338 relations: Abies balsamea, Acadian orogeny, Acer rubrum, Acer saccharum, Actaea racemosa, Adirondack Mountains, Aesculus flava, Agkistrodon contortrix, Alabama, Alleghanian orogeny, Allegheny Front, Allegheny Mountain (West Virginia – Virginia), Allegheny Mountains, Allegheny Plateau, Alps, American black bear, American chestnut, American red squirrel, Annieopsquotch Mountains, Anthracite, Anti-Atlas, Apalachee, Appalachia, Appalachian bogs, Appalachian League, Appalachian Mountain Club, Appalachian Plateau, Appalachian Trail, Apple Orchard Mountain, Arkansas, Atlantic Ocean, Álvar Núñez Cabeza de Vaca, Back Allegheny Mountain, Bailey Willis, Bald Knob, Bald Mountains, Barred owl, Beech bark disease, Betula alleghaniensis, Betula lenta, Big Frog Mountain, Bituminous coal, Black Balsam Knob, Black Mountains (North Carolina), Black rat snake, Blue Knob (Pennsylvania), Blue Ridge Mountains, Blueberry, Bobcat, Bog, ..., Boreal ecosystem, Boston, Brasstown Bald, Brook trout, Bryophyte, Caledonian orogeny, Camel's Hump, Canada, Cape Canaveral, Carya cordiformis, Carya ovata, Catskill Mountains, Cenozoic, Central Alabama, Central Pangean Mountains, Chestnut blight, Chic-Choc Mountains, Clingmans Dome, Coal, Coal mining, Coal Region, Coastal plain, Cold Mountain (North Carolina), Common garter snake, Common raven, Common snapping turtle, Connecticut, Cornus florida, Cove (Appalachian Mountains), Coyote, Cumberland Plateau, Cumberland River, Cyprinidae, Dans Mountain, Darter (fish), Diego Gutiérrez (cartographer), Dissected plateau, Downcutting, Drainage divide, Drake Well, Dry Tortugas, East Coast of the United States, Eastern box turtle, Eastern Continental Divide, Eastern cottontail, Eastern elk, Eastern gray squirrel, Eastern moose, Eastern newt, Eastern wolf, Elk, Emma Lucy Braun, Epigaea repens, Fagus grandifolia, Fault (geology), Fen, Floodplain, Florida, Fox squirrel, France, Fraser fir, Fraxinus americana, Fungus, Gaultheria procumbens, Gaylussacia baccata, George R. Stewart, George Washington and Jefferson National Forests, Georgia (U.S. state), Ginseng, Glaciated rock, Glacier, Global warming, Goldenseal, Grandfather Mountain, Gray fox, Great Appalachian Valley, Great Balsam Mountains, Great Craggy Mountains, Great horned owl, Great Smoky Mountains, Green Mountains, Grenville orogeny, Groundhog, Gulf of Mexico, Harry M. Caudill, Hawksbill Mountain, Hemlock woolly adelgid, Hernando de Soto, Hickory, Highway, Houghton Mifflin Harcourt, Hudson River, Iapetus Ocean, Ice age, Ilex opaca, International Appalachian Trail, Iron, Jacques le Moyne, James River, Kalmia latifolia, Kentucky, Killington Peak, Larix laricina, Laurentia, Laurentian Mountains, Lindera, Liriodendron, List of Quercus species, Long Island, Long Range Mountains, Longfellow Mountains, Lungless salamander, Lymantria dispar dispar, Maine, Marcellus Formation, Maritime Plain, Maryland, Mason–Dixon line, Massachusetts, Maurice Brooks, Max Patch, Mesic habitat, Mesozoic, Metacomet Ridge, Metres above sea level, Midwestern United States, Mississippi River, Monongahela National Forest, Monteregian Hills, Morgantown, West Virginia, Morocco, Mount Abraham (Vermont), Mount Adams (New Hampshire), Mount Davis (Pennsylvania), Mount Guyot (Great Smoky Mountains), Mount Jefferson (New Hampshire), Mount Katahdin, Mount Lafayette, Mount Le Conte (Tennessee), Mount Lincoln (New Hampshire), Mount Madison, Mount Mansfield, Mount Mitchell, Mount Monroe, Mount Rogers, Mount Washington (New Hampshire), Mountain, Mountain range, Mountaintop removal mining, Mourning dove, Narváez expedition, NASA, Native Americans in the United States, Natural gas, New Brunswick, New England, New England province, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New River (Kanawha River tributary), New York (state), New York–New Jersey Highlands, Newfoundland (island), Newfoundland and Labrador, North America, North American Atlantic Region, North American beaver, North American cougar, North Carolina, Northeastern Pennsylvania, Northern flying squirrel, Northern goshawk, Notre Dame and Mégantic Mountains, Notre Dame Mountains, Nova Scotia, Ohio, Ohio River, Oklahoma, Ordovician, Ostrya, Ouachita Mountains, Pangaea, Passerine, Pánfilo de Narváez, Peaks of Otter, Pennsylvania, Permian, Petroleum, Petroleum industry, Physiographic regions of the world, Phytochorion, Picea mariana, Picea rubens, Piedmont (United States), Pinus echinata, Pinus resinosa, Pinus rigida, Pinus strobus, Pinus virginiana, Pit viper, Plestiodon laticeps, Plott Balsams, Pocono Mountains, Potomac River, Provinces and territories of Canada, Quebec, Quercus coccinea, Quercus montana, Quercus muehlenbergii, Quercus rubra, Quercus velutina, Quirauk Mountain, Rabun Bald, Raccoon, Rail transport, Red fox, Red wolf, Red-shouldered hawk, Red-tailed hawk, Reindeer, Rhododendron, Ridge-and-Valley Appalachians, River rejuvenation, Roan Mountain (Roan Highlands), Roanoke River, Rocky Mountains, Ruffed grouse, Saint Lawrence River, Saint Pierre and Miquelon, Salamander, Sanguinaria, Science (journal), Scops owl, Scotland, Sedimentary rock, Shenandoah Mountain, Snowshoe hare, Snowshoe Mountain, South Carolina, South Mountain (Maryland and Pennsylvania), Southern Appalachian Botanical Society, Southern Appalachian spruce–fir forest, Southern flying squirrel, Southwest Virginia, Spring peeper, Springer Mountain, Spruce Knob, Striped skunk, Subduction, Susquehanna River, Table mountain pine, Taconic Mountains, Taconic orogeny, Tallahassee, Florida, Tennessee, Tennessee River, Terminal moraine, The Berkshires, Tilia americana, Tilia caroliniana, Timber rattler, Tree squirrel, Tsuga canadensis, Tsuga caroliniana, Unaka Range, Unicoi Mountains, United States Department of Agriculture, United States Geological Survey, Utica Shale, Vascular plant, Vermont, Virginia, Volcanic rock, Washington Irving, Water gap, Waterrock Knob, West Virginia, Western Maryland, Western Pennsylvania, White Mountains (New Hampshire), White-tailed deer, Whitetop Mountain, Wild boar, Wild turkey, Witch-hazel, Wood duck, Wood frog, Zinc. 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Abies balsamea or balsam fir is a North American fir, native to most of eastern and central Canada (Newfoundland west to central British Columbia) and the northeastern United States (Minnesota east to Maine, and south in the Appalachian Mountains to West Virginia).
