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In a modern sense, comedy (from the κωμῳδία, kōmōidía) refers to any discourse or work generally intended to be humorous or to amuse by inducing laughter, especially in theatre, television, film and stand-up comedy. [1]

256 relations: "Crocodile" Dundee, Abbott and Costello, Absurdism, Agon, Al-Farabi, Alan Ayckbourn, Alternative comedy, An Englishman, an Irishman and a Scotsman, Anatomy of Criticism, Ancient Greece, Ancient Greek, Ancient Greek comedy, Ancient Rome, Aphra Behn, Arabic, Arabic literature, Arabic poetry, Aristophanes, Aristotle, Athenian democracy, Australian comedy, Averroes, Avicenna, Barry Humphries, Ben Jonson, Bharata Muni, Black comedy, Blackadder, Blonde joke, Bob Hope, Bollywood, Bouffon, Bozo the Clown, British comedy, British Comedy Awards, British sitcom, Burlesque, Buster Keaton, Cabaret, Canadian Comedy Awards, Cat Laughs, Character (arts), Charlie Chaplin, Cinema of Hong Kong, Cinema of the United States, City comedy, Clown, Colley Cibber, Comédie larmoyante, Comedy (drama), ..., Comedy album, Comedy Central, Comedy Central (UK and Ireland), Comedy Central Extra, Comedy Central Spain, Comedy club, Comedy film, Comedy Nights with Kapil, Comedy of humours, Comedy of manners, Comedy of menace, Comic novel, Comic opera, Commedia dell'arte, Convention (norm), Dad's Army, Dada, Dallas Baptist University, Dame Edna Everage, Dan Aykroyd, Dan Leno, Dante Alighieri, Dario Fo, David Campton, Dithyramb, Divine Comedy, Dudley Moore, Early Islamic philosophy, Eddie Murphy, Edinburgh Comedy Festival, Edinburgh Festival Fringe, Elizabethan era, Epic poetry, Ethnic joke, Eugène Ionesco, Euripides, F. M. Cornford, Farce, Fawlty Towers, Film, Fred Karno, Gamut, Genre, George Carlin, George Chapman, George Etherege, George Meredith, Georges Feydeau, German television comedy, Gold (TV channel), Gross out, Grotesque, Ha! (TV channel), Hal Roach, Halifax Comedy Festival, Harold Pinter, HK International Comedy Festival, Hollywood, Humour, Impressionist (entertainment), Improvisational theatre, Indian aesthetics, Irony, Islamic Golden Age, Jacques Copeau, Jean Genet, Jester, Jim Carrey, Joe Orton, John Vanbrugh, Jon Stewart, Joseph Grimaldi, Just for Laughs, Kenneth Burke, Komos, Latin translations of the 12th century, Laughter, Laurel and Hardy, Leicester Comedy Festival, Light poetry, Lightbulb joke, List of American television series based on British television series, List of Australian comedians, List of British comedians, List of Canadian comedians, List of comedy television series, List of Finnish comedians, List of genres, List of German-language comedians, List of Indian comedians, List of Italian comedians, List of Mexican comedians, List of musical comedians, List of Puerto Rican comedians, List of stand-up comedians, Literature, Lope de Vega, Louis-Sébastien Mercier, Lyric poetry, M*A*S*H (TV series), Marcel Marceau, Mark Twain Prize for American Humor, Martin and Lewis, Marx Brothers, Medieval literature, Melbourne International Comedy Festival, Menander, Middle Ages, Mike Myers, Mimesis, Molière, Monty Python, Mr. Bean, Muse, Music hall, Natya Shastra, New York Underground Comedy Festival, New Zealand International Comedy Festival, Niccolò Machiavelli, Northrop Frye, Obscenity, Oleg Popov, Oliver Goldsmith, One-line joke, Pantomime, Paramount Comedy, Parody, Parody film, Paul Hogan, Performance art, Peter Sellers, Phallic processions, Pierre-Claude Nivelle de La Chaussée, Plato, Plautus, Poetics (Aristotle), Polish joke, Political satire, Public opinion, Pulcinella, Punch and Judy, Puritans, Radio comedy, Rasa (aesthetics), Restoration comedy, Ribaldry, Richard Brinsley Sheridan, Richard McKeon, Richard Steele, Richard Tarlton, Robert Armin, Robin Williams, Romantic comedy film, Rowan Atkinson, Sacha Baron Cohen, Samuel Beckett, Sanskrit drama, Satire, Satyr play, Screwball comedy film, Seinfeld, Shaggy dog story, Shakespearean comedy, Sitcom, Sketch comedy, Slapstick film, Stan Laurel, Stand-up comedy, Surrealism, Taboo, TBS (TV channel), Television, Television comedy, Terence, Thalia (Muse), The Colbert Report, The Comedy Channel, The Comedy Channel (UK), The Comedy Channel (United States), The Comedy Festival, The Comedy Network, The Daily Show, The Goon Show, The O'Reilly Factor, The Office (UK TV series), The Onion, The Republic (Plato), The Simpsons, The Three Stooges, Theatre, Theatre of ancient Greece, Theatre of ancient Rome, Theatre of the Absurd, Thomas Dekker (writer), Thomas Hobbes, Thomas Middleton, Toilet humour, Tragedy, Vaudeville, Vsevolod Meyerhold, W. C. Fields, William Congreve, William Kempe, William Shakespeare, William Wycherley, Word. Expand index (206 more) »

"Crocodile" Dundee

"Crocodile" Dundee is a 1986 Australian comedy film set in the Australian Outback and in New York City.

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Abbott and Costello

William "Bud" Abbott and Lou Costello were an American comedy duo whose work in vaudeville and on stage, radio, film and television made them the most popular comedy team during the 1940s and early 1950s.

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In philosophy, "the Absurd" refers to the conflict between (1) the human tendency to seek inherent value and meaning in life and (2) the human inability to find any.

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Agon (Classical Greek ἀγών) is an ancient Greek word in reference to several things.

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Al-Farabi (ابونصر محمد بن محمد فارابی; for other recorded variants of his name see below), known in the West as Alpharabius (c. 872 in Fārāb – between 14 December, 950 and 12 January, 951 in Damascus), was a renowned philosopher and jurist who wrote in areas of political philosophy, metaphysics, ethics and logic.

