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The Atlantic Ocean is the second largest of the world's oceanic divisions, following the Pacific Ocean. [1]

302 relations: Abyssal plain, Africa, Airplane, Airship, Alan Priddy, Albatross, Amelia Earhart, American eel, Americas, Amyr Klink, Ancient Greece, Ann Davison, Annobón Province, Antarctic Bottom Water, Antarctica, Arctic Ocean, Area, Argentina, Artur de Sacadura Cabral, Ascension Island, Asia, Atlantic (disambiguation), Atlantic Basin (disambiguation), Atlantic Coast, Atlantic slave trade, Atlantic U-boat campaign of World War I, Atlas (mythology), Atlas Mountains, Auk, Authigenic, Azores, Azores High, Þorfinnr "Karlsefni" Þórðarson, Bahama Banks, Baltic Sea, Barbados, Barents Sea, Bathymetry, Battle of the Atlantic, Bay of Fundy, Benguela Current, Benoît Lecomte, Bermuda, Bermuda Triangle, Bert Hinkler, Black Sea, Blake Basin, Boston, Bouvet Island, Brazil, ..., Bristol, Canada, Canary Current, Canary Islands, Cape Agulhas, Cape Cod, Cape of Good Hope, Cape Verde, Caribbean, Caribbean Sea, Celtic Sea, Challenger expedition, Charles Lindbergh, Charles Nungesser, Christopher Columbus, Coast guard, Cobh, Cod, Columbia University, Continental shelf, Coriolis effect, Cork (city), Cubic mile, Curtiss NC-4, Cyrus West Field, Davis Strait, Dead zone (ecology), Denmark Strait, Dogger Bank, Dolphin, Drake Passage, Drift netting, Dubrovnik, Earth, Eel, Equator, Erik the Red, Erosion, Ethiopia, Eurasia, Europe, European colonization of the Americas, European eel, Falkland Islands, Faroe Islands, Ferdinand Magellan, Fernando de Noronha, Fertilizer, First aerial crossing of the South Atlantic, Fish, Fishing, François Coli, Francis I of France, Frank Samuelsen and George Harbo, Gago Coutinho, Gas, Gérard d'Aboville, Geographic coordinate system, Georges Bank, German Meteor expedition, Giovanni da Verrazzano, Globigerina, Gough Island, Grand Banks of Newfoundland, Gravel, Great Britain, Greek mythology, Greenland, Greenland Sea, Guadeloupe, Gulf of Maine, Gulf of Mexico, Gulf of Saint Lawrence, Gulf Stream, Guy Delage, Guyot, Haddock, Hake, Hanno the Navigator, Herodotus, Herring, Histories (Herodotus), HMS Tartar (1756), Hudson Bay, Human, Hypoxia (environmental), Iceberg, Iceland, Icing (nautical), Idiom, Incineration, Indian Ocean, Indigenous peoples of the Americas, Ireland, Irish Sea, Isambard Kingdom Brunel, Jacques Cartier, John Cabot, John Harrison, L'Anse aux Meadows, L'Oiseau Blanc, Labrador Sea, Lake Maracaibo, Lamont–Doherty Earth Observatory, Laurentian fan, Leif Erikson, Lifeboat (shipboard), Lisbon, List of islands in the Atlantic Ocean, List of missing aircraft, Livestock, Lobster, Longitude, Mackerel, Madeira, Manatee, Manganese nodule, Marginal sea, Marine debris, Marine mammal, Mediterranean Sea, Mid-Atlantic Ridge, Mid-ocean ridge, Milwaukee Deep, Modern history, Morocco, Namibia, New World, New York City, Newfoundland (island), Newfoundland and Labrador, Nor'easter, Norsemen, North America, North Atlantic (disambiguation), North Atlantic Current, North Atlantic Deep Water, North Sea, Norwegian Sea, Nova Scotia, Ocean, Ocean gyre, Ocean Highway, Oceanic basin, Oceanic plateau, Oceanic trench, Oceanus, Oil spill, Old World, Pacific Ocean, Panama Canal, Pangaea, Papyrus, Paris, Pedro Álvares Cabral, Pelagic zone, Petrel, Petroleum, Pinniped, Placer deposit, Political status of Western Sahara, Portugal, Portuguese discoveries, Portuguese Empire, Precipitation, Pteropoda, Puerto Rico Trench, Republic of Florence, Rift valley, Rigid-hulled inflatable boat, Rio de Janeiro, RMS Lusitania, RMS Titanic, Robert Manry, Rocas Atoll, Rockall, Romanche Trench, Rowing, Sable Island, Sagas of Icelanders, Sail, Saint Helena, Saint Lawrence River, Saint Pierre and Miquelon, Salinity, Sand, Sargasso Sea, São Tomé and Príncipe, Scotia Sea, Sea ice, Sea lion, Seamount, Seaplane, Seaweed, Sediment, Sedimentary rock, Seven Seas, Shutdown of thermohaline circulation, Sierra Leone, Snorri Thorfinnsson, South Atlantic (disambiguation), South Georgia and the South Sandwich Islands, South Sandwich Trench, Southern Hemisphere, Southern Ocean, Spain, Spanish Empire, SS Great Eastern, Strait of Gibraltar, Strait of Magellan, Submarine canyon, Subtropics, Superstructure, Terrigenous sediment, The Bahamas, The Maritimes, Thor Heyerdahl, Tide, Tierra del Fuego, Topography, Tori Murden, Transatlantic crossing, Transatlantic flight, Transatlantic flight of Alcock and Brown, Transatlantic telegraph cable, Trindade and Martim Vaz, Tristan da Cunha, Tropical cyclone, Trough (geology), Turtle, U-boat, United States, United States Hydrographic Office, Venezuela, Vikings, Vinland, Voyages of Christopher Columbus, Walvis Ridge, Water, Weathering, Whale, Windward Islands, World, World Digital Library, World Ocean, World War II, 20th meridian east, 25th parallel north, 25th parallel south, 40th parallel north, 58th parallel south, 60th parallel south. Expand index (252 more) »

Abyssal plain

An abyssal plain is an underwater plain on the deep ocean floor, usually found at depths between 3000 and 6000 m.

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Africa

Africa is the world's second-largest and second-most-populous continent.

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Airplane

An airplane or aeroplane (informally plane) is a powered, fixed-wing aircraft that is propelled forward by thrust from a jet engine or propeller.

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Airship

An airship or dirigible is a type of aerostat or lighter-than-air aircraft which can navigate through the air under its own power.

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Alan Priddy

Alan Priddy (born 7 April 1953) is a British power boat sailor and adventurer who has set several boating world records.

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Albatross

Albatrosses, of the biological family Diomedeidae, are large seabirds allied to the procellariids, storm petrels and diving petrels in the order Procellariiformes (the tubenoses).

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Amelia Earhart

Amelia Mary Earhart (July 24, 1897 – disappeared July 2, 1937) was an American aviation pioneer and author.

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American eel

The American eel (Anguilla rostrata) is a facultative catadromous fish found on the eastern coast of North America.

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Americas

The Americas, or America,"America." The Oxford Companion to the English Language (ISBN 0-19-214183-X).

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Amyr Klink

Amyr Klink (born September 25, 1955 in São Paulo, Brazil) is an explorer and sailor.

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Ancient Greece

Ancient Greece was a civilization belonging to a period of Greek history that lasted from the Archaic period of the 8th to 6th centuries BC to the end of antiquity (circa 600 AD).

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Ann Davison

Ann Davison (1914 – 1992) was, at the age of 39, the first woman to single-handedly sail the Atlantic Ocean.

