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For the town of the same name, see Aabenraa. Aabenraa Municipality is a municipality in the Region of Southern Denmark in southwestern Denmark.
An administrative division, unit, entity, area or region, also referred to as a subnational entity, statoid, constituent unit, or country subdivision, is a portion of a country or other region delineated for the purpose of administration.
Greenland is divided into five municipalities Avannaata, Kujalleq, Qeqertalik, Qeqqata, and Sermersooq as well as the large Northeast Greenland National Park which is unincorporated.
Administrative divisions of Latvia (valid since 1 July 2009).
Taiwan consists of provinces and special municipalities.
Venezuela is divided into 23 states (estados), 1 Capital District (Distrito Capital) and the Federal Dependencies (Dependencias Federales de Ultramar) that consist of a large number of Venezuelan islands.
Afghanistan (Pashto/Dari:, Pashto: Afġānistān, Dari: Afġānestān), officially the Islamic Republic of Afghanistan, is a landlocked country located within South Asia and Central Asia.
Aglona Municipality (Aglonas novads) is a municipality in Latgale, Latvia.
Aksakovo Municipality (Община Аксаково) is a municipality (obshtina) in Varna Province, Northeastern Bulgaria, located near the Bulgarian Black Sea Coast.
Albania (Shqipëri/Shqipëria; Shqipni/Shqipnia or Shqypni/Shqypnia), officially the Republic of Albania (Republika e Shqipërisë), is a country in Southeastern Europe.
Ale Municipality (Ale kommun) is a municipality in Västra Götaland County in western Sweden.
Algeria (الجزائر, familary Algerian Arabic الدزاير; ⴷⵣⴰⵢⴻⵔ; Dzayer; Algérie), officially the People's Democratic Republic of Algeria, is a sovereign state in North Africa on the Mediterranean coast.
Amt is a type of administrative division governing a group of municipalities, today only in Germany, but formerly also common in other countries of Northern Europe.
The Anaco Municipality is one of the 21 municipalities (municipios) that makes up the eastern Venezuelan state of Anzoátegui and, according to the 2011 census by the National Institute of Statistics of Venezuela, the municipality has a population of 122,634.
Andorra, officially the Principality of Andorra (Principat d'Andorra), also called the Principality of the Valleys of Andorra (Principat de les Valls d'Andorra), is a sovereign landlocked microstate on the Iberian Peninsula, in the eastern Pyrenees, bordered by France in the north and Spain in the south.
Andrijevica Municipality is one of the municipalities of Montenegro.
Aračinovo Municipality (Општина Арачиново, Komuna e Haraçinës) is a municipality in northern part of Republic of Macedonia.
Arabic (العَرَبِيَّة) or (عَرَبِيّ) or) is a Central Semitic language that first emerged in Iron Age northwestern Arabia and is now the lingua franca of the Arab world. It is named after the Arabs, a term initially used to describe peoples living from Mesopotamia in the east to the Anti-Lebanon mountains in the west, in northwestern Arabia, and in the Sinai peninsula. Arabic is classified as a macrolanguage comprising 30 modern varieties, including its standard form, Modern Standard Arabic, which is derived from Classical Arabic. As the modern written language, Modern Standard Arabic is widely taught in schools and universities, and is used to varying degrees in workplaces, government, and the media. The two formal varieties are grouped together as Literary Arabic (fuṣḥā), which is the official language of 26 states and the liturgical language of Islam. Modern Standard Arabic largely follows the grammatical standards of Classical Arabic and uses much of the same vocabulary. However, it has discarded some grammatical constructions and vocabulary that no longer have any counterpart in the spoken varieties, and has adopted certain new constructions and vocabulary from the spoken varieties. Much of the new vocabulary is used to denote concepts that have arisen in the post-classical era, especially in modern times. During the Middle Ages, Literary Arabic was a major vehicle of culture in Europe, especially in science, mathematics and philosophy. As a result, many European languages have also borrowed many words from it. Arabic influence, mainly in vocabulary, is seen in European languages, mainly Spanish and to a lesser extent Portuguese, Valencian and Catalan, owing to both the proximity of Christian European and Muslim Arab civilizations and 800 years of Arabic culture and language in the Iberian Peninsula, referred to in Arabic as al-Andalus. Sicilian has about 500 Arabic words as result of Sicily being progressively conquered by Arabs from North Africa, from the mid 9th to mid 10th centuries. Many of these words relate to agriculture and related activities (Hull and Ruffino). Balkan languages, including Greek and Bulgarian, have also acquired a significant number of Arabic words through contact with Ottoman Turkish. Arabic has influenced many languages around the globe throughout its history. Some of the most influenced languages are Persian, Turkish, Spanish, Urdu, Kashmiri, Kurdish, Bosnian, Kazakh, Bengali, Hindi, Malay, Maldivian, Indonesian, Pashto, Punjabi, Tagalog, Sindhi, and Hausa, and some languages in parts of Africa. Conversely, Arabic has borrowed words from other languages, including Greek and Persian in medieval times, and contemporary European languages such as English and French in modern times. Classical Arabic is the liturgical language of 1.8 billion Muslims and Modern Standard Arabic is one of six official languages of the United Nations. All varieties of Arabic combined are spoken by perhaps as many as 422 million speakers (native and non-native) in the Arab world, making it the fifth most spoken language in the world. Arabic is written with the Arabic alphabet, which is an abjad script and is written from right to left, although the spoken varieties are sometimes written in ASCII Latin from left to right with no standardized orthography.
Arani Municipality is the first municipal section of the Arani Province in the Cochabamba Department, Bolivia.
Are was a municipality located in Pärnu County, one of the 15 counties of Estonia.
Argentina, officially the Argentine Republic (República Argentina), is a federal republic located mostly in the southern half of South America.
An arrondissement is any of various administrative divisions of France, Belgium, Haiti, certain other Francophone countries, and the Netherlands.
Asientos Municipality is a municipality in the Mexican state of Aguascalientes.
Asturian (asturianu,Art. 1 de la formerly also known as bable) is a West Iberian Romance language spoken in Principality of Asturias, Spain.
Asturias (Asturies; Asturias), officially the Principality of Asturias (Principado de Asturias; Principáu d'Asturies), is an autonomous community in north-west Spain.
Australia, officially the Commonwealth of Australia, is a sovereign country comprising the mainland of the Australian continent, the island of Tasmania and numerous smaller islands.
The Australian Bureau of Statistics (ABS) is the independent statistical agency of the Government of Australia.
Austria (Österreich), officially the Republic of Austria (Republik Österreich), is a federal republic and a landlocked country of over 8.8 million people in Central Europe.
An autonomous administrative division (also referred to as an autonomous area, entity, unit, region, subdivision, or territory) is a subdivision or dependent territory of a country that has a degree of self-governance, or autonomy, from an external authority.
AyuntamientoIn other languages of Spain.
Baladiyah is a type of Arabic administrative division that can be translated as "district", "sub-district" or "municipality".
The Baladiyah (singular), or baladiyat (plural), is the current second-level administration subdivision of Libya being reintroduced in 2012 by the General National Congress with Law 59 on the system of local administration, dividing the country into governorates (muhafazat) and districts (baladiyat), with baladiyah having local councils.
