279 relations: Abilene, Texas, Active traffic management, Agence France-Presse, Aggressive driving, Air pollution, Albuquerque, New Mexico, Amarillo, Texas, Amenity, Anchorage, Alaska, Anthony Downs, Arlington, Texas, Arterial road, Athens, Auckland, Aurora, Colorado, Austin, Texas, Australia, Automotive navigation system, Baltimore, Bangladesh, Beijing, Beijing Subway, Bertrand Delanoë, Boise, Idaho, Boris Kerner, Boston, Braess's paradox, Bridgeport, Connecticut, Bus lane, Bus rapid transit, Bus stop, Business hours, Butterfly effect, Caloocan, Capitalism, Carfree city, Carpool, Cascading failure, Castle Rock, Colorado, Castrol, Certificate of Entitlement, Chicago, China, China National Highway 110 traffic jam, Chinese economic reform, Chinese New Year, Chunyun, CNN Philippines, Colorado Springs, Colorado, Columbia, Missouri, ..., Columbus, Ohio, Congestion pricing, Convergence indexing, Cycling in the Netherlands, Dallas, Daytona Beach, Florida, Dead end (street), Degree of saturation (traffic), Denver, Department for Transport, Detroit, Donald Shoup, Driveway, Eddington Transport Study, El Paso, Texas, Electronic road pricing, Entropy, Fixed cost, Fluid dynamics, Fort Collins, Colorado, Fort Worth, Texas, Frederick, Maryland, Free market, Frisco, Texas, Fused grid, Galveston, Texas, Global Positioning System, Golden, Colorado, Grade separation, Greater Toronto and Hamilton Area, Greeley, Colorado, Greenhouse gas, Grid plan, Gridlock, Griffith University, Gross domestic product, Guangzhou, Hangzhou, Harrisburg, Pennsylvania, Hartford, Connecticut, Hebei, Hermann Knoflacher, High-occupancy toll lane, High-occupancy vehicle lane, Highway, Highway Capacity Manual, Hitchhiking, Honolulu, Houston, Human overpopulation, Indianapolis, Induced demand, Inner Mongolia, INRIX, Intelligent transportation system, Intermodal passenger transport, Interstate 290 (Illinois), Istanbul, Jakarta, Jane Byrne Interchange, Jane Holtz Kay, Journal of Transport and Land Use, Kansas City, Missouri, Kerner's breakdown minimization principle, Kolkata, Kolkata Metro, KTLA, Lane splitting, Las Vegas, Last mile (transportation), Level of service, License, Limited-access road, Local-express lanes, London congestion charge, London School of Economics, Los Angeles, Loveland, Colorado, Lubbock, Texas, M25 motorway, Manila, Marginal cost, Market economy, Metro Manila, Metro station, Mexico City, Miami, Midland, Texas, Mixed-use development, Mobile, Alabama, Modal share, Mode choice, Mode of transport, Motorcycle, Motorcycle Safety Foundation, Moving violation, National Highway Traffic Safety Administration, Network topology, New Haven, Connecticut, New Orleans, New York City, Obesity, Odessa, Texas, Office of Public Sector Information, Olympia, Washington, Online shopping, Opportunity cost, Packstation, Paris, Park and ride, Parking, Parking guidance and information, Parking lot, Parking violation, Pateros, Metro Manila, Peak car, Penguin Books, Philip Ball, Plano, Texas, Platoon (automobile), Policy, Portland, Oregon, Private highway, Provo, Utah, Public transport, Public transport timetable, Queueing theory, RAC Foundation, Ramp meter, Rapid transit, Rappler, Rat running, Real estate, Redding, California, Reunion dinner, Reversible lane, Rijkswaterstaat, Rio de Janeiro, Rio Rancho, New Mexico, Road junction, Road pricing, Road rage, Road space rationing, Road space rationing in Beijing, Roadworks, Rod Eddington, Rubbernecking, Rush hour, Sacramento, California, Saint Petersburg, Salt Lake City, San Antonio, San Francisco, San Jose, California, Santa Barbara, California, São Paulo, School, Scooter (motorcycle), Seattle, Shanghai, Shared space, Shortage, Shorthand, Shoulder (road), Singapore, Slugging, Smeed's law, Smog, Speed limit, Spillover effect, St. Louis, Stockholm congestion tax, Supercooling, Surabaya, Tailgating, Tampa Bay, Tampa, Florida, Te Ara: The Encyclopedia of New Zealand, Telecommuting, Temple, Texas, Texas A&M Transportation Institute, The American Economic Review, The BMJ, The Financial Express (Bangladesh), The Guardian, The New York Times, The Observer, Three-phase traffic theory, Time, Time (magazine), TomTom, Toronto, Traffic calming, Traffic collision, Traffic congestion reconstruction with Kerner's three-phase theory, Traffic count, Traffic flow, Traffic in Towns, Traffic light, Traffic message channel, Traffic obstruction, Traffic reporting, Tragedy of the commons, Train station, Tram stop, Transims, Transit-oriented development, Transport for London, Transportation engineering, Transportation forecasting, Trenton, New Jersey, United States Department of Transportation, University of Toronto, Urban design, Urban planning, Urban rail transit in China, Urbanization in China, Utility cycling, Variable-message sign, Vehicle registration plate, Victoria Transport Policy Institute, Washington, D.C., Waze, Weather, Webcam, Westminster, Colorado, Wichita, Kansas, Wrong-way driving, 2008 Summer Olympics. 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Abilene is a city in Taylor and Jones counties in West Texas, United States.
