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Aalborg, is Denmark's fourth largest city with an urban population of 136,000, including 22,000 in the twin city Nørresundby 600 meters across the Limfjord.
Abellio ScotRail, (Rèile na h-Alba), operating services under the name ScotRail, is the national train operating company of Scotland.
Abrasion is a process of erosion which occurs when material being transported wears away at a surface over time.
The Acts of Union were two Acts of Parliament: the Union with Scotland Act 1706 passed by the Parliament of England, and the Union with England Act passed in 1707 by the Parliament of Scotland.
Adam Smith (16 June 1723 NS (5 June 1723 OS) – 17 July 1790) was a Scottish economist, philosopher and author as well as a moral philosopher, a pioneer of political economy and a key figure during the Scottish Enlightenment era.
The additional member system (AMS), also known as mixed-member proportional representation (MMP) outside the United Kingdom, is a mixed electoral system with one tier of single-member district representatives, and another tier of "additional members" elected to make the overall election results more proportional.
The Enlightenment (also known as the Age of Enlightenment or the Age of Reason; in lit in Aufklärung, "Enlightenment", in L’Illuminismo, “Enlightenment” and in Spanish: La Ilustración, "Enlightenment") was an intellectual and philosophical movement that dominated the world of ideas in Europe during the 18th century, "The Century of Philosophy".
Ahmadiyya (officially, the Ahmadiyya Muslim Community or the Ahmadiyya Muslim Jama'at; الجماعة الإسلامية الأحمدية, transliterated: al-Jamā'ah al-Islāmiyyah al-Aḥmadiyyah; احمدیہ مسلم جماعت) is an Islamic religious movement founded in Punjab, British India, in the late 19th century.
An airport bus, or airport shuttle bus or airport shuttle is a bus used to transport people to and from, or within airports.
Alastair George Bell Sim, CBE (9 October 1900 – 19 August 1976) was a Scottish character actor who began his theatrical career at the age of thirty, but quickly became established as a popular West End performer, remaining so until his death in 1976.
Alexander "Alex" Geoffrey Cole-Hamilton (born 22 July 1977) is a Scottish politician who is the Scottish Liberal Democrat MSP for the constituency of Edinburgh Western.
Alexander Graham Bell (March 3, 1847 – August 2, 1922) was a Scottish-born scientist, inventor, engineer, and innovator who is credited with inventing and patenting the first practical telephone.
Allan Ramsay (13 October 171310 August 1784) was a prominent Scottish portrait-painter.
American football, referred to as football in the United States and Canada and also known as gridiron, is a team sport played by two teams of eleven players on a rectangular field with goalposts at each end.
The ancient universities of Scotland are medieval and renaissance universities which continue to exist in the present day.
Andrew Millar (17058 June 1768) was a Scottish publisher in the eighteenth century.
The Angles (Angli) were one of the main Germanic peoples who settled in Great Britain in the post-Roman period.
The Anglican Communion is the third largest Christian communion with 85 million members, founded in 1867 in London, England.
The Archbishop of St Andrews and Edinburgh is the ordinary of the Roman Catholic Archdiocese of St Andrews and Edinburgh.
Armadale (Airmadale, Armadal) is a town within the district of West Lothian in central Scotland.
Sir Arthur Ignatius Conan Doyle (22 May 1859 – 7 July 1930) was a British writer best known for his detective fiction featuring the character Sherlock Holmes.
Arthur L. Herman (born 1956) is an American popular historian, currently serving as a senior fellow at Hudson Institute.
Arthur's Seat is the main peak of the group of hills in Edinburgh, Scotland which form most of Holyrood Park, described by Robert Louis Stevenson as "a hill for magnitude, a mountain in virtue of its bold design".
Ashten Regan-Denham (born 8 March 1974) is a Scottish National Party (SNP) politician who has been the Member of the Scottish Parliament (MSP) for the constituency of Edinburgh Eastern since the election in May 2016.
The Assembly Rooms are meeting halls in central Edinburgh, Scotland.
Association football, more commonly known as football or soccer, is a team sport played between two teams of eleven players with a spherical ball.
Bagpipes are a woodwind instrument using enclosed reeds fed from a constant reservoir of air in the form of a bag.
The Bahá'í Faith (بهائی) is a religion teaching the essential worth of all religions, and the unity and equality of all people.
Balerno (Baile Àirneach) is a suburb of Edinburgh, Scotland situated 8 miles south-west of the city centre, next to Currie and then Juniper Green.
The Bank of Scotland plc (Bank o Scotland, Banca na h-Alba) is a commercial and clearing bank based in Edinburgh, Scotland.
Barclay Viewforth Church is a parish church of the Church of Scotland in the Presbytery of Edinburgh.
Basalt is a common extrusive igneous (volcanic) rock formed from the rapid cooling of basaltic lava exposed at or very near the surface of a planet or moon.
The Battle of Culloden (Blàr Chùil Lodair) was the final confrontation of the Jacobite rising of 1745.
The Bay City Rollers are a Scottish pop band whose popularity peaked in the mid 1970s.
BBC News Online is the website of BBC News, the division of the BBC responsible for newsgathering and production.
BBC Radio nan Gàidheal is a Scottish radio station, broadcasting in Scottish Gaelic.
Bedlam Theatre is a fully operational, 90 seat theatre housed in a former Neogothic church at the foot of George IV Bridge in central Edinburgh.
Bellevue Chapel is a church in Rodney Street in Canonmills, Edinburgh, Scotland.
Beltane Fire Festival is an annual participatory arts event and ritual drama, held on 30 April on Calton Hill in Edinburgh.
Bennett William Macpherson is an Australian conductor who received a Medal of the Order of Australia in 2002 for his services to music as a conductor and choirmaster.
Ben Macpherson MSP is a Scottish solicitor and politician.
Bernicia (Old English: Bernice, Bryneich, Beornice; Latin: Bernicia) was an Anglo-Saxon kingdom established by Anglian settlers of the 6th century in what is now southeastern Scotland and North East England.
Bilfinger SE (previously named Bilfinger Berger AG) is a European company specialized in civil and industrial construction, engineering and services based in Mannheim, Germany.
Blackford Hill is a hill in Edinburgh, the capital city of Scotland.
Blackford is an area in the south of Edinburgh, the capital city of Scotland.
Boards of Canada are a Scottish electronic music duo consisting of brothers Michael Sandison and Marcus Eoin.
Bonnyrigg is a town in Midlothian, Scotland, eight miles (13 kilometres) southeast of Edinburgh city centre.
Boots UK (formerly Boots the Chemists Ltd), trading as Boots, is a pharmacy chain in the United Kingdom, Ireland, Norway, Thailand and other territories.
The Borders Railway connects the city of Edinburgh with Galashiels and Tweedbank in the Scottish Borders.
Boroughmuir Blaze are a basketball club based in Edinburgh, Scotland.
Boroughmuir RFC is a rugby union football club in the Scottish Rugby Union.
The Brahma Kumaris World Spiritual University (Prajapita Brahma Kumaris Ishwariya Vishwa Vidyalaya or BKWSU) is a new religious movement that originated in Hyderabad, Sindh, during the 1930s.
The Braid Hills form an area towards the south-western edge of Edinburgh, Scotland.
British Bangladeshis (ব্রিটিশ বাংলাদেশি) are people of Bangladeshi origin who have attained citizenship in the United Kingdom, through immigration and historical naturalisation.
British Chinese (also known as Chinese British, Chinese Britons) are people of Chineseparticularly Han Chineseancestry who reside in the United Kingdom, constituting the second or third largest group of overseas Chinese in Europe apart from the Chinese diaspora in France and the overseas Chinese community in Russia.
The British Forces Broadcasting Service (BFBS) provides radio and television programmes for Her Majesty's Armed Forces, and their dependents worldwide.
British Indians (also Indian British or Indian Britons) are citizens of the United Kingdom (UK) whose ancestral roots lie in India.
British Pakistanis (پاکستانی نژاد برطانوی; also known as Pakistani British people or Pakistani Britons) are citizens or residents of the United Kingdom whose ancestral roots lie in Pakistan.
During British Summer Time (BST), civil time in the United Kingdom is advanced one hour forward of Greenwich Mean Time (GMT) (in effect, changing the time zone from UTC+0 to UTC+1), so that evenings have more daylight and mornings have less.
The Brittonic, Brythonic or British Celtic languages (ieithoedd Brythonaidd/Prydeinig; yethow brythonek/predennek; yezhoù predenek) form one of the two branches of the Insular Celtic language family; the other is Goidelic.
The Bronze Age is a historical period characterized by the use of bronze, and in some areas proto-writing, and other early features of urban civilization.
Broxburn (Srath Bhroch) is a town in West Lothian, Scotland located west of Edinburgh on the A8 road, from Edinburgh Airport, and to the north of Livingston.
Brunstane railway station is a railway station serving the Brunstane area of Edinburgh in Scotland.
Bruntsfield is an area of Edinburgh, Scotland, about a mile south-west of the city centre.
Bun-sgoil Taobh na Pàirce (English: Parkside Primary School, referring to the adjoining Pilrig Park) is a Gaelic medium primary school in Edinburgh, Scotland.
Burgage is a medieval land term used in Great Britain and Ireland, well established by the 13th century.
A burgh was an autonomous municipal corporation in Scotland and Northern England, usually a town, or toun in Scots.
The Burgh Muir is the historic term for an extensive area of land lying to the south of Edinburgh city centre, upon which much of the southern part of the city now stands following its gradual spread and more especially its rapid expansion in the late 18th and 19th centuries.
A burh or burg was an Old English fortification or fortified settlement.
The Burke and Hare murders were a series of 16 murders committed over a period of about ten months in 1828 in Edinburgh, Scotland.
The Burning of Edinburgh in 1544 by an English sea-borne army was the first major action of the war of the Rough Wooing.
Bute House (Gaelic: Taigh Bhòid) is the official residence of the First Minister of Scotland located within Charlotte Square in Edinburgh, the capital city of Scotland.
Caledonia Pride are a Scottish women's basketball team based in Edinburgh.
Callum Innes (born 1962) is a Scottish abstract painter, a former Turner Prize nominee and winner of the Jerwood Painting Prize.
Calton Hill is a hill in central Edinburgh, Scotland, situated beyond the east end of Princes Street and included in the city's UNESCO World Heritage Site.
Calvin Klein Inc. is an American fashion house founded by designer Calvin Klein and childhood friend Barry K. Schwartz.
Cameron Toll is a suburb located to the south of Edinburgh, Scotland.
A capital city (or simply capital) is the municipality exercising primary status in a country, state, province, or other administrative region, usually as its seat of government.
The Carboniferous is a geologic period and system that spans 60 million years from the end of the Devonian Period million years ago (Mya), to the beginning of the Permian Period, Mya.
Carrubbers Christian Centre is a church on the Royal Mile in Edinburgh, Scotland.
Castle Rock is a volcanic plug in the middle of Edinburgh upon which Edinburgh Castle sits.
The Catholic Church, also known as the Roman Catholic Church, is the largest Christian church, with more than 1.299 billion members worldwide.
A cèilidh or céilí is a traditional Scottish or Irish social gathering.
The Britons, also known as Celtic Britons or Ancient Britons, were Celtic people who inhabited Great Britain from the British Iron Age into the Middle Ages, at which point their culture and language diverged into the modern Welsh, Cornish and Bretons (among others).
The Celtic languages are a group of related languages descended from Proto-Celtic, or "Common Celtic"; a branch of the greater Indo-European language family.
The Central Belt of Scotland is the area of highest population density within Scotland.
Charles Robert Darwin, (12 February 1809 – 19 April 1882) was an English naturalist, geologist and biologist, best known for his contributions to the science of evolution.
Charles I (19 November 1600 – 30 January 1649) was monarch of the three kingdoms of England, Scotland, and Ireland from 27 March 1625 until his execution in 1649.
Charles II (29 May 1630 – 6 February 1685) was king of England, Scotland and Ireland.
The Charlotte Chapel, also known by its previous name, St George's West Church, is a historic church building located in Shandwick Place, Edinburgh, Scotland.
Robert Adam's palace-fronted north side Charlotte Square is a garden square in Edinburgh, Scotland, part of the New Town, designated a UNESCO World Heritage Site.
Cholera is an infection of the small intestine by some strains of the bacterium Vibrio cholerae.
The Christadelphians are a millenarian Christian group who hold a view of Biblical Unitarianism.
Christine Anne Jardine (born November 1960) is a Scottish Liberal Democrat politician.
Christmas is an annual festival commemorating the birth of Jesus Christ,Martindale, Cyril Charles.
