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Index Haarlem

Haarlem (predecessor of Harlem in the English language) is a city and municipality in the Netherlands. [1]

287 relations: African Americans, Al Stewart, Alexandre Dumas, Alkmaar, American Civil War, Amsterdam, Amsterdam Airport Schiphol, Amsterdam Centraal station, Amsterdamse Poort, Haarlem, Angers, Anthony Fokker, Archeologisch Museum Haarlem, Art, Association football, Avignon Papacy, Bakenesserkerk, Bandy, Baseball, Basketball, Batavia (ship), Batavian Republic, Batik, Bavo of Ghent, Beach ridge, Beijnes, Belgian Congo, Belgium, Black Death, Bloemencorso, Bloemendaal, Brielle, Burgemeester, Bus rapid transit, Calvinism, Capital city, Cathedra, Cathedral of St Bavo, Haarlem, Catholic Church, Central European Summer Time, Central European Time, Chemist, Christian Democratic Appeal, City, City Hall (Haarlem), City rights in the Low Countries, Coat of arms, Comics, Commuter town, Confessions of an Ugly Stepsister, Connexxion, ..., Corrie ten Boom, County of Holland, Crusades, Culinary arts, Damietta, De Adriaan, Haarlem, De Naald, Heemstede, Delft, Democrats 66, Den Haag Centraal railway station, Den Haag HS railway station, Derby, Diocese, Dirck Coornhert, Director of New Netherland, Dordrecht, Droste, Dutch East India Company, Dutch East Indies, Dutch famine of 1944–45, Dutch Golden Age, Dutch guilder, Dutch Republic, Emirdağ, English language, Fadrique Álvarez de Toledo, 4th Duke of Alba, Fair, Fernando Álvarez de Toledo, 3rd Duke of Alba, Flanders, Flemish people, Float (parade), Fokker Spin, France, Frans Hals, Frans Hals Museum, Frans Hals Museum - Hal, Germany, Geuzen, Ghent, Giel Beelen, Godfried van Mierlo, Gouda, South Holland, Gregory Maguire, GroenLinks, Grote Kerk, Haarlem, Grote Markt (Haarlem), Haarlem (disambiguation), Haarlem Baseball Week, Haarlem Basketball Week, Haarlem railway station, Haarlem Spaarnwoude railway station, Haarlemmerhout, Haarlemmerliede en Spaarnwoude, Haarlemmermeer, Haarlemmertrekvaart, Haarlems Dagblad, Hadrianus Junius, Haerlempjes, Halfweg, Hannie Schaft, Harlem, Harlem (disambiguation), Harry Mulisch, Heemstede, Hendrik Figee, Henry Hope, Het Dolhuys, Het Menselyk Bedryf ("The Book of Trades"), HFC Haarlem, Hofje, Hofjes in Haarlem, Hollandsche IJzeren Spoorweg-Maatschappij, Hoofdwacht, Haarlem, Hook and Cod wars, Horsecar, Huguenots, Huis ter Kleef, Iconoclasm, Iconography, IJ (Amsterdam), Indulgence, Industrial Revolution, J.J. Beijnes, Jacob van Ruisdael, Jacqueline, Countess of Hainaut, Jan Luyken, Jan Steen, Janskerk, Haarlem, Jazz, Jerusalem, Jews, Joh. Enschedé, Johannes Gutenberg, Jopen, Jos Wienen, Judo, Karel van Mander, Kenau Simonsdochter Hasselaer, Kennemerland, Kingdom of England, Koningsdag, Koninklijke HFC, Labour Party (Netherlands), Laurens Janszoon Coster, Leiden, Leiden Centraal railway station, Leidsevaart, Liberty, Lieven Bauwens, Lieven de Key, Linen, List of cities in the Netherlands by province, List of concert halls, List of metropolitan areas in Europe, List of municipalities of the Netherlands, Lonely Planet, Magistrate, Manhattan, Mercenary, Metres above sea level, Metropolitan area, Michelangelo, Middle Ages, Movie theater, Municipal council (Netherlands), Municipality, Museum, Museum Haarlem, Music festival, Mutare, Naarden, National Socialist Movement in the Netherlands, Natural history, Nazism, Nederlandse Spoorwegen, Neoclassical architecture, Netherlands, Netherlands Trading Society, New Amsterdam, New Netherland, New York City, Nicolaas van Nieuwland, Noordwijk, North Holland, North Sea, North Sea Canal, Ocean's Twelve, Old Catholic Church, Old Catholic Church of the Netherlands, Osnabrück, Parish, Pathé, Patron saint, Patronaat, People's Party for Freedom and Democracy, Peter Stuyvesant, Petrus Scriverius, Philip II of Spain, Pieter Bor, Pieter Teyler van der Hulst, Pim Mulier, Pop music, Pope Clement V, Porziuncola, Postal codes in the Netherlands, Prince of Orange, Printing press, Province, Psychiatry, Randstad, Rembrandt, Richard Trevithick, Ridderzaal, Rijksmonument, Ringvaart, Rink bandy, Roman Catholic Diocese of Haarlem-Amsterdam, Rotterdam, Samuel Ampzing, Satisfactie van Haarlem, Schalkwijk, Haarlem, Schoten, Netherlands, Science, Sheriff, Shopping mall, Siege of Haarlem, Silk, Socialist Party (Netherlands), Spaarndam, Spaarne, Spain, St. Elisabeth Gasthuis, Haarlem, Stadsbibliotheek Haarlem, Statistics Netherlands, Stedelijk Gymnasium Haarlem, Suburb, Suffragan bishop, Telephone numbers in the Netherlands, Ten Boom Museum, Tennis, Teylers Museum, The Assault, The Black Tulip, The Hague, Theatre, Toneelschuur, Towpath, Train, Tram, Trekschuit, Tulip, Tulip mania, Turkey, United Kingdom, United Kingdom of the Netherlands, United States, V&D, Velsen, View of Haarlem with Bleaching Fields, Villa Welgelegen, Vleeshal, Wigbolt Ripperda, William I of the Netherlands, William I, Count of Holland, William II of Holland, William the Silent, William V, Prince of Orange, Willibrord, Witte van Haemstede, Woerden, World War II, Zandvoort aan Zee railway station, Zimbabwe, Zuid-Kennemerland National Park, Zuidtangent, Zutphen, 2014 Women's Softball World Championship. Expand index (237 more) »

African Americans

African Americans (also referred to as Black Americans or Afro-Americans) are an ethnic group of Americans with total or partial ancestry from any of the black racial groups of Africa.

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Al Stewart

Alastair Ian Stewart (born 5 September 1945) is a British singer-songwriter and folk-rock musician who rose to prominence as part of the British folk revival in the 1960s and 1970s.

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Alexandre Dumas

Alexandre Dumas (born Dumas Davy de la Pailleterie; 24 July 1802 – 5 December 1870), also known as Alexandre Dumas, père ("father"), was a French writer.

