123 relations: Academic journal, African Americans, African-American upper class, Afro-Russian, Agenzia Nazionale Stampa Associata, Aggravation (law), American English, Association for the Study of African American Life and History, Bantu peoples, Beppe Severgnini, Biological anthropology, Black market, Black nationalism, Black people, Book of Negroes, Brazilian Portuguese, Carter G. Woodson, Caucasian race, Chicano English, Chocolate-coated marshmallow treats, Civil rights movement, Colored, Constitution of Liberia, Corriere della Sera, Council of Europe, Creole peoples, Declaration of the Rights of the Negro Peoples of the World, Diccionario de la lengua española, Diminutive, Dude, Dutch language, East Germany, English language, Ethnonym, Exonym and endonym, Fausto Leali, Finnish language, Free Negro, French language, Germanic languages, Ghostwriter, Haitian Creole, Hip hop, History of cartography, Hoarse voice, Howard University, I Have a Dream, Il Giornale, Indian Country Today, Italian language, ..., John Belton O'Neall, Journal of Negro Education, Kaffir (racial term), Languages of Europe, Latin, Law of Italy, Léopold Sédar Senghor, Liberal arts education, Liberia, Liberian nationality law, Libero (newspaper), Luzon, Magical Negro, Malcolm X, Marcus Garvey, Margo Jefferson, Martin Luther King Jr., Ministry of Culture (France), Mongoloid, Nation of Islam, Native Americans in the United States, Négritude, Negrito, Negro Academy, Negro Factories Corporation, Negro league baseball, Negro World, Negroid, Negroland, Negroland: A Memoir, Nickname, Nicola Mancino, Niger River, Nigga, Nigger, Ninsee, Norwegian language, Opposite (semantics), Oronzo Reale, Pan-Africanism, Philippines, Political correctness, Pop music, Prosecutor, Proto-Indo-European root, Quotidiano.net, Racism in Italy, Rio de Janeiro (state), Romance languages, São Paulo (state), Second-class citizen, Southern Africa, Soviet Union, Spanish language, Spiritual (music), Supreme Court of Cassation (Italy), Swedish language, The Journal of African American History, The Mis-Education of the Negro, The Negro, The Negro Law of South Carolina, The New Dictionary of Modern Finnish, Turkish language, UNCF, United States Census, United States Census Bureau, Universal Negro Improvement Association and African Communities League, Visayas, W. E. B. Du Bois, Western Germany, Zanj, 1960s in music, 2010 United States Census. Expand index (73 more) » « Shrink index
An academic or scholarly journal is a periodical publication in which scholarship relating to a particular academic discipline is published.
African Americans (also referred to as Black Americans or Afro-Americans) are an ethnic group of Americans with total or partial ancestry from any of the black racial groups of Africa.
The African-American upper class consists of African-American engineers, lawyers, accountants, doctors, politicians, business executives, venture capitalists, CEOs, celebrities, entertainers, entrepreneurs and heirs who have incomes amounting to $200,000 or more.
Afro-Russians are people of Black African descent, or those who are perceived to be dark-skinned compared to other given populations that have migrated to and settled in Russia.
The Agenzia Nazionale Stampa Associata (ANSA) is the leading wire service in Italy, and one of the leaders among world news agencies.
Aggravation, in law, is "any circumstance attending the commission of a crime or tort which increases its guilt or enormity or adds to its injurious consequences, but which is above and beyond the essential constituents of the crime or tort itself." Aggravated assault, for example, is usually differentiated from simple assault by the offender's intent (e.g., to murder or to rape), the extent of injury to the victim, or the use of a deadly weapon.
American English (AmE, AE, AmEng, USEng, en-US), sometimes called United States English or U.S. English, is the set of varieties of the English language native to the United States.
The Association for the Study of African American Life and History (ASALH) is an organization dedicated to the study and appreciation of African-American History.
The Bantu peoples are the speakers of Bantu languages, comprising several hundred ethnic groups in sub-Saharan Africa, spread over a vast area from Central Africa across the African Great Lakes to Southern Africa.
Giuseppe Severgnini, (born 26 December 1956), known as Beppe Severgnini, is an Italian journalist, essayist and columnist.
