160 relations: Acre, Acts of Parliament in the United Kingdom, Ale, Alum, Anglo-Norman language, Anglo-Saxon London, Anne, Queen of Great Britain, Apothecaries' system, Arm, Assize of Bread and Ale, Atlantic cod, Auncel, Avoirdupois, Barleycorn (unit), Black pepper, Bushel, Cambridge, Canvas, Chain (unit), Charles I of England, Charles II of England, Cheese, Collective title, Commercial law, Composition of Yards and Perches, Confectionery, Cubic foot, Cubic inch, Cubic yard, David Wilkins, Department for Business, Innovation and Skills, Dozen, Dram (unit), Draught beer, Dried fish, Dry gallon, Ear (botany), Edward I of England, Edward III of England, Edward VI of England, Edward VII, Eel, Electuary, Elizabeth I of England, Ell, English language, English units, European Economic Community, European rabbit, European units of measurement directives, ..., Foot (unit), Fotmal, Furlong, Fustian, Gallon, Garlic, George III of the United Kingdom, George IV of the United Kingdom, George V, Glass, Glove, Grain (unit), Gray squirrel, Hansard, Henry III of England, Henry V of England, Henry VI of England, Henry VII of England, Henry VIII of England, Herring, Hide (skin), Horseshoe, Hundred (unit), Hundredweight, Imperial units, Inch, Internal market, Iron, John Quincy Adams, Kingdom of England, Kingdom of Scotland, Kipper, Last (unit), Latin, Lead, Leather, Liber Horn, Linen, List of Latin phrases (P), Load (unit), Local government, Long hundred, Long ton, Martin Folkes, Methods of coin debasement, Metrication in the United Kingdom, Mile, Minister of State, Muslin, National Measurement and Regulation Office, Norman language, Ounce, Parchment, Parliament of the United Kingdom, Peak District, Peck, Penny (English coin), Pennyweight, Perch (unit), Pint, Pound (mass), Pound sterling, Quart, Quarter (unit), Queen Victoria, Quintal, Richard I of England, Richard II of England, Rod (unit), Rood (unit), Rope (unit), Sack (unit), Scruple (unit), Seam (unit), Shilling, Short Titles Act 1896, Short ton, Spice, Square mile, Staple right, Statute of the Staple, Statutory Instrument, Sterling silver, Stone (unit), Sugar, System of measurement, Tallow, Tonne, Trading Standards, Troy weight, United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland, Units of measurement, Vellum, Viz., Wales in the Middle Ages, Washington, D.C., Wax, Weights and Measures Act, Weights and Measures Acts (UK), Wey (unit), Wheat, William Clarke (antiquary), William III of England, William IV of the United Kingdom, William the Conqueror, Winchester, Wine, Wool, Yard, 100 (number). Expand index (110 more) » « Shrink index
The acre is a unit of land area used in the imperial and US customary systems.
An Act of Parliament in the United Kingdom is primary legislation.
Ale is a type of beer brewed from malted barley using a warm fermentation with a strain of brewers' yeast.
Alum is both a specific chemical compound and a class of chemical compounds.
Anglo-Norman, also known as Anglo-Norman French, is a variety of the langues d'oïl that was used in England and, to a lesser extent, elsewhere in the British Isles during the Anglo-Norman period.
The history of Anglo-Saxon London relates to the history of the city of London during the Anglo-Saxon period, during the 7th to 11th centuries.
Anne (6 February 1665 – 1 August 1714)All dates in this article are in the Old Style Julian calendar used in Great Britain throughout Anne's lifetime, except that years are assumed to start on 1 January rather than 25 March, which was the English New Year.
The apothecaries' system of weights is a historical system of mass units that were used by physicians and apothecaries for medical recipes, and also sometimes by scientists.
In human anatomy, the arm is the upper limb of the body, comprising regions between the glenohumeral joint (shoulder joint) and the elbow joint.
The Assize of Bread and Ale (Assisa panis et cervisiae) was a 13th-century statute (assize) in late medieval English law, which regulated the price, weight and quality of the bread and beer manufactured and sold in towns, villages and hamlets.
The Atlantic cod (Gadus morhua) is a well-known benthopelagic fish of the family Gadidae, widely consumed by humans.
