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Haarlem (formerly known as Harlem in the English language) is a city and municipality in the Netherlands. [1]

281 relations: African American, Al Stewart, Alexandre Dumas, Alkmaar, American Civil War, Amsterdam, Amsterdam Airport Schiphol, Amsterdam Centraal railway station, Amsterdamse Poort, Haarlem, Angers, Anthony Fokker, Archeologisch Museum Haarlem, Art, Association football, Avignon Papacy, Bakenesserkerk, Bandy, Baseball, Basketball, Batavia (ship), Batavian Republic, Batik, Bavo of Ghent, Beach ridge, Beijnes, Belgian Congo, Belgium, Bernt Schneiders, Black Death, Bloemencorso, Bloemendaal, Brielle, Burgemeester, Bus rapid transit, Calvinism, Capital city, Cathedra, Cathedral of St Bavo, Haarlem, Catholic Church, Central European Summer Time, Central European Time, Chemist, Christian Democratic Appeal, City, City Hall (Haarlem), City rights in the Low Countries, Coat of arms, Comics, Commuter town, Confessions of an Ugly Stepsister, ..., Connexxion, Corrie ten Boom, Count of Holland, Crusades, Culinary art, Damietta, De Adriaan, Haarlem, De Hallen Haarlem, De Naald, Heemstede, Delft, Democrats 66, Den Haag Centraal railway station, Den Haag HS railway station, Derby, Diocese, Dirck Coornhert, Director of New Netherland, Dordrecht, Droste, Dutch East India Company, Dutch East Indies, Dutch famine of 1944, Dutch Golden Age, Dutch guilder, Dutch Republic, Emirdağ, English language, Fadrique Álvarez de Toledo, 4th Duke of Alba, Fair, Fernando Álvarez de Toledo, 3rd Duke of Alba, Flanders, Flemish people, Float (parade), Fokker Spin, France, Frans Hals, Frans Hals Museum, Germany, Geuzen, Ghent, Godfried van Mierlo, Gouda, South Holland, GreenLeft, Gregory Maguire, Grote Kerk, Haarlem, Grote Markt, Haarlem, Haarlem Baseball Week, Haarlem Model United Nations, Haarlem railway station, Haarlem Spaarnwoude railway station, Haarlemmerhout, Haarlemmerliede en Spaarnwoude, Haarlemmermeer, Haarlemmertrekvaart, Hadrianus Junius, Halfweg, Hannie Schaft, Harlem, Harry Mulisch, Heemstede, Hendrik Figee, Henry Hope, Het Dolhuys, Het Menselyk Bedryf ("The Book of Trades"), HFC Haarlem, Historisch Museum Haarlem, Hofje, Hofjes in Haarlem, Hollandsche IJzeren Spoorweg-Maatschappij, Hoofdwacht, Haarlem, Hook and Cod wars, Huguenot, Huis ter Kleef, Iconoclasm, Iconography, IJ (Amsterdam), Indulgence, Industrial Revolution, J.J. Beijnes, Jacob van Ruisdael, Jacqueline, Countess of Hainaut, Jan Luyken, Jan Steen, Janskerk, Haarlem, Jazz, Jerusalem, Jews, Joh. Enschedé, Johannes Gutenberg, Jopen, Judo, Karel van Mander, Kenau Simonsdochter Hasselaer, Kennemerland, Kingdom of England, Koningsdag, Koninklijke HFC, Labour Party (Netherlands), Laurens Janszoon Coster, Leiden, Leiden Centraal railway station, Leidsevaart, Liberty, Lieven Bauwens, Lieven de Key, Linen, List of cities in the Netherlands by province, List of concert halls, List of metropolitan areas in Europe, List of municipalities of the Netherlands, List of sovereign states, Lonely Planet, Magistrate, Manhattan, Mercenary, Metres above sea level, Metropolitan area, Michelangelo, Middle Ages, Movie theater, Municipal council (Netherlands), Municipality, Museum, Music festival, Mutare, Naarden, National Socialist Movement in the Netherlands, Natural history, Nazism, Nederlandse Spoorwegen, Neoclassical architecture, Netherlands, Netherlands Trading Society, New Amsterdam, New Netherland, New York City, Nicolaas van Nieuwland, Noordwijk, North Holland, North Sea, North Sea Canal, Ocean's Twelve, Old Catholic Church, Old Catholic Church of the Netherlands, Osnabrück, Parish, Pathé, Patron saint, Patronaat, People's Party for Freedom and Democracy, Peter Stuyvesant, Petrus Scriverius, Philip II of Spain, Pieter Bor, Pieter Teyler van der Hulst, Pim Mulier, Pop music, Pope Clement V, Porziuncola, Postal codes in the Netherlands, Printing press, Province, Provinces of the Netherlands, Psychiatry, Randstad, Rembrandt, Richard Trevithick, Ridderzaal, Rijksmonument, Ringvaart, Rink bandy, River, Roman Catholic Diocese of Haarlem-Amsterdam, Rotterdam, Samuel Ampzing, Satisfactie van Haarlem, Schalkwijk, Haarlem, Schoten, Netherlands, Science, Sheriff, Shopping mall, Siege of Haarlem, Silk, Socialist Party (Netherlands), Spaarndam, Spaarne, Spain, St. Elisabeth Gasthuis, Haarlem, Stadsbibliotheek Haarlem, Stedelijk Gymnasium Haarlem, Suburb, Suffragan bishop, Telephone numbers in the Netherlands, Ten Boom Museum, Tennis, Teylers Museum, The Assault, The Black Tulip, The Hague, Theatre, Toneelschuur, Towpath, Train, Tram, Trekschuit, Tulip, Tulip mania, Turkey, United Kingdom, United Kingdom of the Netherlands, United States, Velsen, Villa Welgelegen, Vleeshal, Vroom & Dreesmann, Wigbolt Ripperda, William I of the Netherlands, William I, Count of Holland, William II of Holland, William the Silent, William V, Prince of Orange, Willibrord, Witte van Haemstede, Woerden, World War II, Zandvoort aan Zee railway station, Zimbabwe, Zuid-Kennemerland National Park, Zuidtangent, Zutphen, 2014 Women's Softball World Championship. Expand index (231 more) »

African American, also referred to as Black American or Afro-American, is an ethnic group of Americans (citizens or residents of the United States) with total or partial ancestry from any of the native populations of Sub-Saharan Africa.

