210 relations: Adige, Administrative subdivisions of the Papal States from 1816 to 1871, Adriatic Sea, Afghanistan, Airmobile Brigade Friuli, Albania, Allied Land Forces Southern Europe, Alpine Brigade Cadore, Alpine Brigade Julia, Alpine Brigade Orobica, Alpine Brigade Taurinense, Alpine Brigade Tridentina, Alpine Wall, Alpini, Altair, Aosta, Aosta Valley Airport, Apennine Mountains, Armistice of Cassibile, Army Group A, Austria, Austrian Empire, Bassano del Grappa, Battle of Caporetto, Battle of Shire, Battles of the Isonzo, Belluno, Belluno Airport, Benito Mussolini, Bersaglieri, Black Sea, Bologna, Bolzano, Bolzano Airport, Brenner Pass, Brixen, Bruneck, Cadore, Capture of Rome, Carabinieri, Carinthia, Carnic Alps, Caucasus, CENTAG wartime structure in 1989, Central Powers, Chiusaforte, Cold War, Comando Truppe Alpine, Corps, Declaration of Neutrality, ..., Division Tridentina, Dolje, Tolmin, Dolomites, Don River (Russia), Drava, Durrës, Emilia-Romagna, Enrico Cialdini, Epirus, Eppan an der Weinstraße, Feltre, Fern Pass, FH70, Filipp Golikov, Florence, Friuli-Venezia Giulia, Gabriele Nasci, Genoa, Gestapo, Giacomo Medici (general), Gold Medal of Military Valour, Greco-Italian War, Grosseto, Höhlensteintal, Hungarian Ground Forces, Inn (river), Innichen, Innsbruck, International Security Assistance Force, Italian Army, Italian Expeditionary Corps in Russia, Italian invasion of France, Italy, Julian Alps, Kingdom of Sardinia, Kreuzberg Pass, Krn, Laives, Lake Garda, Landeck, Leopard 1, Light infantry, Longarone, M109 howitzer, M110 howitzer, M113 armored personnel carrier, M115 howitzer, M47 Patton, Main chain of the Alps, Mals, Mario Nicolis di Robilant, Matterhorn, Merano, MGM-52 Lance, Mittenwald, Monte Cervino Battalion, Mountain warfare, Naßfeld Pass, NATO, Natz-Schabs, Nazi Germany, Norway, Nuclear artillery, Operation Winter Storm, Operational Zone of the Alpine Foothills, Pact of Steel, Paluzza, Panaro (river), Paratroopers Brigade Folgore, Piacenza, Piave (river), Piedmont, Pieve di Cadore, Plöcken Pass, Po (river), Po Valley, Pontebba, Puster Valley, Quadrilatero, Raffaele Cadorna, Reana del Rojale, Reschen Pass, Rome, Rostov-on-Don, Schlanders, Second Army (Hungary), Second French Empire, Second Italian War of Independence, Second Italo-Ethiopian War, Sextental, Soča, South Tyrol, Southern Group of Forces, Soviet Union, Steppe, Sterzing, Styria, Surface-to-surface missile, Switzerland, Tarvisio, Third Italian War of Independence, Tolmezzo, Trentino, Trento, Trieste, Tripoint, Turin, Udine, United States Army Rangers, Venaria Reale, Veneto, Verona, Villach, Voronezh Front, W33 (nuclear warhead), W79, War in Afghanistan (2001–present), Warsaw Pact, Wipptal, World War I, World War II, Yugoslavia, 11th Infantry Division Brennero, 131st Armoured Division Centauro, 156th Infantry Division Vicenza, 16th Alpini Regiment, 18th Alpini Regiment, 1st Blackshirt Division (23 March), 1st Mountain Artillery Regiment (Italy), 20th Infantry Division Friuli, 22nd Infantry Division Cacciatori delle Alpi, 24th Alpine Maneuver Regiment, 26th Infantry Division Assietta, 27th Mountain Infantry Brigade (France), 2nd Alpine Artillery Regiment, 2nd Alpine Division Tridentina, 2nd Alpine Engineer Regiment, 2nd Alpine Signal Regiment, 2nd Alpini Regiment, 2nd Infantry Division Sforzesca, 32nd Alpine Engineer Regiment, 3rd Alpine Division Julia, 3rd Alpini Regiment, 3rd Army Corps (Italy), 3rd Missile Brigade "Aquileia", 3rd Mountain Artillery Regiment (Italy), 4th Alpine Division Cuneense, 4th Alpini Paratroopers Regiment, 4th Panzer Army, 5th Alpine Division Pusteria, 5th Alpini Regiment, 5th Army Corps (Italy), 5th Blackshirt Division 1 Febbraio, 5th Infantry Division Cosseria, 6th Alpini Regiment, 6th Army (Wehrmacht), 7th Alpini Regiment, 8th Alpini Regiment, 9th Alpini Regiment, 9th Infantry Division Pasubio. Expand index (160 more) » « Shrink index
The Adige (Etsch; Àdexe; Adisch; Adesc; Athesis; Ἄθεσις) is the second longest river in Italy after the Po, rising in the Alps in the province of South Tyrol near the Italian border with Austria and Switzerland, flowing through most of North-East Italy to the Adriatic Sea.
