131 relations: Academic authorship, Academic dishonesty, Academic journal, Academic publishing, Advertising research, Analysis, Animal testing, Applied science, Art, Basic research, Big data, Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation, Business model, CILECT, Conceptual framework, Constructive research, Corporation, Cosmology, Credibility, Curiosity, Data analysis, Data collection, Database, Declaration of Helsinki, Descriptive statistics, Discovery (observation), Dissemination, Documentation, Empirical evidence, Empirical research, Epistemology, European Association of Conservatoires, European Charter for Researchers, European League of Institutes of the Arts, European University Association, Evidence, Exploratory research, Fabrication (science), Falsifiability, French language, Further research is needed, Giaco Schiesser, Hakan Topal, Hermeneutics, Historical method, Human subject research, Humanities, Hypothesis, Identification (information), Indigenous peoples, ..., Informed consent, Integrity, International Standard Classification of Occupations, Internet research, Interpretation (philosophy), Intersubjectivity, John W. Creswell, Journal, Knowledge, Linguistic discrimination, List of countries by research and development spending, List of psychological research methods, List of words ending in ology, Literature review, Market research, Marketing research, Mathematical object, Mathematics, Māori people, Medical research, Medical Research Council (United Kingdom), Meno, National Institutes of Health, Nature, Null hypothesis, Nuremberg Code, Old French, Open access, Open research, Operational definition, Operations research, Outline of academic disciplines, Participatory action research, Patricia M. Shields, Peer review, Plagiarism, Plato, Positivism, Post-Soviet states, Postgraduate education, Practitioner research, Primary source, Private foundation, Professionalization, Qualitative research, Quantitative research, Recognition (sociology), Research and development, Research associate, Research fellow, Research-intensive cluster, Rudolph Rummel, Russian Academy of Sciences, Scholarly method, Scholarly peer review, Science, Scientific method, Scientific misconduct, Scientific modelling, Secondary research, Self-archiving, Semiotics, Social constructionism, Social media, Social Psychology Network, Social research, Social science, Society for Artistic Research (SAR), Soviet Union, Stockholm, Subjectivity, Technology, Textual criticism, Theorem, Theoretical definition, Theory, Thesis, Timeline of the history of scientific method, Undergraduate research, University of Dance and Circus, Whistleblower. Expand index (81 more) » « Shrink index
Academic authorship of journal articles, books, and other original works is a means by which academics communicate the results of their scholarly work, establish priority for their discoveries, and build their reputation among their peers.
Academic dishonesty, academic misconduct or academic fraud is any type of cheating that occurs in relation to a formal academic exercise.
An academic or scholarly journal is a periodical publication in which scholarship relating to a particular academic discipline is published.
Academic publishing is the subfield of publishing which distributes academic research and scholarship.
Advertising research is a systematic process of marketing research conducted to improve the efficiency of advertising.
Analysis is the process of breaking a complex topic or substance into smaller parts in order to gain a better understanding of it.
Animal testing, also known as animal experimentation, animal research and in vivo testing, is the use of non-human animals in experiments that seek to control the variables that affect the behavior or biological system under study.
Applied science is the application of existing scientific knowledge to practical applications, like technology or inventions.
Art is a diverse range of human activities in creating visual, auditory or performing artifacts (artworks), expressing the author's imaginative, conceptual idea, or technical skill, intended to be appreciated for their beauty or emotional power.
Basic research, also called pure research or fundamental research, has the scientific research aim to improve scientific theories for improved understanding or prediction of natural or other phenomena.
Big data is data sets that are so big and complex that traditional data-processing application software are inadequate to deal with them.
Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation (BMGF), also known as the Gates Foundation, is a private foundation founded by Bill and Melinda Gates.
A business model describes the rationale of how an organization creates, delivers, and captures value,Business Model Generation, Alexander Osterwalder, Yves Pigneur, Alan Smith, and 470 practitioners from 45 countries, self-published, 2010 in economic, social, cultural or other contexts.
