116 relations: A Dictionary of Modern English Usage, A Dictionary of the English Language, Académie française, American English, Anglic languages, Anglo-Frisian languages, Anglo-Norman language, Anglo-Saxons, Arts and Humanities Research Council, Australian English, BBC, BBC News, BBC Online, Black Country, British Isles, British Library, British people, British Sign Language, Brittonicisms in English, Cambridge University Press, Canadian English, Chambers Dictionary, Cockney, Collective noun, Collins English Dictionary, Common Brittonic, Commonwealth of Nations, Continental Celtic languages, Corby, Cornish language, Countries of the United Kingdom, Cumbric, Dialect, Double negative, Early Modern English, East Anglia, East Midlands, East Midlands English, England, English alphabet, English and Welsh, English in the Commonwealth of Nations, English language, English language in England, English language in Northern England, English language in southern England, English-language spelling reform, Eric Partridge, Ernest Gowers, Estuary English, ..., French language, Geordie, Germanic languages, Germanic peoples, Germany, Glottal stop, Grammatical conjugation, Grammatical number, Great Britain, Hart's Rules, Hiberno-English, Immigration, Inner London Education Authority, Ireland, Kettering, Latin, Latin script, Linking and intrusive R, List of dialects of the English language, Lists of English words of Celtic origin, Loanword, London, Longman Dictionary of Contemporary English, Middle English, Mixed language, Neologism, Netherlands, New Zealand English, Newcastle upon Tyne, Normans, Northamptonshire, Northern Ireland, Old English, Old Norman, Oxford English Dictionary, Oxford University Press, Received Pronunciation, Regional accents of English, Republic of Ireland, Rhoticity in English, Rhyming slang, Roman army, Royal Spanish Academy, Scotland, Scots language, Scottish English, Scouse, Spoken language, Survey of English Dialects, T-glottalization, The Chicago Manual of Style, The Complete Plain Words, The Guardian, The Independent, The Times, Ulster English, United Kingdom, University of Leeds, Vocabulary, Welsh English, Welsh language, West Country English, West Germanic languages, West Midlands English, West Saxon dialect, Yorkshire dialect. Expand index (66 more) » « Shrink index
A Dictionary of Modern English Usage (1926), by Henry Watson Fowler (1858–1933), is a style guide to British English usage, pronunciation, and writing.
Published on 4 April 1755 and written by Samuel Johnson, A Dictionary of the English Language, sometimes published as Johnson's Dictionary, is among the most influential dictionaries in the history of the English language.
The Académie française is the pre-eminent French council for matters pertaining to the French language.
American English (AmE, AE, AmEng, USEng, en-US), sometimes called United States English or U.S. English, is the set of varieties of the English language native to the United States.
The Anglic languages (also called the English languages or Insular Germanic languages) are a group of linguistic varieties including Old English and the languages descended from it.
The Anglo-Frisian languages are the West Germanic languages which include Anglic (or English) and Frisian.
Anglo-Norman, also known as Anglo-Norman French, is a variety of the Norman language that was used in England and, to a lesser extent, elsewhere in the British Isles during the Anglo-Norman period.
The Anglo-Saxons were a people who inhabited Great Britain from the 5th century.
The Arts and Humanities Research Council (AHRC) was established in April 2005 as successor to the Arts and Humanities Research Board and is a British Research Council; non-departmental public body that provides approximately £102 million from the government to support research and postgraduate study in the arts and humanities, from languages and law, archaeology and English literature to design and creative and performing arts.
Australian English (AuE, en-AU) is a major variety of the English language, used throughout Australia.
The British Broadcasting Corporation (BBC) is a British public service broadcaster.
BBC News is an operational business division of the British Broadcasting Corporation (BBC) responsible for the gathering and broadcasting of news and current affairs.
BBC Online, formerly known as BBCi, is the BBC's online service.
The Black Country is a region of the West Midlands in England, west of Birmingham, and commonly refers to all or part of the four Metropolitan Boroughs of Dudley, Sandwell, Walsall and Wolverhampton.
The British Isles are a group of islands off the north-western coast of continental Europe that consist of the islands of Great Britain, Ireland, the Isle of Man and over six thousand smaller isles.
The British Library is the national library of the United Kingdom and the largest national library in the world by number of items catalogued.
