313 relations: Aberdeen, Age of Discovery, Aircraft carrier, Alfred Thayer Mahan, Allies of World War II, Anglo-Japanese Alliance, Anti-submarine warfare, Arabe-class destroyer, Archibald Lucius Douglas, Armor-piercing shell, Armored cruiser, Arms race, Armstrong Whitworth, Arthur Leopold Busch, Asia, Atakebune, Attack on Pearl Harbor, Attrition warfare, Austria-Hungary, Aviso, Ōuetsu Reppan Dōmei, Bakumatsu, Ballantine Books, Battle of Awa, Battle of Leyte Gulf, Battle of Midway, Battle of Pungdo, Battle of the Coral Sea, Battle of the Falkland Islands, Battle of the Philippine Sea, Battle of the Yalu River (1894), Battle of Tsushima, Battle of Weihaiwei, Battlecruiser, Battleship, Beiyang Fleet, Bombardment of Kagoshima, Bombing of Kure (July 1945), Boshin War, Boxer Rebellion, Brown powder, California, Canet gun, Cartography, Chōshū Domain, Chūichi Nagumo, China, Chinese ironclad Dingyuan, Chinese ironclad Zhenyuan, Christian Polak, ..., Combined Fleet, Commander, Constitution of Japan, Convention of Kanagawa, Convoy, Cruiser, Daijō-kan, Daimyō, Dejima, Destroyer, Displacement (ship), East Asia, East Asia Squadron, Edict to Repel Foreign Vessels, Edo period, Egypt, Eight-eight fleet, Elswick, Tyne and Wear, Emperor Meiji, Emperor of Japan, Empire of Japan, Enomoto Takeaki, Escort carrier, Europe, Fall of Edo, First Opium War, First Sino-Japanese War, Fleet Air Arm, Fleet Faction, Flotilla leader, French ironclad Gloire, French military mission to Japan (1872–80), French military mission to Japan (1918–19), French Navy, Frigate, Galleon, Ganghwa Island, Ganghwa Island incident, General Dynamics Electric Boat, Gensui (Imperial Japanese Army), Gensui (Imperial Japanese Navy), German Empire, German New Guinea, Germany, Global Oriental, Gloster Sparrowhawk, Guglielmo Marconi, Hachette (publisher), Han system, Harvey armor, Hasekura Tsunenaga, Herbert Yardley, Hiroshima Domain, Hizen Province, HMS Phaeton (1782), IHI Corporation, Imo Incident, Imperial General Headquarters, Imperial Japanese Army, Imperial Japanese Naval Academy, Imperial Japanese Navy Air Service, Imperial Japanese Navy Armor Units, Imperial Japanese Navy Aviation Bureau, Imperial Japanese Navy bases and facilities, Imperial Japanese Navy fuel, Imperial Japanese Navy General Staff, Imperial Japanese Navy Land Forces, Imperial Rescript to Soldiers and Sailors, Imperial Way Faction, Indian Ocean, Indian Ocean raid, Industrialisation, Interwar period, Ironclad warship, Isoroku Yamamoto, Itō Sukeyuki, Iwakura Tomomi, Japan, Japan Maritime Self-Defense Force, Japan Self-Defense Forces, Japan–Korea Treaty of 1876, Japanese cruiser Azuma, Japanese cruiser Yakumo, Japanese Embassy to the United States, Japanese invasion of Taiwan (1874), Japanese invasions of Korea (1592–98), Japanese ironclad Kōtetsu, Japanese ironclad Ryūjō, Japanese nationalism, Japanese Special Attack Units, Japanese torpedo boat Tomozuru, JDS Kashima, Jeune École, Jiaozhou Bay, John Philip Holland, Kaga Domain, Kaientai, Kamikaze, Kantai Kessen, Katsu Kaishū, Kawasaki Heavy Industries, Kiautschou Bay concession, Kofun period, Kongō-class battlecruiser, Korea, Korean Peninsula, Kronstadt, Krupp, Kublai Khan, Kumamoto Domain, Kure, Hiroshima, Kurume Domain, Kyūjitai, Léonce Verny, Leadership, League of Nations, Liaodong Peninsula, Library of Congress Country Studies, List of Japanese naval commanders, List of Japanese Navy ships and war vessels in World War II, London Naval Treaty, Looting, Louis-Émile Bertin, Malta, Marseille, Matthew C. Perry, Maurice Farman, May 15 Incident, Meiji Restoration, Militarism, Ministry of the Navy (Japan), Ministry of War (pre-modern Japan), Mitsubishi, Modernization theory, Mongol invasions of Japan, Morrison incident, Mudan incident, Nagasaki, Nagasaki Naval Training Center, Nanban trade, Nanshin-ron, Napoleonic Wars, Naval Act of 1938, Naval Battle of Hakodate, Naval mine, Navy, Netherlands, Newcastle upon Tyne, Nippon Yusen, Occupation of Japan, Oda Nobunaga, Optics, Osaka Bay, Pacific War, Pearl Harbor, Penghu, Potsdam Declaration, Power (international relations), Prince Fushimi Hiroyasu, Protected cruiser, Rangaku, Ranks of the Imperial Japanese Navy, Recruitment in the Imperial Japanese Navy, Red seal ships, Republic of Ezo, Rising Sun Flag, River Clyde, Royal Air Force, Royal Navy, Russian battleship Potemkin, Russo-Japanese War, Saga Domain, Saga Prefecture, Saga Rebellion, Saigō Takamori, Sakoku, Samurai, San Francisco, San Juan Bautista (ship), Sasebo, Nagasaki, Satō Tetsutarō, Satsuma Domain, Satsuma Rebellion, Scientific Revolution, Scotland, Second Sino-Japanese War, Seikanron, Sempill Mission, Sendai, Sengoku period, Sevastopol, Shanhai Pass, Shōgun, Shimonoseki Campaign, Shimose powder, Shinjitai, Siege of Tsingtao, Singapore, Sinking of Prince of Wales and Repulse, Sino-French War, Solomon Islands campaign, South Pacific Mandate, Southeast Asia, Special Naval Landing Forces, Submarine, Submarines of the Imperial Japanese Navy, Suez Canal, Surrender of Japan, Taiwan, Taranto, Tōgō Heihachirō, Thomas Blake Glover, Three Views of Japan, Tianjin, Tokubetsu Keisatsutai, Tokugawa shogunate, Tokugawa Yoshinobu, Tokyo, Tokyo Bay, Tomogashima, Torpedo, Torpedo boat, Torpedo tube, Tosa Domain, Toyotomi Hideyoshi, Trans-cultural diffusion, Treaty Faction, Treaty of Amity and Commerce (United States–Japan), Treaty of Shimonoseki, Triple Intervention, Tsukiji, Turret, Turtle ship, Type 93 torpedo, Unequal treaty, Union Iron Works, United Kingdom, United States Navy, University of Hawaii Press, Unrestricted submarine warfare, Vickers, Vladivostok, Washington Naval Conference, William Forbes-Sempill, 19th Lord Sempill, Wireless telegraphy, Wokou, World War I, World War II, Yalu River, Yamamoto Gonnohyōe, Yi Sun-sin, Yokosuka Naval Arsenal, Yokosuka, Kanagawa, 1905 Russian Revolution, 1st Air Fleet (Imperial Japanese Navy), 1st Naval Armaments Supplement Programme, 2nd Naval Armaments Supplement Programme, 2nd Special Squadron (Japanese Navy), 3rd Naval Armaments Supplement Programme, 40 cm/45 Type 94 naval gun, 4th Fleet (Imperial Japanese Navy), 4th Naval Armaments Supplement Programme, 5th Division (Imperial Japanese Army). Expand index (263 more) » « Shrink index
Aberdeen (Aiberdeen,; Obar Dheathain; Aberdonia) is Scotland's third most populous city, one of Scotland's 32 local government council areas and the United Kingdom's 37th most populous built-up area, with an official population estimate of 196,670 for the city of Aberdeen and for the local authority area.
