108 relations: Accent (sociolinguistics), Allophone, American English, Ancient Greek, Avalon Peninsula, Back vowel, Boston, Brill Publishers, British English, Brummie, Cardiff English, Caribbean English, Cockney, Colney Hatch, Consonant cluster, Dialect, Dutch dialects, Early Modern English, East Anglia, Elfdalian, Elision, Elizabethan era, Emperor, England, English language, English language in England, English language in Northern England, English phonology, English-language vowel changes before historic /r/, Epenthesis, Etymology, French language, Front vowel, Function word, H, Hampshire, Hereford, Hertford, Hiatus (linguistics), Hiberno-English, Hypercorrection, Indo-European languages, Ionic Greek, It (pronoun), Jamaican English, John C. Wells, Lancashire dialect, Laryngeal theory, Late Latin, Leiden, ..., Linking and intrusive R, Middle English, Middle English phonology, Modern English, Modern Greek, My Fair Lady, Newfoundland English, Norman language, North American English, North Brabant, North Germanic languages, Northumberland, Norwich, Old English phonology, Phoneme, Phonological history of English, Phonological history of English consonant clusters, Phonological history of English consonants, Phonological history of English diphthongs, Phonological history of English high front vowels, Phonological history of English low back vowels, Prestige (sociolinguistics), Pronunciation of English ⟨wh⟩, Pun, Received Pronunciation, Rhoticity in English, Romance languages, Roslagen, Sandhi, Scots language, Scottish English, Serbian language, Shibboleth, Social stigma, South Slavic languages, Southern American English, Spanish language, Spelling pronunciation, Standard English, Stress and vowel reduction in English, Syllable, Th-fronting, The Bahamas, The Magician's Nephew, Trap-bath split, Tropical cyclone, Victorian era, Voiceless glottal fricative, Voiceless palatal fricative, Voiceless velar fricative, Welsh English, West Country English, West Flanders, West Midlands English, William Shakespeare, Yorkshire dialect, Zeeland, Zero consonant. Expand index (58 more) » « Shrink index
In sociolinguistics, an accent is a manner of pronunciation peculiar to a particular individual, location, or nation.
In phonology, an allophone (from the ἄλλος, állos, "other" and φωνή, phōnē, "voice, sound") is one of a set of multiple possible spoken sounds, or phones, or signs used to pronounce a single phoneme in a particular language.
American English (AmE, AE, AmEng, USEng, en-US), sometimes called United States English or U.S. English, is the set of varieties of the English language native to the United States.
The Ancient Greek language includes the forms of Greek used in ancient Greece and the ancient world from around the 9th century BC to the 6th century AD.
The Avalon Peninsula is a large peninsula (9,220 km²) that makes up the southeast portion of the island of Newfoundland.
A back vowel is any in a class of vowel sound used in spoken languages.
Boston is the capital city and most populous municipality of the Commonwealth of Massachusetts in the United States.
Brill (known as E. J. Brill, Koninklijke Brill, Brill Academic Publishers) is a Dutch international academic publisher founded in 1683 in Leiden, Netherlands.
British English is the standard dialect of English language as spoken and written in the United Kingdom.
Brummie or Brummy is the English dialect of Birmingham, England.
The Cardiff accent, also known as Cardiff English is the regional accent of English, and a variety of Welsh English, as spoken in and around the city of Cardiff, and is somewhat distinctive in Wales, compared with other Welsh accents.
Caribbean English is a broad term for the dialects of the English language spoken in the Caribbean and Liberia, most countries on the Caribbean coast of Central America, and Guyana and Suriname on the coast of South America.
The term cockney has had several distinct geographical, social, and linguistic associations.
Colney Hatch is the historical name for a small district within the London Borough of Barnet in London, England.
In linguistics, a consonant cluster, consonant sequence or consonant compound is a group of consonants which have no intervening vowel.
The term dialect (from Latin,, from the Ancient Greek word,, "discourse", from,, "through" and,, "I speak") is used in two distinct ways to refer to two different types of linguistic phenomena.