The Christmas season, also called the festive season, or the holiday season (mainly in the U.S. and Canada; often simply called the holidays),, is an annually recurring period recognized in many Western and Western-influenced countries that is generally considered to run from late November to early January.
Christmas Eve is the evening or entire day before Christmas Day, the festival commemorating the birth of Jesus.
Christmas traditions vary from country to country.
Church Hill Theatre is a Category B listed pink sandstone former church and current theatre venue owned by the Edinburgh City Council.
Church Hill is a street and small surrounding area in Edinburgh, Scotland.
The Church of Christ, Scientist was founded in 1879 in Boston, Massachusetts, by Mary Baker Eddy, author of Science and Health with Key to the Scriptures, and founder of Christian Science.
The Church of Scotland (The Scots Kirk, Eaglais na h-Alba), known informally by its Scots language name, the Kirk, is the national church of Scotland.
The Church of Scotland offices are located in the centre of Edinburgh, Scotland (in the New Town) at 121 George Street.
Elections to the City of Edinburgh Council were held on 3 May 2012, the same day as the Scottish local elections, 2012.
The most recent elections to the City of Edinburgh Council were held on Thursday 4 May 2017, on the same day as the 31 other local authorities in Scotland.
The City of Edinburgh Kings are a basketball team based in the city of Edinburgh, Scotland.
UNESCO's City of Literature programme is part of a wider Creative Cities Network which was launched in 2004 and is currently made up of 180 UNESCO Creative Cities globally.
City region is a term in use since about 1950 by urbanists, economists and urban planners to mean a metropolitan area and hinterland, often having a shared administration.
City status in the United Kingdom is granted by the monarch of the United Kingdom to a select group of communities:, there are 69 cities in the United Kingdom – 51 in England, six in Wales, seven in Scotland and five in Northern Ireland.
Civil Service Strollers Football Club are a senior non-league football team from Edinburgh, Scotland currently playing in the Lowland Football League.
Classical architecture usually denotes architecture which is more or less consciously derived from the principles of Greek and Roman architecture of classical antiquity, or sometimes even more specifically, from the works of Vitruvius.
The arms of the city of Edinburgh, more properly the arms of the city council, were registered with the Lord Lyon King of Arms in 1732, having been used unofficially for several centuries previously.
Colin Maclaurin (Cailean MacLabhruinn; 1 February 1698 – 14 June 1746) was a Scottish mathematician who made important contributions to geometry and algebra.
The Commonwealth was the period from 1649 to 1660 when England and Wales, later along with Ireland and Scotland, was ruled as a republic following the end of the Second English Civil War and the trial and execution of Charles I. The republic's existence was declared through "An Act declaring England to be a Commonwealth", adopted by the Rump Parliament on 19 May 1649.
Constantine, son of Áed (Medieval Gaelic: Constantín mac Áeda; Modern Gaelic: Còiseam mac Aoidh, known in most modern regnal lists as Constantine II; died 952) was an early King of Scotland, known then by the Gaelic name Alba.
Corstorphine Hill is one of the hills of Edinburgh, Scotland, named for nearby Corstorphine.
A Councillor is a member of a local government council.
The United Kingdom (UK) comprises four countries: England, Northern Ireland, Scotland and Wales.
The courts of Scotland are responsible for administration of justice in Scotland, under statutory, common law and equitable provisions within Scots law.
The Covenanters were a Scottish Presbyterian movement that played an important part in the history of Scotland, and to a lesser extent that of England and Ireland, during the 17th century.
The Cowgate (Scots: The Cougait) is a street in Edinburgh, Scotland, located about southeast of Edinburgh Castle, within the city's World Heritage Site.
A crag (sometimes spelled cragg, or in Scotland craig) is a rocky hill or mountain, generally isolated from other high ground.
The Craigkelly transmitting station is a broadcasting and telecommunications facility located at Craigkelly north of the Firth of Forth above the town of Burntisland in Fife, Scotland.
Craigleith (Creag Lìte) is an area of west Edinburgh, Scotland.
Craiglockhart Hill is a combination of two summits, Easter and Wester, in the suburb of Craiglockhart, Edinburgh.
Craiglockhart Hydropathic, now a part of Edinburgh Napier University and known as Craiglockhart Campus, is a building with surrounding grounds in Craiglockhart, Edinburgh, Scotland.
Craigmillar (Creag a' Mhuilleir), from the Gaelic Crag Maol Ard, meaning 'High Bare Rock', is an area of Edinburgh, Scotland, about south east of the city centre, with Duddingston to the north and Newcraighall to the east.
Craigroyston Football Club are a football club, who play their home matches at St Mark's Park in Edinburgh.
Cramond (Cathair Amain) is a village and suburb in the north-west of Edinburgh, Scotland, at the mouth of the River Almond where it enters the Firth of Forth.
Cumbric was a variety of the Common Brittonic language spoken during the Early Middle Ages in the Hen Ogledd or "Old North" in what is now Northern England and southern Lowland Scotland.
Curling is a sport in which players slide stones on a sheet of ice towards a target area which is segmented into four concentric circles.
Currie (Currach) is a suburb of Edinburgh, Scotland, situated 7 miles south west of the city centre.
Currie Rugby Football Club are an Edinburgh-based rugby union club in the Scottish Rugby Union, they currently play in the Scottish Premiership.
Curriehill (Curriehull, Cnoc a' Churraich) is a suburb of Edinburgh, the capital of Scotland.
Dalkeith (Dail Cheith) is a town in Midlothian, Scotland, on the River Esk.
Dalmeny is a village and parish in Scotland.
Dalry is an area of the Scottish capital city of Edinburgh.
Daniel Guy Johnson MSP is a Scottish politician who is a Scottish Labour Party Member of Scottish Parliament for the constituency of Edinburgh Southern.
Daniel Rutherford (3 November 1749 – 15 December 1819) was a Scottish physician, chemist and botanist who is most famous for the isolation of nitrogen in 1772.
David Hume (born David Home; 7 May 1711 NS (26 April 1711 OS) – 25 August 1776) was a Scottish philosopher, historian, economist, and essayist, who is best known today for his highly influential system of philosophical empiricism, skepticism, and naturalism.
David I or Dauíd mac Maíl Choluim (Modern: Daibhidh I mac Chaluim; – 24 May 1153) was a 12th-century ruler who was Prince of the Cumbrians from 1113 to 1124 and later King of the Scots from 1124 to 1153.
Sir David Wilkie (18 November 1785 – 1 June 1841) was a Scottish painter, especially known for his genre scenes.
The Dean Bridge spans the Water of Leith in the city of Edinburgh on the A90 road to Queensferry on the Firth of Forth.
Dean Village (from dene, meaning 'deep valley') is a former village immediately northwest of the city centre of Edinburgh, Scotland.
Deidre Leanne Brock (born 23 November 1961) is an Australian-born Scottish National Party (SNP) politician.
Devolution is the statutory delegation of powers from the central government of a sovereign state to govern at a subnational level, such as a regional or local level.
The Diocese of Edinburgh is one of the seven dioceses of the Scottish Episcopal Church.
Dolly (5 July 1996 – 14 February 2003) was a female domestic sheep, and the first mammal cloned from an adult somatic cell, using the process of nuclear transfer.
The Dominion Cinema is an independent Streamline Moderne cinema located in the Edinburgh suburb of Morningside.
A drumlin, from the Irish word droimnín ("littlest ridge"), first recorded in 1833, and in the classical sense is an elongated hill in the shape of an inverted spoon or half-buried egg formed by glacial ice acting on underlying unconsolidated till or ground moraine.
Dumbiedykes is a residential area in the centre of Edinburgh, Scotland.
A dun is an ancient or medieval fort.
Dunbar is a coastal town in East Lothian on the south-east coast of Scotland, approximately east of Edinburgh and from the English border north of Berwick-upon-Tweed.
Dunedin (Ōtepoti) is the second-largest city in the South Island of New Zealand, and the principal city of the Otago region.
Dunedin is the second-largest city in the South Island of New Zealand.
Dunfermline (Dunfaurlin, Dùn Phàrlain) is a town and former Royal Burgh, and parish, in Fife, Scotland, on high ground from the northern shore of the Firth of Forth.
Dunfermline Abbey is a Church of Scotland Parish Church in Dunfermline, Fife, Scotland.
Dynamic Earth is a visitor attraction in Edinburgh, and also functions as a conference venue.
East Lothian (Aest Lowden, Lodainn an Ear), is one of the 32 council areas of Scotland, and a lieutenancy area.
Easter Road is a football stadium located in the Leith area of Edinburgh, Scotland, which is the home ground of Scottish Premiership club Hibernian (Hibs).
The Edinburgh Academical Football Club, also known as Edinburgh Accies or Edinburgh Acads, is a rugby union football club in Edinburgh, Scotland.
The Edinburgh Academy is an independent school which was opened in 1824.
Edinburgh Airport (Edinburgh Airport, Port-adhair Dhùn Èideann) is an airport located in the Ingliston area of the City of Edinburgh, Scotland.
Edinburgh supports a large number of active amateur dramatics and musical theatre companies.
The Edinburgh Annuale is a visual art festival involving Edinburgh galleries and art projects, especially ones that promote local activity in the visual arts.
Edinburgh Bus Station (previously St Andrew Square Bus Station) is the bus station serving central Edinburgh, which opened in its present form in February 2003.
The Edinburgh Capitals were a Scottish ice hockey club, playing in the UK-wide Elite Ice Hockey League.
Edinburgh Castle is a historic fortress which dominates the skyline of the city of Edinburgh, Scotland, from its position on the Castle Rock.
Edinburgh Central is a burgh constituency of the Scottish Parliament (Holyrood).
Edinburgh Central Mosque (officially known as the King Fahd Mosque and Islamic Centre of Edinburgh) is located on Potterrow near the University of Edinburgh central area and the National Museum of Scotland.
Edinburgh City Chambers (245–329 High Street, 2 Warriston's Close and 14 Cockburn Street) was the home of the Edinburgh Corporation, and now the City of Edinburgh Council, in Scotland.
Edinburgh City Football Club are a part-time professional senior Scottish football club, which plays in Scottish League Two, the fourth tier of the Scottish Professional Football League.
Edinburgh College is a further and higher education institution with campuses in Edinburgh and Midlothian, Scotland.
Edinburgh College of Art (ECA) is an art, design, creative and performing arts school in Edinburgh, the oldest and largest in Scotland, providing higher education in art and design, architecture, history of art and music disciplines for over two thousand University of Edinburgh students.
The Edinburgh Comedy Awards or Eddies (formerly the Perrier Comedy Awards, and also briefly known by other names for sponsorship reasons) are presented to the comedy shows deemed to have been the best at the Edinburgh Festival Fringe in Scotland.
The Edinburgh congestion charge (also known as Edinburgh road tolls) was a proposed scheme of congestion pricing for Scotland's capital city.
Edinburgh Corporation Tramways formerly served the City of Edinburgh, Scotland.
The Edinburgh derby is an informal title given to any football match played between Scottish clubs Heart of Midlothian (Hearts) and Hibernian (Hibs), the two professional clubs based in Edinburgh, Scotland.
The Edinburgh Diamond Devils are a baseball club that was formed in Edinburgh, Scotland.
Edinburgh Eagles are a semi-professional rugby league team based in Edinburgh, Scotland.
Edinburgh East is a burgh constituency of the House of Commons of the Parliament of the United Kingdom.
Edinburgh Eastern is a constituency of the Scottish Parliament (Holyrood).
The Edinburgh Evening News is a local newspaper based in Edinburgh, Scotland, that was founded by John Wilson (1844–1909) and first published in 1873.
The Edinburgh Festival Fringe (often referred to as simply The Fringe) is the world's largest arts festival, which in 2017 spanned 25 days and featured 53,232 performances of 3,398 shows in 300 venues.
The Edinburgh Festival Theatre (originally Empire Palace Theatre and later shortened to Empire Theatre) is a performing arts venue located on Nicolson Street in Edinburgh, Scotland used primarily for performances of opera and ballet, large-scale musical events, and touring groups.
The Edinburgh International Book Festival (EIBF) is a book festival that takes place in the last three weeks of August every year in Charlotte Square in the centre of Scotland’s capital city, Edinburgh.
The Edinburgh International Conference Centre, or EICC for short, is the principal convention and conference centre in Edinburgh, Scotland.
The Edinburgh International Festival is an annual festival of performing arts in Edinburgh, Scotland, over three weeks in August.
The Edinburgh International Film Festival (EIFF) is an annual fortnight of cinema screenings and related events taking place each June.
