195 relations: Accurizing, Action (firearms), AK-47, Aluminium, American Civil War, Ammunition, Ammunition box, Antique firearms, Artillery, Austria, Battle rifle, Bean bag round, Belgium, Belted magnum, Blank (cartridge), Blank-firing adaptor, Brandon Lee, Brass, Breech-loading weapon, British Empire, Brown bear, Brown Bess, Bullet, Bundeswehr, Caliber, Cartridge (firearms), Cartridges of the World, Caseless ammunition, Casimir Lefaucheux, Centerfire ammunition, Chamber (firearms), China, Christian I of Denmark, Christian I, Prince of Anhalt-Bernburg, Circa, Colt Model 1871-72 Open Top, Colt Single Action Army, Colt's Manufacturing Company, Commission Internationale Permanente pour l'Epreuve des Armes à Feu Portatives, Cordite, Cowboy action shooting, Deflagration, Detonation, Dry fire, Ductility, Dud, Dum Dum Arsenal, Dummy round, Edward Mounier Boxer, Electronic firing, ..., Eley Brothers, Firearm, Firearm malfunction, Firing pin, FN FAL, Fox, François Prélat, France, Full metal jacket bullet, Gallery gun, Germany, Glaser Safety Slug, Goose, Grain (unit), Grappling hook, Gun, Gun barrel, Gun dog, Gunpowder, Gustavus Adolphus of Sweden, Hague Conventions of 1899 and 1907, Handloading, Headspace (firearms), Headstamp, Heckler & Koch, Heckler & Koch G11, Israel Defense Forces, Israel Hayom, Jean Samuel Pauly, KPV heavy machine gun, Lead, Lever action, List of handgun cartridges, List of Magnum pistol cartridges, List of rifle cartridges, Magazine (firearms), Materiel, Mercury(II) fulminate, Mikhail Kalashnikov, Moose, Musket, Muzzleloading, Nail gun, National Rifle Association, NATO, NATO EPVAT testing, Nitrocellulose, Obturation, Oerlikon 20 mm cannon, Paper cartridge, Patent infringement, Pattern 1853 Enfield, Percussion cap, Pinfire cartridge, Pistol, Plinking, Polymer-cased ammunition, Post-Soviet states, Potassium chlorate, Powder flask, Primer (firearms), Projectile, Propellant, Red deer, Revolver, Rifle, Rifle grenade, Rifling, Rim (firearms), Rimfire ammunition, Rollin White, Samuel Colt, Sellier & Bellot, Semi-automatic pistol, Sharps Rifle Manufacturing Company, Shell (projectile), Shock sensitivity, Shooting, Shot (pellet), Shotgun, Shotgun shell, Shotgun slug, Small arms, Smith & Wesson, Smith & Wesson Model 1, Smokeless powder, Snap cap, Snider–Enfield, Spitzer (bullet), Sporting Arms and Ammunition Manufacturers' Institute, Squib load, Static electricity, Steel, Supersonic speed, Table of handgun and rifle cartridges, Teat-fire cartridge, The Crow (1994 film), Thirty Years' War, United States Navy SEALs, Voere, Volt, Warsaw Pact, .22 BB, .22 CB, .22 Long Rifle, .22 Short, .22-250 Remington, .223 Remington, .30 Newton, .30-06 Springfield, .300 Weatherby Magnum, .300 Winchester Magnum, .303 British, .308 Winchester, .32 ACP, .338 Lapua Magnum, .357 Magnum, .375 H&H Magnum, .38 Short Colt, .38 Special, .38 Super, .380 ACP, .40 S&W, .44 Henry, .44 Magnum, .45 ACP, .45 Colt, .45-70, .50 BMG, .50-90 Sharps, .56-56 Spencer, 10mm Auto, 12.7×108mm, 14.5×114mm, 5.45×39mm, 5.56×45mm NATO, 6.5×55mm Swedish, 7.62×39mm, 7.62×51mm NATO, 7.62×54mmR, 7.92×57mm Mauser, 7×64mm, 7mm Remington Magnum, 9.3×62mm, 9×19mm Parabellum. Expand index (145 more) » « Shrink index
Accurizing is the process of improving the accuracy and precision of a gun (firearm or airgun).
In firearms terminology, an action is the mechanism that handles the ammunition (loads, locks, fires, extracts and ejects) or the method by which that mechanism works.
