Coding, Nanometre, Netflix, New Line Cinema, New Zealand, Nonlinear optics, NTSC, Numerical aperture, Optical disc, Optical disc drive, Optical disc recording technologies, Organic compound, PAL, Panasonic, Parallel ATA, Paramount Pictures, PC Pro, PC World, Personal computer, Philips, Picture-in-picture, Pioneer Corporation, PlayStation 3, PlayStation 3 system software, PlayStation 4, PlayStation Blog, Price discrimination, Production company, Professional Disc, Pulse-code modulation, Random access, Regional Playback Control, Ritek, ROM Mark, Russia, Second-harmonic generation, Secure Digital, Self-Protecting Digital Content, Serial ATA, Sharp Corporation, Shelf (storage), Singulus Technologies, Society of Motion Picture and Television Engineers, Sony, Sony BDP-S1, Sony Pictures, South Asia, Southeast Asia, Standard-definition television, Stereoscopy, Sun Microsystems, Super Audio CD, Superman Returns, Taiwan, Taiyo Yuden, Tapeless production, TDK, Terabyte, Terrestrial television, The Criterion Collection, The Dark Knight (film), The Fifth Element, The New York Times, The NPD Group, The Terminator, The Walt Disney Company, Toshiba, Total Hi Def, Trondheim Soloists, Trusted client, Twister (1996 film), Ukraine, Ultra Density Optical, Ultra-high-definition television, Underworld: Evolution, United Kingdom, Universal Disk Format, Universal Music Group, Universal Pictures, USB, USB 3.0, VC-1, Video CD, Video on demand, Video rental shop, Violet (color), Virtual file system, Virtual machine, W-VHS, Walmart, Walt Disney Pictures, Warner Bros., Warner Home Video, Western Asia, Windows Media Player, WinDVD, Woolworths Group, Xbox 360, Xbox One, XvYCC, XXX (2002 film), YCbCr, .m2ts, 1080i, 1080p, 20th Century Fox, 2D plus Delta, 3D film, 3D television, 480i, 480p, 4K resolution, 50 First Dates. Expand index (215 more) »

Abrasion (mechanical)

Abrasion is the process of scuffing, scratching, wearing down, marring, or rubbing away.

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Advanced Access Content System

The Advanced Access Content System (AACS) is a standard for content distribution and digital rights management, intended to restrict access to and copying of the post-DVD generation of optical discs.

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Africa is the world's second largest and second most-populous continent (behind Asia in both categories).

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The Americas (also collectively called America)"America." The Oxford Companion to the English Language.

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Angular resolution

Angular resolution or spatial resolution describes the ability of any image-forming device such as an optical or radio telescope, a microscope, a camera, or an eye, to distinguish small details of an object, thereby making it a major determinant of image resolution.

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AnyDVD is a device driver for Microsoft Windows which allows decryption of DVDs on the fly, as well as targeted removal of copy preventions and user operation prohibitions (UOPs).

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Associated Press

The Associated Press (AP) is a U.S.-based not-for-profit news agency headquartered in New York City.

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Audioholics is an audio/video (A/V) and home theater technology review website and forum community.

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Australia, officially the Commonwealth of Australia, is a sovereign country comprising the mainland of the Australian continent, the island of Tasmania and numerous smaller islands.

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AVCHD (Advanced Video Coding High Definition) is a file-based format for the digital recording and playback of high-definition video.

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AVCREC is a format for recording and playback of high definition video in BDAV (Blu-ray Audio/Visual) format using conventional DVD recordable discs as recording media.

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Backward compatibility

Backward compatibility is a property of a system, product, or technology that allows for interoperability with an older legacy system, or with input designed for such a system, especially in telecommunications and computing.

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The British Broadcasting Corporation (BBC) is a British public service broadcaster.

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BD+ is a component of the Blu-ray Disc Digital Rights Management system.

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BD-J, or Blu-ray Disc Java, is a specification supporting Java ME (specifically the Personal Basis Profile of the Connected Device Configuration or CDC) Xlets for advanced content on Blu-ray Disc and the Packaged Media profile of Globally Executable MHP (GEM).

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Belarus (Беларусь, Biełaruś,; Беларусь, Belarus'), officially the Republic of Belarus (Рэспубліка Беларусь; Республика Беларусь), formerly known by its Russian name Byelorussia or Belorussia (Белоруссия, Byelorussiya), is a landlocked country in Eastern Europe bordered by Russia to the northeast, Ukraine to the south, Poland to the west, and Lithuania and Latvia to the northwest.

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Best Buy

Best Buy Co., Inc. is an American multinational consumer electronics retailer headquartered in Richfield, Minnesota.

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Bit field

A bit field is a data structure used in computer programming.

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Bitstream format

A bitstream format is the format of the data found in a stream of bits used in a digital communication or data storage application.

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Blockbuster LLC

Blockbuster LLC, formerly Blockbuster Entertainment, Inc., and also known as Blockbuster Video or simply Blockbuster, was an American-based provider of home movie and video game rental services through video rental shops, DVD-by-mail, streaming, video on demand, and cinema theater.

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Blu-ray or Blu-ray Disc (BD) is a digital optical disc data storage format.

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Blu-ray Disc Association

The Blu-ray Disc Association (BDA) is the industry consortium that develops and licenses Blu-ray Disc technology and is responsible for establishing format standards and promoting business opportunities for Blu-ray Disc.

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Blu-ray Disc recordable

Blu-ray Disc Recordable (or BD-R) refers to two direct to disc optical disc recording technologies that can be recorded on to an optical disc with an optical disc recorder.

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Blue laser

A blue laser is a laser that emits electromagnetic radiation with a wavelength between 360 and 480 nanometres, which the human eye sees as blue or violet.

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In telecommunications, broadband is wide bandwidth data transmission which transports multiple signals and traffic types.

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The byte is a unit of digital information that most commonly consists of eight bits, representing a binary number.