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Alan Ayckbourn

Sir Alan Ayckbourn, CBE (born 12 April 1939) is a prolific English playwright.

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Alternative comedy

Alternative comedy is a term coined in the 1980s for a style of comedy that makes a conscious break with the mainstream comedic style of an era but can also be found in cartoons.

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An Englishman, an Irishman and a Scotsman

"An Englishman, an Irishman and a Scotsman" is the opening line of a category of joke popular in Ireland and the United Kingdom.

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Anatomy of Criticism

Herman Northrop Frye's Anatomy of Criticism: Four Essays (Princeton University Press, 1957) attempts to formulate an overall view of the scope, theory, principles, and techniques of literary criticism derived exclusively from literature.

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Ancient Greece

Ancient Greece was a civilization belonging to a period of Greek history that lasted from the Archaic period of the 8th to 6th centuries BC to the end of antiquity (circa 600 AD).

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Ancient Greek

Ancient Greek includes the forms of Greek used in ancient Greece and the ancient world from around the 9th century BC to the 6th century AD.

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Ancient Greek comedy

Ancient Greek comedy was one of the final three principal dramatic forms in the theatre of classical Greece (the others being tragedy and the satyr play).

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Ancient Rome

Ancient Rome was an Italic civilization that began on the Italian Peninsula as early as the 8th century BC.

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Aphra Behn

Aphra Behn (She inherited this name from her German husband; the German pronunciation is. 14 December 1640? – 16 April 1689) was a British playwright, poet, translator and fiction writer from the Restoration era.

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Arabic (العَرَبِية, or عربي,عربى) is the Classical Arabic language of the 6th century and its modern descendants excluding Maltese.

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Arabic literature

Arabic literature (الأدب العربي / ALA-LC: al-Adab al-‘Arabī) is the writing, both prose and poetry, produced by writers in the Arabic language.

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Arabic poetry

Arabic poetry (Arabic: الشِعْر العَرَبي / ALA-LC: ash-shi‘ru al-‘Arabīyu) is the earliest form of Arabic literature.

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Aristophanes (or; Ἀριστοφάνης,; c. 446 – c. 386 BC), son of Philippus, of the deme Cydathenaeum, was a comic playwright of ancient Athens.

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Aristotle (Ἀριστοτέλης, Aristotélēs; 384322 BC) was a Greek philosopher and scientist born in the Macedonian city of Stagira, Chalkidice, on the northern periphery of Classical Greece.

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Athenian democracy

Athenian democracy developed around the fifth century BC in the Greek city-state (known as a polis) of Athens, comprising the city of Athens and the surrounding territory of Attica and is the first known democracy in the world.

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Australian comedy

Australian comedy (or Australian humour) refers to the comedy and humour performed in or about Australia or by the people of Australia.

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Averroës (April 14, 1126 – December 10, 1198) is the Latinized form of Ibn Rushd (ابن رشد), full name (أبو الوليد محمد ابن احمد ابن رشد), a medieval Andalusian polymath.

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Avicenna (Latinate form of Ibn-Sīnā (پور سینا / ابن سینا; ابن سینا), full name Abū ʿAlī al-Ḥusayn ibn ʿAbd Allāh ibn Al-Hasan ibn Ali ibn Sīnā (Arabic: أبو علي الحسين ابن عبد الله ابن سينا; – June 1037) was a Persian polymath and jurist who is regarded as one of the most significant thinkers and writers of the Islamic Golden Age. Of the 450 works he is known to have written, around 240 have survived, including 150 on philosophy and 40 on medicine. His most famous works are The Book of Healing – a philosophical and scientific encyclopedia, and The Canon of Medicine – a medical encyclopedia. which became a standard medical text at many medieval universities and remained in use as late as 1650. In 1973, Avicenna's Canon Of Medicine was reprinted in New York. Besides philosophy and medicine, Avicenna's corpus includes writings on astronomy, alchemy, geography and geology, psychology, Islamic theology, logic, mathematics, physics and poetry.

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Barry Humphries

John Barry Humphries, AO, CBE (born 17 February 1934) is an Australian comedian, actor, satirist, artist, and author.

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Ben Jonson

Benjamin Jonson (c. 11 June 1572 – 6 August 1637) was an English playwright, poet, actor, and literary critic of the seventeenth century, whose artistry exerted a lasting impact upon English poetry and stage comedy.

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Bharata Muni

Bharata Muni (भरत मुनी) was an ancient Indian theatrologist and musicologist who wrote the Natya Shastra, a theoretical treatise on ancient Indian dramaturgy and histrionics, especially Sanskrit theatre.

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Black comedy

A black comedy (or dark comedy) is a comic work that employs farce and morbid humor, which, in its simplest form, is humor that makes light of subject matter usually considered taboo.

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Blackadder is the title that collectively refers to four series of a BBC 1 period British sitcom, along with several one-off instalments.

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Blonde joke

Blonde jokes are a class of jokes based on a stereotype of dumb blonde women.

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Bob Hope

Leslie Townes "Bob" Hope, KBE, KC*SG, KSS (May 29, 1903 – July 27, 2003), was a British-born American comedian, vaudevillian, actor, singer, dancer, athlete, and author.

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Bollywood is the sobriquet for the Hindi language film industry, based in Mumbai, India.

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Bouffon (English originally from French: "farceur", "comique", jester") is a modern French theater term that was re-coined in the early 1960s by Jacques Lecoq at his L'École Internationale de Théâtre Jacques Lecoq in Paris to describe a specific style of performance work that has a main focus in the art of mockery.

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Bozo the Clown

Bozo the Clown is a clown character whose broad popularity peaked in the United States in the 1960s as a result of widespread franchising in early television.

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British comedy

British comedy, in film, radio and television, is known for its consistently quirky characters, plots and settings, and has produced some of the most famous and memorable comic actors and characters.

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British Comedy Awards

The British Comedy Awards are an annual awards ceremony in the United Kingdom celebrating notable comedians and entertainment performances of the previous year.

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British sitcom

A British sitcom is a situation comedy programme produced for British television.

