248 relations: Aberdeen, Aberdeenshire, Acute accent, Ainmean-Àite na h-Alba, Alasdair mac Mhaighstir Alasdair, An Comunn Gàidhealach, Anne Frater, Ardnamurchan, Argyll, Argyll and Bute, Ayrshire, Back, Lewis, Bain (surname), Bard, Barra, Barvas, Battle of Culloden, Bòrd na Gàidhlig, BBC Alba, BBC News Online, BBC Radio nan Gàidheal, BBC Scotland, Bible, Book of Deer, Book of the Dean of Lismore, Bowie (surname), British Columbia, British passport, Bungi Creole, Canada, Canada 2011 Census, Canadian Broadcasting Corporation, Canadian Gaelic, Cape Breton Island, Cape Breton University, Catholic Church, Celtic languages, Celtic onomastics, Church of Scotland, Civil parishes in Scotland, Classical Gaelic, Clì Gàidhlig, Colonsay, Columba Project, Comparison of Scottish Gaelic and Irish, Consonant, Corporal punishment, Council of Europe, David I of Scotland, Dál Riata, ..., Digraph (orthography), Diphthong, Donald III of Scotland, Dot (diacritic), Duff (surname), Dugald Buchanan, Dumfriesshire, Duncan Ban MacIntyre, Dunn (surname), Early Irish law, Early Scots, East Ayrshire, Edinburgh, Education (Scotland) Act 1872, English language, European Charter for Regional or Minority Languages, European Union, Fernaig manuscript, Free Church of Scotland (since 1900), Free Presbyterian Church of Scotland, Freesat, Freeview (UK), French language, Fusional language, Gaelic broadcasting in Scotland, Gaelic Language (Scotland) Act 2005, Gaelic medium education in Scotland, Gaelic music, Gaelic revival, Gaelic road signs in Scotland, Gaelicisation, Gaeltacht, Galloway, Galwegian Gaelic, Gàidhealtachd, Glasgow, Glasgow Gaelic School, Glengarry County, Ontario, Goidelic languages, Goidelic substrate hypothesis, Government of the United Kingdom, Grammatical aspect, Grammatical gender, Grammatical mood, Grammatical number, Grammatical person, Grammatical tense, Grampian Television, Grave accent, Greek language, Greyfriars Kirk, Harris, Scotland, High Court of Justiciary, Highland (council area), Highland Clearances, Highland Land League, History of Scottish devolution, Indigenous language, Indo-European languages, Inner Hebrides, Insular Celtic languages, Inverness, Iona, Irish language, Irish passport, Islay, ITV (TV network), Jim Murphy, Kilmuir, Skye, Kim Darroch, Kingdom of Northumbria, Kingdom of Scotland, Languages of Europe, Languages of Scotland, Languages of the European Union, Lateral consonant, Latin, Latin script, Lenition, Letter (alphabet), Lewis, Lews Castle College, Liquid consonant, Lismore, Scotland, List of Scottish Gaelic place names, Loch, Lochaber, Lonely Planet, Lord of the Isles, Lothian, Machine-readable passport, Malcolm III of Scotland, Manx language, Mòd, MG Alba, Michael Russell (politician), Middle English, Middle Irish, Midlothian, Modern history, Moray, Morphology (linguistics), Moscow State University, Mull of Kintyre, Nasal consonant, Nasal vowel, Neologism, New Testament, Norn language, North Channel (Great Britain and Ireland), North Glengarry, Ontario, North Lanarkshire, North Uist, Northern Isles, Nova Scotia, Official language, Official Languages Act 2003, Old English, Old Irish, Old Norse, Ontario, Ordnance Survey, Orkney, Orthography, Outer Hebrides, Palatalization (phonetics), Palate, Parliament of the United Kingdom, Pictish language, Picts, Preaspiration, Presbyterianism, Primitive Irish, Prince Edward Island, Raasay, Rannoch, Rathlin Island, Renfrewshire, River Clyde, Royal National Mòd, Sabhal Mòr Ostaig, Scotland, Scots Gaels, Scots language, Scottish clan, Scottish English, Scottish Examination Board, Scottish Gaelic, Scottish Gaelic literature, Scottish Gaelic orthography, Scottish Government, Scottish Human Rights Commission, Scottish Lowlands, Scottish Parliament, Scottish people, Scottish Qualifications Authority, Scottish Television, Secretary of State for Scotland, Sky UK, Skye, Sláinte, Society for Promoting Christian Knowledge, Sorley MacLean, South Uist, St Columba Church of Scotland, Glasgow, St. Francis Xavier University, Status of the Irish language, Stornoway, Straits of Moyle, Stress (linguistics), Suffix, Syncope (phonology), TeleG, The Brus, The Gaelic College, The Maritimes, The Press and Journal (Scotland), The Scotsman, The Wallace (poem), Tiree, Trill consonant, Triphthong, Trousers, United Kingdom, United Kingdom census, 2011, Universal Declaration of Human Rights, University of the Highlands and Islands, Vancouver, Velarization, Verb–subject–object, Virgin Media, Vocative case, Voice (grammar), Vowel, Vowel reduction, Wars of Scottish Independence, Welsh language, West Lothian. Expand index (198 more) » « Shrink index
Aberdeen (Aiberdeen,; Obar Dheathain; Aberdonia) is Scotland's third most populous city, one of Scotland's 32 local government council areas and the United Kingdom's 37th most populous built-up area, with an official population estimate of 196,670 for the city of Aberdeen and for the local authority area.
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Aberdeenshire (Siorrachd Obar Dheathain) is one of the 32 council areas of Scotland.
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The acute accent (´) is a diacritic used in many modern written languages with alphabets based on the Latin, Cyrillic, and Greek scripts.
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Ainmean-Àite na h-Alba
Ainmean-Àite na h-Alba (Gaelic Place-Names of Scotland) is the national advisory partnership for Gaelic place names in Scotland.
