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A dash is a punctuation mark that is similar to a hyphen or minus sign, but differs from both of these symbols primarily in length and function. [1]

195 relations: Adjective phrase, Aegean numerals, Albert Einstein, Alkali metal, Alt code, Alt key, AMA Manual of Style, Ancient Greek, Ancient Rome, AP Stylebook, APA style, Aposiopesis, Arithmetic, Armenian alphabet, ASCII, Australia 31–0 American Samoa, Autocorrection, Balinese alphabet, Baseline (typography), Bence Jones protein, Benjamin Franklin, Bipartisan Campaign Reform Act, Bitwise operation, Blood–brain barrier, Bose–Einstein statistics, Box-drawing character, Bracket, Brahmi numerals, Brahmi script, Bullet (typography), Cambridge University Press, Canadian Aboriginal syllabics, Cap height, Catch-22, Character (computing), Character encoding, Character Map, Chōonpu, Cheyne–Stokes respiration, CJK characters, Clause, Clear script, Colon (punctuation), Comma, Compose key, Compound (linguistics), Copula (linguistics), Corpus linguistics, Counting rods, Dash, ..., Data anonymization, Diacritic, Dialogue, Dictionary, Dorland's medical reference works, Ellipsis, Em (typography), En (typography), English compound, Eponym, First-person narrative, Font, Fraser alphabet, French language, Full stop, Glyph, GNU, Grove/Atlantic, Inc., GTK+, Halfwidth and fullwidth forms, Hangul, Hart's Rules, Hebrew alphabet, Henry VI, Part 2, Hexadecimal, Horizontal bar, HTML, Hyphen, Hyphen-minus, Identifier, International System of Units, James Joyce, John Hughlings Jackson, John Southward, Joseph Heller, Kaithi, Kaplan–Meier estimator, Katakana, Keyboard layout, Keyboard shortcut, Korean language, Labor Management Relations Act of 1947, LaTeX, Lennard-Jones potential, Letterer, Lewis Carroll, Line (geometry), Line wrap and word wrap, Linux, Linux Libertine, List of XML and HTML character entity references, Love–hate relationship, Macintosh, Macron, Markdown, Mathematics, Microsoft, Microsoft Windows, Microsoft Word, Miscellaneous Technical, Monologue, Monospaced font, MS-DOS, Negative number, Nicholson Baker, Num lock, Numeric character reference, Numeric keypad, Operating system, Operation (mathematics), Operator (computer programming), Operators in C and C++, OS X, Overline, Oxford University Press, Penguin Group, Phonetic symbols in Unicode, Phrase, Plan 9 from Bell Labs, Plus and minus signs, Point (typography), Polish language, Post-war, Prefix, Programming language, Proto-Indo-European language, Pulitzer Prize for Fiction, Punctuation, Quotation mark, Relative articulation, Rhetorical device, Rhetorical modes, Routledge, Run command, S-chanf, Sanitization (classified information), Satyendra Nath Bose, Scientific writing, Serif, Sign (mathematics), Soft hyphen, Speech, Star Wars (film), Style guide, Subscript and superscript, Substituent, Subtraction, Surname, Technical writing, Tetragraph, TeX, The American Heritage Dictionary of the English Language, The Chicago Manual of Style, The Elements of Style, The Elements of Typographic Style, The Mezzanine, The New York Times Manual of Style and Usage, Thin space, Tilde, Touch typing, Trans–New Guinea languages, Trigraph (orthography), Typeface, Typewriter, Typographic alignment, Typographic approximation, Typography, Uncia (unit), Underscore, Unicode, Unicode input, Unicode symbols, Uniform Resource Locator, University of Chicago Press, Vim (text editor), Whitespace character, William Shakespeare, Windows Vista, Word processor, Writing system, X Window System, XeTeX, XML, Zero-width space, 1 (number). Expand index (145 more) »

Adjective phrase

An adjective phrase (or adjectival phrase) is a phrase whose head word is an adjective, e.g. fond of steak, very happy, quite upset about it, etc.

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Aegean numerals

Aegean numbers was the numeral system used by the Minoan and Mycenaean civilizations.

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Albert Einstein

Albert Einstein (14 March 1879 – 18 April 1955) was a German-born theoretical physicist.