The Acadian orogeny is a long-lasting mountain building event which began in the Middle Devonian, reaching a climax in the early Late Devonian.
Acer rubrum, the red maple, also known as swamp, water or soft maple, is one of the most common and widespread deciduous trees of eastern and central North America.
Acer saccharum, the sugar maple or rock maple, is a species of maple native to the hardwood forests of eastern Canada, from Nova Scotia west through Quebec and southern Ontario to southeastern Manitoba around Lake of the Woods, and the northern parts of the Central and Eastern United States, from Minnesota eastward to the highlands of the eastern states.
Actaea racemosa (black cohosh, black bugbane, black snakeroot, fairy candle; syn. Cimicifuga racemosa) is a species of flowering plant of the family Ranunculaceae.
The Adirondack Mountains form a massif in northeastern New York, United States.
Aesculus flava, the yellow buckeye, common buckeye, or sweet buckeye, is a species of deciduous tree.
Agkistrodon contortrix is a species of venomous snake endemic to Eastern North America, a member of the subfamily Crotalinae (pit vipers).
Alabama is a state in the southeastern region of the United States.
The Alleghanian orogeny or Appalachian orogeny is one of the geological mountain-forming events that formed the Appalachian Mountains and Allegheny Mountains.
The Allegheny Front is the major southeast- or east-facing escarpment in the Allegheny Mountains in southern Pennsylvania, western Maryland, and eastern West Virginia, USA.
Allegheny Mountain (spelling as Alleghany Mountain in Virginia) is a major mountain ridge in the southern range of the Allegheny Mountains, part of the Appalachian Mountains.
The Allegheny Mountain Range, informally the Alleghenies and also spelled Alleghany and Allegany, is part of the vast Appalachian Mountain Range of the eastern United States and Canada and posed a significant barrier to land travel in less technologically advanced eras.
The Allegheny Plateau, in the United States, is a large dissected plateau area in western and central New York, northern and western Pennsylvania, northern and western West Virginia, and eastern Ohio.
The Alps (Alpes; Alpen; Alpi; Alps; Alpe) are the highest and most extensive mountain range system that lies entirely in Europe,The Caucasus Mountains are higher, and the Urals longer, but both lie partly in Asia.
The American black bear (Ursus americanus) is a medium-sized bear native to North America.
The American chestnut (Castanea dentata) is a large, monoecious deciduous tree of the beech family native to eastern North America.
The American red squirrel (Tamiasciurus hudsonicus) is one of three species of tree squirrels currently classified in the genus Tamiasciurus, known as the pine squirrels (the others are the Douglas squirrel, T. douglasii, and Mearns's squirrel, T. mearnsi).
The Annieopsquotch Mountains are located in the southwestern interior of the Canadian island of Newfoundland, east of Bay St. George.
Anthracite, often referred to as hard coal, is a hard, compact variety of coal that has a submetallic luster.
The Anti-Atlas (الأطلس الصغير, Aṭlas Ameẓyan), Lesser Atlas or Little Atlas is a mountain range in Morocco, a part of the Atlas Mountains in the northwest of Africa.
The Apalachee are a Native American people who historically lived in the Florida Panhandle.
Appalachia is a cultural region in the Eastern United States that stretches from the Southern Tier of New York to northern Alabama, Mississippi and Georgia.
Appalachian bogs are boreal or hemiboreal ecosystems, which occur in many places in the Appalachian Mountains, particularly the Allegheny and Blue Ridge subranges.
The Appalachian League of Professional Baseball is a Rookie-class Minor League Baseball league that began play in 1911.
Appalachian Mountain Club (AMC) is the oldest outdoor group in the United States.
The Appalachian Plateau is a series of rugged, high plains located on the western side of the Appalachian Highlands.
The Appalachian National Scenic Trail, generally known as the Appalachian Trail or simply the A.T., is a marked hiking trail in the Eastern United States extending between Springer Mountain in Georgia and Mount Katahdin in Maine.
Apple Orchard Mountain is a peak of the Blue Ridge Mountains in Virginia.
Arkansas is a state in the southeastern region of the United States, home to over 3 million people as of 2017.
The Atlantic Ocean is the second largest of the world's oceans with a total area of about.
Álvar Núñez Cabeza de Vaca (Jerez de la Frontera, 1488/1490/1492"Cabeza de Vaca, Alvar Núñez (1492?-1559?)." American Eras. Vol. 1: Early American Civilizations and Exploration to 1600. Detroit: Gale, 1997. 50-51. Gale Virtual Reference Library. Web. 10 Dec. 2014.Seville, 1557/1558/1559/1560"Alvar Nunez Cabeza de Vaca". Encyclopædia Britannica. Encyclopædia Britannica Online. Encyclopædia Britannica Inc., 2014. Web. 08 Dec. 2014.) was a Spanish explorer of the New World, and one of four survivors of the 1527 Narváez expedition.
Back Allegheny Mountain is a long mountain ridge in eastern West Virginia.
Bailey Willis (March 31, 1857, in Idle Wild-on-Hudson, New York, United States – February 19, 1949, in Palo Alto, California) was a geological engineer who worked for the United States Geological Survey (USGS), and lectured at two prominent American universities.
Bald Knob is the highest summit of Back Allegheny Mountain in Pocahontas County, West Virginia and is part of Cass Scenic Railroad State Park.
The Bald Mountains are a mountain range rising along the border between Tennessee and North Carolina in the southeastern United States.
The barred owl (Strix varia), also known as northern barred owl or hoot owl, is a true owl native to eastern North America.
Beech bark disease is a disease that causes mortality and defects in beech trees in the eastern United States and Europe.
Betula alleghaniensis (yellow birch, also known as golden birch), is a large and important lumber species of birch native to North-eastern North America.
Betula lenta (sweet birch, also known as black birch, cherry birch, mahogany birch, or spice birch) is a species of birch native to eastern North America, from southern Maine west to southernmost Ontario, and south in the Appalachian Mountains to northern Georgia.
Big Frog Mountain is a mountain located in southeastern Tennessee in the Big Frog Wilderness, within the Cherokee National Forest.
Bituminous coal or black coal is a relatively soft coal containing a tarlike substance called bitumen or asphalt.
Black Balsam Knob, also known as Black Balsam Bald, is in the Pisgah National Forest southwest of Asheville, North Carolina, near milepost 420 on the Blue Ridge Parkway.
The Black Mountains are a mountain range in western North Carolina, in the southeastern United States.
Black rat snake may refer to.
Blue Knob is a Pennsylvania summit with a broad dome that is the northernmost 3,000-footer in the range of Allegheny Mountains.
The Blue Ridge Mountains are a physiographic province of the larger Appalachian Mountains range.
Blueberries are perennial flowering plants with blue– or purple–colored berries.
The bobcat (Lynx rufus) is a North American cat that appeared during the Irvingtonian stage of around 1.8 million years ago (AEO).
