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Aachen or Bad Aachen, French and traditional English: Aix-la-Chapelle, is a spa and border city.
The Academy Awards, also known as the Oscars, are a set of 24 awards for artistic and technical merit in the American film industry, given annually by the Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences (AMPAS), to recognize excellence in cinematic achievements as assessed by the Academy's voting membership.
The Academy of Media Arts Cologne is a teaching and research institution for audio-visual media in Cologne, Germany.
Adolf Kober (3 September 1879 in Beuthen, Oberschlesien; - 30 December 1958 in New York City) was a rabbi and a historian.
Agrippina the Younger (Latin: Julia Agrippina; 6 November AD 15 – 23 March AD 59), also referred to as Agrippina Minor (Minor, which is Latin for "the Younger") was a Roman empress and one of the more prominent women in the Julio-Claudian dynasty.
Albertus Magnus, O.P. (c. 1200 – November 15, 1280), also known as Saint Albert the Great and Albert of Cologne, was a German Catholic Dominican friar and bishop.
The Allgemeiner Deutscher Fahrrad-Club (ADFC) (German Cyclist’s Association) is a registered cycling association and club for cyclists in Germany.
Alliance 90/The Greens, often simply Greens (Bündnis 90/Die Grünen or Grüne), is a green political party in Germany that was formed from the merger of the German Green Party (founded in West Germany in 1980 and merged with the East Greens in 1990) and Alliance 90 (founded during the Revolution of 1989–1990 in East Germany) in 1993.
The Allies of World War II, called the United Nations from the 1 January 1942 declaration, were the countries that together opposed the Axis powers during the Second World War (1939–1945).
The Alps (Alpes; Alpen; Alpi; Alps; Alpe) are the highest and most extensive mountain range system that lies entirely in Europe,The Caucasus Mountains are higher, and the Urals longer, but both lie partly in Asia.
Alsace (Alsatian: ’s Elsass; German: Elsass; Alsatia) is a cultural and historical region in eastern France, on the west bank of the upper Rhine next to Germany and Switzerland.
Altbier (German: old beer) is a style of beer brewed in the historical region of Westphalia and around the city of Düsseldorf, Germany.
Alternative for Germany (Alternative für Deutschland, AfD) is a right-wing to far-right political party in Germany.
The Americas (also collectively called America)"America." The Oxford Companion to the English Language.
Amsterdam is the capital and most populous municipality of the Netherlands.
Angela Nathalie Gossow (born 5 November 1974) is a German vocalist, best known as the former lead vocalist for the Swedish melodic death metal band Arch Enemy.
The applied arts are the application of design and decoration to everyday objects to make them aesthetically pleasing.
An arboretum (plural: arboreta) in a general sense is a botanical collection composed exclusively of trees.
Arch Enemy is a Swedish melodic death metal band, originally a supergroup, from Halmstad, formed in 1995.
In Christianity, an archbishop (via Latin archiepiscopus, from Greek αρχιεπίσκοπος, from αρχι-, 'chief', and επίσκοπος, 'bishop') is a bishop of higher rank or office.
The Archbishop of Cologne is an archbishop representing the Archdiocese of Cologne of the Catholic Church in western North Rhine-Westphalia and northern Rhineland-Palatinate in Germany and was ex officio one of the electors of the Holy Roman Empire, the Elector of Cologne, from 1356 to 1801.
Art Cologne is an art fair held annually in Cologne, Germany and was established in 1967 as Kölner Kunstmarkt.
An art museum or art gallery is a building or space for the exhibition of art, usually visual art.
Ash Wednesday is a Christian holy day of prayer, fasting and repentance.
Asian people or Asiatic peopleUnited States National Library of Medicine.
Association football, more commonly known as football or soccer, is a team sport played between two teams of eleven players with a spherical ball.
Australians, colloquially known as Aussies, are people associated with Australia, sharing a common history, culture, and language (Australian English).
Austrasia was a territory which formed the northeastern section of the Merovingian Kingdom of the Franks during the 6th to 8th centuries.
AXA is a French multinational insurance firm headquartered in the 8th arrondissement of Paris that engages in global insurance, investment management, and other financial services.
Alex Patricio Calatrava (born 14 June 1973) is a former tour tennis player from Spain, who turned professional in 1993.
BAP is a German rock group.
Barcelona is a city in Spain.
The Basilica of St.
The Basilica of St.
The Battle of Worringen was fought on June 5, 1288, near the town of Worringen (also spelled Woeringen), which is now the northernmost borough of Cologne.
Bavaria (Bavarian and Bayern), officially the Free State of Bavaria (Freistaat Bayern), is a landlocked federal state of Germany, occupying its southeastern corner.
Bayenthal (Köln-Bayenthal) is a neighbourhood of Cologne, Germany and part of the district of Rodenkirchen.
The Bürgerliches Gesetzbuch, abbreviated BGB, is the civil code of Germany.
Beijing, formerly romanized as Peking, is the capital of the People's Republic of China, the world's second most populous city proper, and most populous capital city.
Belgium, officially the Kingdom of Belgium, is a country in Western Europe bordered by France, the Netherlands, Germany and Luxembourg.
Berlin is the capital and the largest city of Germany, as well as one of its 16 constituent states.
Berlin Tempelhof Airport (Flughafen Berlin-Tempelhof) was one of the airports in Berlin, Germany.
Berlinerisch or Berlinisch is a dialect of German.
Bethlehem (بيت لحم, "House of Meat"; בֵּית לֶחֶם,, "House of Bread";; Bethleem; initially named after Canaanite fertility god Lehem) is a Palestinian city located in the central West Bank, Palestine, about south of Jerusalem.
The biblical Magi (or; singular: magus), also referred to as the (Three) Wise Men or (Three) Kings, were, in the Gospel of Matthew and Christian tradition, a group of distinguished foreigners who visited Jesus after his birth, bearing gifts of gold, frankincense and myrrh.
Bicycle-friendly policies and practices help some people feel more comfortable about traveling by bicycle with other traffic.
The German city of Cologne was bombed in 262 separate air raids at www.koelnarchitektur.de "Internet portal for the architecture of Cologne".
The Federal City of Bonn is a city on the banks of the Rhine in the German state of North Rhine-Westphalia, with a population of over 300,000.
A botanical garden or botanic gardenThe terms botanic and botanical and garden or gardens are used more-or-less interchangeably, although the word botanic is generally reserved for the earlier, more traditional gardens.
Brainpool TV GmbH is a German television production company located in Cologne.
is a town in the Rhineland, Germany.
There have been two formations named British Army of the Rhine (BAOR).
Britta Heidemann (born 22 December 1982) is a German épée fencer.
Bruno the Great or Bruno I, (May 925 – 11 October 965) was Archbishop of Cologne,Religious Drama and Ecclesiastical Reform in the Tenth Century, James H. Forse, Early Theatre, Vol.
Brussels (Bruxelles,; Brussel), officially the Brussels-Capital Region (All text and all but one graphic show the English name as Brussels-Capital Region.) (Région de Bruxelles-Capitale, Brussels Hoofdstedelijk Gewest), is a region of Belgium comprising 19 municipalities, including the City of Brussels, which is the de jure capital of Belgium.
is an autobahn in Germany that links the border with the Netherlands near Wesel in the northwest to then go to the A2/A516 in Oberhausen an ultimately to the south at the Austrian border near Passau, where it continues in Austria as the A8.
is an autobahn that crosses Germany in a west-east direction.
is an autobahn connecting the cities of Cologne and Bonn.
Can was a German experimental rock band formed in Cologne, West Germany, in 1968 by the core quartet of Holger Czukay (bass), Irmin Schmidt (keyboards), Michael Karoli (guitar), and Jaki Liebezeit (drums).
Carl Hubert Wyland (22 May 1886 – 24 May 1972) was a German blacksmith.
A variety of customs and traditions are associated with Carnival celebrations in the German-speaking countries of Germany, Switzerland and Austria.
The Catholic Church, also known as the Roman Catholic Church, is the largest Christian church, with more than 1.299 billion members worldwide.
Cölner Hofbräu Früh (or just Früh) is a private brewery for top-fermented beer called Kölsch.
Central German (Mitteldeutsche Dialekte) is a group of High German dialects spoken from the Rhineland in the west to the former eastern territories of Germany.
The Federal Chancellor of the Federal Republic of Germany (in German called Bundeskanzler(in), meaning "Federal Chancellor", or in) for short) is, under the German 1949 Constitution, the head of government of Germany.
The Channel Tunnel (Le tunnel sous la Manche; also nicknamed the Chunnel) is a rail tunnel linking Folkestone, Kent, in the United Kingdom, with Coquelles, Pas-de-Calais, near Calais in northern France, beneath the English Channel at the Strait of Dover.
Charlemagne or Charles the Great (Karl der Große, Carlo Magno; 2 April 742 – 28 January 814), numbered Charles I, was King of the Franks from 768, King of the Lombards from 774, and Holy Roman Emperor from 800.