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Alkali metal

The alkali metals are a group (column) in the periodic table consisting of the chemical elements lithium (Li), sodium (Na), potassium (K),The symbols Na and K for sodium and potassium are derived from their Latin names, natrium and kalium; these are still the names for the elements in some languages, such as German and Russian.

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Alt code

On IBM compatible personal computers, many characters not directly associated with a key can be entered using the Alt Numpad input method or Alt code: pressing and holding the ''Alt'' key while typing the number identifying the character with the keyboard's numeric keypad.

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Alt key

or The Alt key (pronounced) on a computer keyboard is used to change (alternate) the function of other pressed keys.

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AMA Manual of Style

AMA Manual of Style: A Guide for Authors and Editors is the style guide of the American Medical Association.

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Ancient Greek

Ancient Greek includes the forms of Greek used in ancient Greece and the ancient world from around the 9th century BC to the 6th century AD.

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Ancient Rome

Ancient Rome was an Italic civilization that began on the Italian Peninsula as early as the 8th century BC.

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AP Stylebook

The Associated Press Stylebook and Briefing on Media Law, usually called the AP Stylebook, is a style and usage guide used by newspapers and in the news industry in the United States.

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APA style

APA style is a format for academic documents such as journal articles and books.

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Aposiopesis (Classical Greek: ἀποσιώπησις, "becoming silent") is a figure of speech wherein a sentence is deliberately broken off and left unfinished, the ending to be supplied by the imagination, giving an impression of unwillingness or inability to continue.

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Arithmetic or arithmetics (from the Greek ἀριθμός arithmos, "number") is the oldest and most elementary branch of mathematics.

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Armenian alphabet

The Armenian alphabet (Հայոց գրեր Hayots grer or Հայոց այբուբեն Hayots aybuben) is a graphically unique alphabetical writing system that has been used to write the Armenian language.

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ASCII, abbreviated from American Standard Code for Information Interchange, is a character-encoding scheme (the IANA prefers the name US-ASCII).

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Australia 31–0 American Samoa

On 11 April 2001, the Australian and American Samoa national association football teams played each other in a qualifying match for the 2002 FIFA World Cup.

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Text replacement, replace-as-you-type or AutoCorrect is an automatic data validation function commonly found in word processors such as Microsoft Word and text editing interfaces for Apple Inc. products including the iPod, iPhone and the iPad.

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Balinese alphabet

The Balinese script, natively known as Aksara Bali and Hanacaraka, is an abugida used in the island of Bali, Indonesia, commonly for writing the Austronesian Balinese language, Old Javanese, and the liturgical language Sanskrit.

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Baseline (typography)

In European and West Asian typography and penmanship, the baseline is the line upon which most letters "sit" and below which descenders extend.

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Bence Jones protein

A Bence Jones protein is a monoclonal globulin protein or immunoglobulin light chain found in the urine, with a molecular weight of 22-24 kDa.

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Benjamin Franklin

Benjamin Franklin (April 17, 1790) was one of the Founding Fathers of the United States.

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Bipartisan Campaign Reform Act

The Bipartisan Campaign Reform Act of 2002 (BCRA, McCain–Feingold Act) is a United States federal law that amended the Federal Election Campaign Act of 1971, which regulates the financing of political campaigns.

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Bitwise operation

In digital computer programming, a bitwise operation operates on one or more bit patterns or binary numerals at the level of their individual bits.

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Blood–brain barrier

The blood–brain barrier (BBB) is a highly selective permeability barrier that separates the circulating blood from the brain extracellular fluid (BECF) in the central nervous system (CNS).

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Bose–Einstein statistics

In quantum statistics, Bose–Einstein statistics (or more colloquially B–E statistics) is one of two possible ways in which a collection of non-interacting indistinguishable particles may occupy a set of available discrete energy states, at thermodynamic equilibrium.

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Box-drawing character

Box-drawing characters, also known as line-drawing characters, are a form of semigraphics widely used in text user interfaces to draw various geometric frames and boxes.

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A bracket is a tall punctuation mark typically used in matched pairs within text, to set apart or interject other text.

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Brahmi numerals

The Brahmi numerals are a numeral system attested from the 3rd century BCE (somewhat later in the case of most of the tens).

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Brahmi script

Brahmi is the modern name given to one of the oldest writing systems used in the Indian subcontinent and in Central Asia during the final centuries BCE and the early centuries CE.

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Bullet (typography)

In typography, a bullet (•) is a typographical symbol or glyph used to introduce items in a list.

