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Polyvinyl chloride

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Polyvinyl chloride, more correctly but unusually poly(vinyl chloride), commonly abbreviated PVC, is the third-most widely produced synthetic plastic polymer, after polyethylene and polypropylene. [1]

152 relations: Adhesive, Alternative fashion, Angiosarcoma, Apron, ASME, Aspergillus fumigatus, Aspergillus niger, Aspergillus sydowii, Atmosphere of Earth, Autocatalysis, B. Braun Melsungen, Benzyl butyl phthalate, Bisphenol A, Bulk polymerization, Cable, Calcium stearate, California, Canada, Cast iron, Celsius, Chloride, Chlorinated polyvinyl chloride, Clapboard (architecture), Closed-cell PVC foamboard, Clothing fetish, Compressive strength, Computer, Construction, Contrabass flute, Corrosion, Dehydrohalogenation, Density, Dignity Health, Door, Downspout, Drainage, Drinking water, Elastic modulus, Electrical resistivity and conductivity, Emulsion polymerization, Environmental impact statement, Eugen Baumann, European Union, Exothermic process, Fascia (architecture), Fatty acid, Fire, Fire retardant, Flexural strength, Flooring, ..., Flue gas, Fritz Klatte, Glass transition, Goodrich Corporation, Goth subculture, Gramophone record, Health, Healthy Building Network, Heat capacity, Hemangiosarcoma, High-density polyethylene, Honda, Hydrogen chloride, Insulated glazing, Insulator (electricity), Ivan Ostromislensky, Jacket, Joule, Kaiser Permanente, Kelvin, Landfill Directive, Landfill fire, Latex, Latex and PVC fetishism, Lead, Leather, Lentinus tigrinus, Limiting oxygen index, Low smoke zero halogen, Melting point, Metal, Molar mass distribution, Monomer, Natural rubber, Nissan, Olympic Delivery Authority, Olympic Stadium (London), Outgassing, Parts-per notation, Peroxide, Petrocasa, Phanerochaete, Phthalate, Plastic, Plastic pipework, Plastic recycling, Plasticity (physics), Plasticizer, Plotter, Plumbing, Polyethylene, Polymer, Polymer clay, Polymerization, Polypropylene, Polyvinyl fluoride, Polyvinylidene chloride, Polyvinylidene fluoride, Punk rock, PVC clothing, PVC decking, Racing stripe, Radical (chemistry), Radical polymerization, Rain gutter, Registration, Evaluation, Authorisation and Restriction of Chemicals, Republic of Ireland, Royal Artillery Barracks, Sanitary sewer, Saw, Sheet resistance, Siding, Signage, Sill plate, Suspension polymerization, Tacticity, Tarpaulin, Tetrahydrofuran, Thermal conductivity, Thermal expansion, Thermoplastic, Three-dimensional space (mathematics), Toxic heavy metal, Toyota, Ultraviolet, United States, Vicat softening point, Vinyl chloride, Vinyl roof membrane, Vinyl siding, Vinyloop, Waldo Semon, Wastewater, Water Polo Arena, Water supply, Waterproofing, Wide-format printer, Window, Wire, Yield (engineering), Young's modulus, 2012 Summer Olympics. Expand index (102 more) »


An adhesive is any substance applied to the surfaces of materials that binds them together and resists separation.

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Alternative fashion

Alternative fashion is fashion that, at least at one time, stood apart from mainstream commercial fashion.

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Angiosarcoma is a malignant neoplasm (cancer) of endothelial-type cells that line vessel walls.

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An apron is an outer protective garment that covers primarily the front of the body.

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The American Society of Mechanical Engineers (ASME) is a professional association that, in its own words, "promotes the art, science, and practice of multidisciplinary engineering and allied sciences around the globe" via "continuing education, training and professional development, codes and standards, research, conferences and publications, government relations, and other forms of outreach." ASME is thus an engineering society, a standards organization, a research and development organization, a lobbying organization, a provider of training and education, and a nonprofit organization.

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Aspergillus fumigatus

Aspergillus fumigatus is a fungus of the genus Aspergillus, and is one of the most common Aspergillus species to cause disease in individuals with an immunodeficiency.