The Edinburgh International Science Festival is a science festival which takes place each April in Edinburgh, Scotland.
Edinburgh Lions are a basketball team based in the city of Edinburgh, Scotland.
The Edinburgh Marathon is an annual marathon event, run in Scotland over the traditional distance of.
The Edinburgh Monarchs are a Scottish Speedway team, currently based in Armadale.
Edinburgh Napier University is a public university in Edinburgh, Scotland.
Edinburgh North and Leith is a constituency of the House of Commons of the Parliament of the United Kingdom (at Westminster), first used in the 1997 general election.
Edinburgh Northern and Leith is a constituency of the Scottish Parliament (Holyrood).
Edinburgh Park is a business park in South Gyle, Edinburgh, Scotland.
Edinburgh Park railway station is a railway station in the west of Edinburgh, Scotland, serving the Edinburgh Park business park and the Hermiston Gait shopping centre.
Edinburgh Pentlands is a constituency of the Scottish Parliament.
Edinburgh Playhouse is a former cinema in Edinburgh, Scotland which now hosts touring musicals and music concerts.
Edinburgh Rugby (formerly Edinburgh Reivers, Edinburgh Gunners) is one of the two professional rugby teams from Scotland.
Edinburgh South is a constituency of the House of Commons of the UK Parliament created in 1885.
Edinburgh South West is a Scottish constituency of the House of Commons of the Parliament of the United Kingdom (Westminster), first used in the 2005 general election.
Edinburgh Southern is a constituency of the Scottish Parliament (Holyrood).
There have been several town walls around Edinburgh, Scotland, since the 12th century.
Edinburgh Trams is a tramway in Edinburgh, Scotland, operated by Transport for Edinburgh.
Edinburgh United Football Club is a Scottish football club, formed in 1985.
Edinburgh University Association Football Club are a football club representing the University of Edinburgh.
Edinburgh University Basketball Club are a basketball club based at the University of Edinburgh in the city of Edinburgh, Scotland.
Edinburgh Waverley railway station (also known simply as Waverley) is the principal station serving Edinburgh, the capital city of Scotland.
Edinburgh West is a burgh constituency of the House of Commons of the Parliament of the United Kingdom, first used at the 1885 general election.
Edinburgh Western is a constituency of the Scottish Parliament (Holyrood). It elects one Member of the Scottish Parliament (MSP) by the plurality (first past the post) method of election. Also, however, it is one of nine constituencies in the Lothian electoral region, which elects seven additional members, in addition to nine constituency MSPs, to produce a form of proportional representation for the region as a whole. The constituency was created in 2011, when it replaced the re-drawn Edinburgh West constituency.
Edinburgh Wolves are a Scottish American football team based in Edinburgh, Scotland.
Edinburgh World Heritage is an independent charity in Edinburgh, Scotland.
Edinburgh Zoo, formerly the Scottish National Zoological Park, is an non-profit zoological park in Corstorphine, a suburb of Edinburgh, the capital of Scotland.
Edinburgh's Telford College was a further education college in Edinburgh, Scotland.
The EH postcode area, also known as the Edinburgh postcode area, is a group of postcode districts around Armadale, Balerno, Bathgate, Bo'ness, Bonnyrigg, Broxburn, Currie, Dalkeith, Dunbar, East Linton, Edinburgh, Gorebridge, Gullane, Haddington, Heriot, Humbie, Innerleithen, Juniper Green, Kirkliston, Kirknewton, Lasswade, Linlithgow, Livingston, Loanhead, Longniddry, Musselburgh, Newbridge, North Berwick, Pathhead, Peebles, Penicuik, Prestonpans, Rosewell, Roslin, South Queensferry, Tranent, Walkerburn, West Calder and West Linton in Scotland.
Eklipse Sports Radio was a Scottish-owned independent local radio station.
Electromagnetism is a branch of physics involving the study of the electromagnetic force, a type of physical interaction that occurs between electrically charged particles.
Ellsworth Kelly (May 31, 1923 – December 27, 2015) was an American painter, sculptor, and printmaker associated with hard-edge painting, Color Field painting and minimalism.
Engineering is the creative application of science, mathematical methods, and empirical evidence to the innovation, design, construction, operation and maintenance of structures, machines, materials, devices, systems, processes, and organizations.
An esplanade or promenade is a long, open, level area, usually next to a river or large body of water, where people may walk.
European windstorms are the strongest extratropical cyclones which occur across the continent of Europe.
The Eurovision Song Contest 1972 was the 17th annual Eurovision Song Contest.
Fahd bin Abdulaziz Al Saud, Custodian of the Two Holy Mosques (فهد بن عبد العزيز آل سعود; 16 March 1921 – 1 August 2005) was King of Saudi Arabia from 1982 to 2005.
In geology, a fault is a planar fracture or discontinuity in a volume of rock, across which there has been significant displacement as a result of rock-mass movement.
Fettes College is a private coeducational independent boarding and day school in Edinburgh, Scotland, with over two-thirds of its pupils in residence on campus.
Fife (Fìobha) is a council area and historic county of Scotland.
The Financial Times (FT) is a Japanese-owned (since 2015), English-language international daily newspaper headquartered in London, with a special emphasis on business and economic news.
The First Minister of Scotland (Prìomh Mhinistear na h-Alba; Heid Meinister o Scotland) is the leader of the Scottish Government.
A first-past-the-post (FPTP) voting method is one in which voters indicate on a ballot the candidate of their choice, and the candidate who receives the most votes wins.
The Firth of Forth (Linne Foirthe) is the estuary (firth) of several Scottish rivers including the River Forth.
Florence (Firenze) is the capital city of the Italian region of Tuscany.
Folk music includes both traditional music and the genre that evolved from it during the 20th century folk revival.
Fort Kinnaird is a large outdoor retail park located off the A1 in the south-east of Edinburgh, Scotland.
Forth 1 is a British independent local radio station, broadcasting to Lothian and Fife, and based in Forth Street in Edinburgh's city centre.
Forth 2 is a Scottish radio station owned and operated by Bauer Radio.
Fountainbridge is an area of Edinburgh, Scotland, a short distance west of the city centre, adjoining Tollcross and West Port to the east, Polwarth to the west and south, Dalry and Haymarket to the north and Gorgie and North Merchiston to the west.
The Fruitmarket Gallery is a contemporary art gallery in Edinburgh, Scotland.
Garbage is a Scottish–American alternative rock band formed in Madison, Wisconsin in 1993.
The Assembly Hall is located between the Lawnmarket and The Mound in Edinburgh, Scotland.
The General Assembly of the Church of Scotland is the sovereign and highest court of the Church of Scotland, and is thus the Church's governing body.
George Heriot's School is a Scottish independent primary and secondary school on Lauriston Place in the Old Town of Edinburgh, Scotland, with over 1600 pupils, 155 teaching staff and 80 non-teaching staff.
George III (George William Frederick; 4 June 1738 – 29 January 1820) was King of Great Britain and Ireland from 25 October 1760 until the union of the two countries on 1 January 1801, after which he was King of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland until his death in 1820.
George Square is a city square in Edinburgh, Scotland.
George Street in Edinburgh is the central street in James Craig's plan of the New Town.
George Watson's College is a co-educational independent day school in Scotland, situated on Colinton Road, in the Merchiston area of Edinburgh.
Georgian architecture is the name given in most English-speaking countries to the set of architectural styles current between 1714 and 1830.
The Germanic peoples (also called Teutonic, Suebian, or Gothic in older literature) are an Indo-European ethno-linguistic group of Northern European origin.
The giant panda (Ailuropoda melanoleuca, literally "black and white cat-foot";, literally "big bear cat"), also known as panda bear or simply panda, is a bear native to south central China.
A glacier is a persistent body of dense ice that is constantly moving under its own weight; it forms where the accumulation of snow exceeds its ablation (melting and sublimation) over many years, often centuries.
Glasgow (Glesga; Glaschu) is the largest city in Scotland, and third most populous in the United Kingdom.
Glasgow Central (Glaschu Mheadhain, Glesga Central) (also known simply as Central) is the major mainline rail terminus in Glasgow, Scotland.
Global Infrastructure Partners (GIP) is an infrastructure investment fund making both equity and selected debt investments.
The Gododdin were a P-Celtic-speaking Brittonic people of north-eastern Britannia, the area known as the Hen Ogledd or Old North (modern south-east Scotland and north-east England), in the sub-Roman period.
Gogar is a predominantly rural area of Edinburgh, Scotland, located to the west of the city.
Gordon MacDonald (born 2 January 1960) is a Scottish politician who is the Scottish National Party (SNP) Member of the Scottish Parliament (MSP) for Edinburgh Pentlands constituency, since 2011.
Gothic Revival (also referred to as Victorian Gothic or neo-Gothic) is an architectural movement that began in the late 1740s in England.
Grand Theft Auto (GTA) is an action-adventure video game series created by David Jones and Mike Dailly; the later titles of which were created by brothers Dan and Sam Houser, Leslie Benzies and Aaron Garbut.
Granton is a district in the north of Edinburgh, Scotland.
The Grassmarket is a historic market place and an event space in the Old Town of Edinburgh, Scotland.
A green belt or greenbelt is a policy and land use designation used in land use planning to retain areas of largely undeveloped, wild, or agricultural land surrounding or neighbouring urban areas.
Greenhill is a small area of Edinburgh, the capital of Scotland.
Greenwich Mean Time (GMT) is the mean solar time at the Royal Observatory in Greenwich, London.
Greyfriars Bobby (May 4, 1855 – January 14, 1872) was a Skye Terrier who became known in 19th-century Edinburgh for spending 14 years guarding the grave of his owner until he died himself on 14 January 1872.
Greyfriars Kirk, today Greyfriars Tolbooth & Highland Kirk, is a parish kirk (church) of the Church of Scotland in central Edinburgh, Scotland.
Greyfriars Kirkyard is the graveyard surrounding Greyfriars Kirk in Edinburgh, Scotland.
In economics, gross value added (GVA) is the measure of the value of goods and services produced in an area, industry or sector of an economy.
A gurdwara (ਗੁਰਦੁਆਰਾ, or ਗੁਰਦਵਾਰਾ,; meaning "door to the guru") is a place of worship for Sikhs.
Hennes & Mauritz AB (H&M) is a Swedish multinational clothing-retail company known for its fast-fashion clothing for men, women, teenagers and children.
In meteorology, haar or sea fret is a cold sea fog.
The Royal Burgh of Haddington (Haidintoun) is a town in East Lothian, Scotland.
Hafliði Hallgrímsson (born 1941 in Akureyri) is an Icelandic composer, currently living in Bath.
Hampden Park (often referred to as Hampden) is a football stadium in the Mount Florida area of Glasgow, Scotland.
Harry Potter is a series of fantasy novels written by British author J. K. Rowling.
Harvey Nichols, founded in 1831, is a luxury British department store chain with a flagship store in Knightsbridge, London.
Haymarket railway station is the second largest railway station in Edinburgh, Scotland, after Waverley railway station.
Heart of Midlothian Football Club, commonly known as Hearts, is a Scottish professional football club based in Gorgie in the west of Edinburgh.
Heart of Midlothian Women Football Club, commonly known as Hearts Women, is a Scottish women's association football club affiliated with the Edinburgh-based professional mens' club, Heart of Midlothian.
Heathrow Airport Holdings Limited, formerly BAA is the United Kingdom-based operator of Heathrow Airport.
Sir Henry Raeburn (4 March 1756 – 8 July 1823) was a British portrait painter and Scotland's first significant portrait painter since the Union to remain based in Scotland.
Henry Robb, Limited, known colloquially as Robbs, was a Scottish shipbuilding company based at Leith Docks in Edinburgh.
Heriot's Rugby Club, also known as Heriot's FP, is one of Scotland's senior rugby football clubs in the Scottish Rugby Union, whose 1st XV play in the Scottish Premiership.
Heriot-Watt University is a public university based in Edinburgh, Scotland.
Heriot-Watt University Football Club is a football club based at Riccarton Campus, on the western fringes of Edinburgh.
Hibernian Football Club, commonly known as Hibs, is a Scottish professional football club based in Leith in the north of Edinburgh.
Hibernian Girls & Ladies Football Club is a women's football team that plays in the Scottish Women's Premier League, the top division of women's football in Scotland.
The Higgs boson is an elementary particle in the Standard Model of particle physics.
Edinburgh, the capital of Scotland is traditionally said to have been "built on Seven Hills", in an allusion to the city of Rome, also supposedly built on seven hills.
