82 relations: Allophone, Alphabetical order, Appius Claudius Caecus, Arabic alphabet, ASCII, Ĝ, Ğ, Ġ, Bulgarian language, C, Carolingian G, Caron, Catalan language, Cedilla, Classical Arabic, Consonant cluster, Cyrillic script, Czech language, Digraph (orthography), Dutch language, EBCDIC, Egypt, Egyptian Arabic, English orthography, Faroese language, Freemasonry, French orthography, G with hook, G with stroke, Gaf, Gamma, Ge (Cyrillic), Gh (digraph), Ghayn, Ghayn (Cyrillic), Gimel, Gje, Grapheme, Greek numerals, Hard and soft G, Hebrew alphabet, Insular G, International Phonetic Association, ISO basic Latin alphabet, K, Kaph, Latin gamma, Letter (alphabet), Letter case, List of Latin-script digraphs, ..., Macedonian language, Margarine, Māori language, Modern Standard Arabic, Palatal lateral approximant, Palatal nasal, Palatalization (phonetics), Paraguayan guaraní, Phonetics, Portuguese language, Prison, Qoph, Roman censor, Roman type, Romance languages, Russian language, Semivowel, Serbian language, Serif, Slovak language, Spurius Carvilius Ruga, Trigraph (orthography), Ukrainian language, Varieties of Arabic, Veganism, Velar consonant, Velar nasal, Voiced palato-alveolar affricate, Voiced palato-alveolar sibilant, Voiced velar fricative, Voiced velar stop, Yogh. Expand index (32 more) » « Shrink index
In phonology, an allophone (from the ἄλλος, állos, "other" and φωνή, phōnē, "voice, sound") is one of a set of multiple possible spoken sounds (or phones) or signs used to pronounce a single phoneme in a particular language.
New!!: G and Allophone ·
Alphabetical order is a system whereby strings of characters are placed in order based on the position of the characters in the conventional ordering of an alphabet.
New!!: G and Alphabetical order ·
Appius Claudius Caecus ("the blind"; c. 340 BC – 273 BC) was a Roman politician from a wealthy patrician family.
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The Arabic alphabet (الأَبْجَدِيَّة العَرَبِيَّة or الحُرُوف العَرَبِيَّة) or Arabic abjad is the Arabic script as it is codified for writing the Arabic language.
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ASCII, abbreviated from American Standard Code for Information Interchange, is a character-encoding scheme (the IANA prefers the name US-ASCII).
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Ĝ or ĝ (G circumflex) is a consonant in Esperanto orthography, representing a voiced postalveolar affricate (either palato-alveolar or retroflex), and is equivalent to a voiced postalveolar affricate or a voiced retroflex affricate.
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Ğ, or ğ, is a letter, known as g-breve in English, used in Turkish, Azerbaijani, and Laz.
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Ġ (minuscule: ġ) is a letter of the Latin alphabet, formed from G with the addition of a dot above the letter.
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New!!: G and Bulgarian language ·
C is the third letter in the English alphabet and a letter of the alphabets of many other writing systems which inherited it from the Latin alphabet.
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The Carolingian G or French G is one of two historical variants of the letter G which were in use in the Middle English alphabet; the other variant was the insular G or Irish G. The Carolingian G is named for the Carolingian minuscule script, an exemplar of its use.
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A caron (ˇ) or háček (from Czech háček) or mäkčeň (from Slovak mäkčeň or), also known as a wedge, inverted circumflex, inverted hat, is a diacritic placed over certain letters to indicate present or historical palatalization, iotation, or postalveolar pronunciation in the orthography of some Baltic, Slavic, Finnic, Samic, Berber and other languages.
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Catalan (Laurie Bauer, 2007, The Linguistics Student’s Handbook, Edinburgh; also or autonym: català or) is a Romance language named for its origins in Catalonia, in what is northeastern Spain and adjoining parts of France.
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A cedilla (from Spanish), also known as cedilha (from Portuguese) or cédille (from French), is a hook or tail added under certain letters as a diacritical mark to modify their pronunciation.
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Classical Arabic (CA), also known as Quranic Arabic, is the form of the Arabic language used in literary texts from Umayyad and Abbasid times (7th to 9th centuries).
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In linguistics, a consonant cluster or consonant sequence is a group of consonants which have no intervening vowel.
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The Cyrillic script is an alphabetic writing system employed across Eastern Europe and north and central Asia.
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Czech (čeština), formerly known as Bohemian (lingua Bohemica in Latin), is a West Slavic language spoken by over 10 million people.
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A digraph or digram (from the δίς dís, "double" and γράφω gráphō, "to write") is a pair of characters used to write one phoneme (distinct sound) or a sequence of phonemes that does not correspond to the normal values of the two characters combined.
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Dutch is a West Germanic language that is spoken in the European Union by about 23 million people as a first language—including most of the population of the Netherlands and about sixty percent of that of Belgium—and by another 5 million as a second language.
