90 relations: Acronym, Allophone, American English, Anatoly Liberman, Archaic Greece, Archaic Greek alphabets, Article (grammar), ASCII, Aspirated consonant, Aspirated h, Australia, Ĥ, Belarusian language, British English, Cedilla, Czech language, Digraph (orthography), Dot (diacritic), EBCDIC, Elision (French), En (Cyrillic), English articles, Eta, Finnish language, Function word, German language, Grapheme, Greek alphabet, H with stroke, H-dropping, H-index, Hampshire, Heaviside step function, Henry (unit), Heta, Heth, Hiberno-English, Higgs boson, Homophone, Hungarian language, Hydrogen, Hypercorrection, Indian English, Inductance, Interjection, Irish language, ISO basic Latin alphabet, JewishGen, John C. Wells, Latin, ..., Lenition, Letter (alphabet), Liaison (French), List of hieroglyphs/H, Macron, Malaysian English, Northern Ireland, Nu (letter), Occitan language, Old Italic script, Oxford English Dictionary, Phoneme, Phonology, Planck constant, Present tense, Protestantism, Proto-Sinaitic script, Romance languages, Romanian language, Russian alphabet, Russian language, Shha, Shibboleth, SI derived unit, Silent letter, Singapore English, Slovak language, Spanish language, Spelling reform, Stress (linguistics), Stress and vowel reduction in English, Syllable, Symbol (chemistry), The American Heritage Dictionary of the English Language, Trigraph (orthography), Ukrainian language, Voiced glottal fricative, Voiceless epiglottal trill, Voiceless glottal fricative, Voiceless pharyngeal fricative. Expand index (40 more) » « Shrink index
An acronym is an abbreviation, used as a word, which is formed from the initial components in a phrase or a word.
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In phonology, an allophone (from the ἄλλος, állos, "other" and φωνή, phōnē, "voice, sound") is one of a set of multiple possible spoken sounds (or phones) or signs used to pronounce a single phoneme in a particular language.
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American English, or United States (U.S.) English, is the set of dialects of the English language native to the United States.
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Anatoly Liberman (Анатолий Симонович Либерман) (born March 10, 1937) is a professor in the Department of German, Scandinavian and Dutch at the University of Minnesota, where he teaches courses in linguistics, etymology, and folklore.
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The Archaic period in Greece (800 BC – 480 BC) is a period of ancient Greek history that followed the Greek Dark Ages.
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Many local variants of the Greek alphabet were employed in ancient Greece during the archaic and early classical periods, until they were replaced by the classical 24-letter alphabet that is the standard today, around 400 BC.
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An article (abbreviated) is a word (or prefix or suffix) that is used with a noun to indicate the type of reference being made by the noun.
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ASCII, abbreviated from American Standard Code for Information Interchange, is a character-encoding scheme (the IANA prefers the name US-ASCII).
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In phonetics, aspiration is the strong burst of breath that accompanies either the release or, in the case of preaspiration, the closure of some obstruents.
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In French spelling, aspirated "h" (French: "h" aspiré) is an initial silent letter “h” that represents a hiatus at a word boundary, in this case between the word in question's first vowel and the preceding word’s last vowel.
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Australia (colloquially), officially the Commonwealth of Australia, is an Oceanian country comprising the mainland of the Australian continent, the island of Tasmania, and numerous smaller islands.
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Ĥ, or ĥ is a consonant in Esperanto orthography, representing a voiceless velar fricative or voiceless uvular fricative.
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Belarusian (беларуская мова) is an official language of Belarus, along with Russian, and is spoken abroad, chiefly in Russia, Ukraine, and Poland.
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British English is the English language as spoken and written in Great Britain or, more broadly, throughout the British Isles.
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A cedilla (from Spanish), also known as cedilha (from Portuguese) or cédille (from French), is a hook or tail added under certain letters as a diacritical mark to modify their pronunciation.
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Czech (čeština), formerly known as Bohemian (lingua Bohemica in Latin), is a West Slavic language spoken by over 10 million people.
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A digraph or digram (from the δίς dís, "double" and γράφω gráphō, "to write") is a pair of characters used to write one phoneme (distinct sound) or a sequence of phonemes that does not correspond to the normal values of the two characters combined.
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When used as a diacritic mark, the term dot is usually reserved for the Interpunct (·), or to the glyphs 'combining dot above' and 'combining dot below' which may be combined with some letters of the extended Latin alphabets in use in Central European languages and Vietnamese.
