Get it on Google Play
New! Download Unionpedia on your Android™ device!
Faster access than browser!
New! Discover your interests! » Create account

The vocative case (abbreviated, voc.) is the case used for a noun that identifies a person (animal, object, etc.) being addressed or, occasionally, the determiners of that noun. [1]

77 relations: Accusative case, Adjective, Ancient Greek, Apostrophe (figure of speech), Arabic, Baltic languages, Bible, Breton language, Catalan language, Church Slavonic language, Clitic, Colognian language, Cornish language, Czech declension, Czech language, Czech name, Declension, Demonstrative, Determiner, English language, Et tu, Brute?, Extremaduran language, Fala language, Femininity, Genitive case, Georgian language, German language, Given name, Gospel of Matthew, Grammatical number, Greek language, Hungarian language, Icelandic language, Indo-European languages, Interjection, Irish language, Jerome, Jesu, Joy of Man's Desiring, Just So Stories, Katharevousa, King James Version, Korean language, Kurdish languages, Latin, Lenition, List of glossing abbreviations, Lithuanian language, Masculinity, Nominative case, Northern Kurdish, ..., Noun, O Canada, Old Church Slavonic, Oxford English Dictionary, Polish language, Portuguese language, Possessive, Proto-Indo-European language, Ripuarian language, Romanian language, Romanian nouns, Rudyard Kipling, Russian language, Russian Orthodox Church, Sanskrit, Scottish Gaelic, Slavic languages, Slovak language, Soft sign, Surname, The Chicago Manual of Style, Third person, Ukrainian language, Venetian language, Vulgate, Welsh language, William S. Clark. Expand index (27 more) »

Accusative case

The accusative case (abbreviated) of a noun is the grammatical case used to mark the direct object of a transitive verb.

New!!: Vocative case and Accusative case · See more »


In linguistics, an adjective is a describing word, the main syntactic role of which is to qualify a noun or noun phrase, giving more information about the object signified.

New!!: Vocative case and Adjective · See more »

Ancient Greek

Ancient Greek includes the forms of Greek used in ancient Greece and the ancient world from around the 9th century BC to the 6th century AD.

New!!: Vocative case and Ancient Greek · See more »

Apostrophe (figure of speech)

Apostrophe (Greek ἀποστροφή, apostrophé, "turning away"; the final e being sounded) is an exclamatory figure of speech.

New!!: Vocative case and Apostrophe (figure of speech) · See more »


Arabic (العَرَبِية, or عربي,عربى) is the Classical Arabic language of the 6th century and its modern descendants excluding Maltese.

New!!: Vocative case and Arabic · See more »

Baltic languages

The Baltic languages belong to the Balto-Slavic branch of the Indo-European language family, and are spoken by the Balts.

New!!: Vocative case and Baltic languages · See more »


The Bible (from Koine Greek τὰ βιβλία, tà biblía, "the books") is a collection of texts sacred in Judaism and Christianity.

New!!: Vocative case and Bible · See more »

Breton language

Breton (Brezhoneg) is a Celtic language spoken in Brittany (Breton: Breizh; Bretagne), France.

New!!: Vocative case and Breton language · See more »

Catalan language

Catalan (Laurie Bauer, 2007, The Linguistics Student’s Handbook, Edinburgh; also or autonym: català or) is a Romance language named for its origins in Catalonia, in what is northeastern Spain and adjoining parts of France.

New!!: Vocative case and Catalan language · See more »

Church Slavonic language

Church Slavonic or New Church Slavonic is the conservative Slavic liturgical language used by the Orthodox Church in Bulgaria, Poland, Russia, Serbia, Montenegro, Republic of Macedonia and Ukraine.

New!!: Vocative case and Church Slavonic language · See more »


In morphology and syntax, a clitic (from Greek κλιτικός klitikos, "inflexional") is a morpheme that has syntactic characteristics of a word, but depends phonologically on another word or phrase.

New!!: Vocative case and Clitic · See more »

Colognian language

Colognian or Kölsch is a small set of very closely related dialects, or variants, of the Ripuarian Central German group of languages.

New!!: Vocative case and Colognian language · See more »

Cornish language

Cornish (Kernowek or Kernewek) is a Southwestern Brittonic Celtic language historically spoken by the Cornish people.

New!!: Vocative case and Cornish language · See more »

Czech declension

Czech declension is a complex system of grammatically determined modifications of nouns, adjectives, pronouns and numerals in the Czech language.

New!!: Vocative case and Czech declension · See more »

Czech language

Czech (čeština), formerly known as Bohemian (lingua Bohemica in Latin), is a West Slavic language spoken by over 10 million people.

New!!: Vocative case and Czech language · See more »

Czech name

Czech names are composed of a given name and a surname.