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Caddy (hardware)

In computer hardware, a caddy refers to a container used to hold some medium, such as a CD-ROM.

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A camcorder is an electronic device originally combining a video camera and a videocassette recorder.

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Combined Exhibition of Advanced Technologies (also known as CEATEC) is an annual trade show in Japan.

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Central Asia

Central Asia stretches from the Caspian Sea in the west to China in the east and from Afghanistan in the south to Russia in the north.

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Chroma subsampling

Chroma subsampling is the practice of encoding images by implementing less resolution for chroma information than for luma information, taking advantage of the human visual system's lower acuity for color differences than for luminance.

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Circuit City

Circuit City was an American multinational consumer electronics retail company that operated stores across the United States.

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CNET (stylized as c|net) is an American media website that publishes reviews, news, articles, blogs, podcasts and videos on technology and consumer electronics globally.

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Color depth

Color depth or colour depth (see spelling differences), also known as bit depth, is either the number of bits used to indicate the color of a single pixel, in a bitmapped image or video frame buffer, or the number of bits used for each color component of a single pixel.

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Color space

A color space is a specific organization of colors.

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Compact disc

Compact disc (CD) is a digital optical disc data storage format that was co-developed by Philips and Sony and released in 1982.

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Comparison of high definition optical disc formats

This article compares the technical specifications of multiple high definition formats, including HD DVD and Blu-ray Disc; two mutually incompatible, high definition optical disc formats that, beginning in 2006, attempted to improve upon and eventually replace the DVD standard.

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Computer file

A computer file is a computer resource for recording data discretely in a computer storage device.

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A consortium is an association of two or more individuals, companies, organizations or governments (or any combination of these entities) with the objective of participating in a common activity or pooling their resources for achieving a common goal.

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Consumer Electronics Show

CES (formerly an acronym for Consumer Electronics Show but now the official name) is an annual trade show organized by the Consumer Technology Association.

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Content Scramble System

The Content Scramble System (CSS) is a digital rights management (DRM) and encryption system employed on many commercially produced DVD-Video discs.

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Cryptography Research

Cryptography Research, Inc. is a San Francisco based cryptography company specializing in applied cryptographic engineering, including technologies for building tamper-resistant semiconductors.

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D-VHS is a digital video recording format developed by JVC, in collaboration with Hitachi, Matsushita, and Philips.

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Data compression

In signal processing, data compression, source coding, or bit-rate reduction involves encoding information using fewer bits than the original representation.

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Data storage

Data storage is the recording (storing) of information (data) in a storage medium.

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Data-rate units

In telecommunications, data-transfer rate is the average number of bits (bitrate), characters or symbols (baudrate), or data blocks per unit time passing through a communication link in a data-transmission system.

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Dell (stylized as DELL) is an American multinational computer technology company based in Round Rock, Texas, United States, that develops, sells, repairs, and supports computers and related products and services.

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Dependent territory

A dependent territory, dependent area or dependency is a territory that does not possess full political independence or sovereignty as a sovereign state yet remains politically outside the controlling state's integral area.

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--> Diffraction refers to various phenomena that occur when a wave encounters an obstacle or a slit.

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Digital 3D

Digital 3D is a non-specific 3D standard in which films, television shows, and video games are presented and shot in digital 3D technology or later processed in digital post-production to add a 3D effect.

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Digital broadcasting

Digital broadcasting is the practice of using digital signals rather than analogue signals for broadcasting over radio frequency bands.

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Digital container format

A container or wrapper format is a metafile format whose specification describes how different elements of data and metadata coexist in a computer file.

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Digital copy

A Digital Copy is a commercially distributed computer file containing a media product such as a film or music album.

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Digital distribution

Digital distribution (also referred to as content delivery, online distribution, or electronic software distribution (ESD), among others) is the delivery or distribution of media content such as audio, video, software and video games.

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Digital Entertainment Content Ecosystem

The Digital Entertainment Content Ecosystem (DECE LLC) is a consortium of major film studios, consumer electronics manufacturers and retailers, networking hardware vendors, systems integrators, and Digital Rights Management (DRM) vendors.

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Digital media

Digital media are any media that are encoded in machine-readable formats.

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Digital recording

In digital recording, audio signals picked up by a microphone or other transducer or video signals picked up by a camera or similar device are converted into a stream of discrete numbers, representing the changes over time in air pressure for audio, and chroma and luminance values for video, then recorded to a storage device.

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Digital rights management

Digital rights management (DRM) is a set of access control technologies for restricting the use of proprietary hardware and copyrighted works.

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Digital television

Digital television (DTV) is the transmission of television signals, including the sound channel, using digital encoding, in contrast to the earlier television technology, analog television, in which the video and audio are carried by analog signals.

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Digital video recorder

A digital video recorder (DVR) is an electronic device that records video in a digital format to a disk drive, USB flash drive, SD memory card, SSD or other local or networked mass storage device.

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Disk density

Disk density is a capacity designation on magnetic storage, usually floppy disks.

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Dolby Digital

Dolby Digital is the name for audio compression technologies developed by Dolby Laboratories.

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Dolby Digital Plus

Dolby Digital Plus, also known as Enhanced AC-3 (and commonly abbreviated as DD+ or E-AC-3, or EC-3) is a digital audio compression scheme developed by Dolby Labs for transport and storage of multi-channel digital audio.

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Dolby TrueHD

Dolby TrueHD is a lossless multi-channel audio codec developed by Dolby Laboratories which is used in home-entertainment equipment such as Blu-ray Disc players and A/V receivers.

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DTS (sound system)

DTS (Dedicated To Sound) is a series of multichannel audio technologies owned by Xperi Corporation (formerly known as Digital Theater Systems, Inc.), an American company specializing in digital surround sound formats used for both commercial/theatrical and consumer grade applications.

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DTS-HD Master Audio

DTS-HD Master Audio (DTS-HD MA) is a combined lossless/lossy audio codec created by DTS (formerly Digital Theater Systems), commonly used for surround-sound movie soundtracks on Blu-ray Disc.