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Burlesque is a literary, dramatic or musical work intended to cause laughter by caricaturing the manner or spirit of serious works, or by ludicrous treatment of their subjects.

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Buster Keaton

Joseph Frank "Buster" Keaton (October 4, 1895 – February 1, 1966) was an American actor, vaudevillian, comedian, filmmaker, stunt performer, and writer.

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Cabaret is a form of entertainment featuring music, song, dance, recitation or drama.

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Canadian Comedy Awards

The Canadian Comedy Awards are an annual awards ceremony celebrating notable English-speaking Canadians for comedic achievements in Live, Radio, Film, Television and Internet media over the previous year.

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Cat Laughs

The Cat Laughs Comedy Festival is a comedy festival held over the first weekend in June each year in Kilkenny, Ireland.

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Character (arts)

A character (or fictional character) is a person in a narrative work of art (such as a novel, play, television series or film).

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Charlie Chaplin

Sir Charles Spencer "Charlie" Chaplin, (16 April 1889 – 25 December 1977) was an English comic actor, filmmaker, and composer who rose to fame in the silent era.

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Cinema of Hong Kong

The cinema of Hong Kong is one of the three major threads in the history of Chinese language cinema, alongside the cinema of China, and the cinema of Taiwan.

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Cinema of the United States

The cinema of the United States, often generally referred to as Hollywood, has had a profound effect on cinema across the world since the early 20th century.

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City comedy

City comedy, also called Citizen Comedy, is a common genre of Elizabethan, Jacobean, and Caroline comedy on the London stage from the last years of the 16th century to the closing of the theaters in 1642.

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A clown is a comic performer who employs slapstick or similar types of physical humour, often in a mime style.

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Colley Cibber

Colley Cibber (6 November 1671 – 11 December 1757) was an English actor-manager, playwright and Poet Laureate.

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Comédie larmoyante

Comédie larmoyante was a genre of French drama of the 18th century.

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Comedy (drama)

A comedy is entertainment consisting of jokes and satire, intended to make an audience laugh.

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Comedy album

A comedy album is an audio recording of comedic material from a comedian or group of comedians, usually performed either live or in a studio.

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Comedy Central

Comedy Central is an American basic cable and satellite television channel that is owned by Viacom Music and Entertainment Group, a unit of the Viacom Media Networks division of Viacom.

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Comedy Central (UK and Ireland)

Comedy Central is a television channel that carries comedy programming, both original and syndicated.

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Comedy Central Extra

Comedy Central Extra is a sister comedy television channel to Comedy Central available in the Adriatic region, Czech Republic, Ireland, Moldova, the Netherlands, Romania, Slovakia and the United Kingdom.

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Comedy Central Spain

Comedy Central is a channel available in Spain through satellite platform Digital+, ADSL TV Movistar TV, Orange TV and cable services.

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Comedy club

A comedy club is a venue, typically a nightclub, bar, or restaurant where people watch or listen to performances, including stand-up comedians, improvisational comedians, impersonators, magicians, ventriloquists and other comedy acts.

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Comedy film

Comedy is a genre of film in which the main emphasis is on humour.

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Comedy Nights with Kapil

Comedy Nights with Kapil is an Indian sketch comedy and celebrity talk show hosted by Kapil Sharma, that premiered on Colors TV on 22 June 2013.

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Comedy of humours

The comedy of humours refers to a genre of dramatic comedy that focuses on a character or range of characters, each of whom exhibits two or more overriding traits or 'humours' that dominates their personality, desires and conduct.

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Comedy of manners

The comedy of manners is an entertainment form which satirizes the manners and affectations of a social class or of multiple classes, often represented by stereotypical stock characters.

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Comedy of menace

Comedy of menace is the body of plays written by David Campton, Nigel Dennis, N. F. Simpson, and Harold Pinter.

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Comic novel

A comic novel is a novel-length work of humorous fiction.

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Comic opera

Comic opera denotes a sung dramatic work of a light or comic nature, usually with a happy ending.

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Commedia dell'arte

Commedia dell'arte is a form of theatre characterized by masked "types" which began in Italy in the 16th century and was responsible for the advent of the actresses and improvised performances based on sketches or scenarios.

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Convention (norm)

A convention is a set of agreed, stipulated, or generally accepted standards, norms, social norms, or criteria, often taking the form of a custom.

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Dad's Army

Dad's Army is a BBC television sitcom about the British Home Guard during the Second World War.

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Dada or Dadaism was an art movement of the European avant-garde in the early 20th century.

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Dallas Baptist University

Dallas Baptist University (DBU), formerly known as Dallas Baptist College, is a Christian liberal arts university located in Dallas, Texas.

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Dame Edna Everage

Dame Edna Everage is a character created and performed by Australian comedian Barry Humphries, famous for her lilac-coloured or "wisteria hue" hair and cat eye glasses or "face furniture", her favourite flower, the gladiolus ("gladdies") and her boisterous greeting: "Hello, Possums!" As Dame Edna, Humphries has written several books including an autobiography, My Gorgeous Life, appeared in several films and hosted several television shows (on which Humphries has also appeared as himself and other alter-egos).

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Dan Aykroyd

Daniel Edward Aykroyd, (born July 1, 1952) is a Canadian American actor, comedian, screenwriter, and musician.

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Dan Leno

George Wild Galvin (20 December 1860 – 31 October 1904), better known by the stage name Dan Leno, was a leading English music hall comedian and musical theatre actor during the late Victorian era.

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Dante Alighieri

Durante degli Alighieri, simply called Dante (c. 1265–1321), was a major Italian poet of the late Middle Ages.

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Dario Fo

Dario Fo (born 24 March 1926) is an Italian actor-playwright, comedian, singer, theatre director, stage designer, songwriter, painter and political campaigner, and recipient of the 1997 Nobel Prize in Literature.

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David Campton

David Campton (5 June 1924 – 9 September 2006) was a prolific British dramatist who wrote plays for the stage, radio, and cinema for thirty-five years.