New!!: Vocative case and Czech name · See more »


In linguistics, declension is the inflection of nouns, pronouns, adjectives, and articles to indicate number (at least singular and plural), case (nominative or subjective, genitive or possessive, etc.), and gender.

New!!: Vocative case and Declension · See more »


Demonstratives are words like this and that, used to indicate which entities are being referred to and to distinguish those entities from others.

New!!: Vocative case and Demonstrative · See more »


A determiner (also called determinative) is a word, phrase, or affix that occurs together with a noun or noun phrase and serves to express the reference of that noun or noun phrase in the context.

New!!: Vocative case and Determiner · See more »

English language

English is a West Germanic language that was first spoken in early medieval England and is now a global lingua franca.

New!!: Vocative case and English language · See more »

Et tu, Brute?

"Et tu, Brute?" is a Latin phrase meaning "and you, Brutus?" or "you, too, Brutus?", purportedly as the last words of the Roman dictator Julius Caesar to his friend Marcus Brutus at the moment of his assassination.

New!!: Vocative case and Et tu, Brute? · See more »

Extremaduran language

Extremaduran (autonym: estremeñu) is a Romance language, spoken by several hundred thousand people in Spain, in an area covering the north-western part of the autonomous community of Extremadura and adjoining areas in the province of Salamanca.

New!!: Vocative case and Extremaduran language · See more »

Fala language

Fala ("Speech") is a Romance language commonly classified in the Portuguese-Galician subgroup, with some traits from Leonese, spoken in Spain by about 10,500 people, of whom 5,500 live in a valley of the northwestern part of Extremadura near the border with Portugal.

New!!: Vocative case and Fala language · See more »


Femininity (also called feminity, girlishness, womanliness or womanhood) is a set of attributes, behaviors, and roles generally associated with girls and women.

New!!: Vocative case and Femininity · See more »

Genitive case

In grammar, genitive (abbreviated; also called the possessive case or second case) is the grammatical case that marks a noun as modifying another noun.

New!!: Vocative case and Genitive case · See more »

Georgian language

Georgian (ქართული ენა tr. kartuli ena) is a Kartvelian language spoken by Georgians.

New!!: Vocative case and Georgian language · See more »

German language

German (Deutsch) is a West Germanic language that derives most of its vocabulary from the Germanic branch of the Indo-European language family.

New!!: Vocative case and German language · See more »

Given name

A given name (also known as a personal name, first name, forename, or Christian name) is a part of a person's full nomenclature.

New!!: Vocative case and Given name · See more »

Gospel of Matthew

The Gospel According to Matthew (κατὰ Ματθαῖον εὐαγγέλιον, kata Matthaion euangelion, τὸ εὐαγγέλιον κατὰ Ματθαῖον, to euangelion kata Matthaion) (Gospel of Matthew or simply Matthew) is one of the four canonical gospels, one of the three synoptic gospels, and the first book of the New Testament.

New!!: Vocative case and Gospel of Matthew · See more »

Grammatical number

In linguistics, grammatical number is a grammatical category of nouns, pronouns, and adjective and verb agreement that expresses count distinctions (such as "one", "two", or "three or more").

New!!: Vocative case and Grammatical number · See more »

Greek language

Greek or Hellenic (Modern Greek: ελληνικά, elliniká, "Greek", ελληνική γλώσσα, ellinikí glóssa, "Greek language") is an independent branch of the Indo-European family of languages, native to the southern Balkans, the Aegean Islands, western Asia Minor, parts of northern and Eastern Anatolia and the South Caucasus, southern Italy, Albania and Cyprus.

New!!: Vocative case and Greek language · See more »

Hungarian language

Hungarian is the official language of Hungary and one of the 24 official languages of the European Union.

New!!: Vocative case and Hungarian language · See more »

Icelandic language

Icelandic is a North Germanic language, the language of Iceland.

New!!: Vocative case and Icelandic language · See more »

Indo-European languages

The Indo-European languages are a family of several hundred related languages and dialects.

New!!: Vocative case and Indo-European languages · See more »


In grammar, an interjection or exclamation is a word used to express a particular emotion or sentiment on the part of the speaker (although most interjections have clear definitions).

New!!: Vocative case and Interjection · See more »

Irish language

Irish (Gaeilge), sometimes referred to as Gaelic or Irish Gaelic, is a Goidelic language of the Indo-European language family, originating in Ireland and historically spoken by the Irish people.

New!!: Vocative case and Irish language · See more »


Saint Jerome (Eusebius Sophronius Hieronymus; Εὐσέβιος Σωφρόνιος Ἱερώνυμος; c.  347 – 30 September 420) was a Catholic priest, confessor, theologian and historian, who also became a Doctor of the Church.

New!!: Vocative case and Jerome · See more »

Jesu, Joy of Man's Desiring

Jesu, Joy of Man's Desiring is the most common English title of the 10th and last movement of the cantata ''Herz und Mund und Tat und Leben'', BWV 147 ("Heart and Mouth and Deed and Life"), composed by Johann Sebastian Bach in 1716 and 1723.

