156 relations: Acre, Acts of Parliament in the United Kingdom, Ale, Almond, Alum, Anglo-Saxon London, Anne, Queen of Great Britain, Arm, Assize of Bread and Ale, Atlantic cod, Auncel, Avoirdupois system, Barleycorn (unit), Black pepper, Bushel, Cambridge, Canvas, Chain (unit), Charles I of England, Charles II of England, Cheese, Collective title, Commercial law, Composition of Yards and Perches, Cubic foot, Cubic inch, Cubic yard, Cumin, David Wilkins, Department for Business, Innovation and Skills, Dozen, Dram (unit), Draught beer, Dried fish, Dry gallon, Ear (botany), Edward I of England, Edward III of England, Edward VI of England, Edward VII, Eel, Electuary, Elizabeth I of England, Ell, English language, English units, European Economic Community, European rabbit, European Single Market, European units of measurement directives, ..., Foot (unit), Fotmal, Furlong, Fustian, Gallon, Garlic, George III of the United Kingdom, George IV of the United Kingdom, George V, Glass, Glove, Grain (unit), Gray squirrel, Hansard, Henry III of England, Henry V of England, Henry VI of England, Henry VII of England, Henry VIII of England, Hide (skin), Horseshoe, Hundred (unit), Hundredweight, Imperial units, Inch, Iron, John Quincy Adams, Kingdom of England, Kingdom of Scotland, Kipper, Last (unit), Latin, Lead, Leather, Liber Horn, Linen, List of Latin phrases (P), Load (unit), Local government, Long hundred, Long ton, Martin Folkes, Methods of coin debasement, Metrication in the United Kingdom, Mile, Minister of State, Muslin, National Measurement and Regulation Office, Norman language, Ounce, Parchment, Parliament of the United Kingdom, Peak District, Peck, Penny (English coin), Pennyweight, Pint, Pound (mass), Pound sterling, Quart, Quarter (unit), Queen Victoria, Quintal, Richard I of England, Richard II of England, Rod (unit), Rood (unit), Rope (unit), Sack (unit), Scruple (unit), Seam (unit), Shilling, Short Titles Act 1896, Short ton, Square mile, Staple right, Statute of the Staple, Statutory instrument, Sterling silver, Stick (unit), Stone (unit), Sugar, Tallow, Tonne, Trading Standards, Troy weight, Unit of measurement, United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland, Vellum, Viz., Wales in the Middle Ages, Washington, D.C., Wax, Weights and Measures Act, Weights and Measures Acts (UK), Wey (unit), Wheat, William Clarke (antiquary), William III of England, William IV of the United Kingdom, William the Conqueror, Winchester, Wine, Wool, Yard, 100 (number). Expand index (106 more) » « Shrink index
The acre is a unit of land area used in the imperial and US customary systems.
In the United Kingdom, Acts of Parliament are primary legislation passed by the Parliament of the United Kingdom.
Ale is a type of beer brewed using a warm fermentation method, resulting in a sweet, full-bodied and fruity taste.
The almond (Prunus dulcis, syn. Prunus amygdalus) is a species of tree native to Mediterranean climate regions of the Middle East, from Syria and Turkey to India and Pakistan, although it has been introduced elsewhere.
An alum is a type of chemical compound, usually a hydrated double sulfate salt of aluminium with the general formula, where X is a monovalent cation such as potassium or ammonium.
The history of Anglo-Saxon London relates to the history of the city of London during the Anglo-Saxon period, during the 7th to 11th centuries.
Anne (6 February 1665 – 1 August 1714) was the Queen of England, Scotland and Ireland between 8 March 1702 and 1 May 1707.
In human anatomy, the arm is the part of the upper limb between the glenohumeral joint (shoulder joint) and the elbow joint.
The Assize of Bread and Ale (Assisa panis et cervisiae) was a 13th-century law in high medieval England, which regulated the price, weight and quality of the bread and beer manufactured and sold in towns, villages and hamlets.
The Atlantic cod (Gadus morhua) is a benthopelagic fish of the family Gadidae, widely consumed by humans.
The auncel (auncelle or aunsell’, "little balance") was a balance scale formerly used in England.
