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Orange S.A.

Index Orange S.A.

Orange S.A., formerly France Télécom S.A., is a French multinational telecommunications corporation. [1]

199 relations: A.C. ChievoVerona, AfroBasket 2015, Agence des participations de l'État, Agence nationale de la recherche, Altice Dominicana S.A., Apple Inc., Armenia, Atalanta B.C., Audit, Autorité de la concurrence, École nationale supérieure des télécommunications de Bretagne, École normale supérieure (Paris), École Polytechnique, BBC, Benjamin Netanyahu, Bibliothèque nationale de France, Bloomberg L.P., Bluetooth, Boston, Bpifrance, Broadband, CAC 40, Caisse des dépôts et consignations, Canal+ Group, Central African Republic national basketball team, Centre commun d'études de télévision et télécommunications, Centre national d'études des télécommunications, Centre national de la recherche scientifique, Chairman, Channel 4 News, Chief executive officer, China Telecom, Christine Albanel, Claude Chappe, Claudie Haigneré, Consumer, Consumer organization, Corporation, Customer service, Dailymotion, Dark Age of Camelot, Deezer, Deutsche Telekom, Didier Lombard, Digital audio broadcasting, Digital television, Digital Video Broadcasting, Dot-com bubble, DSL modem, EE Limited, ..., Egyptian pound, Emmy Award, ERAP, ESSEC Business School, Ethernet, Euro, Euro Stoxx 50, Euronext Paris, France, Frédérique Dumas, Free (ISP), Freeserve, French Football Federation, French Institute for Research in Computer Science and Automation, French Ministry for the Economy and Finance, French Revolution, FTSE 100 Index, Gaumont Film Company, Globecast, GlobeCast World TV, Government of France, GSM, HBO, Hola (VPN), Holding company, Hong Kong, Hutchison Asia Telecom Group, Hutchison Whampoa, Imperial College London, Initial public offering, Innovacom, Inspection du travail, Institut für Rundfunktechnik, International Electrotechnical Commission, International Organization for Standardization, Internet, Internet forum, IPhone, IPTV, Israel, Jazztel, Joint Photographic Experts Group, Korek Telecom, L'Obs, Landline, Libération, Ligue 1, Lionel Jospin, List of companies of France, Local loop, Local-loop unbundling, London Stock Exchange, Mannesmann, Market capitalization, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Mauritius Telecom, Megaupload, Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer, Michel Bon, Mid Europa Partners, Minitel, Miri Regev, Mobile phone, Moving Picture Experts Group, MPEG-1 Audio Layer II, Multi-screen video, Multimedia Messaging Service, Multinational corporation, Naguib Sawiris, NASDAQ, NTL Incorporated, Olympique de Marseille, Online shopping, Orange Armenia, Orange Austria, Orange Belgium, Orange Business Services, Orange Egypt, Orange España, Orange Jordan, Orange Livebox, Orange Marine, Orange Moldova, Orange Morocco, Orange Polska, Orange RDC, Orange Romania, Orange S.A., Orange Slovensko, Orange Tunisia, Orange UK, OTV (Lebanon), Over-the-top media services, Paris, Paris Descartes University, Partner Communications Company, Philips, Plural Left, Postes, télégraphes et téléphones (France), Privatization, Public float, Regulation (European Union), Reuven Rivlin, Robur Siena, S.A. (corporation), S.S.C. Napoli, Satellite television, Senegal national basketball team, Serie A, SFR, Shimon Peres, SMS, South San Francisco, California, Spain, Speculation, Stéphane Richard, Stock exchange, Stock market index, Streaming television, StudioCanal, Sud-PTT, Supélec, Survey methodology, T-Mobile, Takeover, Telecom Italia, Telecommunication, Telegraphy, Television show, Telia Company, Thales Group, The Artist (film), Thierry Breton, TPS Star, Trade union, Triple play (telecommunications), U.C. Sampdoria, U.S. Città di Palermo, Ucom, Udinese Calcio, Urbs Reggina 1914, Video on demand, Vodafone, Warner Bros., Watchdog (TV series), Wi-Fi, 15th arrondissement of Paris, 3 (telecommunications), 3G. Expand index (149 more) »

A.C. ChievoVerona

Associazione Calcio ChievoVerona (more commonly known as ChievoVerona or simply Chievo) is an Italian professional football club named after and based in Chievo, a suburb of 4,500 inhabitants in Verona, Veneto, and owned by Paluani, a bakery product company and the inspiration for their original name, Paluani Chievo.

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AfroBasket 2015

AfroBasket 2015 was the 28th edition of the AfroBasket, a men's basketball continental championship of Africa.

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Agence des participations de l'État

Agence des participations de l'État (APE) is a special agency of the French Republic managing the state's holdings in about 70 firms, including France Telecom, Renault and Air France.

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Agence nationale de la recherche

The Agence Nationale de la Recherche (ANR, fr: National Agency for Research) is a French institution tasked with funding scientific research.

