60 relations: A-DNA, ADAR, Alexander Rich, Antiparallel (biochemistry), Apoptosis, Base pair, Chirality, Chromosomal translocation, Chromosome 22, Circular dichroism, Crystal structure, Crystallography, Cytosine, Deletion (genetics), DNA, DNA repair, DNA supercoil, Escherichia coli, Ethidium bromide, Genome, Inosine, Intercalation (biochemistry), Ion, Kinetoplast, Leukemia, Lymphoma, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Molar concentration, Mutagenesis, Neoplasm, Non-homologous end joining, Nuclear factor I, Nuclear magnetic resonance, Nucleic acid double helix, Nucleic acid structure, Nucleosome, PH, Plasmid, Polymer, Poxviridae, Promoter (genetics), Purine, Pyrimidine, Raman spectroscopy, Replication slippage, RNA, RNA polymerase, Sequence homology, Sodium chloride, Tracy Camp, ..., Transcription (biology), Transcription factor, Trypanosoma, Ultraviolet, Vaccinia, Virulence factor, X-ray crystallography, Z-RNA, ZBP1, Zuotin. Expand index (10 more) » « Shrink index
A-DNA is one of the possible double helical structures which DNA can adopt.
Double-stranded RNA-specific adenosine deaminase is an enzyme that in humans is encoded by the ADAR gene (which stands for adenosine deaminase acting on RNA).
Alexander Rich (November 15, 1924 – April 27, 2015) was an American biologist and biophysicist.
In biochemistry, two biopolymers are antiparallel if they run parallel to each other but with opposite alignments.
Apoptosis (from Ancient Greek ἀπόπτωσις "falling off") is a process of programmed cell death that occurs in multicellular organisms.
A base pair (bp) is a unit consisting of two nucleobases bound to each other by hydrogen bonds.
Chirality is a property of asymmetry important in several branches of science.
In genetics, a chromosome translocation is a chromosome abnormality caused by rearrangement of parts between nonhomologous chromosomes.
Chromosome 22 is one of the 23 pairs of chromosomes in human cells.
Circular dichroism (CD) is dichroism involving circularly polarized light, i.e., the differential absorption of left- and right-handed light.
In crystallography, crystal structure is a description of the ordered arrangement of atoms, ions or molecules in a crystalline material.
Crystallography is the experimental science of determining the arrangement of atoms in crystalline solids (see crystal structure).
Cytosine (C) is one of the four main bases found in DNA and RNA, along with adenine, guanine, and thymine (uracil in RNA).
In genetics, a deletion (also called gene deletion, deficiency, or deletion mutation) (sign: Δ) is a mutation (a genetic aberration) in which a part of a chromosome or a sequence of DNA is lost during DNA replication.
Deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) is a thread-like chain of nucleotides carrying the genetic instructions used in the growth, development, functioning and reproduction of all known living organisms and many viruses.
DNA repair is a collection of processes by which a cell identifies and corrects damage to the DNA molecules that encode its genome.
DNA supercoiling refers to the over- or under-winding of a DNA strand, and is an expression of the strain on that strand.
Escherichia coli (also known as E. coli) is a Gram-negative, facultatively anaerobic, rod-shaped, coliform bacterium of the genus Escherichia that is commonly found in the lower intestine of warm-blooded organisms (endotherms).
Ethidium bromide is an intercalating agent commonly used as a fluorescent tag (nucleic acid stain) in molecular biology laboratories for techniques such as agarose gel electrophoresis.
In the fields of molecular biology and genetics, a genome is the genetic material of an organism.
Inosine is a nucleoside that is formed when hypoxanthine is attached to a ribose ring (also known as a ribofuranose) via a β-N9-glycosidic bond.
In biochemistry, intercalation is the insertion of molecules between the planar bases of deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA).
An ion is an atom or molecule that has a non-zero net electrical charge (its total number of electrons is not equal to its total number of protons).
A kinetoplast is a network of circular DNA (called kDNA) inside a large mitochondrion that contains many copies of the mitochondrial genome.
Leukemia, also spelled leukaemia, is a group of cancers that usually begin in the bone marrow and result in high numbers of abnormal white blood cells.