The avoirdupois system (abbreviated avdp) is a measurement system of weights which uses pounds and ounces as units.
The barleycorn is a small English unit of length equal to of an inch (i.e., close to) still used as the basis of shoe sizes in English-speaking countries.
Black pepper (Piper nigrum) is a flowering vine in the family Piperaceae, cultivated for its fruit, which is usually dried and used as a spice and seasoning, known as a peppercorn.
A bushel (abbreviation: bsh. or bu.) is an imperial and US customary unit of weight or mass based upon an earlier measure of dry capacity.
Cambridge is a university city and the county town of Cambridgeshire, England, on the River Cam approximately north of London.
Canvas is an extremely durable plain-woven fabric used for making sails, tents, marquees, backpacks, and other items for which sturdiness is required.
A chain is a unit of length that measures 66 feet, 22 yards, 100 links,or 4 rods (20.1168 m).
Charles I (19 November 1600 – 30 January 1649) was monarch of the three kingdoms of England, Scotland, and Ireland from 27 March 1625 until his execution in 1649.
Charles II (29 May 1630 – 6 February 1685) was king of England, Scotland and Ireland.
Cheese is a dairy product derived from milk that is produced in a wide range of flavors, textures, and forms by coagulation of the milk protein casein.
A collective title is an expression by which two or more pieces of legislation may, under the law of the United Kingdom, be cited together.
Commercial law, also known as trade law, is the body of law that applies to the rights, relations, and conduct of persons and businesses engaged in commerce, merchandising, trade, and sales.
The Composition of Yards and Perches (Compositio Ulnarum et Perticarum) or the Statute of Ells and Perches was a medieval English statute defining the length of the barleycorn, inch, foot, yard, and perch, as well as the area of the acre.
The cubic foot (symbol ft3) is an imperial and US customary (non-metric) unit of volume, used in the United States, and partially in Canada, and the United Kingdom.
The cubic inch (symbol in3) is a unit of measurement for volume in the Imperial units and United States customary units systems.
A cubic yard (symbol yd3) is an Imperial / U.S. customary (non-SI non-metric) unit of volume, used in the United States, Canada, and the UK.
Cumin (Cuminum cyminum) is a flowering plant in the family Apiaceae, native to a territory including Middle East and stretching east to India.
David Horton Wilkins (born October 12, 1946) is an American attorney and a former U.S. Ambassador to Canada during the administration of President George W. Bush.
The Department for Business, Innovation and Skills (BIS) was a ministerial department of the United Kingdom Government created on 5 June 2009 by the merger of the Department for Innovation, Universities and Skills (DIUS) and the Department for Business, Enterprise and Regulatory Reform (BERR).
A dozen (commonly abbreviated doz or dz) is a grouping of twelve.
The dram (alternative British spelling drachm; apothecary symbol ʒ or ℨ; abbreviated dr) Earlier version first published in New English Dictionary, 1897.
Draught beer, also spelt draft, is beer served from a cask or keg rather than from a bottle or can.
Fresh fish rapidly deteriorates unless some way can be found to preserve it.
The dry gallon, also known as the corn gallon or grain gallon, is a historic British dry measure of volume that was used to measure grain and other dry commodities and whose earliest recorded official definition, in 1303, was the volume of 8 pounds of wheat.
An ear is the grain-bearing tip part of the stem of a cereal plant, such as wheat or maize.
Edward I (17/18 June 1239 – 7 July 1307), also known as Edward Longshanks and the Hammer of the Scots (Malleus Scotorum), was King of England from 1272 to 1307.
Edward III (13 November 1312 – 21 June 1377) was King of England and Lord of Ireland from January 1327 until his death; he is noted for his military success and for restoring royal authority after the disastrous and unorthodox reign of his father, Edward II.
Edward VI (12 October 1537 – 6 July 1553) was King of England and Ireland from 28 January 1547 until his death.
Edward VII (Albert Edward; 9 November 1841 – 6 May 1910) was King of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland and Emperor of India from 22 January 1901 until his death in 1910.
An eel is any ray-finned fish belonging to the order Anguilliformes, which consists of four suborders, 20 families, 111 genera and about 800 species.