Hindu refers to any person who regards themselves as culturally, ethnically, or religiously adhering to aspects of Hinduism.
A Hindu temple is a symbolic house, seat and body of god.
Hippolyte Jean Blanc (18 August 1844 – 17 March 1917) was a Scottish architect.
Her Majesty's Yacht Britannia, also known as the Royal Yacht Britannia, is the former royal yacht of the British monarch, Queen Elizabeth II, in service from 1954 until 1997.
Hogmanay is the Scots word for the last day of the year and is synonymous with the celebration of the New Year (Gregorian calendar) in the Scottish manner.
The Palace of Holyroodhouse, commonly referred to as Holyrood Palace, is the official residence of the British monarch in Scotland, Queen Elizabeth II.
Holyrood Park (also called the Queen's Park or King's Park depending on the reigning monarch's gender) is a royal park in central Edinburgh, Scotland about to the east of Edinburgh Castle.
The House of Commons is the lower house of the Parliament of the United Kingdom.
The House of Hanover (or the Hanoverians; Haus Hannover) is a German royal dynasty that ruled the Electorate and then the Kingdom of Hanover, and also provided monarchs of Great Britain and Ireland from 1714 to 1800 and ruled the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland from its creation in 1801 until the death of Queen Victoria in 1901.
How the Scots Invented the Modern World: The True Story of How Western Europe's Poorest Nation Created Our World & Everything in It (or The Scottish Enlightenment: The Scots invention of the Modern World) is a non-fiction book written by American historian Arthur Herman.
Hunter Boot Ltd. is a rubber wellington boot and footwear brand.
Ian Scott Anderson (born 10 August 1947) is a British musician, singer, songwriter and multi-instrumentalist best known for his work as the lead vocalist, flautist and acoustic guitarist of British rock band Jethro Tull.
Ian Murray (born 10 August 1976) is a British Labour Party politician who has represented Edinburgh South as Member of Parliament (MP) since the 2010 general election.
Ian James Rankin, (born 28 April 1960) is a Scottish crime writer, best known for his Inspector Rebus novels.
Sir Ian Wilmut, OBE FRS One or more of the preceding sentences incorporates text from the royalsociety.org website where: FMedSci FRSE (born 7 July 1944) is a British embryologist and Chair of the Scottish Centre for Regenerative Medicine at the University of Edinburgh.
Ice hockey is a contact team sport played on ice, usually in a rink, in which two teams of skaters use their sticks to shoot a vulcanized rubber puck into their opponent's net to score points.
Idlewild are a Scottish indie rock band that formed in Edinburgh in 1995.
Ildulb mac Causantín, anglicised as Indulf, nicknamed An Ionsaighthigh, "the Aggressor" (died 962) was king of Scots from 954.
The Industrial Revolution was the transition to new manufacturing processes in the period from about 1760 to sometime between 1820 and 1840.
Ingliston (Inglistoun) is an area in the west of Edinburgh, near Maybury, South Gyle and Newbridge, and is home to Edinburgh Airport and The Royal Highland Showground.
The Inspector Rebus books are a series of detective novels by the Scottish author Ian Rankin.
Inverkeithing is a town and a royal burgh, and parish, in Fife, Scotland, located on the Firth of Forth.
Irish migration to Great Britain has occurred from the earliest recorded history to the present.
The Iron Age is the final epoch of the three-age system, preceded by the Stone Age (Neolithic) and the Bronze Age.
Irvine Welsh (born 27 September 1958) is a Scottish novelist, playwright and short story writer.
ISO 3166-2:GB is the entry for the United Kingdom in ISO 3166-2, part of the ISO 3166 standard published by the International Organization for Standardization (ISO), which defines codes for the names of the principal subdivisions (e.g., provinces or states) of all countries coded in ISO 3166-1.
Ivanhoe is an historical novel by Sir Walter Scott, first published in 1820 in three volumes and subtitled A Romance.
Joanne Rowling, ("rolling";Rowling, J.K. (16 February 2007).. Accio Quote (accio-quote.org). Retrieved 28 April 2008. born 31 July 1965), writing under the pen names J. K. Rowling and Robert Galbraith, is a British novelist, philanthropist, film and television producer and screenwriter best known for writing the Harry Potter fantasy series.
The Jacobite rising of 1745 or 'The '45' (Bliadhna Theàrlaich, "The Year of Charles") is the name commonly used for the attempt by Charles Edward Stuart to regain the British throne for the House of Stuart.
The James Bond series focuses on a fictional British Secret Service agent created in 1953 by writer Ian Fleming, who featured him in twelve novels and two short-story collections.
James Boswell, 9th Laird of Auchinleck (29 October 1740 – 19 May 1795), was a Scottish biographer and diarist, born in Edinburgh.
James Braidwood (1800–1861) founded the world's first municipal fire service in Edinburgh in 1824, and was the first director of the London Fire Engine Establishment (the brigade which was eventually to become the London Fire Brigade).
James Clerk Maxwell (13 June 1831 – 5 November 1879) was a Scottish scientist in the field of mathematical physics.
The James Clerk Maxwell Foundation is a registered Scottish charity set up in 1977.
James Craig (31 October 1739 – 23 June 1795) was a Scottish architect who worked mostly in lowlands of the country and especially his native city of Edinburgh.
James Hogg (1770 – 21 November 1835) was a Scottish poet, novelist and essayist who wrote in both Scots and English.
James Hutton (3 June 1726 – 26 March 1797) was a Scottish geologist, physician, chemical manufacturer, naturalist, and experimental agriculturalist.
James III (10 July 1451/May 1452 – 11 June 1488) was King of Scots from 1460 to 1488.
James VI and I (James Charles Stuart; 19 June 1566 – 27 March 1625) was King of Scotland as James VI from 24 July 1567 and King of England and Ireland as James I from the union of the Scottish and English crowns on 24 March 1603 until his death in 1625.
Sir James Young Simpson, 1st Baronet (7 June 1811 – 6 May 1870) was a Scottish obstetrician and a significant figure in the history of medicine.
Jean Froissart (Old French, Middle French Jehan, –) was a French-speaking medieval author and court historian from the Low Countries, who wrote several works, including Chronicles and Meliador, a long Arthurian romance, and a large body of poetry, both short lyrical forms, as well as longer narrative poems.
Jenners Department Store, now known simply as Jenners, is a department store located in Edinburgh, Scotland, and was the oldest independent department store in Scotland until its acquisition by House of Fraser in 2005.
Jethro Tull are a British rock band formed in Blackpool, Lancashire in 1967.
Jewel and Esk College was a further education college in the Lothians in Scotland.
Joanna Catherine Cherry (born 18 March 1966) is a Scottish National Party (SNP) politician.
John Lewis is a chain of high-end department stores operating throughout the United Kingdom.
John McLeod CBE (born 1934) is a contemporary Scottish composer.
John Napier of Merchiston (1550 – 4 April 1617); also signed as Neper, Nepair; nicknamed Marvellous Merchiston) was a Scottish landowner known as a mathematician, physicist, and astronomer. He was the 8th Laird of Merchiston. His Latinized name was Ioannes Neper. John Napier is best known as the discoverer of logarithms. He also invented the so-called "Napier's bones" and made common the use of the decimal point in arithmetic and mathematics. Napier's birthplace, Merchiston Tower in Edinburgh, is now part of the facilities of Edinburgh Napier University. Napier died from the effects of gout at home at Merchiston Castle and his remains were buried in the kirkyard of St Giles. Following the loss of the kirkyard there to build Parliament House, he was memorialised at St Cuthbert's at the west side of Edinburgh.
Detective Inspector John Rebus is the protagonist in the Inspector Rebus series of detective novels by the Scottish writer Ian Rankin, ten of which have so far been televised as Rebus.
Johnston Press plc is a multimedia company based in Edinburgh, Scotland.
Joseph Black FRSE FRCPE FPSG (16 April 1728 – 6 December 1799) was a Scottish physician and chemist, known for his discoveries of magnesium, latent heat, specific heat, and carbon dioxide.
Joseph Lister, 1st Baron Lister, (5 April 182710 February 1912), known between 1883 and 1897 as Sir Joseph Lister, Bt., was a British surgeon and a pioneer of antiseptic surgery.
Juniper Green is a village on the outskirts of Edinburgh, Scotland, situated 9 kilometres south-west of the city centre.
Kathmandu (काठमाडौं, ये:. Yei, Nepali pronunciation) is the capital city of the Federal Democratic Republic of Nepal.
Kidnapped is a historical fiction adventure novel by Scottish author Robert Louis Stevenson, written as a boys' novel and first published in the magazine Young Folks from May to July 1886.
Kiev or Kyiv (Kyiv; Kiyev; Kyjev) is the capital and largest city of Ukraine, located in the north central part of the country on the Dnieper.
The King's Buildings is a campus of the University of Edinburgh in Scotland, and contains most of the schools within the College of Science and Engineering, excepting only part of the School of Informatics and the School of Geosciences, which are located at the central George Square campus.
The King's Theatre was opened in 1906 and stands on a prominent site on Leven Street in Edinburgh.
The Kingdom of Great Britain, officially called simply Great Britain,Parliament of the Kingdom of England.
The Kingdom of Northumbria (Norþanhymbra rīce) was a medieval Anglian kingdom in what is now northern England and south-east Scotland.
The Kirk of the Canongate, or Canongate Kirk, serves the Parish of Canongate in Edinburgh's Old Town, in Scotland.
Kirkcaldy (Cair Chaladain) is a town and former royal burgh in Fife, on the east coast of Scotland.
Kraków, also spelled Cracow or Krakow, is the second largest and one of the oldest cities in Poland.
is a prefecture of Japan in the Kansai region of the island of Honshu.
Labrador is the continental-mainland part of the Canadian province of Newfoundland and Labrador.
Leith (Lìte) is an area to the north of the city of Edinburgh, Scotland, at the mouth of the Water of Leith.
Leith Athletic Football Club is a football club based in the Leith area of Edinburgh, Scotland.
Leith Walk is one of the longest streets in Edinburgh, Scotland, and is the main road connecting the port area of Leith to the centre of the city.
Liberal Judaism (until 2002: Union of Liberal and Progressive Synagogues) is one of the two WUPJ-affiliated denominations in the United Kingdom.
The lieutenancy areas of Scotland (Lieutenancy auries o Scotland) are the areas used for the ceremonial lord-lieutenants, the monarch's representatives, in Scotland.
The Life of Samuel Johnson, LL.D. (1791) is a biography of Dr. Samuel Johnson written by James Boswell.
This page lists diplomatic missions located in Scotland, a constituent country within the United Kingdom.
This is a list of arts and cultural festivals regularly taking place in Edinburgh, Scotland.
The fifty-fifth Parliament of the United Kingdom was the legislature of the United Kingdom following the 2010 general election of Members of Parliament (MPs) to the House of Commons.
The fifty-sixth Parliament of the United Kingdom was the legislature of the United Kingdom following the 2015 general election of Members of Parliament (MPs) to the House of Commons.
This is a list of extant schools, excluding universities and higher education establishments, that have been in continuous operation since founded.
The Right Honourable Lord Provost of Edinburgh is the convener of the City of Edinburgh local authority.
List of schools in Edinburgh is a list of schools in the City of Edinburgh council area of Scotland.
The Scottish football champions are the winners of the highest league in Scottish football, namely the Scottish Football League (SFL) from 1890 until 1998, the Scottish Premier League (SPL) from 1998 until 2013 and the Scottish Premiership thereafter.
The Scottish Football League ("SFL") was established in 1890, initially as an amateur league as professionalism had not been legalised in Scottish football.
This list of the oldest schools in the United Kingdom contains extant schools in the United Kingdom established prior to 1700 and a few former schools established prior to the reformation.
This is a list of towns and cities in Scotland with a population of more than 15,000, ordered by population, as recorded by the Mid-2012 Populations Estimates for Settlements and Localities in Scotland.
A listed building, or listed structure, is one that has been placed on one of the four statutory lists maintained by Historic England in England, Historic Environment Scotland in Scotland, Cadw in Wales, and the Northern Ireland Environment Agency in Northern Ireland.
Little France is a suburb of Edinburgh, the capital of Scotland.
Livingston Football Club is a Scottish football club based in Livingston, West Lothian.
Livingston (Leivinstoun, Baile Dhùn Lèibhe) is the largest town in West Lothian, Scotland.
Lloyds Banking Group plc is a major British financial institution formed through the acquisition of HBOS by Lloyds TSB in 2009.
Loanhead (pop. 6,900) is a small town in Midlothian, Scotland, to the south of Edinburgh, and close to Roslin, Bonnyrigg and Dalkeith.