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Cambridge University Press

Cambridge University Press (CUP) is the publishing business of the University of Cambridge.

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Canadian Aboriginal syllabics

Canadian Aboriginal syllabic writing, or simply syllabics, is a family of abugidas (consonant-based alphabets) used to write a number of Aboriginal Canadian languages of the Algonquian, Inuit, and (formerly) Athabaskan language families.

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Cap height

In typography, cap height refers to the height of a capital letter above the baseline for a particular typeface.

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Catch-22 is a satirical novel by the American author Joseph Heller.

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Character (computing)

In computer and machine-based telecommunications terminology, a character is a unit of information that roughly corresponds to a grapheme, grapheme-like unit, or symbol, such as in an alphabet or syllabary in the written form of a natural language.

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Character encoding

In computing, a character encoding is used to represent a repertoire of characters by some kind of an encoding system.

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Character Map

Character Map is a utility included with Microsoft Windows operating systems and is used to view the characters in any installed font, to check what keyboard input (Alt code) is used to enter those characters, and to copy characters to the clipboard in lieu of typing them.

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The, also known as,, or Katakana-Hiragana Prolonged Sound Mark by the Unicode Consortium, is a Japanese symbol which indicates a chōon, or a long vowel of two morae in length.

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Cheyne–Stokes respiration

Cheyne–Stokes respiration is an abnormal pattern of breathing characterized by progressively deeper and sometimes faster breathing, followed by a gradual decrease that results in a temporary stop in breathing called an apnea.

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CJK characters

In internationalization, CJK is a collective term for the Chinese, Japanese, and Korean languages, all of which use Chinese characters and derivatives (collectively, CJK characters) in their writing systems.

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In grammar, a clause is the smallest grammatical unit that can express a complete proposition.

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Clear script

Clear script (or Oirat clear script, Todo bicig, or just Todo) (Тодо бичиг, todo bichig) is a Mongol alphabet created in 1648 by the Oirat Buddhist monk Zaya Pandita Oktorguin Dalai for the Oirat Mongol language.

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Colon (punctuation)

The colon is a punctuation mark consisting of two equally sized dots centered on the same vertical line.

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The comma is a punctuation mark that appears in several variants in various languages.

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Compose key

A Compose key, also called Multi key, is a part of the computer keyboard that is—or behaves like—a kind of special dead key.

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Compound (linguistics)

In linguistics, a compound is a lexeme (less precisely, a word) that consists of more than one stem.

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Copula (linguistics)

In linguistics, a copula (plural: copulas or copulae) is a word used to link the subject of a sentence with a predicate (a subject complement), such as the word is in the sentence "The sky is blue." The word copula derives from the Latin noun for a "link" or "tie" that connects two different things.

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Corpus linguistics

Corpus linguistics is the study of language as expressed in samples (corpora) of "real world" text.

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Counting rods

Counting rods (算木, sangi) are small bars, typically 3–14 cm long, that were used by mathematicians for calculation in ancient China, Japan, Korea, and Vietnam.

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A dash is a punctuation mark that is similar to a hyphen or minus sign, but differs from both of these symbols primarily in length and function.

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Data anonymization

Data anonymization is a type of information sanitization whose intent is privacy protection.

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A diacritic – also diacritical mark, diacritical point, or diacritical sign – is a glyph added to a letter, or basic glyph.

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Dialogue (sometimes spelled dialog in American English) is a written or spoken conversational exchange between two or more people, and a literary and theatrical form that depicts such an exchange.

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A dictionary is a collection of words in one or more specific languages, often listed alphabetically (or by radical and stroke for ideographic languages), with usage of information, definitions, etymologies, phonetics, pronunciations, translation, and other information;Webster's New World College Dictionary, Fourth Edition, 2002 or a book of words in one language with their equivalents in another, also known as a lexicon.

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Dorland's medical reference works

Dorland's is the brand name of a family of medical reference works (including dictionaries, spellers and word books, and spell-check software) in various media spanning printed books, CD-ROMs, and online content.

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Ellipsis (plural ellipses; from the ἔλλειψις, élleipsis, "omission" or "falling short") is a series of dots (typically three, such as "…") that usually indicates an intentional omission of a word, sentence, or whole section from a text without altering its original meaning.

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Em (typography)

An em is a unit in the field of typography, equal to the currently specified point size.

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En (typography)

An en is a typographic unit, half of the width of an em.

