183 relations: Adam Curtis, Adaptation, African Americans, Alfred Kinsey, Allen Frances, Ambivalence, American Psychiatric Association, American Psychological Association, American Statistical Association, Anger, Anorexia nervosa, Anti-psychiatry, Antisocial personality disorder, Anxiety, Anxiety disorder, Arthur Kleinman, Asperger syndrome, Association of Medical Superintendents of American Institutions for the Insane, Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder, Auditory hallucination, Autism, Autism spectrum, Avoidant personality disorder, Behaviorism, Bipolar disorder, Borderline personality disorder, Brent Robbins, Brigadier general (United States), Bulimia nervosa, Carl Bell (physician), Catatonia, Childhood disintegrative disorder, Chinese Classification of Mental Disorders, Chronic condition, Classification of mental disorders, Clifford Whittingham Beers, Cohen's kappa, Comorbidity, Consciousness, Copyright, Cross-cultural psychiatry, Cultural bias, Culture-bound syndrome, Delusion, Dementia, Dependent personality disorder, Depersonalization, Depression (mood), Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Dipsomania, ..., Discrimination, Disease mongering, Disorganized schizophrenia, DSM-5, DSM-IV codes, Ego-dystonic sexual orientation, Egosyntonic and egodystonic, Emil Kraepelin, Epilepsy, Erving Goffman, European Archives of Psychiatry and Clinical Neuroscience, Evelyn Hooker, Evolutionary psychology, Fatigue, Feighner Criteria, Francis Amasa Walker, Frank Kameny, Gay Liberation Front, Global Assessment of Functioning, Hallucination, Health insurance, Hindu–Arabic numeral system, Histrionic personality disorder, Homosexuality in DSM, Homosexuality: A Psychoanalytic Study of Male Homosexuals, ICD-10, ICD-10 Chapter V: Mental and behavioural disorders, ICD-10 Procedure Coding System, Idiot, Insanity, Intellectual disability, Internalization, International Statistical Classification of Diseases and Related Health Problems, Involuntary commitment, Involuntary treatment, Irritability, Irving Bieber, Joseph L. Fleiss, Kraepelin, Kraepelinian dichotomy, Labeling theory, Legislature, LGBT rights by country or territory, List of diagnostic classification and rating scales used in psychiatry, Major depressive disorder, Mania, Medical diagnosis, Medical sign, Medicalization, Melancholia, Mental disorder, Mental health, Mentalism (discrimination), Monomania, Narcissistic personality disorder, National Institute of Mental Health, Neurosis, New York Academy of Medicine, New York State Psychiatric Institute, Nomenclature, Normality (behavior), Nosology, Obsessive–compulsive personality disorder, Operational definition, Operationalization, Paranoid personality disorder, Paranoid schizophrenia, Paraphilia, Paresis, Pathophysiology, Patient, Personality disorder, Pervasive developmental disorder not otherwise specified, Pharmaceutical industry, Phenomenology (psychology), Physiology, Psychiatric hospital, Psychiatric medication, Psychiatric survivors movement, Psychoanalysis, Psychodynamic Diagnostic Manual, Psychodynamics, Psychologist, Psychology Today, Psychopathology, Psychosis, Qualia, Recovery approach, Regulation, Relational disorder, Reliability (statistics), Research Diagnostic Criteria, Research Domain Criteria, Rett syndrome, Robert Spitzer (psychiatrist), Roman numerals, Rosenhan experiment, Rumination (psychology), San Francisco, Schizoid personality disorder, Schizophrenia, Schizotypal personality disorder, Self-concept, Self-defeating personality disorder, Self-diagnosis, Semi-structured interview, Simon Fraser University, Social stigma, Software versioning, Somatic symptom disorder, Steven Sharfstein, Structured Clinical Interview for DSM-IV, Structured interview, Stuart A. Kirk, Surgeon General of the United States, Susan Shur-Fen Gau, Symptom, Syndrome, The Washington Post, Thomas Szasz, Thought insertion, Tic disorder, United States Army, United States Department of Veterans Affairs, United States House of Representatives, United States Navy, Validity (statistics), Washington University in St. Louis, William C. Menninger, William Glasser, World Health Organization, World War II, 1840 United States Census. Expand index (133 more) » « Shrink index
Kevin Adam Curtis (born 26 May 1955) is a British documentary film-maker.
In biology, adaptation has three related meanings.
