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Wood

Index Wood

Wood is a porous and fibrous structural tissue found in the stems and roots of trees and other woody plants. [1]

218 relations: Actinobacteria, Aesculus, Alder, Alphaproteobacteria, Anisotropy, Arecaceae, Aromaticity, Aspen, Bacteroidetes, Bamboo, Bark (botany), Baseball bat, Beam (structure), Beech, Birch, Bow and arrow, Branch, Burl, Calcium, Carbon fiber reinforced polymer, Carbon neutrality, Carpentry, Catalpa, CBC.ca, Cell (biology), Cell wall, Cellophane, Cellulose, Celtis, Chair, Chestnut, Chlorine, Chopsticks, Clostridia, Composite material, Compression (physics), Coniferyl alcohol, Construction, Cordyline, Cricket bat, Dendrochronology, Diameter, Dicotyledon, Diospyros, Douglas fir, Dracaena (plant), Driftwood, Dunnage, Elastic modulus, Elm, ..., Engineered wood, Extract, Fatty acid, Fiberglass, Flavobacteriia, Forest, Forestry, Fraxinus, Fraxinus excelsior, Fuel, Furniture, Glued laminated timber, Golf club, Hardboard, Hardness, Hardwood, Hemicellulose, Hickory, Homogeneity and heterogeneity, Hornbeam, House, Hygroscopy, Ice hockey stick, Insect, Iron, Juglans nigra, Juniper, Lacrosse stick, Laminate flooring, Laminated veneer lumber, Larch, Leaf, Lignin, Lignocellulosic biomass, List of art media, List of building materials, List of Pinus species, List of woods, Lumber, Maclura pomifera, Magnesium, Mahogany, Major League Baseball, Manganese, Maple, Medium-density fibreboard, Molecular mass, Monocotyledon, Morus (plant), Mosaic, Musical instrument, Myr, New Brunswick, New Zealand, Nutrient, Oak, Ochroma, Olea capensis, Organic compound, Organic matter, Oriented strand board, Packaging and labeling, Paint, Pandanus, Panel painting, Paper, Parallel strand lumber, Parquetry, Particle board, Pellet fuel, Pencil, Pentose, Phosphorus, Physical model, Pine, Pinophyta, Pinus palustris, Plant stem, Plywood, Populus, Potassium, Primer (paint), Printmaking, Protoplasm, Provinces and territories of Canada, Proxy (climate), Prunus avium, Prunus pumila, Pulpwood, Pyrus communis, Radiocarbon dating, Reinforced concrete, Resin, Resin acid, Robinia pseudoacacia, Root, Rosin, Salix alba, Sassafras, Sawdust, Secondary growth, Shear stress, Silicon, Silviculture, Sinapyl alcohol, Singapore, Ski, Sodium, Softwood, Soil, Spalting, Spoke, Sports equipment, Spruce, Strength of materials, Sulfur, Symbiotic bacteria, Tall oil, Taunton Press, Taxus baccata, Tension (physics), Termite, Terpene, Thermally modified wood, Thuja plicata, Tilia, Tilia cordata, Tinder, Titanium, Tool, Toothpick, Totem pole, Tracheid, Tree, Tree stump, Trunk (botany), Tsuga, Turpentine, Vascular cambium, Vessel element, Wax, Weapon, Willow, Wood, Wood (golf), Wood carving, Wood drying, Wood economy, Wood engraving, Wood grain, Wood preservation, Wood veneer, Wood warping, Wood-decay fungus, Wood-plastic composite, Woodcut, Wooden spoon, Woodturning, Woodworm, Woody plant, Work of art, Xylem, Xylology, Xylophaga, Xylophagy, Xylotheque, Xylotomy, Yield (engineering). Expand index (168 more) »

Actinobacteria

The Actinobacteria are a phylum of Gram-positive bacteria.

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Aesculus

The genus Aesculus, with varieties called buckeye and horse chestnut, comprises 13–19 species of flowering plants in the soapberry and lychee family Sapindaceae.

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Alder

Alder is the common name of a genus of flowering plants (Alnus) belonging to the birch family Betulaceae.

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Alphaproteobacteria

Alphaproteobacteria is a class of bacteria in the phylum Proteobacteria (See also bacterial taxonomy).