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English compound

A compound is a word composed of more than one free morpheme.

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An eponym is a person, a place, or thing for whom or for which something is named, or believed to be named.

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First-person narrative

A first-person narrative is a story from the first-person perspective: the viewpoint of a character writing or speaking directly about themselves.

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In metal typesetting, a font is a particular size, weight and style of a typeface.

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Fraser alphabet

The Fraser alphabet or Old Lisu Alphabet is an artificial script invented around 1915 by Sara Ba Thaw, a Karen preacher from Myanmar, and improved by the missionary James O. Fraser, to write the Lisu language.

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French language

French (le français or la langue française) is a Romance language, belonging to the Indo-European family.

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Full stop

In punctuation, the full stop (in British English) or period (in American English) is the punctuation mark placed at the end of a sentence.

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In typography, a glyph is an elemental symbol within an agreed set of symbols, intended to represent a readable character for the purposes of writing and thereby expressing thoughts, ideas and concepts.

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GNU is an extensive collection of computer software that can be used to build a Unix-like operating system.

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Grove/Atlantic, Inc.

Grove Atlantic, Inc. is an American independent publisher, based in New York City, New York, that was formed by the merger of Grove Press and Atlantic Monthly Press.

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GTK+ (formerly GIMP Toolkit, sometimes incorrectly termed the GNOME Toolkit) is a cross-platform widget toolkit for creating graphical user interfaces.

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Halfwidth and fullwidth forms

In CJK (Chinese, Japanese and Korean) computing, graphic characters are traditionally classed into fullwidth (in Taiwan and Hong Kong: 全形; in CJK and Japanese: 全角) and halfwidth (in Taiwan and Hong Kong: 半形; in CJK and Japanese: 半角) characters.

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The Korean alphabet, known as Hangul in South Korea and elsewhere and as Chosŏn'gŭl in North Korea and China, is the alphabet that has been used to write the Korean language since the 15th century.

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Hart's Rules

Hart's Rules for Compositors and Readers at the University Press, Oxford was an authoritative reference book and style guide published in England by Oxford University Press (OUP).

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Hebrew alphabet

The Hebrew alphabet (אָלֶף־בֵּית עִבְרִי), known variously by scholars as the Jewish script, square script, block script, is used in the writing of the Hebrew language, as well as of other Jewish languages, most notably Yiddish, Ladino, and Judeo-Arabic.

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Henry VI, Part 2

Henry VI, Part 2 (often written as 2 Henry VI) is a history play by William Shakespeare believed to have been written in 1591, and set during the lifetime of King Henry VI of England.

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In mathematics and computing, hexadecimal (also base, or hex) is a positional numeral system with a radix, or base, of 16.

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Horizontal bar

The horizontal bar, also known as the high bar, is an apparatus used by male gymnasts in Artistic Gymnastics.

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HyperText Markup Language, commonly referred to as HTML, is the standard markup language used to create web pages.

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The hyphen is a punctuation mark used to join words and to separate syllables of a single word.

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The hyphen-minus (-) is a character used in digital documents and computing to represent a hyphen or a minus sign (&minus).

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An identifier is a name that identifies (that is, labels the identity of) either a unique object or a unique class of objects, where the "object" or class may be an idea, physical object (or class thereof), or physical substance (or class thereof).

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International System of Units

The International System of Units (Système International d'Unités, SI) is the modern form of the metric system, and is the most widely used system of measurement.

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James Joyce

James Augustine Aloysius Joyce (2 February 1882 – 13 January 1941) was an Irish novelist and poet, considered to be one of the most influential writers in the modernist avant-garde of the early 20th century.

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John Hughlings Jackson

John Hughlings Jackson, FRS (4 April 1835 – 7 October 1911), was an English neurologist.

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John Southward

John Southward (1840–1902) was an English writer on printing and typography,.

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Joseph Heller

Joseph Heller (May 1, 1923 – December 12, 1999) was an American satirical novelist, short story writer, and playwright.

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Kaithi, also called "Kayathi" or "Kayasthi", is the name of a historical script used widely in parts of North India, primarily in the former North-Western Provinces, Awadh and Bihar.

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Kaplan–Meier estimator

The Kaplan–Meier estimator, also known as the product limit estimator, is a non-parametric statistic used to estimate the survival function from lifetime data.

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is a Japanese syllabary, one component of the Japanese writing system along with hiragana, kanji, and in some cases the Latin script (known as romaji).