African Americans (also referred to as Black Americans or Afro-Americans) are an ethnic group of Americans with total or partial ancestry from any of the black racial groups of Africa.
Alfred Charles Kinsey (June 23, 1894 – August 25, 1956) was an American biologist, professor of entomology and zoology, and sexologist who in 1947 founded the Institute for Sex Research at Indiana University, previously known as the Kinsey Institute for Research in Sex, Gender, and Reproduction.
Allen J. Frances (born 1942 in New York City, New York) is an American psychiatrist.
Ambivalence is a state of having simultaneous conflicting reactions, beliefs, or feelings towards some object.
The American Psychiatric Association (APA) is the main professional organization of psychiatrists and trainee psychiatrists in the United States, and the largest psychiatric organization in the world.
The American Psychological Association (APA) is the largest scientific and professional organization of psychologists in the United States, with around 117,500 members including scientists, educators, clinicians, consultants, and students.
The American Statistical Association (ASA) is the main professional organization for statisticians and related professionals in the United States.
Anger or wrath is an intense negative emotion.
Anorexia nervosa, often referred to simply as anorexia, is an eating disorder characterized by low weight, fear of gaining weight, and a strong desire to be thin, resulting in food restriction.
Anti-psychiatry is a movement based on the view that psychiatric treatment is often more damaging than helpful to patients.
Antisocial personality disorder (ASPD or APD) is a personality disorder characterized by a long term pattern of disregard for, or violation of, the rights of others.
Anxiety is an emotion characterized by an unpleasant state of inner turmoil, often accompanied by nervous behaviour such as pacing back and forth, somatic complaints, and rumination.
Anxiety disorders are a group of mental disorders characterized by significant feelings of anxiety and fear.
Arthur Kleinman (born March 11, 1941) is an American psychiatrist and a professor of medical anthropology and cross-cultural psychiatry at Harvard University.
Asperger syndrome (AS), also known as Asperger's, is a developmental disorder characterized by significant difficulties in social interaction and nonverbal communication, along with restricted and repetitive patterns of behavior and interests.
The Association of Medical Superintendents of American Institutions for the Insane, also known as The Superintendents' Association, was organized in Philadelphia in October, 1844 at a meeting of 13 superintendents, making it the first professional medical specialty organization in the U.S. The objectives of the Association were “to communicate their experiences to each other, cooperate in collecting statistical information relating to insanity, and assist each other in improving the treatment of the insane.” The name of the organization was changed in 1892 to The American Medico-Psychological Association to allow assistant physicians working in mental hospitals to become members.
Attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is a mental disorder of the neurodevelopmental type.
A paracusia, or auditory hallucination, is a form of hallucination that involves perceiving sounds without auditory stimulus.
Autism is a developmental disorder characterized by troubles with social interaction and communication and by restricted and repetitive behavior.
Autism spectrum, also known as autism spectrum disorder (ASD), is a range of conditions classified as neurodevelopmental disorders.
Avoidant personality disorder (AvPD) is a Cluster C personality disorder.
Behaviorism (or behaviourism) is a systematic approach to understanding the behavior of humans and other animals.
Bipolar disorder, previously known as manic depression, is a mental disorder that causes periods of depression and periods of abnormally elevated mood.
Borderline personality disorder (BPD), also known as emotionally unstable personality disorder (EUPD), is a long-term pattern of abnormal behavior characterized by unstable relationships with other people, unstable sense of self, and unstable emotions.
Brent Dean Robbins is Associate Professor of psychology at Point Park University in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania.
In the United States Armed Forces, brigadier general (BG, BGen, or Brig Gen) is a one-star general officer with the pay grade of O-7 in the U.S. Army, U.S. Marine Corps, and U.S. Air Force.
Bulimia nervosa, also known as simply bulimia, is an eating disorder characterized by binge eating followed by purging.
Carl Compton Bell (born October 28, 1947 in Chicago) is a professor of psychiatry and public health at the University of Illinois at Chicago.
Catatonia is a state of psycho-motor immobility and behavioral abnormality manifested by stupor.
The childhood disintegrative disorder (CDD), also known as Heller's syndrome and disintegrative psychosis, is a rare condition characterized by late onset of developmental delays—or severe and sudden reversals—in language, social function, and motor skills.
The Chinese Classification of Mental Disorders (CCMD), published by the Chinese Society of Psychiatry (CSP), is a clinical guide used in China for the diagnosis of mental disorders.