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Alasdair mac Mhaighstir Alasdair
Alasdair mac Mhaighstir Alasdair (lit. Alexander, son of the Reverend Alexander) (c. 1698–1770) was a Scottish poet, lexicographer, political writer and memoirist, respected as perhaps the finest Gaelic language poet of the 18th century.
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An Comunn Gàidhealach
An Comunn Gàidhealach, literally The Gaelic Association), commonly known as An Comunn, is a Scottish organisation that supports and promotes Scottish Gaelic language, its culture and history at local, national and international levels. The society is closely associated with The Royal National Mòd.
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Anne Frater was born in 1967 in Stornoway (Steòrnabhagh), in the isle of Lewis (Leòdhas) in the Outer Hebrides or Western Isles (na h-Eileanan Siar).
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Ardnamurchan (Àird nam Murchan: headland of the great seas) is a peninsula in the ward management area of Lochaber, Highland, Scotland, noted for being very unspoilt and undisturbed.
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Argyll (archaically Argyle, Earra-Ghàidheal in modern Gaelic), sometimes anglicised as Argyllshire, is a historic county and registration county of western Scotland.
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Argyll and Bute
Argyll and Bute (Earra-Ghàidheal agus Bòd) is both one of 32 unitary authority council areas and a lieutenancy area in Scotland.
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Ayrshire (Siorrachd Inbhir Àir) is an historic county and registration county in south-west Scotland, located on the shores of the Firth of Clyde.
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Back (Am Bac) is a district and a village on the east coast of the Isle of Lewis in the Outer Hebrides, Scotland, situated on a coastal area known as Loch a'Tuath, or Broad Bay.
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Bain or Bains is an English, French, Punjabi (Jat), Bengali, and Scottish surname.
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In medieval Gaelic and British culture, a bard was a professional story teller, verse-maker and music composer, employed by a patron (such as a monarch or noble), to commemorate one or more of the patron's ancestors and to praise the patron's own activities.
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Barra (Barraigh, Eilean Bharraigh) is an island in the Outer Hebrides, Scotland, and the second southernmost inhabited island there, after the adjacent island of Vatersay to which it is connected by a short causeway.
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Barvas (Scottish Gaelic: Barabhas or Barbhas) is a settlement, community and civil parish on the Isle of Lewis in Scotland.
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Battle of Culloden
The Battle of Culloden (Blàr Chùil Lodair) was the final confrontation of the Jacobite rising of 1745.
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Bòrd na Gàidhlig
Bòrd na Gàidhlig is the executive non-departmental public body of the Scottish Government with responsibility for Gaelic.
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BBC Alba is a Scottish Gaelic language digital television channel jointly owned by the BBC and MG Alba.
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BBC News Online
BBC News Online is the website of BBC News, the division of the BBC responsible for newsgathering and production.
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BBC Radio nan Gàidheal
BBC Radio nan Gàidheal is a Scottish radio station, broadcasting in Scottish Gaelic.
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BBC Scotland is a division of the BBC and the main public broadcaster in Scotland.
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The Bible (from Koine Greek τὰ βιβλία, tà biblía, "the books") is a collection of sacred texts or scriptures that Jews and Christians consider to be a product of divine inspiration and a record of the relationship between God and humans.
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Book of Deer
The Book of Deer (Leabhar Dhèir in Gaelic) (Cambridge University Library, MS. Ii.6.32) is a 10th-century Latin Gospel Book with early 12th-century additions in Latin, Old Irish and Scottish Gaelic.
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Book of the Dean of Lismore
The Book of the Dean of Lismore (Leabhar Deathan Lios Mòir) is a famous Scottish manuscript, compiled in eastern Perthshire in the first half of the 16th century.
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Bowie is a Scottish surname.
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British Columbia (BC; Colombie-Britannique) is the westernmost province of Canada, located between the Pacific Ocean and the Rocky Mountains.
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British passports are passports issued by the United Kingdom to those holding any form of British nationality.
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Canada is a country located in the northern part of North America.
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Canada 2011 Census
The Canada 2011 Census is a detailed enumeration of the Canadian population on May 10, 2011.
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Canadian Broadcasting Corporation
The Canadian Broadcasting Corporation (Société Radio-Canada), branded as CBC/Radio-Canada, is a Canadian federal Crown corporation that serves as the national public broadcaster for both radio and television.
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Canadian Gaelic or Cape Breton Gaelic (Gàidhlig Chanada, A' Ghàidhlig Chanadach or Gàidhlig Cheap Bhreatainn), known in English as often simply Gaelic, refers to the dialects of Scottish Gaelic spoken by people in Atlantic Canada who have their origins in the Highlands and Islands of Scotland.
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Cape Breton Island
Cape Breton Island (île du Cap-Breton—formerly Île Royale; Ceap Breatainn or Eilean Cheap Breatainn; Unama'kik; or simply Cape Breton, Cape is Latin for "headland" and Breton is Latin for "British") is an island on the Atlantic coast of North America and part of the province of Nova Scotia, Canada.
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Cape Breton University
Cape Breton University (CBU), formerly known as the "University College of Cape Breton" (UCCB), is a university in the Cape Breton Regional Municipality, Nova Scotia, Canada.
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The Catholic Church, also known as the Roman Catholic Church, is the largest Christian church, with more than 1.299 billion members worldwide.
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The Celtic languages are a group of related languages descended from Proto-Celtic, or "Common Celtic"; a branch of the greater Indo-European language family.
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Onomastics is an important source of information on the early Celts, as Greco-Roman historiography recorded Celtic names before substantial written information becomes available in any Celtic language.
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Church of Scotland
The Church of Scotland (The Scots Kirk, Eaglais na h-Alba), known informally by its Scots language name, the Kirk, is the national church of Scotland.
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Civil parishes in Scotland
Civil parishes, as units of local government in Scotland, were abolished by the Local Government (Scotland) Act 1929.