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Durabis (Latin for "you will last") is a brand name for a clear polymer coating developed by the TDK Corporation.

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DVD (an abbreviation of "digital video disc" or "digital versatile disc") is a digital optical disc storage format invented and developed by Philips and Sony in 1995.

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DVD Forum

The DVD Forum is an international organization composed of hardware, software, media and production companies that use and develop the DVD and formerly HD DVD formats.

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DVD region code

DVD (digital versatile disc) region codes are a digital rights management technique designed to allow rights holders to control the international distribution of a DVD release, including its content, release date, and price, all according to the appropriate region.

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DVD-Audio (commonly abbreviated as DVD-A) is a digital format for delivering high-fidelity audio content on a DVD.

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DVD-Video is a consumer video format used to store digital video on DVD discs, and is the dominant consumer video format in Asia, North America, Europe, and Australia.

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Dynamic Resolution Adaptation

Dynamic Resolution Adaptation (DRA) is an audio encoding specification developed by DigiRise Technology.

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Ecma International

Ecma is a standards organization for information and communication systems.

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Engadget is a multilingual technology blog network with daily coverage of gadgets and consumer electronics.

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Europe is a continent located entirely in the Northern Hemisphere and mostly in the Eastern Hemisphere.

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Field (video)

In video, a field is one of the many still images which are displayed sequentially to create the impression of motion on the screen.

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A film, also called a movie, motion picture, moving pícture, theatrical film, or photoplay, is a series of still images that, when shown on a screen, create the illusion of moving images.

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Film studio


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Format war

A format war describes competition between mutually incompatible proprietary formats that compete for the same market, typically for data storage devices and recording formats for electronic media.

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Frame rate

Frame rate (expressed in or fps) is the frequency (rate) at which consecutive images called frames appear on a display.

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Free Software Foundation

The Free Software Foundation (FSF) is a 501(c)(3) non-profit organization founded by Richard Stallman on 4 October 1985 to support the free software movement, which promotes the universal freedom to study, distribute, create, and modify computer software, with the organization's preference for software being distributed under copyleft ("share alike") terms, such as with its own GNU General Public License.

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Future Shop

Future Shop was a Canadian electronics store chain.

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Gallium nitride

Gallium nitride is a binary III/V direct bandgap semiconductor commonly used in light-emitting diodes since the 1990s.

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Ghosts I–IV

Ghosts I–IV is the sixth studio album by American industrial rock band Nine Inch Nails, released on March 2, 2008 by The Null Corporation.

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The gigabyte is a multiple of the unit byte for digital information.

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Gizmodo is a design, technology, science and science fiction website that also features articles on politics.

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Globally Executable MHP

Globally Executable MHP (GEM) is a DVB specification of a Java based middleware for TV broadcast receivers, IPTV terminals and Blu-ray players.

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H.262/MPEG-2 Part 2

H.262 or MPEG-2 Part 2 (formally known as ITU-T Recommendation H.262 and ISO/IEC 13818-2, also known as MPEG-2 Video) is a video coding format developed and maintained jointly by ITU-T Video Coding Experts Group (VCEG) and ISO/IEC Moving Picture Experts Group (MPEG).

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H.264/MPEG-4 AVC

H.264 or MPEG-4 Part 10, Advanced Video Coding (MPEG-4 AVC) is a block-oriented motion-compensation-based video compression standard.

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Hard disk drive

A hard disk drive (HDD), hard disk, hard drive or fixed disk is an electromechanical data storage device that uses magnetic storage to store and retrieve digital information using one or more rigid rapidly rotating disks (platters) coated with magnetic material.

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Hard disk drive performance characteristics

Higher performance in hard disk drives comes from devices which have better performance characteristics.

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Home Box Office (HBO) is an American premium cable and satellite television network of Home Box Office, Inc..

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HD DVD (short for High Definition Digital Versatile Disc) is a discontinued high-density optical disc format for storing data and playback of high-definition video.

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The hertz (symbol: Hz) is the derived unit of frequency in the International System of Units (SI) and is defined as one cycle per second.

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High dynamic range

High dynamic range (HDR) is a dynamic range higher than what is considered to be standard dynamic range.

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High Efficiency Video Coding

High Efficiency Video Coding (HEVC), also known as H.265 and MPEG-H Part 2, is a video compression standard, one of several potential successors to the widely used AVC (H.264 or MPEG-4 Part 10).

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High Fidelity Pure Audio

High Fidelity Pure Audio, occasionally abbreviated as HFPA, is a marketing initiative, spearheaded by the Universal Music Group, for audio-only Blu-ray optical discs.

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High-bandwidth Digital Content Protection

High-bandwidth Digital Content Protection (HDCP) is a form of digital copy protection developed by Intel Corporation to prevent copying of digital audio & video content as it travels across connections.

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High-definition optical disc format war

The high-definition optical disc format war was between the Blu-ray and HD DVD optical disc standards for storing high-definition video and audio; it took place between 2006 and 2008 and was won by Blu-ray Disc.

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High-definition television

High-definition television (HDTV) is a television system providing an image resolution that is of substantially higher resolution than that of standard-definition television, either analog or digital.

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High-definition video

High-definition video is video of higher resolution and quality than standard-definition.

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High-resolution audio

High-resolution audio, also known as High-definition audio or HD audio, is a marketing term used by some recorded-music retailers and high-fidelity sound reproduction equipment vendors.

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() is a Japanese multinational conglomerate company headquartered in Chiyoda, Tokyo, Japan.

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Hitch (film)

Hitch is a 2005 American romantic comedy film directed by Andy Tennant and starring Will Smith.

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Holographic Versatile Disc

The Holographic Versatile Disc (HVD) is an optical disc technology developed between April 2004 and mid-2008 that can store up to several terabytes of data on an optical disc 10 cm or 12 cm in diameter.