A chronic condition is a human health condition or disease that is persistent or otherwise long-lasting in its effects or a disease that comes with time.
The classification of mental disorders is also known as psychiatric nosology or psychiatric taxonomy.
Clifford Whittingham Beers (March 30, 1876 – July 9, 1943) was the founder of the American mental hygiene movement.
Cohen's kappa coefficient (κ) is a statistic which measures inter-rater agreement for qualitative (categorical) items.
In medicine, comorbidity is the presence of one or more additional diseases or disorders co-occurring with (that is, concomitant or concurrent with) a primary disease or disorder; in the countable sense of the term, a comorbidity (plural comorbidities) is each additional disorder or disease.
Consciousness is the state or quality of awareness, or, of being aware of an external object or something within oneself.
Copyright is a legal right, existing globally in many countries, that basically grants the creator of an original work exclusive rights to determine and decide whether, and under what conditions, this original work may be used by others.
Cross-cultural psychiatry (also known as transcultural psychiatry or cultural psychiatry) is a branch of psychiatry concerned with the cultural context of mental disorders and the challenges of addressing ethnic diversity in psychiatric services.
Cultural bias is the phenomenon of interpreting and judging phenomena by standards inherent to one's own culture.
In medicine and medical anthropology, a culture-bound syndrome, culture-specific syndrome, or folk illness is a combination of psychiatric and somatic symptoms that are considered to be a recognizable disease only within a specific society or culture.
A delusion is a mistaken belief that is held with strong conviction even in the presence of superior evidence to the contrary.
Dementia is a broad category of brain diseases that cause a long-term and often gradual decrease in the ability to think and remember that is great enough to affect a person's daily functioning.
Dependent personality disorder (DPD), formerly known as asthenic personality disorder, is a personality disorder that is characterized by a pervasive psychological dependence on other people.
Depersonalization can consist of a detachment within the self, regarding one's mind or body, or being a detached observer of oneself.
Depression is a state of low mood and aversion to activity that can affect a person's thoughts, behavior, tendencies, feelings, and sense of well-being.
The Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM) is published by the American Psychiatric Association (APA) and offers a common language and standard criteria for the classification of mental disorders.
Dipsomania is a historical term describing a medical condition involving an uncontrollable craving for alcohol.
In human social affairs, discrimination is treatment or consideration of, or making a distinction in favor of or against, a person based on the group, class, or category to which the person is perceived to belong.
Disease mongering is a term for the practice of widening the diagnostic boundaries of illnesses and aggressively promoting their public awareness in order to expand the markets for treatment.
Disorganized schizophrenia, also known as hebephrenia or hebephrenic schizophrenia, is a subtype of schizophrenia, although it is not recognized in the latest version of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders.
The Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Fifth Edition (DSM-5) is the 2013 update to the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, the taxonomic and diagnostic tool published by the American Psychiatric Association (APA).
DSM-IV codes are the classification found in the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, 4th Edition, Text Revision, also known as DSM-IV-TR, a manual published by the American Psychiatric Association (APA) that includes all currently recognized mental health disorders.
Ego-dystonic sexual orientation is an ego-dystonic mental disorder characterized by having a sexual orientation or an attraction that is at odds with one's idealized self-image, causing anxiety and a desire to change one's orientation or become more comfortable with one's sexual orientation.
In psychoanalysis, egosyntonic refers to the behaviors, values, and feelings that are in harmony with or acceptable to the needs and goals of the ego, or consistent with one's ideal self-image.
Emil Kraepelin (15 February 1856 – 7 October 1926) was a German psychiatrist.
Epilepsy is a group of neurological disorders characterized by epileptic seizures.
Erving Goffman (11 June 1922 – 19 November 1982) was a Canadian-American sociologist and writer, considered by some "the most influential American sociologist of the twentieth century".
European Archives of Psychiatry and Clinical Neuroscience is a peer-reviewed medical journal published 8 times a year by Springer Science+Business Media.
Evelyn Hooker (née Gentry, September 2, 1907 – November 18, 1996) was an American psychologist most notable for her 1957 paper "The Adjustment of the Male Overt Homosexual" in which she administered several psychological tests to groups of self-identified male homosexuals and heterosexuals and asked experts to identify the homosexuals and rate their mental health.
Evolutionary psychology is a theoretical approach in the social and natural sciences that examines psychological structure from a modern evolutionary perspective.
