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Auriga (constellation)

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Auriga is one of the 48 constellations listed by the 2nd-century astronomer Ptolemy and remains one of the 88 modern constellations. [1]

262 relations: A-type main-sequence star, Absolute magnitude, Adam, AE Aurigae, Aegis, Alexander Stewart Herschel, Almagest, Alpha Ophiuchi, Altair, Amalthea (mythology), Amphictyon, Antares, Antonia Maury, Aperture, Argonauts, Asclepius, Asterism (astronomy), Astronomical unit, Athena, Athens, Aurigids, Aztec, B-type main-sequence star, Bedouin, Bellerophon, Beta Aquilae, Beta Aurigae, Beta Tauri, Binary star, Bororo people, Brahma, Bright giant, Caiman, Calcium, California, Camelopardalis, Capella, Carbon, Carbon star, Carl Clarence Kiess, Caroline Islands, Castor (star), Celestial equator, Celestial sphere, Centre de données astronomiques de Strasbourg, Cepheid variable, Chariot, Charles Messier, Charles Piazzi Smyth, Chi Aurigae, ..., Chthonic, Cleostratus, Coma Berenicids, Comet, Constellation, Constellation family, Corona, Cuno Hoffmeister, Dearborn Observatory, Declination, Delta Aurigae, Delta Aurigids, Delta Leonis, Double star, DQ Herculis, Earth-grazing fireball, Edward Emerson Barnard, Emission nebula, Epsilon Aurigae, Equatorial coordinate system, Erichthonius of Athens, Eta Aurigae, Eugène Joseph Delporte, Eyepiece, Former constellations, G-type main-sequence star, Gaius Julius Hyginus, Galactic anticenter, Galactic Center, Gamma Aquilae, Gemini (constellation), Giant star, Giovanni Battista Riccioli, GK Persei, Gliese 268, Goat, Greek mythology, Guillaume Le Gentil, Haedi, HAT-P-9, HAT-P-9b, HD 30453, HD 40979, HD 40979 b, HD 43691, HD 43691 b, HD 45350, HD 45350 b, HD 49674, HD 49674 b, Heliacal rising, Hephaestus, Hermes, Hippodamia, Hippolytus (son of Theseus), Hot Jupiter, Hyades (star cluster), Hydra (constellation), Hydrogen, IC 405, Indian astronomy, Indigenous peoples of the Americas, Infrared, International Astronomical Union, Inuit, Iota Aurigae, Iron, Jacob Micyllus, Jason, Joel Stebbins, Johann Bayer, Johann Elert Bode, John August Anderson, Jupiter (mythology), Jupiter mass, Kappa Aurigae, Lambda Aurigae, Latin, Lepus (constellation), Lick Observatory, Light-year, Lists of constellations, Luminosity, Lynx (constellation), Main sequence, Marcus Manilius, Marshall Islands, Maximilian Hell, Medea, Mesopotamia, Messier 36, Messier 37, Messier 38, Metallicity, Methods of detecting exoplanets, Milky Way, Minute and second of arc, Mira variable, Monte Albán, Mount Olympus, Mount Wilson Observatory, Mu Aurigae, Mu Columbae, MUL.APIN, Mule, Myrtilus, Nebula, Nevada, New Mexico State University, NGC 1664, NGC 1893, NGC 1907, NGC 1931, NGC 2281, Nitrogen, North Pole, Northern Hemisphere, Nu Aurigae, Nuclear fusion, Nymph, O-type star, Oenomaus, Omega Aurigae, Ontong Java Atoll, Open cluster, Orion (constellation), Orion Nebula, Otto Wilhelm von Struve, Parsec, Pawnee people, Pegasus, Pelops, Perseus (constellation), Peter Jenniskens, Petroglyph, Phaedra (mythology), Photometry (astronomy), Pi (letter), Pi Aurigae, Pleiades, Pliny the Elder, Pollux (star), Popular Astronomy (US magazine), Proper motion, Psi1 Aurigae, Psi7 Aurigae, Ptolemy, Pukapuka, Quadriga, R Aurigae, Radial velocity, Radiant (meteor shower), Red dwarf, Red giant, Reflection nebula, Regulus, Right ascension, Robert Burnham, Jr., RT Aurigae, Scimitar, Scorpius, Sherburne Wesley Burnham, Sigma Aurigae, SIMBAD, Society Islands, Solar luminosity, Solar mass, Solar radius, Spectral line, Spectroscopy, SS Cygni, Star system, Stellar atmosphere, Stellar classification, Stellar evolution, Stellar kinematics, Stellar wind, Subgiant, Sun, Supergiant, Supernova, Surface brightness, T Aurigae, Tau Aurigae, Taurids, Taurus (constellation), Telescopium Herschelii, Theseus, Theta Aurigae, Thomas David Anderson, Titan (mythology), Upsilon Aurigae, Uranus, Ursa Major Moving Group, UU Aurigae, V603 Aquilae, Variable star, White dwarf, William Denning, William Herschel, William Wallace Campbell, Winter Hexagon, WZ Sagittae, X-ray, Xi Aurigae, Zenithal Hourly Rate, Zeta Aurigae, 14 Aurigae, 2 Aurigae, 40th parallel south, 53 Arietis, 9 Aurigae. Expand index (212 more) »

A-type main-sequence star

An A-type main-sequence star (A V) or A dwarf star is a main-sequence (hydrogen-burning) star of spectral type A and luminosity class V. These stars have spectra which are defined by strong hydrogen Balmer absorption lines.

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Absolute magnitude

Absolute magnitude is the measure of intrinsic brightness of a celestial object.

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Adam (אָדָם; Aramaic/Syriac: ܐܕܡ; آدم) is a figure from the Book of Genesis who is also mentioned in the New Testament, the deuterocanonical books, the Quran, the Book of Mormon, and the Book of Iqan.

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AE Aurigae

AE Aurigae (AE Aur) is a runaway star in the constellation Auriga; it lights the Flaming Star Nebula.