The International Association of Film and Television Schools (French: Centre international de liaison des écoles de cinéma et de télévision, CILECT) is the association of the world's major film and television schools.
A conceptual framework is an analytical tool with several variations and contexts.
Constructive research is a synonym for the methodology otherwise known as Design Science Research.
A corporation is a company or group of people or an organisation authorized to act as a single entity (legally a person) and recognized as such in law.
Cosmology (from the Greek κόσμος, kosmos "world" and -λογία, -logia "study of") is the study of the origin, evolution, and eventual fate of the universe.
Credibility comprises the objective and subjective components of the believability of a source or message.
Curiosity (from Latin cūriōsitās, from cūriōsus "careful, diligent, curious", akin to cura "care") is a quality related to inquisitive thinking such as exploration, investigation, and learning, evident by observation in humans and other animals.
Data analysis is a process of inspecting, cleansing, transforming, and modeling data with the goal of discovering useful information, informing conclusions, and supporting decision-making.
Data collection is the process of gathering and measuring information on targeted variables in an established systematic fashion, which then enables one to answer relevant questions and evaluate outcomes.
A database is an organized collection of data, stored and accessed electronically.
The Declaration of Helsinki (DoH) is a set of ethical principles regarding human experimentation developed for the medical community by the World Medical Association (WMA).
A descriptive statistic (in the count noun sense) is a summary statistic that quantitatively describes or summarizes features of a collection of information, while descriptive statistics in the mass noun sense is the process of using and analyzing those statistics.
Discovery is the act of detecting something new, or something "old" that had been unrecognized as meaningful.
To disseminate (from lat. disseminare "scattering seeds"), in the field of communication, means to broadcast a message to the public without direct feedback from the audience.
Documentation is a set of documents provided on paper, or online, or on digital or analog media, such as audio tape or CDs.
Empirical evidence, also known as sensory experience, is the information received by means of the senses, particularly by observation and documentation of patterns and behavior through experimentation.
Empirical research is research using empirical evidence.
Epistemology is the branch of philosophy concerned with the theory of knowledge.
The European Association of Conservatoires (AEC) is the main association of colleges and university schools of music in Europe, which was established in 1953.
The European Charter for Researchers is a recommendation of good practice for researchers and employers and/or funders of researchers issued by the European Commission Directorate-General for Research.
The European League of Institutes of the Arts (ELIA) is an independent membership organization representing approximately 300 higher arts education institutions in 47 countries.
The European University Association (EUA) represents and supports more than 850 institutions of higher education in 47 countries, providing them with a forum for cooperation and exchange of information on higher education and research policies.
Evidence, broadly construed, is anything presented in support of an assertion.
Exploratory research is research conducted for a problem that has not been studied more clearly, intended to establish priorities, develop operational definitions and improve the final research design.
In scientific inquiry and academic research, fabrication is the intentional misrepresentation of research results by making up data, such as that reported in a journal article.
A statement, hypothesis, or theory has falsifiability (or is falsifiable) if it can logically be proven false by contradicting it with a basic statement.
French (le français or la langue française) is a Romance language of the Indo-European family.
The phrases "further research is needed" (FRIN), "more research is needed" and other variants are commonly used in research papers.
Giaco Schiesser (born 1953) is a Zurich-based theorist of cultural and media studies.
Hakan Topal is an artist living and working in Brooklyn, New York.
Hermeneutics is the theory and methodology of interpretation, especially the interpretation of biblical texts, wisdom literature, and philosophical texts.
Historical method comprises the techniques and guidelines by which historians use primary sources and other evidence, including the evidence of archaeology, to research and then to write histories in the form of accounts of the past.
Human subject research is systematic, scientific investigation that can be either interventional (a "trial") or observational (no "test article") and involves human beings as research subjects.
Humanities are academic disciplines that study aspects of human society and culture.
