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Georgian architecture

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Georgian architecture is the name given in most English-speaking countries to the set of architectural styles current between 1714 and 1830. [1]

176 relations: Albany (London), American colonial architecture, Ancient Greek architecture, Ancient Roman architecture, Andrea Palladio, Annapolis, Maryland, Architect, Architectural style, Area (architecture), Ashlar, Balcony, Baluster, Banister Fletcher (junior), Banister Fletcher (senior), Baroque architecture, Bath, Somerset, Battle of the Styles, Blackheath, London, Bradshaw Gass & Hope, Brick, Bristol, Bryanston Square, Carpenters' Hall, Carpentry, Chalk Farm, Chinoiserie, Christopher Hussey, Christopher Wren, City Hall, Dublin, Classical architecture, Classical order, Clifton, Bristol, Colen Campbell, College of William & Mary, Colonial Revival architecture, Commissioners' church, Connecticut Hall, Construction worker, Crescent (architecture), Dartmouth College, Design, Designer, Ditchley, Dunfermline, Edinburgh, Edwin Lutyens, English Baroque, English country house, English-speaking world, Engraving, ..., Europe, Federal architecture, Fireplace mantel, Garden square, Gatehouse, George Dance the Younger, George I of Great Britain, George II of Great Britain, George III of the United Kingdom, George IV of the United Kingdom, Georgian Dublin, Georgian era, Giacomo Leoni, Golden ratio, Gothic architecture, Gothic Revival architecture, Grainger Town, Grand Séminaire de Montréal, Grand Tour, Greek Revival architecture, Hall, Hammond–Harwood House, Hanover Square, Westminster, Harvard University, Henry Flitcroft, Henry Holland (architect), House of Hanover, Howard Colvin, I quattro libri dell'architettura, Inns of Court, Ireland, Isaac Ware, Italy, Jamaican Georgian architecture, James Gibbs, James Paine (architect), James Wyatt, Jeremy Musson, John Nash (architect), John Ostell, John Soane, John Summerson, John Vanbrugh, John Wood, the Elder, Kedleston Hall, Limerick, Lionel Brett, 4th Viscount Esher, London, Maryland, Masonry, Matthew Brettingham, Mezzanine, Monarchy of the United Kingdom, Montagnana, Namesake, Nave, Neoclassical architecture, New Town, Edinburgh, Newcastle upon Tyne, Newtown Pery, Limerick, Nicholas Hawksmoor, Nikolaus Pevsner, Nonconformist, Objet d'art, Old Custom House, Montreal, Oxbridge, Oxfordshire, Palladian architecture, Park Crescent, London, Pattern (architecture), Pediment, Philadelphia, Piano nobile, Pilaster, Plasterer, Plasterwork, Porcelain, Pulteney Bridge, Quinlan Terry, Real estate development, Regency architecture, Renaissance architecture, Richard Boyle, 3rd Earl of Burlington, Richard Pennant, 1st Baron Penrhyn, Richard Sammons, Robert Adam, Robert Smirke (architect), Robert Smith (architect), Robert Taylor (architect), Rococo, Rome, Salford, Greater Manchester, Sash window, Scotland, Semi-detached, Sermon, Simon Jenkins, Slate industry in Wales, Somerset House, St Andrew's Church, Chennai, St John's Wood, St Martin-in-the-Fields, Stucco, Suburb, Sutton, London, Tenement, Terraced house, The Center for Palladian Studies in America, Inc., The Grange (Toronto), Thirteen Colonies, Thomas Archer, Toronto, United Empire Loyalist, Venice, Vernacular architecture, Victorian architecture, Villa Pisani, Montagnana, Wallpaper, William Buckland (architect), William Chambers (architect), William Halfpenny, William Kent, William Talman (architect), William Wilkins (architect), Window tax, Yale University. Expand index (126 more) »

Albany (London)

The Albany, or simply Albany, is an apartment complex in Piccadilly, London.

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American colonial architecture

American colonial architecture includes several building design styles associated with the colonial period of the United States, including First Period English (late-medieval), French Colonial, Spanish Colonial, Dutch Colonial, and Georgian.