The delegations as they existed in 1859.
The Adriatic Sea is a body of water separating the Italian Peninsula from the Balkan peninsula.
Afghanistan (Pashto/Dari:, Pashto: Afġānistān, Dari: Afġānestān), officially the Islamic Republic of Afghanistan, is a landlocked country located within South Asia and Central Asia.
The Airmobile Brigade "Friuli" is an airmobile brigade of the Italian Army, based mainly in the Emilia-Romagna region.
Albania (Shqipëri/Shqipëria; Shqipni/Shqipnia or Shqypni/Shqypnia), officially the Republic of Albania (Republika e Shqipërisë), is a country in Southeastern Europe.
Allied Land Forces Southern Europe (LANDSOUTH) was a military command of NATO's Allied Forces Southern Europe (AFSOUTH) command.
The Alpini Brigade Cadore was a light Infantry brigade of the Italian Army, specializing in mountain warfare.
The Alpini Brigade Julia is a light Infantry brigade of the Italian Army, specializing in Mountain Combat.
The Alpine Brigade Orobica was a light Infantry brigade of the Italian Army, specializing in mountain warfare.
The Alpine Brigade Taurinense is a light Infantry brigade of the Italian Army, specializing in Mountain Combat.
The Alpini Brigade Tridentina was a light Infantry brigade of the Italian Army, specializing in mountain warfare.
The Alpine Wall (Vallo Alpino) was an Italian system of fortifications along the 1851 km of Italy's northern frontier.
The Alpini (Italian for "alpines"), are an elite mountain warfare military corps of the Italian Army.
Altair, also designated Alpha Aquilae (α Aquilae, abbreviated Alpha Aql, α Aql), is the brightest star in the constellation of Aquila and the twelfth brightest star in the night sky.
Aosta (Aoste; Aoûta; Augusta Praetoria Salassorum; Augschtal; Osta) is the principal city of Aosta Valley, a bilingual region in the Italian Alps, north-northwest of Turin.
Aosta Valley Airport formerly Corrado Gex Airport (Aeroporto della Valle d'Aosta, Aéroport de la Vallée d'Aoste) is an airport located in Saint-Christophe and serving Aosta, a city in the Aosta Valley region of Italy.
The Apennines or Apennine Mountains (Ἀπέννινα ὄρη; Appenninus or Apenninus Mons—a singular used in the plural;Apenninus has the form of an adjective, which would be segmented Apenn-inus, often used with nouns such as mons (mountain) or Greek ὄρος oros, but just as often used alone as a noun. The ancient Greeks and Romans typically but not always used "mountain" in the singular to mean one or a range; thus, "the Apennine mountain" refers to the entire chain and is translated "the Apennine mountains". The ending can vary also by gender depending on the noun modified. The Italian singular refers to one of the constituent chains rather than to a single mountain and the Italian plural refers to multiple chains rather than to multiple mountains. Appennini) are a mountain range consisting of parallel smaller chains extending along the length of peninsular Italy.
The Armistice of Cassibile was an armistice signed on 3 September 1943 by Walter Bedell Smith and Giuseppe Castellano, and made public on 8 September, between the Kingdom of Italy and the Allies during World War II.
Army Group A (Heeresgruppe A) was the name of several German Army Groups during World War II.
Austria (Österreich), officially the Republic of Austria (Republik Österreich), is a federal republic and a landlocked country of over 8.8 million people in Central Europe.
The Austrian Empire (Kaiserthum Oesterreich, modern spelling Kaisertum Österreich) was a Central European multinational great power from 1804 to 1919, created by proclamation out of the realms of the Habsburgs.
Bassano del Grappa (Venetian: Basan // (plain form) or Bassan/Bassàn (italianized form)) is a city and comune, in the Vicenza province, in the region Veneto, in northern Italy.
The Battle of Caporetto (also known as the Twelfth Battle of the Isonzo, the Battle of Kobarid or the Battle of Karfreit as it was known by the Central Powers) was a battle on the Austro-Italian front of World War I. The battle was fought between the Entente and the Central Powers and took place from 24 October to 19 November 1917, near the town of Kobarid (now in north-western Slovenia, then part of the Austrian Littoral).
The Battle of Shire (Italian: Battaglia dello Mayatutors) was a battle fought on the northern front of what was known as the Second Italo-Abyssinian War.
The Battles of the Isonzo (known as the Isonzo Front by historians, soška fronta) were a series of 12 battles between the Austro-Hungarian and Italian armies in World War I mostly on the territory of present-day Slovenia, and the remainder in Italy along the Isonzo River on the eastern sector of the Italian Front between June 1915 and November 1917.
Belluno (Belluno, Belum, Belùn), is a town and province in the Veneto region of northern Italy.
