139 relations: Alexander Ross (writer), Alister McGrath, An Essay towards a Real Character, and a Philosophical Language, Anglican ministry, Anglicanism, Anthony Wood, Archbishop of Canterbury, Aristotle, Barebone's Parliament, Bishop of Chester, Cambridge University Press, Canons Ashby, Cavalier, Chancery Lane, Charles I Louis, Elector Palatine, Charles I of England, Charles Scarborough, Chester, Christ Church Cathedral, Oxford, Christ Church, Oxford, Christopher Merret, Christopher Wren, Church of England, Cicero, Cranford, London, Cryptography, Dean of Ripon, Definitions of Puritanism, Diocese of Chester, Divine providence, Elocution, English people, Exeter Cathedral, Fawsley, Francis Glisson, Francis Godwin, Galen, George Berkeley, 8th Baron Berkeley, George Ent, George Hall (bishop of Chester), George Villiers, 2nd Duke of Buckingham, Gilbert Burnet, Goldsmith, Gray's Inn, Great Fire of London, Gresham College and the formation of the Royal Society, Guidobaldo del Monte, Heidelberg, Henry Ferne, Henry Oldenburg, ..., Hertford College, Oxford, Hezekiah Burton, Interregnum (England), Isaac Barrow, Johannes Trithemius, John Arrowsmith (scholar), John Bainbridge (astronomer), John Dee, John Dod, John Humfrey, John Lambert (general), John Neile, John Owen (theologian), John Pearson (bishop), John Tillotson, John Tombes, John Wallis, John Webster (minister), Jonathan Goddard, Jorge Luis Borges, Kidney stone disease, Knightley baronets, Lawrence Rooke, Lever, Library of Congress, List of Counts Palatine of the Rhine, List of Wadham College people, London, Lord Protector, Marin Mersenne, Mathematical Magick, Matthew Wren (writer), Metric system, Middlesex, Modern Philology, Natural philosophy, Natural theology, New Inn Hall, Nonconformist, Northamptonshire, Oliver Cromwell, Oxford Philosophical Club, Palace of Whitehall, PDF, Peace of Westphalia, Polebrook, Polymath, Prebendary, Presbyterian polity, Presbyterianism, Ralph Bathurst, Rector (ecclesiastical), Restoration (England), Rhine, Rice University, Richard Baxter, Richard Busby, Richard Cromwell, Richard Knightley (died 1639), Robert Boyle, Robert Fludd, Robert Hooke, Rosicrucianism, Royal Society, Samuel Foster, Seth Ward (bishop of Salisbury), St Lawrence Jewry, St Paul's Cathedral, The Analytical Language of John Wilkins, The Independent, The Right Reverend, Theodore Haak, Thomas Manton, Thomas Sprat, Thomas Willis, Toleration, Trinity College, Cambridge, Universal language, University of Cambridge, University of Oxford, Wadham College, Oxford, Walter Blandford, Walter Pope, William Bates (minister), William Fiennes, 1st Viscount Saye and Sele, William Harvey, William Lloyd (bishop of Worcester), William Petty, William Piers. Expand index (89 more) » « Shrink index
Alexander Ross (c. 1590–1654) was a prolific Scottish writer and controversialist.
Alister Edgar McGrath (born 23 January 1953) is a Northern Irish theologian, priest, intellectual historian, scientist, Christian apologist and public intellectual.
An Essay towards a Real Character, and a Philosophical Language (London, 1668) is the best-remembered of the numerous works of John Wilkins, in which he expounds a new universal language, meant primarily to facilitate international communication among scholars, but envisioned for use by diplomats, travelers, and merchants as well.
The Anglican ministry is both the leadership and agency of Christian service in the Anglican Communion.
Anglicanism is a Western Christian tradition that evolved out of the practices, liturgy and identity of the Church of England following the Protestant Reformation.
Anthony Wood (17 December 163228 November 1695), who styled himself Anthony à Wood in his later writings, was an English antiquary.
The Archbishop of Canterbury is the senior bishop and principal leader of the Church of England, the symbolic head of the worldwide Anglican Communion and the diocesan bishop of the Diocese of Canterbury.
Aristotle (Ἀριστοτέλης Aristotélēs,; 384–322 BC) was an ancient Greek philosopher and scientist born in the city of Stagira, Chalkidiki, in the north of Classical Greece.
Barebone's Parliament, also known as the Little Parliament, the Nominated Assembly and the Parliament of Saints, came into being on 4 July 1653, and was the last attempt of the English Commonwealth to find a stable political form before the installation of Oliver Cromwell as Lord Protector.
