192 relations: A List Apart, Adjective phrase, Aegean numerals, Albert Einstein, Alt code, Alt key, AMA Manual of Style, American Medical Association, Ancient Greek, Ancient Rome, AP Stylebook, APA style, Aposiopesis, Arithmetic, Armenian alphabet, ASCII, Australia 31–0 American Samoa, Autocorrection, Balinese script, Baseline (typography), Bence Jones protein, Benjamin Franklin, Bipartisan Campaign Reform Act, Bitwise operation, Blood–brain barrier, Bose–Einstein statistics, Box-drawing character, Bracket, Brahmi numerals, Brahmi script, Bullet (typography), Cambridge University Press, Canadian Aboriginal syllabics, Cap height, Catch-22, Character (computing), Character encoding, Character Map (Windows), Chōonpu, Cheyne–Stokes respiration, CJK characters, Clear script, Colon (punctuation), Comma, Compose key, Compound (linguistics), Compound modifier, Copula (linguistics), Corpus linguistics, Counting rods, ..., Dash, Data anonymization, Diaeresis (diacritic), Dialogue, Dictionary, Dorland's medical reference works, Ellipsis, Em (typography), En (typography), English compound, Eponym, Fillet (redaction), First-person narrative, Font, Fraser alphabet, French language, Full stop, GIMP, Glyph, GNU, Graphic design, Grove Atlantic, GTK+, Halfwidth and fullwidth forms, Hangul, Hart's Rules, Henry VI, Part 2, Hexadecimal, Horizontal bar, HTML, Hyphen, Hyphen-minus, Ibid., Identifier, International System of Units, James Joyce, John Hughlings Jackson, John Lennard-Jones, Joseph Heller, Kaithi, Kaplan–Meier estimator, Katakana, Korean language, Labor Management Relations Act of 1947, LaTeX, Leiden Conventions, Lennard-Jones potential, Letterer, Lewis Carroll, Line (geometry), Line wrap and word wrap, Linux, Linux Libertine, List of XML and HTML character entity references, Love–hate relationship, Mac OS Roman, MacOS, Macron (diacritic), Markdown, Mathematics, Microsoft Windows, Microsoft Word, Miscellaneous Technical, Monologue, Mozilla Thunderbird, MS-DOS, Negative number, Nicholson Baker, Num lock, Numeric character reference, Numeric keypad, Operation (mathematics), Operator (computer programming), Operators in C and C++, Orthography, Overline, Oxford University Press, Penguin Group, Phonetic symbols in Unicode, Plan 9 from Bell Labs, Plus and minus signs, Point (typography), Polish language, Post-war, Prefix, Programming language, Proto-Indo-European language, Pulitzer Prize for Fiction, Punctuation, Quotation mark, Relative articulation, Rhetorical device, Robert Bringhurst, Routledge, S-chanf, Sanitization (classified information), Satyendra Nath Bose, Serif, Sign (mathematics), Signature block, Soft hyphen, Spanish language, Star Wars (film), Style guide, Subscript and superscript, Subtraction, Supplemental Punctuation, Surname, Tetragraph, TeX, The American Heritage Dictionary of the English Language, The Chicago Manual of Style, The Elements of Style, The Elements of Typographic Style, The Mezzanine, The New York Times Manual of Style and Usage, Thin space, Tilde, Trans–New Guinea languages, Trigraph (orthography), Typeface, Typewriter, Typographic alignment, Typographic approximation, Typography, Uncia (unit), Underscore, Unicode, Unicode input, Unicode symbols, University of Chicago Press, Unix, URL, Vim (text editor), Whitespace character, William Shakespeare, WordPad, X Window System, XeTeX, XML, Zero-width space, 1. Expand index (142 more) » « Shrink index
A List Apart is a webzine that explores the design, development, and meaning of web content, with a special focus on web standards and best practices.
An adjective phrase (or adjectival phrase) is a phrase whose head word is an adjective, e.g. fond of steak, very happy, quite upset about it, etc.
Aegean numbers was the numeral system used by the Minoan and Mycenaean civilizations.
Albert Einstein (14 March 1879 – 18 April 1955) was a German-born theoretical physicist who developed the theory of relativity, one of the two pillars of modern physics (alongside quantum mechanics).
On IBM compatible personal computers, many characters not directly associated with a key can be entered using the Alt Numpad input method or Alt code: pressing and holding the ''Alt'' key while typing the number identifying the character with the keyboard's numeric keypad.