Bandar Seri Begawan (Jawi: بندر سري بڬاوان) (formerly known as Brunei Town) is the capital city of the Sultanate of Brunei.
Bangkok is the capital and most populous city of the Kingdom of Thailand.
Bangladesh (বাংলাদেশ, lit. "The country of Bengal"), officially the People's Republic of Bangladesh (গণপ্রজাতন্ত্রী বাংলাদেশ), is a country in South Asia.
A barangay ((abbreviated as Brgy. or Bgy.), formerly referred to as barrio, is the smallest administrative division in the Philippines and is the native Filipino term for a village, district or ward. In metropolitan areas, the term often refers to an inner city neighbourhood, a suburb or a suburban neighborhood. The word barangay originated from balangay, a kind of boat used by a group of Austronesian peoples when they migrated to the Philippines. Municipalities and cities in the Philippines are subdivided into barangays, with the exception of the municipalities of Adams in Ilocos Norte and Kalayaan, Palawan which each contain only one barangay. The barangay itself is sometimes informally subdivided into smaller areas called purok (English: "zone"), barangay zones consisting of a cluster of houses, and sitios, which are territorial enclaves—usually rural—far from the barangay center., there were 42,029 barangays throughout the Philippines.
Barrio is a Spanish word meaning neighborhood.
Basic People's Congress مؤتمر شعبي أساسي (Mu'tamar shaʿbi asāsi) was the smallest administrative subdivision in Libya under the Great Socialist People's Libyan Arab Jamahiriya from 1977 to 2012.
Beijing, formerly romanized as Peking, is the capital of the People's Republic of China, the world's second most populous city proper, and most populous capital city.
Belgium, officially the Kingdom of Belgium, is a country in Western Europe bordered by France, the Netherlands, Germany and Luxembourg.
Bolivia (Mborivia; Buliwya; Wuliwya), officially known as the Plurinational State of Bolivia (Estado Plurinacional de Bolivia), is a landlocked country located in western-central South America.
Borá is a municipality in the state of São Paulo in Brazil.
A borough is an administrative division in various English-speaking countries.
In Mexico, boroughs, into which some municipalities and the Federal District are divided for administrative purposes, are known as delegaciones (sing. delegación).
Bosnia and Herzegovina (or; abbreviated B&H; Bosnian and Serbian: Bosna i Hercegovina (BiH) / Боснa и Херцеговина (БиХ), Croatian: Bosna i Hercegovina (BiH)), sometimes called Bosnia-Herzegovina, and often known informally as Bosnia, is a country in Southeastern Europe located on the Balkan Peninsula.
Brazil (Brasil), officially the Federative Republic of Brazil (República Federativa do Brasil), is the largest country in both South America and Latin America.
Brunei, officially the Nation of Brunei, the Abode of Peace (Negara Brunei Darussalam, Jawi), is a sovereign state located on the north coast of the island of Borneo in Southeast Asia.
Brussels (Bruxelles,; Brussel), officially the Brussels-Capital Region (All text and all but one graphic show the English name as Brussels-Capital Region.) (Région de Bruxelles-Capitale, Brussels Hoofdstedelijk Gewest), is a region of Belgium comprising 19 municipalities, including the City of Brussels, which is the de jure capital of Belgium.
Bulgaria (България, tr.), officially the Republic of Bulgaria (Република България, tr.), is a country in southeastern Europe.
Cambodia (កម្ពុជា, or Kampuchea:, Cambodge), officially known as the Kingdom of Cambodia (ព្រះរាជាណាចក្រកម្ពុជា, prĕəh riəciənaacak kampuciə,; Royaume du Cambodge), is a sovereign state located in the southern portion of the Indochina peninsula in Southeast Asia.
Canada is a country located in the northern part of North America.
Costa Rica is administratively divided into seven provinces which are subdivided into 82 cantons, and these are further subdivided into districts.
The 26 cantons of Switzerland (Kanton, canton, cantone, chantun) are the member states of the Swiss Confederation.
The ten cantons of the Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina (kanton, županije; Serbian: Кантон), are the member states of the Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina, one of the two political entities of Bosnia and Herzegovina.
The Capital District (Distrito Capital) is Venezuela's federal district.
The Caribbean Netherlands (Caribisch Nederland) are the three special municipalities of the Netherlands that are located in the Caribbean Sea.
Chișinău, also known as Kishinev (r), is the capital and largest city of the Republic of Moldova.
Chile, officially the Republic of Chile, is a South American country occupying a long, narrow strip of land between the Andes to the east and the Pacific Ocean to the west.
China, officially the People's Republic of China (PRC), is a unitary one-party sovereign state in East Asia and the world's most populous country, with a population of around /1e9 round 3 billion.
Chongqing, formerly romanized as Chungking, is a major city in southwest China.
A is a local administrative unit in Japan.
A city is a large human settlement.
City councils - plural: (עִירִיּוֹת Iriyot (עיריות) / singular: (עִירִיָּה Iriya (עיריה) - are the official designations of the cities within Israel's system of local government. Municipality status may be granted by the Interior Minister to a municipality, usually a local council, whose population surpasses 20,000 and whose character is urban, defined as having areas zoned for distinct land use like residential, commercial, and industrial areas. City mayors and members of the city councils are elected every five years.
City of regional significance is a city municipality that is designated as a separate district within its region (i.e. oblast, Crimea).
Colombia, officially the Republic of Colombia, is a sovereign state largely situated in the northwest of South America, with territories in Central America.
A commune (the French word appearing in the 12th century from Medieval Latin communia, meaning a large gathering of people sharing a common life; from Latin communis, things held in common) is an intentional community of people living together, sharing common interests, often having common values and beliefs, as well as shared property, possessions, resources, and, in some communes, work, income or assets.
The municipalities of Algeria (Arabic: baladiyah (singular); French: commune) form the second level of administrative subdivisions of Algeria.
The departments of Benin are subdivided into 77 communes, which in turn are divided into arrondissements and finally into villages or city districts.
A commune (comuna) is the smallest administrative subdivision in Chile.
The commune is a level of administrative division in the French Republic.
Luxembourg's 102 Communes (French: communes, Gemengen, Gemeinden) conform to LAU Level 2Statec (2003), p. 9&10 and are the country's lowest administrative divisions.
According to the Moldovan law on territorial administrative organisation, two or more villages can form together a commune.
A commune (comună in Romanian) is the lowest level of administrative subdivision in Romania.
Belgium is a federal state comprising three communities, three regions, and four language areas.
The comune (plural: comuni) is a basic administrative division in Italy, roughly equivalent to a township or municipality.
Concelho, is the Portuguese-language term for municipality, referring to the territorial division.
A corporate tax, also called corporation tax or company tax, is a direct tax imposed by a jurisdiction on the income or capital of corporations or analogous legal entities.
Corregimiento (Corregiment) is a Spanish term used for country subdivisions for royal administrative purposes, ensuring districts were under crown control as opposed to local elites.
Costa Rica ("Rich Coast"), officially the Republic of Costa Rica (República de Costa Rica), is a country in Central America, bordered by Nicaragua to the north, Panama to the southeast, the Pacific Ocean to the west, the Caribbean Sea to the east, and Ecuador to the south of Cocos Island.