The auncel (auncelle or aunsell’, "little balance") was a balance scale formerly used in England.
The avoirdupois system (abbreviated avdp) is a system of weights (more properly, mass) based on a pound of 16 ounces.
The barleycorn is a small English unit of length equal to 1⁄3 of an inch (i.e., close to 0.8467 cm) still used in Great Britain and Ireland as a determiner of shoe sizes.
Black pepper (Piper nigrum) is a flowering vine in the family Piperaceae, cultivated for its fruit, which is usually dried and used as a spice and seasoning.
A bushel (abbreviation: bsh. or bu.) is an imperial and US customary unit of weight or mass based upon an earlier measure of dry capacity.
The city of Cambridge is a university city and the county town of Cambridgeshire, England.
Canvas is an extremely durable plain-woven fabric used for making sails, tents, marquees, backpacks, and other items for which sturdiness is required.
A chain (ch) is a unit of length.
Charles I (19 November 1600 – 30 January 1649) was monarch of the three kingdoms of England, Scotland, and Ireland from 27 March 1625 until his execution in 1649.
Charles II (29 May 1630 – 6 February 1685) was monarch of the three kingdoms of England, Scotland, and Ireland.
Cheese is a food derived from milk that is produced in a wide range of flavors, textures, and forms by coagulation of the milk protein casein.
A collective title is an expression by which two or more pieces of legislation may, under the law of the United Kingdom, be cited together.
Commercial law, also known as business law, is the body of law that applies to the rights, relations, and conduct of persons and businesses engaged in commerce, merchandising, trade, and sales.
The Composition of Yards and Perches (Compositio Ulnarum et Perticarum) or the Statute of Ells and Perches was a medieval English statute defining the length of the barleycorn, inch, foot, yard, and perch, as well as the area of the acre.
Confectionery is the art of making confections, which are food items that are rich in sugar and carbohydrates.
The term cubic foot is an Imperial and US customary (non-metric) unit of volume, used in the United States and the United Kingdom.
The cubic inch is a unit of measurement for volume in the Imperial units and United States customary units systems.
A cubic yard is an Imperial / U.S. customary (non-SI non-metric) unit of volume, used in the United States, Canada, and the UK.
David Horton Wilkins (born October 12, 1946) is an American attorney and a former U. S. Ambassador to Canada during the administration of President George W. Bush.
The Department for Business, Innovation & Skills (BIS) is a ministerial department of the United Kingdom Government created on 5 June 2009 by the merger of the Department for Innovation, Universities and Skills (DIUS) and the Department for Business, Enterprise and Regulatory Reform (BERR).
A dozen (common abbreviated doz or dz) is a grouping of twelve.
The dram (alternative British spelling drachm; apothecary symbol ʒ; abbreviated dr) Earlier version first published in New English Dictionary, 1897.
Draught beer, also spelt draft, is beer served from a cask or keg rather than from a bottle or can.
Fresh fish rapidly deteriorates unless some way can be found to preserve it.
The dry gallon, also known as the corn gallon, was used in the United States until recently for grain and other dry commodities.
An ear is the grain-bearing tip part of the stem of a cereal plant, such as wheat or maize.
Edward I (17 June 1239 – 7 July 1307), also known as Edward Longshanks and the Hammer of the Scots (Latin: Malleus Scotorum), was King of England from 1272 to 1307.
Edward III (13 November 1312 – 21 June 1377) was King of England from 25 January 1327 until his death; he is noted for his military success and for restoring royal authority after the disastrous reign of his father, Edward II.
Edward VI (12 October 1537 – 6 July 1553) was King of England and Ireland from 28 January 1547 until his death.
Edward VII (Albert Edward; 9 November 1841 – 6 May 1910) was King of the United Kingdom and the British Dominions and Emperor of India from 22 January 1901 until his death.
An eel is any fish belonging to the order Anguilliformes, which consists of four suborders, 20 families, 111 genera and about 800 species.
An electuary is a medicinal paste made of powders, or other medical ingredients, incorporated with sweeteners to hide the taste, such as syrup, honey, jam, etc., for the purposes of oral consumption.
Elizabeth I (7 September 1533 – 24 March 1603) was Queen of England and Ireland from 17 November 1558 until her death.
