216 relations: Abraham Bosse, Abrams Books, Abruzzo, Albrecht Dürer, Alhambra, Amalfi, Ancient Rome, Another World (M. C. Escher), Ant, Architecture, Arnhem, Ascending and Descending, Asteroid, Astronomer, Atrani, Coast of Amalfi, Baarn, Barry Arthur Cipra, Beaver & Krause, Bee, Belvedere (M. C. Escher), Benito Mussolini, Berend George Escher, Binary star, Bird, British Journal of Psychology, Brussels, Calabria, Carpentry, Castrovalva (M. C. Escher), Córdoba, Spain, Chameleon, Château-d'Œx, Circle Limit III, Civil engineer, Compound of three cubes, Compound of three octahedra, Conceptual art, Convex and Concave, Convex polygon, Corsica, Crystallography, Cube with Magic Ribbons, Cubism, Curl-up, Curvilinear perspective, Cylinder, Dada, De Stijl, Decorative arts, Delft University of Technology, ..., Dodecahedron, Dolphins (M. C. Escher), Doris Schattschneider, Douglas Hofstadter, Drawing, Drawing Hands, Dulwich Picture Gallery, Edinburgh, Edwin Abbott Abbott, Erich Gamma, Ernst Gombrich, Escher in the Palace, Fish, Florence, Friedrich Haag, Friesland, Gargano, Gödel, Escher, Bach, Geometry, George Arnold Escher, George Pólya, Giovanni Battista Piranesi, Girard Desargues, Granada, Graphic designer, Grasshopper, Gravitation (M. C. Escher), Group theory, Haarlem, Hand with Reflecting Sphere, Harold Scott MacDonald Coxeter, Hexagon, Hieronymus Bosch, Hilversum, House of Stairs, Huis Ten Bosch (theme park), Hyperbolic geometry, Impossible object, Infinity, Insect, Intellectual property, Isometry group, Israel Museum, Jester, Jigsaw puzzle, Johann Sebastian Bach, Landscape, Laren, North Holland, Leeuwarden, Leonardo da Vinci, Lichen, Lionel Penrose, List of Martin Gardner Mathematical Games columns, List of minor planets: 4001–5000, Lithography, M. C. Escher in popular culture, Madrid, Magic Mirror (M. C. Escher), Mandrake Memorial, Mantis, Martin Gardner, Mathematical structure, Mathematician, Mathematics and art, Möbius strip, Mediterranean Sea, Metamorphosis I, Metamorphosis II, Metamorphosis III, Mezzotint, Middle Ages, Milan, Moorish architecture, Moors, Mosque–Cathedral of Córdoba, Mott the Hoople, National Gallery of Art, National Gallery of Canada, Nature, Necktie, Netherlands Antilles, Netherlands Institute for Art History, Notices of the American Mathematical Society, Opera Nazionale Balilla, Order of Orange-Nassau, Parmigianino, Penrose stairs, Penrose triangle, Perpetual motion, Perspective (geometry), Perspective (graphical), Piero della Francesca, Plant, Platonic solid, Polyhedron, Pomegranate (publisher), Postage stamp, Poster, Princessehof Ceramics Museum, Print Gallery (M. C. Escher), Printmaking, Puddle (M. C. Escher), Pulitzer Prize, Ravello, Reflection (mathematics), Refracting telescope, Regular Division of the Plane, Relativity (M. C. Escher), René Magritte, Reptile, Reptiles (M. C. Escher), Rhombic dodecahedron, Roger Penrose, Rome, Rosa Spier Huis, Rotational symmetry, Samuel Jessurun de Mesquita, San Gimignano, Satire on False Perspective, Scientific American, Scientific journal, Scottish National Gallery of Modern Art, Self-portrait in a Convex Mirror, Semi-postal stamp, Sicily, Siena, Sky and Water I, Sky and Water II, Snakes (M. C. Escher), Stars (M. C. Escher), Stellation, Still Life and Street, Still Life with Spherical Mirror, Strange loop, Suriname, Surrealism, Symmetry, Symmetry group, Symposium on Foundations of Computer Science, T-shirt, Tessellation, The Bridge (M. C. Escher), The Garden of Earthly Delights, The Guardian, The Hague, The New York Times, The Scaffold, Three Spheres II, Three Worlds (Escher), Toledo, Spain, Topology, Tower of Babel (M. C. Escher), Truncation (geometry), Uccle, Uniform tilings in hyperbolic plane, Universal Postal Union, Victor Vasarely, Villa Welgelegen, Viterbo, Volterra, Wallpaper group, Waterfall (M. C. Escher), Wenzel Jamnitzer, William Hogarth, Woodcut, World War II. Expand index (166 more) » « Shrink index
Abraham Bosse (c. 1602-1604 – 14 February 1676) was a French artist, mainly as a printmaker in etching, but also in watercolour.
