78 relations: Alphabet, ASCII, Ì, Í, Î, Ï, Ɨ, Breve, Caron, Close front unrounded vowel, Computer terminal, Coptic alphabet, Cyrillic script, Diacritic, Dot (diacritic), Dotted and dotless I, Dotted I (Cyrillic), Double grave accent, Early Modern English, EBCDIC, Egyptian hieroglyphs, Egyptian language, English language, English orthography, Ȋ, ɪ, French language, French orthography, Ge'ez script, General American, German language, German orthography, Gothic alphabet, Great Vowel Shift, Greek alphabet, Hook (diacritic), Hook above, I (disambiguation), Ie (letter), IJ (digraph), Imaginary unit, Index (typography), International Phonetic Alphabet, Iota, Isaz, ISO basic Latin alphabet, Italian language, Italian orthography, J, J with stroke, ..., L, Latin, Latin script, Letter (alphabet), Long I, Macron (diacritic), Middle English, Near-close central unrounded vowel, Ogonek, Old Italic script, Phoenician alphabet, Received Pronunciation, Roman numerals, Runes, Sans-serif, Sideways I, Tilde, Tittle, Turkish alphabet, Typeface, Ugaritic alphabet, Unicode subscripts and superscripts, Uralic Phonetic Alphabet, Vertical bar, Voiced pharyngeal fricative, Vowel, Yodh, 1. Expand index (28 more) » « Shrink index
An alphabet is a standard set of letters (basic written symbols or graphemes) that is used to write one or more languages based upon the general principle that the letters represent phonemes (basic significant sounds) of the spoken language.
ASCII, abbreviated from American Standard Code for Information Interchange, is a character encoding standard for electronic communication.
Ì is used in the ISO 9:1995 system of Ukrainian transliteration as the Cyrillic letter І. In the Pinyin system of Chinese romanization, ì is an i with a falling tone.
Í, í (i-acute) is a letter in the Faroese, Hungarian, Icelandic, Czech, Slovak, and Tatar languages, where it often indicates a long /i/ vowel.
Î, î (i-circumflex) is a letter in the Friulian, Kurdish, and Romanian alphabets.
Ï, lowercase ï, is a symbol used in various languages written with the Latin alphabet; it can be read as the letter I with diaeresis or I-umlaut.
Christmas is an annual festival commemorating the birth of Jesus Christ,Martindale, Cyril Charles.
The Christmas season, also called the festive season, or the holiday season (mainly in the U.S. and Canada; often simply called the holidays),, is an annually recurring period recognized in many Western and Western-influenced countries that is generally considered to run from late November to early January.
Christmas Eve is the evening or entire day before Christmas Day, the festival commemorating the birth of Jesus.
Christmas traditions vary from country to country.
New Year is the time or day at which a new calendar year begins and the calendar's year count increments by one.
New Year's Day, also called simply New Year's or New Year, is observed on January 1, the first day of the year on the modern Gregorian calendar as well as the Julian calendar.
In the Gregorian calendar, New Year's Eve (also known as Old Year's Day or Saint Sylvester's Day in many countries), the last day of the year, is on 31 December which is the seventh day of Christmastide.
I-bar (majuscule: Ɨ, minuscule: ɨ), also called barred i, is a letter of the Latin alphabet, formed from I or i with the addition of a bar.
A breve (less often;; neuter form of the Latin brevis “short, brief”) is the diacritic mark ˘, shaped like the bottom half of a circle.
A caron, háček or haček (or; plural háčeks or háčky) also known as a hachek, wedge, check, inverted circumflex, inverted hat, is a diacritic (ˇ) commonly placed over certain letters in the orthography of some Baltic, Slavic, Finnic, Samic, Berber, and other languages to indicate a change in the related letter's pronunciation (c > č; >). The use of the haček differs according to the orthographic rules of a language.
The close front unrounded vowel, or high front unrounded vowel, is a type of vowel sound that occurs in most spoken languages, represented in the International Phonetic Alphabet by the symbol i. It is similar to the vowel sound in the English word meet—and often called long-e in American English.
A computer terminal is an electronic or electromechanical hardware device that is used for entering data into, and displaying or printing data from, a computer or a computing system.
The Coptic alphabet is the script used for writing the Coptic language.
The Cyrillic script is a writing system used for various alphabets across Eurasia (particularity in Eastern Europe, the Caucasus, Central Asia, and North Asia).
