292 relations: ACTRA, Adam Smith, AFL–CIO, Agency shop, American English, American Federation of Labor, American middle class, American Standoff, Anti-communism, Anti-Socialist Laws, Apprenticeship, Association of Vatican Lay Workers, Australian Council of Trade Unions, Australian Labor Party, Australian labour movement, Australian Workers' Union, Barton Government, Bastard Boys, Battle of Matewan, BBC News, Beatrice Webb, Belgium, Benefit society, Benjamin Brown (scholar), Billy Elliot, Biographical film, Black Fury (film), Blue-collar worker, Brassed Off, Bread and Roses (2000 film), British National Party, Bruce Western, Brussels, California, Canadian English, Canadian Labour Congress, Canadian Union of Postal Workers, Canadian Union of Public Employees, Change to Win Federation, Cheshire, Chief executive officer, Child labour, Closed shop, Co-determination, Collective bargaining, Combination Act 1799, Combinations of Workmen Act 1825, Comparative advantage, Confederation of Christian Trade Unions, Conservatism, ..., Conservative Party (UK), Conservatives at Work, Costa Rica, Costa Rican Civil War, Craft unionism, Crystal Lee Sutton, Dan La Botz, Danny DeVito, David Miliband, Days of Hope, Democratic Party (United States), Derbyshire, Duke University Press, Eastern Europe, Economist, Economy of Germany, Ed Miliband, Eight-hour day, Election, Eleventh and Final Report of the Royal Commissioners appointed to Inquire into the Organization and Rules of Trades Unions and Other Associations, Elia Kazan, Employment, Employment contract, F.I.S.T., Federation of Organized Trades and Labor Unions, Final Offer, Finland, Flanders, Flemish, Ford Motor Company, Ford sewing machinists strike of 1968, Fraternity, Free Association of German Trade Unions, Free-rider problem, Freemasonry, Friendly society, General Confederation of Labour (France), General Confederation of Liberal Trade Unions of Belgium, General Federation of Belgian Labour, General Motors, General strike, General union, German revolutions of 1848–49, German Trade Union Confederation, Ghent, Ghent system, Global union federation, Global Unions, Grand National Consolidated Trades Union, Guild, Harlan County, USA, Harvard University Press, Haskell Wexler, Hiring hall, Hoffa, Hugh Clegg (industrial relations expert), I'm All Right Jack, Iceland, Income inequality in the United States, Independent Order of Odd Fellows, Industrial action, Industrial Revolution, Industrial unionism, Industrialisation, International, International Alliance of Theatrical Stage Employees, International Brotherhood of Teamsters, International Federation of Journalists, International Labour Organization, International Trade Union Confederation, International Transport Workers' Federation, Ivan Rand, James Callaghan, Jim Allen (playwright), Jimmy Hoffa, John Doherty (trade unionist), John Sayles, John Stuart Mill, Joseph Stiglitz, Juridical person, Karl Marx, King Syze, Kingdom of England, Knights of Labor, Korean New Year, Labor federation competition in the United States, Labor Management Relations Act of 1947, Labor Management Reporting and Disclosure Act of 1959, Labor Notes (organization), Labour council, Labour law, Labour movement, Labour Party (UK), LabourStart, Laissez-faire, Lancashire, Latin America, Law and Justice, Left-wing politics, Leicestershire, Liberal Party of Canada, Liberalism, List of federations of trade unions, List of trade unions, Local union, Lockout (industry), London, London Trades Council, Los Angeles, Luddite, Made in Dagenham, Made in L.A. (2007 film), Manchester, Margaret Thatcher, Martin Ritt, Marxism, Matewan, Meiji period, Metello, Mexican miracle, Middle Ages, Middle class, Milton Friedman, Miner, Monthly Labor Review, Napoleonic Wars, National Association for the Protection of Labour, National trade union center, National Trade Union Council (Japan), National Union of Mineworkers (Great Britain), National Union of Public and General Employees, Neoliberalism, Netherlands, New Model Union, New unionism, Nordic countries, Norma Rae, Norman Jewison, Northern Territory, Norway, Nottinghamshire, Occupation of Japan, Occupational safety and health, Office of Public Sector Information, On the Waterfront, Open shop, Ordinance of Labourers 1349, Organizing model, Oshawa, Otto von Bismarck, Outline of working time and conditions, Pensioner, Peter Sellers, Pierre Trudeau, Pillarisation, Poland, Political party, Power (social and political), Pride (2014 film), Principles of Political Economy, Privatization, Professional, Professional Air Traffic Controllers Organization (1968), Protectionist Party, Public sector, Public Service Alliance of Canada, Public Services International, Radical War, Rand formula, Religious nationalism, RENGO, Republic of Ireland, Republican Party (United States), Right-to-work law, Right-wing paramilitarism in Colombia, Robert Owen, Ronald Reagan, Sally Field, Sally Hawkins, Salt (union organizing), Salt of the Earth (1954 film), Scandinavia, Service model, Sheep shearer, Sheffield Outrages, Shop steward, Sidney Webb, 1st Baron Passfield, Sindicato Nacional de Trabajadores de la Educación, Sindicato Nacional de Trabajadores de la Industria de Alimentos, Social democracy, Social movement unionism, Socialism, Solidarity (Polish trade union), South Korea, Standard of living, Stevedore, Strike action, Sturla Gunnarsson, Sweden, Swedish Trade Union Confederation, Switzerland, Sylvester Stallone, Textile and clothing trade unions, The Big Flame, The Grapes of Wrath (film), The History of Trade Unionism, The Maritimes, The Rank and File, The Real News, The Wealth of Nations, Tolpuddle Martyrs, Trade union, Trades hall, Trades Union Congress, UNI Global Union, Unifor, Union busting, Union organizer, Union shop, United Automobile Workers, United Food and Commercial Workers, United Kingdom general election, 1979, United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland, United Steelworkers, Verein Deutscher Ingenieure, Victorian Trades Hall, Wage, War of 1812, Washington Consensus, Wealth inequality in the United States, Weaving, Welsh people, Western Europe, White Australia policy, Windsor, Ontario, Winter of Discontent, With Babies and Banners: Story of the Women's Emergency Brigade, Working class, World Federation of Trade Unions, World War II, Zenroren, 1998 Australian waterfront dispute. 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The Alliance of Canadian Cinema, Television and Radio Artists (ACTRA) is a Canadian labour union representing performers in English-language media.
