214 relations: A Funny Thing Happened on the Way to the Forum, A Midsummer Night's Dream, Academy Award for Best Actress, Academy Award for Best Supporting Actress, Acting, Actor, Actor-manager, Adam de la Halle, Albert Capellani, American Players Theatre, Ancient Greece, Ancient Rome, Archaism, BBC, BBC Radio 3, BBC Radio 4, BBC Radio 4 Extra, Billy Wilder, Biograph Studios, Bit part, Bob Dylan, Body double, Body language, Breeches role, Byzantine Empire, Cameo appearance, Camp (style), Carry On (franchise), Casting (performing arts), Cate Blanchett, Catholic Church, Character (arts), Character actor, Charles II of England, Child actor, Chinese culture, Choreography, Cinema of the United States, Classical acting, Close-up, Clown, Comedy, Comedy (drama), Commedia dell'arte, Compact Cassette, Compact disc, Courtesan, Cross-dressing, D. W. Griffith, Dance, ..., Dark Ages (historiography), Dave Foley, Der Rosenkavalier, Devil, Divine (performer), Drama, Dramatis personæ, Droll, Dustin Hoffman, Early Middle Ages, East West Players, Edo period, Edward Laurillard, England, English Renaissance theatre, Equity (British trade union), Etymology, Europe, Extra (acting), Facial expression, Fairy, Fanny and Alexander, Farce, Feast of Fools, Felicity Huffman, Film, Folklore, Forbes, Francis Flute, Glenn Close, Golden Age of Radio, GOTE, Greece, Greek chorus, Gwyneth Paltrow, Hairspray (1988 film), Hairspray (2007 film), Hairspray (musical), Hansel and Gretel (opera), Harvey Fierstein, Henry Irving, Henry VII of England, High culture, Human sexual activity, Hypocrisy, I'm Not There, Improvisational theatre, Internet Archive, Istanbul, It's Pat, Italy, Jack Gilford, Jack Lemmon, Japan, John Travolta, Julia Sweeney, Julie Andrews, Kabuki, Kingdom of England, Konstantin Stanislavski, Late Middle Ages, Laurence Olivier, Lavalier microphone, Leading actor, Lee Strasberg, Lillian Gish, Linda Hunt, Lists of actors, Liturgical drama, Male as norm, Margaret Hughes, Marshall Neilan, Masque, Matinée idol, Maurice Tourneur, Meisner technique, Method acting, Metropolis (1927 film), Mezzo-soprano, Michel Saint-Denis, Middle Ages, Mime artist, Morality play, Motion Picture Production Code, Movie star, Mrs. Doubtfire, Music hall, Mystery play, Narration, Onnagata, Opera, Opera buffa, Oxford English Dictionary, Paganism, Pantomime, Pat (Saturday Night Live), Performance, Performance art, Peter Brook, Peter Pan, Playing company, Podcast, Pornographic film actor, Post-war, Practical aesthetics, Preadolescence, Presentational and representational acting, Principal boy, Puritans, Radio, Restoration (England), Restoration comedy, Richard III of England, Robert Brustein, Robin Williams, Roman festivals, Russia, Sanford Meisner, Sarah Bernhardt, Satyr play, Scandinavia, Screen test, Semiotics, Shakespeare in Love, Silent film, Some Like It Hot, Song, Stage combat, Stage management, Stanislavski's system, Stella Adler, Stina Ekblad, Stock character, Street theatre, Stunt performer, Supporting actor, Television, The Marriage of Figaro, The Shubert Organization, The Year of Living Dangerously (film), Theatre, Theatre director, Theatre of ancient Greece, Theatre of ancient Rome, Theatrical Syndicate, Thespis, Thomas Middleton, Tony Curtis, Tootsie, Tragedy, Trans woman, Transamerica (film), Understudy, Vaudeville, Venice, Victor/Victoria, Villain, Voice acting, Webcast, Weimar Republic, Western Europe, Western Roman Empire, Whoopi Goldberg, William Shakespeare. Expand index (164 more) » « Shrink index
A Funny Thing Happened on the Way to the Forum is a musical with music and lyrics by Stephen Sondheim and book by Burt Shevelove and Larry Gelbart.
A Midsummer Night's Dream is a comedy written by William Shakespeare in 1595/96.
The Academy Award for Best Actress is an award presented annually by the Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences (AMPAS).
The Academy Award for Best Supporting Actress is an award presented annually by the Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences (AMPAS).
Acting is an activity in which a story is told by means of its enactment by an actor or actress who adopts a character—in theatre, television, film, radio, or any other medium that makes use of the mimetic mode.