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Classical Gaelic (Gàidhlig Chlasaigeach; Gaeilge Chlasaiceach) was the shared literary form that was in use in Scotland and Ireland from the 13th century to the 18th century.
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Clì Gàidhlig, founded in 1984 as Comann an Luchd-Ionnsachaidh ('the Learners' Society'), is an organisation based in Inverness which seeks to support learners of the Scottish Gaelic language and has campaigned actively to promote the language.
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Colonsay (Colbhasa) is an island in the Inner Hebrides of Scotland, located north of Islay and south of Mull.
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The Columba Project (Gaelic: Iomairt Cholm Cille), formerly known as the Columba Initiative is a program for Gaelic speakers in Scotland and Ireland to meet each other more often, and in so doing to learn more of the language, heritage and lifestyles of one another.
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Comparison of Scottish Gaelic and Irish
Although Scottish Gaelic and Irish are closely related as Celtic - Gaelic languages, they are in fact starkly different in many ways.
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In articulatory phonetics, a consonant is a speech sound that is articulated with complete or partial closure of the vocal tract.
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Corporal punishment or physical punishment is a punishment intended to cause physical pain on a person.
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Council of Europe
The Council of Europe (CoE; Conseil de l'Europe) is an international organisation whose stated aim is to uphold human rights, democracy and the rule of law in Europe.
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David I of Scotland
David I or Dauíd mac Maíl Choluim (Modern: Daibhidh I mac Chaluim; – 24 May 1153) was a 12th-century ruler who was Prince of the Cumbrians from 1113 to 1124 and later King of the Scots from 1124 to 1153.
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Dál Riata or Dál Riada (also Dalriada) was a Gaelic overkingdom that included parts of western Scotland and northeastern Ireland, on each side of the North Channel.
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A digraph or digram (from the δίς dís, "double" and γράφω gráphō, "to write") is a pair of characters used in the orthography of a language to write either a single phoneme (distinct sound), or a sequence of phonemes that does not correspond to the normal values of the two characters combined.
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A diphthong (or; from Greek: δίφθογγος, diphthongos, literally "two sounds" or "two tones"), also known as a gliding vowel, is a combination of two adjacent vowel sounds within the same syllable.
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Donald III of Scotland
Donald III (Medieval Gaelic: Domnall mac Donnchada; Modern Gaelic: Dòmhnall mac Dhonnchaidh), and nicknamed "Donald the Fair" or "Donald the White" (Medieval Gaelic:"Domnall Bán", anglicised as Donald Bane/Bain or Donalbane/Donalbain), (c. 1032–1099) was King of Scots from 1093–1094 and 1094–1097.
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When used as a diacritic mark, the term dot is usually reserved for the Interpunct (·), or to the glyphs 'combining dot above' (◌̇) and 'combining dot below' (◌̣) which may be combined with some letters of the extended Latin alphabets in use in Central European languages and Vietnamese.
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The surname Duff has several origins.
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Dugald Buchanan (Dùghall Bochanan in Gaelic) (Ardoch Farm, Strathyre (near Balquhidder) in Perthshire, Scotland 1716–1768) was a Scottish poet writing in Scots and Scottish Gaelic.
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Dumfriesshire or the County of Dumfries (Siorrachd Dhùn Phris in Gaelic) is a historic county, registration county and lieutenancy area of Scotland.
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Duncan Ban MacIntyre
Donnchadh Bàn Mac an t-Saoir (usually Duncan Ban MacIntyre in English; 20 March 1724 – 14 May 1812) is one of the most renowned of Scottish Gaelic poets and formed an integral part of one of the golden ages of Gaelic poetry in Scotland during the 18th century.
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The surname Dunn has several different origins.
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Early Irish law
Early Irish law, also called Brehon law, comprised the statutes which governed everyday life in Early Medieval Ireland.
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Early Scots was the emerging literary language of the Northern Middle English speaking parts of Scotland in the period before 1450.
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East Ayrshire (Aest Ayrshire, Siorrachd Àir an Ear) is one of thirty-two council areas of Scotland.
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Edinburgh (Dùn Èideann; Edinburgh) is the capital city of Scotland and one of its 32 council areas.
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Education (Scotland) Act 1872
The Education (Scotland) Act 1872 made primary education universal and mandatory in Scotland; poverty was no longer an excuse for truancy.
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English is a West Germanic language that was first spoken in early medieval England and is now a global lingua franca.
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European Charter for Regional or Minority Languages
The European Charter for Regional or Minority Languages (ECRML) is a European treaty (CETS 148) adopted in 1992 under the auspices of the Council of Europe to protect and promote historical regional and minority languages in Europe.
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The European Union (EU) is a political and economic union of EUnum member states that are located primarily in Europe.
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The Fernaig manuscript (Làmh-sgrìobhainn Fheàrnaig) is a document containing approximately 4,200 lines of verse consisting largely of political and religious themes.
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Free Church of Scotland (since 1900)
The Free Church of Scotland (Scottish Gaelic: An Eaglais Shaor) is an Evangelical and Reformed Presbyterian denomination in Scotland.
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Free Presbyterian Church of Scotland
The Free Presbyterian Church of Scotland (Scottish Gaelic: An Eaglais Shaor Chlèireach) was formed in 1893 and claims to be the spiritual descendant of the Scottish Reformation: its web-site states that it is 'the constitutional heir of the historic Church of Scotland'.
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Freesat is a free-to-air digital satellite television service in the United Kingdom, provided by joint venture between the BBC and ITV plc.
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Freeview is the United Kingdom's digital terrestrial television platform.
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French (le français or la langue française) is a Romance language of the Indo-European family.
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Fusional languages or inflected languages are a type of synthetic languages, distinguished from agglutinative languages by their tendency to use a single inflectional morpheme to denote multiple grammatical, syntactic, or semantic features.