Biological anthropology, also known as physical anthropology, is a scientific discipline concerned with the biological and behavioral aspects of human beings, their related non-human primates and their extinct hominin ancestors.
A black market, underground economy, or shadow economy is a clandestine market or transaction that has some aspect of illegality or is characterized by some form of noncompliant behavior with an institutional set of rules.
Black nationalism is a type of nationalism which espouses the belief that black people are a nation and seeks to develop and maintain a black identity.
Black people is a term used in certain countries, often in socially based systems of racial classification or of ethnicity, to describe persons who are perceived to be dark-skinned compared to other populations.
The Book of Negroes is a historical document that records names and descriptions of 3,000 Black Loyalists, enslaved Africans who escaped to the British lines during the American Revolution and were evacuated to points in Nova Scotia as free people of colour.
Brazilian Portuguese (português do Brasil or português brasileiro) is a set of dialects of the Portuguese language used mostly in Brazil.
Carter Godwin Woodson (December 19, 1875April 3, 1950) was an American historian, author, journalist and the founder of the Association for the Study of African American Life and History.
The Caucasian race (also Caucasoid or Europid) is a grouping of human beings historically regarded as a biological taxon, which, depending on which of the historical race classifications used, have usually included some or all of the ancient and modern populations of Europe, the Caucasus, Asia Minor, North Africa, the Horn of Africa, Western Asia, Central Asia and South Asia.
Chicano English, or Mexican-American English, is a dialect of American English spoken primarily by Mexican Americans (sometimes known as Chicanos), particularly in the Southwestern United States, ranging from Texas to CaliforniaNewman, Michael.
Chocolate-coated marshmallow treats or "tea-cake" are produced in different variations around the world, with several countries claiming to have invented it or hailing it as their "national confection".
Christmas is an annual festival commemorating the birth of Jesus Christ,Martindale, Cyril Charles.
The Christmas season, also called the festive season, or the holiday season (mainly in the U.S. and Canada; often simply called the holidays),, is an annually recurring period recognized in many Western and Western-influenced countries that is generally considered to run from late November to early January.
Christmas Eve is the evening or entire day before Christmas Day, the festival commemorating the birth of Jesus.
Christmas traditions vary from country to country.
The civil rights movement (also known as the African-American civil rights movement, American civil rights movement and other terms) was a decades-long movement with the goal of securing legal rights for African Americans that other Americans already held.
Colored is an ethnic descriptor historically used in the United States (predominantly during the Jim Crow era) and the United Kingdom.
The Constitution of Liberia is the supreme law of the Republic of Liberia.
The Corriere della Sera (English: Evening Courier) is an Italian daily newspaper published in Milan with an average daily circulation of 410,242 copies in December 2015.
The Council of Europe (CoE; Conseil de l'Europe) is an international organisation whose stated aim is to uphold human rights, democracy and the rule of law in Europe.
Creole peoples (and its cognates in other languages such as crioulo, criollo, creolo, créole, kriolu, criol, kreyol, kreol, kriol, krio, kriyoyo, etc.) are ethnic groups which originated from creolisation, linguistic, cultural and racial mixing between colonial-era emigrants from Europe with non-European peoples, climates and cuisines.
The Declaration of Rights of the Negro Peoples of the World was drafted and adopted at the Convention of the Universal Negro Improvement Association held in New York City's Madison Square Garden on August 13, 1920.
The Diccionario de la lengua española (English: Dictionary of the Spanish language), also known as the Diccionario de la Real Academia Española (DRAE) (English: Dictionary of the Royal Spanish Academy), is a dictionary of the Spanish language.
A diminutive is a word that has been modified to convey a slighter degree of its root meaning, to convey the smallness of the object or quality named, or to convey a sense of intimacy or endearment.
Dude is American English slang for an individual, typically male.
The Dutch language is a West Germanic language, spoken by around 23 million people as a first language (including the population of the Netherlands where it is the official language, and about sixty percent of Belgium where it is one of the three official languages) and by another 5 million as a second language.
