148 relations: Acheulean, American Association for the Advancement of Science, American Museum of Natural History, Anagenesis, Anatolia, Anthropopithecus, Archaic human admixture with modern humans, Archaic humans, Asia, Australopithecine, Australopithecus, Band society, BBC News, Beijing, Bournemouth University, Broca's area, Calvaria (skull), Cengage, Ceprano Man, Charcoal, Charles Darwin, Chimpanzee, China, Chris Stringer, Clade, Cladogenesis, Daka skull, Daniel Everett, Daughters of Jacob Bridge, David Lordkipanidze, Davidson Black, Denisovan, Denizli Province, Dmanisi, Dmanisi skull 3, Dmanisi skull 4, Dmanisi skull 5, Dutch East Indies, Early Pleistocene, East Africa, East Java, Ernst Mayr, Ethiopia, Eugène Dubois, Fauna, France, Franz Weidenreich, Frontal bone, Gedeb Asasa, Georgia (country), ..., Gustav Heinrich Ralph von Koenigswald, He County, History of the world, Holotype, Hominini, Homo, Homo antecessor, Homo erectus, Homo ergaster, Homo floresiensis, Homo gautengensis, Homo habilis, Homo heidelbergensis, Homo naledi, Homo rhodesiensis, Homo rudolfensis, Homo sapiens, Homo sapiens idaltu, Human evolution, Human taxonomy, Hunter-gatherer, Indonesia, Institute of Vertebrate Paleontology and Paleoanthropology, Israel, Java, Java Man, Johan Gunnar Andersson, John D. Hawks, John Talbot Robinson, Kamoya Kimeu, Kenya, KNM ER 3733, KNM ER 3883, Koobi Fora, Kozarnika, Lake Baringo, Lake Turkana, Language, Lantian Man, Late Pleistocene, List of fossil sites, List of human evolution fossils, Macaque, Madhya Pradesh, Meganthropus, Middle Awash, Missing link (human evolution), Nanjing Man, National Geographic, National Museum of Natural History, Nature (journal), Naturmuseum Senckenberg, Neanderthal, New Scientist, New York City, Oldowan, Olorgesailie, Orangutan, Paleoanthropology, Paleolithic, Peking Man, Pleistocene, Population, Reproductive isolation, Richard Leakey, Robert Broom, Samu (Homo erectus), Sangiran, Science (journal), Sensu, Sexual dimorphism, Skull, Smithsonian Institution, Solo Man, Solo River, South Africa, Species, Species problem, Speech, Springer Science+Business Media, Stone tool, Swartkrans, Sympatry, Tautavel, Tautavel Man, The New York Times, Transitional fossil, Trinil, Turkana Boy, Turkey, Vertebra, Wonderwerk Cave, World War II, Wushan Man, Yuanmou Man, Yves Coppens, Zhoukoudian, Zygoma. Expand index (98 more) » « Shrink index
Acheulean (also Acheulian and Mode II), from the French acheuléen, is an archaeological industry of stone tool manufacture characterized by distinctive oval and pear-shaped "hand-axes" associated with Homo erectus and derived species such as Homo heidelbergensis.
The American Association for the Advancement of Science (AAAS) is an American international non-profit organization with the stated goals of promoting cooperation among scientists, defending scientific freedom, encouraging scientific responsibility, and supporting scientific education and science outreach for the betterment of all humanity.
The American Museum of Natural History (abbreviated as AMNH), located on the Upper West Side of Manhattan, New York City, is one of the largest museums in the world.
Anagenesis is an evolutionary pattern defined by a gradual change that occurs in a species without the need for splitting.
Anatolia (Modern Greek: Ανατολία Anatolía, from Ἀνατολή Anatolḗ,; "east" or "rise"), also known as Asia Minor (Medieval and Modern Greek: Μικρά Ἀσία Mikrá Asía, "small Asia"), Asian Turkey, the Anatolian peninsula, or the Anatolian plateau, is the westernmost protrusion of Asia, which makes up the majority of modern-day Turkey.
The terms Anthropopithecus (Blainville, 1839) and Pithecanthropus (Haeckel, 1868) are obsolete taxa describing either chimpanzees or archaic humans.
There is evidence for interbreeding between archaic and modern humans during the Middle Paleolithic and early Upper Paleolithic.