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Hong Kong

Hong Kong (Chinese: 香港), officially the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region of the People's Republic of China, is an autonomous territory of China on the eastern side of the Pearl River estuary in East Asia.

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House of Flying Daggers

House of Flying Daggers is a 2004 wuxia romance film directed by Zhang Yimou and starring Andy Lau, Zhang Ziyi and Takeshi Kaneshiro.

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The International Business Machines Corporation (IBM) is an American multinational technology company headquartered in Armonk, New York, United States, with operations in over 170 countries.

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Image Constraint Token

The Image Constraint Token (ICT) is a protocol flag that can cause downsampling of high-definition video content on Blu-ray and HD DVD to slightly-better-than-DVD quality video.

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Intel Corporation (stylized as intel) is an American multinational corporation and technology company headquartered in Santa Clara, California, in the Silicon Valley.

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Interlaced video

Interlaced video is a technique for doubling the perceived frame rate of a video display without consuming extra bandwidth.

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Internet Protocol television (IPTV) is the delivery of television content over Internet Protocol (IP) networks.

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The Integrated Services Digital Broadcasting (ISDB) (Japanese:, Tōgō dejitaru hōsō sābisu) is a Japanese standard for digital television (DTV) and digital radio used by the country's radio and television networks.

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James Gosling

James Arthur Gosling, OC (born May 19, 1955) is a Canadian computer scientist, best known as the founder and lead designer behind the Java programming language.

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Japan (日本; Nippon or Nihon; formally 日本国 or Nihon-koku, lit. "State of Japan") is a sovereign island country in East Asia.

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Java (software platform)

Java is a set of computer software and specifications developed by James Gosling at Sun Microsystems, which was later acquired by the Oracle Corporation, that provides a system for developing application software and deploying it in a cross-platform computing environment.

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Java virtual machine

A Java virtual machine (JVM) is a virtual machine that enables a computer to run Java programs as well as programs written in other languages and compiled to Java bytecode.

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JavaOne was an annual conference first organized in 1996 by Sun Microsystems to discuss Java technologies, primarily among Java developers.

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,, usually referred to as JVC or The Japan Victor Company, is a Japanese international professional and consumer electronics corporation based in Yokohama.

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Kazakhstan (Qazaqstan,; kəzɐxˈstan), officially the Republic of Kazakhstan (Qazaqstan Respýblıkasy; Respublika Kazakhstan), is the world's largest landlocked country, and the ninth largest in the world, with an area of.

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Korea is a region in East Asia; since 1945 it has been divided into two distinctive sovereign states: North Korea and South Korea.

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Laser diode

A laser diode, (LD), injection laser diode (ILD), or diode laser is a semiconductor device similar to a light-emitting diode in which the laser beam is created at the diode's junction.

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Lens (optics)

A lens is a transmissive optical device that focuses or disperses a light beam by means of refraction.

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Lions Gate Entertainment Corp., doing business as Lionsgate, is an American, Canadian-domiciled entertainment company.

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List of Blu-ray 3D releases

This is a list of all released and announced Blu-ray 3D titles.

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List of Blu-ray disc manufacturers

This aims to be a complete list of Blu-ray Disc recordable manufacturers.

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List of Blu-ray player manufacturers

This aims to be a complete list of Blu-ray manufacturers.

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List of PlayStation 4 games

This is a list of games for the PlayStation 4 currently planned or released either at retail on disc or via download.

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List of Xbox One games

This is a list of Xbox One games currently planned or released either at retail or via download.

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Lists of PlayStation 3 games

This is a list of lists of PlayStation 3 games.

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Macau, officially the Macao Special Administrative Region of the People's Republic of China, is an autonomous territory on the western side of the Pearl River estuary in East Asia.

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Mainland China

Mainland China, also known as the Chinese mainland, is the geopolitical as well as geographical area under the direct jurisdiction of the People's Republic of China (PRC).

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, commonly known as Maxell, is a Japanese company that manufactures consumer electronics.

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Maximum likelihood estimation

In statistics, maximum likelihood estimation (MLE) is a method of estimating the parameters of a statistical model, given observations.

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Memory Stick

Memory Stick is a removable flash memory card format, originally launched by Sony in late 1998.

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Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer Studios Inc. (initialized as MGM or hyphenated as M-G-M, also known as Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer Pictures, Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer or simply Metro, and for a former interval known as Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer/United Artists, or MGM/UA) is an American media company, involved primarily in the production and distribution of feature films and television programs.

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Microsoft Corporation (abbreviated as MS) is an American multinational technology company with headquarters in Redmond, Washington.

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Middle East

The Middle Easttranslit-std; translit; Orta Şərq; Central Kurdish: ڕۆژھەڵاتی ناوین, Rojhelatî Nawîn; Moyen-Orient; translit; translit; translit; Rojhilata Navîn; translit; Bariga Dhexe; Orta Doğu; translit is a transcontinental region centered on Western Asia, Turkey (both Asian and European), and Egypt (which is mostly in North Africa).

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Mini CD

Mini CDs, or pocket CDs, are CDs with a smaller diameter and one third the storage capacity of a standard 120 mm disc.

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MiniDVD (also Mini DVD or miniDVD) is a DVD disc which is in diameter.

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The is a group of autonomous Japanese multinational companies in a variety of industries.

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Mitsubishi Kagaku Media

is a Japanese company that markets storage media and flash memory products mostly under the brand name.

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Moldova (or sometimes), officially the Republic of Moldova (Republica Moldova), is a landlocked country in Eastern Europe, bordered by Romania to the west and Ukraine to the north, east, and south (by way of the disputed territory of Transnistria).

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Mongolia (Monggol Ulus in Mongolian; in Mongolian Cyrillic) is a landlocked unitary sovereign state in East Asia.

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Movies Anywhere

Movies Anywhere is a United States-only cloud-based digital locker and over-the-top streaming platform operated by The Walt Disney Company.