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Alastair Ian "Al" Stewart (born 5 September 1945) is a Glasgow-born singer-songwriter and folk-rock musician who rose to prominence as part of the British folk revival in the 1960s and 1970s.

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Alexandre Dumas (born Dumas Davy de la Pailleterie; 24 July 1802 – 5 December 1870), also known as Alexandre Dumas, père, was a French writer.

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Alkmaar is a municipality and a city in the Netherlands, in the province of North Holland.

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The American Civil War, widely known in the United States as simply the Civil War as well as other sectional names, was a civil war fought from 1861 to 1865 to determine the survival of the Union or independence for the Confederacy.

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Amsterdam is the capital city and most populous city of the Kingdom of the Netherlands.

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Amsterdam Airport Schiphol (Luchthaven Schiphol) is the main international airport of the Netherlands, located southwest of Amsterdam, in the municipality of Haarlemmermeer, province of North Holland.

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Station Amsterdam Centraal (code: Asd) is the largest railway station of Amsterdam, Netherlands, and a major national railway hub.

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The Amsterdamse Poort is an old city gate of Haarlem, Netherlands.

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Angers is a city in western France, about southwest of Paris.

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Anton Herman Gerard "Anthony" Fokker (6 April 1890 – 23 December 1939) was a Dutch aviation pioneer and an aircraft manufacturer.

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The Archeologisch Museum Haarlem is a museum in the cellar of the Vleeshal on the Grote Markt in Haarlem, the Netherlands, dedicated to promoting interest and conserving the archeological heritage of Kennemerland.

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Art is a diverse range of human activities and the products of those activities, usually involving imaginative or technical skill.

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Association football, more commonly known as football or soccer, is a sport played between two teams of eleven players with a spherical ball.

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The Avignon Papacy was the period from 1309 to 1377, during which seven successive popes resided in Avignon (then in the Kingdom of Arles, part of the Holy Roman Empire, and now in today's France) rather than in Rome.

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The Bakenesserkerk is a former church and seat of the local archeological workgroup in Haarlem, Netherlands, on the Vrouwestraat 10.

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Bandy is a team winter sport played on ice, in which skaters use sticks to direct a ball into the opposing team's goal.

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Baseball is a bat-and-ball game played between two teams of nine players each who take turns batting and fielding.

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Basketball is a sport played by two teams of five players on a rectangular court.

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Batavia was a ship of the Dutch East India Company (VOC).

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The Batavian Republic (Bataafse Republiek; République Batave) was the successor of the Republic of the Seven United Netherlands.

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Batik is a technique of wax-resist dyeing applied to whole cloth, or cloth made using this technique.

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Saint Bavo of Ghent (also known as Bavon, Allowin, Bavonius, and Baaf) (622–659) is a Roman Catholic and Eastern Orthodox saint.

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A beach ridge is a wave-swept or wave-deposited ridge running parallel to a shoreline.

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Beijnes (1838 – 1963) is a defunct Haarlem manufacturer of carriages, buses, trains, and trams.

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The Belgian Congo (Congo Belge, Belgisch-Congo) was a Belgian colony in Central Africa between 1908 and 1960 in what is now the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC).

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Belgium (België; Belgique; Belgien), officially the Kingdom of Belgium, is a sovereign state in Western Europe.

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Bernard Bram "Bernt" Schneiders (Breukelen, 2 April 1959) is a Dutch politician who is a member of the Partij van de Arbeid (PvdA) and the current mayor of Haarlem.

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The Black Death was one of the most devastating pandemics in human history, resulting in the deaths of an estimated people and peaking in Europe in the years 1346–53.

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Bloemencorso (a Dutch word) means "flower parade", "flower pageant" or "flower procession".

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Bloemendaal is a municipality and a town in the Netherlands, in the province of North Holland.

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Brielle, also called Den Briel (Brill in English) is a town, municipality and historic seaport in the western Netherlands, in the province of South Holland, on the north side of the island of Voorne-Putten, at the mouth of the New Maas.

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In the Netherlands and Belgium, the mayor (burgemeester or bourgmestre) is an appointed government position, whose main responsibility is chairing the executive and legislative councils of a municipality.

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Bus rapid transit (BRT, BRTS, busway) is a bus-based mass transit system.

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Calvinism (also called the Reformed tradition, Reformed Christianity or the Reformed faith) is a major branch of Protestantism that follows the theological tradition and forms of Christian practice of John Calvin and other Reformation-era theologians.

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A capital city (or simply capital) is the municipality enjoying primary status in a country, state, province, or other region, usually as its seat of government.

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A cathedra (Latin, "chair", from Greek, καθέδρα kathédra, "seat") or bishop's throne is the seat of a bishop.

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The Cathedral of Saint Bavo is a religious building in Haarlem, the Netherlands, built by the Catholics from 1895 to 1930 to replace the former waterstaatskerk in the Jansstraat called the St. Joseph.

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The Catholic Church, also known as the Roman Catholic Church, is, the largest Christian church, with more than 1.25 billion members worldwide.

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Central European Summer Time (CEST) is the standard clock time observed during the period of summer daylight-saving in those European countries which observe Central European Time (UTC + one hour) during the rest of the year.

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Central European Time (CET), used in most parts of the European Union, is a standard time which is 1 hour ahead of Coordinated Universal Time (UTC).

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A chemist is a scientist trained in the study of chemistry.