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Anisotropy

Anisotropy, is the property of being directionally dependent, which implies different properties in different directions, as opposed to isotropy.

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Arecaceae

The Arecaceae are a botanical family of perennial trees, climbers, shrubs, and acaules commonly known as palm trees (owing to historical usage, the family is alternatively called Palmae).

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Aromaticity

In organic chemistry, the term aromaticity is used to describe a cyclic (ring-shaped), planar (flat) molecule with a ring of resonance bonds that exhibits more stability than other geometric or connective arrangements with the same set of atoms.

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Aspen

Aspen is a common name for certain tree species; some, but not all, are classified by botanists in the section ''Populus'', of the Populus genus.

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Bacteroidetes

The phylum Bacteroidetes is composed of three large classes of Gram-negative, nonsporeforming, anaerobic or aerobic, and rod-shaped bacteria that are widely distributed in the environment, including in soil, sediments, and sea water, as well as in the guts and on the skin of animals.

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Bamboo

The bamboos are evergreen perennial flowering plants in the subfamily Bambusoideae of the grass family Poaceae.

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Bark (botany)

Bark is the outermost layers of stems and roots of woody plants.

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Baseball bat

A baseball bat is a smooth wooden or metal club used in the sport of baseball to hit the ball after it is thrown by the pitcher.

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Beam (structure)

A beam is a structural element that primarily resists loads applied laterally to the beam's axis.

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Beech

Beech (Fagus) is a genus of deciduous trees in the family Fagaceae, native to temperate Europe, Asia, and North America.

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Birch

A birch is a thin-leaved deciduous hardwood tree of the genus Betula, in the family Betulaceae, which also includes alders, hazels, and hornbeams.

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Bow and arrow

The bow and arrow is a ranged weapon system consisting of an elastic launching device (bow) and long-shafted projectiles (arrows).

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Branch

A branch or tree branch (sometimes referred to in botany as a ramus) is a woody structural member connected to but not part of the central trunk of a tree (or sometimes a shrub).

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Burl

A burl (American English) or bur or burr (UK English) is a tree growth in which the grain has grown in a deformed manner.

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Calcium

Calcium is a chemical element with symbol Ca and atomic number 20.

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Carbon fiber reinforced polymer

Carbon fiber reinforced polymer, carbon fiber reinforced plastic or carbon fiber reinforced thermoplastic (CFRP, CRP, CFRTP or often simply carbon fiber, carbon composite or even carbon), is an extremely strong and light fiber-reinforced plastic which contains carbon fibers.

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Carbon neutrality

Carbon neutrality, or having a net zero carbon footprint, refers to achieving net zero carbon emissions by balancing a measured amount of carbon released with an equivalent amount sequestered or offset, or buying enough carbon credits to make up the difference.

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Carpentry

Carpentry is a skilled trade in which the primary work performed is the cutting, shaping and installation of building materials during the construction of buildings, ships, timber bridges, concrete formwork, etc.

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Catalpa

Catalpa, commonly called catalpa or catawba, is a genus of flowering plants in the family Bignoniaceae, native to warm temperate and subtropical regions of North America, the Caribbean, and East Asia.

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CBC.ca

CBC.ca is the English-language online service of the Canadian Broadcasting Corporation.

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Cell (biology)

The cell (from Latin cella, meaning "small room") is the basic structural, functional, and biological unit of all known living organisms.

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Cell wall

A cell wall is a structural layer surrounding some types of cells, just outside the cell membrane.

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Cellophane

Cellophane is a thin, transparent sheet made of regenerated cellulose.

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Cellulose

Cellulose is an organic compound with the formula, a polysaccharide consisting of a linear chain of several hundred to many thousands of β(1→4) linked D-glucose units.

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Celtis

Celtis, commonly known as hackberries or nettle trees, is a genus of about 60–70 species of deciduous trees widespread in warm temperate regions of the Northern Hemisphere, in southern Europe, southern and eastern Asia, and southern and central North America, south to central Africa, and northern and central South America.

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Chair

A chair is a piece of furniture with a raised surface supported by legs, commonly used to seat a single person.

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Chestnut

The chestnut (Castanea) group is a genus of eight or nine species of deciduous trees and shrubs in the beech family Fagaceae, native to temperate regions of the Northern Hemisphere.