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The aegis or aigis (Αἰγίς; English pronunciation), as stated in the Iliad, is carried by Athena and Zeus, but its nature is uncertain.

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Alexander Stewart Herschel

Professor Alexander Stewart Herschel (5 February 1836 – 18 June 1907) was a British astronomer.

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The Almagest is a 2nd-century mathematical and astronomical treatise on the apparent motions of the stars and planetary paths.

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Alpha Ophiuchi

Alpha Ophiuchi (α Oph, α Ophiuchi) is the brightest star in the constellation Ophiuchus.

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Altair (α Aquilae, α Aql) is the brightest star in the constellation Aquila and the twelfth brightest star in the night sky.

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Amalthea (mythology)

In Greek mythology, Amalthea or Amaltheia (Ἀμάλθεια) is the most-frequently mentioned foster-mother of Zeus.

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Amphictyon (Ἀμφικτυών), in Greek mythology, was the second son of Deucalion and Pyrrha, although there was also a tradition that he was autochthonous (born from the earth); he is also said to be a son of Hellen son of Deucalion and Pyrrha.

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Antares, also known by its Bayer designation Alpha Scorpii (abbreviated to α Scorpii or α Sco), is the fifteenth brightest star in the nighttime sky and the brightest star in the constellation Scorpius, and is often referred to as "the heart of the scorpion".

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Antonia Maury

Antonia Maury (March 21, 1866–January 8, 1952) was an American astronomer who published an important early catalog of stellar spectra.

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In optics, an aperture is a hole or an opening through which light travels.

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The Argonauts (Ἀργοναῦται Argonautai) were a band of heroes in Greek mythology, who in the years before the Trojan War, around 1300 BCE, accompanied Jason to Colchis in his quest to find the Golden Fleece.

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Asclepius (Ἀσκληπιός, Asklēpiós; Aesculapius) was a god of medicine in ancient Greek religion and mythology.

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Asterism (astronomy)

In astronomy, an asterism is a pattern of stars recognized in the Earth's night sky.

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Astronomical unit

The astronomical unit (symbol au, AU or ua) is a unit of length, roughly the distance from the Earth to the Sun.

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Athena (Attic Greek: Ἀθηνᾶ, Athēnā, or Ἀθηναία, Athēnaia; Epic: Ἀθηναίη, Athēnaiē; Doric: Ἀθάνα, Athānā) or Athene (Ionic: Ἀθήνη, Athēnē), often given the epithet Pallas (Παλλὰς), is the goddess of wisdom, courage, inspiration, civilization, law and justice, mathematics, strength, war strategy, the arts, crafts, and skill in ancient Greek religion and mythology.

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Athens (Αθήνα, Athína,; Ἀθῆναι, Athēnai) is the capital and largest city of Greece.

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Aurigids is a meteor shower occurring primarily within September.

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The Aztec people were certain ethnic groups of central Mexico, particularly those groups who spoke the Nahuatl language and who dominated large parts of Mesoamerica from the 14th to 16th centuries.

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B-type main-sequence star

A B-type main-sequence star (B V) is a main-sequence (hydrogen-burning) star of spectral type B and luminosity class V. These stars have from 2 to 16 times the mass of the Sun and surface temperatures between 10,000 and 30,000 K. B-type stars are extremely luminous and blue.

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The Bedouin (also Bedouins; from the Arabic badw بَدْو or badawiyyīn/badawiyyūn/"Al Buainain بَدَوِيُّون, plurals of badawī بَدَوِي) are an Arab seminomadic group, descended from nomads who have historically inhabited the Arabian and Syrian Deserts.

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Bellerophon (Βελλεροφῶν) or Bellerophontes (Βελλεροφόντης) is a hero of Greek mythology.

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Beta Aquilae

Beta Aquilae (β Aql, β Aquilae) is a star in the constellation Aquila.

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Beta Aurigae

Beta Aurigae (β Aur, β Aurigae) is the Bayer designation for a binary star system in the northern constellation of Auriga.

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Beta Tauri

Beta Tauri (β Tau, β Tauri) is the second brightest star in the constellation Taurus, with an apparent magnitude of 1.68.

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Binary star

A binary star is a star system consisting of two stars orbiting around their common center of mass.

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Bororo people

The Bororo people are an indigenous people of Brazil, living in the state of Mato Grosso.

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Brahmā is the deva (god) of creation in Hinduism.

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Bright giant

The luminosity class II in the Yerkes spectral classification is given to bright giants.

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A caiman is an alligatorid crocodilian belonging to the subfamily Caimaninae, one of two primary lineages within Alligatoridae, the other being alligators.

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Calcium is a chemical element with symbol Ca and atomic number 20.

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California is a state located on the West Coast of the United States.

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Camelopardalis or the Giraffe constellation is a large, faint grouping of stars in the northern sky.

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Capella is the brightest star in the constellation Auriga, the sixth brightest in the night sky and the third brightest in the northern celestial hemisphere, after Arcturus and Vega.

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Carbon (from carbo "coal") is a chemical element with symbol C and atomic number 6.

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Carbon star

A carbon star is a late-type star similar to a red giant (or occasionally to a red dwarf) whose atmosphere contains more carbon than oxygen; the two elements combine in the upper layers of the star, forming carbon monoxide, which consumes all the oxygen in the atmosphere, leaving carbon atoms free to form other carbon compounds, giving the star a "sooty" atmosphere and a strikingly ruby red appearance.

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Carl Clarence Kiess

Carl Clarence Kiess (October 18, 1887 – October 16, 1967) was an American astronomer.

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Caroline Islands

The Caroline Islands (Islas Carolinas in Spanish, Karolinen in German) are a widely scattered archipelago of tiny islands in the western Pacific Ocean, to the north of New Guinea.

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Castor (star)

Castor (α Gem, α Geminorum, Alpha Geminorum) is the second brightest star in the constellation Gemini and one of the brightest stars in the night sky.

