146 relations: Abscess, Acute bronchitis, Acute interstitial pneumonitis, Acute respiratory distress syndrome, Acute severe asthma, Adenoid, Adenoid hypertrophy, Adenoviridae, Allergic rhinitis, Allergy, Aluminosis, Asbestos, Asbestosis, Asthma, Atelectasis, Avian influenza, Bacteria, Bacterial pneumonia, Bagassosis, Bauxite fibrosis, Berylliosis, Bird fancier's lung, Boil, Bronchiectasis, Bronchiolitis, Bronchitis, Bronchus, Byssinosis, Carbuncle, Chemical substance, Chlamydia infection, Chronic atrophic rhinitis, Chronic condition, Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, Coalworker's pneumoconiosis, Common cold, Croup, Dust, Empyema, Eosinophilia, Epiglottitis, Escherichia coli, Farmer's lung, Fiber, Fibrosis, Fibrothorax, Gas, Gram-negative bacteria, Haemophilus influenzae, Health care, ..., Hemopneumothorax, Hemothorax, Human nose, Hydrothorax, Hypersensitivity, Hypersensitivity pneumonitis, ICD-10, Idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis, Influenza, Inorganic compound, International Statistical Classification of Diseases and Related Health Problems, Interstitial lung disease, Interstitium, Kennel cough, Klebsiella pneumoniae, Laryngitis, Laryngospasm, Larynx, Löffler's syndrome, Liquid, List of surgical procedures, Lobar pneumonia, Lower respiratory tract infection, Lung, Lung abscess, Mediastinitis, Mediastinum, Medical classification, Mendelson's syndrome, Mycoplasma pneumoniae, Mycosis, Nasal concha, Nasal polyp, Nasal septum deviation, Nasal septum perforation, Nonallergic rhinitis, Organism, Orthomyxoviridae, Paranasal sinuses, Parapharyngeal abscess, Parasitism, Peritonsillar abscess, Pharyngitis, Pharynx, Pleural cavity, Pleural effusion, Pleural empyema, Pleural plaque, Pleurisy, Pneumoconiosis, Pneumomediastinum, Pneumonia, Pneumonitis, Pneumothorax, Pollen, Pseudomonas, Pulmonary alveolus, Pulmonary edema, Pulmonary insufficiency, Pulmonary talcosis, Pus, Radiation-induced lung injury, Respiratory failure, Respiratory system, Respiratory tract, Retropharyngeal abscess, Rhinitis, Rhinolith, Siderosis, Silicon dioxide, Silicosis, Sinusitis, Solid, Stannosis, Staphylococcus, Streptococcal pharyngitis, Streptococcus, Streptococcus agalactiae, Streptococcus pneumoniae, Suberosis, Thoracic diaphragm, Tonsil, Tonsillitis, Tracheitis, Tracheoesophageal fistula, Tracheotomy, Tuberculosis, Upper respiratory tract infection, Vapor, Vasomotor, Viral pneumonia, Virus, Vocal fold nodule, Vocal fold paresis, Vocal folds, World Health Organization. Expand index (96 more) » « Shrink index
An abscess is a collection of pus that has built up within the tissue of the body.
Acute bronchitis, also known as a chest cold, is short-term inflammation of the bronchi (large and medium-sized airways) of the lungs.
Acute interstitial pneumonitis (also known as acute interstitial pneumonia or Hamman–Rich syndrome) is a rare, severe lung disease that usually affects otherwise healthy individuals.
Acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) is a medical condition occurring in critically ill or critically wounded patients characterized by widespread inflammation in the lungs.
Acute severe asthma is an acute exacerbation of asthma that does not respond to standard treatments of bronchodilators (inhalers) and corticosteroids.
The adenoid, also known as a pharyngeal tonsil or nasopharyngeal tonsil, is the superior-most of the tonsils.
Adenoid hypertrophy (or enlarged adenoids) is the unusual growth (hypertrophy) of the adenoid (pharyngeal tonsil) first described in 1868 by the Danish physician Wilhelm Meyer (1824-1895) in Copenhagen.
Adenoviruses (members of the family Adenoviridae) are medium-sized (90–100 nm), nonenveloped (without an outer lipid bilayer) viruses with an icosahedral nucleocapsid containing a double stranded DNA genome.
Allergic rhinitis, also known as hay fever, is a type of inflammation in the nose which occurs when the immune system overreacts to allergens in the air.