Chorweiler is the Sixth city district (Stadtbezirk) of Cologne, Germany.
The Christian Democratic Union of Germany (Christlich Demokratische Union Deutschlands, CDU) is a Christian democratic and liberal-conservative political party in Germany.
A city gate is a gate which is, or was, set within a city wall.
Claudius (Tiberius Claudius Caesar Augustus Germanicus; 1 August 10 BC – 13 October 54 AD) was Roman emperor from 41 to 54.
Baron Clemens August von Droste zu Vischering, German Clemens August Freiherr von Droste zu Vischering (21 January 1773 – 19 October 1845) was an Archbishop of Cologne.
Cluj-Napoca (Klausenburg; Kolozsvár,; Medieval Latin: Castrum Clus, Claudiopolis; and קלויזנבורג, Kloiznburg), commonly known as Cluj, is the fourth most populous city in Romania, and the seat of Cluj County in the northwestern part of the country.
Cologne is one of the five governmental districts of the German Federal State of North Rhine-Westphalia.
| The Cologne Beltway (German:Kölner Autobahnring) is the collective term for the Autobahns encircling Cologne.
Cologne Bonn Airport (German: Flughafen Köln/Bonn „Konrad Adenauer“, also known as Flughafen Köln-Wahn) is the international airport of Germany's fourth-largest city Cologne, and also serves Bonn, capital of the former West Germany.
The Cologne Bonn Region (German: Region Köln/Bonn), also known as Cologne/Bonn Metropolitan Region (Metropolregion Köln/Bonn) is a metropolitan area in North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany, covering the cities of Cologne, Bonn and Leverkusen, as well as the districts of Rheinisch-Bergischer Kreis, Oberbergischer Kreis, Rhein-Erft-Kreis and Rhein-Sieg-Kreis.
Cologne Business School GmbH (CBS) is a private business school established in 1993 in the city of Cologne, Germany.
The Butzweilerhof is the former civil airport of Cologne.
The Cologne Cable Car (Kölner Seilbahn or Rheinseilbahn (Köln)) is a gondola lift that runs across the river Rhine in Cologne, Germany.
The Cologne Carnival (Kölner Karneval) is a carnival that takes place every year in Cologne, Germany.
Cologne Cathedral (Kölner Dom, officially Hohe Domkirche Sankt Petrus, English: Cathedral Church of Saint Peter) is a Catholic cathedral in Cologne, Northrhine-Westfalia, Germany.
The Cologne Central Mosque (DITIB-Zentralmoschee Köln, Merkez-Camii) is a building commissioned by German Muslims of the Organization DITIB for a large, representative Zentralmoschee (central mosque) in Cologne, Germany.
The City Hall (Rathaus) is a historical building in Cologne, western Germany.
The Cologne Comedy Festival is an international comedy festival held in Cologne, Germany every year since 1991.
The Cologne Lowland,Dickinson 1953, 35, 461–64, 466–73.
The Cologne Marathon (Köln-Marathon) is an annual marathon held in Cologne, Germany.
The Cologne Opera (German: Oper der Stadt Köln or Oper Köln) refers both to the main opera house in Cologne, Germany and to its resident opera company.
The Cologne Ring (known in German as: Kölner Ringe) is a semi-circular, some 6 km long urban boulevard in Innenstadt, Cologne and the city's busiest and most prominent street system.
The Cologne Rodenkirchen Bridge is a steel suspension bridge over the Rhine located in Cologne, Germany.
The sewerage system of Cologne is part of the water infrastructure serving Cologne, Germany.
The Cologne Stadtbahn is a light rail system in the German city of Cologne, including several surrounding cities of the Cologne Bonn Region (Bergisch Gladbach, Bonn, Bornheim, Brühl, Frechen, Hürth, Leverkusen-Schlebusch, Wesseling).
The Cologne Tower (KölnTurm) is a 44-storey office skyscraper in the Köln-Neustadt-Nord district of Cologne, Germany that stands high, or, including its antenna.
The Aktiengesellschaft Cologne Zoological Garden is the zoo of Cologne, Germany.
The Cologne-Weidenpesch Racecourse (Galopprennbahn Köln-Weidenpesch) is a horse racing track at Weidenpescher Park in Nippes, Cologne.
Cologne/Bonn Airport (Köln/Bonn Flughafen) is a station at Cologne Bonn Airport in the German state of North Rhine-Westphalia.
Colognian or Kölsch (natively Kölsch Platt) is a small set of very closely related dialects, or variants, of the Ripuarian Central German group of languages.
A Roman colonia (plural coloniae) was originally a Roman outpost established in conquered territory to secure it.
Colonia Claudia Ara Agrippinensium was the Roman colony in the Rhineland from which the German city of Cologne developed.
Colonia-Haus is a 45-storey, skyscraper completed in 1973 in the Riehl district of Cologne, Germany.
Colonius is the Cologne telecommunications tower, which was finished in 1981.
Pigeons and doves constitute the animal family Columbidae and the order Columbiformes, which includes about 42 genera and 310 species.
The Communist Party of Germany (Kommunistische Partei Deutschlands, KPD) was a major political party in Germany between 1918 and 1933, and a minor party in West Germany in the postwar period until it was banned in 1956.
The Congress of Vienna (Wiener Kongress) also called Vienna Congress, was a meeting of ambassadors of European states chaired by Austrian statesman Klemens von Metternich, and held in Vienna from November 1814 to June 1815, though the delegates had arrived and were already negotiating by late September 1814.
Constantine the Great (Flavius Valerius Aurelius Constantinus Augustus; Κωνσταντῖνος ὁ Μέγας; 27 February 272 ADBirth dates vary but most modern historians use 272". Lenski, "Reign of Constantine" (CC), 59. – 22 May 337 AD), also known as Constantine I or Saint Constantine, was a Roman Emperor of Illyrian and Greek origin from 306 to 337 AD.
Corinto is a town of 16,624 (2005 population) on the northwest Pacific coast of Nicaragua in the province of Chinandega.
Cork (from corcach, meaning "marsh") is a city in south-west Ireland, in the province of Munster, which had a population of 125,622 in 2016.
Corporate headquarters is a building or group of buildings that serve as the main base of operations and serve as the corporation's main offices for administrative and managerial staff, including strategic planners, corporate communications, accountants, lawyers, marketing staff, financial service staff, the Human Resources Department, and information technology (research) division.
The County of Mark (Grafschaft Mark, Comté de La Marck colloquially known as Die Mark) was a county and state of the Holy Roman Empire in the Lower Rhenish–Westphalian Circle.
Düren is a town in North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany, between Aachen and Cologne on the river Rur.
Düsseldorf (Low Franconian, Ripuarian: Düsseldörp), often Dusseldorf in English sources, is the capital city of the German state of North Rhine-Westphalia and the seventh most populous city in Germany. Düsseldorf is an international business and financial centre, renowned for its fashion and trade fairs.
The population of Africa has grown rapidly over the past century, and consequently shows a large youth bulge, further reinforced by a low life expectancy of below 50 years in some African countries.
A department is an administrative or political subdivision in many countries.
Deutsche Bahn AG (abbreviated as DB, DB AG or DBAG) is a German railway company.
The Deutsche Eishockey Liga (English: German Ice Hockey League) or DEL, is a German professional ice hockey league that was founded in 1994.
Deutsche Welle ("German wave" in German) or DW is Germany's public international broadcaster.
The Deutscher Wetterdienst or DWD for short, is the German Meteorological Office, based in Offenbach am Main, Germany, which monitors weather and meteorological conditions over Germany and provides weather services for the general public and for nautical, aviational or agricultural purposes.
Deutschlandradio (DLR or DRadio) is a national German public radio broadcaster.
Deutz AG is an internal combustion engine manufacturer, based in Porz, Cologne, Germany.
Cologne-Deutz, often just Deutz is an inner city part of Cologne, Germany and a formerly independent town.
Dinosaurs are a diverse group of reptiles of the clade Dinosauria.
Berg was a state – originally a county, later a duchy – in the Rhineland of Germany.
The Duchy of Westphalia (Herzogtum Westfalen) was a historic territory in the Holy Roman Empire, which existed from 1180.
East Francia (Latin: Francia orientalis) or the Kingdom of the East Franks (regnum Francorum orientalium) was a precursor of the Holy Roman Empire.
Eau de Cologne (German: Kölnisch Wasser; meaning "Water from Cologne"), or simply cologne, is a perfume originating from Cologne, Germany.
The Edmonton Oilers are a professional ice hockey team based in Edmonton, Alberta.
The Ehrenfeld Group (sometimes called the Steinbrück Group) was an anti-Nazi resistance group, active in the summer and autumn of 1944.
Ehrenfeld is a city district (Stadtbezirk) of the City of Cologne in Germany.
Eil is a suburb of Cologne, Germany, located in the city district of Porz, south-east of the city centre.
EL-DE Haus, officially the NS Documentation Center of the City of Cologne, located in Cologne, is the former headquarters of the Gestapo and now a museum documenting the Third Reich.