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Aspergillus niger

Aspergillus niger or A. niger is a fungus and one of the most common species of the genus Aspergillus.

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Aspergillus sydowii

Aspergillus sydowii is a pathogenic fungus that causes several diseases in humans.

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Atmosphere of Earth

The atmosphere of Earth is the layer of gases surrounding the planet Earth that is retained by Earth's gravity.

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A single chemical reaction is said to have undergone autocatalysis, or be autocatalytic, if one of the reaction products is also a reactant and therefore a catalyst in the same or a coupled reaction.

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B. Braun Melsungen


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Benzyl butyl phthalate

Benzylbutylphthalate (BBzP), also called n-butyl benzyl phthalate (BBP) or benzyl butyl phthalate, is a phthalate, an ester of phthalic acid, benzyl alcohol and ''n''-butanol.

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Bisphenol A

Bisphenol A (BPA) is an organic synthetic compound with the chemical formula (CH3)2C(C6H4OH)2 belonging to the group of diphenylmethane derivatives and bisphenols, with two hydroxyphenyl groups.

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Bulk polymerization

Bulk polymerization or mass polymerization is carried out by adding a soluble initiator to pure monomer in liquid state.

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An electrical cable comprises two or more wires running side by side and bonded, twisted, or braided together to form a single assembly, the ends of which can be connected to two devices, enabling the transfer of electrical signals from one device to the other.

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Calcium stearate

Calcium stearate is carboxylate of calcium that is found in some lubricants and surfactants.

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California is a state located on the West Coast of the United States.

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Canada is a country, consisting of ten provinces and three territories, in the northern part of the continent of North America.

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Cast iron

Cast iron is a group of iron-carbon alloys with a carbon content greater than 2%.

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Celsius, historically known as centigrade, is a scale and unit of measurement for temperature.

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The chloride ion is the anion (negatively charged ion) Cl−.

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Chlorinated polyvinyl chloride

Chlorinated polyvinyl chloride (CPVC) is a thermoplastic produced by chlorination of polyvinyl chloride (PVC) resin. Uses include hot and cold water pipes, and industrial liquid handling.

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Clapboard (architecture)

Clapboard, also known as bevel siding, lap siding or weatherboard (with regional variants as to the exact definitions of these terms) is wooden siding of a building.

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Closed-cell PVC foamboard

Closed-cell PVC foamboard is a lightweight rigid material used primarily in the manufacture of signs and displays.

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Clothing fetish

Clothing fetishism or garment fetishism is a sexual fetish that revolves around a fixation upon a particular article or type of clothing, a collection of garments that appear as part of a fashion or uniform, or a person dressed in such a garment.

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Compressive strength

In the study of strength of materials, the compressive strength is the capacity of a material or structure to withstand loads tending to reduce size.

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A computer is a general-purpose device that can be programmed to carry out a set of arithmetic or logical operations automatically.

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Construction is the process of creating and building infrastructure or a facility.

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Contrabass flute

The contrabass flute is one of the rarer members of the flute family.

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Corrosion is a natural process, which converts refined metal to their more stable oxide.

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Dehydrohalogenation is an organic reaction in which alkyl halide when boiled with alcoholic alkali gives corresponding alkene.

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The density, or more precisely, the volumetric mass density, of a substance is its mass per unit volume.

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Dignity Health

Dignity Health is a California-based not-for-profit public-benefit corporation that operates hospitals and ancillary care facilities in 17 states.

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A door is a moving structure used to block off, and allow access to, an entrance to or within an enclosed space, such as a building or vehicle.

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A downspout, waterspout, downpipe, drain spout, roof drain pipe, leader, or rone (Scotland) is a pipe for carrying rainwater from a rain gutter.

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Drainage is the natural or artificial removal of surface and sub-surface water from an area.

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Drinking water

Drinking water, also known as potable water or improved drinking water, is water safe enough for drinking and food preparation.

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Elastic modulus

"Young's modulus" or modulus of elasticity, is a number that measures an object or substance's resistance to being deformed elastically (i.e., non-permanently) when a force is applied to it.

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Electrical resistivity and conductivity

Electrical resistivity (also known as resistivity, specific electrical resistance, or volume resistivity) is an intrinsic property that quantifies how strongly a given material opposes the flow of electric current.