Abrams, formerly Harry N. Abrams, Inc. (HNA), is an American publisher of art and illustrated books, children's books, and stationery.
Abruzzo (Aquiliano: Abbrùzzu) is a region of Southern Italy, with an area of 10,763 square km (4,156 sq mi) and a population of 1.2 million.
Albrecht Dürer (21 May 1471 – 6 April 1528)Müller, Peter O. (1993) Substantiv-Derivation in Den Schriften Albrecht Dürers, Walter de Gruyter.
The Alhambra (الْحَمْرَاء, Al-Ḥamrā, lit. "The Red One",The "Al-" in "Alhambra" means "the" in Arabic, but this is ignored in general usage in both English and Spanish, where the name is normally given the definite articleالْحَمْرَاء, trans.; literally "the red one", feminine; in colloquial Arabic: the complete Arabic form of which was Qalat Al-Hamra)الْقَلْعَةُ ٱلْحَمْرَاءُ, trans.
Amalfi is a town and comune in the province of Salerno, in the region of Campania, Italy, on the Gulf of Salerno.
In historiography, ancient Rome is Roman civilization from the founding of the city of Rome in the 8th century BC to the collapse of the Western Roman Empire in the 5th century AD, encompassing the Roman Kingdom, Roman Republic and Roman Empire until the fall of the western empire.
Another World II, also known as Other World II, is a woodcut print by the Dutch artist M. C. Escher first printed in January 1947.
Ants are eusocial insects of the family Formicidae and, along with the related wasps and bees, belong to the order Hymenoptera.
Architecture is both the process and the product of planning, designing, and constructing buildings or any other structures.
Arnhem (or; Arnheim, Frisian: Arnhim, South Guelderish: Èrnem) is a city and municipality situated in the eastern part of the Netherlands.
Ascending and Descending is a lithograph print by the Dutch artist M. C. Escher first printed in March 1960.
Asteroids are minor planets, especially those of the inner Solar System.
An astronomer is a scientist in the field of astronomy who concentrates their studies on a specific question or field outside the scope of Earth.
Atrani, Coast of Amalfi is a lithograph print by the Dutch artist M. C. Escher, first printed in August 1931.
Baarn is a municipality and a town in the Netherlands, in the province of Utrecht.
Barry Arthur Cipra, an American mathematician and freelance writer, regularly contributes to ''Science'' magazine and SIAM News, a monthly publication of the Society for Industrial and Applied Mathematics.
Beaver & Krause were a musical duo made up of Paul Beaver and Bernie Krause.
Bees are flying insects closely related to wasps and ants, known for their role in pollination and, in the case of the best-known bee species, the European honey bee, for producing honey and beeswax.
Belvedere is a lithograph print by the Dutch artist M. C. Escher, first printed in May 1958.
Benito Amilcare Andrea Mussolini (29 July 1883 – 28 April 1945) was an Italian politician and journalist who was the leader of the National Fascist Party (Partito Nazionale Fascista, PNF).
Berend George Escher (April 4, 1885 in Gorinchem – October 11, 1967 in Arnhem) was a Dutch geologist.
A binary star is a star system consisting of two stars orbiting around their common barycenter.
Birds, also known as Aves, are a group of endothermic vertebrates, characterised by feathers, toothless beaked jaws, the laying of hard-shelled eggs, a high metabolic rate, a four-chambered heart, and a strong yet lightweight skeleton.
The British Journal of Psychology is a quarterly peer-reviewed psychology journal.
Brussels (Bruxelles,; Brussel), officially the Brussels-Capital Region (All text and all but one graphic show the English name as Brussels-Capital Region.) (Région de Bruxelles-Capitale, Brussels Hoofdstedelijk Gewest), is a region of Belgium comprising 19 municipalities, including the City of Brussels, which is the de jure capital of Belgium.
Calabria (Calàbbria in Calabrian; Calavría in Calabrian Greek; Καλαβρία in Greek; Kalavrì in Arbëresh/Albanian), known in antiquity as Bruttium, is a region in Southern Italy.
Carpentry is a skilled trade in which the primary work performed is the cutting, shaping and installation of building materials during the construction of buildings, ships, timber bridges, concrete formwork, etc.
Castrovalva is a lithograph print by the Dutch artist M. C. Escher, first printed in February 1930.