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Ancient Greek architecture

The architecture of ancient Greece is the architecture produced by the Greek-speaking people (Hellenic people) whose culture flourished on the Greek mainland, the Peloponnese, the Aegean Islands, and in colonies in Anatolia and Italy for a period from about 900 BC until the 1st century AD, with the earliest remaining architectural works dating from around 600 BC.

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Ancient Roman architecture

Ancient Roman architecture adopted the external language of classical Greek architecture for the purposes of the ancient Romans, but differed from Greek buildings, becoming a new architectural style.

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Andrea Palladio

Andrea Palladio (30 November 1508 – 19 August 1580) was an Italian architect active in the Republic of Venice.

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Annapolis, Maryland

Annapolis is the capital of the U.S. state of Maryland, as well as the county seat of Anne Arundel County.

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Architect

An architect is a person who plans, designs, and reviews the construction of buildings.

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Architectural style

An architectural style is characterized by the features that make a building or other structure notable or historically identifiable.

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Area (architecture)

In architecture, an area (areaway in North America) is an excavated, subterranean space around the walls of a building, designed to admit light into a basement.

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Ashlar

Ashlar is finely dressed (cut, worked) stone, either an individual stone that has been worked until squared or the structure built of it.

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Balcony

A balcony (from balcone, scaffold; cf. Old High German balcho, beam, balk; probably cognate with Persian term بالكانه bālkāneh or its older variant پالكانه pālkāneh) is a platform projecting from the wall of a building, supported by columns or console brackets, and enclosed with a balustrade, usually above the ground floor.

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Baluster

A baluster—also called spindle or stair stick—is a moulded shaft, square or of lathe-turned form, cut from a rectangular or square plank, one of various forms of spindle in woodwork, made of stone or wood and sometimes of metal, standing on a unifying footing, and supporting the coping of a parapet or the handrail of a staircase.

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Banister Fletcher (junior)

Sir Banister Flight Fletcher (15 February 1866, London – 17 August 1953, London) was an English architect and architectural historian, as was his father, also named Banister Fletcher.

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Banister Fletcher (senior)

Banister Fletcher (1833 – 5 July 1899) was an English architect and surveyor and Liberal politician who sat in the House of Commons from 1885 to 1886.

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Baroque architecture

Baroque architecture is the building style of the Baroque era, begun in late 16th-century Italy, that took the Roman vocabulary of Renaissance architecture and used it in a new rhetorical and theatrical fashion, often to express the triumph of the Catholic Church.

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Bath, Somerset

Bath is the largest city in the ceremonial county of Somerset, England, known for its Roman-built baths.

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Battle of the Styles

The Battle of the Styles is a term used to refer to the conflict between supporters of the Gothic style and the Classical style in architecture.

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Blackheath, London

Blackheath is a district of south east London, England, within the Royal Borough of Greenwich and the London Borough of Lewisham.

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Bradshaw Gass & Hope

Bradshaw Gass & Hope is an English firm of architects founded in 1862 by Jonas James Bradshaw (1837–1912).

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Brick

A brick is building material used to make walls, pavements and other elements in masonry construction.

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Bristol

Bristol is a city and county in South West England with a population of 456,000.

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Bryanston Square

Bryanston Square is a long, rectangular, terraced square in Marylebone, Westminster, London, originally of 50 sequentially numbered houses.

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Carpenters' Hall

Carpenters' Hall is a two-story brick building in the Old City neighborhood of Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, that was a key meeting place in the early history of the United States.

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Carpentry

Carpentry is a skilled trade in which the primary work performed is the cutting, shaping and installation of building materials during the construction of buildings, ships, timber bridges, concrete formwork, etc.

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Chalk Farm

Chalk Farm is a small urban district of northwest London, England immediately north of Camden Town and currently split equally between the electoral wards of Camden Town and Primrose Hill in the south and Haverstock in the north.

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Chinoiserie

Chinoiserie (loanword from French chinoiserie, from chinois, "Chinese") is the European interpretation and imitation of Chinese and East Asian artistic traditions, especially in the decorative arts, garden design, architecture, literature, theatre, and music.

