115 relations: Agriculture, Agronomy, Albert Hibbs, Atomic force microscopy, Biochemistry, Bioelectronics, Bioenergetics, Bioinformatics, Biological engineering, Biological organisation, Biological system, Biology, Biomechanics, Biophysical chemistry, Biophysical Society, Cambridge University Press, Carl Ludwig, Cell biology, Channelome, Chemical kinetics, Chemistry, Circular dichroism, Computational biology, Computational chemistry, Computer science, Conformational change, DNA, Docking (molecular), Dual-polarization interferometry, Ecosystem, Electric current, Electron microscope, Engineering, Entropy, Enzyme kinetics, Ernst Heinrich Weber, Erwin Schrödinger, European Biophysics Journal, Fluorescence, Health care, Hermann von Helmholtz, Index of biophysics articles, Instrumentation, Isomer, Johannes Peter Müller, John Wiley & Sons, Journal of Electroanalytical Chemistry, Karl Pearson, List of biophysicists, Luigi Galvani, ..., Mathematics, Medical physics, Medicine, Membrane biology, Microscopy, Molecular biology, Molecular biophysics, Molecular dynamics, Molecular machine, Molecule, Nanomedicine, Nanotechnology, Negentropy, Neural network, Neuron, Neurophysics, Neuroscience, Neutron spin echo, Nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy, Optical tweezers, Organ (anatomy), Outline of biophysics, Patch clamp, Pharmacology, Phylogenetics, Physical chemistry, Physical quantity, Physics, Physiology, Physiomics, Polyketide, Population biology, Protein biosynthesis, Protein dynamics, Protein structure prediction, Quantum biology, Quantum chemistry, Quantum decoherence, Quantum mechanics, Radiology, Regulation of gene expression, Richard Feynman, RNA, Robert Rosen (theoretical biologist), Rodney Cotterill, Roland Glaser, Scientific technique, Sequence alignment, Small-angle neutron scattering, Small-angle scattering, Small-angle X-ray scattering, Statistical mechanics, Statistics, Stochastic process, Stress (mechanics), Structural alignment, Structural biology, Systems biology, Temperature, There's Plenty of Room at the Bottom, Thermodynamics, Tissue (biology), Virophysics, What Is Life?, X-ray crystallography. Expand index (65 more) » « Shrink index
Agriculture is the cultivation of land and breeding of animals and plants to provide food, fiber, medicinal plants and other products to sustain and enhance life.
Agronomy (Ancient Greek ἀγρός agrós 'field' + νόμος nómos 'law') is the science and technology of producing and using plants for food, fuel, fiber, and land reclamation.
Albert Roach "Al" Hibbs (October 19, 1924 – February 24, 2003) was a noted mathematician known worldwide as "the voice of JPL".
Atomic force microscopy (AFM) or scanning force microscopy (SFM) is a very-high-resolution type of scanning probe microscopy (SPM), with demonstrated resolution on the order of fractions of a nanometer, more than 1000 times better than the optical diffraction limit.
Biochemistry, sometimes called biological chemistry, is the study of chemical processes within and relating to living organisms.
Bioelectronics is a field of research in the convergence of biology and electronics.
Bioenergetics is a field in biochemistry and cell biology that concerns energy flow through living systems.
Bioinformatics is an interdisciplinary field that develops methods and software tools for understanding biological data.
Biological engineering or bio-engineering is the application of principles of biology and the tools of engineering to create usable, tangible, economically viable products.
Biological organization is the hierarchy of complex biological structures and systems that define life using a reductionistic approach.
A biological system is a complex network of biologically relevant entities.
Biology is the natural science that studies life and living organisms, including their physical structure, chemical composition, function, development and evolution.
Biomechanics is the study of the structure and function of the mechanical aspects of biological systems, at any level from whole organisms to organs, cells and cell organelles, using the methods of mechanics.
Biophysical chemistry is a physical science that uses the concepts of physics and physical chemistry for the study of biological systems.