The Age of Discovery, or the Age of Exploration (approximately from the beginning of the 15th century until the end of the 18th century) is an informal and loosely defined term for the period in European history in which extensive overseas exploration emerged as a powerful factor in European culture and was the beginning of globalization.
An aircraft carrier is a warship that serves as a seagoing airbase, equipped with a full-length flight deck and facilities for carrying, arming, deploying, and recovering aircraft.
Alfred Thayer Mahan (September 27, 1840 – December 1, 1914) was a United States naval officer and historian, whom John Keegan called "the most important American strategist of the nineteenth century." His book The Influence of Sea Power Upon History, 1660–1783 (1890) won immediate recognition, especially in Europe, and with its successor, The Influence of Sea Power Upon the French Revolution and Empire, 1793–1812 (1892), made him world-famous and perhaps the most influential American author of the nineteenth century.
The Allies of World War II, called the United Nations from the 1 January 1942 declaration, were the countries that together opposed the Axis powers during the Second World War (1939–1945).
The first was signed in London at Lansdowne House, on 30 January 1902, by Lord Lansdowne (British foreign secretary) and Hayashi Tadasu (Japanese minister in London).
Anti-submarine warfare (ASW, or in older form A/S) is a branch of underwater warfare that uses surface warships, aircraft, or other submarines to find, track and deter, damage, or destroy enemy submarines.
The Arabe-class destroyers was a group of twelve destroyers built for the French Navy during the First World War.
Admiral Sir Archibald Lucius Douglas, (8 February 1842 – 12 March 1913) was a Royal Navy officer of the 19th century.
An armor-piercing shell, AP for short, is a type of ammunition designed to penetrate armor.
The armored cruiser was a type of warship of the late 19th and early 20th centuries.
An arms race, in its original usage, is a competition between two or more states to have the best armed forces.
Sir W G Armstrong Whitworth & Co Ltd was a major British manufacturing company of the early years of the 20th century.
Arthur Leopold Busch or Du Busc (5 March 1866 – 9 March 1956) was a British-born American naval architect responsible for the development of the United States Navy's first submarines.
Asia is Earth's largest and most populous continent, located primarily in the Eastern and Northern Hemispheres.
were large Japanese warships of the 16th and 17th century used during the internecine Japanese wars for political control and unity of all Japan.
The attack on Pearl Harbor was a surprise military strike by the Imperial Japanese Navy Air Service against the United States naval base at Pearl Harbor, Hawaii Territory, on the morning of December 7, 1941.
Attrition warfare is a military strategy consisting of belligerent attempts to win a war by wearing down the enemy to the point of collapse through continuous losses in personnel and materiel.
Austria-Hungary, often referred to as the Austro-Hungarian Empire or the Dual Monarchy in English-language sources, was a constitutional union of the Austrian Empire (the Kingdoms and Lands Represented in the Imperial Council, or Cisleithania) and the Kingdom of Hungary (Lands of the Crown of Saint Stephen or Transleithania) that existed from 1867 to 1918, when it collapsed as a result of defeat in World War I. The union was a result of the Austro-Hungarian Compromise of 1867 and came into existence on 30 March 1867.
An aviso (Portuguese and Spanish term for "advice", "notice" or "warning", formerly also an adviso) was originally a kind of dispatch boat or "advice boat".
The was a Japanese military-political coalition established and disestablished over the course of several months in early to mid-1868 during the Boshin War.
refers to the final years of the Edo period when the Tokugawa shogunate ended.
Ballantine Books is a major book publisher located in the United States, founded in 1952 by Ian Ballantine with his wife, Betty Ballantine.
The occurred on 28 January 1868 during the Boshin War in Japan, in the area of Awa Bay near Osaka.
The Battle of Leyte Gulf (Filipino: Labanan sa Golpo ng Leyte) is generally considered to have been the largest naval battle of World War II and, by some criteria, possibly the largest naval battle in history.
The Battle of Midway was a decisive naval battle in the Pacific Theater of World War II which occurred between 4 and 7 June 1942, only six months after Japan's attack on Pearl Harbor and one month after the Battle of the Coral Sea.
The Battle of Pungdo or Feng-tao (Japanese) was the first naval battle of the First Sino-Japanese War.
The Battle of the Coral Sea, fought from 4 to 8 May 1942, was a major naval battle between the Imperial Japanese Navy (IJN) and naval and air forces from the United States and Australia, taking place in the Pacific Theatre of World War II.
The Battle of the Falkland Islands was a naval action between the British Royal Navy and Imperial German Navy on 8 December 1914, during the First World War in the South Atlantic.
The Battle of the Philippine Sea (June 19–20, 1944) was a major naval battle of World War II that eliminated the Imperial Japanese Navy's ability to conduct large-scale carrier actions.
The Battle of the Yalu River (Japanese) was the largest naval engagement of the First Sino-Japanese War, and took place on 17 September 1894, the day after the Japanese victory at the land Battle of Pyongyang.
The Battle of Tsushima (Цусимское сражение, Tsusimskoye srazheniye), also known as the Battle of Tsushima Strait and the Naval Battle of the Sea of Japan (Japanese: 日本海海戦, Nihonkai-Kaisen) in Japan, was a major naval battle fought between Russia and Japan during the Russo-Japanese War.
The Battle of Weihaiwei (Japanese: was a battle of the First Sino-Japanese War. It took place between 20 January and 12 February 1895 in Weihai, Shandong Province, China between the forces of the Japan and Qing China. In early January 1895, the Japanese landed forces in eastern Shandong positioning forces behind the Chinese naval base at Weihaiwei. Through a well coordinated offensive of both naval and land forces, the Japanese destroyed the forts and sank much of the Chinese fleet. With the Shandong and Liaoning peninsulas under Japanese control, the option for a pincer attack against the Chinese capital, Beijing, was now a possibility. This strategic threat forced the Chinese to sue for peace and led to the war ended in April 1895.
The battlecruiser, or battle cruiser, was a type of capital ship of the first half of the 20th century.
A battleship is a large armored warship with a main battery consisting of large caliber guns.