Belluno Airport is an airport located in Belluno, Italy.
Benito Amilcare Andrea Mussolini (29 July 1883 – 28 April 1945) was an Italian politician and journalist who was the leader of the National Fascist Party (Partito Nazionale Fascista, PNF).
The Bersaglieri (Marksmen in English) are a corps of the Italian Army originally created by General Alessandro La Marmora on 18 June 1836 to serve in the Army of the Kingdom of Sardinia, later to become the Royal Italian Army.
The Black Sea is a body of water and marginal sea of the Atlantic Ocean between Eastern Europe, the Caucasus, and Western Asia.
Bologna (Bulåggna; Bononia) is the capital and largest city of the Emilia-Romagna Region in Northern Italy.
Bolzano (or; German: Bozen (formerly Botzen),; Balsan or Bulsan; Bauzanum) is the capital city of the province of South Tyrol in northern Italy.
Bolzano Airport (Aeroporto di Bolzano — Dolomiti, Flughafen Bozen — Dolomiten) is a small regional airport near Bolzano in the province of South Tyrol in northern Italy.
Brenner Pass (Brennerpass; Passo del Brennero) is a mountain pass through the Alps which forms the border between Italy and Austria.
Brixen (Bressanone; Ladin: Porsenù or Persenon) is a town in South Tyrol in northern Italy, located about north of Bolzano.
Bruneck (Brunico or Ladin: Bornech or Burnech; Branecium or Brunopolis) is the largest town in the Puster Valley in the Italian province of South Tyrol.
Cadore (Cadòr; Cadòr or, rarely, Cadòria; Cadober or Kadober; Sappada German: Kadour; Cjadovri) is a historical region in the Italian region of Veneto, in the northernmost part of the province of Belluno bordering on Austria, the Trentino-Alto Adige/Südtirol and Friuli-Venezia Giulia.
The capture of Rome (Presa di Roma) on 20 September 1870 was the final event of the long process of Italian unification known as the Risorgimento, marking both the final defeat of the Papal States under Pope Pius IX and the unification of the Italian peninsula under King Victor Emmanuel II of the House of Savoy.
The Carabinieri (formally Arma dei Carabinieri, "Carabinieri Force" or previously Corpo dei Carabinieri Reali, "Royal Carabinieri Corps") is the fourth Italian military force charged with police duties under the authority of the Ministry of Defense.
The Carnic Alps (Alpi Carniche; Karnische Alpen; Karnijske Alpe; Alps Cjargnelis) are a range of the Southern Limestone Alps in Austria and northeastern Italy.
The Caucasus or Caucasia is a region located at the border of Europe and Asia, situated between the Black Sea and the Caspian Sea and occupied by Russia, Georgia, Azerbaijan, and Armenia.
The Central Army Group (CENTAG) was a NATO military formation comprising four Army Corps from two NATO member nations comprising troops from Canada, Germany and the United States.
The Central Powers (Mittelmächte; Központi hatalmak; İttifak Devletleri / Bağlaşma Devletleri; translit), consisting of Germany,, the Ottoman Empire and Bulgaria – hence also known as the Quadruple Alliance (Vierbund) – was one of the two main factions during World War I (1914–18).
Chiusaforte (Kluže, Klausen, Sclûse.) is a comune (municipality) in the Province of Udine in the Italian region Friuli-Venezia Giulia.
The Cold War was a state of geopolitical tension after World War II between powers in the Eastern Bloc (the Soviet Union and its satellite states) and powers in the Western Bloc (the United States, its NATO allies and others).
The Comando Truppe Alpine (Alpine Troops Command) or COMTA (formerly also COMALP) commands the Mountain Troops of the Italian Army, called Alpini and various support and training units.
Corps (plural corps; via French, from the Latin corpus "body") is a term used for several different kinds of organisation.
The Declaration of Neutrality was a declaration by the Austrian Parliament declaring the country permanently neutral.
The Division Tridentina Divisione Tridentina is one of three active divisions of the Italian Army.
Dolje is a settlement on the left bank of the Soča River northwest of Tolmin in the Littoral region of Slovenia.
The Dolomites (Dolomiti; Ladin: Dolomites; Dolomiten; Dołomiti: Dolomitis) are a mountain range located in northeastern Italy.
The Don (p) is one of the major rivers of Russia and the 5th longest river in Europe.
The Drava or Drave by Jürgen Utrata (2014).