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Altice Dominicana S.A.

Altice Dominicana, S.A., formerly known as Tricom, is the second largest landline service provider in the Dominican Republic.

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Apple Inc.

Apple Inc. is an American multinational technology company headquartered in Cupertino, California, that designs, develops, and sells consumer electronics, computer software, and online services.

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Armenia

Armenia (translit), officially the Republic of Armenia (translit), is a country in the South Caucasus region of Eurasia.

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Atalanta B.C.

Atalanta Bergamasca Calcio, commonly known as just Atalanta, Atalanta Bergamo or the abbreviation Atalanta BC, is an Italian football club based in Bergamo, Lombardy.

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Audit

An audit is a systematic and independent examination of books, accounts, statutory records, documents and vouchers of an organization to ascertain how far the financial statements as well as non-financial disclosures present a true and fair view of the concern.

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Autorité de la concurrence

The Autorité de la concurrence (Competition Authority) is France's national competition regulator.

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École nationale supérieure des télécommunications de Bretagne

Telecom Bretagne (formerly known as ENST Bretagne) is one of the top French public institutions of higher education and research (Grandes Écoles) of engineering in France, and a high standard research centre providing high level training in Information Technologies and telecommunications.

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École normale supérieure (Paris)

The École normale supérieure (also known as Normale sup', Ulm, ENS Paris, l'École and most often just as ENS) is one of the most selective and prestigious French grandes écoles (higher education establishment outside the framework of the public university system) and a constituent college of Université PSL.

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École Polytechnique

École Polytechnique (also known as EP or X) is a French public institution of higher education and research in Palaiseau, a suburb southwest of Paris.

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BBC

The British Broadcasting Corporation (BBC) is a British public service broadcaster.

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Benjamin Netanyahu

Benjamin "Bibi" Netanyahu (born 21 October 1949) is an Israeli politician serving as the 9th and current Prime Minister of Israel since 2009, previously holding the position from 1996 to 1999.

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Bibliothèque nationale de France

The (BnF, English: National Library of France) is the national library of France, located in Paris.

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Bloomberg L.P.

Bloomberg L.P. is a privately held financial, software, data, and media company headquartered in Midtown Manhattan, New York City.

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Bluetooth

Bluetooth is a wireless technology standard for exchanging data over short distances (using short-wavelength UHF radio waves in the ISM band from 2.4 to 2.485GHz) from fixed and mobile devices, and building personal area networks (PANs).

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Boston

Boston is the capital city and most populous municipality of the Commonwealth of Massachusetts in the United States.

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Bpifrance

Banque publique d'investissement (literally Public Investment Bank, also known as Bpifrance, BPI Groupe S.A.) is a French investment bank.

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Broadband

In telecommunications, broadband is wide bandwidth data transmission which transports multiple signals and traffic types.

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CAC 40

The CAC 40 (CAC quarante) (Cotation Assistée en Continu) is a benchmark French stock market index.

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Caisse des dépôts et consignations

The Caisse des Dépôts et Consignations (Deposits and Consignments Fund) is a French public sector financial institution created in 1816, and part of the government institutions under the control of the Parliament.

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Canal+ Group

Canal Plus Group SA (Canal+) is a French film and television studio and distributor.

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Central African Republic national basketball team

The Central African Republic national basketball team are the men's basketball side that represents the Central African Republic in international competitions, administered by the Fédération Centrafricaine de Basketball.

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Centre commun d'études de télévision et télécommunications

CCETT or Centre commun d'études de télévision et télécommunications (Centre for the Study of Television broadcasting and Telecommunication or Common Study Center of Telediffusion and Telecommunication) was a research centre created in Rennes (France) in 1972 jointly by the Office de Radiodiffusion Télévision Française (ORTF) (later Télédiffusion de France) and Centre National d'Etudes des Telecommunications (CNET) (Direction Générale des Télécommunications, part of the French Ministry of Posts and Telecommunications) for development of new techniques for processing, transmission and distribution of audiovisual signals.

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Centre national d'études des télécommunications

The Centre national d'études des télécommunications (French language acronym CNET, national center for telecommunication studies in English) was a French national research centre in telecommunications.

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Centre national de la recherche scientifique

The French National Center for Scientific Research (Centre national de la recherche scientifique, CNRS) is the largest governmental research organisation in France and the largest fundamental science agency in Europe.

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Chairman

The chairman (also chairperson, chairwoman or chair) is the highest officer of an organized group such as a board, a committee, or a deliberative assembly.

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Channel 4 News

Channel 4 News is the main news programme on British television broadcaster Channel 4.

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Chief executive officer

Chief executive officer (CEO) is the position of the most senior corporate officer, executive, administrator, or other leader in charge of managing an organization especially an independent legal entity such as a company or nonprofit institution.

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China Telecom

China Telecom Corp., Ltd. is a Chinese Telecommunications company.