The Council of European Municipalities and Regions (CEMR) is the largest organisation of local and regional governments in Europe.
The council–manager government form is one of two predominant forms of local government in the United States and Ireland, the other being the mayor–council government form.
The counties of Croatia (županije) are the primary administrative subdivisions of the Republic of Croatia.
The Counties of Denmark (Danmarks amter) were former subdivisions of metropolitan Denmark, used primarily for administrative regions, with each county having its own council with substantial powers.
Counties (maakond, plural maakonnad) are the first-level administrative subdivisions of Estonia.
The territory of Lithuania is divided into 10 counties (Lithuanian: singular apskritis, plural apskritys), all named after their capitals.
Norway is divided into 18 administrative regions, called counties (singular fylke, plural fylker (Bokmål) / fylke (Nynorsk) from Old Norse: fylki from the word "folk"); until 1918, they were known as amter.
A county is a geographical region of a country used for administrative or other purposes,Chambers Dictionary, L. Brookes (ed.), 2005, Chambers Harrap Publishers Ltd, Edinburgh in certain modern nations.
A county council (landsting) is a self-governing local authority and one of the principal administrative subdivisions of Sweden.
A creature of statute (also known as creature of the state) is a legal entity, such as a corporation, created by statute.
Croatia (Hrvatska), officially the Republic of Croatia (Republika Hrvatska), is a country at the crossroads of Central and Southeast Europe, on the Adriatic Sea.
The Czech Republic (Česká republika), also known by its short-form name Czechia (Česko), is a landlocked country in Central Europe bordered by Germany to the west, Austria to the south, Slovakia to the east and Poland to the northeast.
A daïra or daerah (circle; plural dawaïr) is an administrative division of a wilaya in Algeria, and in Western Sahara.
Denmark (Danmark), officially the Kingdom of Denmark,Kongeriget Danmark,.
A department is an administrative or political subdivision in many countries.
Colombia is a unitary republic made up of thirty-two departments (Spanish: departamentos, sing. departamento) and a Capital District (Distrito Capital).
El Salvador is divided into 14 departments (Spanish: departamentos) for administrative purposes, subdivided into 262 municipalities (Spanish: municipios).
In the administrative divisions of France, the department (département) is one of the three levels of government below the national level ("territorial collectivities"), between the administrative regions and the commune.
Departments were the old name given to the subdivisions of Peru.
Deva (Hungarian: Déva, Hungarian pronunciation:; German: Diemrich, Schlossberg, Denburg; Latin: Sargetia; Turkish: Deve, Devevar) is a city in Romania, in the historical region of Transylvania, on the left bank of the Mureș River.
A municipality, also translated as direct-controlled municipality (informally, municipality directly under the central government, or province-level municipality), is the highest level of classification for cities used by the People's Republic of China.
A direct-controlled municipality is the highest level classification for cities used by unitary state, with status equal to that of the provinces in the respective countries.
A district is a type of administrative division that, in some countries, is managed by local government.
A district municipality is a designation for a class of municipalities found in several locations, including Canada, Lithuania, and South Africa.
The divisions of Bangladesh are divided into 64 districts, or zila (Bengali জিলা/জে.
In most German states, the primary administrative subdivision is a Landkreis ("rural district"); the exceptions are the states of North Rhine-Westphalia and Schleswig-Holstein, where the term is simply Kreis.
The 8 governorates of Lebanon are subdivided into 26 districts (Aqdya, singularqadaa).
The Districts of Pakistan (اِضلاعِ پاكِستان), are the third-order administrative divisions of Pakistan, below provinces and divisions, but form the first-tier of local government.
The districts of Peru are the third-level country subdivisions of Peru.
The Districts of Portugal (Distritos de Portugal), are the most important first-level administrative subdivisions of mainland Portugal.
The nine provinces of South Africa are divided into 52 districts (sing. district, kgaolo; setereke; selete; distrikte; isifunda; isiyingi; isithili; isigodzi; tshiṱiriki; xifundza), which are either metropolitan or district municipalities.
The Dominican Republic (República Dominicana) is a sovereign state located in the island of Hispaniola, in the Greater Antilles archipelago of the Caribbean region.
El Salvador, officially the Republic of El Salvador (República de El Salvador, literally "Republic of The Savior"), is the smallest and the most densely populated country in Central America.
A seniūnija (in English: eldership, elderate, ward, parish, or subdistrict) is the smallest administrative division of Lithuania.
An emirate is a political territory that is ruled by a dynastic Arabic or Islamic monarch styled emir.
England is a country that is part of the United Kingdom.
English is a West Germanic language that was first spoken in early medieval England and is now a global lingua franca.
Estonia (Eesti), officially the Republic of Estonia (Eesti Vabariik), is a sovereign state in Northern Europe.
The Federal District (Distrito Federal) is one of 27 federative units of Brazil.
The Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina (abbreviated FB&H; Bosnian and Serbian: Federacija Bosna i Hercegovina (FBiH) / Федерација Боснa и Херцеговина (ФБиХ), Croatian: Federacija Bosna i Hercegovina (FBiH)) is one of the two political entities that compose Bosnia and Herzegovina, the other being Republika Srpska.
Fernando de Noronha is an archipelago of 21 islands and islets in the Atlantic Ocean, offshore from the Brazilian coast.
FindLaw is a business of Thomson Reuters that provides online legal information and online marketing services for law firms.
Finland (Suomi; Finland), officially the Republic of Finland is a country in Northern Europe bordering the Baltic Sea, Gulf of Bothnia, and Gulf of Finland, between Norway to the north, Sweden to the northwest, and Russia to the east.
The Flemish Region (Vlaams Gewest,; Région flamande) is one of the three official regions of the Kingdom of Belgium—alongside the Walloon Region and the Brussels-Capital Region.
France, officially the French Republic (République française), is a sovereign state whose territory consists of metropolitan France in Western Europe, as well as several overseas regions and territories.
Freguesia, usually translated as "parish" or "civil parish", is the third-level administrative subdivision of Portugal, as defined by the 1976 Constitution.
French (le français or la langue française) is a Romance language of the Indo-European family.
Galicia (Galician: Galicia, Galiza; Galicia; Galiza) is an autonomous community of Spain and historic nationality under Spanish law.
Galician (galego) is an Indo-European language of the Western Ibero-Romance branch.
Gemeinde (plural: Gemeinden) in Germany, Austria and Switzerland is the smallest administrative division of local government having corporate status and powers of self-government.
Georgia (tr) is a country in the Caucasus region of Eurasia.
Germany (Deutschland), officially the Federal Republic of Germany (Bundesrepublik Deutschland), is a sovereign state in central-western Europe.
The gmina (Polish pronunciation, plural gminy) is the principal unit of the administrative division of Poland, similar to a municipality.
Gmina Annopol is an urban-rural gmina (administrative district) in Kraśnik County, Lublin Voivodeship, in eastern Poland.
Gothenburg Municipality (Göteborgs kommun or Göteborgs stad) is a municipality in Västra Götaland County in western Sweden.
A governorate is an administrative division of a country.