The AK-47, or AK as it is officially known, also known as the Kalashnikov, is a gas-operated, 7.62×39mm assault rifle, developed in the Soviet Union by Mikhail Kalashnikov.
Aluminium or aluminum is a chemical element with symbol Al and atomic number 13.
The American Civil War (also known by other names) was a war fought in the United States from 1861 to 1865.
Ammunition (informally ammo) is the material fired, scattered, dropped or detonated from any weapon.
An ammunition box or cartridge box is a container designed for safe transport and storage of ammunition.
An antique firearm is a term to describe a firearm that was designed and manufactured prior to the beginning of the 20th century.
Artillery is a class of large military weapons built to fire munitions far beyond the range and power of infantry's small arms.
Austria (Österreich), officially the Republic of Austria (Republik Österreich), is a federal republic and a landlocked country of over 8.8 million people in Central Europe.
"Battle rifle" is a post-World War II term for military service rifles that are fed ammunition via detachable magazines and fire a full-powered rifle cartridge.
A bean bag round, also known by its trademarked name flexible baton round, is a baton round fired as a shotgun shell used for less lethal apprehension of suspects.
Belgium, officially the Kingdom of Belgium, is a country in Western Europe bordered by France, the Netherlands, Germany and Luxembourg.
The term belted magnum (some times also: belted case) refers to any caliber cartridge, generally rifles, using a shell casing with a pronounced "belt" around its base that continues 2 - 4 mm past the extractor groove.
A blank is a type of cartridge for a firearm that contains gunpowder but no bullet or shot.
A blank-firing adapter or blank-firing attachment (BFA), sometimes called a blank adapter or blank attachment, is a device used in conjunction with blank ammunition.
Brandon Bruce Lee (February 1, 1965 – March 31, 1993) was an American actor and martial artist.
Brass is a metallic alloy that is made of copper and zinc.
A breech-loading gun is a firearm in which the cartridge or shell is inserted or loaded into a chamber integral to the rear portion of a barrel.
The British Empire comprised the dominions, colonies, protectorates, mandates and other territories ruled or administered by the United Kingdom and its predecessor states.
The brown bear (Ursus arctos) is a bear that is found across much of northern Eurasia and North America.
"Brown Bess" is a nickname of uncertain origin for the British Army's muzzle-loading smoothbore Land Pattern Musket and its derivatives.
A bullet is a kinetic projectile and the component of firearm ammunition that is expelled from the gun barrel during shooting.
The Bundeswehr (Federal Defence) is the unified armed forces of Germany and their civil administration and procurement authorities.
In guns, particularly firearms, caliber or calibre is the approximate internal diameter of the gun barrel, or the diameter of the projectile it shoots.
A cartridge is a type of firearm ammunition packaging a projectile (bullet, shots or slug), a propellant substance (usually either smokeless powder or black powder) and an ignition device (primer) within a metallic, paper or plastic case that is precisely made to fit within the barrel chamber of a breechloading gun, for the practical purpose of convenient transportation and handling during shooting.
Cartridges of the World is a comprehensive guide to firearm cartridges.
Caseless ammunition is a type of small arms ammunition that eliminates the cartridge case that typically holds the primer, propellant, and projectile together as a unit.
Casimir Lefaucheux (26 January 1802 – 9 August 1852) was a French gunsmith.
A centerfire cartridge is a cartridge with a primer located in the center of the cartridge case head.
In firearms, the chamber is the portion of the barrel or firing cylinder in which the cartridge is inserted before being fired.
China, officially the People's Republic of China (PRC), is a unitary one-party sovereign state in East Asia and the world's most populous country, with a population of around /1e9 round 3 billion.
Christian I (February 1426 – 21 May 1481) was a Scandinavian monarch under the Kalmar Union.
Christian I, Prince of Anhalt-Bernburg, also known as Christian of Anhalt, (11 May 1568 – 17 April 1630) was a German prince of the House of Ascania.
Circa, usually abbreviated c., ca. or ca (also circ. or cca.), means "approximately" in several European languages (and as a loanword in English), usually in reference to a date.
The Colt Model 1871-72 Open Top is a metallic cartridge rear-loading.44-caliber revolver introduced in 1872 by the Colt's Patent Fire Arms Manufacturing Company.