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The dithyramb (διθύραμβος, dithurambos) was an ancient Greek hymn sung and danced in honor of Dionysus, the god of wine and fertility; the term was also used as an epithet of the god: Plato, in The Laws, while discussing various kinds of music mentions "the birth of Dionysos, called, I think, the dithyramb." Plato also remarks in the Republic that dithyrambs are the clearest example of poetry in which the poet is the only speaker.

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Divine Comedy

The Divine Comedy (Divina Commedia) is an epic poem by Dante Alighieri, begun c. 1308 and completed 1320, a year before his death in 1321.

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Dudley Moore

Dudley Stuart John Moore, CBE (19 April 193527 March 2002) was an English actor, comedian, musician and composer.

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Early Islamic philosophy

Early Islamic philosophy or classical Islamic philosophy is a period of intense philosophical development beginning in the 2nd century AH of the Islamic calendar (early 9th century CE) and lasting until the 6th century AH (late 12th century CE).

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Eddie Murphy

Edward Regan "Eddie" Murphy (born April 3, 1961) is an American comedian, actor, writer, singer, and director.

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Edinburgh Comedy Festival

Edinburgh Comedy Festival is a collection of comedy shows at the Edinburgh Festival Fringe which runs each August.

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Edinburgh Festival Fringe

The Edinburgh Festival Fringe (The Fringe) is the world's largest arts festival, with the 2014 event spanning 25 days and featuring over 3,193 shows from 51 countries in 299 venues.

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Elizabethan era

The Elizabethan era is the epoch in English history marked by the reign of Queen Elizabeth I (1558–1603).

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Epic poetry

An epic (from the Ancient Greek adjective ἐπικός (epikos), from ἔπος (epos) "word, story, poem") is a lengthy narrative poem, ordinarily concerning a serious subject containing details of heroic deeds and events significant to a culture or nation.

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Ethnic joke

An ethnic joke is a remark attempting humor relating to an ethnic, racial or cultural group, often referring to a stereotype of the group in question for its punchline.

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Eugène Ionesco

Eugène Ionesco (born Eugen Ionescu,; 26 November 1909 – 28 March 1994) was a Romanian playwright who wrote mostly in French, and one of the foremost figures of the French Avant-garde theatre.

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Euripides (or; Εὐριπίδης) (c. 480 – 406 BC) was a tragedian of classical Athens.

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F. M. Cornford

Francis Macdonald Cornford, FBA (27 February 1874 – 3 January 1943) was an English classical scholar and poet; because of the similarity of his forename and his wife's, he was known to family as "FMC" and his wife Frances as "FCC".

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In theatre, a farce is a comedy that aims at entertaining the audience through situations that are highly exaggerated, extravagant, and thus improbable.

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Fawlty Towers

Fawlty Towers is a BBC television sitcom that was first broadcast on BBC2 in 1975 and 1979.

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A film, also called a movie, motion picture or photoplay, is a series of still images which, when shown on a screen, creates the illusion of moving images due to the phi phenomenon.

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Fred Karno

Frederick John Westcott (26 March 1866 – 18 September 1941), best known by his stage name Fred Karno, was an English theatre impresario of the British music hall.

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In color reproduction, including computer graphics and photography, the gamut, or color gamut, is a certain complete subset of colors.

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Genre (or; from French genre, "kind" or "sort", from Latin genus (stem gener-), Greek γένος, génos) is any category of literature or other forms of art or entertainment, e.g. music, whether written or spoken, audial or visual, based on some set of stylistic criteria.

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George Carlin

George Denis Patrick Carlin (May 12, 1937 – June 22, 2008) was an American stand-up comedian, social critic, actor, and author.

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George Chapman

George Chapman (c. 1559 – 12 May 1634) was an English dramatist, translator, and poet.

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George Etherege

Sir George Etherege (c. 1636, Maidenhead, Berkshire – c. 10 May 1692, Paris) was an English dramatist.

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George Meredith

George Meredith, OM (12 February 1828 – 18 May 1909) was an English novelist and poet of the Victorian era.

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Georges Feydeau

Georges Feydeau (8 December 1862 – 5 June 1921) was a French playwright of the era known as the Belle Époque.

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German television comedy

Germany has a long tradition of television comedy stretching as far back as the 1950s, and with its origins in cabaret and radio.

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Gold (TV channel)

Gold is a classic comedy channel from the UKTV network, broadcasting to the United Kingdom and Ireland.

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Gross out

Gross out describes a movement in art (often comic), which aims to shock the audience with controversial material such as toilet humour, nudity, or any sexual topic.

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The word grotesque, originally a noun (1560s), from Italian grottesco (through Middle French), literally "of a cave," from Italian grotta (see grotto).

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Ha! (TV channel)

Ha!, owned by Viacom, was one of the first American all-comedy channels available to basic cable subscribers.

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Hal Roach

Harold Eugene "Hal" Roach, Sr. (January 14, 1892 – November 2, 1992) was an American film and television producer, director, and actor from the 1910s to the 1990s, best known today for producing the Laurel and Hardy and Our Gang (later known as The Little Rascals) film comedy series.

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Halifax Comedy Festival

The Halifax Comedy Festival (often spelled in promotional materials as Ha!ifax Comedy Festival) is an annual comedy festival held in Halifax, Nova Scotia, Canada.

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Harold Pinter

Harold Pinter, CH, CBE (10 October 1930 – 24 December 2008) was a Nobel Prize-winning English playwright, screenwriter, director and actor.

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HK International Comedy Festival

The HK International Comedy Festival is an annual comedy festival in Hong Kong.

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Hollywood is a neighborhood in the central region of Los Angeles, California.

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Humour, or humorsee spelling differencesis the tendency of particular cognitive experiences to provoke laughter and provide amusement.

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Impressionist (entertainment)

An impressionist or a mimic is a performer whose act consists of imitating the voice and mannerisms of others.

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Improvisational theatre

Improvisational theatre, often called improv or impro, is a form of theater where most or all of what is performed is created at the moment it is performed.

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Indian aesthetics

Indian art evolved with an emphasis on inducing special spiritual or philosophical states in the audience, or with representing them symbolically.

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Irony, in its broadest sense, is a rhetorical device, literary technique, or event in which what appears, on the surface, to be the case, differs radically from what is actually the case.

