152 relations: Accelerated Graphics Port, Active Desktop, AUTOEXEC.BAT, BIOS, Brian Eno, Buddy Holly (song), Button (computing), Cairo (operating system), CD-ROM, CN Tower, CNET, CNN, Color Graphics Adapter, Commercial software, Computer Chronicles, CONFIG.SYS, Control Panel (Windows), Conventional memory, Cooperative multitasking, Data buffer, Desktop metaphor, Development of Windows 95, Device driver, Direct memory access, DirectX, Distribution Media Format, DR-DOS, DriveSpace, Edie Brickell, EMM386, Empire State Building, Enhanced Graphics Adapter, Event (computing), File Allocation Table, File Control Block, File Explorer, File Manager (Windows), Foster City, California, Future US, Gartner, Graham Holdings Company, Graphical user interface, Graphics Device Interface, Guardian Media Group, HIMEM.SYS, Hover!, IA-32, IBM, IEEE 1394, Infrared Data Association, ..., Intel 80386, Intel 80486, International Data Group, Internet Explorer, Internet Explorer 2, Internet Explorer 3, Internet Explorer 4, Internet Explorer 5, Internet-in-a-Box, Interrupt, Interrupt request (PC architecture), ISO 9660, Jennifer Aniston, Joel Selvin, Kernel (operating system), Legacy Plug and Play, Legacy system, Long filename, Mark Malamud, Matthew Perry, Memory management, Memory-mapped I/O, Menu (computing), Microsoft, Microsoft Office 2000, Microsoft Plus!, Microsoft TechNet, Microsoft Windows, Microsoft Windows library files, Minyanville, MMX (instruction set), Monolithic kernel, Mosaic (web browser), MS-DOS, MSN Dial-up, Netscape Navigator, Network Driver Interface Specification, Network redirector, Next Generation (magazine), Online service provider, Operating system, Original equipment manufacturer, P6 (microarchitecture), Path (computing), PC World (retailer), Penton (company), Pre-installed software, Preemption (computing), Process management (computing), Program Manager, Program Segment Prefix, Proprietary software, Protected mode, Rob Roy (1995 film), Safe mode, San Francisco Chronicle, Scheduling (computing), SCSI, Start Me Up, Start menu, System call, Taskbar, Text mode, The New York Times, The Rolling Stones, The Times, The Washington Post, TheGuardian.com, Theme (computing), Thread (computing), Toronto, UDMA, United Kingdom, United States, USB, User interface, Video clip, Video Graphics Array, Virtual 8086 mode, Virtual DOS machine, Virtual memory, VxD, Weezer, Window (computing), Windows 2000, Windows 3.1x, Windows 98, Windows 9x, Windows API, Windows Desktop Update, Windows ME, Windows Media Player, Windows NT 3.1, Windows NT 4.0, Windows shell, Windows USER, WinFS, X86, 16-bit, 32-bit, 32-bit disk access, 32-bit file access. Expand index (102 more) » « Shrink index
The Accelerated Graphics Port (AGP) was designed as a high-speed point-to-point channel for attaching a video card to a computer system, primarily to assist in the acceleration of 3D computer graphics.
Active Desktop was a feature of Microsoft Internet Explorer 4.0's optional Windows Desktop Update that allowed users to add HTML content to the desktop, along with some other features.
AUTOEXEC.BAT is a system file that was originally on DOS-type operating systems.
BIOS (an acronym for Basic Input/Output System and also known as the System BIOS, ROM BIOS or PC BIOS) is non-volatile firmware used to perform hardware initialization during the booting process (power-on startup), and to provide runtime services for operating systems and programs.
Brian Peter George St John le Baptiste de la Salle Eno, RDI (born Brian Peter George Eno; 15 May 1948) is an English musician, composer, record producer, singer, writer, and visual artist.
"Buddy Holly" is a song by the American rock band Weezer, written by Rivers Cuomo.