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Christopher Hussey

Christopher Edward Clive Hussey (21 October 1899 – 20 March 1970) was one of the chief authorities on British domestic architecture of the generation that also included Dorothy Stroud and Sir John Summerson.

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Christopher Wren

Sir Christopher Wren PRS FRS (–) was an English anatomist, astronomer, geometer, and mathematician-physicist, as well as one of the most highly acclaimed English architects in history.

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City Hall, Dublin

The City Hall, Dublin, originally the Royal Exchange, is a civic building in Dublin, Ireland.

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Classical architecture

Classical architecture usually denotes architecture which is more or less consciously derived from the principles of Greek and Roman architecture of classical antiquity, or sometimes even more specifically, from the works of Vitruvius.

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Classical order

An order in architecture is a certain assemblage of parts subject to uniform established proportions, regulated by the office that each part has to perform". Coming down to the present from Ancient Greek and Ancient Roman civilization, the architectural orders are the styles of classical architecture, each distinguished by its proportions and characteristic profiles and details, and most readily recognizable by the type of column employed.

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Clifton, Bristol

Clifton is both a suburb of Bristol, England, and the name of one of the city's thirty-five council wards.

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Colen Campbell

Colen Campbell (15 June 1676 – 13 September 1729) was a pioneering Scottish architect and architectural writer, credited as a founder of the Georgian style.

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College of William & Mary

The College of William & Mary (also known as William & Mary, or W&M) is a public research university in Williamsburg, Virginia. Founded in 1693 by letters patent issued by King William III and Queen Mary II, it is the second-oldest institution of higher education in the United States, after Harvard University. William & Mary educated American Presidents Thomas Jefferson (third), James Monroe (fifth), and John Tyler (tenth) as well as other key figures important to the development of the nation, including the fourth U.S. Supreme Court Chief Justice John Marshall of Virginia, Speaker of the House of Representatives Henry Clay of Kentucky, sixteen members of the Continental Congress, and four signers of the Declaration of Independence, earning it the nickname "the Alma Mater of the Nation." A young George Washington (1732–1799) also received his surveyor's license through the college. W&M students founded the Phi Beta Kappa academic honor society in 1776 and W&M was the first school of higher education in the United States to install an honor code of conduct for students. The establishment of graduate programs in law and medicine in 1779 makes it one of the earliest higher level universities in the United States. In addition to its undergraduate program (which includes an international joint degree program with the University of St Andrews in Scotland and a joint engineering program with Columbia University in New York City), W&M is home to several graduate programs (including computer science, public policy, physics, and colonial history) and four professional schools (law, business, education, and marine science). In his 1985 book Public Ivies: A Guide to America's Best Public Undergraduate Colleges and Universities, Richard Moll categorized William & Mary as one of eight "Public Ivies".

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Colonial Revival architecture

Colonial Revival (also Neocolonial, Georgian Revival or Neo-Georgian) architecture was and is a nationalistic design movement in the United States and Canada.

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Commissioners' church

A Commissioners' church, also known as a Waterloo church and Million Act church, is an Anglican church in the United Kingdom built with money voted by Parliament as a result of the Church Building Acts of 1818 and 1824.

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Connecticut Hall

Connecticut Hall (formerly South Middle College) is a Georgian building on the Old Campus of Yale University.

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Construction worker

A construction worker is a tradesperson, laborer, or professional employed in the physical construction of the built environment and its infrastructure.

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Crescent (architecture)

A crescent is an architectural structure where a number of houses, normally terraced houses, are laid out in an arc to form a crescent shape.

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Dartmouth College

Dartmouth College is a private Ivy League research university in Hanover, New Hampshire, United States.

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Design

Design is the creation of a plan or convention for the construction of an object, system or measurable human interaction (as in architectural blueprints, engineering drawings, business processes, circuit diagrams, and sewing patterns).

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Designer

A designer is a person who designs.

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Ditchley

Ditchley Park is a country house and estate near Charlbury in Oxfordshire.

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Dunfermline

Dunfermline (Dunfaurlin, Dùn Phàrlain) is a town and former Royal Burgh, and parish, in Fife, Scotland, on high ground from the northern shore of the Firth of Forth.