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Alkmaar is a city and municipality in the Netherlands, located in the province of North Holland.

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American Civil War

The American Civil War (also known by other names) was a war fought in the United States from 1861 to 1865.

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Amsterdam is the capital and most populous municipality of the Netherlands.

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Amsterdam Airport Schiphol

Amsterdam Airport Schiphol, known informally as Schiphol (Luchthaven Schiphol), is the main international airport of the Netherlands.

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Amsterdam Centraal station

Amsterdam Centraal (abbreviation: Asd) is the largest railway station of Amsterdam, Netherlands, and a major national railway hub.

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Amsterdamse Poort, Haarlem

The Amsterdamse Poort is an old city gate of Haarlem, Netherlands.

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Angers is a city in western France, about southwest of Paris.

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Anthony Fokker

Anton Herman Gerard "Anthony" Fokker (6 April 1890 – 23 December 1939) was a Dutch aviation pioneer and aircraft manufacturer.

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Archeologisch Museum Haarlem

The Archeologisch Museum Haarlem is a museum in the cellar of the Vleeshal on the Grote Markt in Haarlem, the Netherlands, dedicated to promoting interest and conserving the archeological heritage of Kennemerland.

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Art is a diverse range of human activities in creating visual, auditory or performing artifacts (artworks), expressing the author's imaginative, conceptual idea, or technical skill, intended to be appreciated for their beauty or emotional power.

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Association football

Association football, more commonly known as football or soccer, is a team sport played between two teams of eleven players with a spherical ball.

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Avignon Papacy

The Avignon Papacy was the period from 1309 to 1376 during which seven successive popes resided in Avignon (then in the Kingdom of Arles, part of the Holy Roman Empire, now in France) rather than in Rome.

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The Bakenesserkerk is a former church and seat of the local archeological workgroup in Haarlem, Netherlands, on the Vrouwestraat 10.

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Bandy is a team winter sport played on ice, in which skaters use sticks to direct a ball into the opposing team's goal.

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Baseball is a bat-and-ball game played between two opposing teams who take turns batting and fielding.

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Basketball is a team sport played on a rectangular court.

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Batavia (ship)

Batavia was a ship of the Dutch East India Company (VOC).

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Batavian Republic

The Batavian Republic (Bataafse Republiek; République Batave) was the successor of the Republic of the Seven United Netherlands.

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Batik (Javanese: ꦧꦠꦶꦏ꧀) is a technique of wax-resist dyeing applied to whole cloth, or cloth made using this technique originated from Indonesia.

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Bavo of Ghent

Saint Bavo of Ghent (also known as Bavon, Allowin, Bavonius, and Baaf) (622–659) was a Roman Catholic and Eastern Orthodox saint.

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Beach ridge

A beach ridge is a wave-swept or wave-deposited ridge running parallel to a shoreline.

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Beijnes (1838 – 1963) is a defunct Haarlem manufacturer of carriages, buses, trains, and trams.

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Belgian Congo

The Belgian Congo (Congo Belge,; Belgisch-Congo) was a Belgian colony in Central Africa between 1908 and 1960 in what is now the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC).

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Belgium, officially the Kingdom of Belgium, is a country in Western Europe bordered by France, the Netherlands, Germany and Luxembourg.

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Black Death

The Black Death, also known as the Great Plague, the Black Plague, or simply the Plague, was one of the most devastating pandemics in human history, resulting in the deaths of an estimated people in Eurasia and peaking in Europe from 1347 to 1351.

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Bloemencorso (a Dutch word) means "flower parade", "flower pageant" or "flower procession".

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Bloemendaal is a municipality and a town in the Netherlands, in the province of North Holland.

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Brielle, also called Den Briel (Brill in English) is a town, municipality and historic seaport in the western Netherlands, in the province of South Holland, on the north side of the island of Voorne-Putten, at the mouth of the New Maas.

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In the Netherlands and Belgium, the mayor (burgemeester or bourgmestre) is an appointed government position, whose main responsibility is chairing the executive and legislative councils of a municipality.

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Bus rapid transit

Bus rapid transit (BRT, BRTS, busway, transitway) is a bus-based public transport system designed to improve capacity and reliability relative to a conventional bus system.

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Calvinism (also called the Reformed tradition, Reformed Christianity, Reformed Protestantism, or the Reformed faith) is a major branch of Protestantism that follows the theological tradition and forms of Christian practice of John Calvin and other Reformation-era theologians.

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Capital city

A capital city (or simply capital) is the municipality exercising primary status in a country, state, province, or other administrative region, usually as its seat of government.

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A cathedra (Latin, "chair", from Greek, καθέδρα kathédra, "seat") or bishop's throne is the seat of a bishop.

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Cathedral of St Bavo, Haarlem

The Cathedral of Saint Bavo is a religious building in Haarlem, the Netherlands, built by the Catholics from 1895 to 1930 to replace the former waterstaatskerk in the Jansstraat called the St. Joseph.

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Catholic Church

The Catholic Church, also known as the Roman Catholic Church, is the largest Christian church, with more than 1.299 billion members worldwide.

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Central European Summer Time

Central European Summer Time (CEST), sometime referred also as Central European Daylight Time (CEDT), is the standard clock time observed during the period of summer daylight-saving in those European countries which observe Central European Time (UTC+1) during the other part of the year.

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Central European Time

Central European Time (CET), used in most parts of Europe and a few North African countries, is a standard time which is 1 hour ahead of Coordinated Universal Time (UTC).

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A chemist (from Greek chēm (ía) alchemy; replacing chymist from Medieval Latin alchimista) is a scientist trained in the study of chemistry.

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Christian Democratic Appeal

The Christian Democratic Appeal (Christen-Democratisch Appèl,; CDA) is a Christian-democratic political party in the Netherlands.

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A city is a large human settlement.

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City Hall (Haarlem)

The City Hall in Haarlem is the seat of the city's government.

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City rights in the Low Countries

City rights are a feature of the medieval history of the Low Countries.

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Coat of arms

A coat of arms is a heraldic visual design on an escutcheon (i.e., shield), surcoat, or tabard.

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a medium used to express ideas by images, often combined with text or other visual information.

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Commuter town

A commuter town is a town whose residents normally work elsewhere but in which they live, eat and sleep.

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Confessions of an Ugly Stepsister

Confessions of an Ugly Stepsister is a novel by Gregory Maguire, retelling the tale of Cinderella through the eyes of one of her "ugly stepsisters." In 2002, the book was adapted into a TV movie of the same name directed by Gavin Millar.

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Connexxion is a large public transport company in the Netherlands, operating in the west, middle, east and south-west parts of the country.

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Corrie ten Boom

Cornelia Arnolda Johanna "Corrie" ten Boom (15 April 1892 – 15 April 1983) was a Dutch watchmaker and Christian who, along with her father and other family members, helped many Jews escape the Nazi Holocaust during World War II by hiding them in her closet.