Adam Smith (16 June 1723 NS (5 June 1723 OS) – 17 July 1790) was a Scottish economist, philosopher and author as well as a moral philosopher, a pioneer of political economy and a key figure during the Scottish Enlightenment era.
The American Federation of Labor and Congress of Industrial Organizations (AFL-CIO) is the largest federation of unions in the United States.
An agency shop is a form of union security agreement where the employer may hire union or non-union workers, and employees need not join the union in order to remain employed.
American English (AmE, AE, AmEng, USEng, en-US), sometimes called United States English or U.S. English, is the set of varieties of the English language native to the United States.
The American Federation of Labor (AFL) was a national federation of labor unions in the United States founded in Columbus, Ohio, in December 1886 by an alliance of craft unions disaffected from the Knights of Labor, a national labor union.
The American middle class is a social class in the United States.
American Standoff is an American 2002 documentary film by Kristi Jacobson which documents much of a strike by the Teamsters against a package delivery company, Overnite Transportation (now a subsidiary of United Parcel Service).
Anti-communism is opposition to communism.
The Anti-Socialist Laws or Socialist Laws (Sozialistengesetze; officially Gesetz gegen die gemeingefährlichen Bestrebungen der Sozialdemokratie, approximately "Law against the public danger of Social Democratic endeavours") were a series of acts, the first of which was passed on October 19, 1878 by the German Reichstag lasting until March 31, 1881, and extended four times (May 1880, May 1884, April 1886 and February 1888).
An apprenticeship is a system of training a new generation of practitioners of a trade or profession with on-the-job training and often some accompanying study (classroom work and reading).
The Association of Vatican Lay Workers (Associazione Dipendenti Laici Vaticani; ADLV) is the sole trade union in Vatican City.
The Australian Council of Trade Unions (ACTU) is the largest peak body representing workers in Australia.
The Australian Labor Party (ALP, also Labor, was Labour before 1912) is a political party in Australia.
The Australian labour movement has its origins in the early 19th century and includes both trade unions and political activity.
The Australian Workers Union (AWU) is one of Australia's largest and oldest trade unions.
The Barton Government was the first federal Executive Government of the Commonwealth of Australia.
Bastard Boys is an Australian television miniseries broadcast on the ABC in 2007.
The Battle of Matewan (also known as the Matewan massacre) was a shootout in the town of Matewan in Mingo County and the Pocahontas Coalfield mining district, in southern West Virginia.
BBC News is an operational business division of the British Broadcasting Corporation (BBC) responsible for the gathering and broadcasting of news and current affairs.
Martha Beatrice Webb, Baroness Passfield, (née Potter; 22 January 1858 – 30 April 1943), was an English sociologist, economist, socialist, labour historian and social reformer.
Belgium, officially the Kingdom of Belgium, is a country in Western Europe bordered by France, the Netherlands, Germany and Luxembourg.
A benefit society, fraternal benefit society or fraternal benefit order is a society, an organization or a voluntary association formed to provide mutual aid, benefit, for instance insurance for relief from sundry difficulties.
Benjamin Brown (born July 1, 1966 in Tel Aviv) is an Israeli professor, researcher of Judaism and Jewish thought, lecturer at the Department of Jewish thought at Hebrew University and a researcher at the Israel Democracy Institute.
Billy Elliot is a 2000 British dance drama film about a boy becoming a professional ballet dancer, set in north-eastern England during the 1984–85 coal miners' strike.
A biographical film, or biopic (abbreviation for biographical motion picture), is a film that dramatizes the life of a non-fictional or historically-based person or people.
Black Fury is a 1935 American crime film starring Paul Muni, Karen Morley, and William Gargan.
In the United States and (at least some) other English-speaking countries, a blue-collar worker is a working class person who performs manual labor.
Brassed Off is a 1996 British comedy-drama film written and directed by Mark Herman and starring Pete Postlethwaite, Tara Fitzgerald and Ewan McGregor.
Bread and Roses is a 2000 film directed by Ken Loach, starring Pilar Padilla, Adrien Brody and Elpidia Carrillo.
The British National Party (BNP) is a far-right and fascist political party in the United Kingdom.
Bruce Prichart Western (born July 1, 1964) is an Australian-born American sociologist and the Daniel and Florence Guggenheim Professor of Criminal Justice Policy at Harvard University.
Brussels (Bruxelles,; Brussel), officially the Brussels-Capital Region (All text and all but one graphic show the English name as Brussels-Capital Region.) (Région de Bruxelles-Capitale, Brussels Hoofdstedelijk Gewest), is a region of Belgium comprising 19 municipalities, including the City of Brussels, which is the de jure capital of Belgium.
California is a state in the Pacific Region of the United States.
Canadian English (CanE, CE, en-CA) is the set of varieties of the English language native to Canada.
The Canadian Labour Congress, or CLC (Congrès du travail du Canada or CTC) is a national trade union centre, the central labour body in English Canada to which most Canadian labour unions are affiliated.
The Canadian Union of Postal Workers (CUPW; Syndicat des travailleurs et travailleuses des postes) is a public sector trade union representing postal workers including letter carriers, rural and suburban mail carriers, postal clerks, mail handlers and dispatchers, technicians, mechanics and electricians employed at Canada Post as well as private sector workers outside Canada Post.
The Canadian Union of Public Employees (CUPE, French: Syndicat canadien de la fonction publique) is a Canadian trade union serving the public sector - although it has in recent years organized workplaces in the non-profit and para-public sector as well.