In computing, the term button (sometimes known as a command button or push button) refers to any graphical control element that provides the user a simple way to trigger an event, like searching for a query at a search engine, or to interact with dialog boxes, like confirming an action.
Cairo was the code name for a project at Microsoft from 1991 to 1996.
A CD-ROM is a pre-pressed optical compact disc which contains data.
The CN Tower (Tour CN) is a concrete communications and observation tower located in the downtown core of the city of Toronto, Ontario, Canada.
CNET (stylized as c|net) is an American media website that publishes reviews, news, articles, blogs, podcasts and videos on technology and consumer electronics globally.
Cable News Network (CNN) is an American basic cable and satellite television news channel and an independent subsidiary of AT&T's WarnerMedia.
The Color Graphics Adapter (CGA), originally also called the Color/Graphics Adapter or IBM Color/Graphics Monitor Adapter, introduced in 1981, was IBM's first graphics card and first color display card for the IBM PC.
Commercial software, or seldom payware, is computer software that is produced for sale or that serves commercial purposes.
Computer Chronicles was an American half-hour television series, broadcast from 1983 to 2002 on Public Broadcasting Service (PBS) public television, which documented the rise of the personal computer from its infancy to the immense market at the turn of the 21st century.
CONFIG.SYS is the primary configuration file for the DOS and OS/2 operating systems.
The Control Panel is a component of Microsoft Windows that provides the ability to view and change system settings.
In DOS memory management, conventional memory, also called base memory, is the first 640 kilobytes of the memory on IBM PC or compatible systems.
Cooperative multitasking, also known as non-preemptive multitasking, is a style of computer multitasking in which the operating system never initiates a context switch from a running process to another process.
In computer science, a data buffer (or just buffer) is a region of a physical memory storage used to temporarily store data while it is being moved from one place to another.
In computing, the desktop metaphor is an interface metaphor which is a set of unifying concepts used by graphical user interfaces to help users interact more easily with the computer.
The initial design and planning of Windows 95 can be traced back to around March 1992, just after the release of Windows 3.1.
In computing, a device driver is a computer program that operates or controls a particular type of device that is attached to a computer.
Direct memory access (DMA) is a feature of computer systems that allows certain hardware subsystems to access main system memory (Random-access memory), independent of the central processing unit (CPU).
Microsoft DirectX is a collection of application programming interfaces (APIs) for handling tasks related to multimedia, especially game programming and video, on Microsoft platforms.
Distribution Media Format (DMF) is a format for floppy disks that Microsoft used to distribute software.
DR-DOS (DR DOS, without hyphen up to and including version 6.0) is an operating system of the DOS family, written for IBM PC-compatible personal computers.
DriveSpace (initially known as DoubleSpace) is a disk compression utility supplied with MS-DOS starting from version 6.0.
Edie Arlisa Brickell (born March 10, 1966) is an American singer-songwriter widely known for 1988's Shooting Rubberbands at the Stars, the debut album by Edie Brickell & New Bohemians, which went to No.
The name EMM386 was used for the expanded memory managers of both Microsoft's MS-DOS and Digital Research's DR-DOS, which created expanded memory using extended memory on Intel 80386 CPUs.
The Empire State Building is a 102-story Art Deco skyscraper in Midtown Manhattan, New York City.
The Enhanced Graphics Adapter (EGA) is an IBM PC computer display standard from 1984 that superseded and exceeded the capabilities of the CGA standard introduced with the original IBM PC, and was itself superseded by the VGA standard in 1987.
In computing, an event is an action or occurrence recognized by software, often originating asynchronously from the external environment, that may be handled by the software.
File Allocation Table (FAT) is a computer file system architecture and a family of industry-standard file systems utilizing it.
A File Control Block (FCB) is a file system structure in which the state of an open file is maintained.
File Explorer, previously known as Windows Explorer, is a file manager application that is included with releases of the Microsoft Windows operating system from Windows 95 onwards.