Durrës (Durazzo,, historically known as Epidamnos and Dyrrachium, is the second most populous city of the Republic of Albania. The city is the capital of the surrounding Durrës County, one of 12 constituent counties of the country. By air, it is northwest of Sarandë, west of Tirana, south of Shkodër and east of Rome. Located on the Adriatic Sea, it is the country's most ancient and economic and historic center. Founded by Greek colonists from Corinth and Corfu under the name of Epidamnos (Επίδαμνος) around the 7th century BC, the city essentially developed to become significant as it became an integral part of the Roman Empire and its successor the Byzantine Empire. The Via Egnatia, the continuation of the Via Appia, started in the city and led across the interior of the Balkan Peninsula to Constantinople in the east. In the Middle Ages, it was contested between Bulgarian, Venetian and Ottoman dominions. Following the declaration of independence of Albania, the city served as the capital of the Principality of Albania for a short period of time. Subsequently, it was annexed by the Kingdom of Italy and Nazi Germany in the interwar period. Moreover, the city experienced a strong expansion in its demography and economic activity during the Communism in Albania. Durrës is served by the Port of Durrës, one of the largest on the Adriatic Sea, which connects the city to Italy and other neighbouring countries. Its most considerable attraction is the Amphitheatre of Durrës that is included on the tentative list of Albania for designation as a UNESCO World Heritage Site. Once having a capacity for 20,000 people, it is the largest amphitheatre in the Balkan Peninsula.
Emilia-Romagna (Emilian and Emélia-Rumâgna) is an administrative Region of Northeast Italy comprising the historical regions of Emilia and Romagna.
Enrico Cialdini, Duca di Gaeta (10 August 1811 – 8 September 1892) was an Italian soldier, politician and diplomat.
Epirus is a geographical and historical region in southeastern Europe, now shared between Greece and Albania.
Eppan an der Weinstraße (Appiano sulla Strada del Vino), often abbreviated to Eppan or Appiano, is a comune (municipality) in South Tyrol in northern Italy, located about southwest of the city of Bolzano.
Feltre (Fèltre) is a town and comune of the province of Belluno in Veneto, northern Italy.
Fern Pass (elevation 1212 m) is a mountain pass in the Tyrolean Alps in Austria.
The FH70 (field howitzer for the 1970s) is a towed howitzer in use with several nations.
Filipp Ivanovich Golikov, (Russian: Филипп Иванович Голиков; July 30, 1900 – July 29, 1980) was a Soviet military commander.
Florence (Firenze) is the capital city of the Italian region of Tuscany.
Friuli-Venezia Giulia (Friûl-Vignesie Julie; Furlanija-Julijska krajina, Friaul-Julisch Venetien; Friul-Venesia Julia; Friul-Unieja Julia) is one of the 20 regions of Italy, and one of five autonomous regions with special statute.
Gabriele Nasci (3 October 1887 - Venice - 12 April 1947) was a general in the Royal Italian Army who commanded the Librazhd Sector during the World War II Axis invasion of Yugoslavia in April 1941.
Genoa (Genova,; Zêna; English, historically, and Genua) is the capital of the Italian region of Liguria and the sixth-largest city in Italy.
The Gestapo, abbreviation of Geheime Staatspolizei (Secret State Police), was the official secret police of Nazi Germany and German-occupied Europe.
Giacomo Medici, Marchese del Vascello (15 January 1817 – 9 March 1882) was an Italian patriot and soldier.
The Gold Medal of Military Valour (Medaglia d'oro al valor militare) is an Italian medal established on 21 May 1793 by King Victor Amadeus III of Sardinia "....per bassi ufficiali e soldati che avevano fatto azioni di segnalato valore in guerra" (for deeds of outstanding gallantry in war by junior officers and soldiers).
The Greco-Italian War (Italo-Greek War, Italian Campaign in Greece; in Greece: War of '40 and Epic of '40) took place between the kingdoms of Italy and Greece from 28 October 1940 to 23 April 1941.
Grosseto is a city and comune in the central Italian region of Tuscany, the capital of the Province of Grosseto.
The Höhlensteintal (Val di Landro; Höhlensteintal) is a side valley of the Puster Valley in South Tyrol, Italy.
The Hungarian Ground Forces are one of the branches of the Hungarian armed forces.
The Inn (Aenus; En) is a river in Switzerland, Austria and Germany.
Innichen (San Candido) is a market town and comune (municipality) in South Tyrol in northern Italy.
Innsbruck is the capital city of Tyrol in western Austria and the fifth-largest city in Austria.
The International Security Assistance Force (ISAF) was a NATO-led security mission in Afghanistan, established by the United Nations Security Council in December 2001 by Resolution 1386, as envisaged by the Bonn Agreement.
The Italian Army (Italian: Esercito Italiano) is the land defence force of the Italian Armed Forces of the Italian Republic.
During World War II, the Italian Expeditionary Corps in Russia (Corpo di Spedizione Italiano in Russia, or CSIR) was a corps-sized expeditionary unit of the Regio Esercito (Italian Army) that fought on the Eastern Front.
The Italian invasion of France, also called the Battle of the Alps (10–25 June 1940), was the first major Italian engagement of World War II and the last major engagement of the Battle of France.
Italy (Italia), officially the Italian Republic (Repubblica Italiana), is a sovereign state in Europe.
The Julian Alps (Julijske Alpe, Alpi Giulie) are a mountain range of the Southern Limestone Alps that stretch from northeastern Italy to Slovenia, where they rise to 2,864 m at Mount Triglav, the highest peak in Slovenia and of the former Yugoslavia.