Fatigue is a subjective feeling of tiredness that has a gradual onset.
The Feighner Criteria is the informal name given to influential psychiatric diagnostic criteria developed at Washington University in St. Louis, Missouri from the late 1950s to the early 1970s.
Francis Amasa Walker (July 2, 1840 – January 5, 1897) was an American economist, statistician, journalist, educator, academic administrator, and military officer in the Union Army.
Franklin Edward "Frank" Kameny (May 21, 1925 – October 11, 2011) was an American gay rights activist.
The Gay Liberation Front (GLF) was the name of a number of gay liberation groups, the first of which was formed in New York City in 1969, immediately after the Stonewall riots, in which police clashed with gay demonstrators.
The Global Assessment of Functioning (GAF) is a numeric scale used by mental health clinicians and physicians to rate subjectively the social, occupational, and psychological functioning of an individual, e.g., how well one is meeting various problems-in-living.
A hallucination is a perception in the absence of external stimulus that has qualities of real perception.
Health insurance is insurance that covers the whole or a part of the risk of a person incurring medical expenses, spreading the risk over a large number of persons.
The Hindu–Arabic numeral systemDavid Eugene Smith and Louis Charles Karpinski,, 1911 (also called the Arabic numeral system or Hindu numeral system) is a positional decimal numeral system that is the most common system for the symbolic representation of numbers in the world.
Histrionic personality disorder (HPD) is defined by the American Psychiatric Association as a personality disorder characterized by a pattern of excessive attention-seeking emotions, usually beginning in early adulthood, including inappropriately seductive behavior and an excessive need for approval.
Classification of gay, lesbian, and bisexual sexual orientations underwent major changes in different editions of Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders published by the American Psychiatric Association (APA).
Homosexuality: A Psychoanalytic Study of Male Homosexuals is a 1962 book about the development of male homosexuality by the psychoanalyst Irving Bieber, writing with Harvey J. Dain, Paul R. Dince, Marvin G. Drellich, Henry G. Grand, Ralph R. Gundlach, Malvina W. Kremer, Alfred H. Rifkin, Cornelia B. Wilbur, and Toby B. Bieber.
ICD-10 is the 10th revision of the International Statistical Classification of Diseases and Related Health Problems (ICD), a medical classification list by the World Health Organization (WHO).
ICD-10 is an international statistical classification produced by the World Health Organization.
The ICD-10 Procedure Coding System (ICD-10-PCS) is an international system of medical classification used for procedural coding.
Idiot was formerly a legal and psychiatric category of profound intellectual disability, where a person's mental age is two years or less, and he or she cannot guard himself or herself against common physical dangers.
Insanity, craziness, or madness is a spectrum of both group and individual behaviors characterized by certain abnormal mental or behavioral patterns.
Intellectual disability (ID), also known as general learning disability, and mental retardation (MR), is a generalized neurodevelopmental disorder characterized by significantly impaired intellectual and adaptive functioning.
Internalization (or internalisation) has different definitions depending on the field that the term is used in.
The International Classification of Diseases (ICD) is the international "standard diagnostic tool for epidemiology, health management and clinical purposes." Its full official name is International Statistical Classification of Diseases and Related Health Problems. The ICD is maintained by the World Health Organization (WHO), the directing and coordinating authority for health within the United Nations System.
Involuntary commitment or civil commitment (also known informally as sectioning or being sectioned in some jurisdictions, such as the UK) is a legal process through which an individual who is deemed by a qualified agent to have symptoms of severe mental disorder is court-ordered into treatment in a psychiatric hospital (inpatient) or in the community (outpatient).
Involuntary treatment (also referred to by proponents as assisted treatment and by critics as forced drugging) refers to medical treatment undertaken without the consent of whomever is treated.
Irritability is the excitatory ability that living organisms have to respond to changes in their environment.
Irving Bieber (1909–1991) was an American psychoanalyst, best known for his study Homosexuality: A Psychoanalytic Study of Male Homosexuals (1962), in which Bieber took the since discredited position that homosexuality is an illness.
Joseph L. Fleiss (November 13, 1937 – June 12, 2003) was a professor of biostatistics at the Columbia University Mailman School of Public Health, where he also served as head of the Division of Biostatistics from 1975 to 1992.
Kraepelin may refer to.