A number of varieties of Homo are grouped into the broad category of archaic humans in the period contemporary and predating the emergence of the earliest anatomically modern humans (Homo sapiens) over 315 kya.
Asia is Earth's largest and most populous continent, located primarily in the Eastern and Northern Hemispheres.
Australopithecines are generally all species in the related Australopithecus and Paranthropus genera, and it typically includes Kenyanthropus, Ardipithecus, and Praeanthropus.
Australopithecus (informal australopithecine or australopith, although the term australopithecine has a broader meaning as a member of the subtribe Australopithecina which includes this genus as well as Paranthropus, Kenyanthropus, Ardipithecus, and Praeanthropus) is an extinct genus of hominins.
A band society, or horde, is the simplest form of human society.
BBC News is an operational business division of the British Broadcasting Corporation (BBC) responsible for the gathering and broadcasting of news and current affairs.
Beijing, formerly romanized as Peking, is the capital of the People's Republic of China, the world's second most populous city proper, and most populous capital city.
Bournemouth University (abbreviated BU) is a public university in Bournemouth, Dorset, England, with its main campus situated in neighbouring Poole.
Broca's area or the Broca area or is a region in the frontal lobe of the dominant hemisphere, usually the left, of the hominid brain with functions linked to speech production.
The calvaria or skullcap (feminine Latin noun with plural calvariae; however, many medical texts list the word as calvarium, neuter Latin noun with plural calvaria) is the upper part of the neurocranium and covers the cranial cavity containing the brain.
Cengage is an educational content, technology, and services company for the higher education, K-12, professional, and library markets worldwide.
Ceprano Man, Argil, and Ceprano Calvarium, refers to a Middle Pleistocene archaic human fossil, a single skull cap (calvaria), accidentally unearthed in a highway construction project in 1994 near Ceprano in the province of Frosinone, Italy.
Charcoal is the lightweight black carbon and ash residue hydrocarbon produced by removing water and other volatile constituents from animal and vegetation substances.
Charles Robert Darwin, (12 February 1809 – 19 April 1882) was an English naturalist, geologist and biologist, best known for his contributions to the science of evolution.
The taxonomical genus Pan (often referred to as chimpanzees or chimps) consists of two extant species: the common chimpanzee and the bonobo.
China, officially the People's Republic of China (PRC), is a unitary one-party sovereign state in East Asia and the world's most populous country, with a population of around /1e9 round 3 billion.
Christopher Brian "Chris" Stringer FRS (born 1947), is a British physical anthropologist noted for his work on human evolution.
A clade (from κλάδος, klados, "branch"), also known as monophyletic group, is a group of organisms that consists of a common ancestor and all its lineal descendants, and represents a single "branch" on the "tree of life".
Cladogenesis is an evolutionary splitting event where a parent species splits into two distinct species, forming a clade.
The Daka Calvaria (a skull cap with the cranial base), specimen number BOU-VP-2/66, is a Homo erectus specimen from the Daka Member of the Bouri Formation in the Middle Awash Study Area of the Awash valley of the Ethiopia Rift.
Daniel Leonard Everett (born 1951) is an American linguistic anthropologist and author best known for his study of the Amazon Basin's Pirahã people and their language.
The Daughters of Jacob Bridge (גשר בנות יעקב, Gesher Bnot Ya'akov, or Arabic: Jisr Benat Ya'kub) is a site on the upper Jordan River.
David Otaris dze Lordkipanidze (Georgian: დავით ლორთქიფანიძე) (born 5 August 1964, in Tbilisi) is a Georgian anthropologist and archaeologist, Professor (2004), Dr.Sc.
Davidson Black, FRS (July 25, 1884 – March 15, 1934) was a Canadian paleoanthropologist, best known for his naming of Sinanthropus pekinensis (now Homo erectus pekinensis).
The Denisovans or Denisova hominins) are an extinct species or subspecies of archaic humans in the genus Homo.
Denizli Province (Denizli ili) is a province of Turkey in Western Anatolia, on high ground above the Aegean coast. Neighbouring provinces are Uşak to the north, Burdur, Isparta, Afyon to the east, Aydın, Manisa to the west and Muğla to the south. It is located between the coordinates 28° 30’ and 29° 30’ E and 37° 12’ and 38° 12’ N. It covers an area of 11,868 km², and the population is 931,823. The population was 750,882 in 1990. The provincial capital is the city of Denizli.