A bog is a wetland that accumulates peat, a deposit of dead plant material—often mosses, and in a majority of cases, sphagnum moss.
A boreal ecosystem is an ecosystem with a subarctic climate in the Northern Hemisphere, roughly between latitude 50° to 70°N.
Boston is the capital city and most populous municipality of the Commonwealth of Massachusetts in the United States.
Brasstown Bald is the highest point in the U.S. state of Georgia.
The brook trout (Salvelinus fontinalis) is a species of freshwater fish in the salmon family Salmonidae.
Bryophytes are an informal group consisting of three divisions of non-vascular land plants (embryophytes): the liverworts, hornworts and mosses.
The Caledonian orogeny was a mountain building era recorded in the northern parts of Ireland and Britain, the Scandinavian Mountains, Svalbard, eastern Greenland and parts of north-central Europe.
Camel's Hump (alternatively Camels Hump) is Vermont's third-highest mountain and highest undeveloped peak.
Canada is a country located in the northern part of North America.
Cape Canaveral, from the Spanish Cabo Cañaveral, is a cape in Brevard County, Florida, United States, near the center of the state's Atlantic coast.
Carya cordiformis, the bitternut hickory, also called bitternut or swamp hickory, is a large pecan hickory with commercial stands located mostly north of the other pecan hickories.
Carya ovata, the shagbark hickory, is a common hickory in the Eastern United States and southeast Canada.
The Catskill Mountains, also known as the Catskills, are a physiographic province of the larger Appalachian Mountains, located in southeastern New York.
The Cenozoic Era meaning "new life", is the current and most recent of the three Phanerozoic geological eras, following the Mesozoic Era and, extending from 66 million years ago to the present day.
Central Alabama is the region in the state of Alabama that stretches 170 miles (270 km) from its western border with Mississippi to the eastern border with Georgia and 136 miles (219 km) from the northern border of Cullman County to the Alabama River in southern Autauga County.
The Central Pangean Mountains were an extensive northeast-southwest trending mountain range in the central portion of the supercontinent Pangaea during the Triassic period.
The pathogenic fungus Cryphonectria parasitica (formerly Endothia parasitica) is a member of the Ascomycota (sac fungi) taxon.
The Chic-Choc Mountains, also spelled Shick Shocks, is a mountain range in the central region of the Gaspé Peninsula in Quebec, Canada.
Clingmans Dome (or Clingman's Dome) is a mountain in the Great Smoky Mountains of Tennessee and North Carolina, in the southeastern United States.
Coal is a combustible black or brownish-black sedimentary rock usually occurring in rock strata in layers or veins called coal beds or coal seams.
Coal mining is the process of extracting coal from the ground.
The Coal Region is a historically important coal-mining area in Northeastern Pennsylvania in the central Ridge-and-valley Appalachian Mountains, comprising Lackawanna, Luzerne, Columbia, Carbon, Schuylkill, Northumberland, and the extreme northeast corner of Dauphin counties.
A coastal plain is flat, low-lying land adjacent to a sea coast.
Cold Mountain falls in the mountain region of western North Carolina, United States.
The common garter snake (Thamnophis sirtalis) is a species of natricine snake, which is indigenous to North America and found widely across the continent.
The common raven (Corvus corax), also known as the northern raven, is a large all-black passerine bird.
The common snapping turtle (Chelydra serpentina) is a large freshwater turtle of the family Chelydridae.
Connecticut is the southernmost state in the New England region of the northeastern United States.
Cornus florida, the flowering dogwood, is a species of flowering plant in the family Cornaceae native to eastern North America and northern Mexico.
In the central and southern Appalachian Mountains of Eastern North America, a cove is a small valley between two ridge lines that is closed at one or both ends.
The coyote (Canis latrans); from Nahuatl) is a canine native to North America. It is smaller than its close relative, the gray wolf, and slightly smaller than the closely related eastern wolf and red wolf. It fills much of the same ecological niche as the golden jackal does in Eurasia, though it is larger and more predatory, and is sometimes called the American jackal by zoologists. The coyote is listed as least concern by the International Union for Conservation of Nature due to its wide distribution and abundance throughout North America, southwards through Mexico, and into Central America. The species is versatile, able to adapt to and expand into environments modified by humans. It is enlarging its range, with coyotes moving into urban areas in the Eastern U.S., and was sighted in eastern Panama (across the Panama Canal from their home range) for the first time in 2013., 19 coyote subspecies are recognized. The average male weighs and the average female. Their fur color is predominantly light gray and red or fulvous interspersed with black and white, though it varies somewhat with geography. It is highly flexible in social organization, living either in a family unit or in loosely knit packs of unrelated individuals. It has a varied diet consisting primarily of animal meat, including deer, rabbits, hares, rodents, birds, reptiles, amphibians, fish, and invertebrates, though it may also eat fruits and vegetables on occasion. Its characteristic vocalization is a howl made by solitary individuals. Humans are the coyote's greatest threat, followed by cougars and gray wolves. In spite of this, coyotes sometimes mate with gray, eastern, or red wolves, producing "coywolf" hybrids. In the northeastern United States and eastern Canada, the eastern coyote (a larger subspecies, though still smaller than wolves) is the result of various historical and recent matings with various types of wolves. Genetic studies show that most North American wolves contain some level of coyote DNA. The coyote is a prominent character in Native American folklore, mainly in the Southwestern United States and Mexico, usually depicted as a trickster that alternately assumes the form of an actual coyote or a man. As with other trickster figures, the coyote uses deception and humor to rebel against social conventions. The animal was especially respected in Mesoamerican cosmology as a symbol of military might. After the European colonization of the Americas, it was reviled in Anglo-American culture as a cowardly and untrustworthy animal. Unlike wolves (gray, eastern, or red), which have undergone an improvement of their public image, attitudes towards the coyote remain largely negative.
The Cumberland Plateau is the southern part of the Appalachian Plateau in the Appalachian Mountains of the United States.
The Cumberland River is a major waterway of the Southern United States.
The Cyprinidae are the family of freshwater fishes, collectively called cyprinids, that includes the carps, the true minnows, and their relatives (for example, the barbs and barbels).
Dans Mountain is located in Allegany County, Maryland, USA between Georges Creek and the North Branch Potomac River.
The fish popularly known as darters are small, perch-like fish found in freshwater streams in North America.
Diego Gutiérrez was a Spanish cosmographer and cartographer of the Casa de la Contratación.
View of the dissected plateau at Chapada Diamantina, Brazil. A dissected plateau is a plateau area that has been severely eroded so that the relief is sharp.
Downcutting, also called erosional downcutting, downward erosion or vertical erosion is a geological process by hydraulic action that deepens the channel of a stream or valley by removing material from the stream's bed or the valley's floor.
A drainage divide, water divide, divide, ridgeline, watershed, or water parting is the line that separates neighbouring drainage basins.
The Drake Well is a oil well in Cherrytree Township, Venango County in the U.S. state of Pennsylvania, the success of which sparked the first oil boom in the United States.
The Dry Tortugas are a small group of islands, located in the Gulf of Mexico at the end of the Florida Keys, United States, about west of Key West, and west of the Marquesas Keys, the closest islands.