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MPEG program stream

Program stream (PS or MPEG-PS) is a container format for multiplexing digital audio, video and more.

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MPEG transport stream

MPEG transport stream (transport stream, MPEG-TS, MTS or TS) is a standard digital container format for transmission and storage of audio, video, and Program and System Information Protocol (PSIP) data.

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MPEG-2 (a.k.a. H.222/H.262 as defined by the ITU) is a standard for "the generic coding of moving pictures and associated audio information".

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Multimedia is content that uses a combination of different content forms such as text, audio, images, animations, video and interactive content.

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Multimedia Home Platform

Multimedia Home Platform (DVB-MHP) is an open middleware system standard designed by the DVB project for interactive digital television.

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In telecommunications and computer networks, multiplexing (sometimes contracted to muxing) is a method by which multiple analog or digital signals are combined into one signal over a shared medium.

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Multiview Video Coding

Multiview Video Coding (MVC, also known as MVC 3D) is an stereoscopic video coding standard for video compression that allows for the efficient encoding of video sequences captured simultaneously from multiple camera angles in a single video stream.

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The nanometre (International spelling as used by the International Bureau of Weights and Measures; SI symbol: nm) or nanometer (American spelling) is a unit of length in the metric system, equal to one billionth (short scale) of a metre (m).

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Netflix, Inc. is an American over-the-top media services provider, headquartered in Los Gatos, California.

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New Line Cinema

New Line Cinema is an American film production studio a part of Warner Bros. Entertainment.

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New Zealand

New Zealand (Aotearoa) is a sovereign island country in the southwestern Pacific Ocean.

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Nonlinear optics

Nonlinear optics (NLO) is the branch of optics that describes the behavior of light in nonlinear media, that is, media in which the dielectric polarization P responds nonlinearly to the electric field E of the light.

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NTSC, named after the National Television System Committee,National Television System Committee (1951–1953),, 17 v. illus., diagrs., tables.

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Numerical aperture

In optics, the numerical aperture (NA) of an optical system is a dimensionless number that characterizes the range of angles over which the system can accept or emit light.

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Optical disc

In computing and optical disc recording technologies, an optical disc (OD) is a flat, usually circular disc which encodes binary data (bits) in the form of pits (binary value of 0 or off, due to lack of reflection when read) and lands (binary value of 1 or on, due to a reflection when read) on a special material (often aluminium) on one of its flat surfaces.

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Optical disc drive

In computing, an optical disc drive (ODD) is a disc drive that uses laser light or electromagnetic waves within or near the visible light spectrum as part of the process of reading or writing data to or from optical discs.

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Optical disc recording technologies

Optical disc authoring requires a number of different optical disc recorder technologies working in tandem, from the optical disc media to the firmware to the control electronics of the optical disc drive.

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Organic compound

In chemistry, an organic compound is generally any chemical compound that contains carbon.

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Phase Alternating Line (PAL) is a color encoding system for analogue television used in broadcast television systems in most countries broadcasting at 625-line / 50 field (25 frame) per second (576i).

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, formerly known as, is a Japanese multinational electronics corporation headquartered in Kadoma, Osaka, Japan.

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Parallel ATA

Parallel ATA (PATA), originally, is an interface standard for the connection of storage devices such as hard disk drives, floppy disk drives, and optical disc drives in computers.

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Paramount Pictures

Paramount Pictures Corporation (also known simply as Paramount) is an American film studio based in Hollywood, California, that has been a subsidiary of the American media conglomerate Viacom since 1994.

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PC Pro

PC Pro is one of several computer magazines published monthly in the United Kingdom by Dennis Publishing.

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PC World

PC World, stylized PCWorld, is a global computer magazine published monthly by IDG.

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Personal computer

A personal computer (PC) is a multi-purpose computer whose size, capabilities, and price make it feasible for individual use.

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Koninklijke Philips N.V. (Philips, stylized as PHILIPS) is a Dutch multinational technology company headquartered in Amsterdam currently focused in the area of healthcare.

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Picture-in-picture (PiP) is a feature of some television receivers and similar devices.

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Pioneer Corporation

commonly referred to as Pioneer, is a Japanese multinational corporation based in Tokyo, Japan that specializes in digital entertainment products.

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PlayStation 3

The PlayStation 3 (PS3) is a home video game console developed by Sony Computer Entertainment.

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PlayStation 3 system software

The PlayStation 3 system software is the updatable firmware and operating system of the PlayStation 3.

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PlayStation 4

The PlayStation 4 (PS4) is an eighth-generation home video game console developed by Sony Interactive Entertainment.

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PlayStation Blog

PlayStation Blog (also stylized as PlayStation.Blog) is a PlayStation focused blog.

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Price discrimination

Price discrimination is a microeconomic pricing strategy where identical or largely similar goods or services are transacted at different prices by the same provider in different markets.

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Production company

A production company, production house, or production studio is a company that produces performing arts, new media art, film, television, radio, comics, interactive arts, video games, websites, and videos.

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Professional Disc

Professional Disc (PFD) is a digital recording optical disc format introduced by Sony in 2003 primarily for XDCAM, its new tapeless camcorder system.

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Pulse-code modulation

Pulse-code modulation (PCM) is a method used to digitally represent sampled analog signals.

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Random access

In computer science, random access (more precisely and more generally called direct access) is the ability to access any item of data from a population of addressable elements roughly as easily and efficiently as any other, no matter how many elements may be in the set.

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Regional Playback Control

RPC-1 and RPC-2 are designations applied to firmware for DVD drives.

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Established in Taiwan in 1988, RITEK Corporation manufactures compact disk products such as CD-R, CD-RW, DVD-R, DVD-RW, DVD+R, DVD+RW, DVD-RAM, HD DVD, Blu-ray Disc and Blu-ray M-Disc, storage cards such as CF (CompactFlash) cards, SD cards and MMC cards (MultiMediaCard), memory stick and consumer electronics.