Córdoba, also called Cordoba or Cordova in English, is a city in Andalusia, southern Spain, and the capital of the province of Córdoba.
Chameleons or chamaeleons (family Chamaeleonidae) are a distinctive and highly specialized clade of Old World lizards with 202 species described as of June 2015.
Château-d'Œx is a municipality in the canton of Vaud in Switzerland.
Christmas is an annual festival commemorating the birth of Jesus Christ,Martindale, Cyril Charles.
The Christmas season, also called the festive season, or the holiday season (mainly in the U.S. and Canada; often simply called the holidays),, is an annually recurring period recognized in many Western and Western-influenced countries that is generally considered to run from late November to early January.
Christmas Eve is the evening or entire day before Christmas Day, the festival commemorating the birth of Jesus.
Christmas traditions vary from country to country.
Circle Limit III is a woodcut made in 1959 by Dutch artist M. C. Escher, in which "strings of fish shoot up like rockets from infinitely far away" and then "fall back again whence they came".
A civil engineer is a person who practices civil engineering – the application of planning, designing, constructing, maintaining, and operating infrastructures while protecting the public and environmental health, as well as improving existing infrastructures that have been neglected.
This uniform polyhedron compound is a symmetric arrangement of 3 cubes, considered as square prisms.
In mathematics, the compound of three octahedra or octahedron 3-compound is a polyhedral compound formed from three regular octahedra, all sharing a common center but rotated with respect to each other.
Conceptual art, sometimes simply called conceptualism, is art in which the concept(s) or idea(s) involved in the work take precedence over traditional aesthetic, technical, and material concerns.
Convex and Concave is a lithograph print by the Dutch artist M. C. Escher, first printed in March 1955.
A convex polygon is a simple polygon (not self-intersecting) in which no line segment between two points on the boundary ever goes outside the polygon.
Corsica (Corse; Corsica in Corsican and Italian, pronounced and respectively) is an island in the Mediterranean Sea and one of the 18 regions of France.
Crystallography is the experimental science of determining the arrangement of atoms in crystalline solids (see crystal structure).
Cube with Magic Ribbons is a lithograph print by the Dutch artist M. C. Escher first printed in 1957.
Cubism is an early-20th-century art movement which brought European painting and sculpture historically forward toward 20th century Modern art.
Curl-up or Wentelteefje (original Dutch title) is a lithograph print by M. C. Escher, first printed in November 1951.
Curvilinear perspective is a graphical projection used to draw 3D objects on 2D surfaces.
A cylinder (from Greek κύλινδρος – kulindros, "roller, tumbler"), has traditionally been a three-dimensional solid, one of the most basic of curvilinear geometric shapes.
Dada or Dadaism was an art movement of the European avant-garde in the early 20th century, with early centers in Zürich, Switzerland, at the Cabaret Voltaire (circa 1916); New York Dada began circa 1915, and after 1920 Dada flourished in Paris.
De Stijl, Dutch for "The Style", also known as Neoplasticism, was a Dutch artistic movement founded in 1917 in Leiden.
The decorative arts are arts or crafts concerned with the design and manufacture of beautiful objects that are also functional.
Delft University of Technology (Technische Universiteit Delft) also known as TU Delft, is the largest and oldest Dutch public technological university, located in Delft, Netherlands.
In geometry, a dodecahedron (Greek δωδεκάεδρον, from δώδεκα dōdeka "twelve" + ἕδρα hédra "base", "seat" or "face") is any polyhedron with twelve flat faces.
Dolphins also known as a Dolphins in Phosphorescent Sea is a woodcut print by the Dutch artist M. C. Escher.
Doris J. Schattschneider (née Wood) is an American mathematician, a retired professor of mathematics at Moravian College.
Douglas Richard Hofstadter (born February 15, 1945) is an American professor of cognitive science whose research focuses on the sense of self in relation to the external world, consciousness, analogy-making, artistic creation, literary translation, and discovery in mathematics and physics.
Drawing is a form of visual art in which a person uses various drawing instruments to mark paper or another two-dimensional medium.
Drawing Hands is a lithograph by the Dutch artist M. C. Escher first printed in January 1948.
Dulwich Picture Gallery is an art gallery in Dulwich, South London.
Edinburgh (Dùn Èideann; Edinburgh) is the capital city of Scotland and one of its 32 council areas.
Edwin Abbott Abbott (20 December 1838 – 12 October 1926) was an English schoolmaster and theologian, best known as the author of the novella Flatland (1884).