The Beiyang Fleet (Pei-yang Fleet;, alternatively Northern Seas Fleet) was one of the four modernised Chinese navies in the late Qing Dynasty.
The Bombardment of Kagoshima, also known as the, took place on 15–17 August 1863 during the Late Tokugawa shogunate.
The bombing of Kure and surrounding areas by United States and British naval aircraft in late July 1945 led to the sinking of most of the surviving large warships of the Imperial Japanese Navy (IJN).
The, sometimes known as the Japanese Revolution, was a civil war in Japan, fought from 1868 to 1869 between forces of the ruling Tokugawa shogunate and those seeking to return political power to the Imperial Court.
The Boxer Rebellion (拳亂), Boxer Uprising or Yihetuan Movement (義和團運動) was a violent anti-foreign, anti-colonial and anti-Christian uprising that took place in China between 1899 and 1901, toward the end of the Qing dynasty.
Brown powder or prismatic powder, sometimes referred as "cocoa powder" due to its color, was a propellant used in large artillery and ship's guns from about the 1870s.
California is a state in the Pacific Region of the United States.
The Canet guns were a series of weapon systems developed by the French engineer Gustave Canet (1846–1913), who was design engineer for Schneider et Cie of Le Creusot.
Cartography (from Greek χάρτης chartēs, "papyrus, sheet of paper, map"; and γράφειν graphein, "write") is the study and practice of making maps.
The was a feudal domain of Japan during the Edo period (1603–1867).
was a Japanese admiral in the Imperial Japanese Navy (IJN) during World War II and onetime commander of the Kido Butai (the carrier battle group).
China, officially the People's Republic of China (PRC), is a unitary one-party sovereign state in East Asia and the world's most populous country, with a population of around /1e9 round 3 billion.
Dingyuan was an ironclad battleship and the flagship of the Chinese Beiyang Fleet.
Zhenyuan (Wade-Giles: Chen Yuen) was a German-built Chinese Beiyang Fleet turret ship of the 19th century.
Christian Philippe Polak (born August 1950) is a French businessman and author who has published several books on 19th-century Franco-Japanese relations; one Le Monde book review called him "the best specialist on this question".
was the main ocean-going component of the Imperial Japanese Navy.
Commander is a common naval and air force officer rank.
The is the fundamental law of Japan.
On March 31, 1854, the or was the first treaty between the United States and the Tokugawa shogunate.
A convoy is a group of vehicles, typically motor vehicles or ships, traveling together for mutual support and protection.
A cruiser is a type of warship.
The, also known as the Great Council of State, was (i) (Daijō-kan) the highest organ of Japan's premodern Imperial government under Ritsuryō legal system during and after the Nara period or (ii) (Dajō-kan) the highest organ of Japan's government briefly restored to power after the Meiji Restoration, which was replaced by the Cabinet.
The were powerful Japanese feudal lords who, until their decline in the early Meiji period, ruled most of Japan from their vast, hereditary land holdings.
, in old Western documents Latinised as Deshima, Decima, Desjima, Dezima, Disma, or Disima, was a Dutch trading post notable for being the single place of direct trade and exchange between Japan and the outside world during the Edo period. It was a small fan-shaped artificial island formed by digging a canal through a small peninsula in the bay of Nagasaki in 1634 by local merchants. Dejima was built to constrain foreign traders. Originally built to house Portuguese traders, it was used by the Dutch as a trading post from 1641 until 1853. Covering an area of or, it was later integrated into the city through the process of land reclamation. In 1922, the "Dejima Dutch Trading Post" was designated a Japanese national historic site.
In naval terminology, a destroyer is a fast, maneuverable long-endurance warship intended to escort larger vessels in a fleet, convoy or battle group and defend them against smaller powerful short-range attackers.
The displacement or displacement tonnage of a ship is its weight, expressed in long tons of water its hull displaces.
East Asia is the eastern subregion of the Asian continent, which can be defined in either geographical or ethno-cultural "The East Asian cultural sphere evolves when Japan, Korea, and what is today Vietnam all share adapted elements of Chinese civilization of this period (that of the Tang dynasty), in particular Buddhism, Confucian social and political values, and literary Chinese and its writing system." terms.
The German East Asia Squadron (Ger Kreuzergeschwader or Ostasiengeschwader) was an Imperial German Navy cruiser squadron which operated mainly in the Pacific Ocean between the mid-1890s and 1914.
The was a law passed by the Tokugawa Shogunate in 1825 to the effect that all foreign vessels should be driven away from Japanese waters.
The or is the period between 1603 and 1868 in the history of Japan, when Japanese society was under the rule of the Tokugawa shogunate and the country's 300 regional daimyō.
Egypt (مِصر, مَصر, Khēmi), officially the Arab Republic of Egypt, is a transcontinental country spanning the northeast corner of Africa and southwest corner of Asia by a land bridge formed by the Sinai Peninsula.
The was a Japanese naval strategy formulated for the development of the Imperial Japanese Navy in the first quarter of the 20th century, which stipulated that the navy should include eight first-class battleships and eight armoured cruisers or battlecruisers.
Elswick is a ward of the city of Newcastle upon Tyne, England, in the western part of the city, bordering the River Tyne.
, or, was the 122nd Emperor of Japan according to the traditional order of succession, reigning from February 3, 1867 until his death on July 29, 1912.
The Emperor of Japan is the head of the Imperial Family and the head of state of Japan.
The was the historical nation-state and great power that existed from the Meiji Restoration in 1868 to the enactment of the 1947 constitution of modern Japan.
Viscount was a Japanese samurai and admiral of the Tokugawa navy of Bakumatsu-period Japan, who remained faithful to the Tokugawa shogunate and fought against the new Meiji government until the end of the Boshin War.
The escort carrier or escort aircraft carrier (US hull classification symbol CVE), also called a "jeep carrier" or "baby flattop" in the United States Navy (USN) or "Woolworth Carrier" by the Royal Navy, was a small and slow type of aircraft carrier used by the Royal Navy, the Imperial Japanese Navy and Imperial Japanese Army Air Force, and the United States Navy in World War II.
Europe is a continent located entirely in the Northern Hemisphere and mostly in the Eastern Hemisphere.
The took place in May and July 1868, when the Japanese capital of Edo (modern Tokyo), controlled by the Tokugawa shogunate, fell to forces favorable to the restoration of Emperor Meiji during the Boshin War.
The First Opium War (第一次鴉片戰爭), also known as the Opium War or the Anglo-Chinese War, was a series of military engagements fought between the United Kingdom and the Qing dynasty of China over their conflicting viewpoints on diplomatic relations, trade, and the administration of justice in China.
The First Sino-Japanese War (25 July 1894 – 17 April 1895) was fought between Qing dynasty of China and Empire of Japan, primarily for influence over Joseon.
The Fleet Air Arm (FAA) is the branch of the British Royal Navy responsible for the operation of naval aircraft.
The was an unofficial and informal political faction within the Imperial Japanese Navy in the 1920s and 1930s of officers opposed to the conditions imposed by the Washington Naval Treaty.