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Edinburgh

Edinburgh (Dùn Èideann; Edinburgh) is the capital city of Scotland and one of its 32 council areas.

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Edwin Lutyens

Sir Edwin Landseer Lutyens, (29 March 1869 – 1 January 1944) was an English architect known for imaginatively adapting traditional architectural styles to the requirements of his era.

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English Baroque

English Baroque is a term sometimes used to refer to the developments in English architecture that were parallel to the evolution of Baroque architecture in continental Europe between the Great Fire of London (1666) and the Treaty of Utrecht (1713).

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English country house

An English country house is a large house or mansion in the English countryside.

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English-speaking world

Approximately 330 to 360 million people speak English as their first language.

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Engraving

Engraving is the practice of incising a design onto a hard, usually flat surface by cutting grooves into it.

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Europe

Europe is a continent located entirely in the Northern Hemisphere and mostly in the Eastern Hemisphere.

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Federal architecture

Federal-style architecture is the name for the classicizing architecture built in the newly founded United States between c. 1780 and 1830, and particularly from 1785 to 1815.

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Fireplace mantel

The fireplace mantel or mantelpiece, also known as a chimneypiece, originated in medieval times as a hood that projected over a fire grate to catch the smoke.

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Garden square

A garden square is a type of communal garden in an urban area wholly or substantially surrounded by buildings and, commonly, continues to be applied to public and private parks formed after such a garden becomes accessible to the public at large.

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Gatehouse

A gatehouse is a building enclosing or accompanying a gateway for a town, religious house, castle, manor house, or other buildings of importance.

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George Dance the Younger

George Dance the younger, RA (1 April 1741 – 14 January 1825) was an English architect and surveyor as well as a portraitist.

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George I of Great Britain

George I (George Louis; Georg Ludwig; 28 May 1660 – 11 June 1727) was King of Great Britain and Ireland from 1 August 1714 and ruler of the Duchy and Electorate of Brunswick-Lüneburg (Hanover) in the Holy Roman Empire from 1698 until his death.

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George II of Great Britain

George II (George Augustus; Georg II.; 30 October / 9 November 1683 – 25 October 1760) was King of Great Britain and Ireland, Duke of Brunswick-Lüneburg (Hanover) and a prince-elector of the Holy Roman Empire from 11 June 1727 (O.S.) until his death in 1760.

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George III of the United Kingdom

George III (George William Frederick; 4 June 1738 – 29 January 1820) was King of Great Britain and Ireland from 25 October 1760 until the union of the two countries on 1 January 1801, after which he was King of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland until his death in 1820.

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George IV of the United Kingdom

George IV (George Augustus Frederick; 12 August 1762 – 26 June 1830) was King of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland and King of Hanover following the death of his father, King George III, on 29 January 1820, until his own death ten years later.

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Georgian Dublin

Georgian Dublin is a phrase used in terms of the history of Dublin that has two interwoven meanings.

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Georgian era

The Georgian era is a period in British history from 1714 to, named eponymously after kings George I, George II, George III and George IV.

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Giacomo Leoni

Giacomo Leoni (1686 – 8 June 1746), also known as James Leoni, was an Italian architect, born in Venice.

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Golden ratio

In mathematics, two quantities are in the golden ratio if their ratio is the same as the ratio of their sum to the larger of the two quantities.

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Gothic architecture

Gothic architecture is an architectural style that flourished in Europe during the High and Late Middle Ages.

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Gothic Revival architecture

Gothic Revival (also referred to as Victorian Gothic or neo-Gothic) is an architectural movement that began in the late 1740s in England.

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Grainger Town

Grainger Town is the historic heart of Newcastle upon Tyne, England.

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Grand Séminaire de Montréal

The Grand séminaire de Montréal ("Major Seminary of Montreal") is the sacerdotal school of the Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Montreal.

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Grand Tour

The term "Grand Tour" refers to the 17th- and 18th-century custom of a traditional trip of Europe undertaken by mainly upper-class young European men of sufficient means and rank (typically accompanied by a chaperon, such as a family member) when they had come of age (about 21 years old).