A hypothesis (plural hypotheses) is a proposed explanation for a phenomenon.
The function of identification is to map a known quantity to an unknown entity so as to make it known.
Indigenous peoples, also known as first peoples, aboriginal peoples or native peoples, are ethnic groups who are the pre-colonial original inhabitants of a given region, in contrast to groups that have settled, occupied or colonized the area more recently.
Informed consent is a process for getting permission before conducting a healthcare intervention on a person, or for disclosing personal information.
Integrity is the quality of being honest and having strong moral principles, or moral uprightness.
The International Standard Classification of Occupations (ISCO) is an International Labour Organization (ILO) classification structure for organizing information on labour and jobs.
Internet research is the practice of using Internet information, especially free information on the World Wide Web, or Internet-based resources (like Internet discussion forum) in research.
A philosophical interpretation is the assignment of meanings to various concepts, symbols, or objects under consideration.
Intersubjectivity, in philosophy, psychology, sociology, and anthropology, is the psychological relation between people.
John W. Creswell is an American academic known for his work in mixed methods research.
A journal (through French from Latin diurnalis, daily) has several related meanings.
Knowledge is a familiarity, awareness, or understanding of someone or something, such as facts, information, descriptions, or skills, which is acquired through experience or education by perceiving, discovering, or learning.
Linguistic discrimination (also called linguicism and languagism) is the unfair treatment of an individual based solely on his or her use of language.
This is a list of countries by research and development (R&D) spending in real terms and as per latest data available.
A wide range of research methods are used in psychology.
† not study.
A literature review or narrative review is one of the two main types of review articles, the other being the systematic review.
Market research (also in some contexts known as industrial research) is any organized effort to gather information about target markets or customers.
Marketing research is "the process or set of processes that links the producers, customers, and end users to the marketer through information used to identify and define marketing opportunities and problems; generate, refine, and evaluate marketing actions; monitor marketing performance; and improve understanding of marketing as a process.
A mathematical object is an abstract object arising in mathematics.
Mathematics (from Greek μάθημα máthēma, "knowledge, study, learning") is the study of such topics as quantity, structure, space, and change.
The Māori are the indigenous Polynesian people of New Zealand.
Biomedical research (or experimental medicine) encompasses a wide array of research, extending from "basic research" (also called bench science or bench research), – involving fundamental scientific principles that may apply to a ''preclinical'' understanding – to clinical research, which involves studies of people who may be subjects in clinical trials.
The Medical Research Council (MRC) is responsible for co-coordinating and funding medical research in the United Kingdom.
Meno (Μένων) is a Socratic dialogue written by Plato.
The National Institutes of Health (NIH) is the primary agency of the United States government responsible for biomedical and public health research, founded in the late 1870s.
Nature, in the broadest sense, is the natural, physical, or material world or universe.
In inferential statistics, the term "null hypothesis" is a general statement or default position that there is no relationship between two measured phenomena, or no association among groups.
The Nuremberg Code (Nürnberger Kodex) is a set of research ethics principles for human experimentation set as a result of the subsequent Nuremberg trials at the end of the Second World War.
Old French (franceis, françois, romanz; Modern French: ancien français) was the language spoken in Northern France from the 8th century to the 14th century.
Open access (OA) refers to research outputs which are distributed online and free of cost or other barriers, and possibly with the addition of a Creative Commons license to promote reuse.
Open research is research conducted in the spirit of free and open-source software.
An operational definition is the articulation of operationalization (or statement of procedures) used in defining the terms of a process (or set of validation tests) needed to determine the nature of an item or phenomenon (a variable, term, or object) and its properties such as duration, quantity, extension in space, chemical composition, etc.
Operations research, or operational research in British usage, is a discipline that deals with the application of advanced analytical methods to help make better decisions.
An academic discipline or field of study is a branch of knowledge that is taught and researched as part of higher education.