Greenland (Kalaallit Nunaat,; Grønland) is an autonomous constituent country within the Kingdom of Denmark between the Arctic and Atlantic Oceans, east of the Canadian Arctic Archipelago.
Haiti (Haïti; Ayiti), officially the Republic of Haiti and formerly called Hayti, is a sovereign state located on the island of Hispaniola in the Greater Antilles archipelago of the Caribbean Sea.
A hamlet is a small human settlement.
Helsinki (or;; Helsingfors) is the capital city and most populous municipality of Finland.
Ho Chi Minh City (Thành phố Hồ Chí Minh; or; formerly Hô-Chi-Minh-Ville), also widely known by its former name of Saigon (Sài Gòn; or), is the largest city in Vietnam by population.
Honduras, officially the Republic of Honduras (República de Honduras), is a republic in Central America.
In geography, statistics and archaeology, a settlement, locality or populated place is a community in which people live.
Hungary (Magyarország) is a country in Central Europe that covers an area of in the Carpathian Basin, bordered by Slovakia to the north, Ukraine to the northeast, Austria to the northwest, Romania to the east, Serbia to the south, Croatia to the southwest, and Slovenia to the west.
Iceland is a Nordic island country in the North Atlantic, with a population of and an area of, making it the most sparsely populated country in Europe.
An income tax is a tax imposed on individuals or entities (taxpayers) that varies with respective income or profits (taxable income).
India (IAST), also called the Republic of India (IAST), is a country in South Asia.
Israel, officially the State of Israel, is a country in the Middle East, on the southeastern shore of the Mediterranean Sea and the northern shore of the Red Sea.
Istanbul (or or; İstanbul), historically known as Constantinople and Byzantium, is the most populous city in Turkey and the country's economic, cultural, and historic center.
Italy (Italia), officially the Italian Republic (Repubblica Italiana), is a sovereign state in Europe.
Japan (日本; Nippon or Nihon; formally 日本国 or Nihon-koku, lit. "State of Japan") is a sovereign island country in East Asia.
Jersey (Jèrriais: Jèrri), officially the Bailiwick of Jersey (Bailliage de Jersey; Jèrriais: Bailliage dé Jèrri), is a Crown dependency located near the coast of Normandy, France.
A județ (plural județe) is an administrative division in Romania, and was also used from 1998 to 2003 in Moldova, before it returned to raions.
A jurisdiction is an area with a set of laws under the control of a system of courts or government entity which are different from neighbouring areas.
Kalvarija Municipality is one of 60 municipalities in Lithuania.
Kaohsiung City (Hokkien POJ: Ko-hiông; Hakka: Kô-hiùng; old names: Takao, Takow, Takau) is a special municipality located in southern-western Taiwan and facing the Taiwan Strait.
Karlovy Vary or Carlsbad (Karlsbad) is a spa town situated in western Bohemia, Czech Republic, on the confluence of the rivers Ohře and Teplá, approximately west of Prague (Praha).
Köping (cognate to the English toponymical name chipping) was a Swedish denomination for a market town.
Kenya, officially the Republic of Kenya, is a country in Africa with its capital and largest city in Nairobi.
A kraj (kraje) is the highest-level administrative unit in the Czech Republic and the Slovak Republic.
Kujalleq (Greenlandic: The South) is a new municipality in the southern tip of Greenland, operational from 1 January 2009.
Latin (Latin: lingua latīna) is a classical language belonging to the Italic branch of the Indo-European languages.
Latvia (or; Latvija), officially the Republic of Latvia (Latvijas Republika), is a sovereign state in the Baltic region of Northern Europe.
Lebanon (لبنان; Lebanese pronunciation:; Liban), officially known as the Lebanese RepublicRepublic of Lebanon is the most common phrase used by Lebanese government agencies.
Libya (ليبيا), officially the State of Libya (دولة ليبيا), is a sovereign state in the Maghreb region of North Africa, bordered by the Mediterranean Sea to the north, Egypt to the east, Sudan to the southeast, Chad and Niger to the south and Algeria and Tunisia to the west.
The following is a list of cities and towns in Austria with population of over 10,000 inhabitants.
According to Bangladesh Bureau of Statistics, The administrative populated areas which have population of 100,000 or more than that can be defined as a city in Bangladesh.
This is a list of cities and towns in Romania, ordered by population according to the 2002 and 2011 censuses.
In Italy, the Comune (plural Comuni) is the basic administrative division, and may be properly approximated in casual speech by the English word township or municipality.
This is a listing in alphabetical order of the current municipalities in Finland as of 2016.
This is an alphabetical list of the 2,891 obcí (singular obec, "municipality") in Slovakia.
A municipality (მუნიციპალიტეტი, munits'ipaliteti) is a subdivision of Georgia, consisting of a settlement or a group of settlements, which enjoys local self-government.
Norway is divided into 18 administrative regions, called counties (fylker in Norwegian, singular: fylke), and 422 municipalities (kommuner/-ar, singular: kommune – cf. communes).
This is a list of the municipalities of Portugal.
The provinces of the Dominican Republic are divided into two or more municipalities (municipios singular municipio) with the exception of the Distrito Nacional which consist of only one municipality – Santo Domingo.
As of January 2018, there are 380 municipalities (Dutch: gemeenten) and 3 public bodies (openbare lichamen), also referred to as special municipalities (bijzondere gemeenten), in the Netherlands.
The states of Mexico are first-level administrative territorial entities of the country of Mexico, which officially is named United Mexican States.
A town (町; chō or machi) is a local administrative unit in Japan.
A is a local administrative unit in Japan.
Canada has a total of 3,572 municipalities among its 10 provinces and 3 territories that are subject to some form of local government.
Lithuania (Lietuva), officially the Republic of Lithuania (Lietuvos Respublika), is a country in the Baltic region of northern-eastern Europe.
Generally, a local administrative unit (LAU) is a low level administrative division of a country, ranked below a province, region, or state.
Local councils - plural: (מוֹעָצוֹת מְקוֹמִיּוֹת Mo'atzot Mekomiot (מועצות מקומיות) / singular: (מוֹעָצָה מְקוֹמִית Mo'atza Mekomit (מועצה מקומית) - are one of the three types of local government found in Israel, the other two being cities and regional councils. There are 265 local councils in Israel. Local councils should not be confused with local committees, which are lower-level administrative entities.
Since June 30, 1993, Malta has been subdivided into 68 localities, governed by local councils, kunsilli lokali, meaning municipalities or borough.
A local government area (LGA) is an administrative division of a country that a local government is responsible for.
Local government in Pakistan is a complex pattern, with distribution of power varying according to the local arrangements.
Local government in the United Kingdom has origins that pre-date the United Kingdom itself, as each of the four countries of the United Kingdom has its own separate system.
In South Africa, a local municipality (mmasepalaselegae; masepala wa lehae; mmasepala wa selegae; plaaslike munisipaliteit; umasipala wendawo; umasipaladi wendawo; umasipala wengingqi; masipaladi wasekhaya; masipalawapo; masipala wa muganga) or Category B municipality is a type of municipality that serves as the third, and most local, tier of local government.