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Greek Revival architecture

The Greek Revival was an architectural movement of the late 18th and early 19th centuries, predominantly in Northern Europe and the United States.

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Hall

In architecture, a hall is a relatively large space enclosed by a roof and walls.

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Hammond–Harwood House

The Hammond–Harwood House is a historic house museum at 19 Maryland Avenue in Annapolis, Maryland, USA.

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Hanover Square, Westminster

Hanover Square is a square in Mayfair, Westminster, situated to the south west of Oxford Circus, the major junction where Oxford Street meets Regent Street.

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Harvard University

Harvard University is a private Ivy League research university in Cambridge, Massachusetts.

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Henry Flitcroft

Henry Flitcroft (30 August 1697 – 25 February 1769) was a major English architect in the second generation of Palladianism.

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Henry Holland (architect)

Henry Holland (20 July 1745 – 17 June 1806) was an architect to the English nobility.

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House of Hanover

The House of Hanover (or the Hanoverians; Haus Hannover) is a German royal dynasty that ruled the Electorate and then the Kingdom of Hanover, and also provided monarchs of Great Britain and Ireland from 1714 to 1800 and ruled the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland from its creation in 1801 until the death of Queen Victoria in 1901.

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Howard Colvin

Sir Howard Montagu Colvin, CVO, CBE, FBA, FRHistS, FSA (15 October 1919 – 27 December 2007) was a British architectural historian who produced two of the most outstanding works of scholarship in his field: A Biographical Dictionary of British Architects, 1600–1840 and The History of the King's Works.

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I quattro libri dell'architettura

I quattro libri dell'architettura (The Four Books of Architecture) is a treatise on architecture by the architect Andrea Palladio (1508–1580), written in Italian.

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Inns of Court

The Inns of Court in London are the professional associations for barristers in England and Wales.

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Ireland

Ireland (Éire; Ulster-Scots: Airlann) is an island in the North Atlantic.

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Isaac Ware

Isaac Ware (1704 — 1766) was an English architect and translator of Italian Renaissance architect Andrea Palladio.

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Italy

Italy (Italia), officially the Italian Republic (Repubblica Italiana), is a sovereign state in Europe.

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Jamaican Georgian architecture

Jamaican Georgian architecture is an architectural style that was popular in Jamaica between c. 1750 and c. 1850.

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James Gibbs

James Gibbs (23 December 1682 – 5 August 1754) was one of Britain's most influential architects.

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James Paine (architect)

James Paine (1717–1789) was an English architect.

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James Wyatt

James Wyatt (3 August 1746 – 4 September 1813) was an English architect, a rival of Robert Adam in the neoclassical style and neo-Gothic style.

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Jeremy Musson

Jeremy Musson (born 1965) is an English author, editor and presenter, specialising in British country houses and architecture.

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John Nash (architect)

John Nash (18 January 1752 – 13 May 1835) was an English architect responsible for much of the layout of Regency London under the patronage of the Prince Regent, and during his reign as George IV.

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John Ostell

John Ostell (7 August 1813 – 6 April 1892) architect, surveyor and manufacturer, was born in London, England and emigrated to Canada in 1834, where he apprenticed himself to a Montreal surveyor André Trudeau to learn French methods of surveying.

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John Soane

Sir John Soane (né Soan; 10 September 1753 – 20 January 1837) was an English architect who specialised in the Neo-Classical style.

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John Summerson

Sir John Newenham Summerson (25 November 1904 – 10 November 1992) was one of the leading British architectural historians of the 20th century.

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John Vanbrugh

Sir John Vanbrugh (24 January 1664 (baptised) – 26 March 1726) was an English architect and dramatist, perhaps best known as the designer of Blenheim Palace and Castle Howard.

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John Wood, the Elder

John Wood, the Elder, (1704 – 23 May 1754), was an English architect, working mainly in Bath.

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Kedleston Hall

Kedleston Hall is an English country house in Kedleston, Derbyshire, approximately four miles north-west of Derby, and is the seat of the Curzon family whose name originates in Notre-Dame-de-Courson in Normandy.

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Limerick

Limerick (Luimneach) is a city in County Limerick, Ireland.