The British people, or the Britons, are the citizens of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, the British Overseas Territories, and the Crown dependencies.
British Sign Language (BSL) is a sign language used in the United Kingdom (UK), and is the first or preferred language of some deaf people in the UK; there are 125,000 deaf adults in the UK who use BSL plus an estimated 20,000 children.
Brittonicisms in English are the linguistic effects in English attributed to the historical influence of Brittonic speakers as they switched language to English following the Anglo-Saxon settlement of Britain and the establishment of Anglo-Saxon political dominance in Britain.
Cambridge University Press (CUP) is the publishing business of the University of Cambridge.
Canadian English (CanE, CE, en-CA) is the set of varieties of the English language native to Canada.
The Chambers Dictionary (TCD) was first published by William and Robert Chambers as Chambers's English Dictionary in 1872.
The term cockney has had several distinct geographical, social, and linguistic associations.
In linguistics, a collective noun refers to a collection of things taken as a whole.
The Collins English Dictionary is a printed and online dictionary of English.
Common Brittonic was an ancient Celtic language spoken in Britain.
The Commonwealth of Nations, often known as simply the Commonwealth, is an intergovernmental organisation of 53 member states that are mostly former territories of the British Empire.
The Continental Celtic languages are the Celtic languages, now extinct, that were spoken on the continent of Europe, as distinguished from the Insular Celtic languages of the British Isles and Brittany.
Corby is a town and borough in the county of Northamptonshire, England.
Cornish (Kernowek) is a revived language that became extinct as a first language in the late 18th century.
The United Kingdom (UK) comprises four countries: England, Northern Ireland, Scotland and Wales.
Cumbric was a variety of the Common Brittonic language spoken during the Early Middle Ages in the Hen Ogledd or "Old North" in what is now Northern England and southern Lowland Scotland.
The term dialect (from Latin,, from the Ancient Greek word,, "discourse", from,, "through" and,, "I speak") is used in two distinct ways to refer to two different types of linguistic phenomena.
A double negative is a grammatical construction occurring when two forms of negation are used in the same sentence.
Early Modern English, Early New English (sometimes abbreviated to EModE, EMnE or EME) is the stage of the English language from the beginning of the Tudor period to the English Interregnum and Restoration, or from the transition from Middle English, in the late 15th century, to the transition to Modern English, in the mid-to-late 17th century.
East Anglia is a geographical area in the East of England.
The East Midlands is one of nine official regions of England at the first level of NUTS for statistical purposes.
East Midlands English is a traditional dialect with modern local and social variations spoken in those parts of the Midlands loosely lying east of Watling Street separating it from West Midlands English, north of a variable isogloss of the variant of Southern English of Oxfordshire and East Anglian English of Cambridgeshire and south of another that separates it from Yorkshire dialect.
England is a country that is part of the United Kingdom.
The modern English alphabet is a Latin alphabet consisting of 26 letters, each having an uppercase and a lowercase form: The same letters constitute the ISO basic Latin alphabet.
English and Welsh is the title of J. R. R. Tolkien's inaugural O'Donnell Memorial Lecture of October 21, 1955.
The use of the English language in most member countries of the Commonwealth of Nations was inherited from British colonisation.
English is a West Germanic language that was first spoken in early medieval England and is now a global lingua franca.
The English language spoken and written in England encompasses a diverse range of accents and dialects.
The English language in Northern England has been shaped by the region's history of settlement and migration, and today encompasses a group of related dialects known as Northern England English (or, simply, Northern English in the United Kingdom).
English in southern England (also, rarely, Southern English English, or in the UK, simply, Southern English) is the collective set of different dialects and accents of the English spoken in southern England.
For centuries, there has been a movement to reform the spelling of English.
Eric Honeywood Partridge (6 February 1894 – 1 June 1979) was a New Zealand–British lexicographer of the English language, particularly of its slang.
Sir Ernest Arthur Gowers (2 June 1880 – 16 April 1966) is best remembered for his book Plain Words, first published in 1948, and for his revision of Fowler's Modern English Usage.
Estuary English is an English dialect or accent associated with South East England, especially the area along the River Thames and its estuary, centering around London.
French (le français or la langue française) is a Romance language of the Indo-European family.