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Annobón Province

Annobón Province is a small province of Equatorial Guinea consisting of the island of Annobón and its associated islets in the Gulf of Guinea and South Atlantic Ocean's Cameroon Line.

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Antarctic Bottom Water

The Antarctic bottom water (AABW) is a type of water mass in the Southern Ocean surrounding Antarctica with temperatures ranging from -0.8 to 2 °C (31 °F), salinities from 34.6 to 34.7 psu.

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Antarctica

Antarctica is Earth's southernmost continent, containing the geographic South Pole.

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Arctic Ocean

The Arctic Ocean (also known as the Northern Ocean), located in the Northern Hemisphere and mostly in the Arctic north polar region, is the smallest and shallowest of the world's five major oceanic divisions.

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Area

Area is the quantity that expresses the extent of a two-dimensional figure or shape, or planar lamina, in the plane.

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Argentina

Argentina, officially the Argentine Republic (República Argentina), is a federal republic located in southeastern South America.

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Artur de Sacadura Cabral

Artur de Sacadura Freire Cabral, GCTE (23 May 1881 – 15 November 1924), known simply as Sacadura Cabral, was a Portuguese aviation pioneer who in 1922, together with Gago Coutinho (1869–1959), conducted the first flight across the South Atlantic Ocean, and also the first using astronomical navigation only, from Lisbon, Portugal, to Rio de Janeiro, Brazil.

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Ascension Island

Ascension Island is an isolated volcanic island in the equatorial waters of the South Atlantic Ocean, around from the coast of Africa and from the coast of Brazil, which is roughly midway between the horn of South America and Africa.

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Asia

Asia is the Earth's largest and most populous continent, located primarily in the eastern and northern hemispheres.

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Atlantic (disambiguation)

The Atlantic Ocean is the second largest of the world's oceans.

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Atlantic Basin (disambiguation)

The Atlantic Basin is the Atlantic Ocean.

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Atlantic Coast

Atlantic Coast may refer to.

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Atlantic slave trade

The Atlantic slave trade or transatlantic slave trade took place across the Atlantic Ocean from the 16th through to the 19th centuries.

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Atlantic U-boat campaign of World War I

The Atlantic U-boat campaign of World War I (sometimes called the "first battle of the Atlantic", in reference to the World War II campaign of that name) was the prolonged naval conflict between German submarines and the Allied navies in Atlantic waters—the seas around the British Isles, the North Sea and the coast of France.

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Atlas (mythology)

In Greek mythology, Atlas (Ἄτλας) was the Titan who held up the sky.

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Atlas Mountains

The Atlas Mountains is a mountain range which stretches across northwestern Africa extending about through Algeria, Morocco and Tunisia.

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Auk

An auk is a bird of the family Alcidae in the order Charadriiformes.

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Authigenic

An authigenic mineral or sedimentary rock deposit is one that was generated where it is found or observed.

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Azores

The Azores (Açores), officially the Autonomous Region of the Azores (Região Autónoma dos Açores), is one of the two autonomous regions of Portugal, composed of nine volcanic islands situated in the North Atlantic Ocean about west of continental Portugal, about northwest of Madeira, about southeast of Newfoundland, and about northeast of Brazil.

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Azores High

The Azores High (Anticiclone dos Açores) (also known as North Atlantic (Subtropical) High/Anticyclone or for short, NASH, the Bermuda-Azores High, or the Bermuda High/Anticyclone in the United States) is a large subtropical semi-permanent centre of high atmospheric pressure typically found south of the Azores in the Atlantic Ocean, at the Horse latitudes.

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Þorfinnr "Karlsefni" Þórðarson

Thorfinn Karlsefni (Old Norse: Þorfinnr Karlsefni, Icelandic: Þorfinnur Karlsefni), whose signifies "Makings of a man",For further discussion, see under #Nickname section below was an Icelandic explorer.

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Bahama Banks

The Bahama Banks are the submerged carbonate platforms that make up much of the Bahama Archipelago.

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Baltic Sea

The Baltic Sea is a sea of the Atlantic Ocean, enclosed by Scandinavia, Finland, the Baltic countries, and the North European Plain.

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Barbados

Barbados is a sovereign island country in the Lesser Antilles.

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Barents Sea

The Barents Sea (Баренцево море, Barentsevo More Barentshavet) is a marginal sea of the Arctic Ocean, located off the northern coasts of Norway and Russia with vast majority of it lying in Russian territorial waters.

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Bathymetry

Bathymetry is the study of underwater depth of lake or ocean floors.

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Battle of the Atlantic

The Battle of the Atlantic was the longest continuous military campaign in World War II, running from 1939 to the defeat of Germany in 1945.

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Bay of Fundy

The Bay of Fundy (Baie de Fundy) is a bay on the Atlantic atlantic coast of North America, on the northeast end of the Gulf of Maine between the Canadian provinces of New Brunswick and Nova Scotia, with a small portion touching the U.S. state of Maine.

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Benguela Current

The Benguela Current is the broad, northward flowing ocean current that forms the eastern portion of the South Atlantic Ocean gyre.

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Benoît Lecomte

Benoît Lecomte (born 1967) is a French-born long distance swimmer (now a naturalized citizen of the U.S.A.) who has received wide credit for being the first man to swim across the Atlantic Ocean without a kick board in 1998.

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Bermuda

Bermuda, also referred to in legal documents as, fully, "the Bermudas or Somers Isles", is a British Overseas Territory in the North Atlantic Ocean, located off the east coast of North America.

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Bermuda Triangle

The Bermuda Triangle, also known as the Devil's Triangle, is a loosely defined region in the western part of the North Atlantic Ocean, where a number of aircraft and ships are said to have disappeared under mysterious circumstances.

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Bert Hinkler

Herbert John Louis Hinkler (8 December 1892 – 7 January 1933), better known as Bert Hinkler, was a pioneer Australian aviator (dubbed "Australian Lone Eagle") and inventor. He designed and built early aircraft before being the first person to fly solo from England to Australia, and the first person to fly solo across the Southern Atlantic Ocean. He married in 1932 at the age of 39, and died less than a year later after crashing into remote countryside near Florence, Italy during a solo flight record attempt.

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Black Sea

The Black Sea is a sea between Southeastern Europe and Western Asia.

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Blake Basin

The Blake Basin, also called the Blake–Bahama Basin, is a deep area of the Atlantic Ocean which runs along the east coast of the United States.

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Boston

Boston (pronounced) is the capital and largest city of the Commonwealth of Massachusetts in the United States.

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Bouvet Island

Bouvet Island (Norwegian: Bouvetøya, previously spelled Bouvet-øya) is an uninhabited subantarctic volcanic island and dependency of Norway located in the South Atlantic Ocean at.

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Brazil

Brazil (Brasil), officially the Federative Republic of Brazil (República Federativa do Brasil), is the largest country in both South America and the Latin American region.

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Bristol

Bristol is a city, unitary authority and county in South West England with an estimated population of 442,500 in 2015.

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Canada

Canada is a country, consisting of ten provinces and three territories, in the northern part of the continent of North America.

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Canary Current

The Canary Current is a wind-driven surface current that is part of the North Atlantic Gyre.

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Canary Islands

The Canary Islands (Islas Canarias), also known as the Canaries (Canarias), are a Spanish archipelago located just off the southern coast of Morocco, west of its southern border.

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Cape Agulhas

Cape Agulhas (Cabo das Agulhas, "Cape of the Needles") is a rocky headland in Western Cape, South Africa.

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Cape Cod

Cape Cod is a geographic cape/island and independent land mass separated from the mainland by the Cape Cod Canal that juts out into the Atlantic Ocean in the easternmost part of the state of Massachusetts in the Northeastern United States.