Participatory action research (PAR) is an approach to research in communities that emphasizes participation and action.
Patricia M. Shields (born 1951) is a Professor of Political Science and Public Administration at Texas State University.
Peer review is the evaluation of work by one or more people of similar competence to the producers of the work (peers).
Plagiarism is the "wrongful appropriation" and "stealing and publication" of another author's "language, thoughts, ideas, or expressions" and the representation of them as one's own original work.
Plato (Πλάτων Plátōn, in Classical Attic; 428/427 or 424/423 – 348/347 BC) was a philosopher in Classical Greece and the founder of the Academy in Athens, the first institution of higher learning in the Western world.
Positivism is a philosophical theory stating that certain ("positive") knowledge is based on natural phenomena and their properties and relations.
The post-Soviet states, also collectively known as the former Soviet Union (FSU) or former Soviet Republics, are the states that emerged and re-emerged from the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics in its breakup in 1991, with Russia internationally recognised as the successor state to the Soviet Union after the Cold War.
Postgraduate education, or graduate education in North America, involves learning and studying for academic or professional degrees, academic or professional certificates, academic or professional diplomas, or other qualifications for which a first or bachelor's degree generally is required, and it is normally considered to be part of higher education.
Practitioner Research refers to research and/or workplace research such as evaluation performed by individuals who also work in a professional field as opposed to being full-time academic researchers.
In the study of history as an academic discipline, a primary source (also called original source or evidence) is an artifact, document, diary, manuscript, autobiography, recording, or any other source of information that was created at the time under study.
A private foundation is a legal entity set up by an individual, a family or a group of individuals, for a purpose such as philanthropy or other legal economic object.
Professionalization is a social process by which any trade or occupation transforms itself into a true "profession of the highest integrity and competence." The definition of what constitutes a profession is often contested.
Qualitative research is a scientific method of observation to gather non-numerical data.
In natural sciences and social sciences, quantitative research is the systematic empirical investigation of observable phenomena via statistical, mathematical or computational techniques.
Recognition in sociology is public acknowledgement of person's status or merits (achievements, virtues, service, etc.). In the field of psychology, it is understood that a person who seeks excessive recognition could themselves be exhibiting traits of a narcissistic personality disorder.
Research and development (R&D, R+D, or R'n'D), also known in Europe as research and technological development (RTD), refers to innovative activities undertaken by corporations or governments in developing new services or products, or improving existing services or products.
Research associates are scholars and professionals that usually have an advanced degree beyond a bachelor's degree.
A research fellow is an academic research position at a university or a similar research institution, usually for academic staff or faculty members.
Research-intensive clusters (RICs) are regions with a high density of research-oriented organizations.
Rudolph Joseph Rummel (October 21, 1932 – March 2, 2014) was professor of political science who taught at the Indiana University, Yale University, and University of Hawaii.
The Russian Academy of Sciences (RAS; Росси́йская акаде́мия нау́к (РАН) Rossíiskaya akadémiya naúk) consists of the national academy of Russia; a network of scientific research institutes from across the Russian Federation; and additional scientific and social units such as libraries, publishing units, and hospitals.
The scholarly method or scholarship is the body of principles and practices used by scholars to make their claims about the world as valid and trustworthy as possible, and to make them known to the scholarly public.
Scholarly peer review (also known as refereeing) is the process of subjecting an author's scholarly work, research, or ideas to the scrutiny of others who are experts in the same field, before a paper describing this work is published in a journal, conference proceedings or as a book.
R. P. Feynman, The Feynman Lectures on Physics, Vol.1, Chaps.1,2,&3.
Scientific method is an empirical method of knowledge acquisition, which has characterized the development of natural science since at least the 17th century, involving careful observation, which includes rigorous skepticism about what one observes, given that cognitive assumptions about how the world works influence how one interprets a percept; formulating hypotheses, via induction, based on such observations; experimental testing and measurement of deductions drawn from the hypotheses; and refinement (or elimination) of the hypotheses based on the experimental findings.