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Lionel Brett, 4th Viscount Esher

Lionel Gordon Baliol Brett, 4th Viscount Esher, 4th Baron Esher CBE (18 July 1913 – 9 July 2004) was a British peer, architect and town-planner.

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London

London is the capital and most populous city of England and the United Kingdom.

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Maryland

Maryland is a state in the Mid-Atlantic region of the United States, bordering Virginia, West Virginia, and Washington, D.C. to its south and west; Pennsylvania to its north; and Delaware to its east.

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Masonry

Masonry is the building of structures from individual units, which are often laid in and bound together by mortar; the term masonry can also refer to the units themselves.

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Matthew Brettingham

Matthew Brettingham (1699 – 19 August 1769), sometimes called Matthew Brettingham the Elder, was an 18th-century Englishman who rose from humble origins to supervise the construction of Holkham Hall, and become one of the country's best-known architects of his generation.

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Mezzanine

A mezzanine (or in French, an entresol) is, strictly speaking, an intermediate floor in a building which is partly open to the double-height ceilinged floor below, or which does not extend over the whole floorspace of the building.

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Monarchy of the United Kingdom

The monarchy of the United Kingdom, commonly referred to as the British monarchy, is the constitutional monarchy of the United Kingdom, its dependencies and its overseas territories.

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Montagnana

Montagnana is a town and comune in the province of Padova, in Veneto (northern Italy).

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Namesake

A namesake is a person named after another, or more broadly, a thing (such as a company, place, ship, building, or concept) named after a person.

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Nave

The nave is the central aisle of a basilica church, or the main body of a church (whether aisled or not) between its rear wall and the far end of its intersection with the transept at the chancel.

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Neoclassical architecture

Neoclassical architecture is an architectural style produced by the neoclassical movement that began in the mid-18th century.

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New Town, Edinburgh

The New Town is a central area of Edinburgh, the capital of Scotland.

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Newcastle upon Tyne

Newcastle upon Tyne, commonly known as Newcastle, is a city in Tyne and Wear, North East England, 103 miles (166 km) south of Edinburgh and 277 miles (446 km) north of London on the northern bank of the River Tyne, from the North Sea.

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Newtown Pery, Limerick

Newtown Pery is an area of central Limerick, Ireland, and forms the main city centre (or CBD) of the city.

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Nicholas Hawksmoor

Nicholas Hawksmoor (probably 1661 – 25 March 1736) was an English architect.

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Nikolaus Pevsner

Sir Nikolaus Bernhard Leon Pevsner (30 January 1902 – 18 August 1983) was a German, later British scholar of the history of art, and especially that of architecture.

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Nonconformist

In English church history, a nonconformist was a Protestant who did not "conform" to the governance and usages of the established Church of England.

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Objet d'art

Objet d'art (plural objets d'art) means literally "art object", or work of art, in French, but in practice the term has long been reserved in English to describe works of art that are not paintings, large or medium-sized sculptures, prints or drawings.

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Old Custom House, Montreal

The Old Custom House is a building in what is now Old Montreal, which served as Montreal's first custom house.

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Oxbridge

Oxbridge is a portmanteau of "Oxford" and "Cambridge"; the two oldest, most prestigious, and consistently most highly-ranked universities in the United Kingdom.

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Oxfordshire

Oxfordshire (abbreviated Oxon, from Oxonium, the Latin name for Oxford) is a county in South East England.

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Palladian architecture

Palladian architecture is a European style of architecture derived from and inspired by the designs of the Venetian architect Andrea Palladio (1508–1580).

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Park Crescent, London

Park Crescent is at the north end of Portland Place and south of Marylebone Road in London.

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Pattern (architecture)

Pattern in architecture is the idea of capturing architectural design ideas as archetypal and reusable descriptions.

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Pediment

A pediment is an architectural element found particularly in classical, neoclassical and baroque architecture, and its derivatives, consisting of a gable, usually of a triangular shape, placed above the horizontal structure of the entablature, typically supported by columns.

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Philadelphia

Philadelphia is the largest city in the U.S. state and Commonwealth of Pennsylvania, and the sixth-most populous U.S. city, with a 2017 census-estimated population of 1,580,863.