The Change to Win Organizing Center (CtW) is a coalition of American labor unions originally formed in 2005 as an alternative to the AFL-CIO.
Cheshire (archaically the County Palatine of Chester) is a county in North West England, bordering Merseyside and Greater Manchester to the north, Derbyshire to the east, Staffordshire and Shropshire to the south and Flintshire, Wales and Wrexham county borough to the west.
Chief executive officer (CEO) is the position of the most senior corporate officer, executive, administrator, or other leader in charge of managing an organization especially an independent legal entity such as a company or nonprofit institution.
Child labour refers to the employment of children in any work that deprives children of their childhood, interferes with their ability to attend regular school, and that is mentally, physically, socially or morally dangerous and harmful.
A pre-entry closed shop (or simply closed shop) is a form of union security agreement under which the employer agrees to hire union members only, and employees must remain members of the union at all times in order to remain employed.
Codetermination (also "copartnership" or "worker participation") is the practice of workers of an enterprise having the right to vote for representatives on the board of directors in a company.
Collective bargaining is a process of negotiation between employers and a group of employees aimed at agreements to regulate working salaries, working conditions, benefits, and other aspects of workers' compensation and rights for workers.
The Combination Act 1799...
The Combinations of Workmen Act 1825 (6 Geo 4 c 129) was an Act of Parliament of the United Kingdom, which prohibited trade unions from attempting to collectively bargain for better terms and conditions at work, and suppressed the right to strike.
The law or principle of comparative advantage holds that under free trade, an agent will produce more of and consume less of a good for which they have a comparative advantage.
The Confederation of Christian Trade Unions (Algemeen Christelijk Vakverbond, ACV; Confédération des syndicats chrétiens, CSC) is the largest national trade union federation in Belgium. It was founded in 1904, and after several changes took its current name in 1923. The ACV/CSC has 22 regional federation and 16 sectoral unions, with a membership of 1.7 million (almost 16% of the total Belgian population). It evolved out of the "Anti-Socialist Cotton Workers' Union", which was founded in 1886. The president is currently and the secretary general is Marie-Hélène Ska.
Conservatism is a political and social philosophy promoting traditional social institutions in the context of culture and civilization.
The Conservative Party, officially the Conservative and Unionist Party, is a centre-right political party in the United Kingdom.
Conservatives at Work, formerly Conservative Trade Unionists (CTU), is an organisation within the British Conservative Party made up of Conservative-supporting trade unionists.
Costa Rica ("Rich Coast"), officially the Republic of Costa Rica (República de Costa Rica), is a country in Central America, bordered by Nicaragua to the north, Panama to the southeast, the Pacific Ocean to the west, the Caribbean Sea to the east, and Ecuador to the south of Cocos Island.
The Costa Rican Civil War was the bloodiest event in 20th-century Costa Rican history.
Craft unionism refers to a model of trade unionism in which workers are organised based on the particular craft or trade in which they work.
Crystal Lee Sutton (née Pulley; December 31, 1940 – September 11, 2009) was an American union organizer and advocate who gained fame in 1979 when the film Norma Rae was released, based on events related to her being fired from her job at the J.P. Stevens plant in Roanoke Rapids, North Carolina, on May 30, 1973, for "insubordination" after she copied an anti-union letter posted on the company bulletin board.
Daniel Michael DeVito Jr. (born November 17, 1944) is an American actor and filmmaker.
David Wright Miliband (born 15 July 1965) is a British Labour Party politician, charity chief executive and public policy analyst who was the Secretary of State for Foreign and Commonwealth Affairs from 2007 to 2010 and the Member of Parliament (MP) for South Shields from 2001 to 2013.
Days of Hope is a BBC television drama serial produced in 1975.
The Democratic Party is one of the two major contemporary political parties in the United States, along with the Republican Party (nicknamed the GOP for Grand Old Party).
Derbyshire is a county in the East Midlands of England.
Duke University Press is an academic publisher of books and journals, and a unit of Duke University.
Eastern Europe is the eastern part of the European continent.
An economist is a practitioner in the social science discipline of economics.
The economy of Germany is a highly developed social market economy.
Edward Samuel Miliband (born 24 December 1969) is a British politician who was Leader of the Labour Party as well as Leader of the Opposition between 2010 and 2015.
The eight-hour day movement or 40-hour week movement, also known as the short-time movement, was a social movement to regulate the length of a working day, preventing excesses and abuses.
An election is a formal group decision-making process by which a population chooses an individual to hold public office.
Eleventh and Final Report of the Royal Commissioners appointed to Inquire into the Organization and Rules of Trades Unions and Other Associations
The Eleventh and Final Report of the Royal Commissioners appointed to Inquire into the Organization and Rules of Trades Unions and Other Associations (1868-1869) Parliamentary Papers vol xxxi (or the Report of the Royal Commission on Trade Unions) was a landmark report to the United Kingdom Parliament, which led to the legalisation of trade unions.
Elia Kazan (born Elias Kazantzoglou; September 7, 1909 – September 28, 2003) was a Greek-American director, producer, writer and actor, described by The New York Times as "one of the most honored and influential directors in Broadway and Hollywood history".
Employment is a relationship between two parties, usually based on a contract where work is paid for, where one party, which may be a corporation, for profit, not-for-profit organization, co-operative or other entity is the employer and the other is the employee.
An employment contract or contract of employment is a kind of contract used in labour law to attribute rights and responsibilities between parties to a bargain.
F.I.S.T. is a 1978 American drama film directed by Norman Jewison and starring Sylvester Stallone.
The Federation of Organized Trades and Labor Unions of the United States and Canada (FOTLU) was a federation of labor unions created on November 15, 1881, at Turner Hall in Pittsburgh.
Final Offer is a Canadian film documenting the 1984 contract negotiations between the United Auto Workers Union (UAW) and GM.