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County of Holland

The County of Holland was a State of the Holy Roman Empire and from 1432 part of the Burgundian Netherlands, from 1482 part of the Habsburg Netherlands and from 1648 onward, Holland was the leading province of the Dutch Republic, of which it remained a part until the Batavian Revolution in 1795.

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The Crusades were a series of religious wars sanctioned by the Latin Church in the medieval period.

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Culinary arts

Culinary arts, in which culinary means "related to cooking", are the arts of preparation, cooking and presentation of food, usually in the form of meals.

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Damietta (دمياط,; ⲧⲁⲙⲓⲁϯ) also known as Damiata, or Domyat, is a port and the capital of the Damietta Governorate in Egypt, a former bishopric and present multiple Catholic titular see.

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De Adriaan, Haarlem

De Adriaan is a windmill in the Netherlands that burnt down in 1932 and was rebuilt in 2002.

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De Naald, Heemstede

De Naald (the Needle) is a monument in Heemstede, Netherlands, erected in 1817 by the city council to commemorate two battles on the Manpad road running next to the site.

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Delft is a city and municipality in the province of South Holland, Netherlands.

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Democrats 66

Democrats 66 (Democraten 66, D66,; officially Politieke Partij Democraten 66) is a social-liberal political party in the Netherlands.

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Den Haag Centraal railway station

Den Haag Centraal (English: The Hague Central) is the largest railway station in the city of The Hague, and with twelve tracks, the largest terminal station in the Netherlands.

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Den Haag HS railway station

Den Haag HS (English: The Hague HS), an abbreviation of the original name Den Haag Hollands Spoor (The Hague Holland's Rail), is the oldest train station in The Hague, Netherlands, located on the Amsterdam–Haarlem–Rotterdam railway.

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Derby is a city and unitary authority area in Derbyshire, England.

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The word diocese is derived from the Greek term διοίκησις meaning "administration".

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Dirck Coornhert

Dirck Volckertszoon Coornhert (152229 October 1590), also known as Theodore Cornhert, was a Dutch writer, philosopher, translator, politician, theologian and artist.

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Director of New Netherland

This is a list of Directors, appointed by the Dutch West India Company, of the 17th century Dutch province of New Netherland (Nieuw-Nederland in Dutch) in North America.

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Dordrecht, colloquially Dordt, historically in English named Dort, is a city and municipality in the Western Netherlands, located in the province of South Holland.

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Droste B.V. is a Dutch chocolate manufacturer.

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Dutch East India Company

The United East India Company, sometimes known as the United East Indies Company (Vereenigde Oostindische Compagnie; or Verenigde Oost-Indische Compagnie in modern spelling; abbreviated to VOC), better known to the English-speaking world as the Dutch East India Company or sometimes as the Dutch East Indies Company, was a multinational corporation that was founded in 1602 from a government-backed consolidation of several rival Dutch trading companies.

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Dutch East Indies

The Dutch East Indies (or Netherlands East-Indies; Nederlands(ch)-Indië; Hindia Belanda) was a Dutch colony consisting of what is now Indonesia.

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Dutch famine of 1944–45

The Dutch famine of 1944–45, known in the Netherlands as the Hongerwinter (literal translation: hunger winter), was a famine that took place in the German-occupied Netherlands, especially in the densely populated western provinces north of the great rivers, during the winter of 1944–45, near the end of World War II.

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Dutch Golden Age

The Dutch Golden Age (Gouden Eeuw) was a period in the history of the Netherlands, roughly spanning the 17th century, in which Dutch trade, science, military, and art were among the most acclaimed in the world.

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Dutch guilder

The Dutch guilder (gulden) or fl. was the currency of the Netherlands from the 17th century until 2002, when it was replaced by the euro.

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Dutch Republic

The Dutch Republic was a republic that existed from the formal creation of a confederacy in 1581 by several Dutch provinces (which earlier seceded from the Spanish rule) until the Batavian Revolution in 1795.

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Emirdağ is a town and district of Afyonkarahisar Province in Turkey, between the city of Afyon and Eskişehir.

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English language

English is a West Germanic language that was first spoken in early medieval England and is now a global lingua franca.

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Fadrique Álvarez de Toledo, 4th Duke of Alba

Fadrique Álvarez de Toledo y Enríquez de Guzmán, 4th Duke of Alba, Grandee of Spain, (in full), (21 November 1537 – 11 December 1583), was a commander in the Spanish army during the Eighty Years' War.

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A fair (archaic: faire or fayre), also known as funfair, is a gathering of people for a variety of entertainment or commercial activities.

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Fernando Álvarez de Toledo, 3rd Duke of Alba

Fernando Álvarez de Toledo y Pimentel, 3rd Duke of Alba, GE, KOGF, GR (29 October 150711 December 1582), known as the Grand Duke of Alba in Spain and the Iron Duke in the Netherlands, was a Spanish noble, general, and diplomat.

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Flanders (Vlaanderen, Flandre, Flandern) is the Dutch-speaking northern portion of Belgium, although there are several overlapping definitions, including ones related to culture, language, politics and history.

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Flemish people

The Flemish or Flemings are a Germanic ethnic group native to Flanders, in modern Belgium, who speak Dutch, especially any of its dialects spoken in historical Flanders, known collectively as Flemish Dutch.

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Float (parade)

A float is a decorated platform, either built on a vehicle like a truck or towed behind one, which is a component of many festive parades, such as those of Mardi Gras in New Orleans, the Carnival of Viareggio, the Maltese Carnival, the Macy's Thanksgiving Day Parade, the Key West Fantasy Fest parade, the Carnival in Rio de Janeiro, the 500 Festival Parade in Indianapolis, the United States Presidential Inaugural Parade, and the Tournament of Roses Parade.

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Fokker Spin

The Fokker Spin was the first airplane built by Dutch aviation pioneer Anthony Fokker.

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France, officially the French Republic (République française), is a sovereign state whose territory consists of metropolitan France in Western Europe, as well as several overseas regions and territories.

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Frans Hals

Frans Hals the Elder (– 26 August 1666) was a Dutch Golden Age painter, normally of portraits, who lived and worked in Haarlem.

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Frans Hals Museum

The Frans Hals Museum is a museum located in Haarlem, the Netherlands.

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Frans Hals Museum - Hal

Frans Hals Museum - Hal (until March 29 2018: De Hallen Haarlem) is one of the two locations of the Frans Hals Museum, located on the Grote Markt, Haarlem, Netherlands, where modern and contemporary art is on display in alternating presentations.

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Germany (Deutschland), officially the Federal Republic of Germany (Bundesrepublik Deutschland), is a sovereign state in central-western Europe.

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Geuzen (French: Les Gueux, English: the Beggars) was a name assumed by the confederacy of Calvinist Dutch nobles, who from 1566 opposed Spanish rule in the Netherlands.