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Piano nobile

The piano nobile (Italian, "noble floor" or "noble level", also sometimes referred to by the corresponding French term, bel étage) is the principal floor of a large house, usually built in one of the styles of Classical Renaissance architecture.

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Pilaster

The pilaster is an architectural element in classical architecture used to give the appearance of a supporting column and to articulate an extent of wall, with only an ornamental function.

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Plasterer

A plasterer is a tradesman who works with plaster, such as forming a layer of plaster on an interior wall or plaster decorative moldings on ceilings or walls.

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Plasterwork

Plasterwork refers to construction or ornamentation done with plaster, such as a layer of plaster on an interior or exterior wall structure, or plaster decorative moldings on ceilings or walls.

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Porcelain

Porcelain is a ceramic material made by heating materials, generally including kaolin, in a kiln to temperatures between.

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Pulteney Bridge

Pulteney Bridge crosses the River Avon in Bath, England.

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Quinlan Terry

John Quinlan Terry CBE (born 24 July 1937 in Hampstead, London, England) is a British architect.

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Real estate development

Real estate development, or property development, is a business process, encompassing activities that range from the renovation and re-lease of existing buildings to the purchase of raw land and the sale of developed land or parcels to others.

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Regency architecture

Regency architecture refers to classical buildings built in Britain during the Regency era in the early 19th century when George IV was Prince Regent, and also to earlier and later buildings following the same style.

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Renaissance architecture

Renaissance architecture is the European architecture of the period between the early 14th and early 17th centuries in different regions, demonstrating a conscious revival and development of certain elements of ancient Greek and Roman thought and material culture.

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Richard Boyle, 3rd Earl of Burlington

Richard Boyle, 3rd Earl of Burlington and 4th Earl of Cork, (25 April 1694 – 4 December 1753) was an Anglo-Irish architect and noble often called the "Apollo of the Arts" and the "Architect Earl".

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Richard Pennant, 1st Baron Penrhyn

Richard Pennant, 1st Baron Penrhyn (1737 – 21 January 1808) was the owner of Penrhyn estate, on the outskirts of Bangor, North Wales, six sugar plantations in Jamaica and hundreds of enslaved African workers.

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Richard Sammons

Richard Sammons (born May 18, 1961 in Columbus, Ohio) is an architect, architectural theorist, visiting professor, and chief designer of Fairfax & Sammons Architects with offices in New York City, New York and Palm Beach, Florida.

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Robert Adam

Robert Adam (3 July 1728 – 3 March 1792) was a Scottish neoclassical architect, interior designer and furniture designer.

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Robert Smirke (architect)

Sir Robert Smirke (1 October 1780 – 18 April 1867) was an English architect, one of the leaders of Greek Revival architecture, though he also used other architectural styles.

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Robert Smith (architect)

Robert Smith (1722February 11, 1777) was a Scottish-born American architect who was based in Philadelphia.

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Robert Taylor (architect)

Sir Robert Taylor (1714–1788) was a notable English architect of the mid- to late 18th century.

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Rococo

Rococo, less commonly roccoco, or "Late Baroque", was an exuberantly decorative 18th-century European style which was the final expression of the baroque movement.

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Rome

Rome (Roma; Roma) is the capital city of Italy and a special comune (named Comune di Roma Capitale).

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Salford, Greater Manchester

Salford is a town in the City of Salford, North West England.

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Sash window

A sash window or hung sash window is made of one or more movable panels, or "sashes", that form a frame to hold panes of glass, which are often separated from other panes (or "lights") by glazing bars, also known as muntins in the US (moulded strips of wood).

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Scotland

Scotland (Alba) is a country that is part of the United Kingdom and covers the northern third of the island of Great Britain.

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Semi-detached

A semi-detached house (often abbreviated to semi) is a single family dwelling house built as one of a pair that share one common wall.

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Sermon

A sermon is an oration, lecture, or talk by a member of a religious institution or clergy.

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Simon Jenkins

Sir Simon David Jenkins (born 10 June 1943) is a British author and newspaper columnist and editor.