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Chlorine

Chlorine is a chemical element with symbol Cl and atomic number 17.

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Chopsticks

Chopsticks are shaped pairs of equal-length sticks that have been used as kitchen and eating utensils in virtually all of East Asia for over 2000 years.

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Clostridia

The Clostridia are a highly polyphyletic class of Firmicutes, including Clostridium and other similar genera.

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Composite material

A composite material (also called a composition material or shortened to composite, which is the common name) is a material made from two or more constituent materials with significantly different physical or chemical properties that, when combined, produce a material with characteristics different from the individual components.

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Compression (physics)

In mechanics, compression is the application of balanced inward ("pushing") forces to different points on a material or structure, that is, forces with no net sum or torque directed so as to reduce its size in one or more directions.

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Coniferyl alcohol

Coniferyl alcohol is an organic compound.

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Construction

Construction is the process of constructing a building or infrastructure.

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Cordyline

Cordyline is a genus of about 15 species of woody monocotyledonous flowering plants in family Asparagaceae, subfamily Lomandroideae.

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Cricket bat

A cricket bat is a specialised piece of equipment used by batsmen in the sport of cricket to hit the ball, typically consisting of a cane handle attached to a flat-fronted willow-wood blade.

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Dendrochronology

Dendrochronology (or tree-ring dating) is the scientific method of dating tree rings (also called growth rings) to the exact year they were formed in order to analyze atmospheric conditions during different periods in history.

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Diameter

In geometry, a diameter of a circle is any straight line segment that passes through the center of the circle and whose endpoints lie on the circle.

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Dicotyledon

The dicotyledons, also known as dicots (or more rarely dicotyls), are one of the two groups into which all the flowering plants or angiosperms were formerly divided.

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Diospyros

Diospyros is a genus of over 700 species of deciduous and evergreen trees and shrubs.

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Douglas fir

Pseudotsuga menziesii, commonly known as Douglas fir, Douglas-fir and Oregon pine, is an evergreen conifer species native to western North America.

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Dracaena (plant)

Dracaena (derived from the romanized form of the Ancient Greek δράκαινα – drakaina, "female dragon") is a genus of about 120 species of trees and succulent shrubs.

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Driftwood

Driftwood is wood that has been washed onto a shore or beach of a sea, lake, or river by the action of winds, tides or waves.

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Dunnage

In the technical sense treated here, dunnage is inexpensive or waste material used to load and secure cargo during transportation; more loosely, it refers to miscellaneous baggage, brought along during travel.

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Elastic modulus

An elastic modulus (also known as modulus of elasticity) is a quantity that measures an object or substance's resistance to being deformed elastically (i.e., non-permanently) when a stress is applied to it.

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Elm

Elms are deciduous and semi-deciduous trees comprising the flowering plant genus Ulmus in the plant family Ulmaceae.

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Engineered wood

Engineered wood, also called composite wood, man-made wood, or manufactured board, includes a range of derivative wood products which are manufactured by binding or fixing the strands, particles, fibres, or veneers or boards of wood, together with adhesives, or other methods of fixation to form composite materials.

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Extract

An extract is a substance made by extracting a part of a raw material, often by using a solvent such as ethanol or water.

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Fatty acid

In chemistry, particularly in biochemistry, a fatty acid is a carboxylic acid with a long aliphatic chain, which is either saturated or unsaturated.

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Fiberglass

Fiberglass (US) or fibreglass (UK) is a common type of fiber-reinforced plastic using glass fiber.

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Flavobacteriia

The class Flavobacteriia is composed of a single order of environmental bacteria.

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Forest

A forest is a large area dominated by trees.

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Forestry

Forestry is the science and craft of creating, managing, using, conserving, and repairing forests, woodlands, and associated resources to meet desired goals, needs, and values for human and environment benefits.

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Fraxinus

Fraxinus, English name ash, is a genus of flowering plants in the olive and lilac family, Oleaceae.

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Fraxinus excelsior

Fraxinus excelsior, known as the ash, or European ash or common ash to distinguish it from other types of ash, is a flowering plant species in the olive family Oleaceae.

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Fuel

A fuel is any material that can be made to react with other substances so that it releases energy as heat energy or to be used for work.

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Furniture

Furniture refers to movable objects intended to support various human activities such as seating (e.g., chairs, stools, and sofas), eating (tables), and sleeping (e.g., beds).