Luxembourg (Lëtzebuerg; Luxembourg, Luxemburg), officially the Grand Duchy of Luxembourg, is a landlocked country in western Europe.
Malmö Municipality (Malmö kommun), or City of Malmö (Malmö stad), is a municipality in Scania, the southernmost Swedish province.
Malta, officially known as the Republic of Malta (Repubblika ta' Malta), is a Southern European island country consisting of an archipelago in the Mediterranean Sea.
Mauritius (or; Maurice), officially the Republic of Mauritius (République de Maurice), is an island nation in the Indian Ocean about off the southeast coast of the African continent.
The mayor–council government system is a system of organization of local government.
A merger, consolidation or amalgamation, in a political or administrative sense, is the combination of two or more political or administrative entities, such as municipalities (in other words cities, towns, etc.), counties, districts, etc., into a single entity.
Merriam–Webster, Incorporated is an American company that publishes reference books which is especially known for its dictionaries.
Metropolitan Manila (Kalakhang Maynila, Kamaynilaan) is the seat of government and one of the three defined metropolitan areas of the Philippines.
A metropolitan area, sometimes referred to as a metro area or commuter belt, is a region consisting of a densely populated urban core and its less-populated surrounding territories, sharing industry, infrastructure, and housing.
In South Africa, a metropolitan municipality or Category A municipality is a municipality which executes all the functions of local government for a city or conurbation.
Mexico (México; Mēxihco), officially called the United Mexican States (Estados Unidos Mexicanos) is a federal republic in the southern portion of North America.
Mexico City, or the City of Mexico (Ciudad de México,; abbreviated as CDMX), is the capital of Mexico and the most populous city in North America.
The Ministry of Municipal Affairs and Housing is the department of the Government of Ontario that is responsible for municipal affairs and housing in the Canadian province of Ontario.
Moldova (or sometimes), officially the Republic of Moldova (Republica Moldova), is a landlocked country in Eastern Europe, bordered by Romania to the west and Ukraine to the north, east, and south (by way of the disputed territory of Transnistria).
Monaco, officially the Principality of Monaco (Principauté de Monaco), is a sovereign city-state, country and microstate on the French Riviera in Western Europe.
Montenegro (Montenegrin: Црна Гора / Crna Gora, meaning "Black Mountain") is a sovereign state in Southeastern Europe.
Montigny-le-Tilleul (Montgneye-Tiyoû) is a Walloon municipality located in the Belgian province of Hainaut.
Mtarfa (L-Imtarfa) is a small town in the Northern Region of Malta, with a population of 2,572 people as of March 2014.
A mukim is the second-level administrative division of Brunei, and the primary subdivision of a district.
A municipal corporation is the legal term for a local governing body, including (but not necessarily limited to) cities, counties, towns, townships, charter townships, villages, and boroughs.
A municipal district is an administrative entity comprising a clearly defined territory and its population.
Municipal governance in India has existed since the year 1688, with the formation of Madras Municipal Corporation, and then Calcutta and Bombay Municipal Corporation in 1726.
Municipalidad is a Spanish term for municipality used in many Latin American countries such as Argentina, Chile, Costa Rica, Ecuador, Guatemala, Colombia, Paraguay, Peru and Puerto Rico.
The municipalities of Greece (δήμοι, dímoi) are the lowest level of government within the organizational structure of that country.
Municipalities (bashki) are the second-level administrative divisions of Albania.
A municipality is one form of a country subdivision of Argentina.
Belgium comprises 589 municipalities (gemeenten; communes; Gemeinden) grouped into five provinces in each of two regions and into a third region, the Brussels-Capital Region, comprising 19 municipalities that do not belong to a province.
Municipalities in Bolivia are administrative divisions of the entire national territory governed by local elections.
In Bosnia and Herzegovina the smallest administrative unit is the municipality ("opština/општина" or "općina/опћина" in the official languages and scripts of the country).
The municipalities of Brazil (Municípios do Brasil) are administrative divisions of the Brazilian states.
Municipalities in Brunei are settlements which have been incorporated by the government to run as municipalities.
The 28 provinces of Bulgaria are divided into 265 municipalities (община, obshtina).
The Municipalities of Colombia are decentralized subdivisions of the Republic of Colombia.
Municipalities in Croatia (općina; plural: općine) are the second lowest administrative unit of government in the country, and along with cities and towns (grad, plural: gradovi) they form the second level of administrative subdisivion, after counties.
Denmark is divided into five regions, which contain 98 municipalities (kommuner, sing.: kommune).
The departments of El Salvador are divided into 262 municipalities or municipios.
A municipality (omavalitsus, plural omavalitsused) is the smallest administrative subdivision of Estonia.
The municipalities (kunta; kommun) represent the local level of administration in Finland and act as the fundamental, self-governing administrative units of the country.
Municipalities (Gemeinden, more accurately translated as "communities") are the lowest level of official territorial division in Germany.
Honduras is administratively divided into 18 departments which are subdivided into 298 municipalities.
The municipalities of Iceland are local administrative areas in Iceland that provide a number of services to their inhabitants such as kindergartens, elementary schools, waste management, social services, public housing, public transportation, services to senior citizens and handicapped people.
Japan has three levels of government: national, prefectural, and municipal.
Lithuania is divided into three layers of administrative divisions.
Municipalities (municipios in Spanish) are the second-level administrative divisions of Mexico, where the first-level administrative division is the state (Spanish: estado).
Mexico City is divided into sixteen delegaciones (mayoralties or boroughs) (alcaldías), which have regulatory powers and are not fully autonomous in their internal administration.
The municipalities (Montenegrin: општине /opštine) are the first level administrative subdivisions of Montenegro.
The 15 departments and 2 autonomous regions of Nicaragua are divided into 153 municipalities.
The municipality (município or concelho) is the second-level administrative subdivision of Portugal, as defined by the 1976 Constitution.
The municipalities of Puerto Rico number seventy-eight incorporated towns and cities.
Slovenia is divided into 212 municipalities (občine, singularobčina), of which 11 have urban status.
The municipalities of Spain (municipios,, municipis, concellos, udalerriak; sing. municipio)In other languages of Spain.
The municipalities of Sweden (Sveriges kommuner) are its lower-level local government entities.
Municipalities (Gemeinden, Einwohnergemeinden or politische Gemeinden; communes; comuni; vischnancas) are the lowest level of administrative division in Switzerland.
A municipality (bayan/munisipalidad; banwa; lungsod/munisipalidad; baley; balen/balayan; banwaan; bungto; ili) is a local government unit (LGU) in the Philippines.
The municipalities are the first-order administrative divisions of the Republic of Macedonia.
Since 2009 (Law No. 18567 of 13 September 2009), the Uruguayan departments have been subdivided into municipalities.
Municipalities of Venezuela are subdivisions of the States of Venezuela.
On the First Tier, Vietnam is divided into 58 provinces (tỉnh) and 5 municipalities (thành phố trực thuộc trung ương).
A municipality is usually a single urban or administrative division having corporate status and powers of self-government or jurisdiction as granted by national and state laws to which it is subordinate.
In the territories administrated by the Palestinian Authority, a municipality (هيئة محلية) is an administrative unit of local government similar to a city.