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Cape of Good Hope

The Cape of Good Hope (Kaap die Goeie Hoop, Kaap de Goede Hoop, Cabo da Boa Esperança) is a rocky headland on the Atlantic coast of the Cape Peninsula, South Africa.

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Cape Verde

Cape Verde or Cabo Verde (Cabo Verde), officially the Republic of Cabo Verde, is an island country spanning an archipelago of 10 volcanic islands in the central Atlantic Ocean.

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Caribbean

The Caribbean (or; Caribe; Caraïben; Caribbean Hindustani: कैरिबियन (Kairibiyana); Caraïbe or more commonly Antilles) is a region that consists of the Caribbean Sea, its islands (some surrounded by the Caribbean Sea and some bordering both the Caribbean Sea and the North Atlantic Ocean), and the surrounding coasts.

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Caribbean Sea

The Caribbean Sea (Mar Caribe) is a sea of the Atlantic Ocean located in the tropics of the Western Hemisphere.

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Celtic Sea

The Celtic Sea (An Mhuir Cheilteach; Y Môr Celtaidd; An Mor Keltek; Ar Mor Keltiek; La mer Celtique) is the area of the Atlantic Ocean off the south coast of Ireland bounded to the east by Saint George's Channel; other limits include the Bristol Channel, the English Channel, and the Bay of Biscay, as well as adjacent portions of Wales, Cornwall, Devon, and Brittany.

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Challenger expedition

The Challenger expedition of 1872–76 was a scientific exercise that made many discoveries to lay the foundation of oceanography.

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Charles Lindbergh

Charles Augustus Lindbergh (February 4, 1902 – August 26, 1974), nicknamed Slim, Lucky Lindy, and The Lone Eagle, was an American aviator, author, inventor, military officer, explorer, and social activist.

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Charles Nungesser

Charles Eugène Jules Marie Nungesser, MC (15 March 1892 – presumably on or after 8 May 1927) was a French ace pilot and adventurer, best remembered as a rival of Charles Lindbergh.

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Christopher Columbus

Christopher Columbus (Cristoforo Colombo; Cristóbal Colón; Cristóvão Colombo; born between 31 October 1450 and 30 October 1451, Genoa; died 20 May 1506, Valladolid) was an Italian explorer, navigator, colonizer and citizen of the Republic of Genoa.

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Coast guard

A coast guard or coastguard is a maritime security organization of a particular country.

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Cobh

Cobh, known from 1850 until the late 1920s as Queenstown, is a tourist seaport town on the south coast of County Cork, Ireland.

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Cod

Cod is the common name for the genus Gadus of demersal fishes, belonging to the family Gadidae.

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Columbia University

Columbia University (officially Columbia University in the City of New York) is a private Ivy League research university in Upper Manhattan, New York City.

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Continental shelf

The continental shelf is an underwater landmass which extends from a continent, resulting in an area of relatively shallow water known as a shelf sea.

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Coriolis effect

In physics, the Coriolis effect is the apparent deflection of moving objects when the motion is described relative to a rotating reference frame.

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Cork (city)

Cork (from corcach, meaning "marsh") is a city in Ireland.

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Cubic mile

A cubic mile (abbreviation: mi3) is an imperial / U.S. customary (non-SI non-metric) unit of volume, used in the United States, Canada, and the United Kingdom.

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Curtiss NC-4

The NC-4 was a Curtiss NC flying boat which was designed by Glenn Curtiss and his team, and manufactured by Curtiss Aeroplane and Motor Company.

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Cyrus West Field

Cyrus West Field (November 30, 1819July 12, 1892) was an American businessman and financier who, along with other entrepreneurs, created the Atlantic Telegraph Company and laid the first telegraph cable across the Atlantic Ocean in 1858.

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Davis Strait

Davis Strait (Détroit de Davis) is a northern arm of the Labrador Sea.

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Dead zone (ecology)

Dead zones are hypoxic (low-oxygen) areas in the world's oceans and large lakes, caused by "excessive nutrient pollution from human activities coupled with other factors that deplete the oxygen required to support most marine life in bottom and near-bottom water.

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Denmark Strait

The Denmark Strait or Greenland Strait (the latter meaning Greenland Sound) is an oceanic strait between Iceland (to its southeast) and Greenland (to its northwest).

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Dogger Bank

Dogger Bank (Dutch: Doggersbank, German: Doggerbank, Danish: Dogger banke) is a large sandbank in a shallow area of the North Sea about off the east coast of England.

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Dolphin

Dolphins are a widely distributed and diverse group of fully aquatic marine mammals.

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Drake Passage

The Drake Passage or Mar de Hoces—Sea of Hoces—is the body of water between South America's Cape Horn and the South Shetland Islands of Antarctica.

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Drift netting

Drift netting is a fishing technique where nets, called drift nets, hang vertically in the water column without being anchored to the bottom.

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Dubrovnik

Dubrovnik (Ragusa) is a Croatian city on the Adriatic Sea, in the region of Dalmatia.

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Earth

Earth (also the world, in Greek: Gaia, or in Latin: Terra), is the third planet from the Sun, the densest planet in the Solar System, the largest of the Solar System's four terrestrial planets, and the only astronomical object known to accommodate life.

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Eel

An eel is any fish belonging to the order Anguilliformes, which consists of four suborders, 20 families, 111 genera and about 800 species.

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Equator

An equator is the intersection of a sphere's surface with the plane perpendicular to the sphere's axis of rotation and midway between the poles.

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Erik the Red

Erik Thorvaldsson (Eiríkr Þorvaldsson; 950 – c. 1003), known as Erik the Red (Eiríkr hinn rauði), is remembered in medieval and Icelandic saga sources as having founded the first Norse settlement in Greenland.

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Erosion

In geomorphology and geology, erosion is the action of exogenicprocesses (such as water flow or wind) which remove soil and rock from one location on the Earth's crust, then transport it to another location where it is deposited.

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Ethiopia

Ethiopia (ኢትዮጵያ), officially known as the Federal Democratic Republic of Ethiopia, is a country located in the Horn of Africa.

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Eurasia

Eurasia is the combined continental landmass of Asia and Europe.

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Europe

Europe is a continent that comprises the westernmost part of Eurasia.

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European colonization of the Americas

European colonization of the Americas began as early as the 10th century, when Norse sailors explored and settled limited areas on the shores of present-day Greenland and Canada.

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European eel

The European eel (Anguilla anguilla) is a species of eel, a snake-like, catadromous fish.

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Falkland Islands

The Falkland Islands (Islas Malvinas) are an archipelago in the South Atlantic Ocean on the Patagonian Shelf.

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Faroe Islands

The Faroe Islands (Føroyar; Færøerne) are an archipelago between the Norwegian Sea and the North Atlantic Ocean, approximately halfway between Norway and Iceland, north-northwest of Great Britain.

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Ferdinand Magellan

Ferdinand Magellan (or; Fernão de Magalhães,; Fernando de Magallanes,; c. 1480 – 27 April 1521) was a Portuguese explorer who organised the Spanish expedition to the East Indies from 1519 to 1522, resulting in the first circumnavigation of the Earth.

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Fernando de Noronha

Fernando de Noronha is an archipelago of 21 islands and islets in the Atlantic Ocean, offshore from the Brazilian coast.

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Fertilizer

A fertilizer (or fertiliser in British English) is any material of natural or synthetic origin (other than liming materials) that is applied to soils or to plant tissues (usually leaves) to supply one or more plant nutrients essential to the growth of plants.