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Glued laminated timber

Glued laminated timber, also called glulam, is a type of structural engineered wood product comprising a number of layers of dimensioned lumber bonded together with durable, moisture-resistant structural adhesives.

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Golf club

A golf club is a club used to hit a golf ball in a game of golf.

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Hardboard

Hardboard, also called high-density fiberboard (HDF), is a type of fiberboard, which is an engineered wood product.

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Hardness

Hardness is a measure of the resistance to localized plastic deformation induced by either mechanical indentation or abrasion.

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Hardwood

Hardwood is wood from dicot trees.

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Hemicellulose

A hemicellulose (also known as polyose) is any of several heteropolymers (matrix polysaccharides), such as arabinoxylans, present along with cellulose in almost all plant cell walls.

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Hickory

Hickory is a type of tree, comprising the genus Carya (κάρυον, káryon, meaning "nut").

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Homogeneity and heterogeneity

Homogeneity and heterogeneity are concepts often used in the sciences and statistics relating to the uniformity in a substance or organism.

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Hornbeam

Hornbeams are hardwood trees in the flowering plant genus Carpinus in the birch family Betulaceae.

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House

A house is a building that functions as a home.

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Hygroscopy

Hygroscopy is the phenomenon of attracting and holding water molecules from the surrounding environment, which is usually at normal or room temperature.

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Ice hockey stick

An ice hockey stick is a piece of equipment used in ice hockey to shoot, pass, and carry the puck across the ice.

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Insect

Insects or Insecta (from Latin insectum) are hexapod invertebrates and the largest group within the arthropod phylum.

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Iron

Iron is a chemical element with symbol Fe (from ferrum) and atomic number 26.

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Juglans nigra

Juglans nigra, the eastern black walnut, is a species of deciduous tree in the walnut family, Juglandaceae, native to eastern North America.

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Juniper

Junipers are coniferous plants in the genus Juniperus of the cypress family Cupressaceae.

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Lacrosse stick

A lacrosse stick or crosse is used to play the sport of lacrosse.

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Laminate flooring

Laminate flooring (also called floating wood tile in the United States) is a multi-layer synthetic flooring product fused together with a lamination process.

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Laminated veneer lumber

Laminated veneer lumber (LVL) is an engineered wood product that uses multiple layers of thin wood assembled with adhesives.

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Larch

Larches are conifers in the genus Larix, of the family Pinaceae (subfamily Laricoideae).

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Leaf

A leaf is an organ of a vascular plant and is the principal lateral appendage of the stem.

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Lignin

Lignin is a class of complex organic polymers that form important structural materials in the support tissues of vascular plants and some algae. Lignins are particularly important in the formation of cell walls, especially in wood and bark, because they lend rigidity and do not rot easily. Chemically, lignins are cross-linked phenolic polymers.

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Lignocellulosic biomass

Lignocellulose refers to plant dry matter (biomass), so called lignocellulosic biomass.

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List of art media

Art media is the material used by an artist, composer or designer to create a work of art.

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List of building materials

This is a list of building materials.

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List of Pinus species

Pinus, the pines, is a genus of approximately 111 extant tree and shrub species.

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List of woods

This is a list of woods, in particular those most commonly used in the timber and lumber trade.

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Lumber

Lumber (American English; used only in North America) or timber (used in the rest of the English speaking world) is a type of wood that has been processed into beams and planks, a stage in the process of wood production.

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Maclura pomifera

Maclura pomifera, commonly known as the Osage orange, is a small deciduous tree or large shrub, typically growing to tall.

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Magnesium

Magnesium is a chemical element with symbol Mg and atomic number 12.

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Mahogany

Mahogany is a kind of wood—the straight-grained, reddish-brown timber of three tropical hardwood species of the genus Swietenia, indigenous to the AmericasBridgewater, Samuel (2012).

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Major League Baseball

Major League Baseball (MLB) is a professional baseball organization, the oldest of the four major professional sports leagues in the United States and Canada.

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Manganese

Manganese is a chemical element with symbol Mn and atomic number 25.

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Maple

Acer is a genus of trees or shrubs commonly known as maple.