East Germany, officially the German Democratic Republic (GDR; Deutsche Demokratische Republik, DDR), existed from 1949 to 1990 and covers the period when the eastern portion of Germany existed as a state that was part of the Eastern Bloc during the Cold War period.
English is a West Germanic language that was first spoken in early medieval England and is now a global lingua franca.
An ethnonym (from the ἔθνος, éthnos, "nation" and ὄνομα, ónoma, "name") is a name applied to a given ethnic group.
An exonym or xenonym is an external name for a geographical place, or a group of people, an individual person, or a language or dialect.
Fausto Leali (born 29 October 1944, Nuvolento, Brescia, Italy) is an Italian pop singer.
Finnish (or suomen kieli) is a Finnic language spoken by the majority of the population in Finland and by ethnic Finns outside Finland.
In United States history, a free Negro or free black was the legal status, in the geographic area of the United States, of blacks who were not slaves.
French (le français or la langue française) is a Romance language of the Indo-European family.
The Germanic languages are a branch of the Indo-European language family spoken natively by a population of about 515 million people mainly in Europe, North America, Oceania, and Southern Africa.
A ghostwriter is hired to write literary or journalistic works, speeches, or other texts that are officially credited to another person as the author.
Haitian Creole (kreyòl ayisyen,; créole haïtien) is a French-based creole language spoken by 9.6–12million people worldwide, and the only language of most Haitians.
Hip hop, or hip-hop, is a subculture and art movement developed in the Bronx in New York City during the late 1970s.
Cartography, or mapmaking, has been an integral part of the human history for thousands of years.
A hoarse voice, also known as hoarseness or dysphonia, is when the voice involuntarily sounds breathy, raspy, or strained, or is softer in volume or lower in pitch.
Howard University (HU or simply Howard) is a federally chartered, private, coeducational, nonsectarian, historically black university (HBCU) in Washington, D.C. It is categorized by the Carnegie Foundation as a research university with higher research activity and is accredited by the Middle States Commission on Higher Education.
"I Have a Dream" is a public speech delivered by American civil rights activist Martin Luther King Jr. during the March on Washington for Jobs and Freedom on August 28, 1963, in which he calls for an end to racism in the United States and called for civil and economic rights.
il Giornale is an Italian language daily newspaper published in Milan, Italy.
Indian Country Today (ICT, formerly known as ICMN, or ICTMN) is a website and formerly weekly online newsletter that is a national news source for and about Native American people in North America as well as First Nations people in Canada and Indigenous people worldwide.
Italian (or lingua italiana) is a Romance language.
John Belton O'Neall was a judge on the precursor of the South Carolina Supreme Court.
The Journal of Negro Education is a quarterly peer-reviewed academic journal published by Howard University, established in 1932 by Charles Henry Thompson, who was its editor-in-chief for more than 30 years.
Kaffir (alternatively kaffer; originally cafri) is an ethnic slur used to refer to a black person.
Most languages of Europe belong to the Indo-European language family.
Latin (Latin: lingua latīna) is a classical language belonging to the Italic branch of the Indo-European languages.
The Italian legal system has a plurality of sources of production.
Léopold Sédar Senghor (9 October 1906 – 20 December 2001) was a Senegalese poet, politician, and cultural theorist who for two decades served as the first president of Senegal (1960–80).
Liberal arts education (from Latin "free" and "art or principled practice") can claim to be the oldest programme of higher education in Western history.
Liberia, officially the Republic of Liberia, is a country on the West African coast.
The Republic of Liberia was founded by African slaves from North America by the American Colonization Society and returned to establish a republic on African soil.
Libero (known also as Libero Quotidiano) is an Italian newspaper published in Milan, Italy.
Luzon is the largest and most populous island in the Philippines.
The Magical Negro is a supporting stock character in American cinema who is portrayed as coming to the aid of a film's white protagonists.
Malcolm X (19251965) was an African-American Muslim minister and human rights activist.
Marcus Mosiah Garvey Jr. ONH (17 August 188710 June 1940) was a proponent of Black nationalism in the United States and most importantly Jamaica.
Margo Lillian Jefferson (born October 17, 1947) is a former theatre critic at The New York Times and a professor at Eugene Lang College of Liberal Arts at The New School.