The Biophysical Society is an international scientific society whose purpose is to encourage the development and dissemination of knowledge in biophysics.
Cambridge University Press (CUP) is the publishing business of the University of Cambridge.
Carl Friedrich Wilhelm Ludwig (29 December 1816 – 23 April 1895) was a German physician and physiologist.
Cell biology (also called cytology, from the Greek κυτος, kytos, "vessel") is a branch of biology that studies the structure and function of the cell, the basic unit of life.
The channelome, sometimes called the "ion channelome", is the complete set of ion channelsDoyle, D. A., Morais-Cabral, J., Pfuetzner, R. A., Kuo, A, Gulbis, JM, Cohen, SL, Chait, BT, MacKinnon, R (1998) The structure of the potassium channel: molecular basis of K+ conduction and selectivity.
Chemical kinetics, also known as reaction kinetics, is the study of rates of chemical processes.
Chemistry is the scientific discipline involved with compounds composed of atoms, i.e. elements, and molecules, i.e. combinations of atoms: their composition, structure, properties, behavior and the changes they undergo during a reaction with other compounds.
Circular dichroism (CD) is dichroism involving circularly polarized light, i.e., the differential absorption of left- and right-handed light.
Computational biology involves the development and application of data-analytical and theoretical methods, mathematical modeling and computational simulation techniques to the study of biological, behavioral, and social systems.
Computational chemistry is a branch of chemistry that uses computer simulation to assist in solving chemical problems.
Computer science deals with the theoretical foundations of information and computation, together with practical techniques for the implementation and application of these foundations.
In biochemistry, a conformational change is a change in the shape of a macromolecule, often induced by environmental factors.
Deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) is a thread-like chain of nucleotides carrying the genetic instructions used in the growth, development, functioning and reproduction of all known living organisms and many viruses.
In the field of molecular modeling, docking is a method which predicts the preferred orientation of one molecule to a second when bound to each other to form a stable complex.
Dual-polarization interferometry (DPI) is an analytical technique that probes molecular layers adsorbed to the surface of a waveguide using the evanescent wave of a laser beam.
An ecosystem is a community made up of living organisms and nonliving components such as air, water, and mineral soil.
An electric current is a flow of electric charge.
An electron microscope is a microscope that uses a beam of accelerated electrons as a source of illumination.
Engineering is the creative application of science, mathematical methods, and empirical evidence to the innovation, design, construction, operation and maintenance of structures, machines, materials, devices, systems, processes, and organizations.
In statistical mechanics, entropy is an extensive property of a thermodynamic system.
Enzyme kinetics is the study of the chemical reactions that are catalysed by enzymes.
Ernst Heinrich Weber (24 June 1795 – 26 January 1878) was a German physician who is considered one of the founders of experimental psychology.
Erwin Rudolf Josef Alexander Schrödinger (12 August 1887 – 4 January 1961), sometimes written as or, was a Nobel Prize-winning Austrian physicist who developed a number of fundamental results in the field of quantum theory, which formed the basis of wave mechanics: he formulated the wave equation (stationary and time-dependent Schrödinger equation) and revealed the identity of his development of the formalism and matrix mechanics.
The European Biophysics Journal is published by Springer Science+Business Media on behalf of the European Biophysical Societies Association.
Fluorescence is the emission of light by a substance that has absorbed light or other electromagnetic radiation.
Health care or healthcare is the maintenance or improvement of health via the prevention, diagnosis, and treatment of disease, illness, injury, and other physical and mental impairments in human beings.
Hermann Ludwig Ferdinand von Helmholtz (August 31, 1821 – September 8, 1894) was a German physician and physicist who made significant contributions in several scientific fields.
This is a list of articles on biophysics.
Instrumentation is a collective term for measuring instruments used for indicating, measuring and recording physical quantities, and has its origins in the art and science of scientific instrument-making.
An isomer (from Greek ἰσομερής, isomerès; isos.
Johannes Peter Müller (14 July 1801 – 28 April 1858) was a German physiologist, comparative anatomist, ichthyologist, and herpetologist, known not only for his discoveries but also for his ability to synthesize knowledge.