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Islamic Golden Age

The Islamic Golden Age refers to the period in Islam's history during the Middle Ages from the 8th century to the 13th century when much of the historically Arabic-speaking world was ruled by various caliphates, experiencing a scientific, economic, and cultural flourishing.

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Jacques Copeau

Jacques Copeau (February 4, 1879 – October 20, 1949) was an influential French theatre director, producer, actor, and dramatist born in Paris.

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Jean Genet

Jean Genet (–) was a French novelist, playwright, poet, essayist, and political activist.

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A jester, court jester or fool was historically an entertainer who during the mediaeval and Renaissance eras was a member of the household of a nobleman employed to entertain him and his guests.

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Jim Carrey

James Eugene Redmond "Jim" Carrey (born January 17, 1962) is a Canadian-American actor, comedian, impressionist, screenwriter, and film producer.

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Joe Orton

John Kingsley "Joe" Orton (1 January 1933 – 9 August 1967) was an English playwright and author.

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John Vanbrugh

Sir John Vanbrugh (24 January 1664 (baptised) – 26 March 1726) was an English architect and dramatist, perhaps best known as the designer of Blenheim Palace and Castle Howard.

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Jon Stewart

Jon Stewart (born Jonathan Stuart Leibowitz; November 28, 1962) is an American comedian, writer, producer, director, actor, media critic, and former television host.

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Joseph Grimaldi

Joseph Grimaldi (18 December 1778 – 31 May 1837) was an English actor, comedian and dancer, who became the most popular English entertainer of the Regency era.

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Just for Laughs

Just for Laughs (Juste pour rire) is a comedy festival held each July in Montreal, Quebec, Canada.

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Kenneth Burke

Kenneth Duva Burke (May 5, 1897 – November 19, 1993) was an American literary theorist who had a powerful impact on 20th-century philosophy, aesthetics, criticism, and rhetorical theory.

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The Kōmos (κῶμος; pl. kōmoi) was a ritualistic drunken procession performed by revelers in ancient Greece, whose participants were known as komasts (κωμασταί, kōmastaí).

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Latin translations of the 12th century

Latin translations of the 12th century were spurred by a major search by European scholars for new learning unavailable in Christian Europe at the time; their search led them to areas of southern Europe, particularly in central Spain and Sicily, which recently had come under Christian rule following their reconquest in the late 11th century.

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Laughter is a physical reaction in humans and some other species of primate, consisting typically of rhythmical, often audible contractions of the diaphragm and other parts of the respiratory system.

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Laurel and Hardy

Laurel and Hardy were a comedy double act during the early Classical Hollywood era of American cinema.

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Leicester Comedy Festival

The Leicester Comedy Festival is an annual comedy festival held in a number of venues across Leicester, England early in the year.

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Light poetry

Light poetry, or light verse, is poetry that attempts to be humorous.

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Lightbulb joke

A lightbulb joke is a joke that asks how many people of a certain group are needed to change, replace, or screw in a light bulb.

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List of American television series based on British television series

Many successful British television shows (particularly sitcoms and reality shows) have been remade for the American market.

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List of Australian comedians

This is a list of comedians who were born in Australia, or have spent part of their careers performing in Australia.

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List of British comedians

This is a list of comedians of British birth or famous mainly in Britain.

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List of Canadian comedians

This following is a list of Canadian comedians.

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List of comedy television series

A list of comedy television series by country of origin.

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List of Finnish comedians

This is a list of Finnish comedians.

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List of genres

This is a list of genres of fiction and entertainment.

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List of German-language comedians

This is a list of notable German-language comedians.

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List of Indian comedians

This is a list of notable Indian comedians, sorted by country or area of notability.

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List of Italian comedians

This is a list of Italian comedians sorted by last name.

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List of Mexican comedians

This is a list of famous Mexican comedians.

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List of musical comedians

This alphabetical list is limited to comedians who also played an instrument onstage.

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List of Puerto Rican comedians

The following is a list of Puerto Rican comedians which includes comedians who were born in Puerto Rico, comedians who are of full or partial Puerto Rican ancestry, and many long-term residents and/or immigrants of other ethnic heritages who have made Puerto Rico their home and happen to be comedians as well.

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List of stand-up comedians

The following is a list of notable stand-up comedians by nationality.

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Literature, in its broadest sense, is any written work; etymologically the term derives from Latin litaritura/litteratura "writing formed with letters", although some definitions include spoken or sung texts.

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Lope de Vega

Félix Lope de Vega y Carpio (25 November 1562 – 27 August 1635) was a Spanish playwright, poet and novelist.

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Louis-Sébastien Mercier

Louis-Sébastien Mercier (6 June 1740 – 25 April 1814) was a French dramatist and writer.

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Lyric poetry

Lyric poetry is a form of poetry which expresses personal emotions or feelings, typically spoken in the first person.

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M*A*S*H (TV series)

M*A*S*H is an American television series developed by Larry Gelbart, adapted from the 1970 feature film MASH (which was itself based on the 1968 novel MASH: A Novel About Three Army Doctors, by Richard Hooker).

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Marcel Marceau

Marcel Marceau (22 March 1923 – 22 September 2007) was a French actor and mime most famous for his stage persona as "Bip the Clown." He referred to mime as the "art of silence," and he performed professionally worldwide for over 60 years.

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Mark Twain Prize for American Humor

The Mark Twain Prize for American Humor is America’s foremost award for humor, and has been awarded by the John F. Kennedy Center for the Performing Arts annually since 1998.

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Martin and Lewis

Martin and Lewis were an American comedy duo, comprising singer Dean Martin and comedian Jerry Lewis.

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Marx Brothers

The Marx Brothers were a family comedy act that was successful in vaudeville, on Broadway, and in motion pictures from 1905 to 1949.

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Medieval literature

Medieval literature is a broad subject, encompassing essentially all written works available in Europe and beyond during the Middle Ages (encompassing the one thousand years from the fall of the Western Roman Empire ca. AD 500 to the beginning of the Florentine Renaissance in the late 15th century).

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Melbourne International Comedy Festival

The Melbourne International Comedy Festival (MICF) is the third-largest international comedy festival in the world and the largest cultural event in Australia.

