146 relations: Advanced Television Systems Committee, Analog high-definition television system, Analog television, Anamorphic format, Aspect ratio (image), Astra (satellite), AT&T Corporation, ATSC standards, ATSC tuner, Barcelona, BBC Research & Development, Blu-ray, BNET, Cable television, Cable-ready, CableCARD, Colorimetry, D-book, D-VHS, Data compression, Digital television, Digital television transition, Digital TV Group, Digital Video Broadcasting, Digital video recorder, DirecTV, Dish Network, Display motion blur, DVB-C, DVB-S, DVB-T, DVB-T2, DVD, Euro1080, European Broadcasting Union, European Economic Community, Fair use, Federal Communications Commission, Field (video), Film frame, Frame rate, France, Free-to-air, Freeview (UK), General Instrument, Glossary of video terms, Grand Alliance (HDTV), Graphics display resolution, H.264/MPEG-4 AVC, HD ready, ..., HD-MAC, HDCAM, HDV, High Efficiency Video Coding, Home theater PC, IEEE 1394, Image resolution, IMDb, Interlaced video, International Telecommunication Union, IPTV, ISDB, Italy, ITU-R, Japan, Japanese yen, Joel Brinkley, John Glenn, Letterboxing (filming), Liquid-crystal display, List of digital television deployments by country, Lossy compression, Madrid, Mains electricity, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Microsoft, Motion vector, MPEG-1, Multiple sub-Nyquist sampling encoding, NBC, NEC, Netflix, NHK, NTSC, Optical fiber, Optimum HDTV viewing distance, PAL, PAL-M, Philips, Photographic film, Pixel, Pixel aspect ratio, PlayStation 3, Progressive scan, Public broadcasting, QAM (television), RAI, Raleigh, North Carolina, Rear-projection television, Rec. 709, RGB color model, Rome, Ronald Reagan, Sarnoff Corporation, Satellite television, SECAM, SES S.A., Sky+ HD, Society of Motion Picture and Television Engineers, Sony, Sony HDVS, Soviet Union, Space Shuttle, Space Shuttle Discovery, SRGB, Standard-definition television, Streaming media, Technicolor SA, Television antenna, Terrestrial television, TiVo, Ultra-high-definition television, United Kingdom, Video projector, Videocassette recorder, Vienna New Year's Concert, W-VHS, Washington, D.C., Wii U, Windows Media Center, WRAL-TV, WRC-TV, Xbox 360, Yuri (satellite), YUV, Zenith Electronics, .m2ts, 1080i, 1080p, 16:9, 1984 Summer Olympics, 1990 FIFA World Cup, 1992 Summer Olympics, 405-line television system, 441-line television system, 720p. Expand index (96 more) » « Shrink index
The Advanced Television Systems Committee (ATSC) is the group, established in 1982, that developed the eponymous ATSC standards for digital television in the United States.
Analog high-definition television was an analog video broadcast television system developed in the 1930s to replace early experimental systems with as few as 12-lines.
Analog television or analogue television is the original television technology that uses analog signals to transmit video and audio.
Anamorphic format is the cinematography technique of shooting a widescreen picture on standard 35 mm film or other visual recording media with a non-widescreen native aspect ratio.
The aspect ratio of an image describes the proportional relationship between its width and its height.
Astra is the brand name for a number of geostationary communication satellites, both individually and as a group, which are owned and operated by SES S.A., a global satellite operator based in Betzdorf, in eastern Luxembourg.
AT&T Corp., originally the American Telephone and Telegraph Company, is the subsidiary of AT&T that provides voice, video, data, and Internet telecommunications and professional services to businesses, consumers, and government agencies.
Advanced Television Systems Committee (ATSC) standards are a set of standards for digital television transmission over terrestrial, cable, and satellite networks.
An ATSC (Advanced Television Systems Committee) tuner, often called an ATSC receiver or HDTV tuner is a type of television tuner that allows reception of digital television (DTV) television channels transmitted by television stations in North America, parts of Central America and South Korea that use ATSC standards.