John Wiley & Sons, Inc., also referred to as Wiley, is a global publishing company that specializes in academic publishing.
The Journal of Electroanalytical Chemistry is a peer-reviewed scientific journal on electroanalytical chemistry, published by Elsevier twice per month.
Karl Pearson HFRSE LLD (originally named Carl; 27 March 1857 – 27 April 1936) was an English mathematician and biostatistician. He has been credited with establishing the discipline of mathematical statistics. He founded the world's first university statistics department at University College London in 1911, and contributed significantly to the field of biometrics, meteorology, theories of social Darwinism and eugenics. Pearson was also a protégé and biographer of Sir Francis Galton.
This is a list of persons known for their research in biophysics.
Luigi Aloisio Galvani (Aloysius Galvanus; 9 September 1737 – 4 December 1798) was an Italian physician, physicist, biologist and philosopher, who discovered animal electricity.
Mathematics (from Greek μάθημα máthēma, "knowledge, study, learning") is the study of such topics as quantity, structure, space, and change.
Medical physics (also called biomedical physics, medical biophysics or applied physics in medicine) is, generally speaking, the application of physics concepts, theories and methods to medicine or healthcare.
Medicine is the science and practice of the diagnosis, treatment, and prevention of disease.
Membrane biology is the study of the biological and physiochemical characteristics of membranes.
Microscopy is the technical field of using microscopes to view objects and areas of objects that cannot be seen with the naked eye (objects that are not within the resolution range of the normal eye).
Molecular biology is a branch of biology which concerns the molecular basis of biological activity between biomolecules in the various systems of a cell, including the interactions between DNA, RNA, proteins and their biosynthesis, as well as the regulation of these interactions.
Molecular biophysics is a rapidly evolving interdisciplinary area of research that combines concepts in physics, chemistry, engineering, mathematics and biology.
Molecular dynamics (MD) is a computer simulation method for studying the physical movements of atoms and molecules.
A molecular machine, nanite, or nanomachine, refers to any discrete number of molecular components that produce quasi-mechanical movements (output) in response to specific stimuli (input).
A molecule is an electrically neutral group of two or more atoms held together by chemical bonds.
Nanomedicine is the medical application of nanotechnology.
Nanotechnology ("nanotech") is manipulation of matter on an atomic, molecular, and supramolecular scale.
The negentropy has different meanings in information theory and theoretical biology.
The term neural network was traditionally used to refer to a network or circuit of neurons.
A neuron, also known as a neurone (British spelling) and nerve cell, is an electrically excitable cell that receives, processes, and transmits information through electrical and chemical signals.
Neurophysics (or neurobiophysics) is the branch of biophysics dealing with the development and use of physical techniques to gain information about the nervous system on a molecular level.
Neuroscience (or neurobiology) is the scientific study of the nervous system.
Neutron spin echo spectroscopy is an inelastic neutron scattering technique invented by Ferenc Mezei in the 1970s, and developed in collaboration with John Hayter.
Nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy, most commonly known as NMR spectroscopy or magnetic resonance spectroscopy (MRS), is a spectroscopic technique to observe local magnetic fields around atomic nuclei.
Optical tweezers (originally called "single-beam gradient force trap") are scientific instruments that use a highly focused laser beam to provide an attractive or repulsive force (typically on the order of piconewtons), depending on the relative refractive index between particle and surrounding medium, to physically hold and move microscopic objects similar to tweezers.
Organs are collections of tissues with similar functions.
The following outline is provided as an overview of and topical guide to biophysics: Biophysics – interdisciplinary science that uses the methods of physics to study biological systems.
The patch clamp technique is a laboratory technique in electrophysiology used to study ionic currents in individual isolated living cells, tissue sections, or patches of cell membrane.