The Kingdom of SardiniaThe name of the state was originally Latin: Regnum Sardiniae, or Regnum Sardiniae et Corsicae when the kingdom was still considered to include Corsica.
The Kreuzbergpass (Passo Monte Croce di Comelico; Kreuzbergpass; Sappada German: Kraizpèrk) (1636 m) is a high mountain pass between the provinces of South Tyrol and Belluno in Italy.
Krn (Monte Nero) is a mountain of the southwestern Julian Alps in northwestern Slovenia.
Laives (Leifers) is a town and a comune (municipality) in South Tyrol in northern Italy, located about south of the city of Bolzano.
Lake Garda (Lago di Garda or Lago Benàco, Benacus; Lach de Garda; Łago de Garda) is the largest lake in Italy.
Landeck is a town in the Austrian state of Tyrol, the capital of the district of Landeck.
The Leopard (or Leopard 1) is a main battle tank designed and produced in West Germany that first entered service in 1965.
Light infantry is a designation applied to certain types of foot soldiers (infantry) throughout history, typically having lighter equipment or armament or a more mobile or fluid function than other types of infantry, such as heavy infantry or line infantry.
Longarone is a town and comune on the banks of the Piave in the province of Belluno, in North-East Italy.
The M109 is an American 155 mm turreted self-propelled howitzer, first introduced in the early 1960s.
The 8 inch (203 mm) M110 self-propelled howitzer was the largest available self-propelled howitzer in the United States Army's inventory.
The M113 is a fully tracked armored personnel carrier (APC) that was developed by Food Machinery Corp (FMC).
The M115 203 mm howitzer, also known as the M115 8 inch howitzer, was a towed howitzer developed and used by the United States Army.
The M47 Patton was an American main battle tank, a development of the M46 Patton mounting an updated turret, and was in turn further developed as the M48 Patton.
The main chain of the Alps, also called the Alpine divide is the central line of mountains that forms the water divide of the range.
Mals (Malles Venosta) is a comune (municipality) in South Tyrol in northern Italy, located about northwest of Bolzano, on the border with Switzerland and Austria.
Mario Nicolis di Robilant (Torino, 28 April 1855 – Roma, 23 July 1943) was an Italian General of the Kingdom of Italy who actively participated in the World War I, mostly at the head of the Fourth Italian Army.
The Matterhorn (Matterhorn; Cervino; Mont Cervin) is a mountain of the Alps, straddling the main watershed and border between Switzerland and Italy.
Merano or Meran is a town and comune in South Tyrol, northern Italy.
The MGM-52 Lance is a mobile field artillery tactical surface-to-surface missile (tactical ballistic missile) system used to provide both nuclear and conventional fire support to the United States Army.
Mittenwald is a German municipality in the district of Garmisch-Partenkirchen, in Bavaria.
The Alpini Parachutist battalion Monte Cervino is the sole battalion of the Italian Army's 4th Alpini Parachutist Regiment.
Mountain warfare refers to warfare in the mountains or similarly rough terrain.
Nassfeld Pass (Passo di Pramollo, Mokrine) is a mountain pass connecting Hermagor in the Austrian state of Carinthia with Pontebba in the Italian region of Friuli-Venezia Giulia.
The North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO; Organisation du Traité de l'Atlantique Nord; OTAN), also called the North Atlantic Alliance, is an intergovernmental military alliance between 29 North American and European countries.
Natz-Schabs (Naz-Sciaves) is a comune (municipality) in South Tyrol in northern Italy, located about northeast of the city of Bolzano.
Nazi Germany is the common English name for the period in German history from 1933 to 1945, when Germany was under the dictatorship of Adolf Hitler through the Nazi Party (NSDAP).
Norway (Norwegian: (Bokmål) or (Nynorsk); Norga), officially the Kingdom of Norway, is a unitary sovereign state whose territory comprises the western portion of the Scandinavian Peninsula plus the remote island of Jan Mayen and the archipelago of Svalbard.
Nuclear artillery is a subset of limited-yield tactical nuclear weapons, in particular those weapons that are launched from the ground at battlefield targets.
Operation Winter Storm (Unternehmen Wintergewitter) was a German offensive in World War II in which the German 4th Panzer Army unsuccessfully attempted to break the Soviet encirclement of the German 6th Army during the Battle of Stalingrad.
The Operational Zone of the Alpine Foothills (Operationszone Alpenvorland (OZAV); Zona d'operazione Prealpi) was a Nazi German district in the sub-Alpine area created in Italian territory during World War II.
The Pact of Steel (Stahlpakt, Patto d'Acciaio), known formally as the Pact of Friendship and Alliance between Germany and Italy, was a military and political alliance between the Kingdom of Italy and Nazi Germany.
Paluzza (Paluce) is a comune (municipality) in the Province of Udine in the Italian region Friuli-Venezia Giulia.