The Colt Single Action Army, also known as the Single Action Army, SAA, Model P, Peacemaker, M1873, and Colt.45 is a single-action revolver with a revolving cylinder holding six metallic cartridges.
Colt's Manufacturing Company, LLC (CMC, formerly Colt's Patent Firearms Manufacturing Company) is an American firearms manufacturer, founded in 1855 by Samuel Colt.
The Commission internationale permanente pour l'épreuve des armes à feu portatives ("Permanent International Commission for the Proof of Small Arms" – commonly abbreviated as C.I.P.) is an international organisation which sets standards for safety testing of firearms.
* Cordite is a family of smokeless propellants developed and produced in the United Kingdom since 1889 to replace gunpowder as a military propellant.
Cowboy action shooting (CAS, also known as western action shooting, single action shooting, or cowboy 3-gun) is a competitive shooting sport that originated in Southern California in the early 1980s.
Deflagration (Lat: de + flagrare, "to burn down") is subsonic combustion propagating through heat transfer; hot burning material heats the next layer of cold material and ignites it.
Detonation is a type of combustion involving a supersonic exothermic front accelerating through a medium that eventually drives a shock front propagating directly in front of it.
Dry firing is the practice of "firing" a firearm without ammunition or practicing the manipulation of a firearm with an inert training platform such as a SIRT, Laserlyte, or LaserAmmo training firearm.
Ductility is a measure of a material's ability to undergo significant plastic deformation before rupture, which may be expressed as percent elongation or percent area reduction from a tensile test.
A dud is an ammunition round or explosive that fails to fire or detonate, respectively, on time or on command.
The Dumdum Arsenal was a British military facility located near the town of Dum Dum in modern West Bengal, India.
A dummy round or drill round is a round that is completely inert, i.e., contains no primer, propellant, or explosive charge.
Edward Mounier Boxer (1822-1898) was an English inventor.
Electronic firing refers to the use of an electric current to fire a cartridge, instead of a percussion cap.
Eley Brothers were a manufacturer of firearms cartridges at the Eley's Cartridge Factory, located in Edmonton and bordered by the River Lee Navigation and the Great Eastern Railway at Angel Road.
A firearm is a portable gun (a barreled ranged weapon) that inflicts damage on targets by launching one or more projectiles driven by rapidly expanding high-pressure gas produced by exothermic combustion (deflagration) of propellant within an ammunition cartridge.
A firearm malfunction is the failure of a firearm to operate as intended for causes other than user error.
A firing pin or striker is part of the firing mechanism used in a firearm or explosive device e.g. an M14 landmine or bomb fuze.
The FN FAL (Fusil Automatique Léger, English: Light Automatic Rifle), is a battle rifle designed by Belgian small arms designers Dieudonné Saive and Ernest Vervier and manufactured by Fabrique Nationale d'Herstal (FN Herstal).
Foxes are small-to-medium-sized, omnivorous mammals belonging to several genera of the family Canidae.
François Prélat was a French gunsmith and inventor.
France, officially the French Republic (République française), is a sovereign state whose territory consists of metropolitan France in Western Europe, as well as several overseas regions and territories.
A full metal jacket (FMJ) bullet is a small-arms projectile consisting of a soft core (often lead) encased in a shell of harder metal, such as gilding metal, cupronickel, or less commonly a steel alloy.
A gallery gun, Flobert gun, saloon gun, or parlor gun is a type of firearm designed for indoor shooting.
Germany (Deutschland), officially the Federal Republic of Germany (Bundesrepublik Deutschland), is a sovereign state in central-western Europe.
Glaser Safety Slug is a frangible bullet made by Cor-Bon/Glaser, a subsidiary of Dakota Ammo, an American ammunition company based in Sturgis, South Dakota.
Geese are waterfowl of the family Anatidae.
A grain is a unit of measurement of mass, and in the troy weight, avoirdupois, and Apothecaries' system, equal to exactly.
A grappling hook or grapnel is a device with multiple hooks (known as claws or flukes), attached to a rope; it is thrown, dropped, sunk, projected, or fastened directly by hand to where at least one hook may catch and hold.
A gun is a tubular ranged weapon typically designed to pneumatically discharge projectiles that are solid (most guns) but can also be liquid (as in water guns/cannons and projected water disruptors) or even charged particles (as in a plasma gun) and may be free-flying (as with bullets and artillery shells) or tethered (as with Taser guns, spearguns and harpoon guns).