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Emulsion polymerization

Emulsion polymerization is a type of radical polymerization that usually starts with an emulsion incorporating water, monomer, and surfactant.

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Environmental impact statement

An environmental impact statement (EIS), under United States environmental law, is a document required by the National Environmental Policy Act (NEPA) for certain actions "significantly affecting the quality of the human environment".

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Eugen Baumann

Eugen Baumann (December 12, 1846 – November 3, 1896) was a German chemist.

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European Union

The European Union (EU) is a politico-economic union of EUnum member states that are located primarily in Europe.

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Exothermic process

In thermodynamics, the term exothermic process (exo-: "outside") describes a process or reaction that releases energy from the system, usually in the form of heat, but also in a form of light (e.g. a spark, flame, or flash), electricity (e.g. a battery), or sound (e.g. explosion heard when burning hydrogen).

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Fascia (architecture)

Fascia is an architectural term for a vertical frieze or band under a roof edge, or which forms the outer surface of a cornice, visible to an observer.

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Fatty acid

In chemistry, particularly in biochemistry, a fatty acid is a carboxylic acid with a long aliphatic tail (chain), which is either saturated or unsaturated.

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Fire is the rapid oxidation of a material in the exothermic chemical process of combustion, releasing heat, light, and various reaction products.

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Fire retardant

A fire retardant is a substance that reduces flammability of fuels or delays their combustion.

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Flexural strength

Flexural strength, also known as modulus of rupture, bend strength, or fracture strength, is a material property, defined as the stress in a material just before it yields in a flexure test.

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Flooring is the general term for a permanent covering of a floor, or for the work of installing such a floor covering.

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Flue gas

Flue gas is the gas exiting to the atmosphere via a flue, which is a pipe or channel for conveying exhaust gases from a fireplace, oven, furnace, boiler or steam generator.

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Fritz Klatte

Fritz Klatte (28 March 1880, Diepholz – 11 February 1934) was a German chemist and the discoverer of polyvinyl acetate, with German patent (GP 281687 1912) for its preparation from acetylene gas.

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Glass transition

The glass–liquid transition or glass transition for short is the reversible transition in amorphous materials (or in amorphous regions within semicrystalline materials) from a hard and relatively brittle state into a molten or rubber-like state.

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Goodrich Corporation

The Goodrich Corporation formerly the B.F. Goodrich Company, was an American aerospace manufacturing company based in Charlotte, North Carolina.

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Goth subculture

The goth subculture is a contemporary subculture found in many countries.

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Gramophone record

A gramophone record (phonograph record in American English) or vinyl record, commonly known as a "record", is an analog sound storage medium in the form of a flat polyvinyl chloride (previously shellac) disc with an inscribed, modulated spiral groove.

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Health is the level of functional or metabolic efficiency of a living organism.

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Healthy Building Network

The Healthy Building Network is an organization founded in 2000 which publishes and researches information on the sustainability of building materials and advocates for the use of environmentally friendly building materials and building policies.

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Heat capacity

Heat capacity or thermal capacity is a measurable physical quantity equal to the ratio of the heat added to (or removed from) an object to the resulting temperature change.

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Hemangiosarcoma is a rapidly growing, highly invasive variety of cancer, occurring almost exclusively in dogs and rarely in cats.

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High-density polyethylene

High-density polyethylene (HDPE) or polyethylene high-density (PEHD) is a polyethylene thermoplastic made from petroleum.

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is a Japanese public multinational corporation primarily known as a manufacturer of automobiles, motorcycles and power equipment.

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Hydrogen chloride

The compound hydrogen chloride has the chemical formula.

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Insulated glazing

Insulated glazing (IG), more commonly known as double glazing (or double-pane, and increasingly triple glazing/pane) is double or triple glass window panes separated by a vacuum or other gas filled space to reduce heat transfer across a part of the building envelope.

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Insulator (electricity)

An electrical insulator is a material whose internal electric charges do not flow freely, and therefore make it impossible to conduct an electric current under the influence of an electric field.

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Ivan Ostromislensky

Ivan Ivanovich Ostromislensky (Иван Иванович Остромысленский, also Iwan Ostromislensky) (9 September 1880 – 16 January 1939) was a Russian organic chemist.