The Electorate of Cologne (Kurfürstentum Köln), sometimes referred to as Electoral Cologne (Kurköln), was an ecclesiastical principality of the Holy Roman Empire that existed from the 10th to the early 19th century.
An Emmy Award, or simply Emmy, is an American award that recognizes excellence in the television industry, and is the equivalent of an Academy Award (for film), the Tony Award (for theater), and the Grammy Award (for music).
Erich Klibansky (28 November 1900 in Frankfurt am Main – 24 July 1942 near Minsk) was headmaster and teacher of Jawne, the first Jewish Gymnasium of Rhineland in Cologne.
Ernst Ising (May 10, 1900 in Cologne, Rhine, Germany – May 11, 1998 in Peoria, Illinois, USA) was a German physicist, who is best remembered for the development of the Ising model.
Eryops meaning "drawn-out face" because most of its skull was in front of its eyes (Greek ἐρύειν, eryein.
Esch-sur-Alzette (Esch-Uelzecht, Esch-an-der-Alzette or Esch-an-der-Alzig, Esch-sur-Alzette) is a commune with town status in south-western Luxembourg.
Eurolines Organisation is an international non-profit organisation according to Belgian law.
Europe is a continent located entirely in the Northern Hemisphere and mostly in the Eastern Hemisphere.
The European Astronaut Centre (EAC) (German: Europäisches Astronautenzentrum, French: Centre des astronautes européens), is a centre of the European Space Agency and home of the European Astronaut Corps.
The European Aviation Safety Agency or EASA is an agency of the European Union with responsibility for civil aviation safety.
The European College of Sport Science (ECSS) is a sport scientific society founded in 1995 in Nice, France, dedicated to the collection, generation and dissemination of scientific knowledge.
The European Space Agency (ESA; Agence spatiale européenne, ASE; Europäische Weltraumorganisation) is an intergovernmental organisation of 22 member states dedicated to the exploration of space.
The European Union (EU) is a political and economic union of EUnum member states that are located primarily in Europe.
The Eurovision Song Contest 2011 was the 56th edition of the annual Eurovision Song Contest.
The Evangelical Church in Germany (Evangelische Kirche in Deutschland, abbreviated EKD) is a federation of twenty Lutheran, Reformed (Calvinist) and United (Prussian Union) Protestant regional churches and denominations in Germany, which collectively encompasses the vast majority of Protestants in that country.
A Fachhochschule (plural Fachhochschulen), abbreviated FH, or University of Applied Sciences (UAS) is a German tertiary education institution, specializing in topical areas (e.g. engineering, technology or business).
FC Viktoria Köln is a German association football club from the city of Cologne in North Rhine-Westphalia.
A feral animal or plant (from Latin fera, "a wild beast") is one that lives in the wild but is descended from domesticated individuals.
Ferdinand Mülhens (December 23, 1844 - January 15, 1928) was a land owner and entrepreneur in Königswinter, Germany.
Flight International (or simply Flight) is a weekly magazine focused on aerospace, published in the United Kingdom.
A flood is an overflow of water that submerges land that is usually dry.
A flood wall (or floodwall) is a primarily vertical artificial barrier designed to temporarily contain the waters of a river or other waterway which may rise to unusual levels during seasonal or extreme weather events.
A floodplain or flood plain is an area of land adjacent to a stream or river which stretches from the banks of its channel to the base of the enclosing valley walls, and which experiences flooding during periods of high discharge.
The Flora und Botanischer Garten Köln (11.5 hectares) is a municipal formal park and botanical garden located adjacent to Cologne Zoological Garden at Amsterdamer Straße 34, Cologne, North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany.
Florian Maria Georg Christian Graf Henckel von Donnersmarck (born 2 May 1973) is a German film director, best known for writing and directing the 2006 Oscar-winning film The Lives of Others and 2010's The Tourist, starring Angelina Jolie and Johnny Depp.
Ford-Werke GmbH is a German car manufacturer headquartered in Niehl, Cologne, North Rhine-Westphalia and a subsidiary of Ford of Europe, which in turn is a subsidiary of Ford Motor Company.
Ford of Europe AG is a subsidiary company of Ford Motor Company founded in 1967 in Cork, Ireland with headquarters in Cologne, Germany.
Formula One (also Formula 1 or F1) is the highest class of single-seater auto racing sanctioned by the Fédération Internationale de l'Automobile (FIA) and owned by the Formula One Group.
The Forstbotanischer Garten Köln (25 hectares) is an arboretum and woodland botanical garden located at Schillingsrotterstraße 100, Rodenkirchen, Cologne, North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany.
Under the term of the 1815 Peace of Paris, France was obliged to pay for the construction of a line of fortresses to protect the German Confederation against any future aggression by France.
The Farina Fragrance Museum is situated across from Cologne City Hall, and near the famous Wallraf-Richartz-Museum in the Obenmarspforten in Innenstadt, Cologne.
Francia, also called the Kingdom of the Franks (Regnum Francorum), or Frankish Empire was the largest post-Roman Barbarian kingdom in Western Europe.
Frankfurt, officially the City of Frankfurt am Main ("Frankfurt on the Main"), is a metropolis and the largest city in the German state of Hesse and the fifth-largest city in Germany.
Frederick III (21 September 1415 – 19 August 1493), was Holy Roman Emperor from 1452 until his death.
Frederik William Prausnitz (August 26, 1920 in Cologne – November 12, 2004 in Lewes, Delaware) was a German-born American conductor and teacher.
The Free Democratic Party (Freie Demokratische Partei, FDP) is a liberal and classical liberal political party in Germany.
In the Holy Roman Empire, the collective term free and imperial cities (Freie und Reichsstädte), briefly worded free imperial city (Freie Reichsstadt, urbs imperialis libera), was used from the fifteenth century to denote a self-ruling city that had a certain amount of autonomy and was represented in the Imperial Diet.
Free Voters (Freie Wähler, FW or FWG) in Germany may belong to an association of persons which participates in an election without having the status of a registered political party.
In the history of France, the First Republic (French: Première République), officially the French Republic (République française), was founded on 22 September 1792 during the French Revolution.
Fritz Schumacher (4 November 1869 – 5 November 1947) was a German architect and urban designer.
Gabriele Wilhelmine "Gaby" Köster (born 2 December 1961) is a German actress and comedian.
The private brewery Gaffel Becker & Co was founded in 1908 by the Becker Brothers in Cologne.
Galerie Karsten Greve is a set of European art galleries established by Karsten Greve that operates art exhibit spaces in Cologne (Germany), St. Moritz (Switzerland), and Paris (France).
"Gallic Empire" (Imperium Galliarum) or Gallic Roman Empire are two names for a breakaway part of the Roman Empire that functioned de facto as a separate state from 260 to 274.
Gamescom (stylized as gamescom) is a trade fair for video games held annually at the Koelnmesse in Cologne, North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany.
Gökhan Töre (born 20 January 1992) is a professional footballer who plays as a winger for Süper Lig club Beşiktaş and for the Turkey national team.
The Gürzenich Orchestra Cologne (Gürzenich Orchester Köln) is a German symphony orchestra based in Cologne (Köln).
General Reinsurance Corporation is an American multinational property/casualty and life/health reinsurance company offering a range of reinsurance products and services.
Generali Deutschland AG (until 2008: AMB Generali) is a German holding company consisting of about 20 insurance companies.
Georg Braun (also Brunus, Bruin; 1541 – 10 March 1622) was a topo-geographer.
The German Aerospace Center (Deutsches Zentrum für Luft- und Raumfahrt e.V.), abbreviated DLR, is the national center for aerospace, energy and transportation research of the Federal Republic of Germany.
The German Empire (Deutsches Kaiserreich, officially Deutsches Reich),Herbert Tuttle wrote in September 1881 that the term "Reich" does not literally connote an empire as has been commonly assumed by English-speaking people.
German Sport University Cologne (German: Deutsche Sporthochschule Köln, DSHS), founded in 1947, is a sport university in Cologne, Germany.
The germani cisrhenani, Latin for Germani "on this side of the Rhine" (cisrhenane), were a group of tribes who lived during classical times to the west of the Rhine river.
Germania Inferior ("Lower Germany") was a Roman province located on the west bank of the Rhine.
The Germanic peoples (also called Teutonic, Suebian, or Gothic in older literature) are an Indo-European ethno-linguistic group of Northern European origin.
Germanwings GmbH is a German low-cost airline wholly owned by Lufthansa which is operating under the Eurowings brand.
Germany (Deutschland), officially the Federal Republic of Germany (Bundesrepublik Deutschland), is a sovereign state in central-western Europe.
The Gestapo, abbreviation of Geheime Staatspolizei (Secret State Police), was the official secret police of Nazi Germany and German-occupied Europe.
The GfK SE (established in 1934 as Gesellschaft für Konsumforschung, "Society for Consumer Research") is Germany's largest market research institute, and the fourth largest market research organisation in the world, after Nielsen Company, Kantar Group and Ipsos.