Erich Gamma (born 1961 in Zürich) is a Swiss computer scientist and co-author of the influential software engineering textbook, Design Patterns: Elements of Reusable Object-Oriented Software.
Sir Ernst Hans Josef Gombrich (30 March 1909 – 3 November 2001) was an Austrian-born art historian who, after settling in England in 1936, became a naturalised British citizen in 1947 and spent most of his working life in the United Kingdom.
Escher in Het Paleis (Escher in The Palace) is a museum in The Hague, Netherlands, featuring the works of the Dutch graphical artist M. C. Escher.
Fish are gill-bearing aquatic craniate animals that lack limbs with digits.
Florence (Firenze) is the capital city of the Italian region of Tuscany.
Friedrich Haag (20 August 1856 – 8 December 1941) was a pioneering German crystallographer.
Friesland (official, Fryslân), also historically known as Frisia, is a province of the Netherlands located in the northern part of the country.
Gargano is a historical and geographical sub-region in the province of Foggia, Apulia, southeast Italy, consisting of a wide isolated mountain massif made of highland and several peaks and forming the backbone of the Gargano Promontory projecting into the Adriatic Sea, the "spur" on the Italian "boot".
Gödel, Escher, Bach: An Eternal Golden Braid, also known as GEB, is a 1979 book by Douglas Hofstadter.
Geometry (from the γεωμετρία; geo- "earth", -metron "measurement") is a branch of mathematics concerned with questions of shape, size, relative position of figures, and the properties of space.
George Arnold Escher (10 May 1843 – 14 June 1939) was a Dutch civil engineer and a foreign advisor to the Japanese government during the Meiji period.
George Pólya (Pólya György; December 13, 1887 – September 7, 1985) was a Hungarian mathematician.
Giovanni Battista (also Giambattista or Piranesi) (4 October 1720 – 9 November 1778) was an Italian artist famous for his etchings of Rome and of fictitious and atmospheric "prisons" (Le Carceri d'Invenzione).
Girard Desargues (21 February 1591 – September 1661) was a French mathematician and engineer, who is considered one of the founders of projective geometry.
Granada is the capital city of the province of Granada, in the autonomous community of Andalusia, Spain.
A graphic designer is a professional within the graphic design and graphic arts industry who assembles together images, typography, or motion graphics to create a piece of design.
Grasshoppers are insects of the suborder Caelifera within the order Orthoptera, which includes crickets and their allies in the other suborder Ensifera.
Gravitation (also known as Gravity) is a mixed media work by the Dutch artist M. C. Escher completed in June 1952.
In mathematics and abstract algebra, group theory studies the algebraic structures known as groups.
Haarlem (predecessor of Harlem in the English language) is a city and municipality in the Netherlands.
Hand with Reflecting Sphere also known as Self-Portrait in Spherical Mirror is a lithograph print by Dutch artist M. C. Escher, first printed in January 1935.
Harold Scott MacDonald "Donald" Coxeter, FRS, FRSC, (February 9, 1907 – March 31, 2003) was a British-born Canadian geometer.
In geometry, a hexagon (from Greek ἕξ hex, "six" and γωνία, gonía, "corner, angle") is a six-sided polygon or 6-gon.
Hieronymus Bosch (born Jheronimus van Aken; 1450 – 9 August 1516) was a Dutch/Netherlandish draughtsman and painter from Brabant.
Hilversum is a city and municipality in the province of North Holland, Netherlands.
House of Stairs is a lithograph print by the Dutch artist M. C. Escher first printed in November 1951.
is a theme park in Sasebo, Nagasaki, Japan, which recreates the Netherlands by displaying life-sized copies of old Dutch buildings.
In mathematics, hyperbolic geometry (also called Bolyai–Lobachevskian geometry or Lobachevskian geometry) is a non-Euclidean geometry.
An impossible object (also known as an impossible figure or an undecidable figure) is a type of optical illusion.
Infinity (symbol) is a concept describing something without any bound or larger than any natural number.
Insects or Insecta (from Latin insectum) are hexapod invertebrates and the largest group within the arthropod phylum.
Intellectual property (IP) is a category of property that includes intangible creations of the human intellect, and primarily encompasses copyrights, patents, and trademarks.
In mathematics, the isometry group of a metric space is the set of all bijective isometries (i.e. bijective, distance-preserving maps) from the metric space onto itself, with the function composition as group operation.
The Israel Museum (מוזיאון ישראל, Muze'on Yisrael) was established in 1965 as Israel's national museum.
A jester, court jester, or fool, was historically an entertainer during the medieval and Renaissance eras who was a member of the household of a nobleman or a monarch employed to entertain him and his guests.