The Alt key (pronounced or) on a computer keyboard is used to change (alternate) the function of other pressed keys.
AMA Manual of Style: A Guide for Authors and Editors is the style guide of the American Medical Association.
The American Medical Association (AMA), founded in 1847 and incorporated in 1897, is the largest association of physicians—both MDs and DOs—and medical students in the United States.
The Ancient Greek language includes the forms of Greek used in ancient Greece and the ancient world from around the 9th century BC to the 6th century AD.
In historiography, ancient Rome is Roman civilization from the founding of the city of Rome in the 8th century BC to the collapse of the Western Roman Empire in the 5th century AD, encompassing the Roman Kingdom, Roman Republic and Roman Empire until the fall of the western empire.
The Associated Press Stylebook and Briefing on Media Law, usually called the AP Stylebook, is an English grammar style and usage guide created by American journalists working for or connected with the Associated Press over the last century to standardize mass communications.
APA style is a writing style and format for academic documents such as scholarly journal articles and books, and is commonly used for citing sources within the field of social sciences.
Aposiopesis (Classical Greek: ἀποσιώπησις, "becoming silent") is a figure of speech wherein a sentence is deliberately broken off and left unfinished, the ending to be supplied by the imagination, giving an impression of unwillingness or inability to continue.
Arithmetic (from the Greek ἀριθμός arithmos, "number") is a branch of mathematics that consists of the study of numbers, especially the properties of the traditional operations on them—addition, subtraction, multiplication and division.
The Armenian alphabet (Հայոց գրեր Hayoc' grer or Հայոց այբուբեն Hayoc' aybowben; Eastern Armenian:; Western Armenian) is an alphabetical writing system used to write Armenian.
ASCII, abbreviated from American Standard Code for Information Interchange, is a character encoding standard for electronic communication.
On 11 April 2001, the Australian and American Samoa national association football teams played each other in a qualifying match for the 2002 FIFA World Cup.
Text replacement, replace-as-you-type or autocorrect is an automatic data validation function commonly found in word processors and text editing interfaces for smartphones and tablet computers.
The Balinese script, natively known as Aksara Bali and Hanacaraka, is an alphabet used in the island of Bali, Indonesia, commonly for writing the Austronesian Balinese language, Old Javanese, and the liturgical language Sanskrit.
In European and West Asian typography and penmanship, the baseline is the line upon which most letters "sit" and below which descenders extend.
A Bence Jones protein is a monoclonal globulin protein or immunoglobulin light chain found in the urine, with a molecular weight of 22-24 kDa.
Benjamin Franklin (April 17, 1790) was an American polymath and one of the Founding Fathers of the United States.
The Bipartisan Campaign Reform Act of 2002 (BCRA, McCain–Feingold Act) is a United States federal law that amended the Federal Election Campaign Act of 1974, which regulates the financing of political campaigns.
In digital computer programming, a bitwise operation operates on one or more bit patterns or binary numerals at the level of their individual bits.
The blood–brain barrier (BBB) is a highly selective semipermeable membrane barrier that separates the circulating blood from the brain and extracellular fluid in the central nervous system (CNS).
In quantum statistics, Bose–Einstein statistics (or more colloquially B–E statistics) is one of two possible ways in which a collection of non-interacting indistinguishable particles may occupy a set of available discrete energy states, at thermodynamic equilibrium.
Box-drawing characters, also known as line-drawing characters, are a form of semigraphics widely used in text user interfaces to draw various geometric frames and boxes.
A bracket is a tall punctuation mark typically used in matched pairs within text, to set apart or interject other text.
The Brahmi numerals are a numeral system attested from the 3rd century BCE (somewhat later in the case of most of the tens).
Brahmi (IAST) is the modern name given to one of the oldest writing systems used in Ancient India and present South and Central Asia from the 1st millennium BCE.
In typography, a bullet (•) is a typographical symbol or glyph used to introduce items in a list.
Cambridge University Press (CUP) is the publishing business of the University of Cambridge.
Canadian Aboriginal syllabic writing, or simply syllabics, is a family of abugidas (writing systems based on consonant-vowel pairs) used to write a number of indigenous Canadian languages of the Algonquian, Inuit, and (formerly) Athabaskan language families.
In typography, cap height is the height of a capital letter above the baseline for a particular typeface.
Catch-22 is a satirical novel by American author Joseph Heller.