An actor (often actress for women; see terminology) is a person who portrays a character in a performance.
An actor-manager is a leading actor who sets up their own permanent theatrical company and manages the company's business and financial arrangements, sometimes taking over the management of a theatre, to perform plays of their own choice and in which they will usually star.
Adam de la Halle, also known as Adam le Bossu (Adam the Hunchback) (1245–50 – 1285–88?, or after 1306) was a French-born trouvère, poet and musician.
Albert Capellani (23 August 1874 – 26 September 1931) was a French film director and screenwriter of the silent era.
American Players Theatre (APT) is a classical theater located just south of Spring Green, Wisconsin.
Ancient Greece was a civilization belonging to a period of Greek history from the Greek Dark Ages of the 13th–9th centuries BC to the end of antiquity (AD 600).
In historiography, ancient Rome is Roman civilization from the founding of the city of Rome in the 8th century BC to the collapse of the Western Roman Empire in the 5th century AD, encompassing the Roman Kingdom, Roman Republic and Roman Empire until the fall of the western empire.
In language, an archaism (from the ἀρχαϊκός, archaïkós, 'old-fashioned, antiquated', ultimately ἀρχαῖος, archaîos, 'from the beginning, ancient') is the use of a form of speech or writing that is no longer current or that is current only within a few special contexts.
The British Broadcasting Corporation (BBC) is a British public service broadcaster.
BBC Radio 3 is a British radio station operated by the BBC.
BBC Radio 4 is a radio station owned and operated by the British Broadcasting Corporation (BBC) that broadcasts a wide variety of spoken-word programmes including news, drama, comedy, science and history.
BBC Radio 4 Extra is a British digital radio station broadcasting archive repeats of comedy, drama and documentary programmes nationally, 24 hours a day.
Samuel "Billy" Wilder (June 22, 1906March 27, 2002) was an Austrian-American filmmaker, screenwriter, producer, artist, and journalist whose career spanned more than five decades.
Biograph Studios was an early film studio and laboratory complex, built in 1912 by the Biograph Company at 807 East 175th Street, in The Bronx, New York City, New York.
A bit part is a role in which there is direct interaction with the principal actors and no more than five lines of dialogue, often referred to as a five-or-less or under-five in the United States, or under sixes in British television.
Bob Dylan (born Robert Allen Zimmerman, May 24, 1941) is an American singer-songwriter, author, and painter who has been an influential figure in popular music and culture for more than five decades.
In filmmaking, a body double is a person who substitutes in a scene for another actor such that the person's face is not shown.
Body language is a type of nonverbal communication in which physical behavior, as opposed to words, are used to express or convey information.
A breeches role (also pants role or trouser role, travesti or "Hosenrolle") is a role in which an actress appears in male clothing.
The Byzantine Empire, also referred to as the Eastern Roman Empire and Byzantium, was the continuation of the Roman Empire in its eastern provinces during Late Antiquity and the Middle Ages, when its capital city was Constantinople (modern-day Istanbul, which had been founded as Byzantium).
A cameo role or cameo appearance (often shortened to just cameo) is a brief appearance or voice part of a known person in a work of the performing arts, typically unnamed or appearing as themselves.
Camp is an aesthetic style and sensibility that regards something as appealing because of its bad taste and ironic value.
The Carry On series primarily consists of 31 classic British comedy motion pictures (1958–92), four Christmas specials, a television series of thirteen episodes, and three West End and provincial stage plays.
In the performing arts industry such as Theatre, Film, or Television, a casting (or casting call) is a pre-production process for selecting a certain type of actor, dancer, singer, or extra for a particular role or part in a script, screenplay, or teleplay.
Catherine Elise Blanchett, (born 14 May 1969) is an Australian actress and theatre director.
The Catholic Church, also known as the Roman Catholic Church, is the largest Christian church, with more than 1.299 billion members worldwide.
A character (sometimes known as a fictional character) is a person or other being in a narrative (such as a novel, play, television series, film, or video game).
A character actor or character actress is a supporting actor who plays unusual, interesting, or eccentric characters.
Charles II (29 May 1630 – 6 February 1685) was king of England, Scotland and Ireland.
The term child actor or child actress is generally applied to a child acting on stage or in motion pictures or television, but also to an adult who began their acting career as a child; to avoid confusion, the latter is also called a former child actor.
Chinese culture is one of the world's oldest cultures, originating thousands of years ago.
Choreography is the art or practice of designing sequences of movements of physical bodies (or their depictions) in which motion, form, or both are specified.