Geordie is a nickname for a person from the Tyneside area of North East England, and the dialect spoken by its inhabitants.
The Germanic languages are a branch of the Indo-European language family spoken natively by a population of about 515 million people mainly in Europe, North America, Oceania, and Southern Africa.
The Germanic peoples (also called Teutonic, Suebian, or Gothic in older literature) are an Indo-European ethno-linguistic group of Northern European origin.
Germany (Deutschland), officially the Federal Republic of Germany (Bundesrepublik Deutschland), is a sovereign state in central-western Europe.
The glottal stop is a type of consonantal sound used in many spoken languages, produced by obstructing airflow in the vocal tract or, more precisely, the glottis.
In linguistics, conjugation is the creation of derived forms of a verb from its principal parts by inflection (alteration of form according to rules of grammar).
In linguistics, grammatical number is a grammatical category of nouns, pronouns, and adjective and verb agreement that expresses count distinctions (such as "one", "two", or "three or more").
Great Britain, also known as Britain, is a large island in the north Atlantic Ocean off the northwest coast of continental Europe.
Hart's Rules for Compositors and Readers at the University Press, Oxford – today published under the short title New Hart's Rules – is an authoritative reference book and style guide published in England by Oxford University Press (OUP).
Hiberno‐English (from Latin Hibernia: "Ireland") or Irish English is the set of English dialects natively written and spoken within the island of Ireland (including both the Republic of Ireland and Northern Ireland).
Immigration is the international movement of people into a destination country of which they are not natives or where they do not possess citizenship in order to settle or reside there, especially as permanent residents or naturalized citizens, or to take up employment as a migrant worker or temporarily as a foreign worker.
The Inner London Education Authority (ILEA) was an ad hoc local education authority for the City of London and the 12 Inner London boroughs from 1965 until its abolition in 1990.
Ireland (Éire; Ulster-Scots: Airlann) is an island in the North Atlantic.
Kettering is a town in Northamptonshire, England, about north of London and from Northampton, on the west side of the River Ise, a tributary of the River Nene.
Latin (Latin: lingua latīna) is a classical language belonging to the Italic branch of the Indo-European languages.
Latin or Roman script is a set of graphic signs (script) based on the letters of the classical Latin alphabet, which is derived from a form of the Cumaean Greek version of the Greek alphabet, used by the Etruscans.
Linking R and intrusive R are sandhi or linking phenomena involving the appearance of the rhotic consonant (which normally corresponds to the letter) between two consecutive morphemes where it would not normally be pronounced.
This is an overview list of dialects of the English language.
These lists of English words of Celtic origin include English words derived from Celtic origins.
A loanword (also loan word or loan-word) is a word adopted from one language (the donor language) and incorporated into another language without translation.
London is the capital and most populous city of England and the United Kingdom.
Longman Dictionary of Contemporary English (LDOCE) was first published by Longman in 1978.
Middle English (ME) is collectively the varieties of the English language spoken after the Norman Conquest (1066) until the late 15th century; scholarly opinion varies but the Oxford English Dictionary specifies the period of 1150 to 1500.
Although every language is mixed to some extent, by virtue of containing loanwords, it is a matter of controversy whether a term mixed language can meaningfully distinguish the contact phenomena of certain languages (such as those listed below) from the type of contact and borrowing seen in all languages.
A neologism (from Greek νέο- néo-, "new" and λόγος lógos, "speech, utterance") is a relatively recent or isolated term, word, or phrase that may be in the process of entering common use, but that has not yet been fully accepted into mainstream language.
The Netherlands (Nederland), often referred to as Holland, is a country located mostly in Western Europe with a population of seventeen million.
New Zealand English (NZE) is the variant of the English language spoken by most English-speaking New Zealanders.
Newcastle upon Tyne, commonly known as Newcastle, is a city in Tyne and Wear, North East England, 103 miles (166 km) south of Edinburgh and 277 miles (446 km) north of London on the northern bank of the River Tyne, from the North Sea.
The Normans (Norman: Normaunds; Normands; Normanni) were the people who, in the 10th and 11th centuries, gave their name to Normandy, a region in France.
Northamptonshire (abbreviated Northants.), archaically known as the County of Northampton, is a county in the East Midlands of England.