In computer and machine-based telecommunications terminology, a character is a unit of information that roughly corresponds to a grapheme, grapheme-like unit, or symbol, such as in an alphabet or syllabary in the written form of a natural language.
Character encoding is used to represent a repertoire of characters by some kind of encoding system.
Character Map is a utility included with Microsoft Windows operating systems and is used to view the characters in any installed font, to check what keyboard input (Alt code) is used to enter those characters, and to copy characters to the clipboard in lieu of typing them.
Christmas is an annual festival commemorating the birth of Jesus Christ,Martindale, Cyril Charles.
The Christmas season, also called the festive season, or the holiday season (mainly in the U.S. and Canada; often simply called the holidays),, is an annually recurring period recognized in many Western and Western-influenced countries that is generally considered to run from late November to early January.
Christmas Eve is the evening or entire day before Christmas Day, the festival commemorating the birth of Jesus.
Christmas traditions vary from country to country.
The, also known as,,, or Katakana-Hiragana Prolonged Sound Mark by the Unicode Consortium, is a Japanese symbol that indicates a chōon, or a long vowel of two morae in length.
Cheyne–Stokes respiration is an abnormal pattern of breathing characterized by progressively deeper, and sometimes faster, breathing followed by a gradual decrease that results in a temporary stop in breathing called an apnea.
In internationalization, CJK is a collective term for the Chinese, Japanese, and Korean languages, all of which include Chinese characters and derivatives (collectively, CJK characters) in their writing systems.
Clear Script (ᡐᡆᡑᡆᡋᡅᡔᡅᡎ, Тод бичг, tod biçg; ᠲᠣᠳᠣᠪᠢᠴᠢᠭ tod bichig, Тодо бэшэг, Todo besheg, or just todo) is an alphabet created in 1648 by the Oirat Buddhist monk Zaya Pandita for the Oirat language.
The colon is a punctuation mark consisting of two equally sized dots centered on the same vertical line.
The comma is a punctuation mark that appears in several variants in different languages.
A compose key (sometimes called multi key) is a key on a computer keyboard that indicates that the following (usually 2 or more) keystrokes trigger the insertion of an alternate character, typically a precomposed character or a symbol.
In linguistics, a compound is a lexeme (less precisely, a word) that consists of more than one stem.
A compound modifier (also called a compound adjective, phrasal adjective, or adjectival phrase) is a compound of two or more attributive words: That is, more than one word that together modify a noun.
In linguistics, a copula (plural: copulas or copulae; abbreviated) is a word used to link the subject of a sentence with a predicate (a subject complement), such as the word is in the sentence "The sky is blue." The word copula derives from the Latin noun for a "link" or "tie" that connects two different things.
Corpus linguistics is the study of language as expressed in corpora (bodies) of "real world" text.
Counting rods are small bars, typically 3–14 cm long, that were used by mathematicians for calculation in ancient East Asia.
The dash is a punctuation mark that is similar in appearance to and, but differs from these symbols in both length and height.
Data anonymization is a type of information sanitization whose intent is privacy protection.
The diaeresis (plural: diaereses), also spelled diæresis or dieresis and also known as the tréma (also: trema) or the umlaut, is a diacritical mark that consists of two dots placed over a letter, usually a vowel.
Dialogue (sometimes spelled dialog in American English) is a written or spoken conversational exchange between two or more people, and a literary and theatrical form that depicts such an exchange.
A dictionary, sometimes known as a wordbook, is a collection of words in one or more specific languages, often arranged alphabetically (or by radical and stroke for ideographic languages), which may include information on definitions, usage, etymologies, pronunciations, translation, etc.
Dorland's is the brand name of a family of medical reference works (including dictionaries, spellers and word books, and spell-check software) in various media spanning printed books, CD-ROMs, and online content.
An ellipsis (plural ellipses; from the ἔλλειψις, élleipsis, 'omission' or 'falling short') is a series of dots (typically three, such as "…") that usually indicates an intentional omission of a word, sentence, or whole section from a text without altering its original meaning.
An em is a unit in the field of typography, equal to the currently specified point size.
An en is a typographic unit, half of the width of an em.
A compound is a word composed of more than one free morpheme.
An eponym is a person, place, or thing after whom or after which something is named, or believed to be named.
To fillet in the sense of literary editing is a form of censorship or redaction effected by "cutting out" central letters of a word or name, as if the skeleton of a fish, and replacing them with dashes, to prevent full disclosure (i.e. for "William Pitt").
