122 relations: Abraham Lincoln, Adobe Flash, Alden Whitman, Ambigram, Ambrose Bierce, Anime, ARPANET, ASCII art, Asterisk, Blowing a raspberry, Bomberman, Bulletin board system, Byte Information Exchange, Carnegie Mellon University, Character (symbol), Cheese, CNNMoney, Combining character, Cyrillic script, David S. Touretzky, Despair, Inc., Diacritic, Dissertations Abstracts, Dogeza, Double entendre, Email, Emoji, Emoticon, Emoticons (Unicode block), Emotion Markup Language, Emotions in virtual communication, English language, European Union trade mark, Facial expression, Fandom, Finland, Frown, Guy L. Steele Jr., H.264/MPEG-4 AVC, Hangul, Hangul consonant and vowel tables, Harvey Ball, Henohenomoheji, Hieroglyph, IConji, Input method, Instant messaging, Intensifier, Internet, Internet forum, ..., Internet slang, Jaime Carbonell, Japan, Java (programming language), Jiong, Kannada, Kaoani, Katakana, Keyboard layout, Kirby (character), List of emoticons, LOL, Mad (magazine), Manga, Manga iconography, Martian language, Morse code, Morse code abbreviations, MTV, Nice guy, Nintendo, Online game, Oracle bone script, Paramount Home Media Distribution, Patent, Patent application, Pennsylvania, Pittsburgh, Pixel art, PLATO (computer system), Portmanteau, Prior art, Puck (magazine), Punctuation, Scandinavia, Scott Fahlman, Shift JIS, Shift JIS art, Shrug, Siemens, Slashdot, Slovaks, Smile, Smiley, SMS, Sound, South Korea, Stick figure, Subculture, Subtext, Tête à Toto, The finger, The Harvard Lampoon, The New York Times, The Smiley Company, Trademark, Trillian (software), Tsu (kana), Typographical error, Underscore, Unicode, United States Copyright Office, United States Patent and Trademark Office, URL shortening, Usenet, Video game, Viral marketing, Vladimir Nabokov, Walmart, Written language, 2channel, 4chan. Expand index (72 more) » « Shrink index
Abraham Lincoln (February 12, 1809 – April 15, 1865) was an American statesman and lawyer who served as the 16th President of the United States from March 1861 until his assassination in April 1865.
Adobe Flash is a deprecated multimedia software platform used for production of animations, rich Internet applications, desktop applications, mobile applications, mobile games and embedded web browser video players.
Alden Whitman (October 27, 1913 – September 4, 1990) was an American journalist.
An ambigram is a word, art form or other symbolic representation whose elements retain meaning when viewed or interpreted from a different direction, perspective, or orientation.
Ambrose Gwinnett Bierce (June 24, 1842 – circa 1914) was an American short story writer, journalist, poet, and Civil War veteran.
Anime is a style of hand-drawn and computer animation originating in, and commonly associated with, Japan.
The Advanced Research Projects Agency Network (ARPANET) was an early packet switching network and the first network to implement the protocol suite TCP/IP.
ASCII art is a graphic design technique that uses computers for presentation and consists of pictures pieced together from the 95 printable (from a total of 128) characters defined by the ASCII Standard from 1963 and ASCII compliant character sets with proprietary extended characters (beyond the 128 characters of standard 7-bit ASCII).
An asterisk (*); from Late Latin asteriscus, from Ancient Greek ἀστερίσκος, asteriskos, "little star") is a typographical symbol or glyph. It is so called because it resembles a conventional image of a star. Computer scientists and mathematicians often vocalize it as star (as, for example, in the A* search algorithm or C*-algebra). In English, an asterisk is usually five-pointed in sans-serif typefaces, six-pointed in serif typefaces, and six- or eight-pointed when handwritten. It is often used to censor offensive words, and on the Internet, to indicate a correction to a previous message. The asterisk is derived from the need of the printers of family trees in feudal times for a symbol to indicate date of birth. The original shape was seven-armed, each arm like a teardrop shooting from the center. In computer science, the asterisk is commonly used as a wildcard character, or to denote pointers, repetition, or multiplication.