A jigsaw puzzle is a tiling puzzle that requires the assembly of often oddly shaped interlocking and tessellating pieces.
Johann Sebastian Bach (28 July 1750) was a composer and musician of the Baroque period, born in the Duchy of Saxe-Eisenach.
A landscape is the visible features of an area of land, its landforms and how they integrate with natural or man-made features.
Laren is a town and municipality in the Netherlands, in the province of North Holland.
Leeuwarden (longname), Stadsfries: Liwwadden) is a city and municipality in Friesland in the Netherlands. It is the provincial capital and seat of the States of Friesland. The municipality has a population of 122,293. The region has been continuously inhabited since the 10th century. It came to be known as Leeuwarden in the early 9th century AD and was granted city privileges in 1435. It is the main economic hub of Friesland, situated in a green and water-rich environment. Leeuwarden is a former royal residence and has a historic city center, many historically relevant buildings, and a large shopping center with squares and restaurants. Leeuwarden was awarded the title European Capital of Culture for 2018. The Elfstedentocht (Eleven Cities Tour), an ice skating tour passing the eleven cities of Friesland, started and finished in Leeuwarden. The following towns and villages within the municipality have populations in excess of 1,000 people: Leeuwarden, Stiens, Grou, Goutum, Wergea, Jirnsum, Reduzum, and Wirdum. The municipality is governed by the mayor Ferd Crone and a coalition of the Labour Party, Christian Democratic Appeal, and GreenLeft.
Leonardo di ser Piero da Vinci (15 April 14522 May 1519), more commonly Leonardo da Vinci or simply Leonardo, was an Italian polymath of the Renaissance, whose areas of interest included invention, painting, sculpting, architecture, science, music, mathematics, engineering, literature, anatomy, geology, astronomy, botany, writing, history, and cartography.
A lichen is a composite organism that arises from algae or cyanobacteria living among filaments of multiple fungi in a symbiotic relationship.
Lionel Sharples Penrose, FRS (11 June 1898 – 12 May 1972) was a British psychiatrist, medical geneticist, paediatrician, mathematician and chess theorist, who carried out pioneering work on the genetics of mental retardation.
Over a period of 24 years (January 1957 – December 1980), Martin Gardner wrote 288 consecutive "Mathematical Games" columns for Scientific American magazine.
#C2FFFF | 4063 Euforbo || || February 1, 1989 || Bologna || San Vittore Obs.
Lithography is a method of printing originally based on the immiscibility of oil and water.
There are numerous references to famous Dutch painter M.C. Escher, in popular culture.
Madrid is the capital of Spain and the largest municipality in both the Community of Madrid and Spain as a whole.
Magic Mirror is a lithograph print by the Dutch artist M. C. Escher first printed in January, 1946.
Mandrake Memorial was an American psych/progressive rock band active 1967-1970, known for their Baroque sound and unique songwriting.
Mantises are an order (Mantodea) of insects that contains over 2,400 species in about 430 genera in 15 families.
Martin Gardner (October 21, 1914May 22, 2010) was an American popular mathematics and popular science writer, with interests also encompassing scientific skepticism, micromagic, philosophy, religion, and literature—especially the writings of Lewis Carroll, L. Frank Baum, and G. K. Chesterton.
In mathematics, a structure on a set is an additional mathematical object that, in some manner, attaches (or relates) to that set to endow it with some additional meaning or significance.
A mathematician is someone who uses an extensive knowledge of mathematics in his or her work, typically to solve mathematical problems.
Mathematics and art are related in a variety of ways.
The Möbius strip or Möbius band, also spelled Mobius or Moebius, is a surface with only one side (when embedded in three-dimensional Euclidean space) and only one boundary.
The Mediterranean Sea is a sea connected to the Atlantic Ocean, surrounded by the Mediterranean Basin and almost completely enclosed by land: on the north by Southern Europe and Anatolia, on the south by North Africa and on the east by the Levant.
Metamorphosis I is a woodcut print by the Dutch artist M. C. Escher which was first printed in May, 1937.
Metamorphosis II is a woodcut print by the Dutch artist M. C. Escher.
Metamorphosis III is a woodcut print by the Dutch artist M. C. Escher created during 1967 and 1968.
Mezzotint is a printmaking process of the intaglio family, technically a drypoint method.
In the history of Europe, the Middle Ages (or Medieval Period) lasted from the 5th to the 15th century.
Milan (Milano; Milan) is a city in northern Italy, capital of Lombardy, and the second-most populous city in Italy after Rome, with the city proper having a population of 1,380,873 while its province-level municipality has a population of 3,235,000.