File Manager is a file manager program bundled with releases of Microsoft Windows between 1990 and 1999 and available from 6 April 2018 as an optional download for all modern releases of Windows, including Windows 10.
Foster City is a planned city located in San Mateo County, California.
Future US, Inc. (formerly known as Imagine Media and The Future Network USA) is an American media corporation specializing in targeted magazines and websites in the video games, music, and technology markets.
Gartner, Inc. is a global research and advisory firm providing insights, advice, and tools for leaders in IT, Finance, HR, Customer Service and Support, Legal and Compliance, Marketing, Sales, and Supply Chain functions across the world.
Graham Holdings Company (formerly The Washington Post Company) is a diversified American conglomerate, best known for formerly owning the newspaper for which it was once named, The Washington Post, and Newsweek.
The graphical user interface (GUI), is a type of user interface that allows users to interact with electronic devices through graphical icons and visual indicators such as secondary notation, instead of text-based user interfaces, typed command labels or text navigation.
The Graphics Device Interface (GDI) is a Microsoft Windows application programming interface and core operating system component responsible for representing graphical objects and transmitting them to output devices such as monitors and printers.
Guardian Media Group plc (GMG) is a British mass media company owning various media operations including The Guardian and The Observer.
HIMEM.SYS is a DOS device driver which allows DOS programs to store data in extended memory via the Extended Memory Specification (XMS).
Hover! is a video game that combined elements of the games bumper cars and capture the flag.
IA-32 (short for "Intel Architecture, 32-bit", sometimes also called i386) is the 32-bit version of the x86 instruction set architecture, first implemented in the Intel 80386 microprocessors in 1985.
The International Business Machines Corporation (IBM) is an American multinational technology company headquartered in Armonk, New York, United States, with operations in over 170 countries.
IEEE 1394 is an interface standard for a serial bus for high-speed communications and isochronous real-time data transfer.
The Infrared Data Association (IrDA) is an industry-driven interest group that was founded in 1993 by around 50 companies.
The Intel 80386, also known as i386 or just 386, is a 32-bit microprocessor introduced in 1985.
The Intel 80486, also known as the i486 or 486, is a higher performance follow-up to the Intel 80386 microprocessor.
International Data Group, Inc. (IDG) is a Chinese-owned, American-based media, data and marketing services and venture capital organization.
Internet Explorer (formerly Microsoft Internet Explorer and Windows Internet Explorer, commonly abbreviated IE or MSIE) is a series of graphical web browsers developed by Microsoft and included in the Microsoft Windows line of operating systems, starting in 1995.
Microsoft Internet Explorer 2 (IE2) is the second major version of Internet Explorer (IE), a graphical web browser by Microsoft.
Microsoft Internet Explorer 3 (IE3) is a graphical web browser released on August 13, 1996 by Microsoft for Microsoft Windows and on January 8, 1997 for Apple Mac OS (see IE for Mac).
Microsoft Internet Explorer 4 (IE4) is a graphical web browser that Microsoft released in October 1997, primarily for Microsoft Windows, but also with versions available for the classic Mac OS, Solaris, and HP-UX - Robert McMillan writing for SunWorld (November 5, 1997) - Help and Support page on Microsoft's website (August 17, 2005) and marketed as "The Web the Way You Want It".
Microsoft Internet Explorer 5 (IE5) is a graphical web browser and one of the main participants of the first browser war.
Internet-in-a-Box is a low-cost digital library, consisting of a wireless access point with storage, which users nearby can connect to.
In system programming, an interrupt is a signal to the processor emitted by hardware or software indicating an event that needs immediate attention.
In a computer, an interrupt request (or IRQ) is a hardware signal sent to the processor that temporarily stops a running program and allows a special program, an interrupt handler, to run instead.
ISO 9660 is a file system for optical disc media.
Jennifer Joanna Aniston (born February 11, 1969) is an American actress, film producer, and businessperson.
Joel Selvin (born February 14, 1950) is an American San Francisco-based music critic and author known for his weekly column in the San Francisco Chronicle which ran from 1972 to 2009.