An ell (from Old Germanic *alinâ cognate with Latin ulna) is a unit of measurement, originally a cubit, i.e., approximating the length of a man's arm from the elbow ("elbow" means the bend or bow of the ell or arm) to the tip of the middle finger, or about 18 inches (457 mm); in later usage, any of several longer units.
English is a West Germanic language that was first spoken in early medieval England and is now a global lingua franca.
English units are the historical units of measurement used in England up to 1824, which evolved as a combination of the Anglo-Saxon and Roman systems of units.
The European Economic Community (EEC) was a regional organisation which aimed to bring about economic integration between its member states.
The European rabbit or common rabbit (Oryctolagus cuniculus) is a species of rabbit native to southwestern Europe (Spain and Portugal) and northwest Africa (Morocco and Algeria).
As of 2009, the European Union had issued two units of measurement directives: In 1971 it issued Directive 71/354/EEC which required EU member states to standardise on the International System of Units (SI) rather than use a variety of CGS and MKS units then in use.
A foot (feet; abbreviation: ft; symbol: ′, the prime symbol) is a unit of length in the imperial and US customary systems of measurement.
The fotmal (fotmael, "foot-measure"; fotmal), also known as the foot (pes), formel, fontinel, and fotmell, was an English unit of variable weight particularly used in measuring production, sales, and duties of lead.
A furlong is a measure of distance in imperial units and U.S. customary units equal to one-eighth of a mile, equivalent to 660 feet, 220 yards, 40 rods, or 10 chains.
Fustian is a variety of heavy cloth woven from cotton, chiefly prepared for menswear.
The gallon is a measure of liquid capacity in both the US customary units and the British imperial systems of measurement.
Allium sativum, commonly known as garlic, is a species in the onion genus, Allium.
George III (George William Frederick; 4 June 1738 – 29 January 1820) was King of Great Britain and Ireland from 25 October 1760 until the union of the two countries on 1 January 1801, after which he was King of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland until his death.
George IV (George Augustus Frederick; 12 August 1762 – 26 June 1830) was King of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland and of Hanover following the death of his father, George III, on 29 January 1820, until his own death ten years later.
George V (George Frederick Ernest Albert; 3 June 1865 – 20 January 1936) was King of the United Kingdom and the British Dominions, and Emperor of India, from 6 May 1910 until his death in 1936.
Glass is an amorphous (non-crystalline) solid which is often transparent and has widespread practical, technological, and decorative usage in things like window panes, tableware, and optoelectronics.
A glove (Middle English from Old English glof) is a garment covering the whole hand.
A grain is a unit of measurement of mass equal to milligrams.
Gray squirrel or grey squirrel may refer to several species of squirrel indigenous to North America.
Hansard is the traditional name of the transcripts of Parliamentary Debates in Britain and many Commonwealth countries.
Henry III (1 October 1207 – 16 November 1272), also known as Henry of Winchester, was King of England, Lord of Ireland and Duke of Aquitaine from 1216 until his death.
Henry V (9 August 1387 – 31 August 1422) was King of England from 1413 until his death at the age of 35 in 1422.
Henry VI (6 December 1421 – 21 May 1471) was King of England from 1422 to 1461 and again from 1470 to 1471, and disputed King of France from 1422 to 1453.
Henry VII (Harri Tudur; 28 January 1457 – 21 April 1509) was King of England, ruled the Principality of Wales (until 29 November 1489) and Lord of Ireland from his seizing the crown on 22 August 1485 until his death on 21 April 1509, as the first monarch of the House of Tudor.
Henry VIII (28 June 1491 – 28 January 1547) was King of England from 21 April 1509 until his death.
Herring are forage fish, mostly belonging to the family Clupeidae.
A hide or skin is an animal skin treated for human use.
A horseshoe is a fabricated product, normally made of metal, although sometimes made partially or wholly of modern synthetic materials, designed to protect a horse's hoof from wear.
The hundred (centena) was an English unit of measurement used in the production, sale, and taxation of various items in the medieval kingdom of England.
The hundredweight (abbreviation: cwt), formerly also known as the centum weight or quintal, is an English, imperial, and US customary unit of weight or mass of various values.