Blowing a raspberry, strawberry or making a Bronx cheer, is to make a noise that may signify derision, real or feigned.
is a strategic, maze-based video game franchise originally developed by Hudson Soft and currently owned by Konami.
A bulletin board system or BBS (also called Computer Bulletin Board Service, CBBS) is a computer server running software that allows users to connect to the system using a terminal program.
BYTE Information eXchange (BIX) was an online service created by BYTE.
Carnegie Mellon University (commonly known as CMU) is a private research university in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania.
A character is a sign or symbol.
Cheese is a dairy product derived from milk that is produced in a wide range of flavors, textures, and forms by coagulation of the milk protein casein.
CNNMoney.com is a financial news and information website, operated by CNN.
In digital typography, combining characters are characters that are intended to modify other characters.
The Cyrillic script is a writing system used for various alphabets across Eurasia (particularity in Eastern Europe, the Caucasus, Central Asia, and North Asia).
David S. Touretzky is a research professor in the Computer Science Department and the Center for the Neural Basis of Cognition at Carnegie Mellon University.
Despair, Inc is a company based in Austin, Texas, that produces posters and souvenirs that satirize the motivational indoctrination common in corporate environments. They are known for their cynical and ironic "Demotivator" items, which parody the grandiose imagery and solemn language of Successories, a range of motivational products. Examples.
A diacritic – also diacritical mark, diacritical point, diacritical sign, or an accent – is a glyph added to a letter, or basic glyph.
Dissertation Abstracts, Dissertation Abstracts International (DAI) or the ProQuest Dissertations and Theses (PQDT) database is a bibliography of American (and international) dissertations published since 1938 by University Microfilms International (UMI) / ProQuest, Ann Arbor.
is an element of Japanese etiquette which involves kneeling directly on the ground and bowing to prostrate oneself while touching one's head to the floor.
A double entendre is a figure of speech or a particular way of wording that is devised to be understood in two ways, having a double meaning.
Electronic mail (email or e-mail) is a method of exchanging messages ("mail") between people using electronic devices.
are ideograms and smileys used in electronic messages and web pages.
An emoticon (rarely pronounced) is a pictorial representation of a facial expression using characters—usually punctuation marks, numbers, and letters—to express a person's feelings or mood, or as a time-saving method.
Emoticons is a Unicode block containing graphic representations of faces, which are often associated with classic emoticons.
An Emotion Markup Language (EML or EmotionML) has first been defined by the W3C Emotion Incubator Group (EmoXG) as a general-purpose emotion annotation and representation language, which should be usable in a large variety of technological contexts where emotions need to be represented.
Emotions in virtual communication differ in a variety of ways from those in face-to-face interactions due to the characteristics of computer-mediated communication (CMC).
English is a West Germanic language that was first spoken in early medieval England and is now a global lingua franca.
A European Union trade mark or EU trade mark (abbreviated EUTM; named Community Trade Mark (CTM) until 23 March 2016) is a trade mark which is pending registration or has been registered in the European Union as a whole (rather than on a national level within the EU).
A facial expression is one or more motions or positions of the muscles beneath the skin of the face.
Fandom is a subculture composed of fans characterized by a feeling of empathy and camaraderie with others who share a common interest.
Finland (Suomi; Finland), officially the Republic of Finland is a country in Northern Europe bordering the Baltic Sea, Gulf of Bothnia, and Gulf of Finland, between Norway to the north, Sweden to the northwest, and Russia to the east.
A frown (also known as a scowl) is a facial expression in which the eyebrows are brought together, and the forehead is wrinkled, usually indicating displeasure, sadness or worry, or less often confusion or concentration.
Guy Lewis Steele Jr. (born October 2, 1954) is an American computer scientist who has played an important role in designing and documenting several computer programming languages.
H.264 or MPEG-4 Part 10, Advanced Video Coding (MPEG-4 AVC) is a block-oriented motion-compensation-based video compression standard.
The Korean alphabet, known as Hangul (from Korean hangeul 한글), has been used to write the Korean language since its creation in the 15th century by Sejong the Great.