A flotilla leader was a warship suitable for commanding a flotilla of destroyers or other small warships, typically a small cruiser or a large destroyer (known as a destroyer leader).
The French ironclad Gloire ("Glory") was the first ocean-going ironclad, launched during 1859.
The 1872–1880 French Military Mission to Japan was the second French military mission to that country.
The French Aeronautical Mission to Japan (1918-1919) was the first foreign military mission to Japan since the 1890s.
The French Navy (Marine Nationale), informally "La Royale", is the maritime arm of the French Armed Forces.
A frigate is any of several types of warship, the term having been used for ships of various sizes and roles over the last few centuries.
Galleons were large, multi-decked sailing ships first used by the Spanish as armed cargo carriers and later adopted by European states from the 16th to 18th centuries during the age of sail and were the principal fleet units drafted for use as warships until the Anglo-Dutch Wars of the mid-1600s.
Ganghwa Island, also known by its native name Ganghwado, is a South Korean island in the estuary of the Han River.
The Ganghwa Island incident or the Japanese Battle of Ganghwa (운요호 사건 Unyo-ho sageon meaning "Un'yō incident"; 事件 Kōkatō jiken), was a purposely armed clash between the Joseon Dynasty of Korea and Japan which occurred in the vicinity of Ganghwa Island on September 20, 1875.
General Dynamics Electric Boat (GDEB) is a subsidiary of General Dynamics Corporation.
was the highest title in the pre-war Imperial Japanese military.
was the highest rank in the prewar Imperial Japanese Navy.
The German Empire (Deutsches Kaiserreich, officially Deutsches Reich),Herbert Tuttle wrote in September 1881 that the term "Reich" does not literally connote an empire as has been commonly assumed by English-speaking people.
German New Guinea (Deutsch-Neuguinea) was the first part of the German colonial empire.
Germany (Deutschland), officially the Federal Republic of Germany (Bundesrepublik Deutschland), is a sovereign state in central-western Europe.
Global Oriental is an imprint of the Dutch publishing house Brill.
The Gloster Sparrowhawk was a British single-seat fighter aircraft of the early 1920s.
Guglielmo Marconi, 1st Marquis of Marconi (25 April 187420 July 1937) was an Italian inventor and electrical engineer known for his pioneering work on long-distance radio transmission and for his development of Marconi's law and a radio telegraph system.
Hachette is a French publisher.
The or domain is the Japanese historical term for the estate of a warrior after the 12th century or of a daimyō in the Edo period (1603–1868) and early Meiji period (1868–1912).
Harvey armor was a type of steel armor developed in the early 1890s in which the front surfaces of the plates were case hardened.
Hasekura Rokuemon Tsunenaga (or "Philip Francis Faxicura", baptized as "Francisco Felipe Faxicura", in Spain) (1571–1622) (支倉六右衛門常長, also spelled Faxecura Rocuyemon in period European sources, reflecting the contemporary pronunciation of Japanese) was a Japanese samurai and retainer of Date Masamune, the daimyō of Sendai of Japanese imperial descent with ancestral ties to Emperor Kanmu.
Herbert Osborn Yardley (April 13, 1889 – August 7, 1958) was an American cryptologist.
was a han, or feudal domain, of Edo period Japan.
was an old province of Japan in the area of Saga and Nagasaki prefectures.
HMS Phaeton was a 38-gun, ''Minerva''-class fifth rate of Britain's Royal Navy.
, formerly known as, is a Japanese company which produces ships, aircraft engines, turbochargers for automobiles, industrial machines, power station boilers and other facilities, suspension bridges and other transport-related machinery.
The Imo Incident, also sometimes known as the Imo Mutiny, Soldier's riot or Jingo-jihen in Japan, was a violent uprising and riot in Seoul beginning on July 23, 1882, by soldiers of the Korean army who were later joined by disaffected members of the wider Korean population.
The was part of the Supreme War Council and was established in 1893 to coordinate efforts between the Imperial Japanese Army and Imperial Japanese Navy during wartime.
The Imperial Japanese Army (IJA; Dai-Nippon Teikoku Rikugun; "Army of the Greater Japanese Empire") was the official ground-based armed force of the Empire of Japan from 1868 to 1945.
The was a school established to train officers for the Imperial Japanese Navy.
The was the air arm of the Imperial Japanese Navy.
This is a list of Imperial Japanese Navy armored units that were equipped with Type 89 Chi-Ro Medium Tank, Type 95 Ha-Go Light Tank, Type 97 Chi-Ha Medium Tank and the Type 2 Ka-Mi Amphibious Tank.
The of the Ministry of the Navy of Japan was responsible for the development and training of the Imperial Japanese Navy Air Service.
This is a list of Imperial Japanese Navy bases and facilities.
While other navies used highly refined burner oil, in the last stages of World War II the Imperial Japanese Navy was directly using high quality crude oil obtained from the captured East Indian colonial possessions of the Netherlands and France.
The was the highest organ within the Imperial Japanese Navy.
Imperial Japanese Navy Land Forces of World War II were ground combat units consisting of navy personnel organized for offensive operations and for the defense of Japanese naval facilities both overseas and in the Japanese home islands.
The was the official code of ethics for military personnel, and is often cited along with the Imperial Rescript on Education as the basis for Japan's pre-World War II national ideology.
The was a political faction in the Imperial Japanese Army, active in the 1920s and 1930s and largely supported by junior officers aiming to establish a military government that promoted totalitarian, militarist, and expansionist ideals.
The Indian Ocean is the third largest of the world's oceanic divisions, covering (approximately 20% of the water on the Earth's surface).
The Indian Ocean raid (known in Japan as Operation C) was a naval sortie by the fast carrier strike force of the Imperial Japanese Navy from 31 March to 10 April 1942 against Allied shipping and bases in the Indian Ocean.
Industrialisation or industrialization is the period of social and economic change that transforms a human group from an agrarian society into an industrial society, involving the extensive re-organisation of an economy for the purpose of manufacturing.
In the context of the history of the 20th century, the interwar period was the period between the end of the First World War in November 1918 and the beginning of the Second World War in September 1939.
An ironclad is a steam-propelled warship protected by iron or steel armor plates used in the early part of the second half of the 19th century.
was a Japanese Marshal Admiral of the Navy and the commander-in-chief of the Combined Fleet during World War II until his death.
Marshal-Admiral Count (20 May 1843 – 16 January 1914) was a Japanese career officer and admiral in the Imperial Japanese Navy in Meiji-period Japan.
was a Japanese statesman during the Bakumatsu and Meiji period.
Japan (日本; Nippon or Nihon; formally 日本国 or Nihon-koku, lit. "State of Japan") is a sovereign island country in East Asia.
The (JSDF), occasionally referred to as the Japan Defense Forces (JDF), Self-Defense Forces (SDF), or Japanese Armed Forces, are the unified military forces of Japan that were established in 1954, and are controlled by the Ministry of Defense.