A first-person narrative is a mode of storytelling in which a narrator relays events from their own point of view using the first person It may be narrated by a first person protagonist (or other focal character), first person re-teller, first person witness, or first person peripheral (also called a peripheral narrator).
In metal typesetting, a font was a particular size, weight and style of a typeface.
The Fraser alphabet or Old Lisu Alphabet is an artificial script invented around 1915 by Sara Ba Thaw, a Karen preacher from Myanmar, and improved by the missionary James O. Fraser, to write the Lisu language.
French (le français or la langue française) is a Romance language of the Indo-European family.
The full point or full stop (British and broader Commonwealth English) or period (North American English) is a punctuation mark.
GIMP (GNU Image Manipulation Program) is a free and open-source raster graphics editor used for image retouching and editing, free-form drawing, converting between different image formats, and more specialized tasks.
In typography, a glyph is an elemental symbol within an agreed set of symbols, intended to represent a readable character for the purposes of writing.
GNU is an operating system and an extensive collection of computer software.
Graphic design is the process of visual communication and problem-solving through the use of typography, photography and illustration.
Grove Atlantic, Inc. is an American independent publisher, based in New York City, New York, that was formed in 1993 by the merger of Grove Press and Atlantic Monthly Press.
GTK+ (formerly GIMP Toolkit) is a cross-platform widget toolkit for creating graphical user interfaces.
In CJK (Chinese, Japanese and Korean) computing, graphic characters are traditionally classed into fullwidth (in Taiwan and Hong Kong: 全形; in CJK: 全角) and halfwidth (in Taiwan and Hong Kong: 半形; in CJK: 半角) characters.
The Korean alphabet, known as Hangul (from Korean hangeul 한글), has been used to write the Korean language since its creation in the 15th century by Sejong the Great.
Hart's Rules for Compositors and Readers at the University Press, Oxford – today published under the short title New Hart's Rules – is an authoritative reference book and style guide published in England by Oxford University Press (OUP).
Henry VI, Part 2 (often written as 2 Henry VI) is a history play by William Shakespeare believed to have been written in 1591 and set during the lifetime of King Henry VI of England.
In mathematics and computing, hexadecimal (also base, or hex) is a positional numeral system with a radix, or base, of 16.
The horizontal bar, also known as the high bar, is an apparatus used by male gymnasts in artistic gymnastics.
Hypertext Markup Language (HTML) is the standard markup language for creating web pages and web applications.
The hyphen (‐) is a punctuation mark used to join words and to separate syllables of a single word.
The hyphen-minus (-) is a character used in digital documents and computing to represent a hyphen (‐) or a minus sign (−).
Ibid. is an abbrevation for the Latin word ibīdem, meaning "in the same place", commonly used in an endnote, footnote, bibliography citation, or scholarly reference to refer to the source cited in the preceding note or list item.
An identifier is a name that identifies (that is, labels the identity of) either a unique object or a unique class of objects, where the "object" or class may be an idea, physical object (or class thereof), or physical substance (or class thereof).
The International System of Units (SI, abbreviated from the French Système international (d'unités)) is the modern form of the metric system, and is the most widely used system of measurement.
James Augustine Aloysius Joyce (2 February 1882 – 13 January 1941) was an Irish novelist, short story writer, and poet.
John Hughlings Jackson, FRS (4 April 1835 – 7 October 1911) was an English neurologist.
Sir John Edward Lennard-Jones KBE, FRS (27 October 1894 – 1 November 1954) was an English mathematician who was a professor of theoretical physics at University of Bristol, and then of theoretical science at the University of Cambridge.
Joseph Heller (May 1, 1923 – December 12, 1999) was an American author of novels, short stories, plays and screenplays.
Kaithi, also called "Kayathi" or "Kayasthi", is a historical script used widely in parts of North India, primarily in the former Awadh and Bihar.
The Kaplan–Meier estimator, also known as the product limit estimator, is a non-parametric statistic used to estimate the survival function from lifetime data.
is a Japanese syllabary, one component of the Japanese writing system along with hiragana, kanji, and in some cases the Latin script (known as rōmaji).
The Korean language (Chosŏn'gŭl/Hangul: 조선말/한국어; Hanja: 朝鮮말/韓國語) is an East Asian language spoken by about 80 million people.
The Labor Management Relations Act of 1947, better known as the Taft–Hartley Act, (80 H.R. 3020) is a United States federal law that restricts the activities and power of labor unions.