Active traffic management (also managed lanes, smart lanes, managed/smart motorways) is method of increasing peak capacity and smoothing traffic flows on busy major highways.
Agence France-Presse (AFP) is an international news agency headquartered in Paris, France.
Aggressive driving is defined by the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration as the behaviour of an individual who "commits a combination of moving traffic offences so as to endanger other persons or property.".
Air pollution occurs when harmful or excessive quantities of substances including gases, particulates, and biological molecules are introduced into Earth's atmosphere.
Albuquerque (Beeʼeldííl Dahsinil; Arawageeki; Vakêêke; Gołgéeki) is the most populous city in the U.S. state of New Mexico.
Amarillo is the 14th-most populous city in the state of Texas, United States.
In real estate and lodging, an amenity is something considered to benefit a property and thereby increase its value.
Anchorage (officially called the Municipality of Anchorage) (Dena'ina Athabascan: Dgheyaytnu) is a unified home rule municipality in the U.S. state of Alaska.
Anthony Downs (born November 21, 1930) is an American economist specializing in public policy and public administration.
Arlington is a principal city in the U.S. state of Texas, located in Tarrant County.
An arterial road or arterial thoroughfare is a high-capacity urban road.
Athens (Αθήνα, Athína; Ἀθῆναι, Athênai) is the capital and largest city of Greece.
Auckland is a city in New Zealand's North Island.
Aurora is a Home Rule Municipality in the U.S. state of Colorado, spanning Arapahoe and Adams counties, with the extreme southeastern portion of the city extending into Douglas County.
Austin is the capital of the U.S. state of Texas and the seat of Travis County, with portions extending into Hays and Williamson counties.
Australia, officially the Commonwealth of Australia, is a sovereign country comprising the mainland of the Australian continent, the island of Tasmania and numerous smaller islands.
An automotive navigation system is part of the automobile controls or a third party add-on used to find direction in an automobile.
Baltimore is the largest city in the U.S. state of Maryland, and the 30th-most populous city in the United States.
Bangladesh (বাংলাদেশ, lit. "The country of Bengal"), officially the People's Republic of Bangladesh (গণপ্রজাতন্ত্রী বাংলাদেশ), is a country in South Asia.
Beijing, formerly romanized as Peking, is the capital of the People's Republic of China, the world's second most populous city proper, and most populous capital city.
The Beijing Subway is a rapid transit rail network that serves the urban and suburban districts of Beijing municipality.
Bertrand Delanoë (born 30 May 1950) is a retired French politician who was Mayor of Paris from 25 March 2001 to 5 April 2014.
Boise is the capital and most populous city of the U.S. state of Idaho, and is the county seat of Ada County.
Boris S. Kerner (born 1947) is the pioneer of three phase traffic theory.
Boston is the capital city and most populous municipality of the Commonwealth of Massachusetts in the United States.
Braess's paradox (often cited as Braess' paradox) is a proposed explanation for the situation where an alteration to a road network to improve traffic flow actually has the reverse effect and impedes traffic through it.
Bridgeport is a historic seaport city in the U.S. state of Connecticut.
A bus lane or bus-only lane is a lane restricted to buses, often on certain days and times, and generally used to speed up public transport that would be otherwise held up by traffic congestion.
Bus rapid transit (BRT, BRTS, busway, transitway) is a bus-based public transport system designed to improve capacity and reliability relative to a conventional bus system.
A bus stop is a designated place where buses stop for passengers to board or alight from a bus.
Business hours are the hours during the day in which business is commonly conducted.
In chaos theory, the butterfly effect is the sensitive dependence on initial conditions in which a small change in one state of a deterministic nonlinear system can result in large differences in a later state.
Caloocan (Kalookan) is the fourth most populous city in the Philippines.
Capitalism is an economic system based upon private ownership of the means of production and their operation for profit.
A car-free city or car free city is a population center that relies primarily on public transport, walking, or cycling for transport within the urban area.
Carpooling (also car-sharing, ride-sharing and lift-sharing) is the sharing of car journeys so that more than one person travels in a car, and prevents the need for others to have to drive to a location themselves.
A cascading failure is a process in a system of interconnected parts in which the failure of one or few parts can trigger the failure of other parts and so on.
Castle Rock is an affluent home rule municipality that is the county seat of Douglas County, Colorado, United States.
Castrol is a British global brand of industrial and automotive lubricants offering a wide range of oils, greases and similar products for most lubrication applications.
The Certificate of Entitlement or COE is the quota licence received from a successful winning bid in an open bid uniform price auction which grants the legal right of the holder to register, own and use a vehicle in Singapore for a period of 10 years.
Chicago, officially the City of Chicago, is the third most populous city in the United States, after New York City and Los Angeles.
