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Index Rose

A rose is a woody perennial flowering plant of the genus Rosa, in the family Rosaceae, or the flower it bears. [1]

135 relations: Abney Park Cemetery, Achene, ADR rose, Aeolic Greek, Africa, Aggregate fruit, Alcohol, Alkane, Arabian Peninsula, Arachnid, Asia, Avestan, Baklava, Barfi, Barthélemy Charles Joseph Dumortier, Belgium, Bird, Browsing (herbivory), Carl Linnaeus, Château de Malmaison, China, Chocolate, Citronellol, Citrus, Claude Monet, Coast, Cultivar, Cut flowers, Damascenone, Deciduous, Deer, Diarrhodon, Double-flowered, Dune, Empress Joséphine, Erosion, Essential oil, Europe, Evergreen, Federal Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act, Finch, Flower, Flowering plant, Fondant icing, Fruit preserves, Fungus, Garden roses, Generally recognized as safe, Genus, Geraniol, ..., Greek language, Greenhouse, Gulab jamun, Gumdrop, Halva, Henri Fantin-Latour, Herb, Herbal tea, Hybrid (biology), Hybrid tea rose, Hypanthium, Ice cream, India, Indian subcontinent, Insect, Iran, Iranian cuisine, Kanafeh, Kulfi, Leaf, List of Award of Garden Merit roses, List of Rosa species, List of rose cultivars named after people, Loddiges, Marmalade, Mediterranean Sea, Middle Eastern cuisine, Myanmar, North Africa, North America, Nougat, Old Persian, Oscan language, Parthian language, Paul Cézanne, Perennial plant, Petal, Pierre-Auguste Renoir, Pierre-Joseph Redouté, Pinnation, Pyracantha, Rainbow rose, Red Rose of Lancaster, Rooh Afza, Root, Rosa × centifolia, Rosa × damascena, Rosa canina, Rosa glauca, Rosa gymnocarpa, Rosa minutifolia, Rosa moyesii, Rosa persica, Rosa pimpinellifolia, Rosa rubiginosa, Rosa rugosa, Rosa sericea, Rosa stellata, Rosaceae, Rose (color), Rose garden, Rose Hall of Fame, Rose hip, Rose hip seed oil, Rose hip soup, Rose oil, Rose show, Rose trial grounds, Rose water, Samanth Subramanian, Sand, Sepal, Sogdian language, South Asian cuisine, Squash (drink), Stamen, Stipule, Thorns, spines, and prickles, Thrush (bird), Turkish delight, Type (biology), Vitamin C, Wars of the Roses, Waxwing, White Rose of York. Expand index (85 more) »

Abney Park Cemetery

Abney Park cemetery is one of the Magnificent Seven cemeteries in London, England.

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An achene (Greek ἀ, a, privative + χαίνειν, chainein, to gape; also sometimes called akene and occasionally achenium or achenocarp) is a type of simple dry fruit produced by many species of flowering plants.

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ADR rose

An ADR rose is a winner in the German ADR rose trial (Allgemeine Deutsche Rosenneuheitenprüfung).

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Aeolic Greek

In linguistics, Aeolic Greek (also Aeolian, Lesbian or Lesbic dialect) is the set of dialects of Ancient Greek spoken mainly in Boeotia (a region in Central Greece); Thessaly, in the Aegean island of Lesbos; and the Greek colonies of Aeolis in Anatolia and adjoining islands.

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Africa is the world's second largest and second most-populous continent (behind Asia in both categories).

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Aggregate fruit

A raspberry fruit (shown with a raspberry beetle larva) is an aggregate fruit, an aggregate of drupelets The fruit of an ''Aquilegia'' flower is one fruit that forms from several ovaries of one flower, and it is an aggregate of follicles. However, because the follicles are not fused to one another, it is not considered an aggregate fruit An aggregate fruit or etaerio is a fruit that develops from the merger of several ovaries that were separate in a single flower.