A gun barrel is a crucial part of gun-type ranged weapons such as small firearms, artillery pieces and air guns.
A group of Gun dogs as printed in ''Dogs of All Nations'' by W.E. Mason in 1915 Gun dogs, or bird dogs, are types of hunting dogs developed to assist hunters in finding and retrieving game, usually birds.
Gunpowder, also known as black powder to distinguish it from modern smokeless powder, is the earliest known chemical explosive.
Gustav II Adolf (9 December 1594 – 6 November 1632, O.S.), widely known in English by his Latinised name Gustavus Adolphus or as Gustav II Adolph, was the King of Sweden from 1611 to 1632 who is credited for the founding of Sweden as a great power (Stormaktstiden).
The Hague Conventions of 1899 and 1907 are a series of international treaties and declarations negotiated at two international peace conferences at The Hague in the Netherlands.
Handloading or reloading is the process of loading firearm cartridges or shotgun shells by assembling the individual components (case/hull, primer, powder, and bullet/shot), rather than purchasing completely assembled, factory-loaded ammunition.
In firearms, headspace is the distance measured from the part of the chamber that stops forward motion of the cartridge (the datum reference) to the face of the bolt.
A headstamp is the markings on the bottom of a cartridge case designed for a firearm.
Heckler & Koch GmbH (HK) is a German defense manufacturing company that manufactures handguns, assault rifles, submachine guns, and grenade launchers.
The Heckler & Koch G11 is a non-production prototype assault rifle developed during the late 1960s, 1970s and 1980s by Gesellschaft für Hülsenlose Gewehrsysteme (GSHG) (German for "Corporation for Caseless Rifle Systems"), a conglomeration of companies headed by firearm manufacturer Heckler & Koch (mechanical engineering and weapon design), Dynamit Nobel (propellant composition and projectile design), and Hensoldt Wetzlar (target identification and optic systems).
The Israel Defense Forces (IDF; צְבָא הַהֲגָנָה לְיִשְׂרָאֵל, lit. "The Army of Defense for Israel"; جيش الدفاع الإسرائيلي), commonly known in Israel by the Hebrew acronym Tzahal, are the military forces of the State of Israel.
Israel Hayom (lit) is an Israeli national Hebrew-language free daily newspaper, first published in 2007.
Jean Samuel Pauly (1766 – c.1821), born Samuel Johannes Pauli, was a Swiss inventor and gunsmith of the early 19th century.
The KPV-14.5 heavy machine gun (KPV is an initialism for Krupnokaliberniy Pulemyot Vladimirova, in Russian as Крупнокалиберный Пулемёт Владимирова, or КПВ) is a Soviet designed 14.5×114mm-caliber heavy machine gun, which first entered service as an infantry weapon (designated PKP) in 1949.
Lead is a chemical element with symbol Pb (from the Latin plumbum) and atomic number 82.
Lever action is a type of firearm action which uses a lever located around the trigger guard area (often including the trigger guard itself) to load fresh cartridges into the chamber of the barrel when the lever is worked.
List of repeating handgun cartridges, approximately in order of increasing caliber.
List of Magnum pistol cartridges may refer to: This is a list of Magnum pistol cartridges.
List of rifle cartridges, by category, then by name.
A magazine is an ammunition storage and feeding device within or attached to a repeating firearm.
Materiel, more commonly matériel in US English and also listed as the only spelling in some UK dictionaries (both pronounced, from French matériel meaning equipment or hardware), refers to military technology and supplies in military and commercial supply chain management.
Mercury(II) fulminate, or Hg(CNO)2, is a primary explosive.
Lieutenant-General Mikhail Timofeyevich Kalashnikov (p; 10 November 1919 – 23 December 2013) was a Russian general, inventor, military engineer and small arms designer.
The moose (North America) or elk (Eurasia), Alces alces, is the largest extant species in the deer family.
A musket is a muzzle-loaded, smoothbore long gun that appeared in early 16th century Europe, at first as a heavier variant of the arquebus, capable of penetrating heavy armor.
Muzzleloading is the shooting sport of firing muzzleloading guns.
A nail gun, nailgun or nailer is a type of tool used to drive nails into wood or some other kind of material.