Pharmacology is the branch of biology concerned with the study of drug action, where a drug can be broadly defined as any man-made, natural, or endogenous (from within body) molecule which exerts a biochemical or physiological effect on the cell, tissue, organ, or organism (sometimes the word pharmacon is used as a term to encompass these endogenous and exogenous bioactive species).
In biology, phylogenetics (Greek: φυλή, φῦλον – phylé, phylon.
Physical Chemistry is the study of macroscopic, atomic, subatomic, and particulate phenomena in chemical systems in terms of the principles, practices, and concepts of physics such as motion, energy, force, time, thermodynamics, quantum chemistry, statistical mechanics, analytical dynamics and chemical equilibrium.
A physical quantity is a physical property of a phenomenon, body, or substance, that can be quantified by measurement.or we can say that quantities which we come across during our scientific studies are called as the physical quantities...
Physics (from knowledge of nature, from φύσις phýsis "nature") is the natural science that studies matterAt the start of The Feynman Lectures on Physics, Richard Feynman offers the atomic hypothesis as the single most prolific scientific concept: "If, in some cataclysm, all scientific knowledge were to be destroyed one sentence what statement would contain the most information in the fewest words? I believe it is that all things are made up of atoms – little particles that move around in perpetual motion, attracting each other when they are a little distance apart, but repelling upon being squeezed into one another..." and its motion and behavior through space and time and that studies the related entities of energy and force."Physical science is that department of knowledge which relates to the order of nature, or, in other words, to the regular succession of events." Physics is one of the most fundamental scientific disciplines, and its main goal is to understand how the universe behaves."Physics is one of the most fundamental of the sciences. Scientists of all disciplines use the ideas of physics, including chemists who study the structure of molecules, paleontologists who try to reconstruct how dinosaurs walked, and climatologists who study how human activities affect the atmosphere and oceans. Physics is also the foundation of all engineering and technology. No engineer could design a flat-screen TV, an interplanetary spacecraft, or even a better mousetrap without first understanding the basic laws of physics. (...) You will come to see physics as a towering achievement of the human intellect in its quest to understand our world and ourselves."Physics is an experimental science. Physicists observe the phenomena of nature and try to find patterns that relate these phenomena.""Physics is the study of your world and the world and universe around you." Physics is one of the oldest academic disciplines and, through its inclusion of astronomy, perhaps the oldest. Over the last two millennia, physics, chemistry, biology, and certain branches of mathematics were a part of natural philosophy, but during the scientific revolution in the 17th century, these natural sciences emerged as unique research endeavors in their own right. Physics intersects with many interdisciplinary areas of research, such as biophysics and quantum chemistry, and the boundaries of physics are not rigidly defined. New ideas in physics often explain the fundamental mechanisms studied by other sciences and suggest new avenues of research in academic disciplines such as mathematics and philosophy. Advances in physics often enable advances in new technologies. For example, advances in the understanding of electromagnetism and nuclear physics led directly to the development of new products that have dramatically transformed modern-day society, such as television, computers, domestic appliances, and nuclear weapons; advances in thermodynamics led to the development of industrialization; and advances in mechanics inspired the development of calculus.
Physiology is the scientific study of normal mechanisms, and their interactions, which work within a living system.
Physiomics is a systematic study of physiome in biology.
Polyketides are a class of secondary metabolites produced by certain living organisms in order to impart to them some survival advantage.
Population biology is an interdisciplinary field combining the areas of ecology and evolutionary biology.
Protein synthesis is the process whereby biological cells generate new proteins; it is balanced by the loss of cellular proteins via degradation or export.
Proteins are generally thought to adopt unique structures determined by their amino acid sequences, as outlined by Anfinsen's dogma.
Protein structure prediction is the inference of the three-dimensional structure of a protein from its amino acid sequence—that is, the prediction of its folding and its secondary and tertiary structure from its primary structure.
Quantum biology refers to applications of quantum mechanics and theoretical chemistry to biological objects and problems.
Quantum chemistry is a branch of chemistry whose primary focus is the application of quantum mechanics in physical models and experiments of chemical systems.
Quantum decoherence is the loss of quantum coherence.