Moorish architecture is the articulated Islamic architecture of North Africa and parts of Spain and Portugal (Al Andalus), where the Andalusians (Moors) were dominant between 711 and 1492.
The term "Moors" refers primarily to the Muslim inhabitants of the Maghreb, the Iberian Peninsula, Sicily, Sardinia, Corsica, and Malta during the Middle Ages.
The Mosque–Cathedral of Córdoba (Mezquita-Catedral de Córdoba), also known as the Great Mosque of Córdoba (Mezquita de Córdoba) and the Mezquita, whose ecclesiastical name is the Cathedral of Our Lady of the Assumption (Catedral de Nuestra Señora de la Asunción), is the Catholic cathedral of the Diocese of Córdoba dedicated to the Assumption of the Virgin Mary and located in the Spanish region of Andalusia.
Mott the Hoople are an English rock band with strong R&B roots, popular in the glam rock era of the early to mid-1970s.
The National Gallery of Art, and its attached Sculpture Garden, is a national art museum in Washington, D.C., located on the National Mall, between 3rd and 9th Streets, at Constitution Avenue NW.
The National Gallery of Canada (Musée des beaux-arts du Canada), located in the capital city of Ottawa, Ontario, is Canada's premier art gallery.
Nature, in the broadest sense, is the natural, physical, or material world or universe.
A necktie, or simply a tie, is a long piece of cloth, worn usually by men, for decorative purposes around the neck, resting under the shirt collar and knotted at the throat.
The Netherlands Antilles (Nederlandse Antillen,; Papiamentu: Antia Hulandes) was a constituent country of the Kingdom of the Netherlands.
The Netherlands Institute for Art History or RKD (Dutch: RKD-Nederlands Instituut voor Kunstgeschiedenis) is located in The Hague and is home to the largest art history center in the world.
New Year is the time or day at which a new calendar year begins and the calendar's year count increments by one.
New Year's Day, also called simply New Year's or New Year, is observed on January 1, the first day of the year on the modern Gregorian calendar as well as the Julian calendar.
In the Gregorian calendar, New Year's Eve (also known as Old Year's Day or Saint Sylvester's Day in many countries), the last day of the year, is on 31 December which is the seventh day of Christmastide.
Notices of the American Mathematical Society is the membership journal of the American Mathematical Society (AMS), published monthly except for the combined June/July issue.
Opera Nazionale Balilla (ONB) was an Italian Fascist youth organization functioning between 1926 and 1937, when it was absorbed into the Gioventù Italiana del Littorio (GIL), a youth section of the National Fascist Party.
The Order of Orange-Nassau (Orde van Oranje-Nassau) is a civil and military Dutch order of chivalry founded on 4 April 1892 by the Queen regent Emma, acting on behalf of her under-age daughter Queen Wilhelmina.
Girolamo Francesco Maria Mazzola (also known as Francesco Mazzola or, more commonly, as Parmigianino ("the little one from Parma"); 11 January 150324 August 1540) was an Italian Mannerist painter and printmaker active in Florence, Rome, Bologna, and his native city of Parma.
The Penrose stairs or Penrose steps, also dubbed the impossible staircase, is an impossible object created by Lionel Penrose and his son Roger Penrose.
The Penrose triangle, also known as the Penrose tribar, or the impossible tribar, is a triangular impossible object.
Perpetual motion is motion of bodies that continues indefinitely.
Two figures in a plane are perspective from a point O if the lines joining corresponding points of the figures all meet at O. Dually, the figures are said to be perspective from a line if the points of intersection of corresponding lines all lie on one line.
Perspective (from perspicere "to see through") in the graphic arts is an approximate representation, generally on a flat surface (such as paper), of an image as it is seen by the eye.
Piero della Francesca (c. 1415 – 12 October 1492) was an Italian painter of the Early Renaissance.
Plants are mainly multicellular, predominantly photosynthetic eukaryotes of the kingdom Plantae.
In three-dimensional space, a Platonic solid is a regular, convex polyhedron.
In geometry, a polyhedron (plural polyhedra or polyhedrons) is a solid in three dimensions with flat polygonal faces, straight edges and sharp corners or vertices.
Pomegranate Communications is a publishing and printing company formerly based in Petaluma, California, having moved to Portland, Oregon in 2013.
A postage stamp is a small piece of paper that is purchased and displayed on an item of mail as evidence of payment of postage.
A poster is any piece of printed paper designed to be attached to a wall or vertical surface.