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Celestial equator

The celestial equator is a great circle on the imaginary celestial sphere, in the same plane as the Earth's equator.

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Celestial sphere

In astronomy and navigation, the celestial sphere is an imaginary sphere of arbitrarily large radius, concentric with Earth.

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Centre de données astronomiques de Strasbourg

The Centre de données astronomiques de Strasbourg (CDS; English translation: Strasbourg Astronomical Data Center) is a data hub which collects and distributes astronomical information.

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Cepheid variable

A Cepheid variable is a star that pulsates radially, varying in both temperature and diameter to produce brightness changes with a well-defined stable period and amplitude.

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A chariot is a type of carriage driven by a charioteer using primarily horses to provide rapid motive power.

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Charles Messier

Charles Messier (26 June 1730 – 12 April 1817) was a French astronomer most notable for publishing an astronomical catalogue consisting of nebulae and star clusters that came to be known as the 110 "Messier objects".

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Charles Piazzi Smyth

Charles Piazzi Smyth (3 January 1819 – 21 February 1900), was Astronomer Royal for Scotland from 1846 to 1888, well known for many innovations in astronomy and his pyramidological and metrological studies of the Great Pyramid of Giza.

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Chi Aurigae

Chi Aurigae (χ Aur, χ Aurigae) is the Bayer designation for a binary star in the northern constellation of Auriga.

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Chthonic (from Greek χθόνιος khthonios, "in, under, or beneath the earth", from χθών khthōn "earth") literally means "subterranean".

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Cleostratus (Κλεόστρατος; b. c. 520 BC; d. possibly 432 BC) was an astronomer of ancient Greece.

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Coma Berenicids

Coma Berenicids (IMO designation: CBE; IAU shower number: 20) is a minor meteor shower, originating from the constellation Coma Berenices.

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A comet is an icy small Solar System body that, when passing close to the Sun, heats up and begins to outgas, displaying a visible atmosphere or coma, and sometimes also a tail.

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In modern astronomy, a constellation is a specific area of the celestial sphere as defined by the International Astronomical Union (IAU).

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Constellation family

Constellation familiesMajumdar, R. C., et al.

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A corona (Latin, 'crown') is an aura of plasma that surrounds the sun and other celestial bodies.

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Cuno Hoffmeister

Cuno Hoffmeister (2 February 1892 – 2 January 1968) was a German astronomer and founder of Sonneberg Observatory.

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Dearborn Observatory

The Dearborn Observatory is an astronomical observatory located on the Evanston campus of Northwestern University.

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In astronomy, declination (abbreviated dec; symbol δ) is one of the two angles that locate a point on the celestial sphere in the equatorial coordinate system, the other being hour angle.

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Delta Aurigae

Delta Aurigae (δ Aur, δ Aurigae) is the Bayer designation for an astrometric binary star in the constellation Auriga.

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Delta Aurigids

Delta Aurigids is a minor reliable meteor shower that takes place from mid-September to early October.

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Delta Leonis

Delta Leonis (δ Leo, δ Leonis) is a star in the zodiac constellation of Leo.

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Double star

In observational astronomy, a double star is a pair of stars that appear close to each other in the sky as seen from Earth when viewed through an optical telescope.

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DQ Herculis

DQ Herculis (or Nova Herculis 1934) was a slow, bright nova occurring in Hercules in December 1934.

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Earth-grazing fireball

An Earth-grazing fireball (or Earth-grazer) is a fireball, a very bright meteor that enters Earth’s atmosphere and leaves again.

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Edward Emerson Barnard

Edward Emerson Barnard (December 16, 1857 – February 6, 1923) was an American astronomer.

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Emission nebula

An emission nebula is a nebula formed of ionized gases that emit light of various colors.

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Epsilon Aurigae

Epsilon Aurigae (ε Aur, ε Aurigae) is the Bayer designation for a star in the northern constellation of Auriga.

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Equatorial coordinate system

The equatorial coordinate system is a widely used celestial coordinate system used to specify the positions of celestial objects.

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Erichthonius of Athens

King Erichthonius (Ἐριχθόνιος Erichthonios) was a legendary early ruler of ancient Athens, Greece.

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Eta Aurigae

Eta Aurigae (η Aur, η Aurigae) is a star in the constellation Auriga.

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Eugène Joseph Delporte

Eugène Joseph Delporte (10 January 1882–19 October 1955) was a Belgian astronomer born in Genappe.

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An eyepiece, or ocular lens, is a type of lens that is attached to a variety of optical devices such as telescopes and microscopes.

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Former constellations

Former constellations are constellations that are no longer recognized by the International Astronomical Union for various reasons.

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G-type main-sequence star

A G-type main-sequence star (Spectral type: G-V), often (and imprecisely) called a yellow dwarf, or G dwarf star, is a main-sequence star (luminosity class V) of spectral type G. Such a star has about 0.8 to 1.2 solar masses and surface temperature of between 5,300 and 6,000 K., G. M. H. J. Habets and J. R. W. Heintze, Astronomy and Astrophysics Supplement 46 (November 1981), pp.

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Gaius Julius Hyginus

Gaius Julius Hyginus (64 BC – AD 17) was a Latin author, a pupil of the famous Cornelius Alexander Polyhistor, and a freedman of Caesar Augustus.

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Galactic anticenter

The galactic anticenter is a theoretical point in the sky that lies directly opposite the center of the Milky Way.

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Galactic Center

The Galactic Center is the rotational center of the Milky Way.

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Gamma Aquilae

Gamma Aquilae (γ Aql, γ Aquilae) is a star in the constellation Aquila.

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Gemini (constellation)

Gemini is one of the constellations of the zodiac.

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Giant star

A giant star is a star with substantially larger radius and luminosity than a main-sequence (or dwarf) star of the same surface temperature.

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Giovanni Battista Riccioli

Giovanni Battista Riccioli (17 April 1598 – 25 June 1671) was an Italian astronomer and a Catholic priest in the Jesuit order.