The Bishop of Chester is the Ordinary of the Church of England Diocese of Chester in the Province of York.
Cambridge University Press (CUP) is the publishing business of the University of Cambridge.
Canons Ashby is a small village and civil parish in the Daventry district of the county of Northamptonshire, England.
The term Cavalier was first used by Roundheads as a term of abuse for the wealthier Royalist supporters of King Charles I and his son Charles II of England during the English Civil War, the Interregnum, and the Restoration (1642 – c. 1679).
Chancery Lane is a one-way street situated in the ward of Farringdon Without in the City of London.
Charles Louis, (Karl I. Ludwig), Elector Palatine KG (22 December 1617 – 28 August 1680) was the second son of German elector Frederick V of the Palatinate, the "Winter King" of Bohemia, and his wife, Elizabeth of England.
Charles I (19 November 1600 – 30 January 1649) was monarch of the three kingdoms of England, Scotland, and Ireland from 27 March 1625 until his execution in 1649.
Sir Charles Scarborough or Scarburgh MP FRS FRCP (29 December 1615 – 26 February 1694) was an English physician and mathematician.
Chester (Caer) is a walled city in Cheshire, England, on the River Dee, close to the border with Wales.
Christ Church Cathedral is the cathedral of the diocese of Oxford, which consists of the counties of Oxford, Buckinghamshire and Berkshire.
Christ Church (Ædes Christi, the temple or house, ædēs, of Christ, and thus sometimes known as "The House") is a constituent college of the University of Oxford in England.
Christopher Merret FRS (16 February 1614/5 – 19 August 1695), also spelt Merrett, was an English physician and scientist.
Sir Christopher Wren PRS FRS (–) was an English anatomist, astronomer, geometer, and mathematician-physicist, as well as one of the most highly acclaimed English architects in history.
The Church of England (C of E) is the state church of England.
Marcus Tullius Cicero (3 January 106 BC – 7 December 43 BC) was a Roman statesman, orator, lawyer and philosopher, who served as consul in the year 63 BC.
Cranford, is a district of the town of Hounslow in the London Borough of Hounslow and partly in the London Borough of Hillingdon.
Cryptography or cryptology (from κρυπτός|translit.
The Dean of Ripon is a senior cleric in the Church of England Diocese of Leeds.
Historians have produced and worked with a number of definitions of Puritanism, in an unresolved debate on the nature of the Puritan movement of the 16th and 17th century.
The Diocese of Chester is a Church of England diocese in the Province of York covering the pre-1974 county of Cheshire and therefore including the Wirral and parts of Stockport, Trafford and Tameside.
In theology, divine providence, or just providence, is God's intervention in the universe.
Elocution is the study of formal speaking in pronunciation, grammar, style, and tone.
The English are a nation and an ethnic group native to England who speak the English language. The English identity is of early medieval origin, when they were known in Old English as the Angelcynn ("family of the Angles"). Their ethnonym is derived from the Angles, one of the Germanic peoples who migrated to Great Britain around the 5th century AD. England is one of the countries of the United Kingdom, and the majority of people living there are British citizens. Historically, the English population is descended from several peoples the earlier Celtic Britons (or Brythons) and the Germanic tribes that settled in Britain following the withdrawal of the Romans, including Angles, Saxons, Jutes and Frisians. Collectively known as the Anglo-Saxons, they founded what was to become England (from the Old English Englaland) along with the later Danes, Anglo-Normans and other groups. In the Acts of Union 1707, the Kingdom of England was succeeded by the Kingdom of Great Britain. Over the years, English customs and identity have become fairly closely aligned with British customs and identity in general. Today many English people have recent forebears from other parts of the United Kingdom, while some are also descended from more recent immigrants from other European countries and from the Commonwealth. The English people are the source of the English language, the Westminster system, the common law system and numerous major sports such as cricket, football, rugby union, rugby league and tennis. These and other English cultural characteristics have spread worldwide, in part as a result of the former British Empire.
Exeter Cathedral, properly known as the Cathedral Church of Saint Peter in Exeter, is an Anglican cathedral, and the seat of the Bishop of Exeter, in the city of Exeter, Devon, in South West England.
Fawsley is a hamlet and civil parish in the Daventry district of the county of Northamptonshire, England.
Francis Glisson (1597 – 14 October 1677) was a British physician, anatomist, and writer on medical subjects.
Francis Godwin (1562–1633) was an English historian, science fiction author, divine, Bishop of Llandaff and of Hereford.