The East Coast of the United States is the coastline along which the Eastern United States meets the North Atlantic Ocean.
The eastern box turtle (Terrapene carolina carolina) is a subspecies within a group of hinge-shelled turtles, normally called box turtles.
The Eastern Continental Divide (ECD) or Appalachian Divide or Eastern Divide, in conjunction with other continental divides of North America, demarcates two watersheds of the Atlantic Ocean: the Gulf of Mexico watershed and the Atlantic Seaboard watershed.
The eastern cottontail (Sylvilagus floridanus) is a New World cottontail rabbit, a member of the family Leporidae.
The eastern elk (Cervus canadensis canadensis) was a subspecies or distinct population of elk that inhabited the northern and eastern United States, and southern Canada.
Sciurus carolinensis, common name eastern gray squirrel or grey squirrel depending on region, is a tree squirrel in the genus Sciurus.
The eastern moose (Alces alces americana) is a subspecies of moose that ranges throughout Eastern Canada, New England and northern New York.
The eastern newt (Notophthalmus viridescens) is a common newt of eastern North America.
The eastern wolf (Canis lupus lycaon or Canis lycaon), also known as the Eastern Canadian wolf, Eastern Timber wolf, Eastern Canadian red wolf, Algonquin wolf or deer wolf,Thiel, R. P.
The elk or wapiti (Cervus canadensis) is one of the largest species within the deer family, Cervidae, in the world, and one of the largest land mammals in North America and Eastern Asia.
Epigaea repens – known as mayflower or trailing arbutus – is a low, spreading shrub in the Ericaceae family.
Fagus grandifolia, the American beech or North American beech, is the species of beech tree native to the eastern United States and extreme southeast Canada.
In geology, a fault is a planar fracture or discontinuity in a volume of rock, across which there has been significant displacement as a result of rock-mass movement.
A fen is one of the main types of wetland, the others being grassy marshes, forested swamps, and peaty bogs.
A floodplain or flood plain is an area of land adjacent to a stream or river which stretches from the banks of its channel to the base of the enclosing valley walls, and which experiences flooding during periods of high discharge.
Florida (Spanish for "land of flowers") is the southernmost contiguous state in the United States.
The fox squirrel (Sciurus niger), also known as the eastern fox squirrel or Bryant's fox squirrel, is the largest species of tree squirrel native to North America.
France, officially the French Republic (République française), is a sovereign state whose territory consists of metropolitan France in Western Europe, as well as several overseas regions and territories.
Abies fraseri, the Fraser fir, is a species of fir native to the Appalachian Mountains of the Southeastern United States.
Fraxinus americana, the white ash or American ash, is a species of ash tree native to eastern and central North America.
A fungus (plural: fungi or funguses) is any member of the group of eukaryotic organisms that includes microorganisms such as yeasts and molds, as well as the more familiar mushrooms.
Gaultheria procumbens, also called the eastern teaberry, the checkerberry, the boxberry, or the American wintergreen, is a species of Gaultheria native to northeastern North America from Newfoundland west to southeastern Manitoba, and south to Alabama.
Gaylussacia baccata, the black huckleberry, is a common huckleberry found throughout a wide area of eastern North America.
George Rippey Stewart (May 31, 1895 – August 22, 1980) was an American historian, toponymist, novelist, and a professor of English at the University of California, Berkeley.
The George Washington and Jefferson National Forests are U.S. National Forests that combine to form one of the largest areas of public land in the Eastern United States.
Georgia is a state in the Southeastern United States.
Ginseng is the root of plants in the genus Panax, such as Korean ginseng (P. ginseng), South China ginseng (P. notoginseng), and American ginseng (P. quinquefolius), typically characterized by the presence of ginsenosides and gintonin.
A glaciated rock is a rock that shows evidence of having been exposed to a glacier.
A glacier is a persistent body of dense ice that is constantly moving under its own weight; it forms where the accumulation of snow exceeds its ablation (melting and sublimation) over many years, often centuries.
Global warming, also referred to as climate change, is the observed century-scale rise in the average temperature of the Earth's climate system and its related effects.
Goldenseal (Hydrastis canadensis), also called orangeroot or yellow puccoon, is a perennial herb in the buttercup family Ranunculaceae, native to southeastern Canada and the eastern United States.
Grandfather Mountain is a mountain, a non-profit attraction, and a North Carolina state park near Linville, North Carolina.
The gray fox (Urocyon cinereoargenteus), or grey fox, is a carnivorous mammal of the family Canidae, widespread throughout North America and Central America.
The Great Valley, also called the Great Appalachian Valley or Great Valley Region, is one of the major landform features of eastern North America.
The Great Balsam Mountains, or Balsam Mountains, are in the mountain region of western North Carolina, United States.
The Great Craggy Mountains, commonly called the Craggies, are a mountain range in western North Carolina, United States.
The great horned owl (Bubo virginianus), also known as the tiger owl (originally derived from early naturalists' description as the "winged tiger" or "tiger of the air") or the hoot owl,Austing, G.R. & Holt, Jr., J.B. (1966).
The Great Smoky Mountains are a mountain range rising along the Tennessee–North Carolina border in the southeastern United States.
The Green Mountains are a mountain range in the U.S. state of Vermont.
The Grenville orogeny was a long-lived Mesoproterozoic mountain-building event associated with the assembly of the supercontinent Rodinia.
The groundhog (Marmota monax), also known as a woodchuck, is a rodent of the family Sciuridae, belonging to the group of large ground squirrels known as marmots.
The Gulf of Mexico (Golfo de México) is an ocean basin and a marginal sea of the Atlantic Ocean, largely surrounded by the North American continent.
Harry M. Caudill (May 3, 1922 – November 29, 1990) was an American author, historian, lawyer, legislator, and environmentalist from Letcher County, in the coalfields of southeastern Kentucky.
Hawksbill Mountain is a mountain with an elevation of.
Hemlock woolly adelgid (Adelges tsugae), or HWA, is member of the Sternorrhyncha suborder of the order Hemiptera and native to East Asia.
Hernando de Soto (1495 – May 21, 1542) was a Spanish explorer and conquistador who led the first Spanish and European expedition deep into the territory of the modern-day United States (through Florida, Georgia, Alabama, Mississippi, and most likely Arkansas).
Hickory is a type of tree, comprising the genus Carya (κάρυον, káryon, meaning "nut").
A highway is any public or private road or other public way on land.
Houghton Mifflin Harcourt (HMH) is an educational and trade publisher in the United States.
The Hudson River is a river that flows from north to south primarily through eastern New York in the United States.
The Iapetus Ocean was an ocean that existed in the late Neoproterozoic and early Paleozoic eras of the geologic timescale (between 600 and 400 million years ago).
An ice age is a period of long-term reduction in the temperature of Earth's surface and atmosphere, resulting in the presence or expansion of continental and polar ice sheets and alpine glaciers.
Ilex opaca, the American holly, is a species of holly, native to the eastern and south-central United States, from coastal Massachusetts south to central Florida, and west to southeastern Missouri and eastern Texas.