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Extended Binary Coded Decimal Interchange Code (EBCDIC) is an 8-bit character encoding used mainly on IBM mainframe and IBM midrange computer operating systems.
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In French, elision refers to the suppression of a final unstressed vowel (usually) immediately before another word beginning with a vowel.
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En (Н н; italics: Н н) is a letter of the Cyrillic script.
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Articles in English are the definite article the and the indefinite articles a and an.
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Eta (uppercase Η, lowercase η; Ήτα Hēta) is the seventh letter of the Greek alphabet.
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Finnish (or suomen kieli) is the language spoken by the majority of the population in Finland and by ethnic Finns outside Finland.
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The distinction between function/structure words and content/lexical words proposed by C.C. Fries in 1952 has been highly influential in the grammar used in second language acquisition and English Language Teaching.
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German (Deutsch) is a West Germanic language that derives most of its vocabulary from the Germanic branch of the Indo-European language family.
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A grapheme is the smallest unit used in describing the writing system of a language, originally coined by analogy with the phoneme of spoken languages.
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The Greek alphabet has been used to write the Greek language since the 8th century BC.
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Ħ (minuscule: ħ) is a letter of the Latin alphabet, derived from H with the addition of a bar.
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H-dropping or aitch-dropping is the deletion of the voiceless glottal fricative or "H sound",.
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The h-index is an author-level metric that attempts to measure both the productivity and citation impact of the publications of a scientist or scholar.
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The Heaviside step function, or the unit step function, usually denoted by H (but sometimes u or θ), is a discontinuous function whose value is zero for negative argument and one for positive argument.
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The henry (symbol H) is the unit of electrical inductance in the International System of Units.
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Heta is a conventional name for the historical Greek alphabet letter Eta (Η) and several of its variants, when used in their original function of denoting the consonant /h/.
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or (also spelled Khet, Kheth, Chet, Cheth, Het, or Heth) is the eighth letter of the Semitic abjads, including Phoenician Ḥēt, Hebrew Ḥēt, Aramaic Ḥēth, Syriac Ḥēṯ, and Arabic Ḥā'.
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Hiberno‐English or Irish English is the set of English dialects natively written and spoken within the Republic of Ireland as well as Northern Ireland.
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The Higgs boson or Higgs particle is an elementary particle in the Standard Model of particle physics.
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A homophone is a word that is pronounced the same as another word but differs in meaning, and may differ in spelling.
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Hungarian is the official language of Hungary and one of the 24 official languages of the European Union.
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Hydrogen is a chemical element with chemical symbol H and atomic number 1.
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In linguistics or usage, hypercorrection is a non-standard usage that results from the over-application of a perceived rule of grammar or a usage prescription.
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Indian English is any of the forms of English characteristic of the Indian subcontinent.
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In electromagnetism and electronics, inductance is the property of an electrical conductor by which a change in current flowing through it induces an electromotive force in both the conductor itselfSears and Zemansky 1964:743 and in any nearby conductors by mutual inductance.
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In grammar, an interjection or exclamation is a word used to express a particular emotion or sentiment on the part of the speaker (although most interjections have clear definitions).
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Irish (Gaeilge), sometimes referred to as Gaelic or Irish Gaelic, is a Goidelic language of the Indo-European language family, originating in Ireland and historically spoken by the Irish people.
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The ISO Basic Latin alphabet is a Latin-script alphabet and consists of two sets of 26 letters, codified in various national and international standards and used widely in international communication.
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JewishGen is a non-profit organization founded in 1987 as a resource for Jewish genealogy.
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John Christopher Wells (born 11 March 1939 in Bootle, Lancashire) is a British phonetician and Esperanto teacher.
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Latin (Latin: lingua latīna) is a classical language belonging to the Italic branch of the Indo-European languages.
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In linguistics, lenition is a kind of sound change that alters consonants, making them more sonorous (vowel-like).
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A letter is a grapheme (written character) in an alphabetic system of writing, such as the Greek alphabet and its descendants.
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Liaison is the pronunciation of a latent word-final consonant immediately before a following vowel sound.
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A macron is a diacritical mark, a straight bar placed above a letter, usually a vowel.
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Malaysian English (MyE), formally known as Malaysian Standard English (MySE), is a form of English used and spoken in Malaysia.
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Northern Ireland (Tuaisceart Éireann.; or Ulster Scots: Norlin Airlann) is a part of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland in the northeast of the island of Ireland.
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Nu (uppercase Ν lowercase ν, also transcribed Ny; modern Ni), is the 13th letter of the Greek alphabet.