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Medium-density fibreboard

Medium-density fibreboard (MDF) is an engineered wood product made by breaking down hardwood or softwood residuals into wood fibres, often in a defibrator, combining it with wax and a resin binder, and forming panels by applying high temperature and pressure.

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Molecular mass

Relative Molecular mass or molecular weight is the mass of a molecule.

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Monocotyledon

Monocotyledons, commonly referred to as monocots, (Lilianae sensu Chase & Reveal) are flowering plants (angiosperms) whose seeds typically contain only one embryonic leaf, or cotyledon.

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Morus (plant)

Morus, a genus of flowering plants in the family Moraceae, comprises 10–16 species of deciduous trees commonly known as mulberries, growing wild and under cultivation in many temperate world regions.

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Mosaic

A mosaic is a piece of art or image made from the assemblage of small pieces of colored glass, stone, or other materials.

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Musical instrument

A musical instrument is an instrument created or adapted to make musical sounds.

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Myr

The abbreviation myr, "million years", is a unit of a quantity of (i.e.) years, or 31.6 teraseconds.

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New Brunswick

New Brunswick (Nouveau-Brunswick; Canadian French pronunciation) is one of three Maritime provinces on the east coast of Canada.

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New Zealand

New Zealand (Aotearoa) is a sovereign island country in the southwestern Pacific Ocean.

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Nutrient

A nutrient is a substance used by an organism to survive, grow, and reproduce.

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Oak

An oak is a tree or shrub in the genus Quercus (Latin "oak tree") of the beech family, Fagaceae.

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Ochroma

Ochroma is a genus of flowering plants in the mallow family, Malvaceae, containing the sole species Ochroma pyramidale, commonly known as the balsa tree.

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Olea capensis

Olea capensis, also known by the common name black ironwood, is an African tree species belonging to the Olive family (Oleaceae).

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Organic compound

In chemistry, an organic compound is generally any chemical compound that contains carbon.

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Organic matter

Organic matter, organic material, or natural organic matter (NOM) refers to the large pool of carbon-based compounds found within natural and engineered, terrestrial and aquatic environments.

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Oriented strand board

Oriented strand board (OSB), also known as flakeboard, sterling board and aspenite in British English, is a type of engineered wood similar to particle board, formed by adding adhesives and then compressing layers of wood strands (flakes) in specific orientations.

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Packaging and labeling

Packaging is the science, art and technology of enclosing or protecting products for distribution, storage, sale, and use.

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Paint

Paint is any liquid, liquefiable, or mastic composition that, after application to a substrate in a thin layer, converts to a solid film.

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Pandanus

Pandanus is a genus of monocots with some 750 accepted species.

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Panel painting

A panel painting is a painting made on a flat panel made of wood, either a single piece, or a number of pieces joined together.

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Paper

Paper is a thin material produced by pressing together moist fibres of cellulose pulp derived from wood, rags or grasses, and drying them into flexible sheets.

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Parallel strand lumber

Parallel strand lumber (PSL) is a form of engineered wood made from parallel wood strands bonded together with adhesive.

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Parquetry

Parquet (from the French "a small compartment") is a geometric mosaic of wood pieces used for decorative effect in flooring.

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Particle board

Particle board – also known as particleboard, low-density fibreboard (LDF), and chipboard – is an engineered wood product manufactured from wood chips, sawmill shavings, or even sawdust, and a synthetic resin or other suitable binder, which is pressed and extruded.

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Pellet fuel

Pellet fuels (or pellets) are biofuels made from compressed organic matter or biomass.

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Pencil

A pencil is a writing implement or art medium constructed of a narrow, solid pigment core inside a protective casing which prevents the core from being broken and/or from leaving marks on the user’s hand during use.

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Pentose

A pentose is a monosaccharide with five carbon atoms.

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Phosphorus

Phosphorus is a chemical element with symbol P and atomic number 15.

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Physical model

Physical model (most commonly referred to simply as a model but in this context distinguished from a conceptual model) is a smaller or larger physical copy of an object.

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Pine

A pine is any conifer in the genus Pinus,, of the family Pinaceae.

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Pinophyta

The Pinophyta, also known as Coniferophyta or Coniferae, or commonly as conifers, are a division of vascular land plants containing a single extant class, Pinopsida.

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Pinus palustris

Pinus palustris, commonly known as the longleaf pine, is a pine native to the Southeastern United States, found along the coastal plain from East Texas to southern Maryland, extending into northern and central Florida.