Northern Ireland (Tuaisceart Éireann; Ulster-Scots: Norlin Airlann) is a part of the United Kingdom in the north-east of the island of Ireland, variously described as a country, province or region.
Old English (Ænglisc, Anglisc, Englisc), or Anglo-Saxon, is the earliest historical form of the English language, spoken in England and southern and eastern Scotland in the early Middle Ages.
Old Norman, also called Old Northern French or Old Norman French, was one of many langues d'oïl (Old French) dialects.
The Oxford English Dictionary (OED) is the main historical dictionary of the English language, published by the Oxford University Press.
Oxford University Press (OUP) is the largest university press in the world, and the second oldest after Cambridge University Press.
Received Pronunciation (RP) is an accent of Standard English in the United Kingdom and is defined in the Concise Oxford English Dictionary as "the standard accent of English as spoken in the south of England", although it can be heard from native speakers throughout England and Wales.
Spoken English shows great variation across regions where it is the predominant language.
Ireland (Éire), also known as the Republic of Ireland (Poblacht na hÉireann), is a sovereign state in north-western Europe occupying 26 of 32 counties of the island of Ireland.
Rhoticity in English refers to English speakers' pronunciation of the historical rhotic consonant, and is one of the most prominent distinctions by which varieties of English can be classified.
Rhyming slang is a form of slang word construction in the English language that uses rhyme.
The Roman army (Latin: exercitus Romanus) is a term that can in general be applied to the terrestrial armed forces deployed by the Romans throughout the duration of Ancient Rome, from the Roman Kingdom (to c. 500 BC) to the Roman Republic (500–31 BC) and the Roman Empire (31 BC – 395), and its medieval continuation the Eastern Roman Empire.
The Royal Spanish Academy (Spanish: Real Academia Española, generally abbreviated as RAE) is Spain's official royal institution with a mission to ensure the stability of the Spanish language.
Scotland (Alba) is a country that is part of the United Kingdom and covers the northern third of the island of Great Britain.
Scots is the Germanic language variety spoken in Lowland Scotland and parts of Ulster (where the local dialect is known as Ulster Scots).
Scottish English refers to the varieties of English spoken in Scotland.
Scouse (also, in academic sources, called Liverpool English or Merseyside English) is an accent and dialect of English found primarily in the Metropolitan county of Merseyside, and closely associated with the city of Liverpool.
A spoken language is a language produced by articulate sounds, as opposed to a written language.
The Survey of English Dialects was undertaken between 1950 and 1961 under the direction of Professor Harold Orton of the English department of the University of Leeds.
In English phonology, t-glottalization or t-glottaling is a sound change in certain English dialects and accents that causes the phoneme to be pronounced as the glottal stop in certain positions.
The Chicago Manual of Style (abbreviated in writing as CMOS or CMS, or sometimes as Chicago) is a style guide for American English published since 1906 by the University of Chicago Press.
The Complete Plain Words, titled simply Plain Words in its 2014 revision, is a style guide written by Sir Ernest Gowers, published in 1954.
The Guardian is a British daily newspaper.
The Independent is a British online newspaper.
The Times is a British daily (Monday to Saturday) national newspaper based in London, England.
Ulster English (also called Northern Hiberno-English or Northern Irish English) is a major variety of Irish English spoken in most of the province of Ulster.
The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, commonly known as the United Kingdom (UK) or Britain,Usage is mixed with some organisations, including the and preferring to use Britain as shorthand for Great Britain is a sovereign country in western Europe.
The University of Leeds is a Russell Group university in Leeds, West Yorkshire, England.
A vocabulary is a set of familiar words within a person's language.
Welsh English refers to the dialects of English spoken by Welsh people.
Welsh (Cymraeg or y Gymraeg) is a member of the Brittonic branch of the Celtic languages.
West Country English is one of the English language varieties and accents used by much of the native population of South West England, the area sometimes popularly known as the West Country.
The West Germanic languages constitute the largest of the three branches of the Germanic family of languages (the others being the North Germanic and the extinct East Germanic languages).
West Midlands English is a group of dialects of the English language.
West Saxon was one of four distinct dialects of Old English.
The Yorkshire dialect (also Broad Yorkshire, Tyke, Yorkie, or Yorkshire English) is an English dialect of Northern England spoken in England's historic county of Yorkshire.
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