The International Appalachian Trail (IAT; Sentier international des Appalaches, SIA) is a hiking trail which runs from the northern terminus of the Appalachian Trail at Mount Katahdin, Maine, through New Brunswick, to the Gaspé Peninsula of Quebec, after which it follows a ferry route to Newfoundland, and then continues to the northern-easternmost point of the Appalachian Mountains at Belle Isle, Newfoundland and Labrador.
Iron is a chemical element with symbol Fe (from ferrum) and atomic number 26.
Jacques le Moyne de Morgues (1533–1588) was a French artist and member of Jean Ribault's expedition to the New World.
The James River is a river in the U.S. state of Virginia.
Kalmia latifolia, commonly called mountain laurel, calico-bush, or spoonwood, is a broadleaved evergreen shrub in the heather family, Ericaceae, that is native to the eastern United States.
Kentucky, officially the Commonwealth of Kentucky, is a state located in the east south-central region of the United States.
Killington Peak is the second highest summit in the Green Mountains and in the U.S. state of Vermont.
Larix laricina, commonly known as the tamarack, hackmatack, eastern larch, black larch, red larch, or American larch, is a species of larch native to Canada, from eastern Yukon and Inuvik, Northwest Territories east to Newfoundland, and also south into the upper northeastern United States from Minnesota to Cranesville Swamp, Maryland; there is also an isolated population in central Alaska.
Laurentia or the North American Craton is a large continental craton that forms the ancient geological core of the North American continent.
The Laurentian Mountains (French: Laurentides) are a mountain range in southern Quebec, Canada, north of the St. Lawrence River and Ottawa River, rising to a highest point of at Mont Raoul Blanchard, northeast of Quebec City in the Reserve Faunique des Laurentides.
Dried Fruits of ''Lindera neesiana'' Used as spice (coll.MHNT) Lindera is a genus of about 80-100, Flora of North America species of flowering plants in the family Lauraceae, mostly native to eastern Asia but with three species in eastern North America.
Liriodendron is a genus of two species of characteristically large deciduous trees in the magnolia family (Magnoliaceae).
The genus ''Quercus'' (oak) contains about 600 species,David J. Mabberley.
Long Island is a densely populated island off the East Coast of the United States, beginning at New York Harbor just 0.35 miles (0.56 km) from Manhattan Island and extending eastward into the Atlantic Ocean.
The Long Range Mountains are a series of mountains along the west coast of the Canadian island of Newfoundland.
The Longfellow Mountains are a subrange of the Appalachian Mountains System, located within the North Maine Woods region of northwestern Maine.
The Plethodontidae, or lungless salamanders, are a family of salamanders.
Lymantria dispar dispar, commonly known as the gypsy moth, European gypsy moth, or North American gypsy moth, is a moth in the family Erebidae that is of Eurasian origin.
Maine is a U.S. state in the New England region of the northeastern United States.
The Marcellus Formation (also classified as the Marcellus Subgroup of the Hamilton Group, Marcellus Member of the Romney Formation, or simply the Marcellus Shale) is a Middle Devonian age unit of marine sedimentary rock found in eastern North America.
The Maritime Plain is a physiographic province of the larger Appalachian division.
Maryland is a state in the Mid-Atlantic region of the United States, bordering Virginia, West Virginia, and Washington, D.C. to its south and west; Pennsylvania to its north; and Delaware to its east.
The Mason–Dixon line, also called the Mason and Dixon line or Mason's and Dixon's line, was surveyed between 1763 and 1767 by Charles Mason and Jeremiah Dixon in the resolution of a border dispute involving Maryland, Pennsylvania, and Delaware in Colonial America.
Massachusetts, officially known as the Commonwealth of Massachusetts, is the most populous state in the New England region of the northeastern United States.
Maurice Graham Brooks (June 16, 1900 – January 10, 1993) was an American educator and naturalist whose name became synonymous with the natural history of Appalachia.
Max Patch is a bald mountain on the North Carolina-Tennessee Border in Madison County, North Carolina and Cocke County, Tennessee.
In ecology, a mesic habitat is a type of habitat with a moderate or well-balanced supply of moisture, e.g., a mesic forest, a temperate hardwood forest, or dry-mesic prairie.
The Mesozoic Era is an interval of geological time from about.
The Metacomet Ridge, Metacomet Ridge Mountains, or Metacomet Range of southern New England is a narrow and steep fault-block mountain ridge known for its extensive cliff faces, scenic vistas, microclimate ecosystems, and rare or endangered plants.
Metres above mean sea level (MAMSL) or simply metres above sea level (MASL or m a.s.l.) is a standard metric measurement in metres of the elevation or altitude of a location in reference to a historic mean sea level.
The Midwestern United States, also referred to as the American Midwest, Middle West, or simply the Midwest, is one of four census regions of the United States Census Bureau (also known as "Region 2").
The Mississippi River is the chief river of the second-largest drainage system on the North American continent, second only to the Hudson Bay drainage system.
The Monongahela National Forest is a national forest located in the Allegheny Mountains of eastern West Virginia, USA.
The Monteregian Hills (Collines Montérégiennes) is a linear chain of isolated hills in Montreal and Montérégie, between the Laurentians and the Appalachians.
Morgantown is a city in and the county seat of Monongalia County, West Virginia, situated along the banks of the Monongahela River.
Morocco (officially known as the Kingdom of Morocco, is a unitary sovereign state located in the Maghreb region of North Africa. It is one of the native homelands of the indigenous Berber people. Geographically, Morocco is characterised by a rugged mountainous interior, large tracts of desert and a lengthy coastline along the Atlantic Ocean and Mediterranean Sea. Morocco has a population of over 33.8 million and an area of. Its capital is Rabat, and the largest city is Casablanca. Other major cities include Marrakesh, Tangier, Salé, Fes, Meknes and Oujda. A historically prominent regional power, Morocco has a history of independence not shared by its neighbours. Since the foundation of the first Moroccan state by Idris I in 788 AD, the country has been ruled by a series of independent dynasties, reaching its zenith under the Almoravid dynasty and Almohad dynasty, spanning parts of Iberia and northwestern Africa. The Marinid and Saadi dynasties continued the struggle against foreign domination, and Morocco remained the only North African country to avoid Ottoman occupation. The Alaouite dynasty, the current ruling dynasty, seized power in 1631. In 1912, Morocco was divided into French and Spanish protectorates, with an international zone in Tangier, and regained its independence in 1956. Moroccan culture is a blend of Berber, Arab, West African and European influences. Morocco claims the non-self-governing territory of Western Sahara, formerly Spanish Sahara, as its Southern Provinces. After Spain agreed to decolonise the territory to Morocco and Mauritania in 1975, a guerrilla war arose with local forces. Mauritania relinquished its claim in 1979, and the war lasted until a cease-fire in 1991. Morocco currently occupies two thirds of the territory, and peace processes have thus far failed to break the political deadlock. Morocco is a constitutional monarchy with an elected parliament. The King of Morocco holds vast executive and legislative powers, especially over the military, foreign policy and religious affairs. Executive power is exercised by the government, while legislative power is vested in both the government and the two chambers of parliament, the Assembly of Representatives and the Assembly of Councillors. The king can issue decrees called dahirs, which have the force of law. He can also dissolve the parliament after consulting the Prime Minister and the president of the constitutional court. Morocco's predominant religion is Islam, and the official languages are Arabic and Berber, with Berber being the native language of Morocco before the Arab conquest in the 600s AD. The Moroccan dialect of Arabic, referred to as Darija, and French are also widely spoken. Morocco is a member of the Arab League, the Union for the Mediterranean and the African Union. It has the fifth largest economy of Africa.