Dutch dialects are primarily the dialects that are both cognate with the Dutch language and are spoken in the same language area as the Dutch standard language.
Early Modern English, Early New English (sometimes abbreviated to EModE, EMnE or EME) is the stage of the English language from the beginning of the Tudor period to the English Interregnum and Restoration, or from the transition from Middle English, in the late 15th century, to the transition to Modern English, in the mid-to-late 17th century.
East Anglia is a geographical area in the East of England.
Elfdalian or Övdalian (Övdalsk or Övdalską in Elfdalian, Älvdalska or Älvdalsmål in Swedish) is a North Germanic language spoken by up to 3,000 people who live or have grown up in the parish of Älvdalen (Övdaln), which is located in the southeastern part of Älvdalen Municipality in northern Dalarna, Sweden.
In linguistics, an elision or deletion is the omission of one or more sounds (such as a vowel, a consonant, or a whole syllable) in a word or phrase.
The Elizabethan era is the epoch in the Tudor period of the history of England during the reign of Queen Elizabeth I (1558–1603).
An emperor (through Old French empereor from Latin imperator) is a monarch, usually the sovereign ruler of an empire or another type of imperial realm.
England is a country that is part of the United Kingdom.
English is a West Germanic language that was first spoken in early medieval England and is now a global lingua franca.
The English language spoken and written in England encompasses a diverse range of accents and dialects.
The English language in Northern England has been shaped by the region's history of settlement and migration, and today encompasses a group of related dialects known as Northern England English (or, simply, Northern English in the United Kingdom).
Like many other languages, English has wide variation in pronunciation, both historically and from dialect to dialect.
In English, many vowel shifts only affect vowels followed by in rhotic dialects, or vowels that were historically followed by an that has since been elided in non-rhotic dialects.
In phonology, epenthesis (Greek) means the addition of one or more sounds to a word, especially to the interior of a word (at the beginning prothesis and at the end paragoge are commonly used).
EtymologyThe New Oxford Dictionary of English (1998) – p. 633 "Etymology /ˌɛtɪˈmɒlədʒi/ the study of the class in words and the way their meanings have changed throughout time".
French (le français or la langue française) is a Romance language of the Indo-European family.
A front vowel is any in a class of vowel sound used in some spoken languages, its defining characteristic being that the highest point of the tongue is positioned relatively in front in the mouth without creating a constriction that would make it a consonant.
In linguistics, function words (also called functors) are words that have little lexical meaning or have ambiguous meaning and express grammatical relationships among other words within a sentence, or specify the attitude or mood of the speaker.
H (named aitch or, regionally, haitch, plural aitches)"H" Oxford English Dictionary, 2nd edition (1989); Merriam-Webster's Third New International Dictionary of the English Language, Unabridged (1993); "aitch" or "haitch", op.
Hampshire (abbreviated Hants) is a county on the southern coast of England in the United Kingdom.
Hereford is a cathedral city, civil parish and county town of Herefordshire, England.
Hertford is the county town of Hertfordshire, England, and is also a civil parish in the East Hertfordshire district of the county.
In phonology, hiatus or diaeresis refers to two vowel sounds occurring in adjacent syllables, with no intervening consonant.
Hiberno‐English (from Latin Hibernia: "Ireland") or Irish English is the set of English dialects natively written and spoken within the island of Ireland (including both the Republic of Ireland and Northern Ireland).
In linguistics or usage, hypercorrection is a non-standard usage that results from the over-application of a perceived rule of grammar or a usage prescription.
The Indo-European languages are a language family of several hundred related languages and dialects.
Ionic Greek was a subdialect of the Attic–Ionic or Eastern dialect group of Ancient Greek (see Greek dialects).
It is a third-person, singular neuter pronoun (nominative (subjective) case and oblique (objective) case) in Modern English.
Jamaican English, which includes Jamaican Standard English, is a variety of English spoken in Jamaica.