China, officially the People's Republic of China (PRC), is a unitary one-party sovereign state in East Asia and the world's most populous country, with a population of around /1e9 round 3 billion.
The China National Highway 110 traffic jam was a recurring massive traffic jam that began to form on August 14, 2010, mostly on China National Highway 110 (G110) and Beijing–Tibet expressway (G6), in Hebei and Inner Mongolia.
The Chinese economic reform refers to the program of economic reforms termed "Socialism with Chinese characteristics" in the People's Republic of China (PRC) that was started in December 1978 by reformists within the Communist Party of China, led by Deng Xiaoping.
Chinese New Year, usually known as the Spring Festival in modern China, is an important Chinese festival celebrated at the turn of the traditional lunisolar Chinese calendar.
Chunyun, also referred to as the Spring Festival travel season or the Chunyun period, is a period of travel in China with extremely high traffic load around the time of the Chinese New Year.
CNN Philippines (abbreviated CNN PH) is a commercial broadcast cable and satelilite television network in the Philippines.
Colorado Springs is a home rule municipality that is the largest city by area in Colorado as well as the county seat and the most populous municipality of El Paso County, Colorado, United States.
Columbia is a city in Missouri and the county seat of Boone County.
Columbus is the state capital and the most populous city in Ohio.
Congestion pricing or congestion charges is a system of surcharging users of public goods that are subject to congestion through excess demand such as higher peak charges for use of bus services, electricity, metros, railways, telephones, and road pricing to reduce traffic congestion; airlines and shipping companies may be charged higher fees for slots at airports and through canals at busy times.
Convergence indexing road traffic monitoring is a system of motion sensors and speed cameras placed on highway ramps.
Cycling is a common mode of transport in the Netherlands, with 36% of the people listing the bicycle as their most frequent mode of transport on a typical day as opposed to the car by 45% and public transport by 11%.
Dallas is a city in the U.S. state of Texas.
Daytona Beach is a city in Volusia County, Florida, United States.
A dead end is a street with only one inlet/outlet.
In traffic engineering, the degree of saturation of an intersection (typically under traffic signal control) or road is a measure of how much demand it is experiencing compared to its total capacity.
Denver, officially the City and County of Denver, is the capital and most populous municipality of the U.S. state of Colorado.
The Department for Transport (DfT) is the government department responsible for the English transport network and a limited number of transport matters in Scotland, Wales and Northern Ireland that have not been devolved.
Detroit is the most populous city in the U.S. state of Michigan, the largest city on the United States–Canada border, and the seat of Wayne County.
Donald Curran Shoup (born August 24, 1938) is a distinguished research professor of urban planning at UCLA, and a Georgist economist.
A driveway (also called drive in UK English) is a type of private road for local access to one or a small group of structures, and is owned and maintained by an individual or group.
The Eddington Transport Study is an examination, by Sir Rod Eddington, of the impact of transport decisions on the economy and the environment of the United Kingdom, with recommendations on how the transport network should be modernised.
El Paso (from Spanish, "the pass") is a city in and the seat of El Paso County, Texas, United States.
Electronic road pricing is the technology and mechanism to toll drivers by electronic means in an area within which road pricing is imposed.
In statistical mechanics, entropy is an extensive property of a thermodynamic system.
In economics, fixed costs, indirect costs or overheads are business expenses that are not dependent on the level of goods or services produced by the business.
In physics and engineering, fluid dynamics is a subdiscipline of fluid mechanics that describes the flow of fluids - liquids and gases.
Fort Collins is the Home Rule Municipality that is the county seat and the most populous municipality of Larimer County, Colorado, United States.
Fort Worth is the 15th-largest city in the United States and the fifth-largest city in the state of Texas.
Frederick is a city in, and the county seat of, Frederick County in the U.S. state of Maryland.
In economics, a free market is an idealized system in which the prices for goods and services are determined by the open market and consumers, in which the laws and forces of supply and demand are free from any intervention by a government, price-setting monopoly, or other authority.
Frisco is a city in Collin and Denton counties in Texas.
The fused grid is a street network pattern first proposed in 2002 and subsequently applied in Calgary, Alberta (2006) and Stratford, Ontario (2004).
Galveston is a coastal resort city on Galveston Island and Pelican Island in the U.S. state of Texas.
The Global Positioning System (GPS), originally Navstar GPS, is a satellite-based radionavigation system owned by the United States government and operated by the United States Air Force.
Golden is the Home Rule Municipality that is the county seat of Jefferson County, Colorado, United States.
Grade separation is the name given to a method of aligning a junction of two or more surface transport axes at different heights (grades) so that they will not disrupt the traffic flow on other transit routes when they cross each other.
The Greater Toronto and Hamilton Area (GTHA) is a contiguous urban region that is composed of some of the largest cities and metropolitan areas by population in Ontario, Canada.
The City of Greeley is the home rule municipality that is the county seat and the most populous municipality of Weld County, Colorado, United States.
A greenhouse gas is a gas in an atmosphere that absorbs and emits radiant energy within the thermal infrared range.
The grid plan, grid street plan, or gridiron plan is a type of city plan in which streets run at right angles to each other, forming a grid.