Elizabeth I (7 September 1533 – 24 March 1603) was Queen of England and Ireland from 17 November 1558 until her death on 24 March 1603.
An ell (from Proto-Germanic *alinō, cognate with Latin ulna) is a unit of measurement, originally a cubit, i.e., approximating the length of a man's arm from the elbow (literally meant the bend (bow) of the arm (ell)) to the tip of the middle finger, or about 18 inches (457 mm); in later usage, any of several longer units.
English is a West Germanic language that was first spoken in early medieval England and is now a global lingua franca.
English units are the historical units of measurement used in England up to 1826 (when they were replaced by Imperial units), which evolved as a combination of the Anglo-Saxon and Roman systems of units.
The European Economic Community (EEC) was a regional organisation which aimed to bring about economic integration among its member states.
The European rabbit (Oryctolagus cuniculus) or coney is a species of rabbit native to southwestern Europe (including Spain, Portugal and Western France) and to northwest Africa (including Morocco and Algeria).
The European Single Market, Internal Market or Common Market is a single market which seeks to guarantee the free movement of goods, capital, services, and labour – the "four freedoms" – within the European Union (EU).
As of 2009, the European Union had issued two units of measurement directives: In 1971 it issued Directive 71/354/EEC which required EU member states to standardise on the International System of Units (SI) rather than use a variety of CGS and MKS units then in use.
The foot (feet; abbreviation: ft; symbol: ′, the prime symbol) is a unit of length in the imperial and US customary systems of measurement.
The fotmal (fotmael, "foot-measure"; fotmal), also known as the foot (pes), formel, fontinel, and fotmell, was an English unit of variable weight particularly used in measuring production, sales, and duties of lead.
A furlong is a measure of distance in imperial units and U.S. customary units equal to one eighth of a mile, equivalent to 660 feet, 220 yards, 40 rods, or 10 chains.
Fustian is a variety of heavy cloth woven from cotton, chiefly prepared for menswear.
The gallon is a unit of measurement for fluid capacity in both the US customary units and the British imperial systems of measurement.
Garlic (Allium sativum) is a species in the onion genus, Allium.
George III (George William Frederick; 4 June 1738 – 29 January 1820) was King of Great Britain and Ireland from 25 October 1760 until the union of the two countries on 1 January 1801, after which he was King of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland until his death in 1820.
George IV (George Augustus Frederick; 12 August 1762 – 26 June 1830) was King of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland and King of Hanover following the death of his father, King George III, on 29 January 1820, until his own death ten years later.
George V (George Frederick Ernest Albert; 3 June 1865 – 20 January 1936) was King of the United Kingdom and the British Dominions, and Emperor of India, from 6 May 1910 until his death in 1936.
Glass is a non-crystalline amorphous solid that is often transparent and has widespread practical, technological, and decorative usage in, for example, window panes, tableware, and optoelectronics.
A glove (Middle English from Old English glof) is a garment covering the whole hand.
A grain is a unit of measurement of mass, and in the troy weight, avoirdupois, and Apothecaries' system, equal to exactly.
Gray squirrel' may refer to several species of squirrel indigenous to North America.
Hansard is the traditional name of the transcripts of Parliamentary Debates in Britain and many Commonwealth countries.
Henry III (1 October 1207 – 16 November 1272), also known as Henry of Winchester, was King of England, Lord of Ireland, and Duke of Aquitaine from 1216 until his death.
Henry V (9 August 1386 – 31 August 1422) was King of England from 1413 until his death at the age of 36 in 1422.
Henry VI (6 December 1421 – 21 May 1471) was King of England from 1422 to 1461 and again from 1470 to 1471, and disputed King of France from 1422 to 1453.
Henry VII (Harri Tudur; 28 January 1457 – 21 April 1509) was the King of England and Lord of Ireland from his seizure of the crown on 22 August 1485 to his death on 21 April 1509.
Henry VIII (28 June 1491 – 28 January 1547) was King of England from 1509 until his death.
A hide or skin is an animal skin treated for human use.
A horseshoe is a fabricated product, normally made of metal, although sometimes made partially or wholly of modern synthetic materials, designed to protect a horse's hoof from wear.