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Christine Albanel

Christine Albanel (born 25 June 1955) is a French politician and civil servant.

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Claude Chappe

Claude Chappe (December 25, 1763 – January 23, 1805) was a French inventor who in 1792 demonstrated a practical semaphore system that eventually spanned all of France.

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Claudie Haigneré

Claudie (André-Deshays) Haigneré (born 13 May 1957) is a French doctor, politician, and former astronaut with the Centre National d'Études Spatiales (1985–1999) and the European Space Agency (1999–2002).

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Consumer

A consumer is a person or organization that use economic services or commodities.

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Consumer organization

Consumer organizations are advocacy groups that seek to protect people from corporate abuse like unsafe products, predatory lending, false advertising, astroturfing and pollution.

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Corporation

A corporation is a company or group of people or an organisation authorized to act as a single entity (legally a person) and recognized as such in law.

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Customer service

Customer service is the provision of service to customers before, during and after a purchase.

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Dailymotion

Dailymotion is a video-sharing technology platform.

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Dark Age of Camelot

Dark Age of Camelot (DAoC) is a 3D medieval fantasy MMORPG, released on October 10, 2001 in North America and in Europe shortly after through its partner GOA.

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Deezer

Deezer is an Internet-based music streaming service.

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Deutsche Telekom

Deutsche Telekom AG (short form in writing only: DT) is a German telecommunications company headquartered in Bonn and by revenue the largest telecommunications provider in Europe.

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Didier Lombard

Didier Lombard (born 27 February 1942) is a French businessman.

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Digital audio broadcasting

Digital audio broadcasting (DAB) is a digital radio standard for broadcasting digital audio radio services, used in many countries across Europe, Asia, and the Pacific.

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Digital television

Digital television (DTV) is the transmission of television signals, including the sound channel, using digital encoding, in contrast to the earlier television technology, analog television, in which the video and audio are carried by analog signals.

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Digital Video Broadcasting

Digital Video Broadcasting (DVB) is a set of internationally open standards for digital television.

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Dot-com bubble

The dot-com bubble (also known as the dot-com boom, the dot-com crash, the Y2K crash, the Y2K bubble, the tech bubble, the Internet bubble, the dot-com collapse, and the information technology bubble) was a historic economic bubble and period of excessive speculation that occurred roughly from 1997 to 2001, a period of extreme growth in the usage and adaptation of the Internet.

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DSL modem

A digital subscriber line (DSL) modem is a device used to connect a computer or router to a telephone line which provides the digital subscriber line service for connectivity to the Internet, which is often called DSL broadband.

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EE Limited

EE (formerly Everything Everywhere) is a British mobile network operator, internet service provider and a division of BT Group.

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Egyptian pound

The Egyptian pound (جنيه مصرى; sign: E£, L.E. ج.م; code: EGP) is the currency of Egypt.

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Emmy Award

An Emmy Award, or simply Emmy, is an American award that recognizes excellence in the television industry, and is the equivalent of an Academy Award (for film), the Tony Award (for theater), and the Grammy Award (for music).

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ERAP

Entreprise de recherches et d'activités pétrolières is a French petroleum company created in 1965 by the merger of RAP (Régie autonome des pétroles) and BRP (Bureau de recherche des pétroles).

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ESSEC Business School

ESSEC Business School is an international higher education institution located in France (Cergy-Pontoise and La Défense in the Paris area), Singapore and Morocco.

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Ethernet

Ethernet is a family of computer networking technologies commonly used in local area networks (LAN), metropolitan area networks (MAN) and wide area networks (WAN).

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Euro

The euro (sign: €; code: EUR) is the official currency of the European Union.

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Euro Stoxx 50

The EURO STOXX 50 is a stock index of Eurozone stocks designed by STOXX, an index provider owned by Deutsche Börse Group.

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Euronext Paris

Euronext Paris is France's securities market, formerly known as the Paris Bourse, which merged with the Amsterdam, Lisbon and Brussels exchanges in September 2000 to form Euronext NV, which is the second largest exchange in Europe behind the UK's London Stock Exchange Group.

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France

France, officially the French Republic (République française), is a sovereign state whose territory consists of metropolitan France in Western Europe, as well as several overseas regions and territories.

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Frédérique Dumas

Frédérique Dumas (born May 18, 1963) is a French film producer and the CEO of Studio 37, the film production subsidiary of Orange.

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Free (ISP)

Free is a French telecommunications company, subsidiary of Iliad that provides voice, video, data, and Internet telecommunications to consumers in France.

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Freeserve

Freeserve was a British Internet service provider, which was founded in 1998.

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French Football Federation

The French Football Federation (FFF) (Fédération Française de Football) is the governing body of football in France.

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French Institute for Research in Computer Science and Automation

The French Institute for Research in Computer Science and Automation (Institut national de recherche en informatique et en automatique) is a French national research institution focusing on computer science and applied mathematics.