Finland (Suomi; Finland), officially the Republic of Finland is a country in Northern Europe bordering the Baltic Sea, Gulf of Bothnia, and Gulf of Finland, between Norway to the north, Sweden to the northwest, and Russia to the east.
Flanders (Vlaanderen, Flandre, Flandern) is the Dutch-speaking northern portion of Belgium, although there are several overlapping definitions, including ones related to culture, language, politics and history.
Flemish (Vlaams), also called Flemish Dutch (Vlaams-Nederlands), Belgian Dutch (Belgisch-Nederlands), or Southern Dutch (Zuid-Nederlands), is any of the varieties of the Dutch language dialects spoken in Flanders, the northern part of Belgium, as well as French Flanders and the Dutch Zeelandic Flanders by approximately 6.5 million people.
Ford Motor Company (commonly referred to simply as "Ford") is an American multinational automaker headquartered in Dearborn, Michigan, a suburb of Detroit.
The Ford sewing machinists strike of 1968 was a landmark labour-relations dispute in the United Kingdom.
A fraternity (from Latin frater: "brother"; "brotherhood"), fraternal order or fraternal organization is an organization, a society or a club of men associated together for various religious or secular aims.
The Free Association of German Trade Unions (abbreviated FVdG; sometimes also translated as Free Association of German Unions or Free Alliance of German Trade Unions) was a trade union federation in Imperial and early Weimar Germany.
In economics, the free-rider problem occurs when those who benefit from resources, public goods, or services do not pay for them, which results in an underprovision of those goods or services.
Freemasonry or Masonry consists of fraternal organisations that trace their origins to the local fraternities of stonemasons, which from the end of the fourteenth century regulated the qualifications of stonemasons and their interaction with authorities and clients.
A friendly society (sometimes called a mutual society, benevolent society, fraternal organization or ROSCA) is a mutual association for the purposes of insurance, pensions, savings or cooperative banking.
The General Confederation of Labour (Confédération générale du travail, CGT) is a national trade union center, the first of the five major French confederations of trade unions.
The General Confederation of Liberal Trade Unions of Belgium (ACLVB or CGSLB) is the smallest of Belgium's three major trade union federations.
The General Federation of Belgian Labour (ABVV/FGTB) is a socialist national trade union federation in Belgium.
General Motors Company, commonly referred to as General Motors (GM), is an American multinational corporation headquartered in Detroit that designs, manufactures, markets, and distributes vehicles and vehicle parts, and sells financial services.
A general strike (or mass strike) is a strike action in which a substantial proportion of the total labour force in a city, region, or country participates.
A general union is a trade union (called labor union in American English) which represents workers from all industries and companies, rather than just one organisation or a particular sector, as in a craft union or industrial union.
The German revolutions of 1848–49 (Deutsche Revolution 1848/1849), the opening phase of which was also called the March Revolution (Märzrevolution), were initially part of the Revolutions of 1848 that broke out in many European countries.
The German Trade Union Confederation (Deutscher Gewerkschaftsbund; DGB) is an umbrella organisation (sometimes known as a national trade union center) for eight German trade unions, in total representing more than 6 million people (31 December 2011).
Ghent (Gent; Gand) is a city and a municipality in the Flemish Region of Belgium.
The Ghent system is the name given to an arrangement in some countries whereby the main responsibility for welfare payments, especially unemployment benefits, is held by trade/labor unions, rather than a government agency.
A global union federation (GUF) is an international federation of national trade unions organising in specific industry sectors or occupational groups.
Global Unions or Council of Global Unions is a website, which is jointly owned and managed by the International Trade Union Confederation (ITUC), the Trade Union Advisory Committee to the OECD, and ten global union federations (GUFs).
The Grand National Consolidated Trades Union of 1834 was an early attempt to form a national union confederation in the United Kingdom.
A guild is an association of artisans or merchants who oversee the practice of their craft/trade in a particular area.
Harlan County, USA is a 1976 Oscar-winning documentary film covering the "Brookside Strike", an effort of 180 coal miners and their wives against the Duke Power Company-owned Eastover Coal Company's Brookside Mine and Prep Plant in Harlan County, southeast Kentucky in 1973.
Harvard University Press (HUP) is a publishing house established on January 13, 1913, as a division of Harvard University, and focused on academic publishing.
Haskell Wexler, ASC (February 6, 1922 – December 27, 2015) was an American cinematographer, film producer and director.
In organized labor, a hiring hall is an organization, usually under the auspices of a labor union, which has the responsibility of furnishing new recruits for employers who have a collective bargaining agreement with the union.
Hoffa is a 1992 American biographical crime film directed by Danny DeVito and written by David Mamet, based on the life of Teamsters leader Jimmy Hoffa.
Hugh Armstrong Clegg (22 May 1920 – 9 December 1995) was a British academic who was a founder of the "National Board for Prices and Incomes" (1965–71) and later presided over the "Standing Commission on Pay Comparability" set up by James Callaghan in 1979.
I'm All Right Jack is a 1959 British comedy film directed and produced by John and Roy Boulting from a script by Frank Harvey, John Boulting and Alan Hackney based on the novel Private Life by Hackney.
Iceland is a Nordic island country in the North Atlantic, with a population of and an area of, making it the most sparsely populated country in Europe.
Income inequality in the United States has increased significantly since the 1970s after several decades of stability, meaning the share of the nation's income received by higher income households has increased.
The Independent Order of Odd Fellows (IOOF) is a non-political and non-sectarian international fraternal order founded in 1819 by Thomas Wildey in Baltimore, Maryland, United States.
Industrial action (Europe, India, South Africa and Australia) or job action (Canada and US) refers collectively to any measure taken by trade unions or other organised labour, most times when they are forced out of work due to contract termination and no agreement being reached, meant to reduce productivity in a workplace.
The Industrial Revolution was the transition to new manufacturing processes in the period from about 1760 to sometime between 1820 and 1840.
Industrial unionism is a labour union organizing method through which all workers in the same industry are organized into the same union—regardless of skill or trade—thus giving workers in one industry, or in all industries, more leverage in bargaining and in strike situations.