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A jacket is a mid-stomach–length garment for the upper body.

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The joule, symbol J, is a derived unit of energy in the International System of Units.

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Kaiser Permanente

Kaiser Permanente is an integrated managed care consortium, based in Oakland, California, United States, founded in 1945 by industrialist Henry J. Kaiser and physician Sidney Garfield.

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The kelvin is a unit of measure for temperature based upon an absolute scale.

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Landfill Directive

The Landfill Directive, more formally Council Directive 1999/31/EC of 26 April 1999 on the landfill of waste, is a European Union directive issued by the European Union to be implemented by its Member States by 16 July 2001.

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Landfill fire

A landfill fire occurs when waste disposed of in a landfill ignites and spreads.

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A latex is a stable dispersion (emulsion) of polymer microparticles in an aqueous medium.

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Latex and PVC fetishism

Latex fetishism is the fetishistic attraction to people wearing latex clothing or, in certain cases, to the garments themselves.

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Lead is a chemical element in the carbon group with symbol Pb (from plumbum) and atomic number 82.

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Leather is a durable and flexible material created by tanning animal rawhide and skin, often cattle hide.

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Lentinus tigrinus

Lentinus tigrinus is a mushroom in the Polyporaceae family.

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Limiting oxygen index

The limiting oxygen index (LOI) is the minimum concentration of oxygen, expressed as a percentage, that will support combustion of a polymer.

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Low smoke zero halogen

Low smoke zero halogen or low smoke free of halogen (LSZH or LSOH or LS0H or LSFH or OHLS) is a material classification typically used for cable jacketing in the wire and cable industry.

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Melting point

The melting point (or, rarely, liquefaction point) of a solid is the temperature at which it changes state from solid to liquid at atmospheric pressure.

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A metal (from Greek μέταλλον métallon, "mine, quarry, metal") is a material (an element, compound, or alloy) that is typically hard, opaque, shiny, and has good electrical and thermal conductivity.

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Molar mass distribution

In linear polymers the individual polymer chains rarely have exactly the same degree of polymerization and molar mass, and there is always a distribution around an average value.

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A monomer (mono-, "one" + -mer, "part") is a molecule that may bind chemically to other molecules to form a polymer.

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Natural rubber

Natural rubber, also called India rubber or caoutchouc, as initially produced, consists of polymers of the organic compound isoprene, with minor impurities of other organic compounds plus water.

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, usually shortened to Nissan (or; Japanese), is a Japanese multinational automobile manufacturer headquartered in Nishi-ku, Yokohama, Japan.

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Olympic Delivery Authority

The Olympic Delivery Authority (ODA) was a non-departmental public body of the Department for Culture, Media and Sport, responsible for ensuring the delivery of venues, infrastructure and legacy for the 2012 Summer Olympic and Paralympic Games in London.

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Olympic Stadium (London)

The Stadium at Queen Elizabeth Olympic Park, commonly known as the Olympic Stadium, is a stadium located in Stratford, London, England.

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Outgassing (sometimes called offgassing, particularly when in reference to indoor air quality) is the release of a gas that was dissolved, trapped, frozen or absorbed in some material.

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Parts-per notation

In science and engineering, the parts-per notation is a set of pseudo units to describe small values of miscellaneous dimensionless quantities, e.g. mole fraction or mass fraction.

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A peroxide is a compound containing an oxygen–oxygen single bond or the peroxide anion, O. The O−O group is called the peroxide group or peroxo group.

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Petrocasa ("Oil House") is a type of Venezuelan family houses, built in mass production.

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Phanerochaete is a genus of fungi in the family Phanerochaetaceae of the order Polyporales.

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Phthalates (pronounced or in British English /ˈ(f)θaleɪts/), or phthalate esters, are esters of phthalic acid and are mainly used as plasticizers (substances added to plastics to increase their flexibility, transparency, durability, and longevity).

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Plastic is a material consisting of any of a wide range of synthetic or semi-synthetic organics that are malleable and can be molded into solid objects of diverse shapes.

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Plastic pipework

Plastic pipework is used for the conveyance of drinking water, waste water, chemicals, heating fluid and cooling fluids, foodstuffs, ultra-pure liquids, slurries, gases, compressed air and vacuum system applications.