Allergies, also known as allergic diseases, are a number of conditions caused by hypersensitivity of the immune system to typically harmless substances in the environment.
Aluminosis is a restrictive lung disease caused by exposure to aluminum-bearing dust.
Asbestos is a set of six naturally occurring silicate minerals, which all have in common their eponymous asbestiform habit: i.e. long (roughly 1:20 aspect ratio), thin fibrous crystals, with each visible fiber composed of millions of microscopic "fibrils" that can be released by abrasion and other processes.
Asbestosis is long term inflammation and scarring of the lungs due to asbestos.
Asthma is a common long-term inflammatory disease of the airways of the lungs.
Atelectasis is the collapse or closure of a lung resulting in reduced or absent gas exchange.
Avian influenza—known informally as avian flu or bird flu is a variety of influenza caused by viruses adapted to birds.
Bacteria (common noun bacteria, singular bacterium) is a type of biological cell.
Bacterial pneumonia is a type of pneumonia caused by bacterial infection.
Bagassosis, an interstitial lung disease, is a type of hypersensitivity pneumonitis attributed to exposure to moldy molasses (bagasse).
Bauxite pneumoconiosis, also known as Shaver's disease, corundum smelter's lung, bauxite lung or bauxite smelters' disease, is a progressive form of pneumoconiosis usually caused by occupational exposure to bauxite fumes which contain aluminium and silica particulates.
Berylliosis, or chronic beryllium disease (CBD), is a chronic allergic-type lung response and chronic lung disease caused by exposure to beryllium and its compounds, a form of beryllium poisoning.
Bird fancier's lung is a type of hypersensitivity pneumonitis caused by bird droppings.
A boil, also called a furuncle, is a deep folliculitis, infection of the hair follicle.
Bronchiectasis is a disease in which there is permanent enlargement of parts of the airways of the lung.
Bronchiolitis is blockage of the small airway in the lungs due to a viral infection.
Bronchitis is inflammation of the bronchi (large and medium-sized airways) in the lungs.
A bronchus, is a passage of airway in the respiratory system that conducts air into the lungs.
Byssinosis, also called "brown lung disease" or "Monday fever", is an occupational lung disease caused by exposure to cotton dust in inadequately ventilated working environments.
A carbuncle is a cluster of boils caused by bacterial infection, most commonly with Staphylococcus aureus or Streptococcus pyogenes.
A chemical substance, also known as a pure substance, is a form of matter that consists of molecules of the same composition and structure.
Chlamydia infection, often simply known as chlamydia, is a sexually transmitted infection caused by the bacterium Chlamydia trachomatis.
Chronic atrophic rhinitis is a chronic inflammation of nose characterised by atrophy of nasal mucosa, including the glands, turbinate bones and the nerve elements supplying the nose.
A chronic condition is a human health condition or disease that is persistent or otherwise long-lasting in its effects or a disease that comes with time.
Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is a type of obstructive lung disease characterized by long-term breathing problems and poor airflow.
Coal workers' pneumoconiosis (CWP), also known as black lung disease or black lung, is caused by long-term exposure to coal dust.
The common cold, also known simply as a cold, is a viral infectious disease of the upper respiratory tract that primarily affects the nose.
Croup, also known as laryngotracheobronchitis, is a type of respiratory infection that is usually caused by a virus.
Dust are fine particles of matter.
An empyema (from Greek ἐμπύημα, "abscess") is a collection or gathering of pus within a naturally existing anatomical cavity.
Eosinophilia is a condition in which the eosinophil count in the peripheral blood exceeds.
Epiglottitis is inflammation of the epiglottis—the flap at the base of the tongue that keeps food from going into the trachea (windpipe).
Escherichia coli (also known as E. coli) is a Gram-negative, facultatively anaerobic, rod-shaped, coliform bacterium of the genus Escherichia that is commonly found in the lower intestine of warm-blooded organisms (endotherms).
Farmer's lung (not to be confused with silo-filler's disease) is a hypersensitivity pneumonitis induced by the inhalation of biologic dusts coming from hay dust or mold spores or any other agricultural products.
Fiber or fibre (see spelling differences, from the Latin fibra) is a natural or synthetic substance that is significantly longer than it is wide.
Fibrosis is the formation of excess fibrous connective tissue in an organ or tissue in a reparative or reactive process.
Fibrothorax is a medical condition characterised by scarring (fibrosis) of the pleural space surrounding the lungs that is severe enough to cause reduced movement of the lung and ribcage.