Martin Luther King Jr. (January 15, 1929 – April 4, 1968) was an American Baptist minister and activist who became the most visible spokesperson and leader in the civil rights movement from 1954 until his death in 1968.
The Ministry of Culture (Ministère de la Culture) is the ministry of the Government of France in charge of national museums and the monuments historiques.
Mongoloid is a grouping of all or some peoples indigenous to East Asia, Central Asia, Southeast Asia, North Asia, South Asia, the Arctic, the Americas and the Pacific Islands.
The Nation of Islam, abbreviated as NOI, is an African American political and religious movement, founded in Detroit, Michigan, United States, by Wallace D. Fard Muhammad on July 4, 1930.
Native Americans, also known as American Indians, Indians, Indigenous Americans and other terms, are the indigenous peoples of the United States.
Négritude is a framework of critique and literary theory, developed mainly by francophone intellectuals, writers, and politicians of the African diaspora during the 1930s.
The Negrito are several different ethnic groups who inhabit isolated parts of South and Southeast Asia.
The American Negro Academy (ANA) was the first organization in the United States to support African-American academic scholarship.
Negro Factories Corporation was one of the ventures of Marcus Garvey's UNIA-ACL, a black nationalist and pan-Africanist organization.
The Negro leagues were United States professional baseball leagues comprising teams predominantly made up of African Americans and, to a lesser extent, Latin Americans.
Negro World was a weekly newspaper, established in 1918 in New York City, that served as the voice of the Universal Negro Improvement Association and African Communities League (UNIA), an organization founded by Marcus Garvey and Amy Ashwood in 1914.
Negroid (also known as Congoid) is a grouping of human beings historically regarded as a biological taxon.
Negroland or Nigritia, was an archaic term in European mapping, describing the inland and, by westerners, poorly explored region in West Africa as an area populated with negro people.
Negroland: A Memoir is a 2015 book by Margo Jefferson.
New Year is the time or day at which a new calendar year begins and the calendar's year count increments by one.
New Year's Day, also called simply New Year's or New Year, is observed on January 1, the first day of the year on the modern Gregorian calendar as well as the Julian calendar.
In the Gregorian calendar, New Year's Eve (also known as Old Year's Day or Saint Sylvester's Day in many countries), the last day of the year, is on 31 December which is the seventh day of Christmastide.
A nickname is a substitute for the proper name of a familiar person, place, or thing, for affection or ridicule.
Nicola Mancino (born 15 October 1931) is an Italian politician.
The Niger River is the principal river of West Africa, extending about.
Nigga is a colloquial term used in African-American Vernacular English that began as an eye dialect form of the word nigger, an ethnic slur against black people.
In the English language, the word nigger is a racial slur typically directed at black people.
The National Institute for the Study of Dutch Slavery and its Legacy (Nationaal Instituut Nederlands Slavernijverleden en Erfenis abbreviated NiNsee) is based in Amsterdam, Netherlands and was established to document the history of Dutch Slavery from various perspectives.
Norwegian (norsk) is a North Germanic language spoken mainly in Norway, where it is the official language.
In lexical semantics, opposites are words lying in an inherently incompatible binary relationship, like the opposite pairs big: small, long: short, and precede: follow.
Oronzo Reale (24 October 1902 – 14 July 1988) was an Italian politician, who served as justice minister in the 1960s and 1970s.
Pan-Africanism is a worldwide intellectual movement that aims to encourage and strengthen bonds of solidarity between all people of African descent.
The Philippines (Pilipinas or Filipinas), officially the Republic of the Philippines (Republika ng Pilipinas), is a unitary sovereign and archipelagic country in Southeast Asia.
The term political correctness (adjectivally: politically correct; commonly abbreviated to PC or P.C.) is used to describe language, policies, or measures that are intended to avoid offense or disadvantage to members of particular groups in society.
Pop music is a genre of popular music that originated in its modern form in the United States and United Kingdom during the mid-1950s.
A prosecutor is a legal representative of the prosecution in countries with either the common law adversarial system, or the civil law inquisitorial system.
The roots of the reconstructed Proto-Indo-European language (PIE) are basic parts of words that carry a lexical meaning, so-called morphemes.