The following tables of consonants and vowels of the Korean alphabet (jamo) display the basic forms in blue in the first row, and their derivatives in the following rows.
Harvey Ross Ball (July 10, 1921 – April 12, 2001) was an American commercial artist.
Henohenomoheji (へのへのもへじ) or hehenonomoheji (へへののもへじ) is a face drawn by Japanese schoolchildren using hiragana characters.
A hieroglyph (Greek for "sacred writing") was a character of the ancient Egyptian writing system.
iConji is a free pictographic communication system based on an open, visual vocabulary of characters with built-in translations for most major languages.
An input method (or input method editor, commonly abbreviated IME) is an operating system component or program that allows any data, such as keyboard strokes or mouse movements, to be received as input.
Instant messaging (IM) technology is a type of online chat that offers real-time text transmission over the Internet.
Intensifier (abbreviated) is a linguistic term (but not a proper lexical category) for a modifier that makes no contribution to the propositional meaning of a clause but serves to enhance and give additional emotional context to the word it modifies.
The Internet is the global system of interconnected computer networks that use the Internet protocol suite (TCP/IP) to link devices worldwide.
An Internet forum, or message board, is an online discussion site where people can hold conversations in the form of posted messages.
Internet slang (Internet shorthand, cyber-slang, netspeak, or chatspeak) refers to various kinds of slang used by different people on the Internet.
Jaime Guillermo Carbonell (born July 29, 1953) is a computer scientist who has made seminal contributions to the development of natural language processing tools and technologies.
Japan (日本; Nippon or Nihon; formally 日本国 or Nihon-koku, lit. "State of Japan") is a sovereign island country in East Asia.
Java is a general-purpose computer-programming language that is concurrent, class-based, object-oriented, and specifically designed to have as few implementation dependencies as possible.
Jiong is a once obscure Chinese character meaning a "patterned window".
Kannada (ಕನ್ನಡ) is a Dravidian language spoken predominantly by Kannada people in India, mainly in the state of Karnataka, and by significant linguistic minorities in the states of Andhra Pradesh, Telangana, Tamil Nadu, Maharashtra, Kerala, Goa and abroad.
Kaoani comes from the Japanese and.
is a Japanese syllabary, one component of the Japanese writing system along with hiragana, kanji, and in some cases the Latin script (known as rōmaji).
A keyboard layout is any specific mechanical, visual, or functional arrangement of the keys, legends, or key-meaning associations (respectively) of a computer, typewriter, or other typographic keyboard.
is a fictional character and the titular protagonist of the ''Kirby'' series of video games owned by Nintendo and HAL Laboratory.
This is a list of notable and commonly used emoticons, or textual portrayals of a writer's moods or facial expressions in the form of icons.
LOL, or lol, is an acronym for laugh(ing) out loud or lots of laughs, and a popular element of Internet slang.
Mad (stylized as MAD) is an American humor magazine founded in 1952 by editor Harvey Kurtzman and publisher William Gaines, launched as a comic book before it became a magazine.
are comics created in Japan or by creators in the Japanese language, conforming to a style developed in Japan in the late 19th century.
Japanese manga has developed its own visual language or iconography for expressing emotion and other internal character states.
Martian language (吙☆魰) is the nickname of unconventional representation of Chinese characters online.
Morse code is a method of transmitting text information as a series of on-off tones, lights, or clicks that can be directly understood by a skilled listener or observer without special equipment.
Morse code abbreviations are used to speed up Morse communications by foreshortening textual words and phrases.
MTV (originally an initialism of Music Television) is an American cable and satellite television channel owned by Viacom Media Networks (a division of Viacom) and headquartered in New York City.
A nice guy is an informal term for an (often young) adult male who portrays himself with characteristics such as being gentle, compassionate, sensitive, and vulnerable.
Nintendo Co., Ltd. is a Japanese multinational consumer electronics and video game company headquartered in Kyoto.
An online game is a video game that is either partially or primarily played through the Internet or any other computer network available.