Gas is one of the four fundamental states of matter (the others being solid, liquid, and plasma).
Gram-negative bacteria are bacteria that do not retain the crystal violet stain used in the gram-staining method of bacterial differentiation.
Haemophilus influenzae (formerly called Pfeiffer's bacillus or Bacillus influenzae) is a Gram-negative, coccobacillary, facultatively anaerobic pathogenic bacterium belonging to the Pasteurellaceae family.
Health care or healthcare is the maintenance or improvement of health via the prevention, diagnosis, and treatment of disease, illness, injury, and other physical and mental impairments in human beings.
Hemopneumothorax, or haemopneumothorax, is a medical term describing the combination of two conditions: pneumothorax, or air in the chest cavity, and hemothorax (also called hæmothorax), or blood in the chest cavity.
A hemothorax is a type of pleural effusion in which blood accumulates in the pleural cavity.
The human nose is the protruding part of the face that bears the nostrils.
Hydrothorax is a type of pleural effusion in which transudate accumulates in the pleural cavity.
Hypersensitivity (also called hypersensitivity reaction or intolerance) refers to undesirable reactions produced by the normal immune system, including allergies and autoimmunity.
Hypersensitivity pneumonitis (HP; also called allergic alveolitis, bagpipe lung, or extrinsic allergic alveolitis, EAA) is an inflammation of the alveoli within the lung caused by hypersensitivity to inhaled organic dusts.
ICD-10 is the 10th revision of the International Statistical Classification of Diseases and Related Health Problems (ICD), a medical classification list by the World Health Organization (WHO).
Idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF) is a type of chronic lung disease characterized by a progressive and irreversible decline in lung function.
Influenza, commonly known as "the flu", is an infectious disease caused by an influenza virus.
An inorganic compound is typically a chemical compound that lacks C-H bonds, that is, a compound that is not an organic compound, but the distinction is not defined or even of particular interest.
The International Classification of Diseases (ICD) is the international "standard diagnostic tool for epidemiology, health management and clinical purposes." Its full official name is International Statistical Classification of Diseases and Related Health Problems. The ICD is maintained by the World Health Organization (WHO), the directing and coordinating authority for health within the United Nations System.
Interstitial lung disease (ILD), or diffuse parenchymal lung disease (DPLD), is a group of lung diseases affecting the interstitium (the tissue and space around the air sacs of the lungs).
The interstitium is a contiguous fluid-filled space existing between the skin and the body organs, including muscles and the circulatory system.
Kennel cough (also known as canine infectious tracheobronchitis) is an upper respiratory infection affecting dogs.
Klebsiella pneumoniae is a Gram-negative, non-motile, encapsulated, lactose-fermenting, facultative anaerobic, rod-shaped bacterium.
Laryngitis is inflammation of the larynx (voice box).
In medicine, laryngospasm is an uncontrolled/involuntary muscular contraction (spasm) of the vocal folds.
The larynx, commonly called the voice box, is an organ in the top of the neck of tetrapods involved in breathing, producing sound, and protecting the trachea against food aspiration.
Löffler's syndrome or Loeffler's syndrome is a disease in which eosinophils accumulate in the lung in response to a parasitic infection.
A liquid is a nearly incompressible fluid that conforms to the shape of its container but retains a (nearly) constant volume independent of pressure.
The names of many surgical procedure names can be broken into parts to indicate the meaning.
Lobar pneumonia is a form of pneumonia that affects a large and continuous area of the lobe of a lung.
Lower respiratory tract infection (LRTI), while often used as a synonym for pneumonia, can also be applied to other types of infection including lung abscess and acute bronchitis.
The lungs are the primary organs of the respiratory system in humans and many other animals including a few fish and some snails.
Lung abscess is a type of liquefactive necrosis of the lung tissue and formation of cavities (more than 2 cm) containing necrotic debris or fluid caused by microbial infection.
Mediastinitis is inflammation of the tissues in the mid-chest, or mediastinum.
The mediastinum (from Medieval Latin mediastinus, "midway") is the central compartment of the thoracic cavity surrounded by loose connective tissue, as an undelineated region that contains a group of structures within the thorax.
Medical classification, or medical coding, is the process of transforming descriptions of medical diagnoses and procedures into universal medical code numbers.
Mendelson's syndrome is chemical pneumonitis or aspiration pneumonitis caused by aspiration during anaesthesia, especially during pregnancy.
Mycoplasma pneumoniae is a very small bacterium in the class Mollicutes.