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Ghent (Gent; Gand) is a city and a municipality in the Flemish Region of Belgium.

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Giel Beelen

Michiel Antonius Adrianus Beelen (born 25 May 1977 in Haarlem), better known as Giel Beelen, is a Dutch radio DJ and presenter, working primarily for public broadcaster VARA.

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Godfried van Mierlo

Godfried van Mierlo, O.P. (February 2, 1518, Helmond – July 28, 1587, Deventer), was a Dominican friar who served as the Bishop of Haarlem and the last direct Abbot of Egmond Abbey from 1570 to 1578.

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Gouda, South Holland

Gouda is a city and municipality in the province of South Holland, Netherlands with a population of 72,338.

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Gregory Maguire

Gregory Maguire (born June 9, 1954) is an American novelist.

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GroenLinks (GreenLeft, GrienLinks, GL) is a green political party in the Netherlands.

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Grote Kerk, Haarlem

The Grote Kerk or St.-Bavokerk is a Reformed Protestant church and former Catholic cathedral located on the central market square in the Dutch city of Haarlem.

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Grote Markt (Haarlem)

The Grote Markt is the central market square of Haarlem, Netherlands.

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Haarlem (disambiguation)

Haarlem is the capital city of North Holland, a province in the Netherlands.

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Haarlem Baseball Week

The Haarlem Baseball Week (Honkbalweek Haarlem, previously Haarlemse Honkbalweek) is an international invitation baseball tournament at the Pim Mulier Stadium in Haarlem, Netherlands.

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Haarlem Basketball Week

The Haarlem Basketball Week was a friendly basketball tournament held in Haarlem, Netherlands from 1982 till 2008.

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Haarlem railway station

Haarlem railway station is located in Haarlem, the Netherlands.

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Haarlem Spaarnwoude railway station

Haarlem Spaarnwoude is a railway station in Haarlem, Netherlands.

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The Haarlemmerhout is the oldest public park of the Netherlands.

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Haarlemmerliede en Spaarnwoude

Haarlemmerliede en Spaarnwoude is a municipality in the Netherlands, located in the province of North Holland.

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Haarlemmermeer is a municipality in the Netherlands, in the province of North Holland.

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The Haarlemmertrekvaart (Haarlem's Tow-Canal) is a canal between Amsterdam and Haarlem in the province of North Holland, the Netherlands.

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Haarlems Dagblad

The Haarlems Dagblad is a regional newspaper in Haarlem, Netherlands.

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Hadrianus Junius

Hadrianus Junius (1511–1575), also known as Adriaen de Jonghe, was a Dutch physician, classical scholar, translator, lexicographer, antiquarian, historiographer, emblematist, school rector, and Latin poet.

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Haerlempjes refer to a specific genre of landscape painting that includes a view of Haarlem (formerly spelled Haerlem).

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Halfweg is a town in the Dutch province of North Holland.

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Hannie Schaft

Jannetje Johanna (Jo) Schaft (16 September 1920 – 17 April 1945) was a Dutch communist resistance fighter during World War II.

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Harlem is a large neighborhood in the northern section of the New York City borough of Manhattan.

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Harlem (disambiguation)

Harlem is the New York City neighborhood (in a northern portion of the island and the borough of Manhattan).

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Harry Mulisch

Harry Kurt Victor Mulisch (29 July 1927 – 30 October 2010) was a Dutch writer.

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Heemstede is a municipality and a town in the Netherlands, in the province of North Holland.

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Hendrik Figee

Hendrik Figee (Haarlem, May 28, 1838 – Haarlem, December 3, 1907) was a Dutch businessman and entrepreneur creditted with growing the Haarlem factory Figee into an international manufacturer of cranes.

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Henry Hope

Henry Hope (1735–1811) was an Amsterdam merchant banker born in Boston, in Britain's Massachusetts Bay Colony in North America.

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Het Dolhuys

Het Dolhuys is a national museum for psychiatry in Haarlem, Netherlands.

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Het Menselyk Bedryf ("The Book of Trades")

Het Menselyk Bedryf ("The Book of Trades") is an Emblem book of 100 engravings by Jan Luyken and his son Caspar published in 1694, illustrating various trades in Amsterdam during the Dutch Golden Age.

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HFC Haarlem

HFC Haarlem was a Dutch football club from the city of Haarlem, established in 1889 and dissolved in 2010.

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A hofje is a Dutch word for a courtyard with almshouses around it.

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Hofjes in Haarlem

Haarlem is one of the cities in the Netherlands that has a number of hofjes.

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Hollandsche IJzeren Spoorweg-Maatschappij

The Hollandsche IJzeren Spoorweg-Maatschappij or HSM (Hollands Iron Railway-Company) was the first railway company in the Netherlands founded on 8 August 1837 as a private company, starting operation in 1839 with a line between Amsterdam and Haarlem.

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Hoofdwacht, Haarlem

The Hoofdwacht (Head Watch, or "Civic guard headquarters") is a historically important rijksmonument.

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Hook and Cod wars

The Hook and Cod wars (Hoekse en Kabeljauwse twisten) comprise a series of wars and battles in the County of Holland between 1350 and 1490.

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A horsecar, or horse-drawn tram, is an animal-powered (usually horse) tram or streetcar.

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Huguenots (Les huguenots) are an ethnoreligious group of French Protestants who follow the Reformed tradition.

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Huis ter Kleef

The ruins of the Huis ter Kleef castle are located in the city gardens of Haarlem.

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IconoclasmLiterally, "image-breaking", from κλάω.

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Iconography, as a branch of art history, studies the identification, description, and the interpretation of the content of images: the subjects depicted, the particular compositions and details used to do so, and other elements that are distinct from artistic style.

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IJ (Amsterdam)

The IJ (pronounced; sometimes shown on old maps as Y or Ye) is a body of water, formerly a bay, in the Dutch province of North Holland.

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In the teaching of the Roman Catholic Church, an indulgence (from *dulgeō, "persist") is "a way to reduce the amount of punishment one has to undergo for sins." It may reduce the "temporal punishment for sin" after death (as opposed to the eternal punishment merited by mortal sin), in the state or process of purification called Purgatory.

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Industrial Revolution

The Industrial Revolution was the transition to new manufacturing processes in the period from about 1760 to sometime between 1820 and 1840.

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J.J. Beijnes

Johannes Jacobus, or J.J. Beijnes (Haarlem,1814 – Haarlem,1888) was a Dutch businessman and entrepreneur who, along with his brother Antonie Johannes (A.J.) Beijnes, was creditted with growing the Haarlem factory Beijnes into an international manufacturer of train and tram wagons.

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Jacob van Ruisdael

Jacob Isaackszoon van Ruisdael (1629 – 10 March 1682) was a Dutch painter, draughtsman, and etcher.