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ROM Mark

In computing, ROM Mark or BD-ROM Mark is a serialization technology designed to guard against mass production piracy or the mass duplication and sale of unauthorized copies of pre-recorded Blu-ray Discs.

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Russia (rɐˈsʲijə), officially the Russian Federation (p), is a country in Eurasia. At, Russia is the largest country in the world by area, covering more than one-eighth of the Earth's inhabited land area, and the ninth most populous, with over 144 million people as of December 2017, excluding Crimea. About 77% of the population live in the western, European part of the country. Russia's capital Moscow is one of the largest cities in the world; other major cities include Saint Petersburg, Novosibirsk, Yekaterinburg and Nizhny Novgorod. Extending across the entirety of Northern Asia and much of Eastern Europe, Russia spans eleven time zones and incorporates a wide range of environments and landforms. From northwest to southeast, Russia shares land borders with Norway, Finland, Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania and Poland (both with Kaliningrad Oblast), Belarus, Ukraine, Georgia, Azerbaijan, Kazakhstan, China, Mongolia and North Korea. It shares maritime borders with Japan by the Sea of Okhotsk and the U.S. state of Alaska across the Bering Strait. The East Slavs emerged as a recognizable group in Europe between the 3rd and 8th centuries AD. Founded and ruled by a Varangian warrior elite and their descendants, the medieval state of Rus arose in the 9th century. In 988 it adopted Orthodox Christianity from the Byzantine Empire, beginning the synthesis of Byzantine and Slavic cultures that defined Russian culture for the next millennium. Rus' ultimately disintegrated into a number of smaller states; most of the Rus' lands were overrun by the Mongol invasion and became tributaries of the nomadic Golden Horde in the 13th century. The Grand Duchy of Moscow gradually reunified the surrounding Russian principalities, achieved independence from the Golden Horde. By the 18th century, the nation had greatly expanded through conquest, annexation, and exploration to become the Russian Empire, which was the third largest empire in history, stretching from Poland on the west to Alaska on the east. Following the Russian Revolution, the Russian Soviet Federative Socialist Republic became the largest and leading constituent of the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics, the world's first constitutionally socialist state. The Soviet Union played a decisive role in the Allied victory in World War II, and emerged as a recognized superpower and rival to the United States during the Cold War. The Soviet era saw some of the most significant technological achievements of the 20th century, including the world's first human-made satellite and the launching of the first humans in space. By the end of 1990, the Soviet Union had the world's second largest economy, largest standing military in the world and the largest stockpile of weapons of mass destruction. Following the dissolution of the Soviet Union in 1991, twelve independent republics emerged from the USSR: Russia, Ukraine, Belarus, Kazakhstan, Uzbekistan, Armenia, Azerbaijan, Georgia, Kyrgyzstan, Moldova, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan and the Baltic states regained independence: Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania; the Russian SFSR reconstituted itself as the Russian Federation and is recognized as the continuing legal personality and a successor of the Soviet Union. It is governed as a federal semi-presidential republic. The Russian economy ranks as the twelfth largest by nominal GDP and sixth largest by purchasing power parity in 2015. Russia's extensive mineral and energy resources are the largest such reserves in the world, making it one of the leading producers of oil and natural gas globally. The country is one of the five recognized nuclear weapons states and possesses the largest stockpile of weapons of mass destruction. Russia is a great power as well as a regional power and has been characterised as a potential superpower. It is a permanent member of the United Nations Security Council and an active global partner of ASEAN, as well as a member of the G20, the Shanghai Cooperation Organisation (SCO), the Council of Europe, the Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation (APEC), the Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe (OSCE), and the World Trade Organization (WTO), as well as being the leading member of the Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS), the Collective Security Treaty Organization (CSTO) and one of the five members of the Eurasian Economic Union (EEU), along with Armenia, Belarus, Kazakhstan and Kyrgyzstan.

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Second-harmonic generation

Second harmonic generation (also called frequency doubling or SHG) is a nonlinear optical process in which two photons with the same frequency interact with a nonlinear material, are "combined", and generate a new photon with twice the energy of the initial photons (equivalently, twice the frequency and half the wavelength).

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Secure Digital

Secure Digital (SD) is a non-volatile memory card format developed by the SD Card Association (SDA) for use in portable devices.

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Self-Protecting Digital Content

Self Protecting Digital Content (SPDC), is a copy protection (Digital Rights Management) architecture which allows restriction of access to, and copying of, the next generation of optical discs and streaming/downloadable content.

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Serial ATA

Serial ATA (SATA, abbreviated from Serial AT Attachment) is a computer bus interface that connects host bus adapters to mass storage devices such as hard disk drives, optical drives, and solid-state drives.

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Sharp Corporation

is a Japanese multinational corporation that designs and manufactures electronic products, headquartered in Sakai-ku, Sakai.

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Shelf (storage)

A shelf (pl. shelves) is a flat horizontal plane which is used in a home, business, store, or elsewhere to hold items that are being displayed, stored, or offered for sale.

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Singulus Technologies

Singulus Technologies AG is a German manufacturer of, photovoltaic, semiconductor, optical disc, consumer goods &others production lines| SINGULUS TECHNOLOGIES is an engineering company and develops and builds machines for economic and resource-efficient production processes.

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Society of Motion Picture and Television Engineers

The Society of Motion Picture and Television Engineers (SMPTE) (rarely), founded in 1916 as the Society of Motion Picture Engineers or SMPE, is a global professional association, of engineers, technologists, and executives working in the media and entertainment industry.

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is a Japanese multinational conglomerate corporation headquartered in Kōnan, Minato, Tokyo.

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Sony BDP-S1

The Sony BDP-S1 is a first generation Blu-ray Disc (BD) player and is the first such player released in North America.

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Sony Pictures

Sony Pictures Entertainment Inc. (known simply as Sony Pictures and abbreviated as SPE) is a Japanese-owned American entertainment company that produces, acquires and distributes filmed entertainment (theatrical motion pictures, television programs and recorded videos) through multiple platforms.