Mycosis is a fungal infection of animals, including humans.
In anatomy, a nasal concha, plural conchae, also called a turbinate or turbinal, is a long, narrow, curled shelf of bone that protrudes into the breathing passage of the nose in humans and various animals.
Nasal polyps (NP) are noncancerous growths within the nose or sinuses.
Nasal septum deviation or deviated nasal septum (DNS) is a physical disorder of the nose, involving a displacement of the nasal septum.
A nasal septum perforation is a medical condition in which the nasal septum, the cartilaginous membrane dividing the nostrils, develops a hole or fissure.
Nonallergic rhinitis is inflammation of the inner part of the nose that is not caused by an allergy.
In biology, an organism (from Greek: ὀργανισμός, organismos) is any individual entity that exhibits the properties of life.
The Orthomyxoviruses (ὀρθός, orthós, Greek for "straight"; μύξα, mýxa, Greek for "mucus") are a family of RNA viruses that includes seven genera: Influenza virus A, Influenza virus B, Influenza virus C, Influenza virus D, Isavirus, Thogotovirus and Quaranjavirus.
Paranasal sinuses are a group of four paired air-filled spaces that surround the nasal cavity.
Parapharyngeal abscess is a deep neck abscess also known as abscess of pharyngomaxillary or lateral pharyngeal space.
In evolutionary biology, parasitism is a relationship between species, where one organism, the parasite, lives on or in another organism, the host, causing it some harm, and is adapted structurally to this way of life.
Peritonsillar abscess (PTA), also known as a quinsy, is pus due to an infection behind the tonsil.
Pharyngitis is inflammation of the back of the throat, known as the pharynx.
The pharynx (plural: pharynges) is the part of the throat that is behind the mouth and nasal cavity and above the esophagus and the larynx, or the tubes going down to the stomach and the lungs.
The pleural cavity is the thin fluid-filled space between the two pulmonary pleurae (known as visceral and parietal) of each lung.
A pleural effusion is excess fluid that accumulates in the pleural cavity, the fluid-filled space that surrounds the lungs.
Pleural empyema is a collection of pus in the pleural cavity caused by microorganisms, usually bacteria.
Macroscopic appearance of a pleural plaque. Pleural plaques are indicators of asbestos exposure, and the most common asbestos-induced lesion.
Pleurisy, also known as pleuritis, is inflammation of the membranes that surround the lungs and line the chest cavity (pleurae).
Pneumoconiosis is an occupational lung disease and a restrictive lung disease caused by the inhalation of dust, often in mines and from agriculture.
Pneumomediastinum (from Greek pneuma – "air", also known as mediastinal emphysema) is pneumatosis (abnormal presence of air or other gas) in the mediastinum.
Pneumonia is an inflammatory condition of the lung affecting primarily the small air sacs known as alveoli.
Pneumonitis or pulmonitis is an inflammation of lung tissue due to factors other than microorganisms.
A pneumothorax is an abnormal collection of air in the pleural space between the lung and the chest wall.
Pollen is a fine to coarse powdery substance comprising pollen grains which are male microgametophytes of seed plants, which produce male gametes (sperm cells).
Pseudomonas is a genus of Gram-negative, Gammaproteobacteria, belonging to the family Pseudomonadaceae and containing 191 validly described species.
A pulmonary alveolus (plural: alveoli, from Latin alveolus, "little cavity") is a hollow cavity found in the lung parenchyma, and is the basic unit of ventilation.
Pulmonary edema is fluid accumulation in the tissue and air spaces of the lungs.
Pulmonary insufficiency (or incompetence, or regurgitation) is a condition in which the pulmonary valve is incompetent and allows backflow from the pulmonary artery to the right ventricle of the heart during diastole.
Pulmonary talcosis, less specifically referred to as talcosis, is a pulmonary disorder caused by talc.
Pus is an exudate, typically white-yellow, yellow, or yellow-brown, formed at the site of inflammation during bacterial or fungal infection.
Radiation-induced lung injury is a general term for damage to the lungs which occurs as a result of exposure to ionizing radiation.
Respiratory failure results from inadequate gas exchange by the respiratory system, meaning that the arterial oxygen, carbon dioxide or both cannot be kept at normal levels.
The respiratory system (also respiratory apparatus, ventilatory system) is a biological system consisting of specific organs and structures used for gas exchange in animals and plants.
In humans, the respiratory tract is the part of the anatomy of the respiratory system involved with the process of respiration.