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GK Persei

GK Persei (also Nova Persei 1901) was a bright nova occurring in 1901.

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Gliese 268

Gliese 268 (QY Aurigae) is a RS Canum Venaticorum variable star in the Auriga constellation.

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The domestic goat (Capra aegagrus hircus) is a subspecies of goat domesticated from the wild goat of southwest Asia and Eastern Europe.

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Greek mythology

Greek mythology is the body of myths and teachings that belong to the ancient Greeks, concerning their gods and heroes, the nature of the world, and the origins and significance of their own cult and ritual practices.

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Guillaume Le Gentil

Guillaume Joseph Hyacinthe Jean-Baptiste Le Gentil de la Galaisière (Coutances, 12 September 1725 – Paris, 22 October 1792) was a French astronomer.

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Haedi, (the Kids), is a classical and easily observed pair of stars in the constellation of Auriga.

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HAT-P-9b is an extrasolar planet approximately 1560 light years away in the constellation Auriga.

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HD 30453

HD 30453 (HR 1528) is a double-lined spectroscopic binary in the northern constellation of Auriga.

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HD 40979

HD 40979 is a yellow-white dwarf star about 108 light-years away in the constellation of Auriga.

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HD 40979 b

HD 40979 b is an extrasolar planet orbiting the star HD 40979, was detected from the Lick and Keck observatories and photometric observations at Fairborn Observatory reveal low-amplitude brightness variations in HD 40979.

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HD 43691

HD 43691 is a G-type star with magnitude +8.03 located approximately 260 light-years away in the constellation Auriga.

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HD 43691 b

HD 43691 b is a massive jovian planet located approximately 260 light-years away in the constellation of Auriga.

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HD 45350

HD 45350 is an 8th magnitude star located approximately 160 light-years away in the constellation of Auriga.

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HD 45350 b

HD 45350 b is an extrasolar planet located approximately 160 light-years away in the constellation of Auriga.

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HD 49674

HD 49674 is an 8th magnitude G-type main-sequence star (spectral type G5V) located approximately 144 light years away in the constellation of Auriga.

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HD 49674 b

HD 49674 b is an extrasolar planet located approximately 134 light-years away in the constellation of Auriga, orbiting the star HD 49674.

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Heliacal rising

The heliacal rising of a star occurs annually when it first becomes visible above the eastern horizon for a brief moment just before sunrise, after a period of time when it had not been visible.

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Hephaestus (or; eight spellings; Ancient Greek: Ἥφαιστος Hēphaistos) is the Greek god of blacksmiths, craftsmen, artisans, sculptors, metals, metallurgy, fire and volcanoes.

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Hermes (Ἑρμῆς) is an Olympian god in Greek religion and mythology, the son of Zeus and the Pleiad Maia.

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Hippodamia (also Hippodamea and Hippodameia; Ἱπποδάμεια) is a mythological figure, the daughter of King Oenomaus of Pisa and either Evarete of Argos, the daughter of Acrisius and Eurydice, or Eurythoe, daughter of Danaus.

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Hippolytus (son of Theseus)

''The Death of Hippolytus'', by Sir Lawrence Alma-Tadema (1836–1912). In Greek mythology, Hippolytus (Ἱππόλυτος meaning "unleasher of horses") was a son of Theseus and either Antiope or Hippolyte.

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Hot Jupiter

Hot Jupiters (also called roaster planets, epistellar jovians, pegasids or pegasean planets) are a class of extrasolar planets whose characteristics are similar to Jupiter, but that have high surface temperatures because they orbit very close—between approximately —to their parent stars, whereas Jupiter orbits its parent star (the Sun) at, causing low surface temperatures.

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Hyades (star cluster)

The Hyades (Greek Ὑάδες, also known as Melotte 25 or Collinder 50) is the nearest open cluster to the Solar System and one of the best-studied of all star clusters.

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Hydra (constellation)

Hydra is the largest of the 88 constellations, measuring 1303 square degrees.

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Hydrogen is a chemical element with chemical symbol H and atomic number 1.

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IC 405

IC 405 (also known as the Flaming Star Nebula, SH 2-229, or Caldwell 31) is an emission/reflection nebula in the constellation Auriga, surrounding the bluish star AE Aurigae.

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Indian astronomy

From pre-historic to modern times, Indian astronomy continues to play an integral role.

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Indigenous peoples of the Americas

The indigenous peoples of the Americas are the pre-Columbian inhabitants of North and South America, and their descendants. Pueblos indígenas (indigenous peoples) is a common term in Spanish-speaking countries. Aborigen (aboriginal/native) is used in Argentina, whereas "Amerindian" is used in Quebec and The Guianas but not commonly in other countries. Indigenous peoples are commonly known in Canada as Aboriginal peoples, which include First Nations, Inuit, and Métis peoples. Indigenous peoples of the United States are commonly known as Native Americans or American Indians, and Alaska Natives. According to the prevailing New World migration model, migrations of humans from Asia (in particular North Asia) to the Americas took place via Beringia, a land bridge which connected the two continents across what is now the Bering Strait. The majority of experts agree that the earliest migration via Beringia took place at least 13,500 years ago, with disputed evidence that people had migrated into the Americas much earlier, up to 40,000 years ago. These early Paleo-Indians spread throughout the Americas, diversifying into many hundreds of culturally distinct nations and tribes. According to the oral histories of many of the indigenous peoples of the Americas, they have been living there since their genesis, described by a wide range of creation myths. Application of the term "Indian" originated with Christopher Columbus, who, in his search for Asia, thought that he had arrived in the East Indies. The Americas came to be known as the "West Indies", a name still used to refer to the islands of the Caribbean sea. This led to the names "Indies" and "Indian", which implied some kind of racial or cultural unity among the aboriginal peoples of the Americas. This unifying concept, codified in law, religion, and politics, was not originally accepted by indigenous peoples but has been embraced by many over the last two centuries. Even though the term "Indian" often does not include the Aleuts, Inuit, or Yupik peoples, these groups are considered indigenous peoples of the Americas. Although some indigenous peoples of the Americas were traditionally hunter-gatherers—and many, especially in Amazonia, still are—many groups practiced aquaculture and agriculture. The impact of their agricultural endowment to the world is a testament to their time and work in reshaping and cultivating the flora indigenous to the Americas. Although some societies depended heavily on agriculture, others practiced a mix of farming, hunting, and gathering. In some regions the indigenous peoples created monumental architecture, large-scale organized cities, chiefdoms, states, and empires. Many parts of the Americas are still populated by indigenous Americans; some countries have sizable populations, especially Belize, Bolivia, Colombia, Ecuador, Greenland, Guatemala, Mexico, and Peru. At least a thousand different indigenous languages are spoken in the Americas. Some, such as Quechua, Aymara, Guaraní, Mayan languages, and Nahuatl, count their speakers in millions. Many also maintain aspects of indigenous cultural practices to varying degrees, including religion, social organization, and subsistence practices. Like most cultures, over time, cultures specific to many Indigenous peoples have evolved to incorporate traditional aspects, but also cater to modern needs. Some indigenous peoples still live in relative isolation from Western society, and a few are still counted as uncontacted peoples.