Barcelona is a city in Spain.
BBC Research & Development is the national technical research department of the BBC.
Blu-ray or Blu-ray Disc (BD) is a digital optical disc data storage format.
BNET was an online magazine dedicated to issues of business management.
Cable television is a system of delivering television programming to paying subscribers via radio frequency (RF) signals transmitted through coaxial cables, or in more recent systems, light pulses through fiber-optic cables.
Cable-ready is a designation which indicates that a TV set or other television-receiving device (such as a VCR or DVR) is capable of receiving cable TV without a set-top box.
CableCARD is a special-use PC Card device that allows consumers in the United States to view and record digital cable television channels on digital video recorders, personal computers and television sets on equipment such as a set-top box not provided by a cable television company.
Colorimetry is "the science and technology used to quantify and describe physically the human color perception." It is similar to spectrophotometry, but is distinguished by its interest in reducing spectra to the physical correlates of color perception, most often the CIE 1931 XYZ color space tristimulus values and related quantities.
The D-Book is the UK technical specification for Digital terrestrial television (DTT).
D-VHS is a digital video recording format developed by JVC, in collaboration with Hitachi, Matsushita, and Philips.
In signal processing, data compression, source coding, or bit-rate reduction involves encoding information using fewer bits than the original representation.
Digital television (DTV) is the transmission of television signals, including the sound channel, using digital encoding, in contrast to the earlier television technology, analog television, in which the video and audio are carried by analog signals.
The digital television transition, also called the digital switchover, the analog switch-off (ASO), or the analog shutdown, is the process in which older analog television broadcasting is converted to and replaced by digital television.
The DTG (Digital TV Group) is the association for British digital television broadcasters.
Digital Video Broadcasting (DVB) is a set of internationally open standards for digital television.
A digital video recorder (DVR) is an electronic device that records video in a digital format to a disk drive, USB flash drive, SD memory card, SSD or other local or networked mass storage device.
DirecTV (stylized as DIRECTV) is an American direct broadcast satellite service provider based in El Segundo, California and is a subsidiary of AT&T.
Dish Network Corporation +1-８５５-５５３-９４４４ is a U.S. television provider.
Display motion blur, also called HDTV blur and LCD motion blur, refers to several visual artifacts (anomalies or unintended effects affecting still or moving images) that are frequently found on modern consumer high-definition television sets and flat panel displays for computers.
DVB-C stands for "Digital Video Broadcasting - Cable" and it is the DVB European consortium standard for the broadcast transmission of digital television over cable.
Digital Video Broadcasting – Satellite (DVB-S) is the original DVB standard for Satellite Television and dates from 1995, in its first release, while development lasted from 1993 to 1997.
DVB-T is an abbreviation for "Digital Video Broadcasting — Terrestrial"; it is the DVB European-based consortium standard for the broadcast transmission of digital terrestrial television that was first published in 1997 and first broadcast in the UK in 1998.
DVB-T2 is an abbreviation for "Digital Video Broadcasting — Second Generation Terrestrial"; it is the extension of the television standard DVB-T, issued by the consortium DVB, devised for the broadcast transmission of digital terrestrial television.
DVD (an abbreviation of "digital video disc" or "digital versatile disc") is a digital optical disc storage format invented and developed by Philips and Sony in 1995.
Euro1080 was the first commercial broadcaster in Europe to broadcast full-time high-definition television (HDTV) content.
The European Broadcasting Union (EBU; Union européenne de radio-télévision, UER) is an alliance of public service media organisations, established on 12 February 1950.
The European Economic Community (EEC) was a regional organisation which aimed to bring about economic integration among its member states.
Fair use is a doctrine in the law of the United States that permits limited use of copyrighted material without having to first acquire permission from the copyright holder.
The Federal Communications Commission (FCC) is an independent agency of the United States government created by statute (and) to regulate interstate communications by radio, television, wire, satellite, and cable.