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Gaelic broadcasting in Scotland
Gaelic broadcasting in Scotland is a developing area of the media in Scotland which deals with broadcasts given in Scottish Gaelic and has important links with the efforts of Gaelic revival in Scotland.
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Gaelic Language (Scotland) Act 2005
The Gaelic Language (Scotland) Act 2005 (Achd na Gàidhlig (Alba) 2005) is an Act of the Scottish Parliament passed in 2005, and is the first piece of legislation to give formal recognition to the Scottish Gaelic language.
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Gaelic medium education in Scotland
Gaelic medium education (G.M.E. or GME; Foghlam tro Mheadhan na Gàidhlig) is a form of education in Scotland that allows pupils to be taught primarily through the medium of Scottish Gaelic, with English being taught as the secondary language.
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Gaelic music (Ceol Gaelach, Ceòl Gàidhealach) is an umbrella term for the folk music of Ireland (see Irish folk music) and of the Scottish Highlands (see Scottish folk music).
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The Gaelic revival (Athbheochan na Gaeilge) was the late-nineteenth-century national revival of interest in the Irish language (also known as Gaelic) and Irish Gaelic culture (including folklore, sports, music, arts, etc.). Irish had diminished as a spoken tongue, remaining the main daily language only in isolated rural areas, with English having become the dominant language in the majority of Ireland.
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Gaelic road signs in Scotland
In the Gaelic-speaking parts of Scotland, the use of the Gaelic language on road signs instead of, or more often alongside, English is now common, but has been a controversial issue.
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Gaelicisation, or Gaelicization, is the act or process of making something Gaelic, or gaining characteristics of the Gaels.
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Gaeltacht (plural Gaeltachtaí) is an Irish-language word for any primarily Irish-speaking region.
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Galloway (Gallovidia) is a region in southwestern Scotland comprising the historic counties of Wigtownshire and Kirkcudbrightshire.
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Galwegian Gaelic (also known as Gallovidian Gaelic, Gallowegian Gaelic, or Galloway Gaelic) is an extinct dialect of the Goidelic languages formerly spoken in southwest Scotland.
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The Gàidhealtachd (English: Gaeldom), sometimes known as A' Ghàidhealtachd (English: The Gaeldom), usually refers to the Highlands and Islands of Scotland and especially the Scottish Gaelic-speaking culture of the area.
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Glasgow (Glesga; Glaschu) is the largest city in Scotland, and third most populous in the United Kingdom.
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Glasgow Gaelic School
Glasgow Gaelic School (Scottish Gaelic: Sgoil Ghàidhlig Ghlaschu) is a school in Glasgow, Scotland which teaches through the medium of Scottish Gaelic.
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Glengarry County, Ontario
Glengarry County, an area covering, is a county in the Canadian province of Ontario.
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The Goidelic or Gaelic languages (teangacha Gaelacha; cànanan Goidhealach; çhengaghyn Gaelgagh) form one of the two groups of Insular Celtic languages, the other being the Brittonic languages.
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Goidelic substrate hypothesis
The Goidelic substrate hypothesis refers to the hypothesized language or languages spoken in Ireland before the Iron Age arrival of the Goidelic languages.
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Government of the United Kingdom
The Government of the United Kingdom, formally referred to as Her Majesty's Government, is the central government of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland.
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Aspect is a grammatical category that expresses how an action, event, or state, denoted by a verb, extends over time.
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In linguistics, grammatical gender is a specific form of noun class system in which the division of noun classes forms an agreement system with another aspect of the language, such as adjectives, articles, pronouns, or verbs.
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In linguistics, grammatical mood (also mode) is a grammatical feature of verbs, used for signaling modality.
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In linguistics, grammatical number is a grammatical category of nouns, pronouns, and adjective and verb agreement that expresses count distinctions (such as "one", "two", or "three or more").
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Grammatical person, in linguistics, is the grammatical distinction between deictic references to participant(s) in an event; typically the distinction is between the speaker (first person), the addressee (second person), and others (third person).
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In grammar, tense is a category that expresses time reference with reference to the moment of speaking.
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Grampian Television (now legally known as STV North Ltd and referred to on-air as STV) is the ITV franchisee for the North and North East of Scotland.
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The grave accent (`) is a diacritical mark in many written languages, including Breton, Catalan, Corsican, Dutch, Emilian-Romagnol, French, West Frisian, Greek (until 1982; see polytonic orthography), Haitian Creole, Italian, Mohawk, Occitan, Portuguese, Ligurian, Scottish Gaelic, Vietnamese, Welsh, Romansh, and Yoruba.
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Greek (Modern Greek: ελληνικά, elliniká, "Greek", ελληνική γλώσσα, ellinikí glóssa, "Greek language") is an independent branch of the Indo-European family of languages, native to Greece and other parts of the Eastern Mediterranean and the Black Sea.
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Greyfriars Kirk, today Greyfriars Tolbooth & Highland Kirk, is a parish kirk (church) of the Church of Scotland in central Edinburgh, Scotland.
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Harris (Scottish Gaelic) is the southern and more mountainous part of Lewis and Harris, the largest island in the Outer Hebrides, Scotland.
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High Court of Justiciary
The High Court of Justiciary is the supreme criminal court in Scotland.
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Highland (council area)
Highland (A' Ghàidhealtachd;, Heilan) is a council area in the Scottish Highlands and is the largest local government area in the United Kingdom.
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The Highland Clearances (Fuadaichean nan Gàidheal, the "eviction of the Gaels") were the evictions of a significant number of tenants in the Scottish Highlands mostly during the 18th and 19th centuries.
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Highland Land League
The first Highland Land League (Dionnasg an Fhearainn) emerged as a distinct political force in Scotland during the 1880s, with its power base in the country's Highlands and Islands.
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History of Scottish devolution
The decision of the Parliament of Scotland to ratify the Treaty of Union in 1707 was not unanimous and, from that time, individuals and organisations have advocated the reinstatement of a Scottish Parliament.