The Kraepelinian dichotomy is the division of the major endogenous psychoses into the disease concepts of dementia praecox, which was reformulated as schizophrenia by Eugen Bleuler by 1908, and manic-depressive psychosis, which has now been reconceived as bipolar disorder.
Labeling theory is the theory of how the self-identity and behavior of individuals may be determined or influenced by the terms used to describe or classify them.
A legislature is a deliberative assembly with the authority to make laws for a political entity such as a country or city.
Laws affecting lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender (LGBT) people vary greatly by country or territory; everything from the legal recognition of same-sex marriage to the death penalty as punishment for same-sex romantic/sexual activity or identity.
The following diagnostic systems and rating scales are used in psychiatry and clinical psychology.
Major depressive disorder (MDD), also known simply as depression, is a mental disorder characterized by at least two weeks of low mood that is present across most situations.
Mania, also known as manic syndrome, is a state of abnormally elevated arousal, affect, and energy level, or "a state of heightened overall activation with enhanced affective expression together with lability of affect." Although mania is often conceived as a "mirror image" to depression, the heightened mood can be either euphoric or irritable; indeed, as the mania intensifies, irritability can be more pronounced and result in violence, or anxiety.
Medical diagnosis (abbreviated Dx or DS) is the process of determining which disease or condition explains a person's symptoms and signs.
A medical sign is an objective indication of some medical fact or characteristic that may be detected by a patient or anyone, especially a physician, before or during a physical examination of a patient.
Medicalization or medicalisation (see spelling differences) is the process by which human conditions and problems come to be defined and treated as medical conditions, and thus become the subject of medical study, diagnosis, prevention, or treatment.
Melancholia (from µέλαινα χολή),Burton, Bk.
A mental disorder, also called a mental illness or psychiatric disorder, is a behavioral or mental pattern that causes significant distress or impairment of personal functioning.
Mental health is a level of psychological well-being or an absence of mental illness.
Mentalism or sanism is a form of discrimination and oppression against a mental trait or condition a person has, or is judged to have.
In 19th-century psychiatry, monomania (from Greek monos, one, and mania, meaning "madness" or "frenzy") was a form of partial insanity conceived as single pathological preoccupation in an otherwise sound mind.
Narcissistic personality disorder (NPD) is a personality disorder with a long-term pattern of abnormal behavior characterized by exaggerated feelings of self-importance, an excessive need for admiration, and a lack of empathy.
The National Institute of Mental Health (NIMH) is one of 27 institutes and centers that make up the National Institutes of Health (NIH).
Neurosis is a class of functional mental disorders involving chronic distress but neither delusions nor hallucinations.
The New York Academy of Medicine (the Academy) is a health policy and advocacy organization founded in 1847 by a group of leading New York metropolitan area physicians as a voice for the medical profession in medical practice and public health reform.
The New York State Psychiatric Institute, located in the Columbia University Medical Center in the Washington Heights neighborhood of Manhattan, New York City, was established in 1895 as one of the first institutions in the United States to integrate teaching, research and therapeutic approaches to the care of patients with mental illnesses.
Nomenclature is a system of names or terms, or the rules for forming these terms in a particular field of arts or sciences.
Normality is a behavior that can be normal for an individual (intrapersonal normality) when it is consistent with the most common behaviour for that person.
Nosology is a classification scheme used in medicine to classify diseases.
Obsessive–compulsive personality disorder (OCPD) is a personality disorder characterized by a general pattern of concern with orderliness, perfectionism, excessive attention to details, mental and interpersonal control, and a need for control over one's environment, at the expense of flexibility, openness to experience, and efficiency.
An operational definition is the articulation of operationalization (or statement of procedures) used in defining the terms of a process (or set of validation tests) needed to determine the nature of an item or phenomenon (a variable, term, or object) and its properties such as duration, quantity, extension in space, chemical composition, etc.
In research design, especially in psychology, social sciences, life sciences, and physics, operationalization is a process of defining the measurement of a phenomenon that is not directly measurable, though its existence is indicated by other phenomena.
Paranoid personality disorder (PPD) is a mental disorder characterized by paranoia and a pervasive, long-standing suspiciousness and generalized mistrust of others.
Paranoid schizophrenia is the most common type of schizophrenia.
Paraphilia (previously known as sexual perversion and sexual deviation) is the experience of intense sexual arousal to atypical objects, situations, fantasies, behaviors, or individuals.