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Keyboard layout

A keyboard layout is any specific mechanical, visual, or functional arrangement of the keys, legends, or key-meaning associations (respectively) of a computer, typewriter, or other typographic keyboard.

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Keyboard shortcut

In computing, a keyboard shortcut is a series of one or several keys that invoke a software or operating system operation (in other words, cause an event) when triggered by the user.

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Korean language

Korean (조선말, see below) is the official language of both South Korea and North Korea, as well as one of the two official languages in China's Yanbian Korean Autonomous Prefecture.

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Labor Management Relations Act of 1947

The Labor Management Relations Act of 1947 better known as the Taft–Hartley Act, (80 H.R. 3020) is a United States federal law that restricts the activities and power of labor unions.

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LaTeX (or styled as LaTeX, and a shortening of Lamport TeX) is a word processor and a document markup language.

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Lennard-Jones potential

The Lennard-Jones potential (also referred to as the L-J potential, 6-12 potential, or 12-6 potential) is a mathematically simple model that approximates the interaction between a pair of neutral atoms or molecules.

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A letterer is a member of a team of comic book creators responsible for drawing the comic book's text.

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Lewis Carroll

Charles Lutwidge Dodgson (27 January 1832 – 14 January 1898), better known by his pen name, Lewis Carroll, was an English writer, mathematician, logician, Anglican deacon, and photographer.

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Line (geometry)

The notion of line or straight line was introduced by ancient mathematicians to represent straight objects (i.e., having no curvature) with negligible width and depth.

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Line wrap and word wrap

Line breaking, also known as word wrapping, is the process of breaking a section of text into lines such that it will fit in the available width of a page, window or other display area.

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Linux (pronounced or, less frequently) is a Unix-like and mostly POSIX-compliant computer operating system (OS) assembled under the model of free and open-source software development and distribution.

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Linux Libertine

Linux Libertine is a digital typeface created by the Libertine Open Fonts Project, which aims to create free and open alternatives to proprietary typefaces such as Times Roman.

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List of XML and HTML character entity references

In SGML, HTML and XML documents, the logical constructs known as character data and attribute values consist of sequences of characters, in which each character can manifest directly (representing itself), or can be represented by a series of characters called a character reference, of which there are two types: a numeric character reference and a character entity reference.

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Love–hate relationship

A love–hate relationship is an interpersonal relationship involving simultaneous or alternating emotions of love and hate—something particularly common when emotions are intense.

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The Macintosh (branded as Mac since 1998) is a series of personal computers (PCs) designed, developed, and marketed by Apple Inc. Steve Jobs introduced the original Macintosh computer on January 24, 1984.

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A macron is a diacritical mark, a straight bar placed above a letter, usually a vowel.

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Markdown is a lightweight markup language with plain text formatting syntax designed so that it can be converted to HTML and many other formats using a tool by the same name.

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Mathematics (from Greek μάθημα máthēma, “knowledge, study, learning”) is the study of topics such as quantity (numbers), structure, space, and change.

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Microsoft Corporation (commonly referred to as Microsoft) is an American multinational technology company headquartered in Redmond, Washington, that develops, manufactures, licenses, supports and sells computer software, consumer electronics and personal computers and services.

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Microsoft Windows

Microsoft Windows (or simply Windows) is a metafamily of graphical operating systems developed, marketed, and sold by Microsoft.

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Microsoft Word

Microsoft Word is a word processor developed by Microsoft.

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Miscellaneous Technical

Miscellaneous Technical is the name of a Unicode block ranging from U+2300 to U+23FF, which contains various common symbols which are related to and used in the various technical, programming language, and academic professions.

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In theatre, a monologue (from Greek μονόλογος from μόνος mónos, "alone, solitary" and λόγος lógos, "speech") is presented by a single character, most often to express their mental thoughts aloud, though sometimes also to directly address another character or the audience.

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Monospaced font

A monospaced font, also called a fixed-pitch, fixed-width, or non-proportional font, is a font whose letters and characters each occupy the same amount of horizontal space.

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MS-DOS (acronym for Microsoft Disk Operating System) is an operating system for x86-based personal computers mostly developed by Microsoft.

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Negative number

In mathematics, a negative number is a real number that is less than zero.

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Nicholson Baker

Nicholson Baker (born January 7, 1957) is an American writer of fiction and non-fiction.