Aelius Galenus or Claudius Galenus (Κλαύδιος Γαληνός; September 129 AD – /), often Anglicized as Galen and better known as Galen of Pergamon, was a Greek physician, surgeon and philosopher in the Roman Empire.
George Berkeley, 8th Baron Berkeley (1601 – 10 August 1658) was a seventeenth-century English nobleman and a prominent patron of literature in his generation.
George Ent (6 November 1604 – 13 October 1689) was an English scientist in the seventeenth century who focused on the study of anatomy.
George Hall (c. 1613–1668) was an English bishop.
George Villiers, 2nd Duke of Buckingham, 20th Baron de Ros, (30 January 1628 – 16 April 1687) was an English statesman and poet.
Gilbert Burnet (18 September 1643 – 17 March 1715) was a Scottish philosopher and historian, and Bishop of Salisbury.
A goldsmith is a metalworker who specializes in working with gold and other precious metals.
The Honourable Society of Gray's Inn, commonly known as Gray's Inn, is one of the four Inns of Court (professional associations for barristers and judges) in London.
The Great Fire of London was a major conflagration that swept through the central parts of the English city of London from Sunday, 2 September to Thursday, 6 of September 1666.
The Gresham College group was a loose collection of scientists in England of the 1640s and 1650s, a precursor to the Royal Society of London.
Guidobaldo del Monte (11 January 1545 – 6 January 1607, var. Guidobaldi or Guido Baldi), Marquis del Monte, was an Italian mathematician, philosopher and astronomer of the 16th century.
Heidelberg is a college town in Baden-Württemberg situated on the river Neckar in south-west Germany.
Henry Ferne (1602 – 16 March 1662) was an English bishop.
Henry Oldenburg (also Henry Oldenbourg) FRS (c. 1619 as Heinrich Oldenburg – 5 September 1677) was a German theologian known as a diplomat, a natural philosopher and as the creator of scientific peer review.
Hertford College is a constituent college of the University of Oxford in England.
Hezekiah Burton (1632–1681) was an English theologian.
The Interregnum was the period between the execution of Charles I on 30 January 1649 and the arrival of his son Charles II in London on 29 May 1660 which marked the start of the Restoration.
Isaac Barrow (October 1630 – 4 May 1677) was an English Christian theologian and mathematician who is generally given credit for his early role in the development of infinitesimal calculus; in particular, for the discovery of the fundamental theorem of calculus.
Johannes Trithemius (1 February 1462 – 13 December 1516), born Johann Heidenberg, was a German Benedictine abbot and a polymath who was active in the German Renaissance as a lexicographer, chronicler, cryptographer, and occultist.
John Arrowsmith (29 March 1602 – 15 February 1659) was an English theologian and academic.
John Bainbridge (1582 – 3 November 1643) was an English astronomer and mathematician.
John Dee (13 July 1527 – 1608 or 1609) was an English mathematician, astronomer, astrologer, occult philosopher, and advisor to Queen Elizabeth I. He devoted much of his life to the study of alchemy, divination, and Hermetic philosophy.
John Dod (c. 1549 – 1645), known as "Decalogue Dod", was a non-conforming English clergyman, taking his nickname for his emphasis on the Ten Commandments.
John Humfrey (1621–1719) was an English clergyman, an ejected minister from 1662 and controversialist active in the Presbyterian cause.
John Lambert (Autumn 1619 – March 1684) was an English Parliamentary general and politician.
John Neile D.D. (b Westminster 9 December 1609; d Ripon 14 April 1675) was an eminent Anglican priest in the second half of the 17th century.
John Owen (161624 August 1683) was an English Nonconformist church leader, theologian, and academic administrator at the University of Oxford.
John Pearson (28 February 1613 – 16 July 1686) was an English theologian and scholar.
John Tillotson (October 1630 – 22 November 1694) was the Anglican Archbishop of Canterbury from 1691 to 1694.
John Tombes (c.1603? – 22 May, 1676) was an English clergyman of Presbyterian and Baptist views.
John Wallis (3 December 1616 – 8 November 1703) was an English clergyman and mathematician who is given partial credit for the development of infinitesimal calculus.
John Webster (1610–1682), also known as Johannes Hyphastes, was an English cleric, physician and chemist with occult interests, a proponent of astrology and a sceptic about witchcraft.
Jonathan Goddard (1617–1675) was an English physician, known both as army surgeon to the forces of Oliver Cromwell, and as an active member of the Royal Society.