The Japan–Korea Treaty of 1876, also known as the Japan-Korea Treaty of Amity in Japanese or Treaty of Ganghwa Island in Korean, was made between representatives of the Empire of Japan and the Korean Kingdom of Joseon in 1876.
(sometimes transliterated (archaically) as Adzuma) was an armored cruiser built for the Imperial Japanese Navy (IJN) in the late 1890s.
was an armored cruiser built for the Imperial Japanese Navy (IJN) in the late 1890s.
The was dispatched in 1860 by the Tokugawa shogunate (bakufu).
The Japanese punitive expedition to Taiwan in 1874, referred to in Japan as the and in Taiwan and mainland China as the Mudan incident, was a punitive expedition launched by the Japanese in retaliation for the murder of 54 Ryukyuan sailors by Paiwan aborigines near the southwestern tip of Taiwan in December 1871.
The Japanese invasions of Korea comprised two separate yet linked operations: an initial invasion in 1592, a brief truce in 1596, and a second invasion in 1597.
, later renamed, was the first ironclad warship of the Imperial Japanese Navy.
, was a steam ironclad warship of the Imperial Japanese Navy, designed by Thomas Blake Glover and built in Scotland for the private navy of the fief of Kumamoto, where it was called the Jo Sho Maru.
is the nationalism that asserts that the Japanese are a nation and promotes the cultural unity of the Japanese.
During World War II, Japanese Special Attack Units (特別攻撃隊 tokubetsu kōgeki tai?, often abbreviated to 特攻隊 tokkōtai), also called shimbu-tai, were specialized units of the Imperial Japanese Navy and Imperial Japanese Army normally used for suicide missions.
was one of four s of the Imperial Japanese Navy (IJN).
JDS Kashima (TV-3508) is a training ship of the Japan Maritime Self-Defense Force (JMSDF).
The Jeune École ("Young School") was a strategic naval concept developed during the 19th century.
The Jiaozhou Bay (Kiautschou Bucht) is a gulf located in Qingdao, China.
John Philip Holland (Seán Pilib Ó hUallacháin/Ó Maolchalann) (24 February 184112 August 1914) was an Irish-American engineer who developed the first submarine to be formally commissioned by the US Navy, and the first Royal Navy submarine, Holland 1.
The, also known as,; retrieved 2013-4-9.
The was a trading and shipping company and private navy, considered to be the first corporation in modern Japan.
, officially, were a part of the Japanese Special Attack Units of military aviators who initiated suicide attacks for the Empire of Japan against Allied naval vessels in the closing stages of the Pacific campaign of World War II, designed to destroy warships more effectively than possible with conventional air attacks.
The was a naval strategy adopted by the Imperial Japanese Navy following the Russo-Japanese War.
Count was a Japanese statesman and naval engineer during the late Tokugawa shogunate and early Meiji period.
is a Japanese public multinational corporation primarily known as a manufacturer of motorcycles, heavy equipment, aerospace and defense equipment, rolling stock and ships.
The Kiautschou Bay Leased Territory was a German leased territory in Imperial and Early Republican China which existed from 1898 to 1914.
The is an era in the history of Japan from around 250 to 538 AD, following the Yayoi period.
The was a class of four battlecruisers built for the Imperial Japanese Navy (IJN) immediately before World War I. Designed by British naval architect George Thurston, the lead ship of the class, Kongō, was the last Japanese capital ship constructed outside Japan, by Vickers.
Korea is a region in East Asia; since 1945 it has been divided into two distinctive sovereign states: North Korea and South Korea.
The Korean Peninsula is a peninsula of Eurasia located in East Asia.
Kronstadt (Кроншта́дт), also spelled Kronshtadt, Cronstadt or Kronštádt (Krone for "crown" and Stadt for "city"; Kroonlinn), is a municipal town in Kronshtadtsky District of the federal city of Saint Petersburg, Russia, located on Kotlin Island, west of Saint Petersburg proper near the head of the Gulf of Finland.
The Krupp family (see pronunciation), a prominent 400-year-old German dynasty from Essen, became famous for their production of steel, artillery, ammunition, and other armaments.
Kublai (Хубилай, Hubilai; Simplified Chinese: 忽必烈) was the fifth Khagan (Great Khan) of the Mongol Empire (Ikh Mongol Uls), reigning from 1260 to 1294 (although due to the division of the empire this was a nominal position).
The, also known as, was a Japanese domain of the Edo period.
is a port and major shipbuilding city situated on the Seto Inland Sea in Hiroshima Prefecture, Japan.
was a Japanese domain of the Edo period.
, are the traditional forms of kanji, Chinese written characters used in Japanese.
François Léonce Verny, (2 December 1837 – 2 May 1908) was a French officer and naval engineerSims, Richard.
Leadership is both a research area and a practical skill encompassing the ability of an individual or organization to "lead" or guide other individuals, teams, or entire organizations.
The League of Nations (abbreviated as LN in English, La Société des Nations abbreviated as SDN or SdN in French) was an intergovernmental organisation founded on 10 January 1920 as a result of the Paris Peace Conference that ended the First World War.
The Liaodong Peninsula is a peninsula in Liaoning Province of Northeast China, historically known in the West as Southeastern Manchuria.
The Country Studies are works published by the Federal Research Division of the United States Library of Congress, freely available for use by researchers.
This is a list of Japanese naval commanders.
This List of Japanese Navy ships and war vessels in World War II is a list of seafaring vessels of the Imperial Japanese Navy of World War II.
The Treaty for the Limitation and Reduction of Naval Armament, commonly known as the London Naval Treaty, was an agreement between the United Kingdom, Japan, France, Italy and the United States, signed on 22 April 1930, which regulated submarine warfare and limited naval shipbuilding.
Looting, also referred to as sacking, ransacking, plundering, despoiling, despoliation, and pillaging, is the indiscriminate taking of goods by force as part of a military or political victory, or during a catastrophe, such as war, natural disaster (where law and civil enforcement are temporarily ineffective), or rioting.
Louis-Émile Bertin (23 March 1840 – 22 October 1924) was a French naval engineer, one of the foremost of his time, and a proponent of the "Jeune École" philosophy of using light, but powerfully armed warships instead of large battleships.
Malta, officially known as the Republic of Malta (Repubblika ta' Malta), is a Southern European island country consisting of an archipelago in the Mediterranean Sea.
Marseille (Provençal: Marselha), is the second-largest city of France and the largest city of the Provence historical region.
Matthew Calbraith Perry (April 10, 1794 – March 4, 1858) was a Commodore of the United States Navy who commanded ships in several wars, including the War of 1812 and the Mexican–American War (1846–48).
Maurice Alain Farman (March 21, 1877 – February 25, 1964) was an Anglo-French Grand Prix motor racing champion, an aviator, and an aircraft manufacturer and designer.
The was an attempted coup d'état in the Empire of Japan, on May 15, 1932, launched by reactionary elements of the Imperial Japanese Navy, aided by cadets in the Imperial Japanese Army and civilian remnants of the ultra nationalist League of Blood.