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In chemistry, an alcohol is any organic compound in which the hydroxyl functional group (–OH) is bound to a carbon.

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In organic chemistry, an alkane, or paraffin (a historical name that also has other meanings), is an acyclic saturated hydrocarbon.

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Arabian Peninsula

The Arabian Peninsula, simplified Arabia (شِبْهُ الْجَزِيرَةِ الْعَرَبِيَّة, ‘Arabian island’ or جَزِيرَةُ الْعَرَب, ‘Island of the Arabs’), is a peninsula of Western Asia situated northeast of Africa on the Arabian plate.

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Arachnids are a class (Arachnida) of joint-legged invertebrate animals (arthropods), in the subphylum Chelicerata.

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Asia is Earth's largest and most populous continent, located primarily in the Eastern and Northern Hemispheres.

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Avestan, also known historically as Zend, is a language known only from its use as the language of Zoroastrian scripture (the Avesta), from which it derives its name.

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Baklava is a rich, sweet dessert pastry made of layers of filo filled with chopped nuts and sweetened and held together with syrup or honey.

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Barfi, borfi or burfi is a dense milk based sweet confectionery from the Indian subcontinent, a type of mithai.

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Barthélemy Charles Joseph Dumortier

Barthélemy Charles Joseph Dumortier (3 April 1797 in Tournai – 9 June 1878) was a Belgian who conducted a parallel career of botanist and Member of Parliament.

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Belgium, officially the Kingdom of Belgium, is a country in Western Europe bordered by France, the Netherlands, Germany and Luxembourg.

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Birds, also known as Aves, are a group of endothermic vertebrates, characterised by feathers, toothless beaked jaws, the laying of hard-shelled eggs, a high metabolic rate, a four-chambered heart, and a strong yet lightweight skeleton.

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Browsing (herbivory)

Browsing is a type of herbivory in which a herbivore (or, more narrowly defined, a folivore) feeds on leaves, soft shoots, or fruits of high-growing, generally woody, plants such as shrubs.

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Carl Linnaeus

Carl Linnaeus (23 May 1707 – 10 January 1778), also known after his ennoblement as Carl von LinnéBlunt (2004), p. 171.

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Château de Malmaison

Château de Malmaison is a French château near the western bank of the Seine about west of the centre of Paris in Rueil-Malmaison.

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China, officially the People's Republic of China (PRC), is a unitary one-party sovereign state in East Asia and the world's most populous country, with a population of around /1e9 round 3 billion.

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Chocolate is a typically sweet, usually brown food preparation of Theobroma cacao seeds, roasted and ground.

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Citronellol, or dihydrogeraniol, is a natural acyclic monoterpenoid.

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Citrus is a genus of flowering trees and shrubs in the rue family, Rutaceae.

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Claude Monet

Oscar-Claude Monet (14 November 1840 – 5 December 1926) was a founder of French Impressionist painting, and the most consistent and prolific practitioner of the movement's philosophy of expressing one's perceptions before nature, especially as applied to plein air landscape painting.

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A coastline or a seashore is the area where land meets the sea or ocean, or a line that forms the boundary between the land and the ocean or a lake.

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The term cultivarCultivar has two denominations as explained in Formal definition.

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Cut flowers

Cut flowers are flowers or flower buds (often with some stem and leaf) that have been cut from the plant bearing it.

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Damascenones are a series of closely related chemical compounds that are components of a variety of essential oils.

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In the fields of horticulture and botany, the term deciduous (/dɪˈsɪdʒuəs/) means "falling off at maturity" and "tending to fall off", in reference to trees and shrubs that seasonally shed leaves, usually in the autumn; to the shedding of petals, after flowering; and to the shedding of ripe fruit.

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Deer (singular and plural) are the ruminant mammals forming the family Cervidae.

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In pre-modern medicine, "diarrhodon" (Gr, "compound of roses", from, "of roses") is a name given to diverse compositions, in which red roses are an ingredient.