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Plastic recycling

Plastic recycling is the process of recovering scrap or waste plastic and reprocessing the material into useful products, sometimes completely different in form from their original state.

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Plasticity (physics)

In physics and materials science, plasticity describes the deformation of a material undergoing non-reversible changes of shape in response to applied forces.

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Plasticizers (UK: plasticisers) or dispersants are additives that increase the plasticity or fluidity of a material.

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The plotter is a computer printer for printing vector graphics.

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Plumbing is the system of pipes, drains, fittings, valves, and fixtures installed for the distribution of potable water for drinking, heating and washing, and waterborne waste removal.

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Polyethylene (abbreviated PE) or polyethene (IUPAC name polyethene or poly(methylene)) is the most common plastic.

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A polymer (Greek poly-, "many" + -mer, "parts") is a large molecule, or macromolecule, composed of many repeated subunits.

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Polymer clay

Polymer clay is a type of hardenable modeling clay based on the polymer polyvinyl chloride (PVC).

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In polymer chemistry, polymerization is a process of reacting monomer molecules together in a chemical reaction to form polymer chains or three-dimensional networks.

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Polypropylene (PP), also known as polypropene, is a thermoplastic polymer used in a wide variety of applications including packaging and labeling, textiles (e.g., ropes, thermal underwear and carpets), stationery, plastic parts and reusable containers of various types, laboratory equipment, loudspeakers, automotive components, and polymer banknotes.

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Polyvinyl fluoride

Polyvinyl fluoride (PVF) or –(CH2CHF)n– is a polymer material mainly used in the flammability-lowering coatings of airplane interiors and photovoltaic module backsheets.

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Polyvinylidene chloride

Polyvinylidene chloride (PVDC) is a homopolymer of vinylidene chloride.

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Polyvinylidene fluoride

Polyvinylidene fluoride, or polyvinylidene difluoride (PVDF) is a highly non-reactive and pure thermoplastic fluoropolymer produced by the polymerization of vinylidene difluoride.

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Punk rock

Punk rock (or simply punk) is a rock music genre that developed between 1974 and 1976 in the United States, United Kingdom, and Australia.

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PVC clothing

PVC clothing, commonly known as vinyl clothing, is shiny clothing made of the plastic polyvinyl chloride (PVC).

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PVC decking

PVC decking is composed entirely of Polyvinyl chloride (PVC) and contains no wood.

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Racing stripe

Racing stripes, also called Le Mans stripes, were applied to racecars to help identify them in the field during races, and to help a driver realign a spun-out car with the track.

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Radical (chemistry)

In chemistry, a radical (more precisely, a free radical) is an atom, molecule, or ion that has unpaired valency electrons.

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Radical polymerization

Free radical polymerization is a method of polymerization by which a polymer forms by the successive addition of free radical building blocks.

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Rain gutter

A rain gutter (from Latin gutta: drop), also known as a "rain catcher", is a narrow channel, or trough, forming the component of a roof system which collects and diverts rainwater away from the roof edge.

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Registration, Evaluation, Authorisation and Restriction of Chemicals

Registration, Evaluation, Authorisation and Restriction of Chemicals (REACH) is a European Union regulation dated 18 December 2006.

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Republic of Ireland

Ireland (Éire), also known as the Republic of Ireland (Poblacht na hÉireann), is a sovereign state in north-western Europe occupying about five-sixths of the island of Ireland.

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Royal Artillery Barracks

The Royal Artillery Barracks at Woolwich in the Royal Borough of Greenwich in London, was the home of the Royal Artillery.

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Sanitary sewer

A sanitary sewer (also called a foul sewer and a covered sewer) is an underground carriage system specifically for transporting sewage from houses and commercial buildings through pipes to treatment or disposal.

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A saw is a tool consisting of a tough blade, wire, or chain with a hard toothed edge.

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Sheet resistance

Sheet resistance is a measure of resistance of thin films that are nominally uniform in thickness.

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Siding and '''wall cladding''' is the exterior material applied to the walls of a house or other building meant to shed water, protect the walls from the effects of weather, insulate, and is a key in the aesthetics of the structure.

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Signage, refers to the design or use of signs and symbols to communicate a message to a specific group, usually for the purpose of marketing or a kind of advocacy.