Gridlock is a form of traffic congestion where "continuous queues of vehicles block an entire network of intersecting streets, bringing traffic in all directions to a complete standstill".
Griffith University is a public research university in South East Queensland on the east coast of Australia.
Gross domestic product (GDP) is a monetary measure of the market value of all final goods and services produced in a period (quarterly or yearly) of time.
Guangzhou, also known as Canton, is the capital and most populous city of the province of Guangdong.
Hangzhou (Mandarin:; local dialect: /ɦɑŋ tseɪ/) formerly romanized as Hangchow, is the capital and most populous city of Zhejiang Province in East China.
Harrisburg (Pennsylvania German: Harrisbarrig) is the capital city of the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania in the United States, and the county seat of Dauphin County.
Hartford is the capital of the U.S. state of Connecticut.
Hebei (postal: Hopeh) is a province of China in the North China region.
Hermann Knoflacher (born 21 September 1940 in Villach) is an Austrian civil engineer.
A high-occupancy toll lane (or HOT lane) is a type of traffic lane or roadway that is available to high-occupancy vehicles and other exempt vehicles without charge; other vehicles are required to pay a variable fee that is adjusted in response to demand.
A high-occupancy vehicle lane (also known as an HOV lane, carpool lane, diamond lane, 2+ lane, and transit lane or T2 or T3 lanes in Australia and New Zealand) is a restricted traffic lane reserved at peak travel times or longer for the exclusive use of vehicles with a driver and one or more passengers, including carpools, vanpools, and transit buses.
A highway is any public or private road or other public way on land.
The Highway Capacity Manual (HCM) is a publication of the Transportation Research Board of the National Academies of Science in the United States.
Hitchhiking (also known as thumbing, hitching, or autostop) is a means of transportation that is gained by asking people, usually strangers, for a ride in their automobile or other vehicle.
Honolulu is the capital and largest city of the U.S. state of Hawaiokinai.
Houston is the most populous city in the U.S. state of Texas and the fourth most populous city in the United States, with a census-estimated 2017 population of 2.312 million within a land area of.
Human overpopulation (or population overshoot) occurs when the ecological footprint of a human population in a specific geographical location exceeds the carrying capacity of the place occupied by that group.
Indianapolis is the capital and most populous city of the U.S. state of Indiana and the seat of Marion County.
Induced demand, or latent demand, is the phenomenon that after supply increases, more of a good is consumed.
Inner Mongolia, officially the Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region or Nei Mongol Autonomous Region (Ѳвѳр Монголын Ѳѳртѳѳ Засах Орон in Mongolian Cyrillic), is one of the autonomous regions of China, located in the north of the country.
INRIX is a global SaaS and DaaS company that specializes in connected car services and transportation analytics.
An intelligent transportation system (ITS) is an advanced application which, without embodying intelligence as such, aims to provide innovative services relating to different modes of transport and traffic management and enable users to be better informed and make safer, more coordinated, and 'smarter' use of transport networks.
Intermodal passenger transport, also called mixed-mode commuting, involves using two or more modes of transportation in a journey.
Interstate 290 (I-290) is an auxiliary Interstate Highway that runs westwards from the Chicago Loop.
Istanbul (or or; İstanbul), historically known as Constantinople and Byzantium, is the most populous city in Turkey and the country's economic, cultural, and historic center.
Jakarta, officially the Special Capital Region of Jakarta (Daerah Khusus Ibu Kota Jakarta), is the capital and largest city of Indonesia.
The Circle Interchange (officially the Jane Byrne Interchange) is a major freeway interchange near downtown Chicago, Illinois.
Jane Holtz Kay (born Jane Holtz; July 7, 1938, Boston – died November 4, 2012) was an American urban design and architecture critic.
The Journal of Transport and Land Use is an open access peer-reviewed academic journal covering the interaction of transport and land use that was established in 2008.
Kansas City is the largest city in the U.S. state of Missouri.
Kerner’s breakdown minimization principle (BM principle) is a principle for the optimization of vehicular traffic networks introduced by Boris Kerner in 2011.
Kolkata (also known as Calcutta, the official name until 2001) is the capital of the Indian state of West Bengal.
The Kolkata Metro is a rapid transit system serving the Kolkata metropolitan area in the Indian state of West Bengal.
KTLA, virtual channel 5 (UHF digital channel 31), is a CW-affiliated television station located in Los Angeles, California, United States.
Lane splitting is riding a bicycle or motorcycle between lanes or rows of slow moving or stopped traffic moving in the same direction.
Las Vegas (Spanish for "The Meadows"), officially the City of Las Vegas and often known simply as Vegas, is the 28th-most populated city in the United States, the most populated city in the state of Nevada, and the county seat of Clark County.
Last mile is a term used in supply chain management and transportation planning to describe the movement of people and goods from a transportation hub to a final destination in the home.
Level of service (LOS) is a qualitative measure used to relate the quality of motor vehicle traffic service.
A license (American English) or licence (British English) is an official permission or permit to do, use, or own something (as well as the document of that permission or permit).