Industrialisation or industrialization is the period of social and economic change that transforms a human group from an agrarian society into an industrial society, involving the extensive re-organisation of an economy for the purpose of manufacturing.
International mostly means something (a company, language, or organization) involving more than a single country.
The International Alliance of Theatrical Stage Employees, or IATSE (full name: International Alliance of Theatrical Stage Employees, Moving Picture Technicians, Artists and Allied Crafts of the United States, Its Territories and Canada), is a labor union representing over 140,000 technicians, artisans and craftspersons in the entertainment industry, including live theatre, motion picture and television production, and trade shows.
The International Brotherhood of Teamsters (IBT) is a labor union in the United States and Canada.
The International Federation of Journalists (IFJ) is a global union federation of journalists' trade unions—the largest in the world.
The International Labour Organization (ILO) is a United Nations agency dealing with labour problems, particularly international labour standards, social protection, and work opportunities for all.
The International Trade Union Confederation (ITUC; Confédération syndicale internationale (CSI); Internationaler Gewerkschaftsbund (IGB); Confederación Sindical Internacional (CSI)) is the world's largest trade union federation.
The International Transport Workers' Federation (ITF) is a global union federation of transport workers' trade unions, founded in 1896.
Ivan Cleveland Rand, (April 27, 1884 – January 2, 1969) was a Canadian lawyer, politician, academic, and justice of the Supreme Court of Canada.
Leonard James Callaghan, Baron Callaghan of Cardiff, (27 March 1912 – 26 March 2005), often known as Jim Callaghan, served as Prime Minister of the United Kingdom from 1976 to 1979 and Leader of the Labour Party from 1976 to 1980.
James Allen (7 October 1926 – 24 June 1999) was a socialist playwright from Miles Platting, Manchester, Lancashire, best known for his collaborations with Ken Loach.
James Riddle Hoffa (February 14, 1913 – disappeared July 30, 1975) was an American labor union leader who served as the President of the International Brotherhood of Teamsters (IBT) union from 1958 until 1971.
John Doherty (1798–1854) was an Irish trade unionist, radical and factory reformer who devoted his life to political and social reform.
John Thomas Sayles (born September 28, 1950) is an American independent film director, screenwriter, editor, actor and novelist.
John Stuart Mill, also known as J.S. Mill, (20 May 1806 – 8 May 1873) was a British philosopher, political economist, and civil servant.
Joseph Eugene Stiglitz (born February 9, 1943) is an American economist and a professor at Columbia University.
A juridical person is a non-human legal entity, in other words any organization that is not a single natural person but is authorized by law with duties and rights and is recognized as a legal person and as having a distinct identity.
Karl MarxThe name "Karl Heinrich Marx", used in various lexicons, is based on an error.
David Albaladejo (better known by his stage name King Syze) is an underground rapper from Philadelphia, Pennsylvania of Puerto Rican descent.
The Kingdom of England (French: Royaume d'Angleterre; Danish: Kongeriget England; German: Königreich England) was a sovereign state on the island of Great Britain from the 10th century—when it emerged from various Anglo-Saxon kingdoms—until 1707, when it united with Scotland to form the Kingdom of Great Britain.
Knights of Labor (K of L), officially Noble and Holy Order of the Knights of Labor, was the largest and one of the most important American labor organizations of the 1880s.
Korean New Year is the first day of the Korean lunar calendar.
Labor federation competition in the U.S. is a history of the labor movement, considering U.S. labor organizations and federations that have been regional, national, or international in scope, and that have united organizations of disparate groups of workers.
The Labor Management Relations Act of 1947, better known as the Taft–Hartley Act, (80 H.R. 3020) is a United States federal law that restricts the activities and power of labor unions.
The Labor Management Reporting and Disclosure Act of 1959 (also "LMRDA" or the "Landrum–Griffin Act"), is a US labor law that regulates labor unions' internal affairs and their officials' relationships with employers.
Labor Notes is a non-profit organization and network for rank-and-file union members and grassroots labor activists.
A labour council, trades council or industrial council is an association of labour unions or union branches in a given area.
Labour law (also known as labor law or employment law) mediates the relationship between workers, employing entities, trade unions and the government.
The labour movement or labor movement consists of two main wings, the trade union movement (British English) or labor union movement (American English), also called trade unionism or labor unionism on the one hand, and the political labour movement on the other.
The Labour Party is a centre-left political party in the United Kingdom.
LabourStart is the news and campaigning website of the international trade union movement.
Laissez-faire (from) is an economic system in which transactions between private parties are free from government intervention such as regulation, privileges, tariffs and subsidies.
Lancashire (abbreviated Lancs.) is a county in north west England.
Latin America is a group of countries and dependencies in the Western Hemisphere where Spanish, French and Portuguese are spoken; it is broader than the terms Ibero-America or Hispanic America.
Law and Justice (Polish), abbreviated to PiS, is a national-conservative, and Christian democratic political party in Poland.
Left-wing politics supports social equality and egalitarianism, often in opposition to social hierarchy.
Leicestershire (abbreviation Leics.) is a landlocked county in the English Midlands.
The Liberal Party of Canada (Parti libéral du Canada), colloquially known as the Grits, is the oldest federal political party in Canada.
Liberalism is a political and moral philosophy based on liberty and equality.
This is a list of federations of trade unions.
This is a list of trade unions and union federations by country.
A local union (often shortened to local), in North America, or union branch (known as a lodge in some unions), in the United Kingdom and other countries, is a local branch (or chapter) of a usually national trade union.
A lockout is a temporary work stoppage or denial of employment initiated by the management of a company during a labor dispute.
London is the capital and most populous city of England and the United Kingdom.
The London Trades Council was an early labour organisation, uniting London's trade unionists.
Los Angeles (Spanish for "The Angels";; officially: the City of Los Angeles; colloquially: by its initials L.A.) is the second-most populous city in the United States, after New York City.