LaTeX (or; a shortening of Lamport TeX) is a document preparation system.
The Leiden Conventions are an established set of rules, symbols, and brackets used to indicate the condition of an epigraphic or papyrological text in a modern edition.
The Lennard-Jones potential (also termed the L-J potential, 6-12 potential, or 12-6 potential) is a mathematically simple model that approximates the interaction between a pair of neutral atoms or molecules.
A letterer is a member of a team of comic book creators responsible for drawing the comic book's text.
Charles Lutwidge Dodgson (27 January 1832 – 14 January 1898), better known by his pen name Lewis Carroll, was an English writer, mathematician, logician, Anglican deacon, and photographer.
The notion of line or straight line was introduced by ancient mathematicians to represent straight objects (i.e., having no curvature) with negligible width and depth.
Line breaking, also known as word wrapping, is the process of breaking a section of text into lines such that it will fit in the available width of a page, window or other display area.
Linux is a family of free and open-source software operating systems built around the Linux kernel.
Linux Libertine is a digital typeface created by the Libertine Open Fonts Project, which aims to create free and open alternatives to proprietary typefaces such as Times New Roman.
In SGML, HTML and XML documents, the logical constructs known as character data and attribute values consist of sequences of characters, in which each character can manifest directly (representing itself), or can be represented by a series of characters called a character reference, of which there are two types: a numeric character reference and a character entity reference.
A love–hate relationship is an interpersonal relationship involving simultaneous or alternating emotions of love and hate—something particularly common when emotions are intense.
Mac OS Roman is a character encoding primarily used by the classic Mac OS to represent text.
macOS (previously and later) is a series of graphical operating systems developed and marketed by Apple Inc. since 2001.
A macron is a diacritical mark: it is a straight bar placed above a letter, usually a vowel.
Markdown is a lightweight markup language with plain text formatting syntax.
Mathematics (from Greek μάθημα máthēma, "knowledge, study, learning") is the study of such topics as quantity, structure, space, and change.
Microsoft Windows is a group of several graphical operating system families, all of which are developed, marketed, and sold by Microsoft.
Microsoft Word (or simply Word) is a word processor developed by Microsoft.
Miscellaneous Technical is the name of a Unicode block ranging from U+2300 to U+23FF, which contains various common symbols which are related to and used in the various technical, programming language, and academic professions.
In theatre, a monologue (from μονόλογος, from μόνος mónos, "alone, solitary" and λόγος lógos, "speech") is a speech presented by a single character, most often to express their mental thoughts aloud, though sometimes also to directly address another character or the audience.
Mozilla Thunderbird is a free and open-source cross-platform email client, news client, RSS and chat client developed by the Mozilla Foundation.
MS-DOS (acronym for Microsoft Disk Operating System) is an operating system for x86-based personal computers mostly developed by Microsoft.
In mathematics, a negative number is a real number that is less than zero.
New Year is the time or day at which a new calendar year begins and the calendar's year count increments by one.
New Year's Day, also called simply New Year's or New Year, is observed on January 1, the first day of the year on the modern Gregorian calendar as well as the Julian calendar.
In the Gregorian calendar, New Year's Eve (also known as Old Year's Day or Saint Sylvester's Day in many countries), the last day of the year, is on 31 December which is the seventh day of Christmastide.
Nicholson Baker (born January 7, 1957) is an American novelist and essayist.
Num Lock or Numeric Lock (⇭) is a key on the numeric keypad of most computer keyboards.
A numeric character reference (NCR) is a common markup construct used in SGML and SGML-derived markup languages such as HTML and XML.
A numeric keypad, number pad, numpad, or ten key, is the palm-sized, 17-key section of a standard computer keyboard, usually on the far right.
In mathematics, an operation is a calculation from zero or more input values (called operands) to an output value.
Programming languages typically support a set of operators: constructs which behave generally like functions, but which differ syntactically or semantically from usual functions.
This is a list of operators in the C and C++ programming languages.
An orthography is a set of conventions for writing a language.
An overline, overscore, or overbar, is a typographical feature of a horizontal line drawn immediately above the text.
Oxford University Press (OUP) is the largest university press in the world, and the second oldest after Cambridge University Press.
The Penguin Group is a trade book publisher and part of Penguin Random House.
Unicode supports several phonetic scripts and notations through the existing writing systems and the addition of extra blocks with phonetic characters.