Retropharyngeal abscess (RPA) is an abscess located in the tissues in the back of the throat behind the posterior pharyngeal wall (the retropharyngeal space).
Rhinitis, also known as coryza, is irritation and inflammation of the mucous membrane inside the nose.
A rhinolith is a calculus present in the nasal cavity.
Siderosis is the deposition of excess iron in body tissue.
Silicon dioxide, also known as silica (from the Latin silex), is an oxide of silicon with the chemical formula, most commonly found in nature as quartz and in various living organisms.
Silicosis (also known as miner's phthisis, grinder's asthma, potter's rot and other occupation-related names, or by the invented name pneumonoultramicroscopicsilicovolcanoconiosis) is a form of occupational lung disease caused by inhalation of crystalline silica dust, and is marked by inflammation and scarring in the form of nodular lesions in the upper lobes of the lungs.
Sinusitis, also known as a sinus infection or rhinosinusitis, is inflammation of the sinuses resulting in symptoms.
Solid is one of the four fundamental states of matter (the others being liquid, gas, and plasma).
Stannosis is a benign non-fibrotic pneumoconiosis caused by exposure to tin oxides including stannous oxide (SnO) and stannic oxide (SnO2).
Staphylococcus (from the σταφυλή, staphylē, "grape" and κόκκος, kókkos, "granule") is a genus of Gram-positive bacteria.
Streptococcal pharyngitis, also known as strep throat, is an infection of the back of the throat including the tonsils caused by group A streptococcus (GAS).
Streptococcus (term coined by Viennese surgeon Albert Theodor Billroth (1829-1894) from strepto- "twisted" + Modern Latin coccus "spherical bacterium," from Greek kokkos meaning "berry") is a genus of coccus (spherical) Gram-positive bacteria belonging to the phylum Firmicutes and the order Lactobacillales (lactic acid bacteria).
Streptococcus agalactiae (also known as group B streptococcus or GBS) is a gram-positive coccus (round bacterium) with a tendency to form chains (as reflected by the genus name Streptococcus).
Streptococcus pneumoniae, or pneumococcus, is a Gram-positive, alpha-hemolytic (under aerobic conditions) or beta-hemolytic (under anaerobic conditions), facultative anaerobic member of the genus Streptococcus.
Suberosis, also known as corkhandler's disease or corkworker's lung, is a type of hypersensitivity pneumonitis usually caused by the fungus Penicillium glabrum (formerly called Penicillum frequentans) from exposure to moldy cork dust.
For other uses, see Diaphragm (disambiguation). The thoracic diaphragm, or simply the diaphragm (partition), is a sheet of internal skeletal muscle in humans and other mammals that extends across the bottom of the thoracic cavity.
Tonsils are collections of lymphoid tissue facing into the aerodigestive tract.
Tonsillitis is inflammation of the tonsils, typically of rapid onset.
Tracheitis is an inflammation of the trachea.
A tracheoesophageal fistula (TEF, or TOF; see spelling differences) is an abnormal connection (fistula) between the esophagus and the trachea.
Tracheotomy, or tracheostomy, is a surgical procedure which consists of making an incision on the anterior aspect of the neck and opening a direct airway through an incision in the trachea (windpipe).
Tuberculosis (TB) is an infectious disease usually caused by the bacterium Mycobacterium tuberculosis (MTB).
Upper respiratory tract infections (URTI) are illnesses caused by an acute infection which involves the upper respiratory tract including the nose, sinuses, pharynx or larynx.
In physics a vapor (American) or vapour (British and Canadian) is a substance in the gas phase at a temperature lower than its critical temperature,R.
Vasomotor refers to actions upon a blood vessel which alter its diameter.
Viral pneumonia is a pneumonia caused by a virus.
A virus is a small infectious agent that replicates only inside the living cells of other organisms.
Vocal fold nodules are bilaterally symmetrical benign white masses that form at the midpoint of the vocal folds.
Recurrent laryngeal nerve paralysis (also called vocal fold paralysis or paresis) is the medical term describing an injury to one or both recurrent laryngeal nerves (RLNs), which control all muscles of the larynx except for the cricothyroid muscle.
The vocal folds, also known commonly as vocal cords or voice reeds, are composed of twin infoldings of mucous membrane stretched horizontally, from back to front, across the larynx.
The World Health Organization (WHO; French: Organisation mondiale de la santé) is a specialized agency of the United Nations that is concerned with international public health.