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Plant stem

A stem is one of two main structural axes of a vascular plant, the other being the root.

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Plywood

Plywood is a sheet material manufactured from thin layers or "plies" of wood veneer that are glued together with adjacent layers having their wood grain rotated up to 90 degrees to one another.

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Populus

Populus is a genus of 25–35 species of deciduous flowering plants in the family Salicaceae, native to most of the Northern Hemisphere.

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Potassium

Potassium is a chemical element with symbol K (from Neo-Latin kalium) and atomic number 19.

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Primer (paint)

A primer or undercoat is a preparatory coating put on materials before painting.

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Printmaking

Printmaking is the process of making artworks by printing, normally on paper.

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Protoplasm

Protoplasm is the living content of a cell that is surrounded by a plasma membrane.

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Provinces and territories of Canada

The provinces and territories of Canada are the sub-national governments within the geographical areas of Canada under the authority of the Canadian Constitution.

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Proxy (climate)

In the study of past climates ("paleoclimatology"), climate proxies are preserved physical characteristics of the past that stand in for direct meteorological measurements and enable scientists to reconstruct the climatic conditions over a longer fraction of the Earth's history.

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Prunus avium

Prunus avium, commonly called wild cherry, sweet cherry, or gean, is a species of cherry, a flowering plant in the rose family, Rosaceae.

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Prunus pumila

Prunus pumila, commonly called sand cherry, is a North American species of cherry in the rose family.

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Pulpwood

Pulpwood refers to timber with the principal use of making wood pulp for paper production.

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Pyrus communis

Pyrus communis, known as the European pear or common pear, is a species of pear native to central and eastern Europe and southwest Asia.

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Radiocarbon dating

Radiocarbon dating (also referred to as carbon dating or carbon-14 dating) is a method for determining the age of an object containing organic material by using the properties of radiocarbon, a radioactive isotope of carbon.

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Reinforced concrete

Reinforced concrete (RC) (also called reinforced cement concrete or RCC) is a composite material in which concrete's relatively low tensile strength and ductility are counteracted by the inclusion of reinforcement having higher tensile strength or ductility.

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Resin

In polymer chemistry and materials science, resin is a "solid or highly viscous substance" of plant or synthetic origin that is typically convertible into polymers.

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Resin acid

Resin acid refers to mixtures of several related carboxylic acids, primarily abietic acid, found in tree resins.

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Robinia pseudoacacia

Robinia pseudoacacia, commonly known in its native territory as black locust, is a medium-sized deciduous tree native to the southeastern United States, but it has been widely planted and naturalized elsewhere in temperate North America, Europe, Southern Africa and Asia and is considered an invasive species in some areas.

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Root

In vascular plants, the root is the organ of a plant that typically lies below the surface of the soil.

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Rosin

Rosin, also called colophony or Greek pitch (pix græca), is a solid form of resin obtained from pines and some other plants, mostly conifers, produced by heating fresh liquid resin to vaporize the volatile liquid terpene components.

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Salix alba

Salix alba, the white willow, is a species of willow native to Europe and western and central Asia.

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Sassafras

Sassafras is a genus of three extant and one extinct species of deciduous trees in the family Lauraceae, native to eastern North America and eastern Asia.

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Sawdust

Sawdust or wood dust is a by-product or waste product of woodworking operations such as sawing, milling, planing, routing, drilling and sanding.

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Secondary growth

In botany, secondary growth is the growth that results from cell division in the cambia or lateral meristems and that causes the stems and roots to thicken, while primary growth is growth that occurs as a result of cell division at the tips of stems and roots, causing them to elongate, and gives rise to primary tissue.

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Shear stress

A shear stress, often denoted by (Greek: tau), is the component of stress coplanar with a material cross section.

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Silicon

Silicon is a chemical element with symbol Si and atomic number 14.

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Silviculture

Silviculture is the practice of controlling the establishment, growth, composition, health, and quality of forests to meet diverse needs and values.

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Sinapyl alcohol

Sinapyl alcohol is an organic compound structurally related to cinnamic acid.

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Singapore

Singapore, officially the Republic of Singapore, is a sovereign city-state and island country in Southeast Asia.

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Ski

A ski is a narrow strip of semi-rigid material worn underfoot to glide over snow.