Plan 9 from Bell Labs is a distributed operating system, originating in the Computing Sciences Research Center (CSRC) at Bell Labs in the mid-1980s, and building on UNIX concepts first developed there in the late 1960s; until the Labs' final release at the start of 2015.
The plus and minus signs (+ and −) are mathematical symbols used to represent the notions of positive and negative as well as the operations of addition and subtraction.
In typography, the point is the smallest unit of measure.
Polish (język polski or simply polski) is a West Slavic language spoken primarily in Poland and is the native language of the Poles.
A post-war period or postwar period is the interval immediately following the end of a war.
A prefix is an affix which is placed before the stem of a word.
A programming language is a formal language that specifies a set of instructions that can be used to produce various kinds of output.
Proto-Indo-European (PIE) is the linguistic reconstruction of the hypothetical common ancestor of the Indo-European languages, the most widely spoken language family in the world.
The Pulitzer Prize for Fiction is one of the seven American Pulitzer Prizes that are annually awarded for Letters, Drama, and Music.
Punctuation (formerly sometimes called pointing) is the use of spacing, conventional signs, and certain typographical devices as aids to the understanding and correct reading of handwritten and printed text, whether read silently or aloud.
Quotation marks, also called quotes, quote marks, quotemarks, speech marks, inverted commas or talking marks, are punctuation marks used in pairs in various writing systems to set off direct speech, a quotation, or a phrase.
In phonetics and phonology, relative articulation is description of the manner and place of articulation of a speech sound relative to some reference point.
In rhetoric, a rhetorical device, resource of language, or stylistic device is a technique that an author or speaker uses to convey to the listener or reader a meaning with the goal of persuading them towards considering a topic from a different perspective, using sentences designed to encourage or provoke an emotional display of a given perspective or action.
Robert Bringhurst Appointments to the Order of Canada (2013).
Routledge is a British multinational publisher.
S-chanf (Scanfs; Scanevo) is a municipality in the Maloja Region in the Swiss canton of Graubünden.
Sanitization is the process of removing sensitive information from a document or other message (or sometimes encrypting it), so that the document may be distributed to a broader audience.
Satyendra Nath Bose, (সত্যেন্দ্র নাথ বসু Sôtyendronath Bosu,; 1 January 1894 – 4 February 1974) was an Indian physicist specialising in theoretical physics.
In typography, a serif is a small line attached to the end of a stroke in a letter or symbol.
In mathematics, the concept of sign originates from the property of every non-zero real number of being positive or negative.
A signature block (often abbreviated as signature, sig block, sig file,.sig, dot sig, siggy, or just sig) is a block of text automatically appended at the bottom of an email message, Usenet article, or forum post.
In computing and typesetting, a soft hyphen (ISO 8859: 0xAD, Unicode, HTML: &#173; &shy) or syllable hyphen (EBCDIC: 0xCA), abbreviated SHY, is a code point reserved in some coded character sets for the purpose of breaking words across lines by inserting visible hyphens.
Spanish or Castilian, is a Western Romance language that originated in the Castile region of Spain and today has hundreds of millions of native speakers in Latin America and Spain.
Star Wars (later retitled Star Wars: Episode IV – A New Hope) is a 1977 American epic space opera film written and directed by George Lucas.
A style guide (or manual of style) is a set of standards for the writing and design of documents, either for general use or for a specific publication, organization, or field.
A subscript or superscript is a character (number, letter or symbol) that is (respectively) set slightly below or above the normal line of type.
Subtraction is an arithmetic operation that represents the operation of removing objects from a collection.
Supplemental Punctuation is a Unicode block containing historic and specialized punctuation characters, including biblical editorial symbols, ancient Greek punctuation, and German dictionary marks.
A surname, family name, or last name is the portion of a personal name that indicates a person's family (or tribe or community, depending on the culture).
A tetragraph (from the τετρα-, tetra-, "four" and γράφω, gráphō, "write") is a sequence of four letters used to represent a single sound (phoneme), or a combination of sounds, that do not necessarily correspond to the individual values of the letters.
TeX (see below), stylized within the system as TeX, is a typesetting system (or "formatting system") designed and mostly written by Donald Knuth and released in 1978.
The American Heritage Dictionary of the English Language (AHD) is an American dictionary of English published by Boston publisher Houghton Mifflin, the first edition of which appeared in 1969.
The Chicago Manual of Style (abbreviated in writing as CMOS or CMS, or sometimes as Chicago) is a style guide for American English published since 1906 by the University of Chicago Press.