The Panaro is an Italian river and the final right-hand tributary to the Po, discounting the Cavo Napoleonico canal.
The Paratroopers Brigade "Folgore" is an airborne brigade of the Italian Army.
Piacenza (Piacentino: Piaṡëinsa) is a city and comune in the Emilia-Romagna region of northern Italy.
The Piave (Plavis) is a river in northern Italy.
Piedmont (Piemonte,; Piedmontese, Occitan and Piemont; Piémont) is a region in northwest Italy, one of the 20 regions of the country.
Pieve di Cadore is a comune (municipality) in the province of Belluno in the Italian region of Veneto, about north of Venice and about northeast of Belluno.
Plöcken Pass (Plöckenpass, Passo di Monte Croce Carnico) is a high mountain pass in the Carnic Alps mountain range at the border between the Austrian state of Carinthia and the Friuli-Venezia Giulia region of Italy.
The Po (Padus and Eridanus; Po; ancient Ligurian: Bodincus or Bodencus; Πάδος, Ἠριδανός) is a river that flows eastward across northern Italy.
The Po Valley, Po Plain, Plain of the Po, or Padan Plain (Pianura Padana, or Val Padana) is a major geographical feature of Northern Italy.
Pontebba (Ponteibe, Pontafel, Tablja) is a comune (municipality) in the Province of Udine in the Italian region Friuli-Venezia Giulia.
The Puster Valley (Val Pusteria; Pustertal, Ladin: Val de Puster) is a valley in the Alps that runs in an east-west direction between Lienz in East Tyrol, Austria and Mühlbach near Brixen in South Tyrol, Italy.
The Quadrilatero (for greater specificity often called the "Quadrilateral fortresses") is the traditional name of a defensive system of the Austrian Empire in the Lombardy-Venetia region of Italy, which connected the fortresses of Peschiera, Mantua, Legnago and Verona between the Mincio, the Po and Adige Rivers.
Count Raffaele Cadorna (9 February 1815 – 6 February 1897) was an Italian general who served as one of the major Piedmontese leaders responsible for the unification of Italy during the mid-19th century.
Reana del Rojale (Reane dal Roiâl) is a comune (municipality) in the Province of Udine in the Italian region Friuli-Venezia Giulia, located about northwest of Trieste and about north of Udine.
Reschen Pass (Reschenpass; Passo di Resia) is a mountain pass across the Main chain of the Alps, connecting the Upper Inn Valley in the northwest with the Vinschgau region in the southeast.
Rome (Roma; Roma) is the capital city of Italy and a special comune (named Comune di Roma Capitale).
Rostov-on-Don (p) is a port city and the administrative center of Rostov Oblast and the Southern Federal District of Russia.
Schlanders (Silandro) is a comune (municipality) in South Tyrol in northern Italy, located about west of the city of Bolzano.
The Hungarian Second Army (Második Magyar Hadsereg) was one of three field armies (hadsereg) raised by the Kingdom of Hungary (Magyar Királyság) which saw action during World War II.
The French Second Empire (Second Empire) was the Imperial Bonapartist regime of Napoleon III from 1852 to 1870, between the Second Republic and the Third Republic, in France.
The Second Italian War of Independence, also called the Franco-Austrian War, Austro-Sardinian War or Italian War of 1859 (Campagne d'Italie), was fought by the French Empire and the Kingdom of Sardinia against the Austrian Empire in 1859 and played a crucial part in the process of Italian unification.
The Second Italo-Ethiopian War, also referred to as the Second Italo-Abyssinian War, was a colonial war from 3 October 1935 until 1939, despite the Italian claim to have defeated Ethiopia by 5 May 1936, the date of the capture of Addis Ababa.
The Sextental is a side valley of the Puster Valley in South Tyrol, Italy and is congruent with the municipality of Sexten.
The Soča (in Slovene) or Isonzo (in Italian; other names Lusinç, Sontig, Aesontius or Isontius) is a long river that flows through western Slovenia and northeastern Italy.
South Tyrol is an autonomous province in northern Italy.
The Southern Group of Forces (YUGV) was a Soviet Armed Forces formation formed twice following the Second World War, most notably around the time of the Hungarian Revolution of 1956.
The Soviet Union, officially the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (USSR) was a socialist state in Eurasia that existed from 1922 to 1991.
In physical geography, a steppe (p) is an ecoregion, in the montane grasslands and shrublands and temperate grasslands, savannas and shrublands biomes, characterized by grassland plains without trees apart from those near rivers and lakes.
Sterzing (Vipiteno) is a comune in South Tyrol in northern Italy.
Styria (Steiermark,, Štajerska, Stájerország, Štýrsko) is a state or Bundesland, located in the southeast of Austria.
A surface-to-surface missile (SSM) or ground-to-ground missile (GGM) is a missile designed to be launched from the ground or the sea and strike targets on land or at sea.
Switzerland, officially the Swiss Confederation, is a sovereign state in Europe.