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Slate industry in Wales

The existence of a slate industry in Wales is attested since the Roman period, when slate was used to roof the fort at Segontium, now Caernarfon.

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Somerset House

Somerset House is a large Neoclassical building situated on the south side of the Strand in central London, overlooking the River Thames, just east of Waterloo Bridge.

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St Andrew's Church, Chennai

St.

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St John's Wood

St John's Wood is a district of northwest London, of which more than 98 percent lies in the City of Westminster and less than two percent in Camden.

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St Martin-in-the-Fields

St Martin-in-the-Fields is an English Anglican church at the north-east corner of Trafalgar Square in the City of Westminster, London.

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Stucco

Stucco or render is a material made of aggregates, a binder and water.

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Suburb

A suburb is a mixed-use or residential area, existing either as part of a city or urban area or as a separate residential community within commuting distance of a city.

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Sutton, London

Sutton is the principal town of the London Borough of Sutton in South London, England.

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Tenement

A tenement is a multi-occupancy building of any sort.

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Terraced house

In architecture and city planning, a terraced or terrace house (UK) or townhouse (US) exhibits a style of medium-density housing that originated in Europe in the 16th century, where a row of identical or mirror-image houses share side walls.

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The Center for Palladian Studies in America, Inc.

The Center for Palladian Studies in America, Inc. (CPSA) engages in research and other activities relating to the work of architect Andrea Palladio.

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The Grange (Toronto)

The Grange is a historic Georgian manor in downtown Toronto, Ontario.

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Thirteen Colonies

The Thirteen Colonies were a group of British colonies on the east coast of North America founded in the 17th and 18th centuries that declared independence in 1776 and formed the United States of America.

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Thomas Archer

Thomas Archer (1668–1743) was an English Baroque architect, whose work is somewhat overshadowed by that of his contemporaries Sir John Vanbrugh and Nicholas Hawksmoor.

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Toronto

Toronto is the capital city of the province of Ontario and the largest city in Canada by population, with 2,731,571 residents in 2016.

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United Empire Loyalist

United Empire Loyalists (or Loyalists) is an honorific given in 1799 by Lord Dorchester, the governor of Quebec and Governor-general of British North America, to American Loyalists who resettled in British North America during or after the American Revolution.

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Venice

Venice (Venezia,; Venesia) is a city in northeastern Italy and the capital of the Veneto region.

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Vernacular architecture

Vernacular architecture is an architectural style that is designed based on local needs, availability of construction materials and reflecting local traditions.

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Victorian architecture

Victorian architecture is a series of architectural revival styles in the mid-to-late 19th century.

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Villa Pisani, Montagnana

The Villa Pisani is a patrician villa outside the city walls of Montagnana, Veneto, northern Italy.

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Wallpaper

Wallpaper is a material used in interior decoration to decorate the interior walls of domestic and public buildings.

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William Buckland (architect)

William Buckland (1734–1774) was a British architect who designed in colonial Maryland and Virginia.

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William Chambers (architect)

Sir William Chambers (23 February 1723 – 10 March 1796) was a Scottish-Swedish architect, based in London.

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William Halfpenny

William Halfpenny (active 1723–1755) was an English architect and builder in the first half of the 18th century, and prolific author of builder's pattern books.

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William Kent

William Kent (c. 1685 – 12 April 1748) was an eminent English architect, landscape architect and furniture designer of the early 18th century.

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William Talman (architect)

William Talman (1650–1719) was an English architect and landscape designer.

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William Wilkins (architect)

William Wilkins RA (31 August 1778 – 31 August 1839) was an English architect, classical scholar and archaeologist.

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Window tax

The window tax was a property tax based on the number of windows in a house.

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Yale University

Yale University is an American private Ivy League research university in New Haven, Connecticut.

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Colonial Georgian, Georgian (architecture), Georgian Architecture, Georgian Colonial, Georgian Revival architecture, Georgian Revival style, Georgian Style, Georgian architectural style, Georgian houses, Georgian manor, Georgian revival, Georgian style, Georgian-style, Neo-Georgian architecture, Neo-Georgian style (Great Britain).

References

[1] https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Georgian_architecture

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