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"Double-flowered" describes varieties of flowers with extra petals, often containing flowers within flowers.

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In physical geography, a dune is a hill of loose sand built by aeolian processes (wind) or the flow of water.

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Empress Joséphine

Joséphine de Beauharnais (born Marie-Josèphe-Rose Tascher de la Pagerie; 23 June 1763 – 29 May 1814) was the first wife of Napoleon I, and thus the first Empress of the French as Joséphine.

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In earth science, erosion is the action of surface processes (such as water flow or wind) that remove soil, rock, or dissolved material from one location on the Earth's crust, and then transport it to another location (not to be confused with weathering which involves no movement).

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Essential oil

An essential oil is a concentrated hydrophobic liquid containing volatile (defined as "the tendency of a substance to vaporize") aroma compounds from plants.

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Europe is a continent located entirely in the Northern Hemisphere and mostly in the Eastern Hemisphere.

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In botany, an evergreen is a plant that has leaves throughout the year, always green.

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Federal Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act

The United States Federal Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act (abbreviated as FFDCA, FDCA, or FD&C), is a set of laws passed by Congress in 1938 giving authority to the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) to oversee the safety of food, drugs, and cosmetics.

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The true finches are small to medium-sized passerine birds in the family Fringillidae.

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A flower, sometimes known as a bloom or blossom, is the reproductive structure found in flowering plants (plants of the division Magnoliophyta, also called angiosperms).

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Flowering plant

The flowering plants, also known as angiosperms, Angiospermae or Magnoliophyta, are the most diverse group of land plants, with 416 families, approximately 13,164 known genera and c. 295,383 known species.

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Fondant icing

Fondant icing, also commonly referred to simply as fondant (from the), is an edible icing used to decorate or sculpt cakes and pastries.

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Fruit preserves

Fruit preserves are preparations of fruits, vegetables and sugar, often canned or sealed for long-term storage.

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A fungus (plural: fungi or funguses) is any member of the group of eukaryotic organisms that includes microorganisms such as yeasts and molds, as well as the more familiar mushrooms.

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Garden roses

Garden roses are predominantly hybrid roses that are grown as ornamental plants in private or public gardens.

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Generally recognized as safe

Generally recognized as safe (GRAS) is an American Food and Drug Administration (FDA) designation that a chemical or substance added to food is considered safe by experts, and so is exempted from the usual Federal Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act (FFDCA) food additive tolerance requirements.

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A genus (genera) is a taxonomic rank used in the biological classification of living and fossil organisms, as well as viruses, in biology.

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Geraniol is a monoterpenoid and an alcohol.

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Greek language

Greek (Modern Greek: ελληνικά, elliniká, "Greek", ελληνική γλώσσα, ellinikí glóssa, "Greek language") is an independent branch of the Indo-European family of languages, native to Greece and other parts of the Eastern Mediterranean and the Black Sea.

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A greenhouse (also called a glasshouse) is a structure with walls and roof made mainly of transparent material, such as glass, in which plants requiring regulated climatic conditions are grown.

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Gulab jamun

Gulab jamun (also spelled gulaab jamun) are a milk-solid-based South Asian sweet, originating in the Indian subcontinent, notably popular in India, Nepal (where it is known as lal mohan), Pakistan, and Bangladesh (where it is known as gulab jam), as well as Myanmar.

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Gumdrops are a type of candy.

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Halva (halawa, alva, haleweh, halava, helava, helva, halwa, halua, aluva, chalva, chałwa) is any of various dense, sweet confections served across the Middle East, South Asia, Central Asia, West Asia, the Caucasus, North Africa, the Horn of Africa, the Balkans, Central Europe, Eastern Europe, Malta and the Jewish diaspora.

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Henri Fantin-Latour

Henri Fantin-Latour (14 January 1836 – 25 August 1904) was a French painter and lithographer best known for his flower paintings and group portraits of Parisian artists and writers.

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In general use, herbs are plants with savory or aromatic properties that are used for flavoring and garnishing food, in medicine, or as fragrances.