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The Christian Democratic Appeal (Christen-Democratisch Appèl,; CDA) is a Christian-democratic political party in the Netherlands founded in 1977, which participated in all but three governments since then.

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A city is a large and permanent human settlement.

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The City Hall in Haarlem is the seat of the city's government.

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City rights are a feature of the medieval history of the Low Countries.

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A coat of arms is a unique heraldic design on an escutcheon (i.e. shield), surcoat, or tabard.

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a medium used to express ideas via images, often combined with text or other visual information.

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A commuter town is a town whose residents normally work elsewhere, although they live and sleep in these neighborhoods.

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Confessions of an Ugly Stepsister is a novel by Gregory Maguire, retelling the tale of Cinderella through the eyes of one of her "ugly stepsisters".

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Connexxion is a large public transport bus company in the Netherlands, operating in the west, middle, east and south-west part of the country.

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Cornelia "Corrie" ten Boom (15 April 1892 – 15 April 1983) was a Dutch Christian who, along with her father and other family members, helped many Jews escape the Nazi Holocaust during World War II.

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The Counts of Holland ruled over the County of Holland in the Low Countries between the 10th and the 16th century.

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The Crusades were military campaigns sanctioned by the Catholic Church in the Middle Ages.

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Culinary art, in which culinary means "related to cooking", is the art of the preparation, cooking and presentation of food, usually in the form of meals.

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Damietta (دمياط), also known as Damiata, or Domyat, is a port and the capital of the Damietta Governorate in Egypt.

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De Adriaan is a windmill in the Netherlands that burnt down in 1932 and was rebuilt in 2002.

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De Hallen Haarlem is the name of the exhibition space on the Grote Markt, Haarlem, Netherlands, where modern and contemporary art is on display in alternating presentations.

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De Naald (the Needle) is a monument in Heemstede, Netherlands, erected in 1817 by the city council to commemorate two battles on the Manpad road running next to the site.

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Delft is a city and a municipality in the Netherlands.

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Democrats 66 (Democraten 66, D66; official name: Politieke Partij Democraten 66) is a social-liberal and progressive political party in the Netherlands.

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Den Haag Centraal (in English: The Hague Central) is the largest railway station in the Dutch city of The Hague and, with twelve tracks, the largest terminal station in the Netherlands.

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Den Haag HS (The Hague HS), an abbreviation of the original name Den Haag Hollands Spoor (The Hague Holland's Rail), is the oldest railway station in The Hague, Netherlands.

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Derby (locally) is a city and unitary authority area in the East Midlands region of England.

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A diocese, from the Greek term διοίκησις, meaning "administration", is the district under the supervision of a bishop.

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Dirck Volckertszoon Coornhert (1522 – 29 October 1590), also known as Theodore Cornhert, was a Dutch writer, philosopher, translator, politician and theologian.

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This is a list of Directors, appointed by the Dutch West India Company, of the 17th century Dutch province of New Netherland (Nieuw-Nederland in Dutch) in North America.

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Dordrecht, colloquially Dordt, historically in English named Dordt, is a city and municipality in the western Netherlands, located in the province of South Holland.

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Droste B.V. is a Dutch chocolate manufacturer owned by the Germany-based company Hosta.

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The United East Indian Company (Vereenigde Oost-Indische Compagnie; VOC), referred to by the British as the Dutch East India Company, was originally established as a chartered company in 1602, when the Dutch government granted it a 21-year monopoly on Dutch spice trade.

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The Dutch East Indies (or Netherlands East Indies; Nederlands-Indië; Hindia Belanda) was a Dutch colony that became modern Indonesia following World War II.

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The Dutch famine of 1944, known as the Hongerwinter ("Hunger winter") in Dutch, was a famine that took place in the German-occupied part of the Netherlands, especially in the densely populated western provinces above the great rivers, during the winter of 1944–45, near the end of World War II.

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The Dutch Golden Age (Gouden Eeuw) was a period in Dutch history, roughly spanning the 17th century, in which Dutch trade, science, military, and art were among the most acclaimed in the world.

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The Dutch guilder (gulden) or fl. was the currency of the Netherlands from the 17th century until 2002, when it was replaced by the euro.

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The Dutch Republic, also known as the Republic of the Seven United Netherlands (Republiek der Zeven Verenigde Nederlanden), Republic of the United Netherlands or Republic of the Seven United Provinces (Republiek der Zeven Verenigde Provinciën), was a republic in Europe existing from 1581, when part of the Netherlands separated from Spanish rule, until 1795.

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Emirdağ is a town and district of Afyonkarahisar Province in Turkey, between the city of Afyon and Eskişehir.

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English is a West Germanic language that was first spoken in early medieval England and is now a global lingua franca.

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Fadrique Álvarez de Toledo y Enríquez de Guzmán, 4th Duke of Alba, Grandee of Spain, (in full), (21 November 1537 – 11 December, 1583), was a commander in the Spanish army during the Eighty Years' War.

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A fair (archaic: faire or fayre) is a gathering of people for a variety of entertainment or commercial activities.

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Fernando Álvarez de Toledo y Pimentel (Piedrahita, 29 October 1507 – Lisbon, 11 December 1582), known as the Grand Duke of Alba in Spain and the Iron Duke in the Netherlands, was a Spanish noble, general, and diplomat.

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Flanders (Dutch: Vlaanderen, Flandre) today normally refers to the Dutch-speaking northern portion of Belgium.

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Flemings (Vlamingen) are a Germanic ethnic group, who speak Dutch.

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A float is a decorated platform, either built on a vehicle like a truck or towed behind one, which is a component of many festive parades, such as those of Mardi Gras in New Orleans, the Carnival of Viareggio, the Maltese Carnival, the Macy's Thanksgiving Day Parade, the Key West Fantasy Fest parade, the Carnival in Rio de Janeiro, the 500 Festival Parade in Indianapolis, the United States Presidential Inaugural Parade, and the Tournament of Roses Parade.