Paresis is a condition typified by a weakness of voluntary movement, or partial loss of voluntary movement or by impaired movement.
Pathophysiology or physiopathology is a convergence of pathology with physiology.
A patient is any recipient of health care services.
Personality disorders (PD) are a class of mental disorders characterized by enduring maladaptive patterns of behavior, cognition, and inner experience, exhibited across many contexts and deviating from those accepted by the individual's culture.
A pervasive developmental disorder not otherwise specified (PDD-NOS) is one of the four autism spectrum disorders (ASD) and also one of the five disorders classified as a pervasive developmental disorder (PDD).
The pharmaceutical industry (or medicine industry) is the commercial industry that discovers, develops, produces, and markets drugs or pharmaceutical drugs for use as different types of medicine and medications.
Phenomenology within psychology (phenomenological psychology) is the psychological study of subjective experience.
Physiology is the scientific study of normal mechanisms, and their interactions, which work within a living system.
Psychiatric hospitals, also known as mental hospitals, mental health units, mental asylums or simply asylums, are hospitals or wards specializing in the treatment of serious mental disorders, such as clinical depression, schizophrenia, and bipolar disorder.
A psychiatric medication is a licensed psychoactive drug taken to exert an effect on the chemical makeup of the brain and nervous system.
The psychiatric survivors movement (more broadly peer/consumer/survivor/ex-patient movement) is a diverse association of individuals who either currently access mental health services (known as consumers or service users), or who are survivors of interventions by psychiatry, or who are ex-patients of mental health services.
Psychoanalysis is a set of theories and therapeutic techniques related to the study of the unconscious mind, which together form a method of treatment for mental-health disorders.
The Psychodynamic Diagnostic Manual (PDM) is a diagnostic handbook similar to the International Statistical Classification of Diseases and Related Health Problems (ICD) or the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM).
Psychodynamics, also known as psychodynamic psychology, in its broadest sense, is an approach to psychology that emphasizes systematic study of the psychological forces that underlie human behavior, feelings, and emotions and how they might relate to early experience.
A psychologist studies normal and abnormal mental states from cognitive, emotional, and social processes and behavior by observing, interpreting, and recording how individuals relate to one another and to their environments.
Psychology Today is a magazine published every two months in the United States since 1967.
Psychopathology is the scientific study of mental disorders, including efforts to understand their genetic, biological, psychological, and social causes; effective classification schemes (nosology); course across all stages of development; manifestations; and treatment.
Psychosis is an abnormal condition of the mind that results in difficulties telling what is real and what is not.
In philosophy and certain models of psychology, qualia (or; singular form: quale) are defined to be individual instances of subjective, conscious experience.
Psychological recovery or recovery model or the recovery approach to mental disorder or substance dependence emphasizes and supports a person's potential for recovery.
Regulation is an abstract concept of management of complex systems according to a set of rules and trends.
According to Michael First of the DSM-5 working committee the focus of a relational disorder, in contrast to other DSM-IV disorders, "is on the relationship rather than on any one individual in the relationship".
Reliability in statistics and psychometrics is the overall consistency of a measure.
The Research Diagnostic Criteria (RDC) are a collection of influential psychiatric diagnostic criteria published in late 1970s.
The Research Domain Criteria (RDoC) project is an initiative being developed by US National Institute of Mental Health.
Rett syndrome (RTT) is a genetic brain disorder which typically becomes apparent after 6 to 18 months of age in females.
Robert Leopold Spitzer (May 22, 1932 – December 25, 2015) was a psychiatrist and professor of psychiatry at Columbia University in New York City.
The numeric system represented by Roman numerals originated in ancient Rome and remained the usual way of writing numbers throughout Europe well into the Late Middle Ages.
The Rosenhan experiment or Thud experiment was an experiment conducted to determine the validity of psychiatric diagnosis.
Rumination is the focused attention on the symptoms of one's distress, and on its possible causes and consequences, as opposed to its solutions.
San Francisco (initials SF;, Spanish for 'Saint Francis'), officially the City and County of San Francisco, is the cultural, commercial, and financial center of Northern California.
Schizoid personality disorder (often abbreviated as SPD or SzPD) is a personality disorder characterized by a lack of interest in social relationships, a tendency towards a solitary or sheltered lifestyle, secretiveness, emotional coldness, detachment, and apathy.
Schizophrenia is a mental disorder characterized by abnormal social behavior and failure to understand reality.