The Luddites were a radical group of English textile workers and weavers in the 19th century who destroyed weaving machinery as a form of protest.
Made in Dagenham is a 2010 British film directed by Nigel Cole.
Made in L.A. is a 2007 documentary film that tells the story of three Latina immigrants as they wage a battle against their employer, a Los Angeles garment factory.
Manchester is a city and metropolitan borough in Greater Manchester, England, with a population of 530,300.
Margaret Hilda Thatcher, Baroness Thatcher, (13 October 19258 April 2013) was a British stateswoman who served as Prime Minister of the United Kingdom from 1979 to 1990 and Leader of the Conservative Party from 1975 to 1990.
Martin Ritt (March 2, 1914 – December 8, 1990) was an American director and actor who worked in both film and theater.
Marxism is a method of socioeconomic analysis that views class relations and social conflict using a materialist interpretation of historical development and takes a dialectical view of social transformation.
Matewan is a 1987 American drama film written and directed by John Sayles, and starring Chris Cooper (in his film debut), James Earl Jones, Mary McDonnell and Will Oldham, with David Strathairn, Kevin Tighe and Gordon Clapp in supporting roles.
The, also known as the Meiji era, is a Japanese era which extended from October 23, 1868, to July 30, 1912.
Metello is a 1970 Italian drama film directed by Mauro Bolognini.
The term Mexican miracle is used in common speech, but not by economists, to refer to the country's inward-looking development strategy that produced sustained economic growth of 3 to 4 percent and modest 3 percent inflation annually from the 1940s until the 1970s.
In the history of Europe, the Middle Ages (or Medieval Period) lasted from the 5th to the 15th century.
The middle class is a class of people in the middle of a social hierarchy.
Milton Friedman (July 31, 1912 – November 16, 2006) was an American economist who received the 1976 Nobel Memorial Prize in Economic Sciences for his research on consumption analysis, monetary history and theory, and the complexity of stabilization policy.
A miner is a person who extracts ore, coal, or other mineral from the earth through mining.
The Monthly Labor Review is published by the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics.
The Napoleonic Wars (1803–1815) were a series of major conflicts pitting the French Empire and its allies, led by Napoleon I, against a fluctuating array of European powers formed into various coalitions, financed and usually led by the United Kingdom.
The National Association for the Protection of Labour was one of the first attempts at creating a national trade union centre in the United Kingdom.
A national trade union center is a federation or confederation of trade unions in a single country.
The, commonly known in Japanese as, is a national confederation of Japanese labor unions.
The National Union of Mineworkers (NUM) is a trade union for coal miners in Great Britain, formed in 1945 from the Miners' Federation of Great Britain (MFGB).
The National Union of Public and General Employees (NUPGE) is a Canadian trade union.
Neoliberalism or neo-liberalism refers primarily to the 20th-century resurgence of 19th-century ideas associated with laissez-faire economic liberalism.
The Netherlands (Nederland), often referred to as Holland, is a country located mostly in Western Europe with a population of seventeen million.
New Model Trade Unions (NMTU) were a variety of Trade Unions prominent in the 1850s and 1860s in the UK.
New unionism is a term which has been used twice in the history of the labour movement, both times involving moves to broaden the trade union agenda.
The Nordic countries or the Nordics are a geographical and cultural region in Northern Europe and the North Atlantic, where they are most commonly known as Norden (literally "the North").
Norma Rae is a 1979 American drama film, directed by Martin Ritt in a screenplay written by Harriet Frank, Jr. and Irving Ravetch.
Norman Frederick Jewison, CC, O.Ont (born July 21, 1926) is a Canadian film director, producer, actor, and founder of the Canadian Film Centre.
The Northern Territory (abbreviated as NT) is a federal Australian territory in the central and central northern regions of Australia.
Norway (Norwegian: (Bokmål) or (Nynorsk); Norga), officially the Kingdom of Norway, is a unitary sovereign state whose territory comprises the western portion of the Scandinavian Peninsula plus the remote island of Jan Mayen and the archipelago of Svalbard.
Nottinghamshire (pronounced or; abbreviated Notts) is a county in the East Midlands region of England, bordering South Yorkshire to the north-west, Lincolnshire to the east, Leicestershire to the south, and Derbyshire to the west.
The Allied occupation of Japan at the end of World War II was led by General Douglas MacArthur, the Supreme Commander of the Allied Powers, with support from the British Commonwealth.
Occupational safety and health (OSH), also commonly referred to as occupational health and safety (OHS), occupational health, or workplace health and safety (WHS), is a multidisciplinary field concerned with the safety, health, and welfare of people at work.
The Office of Public Sector Information (OPSI) is the body responsible for the operation of Her Majesty's Stationery Office (HMSO) and of other public information services of the United Kingdom.
On the Waterfront is a 1954 American crime drama film directed by Elia Kazan, and written by Budd Schulberg.
An open shop is a place of employment at which one is not required to join or financially support a union (closed shop) as a condition of hiring or continued employment.
The Ordinance of Labourers 1349 is often considered to be the start of English labour law.
The organizing model, as the term refers to trade unions (and sometimes other social-movement organizations), is a broad conception of how those organizations should recruit, operate, and advance the interests of their members, though the specific functions of the model are more detailed and are discussed at length below.
Oshawa (2016 population 159,458; CMA 379,848) is a city in Ontario, Canada, on the Lake Ontario shoreline.
Otto Eduard Leopold, Prince of Bismarck, Duke of Lauenburg (1 April 1815 – 30 July 1898), known as Otto von Bismarck, was a conservative Prussian statesman who dominated German and European affairs from the 1860s until 1890 and was the first Chancellor of the German Empire between 1871 and 1890.
This is a list of topics on working time and conditions.
A pensioner is a person who collects a pension, most commonly because of retirement from the workforce.
Peter Sellers, CBE (born Richard Henry Sellers; 8 September 1925 – 24 July 1980) was an English film actor, comedian and singer.