Tarvisio (German and Tarvis, Trbiž) is a comune (town) in the Province of Udine, the northeastern part of the autonomous Friuli Venezia Giulia region in Italy.
The Third Italian War of Independence (Terza Guerra d'Indipendenza Italiana) was a war between the Kingdom of Italy and the Austrian Empire fought between June and August 1866.
Tolmezzo (Tumieç, Tolmeč, archaic Tolmein or Schönfeld) is a town and comune in the province of Udine, part of the Friuli-Venezia Giulia region of north-eastern Italy.
Trentino, officially the Autonomous Province of Trento, is an autonomous province of Italy, in the country's far north.
Trento (anglicized as Trent; local dialects: Trènt; Trient) is a city on the Adige River in Trentino-Alto Adige/Südtirol in Italy.
Trieste (Trst) is a city and a seaport in northeastern Italy.
A tripoint, trijunction, triple point or tri-border area is a geographical point at which the boundaries of three countries or subnational entities meet.
Turin (Torino; Turin) is a city and an important business and cultural centre in northern Italy.
Udine (Udin, Weiden in Friaul, Utinum, Videm) is a city and comune in northeastern Italy, in the middle of the Friuli-Venezia Giulia region, between the Adriatic Sea and the Alps (Alpi Carniche).
The United States Army Rangers are designated U.S. Army Ranger units, past or present, or are graduates of the U.S. Army Ranger School.
Venaria Reale (La Venerìa) is a comune (municipality) in the Metropolitan City of Turin in the Italian region Piedmont, located about northwest of Turin.
Veneto (or,; Vèneto) is one of the 20 regions of Italy.
Verona (Venetian: Verona or Veròna) is a city on the Adige river in Veneto, Italy, with approximately 257,000 inhabitants and one of the seven provincial capitals of the region.
Villach (German pronunciation:; Beljak, Villaco, Vilac) is the seventh-largest city in Austria and the second-largest in the federal state of Carinthia.
The Voronezh Front (Воронежский Фронт) was a front (a military formation equivalent to army group) of the Soviet Union's Red Army during the Second World War.
The W33 was an American nuclear artillery shell, fired from an eight-inch (203 mm) M110 howitzer and M115 howitzer.
The W79 was an American nuclear artillery shell, capable of being fired from any standard 8 inch (203 mm) howitzer e.g. the M115 & M110 howitzer.
The War in Afghanistan (or the U.S. War in Afghanistan; code named Operation Enduring Freedom – Afghanistan (2001–2014) and Operation Freedom's Sentinel (2015–present)) followed the United States invasion of Afghanistan of October 7, 2001.
The Warsaw Pact, formally known as the Treaty of Friendship, Cooperation and Mutual Assistance, was a collective defence treaty signed in Warsaw, Poland among the Soviet Union and seven Soviet satellite states of Central and Eastern Europe during the Cold War.
The Wipptal (Wipp valley) is an Alpine valley in Tyrol, Austria and in South Tyrol, Italy, running between Innsbruck and Franzensfeste.
World War I (often abbreviated as WWI or WW1), also known as the First World War, the Great War, or the War to End All Wars, was a global war originating in Europe that lasted from 28 July 1914 to 11 November 1918.
World War II (often abbreviated to WWII or WW2), also known as the Second World War, was a global war that lasted from 1939 to 1945, although conflicts reflecting the ideological clash between what would become the Allied and Axis blocs began earlier.
Yugoslavia (Jugoslavija/Југославија; Jugoslavija; Југославија; Pannonian Rusyn: Югославия, transcr. Juhoslavija)Jugosllavia; Jugoszlávia; Juhoslávia; Iugoslavia; Jugoslávie; Iugoslavia; Yugoslavya; Югославия, transcr. Jugoslavija.
The 11th Infantry Division Brennero was a mountain infantry division of the Italian Army during World War II.
The 131st Armoured Division Centauro (in 131ª Divisione Corazzata "Centauro") was an armoured division of the Italian Army during World War II.
The 156th Infantry Division Vicenza was an infantry division of the Italian Army during World War II.
The 16th Alpini Regiment (16° Reggimento Alpini) was a short lived (1991-2004) light infantry training regiment of the Italian Army, specializing in mountain warfare.
The 18th Alpini Regiment (18° Reggimento Alpini) was a short lived (1997–2004) light Infantry training regiment of the Italian Army, specializing in Mountain Combat.
The Blackshirt Division 23 March (Italian:Divisione CC.NN. "23 Marzo") was an Italian MVSN Blackshirt (Fascist) militia unit formed for the Second Italo-Abyssinian War.
The 1st Mountain Artillery Regiment 1° Reggimento Artiglieria da Montagna) is a field artillery regiment of the Italian Army, specializing in mountain combat. Since their formation the Mountain Artillery Regiments had served alongside the Alpini, a mountain infantry corps of the Italian Army, that distinguished itself in combat prior to World War I to World War II. The Alpini and Mountain Artillery regiments share, besides their close history, the distinctive Cappello Alpino.