Lymphoma is a group of blood cancers that develop from lymphocytes (a type of white blood cell).
The Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) is a private research university located in Cambridge, Massachusetts, United States.
Molar concentration (also called molarity, amount concentration or substance concentration) is a measure of the concentration of a chemical species, in particular of a solute in a solution, in terms of amount of substance per unit volume of solution.
Mutagenesis is a process by which the genetic information of an organism is changed, resulting in a mutation.
Neoplasia is a type of abnormal and excessive growth of tissue.
Non-homologous end joining (NHEJ) is a pathway that repairs double-strand breaks in DNA.
Nuclear factor I (NF-I) is a family of closely related transcription factors.
Nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) is a physical phenomenon in which nuclei in a magnetic field absorb and re-emit electromagnetic radiation.
In molecular biology, the term double helix refers to the structure formed by double-stranded molecules of nucleic acids such as DNA.
Nucleic acid structure refers to the structure of nucleic acids such as DNA and RNA.
A nucleosome is a basic unit of DNA packaging in eukaryotes, consisting of a segment of DNA wound in sequence around eight histone protein cores.
In chemistry, pH is a logarithmic scale used to specify the acidity or basicity of an aqueous solution.
A plasmid is a small DNA molecule within a cell that is physically separated from a chromosomal DNA and can replicate independently.
A polymer (Greek poly-, "many" + -mer, "part") is a large molecule, or macromolecule, composed of many repeated subunits.
Poxviridae is a family of viruses.
In genetics, a promoter is a region of DNA that initiates transcription of a particular gene.
A purine is a heterocyclic aromatic organic compound that consists of a pyrimidine ring fused to an imidazole ring.
Pyrimidine is an aromatic heterocyclic organic compound similar to pyridine.
Raman spectroscopy (named after Indian physicist Sir C. V. Raman) is a spectroscopic technique used to observe vibrational, rotational, and other low-frequency modes in a system.
Replication slippage, otherwise known as slipped-strand mispairing, is a form of mutation that leads to either a trinucleotide or dinucleotide expansion or contraction during DNA replication.
Ribonucleic acid (RNA) is a polymeric molecule essential in various biological roles in coding, decoding, regulation, and expression of genes.
RNA polymerase (ribonucleic acid polymerase), both abbreviated RNAP or RNApol, official name DNA-directed RNA polymerase, is a member of a family of enzymes that are essential to life: they are found in all organisms (-species) and many viruses.
Sequence homology is the biological homology between DNA, RNA, or protein sequences, defined in terms of shared ancestry in the evolutionary history of life.
Sodium chloride, also known as salt, is an ionic compound with the chemical formula NaCl, representing a 1:1 ratio of sodium and chloride ions.
Tracy Kay Camp (born September 27, 1964) is an American computer scientist noted for her research on wireless networking.
Transcription is the first step of gene expression, in which a particular segment of DNA is copied into RNA (especially mRNA) by the enzyme RNA polymerase.
In molecular biology, a transcription factor (TF) (or sequence-specific DNA-binding factor) is a protein that controls the rate of transcription of genetic information from DNA to messenger RNA, by binding to a specific DNA sequence.
Trypanosoma is a genus of kinetoplastids (class Kinetoplastida), a monophyletic group of unicellular parasitic flagellate protozoa.
Ultraviolet (UV) is electromagnetic radiation with a wavelength from 10 nm to 400 nm, shorter than that of visible light but longer than X-rays.
Vaccinia virus (VACV or VV) is a large, complex, enveloped virus belonging to the poxvirus family.
Virulence factors are molecules produced by bacteria, viruses, fungi, and protozoa that add to their effectiveness and enable them to achieve the following.
X-ray crystallography is a technique used for determining the atomic and molecular structure of a crystal, in which the crystalline atoms cause a beam of incident X-rays to diffract into many specific directions.
Z-RNA is a left-handed alternative conformation for the RNA double helix.
Z-DNA-binding protein 1, also known as DNA-dependent activator of IFN-regulatory factors (DAI) and DLM-1, is a protein that in humans is encoded by the ZBP1 gene.
Z-DNA binding protein 1, also known as Zuotin, is a Saccharomyces cerevisiae yeast gene.