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Num lock

Num Lock or Number Lock is a key on the numeric keypad of most computer keyboards.

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Numeric character reference

A numeric character reference (NCR) is a common markup construct used in SGML and SGML-derived markup languages such as HTML and XML.

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Numeric keypad

A numeric keypad, number pad, numpad, or ten key, is the palm-sized, 17-key section of a standard computer keyboard, usually on the far right.

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Operating system

An operating system (OS) is system software that manages computer hardware and software resources and provides common services for computer programs.

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Operation (mathematics)

The general operation as explained on this page should not be confused with the more specific operators on vector spaces.

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Operator (computer programming)

Programming languages typically support a set of operators: constructs which behave generally like functions, but which differ syntactically or semantically from usual functions.

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Operators in C and C++

This is a list of operators in the C and C++ programming languages.

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OS X (pronounced; originally Mac OS X) is a series of Unix-based graphical interface operating systems (OS) developed and marketed by Apple Inc. It is designed to run on Macintosh computers, having been pre-installed on all Macs since 2002.

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An overline, overscore, or overbar, is a typographical feature of a horizontal line drawn immediately above the text.

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Oxford University Press

Oxford University Press (OUP) is the largest university press in the world, and the second-oldest, after Cambridge University Press.

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Penguin Group

The Penguin Group is a trade book publisher, part of Penguin Random House.

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Phonetic symbols in Unicode

Unicode supports several phonetic scripts and notations through the existing writing systems and the addition of extra blocks with phonetic characters.

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In everyday speech, a phrase may be any group of words, often carrying a special idiomatic meaning; in this sense it is roughly synonymous with expression.

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Plan 9 from Bell Labs

Plan 9 from Bell Labs is a distributed operating system, originally developed by the Computing Sciences Research Center at Bell Labs between the mid-1980s and 2002.

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Plus and minus signs

The plus and minus signs (+ and −) are mathematical symbols used to represent the notions of positive and negative as well as the operations of addition and subtraction.

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Point (typography)

The point is the smallest whole unit of measure in typography.

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Polish language

Polish (język polski, polszczyzna) is a Slavic language spoken primarily in Poland and the native language of the Poles.

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A post-war period or postwar period is the interval immediately following the ending of a war and enduring, with no resumption of the war.

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A prefix is an affix which is placed before the stem of a word.

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Programming language

A programming language is a formal constructed language designed to communicate instructions to a machine, particularly a computer.

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Proto-Indo-European language

Proto-Indo-European (PIE) is the linguistic reconstruction of the common ancestor of the Indo-European languages.

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Pulitzer Prize for Fiction

The Pulitzer Prize for Fiction is one of the seven American Pulitzer Prizes that are annually awarded for Letters, Drama, and Music.

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Punctuation is "the use of spacing, conventional signs, and certain typographical devices as aids to the understanding and correct reading, both silently and aloud, of handwritten and printed texts." Another description is: "The practice, action, or system of inserting points or other small marks into texts, in order to aid interpretation; division of text into sentences, clauses, etc., by means of such marks." In written English, punctuation is vital to disambiguate the meaning of sentences.

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Quotation mark

Quotation marks, also called quotes, quote marks, quotemarks, speech marks and inverted commas, are punctuation marks used in pairs in various writing systems to set off direct speech, a quotation, or a phrase.

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Relative articulation

In phonetics and phonology, relative articulation is description of the manner and place of articulation of a speech sound relative to some reference point.

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Rhetorical device

In rhetoric, a rhetorical device or resource of language is a technique that an author or speaker uses to convey to the listener or reader a meaning with the goal of persuading him or her towards considering a topic from a different perspective, using sentences designed to encourage or provoke a rational argument from an emotional display of a given perspective or action.

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Rhetorical modes

Rhetorical modes (also known as modes of discourse) describe the variety, conventions, and purposes of the major kinds of language-based communication, particularly writing and speaking.

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Routledge is a British multinational publisher.

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Run command

On the Microsoft Windows operating system, the Run command is used to directly open an application or document whose path is known.

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S-chanf (Scanfs; Scanevo) is a municipality in the district of Maloja in the Swiss canton of Graubünden.

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Sanitization (classified information)

Sanitization is the process of removing sensitive information from a document or other message (or sometimes encrypting it), so that the document may be distributed to a broader audience.