A limited-access road, known by various terms worldwide, including limited-access highway, dual-carriageway, expressway, and partial controlled access highway, is a highway or arterial road for high-speed traffic which has many or most characteristics of a controlled-access highway (freeway or motorway), including limited or no access to adjacent property, some degree of separation of opposing traffic flow, use of grade separated interchanges to some extent, prohibition of some modes of transport such as bicycles or horses, and very few or no intersecting cross-streets.
The local-express lane (also called collector–distributor lanes within a single interchange) system is an arrangement of carriageways within a major highway where long distance traffic can use lanes with fewer interchanges compared to local traffic which use 'local' or 'collector' lanes that have access to all interchanges.
The London congestion charge is a fee charged on most motor vehicles operating within the Congestion Charge Zone (CCZ) in Central London between 07:00 and 18:00 Mondays to Fridays.
The London School of Economics (officially The London School of Economics and Political Science, often referred to as LSE) is a public research university located in London, England and a constituent college of the federal University of London.
Los Angeles (Spanish for "The Angels";; officially: the City of Los Angeles; colloquially: by its initials L.A.) is the second-most populous city in the United States, after New York City.
The City of Loveland is the Home Rule Municipality that is the second most populous municipality in Larimer County, Colorado, United States.
Lubbock is a city in and the county seat of Lubbock County, Texas, United States.
The M25 or London Orbital Motorway is a motorway that encircles almost all of Greater London, England (with the exception of North Ockendon), in the United Kingdom.
Manila (Maynilà, or), officially the City of Manila (Lungsod ng Maynilà), is the capital of the Philippines and the most densely populated city proper in the world.
In economics, marginal cost is the change in the opportunity cost that arises when the quantity produced is incremented by one unit, that is, it is the cost of producing one more unit of a good.
A market economy is an economic system in which the decisions regarding investment, production, and distribution are guided by the price signals created by the forces of supply and demand.
Metropolitan Manila (Kalakhang Maynila, Kamaynilaan) is the seat of government and one of the three defined metropolitan areas of the Philippines.
A metro station or subway station is a railway station for a rapid transit system, which as a whole is usually called a "metro" or "subway".
Mexico City, or the City of Mexico (Ciudad de México,; abbreviated as CDMX), is the capital of Mexico and the most populous city in North America.
Miami is a major port city on the Atlantic coast of south Florida in the southeastern United States.
Midland is a city in and the county seat of Midland County, Texas, United States, on the Southern Plains of the state's western area.
Mixed-use development is a type of urban development that blends residential, commercial, cultural, institutional, or entertainment uses, where those functions are physically and functionally integrated, and that provides pedestrian connections.
Mobile is the county seat of Mobile County, Alabama, United States.
A modal share (also called mode split, mode-share, or modal split) is the percentage of travellers using a particular type of transportation or number of trips using said type.
Mode choice analysis is the third step in the conventional four-step transportation forecasting model.
Mode of transport is a term used to distinguish substantially different ways to perform.
A motorcycle, often called a bike, motorbike, or cycle, is a two-> or three-wheeled motor vehicle.
The Motorcycle Safety Foundation (MSF) is a United States national, not-for-profit organization, founded in 1973, and sponsored by the U.S. manufacturers and distributors of BMW, BRP, Ducati, Harley-Davidson, Honda, Kawasaki, KTM, Piaggio/Vespa, Suzuki, Triumph, Polaris Motorcycles and Yamaha motorcycles.
A moving violation is any violation of the law committed by the driver of a vehicle while it is in motion.
The National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA, pronounced "NITS-uh") is an agency of the Executive Branch of the U.S. government, part of the Department of Transportation.
Network topology is the arrangement of the elements (links, nodes, etc.) of a communication network.
New Haven is a coastal city in the U.S. state of Connecticut.
New Orleans (. Merriam-Webster.; La Nouvelle-Orléans) is a major United States port and the largest city and metropolitan area in the state of Louisiana.
The City of New York, often called New York City (NYC) or simply New York, is the most populous city in the United States.
Obesity is a medical condition in which excess body fat has accumulated to the extent that it may have a negative effect on health.
Odessa is a city in and the county seat of Ector County, Texas, United States.
The Office of Public Sector Information (OPSI) is the body responsible for the operation of Her Majesty's Stationery Office (HMSO) and of other public information services of the United Kingdom.
Olympia is the capital of the U.S. state of Washington and the county seat of Thurston County. It was incorporated on January 28, 1859. The population was 46,479 as of the 2010 census, making it the 24th largest city in the state. The city borders Lacey to the east and Tumwater to the south. Olympia is a cultural center of the southern Puget Sound region. Olympia is located southwest of Seattle, the largest city in the state of Washington.
Online shopping is a form of electronic commerce which allows consumers to directly buy goods or services from a seller over the Internet using a web browser.
In microeconomic theory, the opportunity cost, also known as alternative cost, is the value (not a benefit) of the choice in terms of the best alternative while making a decision.
Packstation is a service run by DHL Parcel Germany, a business unit of Deutsche Post's Mail division, in Germany and elsewhere (e.g. in Italy).
Paris is the capital and most populous city of France, with an area of and a population of 2,206,488.