Municipio and município are country subdivisions in Italy and several Hispanophone and Lusophone nations, respectively.
A municipiu (from Latin municipium; English: municipality) is a level of administrative subdivision in Romania and Moldova, roughly equivalent to city in some English-speaking countries.
Municipium (pl. municipia) was the Latin term for a town or city.
In India, a municipal council, municipality, Nagar Palika, Nagar Palika Parishad is an urban local body that administers a city of population 100,000 or more.
A neighbourhood (British English), or neighborhood (American English; see spelling differences), is a geographically localised community within a larger city, town, suburb or rural area.
Nepal (नेपाल), officially the Federal Democratic Republic of Nepal (सङ्घीय लोकतान्त्रिक गणतन्त्र नेपाल), is a landlocked country in South Asia located mainly in the Himalayas but also includes parts of the Indo-Gangetic Plain.
The Netherlands (Nederland), often referred to as Holland, is a country located mostly in Western Europe with a population of seventeen million.
New Jersey is a state in the Mid-Atlantic region of the Northeastern United States.
New Taipei City is a special municipality and the most populous city in Taiwan.
New Zealand (Aotearoa) is a sovereign island country in the southwestern Pacific Ocean.
Nicaragua, officially the Republic of Nicaragua, is the largest country in the Central American isthmus, bordered by Honduras to the north, the Caribbean to the east, Costa Rica to the south, and the Pacific Ocean to the west.
The North Caribbean Coast Autonomous Region (Región Autónoma de la Costa Caribe Norte), sometimes shortened to RACN, or RACCN (for North Caribbean Coast Autonomous Region), or RAAN (for its former name of Región Autónoma del Atlántico Norte), is one of two autonomous regions in Nicaragua.
Northern Ireland (Tuaisceart Éireann; Ulster-Scots: Norlin Airlann) is a part of the United Kingdom in the north-east of the island of Ireland, variously described as a country, province or region.
Norway (Norwegian: (Bokmål) or (Nynorsk); Norga), officially the Kingdom of Norway, is a unitary sovereign state whose territory comprises the western portion of the Scandinavian Peninsula plus the remote island of Jan Mayen and the archipelago of Svalbard.
Nova Scotia (Latin for "New Scotland"; Nouvelle-Écosse; Scottish Gaelic: Alba Nuadh) is one of Canada's three maritime provinces, and one of the four provinces that form Atlantic Canada.
Obec (plural: obce or obcí) is the Czech and Slovak word for a municipality (in the Czech Republic, in Slovakia and abroad).
An oblast is a type of administrative division of Belarus, Bulgaria, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Russia, Ukraine, and the former Soviet Union and Kingdom of Serbs, Croats and Slovenes.
Oeiras is a municipality in western part of the Lisbon Metropolitan Area, subregion of Greater Lisbon, in continental Portugal.
Okres (Czech and Slovak term meaning "district" in English; from German Kreis - circle (or perimeter)) refers to administrative entities in the Czech Republic and Slovakia.
Okrug (окръг, okrǎg, о́круг; округ,; окру́га, okruha; акруга, Akruha; okręg; оқрҿс; йырвел, jyrvel) is an administrative division of some Slavic states.
Ontario is one of the 13 provinces and territories of Canada and is located in east-central Canada.
Opština, Obshtina, Občina or Općina, Cyrillic општина or община is a local government unit, most commonly translated as municipality in English.
Pakistan (پاکِستان), officially the Islamic Republic of Pakistan (اِسلامی جمہوریہ پاکِستان), is a country in South Asia.
The Palestinian National Authority (PA or PNA; السلطة الوطنية الفلسطينية) is the interim self-government body established in 1994 following the Gaza–Jericho Agreement to govern the Gaza Strip and Areas A and B of the West Bank, as a consequence of the 1993 Oslo Accords.
The Panchayat raj is a South Asian political system found mainly in India, Pakistan, Bangladesh, Sri Lanka, Trinidad and Tobago, and Nepal.
Paraguay (Paraguái), officially the Republic of Paraguay (República del Paraguay; Tetã Paraguái), is a landlocked country in central South America, bordered by Argentina to the south and southwest, Brazil to the east and northeast, and Bolivia to the northwest.
A parish is an administrative division used by several countries.
The Channel Island of Jersey is divided into twelve administrative districts or parishes.
A parroquia is a population entity or parish found in Galicia and Asturias in north-west Spain.
Pateros, officially the Municipality of Pateros, (Bayan ng Pateros), is a first- settlement_text in the region of,. According to the, it has a population of people.
Pattaya (พัทยา) is a resort city in Thailand.
Peru (Perú; Piruw Republika; Piruw Suyu), officially the Republic of Peru, is a country in western South America.
The Philippines (Pilipinas or Filipinas), officially the Republic of the Philippines (Republika ng Pilipinas), is a unitary sovereign and archipelagic country in Southeast Asia.
Hanyu Pinyin Romanization, often abbreviated to pinyin, is the official romanization system for Standard Chinese in mainland China and to some extent in Taiwan.
Poland (Polska), officially the Republic of Poland (Rzeczpospolita Polska), is a country located in Central Europe.
United States, political divisions Political divisions (also referred to as administrative divisions) of the United States are the various recognized governing entities that together form the United States.
Portugal, officially the Portuguese Republic (República Portuguesa),In recognized minority languages of Portugal: Portugal is the oldest state in the Iberian Peninsula and one of the oldest in Europe, its territory having been continuously settled, invaded and fought over since prehistoric times.
A powiat (pronounced; Polish plural: powiaty) is the second-level unit of local government and administration in Poland, equivalent to a county, district or prefecture (LAU-1, formerly NUTS-4) in other countries.
A property tax or millage rate is an ad valorem tax on the value of a property, usually levied on real estate.
A province is almost always an administrative division within a country or state.
Afghanistan is made up of 34 provinces (ولايت wilåyat).
Algeria is divided into 48 wilayas (provinces) and 1541 baladiyahs (municipalities, in French: commune).
Argentina is subdivided into twenty-three provinces (provincias, singular provincia) and one autonomous city (ciudad autónoma), Buenos Aires, which is the federal capital of the nation (Capital Federal) as decided by Congress. The provinces and the capital have their own constitutions, but exist under a federal system.
The country of Belgium is divided into three regions.
Provincial-level administrative divisions or first-level administrative divisions, are the highest-level Chinese administrative divisions.
According to Article 168 of the Constitution of Costa Rica, the political divisions are officially classified into 3 tiers of sub-national entities.
In Italy, a province (provincia) is an administrative division of intermediate level between a municipality (comune) and a region (regione).
The provinces of Peru are the second-level administrative subdivisions of the country.
South Africa is divided into nine provinces.
Spain and its autonomous communities are divided into fifty provinces (provincias,; sing. provincia).
The Dominican Republic is divided into thirty–one provincias (provinces; singular provincia), while the national capital, Santo Domingo, is contained within its own Distrito Nacional ("National District"; "D.N." on the map below).
There are currently twelve provinces of the Netherlands, representing the administrative layer between the national government and the local municipalities, with responsibility for matters of subnational or regional importance.
The Provinces of the Philippines (Filipino: Mga Lalawigan ng Pilipinas) are the primary political and administrative divisions of the Philippines.