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Satyendra Nath Bose

Satyendra Nath Bose, FRS (সত্যেন্দ্র নাথ বসু Shottendronath Boshū,; 1 January 1894 – 4 February 1974) was an Indian Bengali physicist specialising in mathematical physics.

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Scientific writing

Scientific writing is writing for science.

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In typography, a serif is a small line attached to the end of a stroke in a letter or symbol.

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Sign (mathematics)

In mathematics, the concept of sign originates from the property of every non-zero real number to be positive or negative.

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Soft hyphen

In computing and typesetting, a soft hyphen (ISO 8859: 0xAD, Unicode, HTML: ­ &shy) or syllable hyphen (EBCDIC: 0xCA), abbreviated SHY, is a code point reserved in some coded character sets for the purpose of breaking words across lines by inserting visible hyphens.

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Speech is the vocalized form of human communication.

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Star Wars (film)

Star Wars (later retitled Star Wars: Episode IV - A New Hope)Lucas, George (writer/director).

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Style guide

A style guide is a set of standards for the writing and design of documents, either for general use or for a specific publication, organization, or field.

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Subscript and superscript

A subscript or superscript is a number, figure, symbol, or indicator that is smaller than the normal line of type and is set slightly below or above it.

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In organic chemistry and biochemistry, a substituent is an atom or group of atoms substituted in place of a hydrogen atom on the parent chain of a hydrocarbon.

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Subtraction is a mathematical operation that represents the operation of removing objects from a collection.

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A surname or family name is a name added to a given name.

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Technical writing

Technical writing is any written form of writing or drafting technical communication used in a variety of technical and occupational fields, such as computer hardware and software, engineering, chemistry, aeronautics, robotics, finance, consumer electronics, and biotechnology.

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A tetragraph (from the τετρα-, tetra-, "four" and γράφω, gráphō, "write") is a sequence of four letters used to represent a single sound (phoneme), or a combination of sounds, that do not necessarily correspond to the individual values of the letters.

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TeX ((with the final consonant sounding like Ancient Greek's or English's) but often pronounced in English) is a typesetting system designed and mostly written by Donald Knuth and released in 1978.

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The American Heritage Dictionary of the English Language

The American Heritage Dictionary of the English Language (AHD) is an American dictionary of English published by Boston publisher Houghton Mifflin, the first edition of which appeared in 1969.

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The Chicago Manual of Style

The Chicago Manual of Style (abbreviated in writing as CMS or CMOS, or, by some writers as Chicago) is a style guide for American English published since 1906 by the University of Chicago Press.

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The Elements of Style

The Elements of Style is a prescriptive American English writing style guide in numerous editions.

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The Elements of Typographic Style

The Elements of Typographic Style is the authoritative book on typography and style by Canadian typographer, poet and translator Robert Bringhurst.

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The Mezzanine

The Mezzanine (1988) is the first novel by Nicholson Baker, about what goes through a man's mind during a modern lunch break.

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The New York Times Manual of Style and Usage

The New York Times Manual of Style and Usage: The Official Style Guide Used by the Writers and Editors of the World's Most Authoritative Newspaper is a style guide created in 1950 by editors at the newspaper and revised in 1974, 1999, and 2002 by Allan M. Siegal and William G. Connolly.

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Thin space

A thin space is a blank typographic unit equal to one-fifth (sometimes one-sixth) of an em wide.

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The tilde (in the American Heritage dictionary ˜ or ~) is a grapheme with several uses.

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Touch typing

Touch typing (also called touch type or touch method or touch and type method) is typing without using the sense of sight to find the keys.

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Trans–New Guinea languages

Trans–New Guinea (TNG) is an extensive family of Papuan languages spoken in New Guinea and neighboring islands, perhaps the third largest language family in the world.

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Trigraph (orthography)

A trigraph (from the τρεῖς, treîs, "three" and γράφω, gráphō, "write") is a group of three letters used to represent a single sound or a combination of sounds that does not correspond to the written letters combined.

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In typography, a typeface (also known as font family) is a set of one or more fonts each composed of glyphs that share common design features.

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A typewriter is a mechanical or electromechanical machine for writing in characters similar to those produced by printer's movable type by means of keyboard-operated types striking a ribbon to transfer ink or carbon impressions onto paper.

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Typographic alignment

In typesetting and page layout, alignment or range, is the setting of text flow or image placement relative to a page, column (measure), table cell or tab.