The hundred (centena) was an English unit of measurement used in the production, sale, and taxation of various items in the medieval kingdom of England.
The hundredweight (abbreviation: cwt), formerly also known as the centum weight or quintal, is an English, imperial, and US customary unit of weight or mass of various values.
The system of imperial units or the imperial system (also known as British Imperial or Exchequer Standards of 1825) is the system of units first defined in the British Weights and Measures Act of 1824, which was later refined and reduced.
The inch (abbreviation: in or &Prime) is a unit of length in the (British) imperial and United States customary systems of measurement now formally equal to yard but usually understood as of a foot.
Iron is a chemical element with symbol Fe (from ferrum) and atomic number 26.
John Quincy Adams (July 11, 1767 – February 23, 1848) was an American statesman who served as a diplomat, minister and ambassador to foreign nations, and treaty negotiator, United States Senator, U.S. Representative (Congressman) from Massachusetts, and the sixth President of the United States from 1825 to 1829.
The Kingdom of England (French: Royaume d'Angleterre; Danish: Kongeriget England; German: Königreich England) was a sovereign state on the island of Great Britain from the 10th century—when it emerged from various Anglo-Saxon kingdoms—until 1707, when it united with Scotland to form the Kingdom of Great Britain.
The Kingdom of Scotland (Rìoghachd na h-Alba; Kinrick o Scotland) was a sovereign state in northwest Europe traditionally said to have been founded in 843.
A kipper is a whole herring, a small, oily fish, that has been split in a butterfly fashion from tail to head along the dorsal ridge, gutted, salted or pickled, and cold-smoked over smouldering woodchips (typically oak).
The last was a large English unit of weight, mass, volume, and number.
Latin (Latin: lingua latīna) is a classical language belonging to the Italic branch of the Indo-European languages.
Lead is a chemical element with symbol Pb (from the Latin plumbum) and atomic number 82.
Leather is a durable and flexible material created by tanning animal rawhides, mostly cattle hide.
Liber Horn is a book completed in 1311 by Andrew Horn.
Linen is a textile made from the fibers of the flax plant.
The load (carrus, "cartload"), also known as a fodder, fother, and charrus, was an English unit of weight or mass of various amounts, depending on the era and the substance being measured.
A local government is a form of public administration which, in a majority of contexts, exists as the lowest tier of administration within a given state.
The long hundred, great hundred, or twelfty is the "hundred" of six score (120) used in Germanic languages prior to the 15th century.
Long ton, also known as the imperial ton or displacement ton,Dictionary.com - "a unit for measuring the displacement of a vessel, equal to a long ton of 2240 pounds (1016 kg) or 35 cu.
Martin Folkes PRS FRS (29 October 1690 – 28 June 1754), was an English antiquary, numismatist, mathematician, and astronomer.
Coin debasement is the act of decreasing the amount of precious metal in a coin, while continuing to circulate it at face value.
Metrication in the United Kingdom, the process of introducing the metric system of measurement in place of imperial units, has made steady progress since the mid–20th century but today remains equivocal and varies by context.
The mile is an English unit of length of linear measure equal to 5,280 feet, or 1,760 yards, and standardised as exactly 1,609.344 metres by international agreement in 1959.
Minister of State is a title borne by politicians or officials in certain countries governed under a parliamentary system.
Muslin, also mousseline, is a cotton fabric of plain weave.
The National Measurement and Regulation Office (NMRO) was an executive agency of the UK Government's Department for Business, Innovation and Skills (BIS).
The ounce (abbreviated oz; apothecary symbol: ℥) is a unit of mass, weight, or volume used in most British derived customary systems of measurement.
Parchment is a writing material made from specially prepared untanned skins of animals—primarily sheep, calves, and goats.
The Parliament of the United Kingdom, commonly known as the UK Parliament or British Parliament, is the supreme legislative body of the United Kingdom, the Crown dependencies and overseas territories.
The Peak District is an upland area in England at the southern end of the Pennines.
A peck is an imperial and United States customary unit of dry volume, equivalent to 2 dry gallons or 8 dry quarts or 16 dry pints (9.09 (UK) or 8.81 (US) liters).
The English penny, originally a coin of pure silver, was introduced around the year 785 by King Offa of Mercia.