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Infrared (IR) is invisible radiant energy, electromagnetic radiation with longer wavelengths than those of visible light, extending from the nominal red edge of the visible spectrum at 700 nanometers (frequency 430 THz) to 1 mm (300 GHz) (although people can see infrared up to at least 1050 nm in experiments).

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International Astronomical Union

The International Astronomical Union (IAU; Union astronomique internationale, UAI) is a collection of professional astronomers, at the PhD level and beyond, active in professional research and education in astronomy.

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Inuit (pronounced or; Inuktitut: ᐃᓄᐃᑦ, "the people") are a group of culturally similar indigenous peoples inhabiting the Arctic regions of Greenland, Canada, and Alaska.

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Iota Aurigae

Iota Aurigae (ι Aur, ι Aurigae) is a star in the northern constellation of Auriga.

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Iron is a chemical element with symbol Fe (from ferrum) and atomic number 26.

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Jacob Micyllus

Jacob Micyllus, (6 April 1503 – 28 January 1558) was a German Renaissance humanist and teacher, who conducted the city's Latin school in Frankfurt and held a chair at the University of Heidelberg, during times of great cultural stress in Germany.

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Jason (Ἰάσων Iásōn) was an ancient Greek mythological hero who was famous for his role as the leader of the Argonauts and their quest for the Golden Fleece.

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Joel Stebbins

Joel Stebbins (July 30, 1878 – March 16, 1966) was an American astronomer who pioneered photoelectric photometry in astronomy.

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Johann Bayer

Johann Bayer (1572 – 7 March 1625) was a German lawyer and uranographer (celestial cartographer).

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Johann Elert Bode

Johann Elert Bode (19 January 1747 – 23 November 1826) was a German astronomer known for his reformulation and popularization of the Titius–Bode law.

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John August Anderson

John August Anderson (August 7, 1876 – December 2, 1959) was an American astronomer.

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Jupiter (mythology)

Jupiter (Iuppiter;; genitive case: Iovis) or Jove is the king of the gods and the god of sky and thunder in Ancient Roman religion and mythology.

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Jupiter mass

Jupiter mass is the unit of mass equal to the total mass of the planet Jupiter (317.83 Earth mass; one Earth mass equals 0.00315 Jupiter masses).

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Kappa Aurigae

Kappa Aurigae (κ Aur, κ Aurigae) is the Bayer designation for a star in the northern constellation of Auriga.

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Lambda Aurigae

Lambda Aurigae (λ Aur, λ Aurigae) is the Bayer designation for a solar analog star in the northern constellation of Auriga.

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Latin (Latin: lingua latīna) is a classical language belonging to the Italic branch of the Indo-European languages.

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Lepus (constellation)

Lepus (colloquially) is a constellation lying just south of the celestial equator, immediately south of Orion.

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Lick Observatory

The Lick Observatory is an astronomical observatory, owned and operated by the University of California.

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A light-year (abbreviation: ly), sometimes written light year, is a unit of length used informally to express astronomical distances.

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Lists of constellations

The following lists of constellations are available.

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In astronomy, luminosity is the total amount of energy emitted by a star, galaxy, or other astronomical object per unit time.

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Lynx (constellation)

Lynx is a constellation in the northern sky, introduced in the 17th century by Johannes Hevelius.

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Main sequence

In astronomy, the main sequence is a continuous and distinctive band of stars that appears on plots of stellar color versus brightness.

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Marcus Manilius

Marcus Manilius (fl. 1st century AD) was a Roman poet, astrologer, and author of a poem in five books called Astronomica.

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Marshall Islands

The Marshall Islands, officially the Republic of the Marshall Islands (Aolepān Aorōkin M̧ajeļ),Pronunciations:* English: Republic of the Marshall Islands * Marshallese: Aolepān Aorōkin M̧ajeļ is an island country located near the equator in the Pacific Ocean, slightly west of the International Date Line.

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Maximilian Hell

Maximilian Hell (Hell Miksa) (May 15, 1720 – April 14, 1792) was a Hungarian astronomer and an ordained Jesuit priest from the Kingdom of Hungary.

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In Greek mythology, Medea (Μήδεια, Mēdeia, მედეა, Medea) is a sorceress who was the daughter of King Aeëtes of Colchis, niece of Circe, granddaughter of the sun god Helios, and later wife to the hero Jason, with whom she had two children, Mermeros and Pheres.

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Mesopotamia (from the Μεσοποταμία " between rivers"; بلاد الرافدين bilād ar-rāfidayn; میان‌رودان miyān rodān; ܒܝܬ ܢܗܪܝܢ Beth Nahrain "land of rivers") is a name for the area of the Tigris–Euphrates river system, corresponding to modern-day Iraq, Kuwait, the northeastern section of Syria, as well as parts of southeastern Turkey and of southwestern Iran.