The cinema of the United States, often metonymously referred to as Hollywood, has had a profound effect on the film industry in general since the early 20th century.
Classical acting is a type of acting that is based on the theories and systems of select classical actors including Constantin Stanislavski and Michel Saint-Denis, including the expression of the body, voice, imagination, personalizing, improvisation, external stimuli, and script analysis.
A close up or closeup in filmmaking, television production, still photography and the comic strip medium is a type of shot, which tightly frames a person or an object.
Clowns are comic performers who employ slapstick or similar types of physical comedy, often in a mime style.
In a modern sense, comedy (from the κωμῳδία, kōmōidía) refers to any discourse or work generally intended to be humorous or amusing by inducing laughter, especially in theatre, television, film, stand-up comedy, or any other medium of entertainment.
A comedy is entertainment consisting of jokes intended to make an audience laugh.
(comedy of the profession) was an early form of professional theatre, originating from Italy, that was popular in Europe from the 16th through the 18th century.
The Compact Audio Cassette (CAC) or Musicassette (MC), also commonly called the cassette tape or simply tape or cassette, is an analog magnetic tape recording format for audio recording and playback.
Compact disc (CD) is a digital optical disc data storage format that was co-developed by Philips and Sony and released in 1982.
A courtesan was originally a courtier, which means a person who attends the court of a monarch or other powerful person.
Cross-dressing is the act of wearing items of clothing and other accoutrements commonly associated with the opposite sex within a particular society.
David Wark Griffith (January 22, 1875 – July 23, 1948) was an American director, writer, and producer who pioneered modern cinematic techniques.
Dance is a performing art form consisting of purposefully selected sequences of human movement.
The "Dark Ages" is a historical periodization traditionally referring to the Middle Ages, that asserts that a demographic, cultural, and economic deterioration occurred in Western Europe following the decline of the Roman Empire.
David Scott Foley (born January 4, 1963) is a Canadian actor, stand-up comedian, director, producer, and writer.
(The Knight of the Rose or The Rose-Bearer), Op.
A devil (from Greek: διάβολος diábolos "slanderer, accuser") is the personification and archetype of evil in various cultures.
Harris Glenn Milstead, better known by his stage name Divine (October 19, 1945 – March 7, 1988), was an American actor, singer, and drag queen.
Drama is the specific mode of fiction represented in performance: a play performed in a theatre, or on radio or television.
Dramatis personæ (Latin: "the masks of the drama") are the main characters in a dramatic work written in a list.
A droll is a short comical sketch of a type that originated during the Puritan Interregnum in England.
Dustin Lee Hoffman (born August 8, 1937) is an American actor and director, with a career in film, television, and theater since 1960.
The Early Middle Ages or Early Medieval Period, typically regarded as lasting from the 5th or 6th century to the 10th century CE, marked the start of the Middle Ages of European history.
East West Players is an Asian American theatre organization in Los Angeles, founded in 1965.
The or is the period between 1603 and 1868 in the history of Japan, when Japanese society was under the rule of the Tokugawa shogunate and the country's 300 regional daimyō.
Edward Laurillard (20 April 1870 – 7 May 1936) was a cinema and theatre producer in London and New York City during the first third of the 20th century.
England is a country that is part of the United Kingdom.
English Renaissance theatre—also known as early modern English theatre and Elizabethan theatre—refers to the theatre of England between 1562 and 1642.
Equity, formerly officially titled the British Actors' Equity Association (although Equity was always its common name), is the trade union for actors, stage managers and models in the United Kingdom.
EtymologyThe New Oxford Dictionary of English (1998) – p. 633 "Etymology /ˌɛtɪˈmɒlədʒi/ the study of the class in words and the way their meanings have changed throughout time".
Europe is a continent located entirely in the Northern Hemisphere and mostly in the Eastern Hemisphere.
A background actor or extra is a performer in a film, television show, stage, musical, opera or ballet production, who appears in a nonspeaking or nonsinging (silent) capacity, usually in the background (for example, in an audience or busy street scene).
A facial expression is one or more motions or positions of the muscles beneath the skin of the face.
A fairy (also fata, fay, fey, fae, fair folk; from faery, faerie, "realm of the fays") is a type of mythical being or legendary creature in European folklore, a form of spirit, often described as metaphysical, supernatural, or preternatural.
Fanny and Alexander (Fanny och Alexander) is a 1982 historical period drama film written and directed by Ingmar Bergman.
In theatre, a farce is a comedy that aims at entertaining the audience through situations that are highly exaggerated, extravagant, and thus improbable.