Dmanisi (tr) is a town and archaeological site in the Kvemo Kartli region of Georgia approximately 93 km southwest of the nation’s capital Tbilisi in the river valley of Mashavera.
D2700, also known as Skull 3, is the catalogue number of a fossilized Homo erectus georgicus skull which was discovered in 2001 in Dmanisi, Georgia.
The Dmanisi skull 4, also known as D3444 with its mandible D3900, is one of five Homo erectus skulls discovered in Dmanisi, Georgia.
The Dmanisi skull, also known as Skull 5 or D4500, is one of five Homo erectus skulls discovered in Dmanisi, Georgia.
The Dutch East Indies (or Netherlands East-Indies; Nederlands(ch)-Indië; Hindia Belanda) was a Dutch colony consisting of what is now Indonesia.
The Early Pleistocene (also known as the Lower Pleistocene) is a subepoch in the international geologic timescale or a subseries in chronostratigraphy, being the earliest or lowest subdivision of the Quaternary period/system and Pleistocene epoch/series.
East Africa or Eastern Africa is the eastern region of the African continent, variably defined by geography.
East Java (Jawa Timur, abbreviated as Jatim, Jåwå Wétan) is a province of Indonesia.
Ernst Walter Mayr (5 July 1904 – 3 February 2005) was one of the 20th century's leading evolutionary biologists.
Ethiopia (ኢትዮጵያ), officially the Federal Democratic Republic of Ethiopia (የኢትዮጵያ ፌዴራላዊ ዲሞክራሲያዊ ሪፐብሊክ, yeʾĪtiyoṗṗya Fēdēralawī Dēmokirasīyawī Rīpebilīk), is a country located in the Horn of Africa.
Marie Eugène François Thomas Dubois (28 January 1858 – 16 December 1940) was a Dutch paleoanthropologist and geologist.
Fauna is all of the animal life of any particular region or time.
France, officially the French Republic (République française), is a sovereign state whose territory consists of metropolitan France in Western Europe, as well as several overseas regions and territories.
Franz Weidenreich (7 June 1873, Edenkoben – 11 July 1948, New York City) was a Jewish German anatomist and physical anthropologist who studied evolution.
The frontal bone is a bone in the human skull.
Gedeb Asasa is one of the woredas in the Oromia Region of Ethiopia.
Georgia (tr) is a country in the Caucasus region of Eurasia.
Gustav Heinrich Ralph (often cited as G. H. R.) von Koenigswald (13 November 1902 – 10 July 1982) was a German-Dutch paleontologist and geologist who conducted research on hominins, including Homo erectus.
He County or Hexian is a county in the east of Anhui Province, People's Republic of China, under the jurisdiction of Ma'anshan.
The history of the world is the history of humanity (or human history), as determined from archaeology, anthropology, genetics, linguistics, and other disciplines; and, for periods since the invention of writing, from recorded history and from secondary sources and studies.
A holotype is a single physical example (or illustration) of an organism, known to have been used when the species (or lower-ranked taxon) was formally described.
The Hominini, or hominins, form a taxonomic tribe of the subfamily Homininae ("hominines").
Homo (Latin homō "human being") is the genus that encompasses the extant species Homo sapiens (modern humans), plus several extinct species classified as either ancestral to or closely related to modern humans (depending on a species), most notably Homo erectus and Homo neanderthalensis.
Homo antecessor is an extinct archaic human species (or subspecies) of the Lower Paleolithic, known to have been present in Western Europe (Spain, England and France) between about 1.2 million and 0.8 million years ago (Mya).
Homo erectus (meaning "upright man") is an extinct species of archaic humans that lived throughout most of the Pleistocene geological epoch.
Homo ergaster (meaning "working man") or African Homo erectus is an extinct chronospecies of the genus Homo that lived in eastern and southern Africa during the early Pleistocene, between about 1.9 million and 1.4 million years ago.
Homo floresiensis ("Flores Man"; nicknamed "hobbit") is an extinct species in the genus Homo.
Homo gautengensis is a hominin species proposed by biological anthropologist Darren Curnoe in 2010.
Homo habilis was a species of early humans, who lived between roughly 2.1 and 1.5 million years ago.
Homo heidelbergensis is an extinct species or subspecies of archaic humans in the genus Homo of the Middle Pleistocene (between about 700,000 and 200,000-300,000 years ago), known from fossils found in Southern Africa, East Africa and Europe.