Park and ride (or incentive parking) facilities are parking lots with public transport connections that allow commuters and other people heading to city centres to leave their vehicles and transfer to a bus, rail system (rapid transit, light rail, or commuter rail), or carpool for the remainder of the journey.
Parking is the act of stopping and disengaging a vehicle and leaving it unoccupied.
Parking guidance and information (PGI) systems, or car park guidance systems, present drivers with dynamic information on parking within controlled areas.
A parking lot (American English) or car park (British English), also known as a car lot, is a cleared area that is intended for parking vehicles.
A parking violation is the act of parking a motor vehicle in a restricted place or for parking in an unauthorized manner.
Pateros, officially the Municipality of Pateros, (Bayan ng Pateros), is a first- settlement_text in the region of,. According to the, it has a population of people.
Peak car (also peak car use or peak travel) is a hypothesis that motor vehicle distance traveled per capita, predominantly by private car, has peaked and will now fall in a sustained manner.
Penguin Books is a British publishing house.
Philip Ball (born 1962) is a British science writer.
Plano is a city in the U.S. state of Texas, located approximately twenty miles north of downtown Dallas.
Grouping vehicles into platoons is a method of increasing the capacity of roads.
A policy is a deliberate system of principles to guide decisions and achieve rational outcomes.
Portland is the largest city in the U.S. state of Oregon and the seat of Multnomah County.
A private highway is a highway owned and operated for profit by private industry.
Provo is the third-largest city in Utah, United States.
Public transport (also known as public transportation, public transit, or mass transit) is transport of passengers by group travel systems available for use by the general public, typically managed on a schedule, operated on established routes, and that charge a posted fee for each trip.
A public transport timetable (also timetable and North American English schedule) is a document setting out information on service times, to assist passengers with planning a trip.
Queueing theory is the mathematical study of waiting lines, or queues.
The RAC Foundation (The Royal Automobile Club Foundation for Motoring) is a registered charity.
A ramp meter, ramp signal, or metering light is a device, usually a basic traffic light or a two-section signal (red and green only, no yellow) light together with a signal controller that regulates the flow of traffic entering freeways according to current traffic conditions.
Rapid transit or mass rapid transit, also known as heavy rail, metro, MRT, subway, tube, U-Bahn or underground, is a type of high-capacity public transport generally found in urban areas.
Rappler is a news website based in the Philippines with a bureau in Jakarta, Indonesia.
Rat running or rodent running or cut-through driving is the practice by motorists of using residential side streets or any unintended short cut such as a parking lot, delivery service lane or cemetery road instead of the intended main road in urban or suburban areas.
Real estate is "property consisting of land and the buildings on it, along with its natural resources such as crops, minerals or water; immovable property of this nature; an interest vested in this (also) an item of real property, (more generally) buildings or housing in general.
Redding, officially the City of Redding, is the county seat of Shasta County, California, in the northern part of the state.
A reunion dinner (Chinese: 年夜飯, 团年饭 or 团圆饭; Vietnamese: Tất niên) is held on New Year's Eve of the Chinese and Vietnamese New Years, during which family members get together to celebrate.
A reversible lane (British English: tidal flow) is a lane in which traffic may travel in either direction, depending on certain conditions.
Rijkswaterstaat, founded in 1798 as the Bureau voor den Waterstaat, is part of the Ministry of Infrastructure and Water Management of the Netherlands, the former Ministry of Transport, Public Works and Water Management.
Rio de Janeiro (River of January), or simply Rio, is the second-most populous municipality in Brazil and the sixth-most populous in the Americas.
Rio Rancho (Río Rancho) is the largest city and economic hub of Sandoval County in the U.S. state of New Mexico.
A junction is where two or more roads meet.
Road pricing (also road user charges) are direct charges levied for the use of roads, including road tolls, distance or time based fees, congestion charges and charges designed to discourage use of certain classes of vehicle, fuel sources or more polluting vehicles.
Road rage is aggressive or angry behavior exhibited by a driver of a road vehicle, which includes rude and offensive gestures, verbal insults, physical threats or dangerous driving methods targeted toward another driver or a pedestrian in an effort to intimidate or release frustration.
Road space rationing, also known as alternate-day travel, driving restriction, no-drive days, (restricción vehicular; rodízio veicular; circulation alternée) is a travel demand management strategy aimed to reduce the negative externalities generated by urban air pollution or peak urban travel demand in excess of available supply or road capacity, through artificially restricting demand (vehicle travel) by rationing the scarce common good road capacity, especially during the peak periods or during peak pollution events.
Road space rationing in Beijing was introduced in the city in a permanent basis after successful results obtained with the policy during the 2008 Summer Olympics.
Roadworks (called road work or road construction in the United States) occur when part of the road, or in rare cases, the entire road, has to be occupied for work relating to the road, most often in the case of road surface repairs.
Sir Roderick Ian Eddington AO FTSE (born 2 January 1950 in Perth, Western Australia) is an Australian businessman.
Rubbernecking is the act of staring at something of interest.
A rush hour (American English, British English) is a part of the day during which traffic congestion on roads and crowding on public transport is at its highest.