The Feast of Fools (festum fatuorum, festum stultorum) is the name given to a specific feast day celebrated by the clergy in Europe, initially in Northern France, but later more widely.
Felicity Kendall Huffman (born December 9, 1962) is an American film, stage, and television actress.
A film, also called a movie, motion picture, moving pícture, theatrical film, or photoplay, is a series of still images that, when shown on a screen, create the illusion of moving images.
Folklore is the expressive body of culture shared by a particular group of people; it encompasses the traditions common to that culture, subculture or group.
Forbes is an American business magazine.
Francis Flute is a character in William Shakespeare's A Midsummer Night's Dream.
Glenda Veronica Close (born March 19, 1947) is an American actress, singer and film producer.
The old-time radio era, sometimes referred to as the Golden Age of Radio, was an era of radio programming in the United States during which radio was the dominant electronic home entertainment medium.
GOTE, which stands for "Goal, Obstacle, Tactics, and Expectation", is an acronym devised by Robert Cohen to remind actors of four basic elements to consider while preparing a character for the theater.
A Greek chorus, or simply chorus (χορός, khoros) in the context of Ancient Greek tragedy, comedy, satyr plays, and modern works inspired by them, is a homogeneous, non-individualised group of performers, who comment with a collective voice on the dramatic action.
Gwyneth Kate Paltrow (born September 27, 1972) is an American actress, singer, and food writer.
Hairspray is a 1988 American dance comedy film written and directed by John Waters, and starring Ricki Lake, Divine, Debbie Harry, Sonny Bono, Jerry Stiller, Leslie Ann Powers, Colleen Fitzpatrick, and Michael St. Gerard.
Hairspray is a 2007 musical romantic comedy film based on the 2002 Broadway musical of the same name, which in turn was based on John Waters's 1988 comedy film of the same name.
Hairspray is an American musical with music by Marc Shaiman, lyrics by Scott Wittman and Shaiman and a book by Mark O'Donnell and Thomas Meehan, based on the 1988 John Waters film Hairspray.
Hansel and Gretel (German) is an opera by nineteenth-century composer Engelbert Humperdinck, who described it as a (fairy-tale opera).
Harvey Forbes Fierstein (born June 6, 1954) is an American actor, playwright, and voice actor.
Sir Henry Irving (6 February 1838 – 13 October 1905), born John Henry Brodribb, sometimes known as J. H. Irving, was an English stage actor in the Victorian era, known as an actor-manager because he took complete responsibility (supervision of sets, lighting, direction, casting, as well as playing the leading roles) for season after season at the Lyceum Theatre, establishing himself and his company as representative of English classical theatre.
Henry VII (Harri Tudur; 28 January 1457 – 21 April 1509) was the King of England and Lord of Ireland from his seizure of the crown on 22 August 1485 to his death on 21 April 1509.
High culture encompasses the cultural products of aesthetic value, which a society collectively esteem as exemplary art.
Human sexual activity, human sexual practice or human sexual behaviour is the manner in which humans experience and express their sexuality.
Hypocrisy is the contrivance of a false appearance of virtue or goodness, while concealing real character or inclinations, especially with respect to religious and moral beliefs; hence in a general sense, hypocrisy may involve dissimulation, pretense, or a sham.
I'm Not There is a 2007 musical drama film directed by Todd Haynes and co-written with Oren Moverman, inspired by the life and music of American singer-songwriter Bob Dylan.
Improvisational theatre, often called improv or impro, is the form of theatre, often comedy, in which most or all of what is performed is unplanned or unscripted: created spontaneously by the performers.
The Internet Archive is a San Francisco–based nonprofit digital library with the stated mission of "universal access to all knowledge." It provides free public access to collections of digitized materials, including websites, software applications/games, music, movies/videos, moving images, and nearly three million public-domain books.
Istanbul (or or; İstanbul), historically known as Constantinople and Byzantium, is the most populous city in Turkey and the country's economic, cultural, and historic center.
It's Pat is a 1994 American comedy film directed by Adam Bernstein and starring Julia Sweeney, Dave Foley, Charles Rocket, and Kathy Griffin.
Italy (Italia), officially the Italian Republic (Repubblica Italiana), is a sovereign state in Europe.
Jack Gilford (July 25, 1908 – June 4, 1990) was an American Broadway, film and television actor.
John Uhler Lemmon III (February 8, 1925 – June 27, 2001) professionally known as Jack Lemmon, was an American actor and musician.