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South Asia

South Asia or Southern Asia (also known as the Indian subcontinent) is a term used to represent the southern region of the Asian continent, which comprises the sub-Himalayan SAARC countries and, for some authorities, adjoining countries to the west and east.

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Southeast Asia

Southeast Asia or Southeastern Asia is a subregion of Asia, consisting of the countries that are geographically south of China, east of India, west of New Guinea and north of Australia.

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Standard-definition television

Standard-definition television (SDTV or SD) is a television system which uses a resolution that is not considered to be either high- or enhanced-definition.

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Stereoscopy (also called stereoscopics, or stereo imaging) is a technique for creating or enhancing the illusion of depth in an image by means of stereopsis for binocular vision.

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Sun Microsystems

Sun Microsystems, Inc. was an American company that sold computers, computer components, software, and information technology services and created the Java programming language, the Solaris operating system, ZFS, the Network File System (NFS), and SPARC.

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Super Audio CD

Super Audio CD (SACD) is a read-only optical disc for audio storage, introduced in 1999.

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Superman Returns

Superman Returns is a 2006 American superhero film directed and produced by Bryan Singer.

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Taiwan, officially the Republic of China (ROC), is a state in East Asia.

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Taiyo Yuden

is a Japanese materials and electronics company, situated in Kyobashi, Chuo, Tokyo, that helped pioneer recordable CD technology (CD-R) along with Sony and Philips in 1988.

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Tapeless production

In the field of professional broadcasting, an end-to-end workflow (from ingest to playout) is called tapeless when part, or all of it, is made without any use of audio tape recorders or videotape machines; video and audio sources being ingested, recorded, edited and played out entirely on digital video systems.

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, formerly, is a Japanese multinational electronics company that manufactures electronic materials, electronic components, and recording and data-storage media.

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The terabyte is a multiple of the unit byte for digital information.

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Terrestrial television

Terrestrial or broadcast television is a type of television broadcasting in which the television signal is transmitted by radio waves from the terrestrial (Earth based) transmitter of a television station to a TV receiver having an antenna.

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The Criterion Collection

The Criterion Collection, Inc. (or simply Criterion) is an American home video distribution company which focuses on licensing "important classic and contemporary films" and selling them to film aficionados.

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The Dark Knight (film)

The Dark Knight is a 2008 superhero film directed, produced, and co-written by Christopher Nolan.

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The Fifth Element

The Fifth Element (Le Cinquième Élément) is a 1997 French science-fiction action film directed and co-written by Luc Besson. It stars Bruce Willis, Gary Oldman and Milla Jovovich. Primarily set in the 23rd century, the film's central plot involves the survival of planet Earth, which becomes the responsibility of Korben Dallas (Willis), a taxicab driver and former special forces major, after a young woman (Jovovich) falls into his cab. Dallas joins forces with her to recover four mystical stones essential for the defence of Earth against an impending attack by a malevolent cosmic entity. Besson started writing the story that became The Fifth Element when he was 16 years old; he was 38 when the film opened in cinemas. Besson wanted to shoot the film in France, but suitable locations could not be found; filming took place instead in London and Mauritania. Comics writers Jean "Moebius" Giraud and Jean-Claude Mézières, whose comics provided inspiration for parts of the film, were hired for production design. Costume design was by Jean-Paul Gaultier. The Fifth Element received mainly positive reviews, although it tended to polarize critics. It has been called both the best and worst summer blockbuster of all time. The film was a financial success, earning more than $263 million at the box office on a $90 million budget. At the time of its release it was the most expensive European film ever made, and it remained the highest-grossing French film at the international box office until the release of The Intouchables in 2011.

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The New York Times

The New York Times (sometimes abbreviated as The NYT or The Times) is an American newspaper based in New York City with worldwide influence and readership.

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The NPD Group

The NPD Group, Inc. (NPD; formerly National Purchase Diary Panel Inc. and NPD Research Inc.) is an American market research company founded on September 28, 1966 and based in Port Washington, New York.

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The Terminator

The Terminator is a 1984 American science-fiction action film directed by James Cameron.

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The Walt Disney Company

The Walt Disney Company, commonly known as Disney, is an American diversified multinational mass media and entertainment conglomerate, headquartered at the Walt Disney Studios in Burbank, California.

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, commonly known as Toshiba, is a Japanese multinational conglomerate headquartered in Tokyo, Japan.

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Total Hi Def

Total Hi Def Disc, also called Total HD or THD, was a planned optical disc format that included both of the rival high-definition optical disc formats, Blu-ray Disc and HD DVD.

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Trondheim Soloists

Trondheim Soloists (TrondheimSolistene) are a musical chamber ensemble of string players based in Trondheim, Norway.

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Trusted client

In computing, a trusted client is a device or program controlled by the user of a service, but with restrictions designed to prevent its use in ways not authorized by the provider of the service.

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Twister (1996 film)

Twister is a 1996 American epic disaster adventure film starring Helen Hunt and Bill Paxton as storm chasers researching tornadoes.

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Ukraine (Ukrayina), sometimes called the Ukraine, is a sovereign state in Eastern Europe, bordered by Russia to the east and northeast; Belarus to the northwest; Poland, Hungary, and Slovakia to the west; Romania and Moldova to the southwest; and the Black Sea and Sea of Azov to the south and southeast, respectively.

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Ultra Density Optical

Ultra Density Optical (UDO) is an optical disc format designed for high-density storage of high-definition video and data.

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Ultra-high-definition television

Ultra-high-definition television (also known as Ultra HD television, Ultra HD, UHDTV, UHD and Super Hi-Vision) today includes 4K UHD and 8K UHD, which are two digital video formats that were first proposed by NHK Science & Technology Research Laboratories and later defined and approved by the International Telecommunication Union (ITU).