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Messier 36

Open Cluster M36 (also known as Messier Object 36, Messier 36, M36, or NGC 1960) is an open cluster in the Auriga constellation.

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Messier 37

Messier 37 (also known as M37 or NGC 2099) is the richest open cluster in the constellation Auriga.

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Messier 38

Messier 38 (also known as M38 or NGC 1912) is an open cluster in the Auriga constellation.

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In astronomy and physical cosmology, the metallicity or Z, is the fraction of mass of a star or other kind of astronomical object, beyond hydrogen (X) and helium (Y).

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Methods of detecting exoplanets

Any planet has an extremely faint light source compared to its parent star.

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Milky Way

The Milky Way is the galaxy that contains our Solar System.

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Minute and second of arc

A minute of arc (MOA), arcminute (arcmin) or minute arc is a unit of angular measurement equal to one-sixtieth of one degree.

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Mira variable

Mira variables, named after the prototype star Mira, are a class of pulsating variable stars characterized by very red colours, pulsation periods longer than 100 days, and amplitudes greater than one magnitude in infrared and 2.5 magnitude at visual wavelengths.

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Monte Albán

Monte Albán is a large pre-Columbian archaeological site in the Santa Cruz Xoxocotlán Municipality in the southern Mexican state of Oaxaca (17.043° N, 96.767°W).

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Mount Olympus

Mount Olympus (Όλυμπος; also transliterated as Olympos, and on Greek maps, Oros Olympos) is the highest mountain in Greece and the second highest mountain in the Balkans.

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Mount Wilson Observatory

The Mount Wilson Observatory (MWO) is an astronomical observatory in Los Angeles County, California, United States.

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Mu Aurigae

Mu Aurigae (μ Aur, μ Aurigae) is the Bayer designation for a star in the northern constellation of Auriga.

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Mu Columbae

Mu Columbae (μ Col, μ Columbae) is a star in the constellation of Columba.

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MUL.APIN is the conventional title given to a Babylonian compendium that deals with many diverse aspects of Babylonian astronomy and astrology.

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A mule is the offspring of a male donkey (jack) and a female horse (mare).

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In Greek mythology, Myrtilus (Μυρτίλος) was a divine hero and son of Hermes.

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A nebula (Latin for "cloud"; pl. nebulae, nebulæ, or nebulas) is an interstellar cloud of dust, hydrogen, helium and other ionized gases.

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Nevada is a state in the Western, Mountain West, and Southwestern regions of the United States.

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New Mexico State University

New Mexico State University (commonly referred to as NMSU-Las Cruces, NMSU, New Mexico State, or NM State), is a major public, land-grant, research university in Las Cruces, New Mexico, United States.

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NGC 1664

NGC 1664 is an open cluster in the constellation of Auriga.

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NGC 1893

NGC 1893 is an open cluster in the constellation Auriga.

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NGC 1907

NGC 1907 is an open star cluster around 4,500 light years from Earth.

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NGC 1931

NGC 1931, found in the constellation Auriga has been referred to as a "miniature version of the Orion Nebula", as it shares some of the same characteristics.

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NGC 2281

NGC 2281 is an open cluster in the constellation Auriga.

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Nitrogen is a chemical element with symbol N and atomic number 7.

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North Pole

The North Pole, also known as the Geographic North Pole, Celestial North Pole, or Terrestrial North Pole, is (subject to the caveats explained below) defined as the point in the Northern Hemisphere where the Earth's axis of rotation meets its surface.

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Northern Hemisphere

The Northern Hemisphere of Earth is the half that is north of the equator.

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Nu Aurigae

Nu Aurigae (ν Aur, ν Aurigae) is the Bayer designation for a star in the northern constellation of Auriga.

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Nuclear fusion

In nuclear physics, nuclear fusion is a nuclear reaction in which two or more atomic nuclei come very close and then collide at a very high speed and join to form a new nucleus.

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A nymph (νύμφη, nymphē) in Greek mythology and in Latin mythology is a minor female nature deity typically associated with a particular location or landform.

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O-type star

An O-type star is a hot, blue-white star of spectral type O in the Yerkes classification system employed by astronomers.

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In Greek mythology, King Oenomaus (also Oenamaus; Οἱνόμαος) of Pisa, the father of Hippodamia, was the son of Ares, either by the naiad Harpina (daughter of the river god Phliasian Asopus, the armed (harpe) spirit of a spring near Pisa) or by Sterope, one of the Pleiades, whom some identify as his consort instead.

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Omega Aurigae

Omega Aurigae (ω Aurigae) is the Bayer designation for a double star in the northern constellation of Auriga.

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Ontong Java Atoll

Ontong Java Atoll or Luangiua is one of the largest atolls on earth.

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Open cluster

An open cluster, also known as galactic cluster, is a group of up to a few thousand stars that were formed from the same giant molecular cloud and have roughly the same age.

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Orion (constellation)

Orion is a prominent constellation located on the celestial equator and visible throughout the world.

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Orion Nebula

The Orion Nebula (also known as Messier 42, M42, or NGC 1976) is a diffuse nebula situated in the Milky Way, being south of Orion's Belt in the constellation of Orion.

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Otto Wilhelm von Struve

Otto Wilhelm von Struve (May 7, 1819 (Julian calendar: April 25) – April 14, 1905) was a Russian astronomer.

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A parsec (symbol: pc) is a unit of length used to measure the astronomically large distances to objects outside the Solar System.

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Pawnee people

The Pawnee are a Midwestern Native American tribe of the Great Plains who speak the Caddoan Language and have 5 confederated bands: the Chaui, Kitkehakhi, Kawarikis, Pitahawiratawa and Skidi.

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Pegasus (Πήγασος, Pēgasos; Latin: Pegasus) is one of the best known creatures in Greek mythology.