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Extended Binary Coded Decimal Interchange Code (EBCDIC) is an 8-bit character encoding used mainly on IBM mainframe and IBM midrange computer operating systems.
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Egypt (مِصر, مَصر), officially the Arab Republic of Egypt, is a transcontinental country spanning the northeast corner of Africa and southwest corner of Asia, via a land bridge formed by the Sinai Peninsula.
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Egyptian Arabic is the language spoken by most contemporary Egyptians.
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English orthography is the orthography used in writing the English language, including English spelling, hyphenation, capitalization, word breaks, emphasis, and punctuation.
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Faroese (føroyskt) is a North Germanic language spoken as a native language by about 66,000 people, 45,000 of whom reside on the Faroe Islands and 21,000 in other areas, mainly Denmark.
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Freemasonry is a fraternal organisation that traces its origins to the local fraternities of stonemasons, which from the end of the fourteenth century regulated the qualifications of stonemasons and their interaction with authorities and clients.
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French orthography encompasses the spelling and punctuation of the French language.
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G with hook (majuscule:, minuscule) is a letter of the extended Latin alphabet.
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The g-stroke character is a letter of the Latin Skolt Sami alphabet, denoting the partially voiced palatal spirant (i.e., a weakly voiced velar fricative).
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Gaf, or gāf, may be the name of four different Perso-Arabic letters, all representing.
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Gamma (uppercase Γ, lowercase γ; Gámma) is the third letter of the Greek alphabet.
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Ghe or Ge (Г г; italics: Г г) is a letter of the Cyrillic script.
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Gh is a digraph found in many languages.
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The Arabic letter غ (غين or) is the nineteenth letter of the Arabic alphabet, one of the six letters not in the twenty-two akin to the Phoenician alphabet (the others being). It is the twenty-second letter in the new Persian alphabet.
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Ghayn (Ғ ғ; italics: Ғ ғ) also known as Ge with stroke, or as Ayn (in Kazakh), is a letter of the Cyrillic script.
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Gimel is the third letter of the Semitic abjads, including Phoenician Gīml, Hebrew ˈGimel ג, Aramaic Gāmal, Syriac Gāmal ܓ, and Arabic ج (in alphabetical order; fifth in spelling order).
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Gje (Ѓ ѓ; italics: Ѓ ѓ) is a letter of the Cyrillic script.
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A grapheme is the smallest unit used in describing the writing system of a language, originally coined by analogy with the phoneme of spoken languages.
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Greek numerals are a system of representing numbers using the letters of the Greek alphabet.
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In the Latin-based orthographies of many European languages (including English), a distinction between hard and soft occurs in which represents two distinct phonemes.
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The Hebrew alphabet (אָלֶף־בֵּית עִבְרִי), known variously by scholars as the Jewish script, square script, block script, is used in the writing of the Hebrew language, as well as of other Jewish languages, most notably Yiddish, Ladino, and Judeo-Arabic.
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Insular G (font:; image) is a form of the letter g used in Insular fonts somewhat resembling a tailed z or lowercase delta, used in the United Kingdom and Ireland.
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The International Phonetic Association (IPA; in French, Association phonétique internationale, API) is an organization that promotes the scientific study of phonetics and the various practical applications of that science.
The ISO Basic Latin alphabet is a Latin-script alphabet and consists of two sets of 26 letters, codified in various national and international standards and used widely in international communication.
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K (named kay) is the 11th letter of the modern English alphabet and the ISO basic Latin alphabet.
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Kaph (also spelled kaf) is the eleventh letter of the Semitic abjads, including Phoenician Kāp, Hebrew Kāf, Aramaic Kāp, Syriac Kāp̄, and Arabic Kāf / (in Abjadi order).
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The Latin letter gamma, (minuscule), is a letter of the Latin alphabet based on the Greek letter gamma (γ).
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A letter is a grapheme (written character) in an alphabetic system of writing, such as the Greek alphabet and its descendants.
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In orthography and typography, letter case (or just case) is the distinction between the letters that are in larger upper case (also capital letters, capitals, caps, large letters, or more formally majuscule (see ''Terminology'') and smaller lower case (also small letters, or more formally minuscule, see ''Terminology'') in the written representation of certain languages. Here is a comparison of the upper and lower case versions of each letter included in the English alphabet (the exact representation will vary according to the font used): Typographically, the basic difference between the majuscules and minuscules is not that the majuscules are big and minuscules small, but that the majuscules generally have the same height, whilst the height of the minuscules varies, as some of them have parts higher or lower than the average, i.e. ascenders and descenders. In Times New Roman, for instance, b, d, f, h, k, l, t are the letters with ascenders, and g, j, p, q, y are the ones with descenders. Further to this, with old-style numerals still used by some traditional or classical fonts—although most do have a set of alternative Lining Figures— 6 and 8 make up the ascender set, and 3, 4, 5, 7 and 9 the descender set. Letter case is often prescribed by the grammar of a language or by the conventions of a particular discipline. In orthography, the uppercase is primarily reserved for special purposes, such as the first letter of a sentence or of a proper noun, which makes the lowercase the more common variant in text. In mathematics, letter case may indicate the relationship between objects with uppercase letters often representing "superior" objects (e.g. X could be a set containing the generic member x). Engineering design drawings are typically labelled entirely in upper-case letters, which are easier to distinguish than lowercase, especially when space restrictions require that the lettering be small.