Sacramento is the capital city of the U.S. state of California and the seat of Sacramento County.
Saint Petersburg (p) is Russia's second-largest city after Moscow, with 5 million inhabitants in 2012, part of the Saint Petersburg agglomeration with a population of 6.2 million (2015).
Salt Lake City (often shortened to Salt Lake and abbreviated as SLC) is the capital and the most populous municipality of the U.S. state of Utah.
San Antonio (Spanish for "Saint Anthony"), officially the City of San Antonio, is the seventh most populous city in the United States and the second most populous city in both Texas and the Southern United States.
San Francisco (initials SF;, Spanish for 'Saint Francis'), officially the City and County of San Francisco, is the cultural, commercial, and financial center of Northern California.
San Jose (Spanish for 'Saint Joseph'), officially the City of San José, is an economic, cultural, and political center of Silicon Valley and the largest city in Northern California.
Santa Barbara (Spanish for "Saint Barbara") is the county seat of Santa Barbara County in the U.S. state of California.
São Paulo is a municipality in the southeast region of Brazil.
A school is an institution designed to provide learning spaces and learning environments for the teaching of students (or "pupils") under the direction of teachers.
A scooter (also referred to as a motor scooter to avoid confusion with kick scooter, but not to be confused with a motorized scooter) is a type of motorcycle with a step-through frame and a platform for the rider's feet.
Seattle is a seaport city on the west coast of the United States.
Shanghai (Wu Chinese) is one of the four direct-controlled municipalities of China and the most populous city proper in the world, with a population of more than 24 million.
Shared space is an urban design approach that minimises the segregation between modes of road user.
In economics, a shortage or excess demand is a situation in which the demand for a product or service exceeds its supply in a market.
Shorthand is an abbreviated symbolic writing method that increases speed and brevity of writing as compared to longhand, a more common method of writing a language.
A shoulder, or hard shoulder is an emergency stopping lane by the verge of a road or motorway, on the right in countries which drive on the right, or on the left side in India, Japan, the UK, Australia, and other left-side driving countries.
Singapore, officially the Republic of Singapore, is a sovereign city-state and island country in Southeast Asia.
Slugging, also known as casual carpooling, is the practice of forming ad hoc, informal carpools for purposes of commuting, essentially a variation of ride-share commuting and hitchhiking.
Smeed's Law, named after R. J. Smeed, who first proposed the relationship in 1949, is an empirical rule relating traffic fatalities to traffic congestion as measured by the proxy of motor vehicle registrations and country population.
Smog is a type of air pollutant.
Road speed limits are used in most countries to set the maximum (or minimum in some cases) speed at which road vehicles may legally travel on particular stretches of road.
In economics, spillover effects are economic events in one context that occur because of something else in a seemingly unrelated context.
The Stockholm congestion tax (Trängselskatt i Stockholm), also referred to as the Stockholm congestion charge, is a congestion pricing system implemented as a tax levied on most vehicles entering and exiting central Stockholm, Sweden.
Supercooling, also known as undercooling, is the process of lowering the temperature of a liquid or a gas below its freezing point without it becoming a solid.
Surabaya (formerly Dutch: Soerabaia and later Surabaja) is a port city and the capital of East Java (Jawa Timur) province of Indonesia.
Tailgating is when a driver drives behind another vehicle while not leaving sufficient distance to stop without causing a collision if the vehicle in front stops suddenly.
Tampa Bay is a large natural harbor and shallow estuary connected to the Gulf of Mexico on the west central coast of Florida, comprising Hillsborough Bay, McKay Bay, Old Tampa Bay, Middle Tampa Bay, and Lower Tampa Bay.
Tampa is a major city in, and the county seat of, Hillsborough County, Florida, United States.
Te Ara: The Encyclopedia of New Zealand is an online encyclopedia created by the Ministry for Culture and Heritage of the New Zealand Government.
Telecommuting, also called telework, teleworking, working from home, mobile work, remote work, and flexible workplace, is a work arrangement in which employees do not commute or travel (e.g. by bus or car) to a central place of work, such as an office building, warehouse, or store.
Temple is a city in Bell County, Texas, United States.
The Texas A&M Transportation Institute (TTI) in College Station, Texas is the largest transportation research agency in the United States.
The American Economic Review is a peer-reviewed academic journal of economics.
The BMJ is a weekly peer-reviewed medical journal.
The Financial Express is an English-language daily published from Dhaka, Bangladesh, established in 1993.
The Guardian is a British daily newspaper.
The New York Times (sometimes abbreviated as The NYT or The Times) is an American newspaper based in New York City with worldwide influence and readership.
The Observer is a British newspaper published on Sundays.
Three-phase traffic theory is a theory of traffic flow developed by Boris Kerner between 1996 and 2002.
Time is the indefinite continued progress of existence and events that occur in apparently irreversible succession from the past through the present to the future.
Time is an American weekly news magazine and news website published in New York City.
TomTom NV is a Dutch company that produces traffic, navigation and mapping products.
Toronto is the capital city of the province of Ontario and the largest city in Canada by population, with 2,731,571 residents in 2016.
Traffic calming uses physical design and other measures to improve safety for motorists, pedestrians and cyclists.