Mount Abraham (Mount Abe to locals) is the fifth tallest peak in the U.S. state of Vermont.
Mount Adams, elevation above sea level, is a mountain in New Hampshire, the second highest peak in the Northeast United States after its nearby neighbor, Mt. Washington.
Mount Davis is the highest point in Pennsylvania.
Mount Guyot is a mountain in the eastern Great Smoky Mountains, located in the southeastern United States.
Mount Jefferson is located in Coos County, New Hampshire, and is the third highest mountain in the state.
Mount Katahdin is the highest mountain in the U.S. state of Maine at.
Mount Lafayette is a mountain at the northern end of the Franconia Range in the White Mountains of New Hampshire, United States.
Mount Le Conte (or LeConte) is a mountain in Sevier County, Tennessee located in the Great Smoky Mountains National Park.
Mount Lincoln is a 5,089-foot-high mountain within the Franconia Range of the White Mountains of New Hampshire.
Mount Madison is a mountain in the Presidential Range of New Hampshire in the United States.
Mount Mansfield is the highest mountain in Vermont with a summit that peaks at above sea level.
Mount Mitchell is the highest peak of the Appalachian Mountains and the highest peak in mainland eastern North America.
Mount Monroe is a mountain peak southwest of Mount Washington in the Presidential Range of the White Mountains in New Hampshire, United States.
Mount Rogers is the highest natural point in the Commonwealth of Virginia, United States, with a summit elevation of above mean sea level.
Mount Washington, called Agiocochook by some Native American tribes, is the highest peak in the Northeastern United States at and the most prominent mountain east of the Mississippi River.
A mountain is a large landform that stretches above the surrounding land in a limited area, usually in the form of a peak.
A mountain range or hill range is a series of mountains or hills ranged in a line and connected by high ground.
Mountaintop removal mining (MTR), also known as mountaintop mining (MTM), is a form of surface mining at the summit or summit ridge of a mountain.
The mourning dove (Zenaida macroura) is a member of the dove family, Columbidae.
The Narváez expedition was a Spanish journey of exploration and colonization started in 1527 that intended to establish colonial settlements and garrisons in Florida.
The National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) is an independent agency of the executive branch of the United States federal government responsible for the civilian space program, as well as aeronautics and aerospace research.
Native Americans, also known as American Indians, Indians, Indigenous Americans and other terms, are the indigenous peoples of the United States.
Natural gas is a naturally occurring hydrocarbon gas mixture consisting primarily of methane, but commonly including varying amounts of other higher alkanes, and sometimes a small percentage of carbon dioxide, nitrogen, hydrogen sulfide, or helium.
New Brunswick (Nouveau-Brunswick; Canadian French pronunciation) is one of three Maritime provinces on the east coast of Canada.
New England is a geographical region comprising six states of the northeastern United States: Maine, Vermont, New Hampshire, Massachusetts, Rhode Island and Connecticut.
The New England province is a physiographic province of the larger Appalachian division of eastern North America.
New Hampshire is a state in the New England region of the northeastern United States.
New Jersey is a state in the Mid-Atlantic region of the Northeastern United States.
The New River is a river which flows through the U.S. states of North Carolina, Virginia, and West Virginia before joining with the Gauley River to form the Kanawha River at the town of Gauley Bridge, West Virginia.
New York is a state in the northeastern United States.
The New York – New Jersey Highlands is a geological formation composed primarily of Precambrian igneous and metamorphic rock running from the Delaware River near Musconetcong Mountain, northeast through the Skylands Region of New Jersey along the Bearfort Ridge and the Ramapo Mountains, Sterling Forest, Harriman and Bear Mountain State Parks in New York, to the Hudson River at Storm King Mountain.
Newfoundland (Terre-Neuve) is a large Canadian island off the east coast of the North American mainland, and the most populous part of the Canadian province of Newfoundland and Labrador.
Newfoundland and Labrador (Terre-Neuve-et-Labrador; Akamassiss; Newfoundland Irish: Talamh an Éisc agus Labradar) is the most easterly province of Canada.
North America is a continent entirely within the Northern Hemisphere and almost all within the Western Hemisphere; it is also considered by some to be a northern subcontinent of the Americas.
North American Atlantic Region is a floristic region within the Holarctic Kingdom identified by Armen Takhtajan and Robert F. Thorne, spanning from the Atlantic and Gulf coasts to the Great Plains and comprising a major part of the United States and southeastern portions of Canada.
The North American beaver (Castor canadensis) is one of two extant beaver species.
The North American cougar (Puma concolor couguar), is a population of the cougar in North America.
North Carolina is a U.S. state in the southeastern region of the United States.
Northeastern Pennsylvania (NEPA) is a geographic region of the U.S. state of Pennsylvania that includes the Pocono Mountains, the Endless Mountains, and the industrial cities of Scranton, Wilkes-Barre, Pittston, Hazleton, Nanticoke, and Carbondale.
The northern flying squirrel (Glaucomys sabrinus) is one of three species of the genus Glaucomys, the only flying squirrels found in North America.
The northern goshawk (Accipiter gentilis) is a medium-large raptor in the family Accipitridae, which also includes other extant diurnal raptors, such as eagles, buzzards and harriers.
The Notre Dame and Mégantic Mountains in Canada are a physiographic province of the larger Appalachian division, and also contain the Chic-Choc Mountains.
The Notre Dame Mountains are a portion of the Appalachian Mountains, extending from the Gaspé Peninsula of Quebec to the Green Mountains of Vermont.
Nova Scotia (Latin for "New Scotland"; Nouvelle-Écosse; Scottish Gaelic: Alba Nuadh) is one of Canada's three maritime provinces, and one of the four provinces that form Atlantic Canada.
Ohio is a Midwestern state in the Great Lakes region of the United States.
The Ohio River, which streams westward from Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, to Cairo, Illinois, is the largest tributary, by volume, of the Mississippi River in the United States.
Oklahoma (Uukuhuúwa, Gahnawiyoˀgeh) is a state in the South Central region of the United States.
The Ordovician is a geologic period and system, the second of six periods of the Paleozoic Era.
Ostrya is a genus of eight to 10 small deciduous trees belonging to the birch family Betulaceae.
The Ouachita Mountains, simply referred to as the Ouachitas, are a mountain range in western Arkansas and southeastern Oklahoma.
Pangaea or Pangea was a supercontinent that existed during the late Paleozoic and early Mesozoic eras.
A passerine is any bird of the order Passeriformes, which includes more than half of all bird species.
Pánfilo de Narváez (147?–1528) was a Spanish conquistador and soldier in the Americas.