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The Fokker Spin was the first airplane built by Dutch aviation pioneer Anthony Fokker.

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France, officially the French Republic (République française), is a sovereign state comprising territory in western Europe and several overseas regions and territories.

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Frans Hals the Elder (c. 1582 – 26 August 1666) was a Dutch Golden Age portrait painter who lived and worked in Haarlem.

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The Frans Hals Museum is a hofje that is home to the municipal museum in Haarlem, Netherlands, that was established in 1862.

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Germany (Deutschland), officially the Federal Republic of Germany (Bundesrepublik Deutschland), is a federal parliamentary republic in western-central Europe.

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Geuzen (French: Les Gueux, English: the Beggars) was a name assumed by the confederacy of Calvinist Dutch nobles and other malcontents, who from 1566 opposed Spanish rule in the Netherlands.

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Ghent (Gent; Gand) is a city and a municipality located in the Flemish Region of Belgium.

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Godfried van Mierlo, O.P. (February 2, 1518, Helmond – July 28, 1587, Deventer), was a Dominican friar who served as the Bishop of Haarlem and the last direct Abbot of Egmond Abbey from 1570 to 1578.

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Gouda is a municipality and city with population of 70,939 in the province of South Holland in the Netherlands.

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GroenLinks (is a green political party operating in the Netherlands. GroenLinks was formed on 1 March 1989 as a merger of four left-wing political parties: the Communist Party of the Netherlands, Pacifist Socialist Party, the Political Party of Radicals and the Evangelical People's Party. After disappointing results in the 1989 and 1994 general elections, the party fared particularly well between 1994 and 2002. The party's leader Paul Rosenmöller was seen as the unofficial leader of the opposition against the Kok cabinet-led Purple governments by the media, fellow politicians and academics, even though it was only the second largest party in the opposition. GroenLinks describes itself as "green" "social", and "tolerant". Currently the party is represented by four seats in the House of Representatives, five in the Senate and two in the European Parliament. The last party leader, and chair of the parliamentary party in the House of Representatives, was Jolande Sap. The party is in opposition against the governing Rutte cabinet. The party has over 100 local councillors and it participates in the government of sixteen of the twenty largest municipalities in the Netherlands. The party's voters are concentrated in larger cities, especially those with a university. The party has over 21,901 members which are organised in over 250 municipal branches. The party congress is open to all members. It is a member of the Global Greens and the European Green Party. The Party increased its number of seats from 7 to 10 in the 2010 Dutch general election, to be reduced to 4 seats in the 2012 election.

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Gregory Maguire (born June 9, 1954) is an American novelist.

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The Grote Kerk or St.-Bavokerk is a Protestant church and former Catholic cathedral located on the central market square in the Dutch city of Haarlem.

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The Grote Markt is the central market square of Haarlem, Netherlands.

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The Haarlemse Honkbalweek (English: Haarlem Baseball Week) is an international invitation baseball tournament at the Pim Mulier Stadium in Haarlem, Netherlands.

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Haarlem Model United Nations (HMUN) is an annual Model United Nations (MUN) conference organised by the Haarlem Model United Nations Organisation and hosted by the Stedelijk Gymnasium Haarlem, the Latin school of Haarlem, in the Netherlands.

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Haarlem is a railway station in the Netherlands, located in the city of Haarlem on the Amsterdam–Rotterdam railway, the original train line linking Amsterdam to Zandvoort and Amsterdam to Leiden.

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Haarlem Spaarnwoude is a small railway station, located in Spaarnwoude, near Haarlem, Netherlands.

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The Haarlemmerhout is the oldest public park of the Netherlands.

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Haarlemmerliede en Spaarnwoude is a municipality in the Netherlands, in the province of North Holland.

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Haarlemmermeer is a municipality in the Netherlands, in the province of North Holland.

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The Haarlemmertrekvaart (Haarlem's Tow-Canal) is a canal between Amsterdam and Haarlem in the province of North Holland, the Netherlands.

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Hadrianus Junius (1511–1575), also known as Adriaen de Jonghe, was a Dutch physician, classical scholar, translator, lexicographer, antiquarian, historiographer, emblematist, school rector, and Latin poet.

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Halfweg is a town in the Dutch province of North Holland.

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Jannetje Johanna (Jo) Schaft (16 September 1920 – 17 April 1945) was a Dutch communist resistance fighter during World War II.

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Harlem is a large neighborhood within the northern section of the New York City borough of Manhattan.

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Harry Kurt Victor Mulisch (29 July 1927 – 30 October 2010) was a Dutch writer.

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Heemstede is a municipality and a town in the Netherlands, in the province of North Holland.

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Hendrik Figee (Haarlem, May 28, 1838 – Haarlem, December 3, 1907) was a Dutch businessman and entrepreneur creditted with growing the Haarlem factory Figee into an international manufacturer of cranes.

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Henry Hope (1735–1811) was an Amsterdam merchant banker born in Boston, in Britain's Massachusetts Bay Colony in North America.

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Het Dolhuys is a national museum for psychiatry in Haarlem, Netherlands.

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Het Menselyk Bedryf ("The Book of Trades") is an Emblem book of 100 engravings by Jan Luyken and his son Caspar published in 1694, illustrating various trades in Amsterdam during the Dutch Golden Age.

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HFC Haarlem was a Dutch football club from the city of Haarlem, established in 1889 and dissolved in 2010.

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Historisch Museum Haarlem is a city museum on Groot Heiligland 47, Haarlem, located on the other side of the street from the Frans Hals Museum.

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A hofje is a Dutch word for a courtyard with almshouses around it.

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Haarlem is one of the cities in the Netherlands that has a number of hofjes.

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The Hollandsche IJzeren Spoorweg-Maatschappij or HSM (Hollands Iron Railway-Company) was the first railway company in the Netherlands founded on 8 August 1837 as a private company, starting operation in 1839 with a line between Amsterdam and Haarlem.