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First aerial crossing of the South Atlantic

The first aerial crossing of the South Atlantic was made by the Portuguese naval aviators Gago Coutinho and Sacadura Cabral in 1922, to mark the centennial of Brazil's independence.

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Fish

A fish is any member of a paraphyletic group of organisms that consist of all gill-bearing aquatic craniate animals that lack limbs with digits.

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Fishing

Fishing is the activity of trying to catch fish.

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François Coli

François Coli (June 5, 1881 - presumably on or after May 8, 1927) was a French pilot and navigator best known as the one-eyed flying partner of Charles Nungesser in their doomed attempt to fly the Atlantic Ocean on the aircraft known as The White Bird.

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Francis I of France

Francis I (François Ier) (12 September 1494 – 31 March 1547) was the first King of France from the Angouleme branch of the House of Valois, reigning from 1515 until his death.

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Frank Samuelsen and George Harbo

Franky Samuelsen (1870-1946) and George Harbo (1864-1909) were Norwegian-born Americans who in 1896 became the first people ever to row across an ocean.

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Gago Coutinho

Carlos Viegas Gago Coutinho, GCTE, GCC, generally known simply as Gago Coutinho (17 February 1869 – 18 February 1959) was a Portuguese aviation pioneer who, together with Sacadura Cabral (1881–1924), was the first to cross the South Atlantic Ocean by air, from March to June 1922 (some sources wrongly claim 1919), from Lisbon to Rio de Janeiro.

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Gas

Gas is one of the four fundamental states of matter (the others being solid, liquid, and plasma).

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Gérard d'Aboville

Gérard d'Aboville (5 September 1945, Paris &ndash) is the first man to row across two oceans solo: the Atlantic Ocean and the Pacific Ocean.

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Geographic coordinate system

A geographic coordinate system is a coordinate system that enables every location on the Earth to be specified by a set of numbers or letters.

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Georges Bank

Georges Bank (formerly known as St. Georges Bank) is a large elevated area of the sea floor between Cape Cod, Massachusetts (United States), and Cape Sable Island, Nova Scotia (Canada).

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German Meteor expedition

The German Meteor expedition (German: Deutsche Atlantik Expedition) was an oceanographic expedition that explored the South Atlantic ocean from the equatorial region to Antarctica in 1925–1927.

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Giovanni da Verrazzano

Giovanni da Verrazzano (sometimes also wrongly spelled Verrazano) (1485–1528) was an Italian explorer of North America, in the service of King Francis I of France.

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Globigerina

Globigerina is a genus of planktonic Foraminifera that have populated the world's oceans since the Late Eocene.

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Gough Island

Gough Island, also known historically as Gonçalo Álvares (after the Portuguese explorer) or mistakenly as Diego Alvarez, is a volcanic island in the South Atlantic Ocean.

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Grand Banks of Newfoundland

The Grand Banks of Newfoundland are a group of underwater plateaus southeast of Newfoundland on the North American continental shelf.

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Gravel

Gravel is composed of unconsolidated rock fragments that have a general particle size range and include size classes from granule- to boulder-sized fragments.

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Great Britain

Great Britain, also known as Britain, is an island in the North Atlantic off the north-west coast of continental Europe.

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Greek mythology

Greek mythology is the body of myths and teachings that belong to the ancient Greeks, concerning their gods and heroes, the nature of the world, and the origins and significance of their own cult and ritual practices.

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Greenland

Greenland (Kalaallit Nunaat; Grønland) is an autonomous country within the Kingdom of Denmark, located between the Arctic and Atlantic Oceans, east of the Canadian Arctic Archipelago.

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Greenland Sea

The Greenland Sea is a body of water that borders Greenland to the west, the Svalbard archipelago to the east, Fram Strait and the Arctic Ocean to the north, and the Norwegian Sea and Iceland to the south.

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Guadeloupe

Guadeloupe (Antillean Creole: Gwadloup) is an overseas region of France, consisting of a single overseas department, located in the Leeward Islands, part of the Lesser Antilles in the Caribbean.

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Gulf of Maine

The Gulf of Maine is a large gulf of the Atlantic Ocean on the east coast of North America.

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Gulf of Mexico

The Gulf of Mexico (Golfo de México) is an ocean basin largely surrounded by the North American continent.

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Gulf of Saint Lawrence

The Gulf of Saint Lawrence (French: Golfe du Saint-Laurent) is the outlet of the North American Great Lakes via the Saint Lawrence River into the Atlantic Ocean.

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Gulf Stream

The Gulf Stream, together with its northern extension towards Europe, the North Atlantic Drift, is a powerful, warm, and swift Atlantic ocean current that originates at the tip of Florida, and follows the eastern coastlines of the United States and Newfoundland before crossing the Atlantic Ocean.

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Guy Delage

Guy Delage claims he is the first person to swim solo across the Atlantic Ocean (with the help of a kick board, from the Cape Verde Islands to Barbados).

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Guyot

A guyot, also known as a tablemount, is an isolated underwater volcanic mountain (seamount), with a flat top over 200 metres (660 feet) below the surface of the sea.

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Haddock

The haddock (Melanogrammus aeglefinus) is a salt water fish, found in the North Atlantic Ocean and associated seas.

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Hake

The term hake refers to fish in either of.

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Hanno the Navigator

Hanno the Navigator was a Carthaginian explorer of the sixth or fifth century BC, best known for his naval exploration of the western coast of Africa.

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Herodotus

Herodotus (Ἡρόδοτος Hēródotos) was a Greek historian who was born in Halicarnassus, Caria (modern-day Bodrum, Turkey) and lived in the fifth century BC (484–425 BC).

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Herring

Herring are forage fish, mostly belonging to the family Clupeidae.

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Histories (Herodotus)

The Histories (Ἱστορίαι;; also known as The History) of Herodotus is now considered as the founding work of history in Western literature.

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HMS Tartar (1756)

HMS Tartar was a 28-gun sixth-rate frigate of the Royal Navy.

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Hudson Bay

Hudson Bay (Inuktitut: Kangiqsualuk ilua, baie d'Hudson), sometimes (usually historically) called Hudson's Bay, is a large body of saltwater in northeastern Canada, with a surface area of.

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Human

Modern humans (Homo sapiens, primarily ssp. Homo sapiens sapiens) are the only extant members of the hominin clade (or human clade), a branch of the great apes; they are characterized by erect posture and bipedal locomotion, manual dexterity and increased tool use, and a general trend toward larger, more complex brains and societies.

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Hypoxia (environmental)

Hypoxia refers to low oxygen conditions.

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Iceberg

An iceberg is a large piece of freshwater ice that has broken off a glacier or an ice shelf and is floating freely in open water.

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Iceland

Iceland is a Nordic island country between the North Atlantic and the Arctic Ocean.

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Icing (nautical)

Icing on ships is a serious hazard where cold temperatures (below about -10°C) combined with high wind speed (typically force 8 or above on the Beaufort scale) result in spray blown off the sea freezing immediately on contact with the ship.

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Idiom

An idiom (idioma, "special property", from ἰδίωμα – idíōma, "special feature, special phrasing, a peculiarity", f. ἴδιος – ídios, "one’s own") is a phrase or a fixed expression that has a figurative, or sometimes literal, meaning.

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Incineration

Incineration is a waste treatment process that involves the combustion of organic substances contained in waste materials.

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Indian Ocean

The Indian Ocean is the third largest of the world's oceanic divisions, covering approximately 20% of the water on the Earth's surface.