In video, a field is one of the many still images which are displayed sequentially to create the impression of motion on the screen.
In filmmaking, video production, animation, and related fields, a frame is one of the many still images which compose the complete moving picture.
Frame rate (expressed in or fps) is the frequency (rate) at which consecutive images called frames appear on a display.
France, officially the French Republic (République française), is a sovereign state whose territory consists of metropolitan France in Western Europe, as well as several overseas regions and territories.
Free-to-air (FTA) are television (TV) and radio services broadcast in clear (unencrypted) form, allowing any person with the appropriate receiving equipment to receive the signal and view or listen to the content without requiring a subscription, other ongoing cost or one-off fee (e.g. Pay-per-view).
Freeview is the United Kingdom's digital terrestrial television platform.
General Instrument (GI) was an American electronics manufacturer based in Horsham, Pennsylvania, specializing in semiconductors and cable television equipment.
This glossary defines terms that are used in the document, developed by the.
The Grand Alliance (GA) was a consortium created in 1993 at the behest of the Federal Communications Commission (FCC) to develop the American digital television (SDTV, EDTV) and HDTV specification, with the aim of pooling the best work from different companies.
The graphics display resolution is the width and height dimension of an electronic visual display device, such as a computer monitor, in pixels.
H.264 or MPEG-4 Part 10, Advanced Video Coding (MPEG-4 AVC) is a block-oriented motion-compensation-based video compression standard.
The HD ready is a certification program introduced in 2005 by EICTA (European Information, Communications and Consumer Electronics Technology Industry Associations), now DIGITALEUROPE.
HD-MAC was a proposed broadcast television systems standard by the European Commission in 1986 (MAC standard), a part of Eureka 95 project.
HDCAM, introduced in 1997, is a high-definition video digital recording videocassette version of digital Betacam, using an 8-bit discrete cosine transform (DCT) compressed 3:1:1 recording, in 1080i-compatible down-sampled resolution of 1440×1080, and adding 24p and 23.976 progressive segmented frame (PsF) modes to later models.
HDV is a format for recording of high-definition video on DV cassette tape.
High Efficiency Video Coding (HEVC), also known as H.265 and MPEG-H Part 2, is a video compression standard, one of several potential successors to the widely used AVC (H.264 or MPEG-4 Part 10).
A home theater PC (HTPC) or media center computer is a convergence device that combines some or all the capabilities of a personal computer with a software application that supports video, photo, audio playback, and sometimes video recording functionality.
IEEE 1394 is an interface standard for a serial bus for high-speed communications and isochronous real-time data transfer.
Image resolution is the detail an image holds.
IMDb, also known as Internet Movie Database, is an online database of information related to world films, television programs, home videos and video games, and internet streams, including cast, production crew and personnel biographies, plot summaries, trivia, and fan reviews and ratings.
Interlaced video is a technique for doubling the perceived frame rate of a video display without consuming extra bandwidth.
The International Telecommunication Union (ITU; Union Internationale des Télécommunications (UIT)), originally the International Telegraph Union (Union Télégraphique Internationale), is a specialized agency of the United Nations (UN) that is responsible for issues that concern information and communication technologies.
Internet Protocol television (IPTV) is the delivery of television content over Internet Protocol (IP) networks.
The Integrated Services Digital Broadcasting (ISDB) (Japanese:, Tōgō dejitaru hōsō sābisu) is a Japanese standard for digital television (DTV) and digital radio used by the country's radio and television networks.
Italy (Italia), officially the Italian Republic (Repubblica Italiana), is a sovereign state in Europe.
The ITU Radiocommunication Sector (ITU-R) is one of the three sectors (divisions or units) of the International Telecommunication Union (ITU) and is responsible for radio communication.
Japan (日本; Nippon or Nihon; formally 日本国 or Nihon-koku, lit. "State of Japan") is a sovereign island country in East Asia.
The is the official currency of Japan.