A pennyweight (abbreviated dwt, from denarius weight) is a unit of mass that is equal to 24 grains, of a troy ounce, of a troy pound, approximately 0.054857 avoirdupois ounce and exactly 1.55517384 grams.
The pint (symbol pt, sometimes abbreviated as "p") is a unit of volume or capacity in both the imperial and United States customary measurement systems.
The pound or pound-mass is a unit of mass used in the imperial, United States customary and other systems of measurement.
The pound sterling (symbol: £; ISO code: GBP), commonly known as the pound and less commonly referred to as Sterling, is the official currency of the United Kingdom, Jersey, Guernsey, the Isle of Man, South Georgia and the South Sandwich Islands, the British Antarctic Territory, and Tristan da Cunha.
The quart (abbreviation qt.) is an English unit of volume equal to a quarter gallon.
The quarter ("one-fourth") is used as the name of several distinct English units based on ¼ sizes of some base unit.
Victoria (Alexandrina Victoria; 24 May 1819 – 22 January 1901) was Queen of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland from 20 June 1837 until her death.
The quintal or centner is a historical unit of mass in many countries which is usually defined as 100 base units of either pounds or kilograms.
Richard I (8 September 1157 – 6 April 1199) was King of England from 1189 until his death.
Richard II (6 January 1367 – c. 14 February 1400), also known as Richard of Bordeaux, was King of England from 1377 until he was deposed in 1399.
The rod or perch or pole is a surveyor’s tool and unit of length equal to yards, 16 feet, of a statute mile or one-fourth of a surveyor's chain and 5.0292 meters.
A rood is a historic English and international inch-pound measure of area, as well as an archaic English measure of length.
A rope may refer to any of several units of measurement initially determined or formed by ropes or knotted cords.
The sack (abbreviation: sck.) was an English unit of weight or mass used for coal and wool.
The scruple (℈) is a small unit in the apothecaries' system, derived from the old Roman scrupulum ("small pebble") unit (scrupulus/scrupulum).
A Seam is an obsolete unit of volume or mass in the UK.
The shilling is a unit of currency formerly used in Austria, the United Kingdom, Australia, New Zealand, United States, and other British Commonwealth countries.
The Short Titles Act 1896 (59 & 60 Vict c 14) is an Act of the Parliament of the United Kingdom.
The short ton is a unit of weight equal to.
The square mile (abbreviated as sq mi and sometimes as mi²)Rowlett, Russ (September 1, 2004).
The staple right, also translated stacking right or storage right, both from the Dutch stapelrecht, was a medieval right accorded to certain ports, the staple ports.
The Ordinance of the Staple was an Ordinance issue in the Great Council in October 1353.
In many countries, a statutory instrument is a form of delegated legislation.
Sterling silver is an alloy of silver containing 92.5% by weight of silver and 7.5% by weight of other metals, usually copper.
The stick may refer to several separate units, depending on the item being measured.
The stone or stone weight (abbreviation: st.) is an English and imperial unit of mass now equal to 14 pounds (6.35029318 kg).
Sugar is the generic name for sweet-tasting, soluble carbohydrates, many of which are used in food.
Tallow is a rendered form of beef or mutton fat, and is primarily made up of triglycerides.
The tonne (Non-SI unit, symbol: t), commonly referred to as the metric ton in the United States, is a non-SI metric unit of mass equal to 1,000 kilograms;.
In the United Kingdom, Trading Standards are the local authority departments, formerly known as Weights and Measures, that enforce consumer protection legislation.
Troy weight is a system of units of mass customarily used for precious metals and gemstones.
A unit of measurement is a definite magnitude of a quantity, defined and adopted by convention or by law, that is used as a standard for measurement of the same kind of quantity.
The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland was established by the Acts of Union 1800, which merged the kingdoms of Great Britain and Ireland.
Vellum is prepared animal skin or "membrane" used as a material for writing on.
The abbreviation viz. (or viz without a full stop), short for the Latin italic, is used as a synonym for "namely", "that is to say", "to wit", or "as follows".
Wales in the Middle Ages covers the history of the region that is now called Wales, from the departure of the Romans in the early fifth century, until the annexation of Wales into the Kingdom of England in the early sixteenth century.