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Indigenous peoples of the Americas

The indigenous peoples of the Americas are the pre-Columbian inhabitants of North and South America, and their descendants. Pueblos indígenas (indigenous peoples) is a common term in Spanish-speaking countries. Aborigen (aboriginal/native) is used in Argentina, whereas "Amerindian" is used in Quebec and The Guianas but not commonly in other countries. Indigenous peoples are commonly known in Canada as Aboriginal peoples, which include First Nations, Inuit, and Métis peoples. Indigenous peoples of the United States are commonly known as Native Americans or American Indians, and Alaska Natives. According to the prevailing New World migration model, migrations of humans from Asia (in particular North Asia) to the Americas took place via Beringia, a land bridge which connected the two continents across what is now the Bering Strait. The majority of experts agree that the earliest migration via Beringia took place at least 13,500 years ago, with disputed evidence that people had migrated into the Americas much earlier, up to 40,000 years ago. These early Paleo-Indians spread throughout the Americas, diversifying into many hundreds of culturally distinct nations and tribes. According to the oral histories of many of the indigenous peoples of the Americas, they have been living there since their genesis, described by a wide range of creation myths. Application of the term "Indian" originated with Christopher Columbus, who, in his search for Asia, thought that he had arrived in the East Indies. The Americas came to be known as the "West Indies", a name still used to refer to the islands of the Caribbean sea. This led to the names "Indies" and "Indian", which implied some kind of racial or cultural unity among the aboriginal peoples of the Americas. This unifying concept, codified in law, religion, and politics, was not originally accepted by indigenous peoples but has been embraced by many over the last two centuries. Even though the term "Indian" often does not include the Aleuts, Inuit, or Yupik peoples, these groups are considered indigenous peoples of the Americas. Although some indigenous peoples of the Americas were traditionally hunter-gatherers—and many, especially in Amazonia, still are—many groups practiced aquaculture and agriculture. The impact of their agricultural endowment to the world is a testament to their time and work in reshaping and cultivating the flora indigenous to the Americas. Although some societies depended heavily on agriculture, others practiced a mix of farming, hunting, and gathering. In some regions the indigenous peoples created monumental architecture, large-scale organized cities, chiefdoms, states, and empires. Many parts of the Americas are still populated by indigenous Americans; some countries have sizable populations, especially Belize, Bolivia, Colombia, Ecuador, Greenland, Guatemala, Mexico, and Peru. At least a thousand different indigenous languages are spoken in the Americas. Some, such as Quechua, Aymara, Guaraní, Mayan languages, and Nahuatl, count their speakers in millions. Many also maintain aspects of indigenous cultural practices to varying degrees, including religion, social organization, and subsistence practices. Like most cultures, over time, cultures specific to many Indigenous peoples have evolved to incorporate traditional aspects, but also cater to modern needs. Some indigenous peoples still live in relative isolation from Western society, and a few are still counted as uncontacted peoples.

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Ireland

Ireland (Éire; Ulster-Scots: Airlann) is an island in the North Atlantic separated from Great Britain to its east by the North Channel, the Irish Sea, and St George's Channel.

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Irish Sea

The Irish Sea (Muir Éireann, Y Keayn Yernagh, Erse Sea, Muir Èireann, Ulster-Scots: Airish Sea, Môr Iwerddon) separates the islands of Ireland and Great Britain.

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Isambard Kingdom Brunel

Isambard Kingdom Brunel, FRS (9 April 1806 – 15 September 1859), was an English mechanical and civil engineer who is considered "one of the most ingenious and prolific figures in engineering history", "one of the 19th century engineering giants", and "one of the greatest figures of the Industrial Revolution, changed the face of the English landscape with his groundbreaking designs and ingenious constructions".

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Jacques Cartier

Jacques Cartier (Jakez Karter; December 31, 1491September 1, 1557) was a French explorer of Breton origin who claimed what is now Canada for France.

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John Cabot

John Cabot (Giovanni Caboto, Zuan Chabotto; c. 1450 – c. 1500) was an Italian navigator and explorer whose 1497 discovery of parts of North America under the commission of Henry VII of England is commonly held to have been the first European exploration of the mainland of North America since the Norse Vikings' visits to Vinland in the eleventh century.

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John Harrison

John Harrison (– 24 March 1776) was a self-educated English carpenter and clockmaker.

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L'Anse aux Meadows

L'Anse aux Meadows (from the French L'Anse-aux-Méduses or "Jellyfish Cove") is an archaeological site on the northernmost tip of the island of Newfoundland in the Canadian province of Newfoundland and Labrador.

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L'Oiseau Blanc

L'Oiseau Blanc (commonly known in the English-speaking world as The White Bird) was a French Levasseur PL.8 biplane that disappeared in 1927, during an attempt to make the first non-stop transatlantic flight between Paris and New York to compete for the Orteig Prize.

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Labrador Sea

The Labrador Sea (French: mer du Labrador) is an arm of the North Atlantic Ocean between the Labrador Peninsula and Greenland.

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Lake Maracaibo

Lake Maracaibo (Lago de Maracaibo) is a large brackish bay in Venezuela.

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Lamont–Doherty Earth Observatory

The Lamont–Doherty Earth Observatory (LDEO) is a research unit of Columbia University located on a campus in Palisades, N.Y., north of Manhattan on the Hudson River.

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Laurentian fan

The Laurentian fan or abyss is an underwater depression off the eastern coast of Canada in the Atlantic Ocean.

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Leif Erikson

Leif Erikson or Leif Ericson (or; Leifr Eiríksson; Icelandic: Leifur Eiríksson; Norwegian: Leiv Eiriksson c. 970 – c. 1020) was an Icelandic explorer considered by some as the first European to land in North America (excluding Greenland), before Christopher Columbus.

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Lifeboat (shipboard)

A lifeboat is a small, rigid or inflatable boat carried for emergency evacuation in the event of a disaster aboard a ship.

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Lisbon

Lisbon (Lisboa) is the capital and the largest city of Portugal, with a population of 552,700, Census 2011 results according to the 2013 administrative division of Portugal within its administrative limits in an area of 100.05 km².

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List of islands in the Atlantic Ocean

This is a list of islands in the Atlantic Ocean.

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List of missing aircraft

This is a list of aircraft, aviators or air passengers who have disappeared in flight for reasons that have never been definitely determined, particularly in cases where the air frame of the aircraft or body of the person has never been recovered.

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Livestock

Livestock are domesticated animals raised in an agricultural setting to produce commodities such as food, fiber and labor.

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Lobster

Clawed lobsters comprise a family (Nephropidae, sometimes also Homaridae) of large marine crustaceans.

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Longitude

Longitude (or, British also), is a geographic coordinate that specifies the east-west position of a point on the Earth's surface.

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Mackerel

Mackerel is a common name applied to a number of different species of pelagic fish, mostly, but not exclusively, from the family Scombridae.

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Madeira

Madeira (or; or) is a Portuguese archipelago located in the north Atlantic Ocean, west and slightly south of Portugal.

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Manatee

Manatees (family Trichechidae, genus Trichechus) are large, fully aquatic, mostly herbivorous marine mammals sometimes known as sea cows.

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Manganese nodule

Polymetallic nodules, also called manganese nodules, are rock concretions on the sea bottom formed of concentric layers of iron and manganese hydroxides around a core.

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Marginal sea

In oceanography, a marginal sea is a sea partially enclosed by islands, archipelagos, or peninsulas, adjacent to or widely open to the open ocean at the surface, and/or bounded by submarine ridges on the sea floor.

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Marine debris

Marine debris, also known as marine litter, is human-created waste that has deliberately or accidentally been released in a lake, sea, ocean or waterway.