A diacritic – also diacritical mark, diacritical point, diacritical sign, or an accent – is a glyph added to a letter, or basic glyph.
When used as a diacritic mark, the term dot is usually reserved for the Interpunct (·), or to the glyphs 'combining dot above' (◌̇) and 'combining dot below' (◌̣) which may be combined with some letters of the extended Latin alphabets in use in Central European languages and Vietnamese.
Dotted İi and dotless Iı are separate letters in Turkish and Azerbaijani.
The dotted i (І і; italics: І і ), also called decimal i (и десятеричное), is a letter of the Cyrillic script.
The double grave accent is a diacritic used in scholarly discussions of the Serbo-Croatian and sometimes Slovene languages.
Early Modern English, Early New English (sometimes abbreviated to EModE, EMnE or EME) is the stage of the English language from the beginning of the Tudor period to the English Interregnum and Restoration, or from the transition from Middle English, in the late 15th century, to the transition to Modern English, in the mid-to-late 17th century.
Extended Binary Coded Decimal Interchange Code (EBCDIC) is an eight-bit character encoding used mainly on IBM mainframe and IBM midrange computer operating systems.
Egyptian hieroglyphs were the formal writing system used in Ancient Egypt.
The Egyptian language was spoken in ancient Egypt and was a branch of the Afro-Asiatic languages.
English is a West Germanic language that was first spoken in early medieval England and is now a global lingua franca.
English orthography is the system of writing conventions used to represent spoken English in written form that allows readers to connect spelling to sound to meaning.
Ȋ or ȋ is a letter of the Latin script formed by the addition of an inverted breve accent above the Latin letter I. Category:Uncommon Latin letters.
Small capital I is an additional letter of the Latin alphabet similar in its dimensions to the letter "i" but with a shape based on, its capital form.
French (le français or la langue française) is a Romance language of the Indo-European family.
French orthography encompasses the spelling and punctuation of the French language.
Ge'ez (Ge'ez: ግዕዝ), also known as Ethiopic, is a script used as an abugida (alphasyllabary) for several languages of Ethiopia and Eritrea.
General American (abbreviated as GA or GenAm) is the umbrella variety of American English—the continuum of accents—spoken by a majority of Americans and popularly perceived, among Americans, as lacking any distinctly regional, ethnic, or socioeconomic characteristics.
German (Deutsch) is a West Germanic language that is mainly spoken in Central Europe.
German orthography is the orthography used in writing the German language, which is largely phonemic.
The Gothic alphabet is an alphabet for writing the Gothic language, created in the 4th century by Ulfilas (or Wulfila) for the purpose of translating the Bible.
The Great Vowel Shift was a major series of changes in the pronunciation of the English language that took place, beginning in southern England, primarily between 1350 and the 1600s and 1700s, today influencing effectively all dialects of English.
The Greek alphabet has been used to write the Greek language since the late 9th or early 8th century BC.
In typesetting, the hook or tail is a diacritic mark attached to letters in many alphabets.
In typesetting, the hook above (dấu hỏi) is a diacritic mark placed on top of vowels in the Vietnamese alphabet.
I is the ninth letter of the Latin alphabet.
Ie or Iota (asomtavruli, nuskhuri, mkhedruli ჲ) is the 15th letter of the three Georgian scripts.
IJ (lowercase ij) is a digraph of the letters i and j. Occurring in the Dutch language, it is sometimes considered a ligature, or even a letter in itselfalthough in most fonts that have a separate character for ij, the two composing parts are not connected but are separate glyphs, sometimes slightly kerned.
The imaginary unit or unit imaginary number is a solution to the quadratic equation.
The symbol ☞ is a punctuation mark, called an index, manicule (from the Latin root manicula, meaning "little hand") or fist.
The International Phonetic Alphabet (IPA) is an alphabetic system of phonetic notation based primarily on the Latin alphabet.
Iota (uppercase Ι, lowercase ι) is the ninth letter of the Greek alphabet.
*Isaz is the reconstructed Proto-Germanic name of the i-rune, meaning "ice".
The ISO basic Latin alphabet is a Latin-script alphabet and consists of two sets of 26 letters, codified in various national and international standards and used widely in international communication.
Italian (or lingua italiana) is a Romance language.
Italian orthography uses a variant of the Latin alphabet consisting of 21 letters to write the Italian language.
J is the tenth letter in the modern English alphabet and the ISO basic Latin alphabet.
J with stroke (majuscule Ɉ, minuscule ɉ) is a letter of the Latin alphabet, derived from J with the addition of a bar through the letter.