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Herbal tea

Herbal teas — less commonly called tisanes (UK and US, US also) — are beverages made from the infusion or decoction of herbs, spices, or other plant material in hot water.

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Hybrid (biology)

In biology, a hybrid, or crossbreed, is the result of combining the qualities of two organisms of different breeds, varieties, species or genera through sexual reproduction.

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Hybrid tea rose

Hybrid tea is an informal horticultural classification for a group of garden roses.

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In angiosperms, a hypanthium or floral cup is a structure where basal portions of the calyx, the corolla, and the stamens form a cup-shaped tube.

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Ice cream

Ice cream (derived from earlier iced cream or cream ice) is a sweetened frozen food typically eaten as a snack or dessert.

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India (IAST), also called the Republic of India (IAST), is a country in South Asia.

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Indian subcontinent

The Indian subcontinent is a southern region and peninsula of Asia, mostly situated on the Indian Plate and projecting southwards into the Indian Ocean from the Himalayas.

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Insects or Insecta (from Latin insectum) are hexapod invertebrates and the largest group within the arthropod phylum.

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Iran (ایران), also known as Persia, officially the Islamic Republic of Iran (جمهوری اسلامی ایران), is a sovereign state in Western Asia. With over 81 million inhabitants, Iran is the world's 18th-most-populous country. Comprising a land area of, it is the second-largest country in the Middle East and the 17th-largest in the world. Iran is bordered to the northwest by Armenia and the Republic of Azerbaijan, to the north by the Caspian Sea, to the northeast by Turkmenistan, to the east by Afghanistan and Pakistan, to the south by the Persian Gulf and the Gulf of Oman, and to the west by Turkey and Iraq. The country's central location in Eurasia and Western Asia, and its proximity to the Strait of Hormuz, give it geostrategic importance. Tehran is the country's capital and largest city, as well as its leading economic and cultural center. Iran is home to one of the world's oldest civilizations, beginning with the formation of the Elamite kingdoms in the fourth millennium BCE. It was first unified by the Iranian Medes in the seventh century BCE, reaching its greatest territorial size in the sixth century BCE, when Cyrus the Great founded the Achaemenid Empire, which stretched from Eastern Europe to the Indus Valley, becoming one of the largest empires in history. The Iranian realm fell to Alexander the Great in the fourth century BCE and was divided into several Hellenistic states. An Iranian rebellion culminated in the establishment of the Parthian Empire, which was succeeded in the third century CE by the Sasanian Empire, a leading world power for the next four centuries. Arab Muslims conquered the empire in the seventh century CE, displacing the indigenous faiths of Zoroastrianism and Manichaeism with Islam. Iran made major contributions to the Islamic Golden Age that followed, producing many influential figures in art and science. After two centuries, a period of various native Muslim dynasties began, which were later conquered by the Turks and the Mongols. The rise of the Safavids in the 15th century led to the reestablishment of a unified Iranian state and national identity, with the country's conversion to Shia Islam marking a turning point in Iranian and Muslim history. Under Nader Shah, Iran was one of the most powerful states in the 18th century, though by the 19th century, a series of conflicts with the Russian Empire led to significant territorial losses. Popular unrest led to the establishment of a constitutional monarchy and the country's first legislature. A 1953 coup instigated by the United Kingdom and the United States resulted in greater autocracy and growing anti-Western resentment. Subsequent unrest against foreign influence and political repression led to the 1979 Revolution and the establishment of an Islamic republic, a political system that includes elements of a parliamentary democracy vetted and supervised by a theocracy governed by an autocratic "Supreme Leader". During the 1980s, the country was engaged in a war with Iraq, which lasted for almost nine years and resulted in a high number of casualties and economic losses for both sides. According to international reports, Iran's human rights record is exceptionally poor. The regime in Iran is undemocratic, and has frequently persecuted and arrested critics of the government and its Supreme Leader. Women's rights in Iran are described as seriously inadequate, and children's rights have been severely violated, with more child offenders being executed in Iran than in any other country in the world. Since the 2000s, Iran's controversial nuclear program has raised concerns, which is part of the basis of the international sanctions against the country. The Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action, an agreement reached between Iran and the P5+1, was created on 14 July 2015, aimed to loosen the nuclear sanctions in exchange for Iran's restriction in producing enriched uranium. Iran is a founding member of the UN, ECO, NAM, OIC, and OPEC. It is a major regional and middle power, and its large reserves of fossil fuels – which include the world's largest natural gas supply and the fourth-largest proven oil reserves – exert considerable influence in international energy security and the world economy. The country's rich cultural legacy is reflected in part by its 22 UNESCO World Heritage Sites, the third-largest number in Asia and eleventh-largest in the world. Iran is a multicultural country comprising numerous ethnic and linguistic groups, the largest being Persians (61%), Azeris (16%), Kurds (10%), and Lurs (6%).