A traffic collision, also called a motor vehicle collision (MVC) among other terms, occurs when a vehicle collides with another vehicle, pedestrian, animal, road debris, or other stationary obstruction, such as a tree, pole or building.
Vehicular traffic can be either free or congested.
A traffic count is a count of vehicular or pedestrian traffic, which is conducted along a particular road, path, or intersection.
In mathematics and civil engineering, traffic flow is the study of interactions between travellers (including pedestrians, cyclists, drivers, and their vehicles) and infrastructure (including highways, signage, and traffic control devices), with the aim of understanding and developing an optimal transport network with efficient movement of traffic and minimal traffic congestion problems.
Traffic in Towns was an influential report and popular book on urban and transport planning policy published 25 November 1963 for the UK Ministry of Transport by a team headed by the architect, civil engineer and planner Professor Sir Colin Buchanan.
Traffic lights, also known as traffic signals, traffic lamps, traffic semaphore, signal lights, stop lights, robots (in South Africa and most of Africa), and traffic control signals (in technical parlance), are signalling devices positioned at road intersections, pedestrian crossings, and other locations to control flows of traffic.
Traffic Message Channel (TMC) is a technology for delivering traffic and travel information to motor vehicle drivers.
Traffic obstruction is a common tactic used during public protests and demonstrations.
Traffic reporting is the near real-time distribution of information about road conditions such as traffic congestion, detours, and traffic collisions.
The tragedy of the commons is a term used in social science to describe a situation in a shared-resource system where individual users acting independently according to their own self-interest behave contrary to the common good of all users by depleting or spoiling that resource through their collective action.
A train station, railway station, railroad station, or depot (see below) is a railway facility or area where trains regularly stop to load or unload passengers or freight.
A tram stop, tram station, streetcar stop, or light rail station is a place designated for a tram, streetcar, or light rail vehicle to stop so passengers can board or alight it.
TRANSIMS (TRansportation ANalysis SIMulation System) is an integrated set of tools developed to conduct regional transportation system analyses.
In urban planning, a transit-oriented development (TOD) is a type of urban development that maximizes the amount of residential, business and leisure space within walking distance of public transport.
Transport for London (TfL) is a local government body responsible for the transport system in Greater London, England.
Transportation engineering or transport engineering is the application of technology and scientific principles to the planning, functional design, operation and management of facilities for any mode of transportation in order to provide for the safe, efficient, rapid, comfortable, convenient, economical, and environmentally compatible movement of people and goods (transport).
Transportation forecasting is the attempt of estimating the number of vehicles or people that will use a specific transportation facility in the future.
Trenton is the capital city of the U.S. state of New Jersey and the county seat of Mercer County.
The United States Department of Transportation (USDOT or DOT) is a federal Cabinet department of the U.S. government concerned with transportation.
The University of Toronto (U of T, UToronto, or Toronto) is a public research university in Toronto, Ontario, Canada on the grounds that surround Queen's Park.
Urban design is the process of designing and shaping the physical features of cities, towns and villages.
Urban planning is a technical and political process concerned with the development and design of land use in an urban environment, including air, water, and the infrastructure passing into and out of urban areas, such as transportation, communications, and distribution networks.
Urban rail transit in the People's Republic of China encompasses a broad range of urban and suburban electric passenger rail mass transit systems including subway, light rail, tram and maglev.
Urbanization in China increased in speed following the initiation of the reform and opening policy.
Utility cycling encompasses any cycling done simply as a means of transport rather than as a sport or leisure activity.
A variable- (also changeable-, electronic-, or dynamic-) message sign, often abbreviated VMS, CMS, or DMS, and in the UK known as a matrix sign, is an electronic traffic sign often used on roadways to give travelers information about special events.
A vehicle registration plate, also known as a number plate (British English) or a license plate (American English), is a metal or plastic plate attached to a motor vehicle or trailer for official identification purposes.
The Victoria Transport Policy Institute is a think tank seeking to improve transportation planning and transportation policy.
Washington, D.C., formally the District of Columbia and commonly referred to as Washington or D.C., is the capital of the United States of America.
Waze (formerly FreeMap Israel) is GPS navigation software that works on smartphones and tablets with GPS support.
Weather is the state of the atmosphere, describing for example the degree to which it is hot or cold, wet or dry, calm or stormy, clear or cloudy.
A webcam is a video camera that feeds or streams its image in real time to or through a computer to a computer network.
Westminster is a Home Rule Municipality in Adams and Jefferson counties in the U.S. state of Colorado.
Wichita is the largest city in the U.S. state of Kansas.
Wrong-way driving (WWD) is the act of driving a motor vehicle against the direction of traffic.
The 2008 Summer Olympic Games, officially known as the Games of the XXIX Olympiad and commonly known as Beijing 2008, was an international multi-sport event that was held from 8 to 24 August 2008 in Beijing, China.
Causes of traffic congestion, Congestion (traffic), Countermeasures against traffic congestion, Jamiton, Road congestion, Traffic Jam, Traffic backup, Traffic jam, Traffic jams, Traffic snarl-up, Trafic jam.