Local government in Scotland is organised through 32 unitary authorities designated as Councils which consist of councillors elected every five years by registered voters in each of the council areas.
Loch is the Irish, Scottish Gaelic and Scots word for a lake or for a sea inlet.
In mathematics, the logarithm is the inverse function to exponentiation.
London is the capital and most populous city of England and the United Kingdom.
King's Cross railway station, also known as London King's Cross, is a Central London railway terminus on the northern edge of the city.
The Right Honourable the Lord Lyon King of Arms, the head of Lyon Court, is the most junior of the Great Officers of State in Scotland and is the Scottish official with responsibility for regulating heraldry in that country, issuing new grants of arms, and serving as the judge of the Court of the Lord Lyon, the oldest heraldic court in the world that is still in daily operation.
Lothian (Lowden; Lodainn) is a region of the Scottish Lowlands, lying between the southern shore of the Firth of Forth and the Lammermuir Hills.
Lothian is one of the eight electoral regions of the Scottish Parliament.
Lothian Buses is the largest municipal bus company in the United Kingdom.
Lothian Thistle Hutchison Vale Football Club (LTHV) are a senior non-league football club based in Edinburgh, Scotland.
Louis Vuitton Malletier, commonly referred to as Louis Vuitton, or shortened to LV, is a French fashion house and luxury retail company founded in 1854 by Louis Vuitton.
The Scottish Lowland Football League (commonly known as the Lowland League) is a football league operating in southern and central Scotland.
The Magic Weekend (known as the Dacia Magic Weekend for sponsorship reasons) is an annual event organised by the Rugby Football League in which an entire round of Super League matches is played over a weekend at a single stadium to promote the sport of rugby league.
Marchmont is a mainly residential affluent area of Edinburgh, Scotland.
Max Born (11 December 1882 – 5 January 1970) was a German physicist and mathematician who was instrumental in the development of quantum mechanics.
Meadowbank Stadium (officially Meadowbank Sports Centre) is a multi-purpose sports facility located in the Meadowbank area of Edinburgh, Scotland.
Mechanics' Institutes are educational establishments, originally formed to provide adult education, particularly in technical subjects, to working men.
Member of the Scottish Parliament (MSP) (Ball Pàrlamaid na h-Alba (BPA) in Gaelic, Memmer o the Scots Pairliament (MSP) in Scots) is the title given to any one of the 129 individuals elected to serve in the Scottish Parliament.
Merchiston Castle School is an independent school for boys in the suburb of Colinton in Edinburgh, Scotland.
Merchiston Tower, also known as Merchiston Castle, was probably built by Alexander Napier, the second Laird of Merchiston around 1454.
In Old World archaeology, Mesolithic (Greek: μέσος, mesos "middle"; λίθος, lithos "stone") is the period between the Upper Paleolithic and the Neolithic.
Midlothian (Midlowden, Meadhan Lodainn) is one of the 32 council areas of Scotland, UK.
The monarchy of the United Kingdom, commonly referred to as the British monarchy, is the constitutional monarchy of the United Kingdom, its dependencies and its overseas territories.
Morningside is a district in the south west of Edinburgh, Scotland, which centres on Morningside Road, an ancient route from the city to the south west of Scotland and Carlisle.
Moscow (a) is the capital and most populous city of Russia, with 13.2 million residents within the city limits and 17.1 million within the urban area.
Motorcycle speedway, usually referred to as speedway, is a motorcycle sport involving four and sometimes up to six riders competing over four anti-clockwise laps of an oval circuit.
Muirhouse is a residential housing estate in the north of Edinburgh, the capital of Scotland.
Mulberry is a luxury fashion company founded in the United Kingdom in 1971, known internationally for its leather goods.
A multiplex is a movie theater complex with multiple screens within a single complex.
Multrees Walk is a pedestrian shopping area off the east side of St. Andrew Square, Edinburgh, Scotland.
Munich (München; Minga) is the capital and the most populated city in the German state of Bavaria, on the banks of the River Isar north of the Bavarian Alps.
Dame Muriel Sarah Spark DBE, CLit, FRSE, FRSL (née Camberg; 1 February 1918 – 13 April 2006).
Murrayfield Ice Rink is a 3,800-seat multi-purpose arena in the Murrayfield area of Edinburgh, Scotland, adjacent to Murrayfield Stadium.
The Murrayfield Racers were an ice hockey team based in Edinburgh, Scotland who were founded in 1952 as the Murrayfield Royals before changing their name to the Murrayfield Racers in 1966.
The Murrayfield Racers are an ice hockey team founded in 2018 and based in Edinburgh, Scotland who play in the Scottish National League (SNL).
Murrayfield Stadium (known as BT Murrayfield Stadium for sponsorship reasons, or popularly as Murrayfield) is a sports stadium located in the west end of Edinburgh, the capital of Scotland.
The Museum of Childhood is a collection of children's toys and playthings, situated on the Royal Mile, in Edinburgh, Scotland.
The Museum of Edinburgh, formerly known as Huntly House Museum, is a museum in Edinburgh, Scotland, housing a collection relating to the town's origins, history and legends.
The Museum on the Mound is a museum in Edinburgh, Scotland, that focuses on money, coinage and economics.
The National Archives of Scotland (NAS) are the national archives of Scotland, based in Edinburgh.
National Express is an intercity and InterRegional coach operator providing services throughout Great Britain.
National Galleries of Scotland (Gailearaidhean Nàiseanta na h-Alba) is the executive non-departmental public body that controls the three national galleries of Scotland and two partner galleries, forming one of the National Collections of Scotland.
The National Library of Scotland (Leabharlann Nàiseanta na h-Alba, Naitional Leebrar o Scotland) is the legal deposit library of Scotland and is one of the country's National Collections.
The National Museum of Scotland, Edinburgh, Scotland, was formed in 2006 with the merger of the new Museum of Scotland, with collections relating to Scottish antiquities, culture and history, and the adjacent Royal Museum (so renamed in 1995), with collections covering science and technology, natural history, and world cultures.
The National War Museum is housed in Edinburgh, and forms part of National Museums Scotland.
Natural selection is the differential survival and reproduction of individuals due to differences in phenotype.
Navaratri (नवरात्रि, literally "nine nights"), also spelled Navratri or Navarathri, is a nine nights (and ten days) Hindu festival, celebrated in the autumn every year.
Nepal (नेपाल), officially the Federal Democratic Republic of Nepal (सङ्घीय लोकतान्त्रिक गणतन्त्र नेपाल), is a landlocked country in South Asia located mainly in the Himalayas but also includes parts of the Indo-Gangetic Plain.
New Logie Green was a football ground in the Powderhall area of Edinburgh, Scotland.
The New Model Army of England was formed in 1645 by the Parliamentarians in the English Civil War, and was disbanded in 1660 after the Restoration.
The New Town is a central area of Edinburgh, the capital of Scotland.
New Year is the time or day at which a new calendar year begins and the calendar's year count increments by one.
New Year's Day, also called simply New Year's or New Year, is observed on January 1, the first day of the year on the modern Gregorian calendar as well as the Julian calendar.
In the Gregorian calendar, New Year's Eve (also known as Old Year's Day or Saint Sylvester's Day in many countries), the last day of the year, is on 31 December which is the seventh day of Christmastide.
Newbridge is a village within the parish of Kirkliston, to the west of Edinburgh, Scotland.
Newcraighall (Newcraighauch, Talla na Creige Nuadh) is a southeastern suburb of Edinburgh, Scotland.
Newcraighall railway station is a railway station serving the Newcraighall area of Edinburgh in Scotland.
Newhaven is a district in the City of Edinburgh, Scotland, between Leith and Granton and about north of the city centre, just north of the Victoria Park district.
Newington is an area of Edinburgh, Scotland, about 15 to 20 minutes walk south of the city centre, the Royal Mile and Princes Street.
Newtongrange is a former mining village in Midlothian, Scotland.
The World League of American Football (shortened to WLAF or World LeagueThe abbreviation "World League" was often used in /// in 1991 and 1992, but "World League of American Football" was often used on TV and posters), later renamed the NFL Europe League (NFL Europe for short) and then NFL Europa, was a professional American football league which operated between 1991 and 2007.
NHS Lothian is one of the fourteen regions of NHS Scotland.
NHS Scotland, sometimes styled NHSScotland is the publicly funded healthcare system in Scotland.
Nice (Niçard Niça, classical norm, or Nissa, nonstandard,; Nizza; Νίκαια; Nicaea) is the fifth most populous city in France and the capital of the Alpes-Maritimes département.
Niddrie is a suburb of south-east Edinburgh in Scotland.
Emeritus Professor Nigel Osborne MBE (born 23 June 1948, Manchester, England) is a British composer, teacher and aid worker.
A night service or an owl service is a public transport service which operates through overnight hours, while most people are asleep.
Nitrogen is a chemical element with symbol N and atomic number 7.
The Nobel Prize in Physics (Nobelpriset i fysik) is a yearly award given by the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences for those who conferred the most outstanding contributions for mankind in the field of physics.
The Classification of Territorial Units for Statistics (NUTS; French: Nomenclature des unités territoriales statistiques) is a geocode standard for referencing the subdivisions of countries for statistical purposes.
The Nor Loch, also known as the Nor' Loch and the North Loch, was a loch formerly in Edinburgh, Scotland, in the area now occupied by Princes Street Gardens, which lies between the Royal Mile and Princes Street.
The North Atlantic Current (NAC), also known as North Atlantic Drift and North Atlantic Sea Movement, is a powerful warm western boundary current that extends the Gulf Stream north-eastward.
The North Sea (Mare Germanicum) is a marginal sea of the Atlantic Ocean located between Great Britain, Scandinavia, Germany, the Netherlands, Belgium, and France.
Ocean Terminal located in the Leith area of Edinburgh, Scotland, is a shopping centre, designed by Sir Terence Conran.
An oceanic or highland climate, also known as a marine or maritime climate, is the Köppen classification of climate typical of west coasts in higher middle latitudes of continents, and generally features cool summers (relative to their latitude) and cool winters, with a relatively narrow annual temperature range and few extremes of temperature, with the exception for transitional areas to continental, subarctic and highland climates.
An official residence is the residence at which a nation's head of state, head of government, governor or other senior figure officially resides.
Old College is a building of the University of Edinburgh, Scotland.
Old English (Ænglisc, Anglisc, Englisc), or Anglo-Saxon, is the earliest historical form of the English language, spoken in England and southern and eastern Scotland in the early Middle Ages.
The Old Town (Auld Toun) is the name popularly given to the oldest part of Scotland's capital city of Edinburgh.
Old Welsh (Hen Gymraeg) is the label attached to the Welsh language from about 800 AD until the early 12th century when it developed into Middle Welsh.
Oliver Cromwell (25 April 15993 September 1658) was an English military and political leader.
In the United Kingdom, the Office for National Statistics maintains a series of codes to represent a wide range of geographical areas of the UK, for use in tabulating census and other statistical data.
The Ordnance Survey National Grid reference system is a system of geographic grid references used in Great Britain, distinct from latitude and longitude.
Oriam is Scotland's national performance centre for sport, based at Heriot-Watt University's Riccarton campus in Edinburgh.
Orthodox Judaism is a collective term for the traditionalist branches of Judaism, which seek to maximally maintain the received Jewish beliefs and observances and which coalesced in opposition to the various challenges of modernity and secularization.
Oswald (c 604 – 5 August 641/642Bede gives the year of Oswald's death as 642, however there is some question as to whether what Bede considered 642 is the same as what would now be considered 642. R. L. Poole (Studies in Chronology and History, 1934) put forward the theory that Bede's years began in September, and if this theory is followed (as it was, for instance, by Frank Stenton in his notable history Anglo-Saxon England, first published in 1943), then the date of the Battle of Heavenfield (and the beginning of Oswald's reign) is pushed back from 634 to 633. Thus, if Oswald subsequently reigned for eight years, he would have actually been killed in 641. Poole's theory has been contested, however, and arguments have been made that Bede began his year on 25 December or 1 January, in which case Bede's years would be accurate as he gives them.) was King of Northumbria from 634 until his death, and is venerated as a saint, of whom there was a particular cult in the Middle Ages.
The following outline is provided as an overview of and topical guide to Edinburgh: Edinburgh –.
Paganism is a term first used in the fourth century by early Christians for populations of the Roman Empire who practiced polytheism, either because they were increasingly rural and provincial relative to the Christian population or because they were not milites Christi (soldiers of Christ).