Joseph Philippe Pierre Yves Elliott Trudeau (October 18, 1919 – September 28, 2000), often referred to by the initials PET, was a Canadian statesman who served as the 15th Prime Minister of Canada (1968–1979 and 1980–1984).
Pillarisation (verzuiling) is the politico-denominational segregation of a society.
Poland (Polska), officially the Republic of Poland (Rzeczpospolita Polska), is a country located in Central Europe.
A political party is an organised group of people, often with common views, who come together to contest elections and hold power in government.
In social science and politics, power is the ability to influence or outright control the behaviour of people.
Pride is a 2014 British LGBT-related historical comedy-drama film written by Stephen Beresford and directed by Matthew Warchus.
Principles of Political Economy (1848) by John Stuart Mill was one of the most important economics or political economy textbooks of the mid-nineteenth century.
Privatization (also spelled privatisation) is the purchase of all outstanding shares of a publicly traded company by private investors, or the sale of a state-owned enterprise to private investors.
A professional is a member of a profession or any person who earns their living from a specified professional activity.
The Professional Air Traffic Controllers Organization or PATCO was a United States trade union that operated from 1968 until its decertification in 1981 following a strike that was declared illegal and broken by the Reagan Administration.
The Protectionist Party was an Australian political party, formally organised from 1887 until 1909, with policies centred on protectionism.
The public sector (also called the state sector) is the part of the economy composed of both public services and public enterprises.
The Public Service Alliance of Canada (PSAC) is one of Canada’s largest national labour unions, with members in every province and territory.
Public Services International (PSI) is a global union federation of 669 public services trade unions representing 20 million workers in 154 countries.
The Radical War or also known as the Scottish Insurrection of 1820, was a week of strikes and unrest, a culmination of Radical demands for reform in the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland which had become prominent in the early years of the French Revolution, but had then been repressed during the long Napoleonic Wars.
In Canadian labour law, the Rand formula (also referred to as automatic check-off) is a workplace situation where the payment of trade union dues is mandatory regardless of the worker's union status.
Religious nationalism is the relationship of nationalism to a particular religious belief, dogma, or affiliation.
, which stands for, is the largest national trade union center in Japan, with over six million members as of 2011.
Ireland (Éire), also known as the Republic of Ireland (Poblacht na hÉireann), is a sovereign state in north-western Europe occupying 26 of 32 counties of the island of Ireland.
The Republican Party, also referred to as the GOP (abbreviation for Grand Old Party), is one of the two major political parties in the United States, the other being its historic rival, the Democratic Party.
"Right-to-work laws" are statutes in 28 U.S. states that prohibit union security agreements between companies and workers' unions.
Right-wing paramilitary groups in Colombia are paramilitary groups acting in opposition to revolutionary Marxist-Leninist guerrilla forces and their allies among the civilian population.
Robert Owen (14 May 1771 – 17 November 1858) was a Welsh textile manufacturer, philanthropic social reformer, and one of the founders of utopian socialism and the cooperative movement.
Ronald Wilson Reagan (February 6, 1911 – June 5, 2004) was an American politician and actor who served as the 40th President of the United States from 1981 to 1989.
Sally Margaret Field (born November 6, 1946) is an American actress and director.
Sally Cecilia Hawkins (born 27 April 1976) is an English actress.
Salting is a labor union tactic involving the act of getting a job at a specific workplace with the intent of organizing a union.
Salt of the Earth is a 1954 American drama film written by Michael Wilson, directed by Herbert J. Biberman, and produced by Paul Jarrico.
Scandinavia is a region in Northern Europe, with strong historical, cultural and linguistic ties.
The service model (or servicing model) generally describes an approach whereby labour unions aim to satisfy members' demands for resolving grievances and securing benefits through methods other than direct grassroots-oriented pressure on employers.
A sheep shearer is a worker who uses (hand-powered)-blade or machine shears to remove wool from domestic sheep during crutching or shearing.
The Sheffield Outrages were a series of explosions and murders by a small group of trade unionist militants carried out in Sheffield, England in the 1860s.
Shop stewards are representatives of labour unions.
Sidney James Webb, 1st Baron Passfield, (13 July 1859 – 13 October 1947) was a British socialist, economist, reformer and a co-founder of the London School of Economics.
Sindicato Nacional de Trabajadores de la Educación (National Educational Workers Sindicate, SNTE) is a trade union which represents teachers in Mexico.
The National Union of Food Industry Workers (Sindicato Nacional de Trabajadores de la Industria de Alimentos, SINALTRAINAL) is a Colombian food industry trade union.
Social democracy is a political, social and economic ideology that supports economic and social interventions to promote social justice within the framework of a liberal democratic polity and capitalist economy.
Social movement unionism (SMU) is a trend of theory and practice in contemporary trade unionism.
Socialism is a range of economic and social systems characterised by social ownership and democratic control of the means of production as well as the political theories and movements associated with them.
Solidarity (Solidarność, pronounced; full name: Independent Self-governing Labour Union "Solidarity"—Niezależny Samorządny Związek Zawodowy „Solidarność”) is a Polish labour union that was founded on 17 September 1980 at the Lenin Shipyard under the leadership of Lech Wałęsa.
South Korea, officially the Republic of Korea (대한민국; Hanja: 大韓民國; Daehan Minguk,; lit. "The Great Country of the Han People"), is a country in East Asia, constituting the southern part of the Korean Peninsula and lying east to the Asian mainland.
Standard of living refers to the level of wealth, comfort, material goods, and necessities available to a certain socioeconomic class in a certain geographic area, usually a country.
A stevedore, longshoreman, or dockworker is a waterfront manual laborer who is involved in loading and unloading ships, trucks, trains or airplanes.
Strike action, also called labor strike, labour strike, or simply strike, is a work stoppage caused by the mass refusal of employees to work.
Sturla Gunnarsson (born August 30, 1951) is a Canadian film director.