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French Ministry for the Economy and Finance

The French Ministry for the Economy and Finance (Ministère de l'économie et des finances), called the Finance Ministry for short and informally referred to as Bercy, is one of the most important ministries in the cabinet of France.

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French Revolution

The French Revolution (Révolution française) was a period of far-reaching social and political upheaval in France and its colonies that lasted from 1789 until 1799.

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FTSE 100 Index

The Financial Times Stock Exchange 100 Index, also called the FTSE 100 Index, FTSE 100, FTSE, or, informally, the "Footsie", is a share index of the 100 companies listed on the London Stock Exchange with the highest market capitalisation.

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Gaumont Film Company

The Gaumont Film Company (often shorted to Gaumont) is a French mini-major film studio founded by the engineer-turned-inventor Léon Gaumont (1864–1946), in 1895.

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Globecast

Globecast is a service company for the radio, television and media industry, providing solutions for media and content management, aggregation, formatting, processing, transmission and distribution.

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GlobeCast World TV

GlobeCast World TV was a television via satellite service received in North America via the Galaxy 19 satellite, providing ethnic television and audio channels.

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Government of France

The Government of the French Republic (Gouvernement de la République française) exercises executive power in France.

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GSM

GSM (Global System for Mobile communications) is a standard developed by the European Telecommunications Standards Institute (ETSI) to describe the protocols for second-generation digital cellular networks used by mobile devices such as tablets, first deployed in Finland in December 1991.

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HBO

Home Box Office (HBO) is an American premium cable and satellite television network of Home Box Office, Inc..

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Hola (VPN)

Hola is a freemium web and mobile application which provides a form of virtual private network services to its users through a peer-to-peer network.

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Holding company

A holding company is a company that owns other companies' outstanding stock.

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Hong Kong

Hong Kong (Chinese: 香港), officially the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region of the People's Republic of China, is an autonomous territory of China on the eastern side of the Pearl River estuary in East Asia.

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Hutchison Asia Telecom Group

Hutchison Asia Telecommunications Limited, formerly Hutchison Telecommunications International Limited, is a multinational telecommunications services company headquartered in Hong Kong and a wholly owned subsidiary of Hutchison Whampoa.

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Hutchison Whampoa

Hutchison Whampoa Limited (HWL) was an investment holding company based in Hong Kong.

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Imperial College London

Imperial College London (officially Imperial College of Science, Technology and Medicine) is a public research university located in London, United Kingdom.

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Initial public offering

Initial public offering (IPO) or stock market launch is a type of public offering in which shares of a company are sold to institutional investors and usually also retail (individual) investors; an IPO is underwritten by one or more investment banks, who also arrange for the shares to be listed on one or more stock exchanges.

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Innovacom

Founded in 1988, Innovacom is a venture capital firm with offices in Paris, Stockholm and San Francisco.

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Inspection du travail

The Inspection du travail (IT, Labour inspection) is a French specialized body of civil servants, charged of the surveillance of employment and labour law in firms, created in 1892 during the Third Republic.

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Institut für Rundfunktechnik

The Institut für Rundfunktechnik GmbH (IRT) (Institute for Broadcasting Technology Ltd.) is the research centre of the German broadcasters (ARD / ZDF / DLR), Austria's broadcaster (ORF) and the Swiss public broadcaster (SRG / SSR).

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International Electrotechnical Commission

The International Electrotechnical Commission (IEC; in French: Commission électrotechnique internationale) is an international standards organization that prepares and publishes International Standards for all electrical, electronic and related technologies – collectively known as "electrotechnology".

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International Organization for Standardization

The International Organization for Standardization (ISO) is an international standard-setting body composed of representatives from various national standards organizations.

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Internet

The Internet is the global system of interconnected computer networks that use the Internet protocol suite (TCP/IP) to link devices worldwide.

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Internet forum

An Internet forum, or message board, is an online discussion site where people can hold conversations in the form of posted messages.

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IPhone

iPhone is a line of smartphones designed and marketed by Apple Inc. The iPhone line of products use Apple's iOS mobile operating system software.

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IPTV

Internet Protocol television (IPTV) is the delivery of television content over Internet Protocol (IP) networks.

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Israel

Israel, officially the State of Israel, is a country in the Middle East, on the southeastern shore of the Mediterranean Sea and the northern shore of the Red Sea.

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Jazztel

Jazztel is a telecom that operates in Spain offering triple play services (telephone, Internet and television).

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Joint Photographic Experts Group

The Joint Photographic Experts Group is the joint committee founded by Jim Judkins between ISO/IEC JTC 1 and ITU-T (formerly CCITT) that created the JPEG, JPEG 2000, and JPEG XR standards.

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Korek Telecom

Korek Telecom (کۆرەک تیلیکۆم) is a Kurdish mobile phone operator company in Pirmam, Erbil, Arbil Province, in Iraqi Kurdistan.