The Gothaer Group is a German insurance company with circa 4.1 million members.
Gothic architecture is an architectural style that flourished in Europe during the High and Late Middle Ages.
The Great Saint Martin Church (Groß Sankt Martin, mostly Groß St., or) is a Romanesque Catholic church in Cologne, Germany.
Hamburg (locally), Hamborg, officially the Free and Hanseatic City of Hamburg (Freie und Hansestadt Hamburg, Friee un Hansestadt Hamborg),Constitution of Hamburg), is the second-largest city of Germany as well as one of the country's 16 constituent states, with a population of roughly 1.8 million people. The city lies at the core of the Hamburg Metropolitan Region which spreads across four German federal states and is home to more than five million people. The official name reflects Hamburg's history as a member of the medieval Hanseatic League, a free imperial city of the Holy Roman Empire, a city-state and one of the 16 states of Germany. Before the 1871 Unification of Germany, it was a fully sovereign state. Prior to the constitutional changes in 1919 it formed a civic republic headed constitutionally by a class of hereditary grand burghers or Hanseaten. The city has repeatedly been beset by disasters such as the Great Fire of Hamburg, exceptional coastal flooding and military conflicts including World War II bombing raids. Historians remark that the city has managed to recover and emerge wealthier after each catastrophe. Situated on the river Elbe, Hamburg is home to Europe's second-largest port and a broad corporate base. In media, the major regional broadcasting firm NDR, the printing and publishing firm italic and the newspapers italic and italic are based in the city. Hamburg remains an important financial center, the seat of Germany's oldest stock exchange and the world's oldest merchant bank, Berenberg Bank. Media, commercial, logistical, and industrial firms with significant locations in the city include multinationals Airbus, italic, italic, italic, and Unilever. The city is a forum for and has specialists in world economics and international law with such consular and diplomatic missions as the International Tribunal for the Law of the Sea, the EU-LAC Foundation, and the UNESCO Institute for Lifelong Learning. In recent years, the city has played host to multipartite international political conferences and summits such as Europe and China and the G20. Former German Chancellor italic, who governed Germany for eight years, and Angela Merkel, German chancellor since 2005, come from Hamburg. The city is a major international and domestic tourist destination. It ranked 18th in the world for livability in 2016. The Speicherstadt and Kontorhausviertel were declared World Heritage Sites by UNESCO in 2015. Hamburg is a major European science, research, and education hub, with several universities and institutions. Among its most notable cultural venues are the italic and italic concert halls. It gave birth to movements like Hamburger Schule and paved the way for bands including The Beatles. Hamburg is also known for several theatres and a variety of musical shows. St. Pauli's italic is among the best-known European entertainment districts.
The Hanseatic League (Middle Low German: Hanse, Düdesche Hanse, Hansa; Standard German: Deutsche Hanse; Latin: Hansa Teutonica) was a commercial and defensive confederation of merchant guilds and market towns in Northwestern and Central Europe.
Hänneschen-Theater is a traditional puppetry-theatre in Cologne, Germany.
Hedwig Potthast (5 February 1912 – 22 September 1994) was the private secretary and mistress of Reichsführer-SS Heinrich Himmler with whom she had two children.
Heiner Lauterbach (born 10 April 1953) is a German actor.
Heinrich Theodor Böll (21 December 1917 – 16 July 1985) was one of Germany's foremost post-World War II writers.
Heinrich Birnbaum (1403 – 19 February 1473), also known as De Piro (the Latinized form of his German name), was a pious and learned Carthusian German monk.
Heinrich Cornelius Agrippa von Nettesheim (14 September 1486 – 18 February 1535) was a German polymath, physician, legal scholar, soldier, theologian, and occult writer.
Heinrich Luitpold Himmler (7 October 1900 – 23 May 1945) was Reichsführer of the Schutzstaffel (Protection Squadron; SS), and a leading member of the Nazi Party (NSDAP) of Germany.
The private brewery Heinrich Reissdorf GmbH & Co.
Heinz Kühn (18 February 1912 – 12 March 1992) was a German Social Democratic Party (SPD) politician and the 5th Minister President of North Rhine-Westphalia between 8 December 1966 and 20 September 1978.
Henriette Reker (born 9 December 1956) is a German lawyer and independent politician.
Heribert Calleen (born Herbert Calleen, 6 March 1924 - 24 November 2017) was a German sculptor and medalist.
Hildebold (died 3 September 818) was the Bishop of Cologne from 787 until 795 and the first Archbishop of Cologne thereafter.
Hildegard Krekel (2 June 1952 in Cologne – 26 May 2013 in Cologne) was a German actress.
The Cologne University of Music is a music college in Cologne, and Europe's largest academy of music.
Hohe Straße is a shopping street in the old town of Cologne, Germany, and one of the city's both oldest and busiest streets.
The Hohenzollern Bridge (Hohenzollernbrücke) is a bridge crossing the river Rhine in the German city of Cologne (German: Köln).
The Holy Roman Empire (Sacrum Romanum Imperium; Heiliges Römisches Reich) was a multi-ethnic but mostly German complex of territories in central Europe that developed during the Early Middle Ages and continued until its dissolution in 1806.
The House of Wittelsbach is a European royal family and a German dynasty from Bavaria.
Ice hockey is a contact team sport played on ice, usually in a rink, in which two teams of skaters use their sticks to shoot a vulcanized rubber puck into their opponent's net to score points.
The Imhoff-Schokoladenmuseum (Imhoff chocolate museum) was opened by Hans Imhoff on 31 October 1993.
The imm Cologne (internationale möbelmesse) is an international, publicly open furniture trade show held at koelnmesse exhibition centre in Cologne, Germany, every year in January.
Indianapolis is the capital and most populous city of the U.S. state of Indiana and the seat of Marion County.
An inland port is a port on an inland waterway, such as a river, lake, or canal, which may or may not be connected to the ocean.
Innenstadt is the central city district (Stadtbezirk) of the City of Cologne in Germany.
Insurance is a means of protection from financial loss.
InterCity (commonly abbreviated IC on timetables and tickets) is the classification applied to certain long-distance passenger train services in Europe.
The Intercity-Express (written as InterCityExpress in Austria, Denmark, Switzerland and, formerly, in Germany) or ICE is a system of high-speed trains predominantly running in Germany and its surrounding countries.
The International Olympic Committee (IOC; French: Comité International Olympique, CIO) is a Swiss private non-governmental organisation based in Lausanne, Switzerland, which is the authority responsible for the modern Olympic Games.
The international filmschool cologne (ifs) (German: internationale filmschule köln) is a privately funded film school in Cologne, Northrhine-Westphalia, Germany.
Istanbul (or or; İstanbul), historically known as Constantinople and Byzantium, is the most populous city in Turkey and the country's economic, cultural, and historic center.
Jacques Ignace Hittorff or, in German, Jakob Ignaz Hittorff (Cologne, 20 August 1792 – 25 March 1867) was a German-born French architect who combined advanced structural use of new materials, notably cast iron, with conservative Beaux-Arts classicism in a career that spanned the decades from the Restoration to the Second Empire.
Jacques Offenbach (20 June 1819 – 5 October 1880) was a German-born French composer, cellist and impresario of the romantic period.
Jan Böhmermann (born 23 February 1981) is a German satirist and television presenter.
Jülich (in old spellings also known as Guelich or Gülich, Gulik, Juliers) is a town in the district of Düren, in the federal state of North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany.
Hans-Jürgen Fritz (born March 12, 1953 in Köln) is a German musician.
Jürgen Rüttgers (born 26 June 1951 in Cologne) is a German politician (CDU) who was the 9th Minister President of North Rhine-Westphalia from 2005 to 2010.
Jerusalem (יְרוּשָׁלַיִם; القُدس) is a city in the Middle East, located on a plateau in the Judaean Mountains between the Mediterranean and the Dead Sea.
Jews (יְהוּדִים ISO 259-3, Israeli pronunciation) or Jewish people are an ethnoreligious group and a nation, originating from the Israelites Israelite origins and kingdom: "The first act in the long drama of Jewish history is the age of the Israelites""The people of the Kingdom of Israel and the ethnic and religious group known as the Jewish people that descended from them have been subjected to a number of forced migrations in their history" and Hebrews of the Ancient Near East.
Johann Adam Schall von Bell (1 May 1591 – 15 August 1666) was a German Jesuit and astronomer.
Johann Maria Farina 1685–1766 Giovanni Maria Farina (born 8 December 1685, Santa Maria Maggiore; Germanized name: Johann Maria Farina, Francized: Jean Marie Farina – 25 November 1766, Cologne) was an Italian-born perfumier from Germany who created the first Eau de Cologne.
Johann Maria Farina gegenüber dem Jülichs-Platz GmbH (English: John Maria Farina opposite Jülich's Square) is the world's oldest eau de Cologne and perfume factory.
Johannes Kalitzke (born 12 February 1959) is a German composer and conductor.