Sweden (Sverige), officially the Kingdom of Sweden (Swedish), is a Scandinavian country in Northern Europe.
The Swedish Trade Union Confederation (Landsorganisationen i Sverige, literally "National Organisation in Sweden"), commonly referred to as LO, is a national trade union centre, an umbrella organisation for fourteen Swedish trade unions that organise mainly "blue-collar" workers.
Switzerland, officially the Swiss Confederation, is a sovereign state in Europe.
Michael Sylvester Gardenzio Stallone (born July 6, 1946) is an American actor, producer and filmmaker.
Textile and clothing trade unions are labor unions that represent workers in the textile industry and garment industry.
The Big Flame is a 1969 BBC television play by socialist playwright Jim Allen, produced by Tony Garnett and directed by Ken Loach.
The Grapes of Wrath is a 1940 drama film directed by John Ford.
The History of Trade Unionism (1894, new edition 1920) is a book by Sidney and Beatrice Webb on the British trade union movement's development before 1920.
The Maritimes, also called the Maritime provinces (Provinces maritimes) or the Canadian Maritimes, is a region of Eastern Canada consisting of three provinces: New Brunswick, Nova Scotia, and Prince Edward Island (PEI).
The Rank and File is a 1971 filmed television play written by Jim Allen and directed by Kenneth Loach.
The Real News Network (TRNN) is a nonprofit news organization.
An Inquiry into the Nature and Causes of the Wealth of Nations, generally referred to by its shortened title The Wealth of Nations, is the magnum opus of the Scottish economist and moral philosopher Adam Smith.
The Tolpuddle Martyrs were a group of six 19th-century Dorset agricultural labourers who were arrested for and convicted of swearing a secret oath as members of the Friendly Society of Agricultural Labourers.
A trade union or trades union, also called a labour union (Canada) or labor union (US), is an organization of workers who have come together to achieve many common goals; such as protecting the integrity of its trade, improving safety standards, and attaining better wages, benefits (such as vacation, health care, and retirement), and working conditions through the increased bargaining power wielded by the creation of a monopoly of the workers.
A trades hall is a building where trade unions meet together, or work from cooperatively, as a local representative organisation, known as a labour council or trades hall council.
The Trades Union Congress (TUC) is a national trade union centre, a federation of trade unions in England and Wales, representing the majority of trade unions.
UNI Global Union, formerly Union Network International (UNI), is a global union federation for skills and services, gathering national and regional trade unions.
Unifor is a general trade union in Canada, founded in 2013 as a merger of the Canadian Auto Workers and Communications, Energy and Paperworkers unions.
Union busting is a range of activities undertaken to disrupt or prevent the formation of trade unions.
A union organizer (or union organiser) is a specific type of trade union member (often elected) or an appointed union official.
A union shop, also known as a post-entry closed shop, is a form of a union security clause.
The International Union, United Automobile, Aerospace, and Agricultural Implement Workers of America, better known as the United Automobile Workers (UAW), is an American labor union that represents workers in the United States (including Puerto Rico) and Canada.
The United Food and Commercial Workers International Union (UFCW) is a labor union representing approximately 1.3 million workers in the United States and Canada in industries including retail; meatpacking, food processing and manufacturing; hospitality; agriculture; cannabis; chemical trades; security; textile, and health care.
The 1979 United Kingdom general election was held on 3 May 1979 to elect 635 members to the British House of Commons.
The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland was established by the Acts of Union 1800, which merged the kingdoms of Great Britain and Ireland.
The United Steel, Paper and Forestry, Rubber, Manufacturing, Energy, Allied Industrial and Service Workers International Union (United Steelworkers or USW) is the largest industrial labor union in North America, with 860,294 members.
Verein Deutscher Ingenieure (VDI) (English: Association of German Engineers) is an organization with over 150,000 engineers and natural scientists.
Victorian Trades Hall is the headquarters of the Victorian Trades Hall Council.
A wage is monetary compensation (or remuneration, personnel expenses, labor) paid by an employer to an employee in exchange for work done.
The War of 1812 was a conflict fought between the United States, the United Kingdom, and their respective allies from June 1812 to February 1815.
The Washington Consensus is a set of 10 economic policy prescriptions considered to constitute the "standard" reform package promoted for crisis-wracked developing countries by Washington, D.C.–based institutions such as the International Monetary Fund (IMF), World Bank and United States Department of the Treasury.
Wealth inequality in the United States (also known as the wealth gap) is the unequal distribution of assets among residents of the United States.
Weaving is a method of textile production in which two distinct sets of yarns or threads are interlaced at right angles to form a fabric or cloth.
The Welsh (Cymry) are a nation and ethnic group native to, or otherwise associated with, Wales, Welsh culture, Welsh history, and the Welsh language.
Western Europe is the region comprising the western part of Europe.
The term White Australia policy comprises various historical policies that effectively barred people of non-European descent from emigrating into Australia.
Windsor is a city in Ontario and the southernmost city in Canada.
The Winter of Discontent was the winter of 1978–79 in the United Kingdom, during which there were widespread strikes by public sector trade unions demanding larger pay rises, following the ongoing pay caps of the Labour Party government led by James Callaghan against Trades Union Congress opposition to control inflation, during the coldest winter for 16 years.
With Babies and Banners: Story of the Women's Emergency Brigade is a 1979 documentary film directed by Lorraine Gray.
The working class (also labouring class) are the people employed for wages, especially in manual-labour occupations and industrial work.
The World Federation of Trade Unions (WFTU) was established in 1945 to replace the International Federation of Trade Unions.
World War II (often abbreviated to WWII or WW2), also known as the Second World War, was a global war that lasted from 1939 to 1945, although conflicts reflecting the ideological clash between what would become the Allied and Axis blocs began earlier.
The, commonly known in Japanese as, is a national trade union center.
The Australian waterfront dispute of 1998 was an event in Australian industrial relations history, in which the Patrick Corporation undertook a restructuring of their operations for the purpose dismissing their workforce.
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