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Underworld: Evolution

Underworld: Evolution is a 2006 American action horror film directed by Len Wiseman.

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United Kingdom

The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, commonly known as the United Kingdom (UK) or Britain,Usage is mixed with some organisations, including the and preferring to use Britain as shorthand for Great Britain is a sovereign country in western Europe.

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Universal Disk Format

Universal Disk Format (UDF) is a profile of the specification known as ISO/IEC 13346 and ECMA-167 and is an open vendor-neutral file system for computer data storage for a broad range of media.

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Universal Music Group

Universal Music Group (also known in the United States as UMG Recordings, Inc. and abbreviated as UMG) is an American global music corporation that is a subsidiary of the French media conglomerate Vivendi.

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Universal Pictures

Universal Pictures (also known as Universal Studios) is an American film studio owned by Comcast through the Universal Filmed Entertainment Group division of its wholly owned subsidiary NBCUniversal.

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USB (abbreviation of Universal Serial Bus), is an industry standard that was developed to define cables, connectors and protocols for connection, communication, and power supply between personal computers and their peripheral devices.

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USB 3.0

USB 3.0 is the third major version of the Universal Serial Bus (USB) standard for interfacing computers and electronic devices.

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SMPTE 421M, informally known as VC-1, is a video coding format.

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Video CD

Video CD (abbreviated as VCD, and also known as Compact Disc digital video) is a home video format and the first format for distributing films on standard optical discs.

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Video on demand

Video on demand is a programming system which allows users to select and watch/listen to video or audio content such as movies and TV shows whenever they choose, rather than at a scheduled broadcast time, the method that prevailed with over-the-air programming during the 20th century.

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Video rental shop

A video rental shop/store is a physical retail business that rents home videos such as movies, prerecorded TV shows, video game discs and other content.

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Violet (color)

Violet is the color at the end of the visible spectrum of light between blue and the invisible ultraviolet.

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Virtual file system

A Virtual File System (VFS) or virtual filesystem switch is an abstraction layer on top of a more concrete file system.

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Virtual machine

In computing, a virtual machine (VM) is an emulation of a computer system.

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W-VHS is a HDTV analog recording videocassette format created by JVC.

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Walmart Inc. (formerly branded as Wal-Mart Stores, Inc.) is an American multinational retail corporation that operates a chain of hypermarkets, discount department stores, and grocery stores.

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Walt Disney Pictures

Walt Disney Pictures, Inc. is an American film studio and a subsidiary of Walt Disney Studios, owned by The Walt Disney Company.

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Warner Bros.

Warner Bros.

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Warner Home Video

Warner Home Video is the home video distribution arm of Warner Bros. Founded in 1978 as WCI Home Video (standing for Warner Communications, Inc.), the company primarily releases titles from the film and television library of Warner Bros.

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Western Asia

Western Asia, West Asia, Southwestern Asia or Southwest Asia is the westernmost subregion of Asia.

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Windows Media Player

Windows Media Player (WMP) is a media player and media library application developed by Microsoft that is used for playing audio, video and viewing images on personal computers running the Microsoft Windows operating system, as well as on Pocket PC and Windows Mobile-based devices.

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WinDVD (owned by Corel Corporation which bought InterVideo in 2006) is a commercial video player and music player software for Microsoft Windows.

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Woolworths Group

Woolworths Group was a listed British company that owned the high-street retail chain, Woolworths.

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Xbox 360

The Xbox 360 is a home video game console developed by Microsoft.

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Xbox One

Xbox One is a line of eighth generation home video game consoles developed by Microsoft.

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xvYCC or Extended-gamut YCC (also x.v.Color) is a color space that can be used in the video electronics of television sets to support a gamut 1.8 times as large as that of the sRGB color space.

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XXX (2002 film)

xXx (pronounced as Triple X) is a 2002 American spy thriller action film directed by Rob Cohen, produced by Neal H. Moritz and written by Rich Wilkes.

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YCbCr, Y′CbCr, or Y Pb/Cb Pr/Cr, also written as YCBCR or Y'CBCR, is a family of color spaces used as a part of the color image pipeline in video and digital photography systems.

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M2TS is a filename extension used for the Blu-ray Disc Audio-Video (BDAV) MPEG-2 Transport Stream (M2TS) container file format.

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1080i (also known as Full HD or BT.709) is an abbreviation referring to a combination of frame resolution and scan type, used in high-definition television (HDTV) and high-definition video.

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1080p (1920×1080 px; also known as '''Full HD''' or FHD and BT.709) is a set of HDTV high-definition video modes characterized by 1080 horizontal lines of vertical resolution; the p stands for progressive scan, i.e. non-interlaced.

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20th Century Fox

Twentieth Century Fox Film Corporation, doing business as 20th Century Fox, is an American film studio currently owned by 21st Century Fox.

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2D plus Delta

2D Plus Delta (AKA 2D+Delta) is a method of encoding 3D image listed as a part of MPEG2 and MPEG4 standards, specifically on the H.264 implementation of Multiview Video Coding extension.

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3D film

A three-dimensional stereoscopic film (also known as three-dimensional sangu, 3D film or S3D film) is a motion picture that enhances the illusion of depth perception, hence adding a third dimension.

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3D television

3D television (3DTV) is television that conveys depth perception to the viewer by employing techniques such as stereoscopic display, multi-view display, 2D-plus-depth, or any other form of 3D display.

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480i is a shorthand name for the video mode used for standard-definition analog or digital television in Caribbean, Myanmar, Japan, South Korea, Taiwan, Philippines, Laos, Western Sahara, and most of the Americas (with the exception of Argentina, Paraguay and Uruguay).

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480p is the shorthand name for a family of video display resolutions.

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4K resolution

4K resolution, also called 4K, refers to a horizontal screen display resolution in the order of 4,000 pixels.

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50 First Dates

50 First Dates is a 2004 American romantic comedy film directed by Peter Segal and written by George Wing.

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[1] https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Blu-ray

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