The system of imperial units or the imperial system (also known as British Imperial) is the system of units first defined in the British Weights and Measures Act of 1824, which was later refined and reduced.
An inch (plural: inches; abbreviation or symbol: in or ″ – a double prime) is a unit of length in the imperial and United States customary systems of measurement.
The European Union's (EU) internal market, also known as the EU Single Market, is a single market that seeks to guarantee the free movement of goods, capital, services, and people – the "four freedoms" – between the EU's 28 member states.
Iron is a chemical element with symbol Fe (from ferrum) and atomic number 26.
John Quincy Adams (July 11, 1767 – February 23, 1848) was an American statesman who served as the sixth President of the United States from 1825 to 1829.
The Kingdom of England was a state on the island of Great Britain from the 10th century, when it emerged from various Anglo-Saxon kingdoms, until 1707, when it united with Scotland to form the Kingdom of Great Britain.
The Kingdom of Scotland (Kinrick o Scotland; Rìoghachd na h-Alba) was a state in north-west Europe traditionally said to have been founded in 843, which joined with the Kingdom of England to form a unified Kingdom of Great Britain in 1707.
A kipper is a whole herring, a small, oily fish, that has been split in butterfly fashion from tail to head along the dorsal ridge, gutted, salted or pickled, and cold-smoked over smouldering woodchips (typically oak).
The last was a large English unit of weight, mass, volume, and number.
Latin (Latin: lingua latīna) is a classical language belonging to the Italic branch of the Indo-European languages.
Lead is a chemical element in the carbon group with symbol Pb (from plumbum) and atomic number 82.
Leather is a durable and flexible material created by tanning animal rawhide and skin, often cattle hide.
Liber Horn is a book completed in 1311 by Andrew Horn.
Linen is a textile made from the fibers of the flax plant, Linum usitatissimum.
The load (carrus, "cartload"), also known as a fodder, fother, and charrus, was an English unit of weight or mass of various amounts, depending on the era and the substance being measured.
Local government is a form of public administration which, in a majority of contexts, exists as the lowest tier of administration within a given state.
The long hundred, great hundred, or twelfty is the "hundred" of six score (120) used in Germanic languages prior to the 15th century.
Long ton, also known as the imperial ton or weight ton, is the name for the unit called the "ton" in the avoirdupois or Imperial system of measurements standardised in the thirteenth century that is used in the United Kingdom and several other Commonwealth countries alongside the French metrication invented in 1799.
Martin Folkes PRS (29 October 1690 – 28 June 1754), English antiquary, numismatist mathematician, and astronomer.
Coin debasement is the act of decreasing the amount of precious metal in a coin, while continuing to circulate it at face value.
Metrication in the United Kingdom is the process of introducing the metric system of measurement in place of imperial units in the United Kingdom.
The mile is an English unit of length equal to and standardised as exactly 1.609344 kilometres by international agreement in 1959.
Minister of State is a title borne by politicians or officials in certain countries governed under a parliamentary system.
Muslin is a cotton fabric of plain weave.
The National Measurement and Regulation Office (NMRO), known until April 2009 as the National Weights and Measures Laboratory (NWML) and then until April 2015 as the National Measurement Office (NMO), is an executive agency of the UK Government's Department for Business, Innovation and Skills (BIS).
An ounce (abbreviated oz; apothecary symbol: ℥) is a unit of mass used in some systems of measurement.
Parchment is a material made from processed animal skin and used—mainly in the past—for writing on.
The Parliament of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, commonly known as the UK Parliament or the British Parliament, is the supreme legislative body in the United Kingdom, British Crown dependencies and British overseas territories.
The Peak District is an upland area in England, most of which lies in northern Derbyshire but also includes parts of Cheshire, Greater Manchester, Staffordshire and Yorkshire.
A peck is an imperial and United States customary unit of dry volume, equivalent to 2 gallons or 8 dry quarts or 16 dry pints (9.09 (UK) or 8.81 (US) liters).
The English Penny, originally a coin of 1.3 to 1.5 g pure silver, was introduced around the year 785 by King Offa of Mercia.
A pennyweight (abbreviated dwt) is a unit of mass that is equal to 24 grains, of a troy ounce, of a troy pound, approximately 0.054857 avoirdupois ounce and exactly 1.55517384 grams.