Joel Graham Brinkley (July 22, 1952 – March 11, 2014) was an American syndicated columnist.
Colonel John Herschel Glenn Jr. (July 18, 1921 – December 8, 2016) was a United States Marine Corps aviator, engineer, astronaut, and United States Senator from Ohio.
Letterboxing is the practice of transferring film shot in a widescreen aspect ratio to standard-width video formats while preserving the film's original aspect ratio.
A liquid-crystal display (LCD) is a flat-panel display or other electronically modulated optical device that uses the light-modulating properties of liquid crystals.
This is a list of digital television deployments by country, which summarises the process and progress of transition from analogue to digital broadcasting.
In information technology, lossy compression or irreversible compression is the class of data encoding methods that uses inexact approximations and partial data discarding to represent the content.
Madrid is the capital of Spain and the largest municipality in both the Community of Madrid and Spain as a whole.
Mains electricity (as it is known in the UK; US terms include grid power, wall power, and domestic power) is the general-purpose alternating-current (AC) electric power supply.
The Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) is a private research university located in Cambridge, Massachusetts, United States.
Microsoft Corporation (abbreviated as MS) is an American multinational technology company with headquarters in Redmond, Washington.
In video compression, a motion vector is the key element in the motion estimation process.
MPEG-1 is a standard for lossy compression of video and audio.
MUSE (Multiple sub-Nyquist sampling encoding), was a dot-interlaced digital video compression system that used analog modulation for transmission to deliver 1125-line high definition video signals to the home.
The National Broadcasting Company (NBC) is an American English language commercial broadcast television network that is a flagship property of NBCUniversal, a subsidiary of Comcast.
is a Japanese multinational provider of information technology (IT) services and products, headquartered in Minato, Tokyo, Japan.
Netflix, Inc. is an American over-the-top media services provider, headquartered in Los Gatos, California.
is Japan's national public broadcasting organization.
NTSC, named after the National Television System Committee,National Television System Committee (1951–1953),, 17 v. illus., diagrs., tables.
An optical fiber or optical fibre is a flexible, transparent fiber made by drawing glass (silica) or plastic to a diameter slightly thicker than that of a human hair.
Optimum HDTV viewing distance is the distance that provides the viewer with the optimum immersive visual HDTV experience.
Phase Alternating Line (PAL) is a color encoding system for analogue television used in broadcast television systems in most countries broadcasting at 625-line / 50 field (25 frame) per second (576i).
PAL-M is the analog TV system used in Brazil since February 19, 1972.
Koninklijke Philips N.V. (Philips, stylized as PHILIPS) is a Dutch multinational technology company headquartered in Amsterdam currently focused in the area of healthcare.
Photographic film is a strip or sheet of transparent plastic film base coated on one side with a gelatin emulsion containing microscopically small light-sensitive silver halide crystals.
In digital imaging, a pixel, pel, dots, or picture element is a physical point in a raster image, or the smallest addressable element in an all points addressable display device; so it is the smallest controllable element of a picture represented on the screen.
Pixel aspect ratio (often abbreviated PAR) is a mathematical ratio that describes how the width of a pixel in a digital image compares to the height of that pixel.
The PlayStation 3 (PS3) is a home video game console developed by Sony Computer Entertainment.
Progressive scanning (alternatively referred to as noninterlaced scanning) is a way of displaying, storing, or transmitting moving images in which all the lines of each frame are drawn in sequence.
Public broadcasting includes radio, television and other electronic media outlets whose primary mission is public service.
QAM is a digital television standard using quadrature amplitude modulation.