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Sodium

Sodium is a chemical element with symbol Na (from Latin natrium) and atomic number 11.

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Softwood

Scots Pine, a typical and well-known softwood Softwood is wood from gymnosperm trees such as conifers.

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Soil

Soil is a mixture of organic matter, minerals, gases, liquids, and organisms that together support life.

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Spalting

Spalting is any form of wood coloration caused by fungi.

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Spoke

A spoke is one of some number of rods radiating from the center of a wheel (the hub where the axle connects), connecting the hub with the round traction surface.

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Sports equipment

Sporting equipment, also called sporting goods, has various forms depending on the sport, but it is essential to complete the sport.

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Spruce

A spruce is a tree of the genus Picea, a genus of about 35 species of coniferous evergreen trees in the family Pinaceae, found in the northern temperate and boreal (taiga) regions of the Earth.

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Strength of materials

Strength of materials, also called mechanics of materials, is a subject which deals with the behavior of solid objects subject to stresses and strains.

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Sulfur

Sulfur or sulphur is a chemical element with symbol S and atomic number 16.

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Symbiotic bacteria

Symbiotic bacteria are bacteria living in symbiosis with another organism or each other.

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Tall oil

Tall oil, also called "liquid rosin" or tallol, is a viscous yellow-black odorous liquid obtained as a by-product of the Kraft process of wood pulp manufacture when pulping mainly coniferous trees.

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Taunton Press

Taunton Press is a publisher of periodicals, books, and websites for the hobbyist and building trades based in Newtown, Connecticut.

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Taxus baccata

Taxus baccata is a conifer native to western, central and southern Europe, northwest Africa, northern Iran and southwest Asia.

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Tension (physics)

In physics, tension may be described as the pulling force transmitted axially by the means of a string, cable, chain, or similar one-dimensional continuous object, or by each end of a rod, truss member, or similar three-dimensional object; tension might also be described as the action-reaction pair of forces acting at each end of said elements.

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Termite

Termites are eusocial insects that are classified at the taxonomic rank of infraorder Isoptera, or as epifamily Termitoidae within the cockroach order Blattodea.

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Terpene

Terpenes are a large and diverse class of organic compounds, produced by a variety of plants, particularly conifers, and by some insects.

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Thermally modified wood

Thermally modified wood, is wood that has been modified by a controlled pyrolysis process of wood being heated (> 180 °C) in absence of oxygen inducing some chemical changes to the chemical structures of cell wall components (lignin, cellulose and hemicellulose) in the wood in order to increase its durability.

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Thuja plicata

Thuja plicata, commonly called western or Pacific redcedar, giant or western arborvitae, giant cedar, or shinglewood, is a species of Thuja, an evergreen coniferous tree in the cypress family Cupressaceae native to western North America.

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Tilia

Tilia is a genus of about 30 species of trees, or bushes, native throughout most of the temperate Northern Hemisphere.

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Tilia cordata

Tilia cordata (small-leaved lime, occasionally littleleaf linden or small-leaved linden) is a species of Tilia native to much of Europe.

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Tinder

Tinder is easily combustible material used to start a fire.

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Titanium

Titanium is a chemical element with symbol Ti and atomic number 22.

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Tool

A tool is any physical item that can be used to achieve a goal, especially if the item is not consumed in the process.

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Toothpick

A toothpick is a small stick of wood, plastic, bamboo, metal, bone or other substance used to remove detritus from the teeth, usually after a meal.

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Totem pole

Totem poles (Gyáa'aang in the Haida language) are monumental carvings, a type of Northwest Coast art, consisting of poles, posts or pillars, carved with symbols or figures.

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Tracheid

Tracheids are elongated cells in the xylem of vascular plants that serve in the transport of water and mineral salts.

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Tree

In botany, a tree is a perennial plant with an elongated stem, or trunk, supporting branches and leaves in most species.

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Tree stump

After a tree has been cut and felled, the stump or tree stump is usually a small remaining portion of the trunk with the roots still in the ground.

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Trunk (botany)

In botany, the trunk (or bole) is the stem and main wooden axis of a tree, which is an important feature in tree identification, and which often differs markedly from the bottom of the trunk to the top, depending on the species.