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An indigenous language or autochthonous language is a language that is native to a region and spoken by indigenous people, often reduced to the status of a minority language.
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The Indo-European languages are a language family of several hundred related languages and dialects.
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The Inner Hebrides (Scottish Gaelic: Na h-Eileanan a-staigh, "the inner isles") is an archipelago off the west coast of mainland Scotland, to the south east of the Outer Hebrides.
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Insular Celtic languages
Insular Celtic languages are a group of Celtic languages that originated in Britain and Ireland, in contrast to the Continental Celtic languages of mainland Europe and Anatolia.
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Inverness (from the Inbhir Nis, meaning "Mouth of the River Ness", Inerness) is a city in the Scottish Highlands.
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Iona (Ì Chaluim Chille) is a small island in the Inner Hebrides off the Ross of Mull on the western coast of Scotland.
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The Irish language (Gaeilge), also referred to as the Gaelic or the Irish Gaelic language, is a Goidelic language (Gaelic) of the Indo-European language family originating in Ireland and historically spoken by the Irish people.
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An Irish passport is the passport issued to citizens of Ireland.
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Islay (Ìle) is the southernmost island of the Inner Hebrides of Scotland.
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ITV (TV network)
ITV is a British commercial TV network.
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James Francis Murphy (born 23 August 1967) is a Scottish former politician who was Leader of the Scottish Labour Party between 2014 and 2015 and a cabinet minister in the UK Government.
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Kilmuir (Scottish Gaelic: Cille Mhoire) is a village on the west coast of the Trotternish peninsula in the north of the island of Skye.
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Sir Nigel Kim Darroch (born 30 April 1954) is a senior British diplomat, who since January 2016 has been British Ambassador to the United States.
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Kingdom of Northumbria
The Kingdom of Northumbria (Norþanhymbra rīce) was a medieval Anglian kingdom in what is now northern England and south-east Scotland.
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Kingdom of Scotland
The Kingdom of Scotland (Rìoghachd na h-Alba; Kinrick o Scotland) was a sovereign state in northwest Europe traditionally said to have been founded in 843.
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Languages of Europe
Most languages of Europe belong to the Indo-European language family.
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Languages of Scotland
The languages of Scotland are the languages spoken or once spoken in Scotland.
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Languages of the European Union
The languages of the European Union are languages used by people within the member states of the European Union (EU).
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A lateral is an l-like consonant in which the airstream proceeds along the sides of the tongue, but it is blocked by the tongue from going through the middle of the mouth.
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Latin (Latin: lingua latīna) is a classical language belonging to the Italic branch of the Indo-European languages.
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Latin or Roman script is a set of graphic signs (script) based on the letters of the classical Latin alphabet, which is derived from a form of the Cumaean Greek version of the Greek alphabet, used by the Etruscans.
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In linguistics, lenition is a kind of sound change that alters consonants, making them more sonorous.
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A letter is a grapheme (written character) in an alphabetic system of writing.
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Lewis (Leòdhas,, also Isle of Lewis) is the northern part of Lewis and Harris, the largest island of the Western Isles or Outer Hebrides archipelago in Scotland.
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Lews Castle College
Lews Castle College (Colaisde a' Chaisteil, meaning literally "College of the Castle") is a further and higher education college in the Western Isles of Scotland.
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In phonetics, liquids or liquid consonants are a class of consonants consisting of lateral consonants like 'l' together with rhotics like 'r'.
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Lismore (Lios Mòr, possibly meaning "great enclosure", or "garden") is an island of some in the Inner Hebrides of Scotland.
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List of Scottish Gaelic place names
The following place names are either derived from Scottish Gaelic or have standard Gaelic equivalents.
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Loch is the Irish, Scottish Gaelic and Scots word for a lake or for a sea inlet.
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Lochaber (Loch Abar) is a name applied to areas of the Scottish Highlands.
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Lonely Planet is the largest travel guide book publisher in the world.
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Lord of the Isles
The Lord of the Isles (Triath nan Eilean or Rìgh Innse Gall) is a title of Scottish nobility with historical roots that go back beyond the Kingdom of Scotland.
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Lothian (Lowden; Lodainn) is a region of the Scottish Lowlands, lying between the southern shore of the Firth of Forth and the Lammermuir Hills.
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A machine-readable passport (MRP) is a machine-readable travel document (MRTD) with the data on the identity page encoded in optical character recognition format.
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Malcolm III of Scotland
Malcolm III (Gaelic: Máel Coluim mac Donnchada; c. 26 March 1031 – 13 November 1093) was King of Scots from 1058 to 1093.
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A mòd is a festival of Scottish Gaelic song, arts and culture.
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MG Alba is the operating name of the Gaelic Media Service (Seirbheis nam Meadhanan Gàidhlig).
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Michael Russell (politician)
Michael William "Mike" Russell, (born 9 August 1953) is a Scottish National Party (SNP) politician serving as Cabinet Secretary for Government Business and Constitutional Relations since 26 June 2018 and Member of the Scottish Parliament for Argyll and Bute.
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Middle English (ME) is collectively the varieties of the English language spoken after the Norman Conquest (1066) until the late 15th century; scholarly opinion varies but the Oxford English Dictionary specifies the period of 1150 to 1500.
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Middle Irish (sometimes called Middle Gaelic, An Mheán-Ghaeilge) is the Goidelic language which was spoken in Ireland, most of Scotland and the Isle of Man from circa 900-1200 AD; it is therefore a contemporary of late Old English and early Middle English.
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Midlothian (Midlowden, Meadhan Lodainn) is one of the 32 council areas of Scotland, UK.
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Modern history, the modern period or the modern era, is the linear, global, historiographical approach to the time frame after post-classical history.
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Moray (Moireibh or Moireabh, Moravia, Mýræfi) is one of the 32 Local Government council areas of Scotland.