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Marine mammal

Marine mammals, which include seals, whales, dolphins, porpoises, manatees, dugongs, otters, walruses, and polar bears form a diverse group of 129 species that rely on the ocean for their existence.

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Mediterranean Sea

The Mediterranean Sea is a sea connected to the Atlantic Ocean surrounded by the Mediterranean region and almost completely enclosed by land: on the north by Southern Europe and Anatolia, on the south by North Africa, and on the east by the Levant.

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Mid-Atlantic Ridge

The Mid-Atlantic Ridge (MAR) is a mid-ocean ridge, a divergent tectonic plate or constructive plate boundary located along the floor of the Atlantic Ocean, and part of the longest mountain range in the world.

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Mid-ocean ridge

A mid-ocean ridge is an underwater mountain system formed by plate tectonics.

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Milwaukee Deep

Milwaukee Deep, also known as The Milwaukee Depth, is the deepest part of the Atlantic Ocean and is part of the Puerto Rico Trench.

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Modern history

Modern history, also referred to as the modern period or the modern era, is the historiographical approach to the timeframe after the post-classical era (known as the Middle Ages).

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Morocco

Morocco (المغرب; ⵍⵎⴰⵖⵔⵉⴱ or Muṛṛakuc, ⵎⵓⵔⴰⴽⵓⵛ; Maroc), officially the Kingdom of Morocco, is a country in the Maghreb region of North Africa.

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Namibia

Namibia, officially the Republic of Namibia (German:; Republiek van Namibië), and formerly German South-West Africa and then South West Africa, is a country in southern Africa whose western border is the Atlantic Ocean.

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New World

The New World is one of the names used for the Western Hemisphere, specifically the Americas (including nearby islands such as those of the Caribbean and Bermuda).

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New York City

New York – often called New York City or the City of New York to distinguish it from the State of New York, of which it is a part – is the most populous city in the United States and the center of the New York metropolitan area, the premier gateway for legal immigration to the United States and one of the most populous urban agglomerations in the world.

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Newfoundland (island)

Newfoundland (Terre-Neuve, Taqamkuk) is a large Canadian island off the east coast of the North American mainland, and the most populous part of the Canadian province of Newfoundland and Labrador.

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Newfoundland and Labrador

Newfoundland and Labrador (Terre-Neuve-et-Labrador) is the most easterly province of Canada.

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Nor'easter

A nor’easter (also northeaster; see below) is a macro-scale storm along the upper East Coast of the United States and Atlantic Canada; it gets its name from the direction the wind is coming in from the storm.

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Norsemen

Norsemen refers to the group of people who spoke what is now called the Old Norse language between the 8th and 11th centuries.

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North America

North America is a continent wholly within the Northern Hemisphere and almost wholly within the Western Hemisphere.

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North Atlantic (disambiguation)

The North Atlantic is the portion of the Atlantic Ocean which lies north of the Equator.

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North Atlantic Current

The North Atlantic Current (also known as North Atlantic Drift and North Atlantic Sea Movement) is a powerful warm ocean current that continues the Gulf Stream northeast.

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North Atlantic Deep Water

North Atlantic Deep Water (NADW) is a deep water mass formed in the North Atlantic Ocean.

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North Sea

The North Sea is a marginal sea of the Atlantic Ocean located between Great Britain, Scandinavia, Germany, the Netherlands, Belgium, and France.

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Norwegian Sea

The Norwegian Sea (Norskehavet) is a marginal sea in the North Atlantic Ocean, northwest of Norway.

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Nova Scotia

Nova Scotia (Latin for "New Scotland", pronounced in English as) (French: Nouvelle-Écosse) is one of Canada's three Maritime provinces and constitutes one of the four Atlantic Canada provinces.

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Ocean

An ocean (the sea of classical antiquity) is a body of saline water that composes much of a planet's hydrosphere.

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Ocean gyre

A gyre in oceanography is any large system of rotating ocean currents, particularly those involved with large wind movements.

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Ocean Highway

Ocean Highway was a designation established early in the 20th century for a combination of roadways and water-crossings for motor vehicles which would generally traverse as close as possible to the Atlantic Ocean along the East Coast of the United States from Jacksonville, Florida to North Brunswick, New Jersey.

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Oceanic basin

In hydrology, an oceanic basin may be anywhere on Earth that is covered by seawater, but geologically ocean basins are large geologic basins that are below sea level.

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Oceanic plateau

An oceanic plateau (also submarine plateau) is a large, relatively flat submarine region that rises well above the level of the ambient seabed.

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Oceanic trench

The oceanic trenches are hemispheric-scale long but narrow topographic depressions of the sea floor.

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Oceanus

Oceanus (Ὠκεανός Ōkeanós) was a divine figure in classical antiquity, believed by the ancient Greeks and Romans to be the divine personification of the sea, an enormous river encircling the world.

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Oil spill

An oil spill is the release of a liquid petroleum hydrocarbon into the environment, especially marine areas, due to human activity, and is a form of pollution.

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Old World

The Old World consists of Africa, Europe, and Asia, regarded collectively as the part of the world known to Europeans before contact with the Americas.

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Pacific Ocean

The Pacific Ocean is the largest of the Earth's oceanic divisions.

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Panama Canal

The Panama Canal (Canal de Panamá) is a ship canal in Panama that connects the Atlantic Ocean (via the Caribbean Sea) to the Pacific Ocean.

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Pangaea

Pangaea or Pangea was a supercontinent that existed during the late Paleozoic and early Mesozoic eras.

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Papyrus

The word papyrus refers to a thick paper-like material made from the pith of the papyrus plant, Cyperus papyrus.

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Paris

Paris (UK:; US:; French) is the capital and most-populous city of France.

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Pedro Álvares Cabral

Pedro Álvares Cabral (or; c. 1467 or 1468 – c. 1520) was a Portuguese nobleman, military commander, navigator and explorer regarded as the discoverer of Brazil.

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Pelagic zone

Any water in a sea or lake that is neither close to the bottom nor near the shore can be said to be in the pelagic zone.

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Petrel

Petrels are tube-nosed seabirds in the bird order Procellariiformes.

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Petroleum

Petroleum (L. petroleum, from early 15c. "petroleum, rock oil" (mid-14c. in Anglo-French), from Medieval Latin petroleum, from petra: "rock" + ''oleum'': "oil".) is a naturally occurring, yellow-to-black liquid found in geological formations beneath the Earth's surface, which is commonly refined into various types of fuels.

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Pinniped

Pinnipeds, (from Latin pinna fin and pes, pedis foot) commonly known as seals, are a widely distributed and diverse clade of carnivorous, fin-footed, semiaquatic marine mammals.

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Placer deposit

In geology, a placer deposit or placer is an accumulation of valuable minerals formed by gravity separation during sedimentary processes.

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Political status of Western Sahara

Western Sahara, formerly the Spanish colony of Spanish Sahara, is a disputed territory claimed by both the Kingdom of Morocco and the Polisario Front.

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Portugal

Portugal, officially the Portuguese Republic (República Portuguesa), is a country on the Iberian Peninsula, in southwestern Europe.

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Portuguese discoveries

Portuguese discoveries (Portuguese: Descobrimentos portugueses) are the numerous territories and maritime routes discovered by the Portuguese as a result of their intensive maritime exploration during the 15th and 16th centuries.

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Portuguese Empire

The Portuguese Empire (Império Português), also known as the Portuguese Overseas (Ultramar Português), was the first global empire in history.

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Precipitation

In meteorology, precipitation is any product of the condensation of atmospheric water vapour that falls under gravity.

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Pteropoda

Pteropoda (common name pteropods, from the Greek meaning "wing-foot") is a term applied to what are now considered to be two separate taxonomic groups of specialized free-swimming pelagic sea snails and sea slugs, marine opisthobranch gastropods.