The National Rifle Association of America (NRA) is an American nonprofit organization that advocates for gun rights.
The North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO; Organisation du Traité de l'Atlantique Nord; OTAN), also called the North Atlantic Alliance, is an intergovernmental military alliance between 29 North American and European countries.
NATO EPVAT testing is one of the three recognized classes of procedures used in the world to control the safety and quality of firearms ammunition.
Nitrocellulose (also known as cellulose nitrate, flash paper, flash cotton, guncotton, and flash string) is a highly flammable compound formed by nitrating cellulose through exposure to nitric acid or another powerful nitrating agent.
In the field of firearms and airguns, obturation denotes necessary barrel blockage or fit by a deformed soft projectile (obturation in general is closing up an opening).
and --> The Oerlikon 20 mm cannon is a series of autocannons, based on an original German 20 mm Becker design that appeared very early in World War I. It was widely produced by Oerlikon Contraves and others, with various models employed by both Allied and Axis forces during World War II, and many versions still in use today.
This article addresses older paper small-arms cartridges, for modern metallic small arms cartridges see Cartridge (firearms).
Patent infringement is the commission of a prohibited act with respect to a patented invention without permission from the patent holder.
The Enfield Pattern 1853 rifle-musket (also known as the Pattern 1853 Enfield, P53 Enfield, and Enfield rifle-musket) was a.577 calibre Minié-type muzzle-loading rifled musket, used by the British Empire from 1853 to 1867, after which many Enfield 1853 rifle-muskets were converted to (and replaced in service by) the cartridge-loaded Snider–Enfield rifle.
The percussion cap, introduced circa 1820, is a type of single-use ignition device used on muzzleloading firearms that enabled them to fire reliably in any weather conditions.
A pinfire cartridge is an obsolete type of metallic firearm cartridge in which the priming compound is ignited by striking a small pin which protrudes radially from just above the base of the cartridge.
A pistol is a type of handgun.
Plinking refers to informal target shooting done for pleasure typically at non-standard targets such as tin cans, logs, soda bottles, or any other homemade or naturally occurring target.
Polymer-cased ammunition (or PCA) is ammunition with polymer-based casings instead of the usual metal-based casing.
The post-Soviet states, also collectively known as the former Soviet Union (FSU) or former Soviet Republics, are the states that emerged and re-emerged from the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics in its breakup in 1991, with Russia internationally recognised as the successor state to the Soviet Union after the Cold War.
Potassium chlorate is a compound containing potassium, chlorine and oxygen atoms, with the molecular formula KClO3.
A powder flask is a small container for gunpowder, which was an essential part of shooting equipment with muzzleloading guns, before pre-made paper cartridges became standard in the 19th century.
In firearms, the primer is a component of handgun cartridges, rifle cartridges and shotgun shells, and is responsible for initiating the propellant combustion that will push the projectiles out of the gun barrel.
A projectile is any object thrown into space (empty or not) by the exertion of a force.
A propellant or propellent is a chemical substance used in the production of energy or pressurized gas that is subsequently used to create movement of a fluid or to generate propulsion of a vehicle, projectile, or other object.
The red deer (Cervus elaphus) is one of the largest deer species.
A revolver (also called a wheel gun) is a repeating handgun that has a revolving cylinder containing multiple chambers and at least one barrel for firing.
A rifle is a portable long-barrelled firearm designed for precision shooting, to be held with both hands and braced against the shoulder for stability during firing, and with a barrel that has a helical pattern of grooves ("rifling") cut into the bore walls.
A rifle grenade is a grenade that uses a rifle-based launcher to permit a longer effective range than would be possible if the grenade was thrown by hand.
In firearms, rifling is the helical groove pattern that is machined into the internal (bore) surface of a gun's barrel, for the purpose of exerting torque and thus imparting a spin to a projectile around its longitudinal axis during shooting.
A rim is an external flange that is machined, cast, molded, stamped or pressed around the bottom of a firearms cartridge.
Rimfire is a method of ignition for metallic firearm cartridges as well as the cartridges themselves.
Rollin White (June 6, 1817 – March 22, 1892) was an American gunsmith who invented a bored-through revolver cylinder that allowed metallic cartridges to be loaded from the rear of a revolver's cylinder.