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Jacqueline, Countess of Hainaut

Jacqueline (Jacoba van Beieren; Jacqueline de Bavière; 15 July 1401 – 8 October 1436), was a Duchess of Bavaria-Straubing, Countess of Holland and Zeeland and Countess of Hainaut from 1417 to 1433.

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Jan Luyken

Johannes or Jan Luyken (April 16, 1649 - April 5, 1712) was a Dutch poet, illustrator and engraver.

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Jan Steen

Jan Havickszoon Steen (c. 1626 – buried 3 February 1679) was a Dutch genre painter of the 17th century (also known as the Dutch Golden Age).

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Janskerk, Haarlem

The Janskerk or St.

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Jazz is a music genre that originated in the African-American communities of New Orleans, United States, in the late 19th and early 20th centuries, and developed from roots in blues and ragtime.

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Jerusalem (יְרוּשָׁלַיִם; القُدس) is a city in the Middle East, located on a plateau in the Judaean Mountains between the Mediterranean and the Dead Sea.

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Jews (יְהוּדִים ISO 259-3, Israeli pronunciation) or Jewish people are an ethnoreligious group and a nation, originating from the Israelites Israelite origins and kingdom: "The first act in the long drama of Jewish history is the age of the Israelites""The people of the Kingdom of Israel and the ethnic and religious group known as the Jewish people that descended from them have been subjected to a number of forced migrations in their history" and Hebrews of the Ancient Near East.

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Joh. Enschedé

Royal Joh.

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Johannes Gutenberg

Johannes Gensfleisch zur Laden zum Gutenberg (– February 3, 1468) was a German blacksmith, goldsmith, printer, and publisher who introduced printing to Europe with the printing press.

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Jopen is a beer brewery from Haarlem, Netherlands.

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Jos Wienen

Jos Wienen (born 3 October 1960 in Ridderkerk)http://www.eo.nl/magazines/visie/artikel-detail/lintjes-toespraken-en-bakstenen/ is a Dutch politician.

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was created as a physical, mental and moral pedagogy in Japan, in 1882, by Jigoro Kano (嘉納治五郎).

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Karel van Mander

Karel van Mander (I) or Carel van Mander I (May 1548 – 2 September 1606) was a Flemish painter, poet, art historian and art theoretician, who established himself in the Dutch Republic in the latter part of his life.

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Kenau Simonsdochter Hasselaer

Kenau Simonsdochter Hasselaer (1526–1588) was a wood merchant of Haarlem, who became a legendary folk hero for her fearless defense of the city against the Spanish invaders during the siege of Haarlem in 1573.

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Kennemerland is a coastal region in the northwestern Netherlands, in the province of North Holland.

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Kingdom of England

The Kingdom of England (French: Royaume d'Angleterre; Danish: Kongeriget England; German: Königreich England) was a sovereign state on the island of Great Britain from the 10th century—when it emerged from various Anglo-Saxon kingdoms—until 1707, when it united with Scotland to form the Kingdom of Great Britain.

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Koningsdag or King's Day is a national holiday in the Kingdom of the Netherlands.

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Koninklijke HFC

Koninklijke HFC (Royal Haarlemsche Football Club) is a football club in Haarlem, Netherlands.

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Labour Party (Netherlands)

The Labour Party (Partij van de Arbeid,, abbreviated as PvdA, or P van de A) is a social-democratic political party in the Netherlands.

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Laurens Janszoon Coster

Laurens Janszoon Coster (c. 1370, Haarlem, the Netherlands – c. 1440), or Laurens Jansz Koster, is the name of a purported inventor of a printing press from Haarlem.

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Leiden (in English and archaic Dutch also Leyden) is a city and municipality in the province of South Holland, Netherlands.

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Leiden Centraal railway station

Leiden Centraal is the main railway station in Leiden, a city in the Netherlands.

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The Leidsevaart (also known as Leidse trekvaart, Dutch for "Leiden's Pull-Canal") is a canal between the cities of Haarlem and Leiden in the Netherlands.

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Liberty, in politics, consists of the social, political, and economic freedoms to which all community members are entitled.

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Lieven Bauwens

Lieven Bauwens (14 June 1769, in Ghent – 17 March 1822, in Paris) was a Belgian entrepreneur and industrial spy who was sent to Great Britain at a young age and brought a spinning mule and skilled workers to the European continent.

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Lieven de Key

Lieven de Key (1560 — 17 July 1627) was a famous Dutch renaissance architect in the Netherlands, mostly known today for his works in Haarlem.

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Linen is a textile made from the fibers of the flax plant.

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List of cities in the Netherlands by province

Below are twelve alphabetical lists of cities in the Netherlands ordered by province.

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List of concert halls

A concert hall is a cultural building with a stage that serves as a performance venue and an auditorium filled with seats.

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List of metropolitan areas in Europe

This is a list of metropolitan areas in Europe, with their population according to three different sources.

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List of municipalities of the Netherlands

As of January 2018, there are 380 municipalities (Dutch: gemeenten) and 3 public bodies (openbare lichamen), also referred to as special municipalities (bijzondere gemeenten), in the Netherlands.

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Lonely Planet

Lonely Planet is the largest travel guide book publisher in the world.

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The term magistrate is used in a variety of systems of governments and laws to refer to a civilian officer who administers the law.

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Manhattan is the most densely populated borough of New York City, its economic and administrative center, and its historical birthplace.

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A mercenary is an individual who is hired to take part in an armed conflict but is not part of a regular army or other governmental military force.

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Metres above sea level

Metres above mean sea level (MAMSL) or simply metres above sea level (MASL or m a.s.l.) is a standard metric measurement in metres of the elevation or altitude of a location in reference to a historic mean sea level.

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Metropolitan area

A metropolitan area, sometimes referred to as a metro area or commuter belt, is a region consisting of a densely populated urban core and its less-populated surrounding territories, sharing industry, infrastructure, and housing.

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Michelangelo di Lodovico Buonarroti Simoni or more commonly known by his first name Michelangelo (6 March 1475 – 18 February 1564) was an Italian sculptor, painter, architect and poet of the High Renaissance born in the Republic of Florence, who exerted an unparalleled influence on the development of Western art.

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Middle Ages

In the history of Europe, the Middle Ages (or Medieval Period) lasted from the 5th to the 15th century.

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Movie theater

A movie theater/theatre (American English), cinema (British English) or cinema hall (Indian English) is a building that contains an auditorium for viewing films (also called movies) for entertainment.

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Municipal council (Netherlands)

In the Netherlands the municipal council (Dutch: gemeenteraad) is the elected assembly of the municipality.

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A municipality is usually a single urban or administrative division having corporate status and powers of self-government or jurisdiction as granted by national and state laws to which it is subordinate.

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A museum (plural musea or museums) is an institution that cares for (conserves) a collection of artifacts and other objects of artistic, cultural, historical, or scientific importance.