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In linguistics, morphology is the study of words, how they are formed, and their relationship to other words in the same language.
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Moscow State University
Lomonosov Moscow State University (MSU; Московский государственный университет имени М. В. Ломоносова, often abbreviated МГУ) is a coeducational and public research university located in Moscow, Russia.
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Mull of Kintyre
The Mull of Kintyre is the southwesternmost tip of the Kintyre Peninsula (formerly Cantyre) in southwest Scotland.
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In phonetics, a nasal, also called a nasal occlusive, nasal stop in contrast with a nasal fricative, or nasal continuant, is an occlusive consonant produced with a lowered velum, allowing air to escape freely through the nose.
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A nasal vowel is a vowel that is produced with a lowering of the velum so that air escapes both through the nose as well as the mouth, such as the French vowel.
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A neologism (from Greek νέο- néo-, "new" and λόγος lógos, "speech, utterance") is a relatively recent or isolated term, word, or phrase that may be in the process of entering common use, but that has not yet been fully accepted into mainstream language.
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The New Testament (Ἡ Καινὴ Διαθήκη, trans. Hē Kainḕ Diathḗkē; Novum Testamentum) is the second part of the Christian biblical canon, the first part being the Old Testament, based on the Hebrew Bible.
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Norn is an extinct North Germanic language that was spoken in the Northern Isles (Orkney and Shetland) off the north coast of mainland Scotland and in Caithness in the far north of the Scottish mainland.
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North Channel (Great Britain and Ireland)
The North Channel (known in Irish and Scottish Gaelic as Sruth na Maoile, in Scots as the Sheuch and alternatively in English as the Straits of Moyle or Sea of Moyle) is the strait between north-eastern Northern Ireland and south-western Scotland.
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North Glengarry, Ontario
North Glengarry is a township in eastern Ontario, Canada, in the United Counties of Stormont, Dundas and Glengarry.
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North Lanarkshire (North Lanrikshire, Siorrachd Lannraig a Tuath) is one of 32 council areas of Scotland.
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North Uist (Uibhist a Tuath) is an island and community in the Outer Hebrides of Scotland.
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The Northern Isles (Northren Isles; Na h-Eileanan a Tuath; Norðreyjar) are a pair of archipelagos off the north coast of mainland Scotland, comprising Orkney and Shetland.
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Nova Scotia (Latin for "New Scotland"; Nouvelle-Écosse; Scottish Gaelic: Alba Nuadh) is one of Canada's three maritime provinces, and one of the four provinces that form Atlantic Canada.
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An official language is a language that is given a special legal status in a particular country, state, or other jurisdiction.
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Official Languages Act 2003
The Official Languages Act 2003 (OLA; Acht na dTeangacha Oifigiúla 2003) is an Act of the Oireachtas of Ireland.
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Old English (Ænglisc, Anglisc, Englisc), or Anglo-Saxon, is the earliest historical form of the English language, spoken in England and southern and eastern Scotland in the early Middle Ages.
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Old Irish (Goídelc; Sean-Ghaeilge; Seann Ghàidhlig; Shenn Yernish; sometimes called Old Gaelic) is the name given to the oldest form of the Goidelic languages for which extensive written texts are extant.
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Old Norse was a North Germanic language that was spoken by inhabitants of Scandinavia and inhabitants of their overseas settlements from about the 9th to the 13th century.
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Ontario is one of the 13 provinces and territories of Canada and is located in east-central Canada.
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Ordnance Survey (OS) is a national mapping agency in the United Kingdom which covers the island of Great Britain.
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Orkney (Orkneyjar), also known as the Orkney Islands, is an archipelago in the Northern Isles of Scotland, situated off the north coast of Great Britain.
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An orthography is a set of conventions for writing a language.
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The Outer Hebrides, also known as the Western Isles (Na h-Eileanan Siar or Na h-Eileanan an Iar), Innse Gall ("islands of the strangers") or the Long Isle or the Long Island (An t-Eilean Fada), is an island chain off the west coast of mainland Scotland.
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In phonetics, palatalization (also) or palatization refers to a way of pronouncing a consonant in which part of the tongue is moved close to the hard palate.
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The palate is the roof of the mouth in humans and other mammals.
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Parliament of the United Kingdom
The Parliament of the United Kingdom, commonly known as the UK Parliament or British Parliament, is the supreme legislative body of the United Kingdom, the Crown dependencies and overseas territories.
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Pictish is the extinct language, or dialect, spoken by the Picts, the people of eastern and northern Scotland from the late Iron Age to the Early Middle Ages.
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The Picts were a tribal confederation of peoples who lived in what is today eastern and northern Scotland during the Late Iron Age and Early Medieval periods.
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In phonetics, preaspiration (sometimes spelled pre-aspiration) is a period of voicelessness or aspiration preceding the closure of a voiceless obstruent, basically equivalent to an -like sound preceding the obstruent.
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Presbyterianism is a part of the reformed tradition within Protestantism which traces its origins to Britain, particularly Scotland, and Ireland.
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Primitive Irish or Archaic Irish (Gaeilge Ársa) is the oldest known form of the Goidelic languages.
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Prince Edward Island
Prince Edward Island (PEI or P.E.I.; Île-du-Prince-Édouard) is a province of Canada consisting of the island of the same name, and several much smaller islands.
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Raasay (Ratharsair) is an island between the Isle of Skye and the mainland of Scotland.
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Rannoch (Raineach or Raithneach meaning bracken in Gaelic) is an area of the Scottish Highlands between the A9 road, to the east, and the A82, to the west.
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Rathlin Island is an island and civil parish off the coast of County Antrim, Northern Ireland, and the northernmost point of Northern Ireland.
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Renfrewshire (Siorrachd Rinn Friù, Renfrewshire) is one of 32 council areas of Scotland.
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The River Clyde (Abhainn Chluaidh,, Watter o Clyde) is a river that flows into the Firth of Clyde in Scotland.