Samuel Colt (July 19, 1814 – January 10, 1862) was an American inventor, industrialist, businessman, and hunter.
Sellier & Bellot is a firearms ammunition manufacturer situated in Vlašim, Czech Republic.
A semi-automatic pistol is a type of pistol that is semi-automatic, meaning it uses the energy of the fired cartridge to cycle the action of the firearm and advance the next available cartridge into position for firing.
Sharps Rifle Manufacturing Company was the manufacturer of Sharps Rifle.
A shell is a payload-carrying projectile that, as opposed to shot, contains an explosive or other filling, though modern usage sometimes includes large solid projectiles properly termed shot.
Shock sensitivity is a comparative measure of the sensitivity to sudden compression (by impact or blast) of an explosive chemical compound.
Shooting is the act or process of discharging a projectile from a ranged weapon (such as a gun, slingshot, crossbow, or bow. Even the acts of launching/discharging artillery, darts, grenades, rockets and guided missiles can be considered acts of shooting. When using a firearm, the act of shooting is often called firing as it involves initiating a combustion process (deflagration). Shooting can take place in a shooting range or in the field, in shooting sports, hunting or in combat. A person involved in the shooting activity is a shooter. A proficient shooter is a marksman or sharpshooter. A person's level of shooting proficiency is referred to as marksmanship.
Shot is a collective term for small balls or pellets, often made of lead.
A shotgun (also known as a scattergun, or historically as a fowling piece) is a firearm that is usually designed to be fired from the shoulder, which uses the energy of a fixed shell to fire a number of small spherical pellets called shot, or a solid projectile called a slug.
A shotgun shell is a self-contained cartridge typically loaded with multiple metallic "shot", which are small, generally spherical projectiles.
A modern shotgun slug is a heavy projectile made of lead, copper, or other material and fired from a shotgun.
Small arms include handguns (revolvers and pistols) and long guns, such as rifles, carbines, shotguns, submachine guns, assault rifles, personal defense weapons, and light machine guns.
Smith & Wesson (S&W) is an American manufacturer of firearms, ammunition and restraints.
The Smith & Wesson Model 1 was the first firearm manufactured by Smith & Wesson, with production spanning the years 1857 through 1882.
Smokeless powder is the name given to a number of propellants used in firearms and artillery that produce negligible smoke when fired, unlike the black powder they replaced.
A snap cap is a device which is shaped like a standard firearm cartridge but contains no primer, propellant or projectile.
The British.577 Snider–Enfield was a breech-loading rifle.
The spitzer bullet, also commonly referred to as a spire point bullet, is primarily a small arms ballistics development of the late 19th and early 20th century, driven by military desire for aerodynamic bullet designs that will give a higher degree of accuracy and kinetic efficiency, especially at extended ranges.
The Sporting Arms and Ammunition Manufacturers' Institute (SAAMI, pronounced "Sammy") is an association of American firearms and ammunition manufacturers.
A squib load, also known as a squib round, pop and no kick, or just a squib, is a firearm malfunction in which a fired projectile does not have enough force behind it to exit the barrel, and thus becomes stuck.
Static electricity is an imbalance of electric charges within or on the surface of a material.
Steel is an alloy of iron and carbon and other elements.
Supersonic travel is a rate of travel of an object that exceeds the speed of sound (Mach 1).
Table of selected pistol/submachine gun and rifle/machine gun cartridges by common name.
The Teat-fire cartridge was a.32 caliber pistol cartridge designed by Daniel Moore and manufactured by Moore and his partner David Williamson for their Pocket Revolver, was produced under both the Moore and National Arms marques by the National Arms Company of Brooklyn, New York in the mid-19th century.
The Crow is a 1994 American dark fantasy action film directed by Alex Proyas, written by David J. Schow and John Shirley.
The Thirty Years' War was a war fought primarily in Central Europe between 1618 and 1648.
The United States Navy's Sea, Air and Land Teams, commonly abbreviated as the Navy SEALs, are the U.S. Navy's primary special operations force and a component of the Naval Special Warfare Command.
Voere is an Austrian gunmaker best known for its VEC-91 bolt-action rifle using caseless ammunition.
The volt (symbol: V) is the derived unit for electric potential, electric potential difference (voltage), and electromotive force.