Japan (日本; Nippon or Nihon; formally 日本国 or Nihon-koku, lit. "State of Japan") is a sovereign island country in East Asia.
John Joseph Travolta (born February 18, 1954) is an American actor, film producer, dancer and singer.
Julia Anne Sweeney (born October 10, 1959) is an American actress, comedian and author.
Dame Julia Elizabeth Andrews, (born 1 October 1935) is an English actress, singer, and author.
is a classical Japanese dance-drama.
The Kingdom of England (French: Royaume d'Angleterre; Danish: Kongeriget England; German: Königreich England) was a sovereign state on the island of Great Britain from the 10th century—when it emerged from various Anglo-Saxon kingdoms—until 1707, when it united with Scotland to form the Kingdom of Great Britain.
Konstantin Sergeievich Stanislavski (né Alexeiev; p; 7 August 1938) was a seminal Russian theatre practitioner.
The Late Middle Ages or Late Medieval Period was the period of European history lasting from 1250 to 1500 AD.
Laurence Kerr Olivier, Baron Olivier, (22 May 1907 – 11 July 1989) was an English actor and director who, along with his contemporaries Ralph Richardson and John Gielgud, dominated the British stage of the mid-20th century.
A lavalier microphone or lavalier (also known as a lav, lapel mic, clip mic, body mic, collar mic, neck mic or personal mic) is a small microphone used for television, theatre, and public speaking applications in order to allow for hands-free operation.
A leading actor, leading actress, star, or simply lead, plays the role of the protagonist of a film, television show or play.
Lee Strasberg (born Israel Strasberg; November 17, 1901February 17, 1982) was a Polish-born American actor, director, and theatre practitioner.
Lillian Diana Gish (October 14, 1893 – February 27, 1993) was an American actress of the screen and stage, as well as a director and writer.
Lydia Susanna Hunter (born April 2, 1945), better known by her stage name Linda Hunt, is an American film, stage, and television actress.
The following are lists of actors.
Liturgical drama or religious drama, in its various Christian contexts, originates from the Mass itself, and usually presents a relatively complex ritual that includes theatrical elements.
In feminist theory, the principle of male-as-norm holds that "language referring to females, such as the suffix -ess (as in actress), the use of man to mean "human", and other such devices, strengthens the perceptions that the male category is the norm and that the corresponding female category is a derivation and thus less important.
Margaret Hughes (c. 1630 – 1 October 1719), also Peg Hughes or Margaret Hewes, is often credited as the first professional actress on the English stage.
Marshall Ambrose "Mickey" Neilan (April 11, 1891 – October 27, 1958) was an American motion picture actor, screenwriter, film director, and producer.
The masque was a form of festive courtly entertainment that flourished in 16th- and early 17th-century Europe, though it was developed earlier in Italy, in forms including the intermedio (a public version of the masque was the pageant).
Matinée idol is a term used mainly to describe film or theatre stars who are adored to the point of adulation by their fans.
Maurice Tourneur (2 February 1876 – 4 August 1961) was a French film director and screenwriter.
The Meisner technique is an approach to acting which was developed by the American theatre practitioner Sanford Meisner.
Method acting is a range of training and rehearsal techniques that seek to encourage sincere and emotionally expressive performances, as formulated by a number of different theatre practitioners, principally in the United States, where it is among the most popular—and controversial—approaches to acting.
Metropolis is a 1927 German expressionist science-fiction drama film directed by Fritz Lang.
A mezzo-soprano or mezzo (meaning "half soprano") is a type of classical female singing voice whose vocal range lies between the soprano and the contralto voice types.
Michel Saint-Denis (13 September 1897 – 31 July 1971), dit Jacques Duchesne, was a French actor, theater director, and drama theorist whose ideas on actor training have had a profound influence on the development of European theater from the 1930s on.
In the history of Europe, the Middle Ages (or Medieval Period) lasted from the 5th to the 15th century.
A mime or mime artist (from Greek μῖμος, mimos, "imitator, actor") is a person who uses mime as a theatrical medium or as a performance art.
The morality play is a genre of Medieval and early Tudor theatrical entertainment.
The Motion Picture Production Code was the set of industry moral guidelines that was applied to most United States motion pictures released by major studios from 1930 to 1968.
A movie star (also known as a film star and cinema star) is an actor who is famous for their starring, or leading, roles in motion pictures.
Music hall is a type of British theatrical entertainment that was popular from the early Victorian era circa 1850 and lasting until 1960.
Mystery plays and miracle plays (they are distinguished as two different forms although the terms are often used interchangeably) are among the earliest formally developed plays in medieval Europe.