New!!: Vocative case and Jesu, Joy of Man's Desiring · See more »

Just So Stories

The Just So Stories for Little Children are a collection written by the British author Rudyard Kipling.

New!!: Vocative case and Just So Stories · See more »


Katharevousa (Καθαρεύουσα, (Modern Greek: /kaθaˈrevusa/, lit. "pure "), is a form of the Modern Greek language conceived in the early 19th century as a compromise between Ancient Greek and the Demotic Greek of the time. Originally, it was widely used both for literary and official purposes, though seldom in daily language. In the 20th century, it was increasingly adopted for official and formal purposes, until Demotic Greek became the official language of Greece in 1976 and Andreas Papandreou abolished the polytonic system of writing in 1981. Katharevousa was conceived by the intellectual and revolutionary leader Adamantios Korais. A graduate of the University of Montpellier, Korais spent most of his life as an expatriate in Paris. Being a classical scholar, he was repelled by the Byzantine and later influence on Greek society and was a fierce critic of the clergy and their alleged subservience to the Ottoman Empire. He held that education was a prerequisite to Greek liberation. Part of its purpose was to mediate the struggle between the "archaists" favouring full reversion to archaic forms, and the "modernists".

New!!: Vocative case and Katharevousa · See more »

King James Version

The King James Version (KJV), also known as the Authorized Version (AV) or King James Bible (KJB), is an English translation of the Christian Bible for the Church of England begun in 1604 and completed in 1611.

New!!: Vocative case and King James Version · See more »

Korean language

Korean (조선말, see below) is the official language of both South Korea and North Korea, as well as one of the two official languages in China's Yanbian Korean Autonomous Prefecture.

New!!: Vocative case and Korean language · See more »

Kurdish languages

Kurdish (کوردی, Kurdî) is a continuum of Northwestern Iranian languages spoken by the Kurds in Western Asia.

New!!: Vocative case and Kurdish languages · See more »


Latin (Latin: lingua latīna) is a classical language belonging to the Italic branch of the Indo-European languages.

New!!: Vocative case and Latin · See more »


In linguistics, lenition is a kind of sound change that alters consonants, making them more sonorous (vowel-like).

New!!: Vocative case and Lenition · See more »

List of glossing abbreviations

This page lists common abbreviations for grammatical terms that are used in linguistic interlinear glossing.

New!!: Vocative case and List of glossing abbreviations · See more »

Lithuanian language

Lithuanian (lietuvių kalba) is the official state language of Lithuania and is recognized as one of the official languages of the European Union.

New!!: Vocative case and Lithuanian language · See more »


Masculinity (also called boyhood, manliness or manhood) is a set of attributes, behaviors and roles generally associated with boys and men.

New!!: Vocative case and Masculinity · See more »

Nominative case

The nominative case (abbreviated) is one of the grammatical cases of a noun or other part of speech, which generally marks the subject of a verb or the predicate noun or predicate adjective, as opposed to its object or other verb arguments.

New!!: Vocative case and Nominative case · See more »

Northern Kurdish

Northern Kurdish (کوردیا ژۆرین; kurdiya jorîn), also called Kurmanji (کورمانجی; Kurmancî), is a group of Kurdish dialects predominantly spoken in southeast Turkey, northwest Iran, northern Iraq and northern Syria.

New!!: Vocative case and Northern Kurdish · See more »


A noun (from Latin nōmen, literally meaning "name") is a word that functions as the name of some specific thing or set of things, such as living creatures, objects, places, actions, qualities, states of existence, or ideas.

New!!: Vocative case and Noun · See more »

O Canada

"O Canada" is the national anthem of Canada.

New!!: Vocative case and O Canada · See more »

Old Church Slavonic

Old Church Slavonic, also known as Old Church Slavic (often abbreviated to OCS; self-name, slověnĭskŭ językŭ), was the first Slavic literary language.

New!!: Vocative case and Old Church Slavonic · See more »

Oxford English Dictionary

The Oxford English Dictionary (OED), published by the Oxford University Press, is a descriptive (as opposed to prescriptive) dictionary of the English language.

New!!: Vocative case and Oxford English Dictionary · See more »

Polish language

Polish (język polski, polszczyzna) is a Slavic language spoken primarily in Poland and the native language of the Poles.

New!!: Vocative case and Polish language · See more »

Portuguese language

Portuguese (português or, in full, língua portuguesa) is a Romance language and the sole official language of Portugal, Brazil, Mozambique, Angola, Cape Verde, Guinea-Bissau and São Tomé and Príncipe.

New!!: Vocative case and Portuguese language · See more »


A possessive form is a word or grammatical construction used to indicate a relationship of possession in a broad sense.