Homo naledi is an extinct species of hominin, which anthropologists first described in September 2015 and have assigned to the genus Homo.
Homo rhodesiensis is the species name proposed by Arthur Smith Woodward (1921) to classifiy Kabwe 1 (the "Kabwe skull" or "Broken Hill skull", also "Rhodesian Man"), a fossil recovered from a cave at Broken Hill, or Kabwe, Northern Rhodesia (now Zambia).
Homo rudolfensis (also Australopithecus rudolfensis) is an extinct species of the Hominini tribe known only through a handful of representative fossils, the first of which was discovered by Bernard Ngeneo, a member of a team led by anthropologist Richard Leakey and zoologist Meave Leakey in 1972, at Koobi Fora on the east side of Lake Rudolf (now Lake Turkana) in Kenya.
Homo sapiens is the systematic name used in taxonomy (also known as binomial nomenclature) for the only extant human species.
Homo sapiens idaltu (Idaltu; "elder" or "first born"), also called Herto Man, is the name given to a number of hominin fossils found in 1997 in Herto Bouri, Ethiopia.
Human evolution is the evolutionary process that led to the emergence of anatomically modern humans, beginning with the evolutionary history of primates – in particular genus Homo – and leading to the emergence of Homo sapiens as a distinct species of the hominid family, the great apes.
Human taxonomy is the classification of the human species (systematic name Homo sapiens) within zoological taxonomy.
A hunter-gatherer is a human living in a society in which most or all food is obtained by foraging (collecting wild plants and pursuing wild animals), in contrast to agricultural societies, which rely mainly on domesticated species.
Indonesia (or; Indonesian), officially the Republic of Indonesia (Republik Indonesia), is a transcontinental unitary sovereign state located mainly in Southeast Asia, with some territories in Oceania.
The Institute of Vertebrate Paleontology and Paleoanthropology (abbreviated to IVPP) of China is a prominent research institution and collections repository for fossils, including many dinosaur and pterosaur specimens (many from the Yixian Formation).
Israel, officially the State of Israel, is a country in the Middle East, on the southeastern shore of the Mediterranean Sea and the northern shore of the Red Sea.
Java (Indonesian: Jawa; Javanese: ꦗꦮ; Sundanese) is an island of Indonesia.
Java Man (Homo erectus erectus; Javanese: Manungsa Jawa; Indonesian: Manusia Jawa) is early human fossils discovered on the island of Java (Indonesia) in 1891 and 1892.
Johan Gunnar Andersson (3 July 1874 – 29 October 1960)"Andersson, Johan Gunnar" in The New Encyclopædia Britannica.
John Hawks is an associate professor of anthropology at the University of Wisconsin–Madison.
John Talbot Robinson (10 January 1923 – 12 October 2001) was a distinguished South African hominin paleontologist.
Kamoya Kimeu, (born 1940) is one of the world's most successful fossil collectors who, together with paleontologists Meave Leakey and Richard Leakey, is responsible for some of the most significant paleoanthropological discoveries.
Kenya, officially the Republic of Kenya, is a country in Africa with its capital and largest city in Nairobi.
KNM ER 3733 is a fossilized hominid cranium of the extinct hominid Homo ergaster, which is interchangeably referred to as Homo erectus.
KNM ER 3883 is the catalogue number of a fossilized skull (nearly complete cranium) of the species Homo erectus.
Koobi Fora refers primarily to a region around Koobi Fora Ridge, located on the eastern shore of Lake Turkana in the territory of the nomadic Gabbra people.
Kozarnika or Peshtera Kozarnika (Пещера Козарника, "The Goat Shed") is a cave in northwestern Bulgaria that was used as a hunters’ shelter as early as the Lower Paleolithic (1.6-1.4 million BP).
Lake Baringo is, after Lake Turkana, the most northern of the Kenyan Rift Valley lakes, with a surface area of about and an elevation of about.
Lake Turkana, formerly known as Lake Rudolf, is a lake in the Kenyan Rift Valley, in northern Kenya, with its far northern end crossing into Ethiopia.
Language is a system that consists of the development, acquisition, maintenance and use of complex systems of communication, particularly the human ability to do so; and a language is any specific example of such a system.
Lantian Man, formerly Sinanthropus lantianensis (currently Homo erectus lantianensis) is a subspecies of Homo erectus.