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The Hoofdwacht (Head Watch, or "Civic guard headquarters") is a historically important rijksmonument.

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The Hook and Cod wars (Hoekse en Kabeljauwse twisten) comprise a series of wars and battles in the County of Holland between 1350 and 1490.

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A Huguenot is a member of a French Protestant denomination with origins in the 16th or 17th centuries.

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The ruins of the Huis ter Kleef castle are located in the city gardens of Haarlem.

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IconoclasmLiterally, "image-breaking", from κλάω.

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Iconography, as a branch of art history, studies the identification, description, and the interpretation of the content of images: the subjects depicted, the particular compositions and details used to do so, and other elements that are distinct from artistic style.

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The IJ (pronounced; sometimes shown on old maps as Y or Ye) is a lake, formerly a bay, in the Dutch province of North Holland.

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In the teaching of the Catholic Church, an indulgence is "a way to reduce the amount of punishment one has to undergo for sins" which may reduce either or both of the penance required after a sin has been forgiven, or after death, the time to be spent in Purgatory.

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The Industrial Revolution was the transition to new manufacturing processes in the period from about 1760 to sometime between 1820 and 1840.

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Johannes Jacobus, or J.J. Beijnes (Haarlem,1814 – Haarlem,1888) was a Dutch businessman and entrepreneur who, along with his brother Antonie Johannes (A.J.) Beijnes, was creditted with growing the Haarlem factory Beijnes into an international manufacturer of train and tram wagons.

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Jacob Isaackszoon van Ruisdael (1629 – 10 March 1682) was the pre-eminent Dutch Golden Age landscape painter.

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Jacqueline (Jacoba van Beieren; Jacqueline de Bavière; 15 July 1401 – 8 October 1436), was a Duchess of Bavaria-Straubing, Countess of Holland and Zeeland and Countess of Hainaut from 1417 to 1433.

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Johannes or Jan Luyken (April 16, 1649 - April 5, 1712) was a Dutch poet, illustrator and engraver.

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Jan Havickszoon Steen (c. 1626 – buried 3 February 1679) was a Dutch genre painter of the 17th century (also known as the Dutch Golden Age).

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The Janskerk or St.

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Jazz is a genre of music that originated in African American communities in the United States in the late 19th and early 20th century.

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Jerusalem (יְרוּשָׁלַיִם; القُدس), located on a plateau in the Judean Mountains between the Mediterranean and the Dead Sea, is one of the oldest cities in the world.

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The Jews (יְהוּדִים ISO 259-3, Israeli pronunciation), also known as the Jewish people, are an ethnoreligious and ethno-cultural group descended from the Israelites of the Ancient Near East and originating from the historical kingdoms of Israel and Judah.

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Royal Joh.

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Johannes Gensfleisch zur Laden zum Gutenberg (1398 – February 3, 1468) was a German blacksmith, goldsmith, printer, and publisher who introduced printing to Europe.

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Jopen is a beer brand from Haarlem, Netherlands.

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is a modern martial art, combat and Olympic sport created in Japan in 1882 by Jigoro Kano (嘉納治五郎).

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Karel van Mander (I) or Carel van Mander I (alternative name spellings: Carel van Mandere, Karel Van Mander and Carel Van Mander) (May 1548 – 2 September 1606) was a Flemish painter, poet, art historian and art theoretician, who established himself in the Dutch Republic in the latter part of his life.

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Kenau Simonsdochter Hasselaer (1526–1588) was a wood merchant of Haarlem, who became a legendary folk hero for her fearless defense of the city against the Spanish invaders during the siege of Haarlem in 1573.

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Kennemerland is a coastal region in the northwestern Netherlands, in the province of North Holland.

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The Kingdom of England was a state on the island of Great Britain from the 10th century, when it emerged from various Anglo-Saxon kingdoms, until 1707, when it united with Scotland to form the Kingdom of Great Britain.

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Koningsdag or King's Day is a national holiday in the Kingdom of the Netherlands.

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Koninklijke HFC (Royal Haarlemsche Football Club) is a football club in Haarlem, the Netherlands.

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The Labour Party (Partij van de Arbeid;, shortened PvdA) is a social-democratic political party in the Netherlands.

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Laurens Janszoon Coster (ca. 1370, Haarlem, the Netherlands – ca. 1440), or Laurens Jansz Koster, is the name of a purported inventor of a printing press from Haarlem.

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Leiden (in English and archaic Dutch also Leyden) is a city and municipality in the Dutch province of South Holland.

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Leiden Centraal is the main railway station in Leiden, a city in the Netherlands.

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The Leidsevaart (also known as Leidse trekvaart, Dutch for "Leiden's Pull-Canal") is a canal between the cities of Haarlem and Leiden in the Netherlands.

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Liberty, in philosophy, involves free will as contrasted with determinism.

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Lieven Bauwens (14 June 1769, Ghent – 17 March 1822, Paris) was a Belgian entrepreneur and industrial spy who was sent to Great Britain at a young age and brought a spinning mule and skilled workers to the European continent.

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Lieven de Key (1560 — July 17, 1627) was a famous Dutch renaissance architect in the Netherlands, mostly known today for his works in Haarlem.

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Linen is a textile made from the fibers of the flax plant, Linum usitatissimum.

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This is a list of large cities and towns in the Netherlands, sorted by province.

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A concert hall is a cultural building which serves as a performance venue, originally chiefly intended for classical instrumental music.

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This is a list of metropolitan areas in Europe, with their population according to three different sources.

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There are 393 regular municipalities (gemeenten) and 3 public bodies (openbare lichamen), also referred to as special municipalities (bijzondere gemeenten), in the Netherlands.

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This list of sovereign states provides an overview of sovereign states around the world, with information on their status and recognition of their sovereignty.

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Lonely Planet is the largest travel guide book publisher in the world.

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A magistrate is an officer of the state.

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Manhattan is the most densely populated of the five boroughs of New York City.