Washington, D.C., formally the District of Columbia and commonly referred to as Washington or D.C., is the capital of the United States of America.
Waxes are a diverse class of organic compounds that are lipophilic, malleable solids near ambient temperatures.
A weights and measures act is a kind of legislative act found in many jurisdictions establishing technical standards for weights and measures.
Weights and measures acts are acts of the British Parliament determining the regulation of weights and measures.
The wey or weight (Old English: ƿæᵹe, waege, "weight") was an English unit of weight and dry volume by at least 900, when it begins to be mentioned in surviving legal codes.
Wheat is a grass widely cultivated for its seed, a cereal grain which is a worldwide staple food.
William Clarke (1696–1771) was an English cleric and antiquary.
William III (Willem; 4 November 1650 – 8 March 1702), also widely known as William of Orange, was sovereign Prince of Orange from birth, Stadtholder of Holland, Zeeland, Utrecht, Gelderland and Overijssel in the Dutch Republic from 1672 and King of England, Ireland and Scotland from 1689 until his death in 1702.
William IV (William Henry; 21 August 1765 – 20 June 1837) was King of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland and King of Hanover from 26 June 1830 until his death in 1837.
William I (c. 1028Bates William the Conqueror p. 33 – 9 September 1087), usually known as William the Conqueror and sometimes William the Bastard, was the first Norman King of England, reigning from 1066 until his death in 1087.
Winchester is a city and the county town of Hampshire, England.
Wine is an alcoholic beverage made from grapes fermented without the addition of sugars, acids, enzymes, water, or other nutrients.
Wool is the textile fiber obtained from sheep and other animals, including cashmere and mohair from goats, qiviut from muskoxen, angora from rabbits, and other types of wool from camelids.
The yard (abbreviation: yd) is an English unit of length, in both the British imperial and US customary systems of measurement, that comprises 3 feet or 36 inches.
100 or one hundred (Roman numeral: Ⅽ) is the natural number following 99 and preceding 101.
2 Edgar c. 8, 25 Edward III st. 5 c. 9, 27 Edward III st. 2 c. 10, 9 Henry III c. 25, Act against Converting of Great Houses into Several Tenements and for Restraint of Inmates and Inclosures in and near about the City of London and Westminster, Assize of Weights and Measures, English Weights and Measures Acts, False Weights and Scales Act 1770, False Weights and Scales Act of 1770, II Edgar Cap. 8, Imperial Weights and Measures Act 1824, Imperial Weights and Measures Act of 1824, Statute for the Measuring of Land, Statute measure, Weights and Measures Act (1897), Weights and Measures Act (UK), Weights and Measures Act 1303, Weights and Measures Act 1795, Weights and Measures Act 1797, Weights and Measures Act 1815, Weights and Measures Act 1824, Weights and Measures Act 1825, Weights and Measures Act 1834, Weights and Measures Act 1855, Weights and Measures Act 1859, Weights and Measures Act 1889, Weights and Measures Act 1897, Weights and Measures Act 1904, Weights and Measures Act 1926, Weights and Measures Act 1936, Weights and Measures Act 1963, Weights and Measures Act 1976, Weights and Measures Act 1985, Weights and Measures Act of 1303, Weights and Measures Act of 1795, Weights and Measures Act of 1797, Weights and Measures Act of 1815, Weights and Measures Act of 1824, Weights and Measures Act of 1825, Weights and Measures Act of 1834, Weights and Measures Act of 1835, Weights and Measures Act of 1855, Weights and Measures Act of 1859, Weights and Measures Act of 1889, Weights and Measures Act of 1897, Weights and Measures Act of 1904, Weights and Measures Act of 1926, Weights and Measures Act of 1936, Weights and Measures Act of 1963, Weights and Measures Act of 1976, Weights and Measures Act of 1985, Weights and Measures Act of 1985 (UK), Weights and Measures Act, 1936, Weights and Measures Acts 1878 to 1893, Weights and Measures Acts of 1878 to 1893, Weights and Measures Acts of the United Kingdom, Weights and Measures etc Act 1976, Weights and Measures etc Act of 1976, Weights and Measures etc. Act 1976.