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Puerto Rico Trench

The Puerto Rico Trench is an oceanic trench located on the boundary between the Caribbean Sea and the Atlantic Ocean.

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Republic of Florence

The Republic of Florence, or the Florentine Republic (Repubblica Fiorentina), was a state that was centered on the city of Florence, located in modern Tuscany, Italy.

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Rift valley

A rift valley is a linear-shaped lowland between several highlands or mountain ranges created by the action of a geologic rift or fault.

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Rigid-hulled inflatable boat

A rigid-hulled inflatable boat, (RHIB) or rigid-inflatable boat (RIB) is a lightweight but high-performance and high-capacity boat constructed with a solid, shaped hull and flexible tubes at the gunwale.

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Rio de Janeiro

Rio de Janeiro (January River), or simply Rio, is the second-largest city in Brazil, the sixth-largest city in the Americas, and the world's thirty-fifth-largest city by population.

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RMS Lusitania

RMS Lusitania was a British ocean liner, holder of the Blue Riband, and briefly the world's largest passenger ship.

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RMS Titanic

RMS Titanic was a British passenger liner that sank in the North Atlantic Ocean in the early morning of 15 April 1912 after colliding with an iceberg during her maiden voyage from Southampton, UK, to New York City, US.

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Robert Manry

Robert Manry (June 2, 1918 – February 21, 1971) was a copy editor of the Cleveland Plain Dealer who in 1965 sailed from Falmouth, Massachusetts, to Falmouth, Cornwall, England, in a tiny sailboat (an Old Town "Whitecap" built by the Old Town Canoe Co. of Old Town, Maine, which he had extensively modified for the voyage) named Tinkerbelle.

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Rocas Atoll

The Rocas Atoll (Atol das Rocas) is the only atoll in the South Atlantic Ocean, belonging to the Brazilian State of Rio Grande do Norte.

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Rockall

Rockall is an uninhabited remote granite islet of the United Kingdom in the North Atlantic Ocean situated at the following rough distances from the closest large islands: 430 km (270 miles) north-west of Ireland, 460 km (290 miles) west of Great Britain and 700 km (440 miles) south of Iceland.

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Romanche Trench

The Romanche Trench, also called the Romanche Furrow or Romanche Gap, is the third deepest of the major trenches of the Atlantic Ocean, after the Puerto Rico Trench and the South Sandwich Trench.

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Rowing

Rowing is the act of propelling a boat using the motion of oars in the water.

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Sable Island

Sable Island (French: île de Sable) is a small island situated southeast of Halifax, Nova Scotia, and about southeast of the closest point of mainland Nova Scotia in the Atlantic Ocean.

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Sagas of Icelanders

The Sagas of Icelanders (Íslendingasögur), many of which are also known as family sagas, are prose histories mostly describing events that took place in Iceland in the 10th and early 11th centuries, during the so-called Saga Age.

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Sail

A sail is a catchment device designed to receive and redirect a force upon a generous surface area.

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Saint Helena

Saint Helena is a tropical island of volcanic origin in the South Atlantic Ocean, east of Rio de Janeiro and west of the southern coast of Africa.

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Saint Lawrence River

The Saint Lawrence River (Fleuve Saint-Laurent; Tuscarora: Kahnawáʼkye; Mohawk: Kaniatarowanenneh, meaning "big waterway") is a large river in the middle latitudes of North America.

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Saint Pierre and Miquelon

Saint Pierre and Miquelon (Collectivité territoriale de Saint-Pierre-et-Miquelon) is a self-governing territorial overseas collectivity of France, situated in the northwestern Atlantic Ocean near Canada.

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Salinity

Salinity is the saltiness or dissolved salt content of a body of water (see also soil salinity).

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Sand

Sand is a naturally occurring granular material composed of finely divided rock and mineral particles.

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Sargasso Sea

The Sargasso Sea is a region in the gyre in the middle of the North Atlantic Ocean.

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São Tomé and Príncipe

São Tomé and Príncipe officially the Democratic Republic of São Tomé and Príncipe, is a Portuguese-speaking island nation in the Gulf of Guinea, off the western equatorial coast of Central Africa.

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Scotia Sea

The Scotia Sea is a sea that is located in both the Southern Ocean and the South Atlantic Ocean.

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Sea ice

Sea ice arises as seawater freezes.

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Sea lion

Sea lions are sea mammals characterized by external ear flaps, long foreflippers, the ability to walk on all fours, and short, thick hair.

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Seamount

A seamount is a mountain rising from the ocean seafloor that does not reach to the water's surface (sea level), and thus is not an island.

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Seaplane

A seaplane is a powered fixed-wing aircraft capable of taking off and landing (alighting) on water.

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Seaweed

Seaweed refers to several species of macroscopic, multicellular, marine algae that live near the seabed (benthic).

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Sediment

Sediment is a naturally occurring material that is broken down by processes of weathering and erosion, and is subsequently transported by the action of wind, water, or ice, and/or by the force of gravity acting on the particles.

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Sedimentary rock

Sedimentary rocks are types of rock that are formed by the deposition of material at the Earth's surface and within bodies of water.

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Seven Seas

The "Seven Seas" (as in the idiom "sail the Seven Seas") is an ancient phrase for all the world's oceans.

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Shutdown of thermohaline circulation

A shutdown or slowdown of the thermohaline circulation is a hypothesized effect of global warming.

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Sierra Leone

Sierra Leone, officially the Republic of Sierra Leone, is a country in West Africa.

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Snorri Thorfinnsson

Snorri Thorfinnsson (Old Norse and Icelandic: Snorri Þorfinnsson or Snorri Karlsefnisson, probably born between 1004 and 1013, and died c. 1090) was the son of the explorer Þorfinnur Karlsefni and Guðríður Þorbjarnardóttir.

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South Atlantic (disambiguation)

The South Atlantic is the portion of the Atlantic Ocean which lies south of the Equator.

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South Georgia and the South Sandwich Islands

South Georgia and the South Sandwich Islands (SGSSI) is a British overseas territory in the southern Atlantic Ocean.

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South Sandwich Trench

The South Sandwich Trench is a deep arcuate trench in the South Atlantic Ocean lying 100 km to the east of the South Sandwich Islands.

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Southern Hemisphere

The Southern Hemisphere of Earth is the half which is south of the equator.

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Southern Ocean

The Southern Ocean, also known as the Antarctic Ocean or the Austral Ocean, comprises the southernmost waters of the World Ocean, generally taken to be south of 60° S latitude and encircling Antarctica.

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Spain

Spain (España), officially the Kingdom of Spain (Reino de España), is a sovereign state located on the Iberian Peninsula in southwestern Europe.

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Spanish Empire

The Spanish Empire (Imperio español) was one of the largest empires in world history and one of the first of global extent.

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SS Great Eastern

SS Great Eastern was an iron sailing steam ship designed by Isambard Kingdom Brunel, and built by J. Scott Russell & Co. at Millwall on the River Thames, London.

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Strait of Gibraltar

The Strait of Gibraltar (مضيق جبل طارق, Estrecho de Gibraltar) is a narrow strait that connects the Atlantic Ocean to the Mediterranean Sea and separates Gibraltar and Peninsular Spain in Europe from Morocco and Ceuta (Spain) in Africa.

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Strait of Magellan

The Strait of Magellan, also called the Straits of Magellan, is a navigable sea route separating mainland South America to the north and Tierra del Fuego to the south.