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L'Obs

L’Obs, previously known as Le Nouvel Observateur (1964–2014), is a weekly French news magazine.

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Landline

A landline telephone (also known as land line, land-line, main line, home phone, landline, fixed-line, and wireline) is a phone that uses a metal wire or optical fiber telephone line for transmission as distinguished from a mobile cellular line, which uses radio waves for transmission.

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Libération

Libération (popularly known as Libé), is a daily newspaper in France, founded in Paris by Jean-Paul Sartre and Serge July in 1973 in the wake of the protest movements of May 1968.

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Ligue 1

Ligue 1, also called Ligue 1 Conforama for sponsorship reasons with Conforama, is a French professional league for men's association football clubs.

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Lionel Jospin

Lionel Jospin (born 12 July 1937) is a French politician, who served as Prime Minister of France from 1997 to 2002.

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List of companies of France

France is a country whose territory consists of metropolitan France in western Europe, as well as several overseas regions and territories.

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Local loop

In telephony, the local loop (also referred to as a local tail, subscriber line, or in the aggregate as the last mile) is the physical link or circuit that connects from the demarcation point of the customer premises to the edge of the common carrier or telecommunications service provider's network.

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Local-loop unbundling

Local loop unbundling (LLU or LLUB) is the regulatory process of allowing multiple telecommunications operators to use connections from the telephone exchange to the customer's premises.

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London Stock Exchange

The London Stock Exchange (LSE) is a stock exchange located in the City of London, England.

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Mannesmann

Mannesmann was a German industrial conglomerate.

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Market capitalization

Market capitalization (market cap) is the market value of a publicly traded company's outstanding shares.

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Massachusetts Institute of Technology

The Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) is a private research university located in Cambridge, Massachusetts, United States.

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Mauritius Telecom

Mauritius Telecom (MT) is a telecommunications company in Mauritius, a small republic in the Indian Ocean.

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Megaupload

Megaupload Ltd was a Hong Kong-based online company established in 2005 that operated from 2005 to 2012 providing online services related to file storage and viewing.

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Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer

Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer Studios Inc. (initialized as MGM or hyphenated as M-G-M, also known as Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer Pictures, Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer or simply Metro, and for a former interval known as Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer/United Artists, or MGM/UA) is an American media company, involved primarily in the production and distribution of feature films and television programs.

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Michel Bon

Michel Bon (born 5 July 1943) is a French businessman and politician.

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Mid Europa Partners

Mid Europa Partners is an independent private equity player in Central and Eastern Europe focused on Central and Eastern Europe with approximately €2.2 billion of assets under management.

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Minitel

The Minitel was a Videotex online service accessible through telephone lines, and is considered one of the world's most successful pre-World Wide Web online services.

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Miri Regev

Miriam "Miri" Regev (מרים "מירי" רגב; born Miriam Siboni on May 26, 1965) is an Israeli politician and a former Brigadier-general in the Israel Defense Forces, in which she served as IDF Spokeswoman.

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Mobile phone

A mobile phone, known as a cell phone in North America, is a portable telephone that can make and receive calls over a radio frequency link while the user is moving within a telephone service area.

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Moving Picture Experts Group

The Moving Picture Experts Group (MPEG) is a working group of authorities that was formed by ISO and IEC to set standards for audio and video compression and transmission.

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MPEG-1 Audio Layer II

MPEG-1 Audio Layer II or MPEG-2 Audio Layer II (MP2, sometimes incorrectly called Musicam or MUSICAM) is a lossy audio compression format defined by ISO/IEC 11172-3 alongside MPEG-1 Audio Layer I and MPEG-1 Audio Layer III (MP3).

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Multi-screen video

In the fields of broadcasting and content delivery, multiscreen video describes video content transformed into multiple formats, bit rates and resolutions for display on devices such as television, mobile phone, tablet computer and computer.

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Multimedia Messaging Service

Multimedia Messaging Service (MMS) is a standard way to send messages that include multimedia content to and from a mobile phone over a cellular network.

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Multinational corporation

A multinational corporation (MNC) or worldwide enterprise is a corporate organization that owns or controls production of goods or services in at least one country other than its home country.

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Naguib Sawiris

Naguib Onsi Sawiris (or Sawires,, نجيب انسي ساويرس, or; born 17 June 1954) is a Coptic-Egyptian billionaire businessman.

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NASDAQ

The Nasdaq Stock Market is an American stock exchange.

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NTL Incorporated

NTL Incorporated, branded as ntl:, was a United States-listed British company founded in 1992, which provided cable television, cable internet and fixed-line cable telephone services.

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Olympique de Marseille

Olympique de Marseille, also known as l'OM or simply Marseille, is a French football club in Marseille.

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Online shopping

Online shopping is a form of electronic commerce which allows consumers to directly buy goods or services from a seller over the Internet using a web browser.