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Royal National Mòd
The Royal National Mòd (Am Mòd Nàiseanta Rìoghail) is the most important of several major Mòds that are held annually, mostly in Scotland.
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Sabhal Mòr Ostaig
Sabhal Mòr Ostaig (Great Barn of Ostaig) is a public higher education college situated in the Sleat peninsula in the south of the Isle of Skye, with an associate campus at Bowmore on the island of Islay, Ionad Chaluim Chille Ìle (the Islay Columba Centre).
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Scotland (Alba) is a country that is part of the United Kingdom and covers the northern third of the island of Great Britain.
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The Scots Gaels, or Scottish Gaels, or within Lowland Scotland, simply Gaels, (Na Gàidheil) are an ethnolinguistic group found in the diaspora region of the former British Empire, including the United States, Canada, Australia, New Zealand and in Scotland, including the land of their origins, the Highlands of Scotland (A' Gàidhealtachd).
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Scots is the Germanic language variety spoken in Lowland Scotland and parts of Ulster (where the local dialect is known as Ulster Scots).
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A Scottish clan (from Gaelic clann, "children") is a kinship group among the Scottish people.
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Scottish English refers to the varieties of English spoken in Scotland.
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Scottish Examination Board
The Scottish Examination Board (SEB) was the academic examination board for Scottish schools from 1961 to 1997.
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Scottish Gaelic or Scots Gaelic, sometimes also referred to simply as Gaelic (Gàidhlig) or the Gaelic, is a Celtic language native to the Gaels of Scotland.
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Scottish Gaelic literature
Scottish Gaelic literature refers to literature composed in the Scottish Gaelic language, a member of the Goidelic branch of Celtic languages, along with Irish and Manx.
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Scottish Gaelic orthography
Scottish Gaelic orthography has evolved over many centuries.
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The Scottish Government (Riaghaltas na h-Alba; Scots Govrenment) is the executive of the devolved Scottish Parliament.
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Scottish Human Rights Commission
The Scottish Human Rights Commission (SHRC) is the national human rights institution for Scotland.
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The Lowlands (the Lallans or the Lawlands; a' Ghalldachd, "the place of the foreigner") are a cultural and historic region of Scotland.
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The Scottish Parliament (Pàrlamaid na h-Alba; Scots: The Scots Pairlament) is the devolved national, unicameral legislature of Scotland.
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The Scottish people (Scots: Scots Fowk, Scottish Gaelic: Albannaich), or Scots, are a nation and ethnic group native to Scotland. Historically, they emerged from an amalgamation of two Celtic-speaking peoples, the Picts and Gaels, who founded the Kingdom of Scotland (or Alba) in the 9th century. Later, the neighbouring Celtic-speaking Cumbrians, as well as Germanic-speaking Anglo-Saxons and Norse, were incorporated into the Scottish nation. In modern usage, "Scottish people" or "Scots" is used to refer to anyone whose linguistic, cultural, family ancestral or genetic origins are from Scotland. The Latin word Scoti originally referred to the Gaels, but came to describe all inhabitants of Scotland. Considered archaic or pejorative, the term Scotch has also been used for Scottish people, primarily outside Scotland. John Kenneth Galbraith in his book The Scotch (Toronto: MacMillan, 1964) documents the descendants of 19th-century Scottish pioneers who settled in Southwestern Ontario and affectionately referred to themselves as 'Scotch'. He states the book was meant to give a true picture of life in the community in the early decades of the 20th century. People of Scottish descent live in many countries other than Scotland. Emigration, influenced by factors such as the Highland and Lowland Clearances, Scottish participation in the British Empire, and latterly industrial decline and unemployment, have resulted in Scottish people being found throughout the world. Scottish emigrants took with them their Scottish languages and culture. Large populations of Scottish people settled the new-world lands of North and South America, Australia and New Zealand. Canada has the highest level of Scottish descendants per capita in the world and the second-largest population of Scottish descendants, after the United States. Scotland has seen migration and settlement of many peoples at different periods in its history. The Gaels, the Picts and the Britons have their respective origin myths, like most medieval European peoples. Germanic peoples, such as the Anglo-Saxons, arrived beginning in the 7th century, while the Norse settled parts of Scotland from the 8th century onwards. In the High Middle Ages, from the reign of David I of Scotland, there was some emigration from France, England and the Low Countries to Scotland. Some famous Scottish family names, including those bearing the names which became Bruce, Balliol, Murray and Stewart came to Scotland at this time. Today Scotland is one of the countries of the United Kingdom, and the majority of people living there are British citizens.
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Scottish Qualifications Authority
The Scottish Qualifications Authority (SQA; Gaelic: Ùghdarras Theisteanas na h-Alba) is the executive non-departmental public body of the Scottish Government responsible for accrediting educational awards.
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Scottish Television (now, legally, known as STV Central Ltd) is the ITV franchise for Central Scotland.
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Secretary of State for Scotland
Her Majesty's Principal Secretary of State for Scotland (Rùnaire Stàite na h-Alba, Secretar o State for Scotland) is the principal minister of Her Majesty's Government in the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland representing Scotland.
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Sky UK (formerly British Sky Broadcasting Limited, BSkyB and Sky) is a telecommunications company which serves the United Kingdom.
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Skye, or the Isle of Skye (An t-Eilean Sgitheanach or Eilean a' Cheò), is the largest and northernmost of the major islands in the Inner Hebrides of Scotland.
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Sláinte or slàinte is a word literally translating as "health" in several Gaelic languages and is commonly used as a drinking toast in Ireland and Scotland.
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Society for Promoting Christian Knowledge
The Society for Promoting Christian Knowledge (SPCK) is the oldest Anglican mission organisation, and the leading publisher of Christian books in the United Kingdom.
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Sorley MacLean (Somhairle MacGill-Eain, sometimes MacGilleathain in earlier publications; 26 October 1911 – 24 November 1996) was one of the most significant Scottish poets of the 20th century.