Narration is the use of a written or spoken commentary to convey a story to an audience.
Onnagata or oyama (Japanese: 女形・女方, "woman-role"), are male actors who played women's roles in Japanese Kabuki theatre.
Opera (English plural: operas; Italian plural: opere) is a form of theatre in which music has a leading role and the parts are taken by singers.
Opera buffa ("comic opera", plural: opere buffe) is a genre of opera.
The Oxford English Dictionary (OED) is the main historical dictionary of the English language, published by the Oxford University Press.
Paganism is a term first used in the fourth century by early Christians for populations of the Roman Empire who practiced polytheism, either because they were increasingly rural and provincial relative to the Christian population or because they were not milites Christi (soldiers of Christ).
Pantomime (informally panto) is a type of musical comedy stage production designed for family entertainment.
Pat is an androgynous fictional character created and performed by Julia Sweeney for the American sketch comedy show Saturday Night Live,.
Performance is completion of a task with application of knowledge, skills and abilities.
Performance art is a performance presented to an audience within a fine art context, traditionally interdisciplinary.
Peter Stephen Paul Brook, CH, CBE (born 21 March 1925) is an English theatre and film director who has been based in France since the early 1970s.
Peter Pan is a fictional character created by Scottish novelist and playwright J. M. Barrie.
In Renaissance London, playing company was the usual term for a company of actors.
A podcast, or generically netcast, is an episodic series of digital audio or video files which a user can download and listen to.
A pornographic actor (or actress for female), or porn star, is a person who performs sex acts in video that is usually characterized as a pornographic movie.
A post-war period or postwar period is the interval immediately following the end of a war.
Practical Aesthetics is an acting technique originally conceived by David Mamet and William H. Macy, based on the teachings of Stanislavsky, Sanford Meisner, and the Stoic philosopher Epictetus.
Preadolescence, also known as pre-teen or tween, is a stage of human development following early childhood and preceding adolescence.
Presentational acting and the related representational acting are opposing ways of sustaining the actor–audience relationship.
In pantomime, a principal boy role is the young male protagonist of the play, traditionally played by a young actress in boy's clothes.
The Puritans were English Reformed Protestants in the 16th and 17th centuries who sought to "purify" the Church of England from its "Catholic" practices, maintaining that the Church of England was only partially reformed.
Radio is the technology of using radio waves to carry information, such as sound, by systematically modulating properties of electromagnetic energy waves transmitted through space, such as their amplitude, frequency, phase, or pulse width.
The Restoration of the English monarchy took place in the Stuart period.
The term "Restoration comedy" refers to English comedies written and performed in the Restoration period from 1660 to 1710.
Richard III (2 October 1452 – 22 August 1485) was King of England from 1483 until his death at the Battle of Bosworth Field.
Robert Sanford Brustein (born April 21, 1927) is an American theatrical critic, producer, playwright, writer and educator.
Robin McLaurin Williams (July 21, 1951 – August 11, 2014) was an American actor and comedian.
Festivals in ancient Rome were a very important part of Roman religious life during both the Republican and Imperial eras, and one of the primary features of the Roman calendar.
Russia (rɐˈsʲijə), officially the Russian Federation (p), is a country in Eurasia. At, Russia is the largest country in the world by area, covering more than one-eighth of the Earth's inhabited land area, and the ninth most populous, with over 144 million people as of December 2017, excluding Crimea. About 77% of the population live in the western, European part of the country. Russia's capital Moscow is one of the largest cities in the world; other major cities include Saint Petersburg, Novosibirsk, Yekaterinburg and Nizhny Novgorod. Extending across the entirety of Northern Asia and much of Eastern Europe, Russia spans eleven time zones and incorporates a wide range of environments and landforms. From northwest to southeast, Russia shares land borders with Norway, Finland, Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania and Poland (both with Kaliningrad Oblast), Belarus, Ukraine, Georgia, Azerbaijan, Kazakhstan, China, Mongolia and North Korea. It shares maritime borders with Japan by the Sea of Okhotsk and the U.S. state of Alaska across the Bering Strait. The East Slavs emerged as a recognizable group in Europe between the 3rd and 8th centuries AD. Founded and ruled by a Varangian warrior elite and their descendants, the medieval state of Rus arose in the 9th century. In 988 it adopted Orthodox Christianity from the Byzantine Empire, beginning the synthesis of Byzantine and Slavic cultures that defined Russian culture for the next millennium. Rus' ultimately disintegrated into a number of smaller states; most of the Rus' lands were overrun by the Mongol invasion and became tributaries of the nomadic Golden Horde in the 13th century. The Grand Duchy