The Late Pleistocene is a geochronological age of the Pleistocene Epoch and is associated with Upper Pleistocene or Tarantian stage Pleistocene series rocks.
This list of fossil sites is a worldwide list of localities known well for the presence of fossils.
The following tables give a brief overview of several notable hominin fossil finds relating to human evolution beginning with the formation of the Hominini tribe in the late Miocene (roughly 6 million years ago).
The macaques (or pronunciation by Oxford Dictionaries) constitute a genus (Macaca) of Old World monkeys of the subfamily Cercopithecinae.
Madhya Pradesh (MP;; meaning Central Province) is a state in central India.
Meganthropus is a name commonly given to several large jaw and skull fragments found at the Sangiran site near Surakarta in Central Java, Indonesia.
The Middle Awash is an archaeological site along the Awash River in Ethiopia's Afar Depression.
The missing link is a non-scientific term that typically refers to transitional fossils.
Nanjing Man (Homo erectus nankinensis) is a subspecies of Homo erectus found in China.
National Geographic (formerly the National Geographic Magazine and branded also as NAT GEO or) is the official magazine of the National Geographic Society.
The National Museum of Natural History is a natural-history museum administered by the Smithsonian Institution, located on the National Mall in Washington, D.C., United States.
Nature is a British multidisciplinary scientific journal, first published on 4 November 1869.
The Naturmuseum Senckenberg is a museum of natural history, located in Frankfurt am Main, It is the second largest of its type in Germany.
Neanderthals (also; also Neanderthal Man, taxonomically Homo neanderthalensis or Homo sapiens neanderthalensis) are an extinct species or subspecies of archaic humans in the genus Homo, who lived in Eurasia during at least 430,000 to 38,000 years ago.
New Scientist, first published on 22 November 1956, is a weekly, English-language magazine that covers all aspects of science and technology.
The City of New York, often called New York City (NYC) or simply New York, is the most populous city in the United States.
The Oldowan (or Mode I) is the earliest widespread stone tool archaeological industry (style) in prehistory.
Olorgesailie is a geological formation in East Africa containing a group of Lower Paleolithic archaeological sites.
The orangutans (also spelled orang-utan, orangutang, or orang-utang) are three extant species of great apes native to Indonesia and Malaysia.
Paleoanthropology or paleo-anthropology is a branch of archaeology with a human focus, which seeks to understand the early development of anatomically modern humans, a process known as hominization, through the reconstruction of evolutionary kinship lines within the family Hominidae, working from biological evidence (such as petrified skeletal remains, bone fragments, footprints) and cultural evidence (such as stone tools, artifacts, and settlement localities).
The Paleolithic or Palaeolithic is a period in human prehistory distinguished by the original development of stone tools that covers c. 95% of human technological prehistory.
Peking Man, Homo erectus pekinensis (formerly known by the junior synonym Sinanthropus pekinensis), is an example of Homo erectus.
The Pleistocene (often colloquially referred to as the Ice Age) is the geological epoch which lasted from about 2,588,000 to 11,700 years ago, spanning the world's most recent period of repeated glaciations.
In biology, a population is all the organisms of the same group or species, which live in a particular geographical area, and have the capability of interbreeding.
The mechanisms of reproductive isolation are a collection of evolutionary mechanisms, behaviors and physiological processes critical for speciation.
Richard Erskine Frere Leakey FRS (born 19 December 1944) is a Kenyan paleoanthropologist, conservationist, and politician.
Robert Broom FRS FRSE (30 November 1866, Paisley – 6 April 1951) was a Scottish South African doctor and paleontologist.
Samu is the nickname given to a prehistoric man (described as Homo erectus seu sapiens palaeohungaricus, i. e., "ancient Hungarian Homo erectus or sapiens") whose remains were found in 1964 near Vértesszőlős, Hungary.
Sangiran is an archaeological excavation site in Java in Indonesia.
Science, also widely referred to as Science Magazine, is the peer-reviewed academic journal of the American Association for the Advancement of Science (AAAS) and one of the world's top academic journals.
Sensu is a Latin word meaning "in the sense of".
Sexual dimorphism is the condition where the two sexes of the same species exhibit different characteristics beyond the differences in their sexual organs.
The skull is a bony structure that forms the head in vertebrates.
The Smithsonian Institution, established on August 10, 1846 "for the increase and diffusion of knowledge," is a group of museums and research centers administered by the Government of the United States.