The Palace of Westminster is the meeting place of the House of Commons and the House of Lords, the two houses of the Parliament of the United Kingdom.
Park and ride (or incentive parking) facilities are parking lots with public transport connections that allow commuters and other people heading to city centres to leave their vehicles and transfer to a bus, rail system (rapid transit, light rail, or commuter rail), or carpool for the remainder of the journey.
The Parliament of England was the legislature of the Kingdom of England, existing from the early 13th century until 1707, when it became the Parliament of Great Britain after the political union of England and Scotland created the Kingdom of Great Britain.
The Parliament of Great Britain was formed in 1707 following the ratification of the Acts of Union by both the Parliament of England and the Parliament of Scotland.
The Parliament of Scotland was the legislature of the Kingdom of Scotland.
The Parliament of the United Kingdom, commonly known as the UK Parliament or British Parliament, is the supreme legislative body of the United Kingdom, the Crown dependencies and overseas territories.
Sir Patrick Geddes FRSE (2 October 1854 – 17 April 1932) was a Scottish biologist, sociologist, geographer, philanthropist and pioneering town planner.
Pediatrics (also spelled paediatrics or pædiatrics) is the branch of medicine that involves the medical care of infants, children, and adolescents.
Penicuik is a town and former burgh in Midlothian, Scotland, lying on the west bank of the River North Esk.
The Pentland Hills are a range of hills to the south-west of Edinburgh, Scotland.
A personal union is the combination of two or more states that have the same monarch while their boundaries, laws, and interests remain distinct.
Peter Ware Higgs (born 29 May 1929) is a British theoretical physicist, emeritus professor in the University of Edinburgh,Griggs, Jessica (Summer 2008) Edit the University of Edinburgh Alumni Magazine, p. 17 and Nobel Prize laureate for his work on the mass of subatomic particles.
Peter Liversidge (born 1973) is a British contemporary artist notable for his diverse artistic practice and use of proposals.
The Pictish Chronicle is a name often given by (especially older) historians to a pseudo-historical account of the kings of the Picts beginning many thousand years before history was recorded in Pictavia and ending after Pictavia had been enveloped by Scotland.
Piershill is a suburb of north east Edinburgh, Scotland, in the shadow of Arthur's Seat.
Pilton is a residential area of north Edinburgh, Scotland.
Pleasance Basketball Club are a basketball club based in Edinburgh, Scotland.
Plucking, also referred to as quarrying, is a glacial phenomenon that is responsible for the erosion and transportation of individual pieces of bedrock, especially large "joint blocks".
The Poles (Polacy,; singular masculine: Polak, singular feminine: Polka), commonly referred to as the Polish people, are a nation and West Slavic ethnic group native to Poland in Central Europe who share a common ancestry, culture, history and are native speakers of the Polish language.
The politics of Edinburgh, are expressed in the deliberations and decisions of the City of Edinburgh Council, in elections to the council, the Scottish Parliament, the House of Commons and the European Parliament.
Portobello is a coastal suburb of Edinburgh.
Postal codes used in the United Kingdom are known as postcodes (originally postal codes).
The Premier League was the second tier of speedway in the United Kingdom and governed by The Speedway Control Bureau (SCB), in conjunction with the British Speedway Promoters' Association (BSPA).
Presbyterianism is a part of the reformed tradition within Protestantism which traces its origins to Britain, particularly Scotland, and Ireland.
The Presbytery of Edinburgh is one of the forty-six presbyteries of the Church of Scotland, being the local presbytery for Edinburgh.
Prestongrange is a place in East Lothian, Scotland, UK, situated between Musselburgh to the west, and Prestonpans in the east.
Prestonpans is a small fishing town situated to the east of Edinburgh, Scotland, in the unitary council area of East Lothian.
Princes Street is one of the major thoroughfares in central Edinburgh, Scotland, and the main shopping street in the capital.
Princes Street Gardens is a public park in the centre of Edinburgh, Scotland, in the shadow of Edinburgh Castle.
Various studies, from 1989 onwards, considered the reintroduction of trams to Edinburgh.
Protestantism is the second largest form of Christianity with collectively more than 900 million adherents worldwide or nearly 40% of all Christians.
PRS for Music Limited (formerly The MCPS-PRS Alliance Limited) is the UK’s leading collection society, bringing together two collection societies: the Mechanical-Copyright Protection Society (MCPS) and the Performing Right Society (PRS).
Public transport bus services are generally based on regular operation of transit buses along a route calling at agreed bus stops according to a published public transport timetable.
Pure Land Buddhism (浄土仏教 Jōdo bukkyō; Korean:; Tịnh Độ Tông), also referred to as Amidism in English, is a broad branch of Mahayana Buddhism and one of the most widely practiced traditions of Buddhism in East Asia.
QS World University Rankings is an annual publication of university rankings by Quacquarelli Symonds (QS).
The Quaker Meeting House, Edinburgh is a Category B listed building in Edinburgh, Scotland, situated on Victoria Terrace in the city's Old Town.
Queen Margaret University (formerly Queen Margaret University College and Queen Margaret College) is a public university located in Musselburgh, East Lothian near Edinburgh in Scotland.
The Queen's Hall is a 900-capacity music venue, situated on Clerk Street in Edinburgh, Scotland.
Ratho (Ràthach) is a village in the Rural West Edinburgh area of Edinburgh, Scotland.
Ravelston is an affluent area of Edinburgh, Scotland, to the west of the city centre, the east of Corstorphine and Clermiston, the north of Murrayfield and Roseburn and to the south of Queensferry Road (the A90).
In the United Kingdom reserved matters and excepted matters are the areas of government policy where the UK Parliament had kept the power (jurisdiction) to make laws (legislate) in Scotland, Wales and Northern Ireland.
Riccarton is an area in Edinburgh's Green Belt, in Scotland.
In Dzogchen teaching, rigpa (Skt. vidyā; "knowledge") is the knowledge of the ground.
Rob Roy (1817) is a historical novel by Walter Scott.
Robert Adam (3 July 1728 – 3 March 1792) was a Scottish neoclassical architect, interior designer and furniture designer.
Robert Knox, (4 September 1793 – 20 December 1862) was a Scottish anatomist, zoologist, ethologist and doctor.
Robert Louis Balfour Stevenson (13 November 1850 – 3 December 1894) was a Scottish novelist, poet, essayist, musician and travel writer.
Rockstar North Limited (formerly DMA Design Limited) is a British video game developer based in Edinburgh, Scotland.
The Archdiocese of Saint Andrews & Edinburgh (Archidioecesis Sancti Andreae et Edimburgensis) is an archdiocese of the Latin Church of the Roman Catholic Church in Scotland.
The Roman Empire (Imperium Rōmānum,; Koine and Medieval Greek: Βασιλεία τῶν Ῥωμαίων, tr.) was the post-Roman Republic period of the ancient Roman civilization, characterized by government headed by emperors and large territorial holdings around the Mediterranean Sea in Europe, Africa and Asia.
The Romanian Orthodox Church (Biserica Ortodoxă Română) is an autocephalous Orthodox Church in full communion with other Eastern Orthodox Christian Churches and ranked seventh in order of precedence.
Ronald Balfour Corbett, CBE (4 December 1930 – 31 March 2016) was a Scottish stand-up comedian, actor, writer, and broadcaster, best known for his long association with Ronnie Barker in the BBC television comedy sketch show The Two Ronnies.
Roderick Keith Ogilvy "Rory" Bremner,"Rory Bremner".
The Royal Bank of Scotland (Banca Rìoghail na h-Alba, Ryal Bank o Scotland, Banc Brenhinol yr Alban), commonly abbreviated as RBS, is one of the retail banking subsidiaries of The Royal Bank of Scotland Group plc, together with NatWest and Ulster Bank.
A royal burgh was a type of Scottish burgh which had been founded by, or subsequently granted, a royal charter.
A royal charter is a formal document issued by a monarch as letters patent, granting a right or power to an individual or a body corporate.
The Royal College of Physicians of Edinburgh (RCPE) is a Medical Royal College in Scotland.
The Royal College of Surgeons of Edinburgh (RCSEd) is a professional organisation of surgeons located in Nicolson Street, Edinburgh, within the William Henry Playfair designed Surgeons' Hall and adjoining buildings.
The Royal Commonwealth Pool is a category-A-listed building in Edinburgh that houses one of Scotland's main swimming pools.
The Royal Edinburgh Hospital is a psychiatric hospital in Edinburgh, Scotland.
The Royal Edinburgh Military Tattoo is an annual series of military tattoos performed by British Armed Forces, Commonwealth and international military bands and artistic performance teams on the esplanade of Edinburgh Castle in the capital of Scotland.
The Royal High School (RHS) of Edinburgh is a co-educational school administered by the City of Edinburgh Council.
The Royal Highland Centre (also known as the Royal Highland Showground and previously Ingliston Royal Highland Exhibition Hall) is an exhibition centre and showground located in Ingliston in the west of Edinburgh, Scotland, adjacent to Edinburgh Airport and the A8.
The Royal Hospital for Sick Children is a hospital in Edinburgh, Scotland, specialising in paediatric healthcare.
The Royal Infirmary of Edinburgh, or RIE, often (but incorrectly) known as the Edinburgh Royal Infirmary, or ERI, was established in 1729 and is the oldest voluntary hospital in Scotland.
The Royal Lyceum Theatre is a 658-seat theatre in the city of Edinburgh, Scotland, named after the Theatre Royal Lyceum and English Opera House, the residence at the time of legendary Shakespearean actor Henry Irving.
The Royal Mile (Ryal Mile) is the name given to a succession of streets forming the main thoroughfare of the Old Town of the city of Edinburgh in Scotland.
The Royal Scottish Academy building, the home of the Royal Scottish Academy, is situated on The Mound in the centre of Edinburgh, was built by William Henry Playfair in 1822-6 and extended in 1831-6 for the Board of Manufactures and Fisheries.
Rugby league football is a full-contact sport played by two teams of thirteen players on a rectangular field.
The Russian Orthodox Church (ROC; Rússkaya pravoslávnaya tsérkov), alternatively legally known as the Moscow Patriarchate (Moskóvskiy patriarkhát), is one of the autocephalous Eastern Orthodox churches, in full communion with other Eastern Orthodox patriarchates.
Ruth Elizabeth Davidson (born 10 November 1978) is a Scottish politician serving as Leader of the Scottish Conservative Party since 2011 and leader of the second largest party in the Scottish Parliament since 2016.
Sacred Heart, Edinburgh, formally known as the Catholic Church of the Sacred Heart of Jesus, is a Roman Catholic church run by the Society of Jesus, close to the city centre of Edinburgh, Scotland, United Kingdom.
Sainsbury's Bank plc, trading as Sainsbury's Bank is a British bank wholly owned by Sainsbury's, a national supermarket chain in the United Kingdom.
Saint Giles (Aegidius; Gilles; 650 AD – 710), also known as Giles the Hermit, was a Greek, Christian, hermit saint from Athens, whose legend is centered in Provence and Septimania.
Saint Petersburg (p) is Russia's second-largest city after Moscow, with 5 million inhabitants in 2012, part of the Saint Petersburg agglomeration with a population of 6.2 million (2015).
San Diego (Spanish for 'Saint Didacus') is a major city in California, United States.
Saughton (Sauchton in Scots) is a suburb of the west of Edinburgh, Scotland, bordering on Broomhouse, Stenhouse, Longstone and Carrick Knowe.
Sōtō Zen or is the largest of the three traditional sects of Zen in Japanese Buddhism (the others being Rinzai and Ōbaku).
Sciennes (pronounced) is an area of Edinburgh, Scotland, just outside the city centre to the south of the Meadows, with Newington to the east.
Scotland (Alba) is a country that is part of the United Kingdom and covers the northern third of the island of Great Britain.
The Scotland Act 1998 (c. 46) is an Act of the Parliament of the United Kingdom which established the devolved Scottish Parliament with tax varying powers and the Scottish Government (then Scottish Executive).
The Scotland national cricket team play their home matches at The Grange, Edinburgh.
The Scotland national football team represents Scotland in international football and is controlled by the Scottish Football Association.
Hampden Park in Glasgow is the primary home stadium for the Scotland national football team.
The Scotland national rugby union team is administered by the Scottish Rugby Union.
Scotland's Rural College (SRUC) is a higher education institution that combines education, consulting and research in Scotland.
Scots is the Germanic language variety spoken in Lowland Scotland and parts of Ulster (where the local dialect is known as Ulster Scots).
Scots law is the legal system of Scotland.