L (named el) is the twelfth letter of the modern English alphabet and the ISO basic Latin alphabet, used in words such as lagoon, lantern, and less.
Latin (Latin: lingua latīna) is a classical language belonging to the Italic branch of the Indo-European languages.
Latin or Roman script is a set of graphic signs (script) based on the letters of the classical Latin alphabet, which is derived from a form of the Cumaean Greek version of the Greek alphabet, used by the Etruscans.
A letter is a grapheme (written character) in an alphabetic system of writing.
Long i,, transcribes a long i-vowel in Latin.
A macron is a diacritical mark: it is a straight bar placed above a letter, usually a vowel.
Middle English (ME) is collectively the varieties of the English language spoken after the Norman Conquest (1066) until the late 15th century; scholarly opinion varies but the Oxford English Dictionary specifies the period of 1150 to 1500.
The near-close central unrounded vowel, or near-high central unrounded vowel, is a vowel sound used in some spoken languages.
The ogonek (Polish:, "little tail", the diminutive of ogon; nosinė, "nasal") is a diacritic hook placed under the lower right corner of a vowel in the Latin alphabet used in several European languages, and directly under a vowel in several Native American languages.
Old Italic is one of several now extinct alphabet systems used on the Italian Peninsula in ancient times for various Indo-European languages (predominantly Italic) and non-Indo-European (e.g. Etruscan) languages.
The Phoenician alphabet, called by convention the Proto-Canaanite alphabet for inscriptions older than around 1050 BC, is the oldest verified alphabet.
Received Pronunciation (RP) is an accent of Standard English in the United Kingdom and is defined in the Concise Oxford English Dictionary as "the standard accent of English as spoken in the south of England", although it can be heard from native speakers throughout England and Wales.
The numeric system represented by Roman numerals originated in ancient Rome and remained the usual way of writing numbers throughout Europe well into the Late Middle Ages.
Runes are the letters in a set of related alphabets known as runic alphabets, which were used to write various Germanic languages before the adoption of the Latin alphabet and for specialised purposes thereafter.
In typography and lettering, a sans-serif, sans serif, gothic, or simply sans letterform is one that does not have extending features called "serifs" at the end of strokes.
The Sideways I is an epigraphic variant of Latin capital letter I used in early medieval Celtic inscriptions from Wales and southwest England (Cornwall and Devon).
The tilde (in the American Heritage dictionary or; ˜ or ~) is a grapheme with several uses.
A tittle or superscript dot is a small distinguishing mark, such as a diacritic or the dot on a lowercase i or j. The tittle is an integral part of the glyph of i and j, but diacritic dots can appear over other letters in various languages.
The Turkish alphabet (Türk alfabesi) is a Latin-script alphabet used for writing the Turkish language, consisting of 29 letters, seven of which (Ç, Ş, Ğ, I, İ, Ö, Ü) have been modified from their Latin originals for the phonetic requirements of the language.
In typography, a typeface (also known as font family) is a set of one or more fonts each composed of glyphs that share common design features.
The Ugaritic script is a cuneiform abjad used from around either the fifteenth century BCE or 1300 BCE for Ugaritic, an extinct Northwest Semitic language, and discovered in Ugarit (modern Ras Shamra), Syria, in 1928.
Unicode has subscripted and superscripted versions of a number of characters including a full set of Arabic numerals.
The Uralic Phonetic Alphabet (UPA) or Finno-Ugric transcription system is a phonetic transcription or notational system used predominantly for the transcription and reconstruction of Uralic languages.
The vertical bar (|) is a computer character and glyph with various uses in mathematics, computing, and typography.
The voiced pharyngeal approximant or fricative is a type of consonantal sound, used in some spoken languages.
A vowel is one of the two principal classes of speech sound, the other being a consonant.
Yodh (also spelled yud, yod, jod, or jodh) is the tenth letter of the Semitic abjads, including Phoenician Yōd, Hebrew Yōd, Aramaic Yodh, Syriac Yōḏ ܚ, and Arabic ي (in abjadi order, 28th in modern order).
1 (one, also called unit, unity, and (multiplicative) identity) is a number, numeral, and glyph.
2018 has been designated as the third International Year of the Reef by the International Coral Reef Initiative.
2019 (MMXIX) will be a common year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar, the 2019th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 19th year of the 3rd millennium, the 19th year of the 21st century, and the 10th and last year of the 2010s decade.