Joost van den Vondel (17 November 1587 – 5 February 1679) was a Dutch poet, writer and playwright.
Joseph-Nicolas Robert-Fleury (8 August 1797 – 5 May 1890) was a French painter.
Julia Leischik (born 14 October 1970) is a German television presenter, television producer and editor-in-chief.
Junkersdorf is a historic village, now quarter 306 of the city of Cologne, in District Three.
Jutta Kleinschmidt (born 29 August 1962) is a German competitor of offroad Carsmotive racing events.
Kalk is the Eighth city district or Stadtbezirk of Cologne, Germany.
Karlheinz Stockhausen (22 August 1928 – 5 December 2007) was a German composer, widely acknowledged by critics as one of the most important but also controversial composers of the 20th and early 21st centuries.
Katowice (Katowicy; Kattowitz; officially Miasto Katowice) is a city in southern Poland, with a population of 297,197 and the center of the Silesian Metropolis, with a population of 2.2 million.
Köln Hauptbahnhof (German for Cologne main station) is a railway station in Cologne, Germany.
The Köln International School of Design (in short: KISD) is an institution of the Cologne University of Applied Sciences (Technische Hochschule Köln) and offers an interdisciplinary study program in the field of design.
Köln Messe/Deutz station (called Köln-Deutz until November 2004, Colognian: Düx) is an important railway junction for long-distance rail and local services in the Cologne district of Deutz in the German state of North Rhine-Westphalia.
The Kölner Haie (Cologne Sharks) are an ice hockey club based in Cologne, Germany that plays in the professional Deutsche Eishockey Liga (DEL).
The Kölner Philharmonie is a symphonic concert hall located in Cologne, Germany.
The Kölner Stadt-Anzeiger (KStA) is a German daily newspaper published in Cologne, and has the largest circulation in the Cologne/Bonn Metropolitan Region.
The Kölner Werkschulen (Cologne Academy of Fine and Applied Arts), formerly Cologne Art and Craft Schools, was a university in Cologne training artists in visual arts, architecture and design from 1926 to 1971.
KölnTriangle (formerly also known as LVR-Turm) is a tall building in Deutz, Cologne, and a prominent landmark in Cologne.
Kölsch is a beer brewed in Cologne, Germany.
Kim Petras (born 27 August 1992) is a German singer-songwriter.
The Kingdom of Germany or German Kingdom (Regnum Teutonicum, "Teutonic Kingdom"; Deutsches Reich) developed out of the eastern half of the former Carolingian Empire.
The Kingdom of Prussia (Königreich Preußen) was a German kingdom that constituted the state of Prussia between 1701 and 1918.
The Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross (Ritterkreuz des Eisernen Kreuzes), or simply the Knight's Cross (Ritterkreuz), and its variants were the highest awards in the military and paramilitary forces of Nazi Germany during World War II.
Koblenz (Coblence), spelled Coblenz before 1926, is a German city situated on both banks of the Rhine where it is joined by the Moselle.
Koelnmesse GmbH (Cologne Trade Fair) is an international trade fair and exhibition center located in Cologne, North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany.
The Kolumba (previously Diözesanmuseum, "Diocesan Museum") is an art museum in Cologne, Germany.
Konrad Hermann Joseph Adenauer (5 January 1876 – 19 April 1967) was a German statesman who served as the first Chancellor of the Federal Republic of Germany (West Germany) from 1949 to 1963.
Kota Ezawa (born 1969, Cologne, Germany) is a Japanese-German artist and educator, based in San Francisco, California.
Kranhaus ("crane house", plural Kranhäuser) refers to each one of the three 17-story buildings in the Rheinauhafen of Cologne, Germany.
Krautrock (also called " ", cosmic music") is a broad genre of experimental rock that developed in Germany in the late 1960s.
Kulturkampf ("culture struggle") is a German term referring to power struggles between emerging constitutional democratic nation states and the Roman Catholic Church over the place and role of religion in modern polity, usually in connection with secularization campaigns.
, officially, is the capital city of Kyoto Prefecture, located in the Kansai region of Japan.
Lanxess Arena (originally Kölnarena, German for Cologne Arena) is an indoor arena, in Cologne, North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany.
Leon Draisaitl (born 27 October 1995) is a German professional ice hockey forward for the Edmonton Oilers of the National Hockey League (NHL).
Liège (Lidje; Luik,; Lüttich) is a major Walloon city and municipality and the capital of the Belgian province of Liège. The city is situated in the valley of the Meuse, in the east of Belgium, not far from borders with the Netherlands (Maastricht is about to the north) and with Germany (Aachen is about north-east). At Liège, the Meuse meets the River Ourthe. The city is part of the sillon industriel, the former industrial backbone of Wallonia. It still is the principal economic and cultural centre of the region. The Liège municipality (i.e. the city proper) includes the former communes of Angleur, Bressoux, Chênée, Glain, Grivegnée, Jupille-sur-Meuse, Rocourt, and Wandre. In November 2012, Liège had 198,280 inhabitants. The metropolitan area, including the outer commuter zone, covers an area of 1,879 km2 (725 sq mi) and had a total population of 749,110 on 1 January 2008. Population of all municipalities in Belgium on 1 January 2008. Retrieved on 2008-10-19. Definitions of metropolitan areas in Belgium. The metropolitan area of Liège is divided into three levels. First, the central agglomeration (agglomeratie) with 480,513 inhabitants (2008-01-01). Adding the closest surroundings (banlieue) gives a total of 641,591. And, including the outer commuter zone (forensenwoonzone) the population is 810,983. Retrieved on 2008-10-19. This includes a total of 52 municipalities, among others, Herstal and Seraing. Liège ranks as the third most populous urban area in Belgium, after Brussels and Antwerp, and the fourth municipality after Antwerp, Ghent and Charleroi.
Light rail, light rail transit (LRT), or fast tram is a form of urban rail transport using rolling stock similar to a tramway, but operating at a higher capacity, and often on an exclusive right-of-way.
Lille (Rijsel; Rysel) is a city at the northern tip of France, in French Flanders.
Lilli Jahn (born Schlüchterer; March 5, 1900 – ca. June 19, 1944) was a German-Jewish doctor and victim of Nazism in Germany.
Lindenthal is a city district of the City of Cologne in Germany.
As defined by the German Federal Institute for Research on Building, Urban Affairs and Spatial Development, a Großstadt (large city) is a city with more than 100,000 inhabitants.
This is a list of KVB light rail stations of the Cologne rapid transit system.
The Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross (Ritterkreuz des Eisernen Kreuzes) and its variants were the highest awards in the military of the Third Reich during World War II.
This is a list of mayors of Cologne.
This is a list of museums in Cologne, Germany.
This lists ranks the tallest buildings in Germany that stand at least tall.
This is a list of places in Germany which have standing links to local communities in other countries, or in other parts of Germany (mostly across the former inner German border).
Liverpool is a city in North West England, with an estimated population of 491,500 in 2017.
The lord mayor is the title of the mayor of a major city in the United Kingdom or Commonwealth realm, with special recognition bestowed by the sovereign.
Deutsche Lufthansa AG, commonly known as Lufthansa (sometimes also as Lufthansa German Airlines), is the largest German airline and, when combined with its subsidiaries, also the largest airline in Europe both in terms of fleet size and passengers carried during 2017.
Lufthansa CityLine GmbH is a German airline with its headquarters on the grounds of Munich Airport.
Lukas Josef Podolski (born Łukasz Józef Podolski on 4 June 1985) is a professional footballer who plays as a forward for Japanese side Vissel Kobe.
Marcus Aurelius Marius was emperor of the Gallic Empire in 269 following the assassination of Postumus.
Market structure has historically emerged in two separate types of discussions in economics, that of Adam Smith on the one hand, and that of Karl Marx on the other hand.
Markus Stockhausen (born May 2, 1957) is a German trumpeter and composer.
The mass media is a diversified collection of media technologies that reach a large audience via mass communication.
Max Christian Friedrich Bruch (6 January 1838–2 October 1920), also known as Max Karl August Bruch, was a German Romantic composer and conductor who wrote over 200 works, including three violin concertos, the first of which has become a staple of the violin repertory.
Max Ernst (2 April 1891 – 1 April 1976) was a German painter, sculptor, graphic artist, and poet.
The Max Planck Institute (MPI) for Biology of Ageing, founded in 2008, is one of over 80 independent, non-profit-making institutes set up under the umbrella of the Max Planck Society.
The Max Planck Institute for Plant Breeding Research was founded in Müncheberg, Germany in 1928 as part of the Kaiser-Wilhelm-Gesellschaft.
The Max Planck Institute for the Study of Societies (German: Max-Planck-Institut für Gesellschaftsforschung, MPIfG) is a German social-science research institute within the Max Planck Society located in Cologne.
Mäurer & Wirtz is a German manufacturer of personal care products and perfumes.
The Mülheim Bridge (Mülheimer Brücke, Möllemer Bröck) in Cologne is a suspension bridge on the river Rhine in western Germany.