Princessehof Ceramics Museum (in Dutch: Keramiekmuseum Princessehof) is a museum of ceramics in the city of Leeuwarden in the Netherlands.
Print Gallery is a lithograph printed in 1956 by the Dutch artist M. C. Escher.
Printmaking is the process of making artworks by printing, normally on paper.
Puddle is a woodcut print by the Dutch artist M. C. Escher, first printed in February 1952.
The Pulitzer Prize is an award for achievements in newspaper, magazine and online journalism, literature, and musical composition in the United States.
Ravello (Campanian: Raviello) is a town and comune situated above the Amalfi Coast in the province of Salerno, Campania, southern Italy, with approximately 2,500 inhabitants.
In mathematics, a reflection (also spelled reflexion) is a mapping from a Euclidean space to itself that is an isometry with a hyperplane as a set of fixed points; this set is called the axis (in dimension 2) or plane (in dimension 3) of reflection.
A refracting telescope (also called a refractor) is a type of optical telescope that uses a lens as its objective to form an image (also referred to a dioptric telescope).
Regular Division of the Plane is a series of drawings by the Dutch artist M. C. Escher which began in 1936.
Relativity is a lithograph print by the Dutch artist M. C. Escher, first printed in December 1953.
René François Ghislain Magritte (21 November 1898 – 15 August 1967) was a Belgian surrealist artist.
Reptiles are tetrapod animals in the class Reptilia, comprising today's turtles, crocodilians, snakes, amphisbaenians, lizards, tuatara, and their extinct relatives.
Reptiles is a lithograph print by the Dutch artist M. C. Escher first printed in March 1943.
In geometry, the rhombic dodecahedron is a convex polyhedron with 12 congruent rhombic faces.
Sir Roger Penrose (born 8 August 1931) is an English mathematical physicist, mathematician and philosopher of science.
Rome (Roma; Roma) is the capital city of Italy and a special comune (named Comune di Roma Capitale).
The Rosa Spier Huis is a retirement home founded in 1963 in Laren, Netherlands, where many notable Dutch artists lived out their final years.
Rotational symmetry, also known as radial symmetry in biology, is the property a shape has when it looks the same after some rotation by a partial turn.
Samuel Jessurun de Mesquita (6 June 1868 – 11 February 1944) was a Dutch graphic artist active in the years before the Second World War.
San Gimignano is a small walled medieval hill town in the province of Siena, Tuscany, north-central Italy.
Satire on False Perspective is the title of an engraving produced by William Hogarth in 1754 for his friend Joshua Kirby's pamphlet on linear perspective.
Scientific American (informally abbreviated SciAm) is an American popular science magazine.
In academic publishing, a scientific journal is a periodical publication intended to further the progress of science, usually by reporting new research.
The Scottish National Gallery of Modern Art is part of the National Galleries of Scotland, which are based in Edinburgh.
Self-portrait in a Convex Mirror (c. 1524) is a painting by the Italian late Renaissance artist Parmigianino.
A semi-postal stamp or semipostal stamp, also known as a charity stamp, is a postage stamp issued to raise money for a particular purpose (such as a charitable cause) and sold at a premium over the postal value.
Sicily (Sicilia; Sicìlia) is the largest island in the Mediterranean Sea.
Siena (in English sometimes spelled Sienna; Sena Iulia) is a city in Tuscany, Italy.
Sky and Water I is a woodcut print by the Dutch artist M. C. Escher first printed in June 1938.
Sky and Water II is a lithograph print by the Dutch artist M. C. Escher first printed in 1938.
Snakes is a woodcut print by the Dutch artist M. C. Escher first printed in July 1969.
Stars is a wood engraving print created by the Dutch artist M. C. Escher in 1948, depicting two chameleons in a polyhedral cage floating through space.
In geometry, stellation is the process of extending a polygon in two dimensions, polyhedron in three dimensions, or, in general, a polytope in n dimensions to form a new figure.
Still Life and Street is a unusually woodcut print by the Dutch artist M. C. Escher which was first printed in March, 1937.
Still Life with Spherical Mirror is a lithography print by the Dutch artist M. C. Escher first printed in November 1934.
A strange loop is a cyclic structure that goes through several levels in a hierarchical system.
Suriname (also spelled Surinam), officially known as the Republic of Suriname (Republiek Suriname), is a sovereign state on the northeastern Atlantic coast of South America.
Surrealism is a cultural movement that began in the early 1920s, and is best known for its visual artworks and writings.
Symmetry (from Greek συμμετρία symmetria "agreement in dimensions, due proportion, arrangement") in everyday language refers to a sense of harmonious and beautiful proportion and balance.