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Orange Armenia

Orange Armenia was the Armenian branch of telecommunications company Orange S.A. It was one of the three companies having license for mobile networking till 2015.

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Orange Austria

Orange Austria was an Austrian mobile network operator.

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Orange Belgium

Orange Belgium (known as Orange) is a Belgian telecoms company.

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Orange Business Services

Orange Business Services, the business services arm of Orange S.A., is a global integrator of communications products and services for multinational corporations. It offers integrated communications products and services to global enterprises in cloud computing, unified communications and collaboration; which manage and integrate the complexity of international communications. Orange Business Services was founded on 1 June 2006, through a rebranding and consolidation of the existing France Telecom businesses of Equant and Wanadoo. It operates in over 220 countries and territories and employs over 21,000 employees in 166 countries. Orange Business Services is No.1 innovative company in Europe and 19th worldwide, and have more than 8,000 registered patents in their portfolio, specializes in IoT, Smart Cities, Digital Transformation, Big Data analytics and Artificial Intelligence. Over last few years, 700 million euros were invested in research and development with a dedicated team of 8000 employees including scientists, engineers, developers, designers, sociologists and marketers. Orange labs is made up of 15 research and development centers across four continents and "strongly committed to creating practicable, accessible technology that is designed to benefit mankind and genuinely transform people’s day-to-day lives".

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Orange Egypt

Orange Egypt (Egyptian: اورنچ مصر, Orange Maṣr), formerly Mobinil, is the first mobile network operator in Egypt, founded on March 4, 1998.

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Orange España

Orange Espagne S.A.U., more commonly known by its trade name of Orange España, is a mobile network operator in Spain.

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Orange Jordan

Orange Jordan is a Jordanian public mobile telephone network operator, and is the operator of the mobile communications license granted to Jordan Telecom.

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Orange Livebox

Orange Livebox is an ADSL wireless router available to customers of Orange's Broadband services in the United Kingdom, Kenya, Guinea, France, Tunisia, Spain, Jordan, the Netherlands, Switzerland, Poland, Belgium, Orange's Mauritian partner MyT, Lightspeed Communications in Bahrain and Orange Botswana.

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Orange Marine

Orange Marine (formerly France Télécom Marine) is a wholly owned subsidiary of Orange S.A. It is a major actor in the laying of new submarine communications cables and the maintenance of existing cables across the world's oceans.

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Orange Moldova

Orange Moldova is a subsidiary of Orange S.A. operating in Moldova since April 1998.

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Orange Morocco

Orange Morocco (Maroc) (or previously Médi Télécom or Méditel) is one of three licensed telecommunications operators in Morocco.

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Orange Polska

Orange Polska (formerly Telekomunikacja Polska) is a Polish telecommunications provider established in December 1991.

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Orange RDC

Orange RDC (formerly Congo Chine Télécoms or CCT) is a telecommunications company operating in the Democratic Republic of the Congo.

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Orange Romania

Orange România is a broadband Internet service provider and mobile provider in Romania.

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Orange S.A.

Orange S.A., formerly France Télécom S.A., is a French multinational telecommunications corporation.

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Orange Slovensko

Orange Slovensko, a.s. is a Slovak mobile network operator, also offering fibre connections, since 15 January 1997 (previously named Globtel), when it became the first mobile operator in Slovakia to operate the GSM digital mobile network at the 900 MHz frequency.

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Orange Tunisia

Orange Tunisia acquired a license in Tunisia on 5 May 2010, making it the leading 3G mobile operator with Divona Telecom, the second landline operator and the third mobile phone operator in Tunisia.

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Orange UK

Orange UK was a mobile network operator and former internet service provider in the UK that was launched in 1993.

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OTV (Lebanon)

OTV (أو تي في) is a publicly traded television station in Lebanon.

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Over-the-top media services

Over the top (OTT) is a term used to refer to content providers that distribute streaming media as a standalone product directly to consumers over the Internet, bypassing telecommunications, multichannel television, and broadcast television platforms that traditionally act as a controller or distributor of such content.

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Paris

Paris is the capital and most populous city of France, with an area of and a population of 2,206,488.

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Paris Descartes University

Paris Descartes University (Université Paris 5 René Descartes), also known as Paris V, is a French public research university located in Paris.

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Partner Communications Company

Partner Communications Company Ltd. (חברת פרטנר תקשורת בע"מ) doing business as Partner (פרטנר), formerly known as Orange Israel (אורנג' ישראל), is a mobile network operator, internet Wi-Fi and fixed telephony service provider in Israel.

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Philips

Koninklijke Philips N.V. (Philips, stylized as PHILIPS) is a Dutch multinational technology company headquartered in Amsterdam currently focused in the area of healthcare.

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Plural Left

The Gauche Plurielle (French for Plural Left) was a left-wing coalition in France, composed of the Socialist Party (Parti socialiste or PS), the French Communist Party (Parti communiste français or PCF), the Greens, the Left Radical Party (Parti radical de gauche or PRG), and the Citizens' Movement (Mouvement des citoyens or MDC).