Jorge Francisco Isidoro Luis Borges Acevedo (24 August 1899 – 14 June 1986) was an Argentine short-story writer, essayist, poet and translator, and a key figure in Spanish-language literature.
Kidney stone disease, also known as urolithiasis, is when a solid piece of material (kidney stone) occurs in the urinary tract.
There have been two baronetcies created for persons with the surname Knightley, one in the Baronetage of England and one in the Baronetage of Great Britain.
Lawrence Rooke (also Laurence) (1622–26 June 1662) was an English astronomer and mathematician.
A lever is a simple machine consisting of a beam or rigid rod pivoted at a fixed hinge, or fulcrum.
The Library of Congress (LOC) is the research library that officially serves the United States Congress and is the de facto national library of the United States.
The Elector of the Palatinate (Kurfürst von der Pfalz) ruled the Palatinate of the Rhine in the Kingdom of Germany and the Holy Roman Empire from 915 to 1803.
A list of Wadham College, Oxford people, including alumni, Fellows, Deans and Wardens of the College.
London is the capital and most populous city of England and the United Kingdom.
Lord Protector (pl. Lords Protectors) is a title that has been used in British constitutional law for the head of state.
Marin Mersenne, Marin Mersennus or le Père Mersenne (8 September 1588 – 1 September 1648) was a French polymath, whose works touched a wide variety of fields.
Mathematical Magick (complete title: Mathematical Magick, or, The wonders that may by performed by mechanichal geometry: in two books, concerning mechanical powers motions. Being one of the most easie, pleasant, useful (and yet most neglected) part of Mathematicks. Not before treated of in this language.) is a treatise by the English clergyman, natural philosopher, polymath and author John Wilkins (1614 – 1672).
Matthew Wren (20 August 1629 – 14 June 1672) was an English politician and writer.
The metric system is an internationally adopted decimal system of measurement.
Middlesex (abbreviation: Middx) is an historic county in south-east England.
Modern Philology is a literary journal that was established in 1903.
Natural philosophy or philosophy of nature (from Latin philosophia naturalis) was the philosophical study of nature and the physical universe that was dominant before the development of modern science.
Natural theology, once also termed physico-theology, is a type of theology that provides arguments for the existence of God based on reason and ordinary experience of nature.
New Inn Hall was one of the earliest medieval Halls of the University of Oxford.
In English church history, a nonconformist was a Protestant who did not "conform" to the governance and usages of the established Church of England.
Northamptonshire (abbreviated Northants.), archaically known as the County of Northampton, is a county in the East Midlands of England.
Oliver Cromwell (25 April 15993 September 1658) was an English military and political leader.
The Oxford Philosophical Club refers to a group of natural philosophers, mathematicians, physicians, virtuosi and dilettanti gathering around John Wilkins FRS (1614–1672) at Oxford in the period 1649 to 1660.
The Palace of Whitehall (or Palace of White Hall) at Westminster, Middlesex, was the main residence of the English monarchs from 1530 until 1698, when most of its structures, except for Inigo Jones's Banqueting House of 1622, were destroyed by fire.
The Portable Document Format (PDF) is a file format developed in the 1990s to present documents, including text formatting and images, in a manner independent of application software, hardware, and operating systems.
The Peace of Westphalia (Westfälischer Friede) was a series of peace treaties signed between May and October 1648 in the Westphalian cities of Osnabrück and Münster that virtually ended the European wars of religion.
Polebrook is a village in Northamptonshire, England.
A polymath (πολυμαθής,, "having learned much,"The term was first recorded in written English in the early seventeenth century Latin: uomo universalis, "universal man") is a person whose expertise spans a significant number of different subject areas—such a person is known to draw on complex bodies of knowledge to solve specific problems.
tags--> A prebendary is a senior member of clergy, normally supported by the revenues from an estate or parish.
Presbyterian (or presbyteral) polity is a method of church governance ("ecclesiastical polity") typified by the rule of assemblies of presbyters, or elders.
Presbyterianism is a part of the reformed tradition within Protestantism which traces its origins to Britain, particularly Scotland, and Ireland.
Ralph Bathurst, FRS (1620 – 14 June 1704) was an English theologian and physician.
A rector is, in an ecclesiastical sense, a cleric who functions as an administrative leader in some Christian denominations.
The Restoration of the English monarchy took place in the Stuart period.