Oracle bone script was the form of Chinese characters used on oracle bonesanimal bones or turtle plastrons used in pyromantic divinationin the late 2nd millennium BCE, and is the earliest known form of Chinese writing.
Paramount Home Media Distribution (PHMD) (formerly Paramount Home Entertainment, Paramount Home Video and Paramount Video) is the home video distribution arm of Paramount Pictures (a subsidiary of Viacom) founded in late 1979.
A patent is a set of exclusive rights granted by a sovereign state or intergovernmental organization to an inventor or assignee for a limited period of time in exchange for detailed public disclosure of an invention.
A patent application is a request pending at a patent office for the grant of a patent for the invention described and claimed by that application.
Pennsylvania (Pennsylvania German: Pennsylvaani or Pennsilfaani), officially the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania, is a state located in the northeastern and Mid-Atlantic regions of the United States.
Pittsburgh is a city in the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania in the United States, and is the county seat of Allegheny County.
Pixel art is a form of digital art, created through the use of software, where images are edited on the pixel level.
PLATO (Programmed Logic for Automatic Teaching Operations) was the first generalized computer-assisted instruction system.
A portmanteau or portmanteau word is a linguistic blend of words,, p. 644 in which parts of multiple words or their phones (sounds) are combined into a new word, as in smog, coined by blending smoke and fog, or motel, from motor and hotel.
Prior art (state of the art or background art), in most systems of patent law, is constituted by all information that has been made available to the public in any form before a given date that might be relevant to a patent's claims of originality.
Puck was the first successful humor magazine in the United States of colorful cartoons, caricatures and political satire of the issues of the day.
Punctuation (formerly sometimes called pointing) is the use of spacing, conventional signs, and certain typographical devices as aids to the understanding and correct reading of handwritten and printed text, whether read silently or aloud.
Scandinavia is a region in Northern Europe, with strong historical, cultural and linguistic ties.
Scott Elliott Fahlman (born March 21, 1948) is a computer scientist at Carnegie Mellon University.
--> Shift JIS (Shift Japanese Industrial Standards, also SJIS, MIME name Shift_JIS) is a character encoding for the Japanese language, originally developed by a Japanese company called ASCII Corporation in conjunction with Microsoft and standardized as JIS X 0208 Appendix 1.
Shift_JIS art is artwork created from characters within the Shift JIS character set, a Japanese Industrial Standards (JIS) superset of JIS X 0201 (in turn almost a superset of ASCII) intended for Japanese usage.
A shrug is a gesture performed by lifting both shoulders and hands up, and is a representation of an individual either not knowing an answer to a question, or not caring about something.
Siemens AG is a German conglomerate company headquartered in Berlin and Munich and the largest industrial manufacturing company in Europe with branch offices abroad.
Slashdot (sometimes abbreviated as /.) is a social news website that originally billed itself as "News for Nerds.
The Slovaks or Slovak people (Slováci, singular Slovák, feminine Slovenka, plural Slovenky) are a nation and West Slavic ethnic group native to Slovakia who share a common ancestry, culture, history and speak the Slovak language.
A smile is a facial expression formed primarily by flexing the muscles at the sides of the mouth.
A smiley (sometimes called a happy face or smiley face) is a stylized representation of a smiling humanoid face that is a part of popular culture worldwide.
SMS (short message service) is a text messaging service component of most telephone, internet, and mobile-device systems.
In physics, sound is a vibration that typically propagates as an audible wave of pressure, through a transmission medium such as a gas, liquid or solid.
South Korea, officially the Republic of Korea (대한민국; Hanja: 大韓民國; Daehan Minguk,; lit. "The Great Country of the Han People"), is a country in East Asia, constituting the southern part of the Korean Peninsula and lying east to the Asian mainland.
A stick figure is a very simple drawing of a person or animal, composed of a few lines, curves, and dots.
A subculture is a group of people within a culture that differentiates itself from the parent culture to which it belongs, often maintaining some of its founding principles.
Subtext or undertone is any content of a creative work which is not announced explicitly by the characters or author, but is implicit or becomes something understood by the observer of the work as the production unfolds.
The tête à Toto is a French typographical design and children's game, well known to French schoolchildren, depicted to the right.