Mülheim is a city district (Stadtbezirk) of Cologne in Germany and a formerly independent town (Mülheim am Rhein).
RheinEnergieStadion is a German football stadium in Cologne.
Münster (Low German: Mönster; Latin: Monasterium, from the Greek μοναστήριον monastērion, "monastery") is an independent city (Kreisfreie Stadt) in North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany.
The MediaPark is an urban regeneration neighborhood in Cologne, Germany, completed by the turn of the millennium.
The Messeturm Köln (German for Fair Tower Cologne) is a highrise building which is 80 meters high, in Cologne, Germany.
Metres above mean sea level (MAMSL) or simply metres above sea level (MASL or m a.s.l.) is a standard metric measurement in metres of the elevation or altitude of a location in reference to a historic mean sea level.
In the history of Europe, the Middle Ages (or Medieval Period) lasted from the 5th to the 15th century.
Milan (Milano; Milan) is a city in northern Italy, capital of Lombardy, and the second-most populous city in Italy after Rome, with the city proper having a population of 1,380,873 while its province-level municipality has a population of 3,235,000.
During World War II, Germany had a system of military districts (Wehrkreis) to relieve field commanders of as much administrative work as possible and to provide a regular flow of trained recruits and supplies to the Field Army.
A mineral is a naturally occurring chemical compound, usually of crystalline form and not produced by life processes.
A minister-president or minister president is the head of government in a number of European countries or subnational governments with a parliamentary or semi-presidential system of government where he or she presides over the council of ministers.
Modern art includes artistic work produced during the period extending roughly from the 1860s to the 1970s, and denotes the styles and philosophy of the art produced during that era.
Monschau (Montjoie, Mondjoye) is a small resort town in the Eifel region of western Germany, located in the district Aachen, North Rhine-Westphalia.
Monte Troodelöh is the highest point in the municipal area of the city of Cologne.
Moshe (Moritz) Wallach (28 December 1866 – 8 April 1957) was a German Jewish physician and pioneering medical practitioner in Jerusalem.
Munich (München; Minga) is the capital and the most populated city in the German state of Bavaria, on the banks of the River Isar north of the Bavarian Alps.
The Musée Picasso is an art gallery located in the Hôtel Salé in rue de Thorigny, in the Marais district of Paris, France, dedicated to the work of the Spanish artist Pablo Picasso (1881–1973).
The Museu Picasso ("Picasso Museum"), located in Barcelona, Catalonia, Spain, houses one of the most extensive collections of artworks by the 20th-century Spanish artist Pablo Picasso.
The Museum für Angewandte Kunst Köln (German for Museum of Applied Art, abbreviated MAKK) is a decorative arts museum in Cologne, Germany.
Museum Ludwig, located in Cologne, Germany, houses a collection of modern art.
A music school is an educational institution specialized in the study, training, and research of music.
Musica Antiqua Köln was an early music group that was founded in 1973 by Reinhard Goebel and fellow students from the Conservatory of Music in Cologne.
n-tv is a German television news channel owned by the Bertelsmann Media's RTL Group.
Napoléon Bonaparte (15 August 1769 – 5 May 1821) was a French statesman and military leader who rose to prominence during the French Revolution and led several successful campaigns during the French Revolutionary Wars.
The Napoleonic Code (officially Code civil des Français, referred to as (le) Code civil) is the French civil code established under Napoléon I in 1804.
The National Socialist German Workers' Party (abbreviated NSDAP), commonly referred to in English as the Nazi Party, was a far-right political party in Germany that was active between 1920 and 1945 and supported the ideology of Nazism.
National Socialism (Nationalsozialismus), more commonly known as Nazism, is the ideology and practices associated with the Nazi Party – officially the National Socialist German Workers' Party (Nationalsozialistische Deutsche Arbeiterpartei or NSDAP) – in Nazi Germany, and of other far-right groups with similar aims.
Nero (Latin: Nero Claudius Caesar Augustus Germanicus; 15 December 37 – 9 June 68 AD) was the last Roman emperor of the Julio-Claudian dynasty.
The Netherlands (Nederland), often referred to as Holland, is a country located mostly in Western Europe with a population of seventeen million.
Neukölln is an inner-city locality (Ortsteil) of Berlin in the homonymous borough (Bezirk) of Neukölln, including the historic village of Rixdorf and numerous Gründerzeit apartment blocks.
Neuss (spelled Neuß until 1968; Limburgish: Nüss; Latin: Novaesium) is a city in North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany.
During the 2015/2016 New Year's Eve celebrations, there were mass sexual assaults, 24 rapes, and numerous thefts in Germany, mainly in the Cologne city center.
Christa Päffgen (16 October 1938 – 18 July 1988), known by her stage name Nico, was a German singer, songwriter, musician, model, and actress.
Niehl is a Stadtteil (quarter) of the city of Cologne, Germany.
Nikolaus August Otto (14 June 1832, Holzhausen an der Haide, Nassau – 26 January 1891, Cologne) was a German engineer who successfully developed the compressed charge internal combustion engine which ran on petroleum gas and led to the modern internal combustion engine.
Nippes is the fifth city district (Stadtbezirk) of Cologne, Germany.
The Nobel Prize in Literature (Nobelpriset i litteratur) is a Swedish literature prize that has been awarded annually, since 1901, to an author from any country who has, in the words of the will of Swedish industrialist Alfred Nobel, produced "in the field of literature the most outstanding work in an ideal direction" (original Swedish: "den som inom litteraturen har producerat det mest framstående verket i en idealisk riktning").
North Rhine-Westphalia (Nordrhein-Westfalen,, commonly shortened to NRW) is the most populous state of Germany, with a population of approximately 18 million, and the fourth largest by area.
The term occult (from the Latin word occultus "clandestine, hidden, secret") is "knowledge of the hidden".
Oceania is a geographic region comprising Melanesia, Micronesia, Polynesia and Australasia.
An oceanic or highland climate, also known as a marine or maritime climate, is the Köppen classification of climate typical of west coasts in higher middle latitudes of continents, and generally features cool summers (relative to their latitude) and cool winters, with a relatively narrow annual temperature range and few extremes of temperature, with the exception for transitional areas to continental, subarctic and highland climates.
Off-road racing is a form of racing consisting of specially-modified vehicles (including cars, trucks, motorcycles, and buggies) racing in off-road environments.
Olpe is a town situated in the foothills of the Ebbegebirge in North Rhine-Westphalia, roughly 60 km east of Cologne and 20 km northwest of Siegen.
An Olympic medal is awarded to successful competitors at one of the Olympic Games.
Ottmar Liebert (born 1 February 1959) is a German guitarist, songwriter and producer best known for his Spanish-influenced music.
Otto I (23 November 912 – 7 May 973), traditionally known as Otto the Great (Otto der Große, Ottone il Grande), was German king from 936 and Holy Roman Emperor from 962 until his death in 973.
Pablo Ruiz Picasso (25 October 1881 – 8 April 1973) was a Spanish painter, sculptor, printmaker, ceramicist, stage designer, poet and playwright who spent most of his adult life in France.
Parrots, also known as psittacines, are birds of the roughly 393 species in 92 genera that make up the order Psittaciformes, found in most tropical and subtropical regions.
Paul Melchers (6 January 1813 – 14 December 1895) was a Cardinal and Archbishop of Cologne.
Peter Kohlgraf (born March 21, 1967 in Cologne, Germany) is a German Roman Catholic bishop.
Peter Millowitsch is a German film and television actor.
Photokina (rendered in the promoters' branding as "photokina") is a trade fair held in Europe for the photographic and imaging industries.
The Pirate Party Germany (Piratenpartei Deutschland), commonly known as Pirates (German: Piraten), is a political party in Germany founded in September 2006 at c-base.
Poll is a quarter of the city of Cologne, in North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany.
Population density (in agriculture: standing stock and standing crop) is a measurement of population per unit area or unit volume; it is a quantity of type number density.
Porz is a city district or Stadtbezirk of Cologne, Germany.
Marcus Cassianius Latinius PostumusJones & Martindale (1971), p. 720 was a Roman commander of provincial origin who ruled as emperor in the west.
The prince-electors (or simply electors) of the Holy Roman Empire (Kurfürst, pl. Kurfürsten, Kurfiřt, Princeps Elector) were the members of the electoral college of the Holy Roman Empire.
The Province of Jülich-Cleves-Berg (Provinz Jülich-Kleve-Berg) was a province of the Kingdom of Prussia from 1815–22.
Rainald of Dassel (c. 1120 – 14 August 1167) was Archbishop of Cologne and Archchancellor of Italy from 1159 until his death.
Ralf König (born 8 August 1960) is one of the best known and most commercially successful German comic book creators.
Rath/Heumar is a quarter of Cologne, Germany.
The Regionalliga West is a German semi-professional football division administered by the Western German Football Association based in Duisburg.