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Occitan, also known as lenga d'òc (langue d'oc) by its native speakers, is a Romance language.
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Old Italic is any of several now extinct alphabet systems used on the Italian Peninsula in ancient times for various Indo-European languages (predominantly Italic) and non-Indo-European (e.g. Etruscan) languages.
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The Oxford English Dictionary (OED), published by the Oxford University Press, is a descriptive (as opposed to prescriptive) dictionary of the English language.
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A phoneme is all the phones that share the same signifier for a particular language's phonology.
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Phonology is a branch of linguistics concerned with the systematic organization of sounds in languages.
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The Planck constant (denoted, also called Planck's constant) is a physical constant that is the quantum of action in quantum mechanics.
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The present tense is a grammatical tense whose principal function is to locate a situation or event in present time.
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Protestantism is a form of Christian faith and practice which originated with the Protestant Reformation, a movement against what its followers considered to be errors in the Roman Catholic Church.
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Proto-Sinaitic is a term for both a Middle Bronze Age (Middle Kingdom) script attested in a small corpus of inscriptions found at Serabit el-Khadim in the Sinai Peninsula, and the reconstructed common ancestor of the Phoenician and South Arabian scripts, and by extension of most historical and modern alphabets.
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The Romance languages— sometimes called the Latin languages, and occasionally the Romanic or Neo-Latin languages—are the modern languages that evolved from spoken Latin between the sixth and ninth centuries A.D. and that thus form a branch of the Italic languages within the Indo-European language family.
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Romanian (obsolete spellings Rumanian, Roumanian; autonym: română, limba română, "the Romanian language", or românește, lit. "in Romanian") is a Romance language spoken by around 24 million people as a native language, primarily in Romania and Moldova, and by another 4 million people as a second language.
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The Russian alphabet (ˈruskʲɪj ɐlfɐˈvʲit) uses letters from the Cyrillic script.
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Russian (ру́сский язы́к, russkiy yazyk, pronounced) is an East Slavic language and an official language in Russia, Belarus, Kazakhstan, and Kyrgyzstan.
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Shha (italics) is a letter of the Cyrillic script.
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A shibboleth, in its original signification and in a meaning it still bears today, is a word or custom whose variations in pronunciation or style can be used to differentiate members of ingroups from those of outgroups.
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The International System of Units (SI) specifies a set of seven base units from which all other SI units of measurement are derived.
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In an alphabetic writing system, a silent letter is a letter that, in a particular word, does not correspond to any sound in the word's pronunciation.
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Singapore English refers to varieties of the English language spoken in Singapore, of which there are two main forms – Standard Singapore English (SSE) and Singapore Colloquial English (better known as Singlish).
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Slovak (slovenský jazyk,; slovenčina; not to be confused with slovenski jezik or slovenščina, the native names of the Slovene language) is an Indo-European language that belongs to the West Slavic languages (together with Czech, Polish, Silesian, Kashubian, and Sorbian).
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Spanish (español), also called Castilian, is a Romance language that originated in the Castile region of Spain and today has hundreds of millions of native-speakers.
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A spelling reform is a deliberate, often officially sanctioned or mandated change to spelling rules of a language.
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In linguistics, stress is the relative emphasis that may be given to certain syllables in a word, or to certain words in a phrase or sentence.
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Stress is a prominent feature of the English language, both at the level of the word (lexical stress) and at the level of the phrase or sentence (prosodic stress).
A syllable is a unit of organization for a sequence of speech sounds.
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In chemistry, a symbol is a code for a chemical element.
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The American Heritage Dictionary of the English Language (AHD) is an American dictionary of English published by Boston publisher Houghton Mifflin, the first edition of which appeared in 1969.
A trigraph (from the τρεῖς, treîs, "three" and γράφω, gráphō, "write") is a group of three letters used to represent a single sound or a combination of sounds that does not correspond to the written letters combined.
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The breathy-voiced glottal transition, commonly called a voiced glottal fricative, is a type of sound used in some spoken languages which patterns like a fricative or approximant consonant phonologically, but often lacks the usual phonetic characteristics of a consonant.
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The voiceless epiglottal or pharyngeal trill, also analyzed as a fricative, is a type of consonantal sound, used in some spoken languages.
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The voiceless glottal fricative, sometimes called voiceless glottal transition, and sometimes called the aspirate, is a type of sound used in some spoken languages that patterns like a fricative or approximant consonant phonologically, but often lacks the usual phonetic characteristics of a consonant.
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The voiceless pharyngeal fricative is a type of consonantal sound, used in some spoken languages.
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