The Friuli is a division of the Italian Army since World War II.
The 22nd Infantry Division Cacciatori delle Alpi was an infantry division of the Italian Army during World War II.
The 24th Alpine Maneuver Regiment (24° Reggimento di Manovra Alpino) is a Logistics regiment of the Italian Army, specializing in Mountain Combat.
The 26th Infantry Division Assietta was a mountain infantry Division (formed 6 August 1935) of the Italian Army during World War II.
The 27th Mountain Infantry Brigade (e Brigade d'Infanterie de Montagne, 27 BIM) is a mountain infantry formation of the French Army.
The 2nd alpine Artillery Regiment 2° Reggimento Artiglieria Alpina) was a field artillery regiment of the Italian Army, specializing in mountain combat. Since their formation the Mountain Artillery Regiments have served alongside the Alpini, a mountain infantry corps of the Italian Army, which distinguished itself in combat during World War I and World War II. Besides their close history, the Alpini and Mountain Artillery regiments share the distinctive Cappello Alpino. The regiment was disbanded in 2013 and its FH-70 towed howitzers were transferred to the re-raised 185th Parachute Artillery Regiment Folgore of the Folgore Parachute Brigade in Bracciano.
The 2nd Alpine Division Tridentina was a World War II Mountain Infantry division of the Italian Army.
The 2nd Alpine Engineer Regiment (2° Reggimento Genio Guastatori Alpino) is a military engineer regiment of the Italian Army in Trento specializing in mountain combat.
The 2nd Alpine Signal Regiment (2° Reggimento Trasmissioni Alpino) is a Signals regiment of the Italian Army, specializing in Mountain Combat.
The 2nd Alpini Regiment (2° Reggimento Alpini) is a light Infantry regiment of the Italian Army, specializing in mountain combat.
The 2nd Infantry Division Sforzesca was a mountain Infantry Division of the Italian Army during World War II.
The 32nd Alpine Engineer Regiment (32° Reggimento Genio Guastatori Alpino) is a military engineer regiment of the Italian Army, specializing in mountain combat.
The 3rd Alpine Division Julia was a World War II light Infantry division of the Italian Army, specializing in Mountain Combat.
The 3rd Alpini Regiment (3° Reggimento Alpini) is a light Infantry regiment of the Italian Army, specializing in mountain combat.
The 3rd Army Corps was one of three corps the Italian Army fielded during the Cold War.
The 3rd Missile Brigade Aquileia (3ª Brigata Missili “Aquileia”) was an artillery brigade of the Italian Army active between 1959 and 1991.
The 3rd Mountain Artillery Regiment 3° Reggimento Artiglieria da Montagna) is a field artillery regiment of the Italian Army, specializing in mountain combat. Since their formation the Mountain Artillery Regiments have served alongside the Alpini, a mountain infantry corps of the Italian Army, that distinguished itself in combat during World War I and World War II. The Alpini and Mountain Artillery regiments share, besides their close history, the distinctive Cappello Alpino.
The 4th Alpine Division Cuneense was an Italian division composed of Alpini - light Mountain Infantry - and Mountain Artillery units.
The 4th Alpini Paratroopers Regiment (4° Reggimento Alpini Paracadutisti) is a Ranger type infantry regiment of the Italian Army, specializing in mountain combat.
The 4th Panzer Army (German: 4. Panzerarmee) was, before being designated a full army, the Panzer Group 4 (Panzergruppe 4), a German panzer army during World War II.
The 5th Alpini Division Pusteria was a light Infantry division of the Italian Army, specializing in Mountain Combat.
The 5th Alpini Regiment (5° Reggimento Alpini) is a light infantry regiment of the Italian Army, specializing in Mountain Combat.
The 5th Army Corps was one of three corps the Italian Army fielded during the Cold War.
The Italian 5th Blackshirt Division 1 Febbraio was an Italian CCNN Blackshirt militia unit formed for the Second Italo-Abyssinian War under the command of Gen.
The 5th Infantry Division Cosseria was an Infantry Division of the Italian Army during the Second World War.
The 6th Alpini Regiment (6° Reggimento Alpini) is a light infantry training regiment of the Italian Army, specializing in mountain warfare.
The 6th Army, a field-army unit of the German Wehrmacht during World War II (1939-1945), has become widely remembered for its destruction by the Red Army at the Battle of Stalingrad in the winter of 1942/43.
The 7th Alpini Regiment (7° Reggimento Alpini) is a light Infantry regiment of the Italian Army, specializing in mountain combat.
The 8th Alpini Regiment (8° Reggimento Alpini) is a light Infantry regiment of the Italian Army, specializing in Mountain Combat.
The 9th Alpini Regiment (9° Reggimento Alpini) is a light Infantry regiment of the Italian Army, specializing in Mountain Combat.
The 9th Infantry Division Pasubio was an auto-transportable binary-type (2-regiments) Infantry Division of the Italian Army during World War II.