The kernel is a computer program that is the core of a computer's operating system, with complete control over everything in the system.
The term Legacy Plug and Play, also shortened to PnP, describes a series of specifications and Microsoft Windows features geared towards operating system configuration of devices.
In computing, a legacy system is an old method, technology, computer system, or application program, "of, relating to, or being a previous or outdated computer system." Often a pejorative term, referencing a system as "legacy" means that it paved the way for the standards that would follow it.
Long filename (LFN) support is Microsoft's backward compatible extension of the 8.3 filename (short filename) naming scheme used in DOS.
Mark Malamud (born 1960) is the Principal and Manager of Busymonster LLC, a consultancy company focused on advanced user interface and design.
Matthew Langford Perry (born August 19, 1969) is a Canadian-American actor and playwright known for his role as Chandler Bing on the NBC television sitcom Friends, a character who is afraid of commitment and uses humor as a defense mechanism.
Memory management is a form of resource management applied to computer memory.
Memory-mapped I/O (MMIO) and port-mapped I/O (PMIO) (which is also called isolated I/O) are two complementary methods of performing input/output (I/O) between the central processing unit (CPU) and peripheral devices in a computer.
In computing and telecommunications, a menu is a list of options or commands presented to the user of a computer or communications system.
Microsoft Corporation (abbreviated as MS) is an American multinational technology company with headquarters in Redmond, Washington.
Microsoft Office 2000 is a release of Microsoft Office, an office suite developed and distributed by Microsoft for the Windows family of operating systems.
Microsoft Plus! is a discontinued commercial operating system enhancement product by Microsoft.
Microsoft TechNet is a Microsoft web portal and web service for IT professionals.
Microsoft Windows is a group of several graphical operating system families, all of which are developed, marketed, and sold by Microsoft.
The Microsoft Windows operating system supports a form of shared libraries known as "dynamic-link libraries", which are code libraries that can be used by multiple processes while only one copy is loaded into memory.
Minyanville Media, Inc. is an Internet-based financial media and publishing company.
MMX is a single instruction, multiple data (SIMD) instruction set designed by Intel, introduced in 1997 with its P5-based Pentium line of microprocessors, designated as "Pentium with MMX Technology".
A monolithic kernel is an operating system architecture where the entire operating system is working in kernel space and is alone in supervisor mode.
NCSA Mosaic, or simply Mosaic, is the web browser that popularized the World Wide Web and the Internet.
MS-DOS (acronym for Microsoft Disk Operating System) is an operating system for x86-based personal computers mostly developed by Microsoft.
MSN Dial-up is an Internet service provider operated by Microsoft in the United States and formerly also in several other countries.
Netscape Navigator was a proprietary web browser, and the original browser of the Netscape line, from versions 1 to 4.08, and 9.x. It was the flagship product of the Netscape Communications Corp and was the dominant web browser in terms of usage share in the 1990s, but by 2002 its use had almost disappeared.
The Network Driver Interface Specification (NDIS) is an application programming interface (API) for network interface cards (NICs).
In DOS and Windows, a network redirector, or redirector, is an operating system driver that sends data to and receives data from a remote device.
Next Generation (also known as NextGen) was a video game magazine that was published by Imagine Media (now Future Network USA).
An online service provider can, for example, be an Internet service provider, an email provider, a news provider (press), an entertainment provider (music, movies), a search engine, an e-commerce site, an online banking site, a health site, an official government site, social media, a wiki, or a Usenet newsgroup.
An operating system (OS) is system software that manages computer hardware and software resources and provides common services for computer programs.
An Original Equipment Manufacturer (OEM) is a company that produces parts and equipment that may be marketed by another manufacturer.
The P6 microarchitecture is the sixth-generation Intel x86 microarchitecture, implemented by the Pentium Pro microprocessor that was introduced in November 1995.
A path, the general form of the name of a file or directory, specifies a unique location in a file system.