RAI – Radiotelevisione italiana S.p.A. (commercially styled Rai; known until 1954 as Radio Audizioni Italiane is the national public broadcasting company of Italy, owned by the Ministry of Economy and Finance. The RAI operates many DVB and Sat television channels and radio stations, broadcasting via digital terrestrial transmission (15 television and 7 radio channels nationwide) and from several satellite platforms. It is the biggest television broadcaster in Italy and competes with Mediaset, and other minor television and radio networks. The RAI has a relatively high television audience share of 33.8%. RAI broadcasts are also received in neighboring countries, including Albania, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Croatia, Malta, Monaco, Montenegro, San Marino, Slovenia, Vatican City, Switzerland, and Tunisia, and elsewhere on cable and satellite. Sometimes Rai 1 was received even further in Europe via Sporadic E until the digital switch off in July 2012. Half of the RAI's revenues come from broadcast receiving licence fees, the rest from the sale of advertising time Retrieved on 2007-10-10 Italian Ministry of Communications, Retrieved on 2007-10-10. In 1950, the RAI became one of the 23 founding broadcasting organizations of the European Broadcasting Union.
Raleigh is the capital of the state of North Carolina and the seat of Wake County in the United States.
Rear-projection television (RPTV) is a type of large-screen television display technology.
ITU-R Recommendation BT.709, more commonly known by the abbreviations Rec. 709 or BT.709, standardizes the format of high-definition television, having 16:9 (widescreen) aspect ratio.
The RGB color model is an additive color model in which red, green and blue light are added together in various ways to reproduce a broad array of colors.
Rome (Roma; Roma) is the capital city of Italy and a special comune (named Comune di Roma Capitale).
Ronald Wilson Reagan (February 6, 1911 – June 5, 2004) was an American politician and actor who served as the 40th President of the United States from 1981 to 1989.
Sarnoff Corporation, with headquarters in West Windsor Township, New Jersey, though with a Princeton address, was a research and development company specializing in vision, video and semiconductor technology.
Satellite television is a service that delivers television programming to viewers by relaying it from a communications satellite orbiting the Earth directly to the viewer's location.
SECAM, also written SÉCAM (Séquentiel couleur à mémoire, French for "Sequential colour with memory"), is an analogue color television system first used in France.
SES S.A. is a communications satellite owner and operator providing video and data connectivity worldwide to broadcasters, content and internet service providers, mobile and fixed network operators, governments and institutions, with a mission to “connect, enable, and enrich”.
Sky+ HD is the brand name of the HDTV service launched by Sky plc on 22 May 2006 in the United Kingdom and Ireland to enable high definition channels on Sky to be viewed.
The Society of Motion Picture and Television Engineers (SMPTE) (rarely), founded in 1916 as the Society of Motion Picture Engineers or SMPE, is a global professional association, of engineers, technologists, and executives working in the media and entertainment industry.
is a Japanese multinational conglomerate corporation headquartered in Kōnan, Minato, Tokyo.
Sony HDVS is a range of high-definition video equipment developed in the 1980s to support an early analog high-definition television system thought to be the broadcast television systems that would be in use today.
The Soviet Union, officially the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (USSR) was a socialist state in Eurasia that existed from 1922 to 1991.
The Space Shuttle was a partially reusable low Earth orbital spacecraft system operated by the U.S. National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA), as part of the Space Shuttle program.
Space Shuttle Discovery (Orbiter Vehicle Designation: OV-103) is one of the orbiters from NASA's Space Shuttle program and the third of five fully operational orbiters to be built.
sRGB (standard Red Green Blue) is an RGB color space that HP and Microsoft created cooperatively in 1996 to use on monitors, printers, and the Internet.
Standard-definition television (SDTV or SD) is a television system which uses a resolution that is not considered to be either high- or enhanced-definition.
Streaming media is multimedia that is constantly received by and presented to an end-user while being delivered by a provider.
Technicolor SA, formerly Thomson SARL and Thomson Multimedia, is a French multinational corporation that provides services and products for the communication, media and entertainment industries.
A television antenna, or TV aerial, is an antenna specifically designed for the reception of over-the-air broadcast television signals, which are transmitted at frequencies from about 41 to 250 MHz in the VHF band, and 470 to 960 MHz in the UHF band in different countries.