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Typographic approximation

For a printed medium (such as paper), a typographic approximation is a replacement (approximation) of some element of the writing system (usually, a glyph) with some else glyph(s), such as a nearly homographic character, digraph or character string.

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Typography is the art and technique of arranging type to make written language legible, readable, and appealing when displayed.

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Uncia (unit)

The uncia (unciae) was a Roman unit of length, weight, and volume.

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The underscore (also called understrike, underbar, or underline) is a character that originally appeared on the typewriter and was primarily used to underline words.

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Unicode is a computing industry standard for the consistent encoding, representation, and handling of text expressed in most of the world's writing systems.

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Unicode input

Unicode input is the insertion of a specific Unicode character on a computer by a user; it is a common way to input characters which are not directly supported by a physical keyboard.

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Unicode symbols

In computing, a Unicode symbol is a Unicode character which is not part of a script used to write a natural language, but can be used as part of a text.

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Uniform Resource Locator

A Uniform Resource Locator (URL) (commonly informally referred to as a web address, although the term is not defined identically) is a reference to a web resource that specifies its location on a computer network and a mechanism for retrieving it.

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University of Chicago Press

The University of Chicago Press is the largest and one of the oldest university presses in the United States.

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Vim (text editor)

Vim ("Vim is pronounced as one word, like Jim, not vi-ai-em. It's written with a capital, since it's a name, again like Jim." a contraction of Vi IMproved) is a clone of Bill Joy's vi editor for Unix.

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Whitespace character

In computer science, whitespace is any character or series of whitespace characters that represent horizontal or vertical space in typography.

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William Shakespeare

William Shakespeare (26 April 1564 (baptised) – 23 April 1616) was an English:poet,:playwright, actor and an Italophile, who is widely regarded as the greatest writer in the English language and the world's pre-eminent dramatist.

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Windows Vista

Windows Vista (codenamed Longhorn) is an operating system by Microsoft for use on personal computers, including home and business desktops, laptops, tablet PCs and media center PCs.

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Word processor

A word processor is an electronic device or computer software application, that performs the task of composition, editing, formatting, and sometimes printing of documents.

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Writing system

A writing system is any conventional method of visually representing verbal communication.

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X Window System

The X Window System (X11, X, and sometimes informally X-Windows) is a windowing system for bitmap displays, common on UNIX-like computer operating systems.

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XeTeX (or; see also Pronouncing and writing "TeX") is a TeX typesetting engine using Unicode and supporting modern font technologies such as OpenType, Graphite and Apple Advanced Typography (AAT).

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vs.) Extensible Markup Language (XML) is a markup language that defines a set of rules for encoding documents in a format which is both human-readable and machine-readable. It is defined by the W3C's XML 1.0 Specification and by several other related specifications, all of which are free open standards. The design goals of XML emphasize simplicity, generality and usability across the Internet. It is a textual data format with strong support via Unicode for different human languages. Although the design of XML focuses on documents, it is widely used for the representation of arbitrary data structures such as those used in web services. Several schema systems exist to aid in the definition of XML-based languages, while many application programming interfaces (APIs) have been developed to aid the processing of XML data.

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Zero-width space

The zero-width space (ZWSP) is a non-printing character used in computerized typesetting to indicate word boundaries to text processing systems when using scripts that do not use explicit spacing, or after characters (such as the slash) that are not followed by a visible space but after which there may nevertheless be a line break.

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1 (number)

1 (one; or, also called "unit", "unity", and "(multiplicative) identity", is a number, a numeral, and the name of the glyph representing that number. It represents a single entity, the unit of counting or measurement. For example, a line segment of "unit length" is a line segment of length 1.

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Redirects here:

---, .E2.80.93, Dash (punctuation), Dash (special character), Dash (symbol), Dash character, Dash symbol, Dashed, Dashes, Dashing, EM Dash, EM dash, EMdash, EN Dash, EN dash, ENdash, Em Dash, Em and en dash, Em dash, Em dashes, Em rule, Em-dash, Em-dashes, Emdash, Emdashes, En Dash, En dash, En dashes, En rule, En-dash, En-dashes, Endash, Endashes, Figure Dash, Figure dash, Horizontal bar (punctuation), M Dash, M dash, M-dash, MDash, Mdash, N Dash, N dash, N-dash, NDash, Ndash, Swung dash, ÔÇô, ֊, , , , , , , , , , , , , .


[1] https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Dash

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