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Postes, télégraphes et téléphones (France)

Postes, télégraphes et téléphones (P&T, PTT, P et T) was the French administration of postal services and telecommunications, formed in 1921.

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Privatization

Privatization (also spelled privatisation) is the purchase of all outstanding shares of a publicly traded company by private investors, or the sale of a state-owned enterprise to private investors.

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Public float

Public float or free float represents the portion of shares of a corporation that are in the hands of public investors as opposed to locked-in stock held by promoters, company officers, controlling-interest investors, or government.

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Regulation (European Union)

A regulation is a legal act of the European Union that becomes immediately enforceable as law in all member states simultaneously.

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Reuven Rivlin

Reuven "Ruvi" Rivlin (רְאוּבֵן "רוּבִי" רִיבְלִין,; born 9 September 1939) is an Israeli politician and lawyer serving as the 10th and current President of Israel since 2014.

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Robur Siena

Robur Siena S.p.A., formerly known as Associazione Calcio Siena S.p.A. and often referred to as Robur or simply Siena, is an Italian football club based in Siena, in the region of Tuscany.

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S.A. (corporation)

S.A. (and variants) designates a type of corporation in countries that mostly employ civil law.

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S.S.C. Napoli

Società Sportiva Calcio Napoli, commonly referred to as Napoli, is a professional Italian football club based in Naples, Campania.

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Satellite television

Satellite television is a service that delivers television programming to viewers by relaying it from a communications satellite orbiting the Earth directly to the viewer's location.

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Senegal national basketball team

The Senegalese national basketball team has included several players who have competed in the U.S. National Basketball Association, including former Charlotte Bobcats center DeSagana Diop and current Minnesota Timberwolves center Gorgui Dieng, and is considered to be, along with those of Nigeria and Angola, a top African side.

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Serie A

Serie A, also called Serie A TIM due to sponsorship by TIM, is a professional league competition for football clubs located at the top of the Italian football league system and the winner is awarded the Coppa Campioni d'Italia.

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SFR

SFR (Société française du radiotéléphone) is a French telecommunications company that provides voice, video, data, and Internet telecommunications and professional services to consumers and businesses.

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Shimon Peres

Shimon Peres (שמעון פרס,; born Szymon Perski; August 2, 1923 – September 28, 2016) was an Israeli politician who served as the ninth President of Israel (2007–2014), the Prime Minister of Israel (twice), and the Interim Prime Minister, in the 1970s to the 1990s.

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SMS

SMS (short message service) is a text messaging service component of most telephone, internet, and mobile-device systems.

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South San Francisco, California

South San Francisco is a city in San Mateo County, California, United States, located on the San Francisco Peninsula in the San Francisco Bay Area.

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Spain

Spain (España), officially the Kingdom of Spain (Reino de España), is a sovereign state mostly located on the Iberian Peninsula in Europe.

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Speculation

Speculation is the purchase of an asset (a commodity, goods, or real estate) with the hope that it will become more valuable at a future date.

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Stéphane Richard

Stéphane Richard (born 24 August 1961) is a French businessman and the Chief Executive and Chairman of the worldwide mobile phone network Orange.

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Stock exchange

A stock exchange, securities exchange or bourse, is a facility where stock brokers and traders can buy and sell securities, such as shares of stock and bonds and other financial instruments.

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Stock market index

A stock index or stock market index is a measurement of a section of the stock market.

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Streaming television

Streaming television (or streaming TV) is the digital distribution of television content, such as TV shows, as streaming video delivered over the Internet.

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StudioCanal

StudioCanal (formerly known as Le Studio Canal+, Canal Plus, Canal+ Distribution, Canal+ Production, and Canal+ Image) is a Franco-British film production and distribution company that owns the third-largest film library in the world.

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Sud-PTT

Sud-PTT is a French trade union created in fall 1988 after the exclusion of more radical elements from the CFDT-PTT.

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Supélec

École supérieure d'électricité, commonly known as Supélec, was a French graduate school of engineering.

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Survey methodology

A field of applied statistics of human research surveys, survey methodology studies the sampling of individual units from a population and associated techniques of survey data collection, such as questionnaire construction and methods for improving the number and accuracy of responses to surveys.

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T-Mobile

T-Mobile is the brand name used by the mobile communications subsidiaries of the German telecommunications company Deutsche Telekom AG.

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Takeover

In business, a takeover is the purchase of one company (the target) by another (the acquirer, or bidder).

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Telecom Italia

TIM S.p.A., also operating under the name Telecom Italia, is an Italian telecommunications company headquartered in Milan, which provides telephony services, mobile services, and DSL data services.

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Telecommunication

Telecommunication is the transmission of signs, signals, messages, words, writings, images and sounds or information of any nature by wire, radio, optical or other electromagnetic systems.