The Warsaw Pact, formally known as the Treaty of Friendship, Cooperation and Mutual Assistance, was a collective defence treaty signed in Warsaw, Poland among the Soviet Union and seven Soviet satellite states of Central and Eastern Europe during the Cold War.
.22 BB Cap (Bulleted Breech Cap) is a variety of.22 caliber rimfire ammunition.
.22 CB Cap (Conical Ball Cap) is a variety of.22 caliber rimfire ammunition which has a very small propellant charge (usually no gunpowder, just the primer), resulting in a low muzzle velocity of between 350 and 853 ft per second (107 and 260 m/s).
The.22 Long Rifle (metric designation: 5.6×15mmR) cartridge is a long-established variety of.22 caliber rimfire ammunition, and in terms of units sold is still by far the most common ammunition in the world today.
.22 Short is a variety of.22 caliber (5.6 mm) rimfire ammunition.
The.22-250 Remington is a very high-velocity (capable of reaching over 4000 feet per second), short action,.22 caliber rifle cartridge primarily used for varmint hunting and small game hunting, though it finds occasional use on deer.
The.223 Remington (.223 Rem) is a rifle cartridge.
The.30 Newton cartridge was designed by Charles Newton for Fred Adolph, a gunsmith, in 1913, and was originally known as the.30 Adolf Express.
The.30-06 Springfield cartridge (pronounced "thirty-aught-six" or "thirty-oh-six"), 7.62×63mm in metric notation and called ".30 Gov't '06" by Winchester, was introduced to the United States Army in 1906 and later standardized; it remained in use until the early 1980s.
The.300 Weatherby Magnum is a.30 caliber rifle cartridge created by Roy Weatherby in 1944 and produced by Weatherby.
The.300 Winchester Magnum (also known as.300 Win Mag or 300WM) (7.62×67mm) is a belted, bottlenecked magnum rifle cartridge that was introduced by Winchester Repeating Arms Company in 1963.
The.303 British (designated as the 303 British by the C.I.P. and SAAMI) or 7.7×56mmR, is a calibre (with the bore diameter measured between the lands as is common practice in Europe) rimmed rifle cartridge first developed in Britain as a black-powder round put into service in December 1888 for the Lee–Metford rifle.
The.308 Winchester (pronounced: "three-oh-eight") is a rimless, bottlenecked rifle cartridge and is the commercial cartridge from which the 7.62×51mm NATO round was derived.
.32 ACP (Automatic Colt Pistol), also known as the.32 Automatic, is a centerfire pistol cartridge.
The.338 Lapua Magnum (8.6×70mm or 8.58×70mm) is a rimless, bottlenecked, centerfire rifle cartridge.
The.357 S&W Magnum (9×33mmR), or simply.357 Magnum, is a revolver cartridge with a.357-inch (9.07 mm) bullet diameter.
The.375 Holland & Holland Magnum (9.5×72mmB) is a medium-bore rifle cartridge.
The.38 Short Colt (.38 SC) /.38 Short Center Fire (.38 SCF) was a heeled bullet cartridge intended for metallic cartridge conversions of the cap and ball Colt 1851 Navy Revolver from the American Civil War era.
The.38 Super is a pistol cartridge that fires a bullet.
The.380 ACP (9×17mm) (Automatic Colt Pistol) is a rimless, straight-walled pistol cartridge developed by firearms designer John Moses Browning.
The.40 S&W (10×22mm Smith & Wesson in unofficial metric notation) is a rimless pistol cartridge developed jointly by major American firearms manufacturers Smith & Wesson and Winchester.
The.44 Henry, also known as the.44 Rimfire, the.44 Long Rimfire, or the 11x23mmR (11x23mm Rimmed) in Europe, is a rimfire rifle and handgun cartridge featuring a -long brass or copper case.
The.44 Remington Magnum, or simply.44 Magnum (10.9×33mmR), and frequently.44 Mag, is a large-bore cartridge originally designed for revolvers.
The.45 ACP (Automatic Colt Pistol), or.45 Auto (11.43×23mm) is a handgun cartridge designed by John Browning in 1905, for use in his prototype Colt semi-automatic pistol.
The.45 Colt cartridge, which is sometimes called.45 Long Colt,.45 LC, or 11.43×33mmR, is a handgun cartridge dating to 1872.
The.45-70 rifle cartridge, also known as.45-70 Government, was developed at the U.S. Army's Springfield Armory for use in the Springfield Model 1873, which is known to collectors as the "trapdoor Springfield".