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Iranian cuisine

Iranian cuisine comprises the cooking traditions of Iran.

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Kanafah (كُنافة,, dialectal) is a traditional Palestinian dessert made with cheese pastry soaked in sweet, sugar-based syrup.

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Kulfi is a popular frozen dairy dessert from the Indian subcontinent.

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A leaf is an organ of a vascular plant and is the principal lateral appendage of the stem.

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List of Award of Garden Merit roses

The following is a selected list of rose varieties and cultivars which currently (2017) hold the Royal Horticultural Society's Award of Garden Merit.

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List of Rosa species

There is significant disagreement over the number of true rose species.

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List of rose cultivars named after people

Among the individuals or fictional characters who have had rose cultivars named after them are the following.

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The Loddiges family (not uncommonly mis-spelt Loddige) managed one of the most notable of the eighteenth and nineteenth century plant nurseries that traded in and introduced exotic plants, trees, shrubs, ferns, palms and orchids into European gardens.

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Marmalade generally refers to a fruit preserve made from the juice and peel of citrus fruits boiled with sugar and water.

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Mediterranean Sea

The Mediterranean Sea is a sea connected to the Atlantic Ocean, surrounded by the Mediterranean Basin and almost completely enclosed by land: on the north by Southern Europe and Anatolia, on the south by North Africa and on the east by the Levant.

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Middle Eastern cuisine

Middle Eastern cuisine is the cuisine of the various countries and peoples of the Middle East.

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Myanmar, officially the Republic of the Union of Myanmar and also known as Burma, is a sovereign state in Southeast Asia.

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North Africa

North Africa is a collective term for a group of Mediterranean countries and territories situated in the northern-most region of the African continent.

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North America

North America is a continent entirely within the Northern Hemisphere and almost all within the Western Hemisphere; it is also considered by some to be a northern subcontinent of the Americas.

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Nougat (or;; Azerbaijani: لوکا; Persian: نوقا) is a family of confections made with sugar or honey, roasted nuts (almonds, walnuts, pistachios, hazelnuts, and macadamia nuts are common), whipped egg whites, and sometimes chopped candied fruit.

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Old Persian

Old Persian is one of the two directly attested Old Iranian languages (the other being Avestan).

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Oscan language

Oscan is an extinct Indo-European language of southern Italy.

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Parthian language

The Parthian language, also known as Arsacid Pahlavi and Pahlawānīg, is a now-extinct ancient Northwestern Iranian language spoken in Parthia, a region of northeastern ancient Iran.

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Paul Cézanne

Paul Cézanne (or;; 19 January 1839 – 22 October 1906) was a French artist and Post-Impressionist painter whose work laid the foundations of the transition from the 19th-century conception of artistic endeavor to a new and radically different world of art in the 20th century.

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Perennial plant

A perennial plant or simply perennial is a plant that lives more than two years.

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Petals are modified leaves that surround the reproductive parts of flowers.