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Museum Haarlem

Museum Haarlem is a city museum on Groot Heiligland 47, Haarlem, Netherlands, located across the street from the Frans Hals Museum.

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Music festival

A music festival is a community event oriented towards live performances of singing and instrument playing that is often presented with a theme such as musical genre (e.g., blues, folk, jazz, classical music), nationality, or locality of musicians, or holiday.

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Mutare (known as Umtali until 1983) is the fourth largest city in Zimbabwe, with an urban population of approximately 188,243 and rural population of approximately 260,567.

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Naarden is a city and former municipality in the Gooi region in the province of North Holland, Netherlands.

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National Socialist Movement in the Netherlands

The National Socialist Movement in the Netherlands (Nationaal-Socialistische Beweging in Nederland,, NSB) was a Dutch fascist and later national socialist political party.

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Natural history

Natural history is a domain of inquiry involving organisms including animals, fungi and plants in their environment; leaning more towards observational than experimental methods of study.

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National Socialism (Nationalsozialismus), more commonly known as Nazism, is the ideology and practices associated with the Nazi Party – officially the National Socialist German Workers' Party (Nationalsozialistische Deutsche Arbeiterpartei or NSDAP) – in Nazi Germany, and of other far-right groups with similar aims.

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Nederlandse Spoorwegen

Nederlandse Spoorwegen (NS;; "Dutch Railways") a Dutch state-owned company, the principal passenger railway operator in the Netherlands.

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Neoclassical architecture

Neoclassical architecture is an architectural style produced by the neoclassical movement that began in the mid-18th century.

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The Netherlands (Nederland), often referred to as Holland, is a country located mostly in Western Europe with a population of seventeen million.

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Netherlands Trading Society

The Netherlands Trading Society (Nederlandsche Handel-Maatschappij or NHM) was a Dutch trading company established in 1824 by King Willem I of the Netherlands to promote and develop trade, shipping and agriculture.

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New Amsterdam

New Amsterdam (Nieuw Amsterdam, or) was a 17th-century Dutch settlement established at the southern tip of Manhattan Island that served as the seat of the colonial government in New Netherland.

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New Netherland

New Netherland (Dutch: Nieuw Nederland; Latin: Nova Belgica or Novum Belgium) was a 17th-century colony of the Dutch Republic that was located on the east coast of North America.

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New York City

The City of New York, often called New York City (NYC) or simply New York, is the most populous city in the United States.

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Nicolaas van Nieuwland

Nicolaas van Nieuwland (1510 in Maartensdijk – July 15, 1580 in Utrecht) was bishop of Haarlem and abbot of Egmond Abbey from 1562 to 1569.

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Noordwijk is a town and municipality in the west of the Netherlands, in the province of South Holland.

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North Holland

North Holland (Noord-Holland, West Frisian Dutch: Noard-Holland) is a province of the Netherlands located in the northwestern part of the country.

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North Sea

The North Sea (Mare Germanicum) is a marginal sea of the Atlantic Ocean located between Great Britain, Scandinavia, Germany, the Netherlands, Belgium, and France.

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North Sea Canal

The North Sea Canal (Noordzeekanaal) is a Dutch ship canal from Amsterdam to the North Sea at IJmuiden, constructed between 1865 and 1876 to enable seafaring vessels to reach the port of Amsterdam.

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Ocean's Twelve

Ocean's Twelve is a 2004 American comedy heist film, the first sequel to 2001's Ocean's Eleven.

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Old Catholic Church

The term Old Catholic Church was used from the 1850s, by groups which had separated from the Roman Catholic Church over certain doctrines, primarily concerned with papal authority; some of these groups, especially in the Netherlands, had already existed long before the term.

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Old Catholic Church of the Netherlands

The Old Catholic Church of the Netherlands (Oud-Katholieke Kerk van Nederland) is the mother church of the Old Catholic churches.

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Osnabrück (Ossenbrügge; archaic Osnaburg) is a city in the federal state of Lower Saxony in north-west Germany.

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A parish is a church territorial entity constituting a division within a diocese.

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Pathé or Pathé Frères (styled as PATHÉ!) is the name of various French businesses that were founded and originally run by the Pathé Brothers of France starting in 1896.

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Patron saint

A patron saint, patroness saint, patron hallow or heavenly protector is a saint who in Roman Catholicism, Anglicanism, Eastern Orthodoxy, or particular branches of Islam, is regarded as the heavenly advocate of a nation, place, craft, activity, class, clan, family or person.

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Patronaat is one of the 10 largest alternative pop music halls in the Netherlands and was established in 1984.

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People's Party for Freedom and Democracy

The People's Party for Freedom and Democracy (Volkspartij voor Vrijheid en Democratie, VVD) is a conservative-liberal political party in the Netherlands.

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Peter Stuyvesant

Peter Stuyvesant (English pronunciation /ˈstaɪv.ə.sənt/; in Dutch also Pieter and Petrus Stuyvesant; (1610Mooney, James E. "Stuyvesant, Peter" in p.1256–1672) served as the last Dutch director-general of the colony of New Netherland from 1647 until it was ceded provisionally to the English in 1664, after which it was renamed New York. He was a major figure in the early history of New York City and his name has been given to various landmarks and points of interest throughout the city (e.g. Stuyvesant High School, Stuyvesant Town–Peter Cooper Village, Stuyvesant Plaza, Bedford–Stuyvesant neighborhood, etc.). Stuyvesant's accomplishments as director-general included a great expansion for the settlement of New Amsterdam beyond the southern tip of Manhattan. Among the projects built by Stuyvesant's administration were the protective wall on Wall Street, the canal that became Broad Street, and Broadway. Stuyvesant, himself a member of the Dutch Reformed Church, opposed religious pluralism and came into conflict with Lutherans, Jews, Roman Catholics and Quakers as they attempted to build places of worship in the city and practice their faiths.

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Petrus Scriverius

Petrus Scriverius, the Latinized form of Peter Schrijver or Schryver (12 January 1576 – 30 April 1660), was a Dutch writer and scholar on the history of Holland and Belgium.

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Philip II of Spain

Philip II (Felipe II; 21 May 1527 – 13 September 1598), called "the Prudent" (el Prudente), was King of Spain (1556–98), King of Portugal (1581–98, as Philip I, Filipe I), King of Naples and Sicily (both from 1554), and jure uxoris King of England and Ireland (during his marriage to Queen Mary I from 1554–58).

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Pieter Bor

Pieter Bor, or Pieter Christiaensz Bor (1559-1635) was a Dutch Golden Age writer and historian.

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Pieter Teyler van der Hulst

Pieter Teyler van der Hulst (25 March 1702 – 8 April 1778) was a wealthy Dutch Mennonite merchant and banker, who died childless, leaving a legacy of two million florins (in today's terms: about EUR 80 million) to the pursuit of religion, arts and science in his hometown, that led to the formation of Teyler's Museum.