New!!: Vocative case and Possessive · See more »

Proto-Indo-European language

Proto-Indo-European (PIE) is the linguistic reconstruction of the common ancestor of the Indo-European languages.

New!!: Vocative case and Proto-Indo-European language · See more »

Ripuarian language

Ripuarian (also Ripuarian Franconian or Ripuarisch Platt; natively Ripoarėsch) is a German dialect group, part of the West Central German language group.

New!!: Vocative case and Ripuarian language · See more »

Romanian language

Romanian (obsolete spellings Rumanian, Roumanian; autonym: română, limba română, "the Romanian language", or românește, lit. "in Romanian") is a Romance language spoken by around 24 million people as a native language, primarily in Romania and Moldova, and by another 4 million people as a second language.

New!!: Vocative case and Romanian language · See more »

Romanian nouns

This article on Romanian nouns is related to Romanian grammar and belongs to a series of articles on the Romanian language.

New!!: Vocative case and Romanian nouns · See more »

Rudyard Kipling

Joseph Rudyard Kipling (30 December 1865 – 18 January 1936)The Times, (London) 18 January 1936, p. 12 was an English short-story writer, poet, and novelist.

New!!: Vocative case and Rudyard Kipling · See more »

Russian language

Russian (ру́сский язы́к, russkiy yazyk, pronounced) is an East Slavic language and an official language in Russia, Belarus, Kazakhstan, and Kyrgyzstan.

New!!: Vocative case and Russian language · See more »

Russian Orthodox Church

The Russian Orthodox Church (ROC; Rússkaya Pravoslávnaya Tsérkov), alternatively legally known as the Moscow Patriarchate (Moskóvskiy Patriarkhát), is one of the autocephalous Eastern Orthodox churches, in full communion with other Eastern Orthodox patriarchates.

New!!: Vocative case and Russian Orthodox Church · See more »


Sanskrit (Sanskrit: or, originally, "refined speech") is the primary sacred language of Hinduism, a philosophical language in Buddhism, Hinduism and Jainism, and a literary language that was in use as a lingua franca in Greater India.

New!!: Vocative case and Sanskrit · See more »

Scottish Gaelic

Scottish Gaelic, sometimes also referred to as Gaelic (Gàidhlig), is a Celtic language native to Scotland.

New!!: Vocative case and Scottish Gaelic · See more »

Slavic languages

The Slavic languages (also called Slavonic languages), a group of closely related languages of the Slavic peoples and a subgroup of Indo-European languages, have speakers in most of Eastern Europe, much of the Balkans, parts of Central Europe, and the northern part of Asia.

New!!: Vocative case and Slavic languages · See more »

Slovak language

Slovak (slovenský jazyk,; slovenčina; not to be confused with slovenski jezik or slovenščina, the native names of the Slovene language) is an Indo-European language that belongs to the West Slavic languages (together with Czech, Polish, Silesian, Kashubian, and Sorbian).

New!!: Vocative case and Slovak language · See more »

Soft sign

The soft sign (Ь, ь, italics Ь, ь; Russian: мягкий знак) also known as the front yer or front er, is a letter of the Cyrillic script.

New!!: Vocative case and Soft sign · See more »


A surname or family name is a name added to a given name.

New!!: Vocative case and Surname · See more »

The Chicago Manual of Style

The Chicago Manual of Style (abbreviated in writing as CMS or CMOS, or, by some writers as Chicago) is a style guide for American English published since 1906 by the University of Chicago Press.

New!!: Vocative case and The Chicago Manual of Style · See more »

Third person

Third person or third-person may refer to.

New!!: Vocative case and Third person · See more »

Ukrainian language

No description.

New!!: Vocative case and Ukrainian language · See more »

Venetian language

Venetian or Venetan (Venetian: vèneto, vènet or łéngua vèneta) is a Romance language spoken as a native language by almost four million people,Ethnologue.

New!!: Vocative case and Venetian language · See more »


The Vulgate is a late fourth-century Latin translation of the Bible that became, during the 16th century, the Catholic Church's officially promulgated Latin version of the Bible.

New!!: Vocative case and Vulgate · See more »

Welsh language

Welsh (Cymraeg or y Gymraeg, pronounced) is a member of the Brittonic branch of the Celtic languages spoken natively in Wales, by some along the Welsh border in England, and in Y Wladfa (the Welsh colony in Chubut Province, Argentina).

New!!: Vocative case and Welsh language · See more »

William S. Clark

William Smith Clark (July 31, 1826 – March 9, 1886) was a professor of chemistry, botany and zoology, a colonel during the American Civil War, and a leader in agricultural education.

New!!: Vocative case and William S. Clark · See more »

Redirects here:

Direct address, O (vocative), O word, Vocative, Vocative Case.


[1] https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Vocative_case

Hey! We are on Facebook now! »