John Christopher Wells (born 11 March 1939 in Bootle, Lancashire) is a British phonetician and Esperantist.
The Lancashire dialect and accent (Lanky) refers to the Northern English vernacular speech of the English county of Lancashire.
The laryngeal theory aims to produce greater regularity in the reconstruction of Proto-Indo-European (PIE) phonology than from the reconstruction that is produced by the comparative method.
Late Latin is the scholarly name for the written Latin of Late Antiquity.
Leiden (in English and archaic Dutch also Leyden) is a city and municipality in the province of South Holland, Netherlands.
Linking R and intrusive R are sandhi or linking phenomena involving the appearance of the rhotic consonant (which normally corresponds to the letter) between two consecutive morphemes where it would not normally be pronounced.
Middle English (ME) is collectively the varieties of the English language spoken after the Norman Conquest (1066) until the late 15th century; scholarly opinion varies but the Oxford English Dictionary specifies the period of 1150 to 1500.
Middle English phonology is necessarily somewhat speculative, since it is preserved only as a written language.
Modern English (sometimes New English or NE as opposed to Middle English and Old English) is the form of the English language spoken since the Great Vowel Shift in England, which began in the late 14th century and was completed in roughly 1550.
Modern Greek (Νέα Ελληνικά or Νεοελληνική Γλώσσα "Neo-Hellenic", historically and colloquially also known as Ρωμαίικα "Romaic" or "Roman", and Γραικικά "Greek") refers to the dialects and varieties of the Greek language spoken in the modern era.
My Fair Lady is a musical based on George Bernard Shaw's Pygmalion, with book and lyrics by Alan Jay Lerner and music by Frederick Loewe.
Newfoundland English is a name for several accents and dialects of Atlantic Canadian English found in the province of Newfoundland and Labrador.
North American English (NAmE, NAE) is the most generalized variety of the English language as spoken in the United States and Canada.
North Brabant (Noord-Brabant), also unofficially called Brabant, is a province in the south of the Netherlands.
The North Germanic languages make up one of the three branches of the Germanic languages, a sub-family of the Indo-European languages, along with the West Germanic languages and the extinct East Germanic languages.
Northumberland (abbreviated Northd) is a county in North East England.
Norwich (also) is a city on the River Wensum in East Anglia and lies approximately north-east of London.
Old English phonology is necessarily somewhat speculative since Old English is preserved only as a written language.
A phoneme is one of the units of sound (or gesture in the case of sign languages, see chereme) that distinguish one word from another in a particular language.
The phonological history of English describes the changing phonology of the English language over time, starting from its roots in proto-Germanic to diverse changes in different dialects of modern English.
The phonological history of the English language includes various changes in the phonology of consonant clusters.
This article describes those aspects of the phonological history of the English language which concern consonants.
English diphthongs have undergone many changes since the Old and Middle English periods.
The high and mid-height front vowels of English (vowels of i and e type) have undergone a variety of changes over time, often varying from dialect to dialect.
The phonology of the low back vowels of the English language has undergone changes both overall and with regional variations, through Old and Middle English to the present.
Prestige is the level of regard normally accorded a specific language or dialect within a speech community, relative to other languages or dialects.
The pronunciation of the wh in English has changed over time, and still varies today between different regions and accents.
The pun, also called paronomasia, is a form of word play that exploits multiple meanings of a term, or of similar-sounding words, for an intended humorous or rhetorical effect.
Received Pronunciation (RP) is an accent of Standard English in the United Kingdom and is defined in the Concise Oxford English Dictionary as "the standard accent of English as spoken in the south of England", although it can be heard from native speakers throughout England and Wales.
Rhoticity in English refers to English speakers' pronunciation of the historical rhotic consonant, and is one of the most prominent distinctions by which varieties of English can be classified.
The Romance languages (also called Romanic languages or Neo-Latin languages) are the modern languages that began evolving from Vulgar Latin between the sixth and ninth centuries and that form a branch of the Italic languages within the Indo-European language family.