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A mercenary is a person who takes part in an armed conflict who is not a national or a party to the conflict and is "motivated to take part in the hostilities by the desire for private gain".

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Metres above mean sea level (MAMSL), or simply metres above sea level (MASL or m.a.s.l.), is a standard metric measurement in metres of the elevation of a location in reference to historic mean sea level; the determination of what actually constitutes mean sea level over time however, may be determined by other parameters, such as the effects of climate history and climate change, and may have differed in the past, as well as in the future, from that established by historic, modern, documented elevations.

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A metropolitan area, sometimes referred to as a metropolitan region, metro area or just metro, is a region consisting of a densely populated urban core and its less-populated surrounding territories, sharing: industry, infrastructure, and housing.

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Michelangelo di Lodovico Buonarroti Simoni (6 March 1475 – 18 February 1564), was an Italian sculptor, painter, architect, poet, and engineer of the High Renaissance who exerted an unparalleled influence on the development of Western art.

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In European history, the Middle Ages or Medieval period lasted from the 5th to the 15th century.

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A movie theater or movie theatre (also called a cinema, movie house, film house, film theater or picture house) is a venue, usually a building, that contains an auditorium for viewing movies (films) for entertainment.

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In the Netherlands the municipal council (gemeenteraad) is the elected assembly of the municipality.

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A municipality is usually an urban administrative division having corporate status and usually powers of self-government or jurisdiction.

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A museum (/mjuˈziːəm/; ''myoo-'''zee'''-um'') is an institution that cares for (conserves) a collection of artifacts and other objects of artistic, cultural, historical, or scientific importance and makes them available for public viewing through exhibits that may be permanent or temporary.

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A music festival is a festival oriented towards music that is sometimes presented with a theme such as musical genre, nationality or locality of musicians, or holiday.

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Mutare (known as Umtali until 1983) is the fourth largest city in Zimbabwe after Gweru, with an urban population of around 188,243 and rural population of around 260,567.

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Naarden is a municipality and a town in the Gooi region in the province of North Holland in the Netherlands.

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The National Socialist Movement in the Netherlands (Nationaal-Socialistische Beweging in Nederland,, NSB) was a Dutch fascist and later national socialist political party.

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Natural history is the research and study of organisms including plants or animals in their environment, leaning more towards observational than experimental methods of study.

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National Socialism (Nationalsozialismus), more commonly known as Nazism, is the ideology and practice associated with the 20th-century German Nazi Party and Nazi state as well as other far-right groups.

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Nederlandse Spoorwegen (Dutch Railways) or NS is the principal passenger railway operator in the Netherlands.

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Neoclassical architecture is an architectural style produced by the neoclassical movement that began in the mid-18th century.

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The Netherlands (Nederland) is the main "constituent country" (land) of the Kingdom of the Netherlands.

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The Netherlands Trading Society (Nederlandsche Handel-Maatschappij or NHM) was a Dutch trading company established in 1824 by King Willem I of the Netherlands to promote and develop trade, shipping and agriculture.

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New Amsterdam (Nieuw-Amsterdam) was a 17th-century Dutch settlement established at the southern tip of Manhattan Island, which served as the seat of the colonial government in New Netherland territory.

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New Netherland (Dutch: Nieuw-Nederland, Latin: Nova Belgica or Novum Belgium) was a 17th-century colonial province of the Seven United Netherlands that was located on the East Coast of North America.

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New York – often called New York City or the City of New York to distinguish it from the State of New York, of which it is a part – is the most populous city in the United States and the center of the New York metropolitan area, the premier gateway for legal immigration to the United States and one of the most populous urban agglomerations in the world.

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Nicolaas van Nieuwland (1510, Maartensdijk – July 15, 1580, Utrecht) was bishop of Haarlem and abbot of Egmond Abbey from 1562 to 1569.

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Noordwijk is a town and municipality in the west of the Netherlands, in the province of South Holland.

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North Holland (Noord-Holland, West Frisian: Noard-Holland) is a province in the northwest of the Netherlands.

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The North Sea is a marginal sea of the Atlantic Ocean located between Great Britain, Scandinavia, Germany, the Netherlands, Belgium, and France.

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The North Sea Canal (Noordzeekanaal) is a Dutch ship canal from Amsterdam to the North Sea at IJmuiden, constructed between 1865 and 1876 to enable seafaring vessels to reach the port of Amsterdam.

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Ocean's Twelve is a 2004 American comedy heist film, which acts as the sequel to 2001's Ocean's Eleven.

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The term Old Catholic Church originated with groups which separated from the Roman Catholic Church over certain doctrines, primarily concerned with papal authority.

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The Old Catholic Church of the Netherlands (Oud-Katholieke Kerk van Nederland) is the mother church of the Old Catholic Churches.

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Osnabrück (Ossenbrügge; archaic Osnaburg) is a city in the federal state Lower-Saxony in northwestern Germany.

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A parish is a church territorial unit constituting a division within a diocese.

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Pathé or Pathé Frères (styled as PATHÉ!) is the name of various French businesses that were founded and originally run by the Pathé Brothers of France starting in 1896.

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A patron saint or a patron hallow is a saint who in Roman Catholicism is regarded as the tutelary spirit or heavenly advocate of a nation, place, craft, activity, class, clan, family or person.

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Patronaat is one of the 10 largest alternative pop music halls in the Netherlands and was established in 1984.