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In Greek mythology, Pelops (Greek: Πέλοψ), was king of Pisa in the Peloponnesus.

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Perseus (constellation)

Perseus, named after the Greek mythological hero Perseus, is a constellation in the northern sky.

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Peter Jenniskens

Petrus Matheus Marie (Peter) Jenniskens (born 2 August 1962 in Horst) is a Dutch and American astronomer and a senior research scientist at the Carl Sagan Center of the SETI Institute and at NASA Ames Research Center.

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Petroglyphs are pictogram and logogram images created by removing part of a rock surface by incising, picking, carving, or abrading.

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Phaedra (mythology)

In Greek mythology, Phaedra (Φαίδρα, Phaidra) is the daughter of Minos and Pasiphaë, wife of Theseus, sister of Ariadne, and the mother of Demophon of Athens and Acamas.

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Photometry (astronomy)

Photometry is a technique of astronomy concerned with measuring the flux, or intensity of an astronomical object's electromagnetic radiation.

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Pi (letter)

Pi (Greek:, uppercase Π, lowercase π) is the sixteenth letter of the Greek alphabet, representing.

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Pi Aurigae

Pi Aurigae (π Aur, π Aurigae) is the Bayer designation for a star in the northern constellation of Auriga.

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In astronomy, the Pleiades, or Seven Sisters (Messier 45 or M45), is an open star cluster containing middle-aged hot B-type stars located in the constellation of Taurus.

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Pliny the Elder

Gaius Plinius Secundus (AD 23 – August 25, AD 79), better known as Pliny the Elder, was a Roman author, naturalist, and natural philosopher, as well as naval and army commander of the early Roman Empire and personal friend of the emperor Vespasian.

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Pollux (star)

Pollux (β Gem, β Geminorum, Beta Geminorum) is a star in the northern constellation of Gemini.

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Popular Astronomy (US magazine)

Popular Astronomy was a magazine for amateur astronomers published between 1893 and 1951.

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Proper motion

Proper motion is the astronomical measure of the observed changes in apparent positions of stars in the sky as seen from the center of mass of the Solar System, as compared to the imaginary fixed background of the more distant stars.

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Psi1 Aurigae

Psi1 Aurigae (ψ1 Aur, ψ1 Aurigae) is the Bayer designation for a star in the northern constellation of Auriga.

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Psi7 Aurigae

Psi7 Aurigae (ψ7 Aur, ψ7 Aurigae) is the Bayer designation for a single star in the northern constellation of Auriga.

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Claudius Ptolemy (Κλαύδιος Πτολεμαῖος, Klaúdios Ptolemaîos,; Claudius Ptolemaeus) was a Greco-Egyptian writer of Alexandria, known as a mathematician, astronomer, geographer, astrologer, and poet of a single epigram in the Greek Anthology.

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Pukapuka is a coral atoll in the Cook Islands in the Pacific Ocean, with three small islets threaded on a reef that encloses a beautifully clear lagoon.

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A quadriga (Latin quadri-, four, and iugum, yoke) is a car or chariot drawn by four horses abreast (the Roman Empire's equivalent of Ancient Greek tethrippon).

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R Aurigae

R Aurigae (R Aur) is a M-type giant star in the constellation of Auriga.

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Radial velocity

The radial velocity of an object with respect to a given point is the rate of change of the distance between the object and the point.

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Radiant (meteor shower)

The radiant or apparent radiant of a meteor shower is the point in the sky, from which (to a planetary observer) meteors appear to originate.

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Red dwarf

A red dwarf is a small and relatively cool star on the main sequence, either late K or M spectral type.

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Red giant

A red giant is a luminous giant star of low or intermediate mass (roughly 0.3–8 solar masses) in a late phase of stellar evolution.

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Reflection nebula

In astronomy, reflection nebulae are clouds of interstellar dust which reflect the light of a nearby star or stars.

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Regulus (α Leo, α Leonis, Alpha Leonis) is the brightest star in the constellation Leo and one of the brightest stars in the night sky, lying approximately 79 light years from Earth.

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Right ascension

Right ascension (abbreviated RA; symbol α) is the angular distance measured eastward along the celestial equator from the vernal equinox to the hour circle of the point in question.

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Robert Burnham, Jr.

Robert Burnham, Jr. (June 16, 1931 – March 20, 1993) was an American astronomer. He is best known for writing the classic three-volume Burnham's Celestial Handbook.

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RT Aurigae

RT Aurigae (RT Aur) is a star in the constellation Auriga.

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A scimitar is a backsword or sabre with a curved blade, originating in the Middle East.

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Scorpius is one of the constellations of the zodiac.

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Sherburne Wesley Burnham

Sherburne Wesley Burnham (December 12, 1838 – March 11, 1921) was an American astronomer.

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Sigma Aurigae

Sigma Aurigae (σ Aur, σ Aurigae) is the Bayer designation for a double star in the northern constellation of Auriga.

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SIMBAD (the Set of Identifications, Measurements, and Bibliography for Astronomical Data) is an astronomical database of objects beyond the Solar System.

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Society Islands

The Society Islands (Îles de la Société or officially Archipel de la Société; Tōtaiete mā.) are a group of islands in the South Pacific Ocean.

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Solar luminosity

The solar luminosity,, is a unit of radiant flux (power emitted in the form of photons) conventionally used by astronomers to measure the luminosity of stars.

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Solar mass

The solar mass is a standard unit of mass in astronomy that is used to indicate the masses of other stars, as well as clusters, nebulae and galaxies.

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Solar radius

Solar radius is a unit of distance used to express the size of stars in astronomy equal to the current radius of the Sun: The solar radius is approximately 695,500 kilometres (432,450 miles), which is about 10 times the average radius of Jupiter, 110 times the radius of the Earth, and 1/215th of an astronomical unit, the distance of Earth from the Sun.

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Spectral line

A spectral line is a dark or bright line in an otherwise uniform and continuous spectrum, resulting from emission or absorption of light in a narrow frequency range, compared with the nearby frequencies.