Solo Man (Homo erectus soloensis) is a subspecies of Homo erectus., identified based on fossil evidence discovered between 1931 and 1933 by Gustav Heinrich Ralph von Koenigswald, from sites along the Solo River, on the Indonesian island of Java, dated to between 550,000 and 143,000 years old.
Solo River (alternatively, Bengawan Solo, with Bengawan being an Old Javanese word for river) is the longest river in the Indonesian island of Java, it is approximately 600 km (370 mi) in length.
South Africa, officially the Republic of South Africa (RSA), is the southernmost country in Africa.
In biology, a species is the basic unit of classification and a taxonomic rank, as well as a unit of biodiversity, but it has proven difficult to find a satisfactory definition.
The species problem is the set of questions that arises when biologists attempt to define what a species is.
Speech is the vocalized form of communication used by humans and some animals, which is based upon the syntactic combination of items drawn from the lexicon.
Springer Science+Business Media or Springer, part of Springer Nature since 2015, is a global publishing company that publishes books, e-books and peer-reviewed journals in science, humanities, technical and medical (STM) publishing.
A stone tool is, in the most general sense, any tool made either partially or entirely out of stone.
Swartkrans is a fossil-bearing cave designated as a South African National Heritage Site, located about from Johannesburg.
In biology, two species or populations are considered sympatric when they exist in the same geographic area and thus frequently encounter one another.
Tautavel (Talteüll) is a commune in the Pyrénées-Orientales department in southern France.
Tautavel Man (Homo erectus tautavelensis) is a proposed subspecies of Homo erectus, the type specimen being 450,000-year-old fossil remains discovered in the Arago Cave in Tautavel, France.
The New York Times (sometimes abbreviated as The NYT or The Times) is an American newspaper based in New York City with worldwide influence and readership.
A transitional fossil is any fossilized remains of a life form that exhibits traits common to both an ancestral group and its derived descendant group.
Trinil is a palaeoanthropological site on the banks of the Bengawan Solo River in Ngawi Regency, East Java Province, Indonesia.
Turkana Boy, also called Nariokotome Boy, is the common name of Homo erectus fossil KNM-WT 15000,KNM-WT 15000: Kenya National Museum; West Turkana; item 15000 a nearly complete skeleton of a hominin youth who lived during the early Pleistocene.
Turkey (Türkiye), officially the Republic of Turkey (Türkiye Cumhuriyeti), is a transcontinental country in Eurasia, mainly in Anatolia in Western Asia, with a smaller portion on the Balkan peninsula in Southeast Europe.
In the vertebrate spinal column, each vertebra is an irregular bone with a complex structure composed of bone and some hyaline cartilage, the proportions of which vary according to the segment of the backbone and the species of vertebrate.
Wonderwerk Cave is an archaeological site, formed originally as an ancient solution cavity in dolomite rocks of the Kuruman Hills, situated between Danielskuil and Kuruman in the Northern Cape Province, South Africa.
World War II (often abbreviated to WWII or WW2), also known as the Second World War, was a global war that lasted from 1939 to 1945, although conflicts reflecting the ideological clash between what would become the Allied and Axis blocs began earlier.
Wushan Man (literally "Shaman Mountain Man") are the remains of an extinct ape.
Yuanmou Man, Homo erectus yuanmouensis, refers to a member of the genus Homo whose remnants, two incisors, were discovered near Danawu Village in Yuanmou County in southwestern province of Yunnan, China.
Yves Coppens (born 9 August 1934 in Vannes, Morbihan) is a French anthropologist.
Zhoukoudian or Choukoutien (周口店) is a cave system in suburban Fangshan District, Beijing.
The term zygoma generally refers to the zygomatic bone, a bone of the human skull commonly referred to as the cheekbone or malar bone, but it may also refer to.
Anthropopithecus erectus, Chad Australopithecine, Dimanisi Man, Dmanisi Man, Georgia Man, H. e. georgicus, H. erect, H. erectus, H. georgicus, Homo Erectus, Homo capensis, Homo erect, Homo erectus georgicus, Homo ergaster georgicus, Homo georgicus, Meganthropus palaeo javanicus, P. erectus, Picanthropecus Erectus, Pithecanthropus Erectus, Pithecantropus Erectus, Pithecantropus erectus, Tchadanthropus uxoris, Telanthoropos capensis, Telanthropus Capensis, Upright Man, Upright man.