The Peaks of Otter are three mountain peaks in the Blue Ridge Mountains, overlooking the town of Bedford, Virginia, which lies nine miles (14 km) to the southeast along State Route 43.
Pennsylvania (Pennsylvania German: Pennsylvaani or Pennsilfaani), officially the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania, is a state located in the northeastern and Mid-Atlantic regions of the United States.
The Permian is a geologic period and system which spans 47 million years from the end of the Carboniferous Period million years ago (Mya), to the beginning of the Triassic period 251.902 Mya.
Petroleum is a naturally occurring, yellow-to-black liquid found in geological formations beneath the Earth's surface.
The petroleum industry, also known as the oil industry or the oil patch, includes the global processes of exploration, extraction, refining, transporting (often by oil tankers and pipelines), and marketing of petroleum products.
The physiographic regions of the world are a means of defining the Earth's landforms into distinct regions, based upon the classic three-tiered approach by Nevin Fenneman in 1916, that further defines landforms into: 1.
A phytochorion, in phytogeography, is a geographic area with a relatively uniform composition of plant species.
Picea mariana, the black spruce, is a North American species of spruce tree in the pine family.
Picea rubens, commonly known as red spruce, is a species of spruce native to eastern North America, ranging from eastern Quebec and Nova Scotia, west to the Adirondack Mountains and south through New England along the Appalachians to western North Carolina.
The Piedmont is a plateau region located in the eastern United States.
Pinus echinata, the shortleaf pine, is a species of pine native to the eastern United States from southernmost New York State, south to northern Florida, west to eastern Oklahoma, and southwest to eastern Texas.
Pinus resinosa, known as red pine or Norway pine, is a pine native to North America.
Pinus rigida, the pitch pine, is a small-to-medium-sized pine, native to eastern North America.
Pinus strobus, commonly denominated the eastern white pine, northern white pine, white pine, Weymouth pine (British), and soft pine accessed 12 August 2013 is a large pine native to eastern North America.
Pinus virginiana (Virginia pine, scrub pine, Jersey pine) is a medium-sized tree, often found on poorer soils from Long Island in southern New York south through the Appalachian Mountains to western Tennessee and Alabama.
The Crotalinae, commonly known as pit vipers,Mehrtens JM.
The broad-headed skink or broadhead skink (Plestiodon laticeps) is species of lizard, endemic to the southeastern United States.
The Plott Balsams are a mountain range in western North Carolina, in the southeastern United States.
The Pocono Mountains, commonly referred to as the Poconos, are a geographical, geological, and cultural region in Northeastern Pennsylvania, United States.
The Potomac River is located within the Mid-Atlantic region of the United States and flows from the Potomac Highlands into the Chesapeake Bay.
The provinces and territories of Canada are the sub-national governments within the geographical areas of Canada under the authority of the Canadian Constitution.
Quebec (Québec)According to the Canadian government, Québec (with the acute accent) is the official name in French and Quebec (without the accent) is the province's official name in English; the name is.
Quercus coccinea, the scarlet oak, is an oak in the red oak section Quercus sect.
Quercus montana, the chestnut oak, is a species of oak in the white oak group, Quercus sect.
Quercus muehlenbergii, the chinkapin oak (or chinquapin oak), is an oak in the white oak group (Quercus sect. Quercus).
Quercus rubra, commonly called northern red oak, or champion oak, (syn. Quercus borealis), is an oak in the red oak group (Quercus section Lobatae).
Quercus velutina, the eastern black oak or more commonly known as simply black oak, is a species in the red oak (Quercus sect. Lobatae) group of oaks.
Quirauk Mountain is the highest point on South Mountain.
Rabun Bald, with an elevation of, is the second-highest peak in the U.S. state of Georgia; only Brasstown Bald is higher.
The raccoon (or, Procyon lotor), sometimes spelled racoon, also known as the common raccoon, North American raccoon, or northern raccoon, is a medium-sized mammal native to North America.
Rail transport is a means of transferring of passengers and goods on wheeled vehicles running on rails, also known as tracks.
The red fox (Vulpes vulpes) is the largest of the true foxes and one of the most widely distributed members of the order Carnivora, being present across the entire Northern Hemisphere from the Arctic Circle to North Africa, North America and Eurasia.
The red wolf (Canis lupus rufus or Canis rufus) also known as the Florida black wolf or Mississippi Valley wolf,Glover, A. (1942),, American Committee for International Wild Life Protection, pp.
The red-shouldered hawk (Buteo lineatus) is a medium-sized hawk.
The red-tailed hawk (Buteo jamaicensis) is a bird of prey that breeds throughout most of North America, from the interior of Alaska and northern Canada to as far south as Panama and the West Indies.
The reindeer (Rangifer tarandus), also known as the caribou in North America, is a species of deer with circumpolar distribution, native to Arctic, sub-Arctic, tundra, boreal and mountainous regions of northern Europe, Siberia and North America.
Rhododendron (from Ancient Greek ῥόδον rhódon "rose" and δένδρον déndron "tree") is a genus of 1,024 species of woody plants in the heath family (Ericaceae), either evergreen or deciduous, and found mainly in Asia, although it is also widespread throughout the highlands of the Appalachian Mountains of North America.
The Ridge-and-Valley Appalachians, also called the Ridge and Valley Province or the Valley and Ridge Appalachians, are a physiographic province of the larger Appalachian division and are also a belt within the Appalachian Mountains extending from southeastern New York through northwestern New Jersey, westward into Pennsylvania and southward into Maryland, West Virginia, Virginia, Kentucky, Tennessee, Georgia and Alabama.
In geomorphology a river is said to be rejuvenated when it is eroding the landscape in response to a lowering of its base level.
Roan Mountain is the highpoint of the Roan-Unaka Range of the Southern Appalachian Mountains, located in the Southeastern United States.
The Roanoke River is a river in southern Virginia and northeastern North Carolina in the United States, long.
The Rocky Mountains, also known as the Rockies, are a major mountain range in western North America.
The ruffed grouse (Bonasa umbellus) is a medium-sized grouse occurring in forests from the Appalachian Mountains across Canada to Alaska.
The Saint Lawrence River (Fleuve Saint-Laurent; Tuscarora: Kahnawáʼkye; Mohawk: Kaniatarowanenneh, meaning "big waterway") is a large river in the middle latitudes of North America.
Saint Pierre and Miquelon, officially the Overseas Collectivity of Saint Pierre and Miquelon (Collectivité d'Outre-mer de Saint-Pierre-et-Miquelon), is a self-governing territorial overseas collectivity of France, situated in the northwestern Atlantic Ocean near the Newfoundland and Labrador province of Canada.
Salamanders are a group of amphibians typically characterized by a lizard-like appearance, with slender bodies, blunt snouts, short limbs projecting at right angles to the body, and the presence of a tail in both larvae and adults.
Sanguinaria canadensis (bloodroot) is a perennial, herbaceous flowering plant native to eastern North America.
Science, also widely referred to as Science Magazine, is the peer-reviewed academic journal of the American Association for the Advancement of Science (AAAS) and one of the world's top academic journals.
Scops owls are typical owls (family Strigidae) mostly belonging to the genus Otus.