The Reichstag (English: Diet of the Realm) was the Lower house of the Weimar Republic's Legislature from 1919, with the creation of the Weimar constitution, to 1933, with the Reichstag fire.
In religion, a relic usually consists of the physical remains of a saint or the personal effects of the saint or venerated person preserved for purposes of veneration as a tangible memorial.
The REWE Group is a German diversified retail and tourism co-operative group based in Cologne, Germany.
The Rheinauhafen (lit. Rheinau harbour) is a urban regeneration project in Cologne, Germany, located along the river Rhine between the Südbrücke (Southern Railway Bridge) and Severinsbrücke (Severin Bridge), just south of the inner city's historic old town.
The Rheinpark (meaning: Rhine park) is a 40 hectare (0,4 km²) large urban park along the right bank of the river Rhine in Cologne, Germany.
--> The Rhine (Rhenus, Rein, Rhein, le Rhin,, Italiano: Reno, Rijn) is a European river that begins in the Swiss canton of Graubünden in the southeastern Swiss Alps, forms part of the Swiss-Liechtenstein, Swiss-Austrian, Swiss-German and then the Franco-German border, then flows through the German Rhineland and the Netherlands and eventually empties into the North Sea.
The Rhine Province (Rheinprovinz), also known as Rhenish Prussia (Rheinpreußen) or synonymous with the Rhineland (Rheinland), was the westernmost province of the Kingdom of Prussia and the Free State of Prussia, within the German Reich, from 1822 to 1946.
The Rhine-Ruhr metropolitan region (Metropolregion Rhein-Ruhr) is the largest metropolitan region in Germany with over 10 million inhabitants.
The Rhine-Ruhr S-Bahn (S-Bahn Rhein-Ruhr) is a polycentric and electrically driven S-train network covering the Rhine-Ruhr Metropolitan Region in the German federal state of North Rhine-Westphalia.
The Rhineland (Rheinland, Rhénanie) is the name used for a loosely defined area of Western Germany along the Rhine, chiefly its middle section.
Ringfest was an annual outdoor music event in Cologne, Germany held for the first time in 1993 and halted in 2006.
Rio de Janeiro (River of January), or simply Rio, is the second-most populous municipality in Brazil and the sixth-most populous in the Americas.
Ripuarian or Rhineland Franks (Latin: Ripuarii or Ribuarii) were one of the two main groupings of early Frankish people, and specifically it was the name eventually applied to the tribes who settled in the old Roman territory of the Ubii, with its capital at Cologne on the Rhine river in modern Germany.
Ripuarian (also Ripuarian Franconian or Ripuarisch Platt) is a German dialect group, part of the West Central German language group.
Robert Blum (10 November 1807 – 9 November 1848) was a German democratic politician, publicist, poet, publisher, revolutionist and member of the National Assembly of 1848.
Robert Weimar (13 May 1932 in Cologne – 28 February 2013) was a German professor of law and psychologist.
Rock or stone is a natural substance, a solid aggregate of one or more minerals or mineraloids.
Rodenkirchen is a southern city district of Cologne (Köln) in Germany.
Roer was a department of the First French Empire in present-day Germany and the Netherlands.
The Archdiocese of Cologne (Archidioecesis Coloniensis; Erzbistum Köln) is an archdiocese of the Catholic Church in western North Rhine-Westphalia and northern Rhineland-Palatinate in Germany.
The Roman-Germanic Museum (RGM, in German: Römisch-Germanisches Museum) is an archaeological museum in Cologne, Germany.
Roonstrasse Synagogue, located in Cologne, Germany, is one of the five pre-Nazi synagogues of the locality, which was destroyed on November 9, 1938 during nationwide attacks on Jewish-owned property (Kristallnacht) when Germany was under Nazi rule.
The rose-ringed parakeet (Psittacula krameri), also known as the ring-necked parakeet, is a medium-sized parrot in the genus Psittacula of the family Psittacidae and has a very wide range.
Rotterdam is a city in the Netherlands, in South Holland within the Rhine–Meuse–Scheldt river delta at the North Sea.
The Royal Air Force (RAF) is the United Kingdom's aerial warfare force.
RTL Group is a leader across broadcast, content and digital.
RTL Television (formerly RTL plus), or simply RTL, is a German commercial television network distributed via cable and satellite, as well as via digital terrestrial (DVB-T2) in more highly populated areas.
Rudolf Schwarz (15 May 1897, Strasbourg – 3 April 1961, Cologne) was a German architect known for his work on Kirche St.
The Ruhr (Ruhrgebiet), or the Ruhr district, Ruhr region, Ruhr area or Ruhr valley, is a polycentric urban area in North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany.
The Rur (German; in Dutch Roer and French: la Roer) is a major river that flows through portions of Belgium, Germany and the Netherlands.
The S-train is a type of hybrid urban-suburban rail serving a metropolitan region.
Saint Ursula (Latin for 'little female bear') is a Romano-British Christian saint.
Sülz is a municipal part of Cologne, Germany and part of the district of Lindenthal.
SC Fortuna Köln is a German association football club playing in the city of Cologne, North Rhine-Westphalia.
The Schildergasse (Schelderjaß) is a shopping street in central Cologne, Germany.
The Schnütgen Museum (Museum Schnütgen in German) in Cologne (Köln), Germany is devoted to Christian religious art, mainly medieval, but some parts of the collection, such as its textiles and prints, extend from antiquity to the modern period.
In local government, a city hall, town hall, civic centre, (in the UK or Australia) a guildhall, a Rathaus (German), or (more rarely) a municipal building, is the chief administrative building of a city, town, or other municipality.
The Shaare Zedek Medical Center (מרכז רפואי שערי צדק, Merkaz Refu'i Sha'arei Tzedek) (lit. "Gates of Justice") is a major hospital in Jerusalem established in 1902.
The Shrine of the Three Kings (German Dreikönigsschrein or Der Dreikönigenschrein), Tomb of the Three Kings, or Tomb of the Three Magi is a reliquary traditionally believed to contain the bones of the Biblical Magi, also known as the Three Kings or the Three Wise Men.
Siegburg (i.e. fort on the Sieg river) is a city in the district of Rhein-Sieg-Kreis, in North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany.
Siegen is a city in Germany, in the south Westphalian part of North Rhine-Westphalia.
Siegfried (or Sigfrid) II of Westerburg (before 1260 – 7 April 1297 in Bonn) was Archbishop of Cologne from 1275 to 1297.
Twin towns or sister cities are a form of legal or social agreement between towns, cities, counties, oblasts, prefectures, provinces, regions, states, and even countries in geographically and politically distinct areas to promote cultural and commercial ties.
The Social Democratic Party of Germany (Sozialdemokratische Partei Deutschlands, SPD) is a social-democratic political party in Germany.
The South Bridge (Südbrücke) is a bridge over the Rhine on the Cologne freight bypass railway in Cologne in the German state of North Rhine-Westphalia.
Stadtwerke Köln GmbH is the infrastructure and services company of the City of Cologne.
Stammheim (Köln-Stammheim) is a municipal part of Cologne, Germany and part of the district of Mülheim.
A startup company (startup or start-up) is an entrepreneurial venture which is typically a newly emerged business that aims to meet a marketplace need by developing a viable business model around a product, service, process or a platform.
Germany is a federal republic consisting of sixteen states (Land, plural Länder; informally and very commonly Bundesland, plural Bundesländer).
Stefan Konrad Raab (born 20 October 1966) is a German entertainer, comedian, musician and former television host.
Tabula Peutingeriana (Latin for "The Peutinger Map"), also referred to as Peutinger's Tabula or Peutinger Table, is an illustrated itinerarium (ancient Roman road map) showing the layout of the cursus publicus, the road network of the Roman Empire.
Tandem Verlag GmbH is a German publishing company and also wholesaler and distributor of print and electronic media products.
Taschen is an art book publisher founded in 1980 by Benedikt Taschen in Cologne, Germany.
Technical University of Cologne (Technische Hochschule Köln, formerly Cologne University of Applied Sciences, abbreviated TH Köln) is a higher education institution in Cologne, Germany, established in 1971.
TÜVs (short for Technischer Überwachungsverein, Technical Inspection Association) are German businesses that provide inspection and product certification services.
Tel Aviv (תֵּל אָבִיב,, تل أَبيب) is the second most populous city in Israel – after Jerusalem – and the most populous city in the conurbation of Gush Dan, Israel's largest metropolitan area.
In geography, the temperate or tepid climates of Earth occur in the middle latitudes, which span between the tropics and the polar regions of Earth.
Thalys (French) is a French-Belgian high-speed train operator originally built around the LGV Nord high-speed line between Paris and Brussels.
The Left (Die Linke), also commonly referred to as the Left Party (die Linkspartei), is a democratic socialist political party in Germany.
The Local is an English-language digital news publisher with local editions in Sweden, Germany, France, Spain, Switzerland, Norway, Denmark, Austria and Italy.