In group theory, the symmetry group of an object (image, signal, etc.) is the group of all transformations under which the object is invariant with composition as the group operation.
The IEEE Annual Symposium on Foundations of Computer Science (FOCS) is an academic conference in the field of theoretical computer science.
A T-shirt (or t shirt, or tee) is a style of unisex fabric shirt named after the T shape of its body and sleeves.
A tessellation of a flat surface is the tiling of a plane using one or more geometric shapes, called tiles, with no overlaps and no gaps.
The Bridge is a lithograph print by the Dutch artist M. C. Escher, first printed in March 1930.
The Garden of Earthly Delights is the modern title given to a triptych oil painting on oak panel painted by the Early Netherlandish master Hieronymus Bosch, housed in the Museo del Prado in Madrid since 1939.
The Guardian is a British daily newspaper.
The Hague (Den Haag,, short for 's-Gravenhage) is a city on the western coast of the Netherlands and the capital of the province of South Holland.
The New York Times (sometimes abbreviated as The NYT or The Times) is an American newspaper based in New York City with worldwide influence and readership.
The Scaffold were a comedy, poetry and music trio from Liverpool, England, consisting of musical performer Mike McGear (real name Peter Michael McCartney, the brother of Paul McCartney), poet Roger McGough and comic entertainer John Gorman.
Three Spheres II is a lithograph print by the Dutch artist M. C. Escher first printed in April 1946.
Three Worlds is a lithograph print by the Dutch artist M. C. Escher first printed in December 1955.
Toledo is a city and municipality located in central Spain; it is the capital of the province of Toledo and the autonomous community of Castile–La Mancha.
In mathematics, topology (from the Greek τόπος, place, and λόγος, study) is concerned with the properties of space that are preserved under continuous deformations, such as stretching, crumpling and bending, but not tearing or gluing.
Tower of Babel is a 1928 woodcut by M. C. Escher.
In geometry, a truncation is an operation in any dimension that cuts polytope vertices, creating a new facet in place of each vertex.
Uccle or Ukkel is one of the 19 municipalities located in the Brussels-Capital Region of Belgium.
In hyperbolic geometry, a uniform (regular, quasiregular or semiregular) hyperbolic tiling is an edge-to-edge filling of the hyperbolic plane which has regular polygons as faces and is vertex-transitive (transitive on its vertices, isogonal, i.e. there is an isometry mapping any vertex onto any other).
The Universal Postal Union (UPU, Union postale universelle), established by the Treaty of Bern of 1874, is a specialized agency of the United Nations (UN) that coordinates postal policies among member nations, in addition to the worldwide postal system.
Victor Vasarely (born Győző Vásárhelyi,; –), was a Hungarian-French artist, who is widely accepted as a "grandfather" and leaderThe New York Times obituary https://www.nytimes.com/1997/03/18/arts/victor-vasarely-op-art-patriarch-dies-at-90.html of the op art movement.
Villa Welgelegen is a historical building in Haarlem, the Netherlands, which currently houses the offices of the provincial executives of North Holland.
Viterbo (Viterbese: Veterbe, Viterbium) is an ancient city and comune in the Lazio region of central Italy, the capital of the province of Viterbo.
Volterra is a walled mountaintop town in the Tuscany region of Italy of which its history dates to before the 7th century BC and has substantial structures from the Etruscan, Roman, and Medieval periods.
A wallpaper group (or plane symmetry group or plane crystallographic group) is a mathematical classification of a two-dimensional repetitive pattern, based on the symmetries in the pattern.
Waterfall (Waterval) is a lithograph by the Dutch artist M. C. Escher, first printed in October 1961.
Wenzel Jamnitzer (sometimes Jamitzer, or Wenzel Gemniczer) (1507/1508 – 19 December 1585) was a Northern Mannerist goldsmith, artist, and printmaker in etching, who worked in Nuremberg.
William Hogarth FRSA (10 November 1697 – 26 October 1764) was an English painter, printmaker, pictorial satirist, social critic, and editorial cartoonist.
Woodcut is a relief printing technique in printmaking.
World War II (often abbreviated to WWII or WW2), also known as the Second World War, was a global war that lasted from 1939 to 1945, although conflicts reflecting the ideological clash between what would become the Allied and Axis blocs began earlier.
2018 has been designated as the third International Year of the Reef by the International Coral Reef Initiative.
2019 (MMXIX) will be a common year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar, the 2019th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 19th year of the 3rd millennium, the 19th year of the 21st century, and the 10th and last year of the 2010s decade.
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