A perch is a unit of measurement used for area in the English system of measurement, and an ancient unit of height and volume in a number of systems of measurement.
The pint (abbreviated as "pt" or "p") is a unit of volume or capacity in both the United States customary and British imperial measurement systems.
The pound or pound-mass (abbreviations: lb, lbm, lbm, ℔) is a unit of mass used in the imperial, United States customary and other systems of measurement.
The pound sterling (symbol: £; ISO code: GBP), commonly known simply as the pound, is the official currency of the United Kingdom, Jersey, Guernsey, the Isle of Man, South Georgia and the South Sandwich Islands, the British Antarctic Territory, and Tristan da Cunha.
The quart is a unit of volume (for either the imperial or United States customary units) equal to a quarter of a gallon (hence the name quart), two pints, or four cups.
The quarter ("one-fourth") is used as the name of several distinct English units based on ¼ sizes of some base unit.
Victoria (Alexandrina Victoria; 24 May 1819 – 22 January 1901) was Queen of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland from 20 June 1837 until her death.
The quintal or centner is a historical unit of mass in many countries which is usually defined as 100 base units of either pounds or kilograms.
Richard I (8 September 1157 – 6 April 1199) was King of England from 6 July 1189 until his death.
Richard II (6 January 1367 – c. 14 February 1400), also known as Richard of Bordeaux, was King of England from 1377 until he was deposed on 30 September 1399.
The rod or perch or pole is a surveyors tool and unit of length equal to 5 yards, 16 feet or of a statute mile and one-fourth of a surveyor's chain.
Rood has several distinct meanings, all derived from the same basic etymology.
A rope may refer to any of several units of measurement initially determined or formed by ropes or knotted cords.
The sack (abbreviation: sck.) was an English unit of weight or mass used for coal and wool.
The scruple (℈) is a small unit in the apothecaries' system, derived from the old Roman scrupulum ("small pebble") unit.
A Seam is an obsolete unit of volume or mass in the UK.
The shilling is a unit of currency formerly used in the United Kingdom and other British Commonwealth countries.
The Short Titles Act 1896 (59 & 60 Vict c 14) is an Act of the Parliament of the United Kingdom.
The short ton is a unit of weight equal to, that is most commonly used in the United States where it is known simply as the ton.
A spice is a seed, fruit, root, bark, berry, bud or vegetable substance primarily used for flavoring, coloring or preserving food.
The square mile (abbreviated as sq mi and sometimes as mi2)Rowlett, Russ (September 1, 2004).
The staple right (also translated stacking right or storage right, both from the German Stapelrecht) was a medieval right accorded to certain ports, the staple ports, that required merchant barges or ships to unload their goods at the port, and display them for sale for a certain period, often three days.
The Statute of the Staple was a statute passed in 1353 by the Parliament of England.
In many countries, a statutory instrument is a form of delegated or secondary legislation.
Sterling silver is an alloy of silver containing 92.5% by mass of silver and 7.5% by mass of other metals, usually copper.
The stone or stone weight (abbreviation: st.) is an English and imperial unit of weight or mass now equal to 14 avoirdupois pounds (6.35029318 kg).
Sugar is the generalized name for sweet, short-chain, soluble carbohydrates, many of which are used in food.
A system of measurement is a collection of units of measurement and rules relating them to each other.
Tallow is a rendered form of beef or mutton fat, processed from suet.
The tonne (British and SI; or metric ton (in the United States) is a non-SI metric unit of mass equal to.
Trading Standards is the name given to local authority departments in the UK formerly known as Weights and Measures.
Troy weight is a system of units of mass customarily used for precious metals and gemstones.
The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland was established on 1 January 1801 under the terms of the Acts of Union 1800, by which the nominally separate kingdoms of Great Britain and Ireland were united.
A unit of measurement is a definite magnitude of a physical quantity, defined and adopted by convention or by law, that is used as a standard for measurement of the same physical quantity.
Vellum is derived from the Latin word "vitulinum" meaning "made from calf", leading to Old French "vélin" ("calfskin").
The abbreviation viz. (also rendered viz without a full stop) and the adverb videlicet (or anglicized as) are used as synonyms for "namely", "that is to say", and "as follows".