The.50 Browning Machine Gun (.50 BMG, 12.7×99mm NATO and designated as the 50 Browning by the C.I.P.) is a cartridge developed for the Browning.50 caliber machine gun in the late 1910s.
The.50-90 Sharps rifle cartridge is a black-powder cartridge that was introduced by Sharps Rifle Manufacturing Company in 1872 as a buffalo (American bison) hunting round.
The.56-56 Spencer was an American black powder rifle cartridge.
The 10mm Auto (10×25mm, official C.I.P. nomenclature: 10 mm Auto, official SAAMI nomenclature: 10mm Automatic) is a powerful semi-automatic pistol cartridge first developed by American Jeff Cooper and introduced in 1983 with the Bren Ten pistol.
The 12.7×108mm cartridge is a heavy machine gun and anti-materiel rifle cartridge used by the former Soviet Union, the former Warsaw Pact, modern Russia, and other countries.
The 14.5×114mm (.57 Cal) is a heavy machine gun and anti-materiel rifle cartridge used by the Soviet Union, the former Warsaw Pact, modern Russia, and other countries.
The 5.45×39mm cartridge is a rimless bottlenecked Intermediate cartridge.
The 5.56×45mm NATO (official NATO nomenclature 5.56 NATO) is a rimless bottlenecked intermediate cartridge family developed in Belgium by FN Herstal.
The 6.5×55mm (designated as the 6.5×55 Swedish by the SAAMI and 6,5 × 55 SE by the C.I.P.) is a first-generation smokeless powder rimless bottlenecked rifle cartridge.
The 7.62×39mm (aka 7.62 Soviet or formerly.30 Russian Short) round is a rimless bottlenecked intermediate cartridge of Soviet origin that was designed during World War II.
The 7.62×51mm NATO (official NATO nomenclature 7.62 NATO) is a rimless bottlenecked rifle cartridge developed in the 1950s as a standard for small arms among NATO countries.
The 7.62×54mmR is a rimmed rifle cartridge developed by the Russian Empire and introduced as a service cartridge in 1891.
The 7.92×57mm Mauser (designated as the 8mm Mauser or 8×57mm by the SAAMI and 8 × 57 IS by the C.I.P.) is a rimless bottlenecked rifle cartridge.
The 7×64mm (also unofficially known as the 7×64mm Brenneke, though its designer's name was never officially added as a part of the cartridge name) is a rimless bottlenecked centerfire cartridge developed for hunting.
The 7mm Remington Magnum rifle cartridge was introduced as a commercially available round in 1962, along with the new Remington Model 700 bolt-action rifle.
The 9.3×62mm (also known in the USA as the 9.3×62mm Mauser) is an 'all-around firearms cartridge' suitable for hunting larger species of animals in Africa, Europe, or North America. It was introduced by Otto Bock in 1905. At a typical, its 286 grain standard load balances recoil and power for effective use at up to about 250m (275 yds). The CIP Maximum Average Pressure (MAP) for the 9.3×62mm is 390 MPa (56,500 PSI). The 9.3×62mm was developed around 1905 by Berlin gunmaker Otto Bock, who designed it to fit into the Model 1898 Mauser bolt-action rifle. African hunters and settlers often chose military rifles for their reliability and low cost, but governments fearful of colonial rebellions often banned military-caliber bolt-action magazine rifles and their ammunition. The 9.3×62mm was never a military cartridge and so never had this problem. Like their military counterparts Mausers chambered in 9.3×62mm were relatively inexpensive and quite reliable. Because of these factors 9.3x62 quickly became popular in Africa and usage of the cartridge became widespread. The 9.3×74R is a rimmed 9.3 mm cartridge that evolved from the 9.3×72R black powder cartridge. The energy levels of the 9.3×62 and 9.3×74R cartridges are similar but in developmental terms are distinct as the cartridges are unrelated. The rimmed cartridge is slightly longer, allowing for lower pressure in the case while retaining muzzle velocity.
The 9×19mm Parabellum is a firearms cartridge that was designed by Georg Luger and introduced in 1902 by the German weapons manufacturer Deutsche Waffen und Munitionsfabriken (DWM) (German Weapons and Munitions Factory) for their Luger semi-automatic pistol.
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