The Scottish Arts Council (Comhairle Ealain na h-Alba, Scots Airts Cooncil) was a Scottish public body responsible for the funding, development and promotion of the arts in Scotland.
The Scottish Borders (The Mairches, "The Marches"; Scottish Gaelic: Crìochan na h-Alba) is one of 32 council areas of Scotland.
The Scottish Chamber Orchestra (SCO) is an Edinburgh-based UK chamber orchestra.
Scottish Citylink Scottish Citylink Coaches Limited is a long distance express coach operator in Scotland and Ireland (where it operates as Irish Citylink) and England (where it operates as Stansted Citylink).
A Scottish clan (from Gaelic clann, "children") is a kinship group among the Scottish people.
The Scottish Claymores were an American football team based in Scotland.
The Scottish Football Association Challenge Cup,, Scottish Football Association.
Scottish English refers to the varieties of English spoken in Scotland.
The Scottish Enlightenment (Scots Enlichtenment, Soillseachadh na h-Alba) was the period in 18th and early 19th century Scotland characterised by an outpouring of intellectual and scientific accomplishments.
The seven dioceses of the Scottish Episcopal Church (Eaglais Easbaigeach na h-Alba) make up the ecclesiastical province of the Anglican Communion in Scotland.
Scottish Gaelic or Scots Gaelic, sometimes also referred to simply as Gaelic (Gàidhlig) or the Gaelic, is a Celtic language native to the Gaels of Scotland.
The Scottish Government (Riaghaltas na h-Alba; Scots Govrenment) is the executive of the devolved Scottish Parliament.
The Scottish Junior Football Association (SJFA) is an affiliated national association of the Scottish Football Association and is the governing body for the junior grade of football in Scotland.
The Scottish Labour Party (Pàrtaidh Làbarach na h-Alba, Scots Labour Pairty; branded Scottish Labour) is the devolved Scotland section of the United Kingdom Labour Party.
The Scottish League Cup, currently known as the Betfred Cup for sponsorship reasons, is a football competition open to all Scottish Professional Football League (SPFL) clubs.
The Scottish League Two, known for sponsorship reasons as the Ladbrokes League Two, is the fourth tier of the Scottish Professional Football League, the league competition for men's professional football clubs in Scotland.
The Scottish Liberal Democrats (Libearal Deamocratach na h-Alba, Scots Leeberal Democrats) is a liberal and social-liberal political party in Scotland.
The Scottish National Gallery (formerly the National Gallery of Scotland) is the national art gallery of Scotland.
The Scottish National Gallery of Modern Art is part of the National Galleries of Scotland, which are based in Edinburgh.
The Scottish National League is an ice hockey league based in Scotland comprising eleven teams.
The Scottish National League was first played for in 1997 under the name The Scottish Conference before changing to its current name the following season and is the top tier domestic rugby league club competition in Scotland.
The Scottish National Party (SNP; Pàrtaidh Nàiseanta na h-Alba, Scots Naitional Pairtie) is a Scottish nationalist and social-democratic political party in Scotland.
The Scottish National Portrait Gallery is an art museum on Queen Street, Edinburgh.
The Scottish Parliament (Pàrlamaid na h-Alba; Scots: The Scots Pairlament) is the devolved national, unicameral legislature of Scotland.
The Scottish general election, 2016 was held on Thursday, 5 May 2016 section 4 to elect 129 members to the Scottish Parliament.
The Scottish Premiership, known for sponsorship reasons as the Ladbrokes Premiership, is the top division of the Scottish Professional Football League (SPFL), the league competition for men's professional football clubs in Scotland.
The Scottish Professional Football League (SPFL) is the national men's association football league in Scotland.
The Scottish Reformation was the process by which Scotland broke with the Papacy and developed a predominantly Calvinist national Kirk (church), which was strongly Presbyterian in outlook.
The Scottish Rugby Union (SRU; Aonadh Rugbaidh na h-Alba) is the governing body of rugby union in Scotland.
Scottish Widows is a life insurance and pensions company located in Edinburgh, Scotland, and is a subsidiary of Lloyds Banking Group.
The Scottish Women's Premier League (SWPL) is the highest level of league competition in women's football in Scotland.
The Screen Academy Scotland (A Skillset Film Academy) is a collaboration between Edinburgh Napier University and Edinburgh College of Art.
Sir Thomas Sean Connery (born 25 August 1930) is a retired Scottish actor and producer who has won an Academy Award, two BAFTA Awards (one of them being a BAFTA Academy Fellowship Award) and three Golden Globes (including the Cecil B. DeMille Award and a Henrietta Award).
Sean Scully (born 30 June 1945) is an Irish-born American-based painter and printmaker who has twice been named a Turner Prize nominee.
Segovia is a city in the autonomous region of Castile and León, Spain.
The seven hills of Rome (Sette colli di Roma, Septem colles/ montes Romae) east of the river Tiber form the geographical heart of Rome, within the walls of the city.
The Seventh-day Adventist Church is a Protestant Christian denomination distinguished by its observance of Saturday, the seventh day of the week in Christian and Jewish calendars, as the Sabbath, and by its emphasis on the imminent Second Coming (advent) of Jesus Christ.
Sewage (or domestic wastewater or municipal wastewater) is a type of wastewater that is produced from a community of people.
The term Shambhala Buddhism was introduced by Sakyong Mipham in the year 2000 to describe his presentation of the Shambhala teachings originally conceived by Chögyam Trungpa as secular practices for achieving enlightened society, in concert with the Kagyu and Nyingma schools of Tibetan Buddhism.
Sherlock Holmes is a fictional private detective created by British author Sir Arthur Conan Doyle.
Shirley Ann Manson (born 26 August 1966) is a Scottish singer, songwriter, musician and record producer.
Sighthill is a suburb in the west of Edinburgh, Scotland.
A Sikh (ਸਿੱਖ) is a person associated with Sikhism, a monotheistic religion that originated in the 15th century based on the revelation of Guru Nanak.
Twin towns or sister cities are a form of legal or social agreement between towns, cities, counties, oblasts, prefectures, provinces, regions, states, and even countries in geographically and politically distinct areas to promote cultural and commercial ties.
The Skye Terrier is a breed of dog that is a long, low, hardy terrier and "one of the most endangered native dog breeds in the United Kingdom" according to The Kennel Club.
Slum clearance, slum eviction or slum removal is an urban renewal strategy used to transform low income settlements with poor reputation into another type of development or housing.
The Society of Antiquaries of Scotland is the senior antiquarian body of Scotland, with its headquarters in the National Museum of Scotland, Chambers Street, Edinburgh.
South Bridge is a road bridge in Edinburgh, Scotland, starting at the High Street and finishing at Chambers Street/Infirmary Street.
South Gyle (pronounced) is an area of Edinburgh, Scotland, lying on the western edge of the city and to the south and west of an area of former marshland once known as the Gogarloch, on the edge of Corstorphine.
Queensferry, also called South Queensferry or simply "The Ferry", is a town to the west of Edinburgh, Scotland, traditionally a royal burgh of West Lothian.
The Spartans Football Club are a Scottish football club from Edinburgh.
Spartans Football Club Women's and Girl's is a women's football team that plays in the Scottish Women's Premier League, the top division of women's football in Scotland.
Spire Healthcare plc is the second largest provider of private healthcare in the United Kingdom.
St Andrew Square is a city square in Edinburgh, Scotland located at the east end of George Street.
St Andrew's and St George's West Church serves Edinburgh's New Town, in Scotland.
St Bernard's Football Club were a football club based in Edinburgh, Scotland.
The Parish Church of St Cuthbert is a parish church of the Church of Scotland now within the Presbytery of Edinburgh.
St Giles' Cathedral, also known as the High Kirk of Edinburgh, is the principal place of worship of the Church of Scotland in Edinburgh.
St Mary's Cathedral or the Cathedral Church of Saint Mary the Virgin is a cathedral of the Scottish Episcopal Church in Edinburgh, Scotland.
Stagecoach East Scotland is an operating region of Stagecoach UK Bus, with its regional base in Dunfermline, Fife, Scotland.
Standard Life Aberdeen plc is an investment company with headquarters in Edinburgh and operations around the globe.
Stenhouse is a suburb of Edinburgh, the capital of Scotland.
Stevenson College Edinburgh, was a further education college in Edinburgh, Scotland.
Stewart's Melville College (SMC) is a private school situated in Edinburgh, Scotland. Classes are all boys in the 1st to 5th years and co-educational in 6th (final) year. It has a roll of about 750 pupils. About 3% of pupils board on site, and the rest are day pupils. The school is twinned with the Mary Erskine School (MES), an all-girls private school approximately one mile (1.6 km) from Stewart's Melville College. Together the combined Erskine Stewart's Melville Schools (ESMS) have a co-educational Junior School which is split between the two campuses and caters for pupils from 3 to 12 years old. The two schools share a Principal, and most extra-curricular activities, such as performing arts, are run jointly. Both SMC and MES are managed by the Merchant Company of Edinburgh, which is also responsible for the co-educational George Watson's College.
Strange Case of Dr Jekyll and Mr Hyde is a gothic novella by the Scottish author Robert Louis Stevenson first published in 1886.
Stuart Ernest Piggott,, FRSE FSA Scot (28 May 1910 – 23 September 1996) was a British archaeologist, best known for his work on prehistoric Wessex.
STV Edinburgh was a local television channel based in Edinburgh which launched on 12 January 2015.
For local government purposes, Scotland is divided into 32 areas designated as "council areas", which are all governed by single-tier authorities designated as "councils".
Super League (currently known as the Betfred Super League for sponsorship reasons) is the top-level professional rugby league club competition in the Northern hemisphere.
Surgeons' Hall in Edinburgh, Scotland, is the headquarters of the Royal College of Surgeons of Edinburgh (RCSED).
Talbot Rice Gallery is part of the University of Edinburgh, in Scotland.
In mathematics, a Taylor series is a representation of a function as an infinite sum of terms that are calculated from the values of the function's derivatives at a single point.
In geography, the temperate or tepid climates of Earth occur in the middle latitudes, which span between the tropics and the polar regions of Earth.
A tenement is a multi-occupancy building of any sort.
Tesco Bank is a British retail bank which was formed in 1997, and which has been wholly owned by Tesco plc since 2008.
Thích Nhất Hạnh (born as Nguyễn Xuân Bảo on October 11, 1926) is a Vietnamese Buddhist monk and peace activist.
The Cameo is an Edinburgh cinema which started life as the King's Cinema on 8 January 1914 and is one of the oldest cinemas in Scotland still in use.
The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints (LDS Church), often informally known as the Mormon Church, is a nontrinitarian, Christian restorationist church that is considered by its members to be the restoration of the original church founded by Jesus Christ.
The Corries were a Scottish folk group that emerged from the Scottish folk revival of the early 1960s.
The Expedition of Humphry Clinker was the last of the picaresque novels of Tobias Smollett, published in London on 17 June 1771 (just three months before Smollett's death), and is considered by many to be his best and funniest work.
The Exploited are a Scottish punk rock band from Edinburgh, Scotland, formed in 1979, in Edinburgh by Stevie Ross and Terry Buchan and later by ex-soldier Wattie Buchan (Terry's brother).
The Grange Club is a cricket and sports club in the Stockbridge district of Edinburgh, Scotland.
The Grange (originally St Giles' Grange) is a suburb of Edinburgh, about one and a half miles south of the city centre, with Morningside and Greenhill to the west, Newington to the east, and Marchmont to the north.
The Guardian is a British daily newspaper.
The Gyle Shopping Centre is located in the South Gyle area of Edinburgh, Scotland.
The Heart of Midlothian is the seventh of Sir Walter Scott's Waverley Novels.
The Hub, at the top of Edinburgh's Royal Mile, is a multi-functional building comprising a performance space and venues for functions, conferences and weddings.
The Incredible String Band (sometimes abbreviated as ISB) were a psychedelic folk band formed by Clive Palmer, Robin Williamson and Mike Heron in Scotland in 1966.
The Mary Erskine School, popularly known as "Mary Erskine's" or "MES", is an all-girls independent secondary school in Edinburgh, Scotland.
The Meadows is a large public park in Edinburgh, Scotland, to the south of the city centre.
The Mound is an artificial hill in central Edinburgh, Scotland, which connects Edinburgh's New and Old Towns.
The Prime of Miss Jean Brodie is a novel by Muriel Spark, the best known of her works.
The Private Memoirs and Confessions of a Justified Sinner: Written by Himself: With a detail of curious traditionary facts and other evidence by the editor is a novel by the Scottish author James Hogg, published anonymously in 1824.