of Moscow gradually reunified the surrounding Russian principalities, achieved independence from the Golden Horde. By the 18th century, the nation had greatly expanded through conquest, annexation, and exploration to become the Russian Empire, which was the third largest empire in history, stretching from Poland on the west to Alaska on the east. Following the Russian Revolution, the Russian Soviet Federative Socialist Republic became the largest and leading constituent of the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics, the world's first constitutionally socialist state. The Soviet Union played a decisive role in the Allied victory in World War II, and emerged as a recognized superpower and rival to the United States during the Cold War. The Soviet era saw some of the most significant technological achievements of the 20th century, including the world's first human-made satellite and the launching of the first humans in space. By the end of 1990, the Soviet Union had the world's second largest economy, largest standing military in the world and the largest stockpile of weapons of mass destruction. Following the dissolution of the Soviet Union in 1991, twelve independent republics emerged from the USSR: Russia, Ukraine, Belarus, Kazakhstan, Uzbekistan, Armenia, Azerbaijan, Georgia, Kyrgyzstan, Moldova, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan and the Baltic states regained independence: Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania; the Russian SFSR reconstituted itself as the Russian Federation and is recognized as the continuing legal personality and a successor of the Soviet Union. It is governed as a federal semi-presidential republic. The Russian economy ranks as the twelfth largest by nominal GDP and sixth largest by purchasing power parity in 2015. Russia's extensive mineral and energy resources are the largest such reserves in the world, making it one of the leading producers of oil and natural gas globally. The country is one of the five recognized nuclear weapons states and possesses the largest stockpile of weapons of mass destruction. Russia is a great power as well as a regional power and has been characterised as a potential superpower. It is a permanent member of the United Nations Security Council and an active global partner of ASEAN, as well as a member of the G20, the Shanghai Cooperation Organisation (SCO), the Council of Europe, the Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation (APEC), the Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe (OSCE), and the World Trade Organization (WTO), as well as being the leading member of the Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS), the Collective Security Treaty Organization (CSTO) and one of the five members of the Eurasian Economic Union (EEU), along with Armenia, Belarus, Kazakhstan and Kyrgyzstan.
Sanford Meisner (August 31, 1905 – February 2, 1997), also known as Sandy, was an American actor and acting teacher who developed an approach to acting instruction that is now known as the Meisner technique.
Sarah Bernhardt (22 or 23 October 1844 – 26 March 1923) was a French stage actress who starred in some of the most popular French plays of the late 19th and early 20th centuries, including La Dame Aux Camelias by Alexandre Dumas, ''fils'', Ruy Blas by Victor Hugo, Fédora and La Tosca by Victorien Sardou, and L'Aiglon by Edmond Rostand.
Satyr plays were an ancient Greek form of tragicomedy, similar in spirit to the bawdy satire of burlesque.
Scandinavia is a region in Northern Europe, with strong historical, cultural and linguistic ties.
A screen test is a method of determining the suitability of an actor or actress for performing on film or in a particular role.
Semiotics (also called semiotic studies) is the study of meaning-making, the study of sign process (semiosis) and meaningful communication.
Shakespeare in Love is a 1998 American romantic period comedy-drama film directed by John Madden, written by Marc Norman and playwright Tom Stoppard.
A silent film is a film with no synchronized recorded sound (and in particular, no spoken dialogue).
Some Like It Hot is a 1959 American romantic comedy film set in 1929, directed and produced by Billy Wilder, starring Marilyn Monroe, Tony Curtis, and Jack Lemmon.
A song, most broadly, is a single (and often standalone) work of music that is typically intended to be sung by the human voice with distinct and fixed pitches and patterns using sound and silence and a variety of forms that often include the repetition of sections.
Stage combat or Fight choreography is a specialised technique in theatre designed to create the illusion of physical combat without causing harm to the performers.
Stage management is a broad field that is generally defined as the practice of organization and coordination of an event or theatrical production.
Stanislavski's system is a systematic approach to training actors that the Russian theatre practitioner Konstantin Stanislavski developed in the first half of the 20th century.
Stella Adler (February 10, 1901 – December 21, 1992) was an American actress and acting teacher.
Stina Åsa Maria Ekblad (born 26 February 1954 in Solf, Ostrobothnia, Finland) is a Swedish-speaking Finnish actress.
A stock character is a stereotypical fictional character in a work of art such as a novel, play, or film, whom audiences recognize from frequent recurrences in a particular literary tradition.