Scientific misconduct is the violation of the standard codes of scholarly conduct and ethical behavior in the publication of professional scientific research.
Scientific modelling is a scientific activity, the aim of which is to make a particular part or feature of the world easier to understand, define, quantify, visualize, or simulate by referencing it to existing and usually commonly accepted knowledge.
Secondary research involves the summary, collation and/or synthesis of existing research.
Self-archiving is the act of (the author's) depositing a free copy of an electronic document online in order to provide open access to it.
Semiotics (also called semiotic studies) is the study of meaning-making, the study of sign process (semiosis) and meaningful communication.
Social constructionism or the social construction of reality (also social concept) is a theory of knowledge in sociology and communication theory that examines the development of jointly constructed understandings of the world that form the basis for shared assumptions about reality.
Social media are computer-mediated technologies that facilitate the creation and sharing of information, ideas, career interests and other forms of expression via virtual communities and networks.
The Social Psychology Network (SPN) is an educational organization with more than 1,500 members worldwide.
Social research is a research conducted by social scientists following a systematic plan.
Social science is a major category of academic disciplines, concerned with society and the relationships among individuals within a society.
The Society for Artistic Research (SAR) is an international nonprofit, artistic and scientific society devoted to developing, linking and disseminating internationally Artistic Research as a specific practice of producing knowledge.
The Soviet Union, officially the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (USSR) was a socialist state in Eurasia that existed from 1922 to 1991.
Stockholm is the capital of Sweden and the most populous city in the Nordic countries; 952,058 people live in the municipality, approximately 1.5 million in the urban area, and 2.3 million in the metropolitan area.
Subjectivity is a central philosophical concept, related to consciousness, agency, personhood, reality, and truth, which has been variously defined by sources.
Technology ("science of craft", from Greek τέχνη, techne, "art, skill, cunning of hand"; and -λογία, -logia) is first robustly defined by Jacob Bigelow in 1829 as: "...principles, processes, and nomenclatures of the more conspicuous arts, particularly those which involve applications of science, and which may be considered useful, by promoting the benefit of society, together with the emolument of those who pursue them".
Textual criticism is a branch of textual scholarship, philology, and literary criticism that is concerned with the identification of textual variants in either manuscripts or printed books.
In mathematics, a theorem is a statement that has been proven on the basis of previously established statements, such as other theorems, and generally accepted statements, such as axioms.
A theoretical definition is an abstract concept that defines a term in an academic discipline.
A theory is a contemplative and rational type of abstract or generalizing thinking, or the results of such thinking.
A thesis or dissertation is a document submitted in support of candidature for an academic degree or professional qualification presenting the author's research and findings.
This timeline of the history of scientific method shows an overview of the cultural inventions that have contributed to the development of the scientific method.
Undergraduate research is the exploration of a specific topic within a field by an undergraduate student that makes an original contribution to the discipline.
The University of Dance and Circus (Dans- och cirkushögskolan, DOCH) is a Swedish institution offering higher education in the fields of dance education, folk dance, dance, dance therapy, historical dance, choreography and contemporary circus.
A whistleblower (also written as whistle-blower or whistle blower) is a person who exposes any kind of information or activity that is deemed illegal, unethical, or not correct within an organization that is either private or public.
Academic research, Artistic research, Ethical approval, Experimental ethics, Graduate Certificate Research Commercialisation, Junior Researcher, Junior researcher, Leading Researcher, Leading researcher, Original Research, Original research, Principal Researcher, Principal researcher, RESEARCH, Reseacher, Research Methods, Research and discovery, Research department, Research ethics, Research ethics of science, Research laboratories, Research method, Research methods, Research on research, Research project, Research supervisor, Researched, Researcher, Researcher (job title), Researchers, Researching, Science ethics, Scientific ethics, Senior Research Associate, Senior Researcher, Senior researcher.