Turkey is divided into 81 provinces (il).
On the First Tier, Vietnam is divided into 58 provinces (tỉnh) and 5 municipalities (thành phố trực thuộc trung ương).
Puerto Madryn (Welsh: Porth Madryn) is a city in the province of Chubut in Argentine Patagonia.
Puerto Rico (Spanish for "Rich Port"), officially the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico (Estado Libre Asociado de Puerto Rico, "Free Associated State of Puerto Rico") and briefly called Porto Rico, is an unincorporated territory of the United States located in the northeast Caribbean Sea.
Questia is an online commercial digital library of books and articles that has an academic orientation, with a particular emphasis on books and journal articles in the humanities and social sciences.
Røyken Municipality is a municipality in Buskerud County, Norway.
In geography, regions are areas that are broadly divided by physical characteristics (physical geography), human impact characteristics (human geography), and the interaction of humanity and the environment (environmental geography).
Regional councils (plural: מוֹעָצוֹת אֵזוֹרִיּוֹת, Mo'atzot Azoriot / singular: מוֹעָצָה אֵזוֹרִית, Mo'atza Azorit) are one of the three types of local government entities found in Israel and the West Bank, with the other two being cities and local councils.
The Regions of Denmark were created as part of the 2007 Danish Municipal Reform.
Finland comprises 19 regions called maakunta in Finnish and landskap in Swedish.
France is divided into 18 administrative regions (région), including 13 metropolitan regions and 5 overseas regions.
The regions of Iceland are mainly used for statistical purposes.
The regions of Italy (Italian: regioni) are the first-level administrative divisions of Italy, constituting its second NUTS administrative level.
Macedonia (translit), officially the Republic of Macedonia, is a country in the Balkan peninsula in Southeast Europe.
Republika Srpska (Република Српскa,; literally "Serb Republic") is one of two constitutional and legal entities of Bosnia and Herzegovina, the other being the Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina.
Reykjavík is the capital and largest city of Iceland.
Citizenship in ancient Rome was a privileged political and legal status afforded to free individuals with respect to laws, property, and governance.→.
Romania (România) is a sovereign state located at the crossroads of Central, Eastern, and Southeastern Europe.
In general, a rural area or countryside is a geographic area that is located outside towns and cities.
A rural municipality, often abbreviated RM, is a type of municipal status in the Canadian provinces of Manitoba and Saskatchewan, to be called rural municipalities and soon to be Prince Edward Island, or a group of municipal status types in the provinces of Alberta and Nova Scotia.
Russia (rɐˈsʲijə), officially the Russian Federation (p), is a country in Eurasia. At, Russia is the largest country in the world by area, covering more than one-eighth of the Earth's inhabited land area, and the ninth most populous, with over 144 million people as of December 2017, excluding Crimea. About 77% of the population live in the western, European part of the country. Russia's capital Moscow is one of the largest cities in the world; other major cities include Saint Petersburg, Novosibirsk, Yekaterinburg and Nizhny Novgorod. Extending across the entirety of Northern Asia and much of Eastern Europe, Russia spans eleven time zones and incorporates a wide range of environments and landforms. From northwest to southeast, Russia shares land borders with Norway, Finland, Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania and Poland (both with Kaliningrad Oblast), Belarus, Ukraine, Georgia, Azerbaijan, Kazakhstan, China, Mongolia and North Korea. It shares maritime borders with Japan by the Sea of Okhotsk and the U.S. state of Alaska across the Bering Strait. The East Slavs emerged as a recognizable group in Europe between the 3rd and 8th centuries AD. Founded and ruled by a Varangian warrior elite and their descendants, the medieval state of Rus arose in the 9th century. In 988 it adopted Orthodox Christianity from the Byzantine Empire, beginning the synthesis of Byzantine and Slavic cultures that defined Russian culture for the next millennium. Rus' ultimately disintegrated into a number of smaller states; most of the Rus' lands were overrun by the Mongol invasion and became tributaries of the nomadic Golden Horde in the 13th century. The Grand Duchy of Moscow gradually reunified the surrounding Russian principalities, achieved independence from the Golden Horde. By the 18th century, the nation had greatly expanded through conquest, annexation, and exploration to become the Russian Empire, which was the third largest empire in history, stretching from Poland on the west to Alaska on the east. Following the Russian Revolution, the Russian Soviet Federative Socialist Republic became the largest and leading constituent of the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics, the world's first constitutionally socialist state. The Soviet Union played a decisive role in the Allied victory in World War II, and emerged as a recognized superpower and rival to the United States during the Cold War. The Soviet era saw some of the most significant technological achievements of the 20th century, including the world's first human-made satellite and the launching of the first humans in space. By the end of 1990, the Soviet Union had the world's second largest economy, largest standing military in the world and the largest stockpile of weapons of mass destruction. Following the dissolution of the Soviet Union in 1991, twelve independent republics emerged from the USSR: Russia, Ukraine, Belarus, Kazakhstan, Uzbekistan, Armenia, Azerbaijan, Georgia, Kyrgyzstan, Moldova, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan and the Baltic states regained independence: Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania; the Russian SFSR reconstituted itself as the Russian Federation and is recognized as the continuing legal personality and a successor of the Soviet Union. It is governed as a federal semi-presidential republic. The Russian economy ranks as the twelfth largest by nominal GDP and sixth largest by purchasing power parity in 2015. Russia's extensive mineral and energy resources are the largest such reserves in the world, making it one of the leading producers of oil and natural gas globally. The country is one of the five recognized nuclear weapons states and possesses the largest stockpile of weapons of mass destruction. Russia is a great power as well as a regional power and has been characterised as a potential superpower. It is a permanent member of the United Nations Security Council and an active global partner of ASEAN, as well as a member of the G20, the Shanghai Cooperation Organisation (SCO), the Council of Europe, the Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation (APEC), the Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe (OSCE), and the World Trade Organization (WTO), as well as being the leading member of the Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS), the Collective Security Treaty Organization (CSTO) and one of the five members of the Eurasian Economic Union (EEU), along with Armenia, Belarus, Kazakhstan and Kyrgyzstan.
The Saint Peter and Saint Paul Archipelago (Arquipélago de São Pedro e São Paulo) is a group of 15 small islets and rocks in the central equatorial Atlantic Ocean.
A Samtgemeinde (see remark) is an administrative division in Lower Saxony, Germany.
San Marino, officially the Republic of San Marino (Repubblica di San Marino), also known as the Most Serene Republic of San Marino (Serenissima Repubblica di San Marino), is an enclaved microstate surrounded by Italy, situated on the Italian Peninsula on the northeastern side of the Apennine Mountains.
Sant Julià de Lòria is one of the parishes of Andorra, in the far south of that country.
Santiago, also known as Santiago de Chile, is the capital and largest city of Chile as well as one of the largest cities in the Americas.
São Paulo is a municipality in the southeast region of Brazil.
Scotland (Alba) is a country that is part of the United Kingdom and covers the northern third of the island of Great Britain.
The separation of powers is a model for the governance of a state.