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Telegraphy

Telegraphy (from Greek: τῆλε têle, "at a distance" and γράφειν gráphein, "to write") is the long-distance transmission of textual or symbolic (as opposed to verbal or audio) messages without the physical exchange of an object bearing the message.

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Television show

A television show (often simply TV show) is any content produced for broadcast via over-the-air, satellite, cable, or internet and typically viewed on a television set, excluding breaking news, advertisements, or trailers that are typically placed between shows.

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Telia Company

Telia Company AB is a Swedish dominant telephone company and mobile network operator present in Sweden, Finland, Norway, Denmark and Baltic States.

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Thales Group

Thales Group is a French multinational company that designs and builds electrical systems and provides services for the aerospace, defence, transportation and security markets.

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The Artist (film)

The Artist is a 2011 French comedy-drama in the style of a black-and-white silent film written, directed, and co-edited by Michel Hazanavicius, produced by Thomas Langmann, and stars Jean Dujardin and Bérénice Bejo.

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Thierry Breton

Thierry Breton (born 15 January 1955 in Paris) is a French businessman, a former Professor at Harvard Business School, and a former Finance minister of France.

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TPS Star

TPS Star was a French general entertainment channel broadcasting movies, sports and sitcoms.

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Trade union

A trade union or trades union, also called a labour union (Canada) or labor union (US), is an organization of workers who have come together to achieve many common goals; such as protecting the integrity of its trade, improving safety standards, and attaining better wages, benefits (such as vacation, health care, and retirement), and working conditions through the increased bargaining power wielded by the creation of a monopoly of the workers.

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Triple play (telecommunications)

In telecommunications, triple play service is a marketing term for the provisioning, over a single broadband connection, of: two bandwidth-intensive services, broadband Internet access and television, and the latency-sensitive telephone.

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U.C. Sampdoria

Unione Calcio Sampdoria, commonly known as Sampdoria, is an Italian association football club based in Genoa.

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U.S. Città di Palermo

Unione Sportiva Città di Palermo, commonly referred to as Palermo, is an Italian football club from Palermo, Sicily, playing in Serie B. Formed in 1900 as Anglo Palermitan Athletic and Football Club, the club had various names before assuming its current form in 1987, and is the top-ranked football club from the island of Sicily.

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Ucom

Ucom is a mobile network operator and internet service provider in Armenia.

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Udinese Calcio

Udinese Calcio (known simply as Udinese) is an Italian football club based in Udine, Friuli-Venezia Giulia, and currently plays in the Serie A. Founded in 1896, Udinese is the second oldest club in Italy, after Genoa.

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Urbs Reggina 1914

Urbs Reggina 1914 S.r.l., commonly referred to as Reggina, is an Italian association football club, the main club of the city of Reggio Calabria.

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Video on demand

Video on demand is a programming system which allows users to select and watch/listen to video or audio content such as movies and TV shows whenever they choose, rather than at a scheduled broadcast time, the method that prevailed with over-the-air programming during the 20th century.

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Vodafone

Vodafone Group plc is a British multinational telecommunications conglomerate, with headquarters in London.

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Warner Bros.

Warner Bros.

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Watchdog (TV series)

Watchdog is a British consumer investigative journalism programme, created by the BBC on 8 September 1980, and aired on BBC One.

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Wi-Fi

Wi-Fi or WiFi is technology for radio wireless local area networking of devices based on the IEEE 802.11 standards.

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15th arrondissement of Paris

The 15th arrondissement of Paris (XVe arrondissement) is one of the 20 arrondissements of the capital city of France.

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3 (telecommunications)

3 (or Three) is a global brand name under which several UMTS-based mobile phone networks and Broadband Internet Providers operate in Hong Kong, Macau, Austria, Denmark, Indonesia, Ireland, Italy, Sweden and the United Kingdom.

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3G

3G, short for third generation, is the third generation of wireless mobile telecommunications technology.

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Redirects here:

France Telecom, France Telecom S.A., France Telecom SA, France Télécom, France Télécom S.A., France Télécom SA, France telecom, Itinéris, Mobicarte, OLA (Mobile phone), OpenTransit, Orange (Mobile Telephone company), Orange (brand), Orange (company), Orange (telecommunications), Orange (telecoms), Orange Botswana, Orange Cameroon, Orange Dominicana, Orange France, Orange Ivory Coast, Orange Kenya, Orange Labs, Orange Liechtenstein, Orange Luxembourg, Orange Madagascar, Orange Mali, Orange Mauritius, Orange Mobile, Orange Network, Orange Niger, Orange Réunion, Orange SA, Orange Sa, Orange Senegal, Orange Sport, Orange Switzerland, Orange Telecom, Orange Telecommunications, Orange Uganda, Orange s.a., Orange sa, Orange.com, Orange.fr, Salt Mobile SA, VOXMobile, VOXmobile.

References

[1] https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Orange_S.A.

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