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Sill plate

A sill plate or sole plate in construction and architecture is the bottom horizontal member of a wall or building to which vertical members are attached.

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Suspension polymerization

Suspension polymerization is a heterogeneous radical polymerization process that uses mechanical agitation to mix a monomer or mixture of monomers in a liquid phase, such as water, while the monomers polymerize, forming spheres of polymer.

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Tacticity (from Greek τακτικός taktikos "of or relating to arrangement or order") is the relative stereochemistry of adjacent chiral centers within a macromolecule.

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A tarpaulin, or tarp, is a large sheet of strong, flexible, water-resistant or waterproof material, often cloth such as canvas or polyester coated with urethane, or made of plastics such as polyethylene.

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Tetrahydrofuran (THF) is an organic compound with the formula (CH2)4O.

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Thermal conductivity

In physics, thermal conductivity (often denoted k, λ, or κ) is the property of a material to conduct heat.

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Thermal expansion

Thermal expansion is the tendency of matter to change in volume in response to a change in temperature, when the body is heated its dimension(size) increase.This increase in dimension is called thermal expansion.

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A Fisch, or thermosoftening plastic, is a plastic material, polymer, that becomes pliable or moldable above a specific temperature and solidifies upon cooling.

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Three-dimensional space (mathematics)

Three-dimensional space (also: tri-dimensional space) is a geometric three-parameter model of the physical universe (without considering time) in which all known matter exists.

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Toxic heavy metal

A toxic heavy metal is any relatively dense metal or metalloid that is noted for its potential toxicity, especially in environmental contexts.

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is a Japanese automotive manufacturer headquartered in Toyota, Aichi, Japan.

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Ultraviolet (UV) light is an electromagnetic radiation with a wavelength from 400 nm to 100 nm, shorter than that of visible light but longer than X-rays.

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United States

The United States of America (USA), commonly referred to as the United States (U.S.) or America, is a federal republic composed of 50 states, a federal district, five major territories and various possessions.

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Vicat softening point

Vicat softening temperature or Vicat hardness is the determination of the softening point for materials that have no definite melting point, such as plastics.

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Vinyl chloride

Vinyl chloride is an organochloride with the formula H2C.

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Vinyl roof membrane

A vinyl roof membrane is a polyvinyl chloride (PVC) roofing membrane used in commercial construction.

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Vinyl siding

Vinyl siding is plastic exterior siding for a house, used for decoration and weatherproofing, imitating wood clapboard, and used instead of other materials such as aluminum or fiber cement siding.

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Vinyloop® is a physical plastic recycling process for Polyvinyl chloride.

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Waldo Semon

Waldo Lonsbury Semon (September 10, 1898 – May 26, 1999) was an American inventor born in Demopolis, Alabama.

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Wastewater, also written as waste water, is any water that has been adversely affected in quality by anthropogenic influence.

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Water Polo Arena

The Water Polo Arena was a venue of the 2012 Summer Olympics held in London from 27 July to 12 August 2012.

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Water supply

Water supply is the provision of water by public utilities, commercial organisations, community endeavors or by individuals, usually via a system of pumps and pipes.

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Water-proof or water-resistant describes objects relatively unaffected by water or resisting the ingress of water under specified conditions.

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Wide-format printer

Wide format (aka large format) printers (contrast to vector-rendering "plotters") are generally accepted to be any computer-controlled printing machines (aka "printers") that support a maximum print roll width of between 18" and 100".

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A window is an opening in a wall, door, roof or vehicle that allows the passage of light and, if not closed or sealed, air and sound.

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A wire is a single, usually cylindrical, flexible strand or rod of metal.

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Yield (engineering)

A yield strength or yield point of a material is defined in engineering and materials science as the stress at which a material begins to deform plastically.

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Young's modulus

Young's modulus, also known as the tensile modulus, is a mechanical property of linear elastic solid materials.

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2012 Summer Olympics

The 2012 Summer Olympics, formally the Games of the XXX Olympiad and commonly known as London 2012, was a major international multi-sport event celebrated in the tradition of the Olympic Games, as governed by the International Olympic Committee (IOC).

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[1] https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Polyvinyl_chloride

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