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Pim Mulier

Willem Johan Herman Mulier, known as Pim Mulier (10 March 1865 – 12 April 1954) was one of the leading figures in sporting history of the Netherlands.

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Pop music

Pop music is a genre of popular music that originated in its modern form in the United States and United Kingdom during the mid-1950s.

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Pope Clement V

Pope Clement V (Clemens V; c. 1264 – 20 April 1314), born Raymond Bertrand de Got (also occasionally spelled de Guoth and de Goth), was Pope from 5 June 1305 to his death in 1314.

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Porziuncola, also called Portiuncula (in Latin) or Porzioncula, is a small Catholic church located within the Papal Basilica of Saint Mary of the Angels in Assisi in the frazione of Santa Maria degli Angeli, situated about from Assisi, Umbria (central Italy).

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Postal codes in the Netherlands

Postal codes in the Netherlands, known as postcodes, are alphanumeric, consisting of four digits followed by two uppercase letters.

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Prince of Orange

Prince of Orange is a title originally associated with the sovereign Principality of Orange, in what is now southern France.

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Printing press

A printing press is a device for applying pressure to an inked surface resting upon a print medium (such as paper or cloth), thereby transferring the ink.

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A province is almost always an administrative division within a country or state.

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Psychiatry is the medical specialty devoted to the diagnosis, prevention and treatment of mental disorders.

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The Randstad is a megalopolis in the central-western Netherlands consisting primarily of the four largest Dutch cities (Amsterdam, Rotterdam, The Hague and Utrecht) and their surrounding areas.

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Rembrandt Harmenszoon van Rijn (15 July 1606 – 4 October 1669) was a Dutch draughtsman, painter, and printmaker.

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Richard Trevithick

Richard Trevithick (13 April 1771 – 22 April 1833) was a British inventor and mining engineer from Cornwall, England.

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The Ridderzaal (Hall of Knights) is the main building of the 13th century Binnenhof in The Hague, Netherlands.

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A rijksmonument is a national heritage site of the Netherlands, listed by the agency Rijksdienst voor het Cultureel Erfgoed (RCE) acting for the Dutch Ministry of Education, Culture and Science.

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The Ringvaart (known in full as Ringvaart of the Haarlemmermeer Polder) is a canal in the province of North Holland, the Netherlands.

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Rink bandy

Rink bandy and rinkball are variants of bandy played on significantly smaller ice rinks.

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Roman Catholic Diocese of Haarlem-Amsterdam

The Diocese of Haarlem-Amsterdam (Bisdom Haarlem-Amsterdam, Dioecesis Harlemensis-Amstelodamensis) is a Latin diocese of the Catholic Church in the Netherlands.

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Rotterdam is a city in the Netherlands, in South Holland within the Rhine–Meuse–Scheldt river delta at the North Sea.

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Samuel Ampzing

Samuel Ampzing (24 June 1590 – 29 July 1632) was a Dutch minister, poet and purist.

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Satisfactie van Haarlem

The Satisfactie van Haarlem was one of many treaties in the city of Veere in 1577 where Willem the Silent ensured the loyalty of the cities under his rule.

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Schalkwijk, Haarlem

Schalkwijk is the largest borough of Haarlem, Netherlands.

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Schoten, Netherlands

Schoten is a former village in the Dutch province of North Holland.

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R. P. Feynman, The Feynman Lectures on Physics, Vol.1, Chaps.1,2,&3.

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A sheriff is a government official, with varying duties, existing in some countries with historical ties to England, where the office originated.

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Shopping mall

A shopping mall is a modern, chiefly North American, term for a form of shopping precinct or shopping center, in which one or more buildings form a complex of shops representing merchandisers with interconnecting walkways that enable customers to walk from unit to unit.

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Siege of Haarlem

The siege of Haarlem was an episode of the Eighty Years' War.

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Silk is a natural protein fiber, some forms of which can be woven into textiles.

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Socialist Party (Netherlands)

The Socialist Party (Socialistische Partij,; abbreviated SP) is a left-wing, democratic socialist political party in the Netherlands.

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Spaarndam is a small village in the province of North Holland, the Netherlands, on the Spaarne river and the IJ lake.

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The Spaarne is a river, in North Holland, Netherlands.

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Spain (España), officially the Kingdom of Spain (Reino de España), is a sovereign state mostly located on the Iberian Peninsula in Europe.

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St. Elisabeth Gasthuis, Haarlem

The St.

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Stadsbibliotheek Haarlem

The Stadsbibliotheek Haarlem (Haarlem Public Library) is a collective name for all public libraries in the Haarlem area of the Netherlands.

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Statistics Netherlands

Statistics Netherlands, founded in 1899, is a Dutch governmental institution that gathers statistical information about the Netherlands.

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Stedelijk Gymnasium Haarlem

The Stedelijk Gymnasium Haarlem or the Latin School of Haarlem is a secondary school in Haarlem, The Netherlands.

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A suburb is a mixed-use or residential area, existing either as part of a city or urban area or as a separate residential community within commuting distance of a city.

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Suffragan bishop

A suffragan bishop is a bishop subordinate to a metropolitan bishop or diocesan bishop.

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Telephone numbers in the Netherlands

Telephone numbers in the Netherlands are administered by the Ministry of Economic Affairs, Agriculture and Innovation of the Netherlands and may be grouped into three general categories: geographical numbers, non-geographical numbers, and numbers for public services.

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Ten Boom Museum

The Ten Boom Museum is a museum dedicated to The Hiding Place, the subject of a book by Corrie ten Boom.

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Tennis is a racket sport that can be played individually against a single opponent (singles) or between two teams of two players each (doubles).

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Teylers Museum

Teylers Museum is an art, natural history, and science museum in Haarlem, Netherlands.

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The Assault

The Assault (original title in Dutch: De aanslag) is a 1982 novel by Dutch author Harry Mulisch.

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The Black Tulip

The Black Tulip is a historical novel written by Alexandre Dumas, père.

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The Hague

The Hague (Den Haag,, short for 's-Gravenhage) is a city on the western coast of the Netherlands and the capital of the province of South Holland.

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Theatre or theater is a collaborative form of fine art that uses live performers, typically actors or actresses, to present the experience of a real or imagined event before a live audience in a specific place, often a stage.

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De Toneelschuur is a theater in Haarlem, Netherlands.

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A towpath is a road or trail on the bank of a river, canal, or other inland waterway.

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A train is a form of transport consisting of a series of connected vehicles that generally runs along a rail track to transport cargo or passengers.

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A tram (also tramcar; and in North America streetcar, trolley or trolley car) is a rail vehicle which runs on tramway tracks along public urban streets, and also sometimes on a segregated right of way.

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Trekschuit (literally "tug-boat") is an old style of sail- and horse-drawn boat specific to the Netherlands, where it was used for centuries as a means of passenger traffic between cities along trekvaarten, or tow-canals.