Quotidiano.net is an Italian news website, launched in 2000 and owned by the publishing house Poligrafici Editoriale (whose print publications include the newspapers Il Giorno, il Resto del Carlino, La Nazione).
Racism in Italy deals with the relations of Italians and other ethnic groups in the history of Italy.
Rio de Janeiro is one of the 27 federative units of Brazil.
The Romance languages (also called Romanic languages or Neo-Latin languages) are the modern languages that began evolving from Vulgar Latin between the sixth and ninth centuries and that form a branch of the Italic languages within the Indo-European language family.
São Paulo is one of the 26 states of the Federative Republic of Brazil and is named after Saint Paul of Tarsus.
A second-class citizen is a person who is systematically discriminated against within a state or other political jurisdiction, despite their nominal status as a citizen or legal resident there.
Southern Africa is the southernmost region of the African continent, variably defined by geography or geopolitics, and including several countries.
The Soviet Union, officially the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (USSR) was a socialist state in Eurasia that existed from 1922 to 1991.
Spanish or Castilian, is a Western Romance language that originated in the Castile region of Spain and today has hundreds of millions of native speakers in Latin America and Spain.
Spirituals (or Negro spirituals) are generally Christian songs that were created by African Americans.
The Supreme Court of Cassation (Corte Suprema di Cassazione) is the highest court of appeal or court of last resort in Italy.
Swedish is a North Germanic language spoken natively by 9.6 million people, predominantly in Sweden (as the sole official language), and in parts of Finland, where it has equal legal standing with Finnish.
The Journal of African American History, formerly The Journal of Negro History (1916–2001), is a quarterly academic journal covering African American life and history.
The Mis-Education of the Negro is a book originally published in 1933 by Dr.
The Negro is a book by W. E. B. Du Bois published in 1915 and released in electronic form by Project Gutenberg in 2011.
The Negro Law of South Carolina (1848) was one of John Belton O'Neall's longer works.
The New Dictionary of Modern Finnish (Finnish: Kielitoimiston sanakirja) is the most recent dictionary of the modern Finnish language.
Turkish, also referred to as Istanbul Turkish, is the most widely spoken of the Turkic languages, with around 10–15 million native speakers in Southeast Europe (mostly in East and Western Thrace) and 60–65 million native speakers in Western Asia (mostly in Anatolia).
UNCF, the United Negro College Fund, also known as the United Fund, is an American philanthropic organization that funds scholarships for black students and general scholarship funds for 37 private historically black colleges and universities.
The United States Census is a decennial census mandated by Article I, Section 2 of the United States Constitution, which states: "Representatives and direct Taxes shall be apportioned among the several States...
The United States Census Bureau (USCB; officially the Bureau of the Census, as defined in Title) is a principal agency of the U.S. Federal Statistical System, responsible for producing data about the American people and economy.
The Universal Negro Improvement Association and African Communities League (UNIA-ACL) is a black nationalist fraternal organization founded in 1914 by Marcus Mosiah Garvey.
The Visayas, or the Visayan Islands (Visayan: Kabisay-an,; Kabisayaan), is one of the three principal geographical divisions of the Philippines, along with Luzon and Mindanao.
William Edward Burghardt "W.
Western Germany is a region in the west of Germany.
Zanj (زَنْج, meaning "Blacks"Deutsche Morgenländische Gesellschaft, Zeitschrift der Deutschen Morgenländischen Gesellschaft, Volume 131 (Kommissionsverlag F. Steiner, 1981), p. 130.) was a name used by medieval Muslim geographers to refer to both a certain portion of Southeast Africa (primarily the Swahili Coast), and to the area's Bantu inhabitants.
This article includes an overview of the events and trends in popular music in the 1960s.
The 2010 United States Census (commonly referred to as the 2010 Census) is the twenty-third and most recent United States national census.
2018 has been designated as the third International Year of the Reef by the International Coral Reef Initiative.
2019 (MMXIX) will be a common year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar, the 2019th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 19th year of the 3rd millennium, the 19th year of the 21st century, and the 10th and last year of the 2010s decade.