The Proclaimers are a Scottish duo composed of the identical twin brothers Charlie and Craig Reid (born 5 March 1962).
The Railway Magazine is a monthly British railway magazine, aimed at the railway enthusiast market, that has been published in London since July 1897.
The Scotsman is a Scottish compact newspaper and daily news website headquartered in Edinburgh.
The Two Ronnies is a BBC television comedy sketch show created by Bill Cotton for the BBC, which aired on BBC One from April 1971 to December 1987.
An Inquiry into the Nature and Causes of the Wealth of Nations, generally referred to by its shortened title The Wealth of Nations, is the magnum opus of the Scottish economist and moral philosopher Adam Smith.
The Theosophical Society was an organization formed in 1875 by Helena Blavatsky to advance Theosophy.
Theravāda (Pali, literally "school of the elder monks") is a branch of Buddhism that uses the Buddha's teaching preserved in the Pāli Canon as its doctrinal core.
Thomas Telford FRS, FRSE (9 August 1757 – 2 September 1834) was a Scottish civil engineer, architect and stonemason, and a noted road, bridge and canal builder.
Tobias George Smollett (19 March 1721 – 17 September 1771) was a Scottish poet and author.
Tommy Sheppard (born 6 March 1959) is a Scottish National Party politician and the Member of Parliament for Edinburgh East since May 2015.
Anthony Charles Lynton Blair (born 6 May 1953) is a British politician who served as Prime Minister of the United Kingdom from 1997 to 2007 and Leader of the Labour Party from 1994 to 2007.
In topography, prominence characterizes the height of a mountain or hill's summit by the vertical distance between it and the lowest contour line encircling it but containing no higher summit within it.
A tour bus service is a bus service that takes visitors sightseeing, with routes around tourist attractions.
Scotland is a well-developed tourist destination, with tourism generally being responsible for sustaining 200,000 jobs mainly in the service sector, with tourist spending averaging at £4bn per year.
Traffic congestion is a condition on transport networks that occurs as use increases, and is characterized by slower speeds, longer trip times, and increased vehicular queueing.
A trail is usually a path, track or unpaved lane or road.
Trainspotting is the first novel by Scottish writer Irvine Welsh, first published in 1993.
Tranent is a small town in East Lothian (formerly Haddingtonshire), in the south-east of Scotland.
Transport for Edinburgh is an organisation that oversees public transport in Edinburgh, Scotland, UK.
Edinburgh constitutes a major transport hub in east central Scotland and as such is at the centre of a multi-modal transport network comprising road, rail and air communications connecting the city with the rest of Scotland and internationally.
The transport system in Scotland is generally well-developed.
The Traverse Theatre is a theatre in Edinburgh, Scotland.
Treasure Island is an adventure novel by Scottish author Robert Louis Stevenson, narrating a tale of "buccaneers and buried gold".
The Treaty of Union is the name usually now given to the agreement which led to the creation of the new state of Great Britain, stating that England (which already included Wales) and Scotland were to be "United into One Kingdom by the Name of Great Britain",: Both Acts of Union and the Treaty state in Article I: That the Two Kingdoms of Scotland and England, shall upon 1 May next ensuing the date hereof, and forever after, be United into One Kingdom by the Name of GREAT BRITAIN.
A tribe is viewed developmentally, economically and historically as a social group existing outside of or before the development of states.
The Triratna Buddhist Community (formerly the Friends of the Western Buddhist Order (FWBO)) is an international fellowship of Buddhists, and others who aspire to its path of mindfulness, under the leadership of the Triratna Buddhist Order (formerly the Western Buddhist Order).
The Tron Kirk is a former principal parish church in Edinburgh, Scotland.
TSB Bank plc is a retail and commercial bank in the United Kingdom, which is a subsidiary of the Sabadell Group.
The Tudor rose (sometimes called the Union rose) is the traditional floral heraldic emblem of England and takes its name and origins from the House of Tudor, which united the House of York and House of Lancaster.
A Turkish bath (hamam, translit) is a type of public bathing associated with the culture of the Ottoman Empire and more widely the Islamic world.
Tynecastle Football Club are a football team playing in the East of Scotland Football League Premier Division.
Tynecastle Park is a football stadium situated in the Gorgie area of Edinburgh, which is the home ground of Scottish Professional Football League club Heart of Midlothian ("Hearts").
The United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO; Organisation des Nations unies pour l'éducation, la science et la culture) is a specialized agency of the United Nations (UN) based in Paris.
The Union of the Crowns (Aonadh nan Crùintean; Union o the Crouns) was the accession of James VI of Scotland to the thrones of England and Ireland, and the consequential unification for some purposes (such as overseas diplomacy) of the three realms under a single monarch on 24 March 1603.
The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, commonly known as the United Kingdom (UK) or Britain,Usage is mixed with some organisations, including the and preferring to use Britain as shorthand for Great Britain is a sovereign country in western Europe.
A census of the population of the United Kingdom is taken every ten years.
The United States dollar (sign: $; code: USD; also abbreviated US$ and referred to as the dollar, U.S. dollar, or American dollar) is the official currency of the United States and its insular territories per the United States Constitution since 1792.
The Universiade is an international multi-sport event, organized for university athletes by the International University Sports Federation (FISU).
The University of Aberdeen is a public research university in Aberdeen, Scotland.
The University of Edinburgh (abbreviated as Edin. in post-nominals), founded in 1582, is the sixth oldest university in the English-speaking world and one of Scotland's ancient universities.
The University of Edinburgh Medical School (also known as Edinburgh Medical School) is the medical school of the University of Edinburgh in Scotland and part of the College of Medicine and Veterinary Medicine, the head of which is Sir John Savill.
The University of Glasgow (Oilthigh Ghlaschu; Universitas Glasguensis; abbreviated as Glas. in post-nominals) is the fourth-oldest university in the English-speaking world and one of Scotland's four ancient universities.
The University of St Andrews (informally known as St Andrews University or simply St Andrews; abbreviated as St And, from the Latin Sancti Andreae, in post-nominals) is a British public research university in St Andrews, Fife, Scotland.
The Usher Hall is a concert hall, situated on Lothian Road, in the west end of Edinburgh, Scotland.
Vancouver is a coastal seaport city in western Canada, located in the Lower Mainland region of British Columbia.
Victorian architecture is a series of architectural revival styles in the mid-to-late 19th century.
In the history of the United Kingdom, the Victorian era was the period of Queen Victoria's reign, from 20 June 1837 until her death on 22 January 1901.
Virgin Money plc is a UK-based bank and financial services company owned by the Virgin Group and founded by Sir Richard Branson in March 1995.
VisitScotland, formerly the Scottish Tourist Board, is the national tourism agency for Scotland.
A volcanic plug, also called a volcanic neck or lava neck, is a volcanic object created when magma hardens within a vent on an active volcano.
The Votadini, also known as the Wotādīni, Votādīni or Otadini, were a Celtic people of the Iron Age in Great Britain.
Sir Walter Scott, 1st Baronet (15 August 1771 – 21 September 1832) was a Scottish historical novelist, playwright, poet and historian.
The wards and electoral divisions in the United Kingdom are electoral districts at sub-national level represented by one or more councillors.
The Wars of the Three Kingdoms, sometimes known as the British Civil Wars, formed an intertwined series of conflicts that took place in the kingdoms of England, Ireland and Scotland between 1639 and 1651.
The Water of Leith is the main river flowing through Edinburgh, Scotland, to the port of Leith where it flows into the sea via the Firth of Forth.
The Water of Leith Walkway is a public footpath and cycleway that runs alongside the small river of the same name through Edinburgh, Scotland, from Balerno to Leith.
Waterfront Edinburgh is a redevelopment of parts of Edinburgh along the shores of the Firth of Forth in Granton.
Watsonian Football Club is a rugby union club based in Edinburgh and part of the Scottish Rugby Union.
Walter David Buchan (born 24 July 1957), known as Wattie Buchan, is a Scottish punk rock musician.
West Coast Motors is a bus, coach and ferry operator based in Campbeltown, Argyll.
West Lothian (Wast Lowden, Lodainn an Iar) is one of the 32 council areas of Scotland, and one of its historic counties.
Wester Hailes is an area in the south west of Edinburgh, Scotland.
The Western General Hospital (often abbreviated to simply "The Western"), at Crewe Road, Edinburgh, Scotland, is part of NHS Lothian, a Health Board which provides a comprehensive range of adult and paediatric care to the people of Edinburgh, the Lothians and beyond.
William Brodie (28 September 1741 – 1 October 1788), often known by his title of Deacon Brodie, was a Scottish cabinet-maker, deacon of a trades guild, and Edinburgh city councillor, who maintained a secret life as a housebreaker, partly for the thrill, and partly to fund his gambling.
William Chambers of Glenormiston or William Chambers (16 April 1800 – 20 May 1883) was a Scottish publisher and politician, the brother (and business partner) of Robert Chambers.
The Women's British Basketball League (WBBL) is the top-level women's basketball league in the United Kingdom, founded on 5 June 2014 as the women's counterpart to the British Basketball League (BBL).
World Bowl '96 (also referred to as World Bowl IV) was the fourth championship game of the World League of American Football (WLAF).
A World Heritage site is a landmark or area which is selected by the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) as having cultural, historical, scientific or other form of significance, and is legally protected by international treaties.
The Writers’ Museum, housed in Lady Stair’s House at the Lawnmarket, on the Royal Mile in Edinburgh, presents the lives of three of the foremost Scottish writers: Robert Burns, Walter Scott and Robert Louis Stevenson.
A wynd is typically a narrow lane between houses.
Xi'an is the capital of Shaanxi Province, China.
Y Gododdin is a medieval Welsh poem consisting of a series of elegies to the men of the Brittonic kingdom of Gododdin and its allies who, according to the conventional interpretation, died fighting the Angles of Deira and Bernicia at a place named Catraeth circa AD 600.
The 10,000 metres or 10,000-meter run is a common long-distance track running event.
The 1896 Scottish Cup Final was played on 14 March 1896 at New Logie Green in Edinburgh and was the final of the 23rd season of the Scottish Cup.
The 1970 British Commonwealth Games (Scottish Gaelic: Geamannan a 'Cho-fhlaitheis Bhreatainn 1970) were held in Edinburgh, Scotland, from 16 July to 25 July 1970.
The 1986 Commonwealth Games (Scottish Gaelic: Geamannan a 'Cho-fhlaitheis 1986) were held in Edinburgh, Scotland, between 24 July and 2 August 1986.
The 2014 Commonwealth Games (Geamannan a' Cho-fhlaitheis 2014), officially known as the XX Commonwealth Games and commonly known as Glasgow 2014, (Glaschu 2014), was an international multi-sport event celebrated in the tradition of the Commonwealth Games as governed by the Commonwealth Games Federation (CGF).
2018 has been designated as the third International Year of the Reef by the International Coral Reef Initiative.
2019 (MMXIX) will be a common year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar, the 2019th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 19th year of the 3rd millennium, the 19th year of the 21st century, and the 10th and last year of the 2010s decade.
This is a list of members (MSPs) returned to the fourth Scottish Parliament at the 2011 election.
The 5000 metres or 5000-meter run (approximately 3.1 mi or 16,404 ft) is a common long-distance running event in track and field.
Areas of Edinburgh, Areas of edinburgh, Athens of the north, Auld Reekie, Burgh of Edinburgh, Caer Eiddyn, Capital city of scotland, Capital of Scotland, Capital of scotland, Castle Street, Edinburgh, City of Edinburgh, City of Edinburgh (council area), City of Edinburgh (local government district, Lothian region), City of Edinburgh, Scotland, Din Eidyn, Dun Edin, Dun Eideann, Dunedin, Scotland, Dùn Èideann, Dùn Éideann, EDINBURGH, Edimburgh, Edimburgo, Edin-burgh, Edinborough, Edinbourgh, Edinbra, Edinbrough, Edinburgh (Scotland), Edinburgh (district), Edinburgh City Region, Edinburgh Inspiring Capital, Edinburgh Metropolitan area, Edinburgh Navigator, Edinburgh and South East Scotland City Region, Edinburgh art, Edinburgh, City of (council area), Edinburgh, Scotland, Edinburgh, UK, Edinburgh, United Kingdom, Edinburrie, Edingburgh, Eiddyn, Eidyn, Embra, Embro, Geography of Edinburgh, Inner Edinburgh, List of Edinburgh suburbs, List of places in Edinburgh, Old and New Towns of Edinburgh, Southside, Edinburgh, Suburbs of Edinburgh, The weather in Edinburgh, UN/LOCODE:GBEDI.