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Pierre-Auguste Renoir

Pierre-Auguste Renoir, commonly known as Auguste Renoir (25 February 1841 – 3 December 1919), was a French artist who was a leading painter in the development of the Impressionist style.

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Pierre-Joseph Redouté

Pierre-Joseph Redouté (10 July 1759 – 19 June 1840), was a painter and botanist from Belgium, known for his watercolours of roses, lilies and other flowers at Malmaison.

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Pinnation (also called pennation) is the arrangement of feather-like or multi-divided features arising from both sides of a common axis.

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Pyracantha is a genus of large, thorny evergreen shrubs in the family Rosaceae, with common names firethorn or pyracantha.

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Rainbow rose

The rainbow rose is a rose that has had its petals artificially coloured.

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Red Rose of Lancaster

The Red Rose of Lancaster (a rose gules) is the county flower of Lancashire.

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Rooh Afza

Rooh Afza (روح افزا; रूह अफ़ज़ा; রূহ আফজা) is a non-alcoholic concentrated squash.

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In vascular plants, the root is the organ of a plant that typically lies below the surface of the soil.

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Rosa × centifolia

Rosa × centifolia (lit. hundred leaved/petaled rose; syn. R. gallica var. centifolia (L.) Regel), the Provence rose or cabbage rose or Rose de Mai is a hybrid rose developed by Dutch rose breeders in the period between the 17th century and the 19th century, possibly earlier.

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Rosa × damascena

Rosa × damascena, more commonly known as the Damask rose, or sometimes as the rose of Castile, is a rose hybrid, derived from Rosa gallica and Rosa moschata.

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Rosa canina

Rosa canina, commonly known as the dog rose, is a variable climbing, wild rose species native to Europe, northwest Africa, and western Asia.

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Rosa glauca

Rosa glauca (the red-leaved rose or redleaf rose; syn. R. rubrifolia) is a species of rose native to the mountains of central and southern Europe, from Spanish Pyrenees east to Bulgaria, and north to Germany and Poland.

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Rosa gymnocarpa

Rosa gymnocarpa is a species of rose native to western North America.

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Rosa minutifolia

Rosa minutifoliaCarol Bornstein, David Fross, Bart O'Brien 2007.

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Rosa moyesii

Rosa moyesii is a species of flowering plant in the rose family Rosaceae, native to western China.

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Rosa persica

Rosa persica is an anomalous species of rose that at one time was placed in a separate genus Hulthemia.

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Rosa pimpinellifolia

Rosa pimpinellifolia, the burnet rose, is a species of rose native to western, central and southern Europe (north to Iceland and Norway) and northwest Africa.

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Rosa rubiginosa

Rosa rubiginosa (sweet briar, sweetbriar rose, sweet brier or eglantine; syn. R. eglanteria) is a species of rose native to Europe and western Asia.

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Rosa rugosa

Rosa rugosa (rugosa rose, beach rose, Japanese rose, or Ramanas rose) is a species of rose native to eastern Asia, in northeastern China, Japan, Korea and southeastern Siberia, where it grows on the coast, often on sand dunes.

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Rosa sericea

Rosa sericea, the silky rose, is a species of ''Rosa'' native to southwestern China (Guizhou, Sichuan, Xizang, Yunnan), Bhutan, northern India (Sikkim), Nepal and Myanmar; it grows in mountains at altitudes of 2,000-4,400 m. It is a shrub growing to 2 m tall, often very spiny.

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Rosa stellata

Rosa stellata is a species of rose known by the common names desert rose, gooseberry rose, and star rose.

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Rosaceae, the rose family, is a medium-sized family of flowering plants, including 4,828 known species in 91 genera.

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Rose (color)

Rose is the color halfway between red and magenta on the HSV color wheel, also known as the RGB color wheel, on which it is at hue angle of 330 degrees.

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Rose garden

A rose garden or rosarium is a garden or park, often open to the public, used to present and grow various types of garden roses or rose species.