Roslagen is the name of the coastal areas of Uppland province in Sweden, which also constitutes the northern part of the Stockholm archipelago.
SandhiThe pronunciation of the word "sandhi" is rather diverse among English speakers.
Scots is the Germanic language variety spoken in Lowland Scotland and parts of Ulster (where the local dialect is known as Ulster Scots).
Scottish English refers to the varieties of English spoken in Scotland.
Serbian (српски / srpski) is the standardized variety of the Serbo-Croatian language mainly used by Serbs.
A shibboleth is any custom or tradition, particularly a speech pattern, that distinguishes one group of people (an ingroup) from others (outgroups).
Social stigma is disapproval of (or discontent with) a person based on socially characteristic grounds that are perceived.
The South Slavic languages are one of three branches of the Slavic languages.
Southern American English or Southern U.S. English is a large collection of related American English dialects spoken throughout the Southern United States, though increasingly in more rural areas and primarily by white Americans.
Spanish or Castilian, is a Western Romance language that originated in the Castile region of Spain and today has hundreds of millions of native speakers in Latin America and Spain.
A spelling pronunciation is the pronunciation of a word according to its spelling, at odds with a standard or traditional pronunciation.
Standard English (SE) is the variety of English language that is used as the national norm in an English-speaking country, especially as the language for public and formal usage.
Stress is a prominent feature of the English language, both at the level of the word (lexical stress) and at the level of the phrase or sentence (prosodic stress).
A syllable is a unit of organization for a sequence of speech sounds.
Th-fronting refers to the pronunciation of the English "th" as "f" or "v".
The Bahamas, known officially as the Commonwealth of The Bahamas, is an archipelagic state within the Lucayan Archipelago.
The Magician's Nephew is a high fantasy novel for children by C. S. Lewis, published by Bodley Head in 1955.
The split is a vowel split that occurs mainly in mainstream and southeastern accents of English in England (including Received Pronunciation), in New Zealand English and South African English, and also to a lesser extent in Australian English as well as older Northeastern New England English (notably, older Boston accents), by which the Early Modern English phoneme was lengthened in certain environments and ultimately merged with the long of father.
A tropical cyclone is a rapidly rotating storm system characterized by a low-pressure center, a closed low-level atmospheric circulation, strong winds, and a spiral arrangement of thunderstorms that produce heavy rain.
In the history of the United Kingdom, the Victorian era was the period of Queen Victoria's reign, from 20 June 1837 until her death on 22 January 1901.
The voiceless glottal fricative, sometimes called voiceless glottal transition, and sometimes called the aspirate, is a type of sound used in some spoken languages that patterns like a fricative or approximant consonant phonologically, but often lacks the usual phonetic characteristics of a consonant.
The voiceless palatal fricative is a type of consonantal sound used in some spoken languages.
The voiceless velar fricative is a type of consonantal sound used in some spoken languages.
Welsh English refers to the dialects of English spoken by Welsh people.
West Country English is one of the English language varieties and accents used by much of the native population of South West England, the area sometimes popularly known as the West Country.
West Flanders (West-Vlaanderen; West Flemish: West Vloandern; French: (Province de) Flandre-Occidentale; German: Westflandern) is the most western province of the Flemish Region, in Belgium.
West Midlands English is a group of dialects of the English language.
William Shakespeare (26 April 1564 (baptised)—23 April 1616) was an English poet, playwright and actor, widely regarded as both the greatest writer in the English language, and the world's pre-eminent dramatist.
The Yorkshire dialect (also Broad Yorkshire, Tyke, Yorkie, or Yorkshire English) is an English dialect of Northern England spoken in England's historic county of Yorkshire.
Zeeland (Zeelandic: Zeêland, historical English exonym Zealand) is the westernmost and least populous province of the Netherlands.
In orthography, a zero consonant, silent initial, or null-onset letter is a consonant letter that does not correspond to a consonant sound, but is required when a word or syllable starts with a vowel (i.e. has a null onset).