The, also known as the Meiji Ishin, Renovation, Revolution, Reform, or Renewal, was an event that restored practical imperial rule to the Empire of Japan in 1868 under Emperor Meiji.
Militarism is the belief or the desire of a government or a people that a state should maintain a strong military capability and to use it aggressively to expand national interests and/or values; examples of modern militarist states include the United States, Russia and Turkey.
The was a cabinet-level ministry in the Empire of Japan charged with the administrative affairs of the Imperial Japanese Navy (IJN).
The, sometimes called Tsuwamono no Tsukasa, was a division of the eighth century Japanese government of the Imperial Court in Kyoto, instituted in the Asuka period and formalized during the Heian period.
The is a group of autonomous Japanese multinational companies in a variety of industries.
Modernization theory is used to explain the process of modernization within societies.
The, which took place in 1274 and 1281, were major military efforts undertaken by Kublai Khan to conquer the Japanese archipelago after the submission of Goryeo (Korea) to vassaldom.
The of 1837 occurred when the American merchant ship, Morrison headed by Charles W. King, was driven away from "sakoku" (isolationist) Japan by cannon fire.
The Mudan incident of 1871 was the massacre of 54 Ryūkyūan sailors in Qing-era Taiwan who wandered into the central part of Taiwan after their ship was shipwrecked.
() is the capital and the largest city of Nagasaki Prefecture on the island of Kyushu in Japan.
The was a naval training institute, between 1855 when it was established by the government of the Tokugawa shogunate, until 1859, when it was transferred to Tsukiji in Edo.
The or the in the history of Japan extends from the arrival of the first Europeans – Portuguese explorers, missionaries and merchants – to Japan in 1543, to their near-total exclusion from the archipelago in 1614, under the promulgation of the "Sakoku" Seclusion Edicts.
The was a political doctrine in the Empire of Japan which stated that Southeast Asia and the Pacific Islands were Japan's sphere of interest and that the potential value to the Japanese Empire for economic and territorial expansion in those areas was greater than elsewhere.
The Napoleonic Wars (1803–1815) were a series of major conflicts pitting the French Empire and its allies, led by Napoleon I, against a fluctuating array of European powers formed into various coalitions, financed and usually led by the United Kingdom.
The Naval Act of 1938, known as the Second Vinson Act, was United States legislation enacted on May 17, 1938, that "mandated a 20% increase in strength of the United States Navy".
The was fought from 4 to 10 May 1869, between the remnants of the Tokugawa shogunate navy, consolidated into the armed forces of the rebel Ezo Republic, and the newly formed Imperial Japanese Navy.
A naval mine is a self-contained explosive device placed in water to damage or destroy surface ships or submarines.
A navy or maritime force is the branch of a nation's armed forces principally designated for naval and amphibious warfare; namely, lake-borne, riverine, littoral, or ocean-borne combat operations and related functions.
The Netherlands (Nederland), often referred to as Holland, is a country located mostly in Western Europe with a population of seventeen million.
Newcastle upon Tyne, commonly known as Newcastle, is a city in Tyne and Wear, North East England, 103 miles (166 km) south of Edinburgh and 277 miles (446 km) north of London on the northern bank of the River Tyne, from the North Sea.
is one of the oldest and largest shipping companies in the world.
The Allied occupation of Japan at the end of World War II was led by General Douglas MacArthur, the Supreme Commander of the Allied Powers, with support from the British Commonwealth.
was a powerful daimyō (feudal lord) of Japan in the late 16th century who attempted to unify Japan during the late Sengoku period, and successfully gained control over most of Honshu.
Optics is the branch of physics which involves the behaviour and properties of light, including its interactions with matter and the construction of instruments that use or detect it.
Osaka Bay (大阪湾 Ōsaka-wan) is a bay in western Japan.
The Pacific War, sometimes called the Asia-Pacific War, was the theater of World War II that was fought in the Pacific and Asia. It was fought over a vast area that included the Pacific Ocean and islands, the South West Pacific, South-East Asia, and in China (including the 1945 Soviet–Japanese conflict). The Second Sino-Japanese War between the Empire of Japan and the Republic of China had been in progress since 7 July 1937, with hostilities dating back as far as 19 September 1931 with the Japanese invasion of Manchuria. However, it is more widely accepted that the Pacific War itself began on 7/8 December 1941, when Japan invaded Thailand and attacked the British possessions of Malaya, Singapore, and Hong Kong as well as the United States military and naval bases in Hawaii, Wake Island, Guam and the Philippines. The Pacific War saw the Allies pitted against Japan, the latter briefly aided by Thailand and to a much lesser extent by the Axis allied Germany and Italy. The war culminated in the atomic bombings of Hiroshima and Nagasaki, and other large aerial bomb attacks by the Allies, accompanied by the Soviet declaration of war and invasion of Manchuria on 9 August 1945, resulting in the Japanese announcement of intent to surrender on 15 August 1945. The formal surrender of Japan ceremony took place aboard the battleship in Tokyo Bay on 2 September 1945. Japan's Shinto Emperor was forced to relinquish much of his authority and his divine status through the Shinto Directive in order to pave the way for extensive cultural and political reforms. After the war, Japan lost all rights and titles to its former possessions in Asia and the Pacific, and its sovereignty was limited to the four main home islands.
Pearl Harbor is a lagoon harbor on the island of Oahu, Hawaii, west of Honolulu.
The Penghu or Pescadores Islands are an archipelago of 90 islands and islets in the Taiwan Strait.
The Potsdam Declaration or the Proclamation Defining Terms for Japanese Surrender was a statement that called for the surrender of all Japanese armed forces during World War II.
Power in international relations is defined in several different ways.
was a scion of the Japanese imperial family and was a career naval officer who served as chief of staff of the Imperial Japanese Navy from 1932 to 1941.
The protected cruiser is a type of naval cruiser of the late 19th century, so known because its armoured deck offered protection for vital machine spaces from fragments caused by exploding shells above.
Rangaku (Kyūjitai: 學/Shinjitai: 蘭学, literally "Dutch learning", and by extension "Western learning") is a body of knowledge developed by Japan through its contacts with the Dutch enclave of Dejima, which allowed Japan to keep abreast of Western technology and medicine in the period when the country was closed to foreigners, 1641–1853, because of the Tokugawa shogunate's policy of national isolation (sakoku).
The following graphs present the rank insignia of the Imperial Japanese Navy from its establishment in 1868 to its defeat during World War II in 1945.
The Imperial Japanese Navy was created in 1868, initially the officers and sailors who manned the new navy reflected the composition of the Meiji government's bureaucracy.
were Japanese armed merchant sailing ships bound for Southeast Asian ports with red-sealed letters patent issued by the early Tokugawa shogunate in the first half of the 17th century.
The was a short-lived state established in 1869 by a part of the former Tokugawa military in what is now known as Hokkaido, the large but sparsely populated northernmost island in modern Japan.
The design was originally used by feudal warlords in Japan during the Edo period.
The River Clyde (Abhainn Chluaidh,, Watter o Clyde) is a river that flows into the Firth of Clyde in Scotland.