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Rose Hall of Fame

The Rose Hall of Fame contains roses considered world favourites by a vote of members of the World Federation of Rose Societies.

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Rose hip

The rose hip, also called rose haw and rose hep, is the accessory fruit of the rose plant.

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Rose hip seed oil

Rose hip seed oil is a pressed seed oil, extracted from the seeds of the wild rose bush (Rosa moschata or Rosa rubiginosa) in the southern Andes.

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Rose hip soup

Rose hip soup (Nyponsoppa) is a Swedish soup made from rose hips.

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Rose oil

Rose oil (rose otto, attar of rose, attar of roses or rose essence) is the essential oil extracted from the petals of various types of rose.

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Rose show

A rose show is a horticultural exhibition focusing exclusively on roses.

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Rose trial grounds

Rose trial grounds or rose test gardens are agricultural areas where garden roses are grown to be assessed for qualities such as health, floriferousness, novelty, and scent.

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Rose water

Rose water (گلاب; golāb) is a flavoured water made by steeping rose petals in water.

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Samanth Subramanian

Samanth Subramanian is a writer and journalist based in India.

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Sand is a naturally occurring granular material composed of finely divided rock and mineral particles.

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A sepal is a part of the flower of angiosperms (flowering plants).

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Sogdian language

The Sogdian language was an Eastern Iranian language spoken in the Central Asian region of Sogdia, located in modern-day Uzbekistan, and Tajikistan (capital: Samarkand; other chief cities: Panjakent, Fergana, Khujand, and Bukhara), as well as some Sogdian immigrant communities in ancient China.

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South Asian cuisine

South Asian cuisine includes the cuisines from South Asia (also known as the Indian subcontinent) comprising the traditional cuisines from Bangladesh, Bhutan, India, Nepal, Pakistan, Sri Lanka and the Maldives and when included in the definition, also that of Afghanistan.

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Squash (drink)

Squash (also known as cordial), in British English, is a non-alcoholic concentrated syrup used in beverage making.

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The stamen (plural stamina or stamens) is the pollen-producing reproductive organ of a flower.

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In botany, stipule (Latin stipula: straw, stalk) is a term coined by LinnaeusConcise English Dictionary Wordsworth Editions Ltd.

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Thorns, spines, and prickles

In plant morphology, thorns, spines, and prickles, and in general spinose structures (sometimes called spinose teeth or spinose apical processes), are hard, rigid extensions or modifications of leaves, roots, stems or buds with sharp, stiff ends, and generally serve the same function: physically deterring animals from eating the plant material.

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Thrush (bird)

The thrushes are a family, Turdidae, of passerine birds with a worldwide distribution.

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Turkish delight

Turkish delight, lokum or rahat lokum and many other transliterations (رَاحَة الْحُلْقُوم rāḥat al-ḥulqūm, Lokum or rahat lokum, from colloquial راحة الحلقوم rāḥat al-ḥalqūm, Azerbaijani) is a family of confections based on a gel of starch and sugar.

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Type (biology)

In biology, a type is a particular specimen (or in some cases a group of specimens) of an organism to which the scientific name of that organism is formally attached.

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Vitamin C

Vitamin C, also known as ascorbic acid and L-ascorbic acid, is a vitamin found in food and used as a dietary supplement.

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Wars of the Roses

The Wars of the Roses were a series of English civil wars for control of the throne of England fought between supporters of two rival branches of the royal House of Plantagenet: the House of Lancaster, associated with a red rose, and the House of York, whose symbol was a white rose.

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The waxwings are passerine birds classified in the genus Bombycilla.

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White Rose of York

The White Rose of York (also called the Rose alba or rose argent), a white heraldic rose, is the symbol of the House of York and has since been adopted as a symbol of Yorkshire as a whole.

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Culture of rose, Hulthemia, Long stemmed roses, RoSe, Rosa (genus), Rosa (plant), Rose bud, Rose bush, Rose bushes, Roses, The Roses, 🌹.


[1] https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Rose

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