The Velvet Underground was an American rock band formed in 1964 in New York City by singer/guitarist Lou Reed, multi-instrumentalist John Cale, guitarist Sterling Morrison, and drummer Angus MacLise (replaced by Moe Tucker in 1965).
Theodore I of Corsica (25 August 1694 – 11 December 1756), born Theodor Stephan Freiherr von Neuhoff, was a German adventurer who was briefly King of Corsica.
Thessaloniki (Θεσσαλονίκη, Thessaloníki), also familiarly known as Thessalonica, Salonica, or Salonika is the second-largest city in Greece, with over 1 million inhabitants in its metropolitan area, and the capital of Greek Macedonia, the administrative region of Central Macedonia and the Decentralized Administration of Macedonia and Thrace.
Thomas Wensing (born May 1, 1978 in Cologne) is a German author of poetry and short stories.
Three Books of Occult Philosophy (De Occulta Philosophia libri III) is Heinrich Cornelius Agrippa's study of occult philosophy, acknowledged as a significant contribution to the Renaissance philosophical discussion concerning the powers of ritual magic, and its relationship with religion.
A tied-arch bridge is an arch bridge in which the outward-directed horizontal forces of the arch(es) are borne as tension by a chord tying both arch ends, rather than by the ground or the bridge foundations.
Time is an American weekly news magazine and news website published in New York City.
, usually shortened to Toyota, is a Japanese multinational automotive manufacturer headquartered in Toyota, Aichi, Japan.
Toyota Motorsport GmbH is a Toyota company based in Cologne, Germany.
Panasonic Toyota Racing was a Formula One team owned by the Japanese automobile manufacturer Toyota and based in Cologne, Germany.
A trade fair (trade show, trade exhibition, or expo) is an exhibition organized so that companies in a specific industry can showcase and demonstrate their latest products and services, meet with industry partners and customers, study activities of rivals, and examine recent market trends and opportunities.
A trade route is a logistical network identified as a series of pathways and stoppages used for the commercial transport of cargo.
A tram (also tramcar; and in North America streetcar, trolley or trolley car) is a rail vehicle which runs on tramway tracks along public urban streets, and also sometimes on a segregated right of way.
The Treaty of Lunéville was signed in the Treaty House of Lunéville on 9 February 1801.
The Treaty of Verdun, signed in August 843, was the first of the treaties that divided the Carolingian Empire into three kingdoms among the three surviving sons of Louis the Pious, who was the son of Charlemagne.
The Treaty of Versailles (Traité de Versailles) was the most important of the peace treaties that brought World War I to an end.
Treptow is a former borough in the southeast of Berlin.
Trude Herr (1927–1991) was a German film actress.
Tunis (تونس) is the capital and the largest city of Tunisia.
Turin (Torino; Turin) is a city and an important business and cultural centre in northern Italy.
The Turkish-Islamic Union for Religious Affairs (Türkisch-Islamische Union der Anstalt für Religion e.V., Diyanet İşleri Türk-İslam Birliği), usually referred to as DİTİB, is one of the largest Islamic organisations in Germany.
Turku (Åbo) is a city on the southwest coast of Finland at the mouth of the Aura River, in the region of Southwest Finland.
The twelve Romanesque churches of Cologne are twelve landmark churches in the Old town ''(Altstadt)'' of Cologne, Germany.
The Ubii around AD 30 The Ubii were a Germanic tribe first encountered dwelling on the right bank of the Rhine in the time of Julius Caesar, who formed an alliance with them in 55 BC in order to launch attacks across the river.
Udo Kier (born Udo Kierspe; 14 October 1944) is a German actor who has appeared in over 200 films.
The University of Cologne (Universität zu Köln) is a university in Cologne, Germany.
The University of Strasbourg (Université de Strasbourg, Unistra or UDS) in Strasbourg, Alsace, France, is the second largest university in France (after Aix-Marseille University), with about 46,000 students and over 4,000 researchers.
US5 was a multinational pop boy band.
Uwe Gerd Krupp (born 24 June 1965) is a German retired professional hockey defenceman and former coach of the German national ice hockey team.
Verdun (official name before 1970 Verdun-sur-Meuse) is a small city in the Meuse department in Grand Est in northeastern France.
Marcus Piavonius VictorinusSome of the inscriptions record his name as M. Piavvonius Victorinus, as does the first release of coins from the Colonia mint.
Volgograd (p), formerly Tsaritsyn, 1589–1925, and Stalingrad, 1925–1961, is an important industrial city and the administrative centre of Volgograd Oblast, Russia, on the western bank of the Volga River.
VOX or Vox is a German television channel, headquartered in Cologne and part of the RTL Group, Europe's second largest TV, radio, and production company.
The Wallraf–Richartz Museum (full name in German: Wallraf-Richartz-Museum & Fondation Corboud) is one of the three major museums in Cologne, Germany.
Warhol superstars were a clique of New York City personalities promoted by the pop artist Andy Warhol during the 1960s and early 1970s.
The WDR Rundfunkchor Köln (West German Radio Choir Cologne) is the choir of the German broadcaster Westdeutscher Rundfunk (WDR), based in Cologne.
The WDR Funkhausorchester Köln is a symphony orchestra of the Westdeutscher Rundfunk (WDR, West German Broadcasting) in Cologne.
The WDR Symphony Orchestra Cologne (WDR Sinfonieorchester Köln) is a German orchestra based in Cologne.
The Weimar Republic (Weimarer Republik) is an unofficial, historical designation for the German state during the years 1919 to 1933.
Werner Klemperer (March 22, 1920 – December 6, 2000)Weinraub, Bernard The New York Times (December 8, 2000) was a German-American stage, film, and television actor and singer/musician.
West Germany is the common English name for the Federal Republic of Germany (FRG; Bundesrepublik Deutschland, BRD) in the period between its creation on 23 May 1949 and German reunification on 3 October 1990.
The Westdeutsche Allgemeine Zeitung (WAZ) is a leading commercial newspaper from Essen, Germany, published by Funke Mediengruppe.
Westdeutscher Rundfunk Köln (WDR, West German Broadcasting Cologne) is a German public-broadcasting institution based in the Federal State of North Rhine-Westphalia with its main office in Cologne.
Wilhelm Riphahn (also Wilhelm Riphan; born July 25, 1889 in Cologne – December 27, 1963 in Cologne) was a German architect.
Wilhelm "Willi" Ostermann (1 October 1876 - 6 August 1936) was a lyricist, composer and singer of carnival songs and songs about Cologne, primarily in the German dialect of Kölsch.
Willy Millowitsch (8 January 1909 – 20 September 1999) was a German stage and TV actor and the director of the Volkstheater Millowitsch in Cologne.
Wolfgang Niedecken (born 30 March 1951, Cologne) is a German singer, musician, and visual artist.
Wolfgang Alexander Albert Eduard Maximilian Reichsgraf Berghe von Trips (4 May 1928 – 10 September 1961), also known simply as Wolfgang von Trips, was a German racing driver.
A World Heritage site is a landmark or area which is selected by the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) as having cultural, historical, scientific or other form of significance, and is legally protected by international treaties.
World War II (often abbreviated to WWII or WW2), also known as the Second World War, was a global war that lasted from 1939 to 1945, although conflicts reflecting the ideological clash between what would become the Allied and Axis blocs began earlier.
Worringen is a Stadtteil (quarter) of the city of Cologne, Germany.
The Worringer Bruch is a section of swampy lowlands in the far north of Cologne, Germany.
Wuppertal is a city in North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany, in and around the Wupper valley, east of Düsseldorf and south of the Ruhr.
Zündorf (Köln-Zündorf) is a suburb of Cologne, Germany and part of the district of Porz.
Zurich Insurance Group Ltd. is a Swiss insurance company, commonly known as Zurich, headquartered in Zürich, Switzerland.
The 2005 FIFA Confederations Cup football tournament was the seventh FIFA Confederations Cup.
The 2006 FIFA World Cup was the 18th FIFA World Cup, the quadrennial international football world championship tournament.
The 2007 World Men's Handball Championship took place from 19 January to 4 February 2007 in Germany.
The 2010 Gay Games (Gay Games VIII) were held in Cologne, Germany from July 31-August 7, 2010.
The 2010 IIHF World Championship was the 74th IIHF World Championship, an annual international ice hockey tournament.
The 2017 IIHF World Championship, the 2017 edition of the annual Ice Hockey World Championships, was hosted by Paris, France, and Cologne, Germany, from 5 to 21 May 2017.
4711 is a traditional German Eau de Cologne by Mäurer & Wirtz.
The 4th century (per the Julian calendar and Anno Domini/Common era) was the time period which lasted from 301 to 400.
Augusta Ubiorum, City of Cologne, Coln, Cologne (Germany), Cologne, Germany, Cologner, Colonge, Culture of Cologne, Cöln, Cöln am Rhein, DECGN, Geography of Cologne, Keulen, Koeln, Koeln, Germany, Koln, Koln, Germany, Kölle, Köln, Köln (region), Köln, Germany, Oppidum Ubiorum, UN/LOCODE:DECGN.