The Royal Air Force (RAF) is the United Kingdom's aerial warfare force.
The Royal Navy (RN) is the United Kingdom's naval warfare force.
The Russian battleship Potemkin (translit, "Prince Potemkin of Taurida") was a pre-dreadnought battleship built for the Imperial Russian Navy's Black Sea Fleet.
The Russo–Japanese War (Russko-yaponskaya voina; Nichirosensō; 1904–05) was fought between the Russian Empire and the Empire of Japan over rival imperial ambitions in Manchuria and Korea.
, also known as Hizen Domain, was a Japanese domain in the Edo period.
is a prefecture in the northwest part of the island of Kyushu, Japan.
The was an 1874 uprising in Kyūshū against the new Meiji government of Japan.
was one of the most influential samurai in Japanese history and one of the three great nobles who led the Meiji Restoration.
was the isolationist foreign policy of the Japanese Tokugawa shogunate under which relations and trade between Japan and other countries were severely limited, nearly all foreigners were barred from entering Japan, and common Japanese people were kept from leaving the country for a period of over 220 years.
were the military nobility and officer caste of medieval and early-modern Japan.
San Francisco (initials SF;, Spanish for 'Saint Francis'), officially the City and County of San Francisco, is the cultural, commercial, and financial center of Northern California.
San Juan Bautista ("St. John the Baptist") (originally called Date Maru, 伊達丸 in Japanese) was one of Japan's first Japanese-built Western-style sailing ships.
is a core city located in Nagasaki Prefecture, Japan.
was a Japanese military theorist and an admiral in the Imperial Japanese Navy.
, also known as Kagoshima Domain, was a Japanese domain of the Edo period.
The was a revolt of disaffected samurai against the new imperial government, nine years into the Meiji Era.
The Scientific Revolution was a series of events that marked the emergence of modern science during the early modern period, when developments in mathematics, physics, astronomy, biology (including human anatomy) and chemistry transformed the views of society about nature.
Scotland (Alba) is a country that is part of the United Kingdom and covers the northern third of the island of Great Britain.
The Second Sino-Japanese War was a military conflict fought primarily between the Republic of China and the Empire of Japan from July 7, 1937, to September 2, 1945.
The Seikanron (Japanese: 征韓論; 정한론; "Advocacy of a punitive expedition to Korea") debate was a major political debate in Japan during 1873 regarding a punitive expedition against Korea.
The Sempill Mission was a British aeronaval technical mission led by Captain the Master of Sempill and sent to Japan in September 1921, with the objective of helping the Imperial Japanese Navy develop its aeronaval forces.
is the capital city of Miyagi Prefecture, Japan, the largest city in the Tōhoku region, and the second largest city north of Tokyo.
The is a period in Japanese history marked by social upheaval, political intrigue and near-constant military conflict.
Sevastopol (Севастополь; Севасто́поль; Акъяр, Aqyar), traditionally Sebastopol, is the largest city on the Crimean Peninsula and a major Black Sea port.
Shanhai Pass is one of the major passes in the Great Wall of China.
The was the military dictator of Japan during the period from 1185 to 1868 (with exceptions).
The refers to a series of military engagements in 1863 and 1864, fought to control Shimonoseki Straits of Japan by joint naval forces from Great Britain, France, the Netherlands and the United States, against the Japanese feudal domain of Chōshū, which took place off and on the coast of Shimonoseki, Japan.
was a type of explosive shell filling developed by the Japanese naval engineer Shimose Masachika (1860–1911).
are the simplified forms of kanji used in Japan since the promulgation of the Tōyō Kanji List in 1946.
The Siege of Tsingtao, sometimes Siege of Tsingtau, was the attack on the German port of Tsingtao (Qingdao) in China during World War I by Japan and the United Kingdom.
Singapore, officially the Republic of Singapore, is a sovereign city-state and island country in Southeast Asia.
The sinking of Prince of Wales and Repulse was a naval engagement in the Second World War, part of the war in the Pacific, that took place north of Singapore, off the east coast of Malaya, near Kuantan, Pahang, where the British Royal Navy battleship and battlecruiser were sunk by land-based bombers and torpedo bombers of the Imperial Japanese Navy on 10 December 1941.
The Sino-French War (Guerre franco-chinoise, សង្គ្រាមបារាំង-ចិន, Chiến tranh Pháp-Thanh), also known as the Tonkin War and Tonquin War, was a limited conflict fought from August 1884 through April 1885, to decide whether France would supplant China's control of Tonkin (northern Vietnam).
The Solomon Islands campaign was a major campaign of the Pacific War of World War II.
The South Pacific Mandate was a League of Nations mandate given to the Empire of Japan by the League of Nations following World War I. The South Pacific Mandate consisted of islands in the north Pacific Ocean that had been part of German New Guinea within the German colonial empire until they were occupied by Japan during World War I. Japan governed the islands under the mandate as part of the Japanese colonial empire until World War II, when the United States captured the islands.
Southeast Asia or Southeastern Asia is a subregion of Asia, consisting of the countries that are geographically south of China, east of India, west of New Guinea and north of Australia.
The Special Naval Landing Forces (SNLF), (海軍特別陸戦隊 Kaigun Tokubetsu Rikusentai) were the marine troops of the Imperial Japanese Navy (IJN) and were a part of the IJN Land Forces.
A submarine (or simply sub) is a watercraft capable of independent operation underwater.
Imperial Japanese Navy submarines originated with the purchase of five Holland type submarines from the United States in 1904.
thumb The Suez Canal (قناة السويس) is an artificial sea-level waterway in Egypt, connecting the Mediterranean Sea to the Red Sea through the Isthmus of Suez.
The surrender of Imperial Japan was announced on August 15 and formally signed on September 2, 1945, bringing the hostilities of World War II to a close.
Taiwan, officially the Republic of China (ROC), is a state in East Asia.
Taranto (early Tarento from Tarentum; Tarantino: Tarde; translit; label) is a coastal city in Apulia, Southern Italy.
Marshal-Admiral The Marquis Tōgō Heihachirō, OM, GCVO (東郷 平八郎; 27 January 184830 May 1934), was a gensui or admiral of the fleet in the Imperial Japanese Navy and one of Japan's greatest naval heroes.
Thomas Blake Glover (6 June 1838 – 16 December 1911) was a Scottish merchant in Bakumatsu and Meiji period Japan.
The is the canonical list of Japan's three most celebrated scenic sights, attributed to 1643 and scholar Hayashi Gahō.
Tianjin, formerly romanized as Tientsin, is a coastal metropolis in northern China and one of the four national central cities of the People's Republic of China (PRC), with a total population of 15,469,500, and is also the world's 11th-most populous city proper.
The was the Imperial Japanese Navy's military police, equivalent to the Imperial Japanese Army's Kempeitai.
The Tokugawa shogunate, also known as the and the, was the last feudal Japanese military government, which existed between 1600 and 1868.
was the 15th and last shōgun of the Tokugawa shogunate of Japan.