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Menander (Μένανδρος, Menandros; c. 342/41 – c. 290 BC) was a Greek dramatist and the best-known representative of Athenian New Comedy.

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Middle Ages

In European history, the Middle Ages or Medieval period lasted from the 5th to the 15th century.

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Mike Myers

Michael John "Mike" Myers (born May 25, 1963) is a Canadian-American actor, comedian, screenwriter, and film producer.

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Mimesis (μίμησις (mīmēsis), from μιμεῖσθαι (mīmeisthai), "to imitate," from μῖμος (mimos), "imitator, actor") is a critical and philosophical term that carries a wide range of meanings, which include imitation, representation, mimicry, imitatio, receptivity, nonsensuous similarity, the act of resembling, the act of expression, and the presentation of the self.

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Jean-Baptiste Poquelin, known by his stage name Molière (1622–1673), was a French playwright and actor who is considered to be one of the greatest masters of comedy in Western literature.

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Monty Python

Monty Python (sometimes known as The Pythons) were a British surreal comedy group who created the sketch comedy show Monty Python's Flying Circus, that first aired on the BBC on 5 October 1969.

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Mr. Bean

Mr. Bean is a British sitcom created by Rowan Atkinson and Richard Curtis, and starring Atkinson in the title role. Atkinson co-wrote all fifteen episodes with either Curtis, Robin Driscoll, or both, with Ben Elton co-writing the pilot. Thirteen of the episodes were broadcast on ITV, from the pilot on 1 January 1990, until "Goodnight Mr. Bean" on 31 October 1995. A clip show, "The Best Bits of Mr. Bean", was broadcast on 15 December 1995, and one episode, "Hair by Mr. Bean of London", was not broadcast until 2006 on Nickelodeon. Based on a character originally developed by Atkinson while he was studying for his master's degree at Oxford University, the series follows the exploits of Mr. Bean, described by Atkinson as "a child in a grown man's body", in solving various problems presented by everyday tasks and often causing disruption in the process., interview by Lucy Cavendish in The Scotsman (30 November 2005). Retrieved 3 August 2006. Bean rarely speaks, and the largely physical humour of the series is derived from his interactions with other people and his unusual solutions to situations. The series was influenced by physical performers such as Jacques Tati and comic actors from silent films. During its five-year run, the series gained large UK audience figures, including 18.74 million for the 1991 episode "The Trouble with Mr. Bean". The series has received a number of international awards, including the Rose d'Or. The show has been sold in 245 territories worldwide and has inspired an animated cartoon spin-off, two feature films, and an appearance at the London 2012 Summer Olympics opening ceremony.

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The Muses (Μοῦσαι Mousai; perhaps from the o-grade of the Proto-Indo-European root *men- "think") in Greek mythology which the Romans adopted are the goddesses of the inspiration of literature, science, and the arts.

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Music hall

Music hall is a type of British theatrical entertainment popular between 1850 and 1960.

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Natya Shastra

The Natya Shastra (Sanskrit: नाट्य शास्त्र, Nāṭyaśāstra) is an ancient Indian treatise on the performing arts, encompassing theatre, dance and music.

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New York Underground Comedy Festival

The New York Underground Comedy Festival is a comedy festival.

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New Zealand International Comedy Festival

The NZ International Comedy Festival is held simultaneously over three weeks in Auckland and Wellington and then takes to the road with the Comedy Convoy, touring to regional cities across New Zealand.

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Niccolò Machiavelli

Niccolò di Bernardo dei Machiavelli (3 May 1469 – 21 June 1527) was an Italian historian, politician, diplomat, philosopher, humanist, and writer, who is recognized as the founder of modern political science and political ethics.

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Northrop Frye

Herman Northrop Frye, (July 14, 1912 – January 23, 1991) was a Canadian literary critic and literary theorist, considered one of the most influential of the 20th century.

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An obscenity is any utterance or act that strongly offends the prevalent morality of the time.

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Oleg Popov

Oleg Konstantinovich Popov (Олег Константинович Попoв, born 31 July 1930 in Virubovo near Moscow, Russia) is a famous Soviet and Russian clown and circus artist.

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Oliver Goldsmith

Oliver Goldsmith (10 November 1728 – 4 April 1774) was an Anglo-Irish novelist, playwright and poet, who is best known for his novel The Vicar of Wakefield (1766), his pastoral poem The Deserted Village (1770), and his plays The Good-Natur'd Man (1768) and She Stoops to Conquer (1771, first performed in 1773).

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One-line joke

A one-liner is a joke that is delivered in a single line.

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Pantomime (informally panto) is a type of musical comedy stage production, designed for family entertainment.

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Paramount Comedy

Paramount Comedy is a 24-hour Russian cable television and satellite television comedy channel available in Russia, launched in 2012.

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A parody (also called spoof, send-up or lampoon), in use, is a work created to imitate, make fun of, or comment on an original work, its subject, author, style, or some other target, by means of satiric or ironic imitation.

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Parody film

A parody film is a comedy that parodies other film genres or films as pastiches, works created by imitation of the style of many different films reassembled together.

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Paul Hogan

Paul Hogan, AM (born 8 October 1939) is an Australian comedian, actor and television presenter.

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Performance art

Performance art is a performance presented to an audience within a fine art context, traditionally interdisciplinary.

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Peter Sellers

Peter Sellers, (born Richard Henry Sellers; 8 September 1925 – 24 July 1980) was a British film actor, comedian and singer.

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Phallic processions

Phallic processions, or Penis Parade,Tim Younger called phallika in ancient Greece, were a common feature of Dionysiac celebrations; they were processions that advanced to a cult center, and were characterized by obscenities and verbal abuse.

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Pierre-Claude Nivelle de La Chaussée

Pierre-Claude Nivelle de La Chaussée (born 14 February 1692 in Paris; died 14 May 1754 in Paris) was a French dramatist who blurred the lines between comedy and tragedy with his comédie larmoyante.

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Plato (Greek: Πλάτων Plátōn "broad" in Classical Attic; 428/427 or 424/423 – 348/347 BC) was a philosopher and mathematician in Classical Greece, and the founder of the Academy in Athens, the first institution of higher learning in the Western world.