--> The Rhine (Rhenus, Rein, Rhein, le Rhin,, Italiano: Reno, Rijn) is a European river that begins in the Swiss canton of Graubünden in the southeastern Swiss Alps, forms part of the Swiss-Liechtenstein, Swiss-Austrian, Swiss-German and then the Franco-German border, then flows through the German Rhineland and the Netherlands and eventually empties into the North Sea.
William Marsh Rice University, commonly known as Rice University, is a private research university located on a 300-acre (121 ha) campus in Houston, Texas, United States.
Richard Baxter (12 November 1615 – 8 December 1691) was an English Puritan church leader, poet, hymnodist, theologian, and controversialist.
Richard Cromwell (4 October 162612 July 1712) became the second Lord Protector of England, Scotland and Ireland, and was one of only two commoners to become the English head of state, the other being his father, Oliver Cromwell, from whom he inherited the post.
Richard Knightley (3 June 1593 – 8 November 1639) was an English Member of Parliament (MP).
Robert Boyle (25 January 1627 – 31 December 1691) was an Anglo-Irish natural philosopher, chemist, physicist, and inventor.
Robert Fludd, also known as Robertus de Fluctibus (17 January 1574 – 8 September 1637), was a prominent English Paracelsian physician with both scientific and occult interests.
Robert Hooke FRS (– 3 March 1703) was an English natural philosopher, architect and polymath.
Rosicrucianism is a spiritual and cultural movement which arose in Europe in the early 17th century after the publication of several texts which purported to announce the existence of a hitherto unknown esoteric order to the world and made seeking its knowledge attractive to many.
The President, Council and Fellows of the Royal Society of London for Improving Natural Knowledge, commonly known as the Royal Society, is a learned society.
Samuel Foster (died 1652) was an English mathematician and astronomer.
Seth Ward (1617 – 6 January 1689) was an English mathematician, astronomer, and bishop.
St Lawrence Jewry next Guildhall is a Church of England guild church in the City of London on Gresham Street, next to Guildhall.
St Paul's Cathedral, London, is an Anglican cathedral, the seat of the Bishop of London and the mother church of the Diocese of London.
"The Analytical Language of John Wilkins" (Spanish: El idioma analítico de John Wilkins) is a short essay by Argentine writer Jorge Luis Borges originally published in Otras Inquisiciones (1937–1952).
The Independent is a British online newspaper.
The Right Reverend (abbreviations: The Rt Revd; The Rt Rev'd; The Rt Rev.) is a style applied to certain religious figures.
Theodore Haak (Neuhausen 1605 – London 1690) was a German Calvinist scholar, resident in England in later life.
Thomas Manton (1620–1677) was an English Puritan clergyman.
Thomas Sprat, FRS (1635 – 20 May 1713) was an English churchman, Bishop of Rochester from 1684.
Thomas Willis (27 January 1621 – 11 November 1675) was an English doctor who played an important part in the history of anatomy, neurology and psychiatry.
Toleration is the acceptance of an action, object, or person which one dislikes or disagrees with, where one is in a position to disallow it but chooses not to.
Trinity College is a constituent college of the University of Cambridge in England.
Universal language may refer to a hypothetical or historical language spoken and understood by all or most of the world's population.
The University of Cambridge (informally Cambridge University)The corporate title of the university is The Chancellor, Masters, and Scholars of the University of Cambridge.
The University of Oxford (formally The Chancellor Masters and Scholars of the University of Oxford) is a collegiate research university located in Oxford, England.
Wadham College is one of the constituent colleges of the University of Oxford in the United Kingdom.
Walter Blandford (1616 in Melbury Abbas, Dorset, England – 1675) was an English academic and bishop.
Walter Pope (c. 1627 – 1714) was an English astronomer and poet.
William Bates (1625–1699) was an English Presbyterian minister.
William Fiennes, 1st Viscount Saye and Sele (28 June 1582 – 14 April 1662) was an English nobleman and politician, known also for his involvement in several companies for setting up overseas colonies.
William Harvey (1 April 1578 – 3 June 1657) was an English physician who made seminal contributions in anatomy and physiology.
William Lloyd (18 August 1627 – 30 August 1717) was an English divine who served successively as bishop of St Asaph, of Lichfield and Coventry and of Worcester.
Sir William Petty FRS (Romsey, 26 May 1623 – 16 December 1687) was an English economist, physician, scientist and philosopher.
William Piers (Pierse, Pierce) (c.1580 – 1670) was Vice-Chancellor of Oxford University from 1621 to 1624, Bishop of Peterborough from 1630 to 1632 and Bishop of Bath and Wells from 1632 to his death in 1670.