, officially, is one of the 47 prefectures of Japan and has been the capital since 1869.
is a bay located in the southern Kantō region of Japan, and spans the coasts of Tokyo, Kanagawa Prefecture, and Chiba Prefecture.
is a cluster of four islands in the Inland Sea, off Wakayama, Wakayama, Japan.
A modern torpedo is a self-propelled weapon with an explosive warhead, launched above or below the water surface, propelled underwater towards a target, and designed to detonate either on contact with its target or in proximity to it.
A torpedo boat is a relatively small and fast naval ship designed to carry torpedoes into battle.
A torpedo tube is a cylinder shaped device for launching torpedoes.
The was a feudal domain in Tosa Province of Japan (present-day Kōchi Prefecture) during the Edo period.
was a preeminent daimyō, warrior, general, samurai, and politician of the Sengoku period who is regarded as Japan's second "great unifier".
In cultural anthropology and cultural geography, cultural diffusion, as conceptualized by Leo Frobenius in his 1897/98 publication Der westafrikanische Kulturkreis, is the spread of cultural items—such as ideas, styles, religions, technologies, languages—between individuals, whether within a single culture or from one culture to another.
The was an unofficial and informal political faction within the Imperial Japanese Navy in the 1920s-1930s of officers supporting the Washington Naval Treaty.
The, also called the Harris Treaty, between the United States and Japan was signed on the deck of the in Edo (now Tokyo) Bay on July 29, 1858.
The was a treaty signed at the Shunpanrō hotel, Shimonoseki, Japan on 17 April 1895, between the Empire of Japan and the Qing Empire, ending the First Sino-Japanese War.
The was a diplomatic intervention by Russia, Germany, and France on 23 April 1895 over the terms of the Treaty of Shimonoseki signed between Japan and Qing Dynasty China that ended the First Sino-Japanese War.
Tsukiji (築地) is a district of Chūō, Tokyo, Japan, the site of the Tsukiji fish market.
In architecture, a turret (from Italian: torretta, little tower; Latin: turris, tower) is a small tower that projects vertically from the wall of a building such as a medieval castle.
A turtle ship, also known as Geobukseon (거북선), was a type of large Korean warship that was used intermittently by the Royal Korean Navy during the Joseon dynasty from the early 15th century up until the 19th century.
The was a -diameter torpedo of the Imperial Japanese Navy (IJN), launched from surface ships.
Unequal treaty is the name given by the Chinese to a series of treaties signed with Western powers during the 19th and early 20th centuries by Qing dynasty China after suffering military defeat by the West or when there was a threat of military action by those powers.
Union Iron Works, located in San Francisco, California, on the southeast waterfront, was a central business within the large industrial zone of Potrero Point, for four decades at the end of the nineteenth and beginning of the twentieth centuries.
The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, commonly known as the United Kingdom (UK) or Britain,Usage is mixed with some organisations, including the and preferring to use Britain as shorthand for Great Britain is a sovereign country in western Europe.
The United States Navy (USN) is the naval warfare service branch of the United States Armed Forces and one of the seven uniformed services of the United States.
The University of Hawaii Press is a university press that is part of the University of Hawaiokinai.
Unrestricted submarine warfare is a type of naval warfare in which submarines sink vessels such as freighters and tankers without warning, as opposed to attacks per prize rules (also known as "cruiser rules").
Vickers was a famous name in British engineering that existed through many companies from 1828 until 1999.
Vladivostok (p, literally ruler of the east) is a city and the administrative center of Primorsky Krai, Russia, located around the Golden Horn Bay, not far from Russia's borders with China and North Korea.
The Washington Naval Conference, also called the Washington Arms Conference or the Washington Disarmament Conference, was a military conference called by U.S. President Warren G. Harding and held in Washington, D.C., from 12 November 1921 to 6 February 1922.
William Francis Forbes-Sempill, 19th Lord Sempill AFC, AFRAeS, (24 September 1893 – 30 December 1965) was a Scottish peer and record-breaking air pioneer who was later shown to have passed secret information to the Imperial Japanese military before the Second World War.
Wireless telegraphy is the transmission of telegraphy signals from one point to another by means of an electromagnetic, electrostatic or magnetic field, or by electrical current through the earth or water.
Wokou (Japanese: Wakō; Korean: 왜구 Waegu), which literally translates to "Japanese pirates" or "dwarf pirates", were pirates who raided the coastlines of China, Japan and Korea.
World War I (often abbreviated as WWI or WW1), also known as the First World War, the Great War, or the War to End All Wars, was a global war originating in Europe that lasted from 28 July 1914 to 11 November 1918.
World War II (often abbreviated to WWII or WW2), also known as the Second World War, was a global war that lasted from 1939 to 1945, although conflicts reflecting the ideological clash between what would become the Allied and Axis blocs began earlier.
The Yalu River, also called the Amrok River or Amnok River, is a river on the border between North Korea and China.
, also called Gonnohyōe, was an admiral in the Imperial Japanese Navy and the 16th (20 February 1913 – 16 April 1914) and 22nd (2 September 1923 – 7 January 1924) Prime Minister of Japan.
Yi Sun-sin (April 28, 1545 – December 16, 1598) was a Korean naval commander famed for his victories against the Japanese navy during the Imjin war in the Joseon Dynasty, who became an exemplar of conduct to both the Koreans and Japanese.
was one of four principal naval shipyards owned and operated by the Imperial Japanese Navy, and was located at Yokosuka, Kanagawa prefecture on Tokyo Bay, south of Yokohama.
is a city in Kanagawa Prefecture, Japan.
The Russian Revolution of 1905 was a wave of mass political and social unrest that spread through vast areas of the Russian Empire, some of which was directed at the government.
The also known as the Kidō Butai ("Mobile Force"), was a name used for a combined carrier battle group comprising most of the aircraft carriers and carrier air groups of the Imperial Japanese Navy (IJN), during the first eight months of the Pacific War.
The, otherwise known as the "Circle One" plan was the first of four expansion plans of the Imperial Japanese Navy between 1930 and the start of World War II.
The otherwise known as the "Circle Two" Plan was the second of four expansion plans of the Imperial Japanese Navy between 1930 and the start of World War II.
The 2nd Special Squadron (10 February 1917 – 2 July 1919) was an Imperial Japanese Navy fleet.
The otherwise known as the "Circle Three" Plan was the third of four expansion plans of the Imperial Japanese Navy between 1930 and the start of World War II.
The Japanese was the biggest naval gun used by battleships in World War II.
The was a fleet designation of the Imperial Japanese Navy.
The was one of the armaments expansion plan of the Imperial Japanese Navy (IJN).
The was an infantry division of the Imperial Japanese Army.
China fleet, Dà Rìběn Dìguó Hǎi, Empire of Japan Navy, History of the Imperial Japanese Navy, Imperial Japanese Navy., Imperial Japanese navy, Imperial Navy of Japan, Japanese Imperial Navy, Japanese Navy in World War II, Japanese fleet, Kai gun, Kaigun, Nihon Kaigun, Nippon Kaigun, 大日本帝國海軍.