PC World is one of the United Kingdom's largest retail chains of mass market computer superstores.
Penton is an information services and marketing company.
Pre-installed software (also known as bundled software) is software already installed and licensed on a computer or smartphone bought from an original equipment manufacturer (OEM).
In computing, preemption is the act of temporarily interrupting a task being carried out by a computer system, without requiring its cooperation, and with the intention of resuming the task at a later time.
Process management is an integral part of any modern-day operating system (OS).
Program Manager is the shell of Windows 3.x and Windows NT 3.x operating systems.
The Program Segment Prefix (PSP) is a data structure used in DOS systems to store the state of a program.
Proprietary software is non-free computer software for which the software's publisher or another person retains intellectual property rights—usually copyright of the source code, but sometimes patent rights.
In computing, protected mode, also called protected virtual address mode, is an operational mode of x86-compatible central processing units (CPUs).
Rob Roy is a 1995 American biographical historical drama film directed by Michael Caton-Jones.
Safe mode is a diagnostic mode of a computer operating system (OS).
The San Francisco Chronicle is a newspaper serving primarily the San Francisco Bay Area of the U.S. state of California.
In computing, scheduling is the method by which work specified by some means is assigned to resources that complete the work.
Small Computer System Interface (SCSI) is a set of standards for physically connecting and transferring data between computers and peripheral devices.
"Start Me Up" is a song by the Rolling Stones featured on the 1981 album Tattoo You.
The Start menu is a user interface element used in Microsoft Windows since Windows 95 and in some other operating systems.
In computing, a system call is the programmatic way in which a computer program requests a service from the kernel of the operating system it is executed on.
A taskbar is an element of a graphical user interface which has various purposes.
Text mode is a computer display mode in which content is internally represented on a computer screen in terms of characters rather than individual pixels.
The New York Times (sometimes abbreviated as The NYT or The Times) is an American newspaper based in New York City with worldwide influence and readership.
The Rolling Stones are an English rock band formed in London, England, in 1962.
The Times is a British daily (Monday to Saturday) national newspaper based in London, England.
The Washington Post is a major American daily newspaper founded on December 6, 1877.
TheGuardian.com, formerly known as Guardian.co.uk and Guardian Unlimited, is a British news and media website owned by the Guardian Media Group.
In computing, a theme is a preset package containing graphical appearance details.
In computer science, a thread of execution is the smallest sequence of programmed instructions that can be managed independently by a scheduler, which is typically a part of the operating system.
Toronto is the capital city of the province of Ontario and the largest city in Canada by population, with 2,731,571 residents in 2016.
The Ultra DMA (Ultra Direct Memory Access, UDMA) interface was the fastest method used to transfer data through the ATA controller, usually between the computer and an ATA device.
The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, commonly known as the United Kingdom (UK) or Britain,Usage is mixed with some organisations, including the and preferring to use Britain as shorthand for Great Britain is a sovereign country in western Europe.
The United States of America (USA), commonly known as the United States (U.S.) or America, is a federal republic composed of 50 states, a federal district, five major self-governing territories, and various possessions.
USB (abbreviation of Universal Serial Bus), is an industry standard that was developed to define cables, connectors and protocols for connection, communication, and power supply between personal computers and their peripheral devices.
The user interface (UI), in the industrial design field of human–computer interaction, is the space where interactions between humans and machines occur.
Video clips are short clips of video, usually part of a longer recording.
Video Graphics Array (VGA) is the display hardware first introduced with the IBM PS/2 line of computers in 1987, following CGA and EGA introduced in earlier IBM personal computers.
In the 80386 microprocessor and later, virtual 8086 mode (also called virtual real mode, V86-mode or VM86) allows the execution of real mode applications that are incapable of running directly in protected mode while the processor is running a protected mode operating system.
Virtual DOS machine (VDM) is a technology that allows running 16-bit/32-bit DOS and 16-bit Windows programs on Intel 80386 or higher computers when there is already another operating system running and controlling the hardware.