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The People's Party for Freedom and Democracy (Volkspartij voor Vrijheid en Democratie, VVD) (is a conservative-liberal political party in the Netherlands. The VVD supports private enterprise in the Netherlands and is an economically liberal party.Andeweg R.B. and G.A. Irwin Government & Politics in the Netherlands 2002 Palgrave p. 48http://www.whois.ws/domain_information-nl/vvd.nl/ After the fourth Balkenende cabinet was formed (22 February 2007), the VVD was the second-largest opposition party in the Dutch House of Representatives. During the Dutch general-election of 2010 the VVD obtained the highest number of votes cast and came to occupy 31 of the 150 seats in the House of Representatives. The VVD was the senior party in a centre-right minority government coalition together with the Christian Democratic Appeal (CDA) under the leadership of VVD party leader Mark Rutte. Rutte has been the leader of the VVD since 31 May 2006. The First Rutte cabinet's parliamentary majority was provided by Geert Wilders' anti-Islam, -immigration, and -EU Party for Freedom (PVV), but this majority became unstable when, as was to be expected, Wilders' party refused to support austerity measures in connection with the Euro crisis. Therefore, elections for the House of Representatives were held on 12 September 2012 The VVD remained the largest party, with 41 seats. Since 5 November 2012, the VVD has been the senior partner in the second Rutte cabinet, a "purple" coalition with the Labour Party (PvdA).

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Peter Stuyvesant (c.1612–1672), known as Peitrus, served as the last Dutch Director-General of the colony of New Netherland from 1647 until it was ceded provisionally to the English in 1664, after which it was renamed New York.

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Petrus Scriverius, the Latinized form of Peter Schrijver or Schryver (12 January 1576 – 30 April 1660), was a Dutch writer and scholar on the history of Holland and Belgium.

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Philip II (Felipe II; 21 May 1527 – 13 September 1598) was King of Spain from 1556 and of Portugal from 1581 (as Philip I, Filipe I).

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Pieter Bor, or Pieter Christiaensz Bor (1559-1635) was a Dutch Golden Age writer and historian.

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Pieter Teyler van der Hulst (25 March 1702 – 8 April 1778) was a wealthy Dutch Mennonite merchant and banker, who died childless, leaving a legacy of two million florins (in today's terms: about EUR 80 million) to the pursuit of religion, arts and science in his hometown, that led to the formation of Teyler's Museum.

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Willem Johan Herman Mulier, known as Pim Mulier (10 March 1865 – 12 April 1954) was one of the leading figures in sporting history of the Netherlands.

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Pop music (a term that originally derives from an abbreviation of "popular") is a genre of popular music that originated in its modern form in the Western world during the 1950s and 1960s, deriving from rock and roll.

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Pope Clement V (Clemens V; c. 1264 – 20 April 1314), born Raymond Bertrand de Got (also occasionally spelled de Guoth and de Goth), was Pope from 5 June 1305 to his death in 1314.

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Porziuncola, also called Portiuncula (in Latin) or Porzioncula, is a small church located within the Basilica of Santa Maria degli Angeli in the frazione of Santa Maria degli Angeli, situated about from Assisi, Umbria (central Italy).

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Postal codes in the Netherlands, known as postcodes, are alphanumeric, consisting of four digits followed by two uppercase letters.

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A printing press is a device for applying pressure to an inked surface resting upon a print medium (such as paper or cloth), thereby transferring the ink.

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A province is almost always an administrative division, within a country or state.

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A Dutch province represents the administrative layer in the Netherlands between the national government and the local municipalities, having the responsibility for matters of subnational or regional importance.

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Psychiatry is the medical specialty devoted to the study, diagnosis, treatment, and prevention of mental disorders.

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The Randstad is a megalopolis in the Netherlands.

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Rembrandt Harmenszoon van Rijn (15 July 1606 – 4 October 1669) was a Dutch painter and etcher.

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Richard Trevithick (13 April 1771 – 22 April 1833) was a British inventor and mining engineer from Cornwall, England.

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The Ridderzaal (Knight Hall) is the main building of the 13th century Binnenhof in The Hague, Netherlands.

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A rijksmonument is a national heritage site of the Netherlands, listed by the agency Rijksdienst voor het Cultureel Erfgoed (RCE) acting for the Dutch Ministry of Education, Culture and Science.

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The Ringvaart (known in full as Ringvaart of the Haarlemmermeer Polder) is a canal in the province of North Holland, the Netherlands.

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Rink bandy and rinkball are two very similar team sports, both developed from bandy but played on a significantly smaller ice rink.

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A river is a natural flowing watercourse, usually freshwater, flowing towards an ocean, sea, lake or another river.

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The Diocese of Haarlem-Amsterdam is a diocese of the Catholic Church in the Netherlands.

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Rotterdam is a city in South Holland, the Netherlands, located geographically within the Rhine–Meuse–Scheldt river delta at the North Sea.

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Samuel Ampzing (24 June 1590 – 29 July 1632) was a Dutch minister, poet and purist.

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The Satisfactie van Haarlem was one of many treaties in the city of Veere in 1577 where Willem the Silent ensured the loyalty of the cities under his rule.

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Schalkwijk is the largest neighbourhood of Haarlem, Netherlands.

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Schoten is a former village in the Dutch province of North Holland.

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ScienceFrom Latin scientia, meaning "knowledge".

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In principle, a sheriff is a legal official with responsibility for a "shire", i.e. county.

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A shopping mall is a modern, chiefly North American, term for a form of shopping precinct or shopping center, in which one or more buildings form a complex of shops representing merchandisers with interconnecting walkways that enable customers to walk from unit to unit.

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The siege of Haarlem was an episode of the Eighty Years' War.

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Silk is a natural protein fiber, some forms of which can be woven into textiles.

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The Socialist Party (Socialistische Partij, SP) (or shortened) is a left-wing social-democratic political party in the Netherlands.

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Spaarndam is a small village in the province of North Holland, the Netherlands, on the Spaarne and IJ rivers.

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The Spaarne is a river, in North Holland, Netherlands.

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Spain (España), officially the Kingdom of Spain (Reino de España), is a sovereign state located on the Iberian Peninsula in southwestern Europe.

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The St.

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The Stadsbibliotheek Haarlem (Haarlem Public Library) is a collective name for all public libraries in the Haarlem area of the Netherlands.

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The Stedelijk Gymnasium Haarlem or the Latin School of Haarlem is a secondary school in Haarlem, The Netherlands.