Schizotypal personality disorder (STPD) or schizotypal disorder is a mental disorder characterized by severe social anxiety, thought disorder, paranoid ideation, derealization, transient psychosis, and often unconventional beliefs.
One's self-concept (also called self-construction, self-identity, self-perspective or self-structure) is a collection of beliefs about oneself.
Self-defeating personality disorder (also known as masochistic personality disorder) was a proposed personality disorder.
Self-diagnosis is the process of diagnosing, or identifying, medical conditions in oneself.
A semi-structured interview is a method of research used most often in the social sciences.
Simon Fraser University (SFU) is a public research university in British Columbia, Canada with campuses in Burnaby (Main Campus), Surrey, and Vancouver.
Social stigma is disapproval of (or discontent with) a person based on socially characteristic grounds that are perceived.
Software versioning is the process of assigning either unique version names or unique version numbers to unique states of computer software.
A somatic symptom disorder, formerly known as a somatoform disorder,(2013) " " dsm5.org.
Steven Samuel "Steve" Sharfstein (born July 2, 1942) is an American psychiatrist.
The Structured Clinical Interview for DSM-IV Axis I Disorders (SCID-I) is a diagnostic exam used to determine DSM-IV Axis I disorders (major mental disorders).
A structured interview (also known as a standardized interview or a researcher-administered survey) is a quantitative research method commonly employed in survey research.
Stuart A. Kirk holds the Marjorie Crump Chair in Social Welfare at UCLA and is a former psychiatric social worker.
The Surgeon General of the United States is the operational head of the U.S. Public Health Service Commissioned Corps (PHSCC) and thus the leading spokesperson on matters of public health in the federal government of the United States.
Susan Shur-Fen Gau (1962 –), also known as Susan Gau, Shur-Fen Gau, Gau Shur-Fen and in Chinese:高淑芬, is a Taiwanese psychiatrist and academic with specialized in psychiatry, psychology, epidemiology, preventive medicine, occupational therapy, and brain and mind sciences.
A symptom (from Greek σύμπτωμα, "accident, misfortune, that which befalls", from συμπίπτω, "I befall", from συν- "together, with" and πίπτω, "I fall") is a departure from normal function or feeling which is noticed by a patient, reflecting the presence of an unusual state, or of a disease.
A syndrome is a set of medical signs and symptoms that are correlated with each other and, often, with a particular disease or disorder.
The Washington Post is a major American daily newspaper founded on December 6, 1877.
Thomas Stephen Szasz (Szász Tamás István; 15 April 1920 – 8 September 2012) was a Hungarian-American academic, psychiatrist and psychoanalyst.
Thought insertion is defined by the ICD-10 as feeling as if one's thoughts are not one's own, but rather belong to someone else and have been inserted into one's mind.
Tic disorders is defined in the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM) based on type (motor or phonic) and duration of tics (sudden, rapid, nonrhythmic movements).
The United States Army (USA) is the land warfare service branch of the United States Armed Forces.
The United States Department of Veterans Affairs (VA) is a federal Cabinet-level agency that provides near-comprehensive healthcare services to eligible military veterans at VA medical centers and outpatient clinics located throughout the country; several non-healthcare benefits including disability compensation, vocational rehabilitation, education assistance, home loans, and life insurance; and provides burial and memorial benefits to eligible veterans and family members at 135 national cemeteries.
The United States House of Representatives is the lower chamber of the United States Congress, the Senate being the upper chamber.
The United States Navy (USN) is the naval warfare service branch of the United States Armed Forces and one of the seven uniformed services of the United States.
Validity is the extent to which a concept, conclusion or measurement is well-founded and likely corresponds accurately to the real world based on probability.
Washington University in St.
William Claire Menninger (October 15, 1899 – September 6, 1966) was a co-founder with his brother Karl and his father of The Menninger Foundation in Topeka, Kansas, which is an internationally known center for treatment of behavioral disorders.
William Glasser (May 11, 1925 – August 23, 2013) was an American psychiatrist.
The World Health Organization (WHO; French: Organisation mondiale de la santé) is a specialized agency of the United Nations that is concerned with international public health.
World War II (often abbreviated to WWII or WW2), also known as the Second World War, was a global war that lasted from 1939 to 1945, although conflicts reflecting the ideological clash between what would become the Allied and Axis blocs began earlier.
The United States Census of 1840 was the sixth census of the United States.
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