Quantum mechanics (QM; also known as quantum physics, quantum theory, the wave mechanical model, or matrix mechanics), including quantum field theory, is a fundamental theory in physics which describes nature at the smallest scales of energy levels of atoms and subatomic particles.
Radiology is the science that uses medical imaging to diagnose and sometimes also treat diseases within the body.
Regulation of gene expression includes a wide range of mechanisms that are used by cells to increase or decrease the production of specific gene products (protein or RNA), and is informally termed gene regulation.
Richard Phillips Feynman (May 11, 1918 – February 15, 1988) was an American theoretical physicist, known for his work in the path integral formulation of quantum mechanics, the theory of quantum electrodynamics, and the physics of the superfluidity of supercooled liquid helium, as well as in particle physics for which he proposed the parton model.
Ribonucleic acid (RNA) is a polymeric molecule essential in various biological roles in coding, decoding, regulation, and expression of genes.
Robert Rosen (June 27, 1934 – December 28, 1998) was an American theoretical biologist and Professor of Biophysics at Dalhousie University.
Rodney Michael John Cotterill Order of the Dannebrog (27 September 1933 – 24 June 2007) was an English-Danish physicist, and neuroscientist, who was educated at University College London (B.Sc., 1st), Yale (M.S.) and Cambridge University (Ph.D.). He spent most of his career as a professor at the Technical University of Denmark, Denmark, (1967-) after having spent five years as a researcher at the Argonne National Laboratory.
Roland Glaser (born Jena 23 May 1935) is a German biophysicist and writer.
A scientific technique is any systematic way of obtaining information about a scientific nature or to obtain a desired material or product.
In bioinformatics, a sequence alignment is a way of arranging the sequences of DNA, RNA, or protein to identify regions of similarity that may be a consequence of functional, structural, or evolutionary relationships between the sequences.
Small-angle neutron scattering (SANS) is an experimental technique that uses elastic neutron scattering at small scattering angles to investigate the structure of various substances at a mesoscopic scale of about 1–100 nm.
Small-angle scattering (SAS) is a scattering technique based on deflection of collimated radiation away from the straight trajectory after it interacts with structures that are much larger than the wavelength of the radiation.
Small-angle X-ray scattering (SAXS) is a small-angle scattering technique by which nanoscale density differences in a sample can be quantified.
Statistical mechanics is one of the pillars of modern physics.
Statistics is a branch of mathematics dealing with the collection, analysis, interpretation, presentation, and organization of data.
--> In probability theory and related fields, a stochastic or random process is a mathematical object usually defined as a collection of random variables.
In continuum mechanics, stress is a physical quantity that expresses the internal forces that neighboring particles of a continuous material exert on each other, while strain is the measure of the deformation of the material.
Structural alignment attempts to establish homology between two or more polymer structures based on their shape and three-dimensional conformation.
Structural biology is a branch of molecular biology, biochemistry, and biophysics concerned with the molecular structure of biological macromolecules (especially proteins, made up of amino acids, and RNA or DNA, made up of nucleic acids), how they acquire the structures they have, and how alterations in their structures affect their function.
Systems biology is the computational and mathematical modeling of complex biological systems.
Temperature is a physical quantity expressing hot and cold.
"There's Plenty of Room at the Bottom" was a lecture given by physicist Richard Feynman at an American Physical Society meeting at Caltech on December 29, 1959.
Thermodynamics is the branch of physics concerned with heat and temperature and their relation to energy and work.
In biology, tissue is a cellular organizational level between cells and a complete organ.
Virophysics is a branch of biophysics in which the theoretical concepts and experimental techniques of physics are applied to study the mechanics and dynamics driving the interactions between virus and cells.
What Is Life? The Physical Aspect of the Living Cell is a 1944 science book written for the lay reader by physicist Erwin Schrödinger.
X-ray crystallography is a technique used for determining the atomic and molecular structure of a crystal, in which the crystalline atoms cause a beam of incident X-rays to diffract into many specific directions.