Scotland (Alba) is a country that is part of the United Kingdom and covers the northern third of the island of Great Britain.
Sedimentary rocks are types of rock that are formed by the deposition and subsequent cementation of that material at the Earth's surface and within bodies of water.
Shenandoah Mountain is a mountain ridge approximately long in Virginia and West Virginia.
The snowshoe hare (Lepus americanus), also called the varying hare, or snowshoe rabbit, is a species of hare found in North America.
Snowshoe Mountain is a ski resort in the eastern United States, located in Snowshoe, West Virginia.
South Carolina is a U.S. state in the southeastern region of the United States.
South Mountain is the northern extension of the Blue Ridge Mountain range in Maryland and Pennsylvania.
The Southern Appalachian Botanical Society (formerly the Southern Appalachian Botanical Club) was formed in 1935 at West Virginia University.
The southern Appalachian spruce–fir forest is an ecoregion of the temperate coniferous forests biome, a type of montane coniferous forest that grows in the highest elevations in the southern Appalachian Mountains of the eastern United States.
The southern flying squirrel or the assapan (Glaucomys volans) is one of three species of the genus Glaucomys, the only flying squirrels found in North America. It is found in deciduous and mixed woods in the eastern half of North America, from southeastern Canada, to Florida. Disjunct distribution for populations of this species have been recorded in the highlands of Mexico, Guatemala, and Honduras.
Southwest Virginia, often abbreviated as SWVA, is a mountainous region of Virginia in the westernmost part of the commonwealth.
The spring peeper (Pseudacris crucifer) is a small chorus frog widespread throughout the eastern United States and Canada.
Springer Mountain is a mountain located in the Chattahoochee National Forest on the border of Fannin and Gilmer counties.
Spruce Knob, at, is the highest point in the state of West Virginia and the summit of Spruce Mountain, the highest peak in the Allegheny Mountains.
The striped skunk (Mephitis mephitis) is a skunk of the genus Mephitis that is native to southern Canada, the United States and northern Mexico.
Subduction is a geological process that takes place at convergent boundaries of tectonic plates where one plate moves under another and is forced or sinks due to gravity into the mantle.
The Susquehanna River (Lenape: Siskëwahane) is a major river located in the northeastern United States.
Table Mountain pine, Pinus pungens, also called hickory pine, prickly pine, or mountain pine, is a small pine native to the Appalachian Mountains in the United States.
The Taconic Mountains or Taconic Range are a physiographic section of the larger New England province and part of the Appalachian Mountains, running along the eastern border of New York State and adjacent New England from northwest Connecticut to western Massachusetts, north to central western Vermont.
The Taconic orogeny was a mountain building period that ended 440 million years ago and affected most of modern-day New England.
Tallahassee is the capital of the U.S. state of Florida.
Tennessee (translit) is a state located in the southeastern region of the United States.
The Tennessee River is the largest tributary of the Ohio River.
A terminal moraine, also called end moraine, is a type of moraine that forms at the snout (edge) of a glacier, marking its maximum advance.
The Berkshires are a highland geologic region located in the western parts of Massachusetts and Connecticut.
Tilia americana is a species of tree in the Malvaceae family, native to eastern North America, from southeast Manitoba east to New Brunswick, southwest to northeast Oklahoma, southeast to South Carolina, and west along the Niobrara River to Cherry County, Nebraska.
Tilia caroliniana Mill. is a species of tree in the Malvaceae family native to the southern and south-eastern states of the U.S., and Mexico.
Timber rattler may refer to.
Tree squirrels are the members of the squirrel family (Sciuridae) commonly just referred to as "squirrels".
Tsuga canadensis, also known as eastern hemlock, eastern hemlock-spruce or Canadian hemlock, and in the French-speaking regions of Canada as pruche du Canada, is a coniferous tree native to eastern North America.
Tsuga caroliniana, the Carolina hemlock, is a species of Tsuga, native to the Appalachian Mountains in southwest Virginia, western North Carolina, extreme northeast Georgia, northwest South Carolina, and eastern Tennessee.
The Unaka Range is a mountain range on the border of Tennessee and North Carolina, in the southeastern United States.
The Unicoi Mountains are a mountain range rising along the border between Tennessee and North Carolina in the southeastern United States.
The United States Department of Agriculture (USDA), also known as the Agriculture Department, is the U.S. federal executive department responsible for developing and executing federal laws related to farming, forestry, and food.
The United States Geological Survey (USGS, formerly simply Geological Survey) is a scientific agency of the United States government.
The Utica Shale is a stratigraphical unit of Upper Ordovician age in the Appalachian Basin.
Vascular plants (from Latin vasculum: duct), also known as tracheophytes (from the equivalent Greek term trachea) and also higher plants, form a large group of plants (c. 308,312 accepted known species) that are defined as those land plants that have lignified tissues (the xylem) for conducting water and minerals throughout the plant.
Vermont is a state in the New England region of the northeastern United States.
Virginia (officially the Commonwealth of Virginia) is a state in the Southeastern and Mid-Atlantic regions of the United States located between the Atlantic Coast and the Appalachian Mountains.
Volcanic rock (often shortened to volcanics in scientific contexts) is a rock formed from magma erupted from a volcano.
Washington Irving (April 3, 1783 – November 28, 1859) was an American short story writer, essayist, biographer, historian, and diplomat of the early 19th century.
A water gap is a gap that flowing water has carved through a mountain range or mountain ridge.
Waterrock Knob is a mountain peak in the U.S. state of North Carolina.
West Virginia is a state located in the Appalachian region of the Southern United States.
Western Maryland is the portion of the U.S. state of Maryland that typically consists of Washington, Allegany, and Garrett counties.
Western Pennsylvania refers to the western third of the state of Pennsylvania in the United States.
The White Mountains are a mountain range covering about a quarter of the state of New Hampshire and a small portion of western Maine in the United States.
The white-tailed deer (Odocoileus virginianus), also known as the whitetail or Virginia deer, is a medium-sized deer native to the United States, Canada, Mexico, Central America, and South America as far south as Peru and Bolivia.
Whitetop Mountain is the second highest independent mountain in the U.S. state of Virginia, after nearby Mount Rogers.
The wild boar (Sus scrofa), also known as the wild swine,Heptner, V. G.; Nasimovich, A. A.; Bannikov, A. G.; Hoffman, R. S. (1988), Volume I, Washington, D.C.: Smithsonian Institution Libraries and National Science Foundation, pp.
The wild turkey (Meleagris gallopavo) is an upland ground bird native to North America and is the heaviest member of the diverse Galliformes.
Witch-hazels or witch hazels (Hamamelis) are a genus of flowering plants in the family Hamamelidaceae, with four species in North America (H. mexicana, H. ovalis, H. virginiana, and H. vernalis), and one each in Japan (H. japonica) and China (H. mollis).
The wood frog (Lithobates sylvaticus or Rana sylvatica) has a broad distribution over North America, extending from the Boreal forest of Canada and Alaska to the southern Appalachians, with several notable disjunct populations including lowland eastern North Carolina.
Zinc is a chemical element with symbol Zn and atomic number 30.
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