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Titus Maccius Plautus (c. 254 – 184 BC), commonly known as Plautus, was a Roman playwright of the Old Latin period.

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Poetics (Aristotle)

Aristotle's Poetics (Περὶ ποιητικῆς, De Poetica; c. 335 BCEDukore (1974, 31).) is the earliest surviving work of dramatic theory and the first extant philosophical treatise to focus on literary theory.

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Polish joke

A Polish joke is a discriminatory joke intended to mock the Polish people in the English language based on the hostile stereotypes about them.

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Political satire

Political satire is a significant part of satire that specializes in gaining entertainment from politics; it has also been used with subversive intent where political speech and dissent are forbidden by a regime, as a method of Political satire is usually distinguished from political protest or political dissent, as it does not necessarily carry an agenda nor seek to influence the political process.

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Public opinion

The English term "public opinion" dates back to the seventeenth century work by John Locke, An Essay Concerning Human Understanding, which contains an early consideration of the importance of public opinion in the ordering of politics.

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Pulcinella, often called Punch or Punchinello in English, Polichinelle in French, is a classical character that originated in the commedia dell'arte of the 17th century and became a stock character in Neapolitan puppetry.

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Punch and Judy

Punch and Judy is a traditional, popular, and usually very violent puppet show featuring Mr. Punch and his wife, Judy.

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The Puritans were a group of English Reformed Protestants in the 16th and 17th centuries who sought to purify the Church of England from all Roman Catholic practices, maintaining that the Church of England was only partially reformed.

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Radio comedy

Radio comedy, or comedic radio programming, is a radio broadcast that may involve sitcom elements, sketches and various types of comedy found on other media.

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Rasa (aesthetics)

A rasa (रस lit. 'juice' or 'essence') denotes an essential mental state and is the dominant emotional theme of a work of art or the primary feeling that is evoked in the person that views, reads or hears such a work.

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Restoration comedy

Restoration comedy refers to English comedies written and performed in the Restoration period from 1660 to 1710.

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Ribaldry, or blue comedy is humorous entertainment that ranges from bordering on indelicacy to gross indecency.

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Richard Brinsley Sheridan

Richard Brinsley Butler Sheridan (30 October 17517 July 1816) was an Irish playwright and poet and long-term owner of the London Theatre Royal, Drury Lane.

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Richard McKeon

Richard McKeon (April 26, 1900 – March 31, 1985) was an American philosopher.

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Richard Steele

Sir Richard Steele (bap. 12 March 1672 – 1 September 1729) was an Irish writer and politician, remembered as co-founder, with his friend Joseph Addison, of the magazine The Spectator.

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Richard Tarlton

Richard Tarlton or Tarleton (died September 1588), was an English actor of the Elizabethan era.

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Robert Armin

Robert Armin (c. 1563 – 1615) was an English actor, a member of the Lord Chamberlain's Men.

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Robin Williams

Robin McLaurin Williams (July 21, 1951 – August 11, 2014)Sources conflict.

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Romantic comedy film

Romantic comedy films are films with light-hearted, humorous plotlines, centered on romantic ideals such as that true love is able to surmount most obstacles.

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Rowan Atkinson

Rowan Sebastian Atkinson, CBE (born 6 January 1955) is an English actor, comedian, and screenwriter best known for his work on the sitcoms Blackadder and Mr. Bean.

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Sacha Baron Cohen

Sacha Noam Baron Cohen (born 13 October 1971) is an English actor, comedian, and writer.

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Samuel Beckett

Samuel Barclay Beckett (13 April 1906 – 22 December 1989) was an Irish avant-garde novelist, playwright, theatre director, and poet, who lived in Paris for most of his adult life and wrote in both English and French.

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Sanskrit drama

The fragments of Sanskrit drama date from the 1st century CE.

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Satire is a genre of literature, and sometimes graphic and performing arts, in which vices, follies, abuses, and shortcomings are held up to ridicule, ideally with the intent of shaming individuals, corporations, government or society itself, into improvement.

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Satyr play

Satyr plays were an ancient Greek form of tragicomedy, similar in spirit to the bawdy satire of burlesque.

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Screwball comedy film

The screwball comedy is a principally American genre of comedy film that became popular during the Great Depression, originating in the early 1930s and thriving until the early 1940s.

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Seinfeld is a sitcom that originally ran for nine seasons on NBC from July 5, 1989, to May 14, 1998.

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Shaggy dog story

In its original sense, a shaggy dog story is an extremely long-winded anecdote characterized by extensive narration of typically irrelevant incidents and terminated by an anticlimax or a pointless punchline.

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Shakespearean comedy

In the First Folio, the plays of William Shakespeare were grouped into three categories: comedies, histories, and tragedies, though today many scholars recognize a fourth category, romance, to describe the specific types of comedies that appear as Shakespeare's later works.

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A situation comedy, often shortened to the portmanteau sitcom, is a genre of comedy that features characters sharing the same common environment, such as a home or workplace, with often humorous dialogue.

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Sketch comedy

A sketch comedy comprises a series of short comedy scenes or vignettes, called "sketches", commonly between one and ten minutes long.

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Slapstick film

Slapstick films are comedy films where physical comedy that includes pratfalls, tripping, falling, are highlighted over dialogue, plot and character development.

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Stan Laurel

Stan Laurel (born Arthur Stanley Jefferson; 16 June 1890 – 23 February 1965) was an English comic actor, writer and film director, most famous for his role in the comedy duo Laurel and Hardy.

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Stand-up comedy

Stand-up comedy is a comic style in which a comedian performs in front of a live audience, usually speaking directly to them.

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Surrealism is a cultural movement that began in the early 1920s, and is best known for its visual artworks and writings.

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A taboo is a vehement prohibition of an action based on the belief that such behavior is either too sacred or too accursed for ordinary individuals to undertake, under threat of supernatural punishment.

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TBS (TV channel)

TBS is an American basic cable and satellite television channel that is owned by the Turner Broadcasting System division of Time Warner, which shares its name with the channel.

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A television, commonly referred to as TV, telly or the tube, is a telecommunication medium used for transmitting sound with moving images in monochrome (black-and-white), colour, or in three dimensions.