The Elements of Style is a prescriptive American English writing style guide in numerous editions.
The Elements of Typographic Style is the authoritative book on typography and style by Canadian typographer, poet and translator Robert Bringhurst.
The Mezzanine (1988) is the first novel by Nicholson Baker, about what goes through a man's mind during a modern lunch break.
The New York Times Manual of Style and Usage: The Official Style Guide Used by the Writers and Editors of the World's Most Authoritative Newspaper is a style guide created in 1950 by editors at the newspaper and revised in 1974, 1999, and 2002 by Allan M. Siegal and William G. Connolly.
In typography, a thin space is a space character that is usually or of an em in width.
The tilde (in the American Heritage dictionary or; ˜ or ~) is a grapheme with several uses.
Trans–New Guinea (TNG) is an extensive family of Papuan languages spoken in New Guinea and neighboring islands, perhaps the third-largest language family in the world by number of languages.
A trigraph (from the τρεῖς, treîs, "three" and γράφω, gráphō, "write") is a group of three characters used to represent a single sound or a combination of sounds that does not correspond to the written letters combined.
In typography, a typeface (also known as font family) is a set of one or more fonts each composed of glyphs that share common design features.
A typewriter is a mechanical or electromechanical machine for writing characters similar to those produced by printer's movable type.
In typesetting and page layout, alignment or range is the setting of text flow or image placement relative to a page, column (measure), table cell, or tab.
For a printed medium (such as paper), a typographic approximation is a replacement (approximation) of some element of the writing system (usually, a glyph) with some else glyph(s), such as a nearly homographic character, digraph or character string.
Typography is the art and technique of arranging type to make written language legible, readable, and appealing when displayed.
The uncia (plural: unciae) was a Roman unit of length, weight, and volume.
The symbol underscore (_), also called underline, low line or low dash, is a character that originally appeared on the typewriter and was primarily used to underline words.
Unicode is a computing industry standard for the consistent encoding, representation, and handling of text expressed in most of the world's writing systems.
Unicode input is the insertion of a specific Unicode character on a computer by a user; it is a common way to input characters not directly supported by a physical keyboard.
In computing, a Unicode symbol is a Unicode character which is not part of a script used to write a natural language, but is nonetheless available for use as part of a text.
The University of Chicago Press is the largest and one of the oldest university presses in the United States.
Unix (trademarked as UNIX) is a family of multitasking, multiuser computer operating systems that derive from the original AT&T Unix, development starting in the 1970s at the Bell Labs research center by Ken Thompson, Dennis Ritchie, and others.
A Uniform Resource Locator (URL), colloquially termed a web address, is a reference to a web resource that specifies its location on a computer network and a mechanism for retrieving it.
Vim ("Vim is pronounced as one word, like Jim, not vi-ai-em. It's written with a capital, since it's a name, again like Jim." a contraction of Vi IMproved) is a clone, with additions, of Bill Joy's vi text editor program for Unix.
In computer programming, white space is any character or series of characters that represent horizontal or vertical space in typography.
William Shakespeare (26 April 1564 (baptised)—23 April 1616) was an English poet, playwright and actor, widely regarded as both the greatest writer in the English language, and the world's pre-eminent dramatist.
WordPad is a basic word processor that is included with almost all versions of Microsoft Windows from Windows 95 onwards.
The X Window System (X11, or shortened to simply X) is a windowing system for bitmap displays, common on UNIX-like computer operating systems.
XeTeX (or; see also Pronouncing and writing "TeX") is a TeX typesetting engine using Unicode and supporting modern font technologies such as OpenType, Graphite and Apple Advanced Typography (AAT).
In computing, Extensible Markup Language (XML) is a markup language that defines a set of rules for encoding documents in a format that is both human-readable and machine-readable.
The zero-width space (ZWSP) is a non-printing character used in computerized typesetting to indicate word boundaries to text processing systems when using scripts that do not use explicit spacing, or after characters (such as the slash) that are not followed by a visible space but after which there may nevertheless be a line break.
1 (one, also called unit, unity, and (multiplicative) identity) is a number, numeral, and glyph.
2018 has been designated as the third International Year of the Reef by the International Coral Reef Initiative.
2019 (MMXIX) will be a common year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar, the 2019th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 19th year of the 3rd millennium, the 19th year of the 21st century, and the 10th and last year of the 2010s decade.
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