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Submarine canyon

A submarine canyon is a steep-sided valley cut into the sea floor of the continental slope, sometimes extending well onto the continental shelf and having relief comparable to even the largest of land canyons.

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Subtropics

The subtropics are geographic and climate zones located roughly between the tropic circle of latitude (the Tropic of Cancer and Tropic of Capricorn) and the 38th parallel in each hemisphere.

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Superstructure

A superstructure is an upward extension of an existing structure above a baseline.

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Terrigenous sediment

In oceanography, terrigenous sediments are those derived from the erosion of rocks on land; that is, they are derived from terrestrial (as opposed to marine) environments.

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The Bahamas

The Bahamas, officially the Commonwealth of the Bahamas, is an island country of the Lucayan Archipelago consisting of more than 700 islands, cays, and islets in the Atlantic Ocean; north of Cuba and Hispaniola (Haiti and the Dominican Republic); northwest of the Turks and Caicos Islands; southeast of the U.S. state of Florida and east of the Florida Keys.

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The Maritimes

The Maritime provinces, also called the Maritimes or the Canadian Maritimes, is a region of Eastern Canada consisting of three provinces: New Brunswick, Nova Scotia, and Prince Edward Island.

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Thor Heyerdahl

Thor Heyerdahl (October 6, 1914 – April 18, 2002) was a Norwegian adventurer and ethnographer with a background in zoology, botany, and geography.

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Tide

Tides are the rise and fall of sea levels caused by the combined effects of gravitational forces exerted by the Moon, Sun, and rotation of the Earth.

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Tierra del Fuego

Tierra del Fuego (Spanish for "Land of Fire") is an archipelago off the southernmost tip of the South American mainland, across the Strait of Magellan.

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Topography

Topography is a field of geoscience and planetary science comprising the study of surface shape and features of the Earth and other observable astronomical objects including planets, moons, and asteroids.

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Tori Murden

Victoria Murden McClure (born March 6, 1963) is an explorer who was the first woman and the first American to row solo across the Atlantic Ocean, which she did in 1999.

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Transatlantic crossing

Transatlantic crossings are passages of passengers and cargo across the Atlantic Ocean between the Americas and Europe or Africa.

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Transatlantic flight

Transatlantic flight is the flight of an aircraft across the Atlantic Ocean, from Europe, Africa or Middle East to North America, Central America or South America, or west-to-east.

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Transatlantic flight of Alcock and Brown

British aviators John Alcock and Arthur Brown made the first non-stop transatlantic flight in June 1919.

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Transatlantic telegraph cable

A transatlantic telegraph cable is an undersea cable running under the Atlantic Ocean used for telegraph communications.

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Trindade and Martim Vaz

Trindade and Martim Vaz (Trindade e Martim Vaz) is an archipelago located about 1,200 kilometers (740 mi) east of Vitória in the Southern Atlantic Ocean, belonging to the State of Espírito Santo, Southeast Brazil.

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Tristan da Cunha

Tristan da Cunha, colloquially Tristan, is both a remote group of volcanic islands in the south Atlantic Ocean and the main island of that group.

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Tropical cyclone

A tropical cyclone is a rapidly rotating storm system characterized by a low-pressure center, strong winds, and a spiral arrangement of thunderstorms that produce heavy rain.

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Trough (geology)

In geology, a trough generally refers to a linear structural depression that extends laterally over a distance, while being less steep than a trench.

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Turtle

Turtles are reptiles of the order Testudines (or Chelonii) characterised by a special bony or cartilaginous shell developed from their ribs and acting as a shield.

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U-boat

U-boat is the anglicised version of the German word U-Boot, a shortening of Unterseeboot, literally "undersea boat".

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United States

The United States of America (USA), commonly referred to as the United States (U.S.) or America, is a federal republic composed of 50 states, a federal district, five major territories and various possessions.

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United States Hydrographic Office

The United States Hydrographic Office prepared and published maps, charts, and nautical books required in navigation.

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Venezuela

Venezuela, officially the Bolivarian Republic of Venezuela (República Bolivariana de Venezuela), is a federal republic located on the northern coast of South America.

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Vikings

Vikings (Norwegian and Vikinger; Swedish and Vikingar; Víkingar), from Old Norse víkingr, were Germanic Norse seafarers, speaking the Old Norse language, who raided and traded from their Scandinavian homelands across wide areas of northern and central Europe, as well as European Russia, during the late 8th to late 11th centuries.

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Vinland

Vinland or Vineland (Old Norse Vínland) is the name given to the area of coastal North America and Newfoundland explored by Norse Vikings, where Leif Erikson first landed in ca.

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Voyages of Christopher Columbus

In his 1492 transatlantic maritime expedition, Christopher Columbus became the first Christian European to make landfall in the Americas.

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Walvis Ridge

The Walvis Ridge (walvis means whale in Dutch and Afrikaans) is an aseismic ocean ridge in the southern Atlantic Ocean.

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Water

Water (chemical formula: H2O) is a transparent fluid which forms the world's streams, lakes, oceans and rain, and is the major constituent of the fluids of organisms.

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Weathering

Weathering is the breaking down of rocks, soil and minerals as well as artificial materials through contact with the Earth's atmosphere, biota and waters.

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Whale

Whale is the common name for a widely distributed and diverse group of fully aquatic marine mammals.

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Windward Islands

The Windward Islands are the southern, generally larger islands of the Lesser Antilles, within the West Indies.

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World

World is a common name for the whole of human civilization, specifically human experience, history, or the human condition in general, worldwide, i.e. anywhere on Earth or pertaining to anywhere on earth.

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World Digital Library

The World Digital Library (WDL) is an international digital library operated by UNESCO and the United States Library of Congress.

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World Ocean

The World Ocean, world ocean, or global ocean, is the interconnected system of Earth's oceanic (or marine) waters, and comprises the bulk of the hydrosphere, covering almost 70% of Earth's surface, with a total volume of 1.332 billion cubic kilometers.

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World War II

World War II (WWII or WW2), also known as the Second World War, was a global war that lasted from 1939 to 1945, though related conflicts began earlier.

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20th meridian east

The meridian 20° east of Greenwich is a line of longitude that extends from the North Pole across the Arctic Ocean, Europe, Africa, the Atlantic and Indian oceans, the Southern Ocean, and Antarctica to the South Pole.

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25th parallel north

The 25th parallel north is a circle of latitude that is 25 degrees north of the Earth's equatorial plane.

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25th parallel south

The 25th parallel south is a circle of latitude that is 25 degrees south of the Earth's equatorial plane, just south of the Tropic of Capricorn.

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40th parallel north

The 40th parallel north is a circle of latitude that is 40 degrees north of the Earth's equatorial plane.

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58th parallel south

The 58th parallel south is a circle of latitude that is 58 degrees south of the Earth's equatorial plane.

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60th parallel south

The 60th parallel south is a circle of latitude that is 60 degrees south of the Earth's equatorial plane.

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Redirects here:

Across the pond, Altantic Ocean, Altantic ocean, Antlantic Ocean, Atlantic, Atlantic (ocean), Atlantic Basic, Atlantic Basin, Atlantic Oceans, Atlantic basic, Atlantic basin, Atlantic coast, Atlantic ocean, Atlantis Thalassa, Central Atlantic, East Atlantic, Ethiopian Ocean, Ethiopic Ocean, North Atlantic, North Atlantic Ocean, North Atlantic fisheries, North Atlantic ocean, North-East Atlantic, Northern Atlantic, Occidental Ocean, Oceanvs Occidentalis, Sea of Atlas, South Atlantic, South Atlantic Ocean, The Atlantic Ocean, The Pond, The pond.

References

[1] https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Atlantic_Ocean

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