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Tulips (Tulipa) form a genus of spring-blooming perennial herbaceous bulbiferous geophytes (having bulbs as storage organs).

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Tulip mania

Tulip mania (Dutch: tulpenmanie) was a period in the Dutch Golden Age during which contract prices for some bulbs of the recently introduced and fashionable tulip reached extraordinarily high levels and then dramatically collapsed in February 1637.

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Turkey (Türkiye), officially the Republic of Turkey (Türkiye Cumhuriyeti), is a transcontinental country in Eurasia, mainly in Anatolia in Western Asia, with a smaller portion on the Balkan peninsula in Southeast Europe.

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United Kingdom

The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, commonly known as the United Kingdom (UK) or Britain,Usage is mixed with some organisations, including the and preferring to use Britain as shorthand for Great Britain is a sovereign country in western Europe.

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United Kingdom of the Netherlands

The United Kingdom of the Netherlands (Verenigd Koninkrijk der Nederlanden; Royaume-Uni des Pays-Bas) is the unofficial name given to the Kingdom of the Netherlands as it existed between 1815 and 1839.

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United States

The United States of America (USA), commonly known as the United States (U.S.) or America, is a federal republic composed of 50 states, a federal district, five major self-governing territories, and various possessions.

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V&D (Vroom & Dreesmann) was a Dutch chain of department stores founded in 1887.

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Velsen is a municipality in the Netherlands, in the province of North Holland.

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View of Haarlem with Bleaching Fields

View of Haarlem with Bleaching Fields (c. 1670–1675) is an oil on canvas painting by the Dutch painter Jacob van Ruisdael.

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Villa Welgelegen

Villa Welgelegen is a historical building in Haarlem, the Netherlands, which currently houses the offices of the provincial executives of North Holland.

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The Vleeshal is a historical building dating from 1603 on the Grote Markt in Haarlem, the Netherlands.

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Wigbolt Ripperda

Wigbolt, Baron Ripperda (1535? – 16 July 1573) was the city governor of Haarlem when the city was under siege by the Spanish army in the Eighty Years' War.

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William I of the Netherlands

William I (Willem Frederik, Prince of Orange-Nassau; 24 August 1772 – 12 December 1843) was a Prince of Orange and the first King of the Netherlands and Grand Duke of Luxembourg.

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William I, Count of Holland

William I (c. 1167 – 4 February 1222), Count of Holland from 1203 to 1222.

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William II of Holland

William II (February 1227 – 28 January 1256) was a Count of Holland and Zeeland from 1234 until his death.

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William the Silent

William I, Prince of Orange (24 April 1533 – 10 July 1584), also widely known as William the Silent or William the Taciturn (translated from Willem de Zwijger), or more commonly known as William of Orange (Willem van Oranje), was the main leader of the Dutch revolt against the Spanish Habsburgs that set off the Eighty Years' War (1568–1648) and resulted in the formal independence of the United Provinces in 1581.

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William V, Prince of Orange

William V, Prince of Orange (Willem Batavus; 8 March 1748 – 9 April 1806) was the last Stadtholder of the Dutch Republic.

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Willibrord (658 – 7 November AD 739) was a Northumbrian missionary saint, known as the "Apostle to the Frisians" in the modern Netherlands.

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Witte van Haemstede

Witte van Haemstede (1280/1282–1321) was a bastard son of Floris V, Count of Holland.

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Woerden is a city and a municipality in the central Netherlands.

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World War II

World War II (often abbreviated to WWII or WW2), also known as the Second World War, was a global war that lasted from 1939 to 1945, although conflicts reflecting the ideological clash between what would become the Allied and Axis blocs began earlier.

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Zandvoort aan Zee railway station

Zandvoort aan Zee is a terminal train station in the town of Zandvoort, Netherlands.

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Zimbabwe, officially the Republic of Zimbabwe, is a landlocked country located in southern Africa, between the Zambezi and Limpopo Rivers, bordered by South Africa, Botswana, Zambia and Mozambique. The capital and largest city is Harare. A country of roughly million people, Zimbabwe has 16 official languages, with English, Shona, and Ndebele the most commonly used. Since the 11th century, present-day Zimbabwe has been the site of several organised states and kingdoms as well as a major route for migration and trade. The British South Africa Company of Cecil Rhodes first demarcated the present territory during the 1890s; it became the self-governing British colony of Southern Rhodesia in 1923. In 1965, the conservative white minority government unilaterally declared independence as Rhodesia. The state endured international isolation and a 15-year guerrilla war with black nationalist forces; this culminated in a peace agreement that established universal enfranchisement and de jure sovereignty as Zimbabwe in April 1980. Zimbabwe then joined the Commonwealth of Nations, from which it was suspended in 2002 for breaches of international law by its then government and from which it withdrew from in December 2003. It is a member of the United Nations, the Southern African Development Community (SADC), the African Union (AU), and the Common Market for Eastern and Southern Africa (COMESA). It was once known as the "Jewel of Africa" for its prosperity. Robert Mugabe became Prime Minister of Zimbabwe in 1980, when his ZANU-PF party won the elections following the end of white minority rule; he was the President of Zimbabwe from 1987 until his resignation in 2017. Under Mugabe's authoritarian regime, the state security apparatus dominated the country and was responsible for widespread human rights violations. Mugabe maintained the revolutionary socialist rhetoric of the Cold War era, blaming Zimbabwe's economic woes on conspiring Western capitalist countries. Contemporary African political leaders were reluctant to criticise Mugabe, who was burnished by his anti-imperialist credentials, though Archbishop Desmond Tutu called him "a cartoon figure of an archetypal African dictator". The country has been in economic decline since the 1990s, experiencing several crashes and hyperinflation along the way. On 15 November 2017, in the wake of over a year of protests against his government as well as Zimbabwe's rapidly declining economy, Mugabe was placed under house arrest by the country's national army in a coup d'état. On 19 November 2017, ZANU-PF sacked Robert Mugabe as party leader and appointed former Vice President Emmerson Mnangagwa in his place. On 21 November 2017, Mugabe tendered his resignation prior to impeachment proceedings being completed.

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Zuid-Kennemerland National Park

National Park Zuid-Kennemerland (Dutch: Nationaal Park Zuid-Kennemerland) is a national park of the Netherlands located in the province of North Holland and established in 1995.

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Zuidtangent (Dutch for "south tangent") is the former name of the bus rapid transit service between Haarlem, Nieuw-Vennep, and Amsterdam in the Netherlands.

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Zutphen is a city and municipality located in the province of Gelderland, Netherlands.

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2014 Women's Softball World Championship

The 2014 Women's Softball World Championship was an international softball competition that was held in Haarlem, Netherlands from August 15 to August 24, 2014.

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Redirects here:

Geography of Haarlem, Haarlem, Netherlands, Haerlem, History of Haarlem, UN/LOCODE:NLHAA, Waarderpolder.


[1] https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Haarlem

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