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Tsuga

Tsuga (from 栂 (ツガ), the name of Tsuga sieboldii) is a genus of conifers in the subfamily Abietoideae.

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Turpentine

Chemical structure of pinene, a major component of turpentine Turpentine (also called spirit of turpentine, oil of turpentine, wood turpentine and colloquially turps) is a fluid obtained by the distillation of resin obtained from live trees, mainly pines.

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Vascular cambium

The vascular cambium is the main growth layer in the stems and roots of many plants, specifically in dicots such as buttercups and oak trees, and gymnosperms such as pine trees.

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Vessel element

A vessel element or vessel member (trachea) is one of the cell types found in xylem, the water conducting tissue of plants.

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Wax

Waxes are a diverse class of organic compounds that are lipophilic, malleable solids near ambient temperatures.

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Weapon

A weapon, arm or armament is any device used with intent to inflict damage or harm.

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Willow

Willows, also called sallows, and osiers, form the genus Salix, around 400 speciesMabberley, D.J. 1997.

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Wood

Wood is a porous and fibrous structural tissue found in the stems and roots of trees and other woody plants.

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Wood (golf)

A wood is a type of club used in the sport of golf.

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Wood carving

Wood carving is a form of woodworking by means of a cutting tool (knife) in one hand or a chisel by two hands or with one hand on a chisel and one hand on a mallet, resulting in a wooden figure or figurine, or in the sculptural ornamentation of a wooden object.

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Wood drying

Wood drying (also seasoning lumber or wood seasoning) reduces the moisture content of wood before its use.

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Wood economy

The existence of a wood economy, or more broadly, a forest economy (since in many countries a bamboo economy predominates), is a prominent matter in many developing countries as well as in many other nations with temperate climate and especially in those with low temperatures.

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Wood engraving

Wood engraving --> is a printmaking and letterpress printing technique, in which an artist works an image or matrix of images into a block of wood.

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Wood grain

Wood grain is the longitudinal arrangement of wood fibers or the pattern resulting from this.

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Wood preservation

All measures that are taken to ensure a long life of wood fall under the definition wood preservation (timber treatment).

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Wood veneer

In woodworking, veneer refers to thin slices of wood, usually thinner than 3 mm (1/8 inch), that typically are glued onto core panels (typically, wood, particle board or medium-density fiberboard) to produce flat panels such as doors, tops and panels for cabinets, parquet floors and parts of furniture.

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Wood warping

Wood warping is a deviation from flatness in timber as a result of stresses and uneven shrinkage.

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Wood-decay fungus

A wood-decay fungus is any species of fungus that digests moist wood, causing it to rot.

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Wood-plastic composite

Wood-plastic composites (WPCs) are composite materials made of wood fiber/wood flour and thermoplastic(s) (includes PE, PP, PVC, PLA etc.). In addition to wood fiber and plastic, WPCs can also contain other ligno-cellulosic and/or inorganic filler materials.

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Woodcut

Woodcut is a relief printing technique in printmaking.

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Wooden spoon

A wooden spoon is a utensil commonly used in food preparation.

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Woodturning

Woodturning is the craft of using the wood lathe with hand-held tools to cut a shape that is symmetrical around the axis of rotation.

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Woodworm

Woodworm is the wood-eating larvae of many species of beetle.

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Woody plant

A woody plant is a plant that produces wood as its structural tissue.

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Work of art

A work of art, artwork, art piece, piece of art or art object is an aesthetic physical item or artistic creation.

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Xylem

Xylem is one of the two types of transport tissue in vascular plants, phloem being the other.

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Xylology

Xylology — the branch of dendrology about the gross and minute structure of wood.

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Xylophaga

Xylophaga is a genus of bivalves in the family Pholadidae.

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Xylophagy

Xylophagy is a term used in ecology to describe the habits of an herbivorous animal whose diet consists primarily (often solely) of wood.

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Xylotheque

A xylotheque or xylothek (from the Greek xylon for "wood" and "theque" meaning "repository") is special form of herbarium that consists of a collection of authenticated wood specimens.

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Xylotomy

Xylotomy is the preparation of small slivers of wood for examination under a microscope, often using a microtome.

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Yield (engineering)

The yield point is the point on a stress–strain curve that indicates the limit of elastic behavior and the beginning of plastic behavior.

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References

[1] https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Wood

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