In Western culture, the finger or the middle finger (as in giving someone the (middle) finger or the bird or flipping someone off) is an obscene hand gesture.
The Harvard Lampoon is an undergraduate humor publication founded in 1876 by seven undergraduates at Harvard University in Cambridge, Massachusetts.
The New York Times (sometimes abbreviated as The NYT or The Times) is an American newspaper based in New York City with worldwide influence and readership.
The Smiley Company is a brand licensing company that holds the rights to smiley face symbols in over 100 countries (notably not including the United States).
A trademark, trade mark, or trade-markThe styling of trademark as a single word is predominantly used in the United States and Philippines only, while the two-word styling trade mark is used in many other countries around the world, including the European Union and Commonwealth and ex-Commonwealth jurisdictions (although Canada officially uses "trade-mark" pursuant to the Trade-mark Act, "trade mark" and "trademark" are also commonly used).
Trillian is a proprietary multiprotocol instant messaging application for Microsoft Windows, Mac OS X, Linux, Android, iOS, BlackBerry OS, and the Web, created by Cerulean Studios.
つ, in hiragana, or ツ in katakana, is one of the Japanese kana, each of which represents one mora.
A typographical error (often shortened to typo), also called misprint, is a mistake made in the typing process (such as a spelling mistake) of printed material.
The symbol underscore (_), also called underline, low line or low dash, is a character that originally appeared on the typewriter and was primarily used to underline words.
Unicode is a computing industry standard for the consistent encoding, representation, and handling of text expressed in most of the world's writing systems.
The United States Copyright Office, a part of the Library of Congress, is the official U.S. government body that maintains records of copyright registration in the United States, including a Copyright Catalog.
The United States Patent and Trademark Office (USPTO) is an agency in the U.S. Department of Commerce that issues patents to inventors and businesses for their inventions, and trademark registration for product and intellectual property identification.
URL shortening is a technique on the World Wide Web in which a Uniform Resource Locator (URL) may be made substantially shorter and still direct to the required page.
Usenet is a worldwide distributed discussion system available on computers.
A video game is an electronic game that involves interaction with a user interface to generate visual feedback on a video device such as a TV screen or computer monitor.
Viral marketing or viral advertising is a business strategy that uses existing social networks to promote a product.
Vladimir Vladimirovich Nabokov (Влади́мир Влади́мирович Набо́ков, also known by the pen name Vladimir Sirin; 2 July 1977) was a Russian-American novelist, poet, translator and entomologist.
Walmart Inc. (formerly branded as Wal-Mart Stores, Inc.) is an American multinational retail corporation that operates a chain of hypermarkets, discount department stores, and grocery stores.
A written language is the representation of a spoken or gestural language by means of a writing system.
is a Japanese textboard.
4chan is an English-language imageboard website.
%), (-:, (. Y .), (:, (:-)), (:-D, (;, (=, (^ ^), (¤Д¤), ):, ):-o, );, - -;, - -;;, -(, -), -/, / \, 0:, 5:-), 8(, 8), 8-(, 8====D, 8=D, ; ;, ;(, ;), ;-), ;P, ;^), ;o), =(, =), =-), =-P, =/, =0, =D, =O, =P, =S, =V), =v), =vD, ?D, Awesome Face, Awesome face, B), BIXie, Bv), Chalamius, Colon Bracket, Eastern-style emoticon, Emotext, Emoticons, Emotisound, Emotocon, Epic Face, Facebook Emoticons, Facial Expression Markup Language, Graemlin, Imoticon, Japanese Emoticons, Japanese Emotions, Kao maaku, Kaomoji, Keyboard faces, Less than three, List of online emotions, List of smiley codes, Midget emoticon, O.O, O.o, Photocon, Smarticon, Smiley code, Smiley codes, V), Verticon, X(, X), XD (Emoticon), ^ ^, ^ ^;, ^(, ^), ^-^, ^.^, ^/^, ^3^, ^^;;, ^^;;;, ^^;;;;, ~.~, Ò ó, ಠ ಠ, ∑:3, ☹, 囧rz.