In computing, virtual memory (also virtual storage) is a memory management technique that provides an "idealized abstraction of the storage resources that are actually available on a given machine" which "creates the illusion to users of a very large (main) memory." The computer's operating system, using a combination of hardware and software, maps memory addresses used by a program, called virtual addresses, into physical addresses in computer memory.
VxD is the device driver model used in Microsoft Windows/386, the 386 enhanced mode of Windows 3.x, Windows 9x, and to some extent also by the Novell DOS 7, OpenDOS 7.01, and DR-DOS 7.02 (and higher) multitasker (TASKMGR).
Weezer is an American rock band formed in Los Angeles in 1992, consisting of Rivers Cuomo (lead vocals, lead guitar, keyboards), Patrick Wilson (drums), Brian Bell (rhythm guitar, backing vocals, keyboards), and Scott Shriner (bass, backing vocals).
In computing, a window is a graphical control element.
Windows 2000 (codenamed NT 5.0) is an operating system for use on both client and server computers.
Windows 3.1x (codenamed Janus) is a series of 16-bit operating environments produced by Microsoft for use on personal computers.
Windows 98 (codenamed Memphis while in development) is a graphical operating system by Microsoft.
Windows 9x is a generic term referring to a series of Microsoft Windows computer operating systems produced from 1995 to 2000, which were based on the Windows 95 kernel and its underlying foundation of MS-DOS, both of which were updated in subsequent versions.
The Windows API, informally WinAPI, is Microsoft's core set of application programming interfaces (APIs) available in the Microsoft Windows operating systems.
Microsoft's Windows Desktop Update was an optional feature included with Internet Explorer 4 (IE, released in September 1997), which introduced several updated shell features to the Windows 95 and Windows NT 4.0 operating systems.
Windows Millennium Edition, or Windows ME (marketed with the pronunciation of the pronoun "me", commonly pronounced as an initialism, "M-E (Codenamed Millennium)", is a graphical operating system from Microsoft released to manufacturing in June 2000, and launched in September 2000.
Windows Media Player (WMP) is a media player and media library application developed by Microsoft that is used for playing audio, video and viewing images on personal computers running the Microsoft Windows operating system, as well as on Pocket PC and Windows Mobile-based devices.
Windows NT 3.1 is a 32-bit operating system developed by Microsoft, and released on July 27, 1993.
Windows NT 4.0 is an operating system that is part of Microsoft's Windows NT family of operating systems.
The Windows shell is the graphical user interface for the Microsoft Windows operating system.
Windows USER is a component of the Microsoft Windows operating system that provides core functionality for building simple user interfaces.
WinFS (short for Windows Future Storage) was the code name for a canceled data storage and management system project based on relational databases, developed by Microsoft and first demonstrated in 2003 as an advanced storage subsystem for the Microsoft Windows operating system, designed for persistence and management of structured, semi-structured and unstructured data.
x86 is a family of backward-compatible instruction set architectures based on the Intel 8086 CPU and its Intel 8088 variant.
16-bit microcomputers are computers in which 16-bit microprocessors were the norm.
32-bit microcomputers are computers in which 32-bit microprocessors are the norm.
32-bit Disk Access (also known as FastDisk) refers to a special disk access and caching mode available in older, MS-DOS-based Microsoft Windows operating systems.
32-bit file access refers to the higher performance, protected mode disk caching method introduced in Windows for Workgroups 3.11, which replaced SmartDrive (Smartdrv).
MS Windows 95, MS-DOS 7.0, MSW 95, MSW95, Microsoft Chicago, Microsoft Windows 4.00, Microsoft Windows 95, Microsoft Windows Chicago, OEM Service Release 2, OSR2, Project Chicago, W95, Win 95, Win 95 B, Win 95 C, Win95, Win95B, Win95C, Windows '95, Windows 1995, Windows 95 OSR1, Windows 95 OSR2, Windows 95B, Windows 95J, Windows Ninety Five, Windows95.