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This is a list of digraphs used in various Latin alphabets.
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Macedonian (македонски јазик, makedonski jazik) is a South Slavic language, spoken as a first language by around two million people, principally in Macedonia and the Macedonian diaspora, with a smaller number of speakers throughout the transnational region of Macedonia.
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Margarine is an imitation butter spread used for spreading, baking, and cooking.
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Maori or Māori is an Eastern Polynesian language spoken by the Māori people, the indigenous population of New Zealand.
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Modern Standard Arabic (MSA; اللغة العربية الفصحى 'the most eloquent Arabic language'), Standard Arabic, or Literary Arabic is the standardized and literary variety of Arabic used in writing and in most formal speech.
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The palatal lateral approximant is a type of consonantal sound used in some spoken languages.
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The palatal nasal is a type of consonant, used in some spoken languages.
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In linguistics, palatalization (also) or palatization refers to a way of pronouncing a consonant in which part of the tongue is moved close to the hard palate.
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The guaraní (plural: guaraníes; sign: ₲; code: PYG) is the national currency unit of Paraguay.
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Phonetics (pronounced, from the φωνή, phōnē, 'sound, voice') is a branch of linguistics that comprises the study of the sounds of human speech, or—in the case of sign languages—the equivalent aspects of sign.
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Portuguese (português or, in full, língua portuguesa) is a Romance language and the sole official language of Portugal, Brazil, Mozambique, Angola, Cape Verde, Guinea-Bissau and São Tomé and Príncipe.
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A prison, correctional facility, penitentiary, gaol (Ireland, England, Scotland, Wales), or jail is a facility in which inmates are forcibly confined and denied a variety of freedoms under the authority of the state as a form of punishment.
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Qoph or Qop is the nineteenth letter of the Semitic abjads, including Phoenician Qōp, Hebrew Qof, Aramaic Qop, Syriac Qōp̄, and Arabic ق (in abjadi order).
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The censor was an officer in ancient Rome who was responsible for maintaining the census, supervising public morality, and overseeing certain aspects of the government's finances.
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In Latin-script typography, roman is one of the three main kinds of historical type, alongside blackletter and italic.
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The Romance languages— sometimes called the Latin languages, and occasionally the Romanic or Neo-Latin languages—are the modern languages that evolved from spoken Latin between the sixth and ninth centuries A.D. and that thus form a branch of the Italic languages within the Indo-European language family.
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Russian (ру́сский язы́к, russkiy yazyk, pronounced) is an East Slavic language and an official language in Russia, Belarus, Kazakhstan, and Kyrgyzstan.
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In phonetics and phonology, a semivowel or glide is a sound that is phonetically similar to a vowel sound but functions as the syllable boundary rather than as the nucleus of a syllable.
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Serbian (српски, Latin: srpski) is the standardized variety of the Serbo-Croatian language used chiefly by Serbs in Serbia, Montenegro, and Bosnia and Herzegovina.
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In typography, a serif is a small line attached to the end of a stroke in a letter or symbol.
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Slovak (slovenský jazyk,; slovenčina; not to be confused with slovenski jezik or slovenščina, the native names of the Slovene language) is an Indo-European language that belongs to the West Slavic languages (together with Czech, Polish, Silesian, Kashubian, and Sorbian).
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Spurius Carvilius Ruga (fl. 230 BC) was the freedman of Spurius Carvilius Maximus Ruga.
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A trigraph (from the τρεῖς, treîs, "three" and γράφω, gráphō, "write") is a group of three letters used to represent a single sound or a combination of sounds that does not correspond to the written letters combined.
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There are many varieties of the Arabic language (dialects or otherwise) in existence within five regional forms.
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Veganism is both the practice of abstaining from the use of animal products, particularly in diet, and an associated philosophy that rejects the commodity status of animals.
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Velars are consonants articulated with the back part of the tongue (the dorsum) against the soft palate, the back part of the roof of the mouth (known also as the velum).
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The velar nasal is a type of consonantal sound, used in some spoken languages.
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The voiced palato-alveolar sibilant affricate or voiced domed postalveolar sibilant affricate, is a type of consonantal sound, used in some spoken languages.
The voiced palato-alveolar sibilant fricative or voiced domed postalveolar sibilant fricative is a type of consonantal sound, used in some spoken languages.
The voiced velar fricative is a type of consonantal sound, used in various spoken languages.
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The voiced velar stop is a type of consonantal sound, used in some spoken languages.
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The letter yogh (Ȝ ȝ; Middle English: yoȝ) was used in Middle English and Older Scots, representing y and various velar phonemes.
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