Terrestrial or broadcast television is a type of television broadcasting in which the television signal is transmitted by radio waves from the terrestrial (Earth based) transmitter of a television station to a TV receiver having an antenna.
TiVo is a digital video recorder (DVR) developed and marketed by TiVo Corporation and introduced in 1999.
Ultra-high-definition television (also known as Ultra HD television, Ultra HD, UHDTV, UHD and Super Hi-Vision) today includes 4K UHD and 8K UHD, which are two digital video formats that were first proposed by NHK Science & Technology Research Laboratories and later defined and approved by the International Telecommunication Union (ITU).
The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, commonly known as the United Kingdom (UK) or Britain,Usage is mixed with some organisations, including the and preferring to use Britain as shorthand for Great Britain is a sovereign country in western Europe.
A video projector is an image projector that receives a video signal and projects the corresponding image on a projection screen using a lens system.
A videocassette recorder, VCR, or video recorder is an electromechanical device that records analog audio and analog video from broadcast television or other source on a removable, magnetic tape videocassette, and can play back the recording.
The Vienna New Year's Concert is an annual concert of classical music performed by the Vienna Philharmonic on the morning of New Year's Day in Vienna, Austria. The concert occurs at the Musikverein at 11:15. The orchestra performs the same concert programme on 30 December, 31 December, and 1 January but only the last concert is regularly broadcast on radio and television.
W-VHS is a HDTV analog recording videocassette format created by JVC.
Washington, D.C., formally the District of Columbia and commonly referred to as Washington or D.C., is the capital of the United States of America.
The Wii U is a home video game console developed by Nintendo, and the successor to the Wii.
Windows Media Center (WMC) is a discontinued digital video recorder and media player created by Microsoft.
WRAL-TV, virtual channel 5 (UHF digital channel 48), is an NBC-affiliated television station licensed to Raleigh, North Carolina, United States and serving the Triangle region (Raleigh–Durham–Chapel Hill–Fayetteville).
WRC-TV, virtual channel 4 (UHF digital channel 48), is an NBC owned-and-operated television station licensed to the American capital city of Washington, District of Columbia.
The Xbox 360 is a home video game console developed by Microsoft.
Yuri, also known as Broadcasting Satellite or BS, was a series of Japanese direct broadcast satellites.
YUV is a color encoding system typically used as part of a color image pipeline.
Zenith Electronics LLC is an American brand of consumer electronics owned by South Korean company LG Electronics.
M2TS is a filename extension used for the Blu-ray Disc Audio-Video (BDAV) MPEG-2 Transport Stream (M2TS) container file format.
1080i (also known as Full HD or BT.709) is an abbreviation referring to a combination of frame resolution and scan type, used in high-definition television (HDTV) and high-definition video.
1080p (1920×1080 px; also known as '''Full HD''' or FHD and BT.709) is a set of HDTV high-definition video modes characterized by 1080 horizontal lines of vertical resolution; the p stands for progressive scan, i.e. non-interlaced.
16:9 (1.7:1) (16:9.
The 1984 Summer Olympics, officially known as the Games of the XXIII Olympiad, was an international multi-sport event that was held from July 28 to August 12, 1984, in Los Angeles (LA), California, United States.
The 1990 FIFA World Cup was the 14th FIFA World Cup, the quadrennial international football world championship tournament.
The 1992 Summer Olympic Games (Spanish: Juegos Olímpicos de Verano de 1992; Catalan: Jocs Olímpics d'estiu de 1992), officially known as the Games of the XXV Olympiad, was an international multi-sport event celebrated in Barcelona, Catalonia, Spain in 1992.
The 405-line monochrome analogue television broadcasting system was the first fully electronic television system to be used in regular broadcasting.
441 lines, or 383i if named using modern standard, is an early electronic television system.
720p (1280×720 px; also called HD Ready or standard HD) is a progressive HDTV signal format with 720 horizontal lines and an aspect ratio (AR) of 16:9, normally known as widescreen HDTV (1.78:1).
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