Street theatre is a form of theatrical performance and presentation in outdoor public spaces without a specific paying audience.
A stunt performer, often referred to as a stuntman, stuntwoman, or daredevil, is a trained professional who performs stunts, often as a career.
A supporting actor is an actor who performs a role in a play or film below that of the leading actor(s), and above that of a bit part.
Television (TV) is a telecommunication medium used for transmitting moving images in monochrome (black and white), or in colour, and in two or three dimensions and sound.
The Marriage of Figaro (Le nozze di Figaro), K. 492, is an opera buffa (comic opera) in four acts composed in 1786 by Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart, with an Italian libretto written by Lorenzo Da Ponte.
The Shubert Organization is a theatrical producing organization and a major owner of theatres based in Manhattan, New York City.
The Year of Living Dangerously is a 1982 Australian romantic drama film directed by Peter Weir and co-written by Weir and David Williamson adapted from Christopher Koch's 1978 novel The Year of Living Dangerously.
Theatre or theater is a collaborative form of fine art that uses live performers, typically actors or actresses, to present the experience of a real or imagined event before a live audience in a specific place, often a stage.
A theatre director or stage director is an instructor in the theatre field who oversees and orchestrates the mounting of a theatre production (a play, an opera, a musical, or a devised piece of work) by unifying various endeavours and aspects of production.
The ancient Greek drama was a theatrical culture that flourished in ancient Greece from c. 700 BC.
Theatre of ancient Rome refers to the time period of theatrical practice and performance in Rome beginning in the 4th century B.C., following the state’s transition from Monarchy to Republic.
The Theatrical Syndicate was an organization that controlled the booking of the top theatrical attractions in the United States, starting in 1896.
Thespis (Θέσπις; fl. 6th century BC) of Icaria (present-day Dionysos, Greece), according to certain Ancient Greek sources and especially Aristotle, was the first person ever to appear on stage as an actor playing a character in a play (instead of speaking as him or herself).
Thomas Middleton (baptised 18 April 1580 – July 1627; also spelled Midleton) was an English Jacobean playwright and poet.
Tony Curtis (born Bernard Schwartz; June 3, 1925September 29, 2010) was an American film actor whose career spanned six decades but who was mostly popular in the 1950s and early 1960s.
Tootsie is a 1982 American comedy film directed by Sydney Pollack and starring Dustin Hoffman, with a supporting cast that includes Bill Murray, Jessica Lange, Teri Garr, Dabney Coleman, Charles Durning, Geena Davis (in her acting debut), and Doris Belack.
Tragedy (from the τραγῳδία, tragōidia) is a form of drama based on human suffering that invokes an accompanying catharsis or pleasure in audiences.
A trans woman (sometimes trans-woman or transwoman) is a woman who was assigned male at birth.
Transamerica is a 2005 American comedy-drama film written and directed by Duncan Tucker, and starring Felicity Huffman and Kevin Zegers.
In theater, an understudy, referred to in opera as cover or covering, is a performer who learns the lines and blocking or choreography of a regular actor or actress in a play.
Vaudeville is a theatrical genre of variety entertainment.
Venice (Venezia,; Venesia) is a city in northeastern Italy and the capital of the Veneto region.
Victor/Victoria is a 1982 British-American musical comedy film directed by Blake Edwards and starring Julie Andrews, James Garner, Robert Preston, Lesley Ann Warren, Alex Karras, and John Rhys-Davies.
A villain (also known as, "baddie", "bad guy", "evil guy", "heavy" or "black hat") is an "evil" character in a story, whether a historical narrative or, especially, a work of fiction.
Voice acting is the art of performing voice-overs or providing voices to represent a character or to provide information to an audience or user.
A webcast is a media presentation distributed over the Internet using streaming media technology to distribute a single content source to many simultaneous listeners/viewers.
The Weimar Republic (Weimarer Republik) is an unofficial, historical designation for the German state during the years 1919 to 1933.
Western Europe is the region comprising the western part of Europe.
In historiography, the Western Roman Empire refers to the western provinces of the Roman Empire at any one time during which they were administered by a separate independent Imperial court, coequal with that administering the eastern half, then referred to as the Eastern Roman Empire.
Caryn Elaine Johnson (born November 13, 1955), known professionally as Whoopi Goldberg, is an American actress, comedian, author, and television host.
William Shakespeare (26 April 1564 (baptised)—23 April 1616) was an English poet, playwright and actor, widely regarded as both the greatest writer in the English language, and the world's pre-eminent dramatist.
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