Wales in the Middle Ages covers the history of the region that is now called Wales, from the departure of the Romans in the early fifth century, until the integration of Wales into the Kingdom of England in the early sixteenth century.
Washington, D.C., formally the District of Columbia and commonly referred to as "Washington", "the District", or simply "D.C.", is the capital of the United States.
Waxes are a class of chemical compounds that are malleable near ambient temperatures.
A weights and measures act is a kind of legislative act found in many jurisdictions establishing technical standards for weights and measures.
Weights and measures acts are acts of the British Parliament determining the regulation of weights and measures.
The wey or weight (Old English: ƿæᵹe, waege, "weight") was an English unit of weight and dry volume by at least 900, when it begins to be mentioned in surviving legal codes.
Wheat (Triticum spp.) is a cereal grain, originally from the Levant region of the Near East but now cultivated worldwide.
William Clarke (1696–1771) was an English cleric and antiquary.
William III (Willem III; 4 November 1650 – 8 March 1702) was sovereign Prince of Orange from birth, Stadtholder of Holland, Zeeland, Utrecht, Gelderland, and Overijssel in the Dutch Republic from 1672, and King of England, Ireland, and Scotland from 1689 until his death.
William IV (William Henry; 21 August 1765 – 20 June 1837) was King of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland and King of Hanover from 26 June 1830 until his death.
William I (Old Norman: Williame I; c. 1028Bates William the Conqueror p. 33 – 9 September 1087), usually known as William the Conqueror and sometimes William the Bastard, was the first Norman King of England, reigning from 1066 until his death in 1087.
Winchester is a city and the county town of Hampshire.
Wine (from Latin vinum) is an alcoholic beverage made from fermented grapes or other fruits.
Wool is the textile fiber obtained from sheep and certain other animals, including cashmere from goats, mohair from goats, qiviut from muskoxen, angora from rabbits, and other types of wool from camelids.
The yard (abbreviation: yd) is an English unit of length, in both the British imperial and US customary systems of measurement, that comprises 3 feet or 36 inches.
100 or one hundred (Roman numeral: Ⅽ) is the natural number following 99 and preceding 101.
2 Edgar c. 8, 25 Edward III st. 5 c. 9, 27 Edward III st. 2 c. 10, 9 Henry III c. 25, Act against Converting of Great Houses into Several Tenements and for Restraint of Inmates and Inclosures in and near about the City of London and Westminster, Assize of Weights and Measures, English Weights and Measures Acts, False Weights and Scales Act 1770, False Weights and Scales Act of 1770, II Edgar Cap. 8, Imperial Weights and Measures Act 1824, Imperial Weights and Measures Act of 1824, Statute for the Measuring of Land, Statute measure, Weights and Measures Act (1897), Weights and Measures Act 1303, Weights and Measures Act 1795, Weights and Measures Act 1797, Weights and Measures Act 1815, Weights and Measures Act 1824, Weights and Measures Act 1825, Weights and Measures Act 1834, Weights and Measures Act 1855, Weights and Measures Act 1859, Weights and Measures Act 1889, Weights and Measures Act 1897, Weights and Measures Act 1904, Weights and Measures Act 1926, Weights and Measures Act 1936, Weights and Measures Act 1963, Weights and Measures Act 1976, Weights and Measures Act 1985, Weights and Measures Act of 1303, Weights and Measures Act of 1795, Weights and Measures Act of 1797, Weights and Measures Act of 1815, Weights and Measures Act of 1824, Weights and Measures Act of 1825, Weights and Measures Act of 1834, Weights and Measures Act of 1835, Weights and Measures Act of 1855, Weights and Measures Act of 1859, Weights and Measures Act of 1889, Weights and Measures Act of 1897, Weights and Measures Act of 1904, Weights and Measures Act of 1926, Weights and Measures Act of 1936, Weights and Measures Act of 1963, Weights and Measures Act of 1976, Weights and Measures Act of 1985, Weights and Measures Act of 1985 (UK), Weights and Measures Acts 1878 to 1893, Weights and Measures Acts of 1878 to 1893, Weights and Measures Acts of the United Kingdom, Weights and Measures etc Act 1976, Weights and Measures etc Act of 1976.