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Television comedy

Television comedy had a presence from the earliest days of broadcasting.

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Publius Terentius Afer (c. 195/185 – c. 159? BC), better known in English as Terence, was a playwright of the Roman Republic, of North African descent.

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Thalia (Muse)

__notoc__ Thalia (Θάλεια, Θαλία; "the joyous, the flourishing", from θάλλειν, thállein; "to flourish, to be verdant") was the Muse who presided over comedy and idyllic poetry.

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The Colbert Report

The Colbert Report is an American late-night talk and news satire television program hosted by Stephen Colbert that aired on Comedy Central from October 17, 2005 to December 18, 2014 for 1,447 episodes.

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The Comedy Channel

The Comedy Channel (promoted on air as comedy) is an Australian subscription television channel available on Foxtel, Austar, and Optus Television.

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The Comedy Channel (UK)

The Comedy Channel was a short-lived United Kingdom subscription television channel during the early 1990s.

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The Comedy Channel (United States)

The Comedy Channel was a television comedy cable channel owned by HBO, a division of Time Warner.

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The Comedy Festival

The Comedy Festival, formerly known as the US Comedy Arts Festival, was a comedy festival that ran from 1985 to 2008.

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The Comedy Network

The Comedy Network (often referred to as simply "Comedy") is a Canadian English language Category A specialty channel that is owned by Bell Media.

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The Daily Show

The Daily Show (titled The Daily Show with Trevor Noah since September 2015) is an American late-night talk and news satire television program, which airs each Monday through Thursday on Comedy Central and, in Canada, The Comedy Network.

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The Goon Show

The Goon Show is a British radio comedy programme, originally produced and broadcast by the BBC Home Service from 1951 to 1960, with occasional repeats on the BBC Light Programme.

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The O'Reilly Factor

The O'Reilly Factor, originally titled The O'Reilly Report from 1996 to 1998 and often called The Factor, is an American cable television news and talk show on the Fox News Channel hosted by political commentator Bill O'Reilly, who often discusses current controversial political issues with guests.

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The Office (UK TV series)

The Office is a mockumentary sitcom that was first broadcast in the United Kingdom on BBC Two on 9 July 2001.

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The Onion

The Onion is an American digital media company and news satire organization.

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The Republic (Plato)

The Republic (Πολιτεία, Politeia; Latin: De Republica) is a Socratic dialogue, written by Plato around 380 BCE, concerning the definition of justice (δικαιοσύνη), the order and character of the just city-state and the just man—for this reason, ancient readers used the name On Justice as an alternative title (not to be confused with the spurious dialogue also titled On Justice).

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The Simpsons

The Simpsons is an American animated sitcom created by Matt Groening for the Fox Broadcasting Company.

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The Three Stooges

The Three Stooges were an American vaudeville and comedy act of the mid–20th century best known for their numerous Columbia short subject films, still syndicated on television.

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Theatre or theater is a collaborative form of fine art that uses live performers to present the experience of a real or imagined event before a live audience in a specific place, often a stage.

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Theatre of ancient Greece

The Theatre of Ancient Greece or Ancient Greek drama, is a theatrical culture that flourished in ancient Greece 700 BC.

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Theatre of ancient Rome

The theatre of ancient Rome was a diverse and interesting art form, ranging from festival performances of street theatre and acrobatics, to the staging of Plautus's broadly appealing situation comedies, to the high-style, verbally elaborate tragedies of Seneca.

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Theatre of the Absurd

The Theatre of the Absurd (Théâtre de l'Absurde) is a designation for particular plays of absurdist fiction written by a number of primarily European playwrights in the late 1950s, as well as one for the style of theatre which has evolved from their work.

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Thomas Dekker (writer)

Thomas Dekker (c. 1572 – 25 August 1632) was an English Elizabethan dramatist and pamphleteer, a versatile and prolific writer, whose career spanned several decades and brought him into contact with many of the period's most famous dramatists.

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Thomas Hobbes

Thomas Hobbes of Malmesbury (5 April 1588 – 4 December 1679), in some older texts Thomas Hobbs of Malmsbury, was an English philosopher, best known today for his work on political philosophy.

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Thomas Middleton

Thomas Middleton (1580 – July 1627) was an English Jacobean playwright and poet.

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Toilet humour

Toilet humour, or scatological humour, is a type of off-colour humour dealing with defecation, urination, and flatulence, and to a lesser extent vomiting and other body functions.

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Tragedy (from the τραγῳδία, tragōidia) is a form of drama based on human suffering that invokes in its audience an accompanying catharsis or pleasure in the viewing.

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Vaudeville is a theatrical genre of variety entertainment.

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Vsevolod Meyerhold

Vsevolod Emilevich Meyerhold (Все́волод Эми́льевич Мейерхо́льд; born Karl Kasimir Theodor Meyerhold) (2 February 1940) was a Russian and Soviet theatre director, actor and theatrical producer.

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W. C. Fields

William Claude Dukenfield (January 29, 1880 – December 25, 1946), better known as W. C. Fields, was an American comedian, actor, juggler and writer.

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William Congreve

William Congreve (24 January 1670 – 19 January 1729) was an English playwright and poet.

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William Kempe

William Kempe (died 1603), commonly referred to as Will Kemp, was an English actor and dancer specialising in comic roles and best known for having been one of the original players in early dramas by William Shakespeare.

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William Shakespeare

William Shakespeare (26 April 1564 (baptised) – 23 April 1616) was an English:poet,:playwright, actor and an Italophile, who is widely regarded as the greatest writer in the English language and the world's pre-eminent dramatist.

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William Wycherley

William Wycherley (c. 1641 – 1 January 1716) was an English dramatist of the Restoration period, best known for the plays The Country Wife and The Plain Dealer.

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In linguistics a word is the smallest element that may be uttered in isolation with semantic or pragmatic content (with literal or practical meaning).

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Comedic, Comedic effect, Comedie, Comedies, Comedy Writing, Comedy writer, Comedy writing, Gagman, Gagster, History of comedy, Joke writer, Sense of the comic, Theory of comedy.


[1] https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Comedy

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