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South Uist (Uibhist a Deas) is the second-largest island of the Outer Hebrides in Scotland.
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St Columba Church of Scotland, Glasgow
The Church of Scotland congregation of St Columba in Glasgow dates back to 1770.
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St. Francis Xavier University
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Status of the Irish language
Irish is a main home, work or community language for approximately 1% of the population of the Republic of Ireland;http://www.cso.ie/en/media/csoie/releasespublications/documents/population/2017/7._The_Irish_language.pdf the population of the Republic of Ireland was shown as 4,761,865 in the 2016 census.
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Stornoway (Steòrnabhagh) is the main settlement of Western Isles and the capital of Lewis and Harris in Scotland.
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Straits of Moyle
The Straits of Moyle (Sruth na Maoile in Irish and Scottish Gaelic) or Sea of Moyle is the name given to the narrowest expanse of sea in the North Channel between northeastern Northern Ireland (County Antrim) and southwestern highlands of Scotland (Mull of Kintyre).
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In linguistics, and particularly phonology, stress or accent is relative emphasis or prominence given to a certain syllable in a word, or to a certain word in a phrase or sentence.
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In linguistics, a suffix (sometimes termed postfix) is an affix which is placed after the stem of a word.
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In phonology, syncope (from συγκοπή||cutting up) is the loss of one or more sounds from the interior of a word, especially the loss of an unstressed vowel.
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TeleG was established as the first daily digital Gaelic TV channel in Scotland on 31 October 1999 and was available on the Freeview platform until 23 May 2011.
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The Brus, also known as The Bruce, is a long narrative poem, in Early Scots, of just under 14,000 octosyllabic lines composed by John Barbour which gives a historic and chivalric account of the actions of Robert the Bruce and the Black Douglas in the Scottish Wars of Independence during a period from the circumstances leading up the English invasion of 1296 through to Scotland's restored position in the years between the Truce of 1328 and the death of Thomas Randolph, Earl of Moray in 1332.
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The Gaelic College
The Gaelic College (Colaisde na Gàidhlig), is a non-profit educational institution located in the community of St. Ann's, on Nova Scotia's Cape Breton Island, along the Cabot Trail.
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The Maritimes, also called the Maritime provinces (Provinces maritimes) or the Canadian Maritimes, is a region of Eastern Canada consisting of three provinces: New Brunswick, Nova Scotia, and Prince Edward Island (PEI).
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The Press and Journal (Scotland)
The Press and Journal is a daily regional newspaper serving northern and highland Scotland including the cities of Aberdeen and Inverness.
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The Scotsman is a Scottish compact newspaper and daily news website headquartered in Edinburgh.
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The Wallace (poem)
The Actes and Deidis of the Illustre and Vallyeant Campioun Schir William Wallace, also known as The Wallace, is a long "romantic biographical" poem by the fifteenth-century Scottish makar of the name Blind Harry probably at some time in the decade before 1488.
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Tiree (Tiriodh) is the most westerly island in the Inner Hebrides of Scotland.
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In phonetics, a trill is a consonantal sound produced by vibrations between the active articulator and passive articulator.
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In phonetics, a triphthong (from Greek τρίφθογγος, "triphthongos", literally "with three sounds," or "with three tones") is a monosyllabic vowel combination involving a quick but smooth movement of the articulator from one vowel quality to another that passes over a third.
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Trousers (British English) or pants (American English) are an item of clothing originating in Asia, worn from the waist to the ankles, covering both legs separately (rather than with cloth extending across both legs as in robes, skirts, and dresses).
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The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, commonly known as the United Kingdom (UK) or Britain,Usage is mixed with some organisations, including the and preferring to use Britain as shorthand for Great Britain is a sovereign country in western Europe.
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United Kingdom census, 2011
A census of the population of the United Kingdom is taken every ten years.
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Universal Declaration of Human Rights
The Universal Declaration of Human Rights (UDHR) is a historic document that was adopted by the United Nations General Assembly at its third session on 10 December 1948 as Resolution 217 at the Palais de Chaillot in Paris, France.
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University of the Highlands and Islands
The University of the Highlands and Islands (Oilthigh na Gàidhealtachd agus nan Eilean) is a tertiary university composed of Academic Partners which are the 13 colleges and research institutions in the Highlands and Islands of Scotland delivering higher education.
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Vancouver is a coastal seaport city in western Canada, located in the Lower Mainland region of British Columbia.
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Velarization is a secondary articulation of consonants by which the back of the tongue is raised toward the velum during the articulation of the consonant.
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In linguistic typology, a verb–subject–object (VSO) language is one in which the most typical sentences arrange their elements in that order, as in Ate Sam oranges (Sam ate oranges).
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Virgin Media Limited is a British company which provides telephone, television and internet services in the United Kingdom.
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The vocative case (abbreviated) is the case used for a noun that identifies a person (animal, object etc.) being addressed or occasionally the determiners of that noun.
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In grammar, the voice of a verb describes the relationship between the action (or state) that the verb expresses and the participants identified by its arguments (subject, object, etc.). When the subject is the agent or doer of the action, the verb is in the active voice.
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A vowel is one of the two principal classes of speech sound, the other being a consonant.
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In phonetics, vowel reduction is any of various changes in the acoustic quality of vowels, which are related to changes in stress, sonority, duration, loudness, articulation, or position in the word (e.g. for the Creek language), and which are perceived as "weakening".
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Wars of Scottish Independence
The Wars of Scottish Independence were a series of military campaigns fought between the Kingdom of Scotland and the Kingdom of England in the late 13th and early 14th centuries.
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Welsh (Cymraeg or y Gymraeg) is a member of the Brittonic branch of the Celtic languages.
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West Lothian (Wast Lowden, Lodainn an Iar) is one of the 32 council areas of Scotland, and one of its historic counties.
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