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A suburb is a residential area or a mixed use area, either existing as part of a city or urban area or as a separate residential community within commuting distance of a city.

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A suffragan bishop is a bishop subordinate to a metropolitan bishop or diocesan bishop.

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Telephone numbers in the Netherlands are administered by the Ministry of Economic Affairs, Agriculture and Innovation of the Netherlands and may be grouped into three general categories: geographical numbers, non-geographical numbers, and numbers for public services.

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The Ten Boom Museum is a museum dedicated to The Hiding Place, the subject of a book by Corrie ten Boom.

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Tennis is a racquet sport that can be played individually against a single opponent (singles) or between two teams of two players each (doubles).

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Teylers Museum is an art, natural history, and science museum in Haarlem, Netherlands.

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The Assault (original title in Dutch: De Aanslag) is a 1982 novel by Dutch author Harry Mulisch about the Second World War.

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The Black Tulip is a historical novel written by Alexandre Dumas, père.

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The Hague (Den Haag or 's-Gravenhage) is the seat of government in the Netherlands, and the capital city of the province of South Holland.

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Theatre or theater is a collaborative form of fine art that uses live performers to present the experience of a real or imagined event before a live audience in a specific place, often a stage.

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De Toneelschuur is a theater in Haarlem, Netherlands.

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A towpath is a road or trail on the bank of a river, canal, or other inland waterway.

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A train is a form of rail transport consisting of a series of vehicles that usually runs along a rail track to transport cargo or passengers.

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A tram (also known as tramcar; and in North America known as streetcar, trolley or trolley car), is a rail vehicle which runs on tracks along public urban streets (called street running), and also sometimes on a segregated right of way.

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Trekschuit (literally "tug-boat") is an old style of sail- and horse-drawn boat specific to the Netherlands where it was used for centuries as a means of passenger traffic between cities along trekvaarten, or tow-canals.

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The tulip is a Eurasian and North African genus of perennial, bulbous plants in the lily family.

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Tulip mania or tulipomania (Dutch names include: tulpenmanie, tulpomanie, tulpenwoede, tulpengekte and bollengekte) was a period in the Dutch Golden Age during which contract prices for bulbs of the recently introduced tulip reached extraordinarily high levels and then suddenly collapsed.

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Turkey (Türkiye), officially the Republic of Turkey (Turkish), is a parliamentary republic in Eurasia, largely located in Western Asia, with the smaller portion of Eastern Thrace in Southeast Europe.

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The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, commonly known as the United Kingdom (UK) or Britain, is a sovereign state in Europe.

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United Kingdom of the Netherlands (1815–1839) (Verenigd Koninkrijk der Nederlanden, Royaume uni des Pays-Bas) was the unofficial name for the Kingdom of the Netherlands (Koninkrijk der Nederlanden, Royaume des Belgiques) during the period after it was first created from part of the First French Empire and before the new Kingdom of Belgium split off from it in 1830.

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The United States of America (USA), commonly referred to as the United States (U.S.) or America, is a federal republic composed of 50 states, a federal district, five major territories and various possessions.

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Velsen is a municipality in the Netherlands, in the province of North Holland.

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Villa Welgelegen is a historical building in Haarlem, the Netherlands, which currently houses the offices of the provincial executives of North Holland.

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The Vleeshal is a historical building dating from 1603 on the Grote Markt in Haarlem, the Netherlands.

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Vroom & Dreesmann (also known as V&D) is a Dutch chain of department stores.

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Wigbolt, Baron Ripperda (1535? – 1573) was the city governor of Haarlem when the city was under siege by the Spanish army in the Eighty Years' War.

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William I (Willem Frederik, Prince of Orange-Nassau; 24 August 1772 – 12 December 1843) was a Prince of Orange and the first King of the Netherlands and Grand Duke of Luxembourg.

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William I (c. 1167, The Hague – 4 February 1222), Count of Holland from 1203 to 1222.

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William II of Holland (February 1227 – 28 January 1256) was a Count of Holland and Zeeland (1235–56).

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William I, Prince of Orange (24 April 1533 – 10 July 1584), also widely known as William the Silent or William the Taciturn (translated from Willem de Zwijger), or more commonly known as William of Orange (Willem van Oranje), was the main leader of the Dutch revolt against the Spanish Habsburgs that set off the Eighty Years' War and resulted in the formal independence of the United Provinces in 1648.

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William V, Prince of Orange (Willem Batavus; 8 March 1748 – 9 April 1806) was the last Stadtholder of the Dutch Republic.

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Willibrord (– 7 November 739) was a Northumbrian missionary saint, known as the "Apostle to the Frisians" in the modern Netherlands.

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Witte van Haemstede (1280/1282–1321) was a bastard son of Floris V, Count of Holland.

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Woerden is a city and a municipality in the central Netherlands.

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World War II (WWII or WW2), also known as the Second World War, was a global war that lasted from 1939 to 1945, though related conflicts began earlier.

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Zandvoort aan Zee is a terminus railway station in the town of Zandvoort, Netherlands.

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Zimbabwe, officially the Republic of Zimbabwe, is a landlocked country located in southern Africa, between the Zambezi and Limpopo Rivers.

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National Park Zuid-Kennemerland (Dutch: Nationaal Park Zuid-Kennemerland) is a national park in the province of North Holland, the Netherlands, west of Haarlem, within the municipalities of Bloemendaal, Velsen and Zandvoort.

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Zuidtangent is the former name of the bus rapid transit service between Haarlem, Nieuw-Vennep, and Amsterdam in the Netherlands.

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Zutphen is a town in the province of Gelderland in the Netherlands.

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The 2014 Women's Softball World Championship was an international softball competition that was held in Haarlem, Netherlands from August 15 to August 24, 2014.

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Redirects here:

Haarlem, Netherlands, Haerlem, History of Haarlem, UN/LOCODE:NLHAA, Waarderpolder.


[1] https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Haarlem

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