Serbia (Србија / Srbija),Pannonian Rusyn: Сербия; Szerbia; Albanian and Romanian: Serbia; Slovak and Czech: Srbsko,; Сърбия.
Shanghai (Wu Chinese) is one of the four direct-controlled municipalities of China and the most populous city proper in the world, with a population of more than 24 million.
Skopje (Скопје) is the capital and largest city of the Republic of Macedonia.
Slovakia (Slovensko), officially the Slovak Republic (Slovenská republika), is a landlocked country in Central Europe.
Slovenia (Slovenija), officially the Republic of Slovenia (Slovene:, abbr.: RS), is a country in southern Central Europe, located at the crossroads of main European cultural and trade routes.
In both moral and political philosophy, the social contract is a theory or model that originated during the Age of Enlightenment.
South Africa, officially the Republic of South Africa (RSA), is the southernmost country in Africa.
South Caribbean Coast Autonomous Region (Región Autónoma de la Costa Caribe Sur), sometimes shortened to RACS, RACCS, or RAAS (for its former name of Región Autónoma del Atlántico Sur), is one of two autonomous regions in Nicaragua.
Spain (España), officially the Kingdom of Spain (Reino de España), is a sovereign state mostly located on the Iberian Peninsula in Europe.
Spanish or Castilian, is a Western Romance language that originated in the Castile region of Spain and today has hundreds of millions of native speakers in Latin America and Spain.
Special districts (also known as special service districts, special district governments, limited purpose entities, or special-purpose districts in the United States) are independent, special-purpose governmental units that exist separately from local governments such as county, municipal, and township governments, with substantial administrative and fiscal independence.
A special municipality is an administrative division unit in Taiwan.
A state is a compulsory political organization with a centralized government that maintains a monopoly of the legitimate use of force within a certain geographical territory.
Austria is a federal republic made up of nine states, known in German as Länder.
The Federative Republic of Brazil is a union of 27 Federative Units (Unidades Federativas, UF): 26 states (estados) and one federal district (distrito federal), where the federal capital, Brasília, is located.
Statistics Canada (Statistique Canada), formed in 1971, is the Government of Canada government agency commissioned with producing statistics to help better understand Canada, its population, resources, economy, society, and culture.
Stockholm Municipality or the City of Stockholm (Swedish: Stockholms kommun or Stockholms stad) is a municipality in Stockholm County in east central Sweden.
Sweden (Sverige), officially the Kingdom of Sweden (Swedish), is a Scandinavian country in Northern Europe.
Switzerland, officially the Swiss Confederation, is a sovereign state in Europe.
Taichung, officially known as Taichung City, is a special municipality located in center-western Taiwan.
Tainan (Hokkien POJ: Tâi-lâm), officially Tainan City, is a special municipality of Taiwan, facing the Formosan Strait or Taiwan Strait in the west and south.
Taipei, officially known as Taipei City, is the capital and a special municipality of Taiwan (officially known as the Republic of China, "ROC").
Taiwan, officially the Republic of China (ROC), is a state in East Asia.
Taoyuan City (Hokkien) is a special municipality in northwestern Taiwan, neighboring New Taipei City, Hsinchu County, and Yilan County.
Territorial authorities are the second tier of local government in New Zealand, below regional councils.
Thailand, officially the Kingdom of Thailand and formerly known as Siam, is a unitary state at the center of the Southeast Asian Indochinese peninsula composed of 76 provinces.
Thesaban (เทศบาล) are the municipalities of Thailand.
Tianjin, formerly romanized as Tientsin, is a coastal metropolis in northern China and one of the four national central cities of the People's Republic of China (PRC), with a total population of 15,469,500, and is also the world's 11th-most populous city proper.
A town is a human settlement.
Township refers to various kinds of settlements in different countries.
A township, in the context of New Jersey local government, refers to one of five types and one of eleven forms of municipal government.
Turkey (Türkiye), officially the Republic of Turkey (Türkiye Cumhuriyeti), is a transcontinental country in Eurasia, mainly in Anatolia in Western Asia, with a smaller portion on the Balkan peninsula in Southeast Europe.
A state is a constituent political entity of the United States.
Ukraine (Ukrayina), sometimes called the Ukraine, is a sovereign state in Eastern Europe, bordered by Russia to the east and northeast; Belarus to the northwest; Poland, Hungary, and Slovakia to the west; Romania and Moldova to the southwest; and the Black Sea and Sea of Azov to the south and southeast, respectively.
The United Arab Emirates (UAE; دولة الإمارات العربية المتحدة), sometimes simply called the Emirates (الإمارات), is a federal absolute monarchy sovereign state in Western Asia at the southeast end of the Arabian Peninsula on the Persian Gulf, bordering Oman to the east and Saudi Arabia to the south, as well as sharing maritime borders with Qatar to the west and Iran to the north.
The United States of America (USA), commonly known as the United States (U.S.) or America, is a federal republic composed of 50 states, a federal district, five major self-governing territories, and various possessions.
Upazila (lit pronounced: upojela), formerly called thana (থানা), is a geographical region in Bangladesh used for administrative or other purposes.
An urban area is a human settlement with high population density and infrastructure of built environment.
Uruguay, officially the Oriental Republic of Uruguay (República Oriental del Uruguay), is a sovereign state in the southeastern region of South America.
Valletta is the capital city of Malta, colloquially known as "Il-Belt" (lit. "The City") in Maltese.
Venezuela, officially denominated Bolivarian Republic of Venezuela (República Bolivariana de Venezuela),Previously, the official name was Estado de Venezuela (1830–1856), República de Venezuela (1856–1864), Estados Unidos de Venezuela (1864–1953), and again República de Venezuela (1953–1999).
A Verbandsgemeinde (plural Verbandsgemeinden) is a low-level administrative unit in the German federal states of Rhineland-Palatinate and Saxony-Anhalt.
Vereda is a subdivisional administrative part of a municipality in Colombia Category:Subdivisions of Colombia.
Vietnam, officially the Socialist Republic of Vietnam, is the easternmost country on the Indochina Peninsula in Southeast Asia.
Vila do Corvo is the smallest municipality in the Portuguese archipelago of the Azores, constituting the island of Corvo in its entirety.
A village is a clustered human settlement or community, larger than a hamlet but smaller than a town, with a population ranging from a few hundred to a few thousand.
A village (sometimes spelt as) is the third and lowest administrative division of Brunei.
Ville is the modern French word of Latin origin now meaning "city" or "town", but the first meaning in the Middle Ages was "farm" (from Gallo-Romance VILLA.
Wales (Cymru) is a country that is part of the United Kingdom and the island of Great Britain.
Wallonia (Wallonie, Wallonie(n), Wallonië, Walonreye, Wallounien) is a region of Belgium.
West Hampton Dunes is an incorporated village in Suffolk County, New York, United States, on the South Shore of Long Island.
Zacatecoluca is the capital municipality of the La Paz Department of El Salvador.
City Municipality, City municipalities, City municipality, Commune (administrative division), Commune (country subdivision), Commune (subnational entity), Gemeente, Incorporated community, Muncipality, Municialities, Municipal, Municipal Seat, Municipal autonomy, Municipal government, Municipalities, Municipalty, Nagarasabha, Novads, Village municipality.