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Spectroscopy is the study of the interaction between matter and electromagnetic radiation.

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SS Cygni

SS Cygni is a variable star in the northern constellation Cygnus (the Swan).

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Star system

A star system or stellar system is a small number of stars that orbit each other, bound by gravitational attraction.

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Stellar atmosphere

The stellar atmosphere is the outer region of the volume of a star, lying above the stellar core, radiation zone and convection zone.

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Stellar classification

In astronomy, stellar classification is the classification of stars based on their spectral characteristics.

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Stellar evolution

Stellar evolution is the process by which a star changes during its lifetime.

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Stellar kinematics

Stellar kinematics is the study of the movement of stars without needing to understand how they acquired their motion.

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Stellar wind

A stellar wind is a flow of gas ejected from the upper atmosphere of a star.

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A subgiant is a star that is slightly brighter than a normal main-sequence (dwarf) star of the same spectral class, but not as bright as true giant stars.

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The Sun (in Greek: Helios, in Latin: Sol) is the star at the center of the Solar System and is by far the most important source of energy for life on Earth.

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Supergiants are among the most massive and most luminous stars.

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A supernova is a stellar explosion that briefly outshines an entire galaxy, radiating as much energy as the Sun or any ordinary star is expected to emit over its entire life span, before fading from view over several weeks or months.

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Surface brightness

The overall brightness of an extended astronomical object such as a galaxy, star cluster, or nebula, can be measured by its total magnitude, integrated magnitude or integrated visual magnitude; a related concept is surface brightness, which specifies the brightness of a standard-sized piece of an extended object.

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T Aurigae

T Aurigae (or Nova Aurigae 1891) was a nova, which lit up in the constellation Auriga in 1891.

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Tau Aurigae

Tau Aurigae (τ Aur, τ Aurigae) is the Bayer designation for a star in the constellation Auriga.

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The Taurids are an annual meteor shower associated with the comet Encke.

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Taurus (constellation)

Taurus (Latin for "the Bull"; symbol:, Unicode) is one of the constellations of the zodiac, which means it is crossed by the plane of the ecliptic.

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Telescopium Herschelii

Telescopium Herschelii (Latin for Herschel's telescope) was a constellation created by Maximilian Hell in 1789 to honor the famous English astronomer Sir William Herschel's discovery of the planet Uranus.

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Theseus (Θησεύς) was the mythical founder-king of Athens and was the son of Aethra by two fathers: Aegeus and Poseidon.

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Theta Aurigae

Theta Aurigae (θ Aur, θ Aurigae) is a binary star in the constellation Auriga.

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Thomas David Anderson

Thomas David Anderson (6 February 1853 – 31 March 1932) was a Scottish amateur astronomer.

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Titan (mythology)

In Classical Greek mythology, the Titans (Greek: Τῑτάν Tītán; plural: Τῑτᾶνες Tītânes) and Titanesses (Greek: Τῑτᾱνίς Tītānís; plural: Τῑτᾱνίδες Tītānídes) were members of the second order of divine beings, descending from the primordial deities and preceding the Olympian deities.

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Upsilon Aurigae

Upsilon Aurigae (υ Aur, υ Aurigae) is the Bayer designation for a star in the northern constellation of Auriga.

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Uranus is the seventh planet from the Sun.

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Ursa Major Moving Group

The Ursa Major Moving Group, also known as Collinder 285 or Ursa Major association, is a nearby stellar moving group, a set of stars with common velocities in space and thought to have a common origin some 300 million years ago.

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UU Aurigae

UU Aurigae is a carbon star and binary star in the constellation Auriga.

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V603 Aquilae

V603 Aquilae (or Nova Aquilae 1918) was a bright nova occurring in the constellation Aquila in 1918.

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Variable star

A variable star is a star whose brightness as seen from Earth (its apparent magnitude) fluctuates.

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White dwarf

A white dwarf, also called a degenerate dwarf, is a stellar remnant composed mostly of electron-degenerate matter.

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William Denning

William Denning (April 1740 – October 30, 1819) was a United States Representative from New York.

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William Herschel

Frederick William Herschel, KH, FRS (German: Friedrich Wilhelm Herschel; 15 November 1738 – 25 August 1822) was a German-born British astronomer, composer, and brother of Caroline Herschel.

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William Wallace Campbell

William Wallace Campbell (April 11, 1862 – June 14, 1938) was an American astronomer, and director of Lick Observatory from 1900 to 1930.

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Winter Hexagon

The Winter Hexagon or Winter Circle/Oval is an asterism appearing to be in the form of a hexagon with vertices at Rigel, Aldebaran, Capella, Pollux, Procyon, and Sirius.

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WZ Sagittae

WZ Sagittae (WZ Sge) is a cataclysmic dwarf nova star system in the Sagitta constellation.

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X-radiation (composed of X-rays) is a form of electromagnetic radiation.

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Xi Aurigae

Xi Aurigae (ξ Aur, ξ Aurigae) is the Bayer designation for a star in the northern constellation of Auriga.

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Zenithal Hourly Rate

In astronomy, the Zenithal Hourly Rate (ZHR) of a meteor shower is the number of meteors a single observer would see in an hour of peak activity.

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Zeta Aurigae

Zeta Aurigae (ζ Aur, ζ Aurigae) is the Bayer designation for a binary star system in the northern constellation of Auriga.

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14 Aurigae

14 Aurigae or KW Aurigae is a star in the constellation Auriga.

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2 Aurigae

2 Aurigae is a star in the constellation Auriga.

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40th parallel south

The 40th parallel south is a circle of latitude that is 40 degrees south of the Earth's equatorial plane.

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53 Arietis

53 Arietis is the Bayer designation for a star in the northern constellation of Aries.

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9 Aurigae

9 Aurigae or V398 Aurigae is a star in the constellation Auriga.

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Redirects here:

Auriga constellation, The wagoner (constellation).


[1] https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Auriga_(constellation)

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